CHAPTER NO 2 EVALUATING AND CHALLENGING THOUGHTS

Negative thinking at times true so we need to consider and check its validation. Cognitive therapy does not advocate the “power of positive thinking” but rather the power of identifying whatever is being thought. Technically cognitive therapists evaluate or test thoughts, examining their implications, looking at the evidence and considering alternative interpretation. TECHNIQUE: DEFINING THE TERMS Description: This technique is known as the “semantic technique” because it asks you to define meaning of the terms you are using. For Example • A psychologist or researcher define failure as Having no success Not able to achieve rewards Inferior to almost everyone on everything • A depressed patient may define failure in this way: Not doing as well as I’d like Giving less than 100% of myself Not doing as well as someone else Doing poorly at a single task Question to pose/ intervention: How would you define the things that bothering you/ How would we know if someone is not some of these things? Give a detailed definition? Homework: Patient can practice defining the terms of their negative thoughts TERMS None DEFINITIONS Not a single one PROBLEMS WITH MY DEFINITIONS All or none thinking. I have many different kinds of relationships with various degrees of positives and negatives I have many kinds of friendships, romantic relationships and short term relationships.

Relationships

Romantic relationships

1

Question to pose/ intervention: Weigh the evidence for and against for and against your thought.Form: Form 2. Form: Form 2. Once the consequences are clear to the patient he can choose either to maintain the belief or replace it with a different one. underlying assumptions. what would the result be? Homework: The patient is asked to write down the negative thoughts and weigh the evidence for and against the validity of the negative thoughts. • Examine the universal truth. avoidance. Is it 50/50? 60/40? 40/60? If you subtracted the costs from the benefits. 2 . it is important to weigh them psychologically. the question is Are you motivated to change your thought? We are interested in directing the patient to examine the consequences – both positives and negatives of holding a particular belief. Counting the items for and against the validity of your thought. Question to pose/ intervention: What are the costs and benefits of your thoughts? What are the advantages and disadvantages of your thought? List them and what would change if you believed this less? Homework: Ask the patient to write down cost and benefits of his thought. • When testing a belief it is essential to put the belief in to the form of a proposition about facts.1 Defining the terms form (See Appendix) TECHNIQUE: COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS Description: Once the patient has identified a thought that leads to disturbing feelings. The cost and benefit analysis is useful in confronting the patients of procrastination.Benefit Analysis (See Appendix) TECHNIQUE: EXAMINING THE EVIDENCE Description: • In this technique one examine the evidence for and against of the automatic thought.2 Costs .