Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study

August 2005

XXXX Bear Creek Hydro Generation Project

System Impact Study

Report No. SPA 2005-27 August, 2005

System Planning (Lower Mainland & Vancouver Island) British Columbia Transmission Corporation
© British Columbia Transmission Corporation, 2005. All rights reserved.

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Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study

August 2005

DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY, LIMITATION OF LIABILITY This report was prepared by BCTC solely for use by XXXX for the purposes of connecting Bear Creek Hydro IPP into the Transmission System. This report is based on information provided to BCTC as of the date of this report. Accordingly, this report is suitable only for such purposes, and is subject to any changes arising after the date of this report. Unless otherwise expressly agreed by BCTC, BCTC does not represent or warrant the accuracy, completeness or usefulness of this report, or any information contained in this report, for use or consideration by any third party, nor does BCTC accept any liability out of reliance by a third party on this report, or any information contained in this report, or for any errors or omissions in this report. Any use or reliance by third parties is at their own risk.

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This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC

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3 MW of generation at XXXX’s Upper Bear Creek and Lower Bear Creek hydro electric generating facilities. This new Bear Creek IPP station will share the same ground grid with Clowhom.Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study August 2005 Executive Summary This report indicates the interconnection cost estimates associated with the interconnection of the proposed 19. In order to connect the proposed 19. • Line protection of 1L44 must be modified to including tripping of the circuit breaker at the entrance to the new Bear Creek IPP station. The report also provides a technical review and identifies major requirements to connect the proposed generation to the Transmission System. the subsequent Interconnection Facilities Study report and PIR will discuss additional requirements. In connection with the above. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC iii . Clowhom to Sechelt Creek Tap section must be upgraded to a summer rating of not less than 240 amperes and Sechelt Creek Tap to Sechelt section to a summer rating of not less than 300 amperes. the following requirements are identified: • IPP to build a new 138 kV transmission circuit from its generating facilities to a new 138 kV substation next to the Clowhom substation.3 MW of generation at Upper and Lower Bear Creek to the Transmission System. • Sections of transmission circuit 1L44 must be upgraded to a higher summer thermal rating. • Communication facilities will be required to enable communication with control centres. • Bear Creek IPP transformers must have “grounded wye HV and delta LV” configuration. An overhead tie of no more than 200 meters will tie this new station to Clowhom and power will go into the Transmission System at Clowhom’s existing 1L44 connection.

Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study August 2005 Table of Content Executive Summary 1. Machine Data: Machine Data: Stability Plot 1: Stability Plot 2: Stability Plot 3: Stability Plot 4: Stability Plot 5: One-line Diagram: Control Diagram: Control Diagram: Normal System before Bear IPP Normal System after Bear IPP System with Bear IPP.0 2.0 4.0 Appendix One-line Diagram: One-line Diagram: One-line Diagram: One-line Diagram: Machine Data.2 Short Circuit study 4. 1L35 out of service System with Bear IPP.6 Black Start Capability Reinforcement and Upgrades Conclusion 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 7 7 7 8 8 5.3 Transient Stability study 4.0 Introduction Purpose of Study Terms of Reference Data and Modeling System Studies 4.0 2.0 6.5 Remedial Action Schemes 4. 1L32 out of service Salient Pole Generator GENSAL Simplified Excitation System SEXS Hydro Turbine-Governor HYGOV 10 cycle fault on Bear’s 138 kV line between Upper and Lower Bear near Lower Bear 9 cycle fault on Bear’s 138 kV line between Lower Bear and Bear Station near Bear station 9 cycle fault on 1L32 between SEC and Gibsons (GIB) near SEC 8 cycle fault on 1L35 between SEC and Malaspina (MSA) near SEC 9 cycle bus fault at SEC Clowhom AC Conceptual Protection Clowhom Generating Station Bear Station BRK 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC iv .1 3.4 Protection study 4.1 Steady State Power Flow study 4.

7 MW. SEC and Sechelt Creek IPP (SCG)). and extend this line by a further 6.65 MW. The Point of Interconnection is near the Clowhom Generating Station (COM). The distance between Upper and Lower Bear is 7. and nearby BCTC substations (COM. These two hydro electric generating facilities are collectively referred to as the Bear Creek Hydro IPP in this report. with a maximum output of 7. The proposed in service date is September 2006.Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study August 2005 1.7 MW ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 2 . XXXX will construct a 138 kV Bear Creek (BRK) substation near COM. new 138 kV transmission circuit. new BRK substation.2 km to connect to the Transmission System near the Clowhom substation. The following diagram shows the IPP with its proposed generators.9 power factor.65 MW Sechelt Creek IPP (138 kV) T1 G1 Upper Bear 11. The maximum output from this unit is 11. XXXX proposes to build a 138 kV overhead transmission line from Upper Bear to Lower Bear. Lower Bear has a similar unit rated at 8. The tie between COM and BRK substation will not be more than 200 meters.5 km.8 kV 13 MVA hydro generating unit running at 0. Power generated by Bear Creek Hydro IPP will enter the transmission system by way of the existing COM tie to transmission line 1L44 which runs between COM and Sechelt (SEC).0 Introduction XXXX (the “IPP”) is proposing to develop two hydro electric generating facilities at Upper Bear Creek and Lower Bear Creek in the Clowhom Peninsula region of the Sunshine Coast. SEC 138 1L44 Transmission System SCG COM 138 Bear Station T2 G2 Lower Bear 7.5 MVA. transmission circuit 1L44. Upper Bear has a single 13.

the purpose of this study is to assess the impact on the Transmission System arising from the integration of the IPP. to determine necessary transmission system reinforcements have been followed.1 Terms of Reference This Interconnection Impact Study (IIS) was conducted under the following Terms of Reference: WECC reliability Criteria • Existing planning and operating criteria. The study also identifies the IPP requirements in order to connect to the Transmission System. 2. standards and procedures that conform to WECC Reliability Criteria. The study identifies Transmission System constraints and proposes required upgrades and reinforcements for the network. Designations The following are BCTC operating designations used throughout this report.Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study 2.0 Purpose of Study August 2005 To ensure safe and reliable operation of the Transmission System with Bear Creek Hydro IPP added to the system. Transient stability analysis to assess system dynamics performance. Item BC Hydro BC Transmission Corporation XXXX Break Creek Hydro generating station Bear Creek IPP substation next to COM System Control Centre Northern Control Centre South Interior Control Centre Operating Designation BCH BCTC IPP BRK SCC NCC SIC ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 3 . Technical Studies The following studies have been performed: Power flow analysis to assess the impacts on transmission network and operating voltage profiles. Protection study to assess protection requirements for the Transmission System.

Bear Creek Hydro IPP generating equipment with their respective PSS/E models GENSAL. short circuit and transient stability studies were carried out to evaluate the impact of the IPP on the Transmission System. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 4 .3 km 4. Whenever there was missing data required for the study. The data provided in the Application was used in the analysis and the results of the study are dependent on their accuracy. typical data for similar equipment was used.7 MW • Lower Bear generation 7.Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study Clowhom Generating Station Sechelt Creek IPP Tap Sechelt substation Gibsons 138 kV substation Pender Harbor 138 kV substation Malaspina 138 kV substation 138 kV transmission circuit connecting COM.65 MW • 1L44 summer rating (COM to SCG) 170 amps • 1L44 summer rating (SCG to SEC) 260 amps • 1L44 circuit length 37. A 2006/07 Heavy Winter load flow base case was used as the basis for the study.0 System Studies Load flow. PHR and MSA Interconnection Impact Study COM SCG SEC GIB PHR MSA 1L44 1L32 1L35 IIS August 2005 3. SCG and SEC 138 kV transmission circuit connecting SEC and GIB 138 kV transmission circuit connecting SEC. SEXS and HYGOV. 2005. are shown in the appendix. For the Clowhom Peninsula where Bear Creek Hydro IPP will be connected. the following assumptions were used: • COM generation 33 MW • SCG generation 16 MW • Upper Bear generation 11.0 Data and Modeling The study was carried out based on the data and information provided in the IPP’s Generation Interconnection Application dated March 1. and to identify the requirements in order to connect the Bear Creek Hydro IPP into the Transmission System.

All its generation.2 Short Circuit Study Three Phase Short Circuit in MVA at the SEC and COM station buses are affected by generation addition. all generation from the Clowhom Peninsula will flow into the grid on the remaining circuit. and in the subtransient time frame. no shunts.Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study August 2005 4. SCG and Bear Creek Hydro IPP. The following table shows the existing thermal rating of 1L44. The power system is modeled with 1. and collects generation from COM and Bear Creek Hydro IPP at COM. There is no overloading on 1L44 during the winter for the above scenario. In the event that 1L35 between SEC and MSA or 1L32 between SEC and GIB is out of service. There is no customer load on 1L44 between COM and SEC. Upper Bear will have one 13 MVA generator @ 13. and generation for SCG at some point 6 km from COM. The calculated fault levels are based on existing system with no generation addition and with the proposed generation addition.8 kV with ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 5 . 1L44 Rating and Flows in Amperes COM-SCG SCG-SEC No IPP With IPP Rating No IPP With IPP 137 220 260 205 288 137 220 440 205 288 Summer Winter Rating 170 280 It can be concluded from the above table that the summer thermal rating for the entire length of 1L44 will be exceeded when Bear Creek Hydro IPP is added and when all Bear Creek Hydro IPP. together with those from COM and SCG.1 Steady State Power Flow Study The IPP connects to the Transmission System via COM. are evacuated to the main grid via transmission line 1L44. COM and SCG generators are generating at their maximum capacity. 1L44 runs from COM to SEC. Loading on the transmission line depends entirely on the output from the generators at COM. and the flow on 1L44 before and after the integration of Bear Creek Hydro IPP. No abnormal voltages have been observed. There is sufficient capacity in the circuit and no overload will occur. IPP generation at Bear Creek Hydro IPP consists of Upper Bear and Lower Bear generators. The present role of 1L44 is to transfer all the power from the generators connected to this line to the main grid at SEC.0 pu pre fault voltage. The generation addition is modeled based on data provided by the customer. 4. The calculated fault levels are derived from the Protection Planning ASPEN One Liner Fault Study Case BRK2005_asp2004r2.olr.

4. existing high speed line protection must trip the breakers at COM and SCG. For planned line outages. For transient stability concerns. Short Circuit MVA = 1145 2. For forced outage. in terms of its impact on the Transmission System. The following scenarios were investigated. generators must be disconnected from the system before opening the line. The fault level for the Existing System with no Generation Addition 1. For 3LG Bus fault at SCG 138 kV. However. When 1L44 is opened due to a fault. Short Circuit MVA = 1195 2.5 MVA generator @13. For 3LG Bus fault at SCG 138 kV. The IPP transformers are grounded wye on the 138 kV and delta on the 13. Short Circuit MVA = 610 The fault level contribution from the proposed IPP generation. the IPP should have adequate protection for its equipment for such an event. The swing centre is within the IPP’s generator and out of step protection is recommended.Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study August 2005 subtransient reactance of 1. For 3LG Bus fault at SEC 138 kV. This will avoid the requirement and the cost of a Direct Transfer Trip for the IPP. is not considered severe. LV delta configuration.99% and Lower Bear will have one 8. studies were performed to evaluate the impact on the main system and on the IPP when there is a fault inside the IPP system or in the Transmission System. and corresponding findings tabulated: Description 8 cycle fault on Bear’s 138 kV line between Upper and Lower Bear near Lower Bear 9 cycle fault on Bear’s 138 kV line between Upper and Lower Bear Stable *Yes Yes 1 2 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 6 . Short Circuit MVA = 545 The fault level for the Existing System with Proposed Generation Addition 1. or due to a planned operation.3 Transient Stability Study 1L44 is a radial connection to the main transmission grid for all the generation in the Clowhom Peninsula. Short Circuit MVA = 570 3. For 3LG Bus fault at COM 138 kV. Short Circuit MVA = 500 3.8 kV with subtransient reactance of 2%. existing 1L44 line protection can be modified to include tripping of COM and the breaker at the entrance of the BRK substation. IPP impact on the fault duty of the system does not require any reinforcement. all generators in the Clowhom Peninsula must stop generating. For 3LG Bus fault at COM 138 kV. and BRK transformers have HV grounded wye. Since the tie between the new BRK substation and COM is less than 200 meters.8 kV side. For 3LG Bus fault at SEC 138 kV.

This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 4. Existing high speed line protection for 1L44 will isolate COM and SCG in the event of a fault resulting in the opening of 1L44.5 Remedial Action Schemes No generation shedding is required. This protection can be modified to include the IPP by tripping the circuit breaker at the entrance to the new Bear station (BRK).Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study August 2005 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 near Lower Bear 10 cycle fault on Bear’s 138 kV line between Upper and Lower Bear Yes near Lower Bear 8 cycle fault on Bear’s 138 kV line between Lower Bear and Bear *Yes Station near Bear station 9 cycle fault on Bear’s 138 kV line between Lower Bear and Bear *Yes Station near Bear station 10 cycle fault on Bear’s 138 kV line between Lower Bear and Bear No Station near Bear station 12 cycle fault on Bear’s 138 kV line between Lower Bear and Bear No Station and near Bear station 8 cycle fault on 1L32 between SEC and Gibsons (GIB) near SEC Yes 9 cycle fault on 1L32 between SEC and GIB near SEC Yes 10 cycle fault on 1L32 between SEC and GIB near SEC No 12 cycle fault on 1L32 between SEC and GIB near SEC No 8 cycle fault on 1L35 between SEC and Malaspina (MSA) near SEC Yes 9 cycle fault on 1L35 between SEC and MSA near SEC No 10 cycle fault on 1L35 between SEC and MSA near SEC No 12 cycle fault on 1L35 between SEC and MSA near SEC No 40 cycle fault on 1L32 near GIB No 40 cycle fault on 1L35 near Pender Harbor (PHR) No 6 cycle bus fault at SEC Yes 8 cycle bus fault at SEC Yes 9 cycle bus fault at SEC Yes 10 cycle bus fault at SEC No *Yes Bear IPP generators will be lost.6 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 7 . No direct transfer trip to the IPP is required.4 4. Black Start Capability BCTC does not require black start capability for the Bear Creek Hydro IPP. but COM and SCG remains stable Protection Study Assumptions: • BRK and COM share the same ground grid. • BRK transformers have grounded wye on the high side. 4. and the overhead tie is not more than 200 meter. and delta on the low side.

BCTC SPA Report ‘SPA 2005-33’. 6. 6.4 No transient or temporary overvoltage problems are observed.0 Reinforcements and Upgrades The required Transmission System upgrades for Bear Creek Hydro IPP interconnection are described in the Bear Creek IPP Interconnection Facility Study.2 Sections of 1L44 need to be upgraded to higher summer thermal ratings.3 1L44 line protection needs to be modified to include tripping the BRK entrance circuit breaker in the event of a fault on 1L44.1 The Bear Creek Hydro IPP interconnection was found to be technically feasible.0 Conclusions 6. 6. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 8 .Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study August 2005 5. 6.

Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study Appendix One-Line Diagram 1: Normal System before Bear Creek Hydro IPP August 2005 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 9 .

Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study One-Line Diagram 2: Normal System with Bear Creek Hydro IPP August 2005 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 10 .

Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study August 2005 One-Line Diagram 3: System with Bear Creek Hydro IPP. 1L35 Out of Service ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 11 .

1L32 Out of Service ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 12 .Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study August 2005 One-Line Diagram 4: System with Bear Creek Hydro IPP.

31 0.11 2 1 1. Xq. X”q.24 0.2) Upper Bear G1 4.199 0.55 0.7 0.19 0.Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study August 2005 Machine Data Salient Pole Generator (Quadratic Saturation on d-Axis) model GENSAL: T’do T”do T”qo Inertia.685 0. machine MVA base ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 13 .194 0.8 1.07 0. X1.299 .88 1. H Speed Damping D Xd Xq X’d X”d=X”q X1 S(1.2 0.685 Xd. X’d.19 0.74 0.194 Lower Bear G2 3.0) S(1.07 0. X”d. H and D are in pu.11 2 1 1.

0 Lower Bear G2 1.Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study Machine Data Simplified Excitation System model SEXS: August 2005 TA/TB TB K TE (sec) Emin (pu on EFD base) Emax (pu on EFD base) Upper Bear G1 1.5 -3.0 1.0 3.0 3 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 14 .0 20 0.0 20 0.5 -3.0 1.

2 0.5 1.04 0.2 0.05 5 15 0. no load flow Upper Bear G1 0. gate velocity limit Gmax maximum gate limit Gmin Minimum gate limit Tw water time constant At turbine gain Dturb turbine damping qNL.07 1 0 3. governor time constant Tf filter time constant Tg servo time constant +/.1 0 0.5 1.Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study Machine Data Hydro Turbine-Governor model HGOV: August 2005 R.1 0 0.05 5 15 0. temporary droop Tr.08 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 15 .04 0.08 Lower Bear G2 0.07 1 0 3. permanent droop R.VELM.

Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study August 2005 Stability Plot 1: 10 cycle fault on Bear’s 138 kV line between Upper and Lower Bear near Lower Bear (3) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 16 .

Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study Stability Plot 2: August 2005 9 cycle fault on Bear’s 138 kV line between Lower Bear and Bear Station near Bear station (5) ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 17 .

Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study Stability Plot 3: (10) August 2005 9 cycle fault on 1L32 between SEC and Gibsons (GIB) near SEC ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 18 .

Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study Stability Plot 4: SEC (8) August 2005 8 cycle fault on 1L35 between SEC and Malaspina (MSA) near ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 19 .

Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study Stability Plot 5: 9 cycle bus fault at SEC (11) August 2005 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 20 .

J.Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study August 2005 Clowhom AC Conceptual Protection One-line Diagram: 21L * 21LS * 1CVT1 COM 138 kV T1 13CB1 1L44 ~ COM (BCTC) BRK (IPP) UPPER BEAR LAKE 13 MVA ~ Notes: * Inidicates New Relay C/S (52L) ~ LOWER BEAR LAKE 8. Burk July 07 2005 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 21 .5 MVA COM Conceptual AC Protection One Line Diagram BEAR CREEK HYDRO Project Sketch # 1 B.

Jang Station: DWG No BRK IPP SK1 SH 1 R0 Scope Date: 24-June2005 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 22 .0 IED (provided by Bear Creek Hydro IPP) data from both Upper Bear and Lower Bear DDC1 SIC Data Concentrator D20 8 telemetry By: G.Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study Control Diagram for Bear Station August 2005 SIC SCC LMC 2 status DNP3.

Jang Station: DWG No COM Scope Date: 08-July2005 SK2 SH 1 R0 ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ This document contains proprietary information and shall not be reproduced in whole or in part without the prior written consent of BCTC 23 .Bear Creek Hydro IPP Interconnection System Impact Study Control Diagram for Clowhom Generating Station August 2005 LMC 4 new telemetry BCH legacy protocol COM S223/T119 STIC new relay alarms SIC 1 status Edmonds (Remote Data Access) SEL protocol New SEL-203X (at COM) 2 new relays By: G.

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