This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Colonization is taking political control of a less powerful country by a more powerful one.
Why did Britain wanted to take control over Kenya
1. Raw materials British industries had expanded in the 19th century and they needed more raw materials such as iron, cotton, tea etc. this were not available in Britain but could be found in other parts in world for the British to get these raw materials they had to take control colonies these areas.
Trade/market The British trade had expanded after revolution by controlling many parts of the world trade could be expanded more the industries were producing a lot of goods but was no enough market in retain itself and markets had to be found elsewhere.2. 4 .
Taxes The British knew that it they colonize other countries they could be able to get taxes through imports and exports for India example after colonization the British taxed heaving the Indian textile industry or goods they could put taxes at the level they wanted because many countries were ignorant about taxation or even the value of their goods 5 .3.
Power The British wanted to gain power by colonizing many parts of the world many European countries such as Germany and France were competing on who will be the most powerful country in Europe and by expanding the empire the British would be more powerful and because other European countries were taxing control of some territory in the warred the British did not want to be left behind 6 .Political reasons 1.
Settle surplus population British population had grown rapidly since the industry revolution and the country was becoming very populated government wanted to take t hem out of the country and settle them somewhere such people should be protected from the hostile local community and this could only be done by taking political of that country of those area. Social reasons 7 .2. Status It was fashionable for the big countries of Europe to have colonies abroad so the more colonies you had the higher the status 3.
Cultural superiority The British believed that their culture was superior and they had duty to spread it to the rest of the world Christians wanted to spread Christianity in particular in Africa were Islam was spreading very fast the missionaries after they came to spread gospel asked their government to take political control of those areas far protection and to make it easier to spread the religion. Education and technology The British had become highly indestinalised and they felt they could spread technology and education to civilize the rest of the world. 2.1. 8 .
3. 9 . Stop slave trade Humanitarians wanted to stop the slave trade which was still going and some parts of the world including Africa they earged their government to take political control of such areas so that they could helping in stopping these practice.
They did not want the British to build a railway through their land they had been warned by the Nandi prophet kimnyole arap turket to beware of a black snake passing through their territory.Nandi Nandi were the people who resisted the rule of the British people. They thought the British were going to take their land. they viewed the currival of the British as a threat to their 2. 10 . Supiroty The Nandi believed they were superior to the other people they had fought and defeated other communities like the luo Maasai etc. Causes of Nandi resistance 1. 3.
Attack on traders 11 . under the orkoiyot and they did not want to be ruled by outsiders. like cattle raiding. 5.4. The British were trying to bring an end to important Nandi traditions. The Nandi resisted the British using various methods 1. The Nandi had their own system of government.
Guerilla attacks The Nandi warriors would hide in bushes and ambush the British kill many of them run into the bushes to prepare for another ambush they hardly fought the British face to face 3.The Nandi attacked British traders using the Uganda road they would kill and take away their goods 2. Refused to pay taxes The British had been imposed taxes on the Nandi’s and especially hut taxes the Nandi refused to pay this tax which they felt it was unfair especially because they were imposed by foreigner 12 .
13 .4. Attacks on railway The British were building the Uganda railway and when it reached Nandi territory the Nandi stole the materials building the railway killing the workers they didn’t want the railway to pass through their land.
Collaboration meant accepting the British rule at even at times helping the British to control other communities. 14 .Collaboration.
maragoti etc. the Wanga are to be found in the western region of Kenya in particular formiliy the western province collaborated with the British for different reasons. 1.The Wanga The Wanga are a sub tribe of abaluhiya other like the bukusu. Military assistance The Wanga chief nabongo mumia wanted the British to help him defeat his enemies mainly luhiya bukusu who prevented him for expanding his kingdom. 15 . samia.
2. made him look different from others and he did not want to lose what made him respected by his people. bicycles etc. Material benefits 16 . 3. Prestige Mumia collaborated with the British because it made him acquire a higher status among his people the products that the white man gave to mumias such as clothes. Political power Mumia himself as leader selfishly wanted to become the most powerful chief and to rule over the whole abaluhiya community and he therefore collaborated with the British he was very influential and he therefore convinced the Wanga to collaborate. 4.
17 .The British brought with them manufactured goods which impressed mumias they were better than the locally produced goods and he therefore he saw the British superior and he never wanted to lose friendship with them. A habit Mumias had a habit of welcoming foreigners and be friending them sometimes without even knowing what kind of people they were and their intensions he was one of the leaders who had welcoming Arab Kiswahili people in his country and he saw no reason to reject them he only saw the benefits he would get from them. 5.
he asked Kenyans to work together through harambee.on his release. The call soon became our national motto and has helped us achieve great developments Kenyatta also appealed for unity as 18 . He returned home shortly but went back again in 1931 he remained in Britain for the next fifteen years working for African interests in 1938 he wrote a book facing mount Kenya describing the history and customs of the agikuyu When Kenyatta finally came home. Fred kubai. Another freedom fighter kariuki chotara joined them at lokitaung prison. It is only by cooperating that people can succeed. Muiguithania (unity) In 1929.Jomo Kenyatta Jomo Kenyatta was born in about 1890 in kiambu after his early education. On the occasion of the first madaraka day June 1st 1963. bildad kaggai. Kenyatta was sent to London to explain African problems directly to the British government. Kenyatta joined KANU and led our country to independence. They were determined in lodwar and maralal. They were sentenced to nearly ten years in jail. he edited the party newspaper. kungu karumba achieng oneko. he joined KAU and was later arrested when mau mau got serious in 1952 he was tried at kapenguria with other leaders these were Paul ngei. He joined the KCA and became its general secretary in the following year at the same time. he worked briefly with the Nairobi municipal council until 1927.
land and businesses became readily available. jobs. he did much to improve Africans living standards. Soon after joining KAU in 1952 he lost his job. He was also against the huge Europeans farms in the white highlands he wanted Africans to have share there too. Schools.by the time of his death in 1978. lived in poor houses and could not educate their children properly. Tom mboya Tom mboya was born in 1930 near thika but his parents came from Rusinga Island. south nyanza. In 1951 he worked for the Nairobi city council as a sanitary inspector in the city council racialism angered him for although Africans did similar work with Europeans they were discriminated against. Kenya had achieved good progress. They earned low wages.necessary for progress as the first prime minister (1964) and first president. 19 .
When KANU was founded. Mboya used the movement to speak openly on African problems because political parties were banned parties were only allowed after 1955 and even then at a local level national parties only started from 1960. He was appointed a cabinet minister in the KANU-KADU shared government of 1962. Mboya joined the legco in 1957 as the member for Nairobi as a result of elections held in that year he became the secretary of the African elected members organization in the legco he continued explaining more about the way Africans suffered under the bad colonial government moreover mboya worked for Kenyatta’s release and our country freedom at the same time. he organized a huge airlift of students to America universities. At the time of his death in July 1969. mboya was the minister for economic planning 20 .From the start of the emergency he organized African workers in trade unions mboya felt that he could improve their case for better terms he founded the Kenya local government workers union and became the secretary of the Kenya federation of labor which represented all trade unions. he was elected its secretary general.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.