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Car Collector Chronicles
Volume V, Issue 5 Car Collector Chronicles May 2012
Car Collecting Today Classic Rides Reports From the Field
Oldsmobile (1897-2004) Cadillac (1902- ) Allanté (1987-1993)
On May 10 we head out to Indy for the Celebration of Cars event. Looking forward to it, and hope to bring back a lot of pics of primo rides, as well as a shot of our Olds crossing the finishing line at the speedway.
ing minor celebrities. I definitely am not used to such notoriety, and do hope it subsides. The good thing about it though is that it does expand the opportunities to share the enjoyment of involvement with these fine, old rides. On the car sites I frequent I have recently noticed some increased interest and participation by relative youngsters. This can only be good for the hobby. I hope, should you be in a position to do so, that you will actively welcome and encourage the younger generation with respect to our hobby. Think of it this way, they are the one’s who shall become the caretakers of your rides in future years. Now is the time to instill the passion we have for these cars within their psyche! Fans of Oldsmobile had to be pleased to see the results of the recent B-J auction in Palm Beach. Olds did quite well, I must say. I saw quite a few hammer down in the six figure range. It is high time that Oldsmobile attain its rightful status in the world of collector cars! I am interested in knowing what
IN THIS ISSUE:
GDYNets On the Web Prepping for Indy
– If you visit the show, do stop by and let’s chat! A couple of readers, with significant connections in the world of classic/collector cars, passed on the link to the April issue of CCC®. That they opted to do so is flattering. Thanks to both Jim O. and Steve M. for referring our humble pub to your compatriots. It is really appreciated by Yours Truly! They say that “it never rains, but it pours!” For me at least, there does appear to be some truth in this statement. In addition to having been chosen to display SAVED 62 at the IMS Celebration of Cars, we have been informed that The Gray Lady, our 1955 Cadillac Coupé de Ville, shall be featured on-line at the Wild About Cars web site. http://wildaboutcarsonline.com/. All of a sudden we are becom-
car activities you have on your calendars. Going to any shows or meets? Any nationals? When, where? How about sending CCC® some pics from your travels? I, and our readers, would enjoy seeing rides from other parts of the country. Attach them to an email directed my way, along with any car info. Then look for them here!
Less is Better?-Pt. I 2 Engine Oil Service Classifications Allantés For Sale 5
GDYNets® on the Web
Find GDYNets on the web:
SAVED 62: A website devoted
to our 1962 Oldsmobile Dynamic 88 convertible. The site also has a lot of information on Oldsmobiles and its founder, Ransom Eli Olds.
CCC® -THE FORUM http://ccc.activeboard.com Car Collector Chronicles-scribd
In the Year 19 and 62 (Ads/Events) CCC® Forum EMail:
Saved 62 - 1962 Olds web site http://www.freewebs.com/ jeandaveyaros The Gray Lady - 1955 Cadillac Coupé de Ville web site
THE GRAY LADY: This website features our 1955 Cadillac Coupé de Ville and Caddy information.
DAVE’S DEN: A website devoted to a myriad of interests. Foremost is extensive information on the “Steel City” of Gary, IN. There are also offerings on steel making, U.S. Steel-Gary Works, U.S. Marine Corps, M14 assault rifle, of course Oldsmobile, and the tragic story of the murder of Gary, IN Police Lt. George Yaros.
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Prepping for Indy
May 11 will see our Olds on the show field at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. Naturally, we want her to look her best. To that end I decided a little sprucing up under the hood was in order. While the engine bay is presentable, it is not pristine. Nor will it ever be such. Our car is a “driver,” not a trailer queen. Being such, it definitely bears the indicia of having been driven for going on fifty (50) years now; and in my opinion it should! After all, do not signs of use add character? In the antique world I believe it is referred to as “patina.” The April issue of Auto Restorer [http://www.autorestorermagazine.com/ar/ home.aspx] ran an, for me timely, article on underhood detailing. I have researched the products it recommended using, and may purchase the P21s Total Auto Wash™ to use as a degreaser, and the Sonus Trim and Motor Kote™ as the protective coating. I am drawn to the Sonus product as it will not harm, and in fact shall dress, both the rubber hoses and metal surfaces in the engine bay. An alternative product is the Meguiar’s #40 Vinyl/Rubber Conditioner for the hoses, which may be easier to use. My object here is to get rid of any gunk coating the nooks and crannies, have the hoses and surfaces appear clean and present the look of a well cared for, but albeit driven, ride. Hopefully, a little time and elbow grease will make a difference for the better in terms of engine bay appearance? Another matter for which I have to find a solution is how to clean the car after the drive from Milwaukee to Indianapolis. Hopefully, the motel will permit me to draw a bucket of water for use in giving the car a bath in the parking lot? If not, I shall have to find a nearby car wash.
“Our car is a “driver,” not a trailer queen. Being such, it bears the indicia of having been driven for going on fifty (50) years now; and in my opinion it should!”
Less is Better? - Part I
It seems as though every time we turn around, the government takes steps which make keeping our cars on the road more difficult. First they took the lead out of gasoline. Many classic car owners now are having to deal with hard starting, vapor lock, fuel evaporation/percolation and water absorption problems. While our cars can, and do, run on ethanol laced fuel, many of the rubber components do not fare well. When lines, hoses, gaskets, etc. need replacement, we have to be sure the replacement item is ethanol compatible. Now, our government has determined the zinc additive (ZDDP) in motor oil causes harm to catalytic converters. As a consequence, an order
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was issued to petroleum manufacturers to reduce/eliminate it!” I guess it never dawned on the “powers that be” that zinc was originally added to motor oil for a reason? That reason, a very valid one, is to prevent metal-to-metal contact of moving surfaces at engine start-up. The long-term absence of zinc in motor oil will certainly have a detrimental effect on camshafts and lifters in older cars. As these components are at the top to the engine, they are the first to loose the presence of any residual oil, which drains back into the oil pan at shut off. Without the protective coating of zinc, they are subjected to premature wear. Having to replace a camshaft, if one may be found, is not an inexpensive proposition, in terms of either parts or labor cost! Rather than pontificate as if from on high, I present for your review and consideration the clearest explanation on the ZDDP controversy from a source I consider to be reliable; Joe Gibbs Racing. Here is their stated position:
More has changed in oil than ZDDP content in the last 10 years. The levels of detergents have also increased, and both are contributing factors in the flat-tappet camshaft problems seen in the engine building industry over the last 4 to 5 years. The oil additive Zinc Dialkyl Dithiophosphate (commonly referred to as “Zinc” or ZDDP) provides anti-wear protection for engines — especially flat tappet camshafts. “Zinc” works because it is a polar molecule (it has a positive charge), so the “Zinc” molecule is attracted to steel. Under heat and load, the “Zinc” molecule reacts with the steel and creates a film. The film created by the “Zinc” prevents metal to metal contact. That is how “Zinc” works to protect your engine. Detergents are also polar molecules, and the detergent is designed to prevent build up of deposits in the engine. As a result, both the “Zinc” and detergents compete against each other for the metal surface. The reduction in “Zinc” in modern passenger car grade oils relates to catalytic converter life. The same coating effect that “Zinc” provides to protect your camshaft also damages your catalytic converter. To extend the life of catalytic converters, “Zinc” content has been reduced. At the same time, detergent levels have increased to provide better engine cleanliness, longer catalytic converter life and extended oil drain intervals. The use of Exhaust Gas Recirculation valves clean up the emissions of an engine, but the use of EGR valves increases the need for detergents due to increased temperatures and recirculated combustion by-products. Detergents’ ability to prevent buildup of deposits also helps protect catalytic converters from “Zinc”, so modern passenger car oil formulas now feature increased levels of detergents. You’ve probably seen the TV ads that promote oils that clean your engine? Those are high detergent oils, and they are great for modern passenger car engines. They are not great for restoration and street rod engines. The balance of “Zinc” vs. Detergents has changed in the last several years in an effort to protect catalytic converters. This shift in the balance away from “Zinc” and towards detergents has had a negative impact on flat tappet camshaft life. Why is this important? In the old days, engine builders used SAE 30 grade, non-
“I guess it never dawned on the powers that be that zinc was originally added to motor oil for a reason?”
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detergent oil to break-in an engine. The break-in period is the most critical time in the life of an engine. The non-detergent oil was effective at establishing a “Zinc” anti-wear film in the engine during break-in because the “Zinc” did not have to compete against the detergent. As a result, the engine had better access to the “Zinc” it needed when we needed it the most. Modern engines feature roller follower overhead cam designs that reduce weight and sliding friction. As a result, these valve trains don’t need higher levels of “Zinc”, but a Big Block Chevy has push rods, a flat tappet camshaft and big steel valves. These older engines feature increased sliding friction and weight. These engines need increased levels of “Zinc”. The oils originally developed for Big Block Chevys used less detergent and more “Zinc” than modern engine oils. To protect a flat-tappet camshaft, you need to properly break-in the camshaft with a high “Zinc” oil and avoid high detergent oils for both break-in and service fill. What exactly is synthetic oil? To answer that question you have to ask another question. What is in motor oil? Motor oil is a blend of performance additives in a base oil. The additives enhance the performance of the lubricant beyond the performance of the base oil. Typical additives are detergents, anti-wear agents, friction modifiers, viscosity modifiers and many other chemicals that help the lubricant meet the performance requirements of an application. The base oil is the other part of a motor oil, and the base oil makes up the majority of the finished motor oil. Base oils typically come from 3 sources: refined crude, synthetic base or vegetable oils. The vast majority of motor oils use refined crude oil as the base oil. These oils are commonly referred to as mineral oils or petroleum oils. Refined crude oils provide good lubricity at a lower cost, but refined crude oils have a strong tendency to oxidize at high temperatures (AKA breaking down). Because petroleum oils come out of the ground, they contain many imperfections. These imperfections lead to breakdown at high temperatures. When an oil “breaks down” it can create deposits in the engine. Synthetic oil is a man made copy of petroleum oil without any of the “imperfections” that lead to “breakdown”. As a result, synthetic oils can safely handle much higher operating temperatures compared to petroleum oils. Synthetic base oils, made in a controlled environment, are 100% pure. That allows synthetic oils to flow better at low temperatures. Synthetic oils can reduce cold start wear by up to 70% compared to petroleum oils. Since hot rods and restoration cars spend a lot of time in the garage, synthetic oils provide excellent flow when the engine is started after being in the garage for a time. Is it safe to use synthetic oil in a flat-tappet engine? After a proper break-in period on petroleum oil, a synthetic oil with the proper balance of “Zinc” and detergents (Ed.-emphasis supplied) will provide greater protection than a petroleum oil. Over the years, synthetic oils have been criticized for their performance in older style engines. The problem has been the use of oils designed for modern passenger cars in older style engines. The synthetic base oil is superior to conventional petroleum base oils, but the additive packages in modern passenger car formulations will not provide the levels of protection a flat-tappet camshaft needs. The problem is not synthetic oil. The problem is using modern oils in older style engines. You shouldn’t use a racing oil in a daily driver, so why would you use a modern daily driver oil in a restoration car? What is an API rating? How is it different from an oil’s viscosity rating? The viscosity ratings of the oil describe the cold start and high temperature flow rates of the oil. A 0W-30 flows better at start up than a 10W-30. The number before the “W” is the cold start viscosity, so the lower the number, the easier it is to start the engine. The higher the number, the more power it takes to turn the motor over when you hit the ignition. The number after the “W” is the high temperature flow rate of the oil. For example, while a 0W-30 flows better at start up than a 10W-30, both oils flow like a SAE 30 grade at high temperature (212F). The higher the number after the “W”, the heavier the oil is at higher temperature. A 5W-40 is a heavier oil at high temperature than a 5W-30, so SAE viscosity ratings only tell you about the flow characteristics of an oil. The API ratings tell you about the additive package in the oil. Since 1992, when the American Petroleum Institute (API) introduced the SM – GF1 standard, the “Zinc” content in passenger car grades of motor oil has been limited. The level of “Zinc” in passenger car oils was reduced again in 1996 to 1,000 ppm under API SJ – GF2 standards. In 2001, API SL – GF3 standards restricted “Zinc” content to 850 ppm, and that is when cams started to fail. When the API went to the 2004 standard (SM – GF4), camshaft failures skyrocketed. In addition to the reduction in “Zinc”, detergent levels increased as each new API standard took effect.
[Lake Speed Jr. from Joe Gibbs Racing is the son of Lake Speed Sr., who raced in NASCAR from 1980 to 1998.] FIND IT HERE—http://www.aera.org/ep/downloads/ep8/EPQ409_36-39.pdf
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CURRENT API-SAE ENGINE OIL SERVICE CLASSIFICATIONS
Engine Service Classifications are guides to selecting proper oils for different engine designs and service conditions. SA/SB/SC/SD/SE/SF – Gasoline Engine Service – OBSOLETE SG – 1989 Gasoline Engine Warranty Maintenance Service – Service typical of gasoline engines in cars, vans and light trucks, beginning with the 1989 model year operating under manufacturers’ recommended maintenance procedures. Provides improved control of engine deposits, oil oxidation, sludge and engine wear relative to previous categories. Rust and bearing corrosion limits are the same as SF oils. Used where SF, SE, SF/CC or SE/CC recommended. SH – 1994 Gasoline Engine Service – Adopted in 1992, first mandated in 1993. For use in service typical of gasoline engines in present and earlier passenger cars, vans and light trucks operating under vehicle manufacturers’ recommended maintenance procedures. Engine oils developed for this category provide performance exceeding minimum requirements of API Service Category SG, which it is intended to replace, in the areas of deposit control, oil oxidation, wear, rust and corrosion. May be used where SG and earlier categories are recommended. SJ – 1996 Gasoline Engine Service – Adopted in 1996. Became mandatory in 1997, superseding API rating SH for gasoline only engine oils. Addresses improved performance in compatibility for catalytic converters, volatility, high temp deposits and low temperature pumpability. SJ viscosities include 0W-20, 5W-20, 5W-30 and 10W-30. SAE 15W -40 viscosity is allowed, but does not have to meet the phosphorus limit for catalyst compatibility since it is usually a heavy-duty diesel oil SL – 2001 Gasoline Engine Service – Adopted in 2001. For use in service of typical 2001 gasoline engines and earlier passenger cars, sport utility vehicles, vans and light trucks operating under vehicle manufacturers’ recommended maintenance procedures. May be used where SJ and earlier categories are recommended. SM – 2004 Gasoline Engine Service – For all automotive engines currently in use. Designed to provide improved oxidation resistance, improved deposit protection, better wear protection, and better low-temperature performance over the life of the oil. Some SM oils may the latest ILSAC specification and/or qualify as Energy Conserving. SN – 2011 Gasoline Engine Service – For 2011 and older vehicles, designed to provide improved high temperature deposit protection for pistons, more stringent sludge control, and seal compatibility. API SN with Resource Conserving matches ILSAC GF-5 by combining API SN performance with improved fuel economy, turbocharger protection, emission control system compatibility, and protection of engines operating on ethanol-containing fuels up to E85.
A friend asked for a favor, and I agreed. Apparently, he has access to more than one Cadillac Allanté auto for sale. Here is the info:
CADILLAC ALLANTÉ for Sale–1993–Low miles 5 AVAILABLE, priced from $12,900 to $22,000 Northstar engine, 295 Horsepower. Call (847) 267-9300 or e-mail Terry@specialsalesusa.com
If you do contact Terry, be sure to let him know Dave and CCC® sent you. – Ok, I’ve had my say for the month. Now it’s your turn! I invite/encourage submission of your comments, opinions and article contributions. I also ask that you please help spread the word about our publication. Everything sent shall indeed be reviewed by me. Submissions should be sent to CCC® at OldsD88@gmail.com. –– Now that you have finished reading this month’s issue of the newsletter, come start/ join an ongoing dialog with other CCC® readers and like-minded car collector folk on the CCC® Forum. Stop by, check us out and share your views … . ______________________________________
-- RESTORE 'EM, AND DRIVE 'EM!
COMING NEXT ISSUE: The Indy Celebration of Cars Event Less is Better? - Part II
Car Collector Chronicles
In the Year 19 and 62
May 1 – Dayton Hudson Corporation opens the first of its Target discount stores in Roseville, Minnesota. May 29 – Barbra Streisand appears on "Garry Moore Show" May 31 – Nazi Adolf Eichmann is hanged at a prison in Ramla, Israel On the Radio — "Having A Party" b/w "Bring It On Home To Me"--Sam Cooke "I Can't Stop Loving You"--Ray Charles "Lovers Who Wander"--Dion "(The Man Who Shot) Liberty Valance"--Gene Pitney "Uptown"--Crystals
The World Which Greeted Saved 62 — May ‘62