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Fairly we share, together we prosper
My Dear Wananchi, We share with you some of our ideas for creating a prosperous, democratic and equitable Kenya. Through these words of commitment we establish our resolve to end the politics of exclusion, betrayal and misuse of national resources. The majority of Kenyans have had to endure the grinding combination of poverty and inequality, regional imbalances in income, infrastructure and social provisions. Our proposals for accountability, dispersal of political power, decentralisation of public services and support for local communities will help to reduce inequality. These changes go to the heart of what is wrong in Kenya today. The Kibaki Government has no solutions as they are part of the problem. They must not be allowed to work for the few at the expense of the many. On December 27th you all will be given an opportunity to evaluate Kibaki’s performance. I urge you to give him a Notice to Quit Immediately: Kazi bure ya Kibaki iishe kabisa; Kazi bora ya ODM ianze. The ODM is the only Party that will promote Prosperity, ensure Fairness and most importantly guarantee Accountability. This is the sacred thread that ties us as a Party with you. Trust us and we will not fail in serving you. God bless you; God bless Kenya.
Hon. Raila Amolo Odinga
Pledges for the City of Nairobi
The city of Nairobi has a population of about 4 million with over a million people coming from the neighbouring provinces to work on a daily basis. The rate of urbanisation in Kenya is among the highest in the world and like all major cities in Africa, Nairobi has its share of problems. These include: traffic jams, hawkers, street kids, lack of sufficient health facilities, job insecurity, acute housing shortage, rising slum population, lack of recreational facilities and rising crime and insecurity. All previous plans and working documents for the renewal and decongestion of the city are rich in vision, poor in policy and worse in implementation. An ODM Government will rise to this challenge of implementation. Design and build a Business Process Outsourcing and ICT Park on the outskirts of the City. Enforce a policy of full access for people of disability in all new buildings. Ensure transparency in the stock market by strengthening the oversight capacity of the Capital Markets Authority. Stimulate greater listing of companies on the Nairobi Stock Exchange with the aim to make it a premier destination for international funds. Encourage a greater share owning democracy. and encourage participation of Independent Power Producers for generation, supply and distribution of electricity.
Through devolution ensure that the City is entitled to equitable share of revenue raised nationally and receive equalization grants and other allocations where deemed appropriate. Divide the City into four Boroughs as devolved units for effective delivery of services, accountability and community participation. Introduce direct election for the office of Mayor to ensure greater accountability to the residents.
Encourage private initiatives and invest in street lighting. Establish a new Metropolitan Police Force for the City. Install Close Circuit Television (CCTV) surveillance in the industrial area, the central business districts and those areas mapped to be crime “hotspots”.
Markets and Jua kali workshops
Build satellite markets and Jua Kali workshops in each of the 4 boroughs and ensure that women, youth and people with disabilities have priority in acquiring a stall. Introduce a weekly regular rota of “street markets” where hawkers without a permanent stall can have an opportunity to sell their wares in selected streets in the city.
Infrastructure, Finance, Commerce & Industry
Ensure Nairobi becomes a regional hub for commerce and finance. We will showcase our capital as a 24-hour city by investing in infrastructure, ICT, security and planning. We will invest in urban regeneration and renewal and encourage flexible working hours to ease congestion on the road. Develop a comprehensive traffic management programme to ease congestion in the city. Promote a light rail system to serve the City and its environs (Limuru, Machakos, Ngong, Thika, Kiambu and Isinya).
Ensure regular garbage collection service and relocate the Dandora dump. Encourage recycling of waste and source private investment in turning “waste into energy” plant for the city. Expand Nairobi Beautification Programme to bring it back to
Promote Non Motorised mode of transport in the city by earmarking cycle lanes. It is estimated that 40% of Nairobi residents walk to places of work while only 4% use bicycles to reach their place of work.
its heyday, when it was referred to as the Green City in the Sun, with the clean-up of Nairobi river and Nairobi Dam as centrepieces for the City’s renaissance. Encourage families back to the public parks by ensuring there is
Build pedestrian under-passes and foot-bridges over major roads and multi-story car parks. Rehabilitate roads and build new by-passes: these include, southern, eastern and northern by-passes as well as the link road. Address the high cost of electricity to the manufacturing industries
good security, imaginative garden landscaping and provision of adventure playground equipment for the children. Expedite slum clearance and upgrading. Ensure full rehabilitation of street children in collaboration with voluntary agencies.
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Guaranteeing a New Constitution
President Kibaki’s Seven Betrayals
In December 2002 there was a great sense of optimism and euphoria when President Kibaki and the NARC government were sworn into power. However, the optimism was very short-lived. He immediately rejected the pre-election Memorandum of Understanding a covenant he had made with his political peers. Thus he began his presidency with betrayal and shattered the dream of all Kenyans who looked forward to an all-inclusive government premised on fundamental reforms. ODM will: Renew faith in our politics and provide sound leadership based on principles of consensus and fairness. Equity and inclusiveness are our watchwords. The desire for a new constitution by Kenyans has been a long struggle. Kibaki had assured Kenyans that he would introduce a new constitution within 100 days if elected. He broke this covenant with the people of Kenya, his second act of betrayal. The “Bomas” was an inclusive, people driven, and consultative process in constitution drafting. Enormous time, resources and expertise were utilised. Kenyans declared a vision of a country with a genuine democratic, accountable and responsive government that fostered national harmony by effective power sharing and devolution. Most saliently, Kenyans demanded a less overbearing presidency. ODM will: Guarantee a new Constitution within 6 months to ensure Equity, Executive Accountability and Devolution of Power. Kibaki’s cronies were heard to say that constitutional change was a necessity for removing Moi from power but now that “one of their own” was in power, there was no need for a new constitution that would bring about genuine power-sharing. The subversion of the “Bomas Draft” by the introduction of the “Wako Draft” was his third act of betrayal. Kibaki lost the referendum on the “Wako Draft” by a landslide and subsequently dismissed those progressive individuals from the cabinet who demanded that peoples’ voices be heard and acted upon. Thereafter, he cocooned in government with the very individuals Kenyans had so massively voted against in 2002. Thus, that was his fourth act of betrayal. ODM will: Introduce parliamentary system of government, where power will be shared and not concentrated in one person or office. Of all the transgressions of the Kibaki presidency there is only one that towers above all else and that is his acceptance of corruption – past and present – advocating zero-tolerance at the swearing-in ceremony and now tolerating it one hundred percent. The chant “everything is possible without Moi” has turned “if you want to misrule and loot your country then it is only possible with Moi.” Kibaki broke his salient election promise. His government has failed to bring the individuals in the Goldenberg grand larceny (conducted in President Moi’s tenure of office where at least Kshs. 18 billion of public money was stolen) before courts of law to answer for their crimes. The Kroll report commissioned by his government to identify and recover stolen national assets by Moi and his cronies is gathering dust. This inaction on past corruption is his fifth act of betrayal of the wishes of so many Kenyans. ODM will: Establish a Truth and Restitution Commission to bring closure to past corrupt crimes via a process of Justice, Truth, Reconciliation and Restitution. This shall include asset recovery and amnesty where restitution has been made. A process driven by justice - making good or compensating for past loss, damage, and injury; is what we are proposing. We intend to facilitate a process that will see the return to the Kenyan people what is rightfully theirs. The principle of Restitution has ancient African roots. Under Kibaki’s watch another grand corruption scheme was hatched - the infamous Anglo Leasing scandal - where his government was exposed to fraudulent contracting and procuring and if it had not been exposed would have cost the Kenyan taxpayers a significant amount of money. This level of acceptance of present corruption at the highest level in Kibaki’s government is his sixth act of betrayal. ODM will: Review the functions and efficacy of the institutions set up by the government to fight corruption as billions of public funds are spent to finance them with no tangible outcome. And finally all the corrupt, repressive and regressive political forces have realigned themselves in this election. Former President Moi bringing with him his pet “project” Uhuru Kenyatta in his back pocket followed by a motley crew of big-time crooks, such as, Biwott and Pattni are now the key actors in PNU. The “Nyayo Empire” that scampered out of the back door of the State House as demanded by the majority of Kenyans in December 2002 has finally strolled back into the Kibaki State House – unashamedly through the front door! An ultimate seventh act of betrayal of the wishes of those Kenyans that voted for real change. Kibaki must go.
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Kuishi na kibaki ni kuumia kwingi
Unga ya ngano-331% Dec.2002 Sept. 2007 Oct. 2007 Ksh.35 Ksh.65 Ksh.116 Mafuta ya Taa-305% Dec.2002 Sept. 2007 Oct. 2007 Ksh.22 Ksh.63 Ksh.67
Unga ya ugali-204% Dec.2002 Sept. 2007 Oct. 2007 Ksh.27 Ksh.50 Ksh.55
1/2l Maziwa- 187% Dec.2002 Sept. 2007 Oct. 2007 Ksh.15 Ksh.20 Ksh.28
Mkate-176% Dec.2002 Sept. 2007 Oct. 2007 Ksh.17 Ksh.22 Ksh.30
Sugar 1kg-407% Dec.2002 Sept. 2007 Oct. 2007 Ksh.27 Ksh.65 Ksh.110
TIME TO MOVE ON MR. PRESIDENT
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Fostering Prosperity and Eradicating Poverty
The Problem: President Kibaki’s “growth” is for the few not all
Under Kibaki the rich have grown richer and the poor poorer. The top 10% of Kenya’s population continues to control nearly half our nation’s wealth. That means that for every 1 shilling earned by a poor Kenyan, the rich earned 56 shillings. This inequality has not altered even though Kibaki trumpets his positive economic record. The growth is not inclusive and is exclusive only to the rich. The richest 10% now earn 42% of the national cake as opposed to 36% five years ago. This demonstrates that the Kibaki Government is a government of the rich, by the rich and for the rich. The poor are, at best, bystanders. Solid economic growth is crucial for eradicating poverty, but getting economic growth to percolate or trickle down to assist the poor is a perennial challenge. How many very poor vulnerable children and adults have to die before the fruit of economic growth reaches them? The objective of the programme is to contribute to national efforts to reduce poverty and hunger in ultra poor households, increase school enrolment and attendance and improve the health, nutrition, protection and well-being of orphaned and vulnerable children and the very old. We will immediately undertake a budget cleansing exercise covering all Ministries in the Central Government to look for overall national savings which can go towards launching the Usawa Programme. This will help us to identify questionable debt, especially the commercial ones. It will also help in elimination of wastage that currently occurs through procurement, duplication in allocations, and questionable allocations. We have already identified a large amount of savings and are confident in achieving our pledge. We will achieve stable economic growth and pursue policies for equitable distribution of income, wealth and resources.
The Solution: ODM Government’s “Usawa Programme”
We are determined to fight inequality head on. ODM is a party that is responsive to people’s most basic needs. The Blair Commission for Africa recognised cash transfers as a key tool in tackling extreme poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa and recognises its potential impact on poverty and inequality as well as its contribution to promoting and distributing growth. The children from the households receiving cash transfers have an opportunity to break the inter-generational cycle of poverty. A few Kenyans have been generously assisted by our development partners in providing assistance to the very poor, such as, Orphans & Vulnerable Children Cash Transfer Programme and the Hunger Safety Net Programme delivering guaranteed cash transfers to chronically food-insecure households. We applaud these programmes and pledge to scale-up the efforts of our development partners by extending the programme nationally so that social protection investment contributes to overall economic growth. We will introduce a social protection programme for the very poor households by monthly cash transfers. This will reduce current poverty and inequality by providing a minimum level of income for extremely poor families. This will be ODM Government’s flagship poverty reduction programme, called, the “Usawa Programme”.
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Investing in Infrastructure
Your ODM Government will: The Challenges:
Kenya’s population is projected to grow to over 60 million people by the year 2043. There will be a big challenge to provide optimal infrastructure and services to meet the demands of this population. Such challenges are already evident. A majority of the Kenyan population have no access to clean water, food and shelter. Infrastructure (transport, water, energy, telecommunications and information technology) is a central pillar in Kenya’s economic recovery programme. Good infrastructure is essential in lowering the costs of doing business and increasing competitiveness of Kenyan products, both locally, regionally and internationally. Road maintenance and development has been grossly under-funded by the Kibaki Government. • Construct a modern, electric, international standard 1.6m gauge, There has also been a lack of investment by both the government and the private sector on rail infrastructure. As a result, the existing Kenyan rail network is almost obsolete due to its outdated technology and aged condition. It is therefore not surprising that President Museveni recently stated that our railways should be in a museum as an artifact! • Increase electricity generation capacity to 10,000 megawatts in There is a direct link between electric power supply, job creation and poverty alleviation. Electrifying rural areas, towns and markets increases opportunities for employment in the centres and improve living standards. Under Kibaki the energy costs have remained high and this impacts negatively on the cost of Kenyan goods and services and hence their competitiveness. The latest information and communications technology (ICT) has enabled countries like India and China to change their destinies and future of their people. Kenya needs to learn from their experience and significantly invest in ICT. Access to water is the key to survival and access to sanitation is a fundamental issue of human dignity. Clean water and sanitation coverage remains very low. • Invest in sanitation facilities and irrigation schemes. • Ensure efficient and equitable delivery of clean water. • Invest in ICT infrastructure, especially, high-speed internet backbone networks across the country. • Develop solar power stations and wind farms as renewable sources of energy. • Expand rural electrification penetration through sufficient allocation of public resources. • Explore and exploit geothermal resources to increase electric power generation to meet the emerging demands for electricity. the next 10 years to attract foreign direct investment. high speed railway system to link key cities and towns in the country for rapid transit of passengers and bulky goods. This would protect our roads and lower costs for businesses. The opening of the new railway line will be ODM’s special pledge for Kenya’s 50th Anniversary Independence. • Create Road Maintenance Training Centres in the devolved regions to skill-up labourers through apprenticeship schemes. • Use labour-intensive methods in roads construction to create employment cells countrywide. Minimum wages will be set to stem overexploitation of women and youth. • Address the existing imbalance in the provision of road infrastructure that is concentrated on the so called “high potential areas” to improve accessibility for the development of all economic sectors and regions in Kenya. • Build good roads that will reach all Kenyans and cover all parts of the country, thus achieving our ambition to get Kenyans and Kenya “physically inter-connected”. • Introduce a special sovereign bond for the purpose of raising finance for rapid infrastructure development. • Invest at least 10% of our GDP on infrastructure development over the next 5 years.
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Whats in a name?
One Determined Movement One Decisive Man One Decent Movement One Devoted Man One Desirable Movement One Dedicated Man One Democratic Movement One Distinguished Man One Devolved Movement
Pinga Nyayo Uone Porojo Na Upumbavu Party of No Understanding Pitia Nyeri Ujionee Party of No Use Piga Nyang’anya Ua
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Creating Opportunities For Employment
President Kibaki’s Statistical Distortions:
There is no link between the high level of economic growth reported by Kibaki Government in various years and the creation of employment. His Government has reported (via various paper adverts by the Treasury and his own Kenyatta day speech) that about 467,000 new jobs have been created since Narc came to power and that this amounts to about 93% delivery of their 500,000 new pledge of jobs. This statistic is a misrepresentation and distortion of facts. There is strong evidence showing that the Kenyan economy has over time and history been able to create between 400,000 and 450,000 new jobs on average — regardless of the party in power and regardless of whether the economy is booming or stagnant. Between 1999 and 2002 (when the economy was in doldrums) there were still 454,000 new jobs created within the context of only 1.7% average economic growth. It demonstrates that even when the economy is growing rapidly, the rate of job creation has neither been proportionate nor commensurate with a booming economy. The sectors that are creating jobs are not linked at all with the people who need employment most, that is, young university and college graduates, youths in urban and rural areas, and those who are laid off because of retrenchment and industry closures. • Help and target youths and adults without work and with poor employability skills move into sustained employment. • Provide basic employability training for jobless people with severe literacy and numeracy problems to remove their barriers to employment and enable them to gain employment. • Promote the role of SMEs in sustainable job creation and provision of goods and services which are better adapted to local market needs through progressive reform to boost production and distribution capacities of SMEs. • Implement policies and programmes to create decent jobs and entrepreneurial opportunities to assist JuaKali workers and employers to move into the formal economy. • Create and strengthen an enterprise culture which favours initiatives, enterprise creation, productivity, environmental consciousness, quality, good labour and industrial relations, and adequate social practices which is equitable. • Open “Jobseeker” offices in major cities and towns before going nationwide for assisting those that have completed secondary school education and graduates. This will be our new government initiative to deal with unemployment. It will provide an active service to help people move from joblessness into work. The offices will be manned by job advisers who will register jobseekers, provide training and individual guidance in job searching techniques, including providing traini ng, interview skills and assistance in the preparation of curriculum vitae. • Ensure polytechnics become “Skills Academies” as these institutions will be a key driver in improving vocational education at a national, regional and local level. They will provide training programmes for young people and adults aimed at meeting potential employers’ current and future skills needs. Thus, these academies will be employer-led.
The ODM Government’s initiatives to create real jobs
We will: • Change the anomalies created by past regimes and the current Kibaki Government that has failed to reconcile and link the realities of Kenya’s growth process with its labour and human resource potential. • Employ local labour in key public works, infrastructural and development projects. • Implement policies that reduce barriers to work – including education, skills and training – to create an adaptive, flexible and productive workforce. • Pursue active labour market policies – providing tailored and appropriate help for those without work, to prevent long term detachment from the labour market.
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Cost of corruption
The billions of shillings that have been wasted on corruption scandals in this country are more than enough to improve the lot of our citizens - by providing education, access to safe water, employment and proper roads. See the figures below:
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Fighting Crime & Insecurity
bodies of young men have been dumped in various mortuaries by police and reports suggest that other bodies were thrown in the wild. Almost all bear classic execution signs of a bullet in the head. These extra-judicial killings are the first step in creating a police state by Kibaki, by throwing away the law and using police as killing squads.
President Kibaki’s failure in providing safety and security for all
Kenyans have a right to sleep safely in their homes, walk safely on the streets and drive safely on the roads. The Government’s duty is to maintain that security. However, crime is rising fast under Kibaki while some members of the police have been involved in political activities on behalf of his government. The recent exposure of two policemen dumping “hate literature” in Rift Valley shows clearly Kibaki’s priority – using the police for his own political survival, not protecting all Kenyans from crime. Kibaki’s disregard of his duty to protect all Kenyans was most evident in the “Mamluki” affair, whose presence and sordid saga was revealed by ODM Presidential Candidate, Raila Odinga. The notorious Armenian brothers were state guests, given police IDs of Deputy Commissioner rank. They were blatantly defended then gently escorted out of Kenya without the Government taking them to court to discover why they were here! The independent parliamentary committee report on the Mamlukis identified key members of Kibaki’s family, government and State House officials as directly involved with the Artur brothers. To date there has been no action taken against anyone! It is obvious that Kibaki’s justice system protects the few but not many. There is insecurity in many regions of Kenya with shocking images of death and destruction from Kuresoi, Molo and Mount Elgon. Sadly, Kibaki remains silent and does not bother to visit the affected areas. However, in September 1994 as Leader of Opposition he did visit the victims of the infamous Enoosupukia ethnic violence. He shed tears at the Maella Catholic Church with his inspirational words, “guutiri utuku utakiaga (there is no night that does not see the light of day). This Kikuyu idiom is usually used to lift sadness and comfort victims when no immediate solutions are available. But Kibaki did nothing in 5 years as President for victims of Enoosupukia. The victims of ethnic clashes have multiplied in his Presidency but now he has no time for words of comfort let alone action. The crime wave in and around Nairobi has caused fear within our society as Kibaki unleashes “special police squads” to tackle the Mungiki problem. Rather than investigate, arrest and bring charges against suspected criminals-as per law, we have seen very many alleged executions and disappearances. About 500
Your ODM Government will never take your security for granted
We will never take for granted the security of Kenyans. It will be our legal duty to protect citizens from crime and conflict and ensure that the rule of law is upheld in criminal investigations. We will strengthen Councils of Elders and other community tribunals to adjudicate in land disputes and assist internally displaced people. We will: • Boost numbers of police vehicles, communication equipment and officers to enhance crime prevention and investigative capacity. • Increase overall spending on crime prevention and ensure that the resources are devolved to local police stations. • Map crime “hotspots” in urban and rural areas and deploy more police officers to enhance police visibility and physical presence. • Deploy close circuit television cameras in central business districts of Nairobi and major cities as a tool detect and deter crime. • Use the nation’s defence forces to provide extra support in policing our national borders to help stop illegal flow of small arms. • Set up a Metropolitan Police Authority in Nairobi based on South Africa’s Scorpion force. The new “crack force” will be better educated, trained and equipped to tackle rising gun crime and murder and be the basis of a genuine accountable police force. • Review current police remuneration, housing, office facilities and training with a view to significantly enhancing them.
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The Rise Of Tribalism Under Kibaki
Tribalism is a national disease knowing no regional boundaries and not confined to any one community. It rules our national politics and divides us unnecessarily. Kibaki has compounded the ethnicity factor and deepened it in our public service by appointing people from his own community. Thus, the reorganization in his government post-Moi was dictated by prejudice and not equity. Under Kibaki kazi iendelee means let the status quo prevail – public jobs for the chosen few and not all.
Below are some of the other pledges we have made in our Plan for Government.
We will ensure Nairobi becomes a regional hub for commerce and finance. We will showcase our capital as a 24-hour city by investing in infrastructure, ICT, security and planning. We will invest in urban regeneration and renewal.
We will provide free health care to all children under the age of 5 years. We will expand safe motherhood programmes in all districts by ensuring that these centres are adequately equipped and have improved referral system, communications systems and transportation facilities. We will provide free ante-natal, maternity and post-natal care for expectant mothers. These are first few steps in our ambition to provide free universal health care for all.
We will introduce free quality secondary education within a system of a comprehensive basic education from early childhood to Form Four.
The Fall Of Tribalism Under ODM
An ODM Government will: • Ensure that we represent all the people, not just one interest group. We will actively seek to remove those obstacles which hinder individual achievement – obstacles emanating from tribe, gender, or economic condition. • Guarantee to build a Kenyan society based on fairness and equality of opportunity for all where merit comes before privilege. • Introduce an independent Presidential Public Appointments Commission whose task is to ensure that appointments to public offices are based on merit and reflect the ethnic diversity of Kenya in its overall representation.
We will intensify efforts and actions to redress the existing persistent gender disparities in Kenya which hamper the full integration of women in our society. There will be no glass ceilings on the aspirations of women as we strive progressively towards realising a 50:50 gender ratio in all public bodies.
We will combat escalating environmental degradation and desertification by ensuring that environmental policy is built into every economic decision in all areas of government policy.
We will develop a progressive sports policy, expand opportunities for excellence in sports; streamline sports administration; develop and maintain sports facilities and bestow honour on high achievers in the sporting arena.
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President Kibaki has no constant guiding principles - no moral, social or political compass. He has been integral in all post-colonial administrations – his future is his past. He has flip-flopped, reneged, prevaricated, or sat on the fence on all fundamental issues that concern Kenyans during his entire political career. He has lost all credibility and failed to lead from the front. He is unfit to return to work. He must be denied another chance to work for the few at the expense of working for all Kenyans.
-Raila Amolo Odinga
Raila Amolo Odinga
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