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KNOWING THE KNOLL
Sophomore Nicole Gibbs wins Pac-12 singles title
Mostly Sunny 65 49
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T Stanford Daily The
TUESDAY May 1, 2012
An Independent Publication
Vote on Alternative Review Process nears
“beyond a reasonable doubt” to “preponderance of the evidence.” June 30, 2011 — The University hired Angela Exson as its first assistant dean for sexual assault and relationship abuse shortly after forming the Office of Sexual Assault and Relationship Abuse Education & Response (SARA). March 19, 2012 — 34 ASSU alumni signed a letter to student representatives urging them to delay placing a revised ASSU Constitution, which would include the lowered standard of evidence, on the April ballot. The representatives agreed. April 19, 2012 — The Board of Judicial Affairs proposed to student representatives a reduction in the size of the panel’s juries, from six to four, as well the continuation of requiring a simple majority for convictions. Several student representatives advocated for a unanimous vote. May 1, 2012 — The Undergraduate Senate will meet to vote on the proposed Judicial Charter. May 2, 2012 — The Graduate Student Council will meet to vote on the proposed Judicial Charter.
By JULIA ENTHOVEN
Volume 241 Issue 50
Timeline of Judicial Affairs changes:
Before 1997 Stanford used a “beyond a reasonable doubt” standard for cases of sexual assault and relationship abuse. 1997 — Students and administrators agreed to the most recent Judicial Charter; this included the “beyond a reasonable doubt” standard. February 5, 2010 — The Daily reported that there is a “growing consensus . . . the process ‘does not benefit the victim, nor help the accused to clear his name, nor does it protect the Stanford community from predators.’” April 14, 2010 — President Hennessy signed the Alternate Misconduct Review Process, a plan developed by the Board on Judicial Affairs, which eliminated the requirement that victims and suspects attend the same hearings during a case. April 3, 2011 — The Office for Civil Rights urged universities to lower the standard of proof in sexual assault and relationship abuse cases from “beyond a reasonable doubt” to “preponderance of the evidence” or risk loss of federal funding. April 12, 2011 — President Hennessy released an executive order to lower Stanford’s standard of proof from
Undergrad Senate votes today on process for sexual assault cases
The ASSU Undergraduate Senate will debate whether to approve the Office of Judicial Affairs Alternative Review Process (ARP) for cases of sexual assault, relationship violence and stalking at tonight’s meeting. The ARP, instituted in 2010, is facing its twoyear review and requires approval from the Undergraduate Senate and the Graduate Student Council (GSC) to continue. The ARP includes two significant changes: shifting the standard of proof from “beyond a reasonable doubt” to “preponderance of evidence,” meaning jury members must be 51 percent certain of guilt to convict, and shrinking review panel juries from six members to four. These changes have raised concerns that the current system of convicting based on a majority is not sufficient, and both student representatives and alumni have recommended moving to requiring unanimous agreement on review panels. The Office of Judicial Affairs (OJA) initiated the ARP as a pilot program in 2010 with the objective of making the judicial process more accessible and less intimidating for victims of sexual assault. Its development was partially in response to OJA data indicating that in the 13 years preceding 2010, there were 104 reports of sexual assault at Stanford, yet only 16 of those cases were reported to the Judicial Office and only three went to hearing. In comparison, statistics from a two-year study from the National Institute of Justice, cited in the 2011 Dear Colleague Letter from the Office for Civil Rights, predicted that over 650 female and 200 male students at Stanford have been sexually assaulted, a number far higher than report and trial rates. “There was concern that the Judicial Process was a deterrent to victims of sexual assault, sexual harassment, dating violence and stalking,” Jamie Pontius-Hogan, assistant dean of the Office of Judicial Affairs, said in an email to The Daily. “It surprises me that Stanford students would want to consent to a change in the rules that gives them less rights in a University disciplinary hearing,” said David Barton, who has been a criminal law attorney for 23 years and has defended Stanford students in judicial proceedings. “People . . . have confidence that the University will use that power wisely and that they’ll never be on the wrong side of it. And that’s a delusion.” Since the establishment of the ARP, there have been 21 cases of sexual assault reported on campus, 13 transferred to ARP and 12 tried. Of the 12 hearings in the past two years, 10 plaintiffs were found responsible, though one verdict was reversed in appeal. PontiusHogan said that the OJA has not found a higher proportion of students responsible since the burden of proof was lowered to a preponderance of evidence standard; she attributed the increase to the success of the ARP. The burden of proof was lowered midway through the ARP trial period. “Of course they are going to get more cases if they don’t have to have the same level of certainty,” Barton said, “but people do get falsely accused. If there is a preponderance of evidence test, people will be falsely convicted, falsely suspended, falsely expelled. That’s the cost of a system that appears more efficient.” The Dear Colleague Letter On April 12, 2011, six days after he received a letter from the Office of Civil Rights, President Hennessy employed his authority to override the existing Judicial Affairs charter and ASSU Constitution — both of which protect the rights of the accused to face their accusers, be free from double jeopardy and remain innocent until proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt — to revise the ARP and accord it with the federal guidelines. According to the Office of Judicial Affairs, Stanford was one of only two or three universities to still use a burden of “beyond a reasonable doubt” in cases involving sexual assault. Even so, concerns remain over the ARP guidelines. “Many of the Stanford sexual assault cases are cases that are very ambiguous and involve confusion and alcohol, and are cases that are very hard to prove beyond a reasonable doubt standard,” Barton said. “Most of the cases that are charged with sexual assault on
Please see JUDICIAL, page 6
Blue Shield reaches deal with Stanford Hospital and Clinics
By THE DAILY NEWS STAFF Blue Shield of California finalized a three-year contract with Stanford Hospital and Clinics this past week for health maintenance organization (HMO) and preferred provider organization (PPO) rates. Negotiations concluded Thursday to meet a deadline just after midnight on Friday morning, according to the San Jose Mercury News. Had the two sides not reached a deal in time, Blue Shield members would have seen their insurance coverage affected at Stanford Hospital and Clinics (SHC). In a statement, Randy Livingston, Stanford vice president for business affairs and chief financial officer, said, “We’re very pleased that [Stanford] and Blue Shield were able to complete a new agreement in the nick of time, averting potential confusion and disruption for Stanford employees and postdocs with Blue Shield coverage who receive services from Stanford Hospitals and Clinics.” Terms of the deal were not re-
Students raise hep B awareness
Disease affects one in 10 Asians and Pacific Islanders
By CATHERINE ZAW
STAFF WRITER ROGER CHEN/The Stanford Daily
The park that will replace the Frederick Emmons Terman Engineering Center is beginning to take shape after months of demolition and clearing. The park is set to open on schedule later this month.
Terman park opening approaches
By MATT BETTONVILLE
Please see BRIEFS, page 2
After six months of demolition, the site of the Frederick Emmons Terman Engineering Center is starting to look like the park it is set to become. According to University officials, the park will open later this month. The new open space will preserve the large fountain that previously faced the center of the Terman building. The fountain sits in a bowlshaped recession that is almost fully landscaped
with sod and new trees for its opening. The University has not announced any specific plans, but the park area is considered only temporary. According to the Stanford Report, one reason for leaving the recessed fountain was to stop the need for future excavation for the foundation of a building. Almost none of the demolished Terman building is headed to the landfill. According to project manager Matthew Griffis, 99.6 percent of the ma-
Please see TERMAN, page 2
SPEAKERS & EVENTS
Beijing prof. addresses China’s global economy
By NATASHA WEASER
“Even if the direction is right you cannot reach the destination overnight,” said Fu Jun, professor of political economy and executive dean of the school of government at Beijing University, in a talk Monday on economic growth in China. Fu is currently president of the Harvard Alumni Association in Beijing, as well as a frequent commentator on CCTV News and speaker at the World Economic Forum. Fu presented his talk, titled
“China in the World Economy: Past, Present and Future,” at the Hewlett Teaching Center to an audience of approximately 100 people. The talk was sponsored by the Center for Sustainable Development and Global Competitiveness (CSDGC). Underlying the hour and a half talk was a strong emphasis on what Fu called “institutional technology.” He stressed that this term focuses on human capital, in particular the power of corporations and educational institutions. On the topic of education, Fu said he is optimistic about the in-
crease in Chinese students studying abroad. He cautioned, however, that the country needs “to figure out and have confidence in more investment in institutional technology.” “China’s growth has been a phenomenon, but I would propose that the past three decades we have learned about what I call hardware technology, and the next stage for us is to learn about institutional technologies,” Fu said. “Growth is a function of population and technology. This is a simple formula applicable globally,” Fu added.
Despite his comments on the universality of this formula, Fu pointed out that China has a “unique Chinese way” of growing, citing examples including special economic zones and reforms in the countryside that might not necessarily be successful if instituted elsewhere in the world. Drawing from economic history and theory throughout his talk, Fu said, “If you look at China 200 years ago, it had onethird of the total world population and was producing one-third of the total world GDP. We were
Jade balloons tied to bikes all over campus Monday morning were the first of many indicators of Hepatitis B Awareness Week. Featuring speakers and events all over campus, the awareness week was organized by Team HBV, an outreach arm of the Jade Ribbon Campaign led by the Asian Liver Center at the Stanford School of Medicine. Hepatitis B affects one in 10 Asians and Pacific Islanders, and one in four of those affected eventually die of liver cancer, according to Team HBV.The virus is also responsible for 80 percent of all liver cancer cases.Team HBV is the primary student outreach group for hepatitis B and spans numerous colleges and high schools throughout the nation. Currently all Team HBV collegiate chapters are gathering support for an online petition urging President Obama to sustain the Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s funding for viral hepatitis treatment and to include viral hepatitis in the Global Health Initiative. Since 2010, Team HBV has devoted a week each year in May to increase campus awareness of hepatitis B and liver cancer. Hepatitis B Awareness Week is a collection of educational outreach events that feature distinguished speakers, free food and jade-colored memorabilia. “On Monday, our kickoff event involved placing jade balloons and important hep B facts on bikes throughout campus,” said Christopher Paiji ’13, president of Team HBV. The next event, which will take place Tuesday at 6 p.m. in the Asian American Activities Center (A3C) ballroom, will be “The Jade
Please see CHINA, page 2
Please see HEP, page 2
Index Opinions/4 • Sports/5 • Classifieds/6
2 N Tuesday, May 1, 2012 SPEAKERS & EVENTS
The Stanford Daily
Parkinson,GPS pioneer,shares journey of tech
By ARIELLA AXLER
Continued from front page
leased. Patients from other insurance providers are unaffected by the negotiations.
— Matt Bettonville
The 1973 creation of Global Positioning System (GPS) technology, which uses satellites to determine precise locations on Earth, changed industries ranging from aviation to robotics. Professor emeritus Bradford Parkinson, the engineer and inventor known as the architect of GPS, delivered a “Stanford Engineering Hero” lecture Monday about his work. “GPS has many applications for worldwide benefit,” Parkinson said. “Some we anticipated, some are surprising.” As a colonel in the U.S. Air Force, Parkinson made strides in his aeronautics and astronautics engineering studies as a doctoral student at Stanford. In 1973, he became manager of the NAVSTAR GPS development program, where he remained until 1978, when he retired from the Air Force. He then served as a professor at Stanford until 1999. Parkinson described the origins and applications of GPS Monday and explored the trajectory of its future. He dedicated his lecture to the aerospace engineers who work to advance technology in the field today. The origins of GPS date back to 1964, when Ivan Getting, who later worked with Parkinson, envisioned a worldwide navigation system and sponsored a study. The first GPS systems study was from 1964 to 1966. Throughout Parkinson’s involvement in GPS engineering, the technology has undergone several phases of development and advanced to incorporate new generations of technology. “Back in ’74, we knew we could do aircraft GPS,” Parkinson said.“The surprise was in 1992, when we discovered that the implication of what we are doing is far better than a meter — it is on the level of a few inches in three dimensions.” Parkinson identified two defining events in the history of GPS. “The first was in 1983, when the Soviets shot down an airliner on September 1. Within two weeks Reagan declared to the world that GPS would be available within two weeks,” Parkinson said. “The second was in 2001, when Clinton ordered deliberate errors in the system turned off.” After recounting the history of GPS, Parkinson identified 10 major fields that have advanced because of the technology. He described the GPS applications involved in aviation, emergency services, timing, agriculture, rescue, recreation, automotive tracking, science, military, robotics and machine control. Everyday automobile drivers experience the usefulness of GPS in locating their destinations. The applications of GPS in navigation are manifold, and continually expanding. “In 1974 we could do land navigation. In 1976, automatic steering to an inch,” Parkinson said. In addition, the origin of coordinated international
Preliminary decision made to build world’s largest digital camera
By THE DAILY NEWS STAFF SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory’s project to build the world’s largest digital camera advanced last week as it gained Critical Decision 1 approval by the Department of Energy. The project, called the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) camera, would create a 3.2-billion-pixel digital camera to take data on the visible sky. “With 189 sensors and over three tons of components that
ROGER CHEN/The Stanford Daily
Professor emeritus Bradford Parkinson gave a “Stanford Engineering Hero” lecture Monday evening. Parkinson, known as the architect of the GPS, discussed GPS technology and future applications.
time can be attributed to GPS. “A man with one watch knows what time it is, a man with two watches is not sure,” Parkinson said. Countries throughout the globe now operate on synchronized time. “The idea is that users on either side of the Atlantic look at the same satellite to identify the time,” Parkinson continued. GPS technology is also widely applied in communication. “Almost all cell phone towers trace their origin back to GPS,” Parkinson said. Parkinson also touched on the effects of the power of GPS for humanity. Narrating an example of a military rescue from 1995, he outlined the role of GPS in changing the face of rescue capability. The incident involved a soldier who was shot down and found six days later by military rescue teams. “[The soldier] attributed his success to faith in God, courage of the rescuers, and GPS, which he referred to as his guiding light,” Parkinson said. Despite the widespread applications of GPS, there exist some tangible challenges in the technology’s future. “The number one foreseeable problem I believe is spectrum interference,” Parkinson said. He explained how devices may interfere with a satellite or other signal. Despite where GPS technology might go in the future, Parkinson expressed amazement at the applications that have already been found. “Though we usually think of space in three dimensions, GPS is really four dimensional,” Parkinson said. “GPS is more than simply a satellite system, it’s the services it renders.” Contact Ariella Axler at email@example.com.
have to be packed into an extremely tight space, you can imagine this is a very complex instrument,” Nadine Kurita, project manager for the LSST camera, said to the SLAC News Center. “But given the enormous challenges required to provide such a comprehensive view of the universe, it’s been an incredible opportunity to design something so unique.” The camera will take data on the entire sky in weekly cycles, generating 6 petabytes, or 6 million gigabytes, of data every year. This data could be critical for future research on both objects near Earth, such as asteroids, and larger questions, like the nature of dark matter. Having passed the Critical Decision 1 stage, the project will move on to detailed designs, budgeting and timelines. However, some work has already begun on the camera’s main mirror, which will measure 8.4 meters across. Preparations are also underway at the final site for the camera, on top of Cerro Pachón, a mountain near the Chilean city of Vicuña. If further approvals are met, full-scale construction on the camera will begin in 2014.
— Matt Bettonville
Continued from front page
Perspective on Health Advocacy,” featuring Arcadi Kolchak, policy aide to Santa Clara County supervisor Liz Kniss. “Overall it was a great way to let Team HBV’s mission be heard,” said Christina Wang ’15, director of campus relations for Team HBV. “I hope everyone on campus at least saw one jade balloon today, a symbol of Team HBV’s cause to let more people know about the silent killer that is hepatitis B. “The worst thing about the virus is that its asymptomatic, so there is very little economic or political attention spent on this virus,” Wang said. “It’s our hope to change that, and a lot of that starts with being aware that the virus is pretty deadly.” Vaden Health Center offers free
hepatitis B screenings to all students with a standard appointment. Stanford Team HBV has several methods to direct students to this free screening. “When I attended a dinner in March that celebrated the kickoff of the Santa Clara Hep B Free campaign, I learned that an estimated 50,000 people in the county have hep B, with two-thirds unaware of their infected status,” Paiji said. “Imagine the number of jeopardized that would have easily been prevented if these individuals had known to screen for Hep B earlier. Stanford Team HBV hopes to turn this trend around by educating the surrounding at-risk communities.” Later in the week, Team HBV plans to host health education events in White Plaza and in the major dining halls, along with handing out jade cookies and sunglasses. Contact Catherine Zaw at czaw13 @stanford.edu. ly being left unlandscaped. The lot, which formerly housed student publications including The Daily, will eventually be made into a turf recreation area, but for now is being reserved for the Solar Decathlon project, a sustainable housing competition among 20 universities. “Since new turf and trees could potentially be damaged if installed prior to this use, we are in the process of determining final needs of the Solar Decathlon and will be phasing the completion of the . . . site landscaping accordingly,” Griffis said in an email to The Daily. Mulch from the Stanford Hospital renovation project will be brought to the site so that the Solar Decathlon team can construct their project for the 2013 competition. Landscaping might resume on the area when the team moves its project to Irvine, Calif. in October 2013. The exact date of the opening of the park has not been announced, but despite signs at the site indicating “Summer 2012,” Griffis said it is on track to open later this month. Contact Matt Bettonville at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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terial is headed for recycling and reuse. “Conscientious building demolition underscores Stanford’s commitment to sustainability and demonstrates responsible management through the end of a building’s life,” reads Sustainable Stanford’s website for the project. Some pieces of the former building are being repurposed around campus. According to a report published by Sustainable Stanford, roof tiles from Terman are being re-installed in the rising West Campus Recreation Center. Additionally, seats from Terman’s auditorium will be re-installed in an auditorium in the final building of the new engineering quad, and pavement tiles will be used to renovate the nearby PetersenMitchell courtyard. Other items, such as exterior light fixtures and bike racks, will be returned to the site and redistributed around campus. One piece of the Terman park, the small lot across Lomita Mall from the pond area, is temporari-
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normalizing.” Although the Chinese economy has grown at a rapid pace in the last 30 years since former premier Deng Xiaoping introduced market reforms in 1979, Fu said, “We have one-fifth of the world population but we are producing roughly 10 percent of world GDP.” “We are looking for another 10 percent to normalize,” he added. Fu said that in the future, China needs to undertake changes including more antitrust laws and the production of better quality products. Nonetheless, he remained positive about China’s economic future. “We have to give credit to the [Chinese] government and the Chinese people for what they have accomplished,” Fu said. “But having said that, we should not get self conceited.” After the talk, Fu fielded more than a dozen questions on subjects ranging from China’s GDP per capita to the balance between hi-
erarchy and the market within the country. “For the economy to move forward, you need to have a balance on the supply side and demand side,” Fu said in reply to a question on domestic consumption. “And right now I am concerned about
the growth potential on the demand side. With the slowdown of the world economy, international markets are not demanding as much.” Contact Natasha Weaser at email@example.com.
ROGER CHEN/The Stanford Daily
Fu Jun, a professor at Beijing University, addressed a crowd about China’s role in a globalizing economy. Fu discussed normalizing China’s percent of global GDP against its percent of global population.
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The Stanford Daily
M.J. MA/The Stanford Daily
Tuesday, May 1, 2012 N 3
MANSION OF MUSIC
lusions and computerized music to learn more about the human sense of hearing. Other researchers are working with dual electroencephalograms (EEGs) and monitoring the brain activity of two musicians as they perform, or two people as one performs and the other listens. “CCRMA always attracts a phenomenal mix of people with diverse interest in arts and engineering,” said Chris Chafe D.M.A. ’83, CCRMA director. “It’s a playground with opportunity and new faces.” Chafe extends an open invitation to all interested in any of CCRMA’s courses, research groups or interdisciplinary projects, as students have historically always been highly involved and engaged with the organization’s research. Over the past few years, there have been significant research trends at CCRMA. “In the past, people came specifically to study something specific like audio signal processing,” said Luke Dahl M.A. ’07 Ph.D. ’13. “There has been a shift to more creative and interdisciplinary projects.” In addition to the increased interest in interdisciplinary research, CCRMA has also increased in popularity. “People have been asking more and more about music and CCRMA in the past three to four years, especially in the undergraduate community,” said Steve Henderson ’08 M.A. ’12, who has been working at CCRMA since his time as an undergraduate. “I’m frequently asked, ‘What do I have to do to get in there?’” Aside from academic contributions, the center holds frequent events and activities, on subjects from neurocognition and perceptual audio to the physics of music, digital signal processing, audio engineering, music production and computer science. The Knoll’s auditorium, with equipment such as a state-of-theart surround sound system, a grand piano and a multi-screen video projection system, is also home to many concerts, often featuring computer music composed by students and faculty. The outdoor space behind the building also hosts musical events. In addition, the center holds its annual concert, Modulations, each April in San Francisco, showcasing leading electronic musicians, dancers and sound installations from both guest and CCRMA artists. However, the core focus of the center remains its research projects. In ten years, Chafe predicts a greater emphasis on mobile and biological computing with an even greater focus on interdisciplinary projects. “It’s going to be fun,” he said. Contact Raymond Luong at firstname.lastname@example.org.
By RAYMOND LUONG
t has been described by Stanford students as everything from a Spanish mansion to a Gothic fortress and even a haunted castle, but these misconceptions strike far from the truth. Perched on top of a hill behind Florence Moore Hall, this mysterious Stanford landmark is none other than the Knoll, currently home to Stanford’s Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics (CCRMA, pronounced “karma”). Designed by architect Louis Christian Mullgardt in the 1910s, the Knoll was originally intended to be the residence of Stanford President Ray Lyman Wilbur. In 1946, the Knoll became home to the Stanford Department of Music and in 1986, CCRMA moved to the location. CCRMA was founded in 1975 by John Chowning, a Stanford professor, researcher, musician and inventor. Originally located at the Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory on East Campus, CCRMA was founded as a research center for digital audio and computer-based technology. In 1989, the Knoll was damaged in the Loma Prieta earthquake, rendering the third floor unsafe. As a result, the Knoll underwent a major renovation between 2004 and 2005. Following the renovation, the Knoll now contains modern sound studios and open-plan work spaces. Among the updated rooms are a 100-seat perform-
ance hall for contemporary music performances and a listening room that allows for individuals to conduct research in synthetic acoustical space. CCRMA is composed of academic directors, professors and engineers, but the majority of CCRMA affiliates are students, both graduate and undergraduate. “CCRMA is strongly interdisciplinary, where physicists, electrical engineers, musicians and artists can come together in one spot to cross boundaries,” said Chris Carlson M.A. ’12. “For example, musicians are learning to code and engineers are learning composition.” “There is usually some strange sound coming from part of the [building] and students hacking away at code, but there is a happy exhaustion,” Carlson said, describing the Knoll environment on most evenings. Although the Knoll’s atmosphere is very much research-oriented, there is a strong sense of community that allows for collaboration on a variety of projects. “Everyone takes a multidisciplinary approach to their work and projects so everyone knows everything about everything,” said Jennifer Hsu M.A. ’13. “This multidisciplinary approach also forces you to talk to other people to learn, so there’s this great, warm community here.” The wide range of ongoing research at CCRMA centers on the idea of approaching the intersection of music, technology and art from various angles. Researchers conduct work in sound synthesis, human computer interaction, environmental sounds, music cognition and sonification, just to name a few topics. One current project seeks to recreate the audio experience of the Hagia Sophia, a mosque and museum in Istanbul with very distinctive acoustics due to its unique domed ceiling. Another project focuses on using audio il-
MADELINE SIDES/The Stanford Daily
Stanford’s Students United for Risk Elimination (5-SURE) provides free rides for students across campus.
A FRIEND IN 5-SURE
By KADEN FREEMAN
he drivers at 5SURE don’t mind if you’re a regular. In fact, they are more than happy to pick you up, whether it’s your first time calling or a thrice-weekly habit. Students United for Risk Elimination (5-SURE) is an organization that dispatches drivers to students in need of a ride on campus. The program emerged in the 1970s as Students United for Rape Elimination (SURE). In its early days, SURE had no cars and functioned more as a buddy-system service, sending male volunteers on bikes to walk with students on their way home. This system ran into some controversy, with many critics arguing that the service was chauvinistic and an improper way to address the problem of female rape, so teams of female volunteers were added to the group to begin escorting students home. Demand for SURE’s escorts dwindled in the 1980s, and the organization eventually stopped running. However, increased interest in the group’s services in the 1990s brought the organization back from the dead — this time with golf carts. The carts helped ridership surge and rooted 5-SURE into campus culture. Today, 5-SURE is University-funded and operates seven days a week — except during finals and dead week — from 9:00 p.m. to 1:45 a.m. Along with a golf cart, the organization now has a car and an enthusiastic team of student drivers. On one Saturday night, Amelia Herrera ’12, Jodie Ha ’14 and Laura Potter ’14 manned the front desk, with one of the three occasionally stepping out to pick someone up, while frequent bouts of laughter carried through the lobby of Old Union. “I work for 5-SURE because it’s a good program,” Herrera said. “In the light of several recent incidents on campus, it’s important for students to have a means of getting home safe, and I’m more than happy to do my part to make that a reality.” “Being a driver is a really entertaining job, you get to hear lots of stories about where people are coming from and where they’re going,” Ha added. When asked if she could recount a specific memorable experience she had while driving, Ha whispered to Herrera and the two burst out laughing. In the name of driver confidentiality, the two decided to paraphrase. “You meet some interesting people,” Ha said with a chuckle. “Sometimes you get people who can be a little rowdy, but I’ve never had an experience
where someone has been out of control or where I have felt unsafe as a driver,” Herrera said. According to Potter, “There are definitely regulars, people who we see almost every night, but for some people who live in Oak Creek [Apartments] or EV [Escondido Village], they need us to be able to get home safely each night.” “It’s actually kind of funny, I’ll sometimes see them in the daytime and say hello, but they don’t always recognize me,” she continued. Another round of laughter at the table hinted that this phenomenon is familiar to all 5SURE drivers. With services running every day until 1:45 a.m., 5-SURE drivers are in for some late nights. However, this didn’t appear to faze any of the three drivers. “5-SURE is a very studentfriendly organization, even for us as employees,” Herrera said. “If you have a midterm or a paper due, it’s not difficult to find someone to cover your shit.” “We’re not open during finals because we’re students, too,” Ha said. “But if you’re at work and it’s a slow night with no calls coming in, it’s no problem to do some of your work while you’re at the desk.” The fact that 5-SURE drivers are fellow students with “limited resources” is something all three women agreed they would like students to keep in mind. “We’re not a limo service, and we don’t have a huge fleet of cars,” Herrera said. “We’re a group of one dispatcher and two drivers each night, and one of our vehicles is a golf cart that can’t go over twenty miles per hour.” “Sometimes, we get callers who react impolitely when we tell them there will be a 15 or 20 minute wait for a ride or who treat us rudely as we’re driving them,” Ha interjected. Despite the occasional illmannered passenger, Herrera, Ha and Potter all agreed that they love their job. “I’ve picked up people from situations in which they really did feel unsafe,” Potter said. “Even if they’re drunk . . . as a driver you get to experience a lot of really heartwarming occasions that remind you that you’re helping people.” “At the end of the day, there are plenty of other jobs on campus that are a lot more convenient without the late hours, but anyone who is here at 5-SURE is here to help others,” Herrera said. With that, Herrera answered the phone and dispatched Potter to pick up someone from EV. All in a night’s work. Contact Kaden Freeman at kaden email@example.com.
4 N Tuesday, May 1, 2012
O P-E D
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Board of Directors Margaret Rawson President and Editor in Chief Anna Schuessler Chief Operating Officer Sam Svoboda Vice President of Advertising Theodore L. Glasser Michael Londgren Robert Michitarian Nate Adams Tenzin Seldon Rich Jaroslovsky
he ASSU Senate will vote today on whether or not to formally approve the Judicial Affairs Alternative Review Process (ARP) for sexual assault and relationship abuse, a program that has been piloted for two years and has seen a dramatic increase in the number of reported assaults on campus. Most people have attributed this increase in reports to the fact that the ARP is seen as a safer, more personal and more welcoming system in which victims feel more comfortable coming forward. I am concerned that the Senate discussion of the ARP process and articles covering the approval seem to be getting caught up in a few small details and are losing sight of the larger picture. There seems to be a misconception that the Alternative Review Process is this big bad scary process created with the intent of wrongfully expelling all the men on campus. In fact, the ARP is in place to create an equal system of justice and support both parties in a case of alleged sexual assault or relationship abuse. The language of the ARP includes extensive lists of the rights of the responding student (the alleged perpetrator) and of the impacted party (the alleged victim). In fact, most of these rights are identical and include services such as a personal advisor to see each party through the process and the right of both parties to have their confidentiality upheld to the extent permitted by law and University policy. Both parties also have the right to appeal the verdict (and this right is not going anywhere because, along with the burden of proof, it was one of the Title IX recommendations from the federal government last year). Also, if expulsion is recommended for the responding student by the reviewers, the Provost will have the ultimate say in the matter. And even if the student is expelled, the specific charges will not appear on their transcript; it will
just read “discontinued.” The other question that critics seem to be getting hung up on is the validity of the ARP versus a “real” legal procedure outside of Stanford. Any arguments made by comparing the ARP to other legal procedures are essentially irrelevant: In a “real” legal procedure there might be more than four jurors deciding a case, but also in a “real” legal procedure a guilty verdict would mean about five years in jail and permanently having one’s name on the Sex Offender Registry, not just leaving Stanford with no record of sexual assault on one’s transcript. So, if we can agree that Stanford is not identical to a complex, real-world legal system whose ultimate goal is to put rapists in jail and make sure they never live within a certain distance from a school or other setting with small children, then what is Stanford’s ultimate goal as an educational institution? Our Fundamental Standard states, “Students at Stanford are expected to show both within and without the University such respect for order, morality, personal honor and the rights of others as is demanded of good citizens.” Just as allowing a student to continue to cheat on exams compromises our academic integrity as an institution, allowing students to assault or abuse other students compromises both our moral integrity as well as the sense of safety and comfort that we work so hard to maintain on this campus. (And just as one might imagine how someone who gets away with cheating on a test might feel comfortable cheating again, research shows that the average perpetrator commits six sexual assaults.) Angela Exson, the Assistant Dean of Sexual Assault and Relationship Abuse at Stanford, has spent over 12 years working with various issues of sexual assault and rela-
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Liar! (It takes one to know one)
Please see ARP, page 6
Do we want to educate students to assume guilt?
onight’s discussion of, and possible vote on, the Alternative Review Process for sexual assault cases may be a defining moment for our campus. In deciding to keep our current standards of due process in such cases — the presumption of innocence, a reasonable doubt standard, a jury of six, the right of confrontation, and a prohibition on double jeopardy, among other protections — or to abandon them in favor of a system where an accused student is not presumed innocent, may be convicted on a bare preponderance standard, and has no right to an open hearing, to call or cross examine witnesses (including the accuser), or to be represented, we decide what kind of citizens we want the university to educate. Do we want to educate students to assume guilt? Or do we want to eucate them to take seriously the notions of due process central to the protection of our rights outside the university setting? Many have argued that a university’s judicial board is not a criminal trial, and is more akin to civil proceedings in which a preponderance standard prevails. That is not the case. In the adjudicatory context, universities are more like societies than private entities. In a civil proceeding, private citizens sue other private citizens, and the remedy requires the wrongdoer to pay the plaintiff for the wrong he has suffered. No other penalty attaches. Here, however, the accused stands as a member of the university’s society, and it is the society that is prosecuting him; and societal punishments attach to a conviction. One need not elaborate on the consequences of long-term suspensions or expulsions — the student is deprived of an education, has a permanent record, will find it much more difficult to secure employment, and the like. These kinds of consequences do not follow from any civil proceeding of which I am aware. Even so, civil proceedings in the United States also have sev-
eral of the protections the ARP would deny our students, from the right to call and cross examine witnesses in an open hearing, to representation, and to a unanimous jury verdict of between six and twelve peers. It is true, as a legal matter, that the university can adopt whichever policy it wants. It can adopt the protections afforded defendants in criminal trials, civil trials, or no protections at all. The question is which process it ought to adopt. It is important to point out, moreover, that it is not true as a legal matter that Stanford University must comply with the “Dear Colleague” letter from the federal Department of Education, which urged universities receiving federal funding to adopt a preponderance of the evidence standard. I raise this point because it seems to have been of particular concern to some students on the Graduate Student Council. As the letter itself states, all the law actually requires is that “all recipients . . . adopt and publish grievance procedures providing for the prompt and equitable resolution of sex discrimination complaints.” The key is what constitutes a “prompt and equitable” resolution. The author of the Dear Colleague letter stated that a “school must use a preponderance of the evidence standard” if it is to be consistent with Title IX. This is simply not the case. Schools must use this standard if they are to be consistent with the Education Department’s guidance, but guidance documents are not enforceable as law. Their rules must go through the noticeand-comment process spelled out in the Administrative Procedures Act. Guidance documents have come to dominate the regulatory scene, but as the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit has written, “It is well-established that an agency may not escape the notice and comment requirements . . . by labeling a
here’s a concept in every form of storytelling known as the unreliable narrator. It basically means the person telling the story has been compromised and can’t fully be trusted. Oh, examples you say? (Spoiler Alert: I’m about to reveal some big twists. So if you haven’t seen “Fight Club” or read “The Catcher in the Rye” yet, then, “spoiler alert,” you’ve been living under a rock for the last 13 years. C’mon!) In “Fight Club,” you get about three quarters of the way through the movie before you realize Brad Pitt is actually Edward Norton, just with a cooler jacket and better abs. Or think back to when you read “The Catcher in the Rye” in high school and only in the last chapter did you find out Holden Caulfield was crazy the whole time. Or when this girl tells you “The Notebook” is really sad and you’re going to cry and then you watch the whole thing and it turns out nothing is sad because they end up together . . . or something like that. It shakes you up a bit. You have to go back and decipher what was really true in it all. So Edward Norton blew his own apartment up? And is that why people think I’m cool if I namedrop “The Catcher in the Rye”? And are all girls unreliable narrators, or just that girl? Another Spoiler Alert: We’re all unreliable narrators in our own lives. That’s just the way life is. It doesn’t mean we’re liars necessarily; it just means we can’t be objective and distanced from our own emotions and desires. The way we perceive, understand and react to the world around us is completely
dependent upon our emotions, our experiences (or lack thereof) and the fact that we can only get inside our own heads and not anyone else’s. We’re all unreliable, and some are more unreliable than others. For example, if you ask a friend why they broke up with their significant other and their answer is, “Well, he/she is just a [insert enthusiastic curse word],” then they’re probably a little unreliable on the subject. Or if you ask a friend in a fraternity or sorority how they did in rush this year and they answer, “We totally destroyed everyone else. Best pledge class ever!” they’re probably a bit unreliable too. Or if a friend uses the phrase “YOLO” for whatever reason, even sarcastically, they are 100 percent unreliable and you should probably re-evaluate how you choose your friends. So if we’re all unreliable narrators, why does it even matter? That is a fantastic and conveniently timed question that I just incepted into your brain. There are some major benefits when we remember our viewpoint isn’t the only viewpoint, and probably isn’t even the most accurate viewpoint. The only thing we can ever be sure of about our unreliability is that it will always be unreliable to an extent. So the best we can do to minimize our own bias is to understand it as fully as possible. When we acknowledge we are unreliable and our objectivity has been compromised, we stop supposing the intentions of others and start focusing on our own. If I get one of those lovely passive-aggressive Stanford emails that I
feel is attacking me, it’s really easy, and even fair according to my unreliability, to shoot a lesspassive, more-aggressive email back at the person who is trying to hurt me. But, if I acknowledge that I am emotionally biased because I feel threatened, then I can entertain the possibility that my emotions are reading negativity into the email and it may not be there at all. Knowing my gut reaction may be wrong, I can respond more patiently and constructively. This allows for more grace when dealing with others because our conception of “fairness” becomes closer to the truth. Because I can only know my side of the story and my intentions, I’m really only working with half a deck. I can do my best to imagine or assume what the other person intended or experienced, but I’ll probably end up selling them short. Either way, even if I can fabricate a complete understanding of the situation, it’ll always be half-invented, and fairness based on only half-truths isn’t fair at all. This forces us to have real authentic conversations, discussions and even confrontations with each other. It allows us to focus on our own shortcomings rather than that of others, and to treat each other with humility and grace. And that is the truth. If you want to find out just how unreliable Chase is, or you are still angry he spoiled Fight Club (or The Notebook) for you, email him at email@example.com.
FROM FARM TO FORK
Contemplating students’ needs
Please see GUILT, page 6
n less than three hours last Friday, two friends and I harvested snap peas, red leaf lettuce, cilantro, kale, chives and dozens of dwarfish carrots whose size belied their sugar content.We pulled up all the old plants and a few weeds, double dug the beds to aerate the soil and planted a smattering of new seeds. The garden beds were prepped and ready for new growth. Harvesting, weeding, digging and sowing offered me a chance to reflect. Gardening provides a space to consider what I am actually learning while at Stanford, what I value and where I seek to create value in the world. Working the land — even a small patch of it — offers a time for inward contemplation. But growing food does not need to be a solitary, meditative activity. Weekly pizza parties on the Stanford Community Farm are joyous, noisy, laughter-filled, lip-smacking affairs. It’s hard to shovel a truckload of compost next to someone without sharing stories and forming a casual friendship. These work parties feature undergraduates majoring in everything from earth systems to religious studies, graduate students in business as well as sociology, staff members, faculty members, families with children and, of course, pizza. (Chickens usually make an appearance, too.) More than learning about soil structure or the proper technique for turning a compost pile, these work parties are a chance to build community. Sadly, only a tiny fraction of the Stanford population has had the opportunity to reflect, grow and build community in this cherished space. Plans are underway to expand the campus education farm,
which is currently less than an eighth of an acre, but the development of a larger space for food systems education has been stalled for several years. Breaking ground on a new farm will be a meaningful step forward for the growing community of individuals interested in food. Current farming classes are routinely oversubscribed, and Farm Educator Patrick Archie is in high demand. Undergraduate and graduate students interested in food would like a larger space for hands-on, experiential learning, and students and faculty alike would love receiving resources enabling them to pursue projects in the food sphere, from nutrition to social justice to obesity to business ventures. When compared to Berkeley, UC-Davis and even Yale, Stanford pales in its food education. I am beyond grateful that Stanford has even a small plot of land where I get to dirty my hands and marvel at the wonders of plant growth and food production. But I am routinely confronted by opportunities for improvement. Food unites communities and provides a meaningful context for examining and applying topics as wide-ranging as physics (crucial to soil structure), economics (central to for-profit and non-profit foodie ventures) and ethics (important for everything from farmworkers’ rights to meat consumption). The acts of farming and cooking each provide a beautiful space for contemplation. Yet when $4.2 million flows into the University for the establishment of a “contemplative center,” the trustees have agreed to build a second art museum. I am deeply grateful for the alumni donations that have made
my Stanford experience possible. In light of ongoing mental health and wellness struggles on campus, I am also grateful that University officials recognize the need for spaces that encourage reflection and balance. And I am thrilled to see greater support of the arts on an engineering campus known for its “Get Rich U” entrepreneurial mindset. But I can think of many more strategic uses of $4.2 million than a new art museum. Through classes on philanthropy and my own activism I have learned an important message: New initiatives will not be truly successful unless the recipients are partners in the planning process. Lest this be too difficult, it is important to at least listen to grant recipients’ needs and wants. Without listening, it is impossible to be a strategic philanthropist, because you cannot simply intuit the needs of a community that is not your own. Because I know my foodie dreams of a production farm in the Santa Cruz mountains are shared by only a handful of my peers, I asked around about how students might spend $4.2 million. In speaking with my peers, I’ve heard recurring themes. Stanford students want the University to focus more on wellness, with an emphasis on mental health. They want to build community. That $4.2 million could have funded expanded mental health services on campus, or en-
Please see REMPEL, page 6
The Stanford Daily
Tuesday, May 1, 2012 N 5
discovered a very late piece of mail waiting for me at the Daily offices last week. Opening it in trepidation, fearing a torrent of abuse from some disgruntled sports enthusiast enraged by something I’d scribbled down in one of my columns, I was pleasantly surprised to get a fan letter. Though followers of my work will probably agree that I’m no expert when it comes to American sports, maybe this means I’ve actually learned something in my four years at Stanford and I’m not quite the novice I once was. Two weeks ago, I even helped reassure an American friend who seemed a little distraught over the fact that months after the college season finished, quarterback Andrew Luck still hadn’t found a place on an NFL team. Now that the draft has finally taken place, I’m sure she is relieved to know he’s managed to secure a job after graduation. On second thought, maybe I have a ways to go. As a couple of friends from back home across the pond were visiting me last week, I felt I needed to give them the full American college experience and drag them along to a varsity game. With football and basketball both on hiatus, the natural choice seemed to be baseball (Stanford versus BYU on Tuesday, April 24 to be exact). It didn’t start well. Failing to account for San Francisco traffic, my friends showed up an hour late. We missed both the playing of the national anthem,the most iconic image of an all American pastime, and a five-run second inning by the Card that threatened to be the most exciting period of the whole game. Once inside, settling into our seats, I realized my most serious mistake. My knowledgeable sports journalist facade melted away as the horrible truth dawned on me: I know nothing about baseball. Yes, of course I know what a run is and can string together some of the basic rules, but the tactics, strategy and crucial nuances upon which a game may hinge are alien to me. Hoping to impart a little bit of what makes college sports so fascinating to my friends, I was left instead grasping at straws. The blind leading the blind, we managed to extract some of the details, but I can’t help but feel that baseball could have tried a little harder, too. On one particular play, a BYU outfielder made a clear mistake, throwing the ball to no one in particular.That much I got, until unhelpfully the scoreboard informed me that this error had the code E-7. Surprisingly I wasn’t carrying a baseball rulebook on me to translate this and, as far as I was aware, E-7 could equally as well have been some kind of technical malfunction. Perhaps I needed to be carrying the scoreboard user’s manual. I guess this number may have been useful to the handful of folks who seemed to be filling out their own scorecards during the game, which, on its own, is an equally confusing tradition. I don’t usually go to sporting events to play bingo — I generally hope that the action will be exciting enough on its own. Does someone collect these sheets at the end of the game and grade them? Perhaps some of you may feel that I should have done some homework before just showing up at a baseball game, but this wasn’t the classroom. I want to have fun as a fan, not feel the need to study and take notes. Cold, frustrated and a little bit bored, we eventually crumbled and committed the cardinal sin of leaving early — ironically, as I discovered later, just before BYU’s exciting seven-run eighth inning that almost squared the contest. Now I hope my slightly tonguein-cheek attack at baseball hasn’t offended you because I’d much rather receive more fan mail (however late it may reach me) than hate mail, and because I do have a serious point, too. I’m not that stupid. If millions and millions of people follow the sport, there must be a good reason, even though this has so far eluded me. My message to baseball is that there must be more like me, frustrated and put off by your crypticness. In spite of everything, including my devotion to soccer in particular, I promise I’ll give you another chance. But please, just tell me what E-7 means. The Stanford Daily had to put Tom Taylor in a straight jacket to prevent another soccer column. Let him out of his restraints at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Baseball’s critical error
By DAVID PEREZ
It was a story of singles success for the Stanford women’s tennis team, as sophomore Nicole Gibbs won the Pac-12 singles championship in Ojai, Calif., this weekend, losing a total of four games in her final four matches. Two other Stanford players, juniors Mallory Burdette and Stacey Tan, made it to the semifinals of the singles draw, making this the second year in a row that Stanford accounted for three out of the four semifinalists at the Pac-12 championship. The team of Gibbs and Burdette also made it to the finals of the doubles draw, where they fell 6-4, 6-4 to Kaitlyn Christian and Sabrina Santamaria of USC. “It was awesome,” Gibbs said. “It was a
great opportunity for me and I took advantage.” Gibbs, who was the top overall seed and is currently ranked third in the nation, lost in the semifinals of this tournament last year.This is the first singles title of her collegiate career. She had a rocky start, losing the first set of her tournament 5-7 to UCLA’s McCall Jones after two rain delays. “I didn’t come into my first round with confidence, and I was not striking the ball the way I wanted,” Gibbs said. She certainly found that confidence though, as she went on to beat Jones 5-7, 6-3, 6-2 before stringing off four straight victories in the next two days at 6-0, 60 in the round of 16, 6-2, 6-0 in the quarterfinals, 6-0, 6-0 in the semifinals and 6-0, 6-2 in the finals. “Needless to say, I was pretty much feeling
it after the first round,” she said. Three out of Gibbs’ five victories came against Cal players. The only match against a non-Golden Bear came in the semifinal against her teammate Stacey Tan. Tan also made a very nice run in the tournament, which included an upset of California’s number one player, No. 7 Jana Juricova. The other side of the bracket saw California’s Anett Shutting, ranked No. 96 nationally, come up with two major upsets. Shutting defeated Stanford’s Mallory Burdette, who is ranked fifth and was the tournament’s third seed, 1-6, 6-3, 6-2 in the semifinals. Shutting also got past the second seed Robin Anderson, the only Pac-12 player to defeat Gibbs this sea-
Please see GIBBS, page 6
MADELINE SIDES/The Stanford Daily
Sophomore Nicole Gibbs (above) dominated the competition in the Pac-12 singles championship, losing just four games in her final four matches en route to her first career conference title. The second-year player cruised in the championship match, winning 6-0, 6-2.
Repping the ‘Steal Squad’
By JACK MOSBACHER
Card falters in semis
NO. 1 USC TOO MUCH TO HANDLE
By DASH DAVIDSON
Jack Mosbacher was a member of the Stanford baseball team from 2008-2011. Each week, he’ll take a look at the Cardinal’s ups and downs on its road to the College World Series. We cannot fully appreciate the importance of last weekend’s series victory for No. 9 Stanford over No. 10 UCLA without first taking a moment to consider the depths from which this team has returned.After a brutal stretch in which Stanford dropped to seventh place in the Pac-12 — a league it was unanimously picked to win in preseason polls — the Cardinal has crawled its way back into contention with its second-straight series victory over a difficult opponent. The most surprising aspect of this well-timed turnaround, however, has been the cast of characters most responsible for it. Coming into the year, the entire college baseball world knew that Stanford’s starting lineup would be as talented and experienced as any in the country.What no one outside of the program could have guessed was just how deep its bench would prove to be and, if given the chance, just how well its less known players could perform. With recent injuries to several regular starters, a trio of new faces has led the offensive resurgence that has propelled Stanford back into contention: sophomores Danny Diekroeger and Brett Michael Doran and freshman Alex Blandino, proud members of a brotherhood known as the “Steal Squad.” The self-proclaimed Steal Squad derives its name from the group’s most common game-
Please see STEAL, page 6
The Stanford men’s tennis team fell in the semifinals of the inaugural Pac-12 Championships, defeating Utah in the quarterfinals before falling to No. 1 USC in the semis. No. 10 Stanford went into the weekend seeded third in the tournament behind UCLA, which upset USC in the final match of the regular season last week, and the Trojans. Stanford’s defeated the Utes 4-2, before being shut out by USC 4-0. Against Utah, the Cardinal started off strong, riding the momentum accrued in last week’s dismantling of Pacific. In doubles play, the reshuffled lineup again proved effective as Stanford swept all three matches and claimed the doubles point. The new tandems of senior Bradley Klahn with freshman John Morrissey and senior Ryan Thacher with junior Dennis Lin were instrumental in securing the pivotal first point. In singles play, Klahn again set the tone with a decisive 6-2, 6-2 victory at the No. 1 position and gave Stanford an intimidating 2-0 lead. After a rare loss by Thacher on the No. 2 court, freshman Robert Stineman and sophomore Daniel Ho clinched the match on courts five and six, respectively, propelling the Cardinal into yet another semifinals rematch with their nemesis, USC. The USC men’s tennis team is a perennial powerhouse, but this year’s squad has been particularly difficult for Stanford to handle. The Trojans are the threetime defending national champions and were undefeated on the season before losing to UCLA last week. Coming into the Pac12s, the Trojans’ record was 25-1. Stanford and USC had played twice before this season, and the Trojans had yet to surrender a point. The same was true on Friday, as the Trojans shut out the Cardinal in a match that was
closer than the final lopsided score indicated. All three doubles matches and the three completed singles matches came down to the wire, with the Trojans managing to win the key points at the most important times to secure the victory. Perhaps the most intriguing showdown was at No. 1 singles, where old foes Klahn and USC’s Steve Johnson were doing battle. Klahn and Johnson are the two most recent NCAA singles champions and Klahn was the last one to defeat No. 2 Johnson, doing so at the beginning of last season. In a closely contested, two-set match, Johnson edged
Klahn 6-4, 6-3. Stanford will now return home and rest up for the seasonending NCAA tournament, which begins on May 11. The draw is yet to be released and the venues for the first and second round remain unknown. Stanford’s own Taube Family Tennis Center is in the running to host first and second round matches, and the Cardinal is likely to start out the NCAA tournament at home. The final rounds of the tournament will be played at the University of Georgia. Contact Dash Davidson at dashd @stanford.edu.
MICHAEL KHEIR/The Stanford Daily
The Stanford men’s tennis team was shut out by No. 1 USC in the semifinals of the Pac-12 Championships. The Cardinal did not earn a point in three matchups with the Trojans in a season riddled by injuries.
6 N Tuesday, May 1, 2012
The Stanford Daily
Colleague Letter, the effects of policy change cannot be distinguished if the variables are not changed incrementally. “It’s not like a typical civil suit where you are just paying damages, or just like refrained from seeing someone,” Lau said.“When you get suspended for two/three years from Stanford . . . and you are labeled . . . a perpetrator of sexual assault by Stanford, it is something that goes with you for life. The punishment itself, while not entirely civil, has a criminal dimension to it. I think Stanford ought to be very careful before putting something like this on someone, that we do this process fairly.” GSC representative Sjoerd de Ridder emailed the GSC list early Tuesday morning urging UGS and GSC members to take more time to weigh the ARP before approving it. “Agreeing with the ARP as is basically states it is perfect,” de Ridder wrote. “Amending it, on the fly, when approving it, is nonconstructive, because many bodies need to agree on the ARP. Providing a set of opinions is the responsible thing to do, as it would give the BJA resources and incentives to carefully review the document . . . There is time to raise issues, because the Faculty Senate will not take this up till fall, and the pilot study has been extended till then.” Contact Julia Enthoven at jjejje@ stanford.edu. create a system that is specific to Stanford and to the individual needs and circumstances of all parties involved in each case. And, if we have the opportunity to become a role model of an equitable student judicial process, why wouldn’t we?
MONA THOMPSON’13 Publicity Coordinator, Women’s Community Center
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campus end up being rejected by the police and the district attorney, but they are properly rejected . . . because you shouldn’t be imposing either a criminal sanction or an exclusion from the University unless there is a reliable way of determining what occurred.” ASSU Senator Dan Ashton ’14 also voiced opposition at the Senate’s April 24 meeting to the ARP’s protections for the accused. He noted that only six of the twelve rights of the accused currently guaranteed in the ASSU Constitution are protected by the ARP. “I feel that you have a right to call witnesses and have your witnesses heard,” Ashton said. “I don’t understand why they would say you are not obligated to meet with witnesses they want to call. That doesn’t make sense for our legal system.” Proposed changes to the ARP Recent Senate meetings have been dominated by extensive debate about the Alternative Review Process (ARP) and its approval. Since the ARP has only been operating as a pilot program, it must be approved by both the Senate and GSC in order to continue. The first proposed change voiced by undergraduate senators concerns increasing the number of reviewers on a panel from four back to six. While all other OJA proceedings have six sitting reviewers, the ARP has only four. “If you’re going to decrease the panelist number from six to four, I think . . . because of that reduction, there should be an increased level of requirements,” Senator Ben Laufer ’12 said in support of a larger panel. “I don’t know if having two more people would really dissuade people from taking action. I think there is, at least in my mind, a big difference between having 3-1 and 4-0.” “[We chose four] out of concern for the comfort of both parties, and extreme concern for [their] privacy and confidentiality,” PontiusHogan said. “Also, most people on the board felt strongly that it should be student centered and having four we were able to have three students and one faculty or staff member, which felt like a good balance.” Disagreement exists within the Board on Judicial Affairs as to the
proper size of the review panels. “Because we’re all presumed to be innocent, I don’t think you should force any responding student to have to overcome that burden on a 3-1 vote, to force him on the first round to convince two out of four people, I don’t think that’s fair,” said Timothy Lau J.D. ’12, member of the Board on Judicial Affairs. The second proposed change, which the OJA decided not to endorse after extensive discussion, is requiring a unanimous rather than majority vote to find a student responsible. According to the OJA, no other disciplinary process at Stanford requires a more-than-majority vote, but, as The Daily previously reported, more than twice as many states require unanimous agreement for civil cases than require three-quarters agreement. Law Professor Michele Dauber said that she thought the language of those supporting unanimity seemed to run contrary to the intent of the Office of Civil Rights. “It’s been said with a high degree of explicitness . . . that it looks like Stanford is trying . . . to evade what the Department of Justice is trying to accomplish,” she said at an April 18 gathering of student legislators. Dauber and members of the Office of Judicial Affairs, who said that the ARP is “data driven,” also oppose the change because they believe that, coupled with the recent changes to accord with the Dear
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dowed more diverse faculty positions, or improved and expanded upon existing community centers. Obviously my subset of friends is biased toward the progressive activist community, and I’m sure there are individuals who would be equally happy if more funding was spent on new athletic facilities or a series of concerts like the upcoming
Frost Revival. But I highly doubt a second art museum is at the top of many students’ lists of needs and wants — particularly given the existing under-appreciation of our current art museum. For a fraction of that $4.2 million, we could easily provide a space for contemplation on a new campus farm. And donors would have the pleasure of knowing this is something students really want and need. What would you do with $4.2 million? Let Jenny know at jrempel @stanford.edu. and is currently tied for the team lead in home runs, with six. Meanwhile, Diekroeger leads the team in hitting with a .368 clip and Doran — who has filled in brilliantly as the team’s leadoff hitter — paces the team with a .451 on-base percentage. Pretty soon, we might need to start calling the Steal Squad the “Stud Squad.” Stanford’s depth has also been displayed on the mound by the performance of junior Sahil Bloom. In limited action over three seasons, Bloom has compiled season ERAs of 2.72, 0.90 and 0.00, yet he has struggled to earn more than the occasional appearance out of the bullpen during his time on the Farm. One of the team’s hardest workers, Bloom has simply bullied his way into more playing time and has thrown seven brilliant innings, giving up only three hits and one earned run. Unfortunately, for every Brett Doran and Danny Diekroeger there is a Justin Ringo or a Christian Griffiths: übertalented players whom the coaching staff simply cannot trust. For every Sahil Bloom there is an AJ Talt, a senior who has had nothing but success in his few chances on the mound but who can’t seem to buy another opportunity to get out there and pitch. This team’s depth is a positive attribute for every party involved except one: the players who actually make the team so deep. But it is through the struggle and frustration experienced by these players that the true character of the young men on this team is on full display. Don’t believe me? Just watch the next time a member of the Steal Squad succeeds on the field. I guarantee it: No one will be cheering louder than his proud Steal Squad brothers. Deep down, these players also know that if they’re the last team standing in Omaha at the end of the season, everyone — including the guys buried deep on the bench — earns a national championship ring. Contact Jack Mosbacher at email@example.com.
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time activity: watching from the bench while the Cardinal is playing defense and waiting to alert Stanford’s catcher of an attempted steal by an opposing base runner. For the better part of this season, Diekroeger, Doran and Blandino were buried so deep on Stanford’s bench that a periodic scream was often the only way for the trio to make a tangible impact on the game. When the Cardinal was on offense, Diekroeger and Doran had the responsibility of keeping written charts of the game’s events for the coaching staff. Diekroeger’s chart would record every pitch sequence thrown by the opposing pitcher, while Doran’s chart would keep a detailed record of Stanford’s offensive performance. Meanwhile, Blandino was so buried that he didn’t even get a chart; instead, he kept a watch to time how long it took the opposing pitcher to throw to home plate. Blandino wasn’t just on the bench; he was on the bench’s bench. While they attempt to make light of their predicament, these players were quite literally in baseball purgatory. I can speak so openly about the agony of being stuck in a similar position because I know the experience so personally — you’re reading the words of a three-year starter on the Steal Squad. What has been so amazing about these three players is how ready they were to seize an opportunity that, under most circumstances, never comes. Since the trio entered the lineup over the past two weeks, this Stanford team is simply better. After another team-wide slump in which the offense mustered just eight runs in a four-game stretch, the Cardinal has averaged almost nine runs a game in a dominant sequence of seven games since these three took over. In limited playing time, Blandino has been simply electric at the plate
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tionship abuse and describes the ARP as one of the best existing models of an equitable system around these issues. The ARP allows us to — in addition to the federal Title IX regulations —
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major substantive legal addition to a rule a mere interpretation.” If a guidance document purports to make law that is not established in a congressionally enacted statute, “[t]his it cannot legally do without complying with the
rulemaking procedures.”1 The Department of Education has not complied with the rulemaking processes here, and Stanford University need not follow its lead — and perhaps we ought not to.
ILAN WURMAN, J.D. ’13
1 Appalachian Power Co. v. E.P .A., 208
F .3d 1015, 1024, 1028 (D.C. Cir. 2000).
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son, in the quarterfinals. Anderson was forced to retire after the first set because of a hamstring injury. Although Burdette lost in the semifinals, she remained optimistic about her play, especially in the postseason. “Obviously I would have liked to have won that semifinal match, but I feel like overall I’m moving in the right direction with my game,” said Burdette. She had been on a 21-match winning streak, which included dominant performances in the teams’ recent Pac-12 matches. Burdette and Gibbs also played very well in doubles, but fatigue may have been a factor in their finals loss. The two had played a combined 21 matches in the past week between Pac-12 regular season and tournament play. “At least on my side of the court, I did not feel as mentally sharp, if not physically, as I normally do playing doubles,” Gibbs said. The two look to make a run in the NCAA tournament, where Burdette took home last year’s
doubles trophy alongside Hilary Barte, Stanford’s former No. 1 player. “Honestly, I think we’re in an even better place than Hilary and I were at this time last year,” said Burdette, who noted that Barte did not even participate in last year’s Pac-12 tournament. Four other Stanford players participated this weekend as well. The doubles team of Stacey Tan and Ellen Tsay lost in their first round match. Tsay also lost in the second round of the singles draw, although she had a tough matchup with Anderson. In the invitational bracket, Natalie Dillon and Amelia Herring both dropped their first-round matches. The Cardinal feels good about its chances in the NCAA tournament, especially because of where the tournament will be played. Opening rounds will be held at Stanford in two weeks, while the finals will be played in Athens, Ga. the week after. “Athens is like a second home to us,” Burdette said. “I don’t even know how many times we have won down there in Athens, but it’s a lot.” Contact David Perez at davidp3 @stanford.edu.
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