Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol.

5, 03751, 2003 c European Geophysical Society 2003

V. Garnier (1), G. Giuliani (1,2), H. Maluski (3), D. Ohnenstetter (1), E. Deloule (1)
(1) CRPG/CNRS, Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, (2) IRD, (3) Laboratoire de Géochronologie, Université de Montpellier ( / Fax: 33 3 83 51 17 98)

Marble-hosted ruby deposits represent the first source of gemstones in Asia. The deposits from Jegdalek (Afghanistan), Hunza Valley (Pakistan), Nangimali (AzadKashmir), Chumar, Ruyil (Nepal), Mogok (Myanmar), Luc Yen, Yen Bai and Quy Chau (Vietnam) were dated using the 40 Ar-39 Ar laser stepwise heating technique on syngenetic micas. The following ages were obtained : 24.7 ± 0.3 Ma at Jegdalek ; 10.8 ± 0.3 to 5.4 ± 0.3 Ma at Hunza ; 17.2 ± 0.2 to 15.3 ± 0.1 Ma at Nangimali ; 4.6 ± 0.1 Ma at Ruyil ; 5.6 ± 0.4 Ma at Chumar ; 18.7 ± 0.2 to 17.1 ± 0.2 Ma at Mogok ; 33.8 ± 0.4 to 30.8 ± 0.8 Ma at Luc Yen ; 24.4 ± 0.4 to 23.2 ± 0.6 Ma at Yen Bai, 22.1 ± 0.6 to 21.6 ± 0.7 Ma at Quy Chau. These ages represent cooling ages and thus minimum ages for ruby formation. The ages obtained for Nangimali are close to the Ar-Ar cooling age of 19 Ma recorded in the Chichi granite, North to the ruby deposit. However, (C,O)-isotopic studies of the ruby-bearing marbles show no genetic relation between granite emplacement and ruby deposition in this area. The age found at Jegdalek is similar to the K-Ar ages obtained on the Sairobi pegmatitic dykes (20-26 Ma) and of the Jalalabad pluton (25 Ma), located close to the ruby deposit. At Mogok, the ruby deposits yield ages close to those obtained on high grade metamorphic and foliated intrusive regional rocks (15.8 ± 0.7 - 19.5 ± 1.0 Ma). The ages obtained at Chumar and Ruyil agree with those of the Lesser Himalaya Formation (12 - 6 Ma). Those found at Quy Chau agree with those found for the shear zone activity. Furthermore, U-Pb dating was done on zircons included in a ruby from Luc Yen and spinels in marble from Luc Yen and Hunza. The wide range of 238 U-206 Pb ages obtained for Luc Yen (266 - 45 Ma) evidences a complex metamorphic history. Ruby

Asian marble-hosted ruby deposits are directly linked with the tectonometamorphic activity of Cenozoic structures resulting from deformation of the Asian plate during India-Asia collision. an 238 U-206 Pb age of 94. .crystallised at 45 Ma during ductile activity of the Red River shear zone.0 ± 2.1 Ma obtained on inherited zircons confirms the U-Pb age obtained on zircons from the Karakorum batholith (95 Ma). At Hunza. Geochemical studies evidence that these rubies have a metamorphic origin and thus dating of these deposits provide an essential clue to decipher the timing of continental collision in Central and South-east Asia.