DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2011 Second Year Physics Paper VI — NUCLEAR PHYSICS, MOLECULAR AND RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks Answer any FIVE questions. All questions carry equal marks. 1. (a) Distinguish between Dipolemoment and quadrupole moment. Describe a method for determination of electric moment of the nucleus. (b) What is meant by binding energy? How it is dependent on mass number? Explain it with suitable example. 2. (a) Discuss in detail about the change independence and spin dependence of nuclear forces. (b) Describe the meson theory of Nuclear forces. 3. (a) Discuss the following Internal conversion and nuclear isomerism. (b) Describe the Gamow's theory of alpha decay. 4. (a) Write a note on nuclear kinematics. (b) Explain the need of classification of elementary particles and its properties. 5. (a) What are the relaxation mechanisms observed in NMR? Explain in detail. (b) State and explain the block equation. Mention its solution. 6. (a) Discuss the characteristics of A and g values. (b) Describe the construction and working of NQR spectrometer. 7. (a) Explain the fundamental requirement of NQR spectroscopy. (b) Give a details of top and spherical top molecules with examples. 8. (a) How to differentiate the rotational, vibrational from electronic spectra of diatomic molecules? Explain.
(b) Explain the spectra of non rigid rotator of diatomic molecule. M.Sc. (Final) DEGREE EXAMINATION, DECEMBER 2010. Second Year Physics Paper VI — NUCLEAR PHYSICS, MOLECULAR AND RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks Answer any FIVE questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. (a) Explain how do you determine magnetic moment and quardpole moment of deuteron. (b) Explain how binding energy various with mass number. 2. (a) Discuss neutron-proton scattering at low energies. (b) Arrive at an expression for zero energy scattering cross section. 3. (a) Explain the conservation laws obeyed by nuclear reactions. (b) Discuss various types of nuclear reactions. 4. (a) Explain the Fermi theory of -decay. (b) What are three forms of -decay? 5. (a) Distinguish between spin-spin and spinlattice relaxation. (b) Explain how do you record NMR spectrum continuously. 6. (a) Explain the characteristics of a g tensor. (b) How do you determine bond angles in molecules using ESR technique? 7. (a) Explain the principle of nuclear quadruple
9.Sc. MOLECULAR AND RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY 1. 5. (b) Discuss in detail the interaction between the elementary particles. vibrational and electronic spectra of diatomic molecules. (a) Describe a method to determine the magnetic dipole moment. (c) NQR spectrometer. 9. (b) Describe the construction and working of ESR spectrometer. Second Year Physics Paper VI — NUCLEAR PHYSICS. JUNE 2010. (a) Write a note on spherical top molecules.Sc. Second Year Physics Paper VI — NUCLEAR PHYSICS. (b) Describe the theory of diatomic molecule as a non rigid rotator. 8. MOLECULAR AND RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY
. Write notes on any TWO of the following : (a) Semi emphirical mass formula. (b) Explain the binding energy of a nucleus and dependence on mass number with suitable example. (a) Explain threshold energy and cross section for nuclear reactions.
(b) Mention the different relaxation mechanisms observed in NMR. (b) Discuss Fermi’s theory of f-decay. (a) Write a note on nuclear isomerism. 7. how do you calculate the bond lengths of a unsymmetrical linear triatomic molecule. (b) Explain NQR transitions with half integral spins. (Final) DEGREE EXAMINATION.
M. (b) Describe the construction and working of IR spectrometer. (b) Nuclear reactors. (b) Describe the proton-proton and neutron-proton scattering giving their important features. Explain its significance.resonance. (d) Diatomic liner symmetric top. (a) What are Block equations? Find the solutions of Bloch equations. DECEMBER 2009. (a) Derive the Q-value of a nuclear reaction. 2. (a) Discuss in detail the liquid drop model of the nucleus. (b) What do you understand by parity and symmetry? 3. Write notes on any TWO of the following : (a) Semi-empirical mass formula (b) Nuclear isomerism (c) Hyperfine structure (d) Spectrum of non-rigid rotator. (a) How does the bond distance change with isotope substitution? (b) Explain from the para rotational spectrum. 4. (a) Explain the theory of the deuteron. 8.
M. 3. (a) Describe the experimental set-up for NMR to note resonance absorption of proton. (a) What are the characteristics of nuclear forces? (b) Discuss Yukawa’s theory of meson exchange. 2. 6. DEGREE EXAMINATION. (a) Distinguish between rotational.
crystal lattice and crystal structure. 4. (b) Explain the working of NQR spectrometer with neat sketch. 5. (b) Discuss conservation laws among the elementary particles. DECEMBER 2010. 8. Describe briefly the five systems of crystals. 6. Bring out the expression for density of electrons and holes in an intrinsic semi conductors. Explain the an harmonic interaction in solids. 2. Explain the elastic constants of crystal. (b) Discuss the characteristics of 'A' and 'g' values.
M. (a) Explain the Gamow's theory of -decay. Explain the free electron model zone schemes for energy bonds. (c) Electron energy bands (d) p – n junction devices. (b) Give relevant theory for a vibrating diatomic molecule as a harmonic oscillator.(b) Write a note on nuclear reactors.
M. MAY 2011. (b) Obtain the energy levels and transition of molecular rotational spectrum. (a) Explain the concept of integral spin and half integral spin. Show that five fold rotation axis is not permissible in crystal lattice. 1. What is meant by reciprocal lattice? Explain its
importance in structural determination. state and explain the Bragg's law? 3. 5.Sc. 7. Distinguish between classical lattice heat capacity and quantum theory of heat capacity.Sc. 4. (a) Describe the theory of diatomic molecule as a rigid rotator. Write notes on any TWO of the following: (a) Bohr-wheeler theory (b) Radioactivity (c) ESR spectrometer (d) IR spectroscopy. Explain the terms unit cell. DEGREE EXAMINATION. (a) Derive an expression for vibration of energy of diatomic molecule.
1. Write note on any TWO of the following: (a) Crystal point groups and space groups. 8. 7. Discuss the importance and role of primary and secondary bons in atomic cohesion. Describe the knonig-penny model and explain its importance in the band theory of solids. (b) In elastic neturon scattering. (a) Describe the construction and operation of NMR spectrometer. 9. Explain point group symmetry elements exhibited by crystals. 9. Second Year Physics Paper VII — SOLID STATE PHYSICS — I .
. What is meant by hall effect? Explain briefly the physical origin and uses of hall effect. Discuss in detail about the general theory of Harmonic approximation. 6. Second Year Physics Paper VII —SOLID STATE PHYSICS – I . (Final) DEGREE EXAMINATION.
7. Obtain the reciprocal lattice vectors in terms of direct lattice vectors. Prove that the motion of electrons through the periodic potential in solids gives rise to the band structure.Sc. 5. How an harmonic effects explain heat capacity more effectively than harmonic approximation. electron and neutron diffraction techniques in the study of crystal structures. Write down the expression for density of electrons and holes in an intrinsic semiconductor. 4. What is Hall effect? Explain the measurement of Hall coefficient. Prove that fcc lattice is reciprocal to bcc lattice.
1. Discuss its importance in structure determination. What is Hall effect? Briefly discuss the physical origin of Hall effect. Explain the concept of reciprocal lattice. Deduce vibrational modes of a finite one dimensional monoatomic lattice. Write note on any TWO of the following : (a) Quanitization of lattice vibrational energies. 8. 9. Discuss kronig-penny model and its importance in the band theory of solids. 3. Describe briefly the seven systems of crystals. Mention the uses of Hall effect. What are primary and secondary bonds? Give examples.2. 8. Explain atomic cohesion and give a brief account of elastic constants in crystals. Discuss. All questions carry equal marks. Second Year Physics Paper VII — SOLID STATE PHYSICS — I Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks Answer any FIVE questions. basis and crystal structure. 3. What are the uses of this effect?
. JUNE 2010. Obtain an expression for binding energy of an ionic crystal. Show that the Fermi level lies halfway between the valence band and conduction band. How does this knowledge help in calculating the specific heat? 5. 7. Distinguish between reciprocal lattice and direct lattice. 6. (b) Classification of solids using band diagram
(c) Phonon collision processes. Define crystal lattice. 2. 2 (DPHY 23) 6. 4. Derive expression for density of electrons and holes in an intrinsic semiconductor. (d) Relative merits and demerits of Xray. Explain the classical lattice heat capacity and discuss the anharmonic interaction in solids. (Final) DEGREE EXAMINATION. What is reststrahlen band? Explain give a brief account of general theory of Harmonic approximation.
What is Burger’s vector? 5. (d) Magneto resistance. Discuss forward and reverse biasing of p-n junction diode.9. Obtain the expression for the total cohesive energy of an ionic crystal in terms of modelling constant and other parameters. (b) Normal modes of real crystals.
7. Discuss the quantization of lattice vibration and explain the measurement of phonon dispersion by inelastic neutron scattering. MAY 2011. (b) Ball are spring model. 4.Sc. 4. 9. 2. Explain how allowed and forbidden energy levels of a solid are explained by Kronig-Penny model.Sc. Explain the working of a p-n junction. What is polarization? Derive the expression for local field responsible for the polarizing molecules or atoms of a solid. Discuss the theory of intrinsic conductivity of a semiconductor.
M. 8. semiconductors and metals based on band theory of solids. 6. 3. State and prove Bragg’s law of Xray diffraction using reciprocal lattice. All questions carry equal marks.
M. What are the chief characteristics of ferroelectric materials? How does dielectric constant of a ferroelectric crystal vary with temperature? Mention the uses of ferroelectric crystals. Explain Xray powder diffraction method for determining crystal structure. DECEMBER 2009. Distinguish between normal and Umklapp processes. Derive an expression for thermal expansion based on an harmonic interactions.
Second Year Physics Paper VII — SOLID STATE PHYSICS – I Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks Answer any FIVE questions. What is meant by symmetry operations in crystals? Explain the different point group symmetry elements in a crystal lattice.
1. (c) Zone schemes for energy bards. Distinguish between intrinsic and impurity semiconductors with suitable examples. 3. (d) Thermoelectric effect. Write notes on any TWO of the following : (a) Index system for crystal planes. Write notes on any TWO of the following : (a) Laue’s method of crystal structure analysis. Describe the nature of diamagnetic solids and derive an expression for their susceptibility.
. DEGREE EXAMINATION. Second Year Paper VIII — SOLID STATE PHYSICS – II 1. 5. DEGREE EXAMINATION. What is Frenkel defect? Derive the expression for the equilibrium concentration of Frenkel defects. 2. (c) Distinguish insulators. Describe edge and screw dislocations with suitable diagrams.
What are the salient features of ferroelectric materials? Discuss the classification of various ferroelectric materials with suitable examples. (Final) DEGREE EXAMINATION. Paper VIII — SOLID STATE PHYSICS — II
1. What are spin waves? Obtain the dispersion relation for spin waves in a ferromagnet. Discuss the temperature and frequency dependence of polarizability. Second Year Physics Paper VIII — SOLID STATE PHYSICS – II 1.Sc. Explain the terms dielectric constant and polarizbility.Sc. What are the merits of this over the classical theory?
. 3. (d) High temperature superconductors. 7. Define superconductivity and mention few applications. Discuss the Weiss theory of ferromagnetism. What are line imperfections? Distinguish between screw and edge dislocations. Give the quantum theory of diamagnetism. 2. Explain Heisenberg’s theory of ferromagnetism and derive relation between exchange integral and exchange field constant. Give an account of Neel’s theory of antiferromagnetism and show how ferromagnetic behaviour of ferrites can be explained from Neel’s theory. (b) Frequency and (c) Isotopes on super conductors. JUNE 2010. Discuss in detail the thermodynamics of superconducting transitions. Discuss the classical theory of electronic polarizability. M. Explain the concept of zero resistance. Describe a method of estimating the dislocation density. Explain the temperature dependence of saturation magnetization. anti-ferromagnetic and ferrimagnetic materials with examples. Write a short note on any two of the following : (a) Ferroelectric domains and antiferroelectricity (b) Grain boundaries (c) Ferromagnetic. 8. Explain the ferroelectric properties of BaTiO3. 4. 9. What are Cooper pairs? Give qualitative ideas of BCS theory of superconductivity. Explain the experimental determination of dielectric constants. 9. Write notes on any TWO of the following (a) Piezo electricity and its applications (b) Vanvleck paramagnetism (c) Origin of ferromagnetic domains and their experimental observation (d) High Ti superconductors. 10. 2. Derive the London equation and explain London penetration depth. DECEMBER 2010.6. 6. Explain the various sources of polarizability. 8. Discuss the Ginzburg-Landau theory of superconductivity.
M. 7. (Final) DEGREE EXAMINATION. Discuss the thermodynamics of ferroelectric phase transitions. Describe the effects of : (a) Magnetic field.
Discuss the different polarization mechanisms in dielectrics. 6. Second Year Physics
Paper VIII — SOLID STATE PHYSICS – II Time : Three hours Maximum : 100 marks Answer any FIVE questions. 5. Differentiate between Ferromagnetism and Anti ferromagnetism on the basis of variation of susceptibility with temperature. Write a note on any TWO of the following : (a) Thermodynamic theory of ferroelectric transitions (b) Role of dislocations in crystal growth (c) GMR-CMR materials (d) Applications of piezoelectric crystals. What are magnons? Explain the thermal excitation of magnons. Discuss the origin of spontaneous magnetism.01 eV. Explain the BCS theory of superconductivity. 7. 4. What are spin waves? Discuss their properties. 3. 7. Explain Curie temperature in ferrimagnets and obtain an expression for their susceptibility. DEGREE EXAMINATION. Discuss Weiss theory of ferromagnetism. 4. What are point defects? Derive an expression for Schottky defect concentration in ionic crystals. What are paramagnetic and diamagnetic materials? Explain discuss the quantum theory of magnetic susceptibility. Distinguish between edge and screw dislocations. 3. 9. DECEMBER 2009. M.
. What is meant by crystal imperfections? Classify them in the order of their geometry. Explain what is meant by polarization in dielectrics. What is superconductivity? Explain Meissner effect. What are the peculiar properties of high Tc superconductors? Discuss the preparation and characterization of high Tc superconductors. Discuss the importance of Burger’s vector in dislocations. Give an account of high Tc superconductors. Calculate the ration of vacancies at 300 K and 500 K. What are ferrites? Discuss their structure and properties. Obtain an expression for paramagnetic susceptibility of conduction electron. 10. How do you achieve cooling by nuclear demagnetization? 6. 5. 2. In NaCl crystal. What are the possible applications of superconductivity? 8. Derive an expression for stress field around screw dislocation.Distinguish between ferroelectric and ferromagnetic domains. Discuss the classification of ferroelectric materials in detail with suitable examples. 8. All questions carry equal marks. 9. Write notes on any TWO of the following : (a) Dielectric losses (b) Vanvlek paramagnetism (c) Novel magnetic materials (d) SQUID.
1.Sc. the energy required to create a vacancy is 1. Outline the salient features of BCS theory of superconductivity and explain how the BCS theory explain most of the fundamental properties of superconductors.