DHCP Installation

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is an open, industry standard that reduces the complexity of administering TCP/IP-based networks. Each host computer connected to a TCP/IP network must have a unique IP address. DHCP frees network administrators from manually configuring IP addresses for individual desktop computers.

Installing the DHCP Service

Select Start  Control Panel  Add or Remove Programs

Click the Add/Remove Windows Components icon. The Windows Components Wizard opens and lists all of the available components.

Select the Networking Services item from the component list and click the Details button.

When the Subcomponents of Network Services list appears, make sure Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is selected and click the OK button.

Click the Next button to continue the Windows Components Wizard.

Click Finish to close the Windows Components Wizard

Authorizing a DHCP Server
Select Start  Administrative Tools  DHCP to open the DHCP

Right-click the server you want to authorize and choose the Authorize command.

Wait a short time (30–45 seconds) to allow the authorization to take place.

Right click the server again. Verify that the Unauthorize command appears in the pop-up menu; this indicates that the server is now authorized.

Creating a New Scope
In the DHCP window, right-click the server on which you want to create the new scope and choose New Scope. The New Scope Wizard appears.

Click the Next button on the Welcome page.

Enter a name and a description for your new scope and click the Next button.

In the IP Address Range page, enter the start IP address for the scope and the end IP address .

In the Add Exclusions page, add IP’s that you want to reserve and they will not distribute amongst the network clients.

In the Lease Duration page, set the lease duration and click the Next button.

In the Configure DHCP Options page, click the Next button to indicate that you want to configure default options for this scope.

Enter a router IP address in the IP Address field and then click the Add button. Click the Next button.

In the Domain Name And DNS Servers page, enter the IP address of a DNS server on your network in the IP address field, and click the Add button. Click the Next button.

Select the Yes, I Will Activate this scope now radio button. Click the Next button.

Click the Finish button to create the scope.

Configuring User Class Options
In the DHCP window, right click the DHCP server and select Define User Classes.

Click the Add button in the DHCP User Classes dialog box.

In the New Class dialog box, enter a descriptive name for the class in the Display Name field. Enter a class ID in the ID field.

The new class appears in the DHCP User Classes dialog box. Click the Close button to return to the DHCP administrative tool.

Right-click either the Server Options or a Scope Options node (depending on whether you want to set the class options at the server or scope level) and select Configure Options.

Click the Advanced tab. Select the class you defined from the User Class pull-down menu.

Configure the options that you want to set for the class. Click OK when you are done. Notice that the options you configured (and the class that they are associated with) appear in the right pane of the DHCP window

Enabling DHCP-DNS Integration
In the DHCP window, right-click the DHCP server you configured and select Properties.

The Server Properties dialog box appears. Click the DNS tab.

Verify that the Enable DNS Dynamic Updates according To the Settings Below checkbox is checked and verify that the Dynamically Update DNS A and PTR Records Only If Requested by the DHCP Clients radio button is selected. If it is not, then check it.

Verify that the Discard A and PTR Records When Lease Is Deleted checkbox is checked. If it is not, then check it.

DHCP Installation
The Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical distributed naming system for computers, services, or any resource connected to the Internet or a private network. It associates various information with domain names assigned to each of the participating entities. Most importantly, it translates domain names meaningful to humans into the numerical identifiers associated with networking equipment for the purpose of locating and addressing these devices worldwide.

Installing and Configuring the DNS Service
Open the Configure Your Server Wizard by selecting Start  Administrative Tools  Configure Your Server.

Click Next to dismiss the Welcome screen and click Next again to dismiss the Preliminary Steps screen.

Click the DNS Server item in the Server Role list and click Next to continue.

Click Next on the Summary page to complete the DNS installation.

The Configure A DNS Sever Wizard automatically appears. Click Next to dismiss the Welcome screen.

Select the Create Forward And Reverse Lookup Zones radio button and click Next to continue. If you want to create a caching-only server, you can select the Configure Root Hints Only option.

Create A Forward Lookup Zone Now and click Next to continue.

Select the Primary Zone option and the Store the Zone in Active Directory option. Click Next when you are ready.

Enter a new zone name in the Zone Name field and click next to continue.

Select the Allow Only Secure Dynamic Updates radio button and click Next.

Select No, Don’t Create A Reverse Lookup Zone Now and click Next to continue.

If not already selected, select the No, It Should Not Forward Queries radio button and click Next to continue.

Click Finish to end the wizard. The Configure Your Server wizard reappears and informs you that the DNS service was successfully installed. Click the Finish button.

Configuring Zones and Configuring Zones for Dynamic Updates
Open the DNS management snap-in by selecting Start  Administrative Tools  DNS.

Locate the Forward Lookup Zones folder.

Right-click sybex.com and choose the Properties command.

Switch to the WINS tab and click the Use WINS Forward Lookup checkbox. Enter the IP address of a valid WINS server on your network, click Add, and then click OK.

Click the General tab

. Change the value of the Dynamic Updates control to secure only. Click OK to close the Properties dialog box. Notice that there’s now a new WINS Lookup RR in your zone.

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