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Research proposal is an important part of any degree as it convince the supervisor about the purpose of thesis and justifies. However, writing research proposal for Phd degree is critical and challenging. Before writing the Phd research proposal, most of coursework and extensive literature review should have been undertaken by the student. Further Phd research scholars should have solid understanding on the background and previous research done by other researchers. This will help the scholars to identify a research topic and provide materials for proper argument with his/her supervisor. It is always advisable to develop two to three research topics and based on the availability of literature and background materials, final focus on a topic can be developed further. However every research scholar should ask the following questions before deciding on a research topic
Good Research Proposal for Phd Scholars
What you contribute to your field of study? The study has been already conducted by any other researchers if yes? Where it has been conducted? What is the theoretical framework for the study? What are the research questions or research hypotheses? Whether the study demands primary data? If needed, available? Where to collect data? What will be study design? Number to be targeted? Does it demand pilot study Is the questionnaire already validated or need to develop a new one What are the appropriate methods in analysing the data What are the expected end results? / outcome of the study Can the dissertation/ thesis be done within the time frame set for Phd degree
A research topic and a proposal cannot be done within a week. You need time to develop topic and research proposal. To get more insights, you can visit your library, particularly get familiarize with research methodologies, look for sample products, and ask for copies of past theses that has been approved by the same supervisor. A good Master’s or Phd dissertation / thesis proposal is half way to a good thesis. Hence do not take Master’s or Phd thesis research proposal lightly as it reflects your knowledge of your field of study.
The research proposal sample should be -
Nigeria. Dubai. Kenya. We are aware of the guidelines set by different universities . Russia and many more countries. Phd Dissertation Thesis Proposal format – Guidelines Purpose only Title Page Abstract of PhD thesis Dissertation research proposal Table of contents Introduction Statement of the problem Literature review Research questions and Hypotheses Research methodology Work Schedule Expected results and implications of Results Tentative Thesis dissertation chapter outline List of references and Bibliography We assist on the following ways Tutors India assists in framing out the Phd research proposal as per the standard guidelines. We have assisted for UK. USA. it is highly recommended that research scholars should consult the supervisor(s) and the department for the specific requirements. UAE. The following topics are commonly used for research proposal. Use Latest references (not less than five years) to frame your theoretical framework Persuasive argument and justification Time schedule of your research Likely end results or outcome Writing clearly in Good English Basic Elements of a Thesis Proposal Although Tutors India suggest common format of Phd dissertation proposal. Australia. China. Netherlands.Research proposal Set introduction and background State the objectives and significance of your research Show the contribution of your research in advancing the knowledge of your field of study Be focused on your research objectives and questions Provide sound theoretical framework of your study based on comprehensive literature review Add proper citations for your work.
‘acquire’.and strictly follow the same. language Sentences Linking devices Overused words Jargon Variation and the use of pronouns for get. Presentation Fonts Sections and Headings Point form In-text citations (for example Smith et al. In addition to the assistance in Phd research proposal. 1994 References list 2.. 1994 or Smith & Jones. Written language (example. Further we are aware of plagiarism and tolerance policy and therefore strives to ensure that all the papers sent to our clients are original The expertise will be selected from the field of study and apart from that Tutors India will allot research methodology and statistician in the team. are ‘obtain’. We check for the following before Tutors India dispatch the completed research proposal 1. ‘find’) * * Spelling Grammar Home >> Thesis abstract . Tutors India also assists in presentation and Language. ‘gain’. depending on the context Spoken Vs. For further assistance please contact our project coordinators specially appointed via +91-9600099967 or contact us.
while synopsis is about 10-12 pages which enlightens your important research findings in a dissertation / thesis writing.State the important findings and conclusion . Introduction. The various steps that should be followed in writing a good Abstract STEP1 STEP2 State the importance that the of research or and why others is should read to it ? Problem thesis dissertation attempting solve.Methods adopted and statistical techniques used in the thesis / dissertation.Significance . you must first reread your dissertation carefully observing the main parts from it to help you write your . we assist in preparing synopsis for the PhD thesis. STEP5 .An abstract is a short summary of around 150-300 words. the aims and problems you were working on to solve. Synopsis preparation A synopsis is developed after completing a full thesis and this can be called as ‘Mini-Thesis’ as it cover all the details but roughly in 10-12 pages. what methods you used and conclusions that include the implications of your discoveries are all needs to be included in your abstract.this section of the abstract should explain the significance of the results and the usefulness of the same. STEP4 . Be careful while briefing about the various things that you will need to include in your abstract. Most importantly what is expected is. how the research is adding to the knowledge already existing in the field. At Tutors India. The PhD synopsis will have following headings* Introduction Motivation of the study Objectives / Research questions Hypothesis of the study Description of the research work Findings List of publications based on the research work References Proposed content of the thesis / Chapterization details Write an effective Dissertation Abstract / Synopsis When you have written your dissertation and you are preparing to write your abstract. STEP3 .
Scope..Purpose. How will your study contribute to research ? Scope of the study 5. Home >> Dissertation introduction The introduction chapter plays an important role in your thesis / dissertation as it provide all the basic information for both readers and writers. At Tutors India. Organize things in your rough draft by improving at transitions and dropping unnecessary information. organized and engagin. PhD thesis / Dissertation. The main parts are . Download dissertation format 9. Also check your work for grammar and punctuation. Do not stick to the phrases as used in the dissertation. Finally provide description of chapters or chapter breakdown 8. First impressions matters. If the initial paragraph is clear. What are the aims and objectives. even for your exam prepartion help and so on. 'Abstracts' allow readers to quicly decide whether it worth their time to read the full article or research work. What motivated you to address this specific problem ? Motivation for the study 4. Methods. Introduction should address the following points 1.General Introduction 2. Contact us for more assistance . the reader will be more inclined to read a paper and consider position. Hence the researcher / student should devote their time to write proper abstracts with appropriate key words and phrases that allow for easy searching in any online databases. research questions and hypothesis ? 6. Our writers has a rich experience in writing abstracts / Synopsis for Master's Thesis. we guide you in writing appropiate abstract & Synopsis for your dissertation / Thesis. What is the specific problem ? How did you choose the project ? Background of the study 3. rather write down a rough piece of draft first with the main headings and outline heads from your dissertation which you can use a guide in writing your abstract.abstracts. The above points need to be addressed very clearly 7. What is this study about ? . Conclusions and Recommendations. Results.
It therefore stands to reason that the number and quality of research studies that will be available to you will depend on your research topic. Hence more effort should be taken to collective exhaustive up to date literature that has been published from various countries or conducted among different ethnic groups. . It should be a ‘critical’ review and not just a regurgitation of the literature. including empirical. perhaps because their origins are relatively recent or because they have simply been neglected. it should identify and discuss the key themes and contributions with which you are engaging. A review of available literature is an important part of any academic dissertation. historical. philosophical literatures related to a problem stated. However you organise the literature review. You should compare and contrast the views and conclusions of a wide range of authors and add your own views.Home >> Literature review A dissertation literature review contributes 40 percent of weightage. Try to highlight the limitations or contentious aspects of particular studies you have read (for example. a researcher need to collect relevant literature. explain what gaps in the literature you will try to address and/or which particular models/frameworks or ideas you will take forward to help structure your own research. Purpose of Literature Review Systematic review of available resources Theoretical and conceptual concepts Identification of independent and dependent variables Measurement and operational definitions Sampling strategy Statistical technique Findings and conclusions of similar studies studied What you are intended to do while preparing a Literature Review? Your task is to thoroughly review any published research on relevant theoretical concepts or models on which you intend to base your dissertation. Some issues have received a great deal of attention from researchers. Thus. their theoretical underpinnings. The latter may provide a rationale for your own study. At the end of your literature review. research design or interpretation of findings) or identify gaps in the literature. Others have received far less attention.
and furnishes the uniqueness and importance of the present study with that of earlier published study (identification of research gaps). Ethics and the reliability of measures most of your work is finished by the time you finish the analysis of your data. This will help you to get a sense of the type of themes that you're looking for. text books. The Literature review will be done by the experts of Tutors India. hypothesis and questionnaire with appropriate sources. find suitable models in your area of interest or in the discipline. Formulating of research questions along with sampling weather probable or non probable is followed by measurement that includes surveys and scaling. Some important factors in research methodology include validity of research data. With the research gaps. we assist in developing exhaustive literature review from various academic sources including journals. Before writing a Literature review. How Tutors India assist: At Tutors India. and newspaper articles and develop a research framework / conceptual framework. a research framework has to be developed based on the available empirical literature that contributes significantly to frame the research.In short. Over thousands of students have benefited from our service exclusively for Literature review. At least a minimum of eighty references will be used to develop a research framework. Order your sources chronological sources such as by publication or by trend. The data may be collected for either theoretical or practical research for example management research may be strategically conceptualized along with operational planning methods and change management. Contact us for more assistance Home >> Research methodology What is Research Methodology? The system of collecting data for research projects is known as research methodology. the research scholar needs to review the theory and the major research critically that provides the immediate background of your problem. All the referencing will be up to date. and sources will be shared to the PhD Research Scholars / students. This is followed by research .
Tutors India helps in a survey tool validation and also online and face to face data collection process. newspaper articles. Types of Research Methods Qualitative Quantitaive Mixed Critical and action oriented Data collection Data collection depends on the research design (quantitative or qualitative design). ANCOVA Chi-square Linear regression Dichotomous logistic regression . self-administered questionnaire. The last two stages are data analysis and finally writing the research paper. budgets. observations. expert judgement. which may be either experimental or quasi-experimental. which is organised carefully into graphs and tables so that only important relevant data is shown.. structured to unstructured. ANOVA. analysing data and results presentation all which require a high level of statistcal expertise. Exlportary data analysis T-test. citizen report cards. diaries. annual reports. Delphi techniques. The following are some of the statistical tools used by our expertise. government sources such as census. secondary sources such as journals. etc. You can approach statswork with any or all of the following steps: Framing your Research Methodology Study design Sample size calculation and justification Development of questionnaire Statistical techniques Appropriate selection of statistical tools (parametric and non-parametric) depends on the study design and sample size.design. We help you to conduct surveys [in person Interviews: Formal to informal. online surveys. procedures. policies. Our Quantitative consulting Benefits The preparation of a sucessful dissertation involves conducting effective research. focus group discussion. We at tutorsindia provide solution from formulating methodology to the results presentation.
Ordinal logistic regression Multinomial logistic regression Quantile regression Poisson regression Survival analysis LogLinear models Factor analysis Principal component analysis Multidimensional scaling Forecasting Decision Tree Neural Network Cluster analysis Multiple imputation An extensive array of graphical procedures Reliability and validity of results Interpretation of the findings Qualitative Analysis Understanding some aspects of social life and its methods through text rather than numbers. as data for analysis. you need such methdology that the survey can't answer very well. Although there are criticism for such methodology. to get more insights about our expertise contact us . Some common criticism include: Findings lack rigour Small sample size Not necessarily representative of the broader population Common Qualitative research methodology include Focus Group discussion Interview techniques More from the article on How to develop Qualitative Research Designs Read We have just provided the framework.
General Liner Model (GLM). which brings you more confidence to defend your PhD thesis. for a small pilot study. Regression. MannWhitney Test. confidence interval. skew ness. T-test. At Tutors India. Maximum. Our Trained statistician and Biostatistician will help you throughout the process. Forecasting analysis [Human. Chi-square analysis 4. Marketing analysis Techniques We not only help you in the analysis but also involved in tutoring of statistical analysis part. 8. Neural Network 15. 2. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Repeated measure design. Decision Tree analysis 16. Exploratory analysis – To check normality [Kolmogorov Smirnov test]. . logistic regression 7. partial correlation] 3. Factor analysis 13. Non-parametric Test: Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. etc. We perform following analysis: 1. standard deviation. standard deviation. we assist you in exhaustive analysis and interpretation of the report. mean. researchers need to test the questionnaire with small number of participants with diverse socio economic group and geographical areas. simple scatter plot. Correlation test [Bivariate: Pearson correlation. Multivariate Analysis of variance (MANOVA) 9. 5. standard error of mean. kurtosis. Time series analysis 6. minimum. outliers. Confirmatory Factor analysis 11. Kendall’s Tau. sales. spearman rank. Discriminatory analysis 12. The Kruskal Wallis Test.. always participants . However. Reliability analysis – Cronbach’s alpha. Pilot testing Pilot testing is an important part of any research and before conducting the main study. Structural Equation Model [SEM] 14. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). etc.Home >> Statistical analysis Statistical analysis is an important step and contributes 40 per cent of weightage of your entire PhD dissertation. multiple regression. forecasting] 10.
The field test findings should looked as a whole. we assist you in developing questionnaire – Open ended. Statistical consideration should be based on questionnaire type. Before using the questionnaire for any research. interview guide for all your research work. Category proliferation. Objective questionnaire. questionnaire need to be pilot tested. The pilot testing helps you on the following Questions sequencing Rewording question Time frame to conduct the study or per questionnaire Direction of results Help for sample size calculation Our Service include Statistical analysis Interpretation Conclusion [Summary] Home >> Questionnaire development Most scholars struggle to develop questionnaire as it is a cumbersome process. closed ended. . validated. focus group guide. each section and individual questions and appropriate revisions has to be made based on results of preliminary findings. and checked for its reliability. questionnaire should be developed based on how the responses will be analyzed to answer the related research questions or how to account for nonreturns from a mailed questionnaire. structured and unstructured questionnaire. In addition.should be drawn from the main study. At Tutors India. Ranking. Response categories of questionnaire include Use of Likert Scale. etc.
Our expertise have rich experience in developing questionnaire using scales.. Do not develop a questionnaire when there are questionnaires already available. matrix and contingency questions. structured and unstructured questionnaire. Home >> Discussion and conclusion The final part of the dissertation is the Discussion. followed by specific. open and closed format..... In Master's / PhD dissertation questionnaire development is an important step as it decides the study outcome.. Pre-test the questionnaire before pilot study Use simple language and appropriate for that particular population Avoid ‘yes’ or ‘no’ and double negatives options Use Likert Type Scale Response Anchors At Tutors India. questions for interview guide.. the below guidelines should be followed strictly for the better outcome. conclusion and future recommendation / . Hunt for already developed and validated questionnaire which will ease your process... we help you in the questionnaire development..... focus group discussion. Questionnaire must be understandable and readable Start with general such as socio demographic characteristics...Questionnaire for Market Scales Leadership questionnaire (style of leadership) Business research questionnaire Buying behaviour questionnaire Product trait/ product image questionnaire Food Frequency Questionnaire 24-hr recall Physical activity questionnaire Epidemiological survey questionnaire Satiety questionnaire Pyschology related questionnaires And many more..... We have trained expertise exclusively for questionnaire development and research framework. reliability and validation process.. Before developing a questionnaire. Design draft questionnaire and distribute to the expertise for face and content validity..
research needs to provide appropriate recommendations. sample size. This section requires understanding of statistical analytical terms such as mean. strengths and limitations in terms of the research design. 65.324: 1139. 1195-1207. comprehensive. T. & Harlow. M.. IEEE. H. MHRA. Besides. OSCOLA. The following are different format of referencing style. At Tutors India. Chicago. Dravidan. our experienced researchers have extensive knowledge in handling statistical tools and research methodology. BMJ. D. you need to check with the university format.. confidence interval. Vancouver. APA. MLA. Guidelines for authors of books medicine. standard deviation. Journal of Social Psychology. For referencing style. cronbach’s alpha. differences and providing proper justification). CSE (CBE). BMJ style of format Nantulya V. questionnaire validity. chisquare/cross tabulation. Reich M. BMJ 2002. AGLC Examples of different Formats APA Style Asha. we provide proper referencing format as per your request as our expertise has a rich experience in handling different referencing styles. Actions needs to be completed.implications. Software. Our expertise will provide you justification for each and every line that has been included in your thesis and furnish you appropriate support as well. P. Further this section needs to emphasize interpretation of findings with the existing literature and highlighting critically with results (similarity. confounders. moderators. (1993). pertinent and accurate. AGS. . if not try to adhere to any one style of referencing. Harvard. Turabian. validity. however.7:245-9. Complement Ther Med 1999. References should be always selective. etc. probability value. Vancouver style of format and papers on complementary Vickers A. At Tutors India. AGPS. reliability. References and Bibliography In Phd thesis or Master’s dissertation referencing is an important part. beta coefficient. etc while concluding the PhD Thesis. will assists you in developing appropriate conclusion based on the results obtained. Oxford. The neglected epidemic: road traffic injuries in developing countries.
confidence interval. The PhD thesis presentation should include the following 1. etc. conclusion and future recommendation / implications. cronbach’s alpha. probability value. beta coefficient. Findings of the study 4. Home >> Discussion and conclusion The final part of the dissertation is the Discussion. chisquare/cross tabulation. we also help you to get appropraite articles from our database. confounders. At last do not forgot to provide a slide on ‘Acknowledgement’ At Tutors India. Further this . validity. Hence more care should be taken on your presentations and other part of the challenge is to convince the external committee members. Problem statement 2. wikis are not usually recommended as a autheticated source for referencing. moderators. we help you to provide appropriate power point slides and also help you in tutoring on how to defend your viva by providing you tips from your own thesis. standard deviation. in addition to referencing format. Tools used (with proper referencing) 5. Contact us for more details Defense preparation or Public Viva Voce Examination PhD Defence is a special occasion as all your years of work will be presented and justified within two hours of presentation. Publications. Not more than 30 slides 8. conferences attended if any should be included 6. The sites like blogs. Why is it important in current scenario and what’s the difference between present and past research 3. This section requires understanding of statistical analytical terms such as mean.References from our database Most of the student / research scholar suffer to get appropriate references from websites and moreover some student even difficult to identify appropriate / autheticated references. Do not read the slides as the committee presented are experts in your field 10. Do not forget to include in-text references as this add value to your presentation 9. At Tutors India. reliability. Awards received as part of your research 7.
Vancouver. Vancouver style of format and papers on complementary Vickers A. Harvard. if not try to adhere to any one style of referencing. APA. we provide proper referencing format as per your request as our expertise has a rich experience in handling different referencing styles. sample size. T.7:245-9. References and Bibliography In Phd thesis or Master’s dissertation referencing is an important part. 1195-1207. Complement Ther Med 1999. The neglected epidemic: road traffic injuries in developing countries. BMJ style of format Nantulya V. & Harlow. questionnaire validity. Guidelines for authors of books medicine. D. etc while concluding the PhD Thesis. OSCOLA. 65. Turabian. For referencing style. Dravidan. MLA. comprehensive. MHRA. Besides. References should be always selective. Chicago. however. AGPS. CSE (CBE). References from our database Most of the student / research scholar suffer to get appropriate references from websites and . M. At Tutors India. you need to check with the university format. Actions needs to be completed.324: 1139. AGLC Examples of different Formats APA Style Asha. (1993). differences and providing proper justification). BMJ 2002. Software. BMJ. The following are different format of referencing style.. Our expertise will provide you justification for each and every line that has been included in your thesis and furnish you appropriate support as well. strengths and limitations in terms of the research design. Journal of Social Psychology. Reich M. At Tutors India. pertinent and accurate. our experienced researchers have extensive knowledge in handling statistical tools and research methodology. H. AGS. IEEE. P.section needs to emphasize interpretation of findings with the existing literature and highlighting critically with results (similarity.. Oxford. will assists you in developing appropriate conclusion based on the results obtained. research needs to provide appropriate recommendations.
Do not read the slides as the committee presented are experts in your field 10. conferences attended if any should be included 6. Tools used (with proper referencing) 5. The sites like blogs. Publications. Awards received as part of your research 7. Contact us for more details Defense preparation or Public Viva Voce Examination PhD Defence is a special occasion as all your years of work will be presented and justified within two hours of presentation. Not more than 30 slides 8. The PhD thesis presentation should include the following 1. we also help you to get appropraite articles from our database.moreover some student even difficult to identify appropriate / autheticated references. Do not forget to include in-text references as this add value to your presentation 9. Hence more care should be taken on your presentations and other part of the challenge is to convince the external committee members. At Tutors India. . in addition to referencing format. Findings of the study 4. we help you to provide appropriate power point slides and also help you in tutoring on how to defend your viva by providing you tips from your own thesis. Why is it important in current scenario and what’s the difference between present and past research 3. At last do not forgot to provide a slide on ‘Acknowledgement’ At Tutors India. wikis are not usually recommended as a autheticated source for referencing. Problem statement 2.
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