Mechanics Tutorial Sheet No 1

By Sanjeet Singh Adarsh (9822793601)

Q1.

A chain of mass 10π kg forming a circle of radius R is slipped on a smooth round cone of half angle as 45 0 . Find the tension in the chain if it rotates with a constant angular velocity ω =

2g about a vertical axis coinciding with the symmetry axis R of the cone? Take g = 9.8 m / s 2
Three cubical smooth blocks of side a and mass m each are arranged as shown in the figure and are at rest initially on a smooth horizontal floor. A smooth disc of diameter a and mass m moving with a velocity of 150 m/s impinges symmetrically towards the blocks. If the collision is taken to be elastic. Find the magnitude of relative velocity of separation of blocks B and C?

Q2.

B A C D

Q3

Three blocks identical in all respects are arranged as shown in the figure. There exists friction only between blocks B and C as µ . Rest all surfaces are smooth and the plane is horizontal. Initially the blocks A & B are approaching C with a common speed V0. If the block B stops slipping on C after it reaches completely on top of C and the three blocks move together thereafter, the length of

→ V0

B A

C

KV0 2 each block can be shown to be = . µg
Find the value of K upto 3 decimals. Assume that blocks A & C stick to each other after the collision.

Q4

A uniform massive chain of length l is hanging at rest in the position shown in the figure. At t = 0 it is released from the top end. At time to the force exerted by chain on the table edge is equal to the weight of the whole chain. Then the value of upto 3 decimal places is__________________

l

gt0 2 l

Q5

A solid ball of radius rolls without slipping inside a cylindrical drum of inner radius b.(b>a). What should be the drums angular acceleration about its central axis being horizontal such that the center of the ball is stationary at the position shown in the figure. (Take g = 10 m/s2, θ = 300 and b = 40 cm, a = 10 cm)

α
b a

θ
Q6. A stick of mass density ρ per unit length rests on a cylinder of radius R. The stick makes an angle θ with horizontal and is tangent to the circle at its upper end. Friction at all points of contact is large enough to keep the system stationary at rest. Find the frictional force between the cylinder and the ground?

ρ θ

R

PASSAGE I On a strange planet called as Gravitus Increasius a projectile is fired with a speed v0 at an angle θ to the horizontal. The planet is strange in that the acceleration due to gravity there increases linearly with time, starting with zero value when the projective is fired. In other words g = β t , where β is some physical constant. For the above projectile. Q.1 What is the total time of height of the projectile (a) Q.2

2v0 sin θ

β
2v0 sin 3 θ
3

(b)

4v0 sin θ 3β

(c)

6v0 sin θ

β
5v0 sin 3 θ
3

(d)

6v0 sin θ 5β

What is the maximum height of the projectile? (a)

β
6v0 cos θ sin θ
3

(b)

2 2v0 sin 3 θ 3 β 6v0 cos 2 θ sin θ
3

3

(c)

β
3

(d)

4v0 sin 3 θ 3β v0 sin 2 θ
3

3

Q.3

What is the range of the projectile? (a)

β

(b)

β

(c)

2v0 sin 2 θ cos 2 θ (d) 3β

β

Q.4

What should θ be for max rage? (a) tan −1 (2 ) (b) tan −1 (1 / 2 )

(c) tan −1 1 / 2

(

)

(d) tan −1

( 2)

PASSAGE II A block of mass 4m is resting on a smooth horizontal floor. Another block of mass 2m is kept on it and is attached to another block of mass m by an ideal string . m moves vertically in a smooth slot cut in the block 4m. There is no friction in the pulley and else where. Answer the following questions Q.1 The vertical acceleration of m is (a) Q.2

2m

m

4m

7g 17 2g 17 g 17 4mg 17 2mg 17

(b)

5g 17 5g 17 5g 17 7mg 17 5mg 17

(c)

9g 17 9g 17 2g 17 10mg 17 10mg 17

(d)

7g 19 2g 19 5g 19 4mg 19 2mg 19

The acceleration of 2m is (a) (b) (c) (d)

Q.3

The acceleration of 4m is (a) (b) (c) (d)

Q.4

The tension in the string is (a) (b) (c) (d)

Q.5

The normal reaction between m and 4m is (a) (b) (c) (d)

PASSAGE III A light inextensible string of length l has a point mass attached at one end and the other end is attached to a fixed point. There is a nail like obstruction directly below the suspension point at a distance l 2 . The string is held just taut at horizontal position and is released from a state of rest. (see figure). Assuming the diameter of the nail to be negligible answer the following questions. Q1 The angle covered by the taut string after hitting the nail is (a) cos −1   Q2

l

l 2

2 3

(b) cos −1  −

 2   3

(c) sin −1  

2 3

(d) sin −1  

1 3

The height rised by the stone, above its lowest point with the taut string is (a)

3l 5 25 l 27

(b) l

(c)

4l 5

(d)

5l 6 9l 10

Q3

The maximum height reached by the stone above its lowest point is (a) (b)

23 l 25

(c)

11l 12

(d)

Q4

The velocity of the stone at its highest point (a)

gl 27

(b)

2gl 27

(c)

2 3

gl 5

(d)

2 3

gl 3

PASSAGE IV A smooth triangular wedge of mass M is kept on a smooth horizontal surface. A small ball of mass m collides elastically with the wedge. At the time of collision the velocity of the small ball is just horizontal with magnitude u.. It is observed that the ball, after bouncing off, hits the wedge at the same point as before in its second collision. Taking the inclination of the wedge as

tan −1

(

2/3

)
u

Q.1

The max height reached by the ball between the 2 collisions is (a)

u2 2u 2 (b) 2g 3g
1/ 3

(c)

u2 3g u2 (c) g

(d)

2/3

u2 g
(d)

Q.2

The displacement of wedge between the 2 collisions is (a)

u2 3g

(b)

8 / 27

2/3

2u 2 g

2/3

u2 2g

Q.3

The ratio M/m is (a)1 (b)2/3

(c)3/2

(d) 2

Q.4

If the above ratio is lesser than 1 then the inclination cannot exceed (a)

tan −1 1/ 3

(

)

(b)

tan −1 1/ 2

(

)

(c)

tan −1 (1)

(d)

tan −1

(

3/ 4

)

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