# Mechanics Tutorial Sheet No 2

Q1

A uniform rope lies in a form of heap at a corner of a table. A negligibly small portion of the rope is pulled and released. The rope starts accelerating down. Assuming no friction anywhere and that the heap as such is stationary, find the value of the acceleration of the rope, when half of it is unwound, upto two decimals. (g = 10 m/s2)

Q2. A square frame ABCD consists of three identical rods & a wall on one side as shown in the figure. The joints at A, B, C & D are frictionless. The midpoints of AB & BC are connected by a light inextensible string Let T be the tension in this string & R be the magnitude of the total

A

B

128R 2 reaction at the point A. Find the value of the expression . T2

D

C

Q3. A small block of mass m is attached to the bottom end of a vertical spring of spring constant k and the top end is pulled up so that the mass gets uniform acceleration a upwards. When the mass has a velocity V 

3mg 2 , the upper end of the spring is k

abruptly stopped. Find the eventual maximum compression of the spring thereafter. Q4. A rope rests on two platforms that are both inclined at an angle θ as shown in the figure. The rope has uniform mass density, and its coefficient of friction with the platforms is 1. The system has left-right symmetry. What is the largest possible fraction of the rope length that does not touch the platforms? What angle θ allows this maximum value?

θ

θ

Q5. In the arrangement shown in the figure the cylinders have masses m1 and m 2 , and radii r1 and r2 as shown the strings are light and inextensible. If the system is set free from an initial state of rest, find the accelerations of the masses and the tension in each string.

m 1 , r1

m 2 r2 (side view)

Q6. A brick is thrown from ground level, at an angle θ with respect to the horizontal. Assume that the long face of the brick remains parallel to the ground at all times, and that there is no deformation in the ground or the brick when the brick hits the ground. If the coefficient of friction between the brick and the ground is µ, what should θ be so that the brick travels the maximum total horizontal distance before finally coming to rest? Hint: The brick slows down when it hits the ground.

PASSAGE I A chain of mass M and length L is held stationary such that the lowest end is at a height h above a horizontal table. The chain is released and it starts falling freely. Consider time t=0 as the instant when the lower end just touches the table surface. Q1. The mass of chain on table at time t (a) Q2.

M  1 2 gt  2 L  2 

(b)

Mt  L 

2 gh 

1  gt  (c) Mt 2 gh 2  L

(d)

M L

1 2  h  2 gt 

The total force exerted on the table at time t, by the falling chain is

  g 2t 2   3 gh  gt 2 gh     2     3M  2 g 2t 2  gh  gt 2 gh  (c)   L  3 2  M (a) L
Q3.

(b) (d)

3Mg 2L

1 2  h  2 gt 

Mg h + 2 ght L

[

]
3Mg ( h + L) L

The force exerted on table when the top end just reaches the table is (a)

Mg ( 2h + L ) L

(b) Mg 3 +

 

h Mg  (c) L ( 3L + 2h ) L

(d)

Q4.

The force exerted on the table by the falling portion is k times the weight of the chain already resting on table. The value of k is (a) 2 (b) less than 2 (c) greater than 2 (d) 3.

PASSAGE II A thin uniform rod of mass m and length  rotates with a constant angular velocity ω about vertical axis passing through the rod’s suspension point. In doing so, the rod describes a conical surface with half aperture angle as θ . Assuming ω = Q.1

θ
ω
(d)

m, 

2g answer the following question. 

In the non-inertial frame attached to the rod’s rotation axis the total torque of centrifugal force acting on the root is (a)

7 mg 4 23 mg 2

(b)

7 mg 2 21 mg 4

(c)

5 mg 4 23 mg 4

7 mg 8 19 mg 2

Q.2

The magnitude of the total reaction R at the pivot point is (a) (b) (c) (d)

Q.3

The angle θ is (a) cos −1 ( 3 / 5)

(b) cos −1 ( 3 / 4)

(c) sin −1

( (

7 /5

) )

(d) sin −1 ( 3 / 4)

Q.4

The angle made by R (total reaction at pivot) with the vertical is (a) sin −1 4 / 23 (b) cos −1 4 / 19 (c) sin −1 4 / 17 (d) cos −1 4 / 23

(

)

(

)

(

)

Q.5

The moment-arm length of the torque of centrifugal force, from the pivot point is (a)

3 4

(b)

3 5

(c)

 3

(d)

 2

PASSAGE III As shown in the figure the vertical line AB divides a certain horizontal plane into 2 regions one smooth and the other rough, having friction coefficient as  . A thin disc of mass m & radius R has a small point mass m attached to its edge and is resting on the smooth plane region. Another small mass m moving with velocity V0 hits the disc at its highest point and gets stuck to it instantaneously. Based on your knowledge of rotational mechanics answer the following questions.

V0 m

A

µ =0
m B

m

µ

Q.1

The initial angular velocity of the disc immediately after the collision i  (a)

V0 5R

(b)

4V0 5R

(c)

2V0 5R

(d)

V0 3R

Q.2

Let t = 0 be the moment when disc enters the rough plane region and t  t0 be the time when its starts pure rolling on the rough plane. Then t0 = (a)

V0 11 g 3V0 11

(b)

V0 22  g 2V0 11

(c)

V0 33 g

(d) none of these

Q.3

The final velocity (at pure rolling) of the disc’s center is Vf =

Q.4

V0 4V0 (d) 5 11 t0 The angular velocity of the disc at t = is t / 2 = 2 21V0 21V0 7V0 (a) (b) (c)none of these (d) 44 R 55R 22 R
(a) (b) (c) The velocity of the disc’s center at t  (a)

Q.5

23V0 66

(b)

19V0 55

(c)

21V0 44

t0 is Vt / 2 = 2 7V0 (d) 22