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(Remember to include relevant unit or square unit in your answer) Radius = Diameter = Circumference = 62.8 cm Area = Radius = Diameter = Circumference = Area = 1962.5 square mm Radius = Diameter = Circumference = 37.68 cm Area = Radius = Diameter = Circumference = 14π m Area = Radius = Diameter = Circumference = Area = 0.64π square mm Radius = Diameter = Circumference = Area = 324π square mm Radius = Diameter = Circumference = 12π cm Area =

Radius = Diameter = Circumference = 18,84 mm Area =

Area of a Circle

Unit 2 > Lesson 3 of 6

The distance around a circle is called its circumference. The distance across a circle through its center is called its diameter. We use the Greek letter (pronounced Pi) to represent the ratio of the circumference of a circle to the diameter. In the last lesson, we learned that the formula for circumference of a circle is: . For simplicity, we use = 3.14. We know from the last lesson that the diameter of a circle is twice as long as the radius. This relationship is expressed in the following formula: . The area of a circle is the number of square units inside that circle. If each square in the circle to the left has an area of 1 cm2, you could count the total number of squares to get the area of this circle. Thus, if there were a total of 28.26 squares, the area of this circle would be 28.26 cm2 However, it is easier to use one of the following formulas: or where is the area, and is the radius. Let's look at some examples involving the area of a circle. In each of the three examples below, we will use = 3.14 in our calculations.

Example 1: The radius of a circle is 3 inches. What is the area? Solution: = 3.14 · (3 in) · (3 in) = 3.14 · (9 in2) = 28.26 in2

Example 2: The diameter of a circle is 8 centimeters. What is the area? Solution: 8 cm = 2 · 8 cm ÷ 2 = = 4 cm

5 m2 = 3. Use = 3. Click once in an ANSWER BOX and type in your answer.5 square meters. then click ENTER. 1. click CLEAR.14 to calculate your answers. We can also find the radius (and diameter) of a circle given its area. The formulas for the diameter and area of a circle are listed below: or 2 · · · Exercises Directions: Read each question below. The radius of a circle is 9 centimeters. we can find its area. a message will appear in the RESULTS BOX to indicate whether your answer is correct or incorrect.14 · 78. What is the radius? Solution: 78. To start over. After you click ENTER. What is the area? in2 CLEAR ANSWER BOX: RESULTS = .= 3.5 m2 ÷ 3. What is the area? cm2 CLEAR ANSWER BOX: RESULTS BOX: = 2.14 = 25 m = =5m Summary: Given the radius or diameter of a circle.14 · (4 cm) · (4 cm) = 50.24 cm2 Example 3: The area of a circle is 78. The diameter of a circle is 12 inches.

What is the radius? CLEAR ANSWER BOX: RESULTS BOX: = cm 5.14 square centimeters. height and area of a triangle. The area of a coin is 3. What is the area? ft2 CLEAR ANSWER BOX: RESULTS BOX: = 4. The diameter of a bicycle wheel is 20 inches. . The radius of a circular rug is 4 feet.BOX: 3. What is the area of the wheel? in2 CLEAR ANSWER BOX: RESULTS BOX: = Objective: I know how to calculate problems that involve the base.

3 mm and height 5. Fill in all the gaps. Note that you will lose points if you ask for hints or clues! Solve the following.975 square m? What is the area of a triangle with base 20. Read the lessons on area of triangle if you need to learn how to calculate the area of a triangle. (Remember to include the units or square units in your answer) What is the area of a triangle with base 29. we can calculate the third value. You can also click on the "[?]" button to get a clue.6 mm? What is the height of a triangle with base 26 mm and area 377 square mm? .6 cm? What is the height of a triangle with base 24 mm and area 132 square mm? What is the area of a triangle with base 11 m and height 23 m? What is the length of the base of a triangle with height 12. then press "Check" to check your answers.The formula for the area of triangle is Area = Given any two values of the formula.9 cm and height 25. Use the "Hint" button to get a free letter if an answer is giving you trouble.1 m and area 117.

Area = ½(base)(height) Area = ½(3)(3) Area = 4.What is the length of the base of a triangle with height 18 m and area 99 square m? What is the length of the base of a triangle with height 20 cm and area 150 square cm? What is the height of a triangle with base 12 mm and area 150 square mm? What is the length of the base of a triangle with height 16 mm and area 136 square mm? Problem 1 What is the area of the triangle in the following picture? Answer To find the area of the triangle on the left. substitute the base and the height into the formula for area.5 inches squared Problem 2 Calculate the area of the triangle pictured below. .

Answer Problem 5 Calculate the area of the triangle pictured below.2 inches squared Problem 3 Calculate the area of the triangle pictured below.Answer To find the area of the triangle on the left. Area = ½(base)(height) Area = ½(24)(27. Answer Problem 4 Calculate the area of the triangle pictured below. Answer .6) Area = 331. substitute the base and the height into the formula for area.

Problem 6 What is the area of the following triangle? Answer Problem 7 What is the area of the following triangle? Answer Problem 8 What is the area of the following triangle? Answer Problem 8 What is the area of the following triangle? .

Example Question Below are two triangles. What is the area of triangle A? What is the area of triangle B? .Answer The height is called the perpendicular height because it is at a right-angle to the base. each with their base and perpendicular height indicated. Practice Questions Work out the answer to each of these questions then click on the button marked to see whether you are correct. Below is an example of the formula being used to find the area of a triangle.

If you can't work out the right answer then click on to see the answer. If you are right then will appear and you should move on to the next question. . Question 1 Find the area of each of these triangles. If appears then your answer is wrong. Click on to clear your original answer and have another go. Click on the button to find out whether you have answered correctly.Exercises Work out the answers to the questions below and fill in the boxes.

Part 1 (a) cm² (b) m² (c) cm² (d) mm² (e) cm² (f) cm² (g) cm² .

Know the formulas for the height and area of an equilateral triangle where s is the length of one side: and . it is necessary to Know how to use basic formulas for area and perimeter of a triangle. Solve basic linear and quadratic equations. Example #1: Suppose in a right triangle one of the legs is of length 5 and the angle formed by the hypotenuse and this leg is 28°. perimeter and/or side lengths and altitude (we shall use the variable “h” for height) of the triangle. We may know one or more of the angles of the triangle. The perimeter is found by adding the lengths of the three sides. Two examples of this type of problem follow. We may also be given a relationship between the area and perimeter or between the sides and altitude of the triangle. and hypotenuse of a right triangle.Word Problems: Area and Perimeter of Triangles In order to solve problems which require application of the area and perimeter for triangles. What are the area andperimeter of this triangle? A diagram is shown below. A typical problem involving the area and perimeter of a triangle gives us the area. width. We need to calculate some of these quantities given information about the others. Use the Pythagorean Theorem in finding the length. . Know basic trig functions and how to use them in a right triangle. The area is A = ½bh where b is the length of the base of the triangle and h is thealtitude to that base.

We find the hypotenuse using the Pythagorean Theorem: We add the lengths of the three sides and get perimeter = 13. the perimeter.64625 To find the perimeter.6585 We can now find the area from A = (1/2)bh = (1/2)(5)(2.6585) = 6. we need the hypotenuse so we can add all three sides. One leg is the base and the other is the height or altitudeof the triangle.3213 Example #2: Suppose a triangle with area 28 has a base of 7x and a height of 4x as shown in the diagram below.A right triangle is a special case of this type of problem since the legs are perpendicular. What are the area. In order to find h in the diagram above we use h 2. and the dimensions of this triangle? .

. Therefore.We know area is 28 and equals ½bh. we can solve for x. We write Next we solve the equation 28 = 14x2 for x x= We now know that We can check our work by recalculating the area A= The frustrating part of this analysis is that we cannot find the measures of the other two sides with the information that we have been given. and get the lengths of the altitude and base. but we will never be able to determine either the dimensions or theperimeter of this triangle.

what are the dimensions and the perimeter of this triangle? Question #2 A equilateral triangle has a base of 7. h = 1 cm and A = 20 cm2 . If the area is 36. If the height equals 2x cm and its area equals 80x2 cm2. Try These Question #1 A triangle has a base of b = 20 cm. Find the area and perimeter of this triangle.Let's Practice Question #1 The altitude of a right triangle is twice the base. A. find the values of its height and area. the area and the perimeter of the triangle? Question #3 A right triangle has a hypotenuse of 10 and one acute angle of 42°. What are the altitude.

area = 17. What are the area and perimeter of thistriangle correct to one decimal place? A.8 and perimeter = 20. h = 1/4 and A = 5 cm2 C. area = 14.8 and perimeter = 16.2 B. perimeter = C.4 and perimeter = 19. perimeter = square inches inches and area = inches and area = square inches Question #3 A right triangle has one leg of length 7 which makes an angle of 36° with the hypotenuse.7 Area of a Triangle Unit 1 > Lesson 4 of 8 . perimeter = inches and area = square inches B. h = 1/2 and A = 5 cm2 Question #2 An equilateral triangle has an altitude of 6 inches.B. area = 17. What are the perimeter and area of this triangle? A.9 C.

in the right triangle in Example 2. in the diagram to the left. the area of a triangle must be one-half the area of a parallelogram. and then divide by 2. the lateral sides are not perpendicular to the base. the height is a side of the triangle since it is perpendicular to the base. The division by 2 comes from the fact that a parallelogramcan be divided into 2 triangles. Area is 2-dimensional like a carpet or an area rug. is the height and · means multiply. the base is a side of the triangle. Example 1: Find the area of an acute triangle with a base of 15 inches and a height of 4 inches. To find the area of a triangle. In each of the examples below. the area of each triangle is equal to one-half the area of the parallelogram. For example. multiply the base by the height. Thus. A triangle is a threesided polygon. Solution: = · (15 in) · (4 in) · (60 in2) = = 30 in2 . The base and height of a triangle must be perpendicular to each other. For example. the height may or may not be a side of the triangle. the formula for the area of a triangle is: or where is the base. In the triangles in Examples 1 and 3. Since the area of a parallelogram is . depending on the triangle. We will look at several types of triangles in this lesson. However.The area of a polygon is the number of square units inside that polygon. so a dotted line is drawn to represent the height.

Find the height.) Solution: In this example. we get: 36 ft2 = (3 ft) · . Solution: = · (6 cm) · (9 cm) · (54 cm2) = = 27 cm2 Example 3: Find the area of an obtuse triangle with a base of 5 inches and a height of 8 inches. and we are asked to work backwards to find the other dimension. (Note: The triangle in the illustration to the right is NOT drawn to scale. Solution: = · (5 in) · (8 in) · (40 in2) = = 20 in2 Example 4: The area of a triangular-shaped mat is 18 square feet and the base is 3 feet.Example 2: Find the area of a right triangle with a base of 6 centimeters and a height of 9 centimeters. we are given the area of a triangle and one dimension. 18 ft2 = · (3 ft) · Multiplying both sides of the equation by 2.

then click ENTER. a message will appear in the RESULTS BOX to indicate whether your answer is correct or incorrect. Find the area of a triangle with a base of 4 meters and a height of 14 meters. ANSWER BOX: RESULTS BOX: = ft2 CLEAR 2. Find the area of a triangle with a base of 16 feet and a height of 3 feet. Your answers should be given as whole numbers greater than zero. Click once in an ANSWER BOX and type in your answer. we can find the area. To start over. . Given the area and either the base or the height of a triangle. we can find the other dimension. The formula for area of a triangle is: or where is the base. the height is Exercises Directions: Read each question below.Dividing both sides of the equation by 3 ft. click CLEAR. we get: 12 ft = Commuting this equation. After you click ENTER. we get: = 12 ft Summary: Given the base and the height of a triangle. 1.

ANSWER BOX: RESULTS BOX: = m2 CLEAR 3. A triangular-shaped piece of paper has an area of 36 square centimeters and a base of 6 centimeters. (Hint: work backwards) ANSWER BOX: = . Find the base. Find the height. ANSWER BOX: RESULTS BOX: = in2 CLEAR 4. Find the area of a triangle with a base of 18 inches and a height of 2 inches. The area of a triangular-shaped rug is 12 square yards and the height is 3 yards. (Hint: work backwards) ANSWER BOX: RESULTS BOX: = cm CLEAR 5.

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