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100 species of tropical shrubs and small trees. They are native toMexico, Central America, and northern South America. Guavas are now cultivated andnaturalized throughout the tropics and subtropics in Africa, Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, subtropical regions of North America, and Australia.
The most frequently encountered species, and the one often simply referred to as "the guava", is the Apple Guava (Psidium guajava) Guavas are typical Myrtoideae, with tough dark leaves that are opposite, simple, elliptic to ovate and 5–15 centimetres (2.0–5.9 in) long. The flowers are white, with five petals and numerousstamens. The genera Accara and Feijoa (= Acca, Pineapple Guava) were formerly included inPsidium)
Bengal guava-flower The term "guava" appears to derive from Arawak guayabo "guava tree", via the Spanish guayaba. It has been adapted in many Europeanlanguages: guava (Romanian, Swedish, Danish and Norwegian, also Greek Γκουάβα and Russian Гуава), Guave (Dutch and German),goyave (French), gujawa (Polish), go iaba (Portuguese).
the Arabic " "ةفاوجj(a)wafa~gawafa. Ecology Apple Guava (Psidium guajava) flower Psidium species are used as food plants by the caterpillars of some Lepidoptera. for example.in Kannada it is pearaley (' ') or seebe kaayi (' ') and in Dhivehi feyru. Additional terms for guavas from their native range are.Eupseudosoma aberrans. the Tongankuava and probably also the Tagalog bayabas are ultimately derived from the Arawak term. in Bengali pearah( ). the Japanese guaba (グアバ). though it is so widespread in the region that its origin cannot be clearly discerned any more. or from some language of southern India. In Telugu language it is "Jama kaya".Outside of Europe. ' )'دورماin North India and Pakistan. which means "pear". and possibly linked to the Moghul occupation of this region. Pera itself is used in Malayalam. It is called pijuli in Oriya language in eastern India. Sinhala and Swahili. sawintu (Quechua) and xālxocotl (Nāhuatl) Another term for guavas (Ethiopian. and Hypercompe icasia. In Marathi it is peru ( ). in Assamese "Madhuriam". E. involutum. the Tamil "koiyaa" ( ). It is common around the western Indian Ocean and probably derives from Spanish or Portuguese. Amharic) is "Zeytuna". Guava is also called Amrood (' '. mainly moths like the Ello Sphinx (Erinnyis ello). which is possibly a variant of Armoot meaning "pear" in Arabic and Turkish languages. Mites like Pronematus pruni and Tydeus . Another term for guavas is pera or variants thereof.
is already extinct.munsteri are known toparasitize the Apple Guava (P.Mexico Fruit Guavas in Larkana. Varying between species. Pakistan Guava fruit. since animals eat the fruit and disperse the seeds in their droppings. The fruit is not only relished by humans. including Hawaii. several species have become very rare due to habitat destruction and at least one (Jamaican Guava.6 to 4. The spread of introduced guavas owes much to this fact.7 in) long. The bacterium Erwinia psidii causes rot diseases of the Apple Guava. and to a lesser extent Apple Guava) have become invasive species. are round or oval depending on the species. In Cuba and Mexico the leaves are used in barbecues. is usually green before maturity. A full size guava tree in Oaxaca. but by many mammals and birds as well. P. the skin can be any thickness. On the other hand. some species (namely Strawberry Guava. . or soft and sweet. P. littorale. maroon. The outer skin may be rough. Guava wood is used for meat smoking in Hawaii and is used at barbecue competitions across the United States. dumetorum). In several tropical regions. usually 4 to 12 centimetres (1. guajava) and perhaps other species. but becomes yellow. often with a bitter taste. or green when ripe.
with the seeds in the central pulp of variable number and hardness.Guava fruit generally have a pronounced and typical fragrance. but younger plants will likely freeze to the ground. off-white ("white" guavas) to deep pink ("red" guavas). or as long as eight years. Strawberry guava. 1 year old seedling Guavas are also of interest to home growers in temperate areas. Culinary uses . Several species are grown commercially. Range Guavas are cultivated in many tropical and subtropical countries. tasting something between pear and strawberry. depending on species. apple guava and its cultivarsare those most commonly traded internationally. They are one of the few tropical fruits that can grow to fruiting size in pots indoors. guavas can bear fruit as soon as two years. When grown from seed. Guava pulp may be sweet or sour. Psidium guajava 1-year seedling Mature trees of most species are fairly cold-hardy and can survive temperatures slightly colder than 25 °F (−4 °C) for short periods of time. similar to lemon rind but less sharp.
Guava juice is very popular in Cuba. i. dried snacks. Colombia. Egypt. jams. guava is often eaten raw. In the Philippines. Venezuela. and also for juices and aguas frescas. and South Africa. a pinch of sugar and black pepper are added to the mixture. substituting for tomatoes. The fruit is also often prepared as a dessert. and marmalades (such as Brazilian goiabada and Colombian bocadillo). Occasionally. Mexico. jellies. preserves. typically cut into quarters with a pinch of salt and pepper and sometimes cayenne powder/masala. ripe guava is used in cooking sinigang. as well as artisan candies. India . and the juice extract is often used in culinary sauces (hot or cold). which is very tart. Puerto Rico. in fruit salads. Street vendors often sell guava fruit for a few rupees each. In Mexico. In India it is often sprinkled with red rock salt. Ripe apple guavas for sale in Bangalore. desserts. In Pakistan and India. The fruit is cut up and dipped into the sauce. Costa Rica. guavas are extensively used to make candies. "tea" of guava tree leaves) is considered medicinal. In Asia. fresh guava slices are often dipped in preserved prune powder or salt. Pulque de Guava is a popular blend of the native alcoholic beverage. the infusion made with guava tree leaves (chá-de-goiabeira. In Asia.In Hawaii. or dipped in Chamoy. especially for those sensitive to the latter's acidity. the Agua fresca beverage is popularly made with Guava. guava is eaten with soy sauce and vinegar. The entire fruit is a key ingredient in punch. fruit bars.e. "Red" guavas can be used as the base of salted products such as sauces. In Brazil. Hawaii. Because of its high level of pectin. a drink is made from an infusion of guava fruits and leaves.
potassium. nutrient content varies across guava cultivars. vitamins A and C. and the dietary minerals. cattleianum). littorale var. notably containing 90 mg of vitamin C per serving. low-calorie profile of essential nutrients. guajava) fruit contains about four times the amount of vitamin C as an orange. Having a generally broad. retinoid sources than yellow-green ones. leucocyanidin and amritoside–the major classes of antioxidant pigments – giving them relatively high potential antioxidant value among plant foods. a single common guava (P. rich in carotenoids and polyphenols Guavas contain both carotenoids and polyphenols like (+)gallocatechin. copper and manganese. guavas that are red-orange have more pigment content as polyphenol. However.Nutritional value Guavas are rich in dietary fiber. a red apple guava cultivar. folic acid. guaijaverin. 'Thai maroon' guavas. its total vitamin C content in one serving still provides 100% of the Dietary Reference Intake for adult males. carotenoid and provitamin A. As these pigments produce the fruit skin and flesh color. Although the strawberry guava (P. has about 25% of the amount found in more common varieties. Green apple guavas are less rich in pigment antioxidants .
4 mg (2%) 688 mg (20%) 0.6 g (2%) 2. inflammation and pain. as well as the bark. extracts from apple guava leaves or bark are implicated in therapeutic mechanisms against cancer.1 mg (4%) 1. however. pharmacologicalproperties and history in folk medicine.3 g 23.Common Guava.4 mg (19%) 1030 IU (21%) 377 mg (628%) 0.1 mg (7%) 0. with other species remaining unstudied.2 g (8%) 1.6 g (8%) 30 mg (3%) 66 mg (7%) 0. Nutrient data source: US Department of Agriculture National Nutrient Database from Nutritiondata. has been conducted on apple guava (P. for their supposed antimicrobial properties and as an astringent. Essential oils from guava leaves display anti-cancer activity in vitro. From preliminary medical research in laboratory models. guajava). Guava leaves or .com Potential medical uses Since the 1950s.8 mg (9%) 81 mcg (20%) % Daily Value in parentheses. per 165 g of individual fruit portion Calories Moisture Dietary Fiber Protein Fat Ash Carbohydrates Calcium Phosphorus Iron Potassium Copper Beta-carotene (Vitamin A) Ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) Thiamin (Vitamin B1) Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) Niacin (Vitamin B3) Folic acid 112 133 g 8. Most research.9 g (36%) 4. bacterial infections. guavas – particularly the leaves – have been the subject for diverse research on their constituents. Guava leaves are used in folk medicine as a remedy for diarrhea and.
Psidium incanescens Mart. – Guinea Guava. cambuí (Brazil) Psidium sintenisii – hoja menuda Psidium socorrense Psidium spathulatum . Costa Rica). In Trinidad. Psidium littorale var. cattleianum– Strawberry Guava o Psidium littorale var. littorale – Lemon Guava. "Chinese Guava" (as invasive species) o Psidium littorale var."arrayán" (Mexico). Common Guava Psidium guineense Sw. Psidium littoralevar. – Mountain Guava Psidium pedicellatum Psidium robustum Psidium rostratum Psidium sartorianum Sartre Guava.araçádo-campo (Brazil) Psidium harrisianum Urb. Selected species Strawberry Guava. "arazá" (Colombia).bark are used in traditional treatments against diabetes. littorale Psidium amplexicaule Psidium araao Psidium araca Psidium australe Psidium cinereum Psidium dumetorum Psidium firmum Psidium friedrichsthalium Psidium galapageium – Galápagos Guava Psidium guajava L. dysentery and fever. cattleianum Lemon Guava. a tea made from young leaves is used for diarrhea. Psidium littorale – Cattley Guava. guyabita del Peru(Panama. – Apple Guava. Psidium havanense Urb. waiawī (Hawaiʻi) Psidium montanum Sw. Peruvian Guava.
) Myrciaria dubia (as P.org/wiki/Guava Benefits Of Guava Guava is a tropical fruit.) Campomanesia pubescens (as P. aromatica Aubl. which is consumed along .) Campomanesia aromatica (as P.) Campomanesia grandiflora (as P. or P.) Campomanesia guaviroba (as P. cultivated mainly in the Asian countries. rensoniana (as P. It is quite similar in shape to pear and has a rind that is green in color and changes to yellow when it becomes over-ripe. dubium Kunth) See also Source-http://en. corymbosum Cambess. grandiflorum Aubl. P. guaviroba DC.wikipedia. rensonianum Standl. obversum Miq. rivulare DC. cerasoides Cambess. pubescens Eugenia salamensis var.) Campomanesia lineatifolia (as P. adamantium Cambess..Formerly placed here Acca macrostema (as P. Inside the rind. macrostemum Campomanesia adamantium (as P. or P.
84 Health & Nutrition Benefits of Eating Guava Guava is a very good source of vitamins.0.498 mg Calories .15 mg Vitamin C .with the fruit and not peeled.48 mg Protein . Guava is quite rich in Vitamin C.8.9 gm Niacin .1. More often than not. Guava has been associated with healing of wounds. when applied externally. by inhibiting microbial growth and removing extra mucus from the intestines. Being rich in Vitamin C. maybe even more than orange. Guava helps the body in combating free radicals produced during metabolism and aids in preventing age-related chronic diseases.9 gm Vitamin A . is good for those suffering from constipation. Guava is one of the richest sources of dietary fiber and thus. you can find lots of small hard seeds enveloping the soft and sweet pulp of the fruit.412 IU Vitamin B . such as Alzheimer’s. Nutritional Value of Guava Given below is the amount of nutrients present in 1 cup (165 gm) of Guava. there is flesh that is either white or pinkish/reddish in color.50 mg Carbohydrates . Guava strengthens and tones up the digestive system and even disinfects the same.2 mg.35 gm Total Fat . apart from Iron and Folic Acid: Calcium . . adhesion and other abnormalities. gums and minor internal hemorrhaging.1. fibers as well as minerals. Phosphorus . Browse through the article to know about the health and nutrition benefits of eating guavas. Guava helps cure dysentery. guava is effective in treating male infertility caused by sperm clumping.6 gm Fiber . apart from a number of other vitamins and minerals. Guava has general haemostatic properties and can be used for treating bleeding nose.19. cataract and rheumatoid arthritis.
Juice of raw and immature guavas or decoction of guava-leaves is known to bring relief in cough and cold.me/f150/benefits-of-guava-51600/#ixzz1taVRN3gF http://www. Guava has been found to be beneficial for people suffering from the following ailments: Acidosis Asthma Bacterial Infections Catarrh Congestion of the Lungs Convulsions Epilepsy High Blood Pressure Obesity Oral Ulcers Poor Circulation Prolonged Menstruation Scurvy Swollen Gums Toothache Read more: http://www. such as caretenoids. Guava.me/f150/benefits-of-guava-51600/ . Researches have shown that guava is pretty effective in preventing cancer and even heart diseases in people. you can either eat it raw or make wash your skin with a decoction of its immature fruits and leaves.unp. is good for those trying to lose weight. isoffavonoids and polyphenols. having high content of roughage. Guavas can improve the texture of skin and help avoid skin problems. For the purpose. The presence of complex carbohydrates and dietary fibers in guava makes it effective in lowering cholesterol and blood sugar levels.unp. The presence of Vitamin C and other phytonutrients. in guava has led to it being an effective antioxidant. no cholesterol & less digestible carbohydrates.
Benefits Of Guava .
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