CO2 Fire Extinguishing System Written by: Raunekk • Edited by: KennethSleight Published Jun 30, 2009 A ship is a place where probability

of accidents and mishaps taking place due to fire is too high. Various types of precautions are taken to prevent spreading of fire on ship. Out of these, Co2 extinguishing system is the most widely used system which is now found on all the ships. Introduction Probability of accidents caused due to fire is very high on ships, mainly because of high quantity of fuel oils and inflammable cargo that they carry. In case of a small intensity fire on ship, portable fire extinguishers or other handy means of extinguishing fire can be used. But in case, the intensity of fire is high or it is humanly impossible to control the fire, Co2 fire extinguishing system is used. CO2 Fire Extinguishing System Due to its physical and chemical properties, Co2 is the most commonly used gas on-board ships in order to extinguish fire during accidents. Co2 is used in a number of ways, mainly depending on the intensity of fire. If the intensity of fire is less, it can be extinguished by using a small CO2 extinguisher which are often portable. But incase the intensity of fire is high then a fixed fire fighting system with higher capability is used. Arrangement Of CO2 system A fixed type of Co2 fire fighting system includes a large no of CO2 bottles arranged together. This system is mainly used for large areas on ships, such as cargo holds or machinery spaces of engine room, where fighting fire gets difficult due to extended spaces and fire intensity. This system is also known as Total flooding system, for the spaces affected with fire are totally flooded with Co2 in order to quench the flames. Gas Detection Systems www.acmeprod.com Single and multi-point commercial gas detectors for HVAC control. Ads by Google

4.This heaviness helps in displacing the air by making Co2 act as a blanket to cuts off the supply of oxygen to the fire. taking away the heat from the surrounding atmosphere and cooling down the environment. 3.it boils off rapidly as a gas into the atmosphere.CO2 remains in the gaseous state. 4. The outlet of each cylinder discharges through a connecting pipe into this common manifold. It is normally contained under a pressure of approx. 2. the cylinders are grouped together in banks.5 times denser than air. 2. it can be done so without the loss of pressure. It is available everywhere 3. CO2 is a non-flammable gas . All the cylinders are joined together with the help of a common manifold. Advantages of using CO2 Gas 1. Disadvantages Of Using CO2 Gas . It is a non corrosive gas. When the liquid CO2 is released on fire. 5.Co2 is also 1.In this system. CO2 is easily available and can be liquefied and bottled smoothly. At normal temperature. 50 bars in cylinders made out of steel. It is non-flammable. in totally separate rooms away from the machinery or cargo spaces. Why Only CO2? CO2 gas mainly used for extinguishing fires because of the following properties:1. A non-return valve is provided to each of this connecting pipes so that incase any of the CO2 cylinder has to be replaced or recharged . It does not conduct electricity. It does not leaves any kind of residue.

1. Though it provides a perfect smothering effect. It is a highly suffocating gas. Marine Auxiliary Machinery. 1995 . whose concentration of even 9% in the breathing air would make a person unconscious within minutes. 7th Edition by McGeorge . 2. CO2 is the most toxic gas when it comes to human health. chances of re-ignition increases if air is re-admitted to the compartment too soon after the fire. the condition does not last for a long time. In case of non-continuous supply of CO2.

com Single and multi-point commercial gas detectors for HVAC control. the quantity of CO2 available should be sufficient to give at least a volume equal to either of the following : a)40% of the total volume of the largest machinery spaces that is protected by the CO2 system. (The volume should exclude that part of the casing where the horizontal area of the casing is 40% or less then the horizontal area of the space taken into consideration and measured midway. It also lists the regulations that a CO2 system on a ship has to abide by. A CO2 system though efficient is extremely dangerous to the people working on the ship.Design Of Carbondioxide Fire Suppression System Written by: Raunekk • Edited by: KennethSleight Published Jun 30. has made special regulations regarding the usage of CO2. 2009 This article deals with the design and installation specifications of a Fixed CO2 extinguishing system on ship. between tank top and lowest part of casing) Gas Detection Systems www. Safety Of Life At Sea (SOLAS). In this article we would go a bit more deep into the constructional and safety specifications related to the installation and design of the fixed CO2 system. We also studied what is a fixed CO2 fire extinguishing system and why it is so widely used. Ads by Google .acmeprod. Introduction In the previous article we learned about the various features of carbon dioxide gas and the advantages and disadvantages attached to it.  If the CO2 system is installed in machinery spaces.The main regulations are:  If the CO2 system is installed in the cargo spaces. SOLAS Regulations CO2 usage on ships has to abide by few safety regulations. as on ship there are lives at stake and measure to fight accidents are few . the quantity of CO2 available should be sufficient enough to give at least a minimum of 30% of the total volume of the largest space that is protected by the CO2 system.

Whenever a person opens the door of the control cabinet in order to operate the CO2 system. It is also a requirement that 85% of the required quantity of gas should be released into the spaces within two minutes of evacuating the fire affected space. This is also an indication to leave the fire affected place and assemble at the muster station. Safety Features Some special features are provided to the system in order to increase the safety level and also to make operation smooth.2 By International Maritime Organization(IMO) Publications. the bottles are made from solid drawn steel and are also hydraulically tested upto 228 bars prior to installation. This is done to signal crew members of CO2 flooding on ship. in order to stop the CO2 supply in case of accidental release. Chapter II . 1995 by McGeorge SOLAS Regulations. .A siphon tube is provided inside the bottle to ensure that the liquid CO2 is discharged from the bottle or else it would evaporate from the surface. It is imperative that the CO2 bottles are strong and sturdy due to the high internal pressure they are going to withstand. Construction of CO2 bottles for fixed fire fighting system. For this reason. A master valve is also provided on the main pipe going to the machinery or cargo spaces. The control cabinet doors are installed with a special signaling system. giving a very slow discharge rate and taking away the latent heat would probably cause the remaining CO2 in the bottle to freeze. CO2 is retained inside the cylinder in the liquid form under pressure. 7th Edition. an alarm is sounded automatically. References Marine Auxiliary Machinery.b)35% of the total volume of the largest machinery spaces that are protected by the CO2 system including the area covered by the casing.

All these valves have an actuator which gets operated by the pilot pressure. Ads by Google The Co2 from the pilot cylinders will open the system's main stop valve. for the chances of accidents due to fire are more. This article deals with the design and working of CO2 system in cargo an machinery spaces. 2009 CO2 fire extinguishing system is installed in both cargo and machinery spaces of a ship. CO2 System In Machinery Spaces A Co2 system of machinery spaces consists of a bank of Co2 bottles that can be operated from a remote place located away from the machinery spaces. In this article we will learn about the arrangement and working of CO2 system in the engine room and cargo spaces.Fire Fighting Arrangements in Cargo & Machinery Spaces Written by: Raunekk • Edited by: KennethSleight Published Jun 30. These valves are known as Klem valves. This pilot gas operates the cylinders' valves. All these pipes are fitted with a quick action coupling. The main stop valve has a piston which gets depressed due to the Co2 gas pressure and allows the pilot gas to flow to the bank of CO2 cylinders. Fabrication Equipment www. the main decision for Co2 flooding is taken by the . Introduction This article is in continuation of a previous article that deals with the constructional and design aspects of the CO2 fire extinguishing system.Though the opening of control box operates an alarm.com New and used fabrication machinery and equipment for sale. The system also consists of pilot Co2 cylinders which control the activation of the bank of Co2 bottles.MachineTools. The detection of fire is done by various sensors installed in the machinery spaces. The valves of the pilot cylinders will be opened with the help of the levers in the main CO2 control system. The system is connected to the pilot cylinders and the control box with the help of steel wires or flexible pipes. The Pilot cylinders are contained in a control box and are normally kept disconnected. When the system is to be activated. the coupling in plugged into the corresponding socket.

which then smothers the fire with the help of blanket effect. After the fire is extinguished by the flooding system. The only difference is that the cargo spaces have a different type of fire detection system. In order to check whether the extractor is extracting samples from the holds.Chief engineer. which can lead to fire or explosion. For detection of fire in cargo hold. As soon as the sensor detects smoke in the sample. Co2 System for Cargo Space The release mechanism of CO2 system in cargo spaces is same as that of the machinery spaces. which ensures that the samples are taken. all the doors. Checks on the system . A part of the sample is also discharged to the wheelhouse in order to cross-check the presence of smoke in the sample. The sensors will detect any presence of smoke in the sample. This can be done by smelling the smoke. Pumps supplying fuel oil should also be stopped in order to prevent re-ignition. which helps in releasing the complete bank of bottles designated for that place. it activates the CO2 alarm system of the ship. With the opening of the master valve.hatches.vents and other openings should be opened in order to ventilate the space properly. before any entry is made into the space. a sample of air is drawn from all the cargo holds by an extractor fan. Co2 is flooded inside the fire affected space. Separate levers for each and every space are present inside the main controlling cabinet. it should be made sure that everybody is out of the place and the place is fully enclosed i. The space should not be approached with any type of open flames as it might contain flammable vapours. The operating of a particular lever activates the pilot bottles.e all skylights and ventilators are closed air-tight. after due consultation with the master of the ship.This sample of air is passed through a cabinet wherein a set of smoke sensitive sensors analyze the sample. Before releasing Co2 into the fire affected space. a small indicator propeller is fitted. The sample is later vented to the air. Precaution to be taken after the fire is extinguished.

All the pipings and connections at the CO2 bottles should be checked regularly. Pipes leading to the spaces should regularly be blown with air to ensure that they are not blocked. If in a particular check. References Marine Auxiliary Machinery. Cabinet door alarms should also be checked on regular interval of time. 1995 by McGeorge .    Sensors should be checked periodically. the bottle should be replaced as soon as possible. the difference is 10% of the total volume. 7th Edition.  The level in the Co2 bottles should be checked on regular basis.

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