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A structured approach to facades

Contents
Building physics

Basics of ventilated facades ..................................................................... 3 Service package

Static analysis ................................................................................................................................................... 4 Installation training .................................................................................................................................. 4 Installation plans ............................................................................................................................................ 5

MacFOX .......................................................................................................................................................... 6 7 XFOX ................................................................................................................................................................. 8 9 MacWUDI ........................................................................................................................................................... 10 MacUNI .................................................................................................................................................................. 11

Brackets

Project-Checklist ................................................................................................................ 12 Reference projects ......................................................................................................... 13


Metal ........................................................................................................................................................... 14 20 ACM ............................................................................................................................................................. 21 26 Fibrecement / HPL .......................................................................................................................... 27 34 Ceramic / Thin Stone ..................................................................................................................... 35 41 Terracotta ............................................................................................................................................... 42 49 Render ................................................................................................................................................................... 50

Fixing systems

Changes reserved.

Edition 2007

Advantages of ventilated facades


Building physics
Rain protector / humidity / dew protector Thermal insulation-Cold Sound insulation

Thermal insulation-Heat

Thermal expansion

Fire safety / lighting arrester

Versatile facade design

Alignment and levelling

Large tolerances

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Service package
EUROFOX project specific assesment with installation drawing
We can create a project specific assessment for your scheme including static calculations. We can provide an installation plan and a EUROFOX components schedule.

EUROFOX static analysis


Primary fixing dimensions in accordance with local authority regulations and local pull out testing (primary fixing) Verification of flexible points (dynamic load / pressure) and fixed points (deadload, cladding and windloads) Verification of profiles
Verification of sliding points
GP - S W1,2 = 0,1307 cm
Dzul = 1,60 kN Szul = 0,80 kN

V 40

STATICAL ANALYSIS
Nr.: 0

input data

(horizontal loads only)

Verification of anchor points


Verification in section 4: d = 1,85 cm
80%

1x
Wb,4 = 0,0417 cm h 1 = 6,00 cm

FP - M /2

V 40

n= 1 m= 2

d = 1,85 cm f = 3,69 cm

Wt,4 = 0,1667 cm e1 = 2,60 cm

system:

Zweifeldtrger Felder: 2 L= k= a= b= 3,00 m 0,435 m 1,065 m 0,60 m tension:

profile length cantilever length

H zul,1 =

zul

W 1, 2 f 0 , 75 d

0,89 kN

v , zul
G zul,4 =

site:

Example of static

effective span unit spacing

H zul,2 =

zul W 1 , 2 d 0 , 75

1,19 kN

60%

d e1 3 d W W h t ,4 b,4 1

0,54 kN

34%

H zul,D =

f n D zul d

1,07 kN

67%

verification by the permissible bolt / rivet shear force: = =


H/G= HS / G =

bolts / rivets 2
x= j=

loading: wind load acc. To N B 4014 / T1


vorh

H s = 0,71 kN

min

H s,zul = 0,89 kN

80%

3,954 3,954

v = 0,1667 e = 3,00 cm

0,500 0,500

facade element

HPL 6 mm

terrain categories q0=

GF I
0,81 kN/m

c druck = 1,000 c sog = 1,375 vorh

wd = ws =
max max

0,81 kN/m 1,11 kN/m 1,11 kN/m 0,71 kN compression:

G zul,S = e1 = 2,6 cm t = 0,25 cm

S zul

e v j 2 x 2

0,32 kN

56,9%

H s = | 0,712 kN | H d = | 0,518 kN |
g= 0,10 kN/m

w= H=

= e 1 12 = 1,15

support structure

MTA_v-100

36,0 A4 = 1,50 cm verification by the permissible dowel force:


4% Dzul = 1,60 kN

vorh

1
w=

dowel 0,0000

wall weight

G=

0,180 kN

Hd ,zul, 4 =

zul

A4

13,04 kN

f = 3,69 cm

company

Mustermontage Mustergasse 1 2700 Mustervillage

material:

Al Mg Si 0,5 F25

fyk = zul = zul = v,zul =

25,0 kN/cm 10,0 kN/cm 6,0 kN/cm 14,6 kN/cm


vorh

Hd ,zul, N =

Szul * m =

1,60 kN

32%

G zul,D =

n D zul ( f d) 1 w 1 f
2

0,27 kN

67,7%

date:

05.09.2007

H d = 0,52 kN

min

H d,zul = 1,60 kN

32%
vorh

G = 0,18 kN

min

G zul = 0,27 kN

67,7%

Eurofox - dimensioning
05.09.2007

Eurofox - dimensioning
05.09.2007

system: horizontal:

vertical supporting profile wind: 0,60 m

number of spans:

results:
wind load: moment and deflection diagram
-0,06 -0,06

Verification of anchor profiles

L 40/60/1,8 M zul = 0,137 kNm W o = 0,305 cm W u = 1,373 cm E*I = 3,9760 kNm

vertical:
0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00

0,00 0,03 0,03

44 cm

107 cm 107 cm

system:

0 cm 44 cm 0 cm 0 cm

span: cantilever:
M Feld = 0,035 kNm

2x
k=

1,065 m 0,435 m

load:
M zul = 0,137 kNm
25%

wind: facadeweight:

1,00 kN/m 0,10 kN/m

0,585 0,000

-0,06

centre distance:

facadeweight: 1,00 m

0,690 0,541 0,493

column:
M Sttz = 0,067 kNm

wind load:

facade load: moment and deflection diagram

M zul = 0,137 kNm

49%
0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00 0,00

serviceability:
4 0,128 *b * w * L / (E * I) =
0,6 0,6

0,0027

0,00

0,00

0,00

max

f=

0,77 mm

0,6

0,6

44 cm

107 cm

107 cm

0 cm 0 cm

44 cm

facade load:
0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000 0,000

0,0027

0,00 kN/m

0,00 kN/m

0,00 kN/m

0,00 kN/m

profile: support system:

L-40/60/1,8 MacFox 40

stress ratio: load:

65,17% H: 0,64 kN V: 0,18 kN

44 cm

107 cm

107 cm

0 cm

44 cm

EUROFOX installation training


We can provide your installation personnel with on-site instruction
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EUROFOX installation plans

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Brackets MacFOX
Installation | vertical fixing
V 40 60 90 120 150 180 210 240 270 300
MacFOX Bracket sizes

1 Clipped Connection, adjust

For initial line and level adjustment the EUROFOX profiles are clipped into the MacFOX-brackets.

2 Final Fixing

After adjustment the EUROFOX profiles are fixed to the MacFOX-brackets with screws (or rivets). Round holes and elongated holes in the MacFOX-brackets allow for the creation of both, fixed points (FP) and flexible points (GP)

FP GP

FP GP

Clipped Connection

Final Fixing

Changes reserved.

Structural system
The vertical profile is fixed to the MacFOX support bracket by screws (rivets) through the round holes. The MacFOX bracket absorbs both vertical dead loads and horizontal wind loads.
MacFOX MacFOX bracket bracket

3 MacFOX fixed point

5 Structural system vertical fixing

Each vertical profile is fixed to one MacFOX fixed point and a number of MacFOX flexible point brackets. As a consequence of thermal expansion, the length of the profiles normally does not exceed the storey height. The bracket spacing is determined by cladding options such as the dimensions and weight of the facade cladding, wind loads and cladding zone. MACFOX MacFOX exible GleitGleitpoint punkt punkt

screw screw

dowel dowel

H H
G G
facade facade element element

vertical vertical profile profile

MacFOX exible Gleit-

MACFOX
Gleitpoint punkt punkt

MacFOX fixed point


4 MacFOX flexible point

3
storey height Geschohhe

Screws (rivets) fixed through the elongated holes connect the vertical profile to the MacFOX bracket. Consequently, thermal expansion is not constrained by the support system. The MacFOX flexible point bracket absorbs windloads only.

MACFOX xed MacFOX Fixpoint Fixpunkt punkt

MACFOX MacFOX exible


MacFOX MacFOX bracket bracket

GleitGleitpoint punkt punkt

screw screw

H H
dowel dowel vertical vertical profile profile facade facade element element

MACFOX MacFOX exible GleitGleitpoint punkt punkt

MacFOX flexible point

vertical section -V-

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Brackets XFOX
Installation | horizontal fixing
V 70 90 120 150 180
XFOX Bracket sizes

1 Clipped Connection, adjust

For initial line and level adjustment the EUROFOX profiles are clipped into the XFOX-brackets.

Clipped Connection

2 Final Fixing

After adjustment the profiles are fixed to the XFOX-brackets with screws (or rivets). Round holes and elongated holes in the XFOX-brackets allow for the creation of both, fixed points (FP) and flexible points (GP).

FP FP GP

GP

Final Fixing

Changes reserved.

Structural system
ca. 3,0 m

exible XFOX point Gleitpunkt

exible XFOX point Gleitpunkt

xed XFOX point Fixpunkt

XFOX exible point Gleitpunkt

exible XFOX point Gleitpunkt

structural system horizontal fixing

3 Horizontal section

To enable thermal movements, the horizontal L-profiles are fixed by one XFOX fixed point and a number of XFOX flexible points.
4 Vertical section

exible point L-prole exible point L-prole

Vertical profiles Each vertical profile is fixed to one horizontal fixed point L-profile and flexible jointed to a number of flexible point L-profiles. The length of vertical profiles should not exceed the storey height. Consequently, thermal expansion is not constrained by the support system. Fixpoint L-profiles Due to the rigid connection, fixed point Lprofiles are able to absorb both, vertical dead loads and horizontal wind loads. Flexible point L-profiles Flexible point L-profiles take wind loads only.

storey height

xed point L-prole

exible point L-prole exible point L-prole

Vertical section

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Brackets MacWUDI
MacWUDI
compensation of tolerances

is an ideal solution for the support of timber battens used for timber cladding (soft and hardwood). For smaller cladding zones, the design easily accommodates any uneveness in the timber and allows the battens to be quickly and accurately lined, levelled and secured. Distance of fixing (a) depends usually on: allowed pulling test of the dowel (substrate) weight / m2 distance from wall = V max. Number of MacFOX/dowels in case of buildings up to 20 m are normaly (windloads acc. DIN) app./m2. (b) = static requirement (c) = panel dimension / grid

distance

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Changes reserved.

timber battens

Brackets MacUNI
compensation of tolerances

MacUNI

The assembly of MacUNI to MacFOX or XFOX brackets provides an ideal element for the fixing of timber battens where medium to large cladding zones are required. Distance of fixing (a) depends usually on: allowed pulling test of the dowel (substrate) weight / m2 distance from wall = V max. Number of MacFOX/dowels in case of buildings up to 20 m are normally (windloads acc. DIN) app. 2 piece/m2. (b) = static requirement (c) = panel dimension / grid

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Project-Checklist
Info from Project name Date Project address

Area
Metal HPL Fibrecement

m2

New building

Renovation

Facade Element
Compound/ACM

Ceramic Brick Render

Fabricate Dimension Weight Thickness mm kg/m2 mm

Fixing method
Visible Rivets Screws

EUROFOX-system Invisible Mechanical Adhesive Panel Portrait Landscape

Project data
Building Height Storey Height Window Height

m1 m1 m1

Windloads General Special kN/m2 kN/m2

Other

Wall condition
Concrete Brick Steel

Other

Certied pullout of anchor Insulation Cavity depth

kN mm mm

CAD-Plans

View of claddings

Plan view

Arrangement of sheets

Details

Client/Architect
Name

Installation company
Name

Dates
Planning

Address

Address

Offer

E-Mail

E-Mail

Installation

To provide you with an offer please complete and submit a project checklist, ideally accompanied with elevation and plan AutoCAD drawings, indicating your proposed cladding requirements. This will allow us to prepare a project specic cladding solution, including static calculations, setting out information and overlay drawings for the system and panels.

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Changes reserved.

Reference projects

Leatherhead House | Surrey, UK


application: Compound material: Etalbond 1500 m2 designed: 2003

Towson University | USA


application: Keramik material: Mirage 2000 m2 designed: 2005

Vardo Headquarter | Rumnien


application: HPL material: Trespa Meteon 800 m2 designed: 2002

Terrington House Cambridge, UK


application: Compound material: Aluminium 500 m2 designed: 2003

LBS Frstenfeld sterreich


application: Glasfaserbeton material: FibreC 700 m2 designed: 2005

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Fixing systems Metal


System MLA-v-100

visible fixing with rivets / screws

horizontal section

vertical section

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Changes reserved.

System MLA-v-570

secret fixing with aluminium clamps

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Metal


System XLA-h-100

visible fixing with rivets / screws

horizontal section

vertical section

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Changes reserved.

System MLA-v-400

secret fixing with special profile

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Metal


System XLA-h-100

secret fixing with rivets / screws

horizontal section

vertical section

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Changes reserved.

System MUH-v-200

secret fixing with rivets / screws

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Metal


System MUH-v-200

secret fixing with nails / screws

horizontal section

vertical section

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Changes reserved.

ACM
System MUK-va-100

visible fixing with aluminium bolts / rivets (screws)

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems ACM


System MTA-v-400

visible fixing with rivets

horizontal section

vertical section

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Changes reserved.

System MTA-v-900

visible fixing with rivets

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems ACM


System MTK-v-900

secret fixing with adhesive system

horizontal section

vertical section

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Changes reserved.

System MYH-v-900

visible fixing with special profile

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems ACM


System MYA-v-900

visible fixing with rivets

horizontal section

vertical section

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Changes reserved.

Fibrecement / HPL
System MTA-v-100

visible fixing with rivets / screws

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Fibrecement / HPL


System MLZ-v-500

visible fixing with rivets / screws

horizontal section

vertical section

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Changes reserved.

System MTK-v-100

secret fixing with adhesive system

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Fibrecement / HPL


System XLZ-h-100

visible fixing with rivets / screws

horizontal section

vertical section

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Changes reserved.

System MLV/k-v-20

secret fixing with hangers / stud anchors

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Fibrecement / HPL


System MLZ/k-v-00

secret fixing with hangers / stud anchors

horizontal section

vertical section

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Changes reserved.

System XLP-v-300

secret fixing with stud anchors / adhesive system

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Fibrecement / HPL


System MWH-h-100

visible fixing with screws

horizontal section

vertical section

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Changes reserved.

Ceramic / Thin Stone


System MTC-v-300

visible fixing with aluminium clamps

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Ceramic / Thin Stone


System MTC-v-100

visible fixing with stainless steel clamps

horizontal section

vertical section

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Changes reserved.

System XLC-h-350

visible fixing with aluminium clamps

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Ceramic / Thin Stone


System MLV/k-v-20

secret fixing with hangers / stud anchors

horizontal section

vertical section

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Changes reserved.

System MLZ/k-v-00

secret fixing with hangers / stud anchors

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Ceramic / Thin Stone


System XLP-v-300

secret fixing with stud anchors

horizontal section

vertical section

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Changes reserved.

System MTK-v-100

secret fixing with adhesive system

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Terracotta


System XLP-v-400

secret fixing with aluminium clamps

horizontal section

vertical section

Fehlt
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Changes reserved.

System MTS-v-400

secret fixing with aluminium clamps

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Terracotta


System MTS-v-500

secret fixing with aluminium clamps

horizontal section

vertical section

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Changes reserved.

System MTS-v-700

secret fixing with aluminium clamps

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Terracotta


System MTS-v-710

secret fixing with aluminium clamps

horizontal section

vertical section

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Changes reserved.

System XLT-v-100

secret fixing with special profile

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Terracotta


System XLS-h-400

secret fixing with aluminium clamps

horizontal section

vertical section

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Changes reserved.

System MUH-v-600

secret fixing with screws

horizontal section

vertical section

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Fixing systems Render


System MTA-v-300

secret fixing with rivets

horizontal section

vertical section

50

Changes reserved.

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EUROFOX Vertriebsges.m.b.H. A-2700 Wiener Neustadt, Eichbchlergasse 18 Tel.: +43 (0)2622 69001-0, FAX: +43 (0)2622 69001-69 E-Mail: eurofox@eurofox.com Internet: www.eurofox.com

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