You are on page 1of 5

Q1: What is a Circuit Breaker? A: A circuit breaker is basically a switch to interrupt the flow of current. B : It opens on relay command.

C: It has to handle large voltages and currents. D: All of above E: none of above. Q2: What is a Relay? A: A relay is a logical element which processes the inputs (mostly voltages and currents) from the system and issues a trip decision if a fault within its jurisdiction is detected. B: Inputs to a relay are Current from a current transformer. C: Voltage from a voltage transformer Q3: fill in the blanks --------------------relays use the principle of dynamometer and generally older versions of Over current, Earth Fault, Auto Re close relays are of this type. A: The Ferranti effect B: Electromagnetic type relays C: Thermal bi-metallic

Q4 : Fill in the blanks Carridor is provided in the ..type panles A: Simplex B: duplex c: motor control centre.

Q5 : -------------------, as the name it self says, do not have any moving parts in this relay and the transistorized circuitry is used for functioning of the relay. A: The Static Relays B: Numeric relays c: Electromechanically relays

Q6: ------------------can communicate with the SCADA system which is of very prime importance now a days. A: The Static Relays B: Numeric relays c: Electromechanically relays

Q7: For opening and or closing any power electrical circuits, the control gears are used. 1) 2) 3) 4) Simple Switch Isolator / Dis-connector Starter Circuit Breaker

A: All of above

B: only 4 and 1

C: none of above.

Q8 : Arrange Evolution of Relays 1: Numerical Relays 2: Solid State Relays 3:Electromechanical Relays.

Q9: When the current in a system exceeds a predetermined value, it indicates the presence of a fault. 1: Relaying decision is based solely on the magnitude of current. 2:Used in radial distribution systems. 3: Overcurrent relaying and fuse protection uses this principle. A: All of above are true B: 1 and 2 are true C: none of above. Q10 : Differential Protection relay is It is based on the fact that any fault within an electrical equipment would cause the current entering it to be different from the current leaving it A: true B: false. Q11: Under frequency and Rate of Change of Frequency Relays Load-generation imbalance in a system leads to fall in frequency. Underfrequency relay detects this drop and isolates local generation from the grid. A: true B: false

Q12: What precautions in CT Selection? 1:The CT rating and continuous load current should match. 2: The maximum load current should be less than 20 times the CT rated current. 3: The voltage rating of CT should be compatible.

A: all above

B: 2 and 3 only

C: 1 only.

Q13 : Capacitors with automatic power factor controller when installed in a plant: a) reduces active power drawn from grid b) reduces the reactive power drawn from grid c) reduces the voltage of the plant d) increases the load current of the plant

Q14 : The following function can not be achieved with automatic power factor controllers. a) Voltage control b) KILOVAR control c) kW control d) PF control e) all of above f) none of above.

Q15: All electrical measurements and relaying decisions are derived from --------------- ------------A: current and voltage signals. CTs and VTs B: only current C: capacitor and inductors

Q 16: CTs and VTs are necessary because 1 : They scale down line currents and bus voltages to fed into the relays. 2 : They are sensors for the relay. 3 : They electrically isolate the relaying system from the apparatus.

A: All above B: only 2 c: not in above. Q17: Which of the voltage is not available for Indian distribution system? a) 33 kV b) 11 kV c) 280 V d) 433 V

Q18 : The power loss in transmission/distribution line depends on ____. a) Current in the line b) Resistance of the line c) Length of the line d) All

Q19: If distribution of power is raised from 11 kV to 66 kV, the power loss will be a) lower b) Higher c) same

Q20: .Power factor is the ratio of ____ and apparent power. a) Active power b) Reactive power c) Load Factor d) Maximum Demand

Q21 :The ratio between the number of turns on the secondary to the turns on the primary of a transformer is know as: a) turns ratio b) efficiency c) winding factor d) power factor Q22 :In an ac circuit, the ratio of kW / kVA represents (A) Power factor. (B) Load factor. (C) Form factor. (D) Diversity factor Q23 :What criteria do you use for replacing older electromechanical and solid state relays? Replace upon failure Replace by age, Replace those serving critical functions Replace specific relay types based on overall maintenance history Replace as part of area capital improvements/new construction in nearby system Q24: The frequency of DC supply is__________. (A) Zero. (B) 16 _ Hz. (C) 50 Hz. (D) 100 Hz. Q25 : The voltage ratio of the transformer is given as (A) ES EP (B) TS TP (C) TP TS (D) EP TS

Q26 :Guidelines for Setting Pickup Current for Phase Fault Relays 1: Pickup current should be above the maximum load current. 2: Pickup current should be below minimum fault current. 3: Pickup current should also be below the minimum fault current of the feeder that it has to back up.
A: All above B: 2nd only C: none of above

Q27 : What do you mean By LBB ? A: Local bus backup B: Local Breaker backup C: load bus bar protection Q28 : What do you mean By SCADA A: Supervisory control and data addition. B: Supervisory control and data acquisition. C: Sensor control and data acquisition.

Q18 : The power loss in transmission/distribution line depends on ____. a) Current in the line b) Resistance of the line c) Length of the line d) All Q19: If distribution of power is raised from 11 kV to 66 kV, the power loss will be a) lower b) Higher c) same Q22: .Power factor is the ratio of ____ and apparent power. a) Active power b) Reactive power c) Load Factor d) Maximum Demand