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Name:Wong HongYik

ID: 09U8M09094

Work CompletionSeminar

Masterof EngineeringScience

Title: Glass-basedand Multi-layeredReflectarray

ABSTRACT

The main functionof a reflectarrayis similar to that of a reflectorantenna;

meanwhile,it retainssomeof thebestfeaturesof boththereflectorandphasedarray.It is

broadlyusedto steerreflectionbeamsto thedesireddirections.Whenan incomingwave

impingeson a ref'lectarray,eachresonatingunit imposesa certainphaseto thereflected

signal.As a result,themainbeamcanbeswitchedto anydirectionby simplycontrolling

thephaseshiftsof all theelements.It is obviousthatthemainobjectiveof reflectarrayis

to achievea focusedfar-fieldbeamthroughphasecompensation.Varyingthe resonator

sizeandaddingloadingelementareamongthemostcommontechniquesusedto provide

phaseshift in the designof a reflectarray.In this thesis,,severalreflectarrayswith

differenttypesof radiatingelementshavebeenintroduced.My r,vorkcanbedividedinto

threeparts.Radiatingelementssuchasdielectricresonatorantenna(DRA),circularand

ellipticalmicrostrippatcheshavebeenselectedto demonstratethedesignideas.

In thefirstpart,thefeasibilityof usingDRA asradiatingelementwill beexplored

for a newlyproposedreflectarray.lt hasbeenshownthatthetop-loadinginclinedstripon

a rectangularDRA canintroducesomedegreeof phaseshiftto thereflectedsignal.The

bandwidthof a DRA is usuallybroaderthanthat for a metallicpatchbecauseof the

absenceof conductiveloss,especiallyin themillimeter-waveranges.However,tuninga

stripstuckto a resonatorcanbe quitechallenging.Later,it hasbeendemonstratedthat

loadinga metallicstripto the bottomsurfaceof a DRA canalsointroducephaseshift,

whichhaslargerdynamicrange.In this case,the stripis directlymadeby the standard

PCBetchingprocess.

For the secondpart,the multilayerconcepthasbeenintroducedfor designing

differentreflectarrays.In the first case,circularmicrostrippatchof differentradiusis

deployedastheradiatingelement.To demonstratethedesignidea,theresonatoris made

on a double-layeredandfoam-backedsubstrate.Foamis oneof themostfrequentlyused

low-costmaterials.Tuningthefoamthicknesscanprovideanadditiondegreeof freedom

here.It hasalsobeenfoundthatthis reflectarrayelementhasa wide dynamicrangeof

phaseshiftwith lesssensitivity.Thiscanfacilitatethedesignprocessgreatly.To further

improve the bandwidthperformance,subsequently,elliptical patch is used as the

resonator.It wasfoundthata muchbroaderantennabandwidth,comparingwith thatfor

circularpatch,is achievableby changingthemajor-to-minorratioof theellipticalpatch.

Both of the reflectarraysare designedto work in the frequencyrangeof 5.5GHz -

7.SGHz.

In thisthesis,ascanbe seen,differentnewrefleatarrayshavebeenproposedand

studied.Both the waveguideand infinite array methodsare used to design the

reflectarrays.Experimentshavebeencarriedoutto verifythetheoreticalfindings.