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f (x) = arcsin((x2 ) − 1) − x

f (0) = arcsin((02 ) − 1) − 0

f (0) = arcsin(−1)

π

f (0) = −

2

lim f (x)

x→0

x

-0.1

-0.001 -0.0001 0 0.0001 0.001

0.01

f (x) -1.5467 -1.5684 -1.5706 ? -1.5708 -1.5704 -1.5667

**We can see f (x) gets closer and closer to -1.5708 as x approaches 0.
**

−π

≈ −1.5708. Since f (0) = lim f (x), the function is continuous.

x→0

2

3. f (x) = arcsin((x2 ) − 1) − x

2x

f 0 (x) = q

−1

1 − ((x2 ) − 1)2

2x

f 0 (x) = q

−1

1 − (x4 − 2x2 + 1)

2x

−1

f 0 (x) = q

(−x4 + 2x2 )

q

**2x − (−x4 + 2x2 )
**

q

f 0 (x) =

(−x4 + 2x2 )

**4. Consider y = arcsinx iff siny = x, the domain would be −1 ≤ x ≤ 1.
**

That means the value inside the parentheses must be within that domain. So

we solve: x2 − 1 = −1 and x2 − 1 = 1 to get our domain.

x2 − 1 = −1

x2 = 0

x=0

x2 − 1 = 1

1

x2 = 2√

√ √

x = ± 2 From here, we see that the domain of the function is [− 2, 2]

**To find the range of our function, we solve for the critical numbers to find
**

ourqabsolute minimum and absolute maximum.

(−x4 + 2x2 ) = 0

−x4 + 2x2 = 0

x2 (−x2 + 2) = 0

x2 = 0 −x2 + 2 = 0

x=0

x2 = √

2

x=± 2

q

**2x − q(−x4 + 2x2 ) = 0
**

2x = (−x4 + 2x2 )

4x2 = (−x4 + 2x2 )

x4 + 2x2 = 0

x2 (x2 + 2) = 0

x2 = 0

x2 + 2 = 0

x=0

x2 = −2

no real solution

√

√

So we have that the critical numbers are − 2, 0, and 2. We must substitute these numbers for the x values of our original equation.

f (x) √

= arcsin((x2 ) − 1)

√ − 2x

√

√

√

√

f (− 2) = arcsin((− 2) −√1) − (− 2) f ( 2) = arcsin(( 2)2 − 1)

−

(

2)

√

= arcsin(2 − 1) + 2

= arcsin(2 − 1) − 2

2.9850

0.1566

2

f (0) = arcsin((0 ) − 1) − 0

π

f (0) = − ≈ −1.5708

2

From the

√ values of the absolute minimum at x = 0 and absolute maximum

at x = − 2 the range is [-1.5708, 2.9850] .

2

5. f (x) = arcsin((x2 ) − 1) − x

f (0) = arcsin((02 ) − 1) − 0

f (0) = arcsin(−1)

π

f (0) = −

2

f (x) − f (0)

can be solved with the alternate form of the derivative,

x→0

x

f (x) − f (c)

f 0 (c) = x→c

lim

. Observing the graph, we notice that the slopes

x−c

of tangent lines differ as they approach 0 from the left and from the right.

f (x) − f (c)

This alternative form requires that the onesided limits lim−

and

x→c

x−c

f (x) − f (c)

lim+

be equal. Since they are not, we can conclude that the

x→c

x−c

f (x) − f (0)

lim

does not exist because the graph has a sharp turn and that

x→0

x

the function is not differentiable at x = 0.

6. lim

7. A =

A=−

A=−

Z 1.4096

Z −0.6367

1.4096

Z−0.6367

1.4096

−0.6367

(0 − arcsin((x2 ) − 1) − (x)dx

(arcsin((x2 ) − 1) − (x)dx

(arcsin((x2 ) − 1)dx −

Z 1.4096

−0.6367

(x)dx

u = arcsin((x2 ) − 1) dv = dx

2x

du = q

dx v = x

(−x4 + 2x2 )

x2

1 Z 1.4096

x2

2

q

A = − + x(arcsin((x ) − 1) −

(

)dx

2

2 −0.6367 (−x4 + 2x2 )

Z 1.4096

Z 1.4096

x2

x

q

(q 2

)dx

=

(

)dx

−0.6367

−0.6367

(x (−x2 + 2))

(−x2 + 2)

u = −x2 + 2 du = −2xdx

Z 1.4096

du

(q )

−0.6367

(u)

3

√

(2 u)

√

x2

A = (− + x(arcsin((x2 ) − 1) − 2 −x2 + 2) 0−0.6367 +

2

2

√

x

(− + x(arcsin((x2 ) − 1) − 2 −x2 + 2) 1.4096

0

2

√

√

A = (−2 2 − 2.8108) + (3.5295 − (−2 2)) = 0.7187

8.

v

Z √2 u

u

u

√ t(1

− 2

2x

+ (q

− 1)2 )dx

4

2

(−x + 2x )

4

q

**2x − (−x4 + 2x2 )
**

0

q

9. Setting the numerator and denominator of f (x) =

(−x4 + 2x2 )

willq give us the critical x values.

(−x4 + 2x2 ) = 0

−x4 + 2x2 = 0

x2 (−x2 + 2) = 0

x2 = 0 −x2 + 2 = 0

x=0

x2 = √

2

x=± 2

q

**2x − q(−x4 + 2x2 ) = 0
**

2x = (−x4 + 2x2 )

4x2 = (−x4 + 2x2 )

x4 + 2x2 = 0

x2 (x2 + 2) = 0

x2 = 0

x2 + 2 = 0

x=0

x2 = −2

no real solution

Now that we have the critical x values we can plug them into the original

equation to find the y values.

f (x) √

= arcsin((x2 ) − 1)

√ − 2x

√

√

√

√

f (− 2) = arcsin((− 2) −√1) − (− 2) f ( 2) = arcsin(( 2)2 − 1)

−

(

2)

√

= arcsin(2 − 1) + 2

= arcsin(2 − 1) − 2

2.9850

0.1566

2

f (0) = arcsin((0 ) − 1) − 0

π

f (0) = − ≈ −1.5708

2

√

√

The critical points are (− 2, 2.9850), (0, −1.5708), and ( 2, 0.1566) .

10. f 0 (x) does not exist at x = 0 because it is not differentiable there.

5

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