1.

f (x) = arcsin((x2 ) − 1) − x
f (0) = arcsin((02 ) − 1) − 0
f (0) = arcsin(−1)
π
f (0) = −
2
lim f (x)

x→0

x
-0.1
-0.001 -0.0001 0 0.0001 0.001
0.01
f (x) -1.5467 -1.5684 -1.5706 ? -1.5708 -1.5704 -1.5667

We can see f (x) gets closer and closer to -1.5708 as x approaches 0.
−π
≈ −1.5708. Since f (0) = lim f (x), the function is continuous.
x→0
2
3. f (x) = arcsin((x2 ) − 1) − x
2x
f 0 (x) = q
−1
1 − ((x2 ) − 1)2
2x
f 0 (x) = q
−1
1 − (x4 − 2x2 + 1)
2x
−1
f 0 (x) = q
(−x4 + 2x2 )
q

2x − (−x4 + 2x2 )
q
f 0 (x) =
(−x4 + 2x2 )

4. Consider y = arcsinx iff siny = x, the domain would be −1 ≤ x ≤ 1.
That means the value inside the parentheses must be within that domain. So
we solve: x2 − 1 = −1 and x2 − 1 = 1 to get our domain.
x2 − 1 = −1
x2 = 0
x=0
x2 − 1 = 1

1

x2 = 2√
√ √
x = ± 2 From here, we see that the domain of the function is [− 2, 2]

To find the range of our function, we solve for the critical numbers to find
ourqabsolute minimum and absolute maximum.
(−x4 + 2x2 ) = 0
−x4 + 2x2 = 0
x2 (−x2 + 2) = 0
x2 = 0 −x2 + 2 = 0
x=0
x2 = √
2
x=± 2
q

2x − q(−x4 + 2x2 ) = 0
2x = (−x4 + 2x2 )
4x2 = (−x4 + 2x2 )
x4 + 2x2 = 0
x2 (x2 + 2) = 0
x2 = 0
x2 + 2 = 0
x=0
x2 = −2
no real solution


So we have that the critical numbers are − 2, 0, and 2. We must substitute these numbers for the x values of our original equation.
f (x) √
= arcsin((x2 ) − 1)
√ − 2x




f (− 2) = arcsin((− 2) −√1) − (− 2) f ( 2) = arcsin(( 2)2 − 1)

(
2)

= arcsin(2 − 1) + 2
= arcsin(2 − 1) − 2
2.9850
0.1566
2
f (0) = arcsin((0 ) − 1) − 0
π
f (0) = − ≈ −1.5708
2
From the
√ values of the absolute minimum at x = 0 and absolute maximum
at x = − 2 the range is [-1.5708, 2.9850] .

2

5. f (x) = arcsin((x2 ) − 1) − x
f (0) = arcsin((02 ) − 1) − 0
f (0) = arcsin(−1)
π
f (0) = −
2
f (x) − f (0)
can be solved with the alternate form of the derivative,
x→0
x
f (x) − f (c)
f 0 (c) = x→c
lim
. Observing the graph, we notice that the slopes
x−c
of tangent lines differ as they approach 0 from the left and from the right.
f (x) − f (c)
This alternative form requires that the onesided limits lim−
and
x→c
x−c
f (x) − f (c)
lim+
be equal. Since they are not, we can conclude that the
x→c
x−c
f (x) − f (0)
lim
does not exist because the graph has a sharp turn and that
x→0
x
the function is not differentiable at x = 0.
6. lim

7. A =
A=−
A=−

Z 1.4096
Z −0.6367
1.4096
Z−0.6367
1.4096
−0.6367

(0 − arcsin((x2 ) − 1) − (x)dx

(arcsin((x2 ) − 1) − (x)dx
(arcsin((x2 ) − 1)dx −

Z 1.4096
−0.6367

(x)dx

u = arcsin((x2 ) − 1) dv = dx
2x
du = q
dx v = x
(−x4 + 2x2 )
x2
1 Z 1.4096
x2
2
q
A = − + x(arcsin((x ) − 1) −
(
)dx
2
2 −0.6367 (−x4 + 2x2 )
Z 1.4096
Z 1.4096
x2
x
q
(q 2
)dx
=
(
)dx
−0.6367
−0.6367
(x (−x2 + 2))
(−x2 + 2)
u = −x2 + 2 du = −2xdx
Z 1.4096
du
(q )
−0.6367
(u)

3


(2 u)


x2
A = (− + x(arcsin((x2 ) − 1) − 2 −x2 + 2) 0−0.6367 +
2
2


x
(− + x(arcsin((x2 ) − 1) − 2 −x2 + 2) 1.4096
0
2


A = (−2 2 − 2.8108) + (3.5295 − (−2 2)) = 0.7187

8.

v
Z √2 u
u
u
√ t(1
− 2

2x
+ (q
− 1)2 )dx
4
2
(−x + 2x )

4

q

2x − (−x4 + 2x2 )
0
q
9. Setting the numerator and denominator of f (x) =
(−x4 + 2x2 )
willq give us the critical x values.
(−x4 + 2x2 ) = 0
−x4 + 2x2 = 0
x2 (−x2 + 2) = 0
x2 = 0 −x2 + 2 = 0
x=0
x2 = √
2
x=± 2
q

2x − q(−x4 + 2x2 ) = 0
2x = (−x4 + 2x2 )
4x2 = (−x4 + 2x2 )
x4 + 2x2 = 0
x2 (x2 + 2) = 0
x2 = 0
x2 + 2 = 0
x=0
x2 = −2
no real solution
Now that we have the critical x values we can plug them into the original
equation to find the y values.
f (x) √
= arcsin((x2 ) − 1)
√ − 2x




f (− 2) = arcsin((− 2) −√1) − (− 2) f ( 2) = arcsin(( 2)2 − 1)

(
2)

= arcsin(2 − 1) + 2
= arcsin(2 − 1) − 2
2.9850
0.1566
2
f (0) = arcsin((0 ) − 1) − 0
π
f (0) = − ≈ −1.5708
2


The critical points are (− 2, 2.9850), (0, −1.5708), and ( 2, 0.1566) .

10. f 0 (x) does not exist at x = 0 because it is not differentiable there.

5