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WEDNESDAY May 2, 2012

T Stanford Daily The
An Independent Publication
www.stanforddaily.com
By KRISTIAN DAVIS BAILEY
DESK EDITOR

Volume 241 Issue 51

Vietnam vigil

Preventing mental health crises
RAs reflect on suicide response training; CAPS admins comment on protocol
ate Advising and Research (UAR). ‘Significant increase’ At least four Stanford students have attempted suicide on campus this school year, with at least one case — that of sophomore studentathlete Samantha ‘Sam’ Wopat — resulting in a student’s death. The Daily confirmed three instances of freshmen attempting suicide or making serious plans in three separate Wilbur Hall residences during this academic year. The incidence of serious mental health issues in Wilbur Hall has increased significantly this year, said one Wilbur RA, who wished not to specify her dorm within Wilbur to protect the privacy of her residents. The RA cited numerous conversations with current student staffers, former student staffers and administrators in ResEd and UAR. Wilbur RD John Giammalva declined to comment on whether Wilbur has experienced an increase in serious mental health issues this year. “I value my relationships with students greatly, and it is important to me that they know when we talk about and are working through personal issues, I will not make those things public (even without using names),” Giammalva wrote to The Daily. RA training This year’s group of RAs had just over three hours of training on issues related to mental health issues and suicide. According to CAPS director Ron Albucher, CAPS counselors led students in a two hour Question, Persuade, Refer This is the second in a four-part series on crisis response and mental health resources on campus. Following the death of sophomore student-athlete Sam Wopat on March 25 and reports of several attempted suicides on campus this year, The Daily has undertaken a survey of existing campus resources and culture surrounding mental health. On Monday, The Daily took a look at how the University responds to mental health crises. Today’s piece examines Stanford’s safety net to prevent mental health crises. Residential Education (ResEd) plays a large role in this net — from resident assistants (RAs), to resident fellows (RFs) and residence deans (RDs). The University has an RD on call to manage crises 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Nearly every RA interviewed expressed satisfaction with the RA training process and said that while one can train for suicide risk reduction, it is nearly impossible for students to know what to expect and how to respond until they deal with a real attempt. After exploring suicide risk reduction training for RAs, The Daily looked at Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS) and The Bridge Peer Counseling Center protocol for addressing students who might be at risk of harming themselves. CAPS and The Bridge are each accessible to students via phone 24 hours a day. Finally, this piece ends with some of the less obvious parts of the safety net — focusing on Undergradu-

NICK SALAZAR/The Stanford Daily

The Stanford Vietnamese Student Association held a panel and vigil Tuesday evening entitled “Voices from the Past: Remembering Black April” to commemorate the 37th anniversary of the fall of Saigon.

Obama pivots policy toward Asia
By NATASHA WEASER
DESK EDITOR

SPEAKERS & EVENTS

China switched to a more aggressive “frown diplomacy” with its South Asian neighbors in 2010 after previously following a “smile diplomacy,” according to Donald K. Emmerson, director of the Southeast Asia Forum at Stanford, who spoke Tuesday in Encina Hall. Emmerson’s talk focused particularly on the South China Sea dispute between Asian nations and commented on U.S. involvement in the conflict. The presentation’s title, “Obama’s Pivot Toward Asia: Implications, Repercussions, Complications,” was inspired by U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton’s article in Foreign Affairs in 2009, in which she urged the United States to invest diplomatically and

economically in Asia, declaring that the future of world politics lies in the region. “As the war in Iraq winds down and America begins to withdraw its forces from Afghanistan, the United States stands at a pivot point,” Clinton wrote. Emmerson centered his talk on the idea of a “pivot” toward Asia, a new approach he said has been adopted by the Obama administration. He cited several examples of this shift in focus, including Clinton’s choice to make Asia the destination for her first official trip abroad as secretary of state. Quoting Clinton, who said “showing up is 50 percent,” Emmerson said that he was “struck that when Air Force One landed in Bali [for a 2010 summit], the Indonesian journalists applauded. Obama won

Please see CHINA, page 2

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SPEAKERS & EVENTS

LOCAL

Panelists discuss egg donor risks
By MARY ANN TOMAN-MILLER
DESK EDITOR NICK SALAZARX/The Stanford Daily

Stanford experts wary of rail project
By ILEANA NAJARRO
STAFF WRITER

Documentary attempts to dissuade potential donors
New ASSU senators took office at Tuesday night’s regular meeting after members of the outgoing Senate approved the ASSU fiscal budget for the upcoming academic year.

No financial compensation is enough to make up for the potential long-term health consequences of egg donation, argued Judy Norsigian, executive director of Our Bodies Ourselves, a nonprofit organization dedicated to women’s health education, at a Tuesday event exploring the controversial topic. Norsigian said that if a woman ever asked her whether or not she should go through with donating her eggs, she would say, “Don’t do it.” This was a message repeated multiple times Tuesday night at the Bechtel International Center during a panel discussion following a screening of the film “Eggsploitation.” The film, which won Best Documentary at the 13th Annual California Independent Film Festival in 2011, aims to show the risks of commercial human egg harvesting for young women in the United States. Fellow panelist and associate professor in anthropology Lochlann Jain emphasized the “medical and legal issues and the social dimension” of egg donating, arguing that the risks still need to

New Senate takes office, elects chair
By JULIA ENTHOVEN
SENIOR STAFF WRITER

STUDENT GOVERNMENt

Please see DONOR, page 2

The 13th Undergraduate Senate held its last meeting Tuesday night, followed immediately by a meeting of the newly confirmed 14th Undergraduate Senate. After electing a new chair and deputy chair, the newly elected Senate’s first order of business was to unanimously approve $1,000 in discretionary spending for the legislative body’s retreat. Before ceding their seats, the members of the 13th Undergraduate Senate revised and approved next year’s ASSU budget. Senators eliminated stipends for the Senate chair, deputy chair and appropriations chair — $3,000, $1,000 and $2,000, respectively — and instead opted to allot each senator a $400 stipend for their service to the student body. The senators also rejected a 33 percent pay increase for the webmaster of the Graduate Student Council (GSC), a change that the only present GSC representative, Sjoerd de Ridder, said he could not defend. The senators debated the section of the

budget reserved for Executive stipends. Several senators expressed concern that cabinet members are overpaid, especially considering their compensation relative to that of senators, which was nothing this year. “Thirty thousand dollars are being spent on Executive discretionary; $34,000 are being spent on stipends. When people outside of the ASSU hear these numbers, they are shocked and . . . [think we are] using all of the money for stipends,” said Senator Janani Ramachandran ’14. “They’re not elected positions like we are [as] senators . . . When we’re spending $34,000 — which is more than the amount of discretionary we’re giving toward the Executive — I think that’s a problem.” Incoming ASSU Vice President William Wagstaff ’12 announced that next year’s Executive is aiming to have five to 10 cabinet members. “Something that me and Robbie have been talking about is general downsizing,” Wagstaff said. As a result of those plans, Wagstaff motioned to cut Executive cabi-

Stanford experts remain wary of the latest revision of the California High-Speed Rail project’s business plan and disagree over California State Legislative Analyst (LAO) Mac Taylor’s recommendations to withhold state funding to the project. According to a press release on the highspeed rail project website, the new business plan, released last month, calls for a reduced budget cost of $68.4 billion from voter-approved state bonds, federal funding grants, local funding and public-private partnership. Taylor suggests withholding state funding of construction while allowing for minimal funding for more planning Gregory Rosston, senior research scholar at the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research (SIEPR), said that even with the latest revision to the business plan, the state budget is still not in the right shape to undertake such an expensive project. “We’ve had serious issues with the state budget for a long time, and we have a big state debt, so my concern is how this will impact the long-term health of the state,” Rosston said. According to Rosston, there are other major concerns within the state budget that are not being addressed in any business plans and require more immediate attention. He cited liabilities for retired state employees, pensions and healthcare benefits. Alain Enthoven, professor emeritus of public and private management, who has closely followed the project since its inception, suggested ending the project altogether and focusing attention on education reform. “We are drastically, dangerously cutting back on education, which is so important for our future and for the future of our children and our young people,” Enthoven said. Rosston, unlike Enthoven, agrees with a recent recommendation by California State Legislative Analyst (LAO) Mac Taylor, which would not fund construction, but a minimal amount for

Please see ASSU, page 2

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Index Features/3 • Opinions/4 • Sports/6 • Classifieds/8

Recycle Me

2 N Wednesday, May 2, 2012
NEWS BRIEF

The Stanford Daily
by race and gender.” “These circumstances arise because common measures of academic performance systematically underestimate the intellectual ability and potential of members of negatively stereotyped groups,” the study reads. “This bias results not from the content of performance measures, but from common contexts in which performance measures are assessed — from psychological threats like stereotype threat that are pervasive in academic settings.” Walton discussed the study in a recent interview with the Stanford Report. “When people perform in standard school settings, they are often aware of negative stereotypes about their group,” Walton said. “Those stereotypes act like a psychological headwind — they cause people to perform worse.” “If you base your evaluation of candidates just on performance in settings that are biased,” he added, “you end up discriminating.”
— Kurt Chirbas

Universities need affirmative action, study says
By THE DAILY NEWS STAFF Universities need affirmative action in order to make meritocratic decisions, according to a new study by Stanford Psychology Professor Gregory Walton. The study, which is currently scheduled for publication in the journal Social Issues and Policy Review, argues that affirmative action not only creates a diverse student body,but also ensures the selection of the most qualified candidates during the college admission process. Walton — along with his co-authors Steven Spencer, a professor at the University of Waterloo, and Sam Erman, a professor at Harvard University — will provide expert testimony at the upcoming Supreme Court case Fisher v. University of Texas, which is slated to be heard at the earliest this fall.

The case is being brought by Abigail Fisher, a white student who claims she was denied acceptance to the University of Texas because of her race. This will be the first time that the Supreme Court has taken up the issue of affirmative action since almost a decade ago. In 2003, the Court ruled 5-4 to uphold the practice at the University of Michigan Law School in the case Grutter v. Bollinger. Writing the majority opinion in 2003, Justice Sandra Day O’Connor ’50 J.D. ’52 said the Court endorsed the view that “student body diversity is a compelling state interest that can justify using race in university admissions.” The new study, however, attempts to put forth a separate argument in support of affirmative action, in addition to the value of diversity. According to the study, while people tend to view grades and standardized test scores as “meritocratic and thus as fair and just,” they are actually “systematically biased along important social dimensions such as tilization (IVF) egg harvesting. Arizona was the first state to enact a law requiring certain requirements, such as informed consent health warnings, for IVF harvesting. Egg harvesting, Norsigian said, “shouldn’t be done multiple times in a year,” and there should certainly be at least a six-month gap. The film showed pictures of a former Stanford student, Jessica Wing, a repeated egg donor, who died at age 32. Wing’s mother, Dr. Jennifer Schneider, said in the documentary that a follow-up on egg donors should be implemented for health reasons, as well as for establishing a genetic registry for donor offspring. The film showed testimonials of young women, including another from Stanford, who experienced health complications after undergoing egg harvesting. Norsigian noted that if you visit “any campus in the U.S. you’ll see ads suggesting that you’d bring happiness” to others by offering eggs. Many women receive advertisements via Facebook, she added. Audience members suggested adding warnings to egg donation advertisements, in a method similar to that used in cigarette ads, arguing that at the very least advertisements should note that the procedure is not without risks. Panelists highlighted shortcomings of California legislation on the

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net stipends from $14,000 to $7,000 and moved $3,500 apiece to the Executive discretionary and to the Executive traditions fund, with the hopes of potentially financing buses to Big Game next year. Dan DeLong ’13 expressed disappointment that the Senate had not discussed the issue of Executive stipends prior to its final meeting, saying that the issues of incentive to serve on the ASSU, reward for doing the job diligently and accountability toward the Association deserve more scrutiny and discussion. Both DeLong and Ramachandran encouraged next year’s Senate to look into the question more thoroughly. After being sworn in, the 14th Undergraduate Senate nominated and approved Branden Crouch ’14 as the Senate chair and Garima Sharma ’15 as deputy chair. The new Senate also unanimously approved a motion to move the $1,000 remaining from the previous Senate’s discretionary funds to finance its upcoming retreat. In comparison, volunteer student organizations (VSOs) are allowed to allot up to $150 to retreats, according to current joint special fees funding policies. Alternative Review Process The 13th Undergraduate Senate deferred judgment on the Alternative Review Process (ARP), a judicial procedure developed for cases involving sexual assault, relationship violence, sexual harassment and stalking. The 14th Undergraduate Senate will thus consider approval of the ARP and potential revision next week in its first full-length meeting. Several students not affiliated with the Senate attended the meeting to discuss central points of conflict in the ARP’s provisions. Mona Thompson ’13, who wrote an op-ed for The Daily on the ARP, strongly encouraged the incoming senators to speak with the figures on campus, such as Jamie Pontius-Hogan, assistant dean of the Office of Judicial Affairs, who are most knowledgeable about the procedure and its advantages and disadvantages. Thompson expressed support for several of the existing ARP provisions, citing statistics on the number of cases heard since the ARP’s inception as evidence of

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be clarified for potential donors. Given the hormone treatments required for egg harvesting and possible links with cancer, Jain said it is surprising that there “is no protocol of how to deal with subsequent injuries or problems.” She added that there is a lack of data collection regarding this issue, and discussion of the topic has a high “political valence.” Norsigian agreed that the longterm effects of egg harvesting are “uncertain, with better tracking needed.” She said she finds it troubling that the Food and Drug Administration does not have personnel examining the problems reported by women after drug usage for egg stimulation. The film was written and produced by Jennifer Lahl, president of the Center for Bioethics and Culture Network (CBC). Lahl was previously a nurse. The CBC Network is a Northern California nonprofit that explores bioethics. According to the CBC Network’s website, California, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Maryland and Arizona prohibit compensation for egg harvesting for research. These states, however, are silent on payments for in vitro fer-

topic. Former Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger signed AB 1317 into law in 2009, requiring egg donor ads to reference the existence of medical risks. However, panelists said the legislation is not easily enforceable and has exemptions. Presenters said they were concerned that the mainstream media does not accurately portray the health consequences of egg extraction. All the speakers were alarmed by the lack of peer-reviewed analyses regarding health risks of the commercial activity. Norsigian pointed out that “lack of evidence of harm is not proof of safety.” Audience member Marjorie Murphy Campbell, a blogger who frequently attends Stanford events at the Clayman Institute and the Hoover Institution, asked, “Are we making guinea pigs out of young women?” Norsigian agreed with the suggestion. Stanford students formed about a quarter of the audience, with women from San Francisco and the surrounding areas packing the rest of the conference room. Sponsors of the event included Stanford’s Office of Diversity and Leadership and the Women’s Community Center. Contact Mary Ann Toman-Miller at tomanmil@stanford.edu.

its success in making the procedure less intimidating for victims. “Everything in judicial affairs is not unanimous,” Thompson responded to a question about the possibility of unanimity. “I think that by making sexual assault [require] unanim[ity], we would be giving it this really weird special treatment . . . an extra obstacle to overcome for probably what I would argue is one of the most delicate and sensitive processes.” The senators also heard from Law School student Elliott Wolf, who served as student body president at Duke University in the 2006-2007 academic year, in the immediate aftermath of the 2006 Duke lacrosse scandal. “Whittling away procedural protections will have unforeseeable, unintended consequences,” Wolf warned senators. He spoke of widespread abuse of power by police, University officials and judicial staff because of a lack of protection by Duke University’s judicial code, which resulted in faculty refusing to report student misconduct, disregard and mistreatment of student rights, all-encompassing mistrust and six years — and counting — of ongoing litigation against the university. In addition to discussing whether to require unanimity, the senators also discussed the size of review panels, the lack of an obligation for a panel to hear the witnesses called by a responding student, the unitary appellate jurisdiction of the Vice Provost, the admission of past sexual history as evidence in hearing, the discretion of an investigator in determining relevancy and the legal obligation to abide by the Dear Colleague Letter of the Office for Civil Rights in relation to the existing ARP. The 13th Undergraduate Senate concluded with a series of straw poll votes on several of the potential revisions or concerns with the ARP. Each straw poll heavily favored the ARP as it stands, with four-person panels, a preponderance of evidence burden of proof and a majority requirement for a responsible finding. The only revisions that received more than two votes in opposition were a unanimous requirement (three votes in favor of unanimous, nine in favor of majority and three abstentions) and the statute of limitations (four votes in favor of a one-year statute, nine for the status quo two-year statute and two abstentions). Contact Julia Enthoven at jjejje @stanford.edu. incident is that China has softened its initial position that it would only negotiate South China Sea disputes bilaterally with ASEAN countries. Emmerson stressed caution on treating ASEAN as a bloc, stating that each country has its own policies and interests, although he did say all are wary of China. “Vietnam has a history of resisting China, and that history isn’t about to disappear,” he said. “Historically, Indonesia, too, has shown suspicions or even downright animosity towards China.” In addition to maritime issues, Emmerson discussed security in the region. “One key question is to what extent China can translate economic might into a security presence,” he said.“Their ability to make this shift has been limited and slow.” According to Emmerson, most Southeast Asian countries are reluctant to share intelligence or cooperate on security with China. Another aspect of the dynamics of the U.S.-China-Southeast Asia triangle is economic diplomacy, according to Emmerson. He said a free trade agreement between China and ASEAN introduced in the beginning of 2010 caused trade to leap by 50 percent that year. “Many in Southeast Asia go to China for sales and go to Washington for ships,” he said, referring to the presence of the U.S. Seventh Fleet in the region. He added that the United States should be aware that domestic developments in ASEAN countries could affect political relations. Emmerson ended his talk on a diplomatic note, saying, “On balance I would say that this pivot is positive for the U.S. and for Asia.” Questions that followed the talk covered a range of topics, from the impact that succession in China next year could have on diplomatic relations to the legitimacy of China’s maritime claims in the region. Contact Natasha Weaser at nweaser@stanford.edu.

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planning efforts. “I think planning is really important to try to understand what is the magnitude of the issue because it’s quite possible that you could have projects that are very worthwhile in the long term,” Rosston said. He added that if the train could be built at a low cost to the state, then it could relieve the problem of traffic congestion and potentially provide the increase in jobs and businesses that the project now promises. “The nirvana scenario would be you could invest in this and not only not cost very much money, but it would increase the attractiveness of the state of California because there’s less congestion and because people like living there more, and it becomes more attractive for businesses,” he said. Rosston, however, questioned the main argument of the project’s advocates, which he said is to “have faith” that the promised benefits will come. He said that supporters have yet to provide an accurate estimate of the total cost and projected revenue, which is why the project has not received full approval. “Any construction project, if you even ask anyone who has ever tried to construct a single family home, the estimates are not very good — and those are things that get done every day,” Rosston said. “Whereas building a high-speed rail system, those don’t get done very often.” “You might be able to look at Spain, France or China and see what did it cost them,” he added. “Those cost estimates are going to be somewhat applicable to California, but they’re going to be very different.” For Enthoven, the lack of grounded estimates causes him to be dubious of the project as a

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tremendous kudos just for showing up.” He also argued that even with a greater emphasis on multilateral relations, the current administration has intensified bilateral ties with countries that are a part of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). Emmerson warned, however, that with a “dramatic crisis in the Middle East” and a potential change in administration next year, there is a possibility that this “pivot” might not be a permanent part of U.S. policy. “Part of the pivot idea I want to emphasize is that it is unclear if future administrations will have the same willingness to commit America to the same framework,” he said. Highlighting a key turning point, Emmerson noted that “there was a pivot within the pivot in the Hanoi 2010 meeting.” According to Emmerson, China contacted each ASEAN country individually prior to the meeting to ask them to leave the string of islands in the South China Sea, involved in territorial disputes between regional countries, off the agenda. This decision enraged ASEAN members. At the meeting, however, Clinton called the South China Sea a matter of “national interest” for the United States, wanting to maintain free shipping in the area. The move deeply angered China, which retaliated by explicitly claiming sovereignty over the South China Sea. This “display of muscular realpolitik-ism” on the part of the Chinese was not well received by ASEAN countries, Emmerson said, and therefore gave the “pivot” a tremendous boost. “This pivot has provided ASEAN with greater perceived leverage towards China,” he said. According to Emmerson, one of the least noticed outcomes of this

SERENITY NGUYEN/The Stanford Daily

whole. “There’s a lot in their so-called plans that I think are dishonest misrepresentations of likely facts, so all together I think the best thing would be to kill it,” Enthoven said. According to Enthoven, the projected 100,000 construction jobs and long-term employment opportunities are not convincing arguments. He said to provide such an effect, there would need to be too great of an increase in taxes. “I don’t know when the breaking point will come, but already taxes in California are discouraging a lot of business from coming here,” Enthoven said. “There are plenty of worthy good things we could spend money on now that would put those people back to work.” Both Enthoven and Rosston agreed that the greatest risk be-

hind the project is that the increase in taxes proposed by Gov. Jerry Brown, a vocal advocate of the project, will discourage businesses from coming to California, which in turn will further hurt the state budget. Both experts also said that that the project is currently being led more by political concerns than by economic strategies. They added that the project is diverting attention from more pressing concerns, including education. “I think Jerry Brown seems to be kind of a visionary who wants to leave a great legacy as his father did,” Enthoven said. “Well, his father left a great legacy with the University of California, and Brown ought to know that the thing to do is to beef up the University of California.” Contact Ileana Najarro at inajarro@stanford.edu.

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Wednesday, May 2, 2012 N 3

FEATURES

MURALS MIRROR
MOVEMENTS
By ERIKA ALVERO KOSKI
inding up the stairwells, plastering the textured walls outside the dorm and surrounding the diners who choose to sit on the Casa Zapata side of Stern dining hall are a myriad of colorful murals that portray various political movements and issues pertaining to Chicano or Latino identity. From a reinterpretation of Leonardo da Vinci’s “The Last Supper,” in which the title characters are all famous Chicano heroes or social activists, to an image of the immigrant’s journey across the sea and then to a new life, each mural holds a political or social message. “It’s a generational story,” said Casa Zapata ethnic theme associate Gustavo Gonzalez ’13, of the latter mural. “The grandparents cross the water with their young daughter; they’re looking for a better life. It weaves across generations, and eventually they come to Stanford . . . It’s the American dream. I think a lot of Latinos can relate to that mural.” José Antonio Burciaga, an artist who was the Casa Zapata resident fellow (RF) from 1985 to 1994, first conceived of the murals. Those in Stern are only a few of many that sprung up in the 1960s in various regions of California. “As part of the movement that came out of the civil rights movement, there was this whole artistic component that was all about forging a Mexican-American identity,” said Chris Clarke ’85, current Casa Zapata RF. Casa Zapata was founded in 1972, during a time when the number of Latino students on campus was growing due to affirmative action. Several of the depictions that embellish

NICK SALAZAR/The Stanford Daily

The Stern dining hall mural “The Last Supper of Chicano Heroes,” inspired by the da Vinci masterpiece “The Last Supper,” features Chicano activists and other leaders. Artist José Antonio Burciaga polled Chicano students and activists to determine who would be depicted.

W

DESK EDITOR

the stairwells up to the third floor portray Chicano personalities students may have recognized from their lives prior to Stanford, perhaps allowing students to reconcile their backgrounds with their new lives at an elite university. “You have the caricatures of the guys who literally are the street ‘vatos’ [‘dudes’],” Clarke said. “The guys who hang out on the corner . . . these are their friends who they left behind in some ways, right? And they put them on the walls to represent that they have a place here, too.” The murals have met with some controversy and resistance, however. In particular, the late Ronald Hilton, professor emeritus of Romance languages and founder of Bolívar House and the Institute of Hispanic American and Luso-Brazilian Studies, was especially vocal in his opposition to the politicization of Casa Zapata through the murals. He also disagreed with naming the theme house after Mexican revolutionary Emiliano Zapata, arguing that students were not examining the implications and actions of revolutionaries such as Zapata. In the mural “The Last Supper of Chicano Heroes,” Ernesto “Che” Guevara is seated in the center, taking the place da Vinci allotted for Jesus Christ in the original painting. An Argentine-born Cuban revolutionary, Guevara is perceived as a hero by some for his role in overthrowing Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista, and as a murderer by others for numerous executions of Batista supporters. His presence on the mural has led to objections by some community members. The mural itself, painted by Burciaga, came as a result of a survey of 100 Chicano students at Stanford and 100 Chicano activists. Burciaga asked the participants whom they considered to be the 13 most prominent

NICK SALAZAR/The Stanford Daily

Chicano heroes. “I had intended to depict the Last Supper; Christ and his 12 apostles were to be portrayed dining on tortillas, tamales and tequila instead of bread and wine,” Burciaga said in a 1988 Los Angeles Times article. “I dropped that idea when some students expressed dismay at my mixing humor with religion. That’s when I decided to replace the religious figures with 13 Chicano heroes.” The results ranged from prominent Mexican-American painter Frida Kahlo and comedian Cantínflas to others of non-Mexican descent such as Martin Luther King Jr. and Guevara. “Latinos are a group-oriented society,” Burciaga continued in his 1988 interview. “Most of Mexico’s national heroes were mar-

tyrs, having died in service to the people — from Miguel Hidalgo, father of Mexican independence, who was executed, to revolutionary heroes Francisco Villa and Zapata, who were ambushed and assassinated.” While pinpointing the “top 13 Chicano heroes” is a contested and highly subjective task, the choices nevertheless reflected the opinions of students at the time. “Murals are a sort of a reimagining of a community’s values,” said Jeff Chang, associate director of Health & Safety Programs and executive director of the Institute for Diversity in the Arts. “Images become these spaces where people then have big fights over what these values are around the community . . . But the best thing is that they’re open to multiple interpretations and that encourages the dialogue and the discourse within the community.” The Casa Zapata murals continue to grow. The lounge mural depicting the immigrant’s journey to the United States is unfinished. Sarita Ocon ’04 returns to campus from time to time to fill in the blank spaces. Gonzalez reflected on the popular nature of the murals. “The common people, the poor people, they would see art, and they wanted to see art that would represent everyone,” he said. “And I think these types of murals do that.” Contact Erika Alvero Koski at erikaa1@stanford.edu.

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HISTORY CORNER

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Greek alcohol violations

ith fraternity Kappa Sigma set to regain its housing for the 2012-13 academic year after losing it for one year due to concerns of excessive alcohol consumption and policy violations, The Daily took a look back at alcohol-related infringements committed by Greek groups in the past. Alcohol policy infringements have not been limited to fraternities alone. In 1983, The Daily reported that sorority Pi Beta Phi was on probation for hazing with alcohol during the pledging process (“ResEd puts Pi Phis on probation,” April 25, 1985).

“‘At Wednesday’s party, pledges were taken to an off-campus bar, to the Mausoleum and finally to the Boathouse,’ [Row Director] Diana Conklin said.” “‘Apparently several people were quite seriously drunk, to the point where they could barely stand,’ Conklin said.” In 1993, The Daily reported on alleged rush infractions at fraternities Kappa Sigma and Sigma Alpha Epsilon (SAE). Both fraternities were accused of serving alcohol to minors during the rush process (“Two frats under fire for Rush infractions,” April 20, 1993). “The alleged transgressions violate two different sets of rules,” the article read. “One is the rush code agreed upon by fraternities that stated Rush is to be dry this year — that no alcohol is to be served at Rush events. The other is a University policy that bans serving alcohol to minors.” “‘We did nothing,’ [SAE co-president

Aaron Hendelman] said. ‘There was never any alcohol served to any minors or rushees at an SAE Rush event.’” “‘We haven’t quite made the paradigm shift realizing that you can’t buy rushees with alcohol,’ [Fraternal Affairs Adviser] Heather Dunn said. Dunn added, however, that ‘there are groups playing by the rules . . . and those men are to be commended.’” During the ensuing five-week investigation, The Daily reported on May 11 that two SAE pledges were arrested for stealing 42 dollars worth of sheets from the Palo Alto Hyatt for a toga party that was to be held at the fraternity later that evening (“Two SAE pledges arrested for theft,” May 11, 1993). “Director of Student Affairs Nanci Howe called the incident ‘really stupid.’ She said the SAE’s could face ‘fines, community service or special training,’” the article read.

The Daily later reported that Kappa Sigma admitted to serving alcohol during rush and would face a confidential penalty (“Kappa Sig admits serving alcohol during dry rush,” May 25, 1993). More recently in 2004, sorority Delta Delta Delta was placed on a one-year suspension for hazing and underage alcohol consumption during the pledging process. “At the event, four freshman football players hosted a ‘power hour’, during which four sorority pledges drank a shot of beer every minute for an hour, according to the police report regarding the incident. Five sorority members purchased the alcohol,” The Daily reported (“Tri Delt placed on suspension until June 2005,” Feb. 27, 2004). No major alcohol related incidents have been reported this academic year.
— Natasha Weaser

4 N Wednesday, May 2, 2012

OPINIONS
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Incorporated 1973 Tonight’s Desk Editors Mary Ann TomanMiller News Editor Erika Alvero Koski Features Editor Caroline Caselli Sports Editor Nick Salazar Photo Editor Matt Olson Copy Editor

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n June 2010, The Daily succinctly summarized the debate over the use of Adderall and other cognitive stimulants by students without a prescription: “Some consider it the academic equivalent of performance-enhancing steroids; to others, it’s just a mental booster on par with a large jolt of caffeine” (“All about Adderall,” June 3, 2010). How should we reconcile the gap between these two streams of thought? The question is more than theoretical, for although Adderall is classified as a Schedule II controlled substance — a category that includes cocaine and methamphetamine — it is probably safe to assume that more students at Stanford are using Adderall than these other drugs. Though there are no public figures for off-label ADHD-medication usage rates at Stanford, studies at other colleges report student usage as high as 34 percent of the general student population to 48 percent of students within the Greek system. How should an institution like Stanford respond to the use of cognitive stimulants, especially in its substance use education? Should these stimulants be treated like alcohol, with efforts focused on safe and responsible consumption rather than a draconian crackdown, or does the illegality of off-label stimulant consumption merit a harsher stance? The primary concerns over Adderall consumption fall into two clusters: moral considerations like equality of access and academic integrity, contrasted with more practical concerns over safety and campus culture. Some view illegal cognitive enhancer consumption as academically dishonorable.We, however, believe the off-label use of cognitive enhancers should not be considered cheating on par with plagiarizing an essay or copying answers during a test; with cognitive enhancers, the work is still done by the student himself, and there is evidence that cognitive enhancers limit creativity. Additionally, there are moral

concerns over equality of access. vWhereas caffeine is available for free in the dining hall, students often charge each other for stronger cognitive stimulants. Avre wealthier students more likely to purchase off-label stimulants, and if so, is this advantage fundamentally unfair? If it is unfair, is it distinct morally from the fact that wealthier students are also better able to afford private tutors and other study aides above the level provided for free by the University? Regardless of one’s stance on these ethical questions, we believe that practical concerns offer stronger reasons for being opposed to off-label consumption of cognitive enhancers. Adderall, for example, can have dangerous interactions with other medications or health conditions. Taking Adderall alongside antidepressants such as MAO inhibitors can be fatal, and preexisting conditions like high blood pressure can also result in harmful effects. In addition, Adderall and similar drugs can be habit-forming. In general, students are unlikely to read the fine print when getting a pill from a friend or classmate as opposed to a doctor, and may not realize that they’re at particularly high risk for a bad reaction to a cognitive stimulant. Furthermore, a drug’s approval is contingent upon the estimated benefits and risks for the clinical population at which the drug is aimed, and using cognitive stimulants electively may tilt the balance of benefits and risks. In addition, several issues of social norms and campus culture arise.As discussed in our Monday editorial, Stanford students can get caught in an unhealthy, “work hard, play hard” spiral. Amidst this overburdening, taking cognitive stimulants becomes another status symbol that you’re working hard and taking advantage of the opportunities Stanford offers. As political philosopher Michael Sandel observes in “The Case Against Perfection,” “Unlike the drugs of the sixties and seventies, Please see EDITORIAL, page 5

Contacting The Daily: Section editors can be reached at (650) 721-5815 from 7 p.m. to 12 a.m. The Advertising Department can be reached at (650) 721-5803, and the Classified Advertising Department can be reached at (650) 721-5801 during normal business hours. Send letters to the editor to eic@stanforddaily.com, op-eds to editorial@stanforddaily.com and photos or videos to multimedia@stanforddaily.com. Op-eds are capped at 700 words and letters are capped at 500 words.

BURSTING THE BUBBLE

It gets better...when?
t gets better,” coo the grainy YouTube videos backed by soft music — videos that have starred everyone from President Obama to Vinnie Guadagnino. “Your life may be tough right now, but out of high school . . . [insert sensitive attempt to relate here] . . . blah blah blah . . . it gets better.” And yet hundreds of teens take their lives every year. One of those kids was Jack Reese, a Utah teen who took his own life last week. Add that to the list of names: Clementi, Rodemeyer, Hubley, Walsh — the list goes on. All of them have one thing in common: they were bullied, depressed and yeah, okay, they were gay. I certainly remember that time in late 2010 when the gay suicides, as they were called, were in the

“I

Unsigned editorials in the space above represent the views of the editorial board of The Stanford Daily and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Daily staff. The editorial board consists of five Stanford students led by a chairman and uninvolved in other sections of the paper. Any signed columns in the editorial space represent the views of their authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the entire editorial board. To contact the editorial board chair, e-mail editorial@stanforddaily.comv. To submit an oped, limited to 700 words, e-mail opinions@stanforddaily.com. To submit a letter to the editor, limited to 500 words, e-mail eic@stanforddaily.com. All are published at the discretion of the editor.

news. People started paying more attention. We had pink shirts, purple shirts, “It Gets Better” videos, guest speakers, the works. Unsurprisingly, a year and a half later, people have tuned out. Many may have heard of Tyler Clementi, who remains in the news, or Jamey Rodemeyer, whose memory was honored by Glee heartthrob Grant Gustin two weeks ago, or Jamey Hubley, whose “It Gets Better” video and Tumblr blog went viral after news of his death. But what of Ken Weishuhn Jr., the Iowa 14-year-old who committed suicide last month? Or Eric James Borges, who killed himself in January? Or Jeffrey Fehr, who hanged himself on New Year’s Day in Granite Bay? And in our age, these names aren’t just small print in the paper.

Edward Ngai
They’re Facebook pages, YouTube videos, Tumblr blogs. They’re animate human beings, and you can see them, hear them, dance with them and vicariously feel their pain. “I’m tired of life, really. It’s so hard. I’m sorry, I can’t take it anymore,” Hubley’s blog wrote in its last post. I remember flipping through those pages, horrified and yet unable to look away. “It gets better,” we hear, and yet teenage suicide because of bullying remains in the news. For not as long, with fewer paying attention — it seems we’re all a little tired of those blathering, grainy YouTube videos. But it’s

Please see NGAI, page 5

RAVALATIONS

O P-E D

Shit sororities say (that they really shouldn’t)

Remember Sam and Cady by letting go of mental health stigma

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am very removed from Greek life here at Stanford. I have quite a few friends who are an active part of the Greek community, but apart from the occasional dinner or study session at one of the housed sororities or a weekend night spent at a party thrown by one of the fraternities, it’s a scene that I, having never rushed, am not a part of. Despite the numerous barriers that separate me from the sororities, I still know who got a bid to what sorority this year. Everyone does, and it’s all because of the infamous Facebook posts. You all know what I’m talking about — that flood of Facebook activity where all the Stanford sorority girls you know add 30+ new friends and spend all day distributing wall posts welcoming their new additions and telling them how excited they are that they chose to be a Pi Phi/Alpha Phi/Chi O/Theta/Kappa/Tridelt. Thanks to Facebook’s strange and creepy decision to inform me when one of my friends writes on the wall or comments on the photo of someone I don’t know,

Ravali Reddy
these posts flood my newsfeed, along with the newsfeeds of just about every other Stanford student (as evidenced by the recent MemeChu post that read, “Brace yourselves. The sorority FB posts are coming”). Now, there are some things in life that I will just never understand. I will never understand why some people still use MySpace. I will never understand why some clothes that look so great on the rack look so terrible on me. And I will never understand why the sororities choose to inundate Facebook with these gushy declarations of love and sisterhood. See, here’s the thing: I understand that the older members are extremely excited to see fresh

A

Please see REDDY, page 5

s I approached the entrance to Memorial Church, where Samantha Wopat’s memorial was being held, I couldn’t help but notice the two thick lines of people at each door. Athletes dressed in uniform, students from every corner of campus, best friends of Sam, roommates, family members, professors, and community members lined up to honor the life of the beautiful spirit whose passing had undoubtedly left them wanting answers and a form of closure for this sudden tragedy. In that moment, I was overwhelmed by the juxtaposition of the extreme loneliness that I witness in the suicidal callers that have called me during my weekly shifts at the Bridge Peer Counseling Center, and the crowd of people coming in to celebrate Sam’s life. I have worked as a peer counselor for the past three years and have dealt with two suicide calls in this time. Each time I have been simultaneously shocked at the incredible loneliness that students can feel at Stanford amidst a massive, often nameless student body

and grateful that I have the training to recognize signs of suicide and the ability to get these callers the help that they need. As I watched the crowd of mourners file into the church, I desperately wished Sam could have been standing next to me, could have watched these hundreds of community members parade in to honor her life. I only wish that Sam could have felt the support that I and all other members of the audience felt for her in the final hours of her life when there seemed to be no other options but to leave us. I myself did not have the honor of meeting Sam or Cady Hine, the two students who recently passed away, and although Sam and I lived in the same dorm and Cady and I worked in some of the same mental health groups on campus, I was not lucky enough to cross paths with the beautiful, fun-loving, and caring souls whom I have heard speakers at Sam’s memorial and friends of Cady attest to in the weeks following their deaths. At Sam’s memorial, we heard

from representatives of different realms of Sam’s life and I, like many others in the audience, found myself asking why. As Reverend Joanne Sanders said in her opening words at Sam’s memorial, it is natural for our grief to form the question of why. Why would someone with such a bright future, academic talent, athletic ability, innate poet’s voice, adoring friends and family, have found herself in a situation where she felt she had no other option but to take her own life? In a grief group led by Donnovan Yisrael, I heard Cady’s mentors and friends describe her commitment to helping students with the types of mental health issues that had troubled her, often serving on panels with Stanford Peace of Mind to bring awareness to other students about the prevalence of mental health issues on campus. While the cause of Cady’s death has not been officially reported, I find myself wondering why someone who was so aware of the resources

Please see OP-ED, page 5

The Stanford Daily

Wednesday, May 2, 2012 N 5
derstand why the sororities insist on using a public forum like Facebook when they know that girls that they turned down will see those posts. For most of us, the sorority Facebook posts are nothing more than a part of spring quarter that we have come to expect. Last year, my friends were on the receiving end and this year, as sophomores, they’re among those who have indulged in the excited friending and posting that accompanies Bid Day. But every year, there are quite a few girls for whom the posts are a reminder of the fact that they didn’t quite get what they wanted, and since most of them will never speak up, I’m doing it on their behalf. In the future, sororities should really try to be more tactful and tone down the PDA. Doing so will not only force them to come up with more meaningful, private ways of expressing their excitement, but it’ll also help promote a sense of sisterhood among a greater proportion of the female population at Stanford — one that transcends just the girls in your sorority. No need to tone down the PDA with Ravali! Send her an email at ravreddy@stanford.edu or, better yet, friend her on Facebook! have — and I don’t mean role models that you never actually get to meet, like Gaga and Obama and Madonna. We’re going to need to be there and stand up and be living, breathing evidence that it really does get better: gay cops, soldiers, politicians, celebrities, businessmen and professional athletes. Bullied teens don’t need to hear Kim Kardashian trying to relate to their struggles. They need someone real to show them that it really is worth sticking it out. That means, for gay people who are privileged enough to be happy and in public life, there’s really no excuse for silence anymore. Eric James Borges cut a YouTube video in December 2011. “You have an entire life that bursts with opportunities ahead of you,” he said into the camera. “Don’t ever give up.” He killed himself a month later. How much longer must we wait before the successful, proud, famous and, above all, happy among us stand up and prove that it really does get better? He’s not successful, proud or famous, but he’s happy to talk. Email Ed at edngai@stanford.edu. know how hard it can be to learn to discuss mental health issues, but we must learn to divorce ourselves from the stigma associated with asking for help. As friends, colleagues and community members, we must make sure that these unknown identities of the people who surround us, these hidden personal battles that do not headline resumes or player bios, are attended to with the love and support they deserve. These are the parts of souls that rarely surface in class, practice, at dinner, or even with best friends, but these are the parts of ourselves and others that we must devote ourselves to nurturing. As we say goodbye to Samantha and Cady, let our vows to keep these women in our hearts include a commitment to taking care of each other and embracing mental illness as a disease that plagues us all, whether it be personally or by extension. Let us not only honor the ways that these women have touched us, brightened our days, and enriched our lives, but also honor what their short lives and struggles with mental illness can do to prevent future suffering in our community and promote awareness of depression on campus.
EMILY COHODES ’13

REDDY

O P-E D

Continued from page 4
faces and get to know the new girls that they forever more will have something in common with, but you would think that the sororities would realize that Facebook just isn’t the best platform for their excitement. Beyond just being slightly annoying — these posts combined with the constant spring quarter rollouts leave a significant portion of campus with clenched jaws — these posts don’t exactly display the tact and class that the sororities are always claiming to exude. Every year, many girls won’t get into the sorority of their choosing. As one of the only girls among my group of friends who chose not to rush last year, I remember receiving phone calls from various upset friends who were rushing when they realized they had been cut from the sorority they wanted to be in. An upset friend would describe all the reasons why they would have been a perfect [insert sorority here] and overanalyze all of the things that may have implied they weren’t [insert sorority here] material. Given the harsh sting of rejection so many girls feel, I don’t un-

W

V-Day and militarism
low soldiers than being killed or wounded by the enemy! Rape has long been a weapon of and considered one of the spoils of war — from the time of Cicero to current conflicts around the globe, from El Salvador to the Congo to Sarajevo to the “comfort” women of the Japanese occupation. It is no accident that we refer to rape not just as a sexually violent act, but also as a frequent military action, such as the rape of Nanking where 250,000 people were raped and slaughtered. Such military actions are illustrative because they reveal the total and excessive dominance of victor over victim. This dominance is painfully clear in Iraq: The prestigious journal of medicine, “The Lancet,” conducted a study of civilian deaths in the Iraq war, concluding that more than 600,000 civilians have died. Military generals talk about “full-spectrum dominance” by which they mean domination of land, sea, air, space and information. War is about dominating the enemy, and sexual violence is also about domination. You can’t have war without a corresponding increase in sexual violence. There are clear correlations. Hence it is little wonder that our professional military has had such difficulty eradicating chronic sexual assault. The United States spends more on our military than the rest of the world combined. Freudian symbology would suggest that weapons are phallic symbols and an overabundance of these weapons is an attempt to compensate for our fear of impotence in the world. But of course, as Freud said, sometimes a cigar is just a cigar. Nevertheless, when the world is awash in weapons and the United States is the biggest supplier of those weapons, when armies in Africa and Europe have established rape camps, and when women soldiers have a greater risk of becoming casualties of sexual assault by their own countrymen than of being killed or wounded by the enemy, then the link between militarism and sexual violence begins to come into focus. Militarism and the “feminine” values of relationship and nurture are inversely proportional; men in the military are taught to fear the feminine and emasculation throughout their training. As our militarism increases, feminine values are suppressed and denied their rightful place in society. And as we reject this necessary part of our psyche, we will become sick in body and soul. If we truly want to eliminate sexual violence, we must work for the demilitarization of our society, our culture, and the world. We can begin reducing sexual violence by decreasing our profligate military spending and misogynistic training. We must dismantle the “military industrial complex” about which Eisenhower warned us, or I fear that our work to end sexual violence will be in vain.
REV. GEOFF BROWNING United Campus Christian Ministry (UCCM) Campus Minister Writer’s note: This is a personal opinion and not necessarily the opinion of UCCM students.

NGAI

Continued from page 4
obvious that there is so much more to do. Two Colorado State University freshmen were beaten to a pulp last week by their football team after responding to homophobic slurs. It might be getting better, but it’s not nearly good enough. This week people are grieving for the loss of Reese, whose suicide at 17 is cruel, unfair and unfathomable. Those still paying attention are shocked, mourn and write cute comments expressing regret on online message boards. There will undoubtedly be a plug for counseling services and a place for you to donate to Reese’s memory. But that doesn’t make it get better. And, let’s be honest, neither do those YouTube videos. We’re past the awareness stage; if we’re serious about making it better for these kids, we’ve got to really make it happen, and that means all of us doing more than hitting record on our MacBooks. We’re going to need to be the role models that those kids didn’t

e all know what V-Day is, the day that victory was declared in the wars against Japan and Germany in WWII. Eve Ensler, in her book and play, “The Vagina Monologues” has reclaimed the meaning of “V” to mean “Victory, Valentine, and Vagina” and to build V-Day into a global activist movement to end violence against women and girls. Stanford VWeek just presented an extraordinary production of “The Vagina Monologues” that was profound, hilarious and heart-rending all at the same time. But I would like to call attention to a seldom-acknowledged connection between militarism and sexual violence. As Stanford V-Week has been working to communicate, violence against women is epidemic. Among the grim statistics, one in three women globally will be the victims of battery and/or sexual abuse sometime in their lives. Somewhere in America, a woman is battered every 15 seconds. Globally, four million women and girls are trafficked into sexual slavery every year. According to a recent Defense Department report, there were over 3,100 sexual assaults in our professionally trained military in 2011. But these are only the reported assaults; the Pentagon believes the actual number is much higher. Non-Pentagon sources say it may be as much as 10 times this number. Think about that: more than 30,000 sexual assaults. This means that every woman who serves in the military is at greater risk of being assaulted by her fel-

OP-ED

Continued from page 4
on campus and so involved in the mental health community might not have found sufficient support for her own battle with mental illness. As we celebrate the lives of such beautiful, talented girls, I can’t help but yearn for another forum in which we can talk about the other side of Sam and Cady’s lives that we don’t get to hear about in memorials, articles and official statements. These are the smaller, quieter, parts of our souls that do not get as much attention, during or after life, but we owe it to Sam and Cady to bring awareness to the fact that many Stanford students struggle with mental illness while trying to maintain the appearance of being happy Stanford students. While this is not suitable content for memorials, in order to fully honor Sam’s life, we must commit ourselves to making sure no other community members find themselves without options or hope for the future. As a teaching assistant and section leader for Education 193A, the class that trains students to work at the Bridge, I

EDITORIAL
Continued from page 4 Ritalin and Adderall are not for checking out but for buckling down . . . a way of answering a competitive society’s demand to improve our performance.” Cognitive stimulants can thus be a reflection of a work-obsessed college culture, and the danger may lie less in their medical ramifications than in the productivity-at-all-costs ethos they promote.

In short, the potentially widespread off-label consumption by students who may not be aware of dangerous interactions with other medications merits an active — though not necessarily extensive — endeavor to include discussion of safe usage in health education efforts. We should also be aware of the campus culture that widespread usage of cognitive stimulants may promote. Cognitive enhancers, and perhaps all stimulants, should receive some stigma for promoting this workaholic ethos, and the added safe-

ty concerns they entail when used off-label point to a need for more discussion of the risks of their usage.

What makes a curious reader? You do.

Mark Juergensmeyer

Global & International Studies, UCSB

The Global Religious Challenges to the Secular State
Thurs. May 3
7 p.m. / Annenberg Auditorium / Stanford
This event is free and open to the public. ethicsinsociety.stanford.edu Sponsored by: the McCoy Family Center for Ethics in Society the Department of Religious Studies

Read to your child today and inspire a lifelong love of reading.

w w w. r e a d . g o v

2 011/2 012 S t a n f o r d U n i v e r s i t y

6 N Wednesday, May 2, 2012

SPORTS
SPARTAN STUNNER
By PALANI ESWARAN
STAFF WRITER

The Stanford Daily

Zimmerman
Dishing the Rock

Zach

On Tuesday afternoon, the No. 12 Stanford baseball team traveled south to face San Jose State, looking to avenge an unexpected loss to the Spartans on April 17. However, take two was no kinder to the Card, which suffered a second defeat in as many weeks against San Jose, losing 8-5. Unlike its previous matchup, Stanford’s (28-12, 8-5 Pac-12) bats were impressive against the Spartans (21-20, 5-4 WAC). However, the usually impressive Car-

dinal pitchers struggled to find a rhythm in the loss. In the first inning, Spartan starter David Wayne Russo set down the first three batters, while Stanford starter John Hochstatter didn’t fare so well. The freshman gave up a leadoff single to centerfielder Andrew Rodriguez and walked second baseman Jacob Valdez, then allowed the first run of the game when rightfielder Nick Schulz doubled down the left field line. But the bleeding didn’t stop there, as first baseman Matt Lopez singled to center to bring in another run for San Jose State.

Hochstatter was then pulled from the game without recording a single out. Junior reliever Dean McArdle managed to give up just one more run, a sacrifice fly by leftfielder Michael Gerlach, before managing his way out of the inning. Despite the early deficit, the Card got back into the game in the second. Sophomore first baseman Brian Ragira led off the inning with a double, and fellow sophomore Austin Wilson hit a home run to left field that brought the Cardinal within one. In the third inning, the Spartans tacked on another run when

IAN GARCIA-DOTY/The Stanford Daily

Junior centerfielder Jake Stewart (above) homered to left field in Stanford’s Tuesday afternoon loss to San Jose State. Sophomore Austin Wilson added two more home runs, but pitching woes doomed the Card.

Valdez scored on a throwing error by Stanford redshirt junior catcher Christian Griffiths. In the top half of the inning, the Cardinal loaded the bases, but freshman third baseman Alex Blandino hit a grounder to short that ended the inning. Stanford finally evened the score with San Jose State in the fourth after Griffiths walked and centerfielder Jake Stewart homered to left field. But the success was short-lived, and the wheels came off for the Cardinal in the bottom half of the inning. The first batter of the inning, catcher Kyle Gallegos, reached first on an infield single. Two batters later, Rodriguez hit a home run off McArdle, and the Spartans took a 6-4 lead. Redshirt sophomore Garrett Hughes came in to relieve McArdle and struck out the first batter he faced, but after a single, a walk and a wild pitch, runners were on second and third. Gerlach then singled to drive in a run, and Lopez scored on an error. Hughes struck out Caleb Natov to end the inning, but the Spartans had piled up four runs to lead 8-4. In the fifth inning, Wilson hit another home run — this time a solo shot to center field — and the Cardinal pulled within three runs of San Jose State. In the bottom half, Hughes continued in relief. Despite having a runner on third with just one out, he escaped the inning unscathed. The Cardinal did nothing offensively in the sixth, and freshman David Schmidt relieved Hughes on the mound. Schmidt pitched well, giving up no hits and just one walk, and recording two strikeouts in two innings. In the bottom of the eighth Stanford head coach Mark Marquess decided to send junior designated hitter Stephen Piscotty to the mound, where Piscotty

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Sometimes, you just have to be there

une 14, 2009, was not a fun day for this guy. Fresh off the completion of my freshman year and with a full summer of earning potential around the corner, I made the instantly regrettable decision to drop far too much money on nosebleed seats for Game 5 of the NBA Finals. In the grand scheme of things, the price wasn’t going to impact my life. But for an 18-year-old whose gigs had included a stint at Quiznos and an unpaid internship at a local radio station, the ticket represented at least 40 percent of my net worth. In my defense, I justified the purchase with the thought that this may be the last time I’d get the opportunity to see my Orlando Magic legitimately contend for a title. What if I missed the game of a lifetime? What if Game 5 was the turning point in the series, the dominant victory that sparked a comeback from the 3-1 deficit I had convinced myself was manageable. It wasn’t. The Magic lost, 99-86. Since that day, I’ve been hesitant to pull the trigger to watch any live sports event. Seeing a game in person just hasn’t had the same value, and with the rapid evolution of televised events, I just can’t seem to find the will to pony up my hard-earned cash for a subpar view with limited replays and obnoxious fans. But recently I decided to ease my way back into the fold as a spectator, and I was able to spend

Please see BASEBALL, page 8

Please see ZIMMERMAN, page 7

The Stanford Daily
SPORTS BRIEFS

Wednesday, May 2, 2012 N 7

LACROSSE

Card drops title game
SEVEN-YEAR STREAK COMES TO AN END
By SARAH MAISEL
STAFF WRITER

After seven straight seasons of winning the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation conference championship, the Stanford women’s lacrosse team found itself in an unfamiliar position on Sunday as Oregon claimed this year’s title. The Cardinal entered the game riding a five-game win streak, including Friday’s 14-9 upset of second-seeded Denver to open tournament play, but the Card could not get past the mighty Ducks offense, and it will watch from home as Oregon advances to the NCAA play-in game against Navy. Although Sunday’s loss certainly disappointed a team hoping to make its third straight appear-

ance in the NCAA tournament, Friday’s rout showed glimpses of a team that has a strong foundation to build on for next season. The Cardinal (8-10, 6-3 MPSF) team that lost to Denver (12-3, 61) just a few weeks earlier looked wildly different this team, and Stanford showed why it is one of the conference’s top programs year in and year out. The first period against Denver started with the teams trading goals, showing hints of a potential slugfest to be determined in the final minutes. But Stanford would need no last-second goal to send the Pioneers packing. After watching its early three-goal lead shrink to one, the Cardinal offense caught fire in the final four minutes to score six times and enter the break with a 10-3 lead. The team easily outmaneuvered any Denver defensive attempts and capitalized on the Pioneers’ mistakes — two Stanford goals came from free position shots off

of Pioneer fouls. Denver tried to change the game’s tempo following the break and scored twice in the period’s first 10 minutes. But the offensive efforts of seniors Emilie Boeri and Catherine Swanson and freshman Meredith Kalinowski ensured there would be no Pioneer rally, as the three combined for Stanford’s final four goals of the game. Denver netted three more scores, but it was not enough to overcome the overall Cardinal dominance. Against Oregon (14-5, 9-0), however, the Stanford offense could not get going until the second period, and the team fell 1310. The Ducks led 8-3 at the break, but a goal from freshman Emily Newstrom and two from Emilie Boeri cut the lead to two. This was as close as the Cardinal would get, as Oregon had answers for every Stanford run. Sophomore Anna

Please see LACROSSE, page 8

ZIMMERMAN
Continued from page 6
SIMON WARBY/The Stanford Daily

The Stanford women’s softball team handily defeated Santa Clara at home, outscoring the Broncos 12-1 in just five innings. Freshman Cassandra Roulund led the Cardinal with two doubles, a home run and five RBI.

No. 19 Stanford crushes Santa Clara
Junior pitcher Teagan Gerhart and the Stanford softball team recorded a 12-1 rout of Santa Clara on Tuesday at Smith Family Stadium, defeating the Broncos in five innings. The Cardinal (33-16) jumped out to a 6-0 lead in the bottom of the first inning and never looked back. The Broncos scored their sole run of the game in the third inning, after Briana Knight’s double scored Jamie Wallis from first. Stanford had another massive inning in the third, earning five runs with two outs.

With the win, Gerhart moved to 28-10 overall, finishing the game with three strikeouts and allowing just one run and six hits. Freshman Cassandra Roulund went 3-for-3, recording two doubles, a home run and five RBI, and senior Maya Burns added four RBI. Stanford plays its last home series this weekend, facing No. 14 Washington at Smith Family Stadium. Friday’s game against the Huskies will be at 7 p.m., and Saturday’s will be at 1 p.m. On Sunday, the Cardinal will honor its four seniors — Jenna Becerra, Ashley Hansen, Sarah Hassman

Please see BRIEFS, page 8
blame RAs for having difficulty. “RAs are capable, but I don’t think they’re being trained well enough to handle stuff like [attempted suicide],” Gopalan said. O’Rourke said practicing skills in class is different than putting them to use in person. “It’s one thing practicing role play and another having to deal with the issue, especially once it has already happened,” she said. “Maybe some attention can be given to that as well.” Gopalan said that RAs were given 10 to 15 minutes to practice the skills they learn from the video, which he said is not enough time to determine if someone is suicidal. He reported spending six hours in a Bridge practice call while training to be a counselor there, and it took three hours for any signs of suicidal behavior to develop from his practice counselee. According to Albucher, the University tries to strike a balance in preparing students for various situations without overwhelming them with information. Dean of ResEd Deborah Golder described a culminating segment of RA training called “Oh, The Places You’ll Go,” in which students are given the chance to practice responding to various crisis situations. RAs in Suites and Wilbur said they found the simulations dealing with issues like schizophrenia, homophobia and sexual assault useful, but commented that none of the simulations in their training focused on suicide. “Because the simulations were so realistic, I feel like if we had one about attempted suicide, it would have been helpful,” O’Rourke said. Alejandro Martinez, senior associate director of CAPS, who manages the QPR training feedback, also said that student reception was mostly positive, but said he has also heard that students think more practice time would be valuable. “It is valued, it is helpful, it is useful,” Martinez said participants reported, saying trainees most appreciated the opportunity to practice the skills they learn. Martinez, who is also an instructor for the peer counseling courses that prepare students to work at The Bridge, said he agreed with Gopalan’s feedback that practice is key to training. “You can’t just talk about it, you have to have the opportunity to actually practice,” Martinez said. “We want to do more,” he

$5 for the Payton Jordan Invitational on Sunday at Stanford. The annual outdoor track meet has been and will forever be one of the most underappreciated and exciting events this campus has to offer. The competition draws many of the best runners in the world, and athletes vying for global recognition routinely shatter records. This meet had special significance, however, as my freshman roommate and good friend Chris Derrick was attempting to meet the Olympic “A” standard in the 10K with a time of 27:45. He ran it in 27:31, setting the school and American collegiate record along the way. If you do the math, that is . . . absurdly fast. I’ve been hyped since and have re-evaluated my conservative stance on live sports. If Chris manages to qualify for a certain competition in London this summer (jinx-proof), then I’ll be faced with the predicament of buying last-minute tickets to Europe added. Martinez said that the Bridge class offers “much more intensive training” than RAs receive. “We provide the didactic material and we have sections where students have a much more intense opportunity to talk,” Martinez said. The Bridge and crises Gopalan said that while Bridge counseling sessions are usually driven by the counselee, The Bridge takes a more directive approach in a suicide-type counsel, in which they list instructions for the counselor to follow. “We assess level of risk on a qualitative scale. [Our] response to that varies from ‘Let’s call the 24 hour CAPS number right now’ — that’s on the lower end [of the] scale,” Gopalan said. “On the higher risk scale, [we say] ‘Where are you? Tell me where you are,’ as far as ‘I will come over to take you to the hospital,’ or ‘Will you let me call the ambulance for you?’” Gopalan said that Bridge counselors have gone directly to residences and waited until ambulances have arrived. Before this step, Gopalan said, counselors get as much information as they can — if not a name, then whether the caller is an undergraduate or graduate, what department the caller works in — any identifying information to give to authorities. The Bridge, which has four live-in counselors, works in twoperson teams to respond to students at risk, Gopalan said. “The minute we get a crisis call, we call down someone from upstairs,” he said, adding that the second counselor contacts CAPS immediately and 911, if necessary. “It’s pretty comprehensive, and it works,” Gopalan said. “We’ve had very good success multiple times.” Gopalan said this year has seen a relatively low number of suiciderelated calls. He added that it is difficult to quantify the number of these calls. Overall, calls to the Bridge have increased in recent months. CAPS and potential crises CAPS also uses a team-based approach for phone calls to assess whether a student is at immediate risk and to simultaneously contact authorities like RDs or the police. RDs are particularly useful because they have exclusive access to information on past incidents, as well as master keys to residences.

and, more importantly, actual passes to the event. I’m no longer 18. This is a big deal. But what else will I spend my money on? I live nothing close to a lavish lifestyle, and the liberal college kid in me figures I might as well do what makes me happy while I’m young and my schedule is relatively flexible. I don’t remember sports ever leaving me as genuinely excited as I was on Sunday, except maybe for the 2009 Payton Jordan Invitational. There was something about being in that particular moment, witnessing someone I know do something that very few people have ever been able to do, that resonated with me. If I could buy a (legal) pill that could duplicate that feeling, I probably would. Maybe it was because that event brought me out of my jaded sports funk that had plagued my level of fandom. Whatever the case, I left the track feeling damn proud of Chris and damn proud of myself for shelling out five bucks to witness a small piece of history. On a depressing note, it’s going to be extremely tough for professional sports to sustain any sort of Albucher described CAPS protocol for assessing whether a student that is called in or calls the 24 hour CAPS hotline himself is at-risk of suicide. Albucher said this response is tailored to the individual situation. “The scenario could play out in many different ways,” Albucher said. “It’s hard to give a set response.” Albucher said that if CAPS can speak to the student directly, oncall counselors will get information about what kinds of thoughts, plans and steps the student has taken to harm himself. On-call counselors will also look into prior history of attempts and mental health concerns, learn about substance use and medical problems, and ask how the student is going to keep himself safe. If the counselor determines that the student requires hospitalization, Albucher said, he or she will discuss with the student why such a move makes sense and will get the on-call RD involved, contact the Stanford Police to provide the escort into the hospital, and call ahead to the hospital to alert the psychiatry resident on call who will evaluate the student. During the clinical evaluation, Albucher said, counselors pose a series of questions to determine whether a student has thought his or her actions through, whether the student intended to take his own life or whether he meant to distract himself from other forms of pain or suffering. Once the crisis is over, the hospital may discharge the student to an outpatient center or to CAPS. Golder said that for ResEd, deciding whether a student’s actions constituted a suicide attempt is dangerous, citing the need to help students regardless of cause or intention. “If anything is showing up where someone could be harming themselves we’re going to try to get them the appropriate help they need,” Golder said. Dean of Student Affairs Chris Griffith remarked that when attempted suicides do occur, the University crafts long term responses individually, saying that some options include voluntary and involuntary leaves of absence. “Decisions about leave for a student who attempts suicide are complicated and require us to review the student’s circumstances from a broader perspective including the continued safety of the student and the impact on others in the community,” Griffith wrote in an email to The Daily. “It is im-

economic success with their current models. Ticket sales will undoubtedly plateau or decrease as technology in the home improves, and owners will be pushed to find alternative ways to fill seats. I’m not the only passionate fan who has found less of a need, be it for financial reasons or others, to be physically present at games. Yet there’s a reason people have attended athletic competitions for millennia. Free or not, spectators are able to derive that unique rush from live action that just isn’t available through a monitor. Sure, I’ve been inappropriately pumped after a last-second shot on TV, but that feeling comes and goes as the network switches programs. There’s just no sense of camaraderie, no pure bond between fans and players. It’s not for everyone, but for me, there’s really nothing better. With that, hit me up if you have connections in London. I’m okay with sleeping on the couch. Zach Zimmerman’s 10K time would be blistering . . . if only he could make it through a 10K. Challenge him to a race at zachz@stanford.edu. portant to remember that every student’s circumstances are different — that is why the individualized assessment is so critical.” The wider net For depressed or struggling students who have not reached the point of attempting suicide, several administrators described a safety net in which departments across the University — from resident assistants and resident deans to Undergraduate Advising and Research (UAR) and CAPS. Student residential staff members who spoke with The Daily said that the safety net works. “Students may not be aware of how many people are looking out for them and caring for them,” said Koren Bakkegard, associate director of UAR. Bakkegard and Golder said that faculty and staff frequently report potentially troubled students. “It’s really common for us to get a call from an IHUM fellow, saying, ‘Someone doesn’t quite seem themselves in section lately,’” Bakkegard said. “It might be a custodian in a residence hall, it might be someone who’s at the dining hall, noticing someone’s eating pattern changing,” Golder said. Bakkegard said that UAR asks residence deans and resident fellows to check on students through RAs. “We follow up on every lead that we get that there might be something that is not quite right with a student,” she said. A former freshman RA currently staffing in an upperclass house confirmed this system, saying she had once been asked by an IHUM teaching assistant to check up on a student who had not been to section regularly. The RA added that in addition to University faculty and staff “flagging” students, RAs in different dorms and houses communicate with one another. “Both as a freshman RA and an upperclass RA, it is not uncommon for me to get calls from other RAs with concerns about one of my residents,” she said. “Often a student will go to their RA with a concern about their friend in another dorm and that RA will contact the RA of the friend.” This was the second in a four-part series on crisis response and mental health resources on campus. Part three will explore broader mental health issues on campus and highlight student experiences with campus services.

SERIES

Continued from front page
(QPR) training session. The session included a presentation on how to identify a student who may have suicidal ideations and instructed RAs on how to address a student in crisis and refer them to the appropriate authorities and resources. The training session also featured a video from a suicide survivor and a role-playing segment at the end that allowed RAs to practice asking someone if they are entertaining thoughts of suicide. In addition, representatives from CAPS and ResEd gave an hour and fifteen minute presentation on psychological distress. Another presentation focused more broadly on happiness, wellness and mental health. CAPS began offering Question, Persuade, Refer (QPR) suicide risk reduction training to RAs and other ResEd staff, faculty, University staff and community members two years ago. Over 2,000 students, faculty and staff have participated in QPR training, according to CAPS. According to the QPR Institute website, trained ‘gatekeepers’ will learn to “recognize the warning signs of suicide, know how to offer hope, [and] know how to get help and save a life.” Albucher said that RA feedback about the program has been “pretty positive.” “It’s been really well received — people think it was valuable, people felt like they were in a better position to know what questions to ask, and to have some practice,” Albucher said, citing feedback data. Opinions on the quality of training differ among RAs who have dealt with suicide prevention or attempted suicide. “I remember QPR being quite helpful,” wrote Suites RA Kiera O’Rourke ’13 to The Daily. “I think that RA training for suicide prevention is terrible,” said RA Akshay Gopalan ’12, who is also a counselor at the Bridge Peer Counselor Center. “The way that the course is taught during RA training leaves a lot to be desired.” While Gopalan said learning how to ask the questions is useful, he also said that other RAs who have had to deal with attempted suicides in their dorms have had a harder time than they expected. Gopalan said he does not

8 N Wednesday, May 2, 2012

The Stanford Daily

LACROSSE
Continued from page 7
Kim finished with a hat trick, while Newstrom and Boeri had two goals each in the loss. Sunday was the final contest for the team’s four seniors: Maria Fortino, Swanson, Boeri and her sister, Anna Boeri. Emilie Boeri finished the season with a teamhigh 40 goals, 23 assists and 83 shots. Swanson led the team in ground balls and draw controls and will leave a large hole in the midfield. Both Emilie Boeri and Swanson were named to the AllMPSF First Team last week. Anna Boeri, who also consistently produced on offense, finished second in assists (18) and fifth in goals (21). Despite a missed championship, the weekend also showed that the young team has much to look forward to in the upcoming season. Newstrom, Kalinowski and fellow freshmen Hannah Farr and Kyle Fraser combined for a total of 11 goals in the two games. Newstrom was second in goals and shots this season, and Farr joined Boeri and Swanson on the All-MPSF First Team. Additionally, all three of the team’s All-MPSF Second Team honorees were sophomores: Anna Kim, Lyndsey Muñoz and Nina Swanson. Contact Sarah Maisel at sgmaisel@ stanford.edu.

IAN GARCIA-DOTY/The Stanford Daily

Senior Maria Fortino played her final game in a Stanford uniform on Sunday as the Cardinal fell to Oregon 13-10 in the Mountain Pacific Sports Federation championship game. The Card upset second-seeded Denver on Friday to advance to the final, beating the Pioneers 14-9.
with minimal offense aside from an early home run by Blandino. On Tuesday, the Cardinal offense was productive, but its pitching fell short, with the normally dominant Hochstatter and McArdle struggling on the mound. The loss does not affect Stanford’s conference standing. The Cardinal, currently fourth in the Pac-12, sits behind UCLA, Arizona and Oregon with just under a month left in the regular season. This weekend, Stanford will travel to Oregon State for a threegame series in Corvallis, Ore. Friday’s game is scheduled for 5:35 p.m., and both games on Saturday and Sunday are scheduled for 1:05 p.m. Contact Palani Eswaran at palani 14@stanford.edu.

BASEBALL
Continued from page 6
pitched a perfect inning. The Cardinal attempted a rally in the top of the ninth but came up short. After sophomore pinch hitter Danny Diekroeger struck out, freshman Dominic Jose singled to center and junior Justin Ringo singled to left. After a fly ball by Piscotty, Stanford had runners at first and third, but a strikeout by Ragira ended the game. Although the unhappy outcome was the same, this matchup against the Spartans had little in common with the last. Two weeks ago, Stanford lost 3-2 in a game

BRIEFS

Continued from page 7
and Burns — prior to its game at noon.
— Caroline Caselli

Women’s golf finishes seventh at Pac-12s, earns berth in NCAA West Regional
In the Pac-12 Women’s Golf Championships this past weekend, the Stanford women’s golf team struggled in the cold and windy conditions in Washington but rallied from a poor first round to finish in seventh place and earn

an invite to the NCAA West Regional. The Cardinal finished with a team total of 900 (+36) for the three-round tournament, 19 strokes behind conference champion Cal, which secured a oneshot victory over USC at the Palouse Ridge Golf Club in Pullman, Wash. On a day when only one player in the entire field broke par, a poor first round left the Cardinal in eleventh place after shooting a team total of 320 (+32), but the team rallied with an even-par 288 in the second round and a finalround total of 292 (+4) to end up in seventh place. Freshman Mariko Tumangan and junior Sally Watson paced the Cardinal, as both finished the tournament tied for 12th place

with a score of 222 (+6). After a first-round 83, Watson torched the course over the next two rounds, playing the final 36 holes in 5-under-par. Tumangan and Watson’s finishes were strong enough to earn each player honorable mention All-Pac-12 honors. Following the conclusion of the Pac-12 season, the Cardinal earned a berth in the NCAA West Regional, which will be held at Colorado National Golf Club in Erie, Colo., from May 10-12. Stanford will be one of 22 teams in the West Regional competing for eight spots in the NCAA championship on May 22-25 at the Vanderbilt Legends Club in Franklin, Tenn.
— Jack Blanchat

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