COMPLETELY REVISED AND UPDATED

THE
. .....
BOOK
. .)
IKELLY MEHLERI -
The
Table Saw
Book
The
Table Saw
Book
Completely Revised and Updated
Kelly
Mehler
1ht:llIUlllon Po.. -ss
T .. , C 200J b, Kelly
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,

Acknowledgments
T
he edi,o<> at T""""",, 1'< ... hI"" bo<n $U1'f)Q(11I", helpful,'M mo."
,han p.,ient my .. h«lule. My . d" or, !'aul AndloOO)', h .. hoJ the IT"""
"'0«1 ,mpac' on ,h" bool', revi.oo. 1'."1. ,,<",Iy <.\>,ly ,,,ltd.milhing. organ;,..
w<><>o.lworking ,eu;,:h" h.", helped make ,hi' ",,";"ion. "",Uty.
Thanh 1'."1'
A, )'00 >«: ',..)fl' ,hi. bo0!<', roo.ography. the k..,n.nd c,.,,;'"t e)'. fA
Terr;' Ndoon h •• ","ough. 'he bi!:i."'" change to ,"" e<!;tlOfl, H. hOi tltcn" ""'" <0
"",k "'i,h and ft.. b«n ,,>Of. thon "'ith hi, tim<,
I h',"< b<en ".Ired agam by • numb<r d tOO """'f""'Y '.p,. .... nra'i,.., ••
",duJing Ni," (Bieseme)"<, M.nuf>clUr;f\jI) : Jim I'<:.-r.". Sr_ & Jr. (fun""
Manui:octuTing): Garry (;h"", (I'>e;o·Oa""n W.J.): Tom He,..;tt (HTC); !'ttl)
Humrhnoy (Ex..:,,,,), W'l". John"", (bc.hoof): Wolfgang Gcig<r (1'<1&,
USA): TQfbln .nd &nl"""" Helshoj (Laguna), ToJd j {<>US,"". J,m l'ar'" "nd
0.<1 )v,",ha, (!)"W. l.), o.w H=lwood (RiJgiJ); S,.,.._ Qua,I., Sect, Box, and
ToJJ L:o''*''''' (1).I,a/p"".,-Cahl.): 0....., Colon", (1'"" .• ,,,,,,;.;); .nd John Ouo
(jet TooIol_ n.. .. "", """",""",, orhe, folks woo ruw< <00",1>.0.«1 jn Mall 1>.0,
impc.-.an ..... f$. My lha"h 10 ,hem .. welt.
Contents
Introduction 3
Chapter 1: Introduction
to the Table Saw 4
Table-Saw Anatomy S
Bask:: Safety Equipment 14
Types of Table Saws 15
Chapter 2 : Buying a Table Saw 20
What Size Saw? 20
Combi">etion Machines 30
Fwotures to Consider 34
Buying a Used Saw 42
Chapter 3 : Table-Saw Blades 44
Blade Des;gn and Anatomy 44
Selectillg the RighI: Blade for the.k>b 50
Gaugng Blade 0uUty 53
Specialty Blacles 54
Blade Stiffeners sa
Blade Care 60
Chapter 4 : Safety 62
The Risks 64
Safety Accessories 66
Dust Protection 83
First- Aid Procedures 85
Chapter 5: Table-Saw Tune-Up
and Maintenance 86
lritial and PeOodlc TUne-Ups 88
AIbor and S_i"", 87
Cleaning and Lubricating the Internal Parts
"
Eliminating Gear Backlash
"
Pulley Alignment and Belt Inspection 00
Setting the Blade-Angle Stops
"
StabilitJng the Base 95
Aligning the Tables
"
Aligning the Miter-Gauge SlOIS to Ihe Blade
""
Aligning the Splitter 10 the Blade
",
Adjusting the Rip Fence
",
Adjusting the Miter Gauge
''''
Cleaning and Maintaining War!< Surfaces
''''

Chapter 6 : The Table-Saw
Workstation 109
Saw Placement
''''
Wiring
'"
Ughting
'"
Dust Collection at lhe Table Saw
'"
Shop Accessories
'"
Tools at the Table Saw
'"
Chapter 7 : Ripping 123
Preparin9 Wood
'"
Basic Ripping Techniques
'"
Ripping Long Stock
'"
Ripping S h ~ t Stock
'"
Ripping Narrow Stock
'"
Ripping Short Pieces
'"
Ripping Thin Stock
'"
Ripping Thick Stock
'"
Resewing
'"
Ripping Angles
'"
Ripping Bevels
'"
2
Chapter B: Crosscutting
Guiding the Wor1<placa
Basic Cros.scutting Techniques
Repetitive Crosscutting
Crosscutting WIele Panels
CroMCvttng Short Pieces
Cl'O$$Cvttng BeIlGls
Crosscutting Miters
Chapter 9: Cutting .Joints
and Shapes
Butt JOints
Rabbets, Oadoes, and Grooves
Sliding 00II818118
Cop -.
Bridle JOints
MartiN-and-Tenon Joints
,.".,-.
Miter Joints
"""""
Kerf Bending
Pattern Sawing
Sources
Index
143
'"
''0
'"
'"
'"
'"
'"
161
'"
'"
'"
m
'"
'"
'"
'"
'"
'"
'"
197
200
Introduction
W
ha, a gre .. opportunil)' to b< .hle 10 • ;cwnd .d""", of 'The Tab/<
s"w Book' h;o>"e been" Mmbor <i cha'W" on rhe ,,"odd of .. ble
"",I occesrori<, .i""" rhe fI'" edlt;on ".,.. p<lbhlkJ in 1993.
One of the most .h.ng<, h., ,,"en , he ''f'$I,rgt d imere< in tabk_
>Ow ..f<ty. Hundreds of J'WI'I< <""'''''ted ,ne q, ... ""n" comme"ts .
• nJ...--rr.oJ, P'-""'O""I "",ie •. I ru.,". b«n touched aM """,ed
to ""lion bj' the rh.nome,,,,1 impact ,h ... """·",,,000 C\"", encounter with.
tabk·,.,,· blade con mal:. on a p<T>On', life. A ......... It, f"U'1\ find 'hrwghotol ,hi'
lx>oI< the oot .lakty inforrn;,IOn currently .,'.ibhk!O help I'W perf",m Y"'" ,..Ofk
>af.ly. """w<" .. ,,,lv_ A. 1'00'11 _ , 1\". <OI-Ored the la,.", in cOIn·
mcr.i.l hlade Co'· ... ,,00 .rl;" .... 1\ ... 1", rroviJ..d marty "'!'fI<";oru h .rof,ing
rool ()lOon >Imrie .. fellua"k
The """i<>nI on •• ble.", ... tu .... ·up and m.mt.no""" have Ix<n tho .. oughl)'
red •• d, orgonioeJ, .00 exl"OOtJ ,,, thi' .1I·in'r<>tl.nr '''''"' i" d..,. Ai .. ,
.11, ,f your .. " ... n't rror><dy tuned "1' and ",",maoned, you're til.
qu.l"y of you r wo.k. '" .. I"'" f'Orsonal ..... ew.
1\·. odJ .. .....t •• n .. bl< .. ,...and rombinalion mach'I><> mo<e o(ten in
th .. ed",on. ,rod fo< good "'"""" The", t<>OJ. are mal 'ng ""'lor mrood< into 'ho
A""";c.,, ",.,ke, due 10 the economy th .. they offe, ,he .mall oI;op. A. j
di"' .... [hey alio t \'l'k. 11r kotur< ,uP<'"'" ",,(Oty «r."I""""[
So you',,, • ,,,,,';c, '" .... soned prof="""'I. you'll fi nd
[hi, tditiorl bti"8' you "P!O d.t. on [he Ia • .,.[ de"<lopm",,'" in.he world of
tabk "' .... , . Of <<>J .... th.,.. is .1", plen[y of ""'>I.and_pent"" technique to hdp
roo build yeo" fumi[,,'e, IS wha')"«1 )"'" .. ro.. oftC[ aU. The
<omrl<te mde. will help)oo Iocotc tIK- infornta,,,,,, you ".ed .• nd ,he Sour< ..
""tion " 'ill help I"" )'00 in ,.;.och wit h manufac'" [ .... of sa,,", and acCO>5Orlc!.
..
1
Introduction to
the Table Saw
T
he !able JilW i< """ 0( ,he mOl!! ilnpotlant and '''''''OIile f'O"'<" tool,
for wh<.> work. wi,h wood, fmm C"rp<'ntCI'$ 10 f"nl ln,'"
""kcr>. It',.he tool d\a! allow. VOU to dp. Cfl)5fCut. ",id JOi" ,,·ood
or *""" vxtl "","' If roo arc new {o ,he <l'lIf, ai wo,,JW<,>1king.
3 5:0'" ""II ""'" l,keLy"" )'.,." first m.JO!" 1""""" toOl.
Although 'M .able""w ..... original"" in,-cn.td 10 <10 rip (utting (II .. ,
II, cuI ".i<k boanis im" nafTl)Vo'eT pte<:CI along I he" k""IIl), it diJn', tab
long 10 Ott , ... ad,,,,,u"t.oeui using ,his _10 make ace""'lC <",*,<ul. ao
"..,11. For the ""* pan, the .able saw's JIlI'IJ(l$( 10 dl'kic:ndy and accu--
r.uc1y cuI III'O<I<l ai at""", any .. ,...........,..ins the ...... lOO;oy
Inn atO-
Different ll'J'el of ",10k .. " .. are mar\:etcd for , ... rio". k,..,4 01...., .nd
ul"'rt" ... l}.(,,,, are .. (Of.he hooM ... , he co'p",uc, or conI"",,·
lor, the ..... 11 prod"",ion .hot>. and large flu, ,,'h.te,-.,. ,he sa"'>
,he Nsk ".",.klng p1i""rlcl altO ,he $>""'. A m<'>lor srl ns a (ircul., ",,101'
blade, ,,·hich ,able. and the wOfkl',cce b mO"cd
through ,h. bl",le.
In ,hil (haptt., l'U di",,,," 11", fun.ctOonI cf tf,,: varloul .able·sa,,· pan.
to gIve )"00 !»sIC undemanding 01 how ,I>. sa ... .,...,.k$, I'll di:oc" .. If,,:
'n"'" 01." .... in lxie/". and ,,·ha. 'My w= <!nignt<! 10<. In ,he ...... chap-
'e •. l·U del,'. inlo muoch I'I\O<e ...... il aboo.ll ,''' 3(h-;on, ... nd dil",I>-",,·
taecs cf II>. panlCUl ... I)..,.. cf .. " .. and .... It fealureolo "'1")"00 1n)"OO'
decision!..
Bask 1>1>10-.. ", design h.,nl c"""IlOiJ mu<h in 'i>o <lay. Sin<e 1I1i$ CIaS.", Old OiivePl!> ..,..
"' •• made.
Table-Saw Anatomy
All mble saw, slandard f".ture>, although Ih" design, m",crials. and
quali')· va...,.. fr"m model w model. The baiic external features ind"d".
ba",. a lable .nd it' exten,ion" ... ils and" r ip fence, a mitcr gouge. a
Ihr""l .• djus"".", wheels. and " po"·.r . ",;tch (>ce the iliu"rMi()n
on r. 6). The internal pan. indlKlc ,he m"lOr. trunnion brackets.
"S>embly, arb"r and arbor assembly. and sect'" ge.rs (......, the ill"",""lion
on p. 7)
TH E BASE
As its name imrlies. ,he bast. '" body. of the sa,,· '""PporlS Ihe ,.ble. It is
frttstanJing or is ,,>ed in conjunuion wit h" .tand ,ha, is fJO"itionN at an
comfort.b Ie of abool J4 in. The ba", con,ains ,h.
;,,,,,,,,.1 m<-<;h3ni"n$ and iIlCOI"J'X.>I"''''''' the adjustment wheels 'l"Id PO"'"
;witch. Some ba&es hou", componem. for "mden' d"" ",lIection, bu,
many jt';' .1<:"·0 as d,,;, con'ainers.
Introdvcl>on 10 the Ta.bIe Saw 5

Exterior of a Table Saw (Contractor's Saw Shown)
6 Introduction 10 tIw Table Saw
The b;.", pro,,,,,\; ,he wo.ling pan' of ,he machine from damage and
pre"en" ,he orcm,or from caught hI' the ",,,,,lving parIS of ,he
machine, TIle body is gcner.lIy moo. of steel- with thicker_g.,,!!" Sted
used in h igher_qual,, )' sa ... '. TI,,, bodies on some pen.bl",.re made of
high-;mp."" pl",,!i. d",igncJ to widlil."d «)ugh .",a,,",cm and u".me
wcather condit ions,
THE TABLE AND EXTENSIONS
,he t.ble on • SlI'" provides" ' l"hle. durable, flat working ,urt""e
for ,he workp,ece (0 ride on as it is presented to t he !01wbl",k, For ,he saw'
to eLl . t he ,able surface m"" be as fla, as po:;>ible. Therefme.
heavy cast ;,on is Ih. malerial of choke for mOSt ,,,hl,,.:>:,w , urfaces
Interior Mechanisms (Contractor's Saw Shown)
it an flat and d"",ble ""rface. ) ts weight aho
add. stabili,y to the "",II' help" vib",'ion. Tho lcs.s ,·ibmt i"". the
longer any machine tool ",til maintam it' accuracy. Minim.1 I'ibmtion .Iso
helps fcd.,," optrn,or
Ilccau", " flat table is of paramount to """umtC
,,"wing. m"n"t"actu",rs of iron table,,,,w tops use preeise [echnology
in [he prodl>Ction procc,"""" (..,., the $i<.klmr on p. 8). The end ",,,,,It of
careful iron manufacturing proce>.>e!i is a table.xlw that is aoo
durable to gil'c gene","i"n! of ",,,·ice.
Table eX'"'''tO''' inc","se the ,i", of. to!'. making brg< workpieces
more man"llc"bk. The ''''''''Iionl, often called "wing!." ""d 16 in. to
20 in. 10 the width of a [O!' and increase stability by adding ""ighll0 the
Table ExtenSIons

table ! xtensioos can
incroase the !ftecli'le table size o!
any saw. allowi"ll yoo 10 more easily
CuI large stocl< arid goOOs
Introduction to the Table Saw 7
Tabltt"". on .. W$ ,.01;1 to be
lOng 111<1 !l8ffOW. 'n,_ ot
h<e(l .;ton.r tw wilh • 11M 1Il0l;l, IOfiIl
lable on 1M left 01 1M Aw woo
m. WOIkpi eco atms, tho t>l.ad.
8 Introduction to the TabI& Saw
At the Foundry
A"""" CAST_1fOON TOP can g;.e gene<1IOOns 01 88NIc ... Today'S manu1ac_
luran> 01 ca,1 iron can mainl ..... pracis<l control in the ch&mi!itry 01 iron
cornposilion. een .... electric fu'nac"", modem paU","", and machining
proc<Ossee can prov\cI<I the end user with a top that Os within in.
flat ""'" _ .. sur!ac ... Th& _ 01 CQIltroi Os such that!lw<e is no
Iong&r any r""""" to -c .... ,,- the iron aft .... casting to.--"" str"sses,
Formarty a st8O"J<lard .,..act""'. the Curing prOC"'" CO<Ad add as n-..och as
a _ to the manu1acto..ri">g \in"Ie,
When the consicIe<ation is table-saw po<1abiWty. the table _ac .. Os
mac:!<> from cast-............... aIoys • ...t-OcI1 ate much I;ght .... than cast ;-on.
the ............... inc .......... dtxabilty, and a coating such as
can be added to the sur!aC<l to aid h harderW>g and to .-..dJc ..
worI<pjac .. lriction. Ever> aUroiro"Tl won1 mak" ....
!\at or ax-..-" tabletop as cast iron, but provKIeS an economiCal.
suffici<tfltty acc<rate. lightwoHght alteme.w..,
WObt>od ""t-iron txlo","," win", p_ • o»rnpromiso __ stamped·51 .. , wi"9S
aO<l S<>Ii<I ., ... t·iron wi"ll" T"yrt Ibn" aO<l moto s.oIiO tIt,n ,tampoclst .. t, bin "s
"'PO"''''' th,n Wid caM
$<I\\'. On """ .. ",her than portable """",, t he table-J.;>w .surface ''-''''iiSfS of"
main ""tion measuring abooJ, 21 in. by 27 in. The wi n,g' arc bolted
OtHO side, On la rger '!ali""a,), saws, ,he wings are made of ,,, ... iron
On .malter home·sho!, '""W', cost iron m,y be an Opl ;on, but less ",ptnsi.e
"""'l",d,,,ed ext ension< arc more oommon. A nother option "laY be cast·
iT(J<'l wings in a "webbed" >tyle the pho.o "b<we) , TI,e ",ebbed "yle is
a compromi .. that J'fO"ides stiffness, weight. m><l a fl atter surface than
>ta mped st eel.
EurOpean \able·.s.aw tops diffe, frQm N{Jfth American saws in tha"h.
an,.! .. ction tend, to be ,m.ller from , ide to side but deerer from front
<0 bad. The '''tm d epth, which adds 'UPJXlf( for the wo.-kpiece, is"
Europe.n ",fet)' n'quirement. The t.ble e""",iOll i. added to the fight
.,de of ,he ,"W. To increa$ ,he widd, '0 ,he left. European manufacturers
tYl'k. ll y add. ,Iiding table t hat rIoobl .. .. an efficient c"""",, utting 001,,·
<tOIl (KC the phow m [d, on ,he facing Me),
THE THROAT PLATE
The ,hroot opening in tabletop i, I.rge enough <0 allow acee" for blade
changing, arbor maimena"ce, and, on oome $aWS, adjuStmem of ,he guard
","",mbly. The t hroot plate i,. ""p"f"iltc, remo".ble inKrt .ito in the
throo, opening, suf(ounding the blade. The throo, pla,e is made of a soft,
nonferrou, m.terial that won't Spark or d.m.g<: the blade if it com", into
comact ",;th it _ A >lock throat pl.te ha, a ,lot opening lhat is long enough
and wide enough for ,he blade and a splitter or riving knife '0 pass 'hrough
"at any angle 0.- height ,
i.e,·e\ing ,crew, to the throot plate .it on ca,t pods in the opening to
allow height adjustm"nt of ,he pl.,e reLn;"e '0 ,he ,abletop (Ott ,he
rhoto below) , The ,h"",\ pl.t, m"y lOIs<, have one 0.- more """''''' Of a dip
W iI, a:l on Canadian laWI, Oplional thrOOI with
"',der """"i,'lI' are ,,,""ilable for use with dado head, or molding hcad,.
And custom throat r late> .re easy to mah (rom pl)"''OOd. pla>tic, or other
materials.
Introduction to the Table Saw 9
10 Introductlol'1 to the Table Saw
Europoan-.tyIo lenetS can be to oJi9n wnlll,," b_ lor safe t\tlping 01
tflat .play <>nCO f"st tr.t!
T,," re_ 'ails "" I,"" Inca table50w can be .ojuSleO to lhe nant or loft 10 oc;.omm04>te
cuning "" _ , ..... ollr.t! fe""".
THE RIP FENCE AND RAILS
The .ip l,'Uide, ",00<1 parallel [0 [he blaJe .s [h" w{)()() is being uti
al<mg ,IS length, a proceSll l:n"",n as ripping. The fen<e head is made 0(
met.l."d rides"" the rails_ The fence bod)' has a (Xing 0( r l.;tic, "I",
rn inum, or lamina,cd "'OC>d, Some facings an; ooju>!"blc '0 su,-
fae.. and may bo On ,"W', ,he fence bOOy can be
pulled bod to align with the beginning of tl><- sa",black for safe tirring of
boards (Sct: ,he "'Il phoro 011 lk facing page),
The fence moves along one or IWO fenee ro,1s lh.[ an; alloched across
the fron' and [he back of the table_saw lop. The leng[h of [he r.il, d",,,r·
mines the ripping capac it)' of the .<aw, with 24 in, to 52 in, being [he .>tan-
Jard. A me.'u,,",melll scale .Ilached '0 lh. from r"il;, used in l.ndem
with. curso, on the head '0""" the a 'P'-"ific di"anec f,om
the Some ,.ble saw; have sliding mils th., ean be adjuit<d 1<> the
Ifft or the Tight to gh'c maximum cutting capacity to either side of the
,""",blade {..., ,he botlOm I'hoto on ,he focin>: paj;C).
A damping b'er or knob on the he:.d of the fence Jocks (he (ene.
to ,h. mil" The I. \·e, or knob by means of a cam ,hall'u,hes
as.inst ,he frulll roil when the le,'cr or ""ob i, On >ol1It fence
I,,<;king Ihe front al>o pull, on. rod th,t tightens. j-d.mp on
,he rear mil 10 help secure the fonce . Some fences ha"e 3 microadjU>1
knob ,ha, .1I0w, dialing in fine adju,,,,,elHs mther th,,,, tapping th"
mlo p"'itiQfl.
THE MITER GAUGE AND MITER
The mll.r gauge is used to guide the "'OI"kpioce during most croosculling
or-er>tions, u,u"lIy 90 deg""'s. The miter 8""8" ()n m06( !oaW$ wnsi". of
a -"""t, ca"-nle"l prolrnctor head attached to a length of X-in,-I\'ide bar
'loc k. nle head pi,'OlS on ,he bar to the Id, and righl for CUllinjj angles
from 30 ,J..-grec. 10 90 in either direction, The gauge can be locked
an\,where in between lhc$c usinjj ,he calibr.ued p"""lCtor ",.110.
,node!' h""e ,dju",hl. >top> at the mo;( frequently ustoJ ,ngle, of
-\5 degrees .nd 90 degrees,
The mittr slides in ,100; ,h.t"rt milled in the ,abletop pnrallel
[0 ea<h other to the left .nd right of the black, On nlO6t U.s. -"'\\"5, the
,10" Ort f.id)' ".ndard.t in. wide .nd ,. in. deep, Most
guide .Iou are in ,hore of an inverted T to a<commod.1te. "·.mer
,ha,', >ere\\"e<1 to the bottom of ,he mll.r·gauge bar", i" for e"d. Thi'
arr .. nb",mcm ,rap" , he end of ,he bar in tI,e ,Iu" pre"elHing ,he gauge
h¢.d from dropping pulled Out in frOl1t of tht "",,",
M,,;, Eu'"p"an-;ty1c miter g"",,"'$ com. equipped wi(h" long,
otI ju51ablc e.,ruded"aluminum f.nc" f..,mg. The facing l"",' ides added
5Upport for the >l$ it approach •• and mee" the blotle. Europe"n-
<,yl" mi,.r gauges ate [\"pic.lI)" equipped with adju".blc drop ""'" ,hal
rid" in" T·ehanncl in the ,op of ,he bod\, ("''' thc phOto nn r. 12).
mtter gauge> are ,upplieJ with European -"'w> that don't ha"e sliding
,able;, Sa",s ,abl., incorp;)!"me 3n otIju.",ble fenee ,h", ,ra,'cl,
"' illl the ,liding lable for cro»cu"ing operation,
Modern Alp
T
he .l.chilles heel ot many an
mO(lel table saw wa, ,ts trooDIe·
som" i""",urate ri p lence. TheSe
days, most new saws come with
feoces.
Introducti Oil to the Table Saw 11
TrunnIOn Styles
T
he connection between ttle lroot
arid rear trunnion cootributes to
accurate cutting. A ooe·piet€ cast·
trunnion assembly is 10
lnmn"ms by raits. which
CIIn flex . • lhe cut.
12 Introduction 10 th& Table Saw
E"' ..... n·'tyIO mit" t»lIQt$ inl;tu<lt. leoct r", "ne' ... ring and intOllral IliIl_
"oP' ror rep.h ..... toning.
INTERNAL MECHANISMS
,he $;OwI.hle lie 'he pam and mechanisms lha, penni, [h"
machine 10 cui wood ar v"rying heigh" and angb and allow the motor
10 Itan,mit powe' to .pin the sawbl""". A good understandi'lg of how
thes< parts work l<>gether is essemial fOf ,"" in'aining a safe ,md ",..,ll·wn"d
table ",w.
Arbor assembly nu, aroof assembly is at ,h" hca",-'( ,he internal
mechanisms, TIle .ssoembly include> Ihe arbor and the O<'<lor gear for .. is·
ing and !o>,..,dng the blade. nu, .rOOr is a n\e,al shaf, ,hat holds ,h. bl.de
as "..,\\ as its dr;"er pu\\e)'(I). Depending on ,he drh'e 'yslem. one Of more
pulleys located cither at the end of ,he o1'Posite ,he blade or a,
the center of the arbor. The blade end of ,he "' OOr is ,h",adcd 10 accept a
nu' thar sandwiches ,he blade b<:,ween a rem(wable """ide Aange and a
fixed inside flange , The 1'1,11..,· Of pulle)'s a"ached to ,he a,OOr dri,.., ,he
blr.dc by mcans of a motor and bd,(,). Ponable saw •. by cant"",. are
direct drive. meanitlg th., ,he .rOOr is di"-"Ctly attached to the malor shaft.
0" mos, pot,able saw, and all home·,hop and lO·in. cabinet saw,. [he
aroor is in. in On soone saW$. ,hI> arbo,- diameter is Ia'l.""
through the Ixarings .nd ,hcn ,umed dow" to a """,lIer diameter .. the
blade end. allowing for a more 'Witt arbor and bigger Ix.rings. Table >ali',
Wilh ll·in.-dia. blades use a j·jn. arbor ar .he blade end. The m",,' com·
"""" bot"""." ""bar cli.m",". i, 11(, in. (j()rnm). The k'lgth 01 the btuk
end 01 ,he "'00r ca" \'ar;--<!tl ;mport.n, conlidttmion when ,hinking
abo .. , moonting a wide dado or molding head.
Carriage assembly TI,e carriage assembly .• 1", referred '0 as ,he
cradle. ron,isu of the fron, and rcar to,nnion$ and ,hc yolk (or rJils) that
wnnec .. ,hem. The carriage assembl)' also "" ... ·e. as the tllOUming for ,he
arbor asscn,bl)' and mow" kttping Ihem aligned as l!,c ow::mbly is
'il,ed. The carriage assembly rides in channels. 01' way •. milled into the
tnmnion bradelS. The f",", 'runnion indt>de$ a S«'or gear fm lilting ,he
a""mblf_
A one-piec •. solid-c"" ",moion """mbly i. prefcrnble 10 One ,hat
uid " .. il. '" COl"",:" ,he trunnion. bccau'IC ,he mil. can taus<:: SOlll<: Iwist
when lilting Ihe unit , A OI""l'i<""c asl<:mbl)' CIOn ,,1;;0 mort: easily incO<pQ-
rate an cffkient d"" pon in thc c:l>Iing_
Trunnion brackets TI,,, trunnion bl'1ockctS al the front and rcO' of the
'UppOl'! the carriage assembly and allow i, '0 be ';\'ed. On home-,hop
saws. the brnckel< me bolted '0 ,he underside ,,( ,he tablc ("'" the illu",",,_
"on on p. 7). On ... .,. saw,. Ihey.re s«urW to the c.binC! ili.,!f.
The ,runnion brackets are most commonly made of he.,'), ca" iron on ".-
tiona.,. .. ws and lightcr.y,dgh, ca" iron on home·shop sa"1, Other light.
w"ight are ,,\cd on portable ""'$.
Sector gears A I3ble saw has twO arc·shaped S«wr gears for adju,ting
lhe blade. The gear il (liln of the arbm a5Sembl)' and provides
for raisiog and I""',,ring ,he blade, The bewl-""",or gear. pan of ,he car·
riage ammbly. , ilti,\!: of ,he blade for beveling. Teeth On ,he ",Uor
gears ftle!;h ,,·ith. and are dri"on by. "'orm gears OIl the end, of ,he hand-
whed rod,. Better inchlo IOn adju"ment On either 1he S«'or gt:"' '"
tl><- worm geor 10 minim;'" backl",h be''''ccn the ,wo. Most saw, include
an adjustable SlOp at <id,er end of bew,l-s«tor gear", swp ,he blade
'" exa<:d )' 45 dogrees and 9Q ,legrc..,._
Adjustment whee ls Chan!,"'! in blade heigh, "nd :Ingle "re accom_
plished by of h,,,dwhcd, II"" extend through Ihe sa'" body_ The
hoig!>t.oojuSlmem is"t the from of the saw body. I! is used '0
ra;"".nd Ihe hladc and can be prevented from wrning by u,il\g ,he
locking knob a, its hub.
The blade.tilting handwhed is loc .. oo either on the right or lef, 'ide
of thc saw b<"" on m'>St home_shop and $I<"i""".,. saw'. On pOrtable saws.
ot .. located Oil the front of the saw where it i, combiroc-d with the height-
adJustmem "'heel, TI,e blade-,il!it>g handwheel is used to IiI! ,he blade for
bevel cut>.nd to S<:t the bla<1e at 9Q <kg":",, to the tabl",,,!, for ><I""'"
CUIS. The handwhed has a oorre""""dit>g degree gauge. ')'pically on ,he
front of ,he ,"w bn.se. that indicates the "ppm,i,n"te Cut anglc, Like the
height -adjuI'mcnt handwhecl. (he blade-ti](ing hondwheel has a locking
knob a, ilS hub. For SOOle high-end saws. an ""'ional dial i"Jiem", is
"'ail.ble for clear ;".1i"',ioo of the cxaoot blode height angle_
IntroduCtion to the Table Saw 13
AccessIble Controls

l\aMw1leeIs aM an wily
accessibl! JlOWtr switch contribute
to sale, convenitlll saw operallon,
14 IntroductiOl'1 to the Table Saw
Power switch The [Xl""r switch i, located on ,he fron, of ,he ,aw,
S"'itches come in ,'",iOllS 'i'«. sh"P<'s, colors. bu, there twe b.,k
mechaniSnl,: and m"nu'l. The con[IICrs on. Ill"gneric swirch are
maint3ined by dec'rie curren, onl)', ",he",., ma"ual.witch maintains an
dec"i,.1 Con,..:t by rhy.kall'reiSUre,
The impot.am lies in the "''')' d"" ,he ,,,-itche. ",oct to a
P""W failure, If ,he p"""er fail, (d"" 10 a tr ipped circuit brcohr, fo< exam_
ric),. nI"!lnc' swit<h "'ill aU(Qm"tkally di5connec. and remain off ulllil
the " M'" b" tton " preSsed again. Thi' ensures ,hat the saw d""sn', jump
b..:k (Q life on its own when rI,e power "'turnS- potentially d",l8""""
ri,k that l'1>U run with a ","""al ,witch. A magnetic ,wi.eh is required on
any "ble s;,w in a commercial Of educa,jon.1 selling. Switch« th", Can be
shUI off with .he prcSll of a knec are n'quircd on table sa"', in Eumr<"
Basic Safety Equipment
The t.ble sa'" is a ,001 wi,h great belh creat ivity and acei-
delli', Manuf""",,,,,, "",ogni,. the d.nge", and rro"ide b.,ic ",fet), equip,
melll on ''''''l' t.ble .. "" they sell. The ,rock safe!)' equipmelll on saws .IOld
in the Uni.ed S.a, ", i, somewhat similar to 'M' on EUfOJlCan """, 00. i.
differs in name and ease of O!'C'"tion. St3ndard ",fe,y e<:Juipmelll indlKles
a blade c(>\w, " splitter or '''';ng knife, "",ikickback fingers, and t>ch and pul-
lc)' guards. (For a more dot:.iled diocu"ion of safe.y f"""ures, see chap'er 4.)
T"" blaclo goo", I>i\ Jtypic.>1 A_n $OW is modt of mot" or clear plastic and is ottached
to ,'''' flat mOW $piiHer !1Ia! projeet. up HltoU\th !"" sow's Ih!O" ptato.
BLADE COVER
The blade con>]", sometime, called a blade guard, help. to pn>"ent
hand, and ",h",. object. (rom ""dde",.lly ,,""'ting the blade. blade
cow, 31so ddl""" "way from the operato' the wood and sawJ ust
thrown b)' ,he blocle. The COver mal' be made from dca, plastic, mct.1. Of
a combination of me,"l and plas,ic (see the photo on the (Xi ng page) , A
blocle co,'c' 'UffOO""I, the bl,.Jc hilt <loe! no< "'ith ,lOt"nl.1
Cy1ttng "rera""n"
SPLITTER OR RIVING KNIFE
A ;pliuef or fi" ing knife is" pie<;e of tnctallocated difecli)' behind and in
lin. with the blade. II is crucial to the safe operation of a table saw. It
denie, the wOfkpiece "'CelS t" the reor saw tceth. which can C'tt'" it !<) be
ptcked up and thrown violently toward the ,i,,,a_
tion kno",'n., kkkb.d. II .Iso hell" prevent re"'ti,·o wood (rom pind,ing
the bl.de. cau,ing t t to bog <.Iown Of hUn> the wood, (Read tlIOf" on kid:·
hck anJ "Uct)' in chapter 4,)
ANTIKICKBACK FINGERS
Ant ikidb.d fingel"$, ()t I",wls. afe a ,,,fct)' addition on saw, soW in , ht'
United States. Ant tkkkback fingeI' are ",,,,,,,,iiI' attached to ,he splitter
N t.re "Mne,imes P"" of ,he guard, The ,h"rp nngc'" . Ilow the
forwafd molton b)' pivoting "'" of the way, bu, sul'posedl), pre"ent Ie'·"I,.,
motion b)' digging into the if i, i. (orectl backward, European
""fe,)' S!anJard, do,,'t "'lUiI" 3rL,ikid back nnJl<'rs,
BELT AND PULLEY GUARD
On a ,ont"""'''''s "',,"', ha, an eJ<""",,1 motor, a bdt and pulley guard
keep; objc'Ots (.nd f.1lJl<'''') from !<Cuing caught "p be'''',,,,n the belt ""d
the pulley Ol",,,,ti,,,,.
Types of Table Saws
With burgeoning imcfeS! in woOOwo.li"g a, an American """im",
,he type" (,,",ure., and e,'ell names of saw •• re cbOt'lling a, a fas ,
race_ It i , exciting ro ",., sa,,', de"eloped and into the ",a,k",
"'i,h fca"'f" that afC better able to ,nee! the needs of all the "ali"u! peo.
rle t\"M ",(lJk with wood, In addition to the u;ual seleuion of saws a,'ail·
able on the U.S. tn:uket fOf yC""', wo're beginning to ..,., the intfod"cti""
of moro Eump"an saw., gtt'ing 'Ii the chance to lea", h.)w Europe.n ,,'IXJd.
"..,..ke", apr"""h sa(",), ",><I """"tili,), issues_
TIle dese,ip,iolU lMt follow p""'id" all o\'o"'ie,.. of ,he t)'pe. of ,"W,
currt'ntiy avaibble 10 help fOIl un<i""tand t heir putpO"', "nd basic fe.·
tu'"" In the nex' eh"pteT, I'll di>CLl ss , heir fcatures in much mOle det.il
and 00.1'-';\$ changing , erminology in the ndd of table Saw$,
Blade Guards
S
lOCk blade are pootl)'
as in cIl3<lW 4.
00ying a particlJlar saw, coosiclet
1M cost$ of U{)<l ,adi"ll
good aftermarket safety 3C""S,Ofit$.
Inlroductio<1 to th& Saw 15
Tho poNi/hl $lOW II. liO'o!- to rIWIlium·
duty tl)Ol,
... job·sIIf CO,"""",
16 intrOduction to the Table Saw
PORTABLE SAWS
!'on,1lk 'able ......... "'" ,maU.ligh . .. ""gtu m...:hil'\el d'la' are de;,oplCd.o be
c:arnffi by one' pct'IOI\ .he phooo •• ldi). ... " .. COOM "·,,hou.
Icp and...., m<"aIl' 10 bt clompcd 0.- bolted toa commcn:1lI1 Of;hopmadc
$land or work ."rf:ICc. E""n though portablt ....... arc d"",nu",'c in Ii"',
Ihey are c;ap;tblc of II'IQM of II.,., """",lion! of la'\l<" ...... .,.
n.,., "',.. if a dimet.Jri,'! tool. I n>te....t of a >qlIInuc ,,00..
.,..,mbly .nd ",bor ,hot i, <If;'·.n by. moler, th" ,h,,(t 0" 'he moIor is
"bor, Unlike ,he h".wy ",d".trial d;rec,_,hi"" m""hi"" of old ,h", u",d"
brge ,nd"c,ion '1\OIor, ,lI<: port.bl<: ,,,bl,, ... w II!':!. IIni_
"c"",1 """Of. moIors arc used in por,.ble lund , och of mode<t
pOOl"', such;w ",,-"e ... circular ""'''. and d .. llo. TI-.e laf'lll'$C nOOfOl$
on a "",Ie .. ", can handle a Io.i", bl;ode and can Cu. tof.".. .. -.:>OJ; al full
hriptt. but 0111")' have u-ouble dOl(lg"" on hard .. -ooJ:,..
The smatk>t pombk ....... 01.,., moJr[ tnal ... ' ...... N in name
.mplica. I( ... crJ""pecifoc .001. Si:e$ ro.- .. ..., run from 2 tn.'O i tn.
(W"h 'able ...... ." "<C rd'cn 10 blade dl.1m<:1er.) Thor ""'"' f'O"--..fu1 moOdd
makori ....... ,,·.11 cut I·in.-,hick boko Of and j(·;nAh",k hard·
.. .",.;l. dcr"'nd'!>g on ,hc ')'PC cI bbde tUc<l. Thor moJrl mak"'1 sa ... · can be
t."h d,;,,(tt or dlmet d.i,,,. It i , no( un""",1 for Ihe ..... 10 have variablc
oreeds $p"''''''i from 3,500 !pi" '0 7,0C() """ for cuull1.jj
me."ls, ,,'00<1, and pl,mia.
Tf,(, n(X! portable sa'" i •• ... w ,,'ith minimal
ex'"". Of,en called a t."nchtOJl saw. il has lh. balic ft./lt"" of table
sow--;> fcnce,. mUe-r 2"uge, .nd a uht!>g ",bor-b.tt all ha,·. bttn
,educed In .i", o"d ""igh •. This "',.. has an 8·in. or lo.ln. bloodo: and
...... 11 ""-,,or. T1-w: l:'Cnch."" 100'" is ouuabl. for the oo.;'·j'OUf><'lf horne
hand)'f't'tK!<' "'uh hmucd ipOICC, a .ight budget. and perh"", minimal
needs for-. table so ... A. small "" this .001 ... it con ",II be a handy roo!
for !iSh ...... "y worIo.
The brtcot po.ublc ..... lS""'igncd ",,,h.he corpm ••• or COOltnocro.-
in mInd. Th;1 u>('. nccds ... ". that i. truly I"Of\'Ibk , hat con cu,
the .. ", and ')'f'C: of mate.ial, used in ,he ,r:ode. M.nufacrure-rs
have surrlic-d ,hi. n\3,kc. with to·tn. SO"1 ,h., off ....
capllCi.y ... I"'l."'r and ",or'.: surf"" .. with cxpiO",Ltb, !;.)', and
mol1.jj 1lI0U)r'$, E"en will, all cI this, manuf.cturc .. h",'" kcpl the
!<:> ll ntk:, 70 lb.
HOME- SHOP SAWS
The ')'1'" of Ja" used lltOSI often by ..,now hoone .. .",.;lworlo." " ... o.-igi-
nally <bigntd for the rorU""'tor dlln!>g the houo'''lI boom .ha, 100&: place
,ighl aftcr WorlJ Wa. II. Th .. ,.ble ... ". "-. a Kllkd-doom cI the,
"ny \argt indU\l,i.>1 ,abl. sa .... Al Ill<: time. thi; "COOltractor" .. w"
[igllt In cornpan."" ,,'i.h the indus.nal '..,....ion. E,..,., thoush;' "..,ighcd in
III more .han 200 Ib., i. coulJ be "",,·ed .. "'-'CCW'Y by. courlc of ,.out
The motor that hangs wt the batk is tctI'\(JVablc to Imn!_
ron""on
Today. contr.octot'$ u\<> ponablc sa,,'s unless!he job demands finer fon_
\>h Wha, is commonly known a saw is actually. full·
.".,J sa'" ,,";th a on.,J ium .... "igh!. c"",·il'Ol' ,,,bl. (see !he photo above).
The cabine, is attoched 10 an open Stand coru,ruc,ed of ,heet >led. This
,"w uses "and"rd 10_in. blades and will accepl a ho>! of accessories ,
Con!""'!OT's saws are adCqLill'ciy powered for cuning dimcnsionallLlml,c,.
h,., ,he typical I ll_hI' motOT often l.boIl cuning header hard,,·oo,J,.
Th. motor is m<)Un,,,d on a pivOIing fmme "t {he oock of ,he saw cabinet
JnJ dehers power to the saw.rho< by a single bd,.
Some manufacture,s ore reoognrzing (he need for a $OIW 'pC<:ifkall)'
,k,<igned fOl ,he home ,,"<'>O<Iworlce, and hn,'c ere"tN a ",w for the home
.hop. Thi' saw ",eks the motor bock intO the cabinel, ,hereby freeing up
_hop sp;t<:c and giving ,he ",ILl belle. ""l,nce and ,.,Juced I'ibMion
Home-shop sow, COlllC wi,h features such as accu",'e fence 'fllems.
LmprO,'ed du,{ coli cc{ion, and ;tLl,diel """,,s.
CABINET SAWS
Cab",et ""W$ are comide,ed "ation"'I' ,"WS. The plima"" difference
betw",n ,hese saw, and hm"e·;llOJ' saw' is ,heir ,,'eight. Intend.,J f",
hea"y-duly ""'. a eabinel "'w doesn'l normally get Inm'N around in Ih •
• Iwp. In it' co"flguration, d,e foo{pIint of" cabinc' ><Ow is really
no bigj.'C' ,han lhc previous saws mentioned. But ill wdghl these sa""
,all be 200 lb. to 600 lb. hea,·ier.
Price vs Value
I
n gene,a[. u •• 00'l1 Of a more
sive saw buys you in/:,aastd lICeu-
racy,
Introduction to the Table Saw 17
18 Int.oduction to the Table Saw
Tile cobinel .. w Os tlie c_ oj prof ... looal """","",1<0 •• aut to lis """"racy, OIability,
ana p(lwor.
The ext'" wcight on a cabinet saw i, due to its been.r Th.
thkhr "",,-iron 'Of' and ex,ension wings, he",'ie, caSl imenlal mech.,
ni,m" la1),,,,r motOr, ,hid". endosed 1,-""'. adjustlnent whcel;, ("""e,
e"en the miter gauge aU con"ibu,e [0 ,he c",,,, weigh, ("'" ,I\c pho<o
ab"".). The (o"'ponentS on the sa"' an: hef'i". and machined to
d=r (olemnc ..... eSUlling in a saw tha, i. more accurate and smble_ The
larger internal "'foehanisnl< are buil, '0 handle" ",o.e powerful "'OIor and
[0 run longer with Ie$! "il,ratio,,_
Gbinct ""''-' arc powered "'ith moror:s in ,he 3-hp '0 5-hp ran"". The
mOlor used is a ,oraUI' c'llc1osed. fan·cooled (TEFC) uni, . which males (or
" longer life insi,k a dusty sa w cabinel_ The motor drl"es ,he arbor using
two or Ihltt short bellS [0 eliminate bell slippage and ocher nlliximum
powe •. Shon bolts al", cre"e b. ,'ibration and noi", than the long belt.
on home·shop As ,heir name implies. cabine, saws have a fuUI'
endooed cabine., [0 which ,he ,""w taNe i; 3"""kd. The c.bine •• lso adds
heft and Slabili,y '0 ,he '"""'. and bee""SC i, cncloses ,h" n'IOIo.- inte,·
.... 1 pO,to. it mufflcs \<Jme 0( the ""ise and .ont<tins the ,"wd",\'
EUROPEAN SAWS
European sa"', differ from ,heir cOll",e.p""s in ,wo dis_
,inctive w"I'S, fits, il thot 'heir ,,,f,,,), and du,,·,ollection (eature!
"'" much "'ore dfccth'e. Tl,e !<'Co"d is that ,h""", saw, i"cOfl'O<l'!e a ,lid-
ing which ,ttake> handling 0( large wor. pieces .uch as ,h"". goods
much "",sie',
The sliding-table de.ign abou, as a direc, result of ,he de".,.a-
, ion of Europe in World W" 11. The scardty of tn"" and need for "'build·
109 a(m the war ocmanded!TK)T(: effiden, ul<: <i wOO<! in ,h" (er", <i ply-
wood Other gOOt!.. Tha" in (Un>, promp{e<:!lhe dcwiopme", of
SO"" (hat COIJld mm. easily handle . h"", goods,
A table i, basically. platform ,hal eo"l)' a workpiece
paS! ,he bladc_ much bener \0 pushing. workpiece wi,h a
mUer g.uge. On nKlS' European SO"'" {he ,Iiding table i, an in{e!!r.1 part
of {he m""hi" e, On a (lOW ,he ,able is an add.on. of,en calle<:! a
roll mg table_ An imegraltable i, preferable I",cause it co",es tight up to
the blade. pro"iding" ",ore ""curate and ;,arer "'ay to cut any workpiece.
An aJd·Olt .IKling ,.ble i, adequate (or many but no' as pro:i"' ,
Shdi,'8 table, art ",,-ailable in "ad",,, ,i:e" Larger tables are capable of
c.rrying sheets up t o:; ft. wide and 10 ft , long.
COMBINATION MACHINES
Combin",;on mach in", itlCorpO'-"'C' number of wooxh'-orking machine,>
in one pachgc, These ""lthine, 'I'pic.lly indude ,he five m"" commooly
u>e<ista{ion.'T)' tool> in •• .-<><><lwOfl: ing: the table sow, jointer. pianer, shapero
and ho,i"",-",I UIOft;>e., All the ,00/. can be combine<:! in a ",,,,,hine {ha'
rakes "l' IC$S W.K" d",,, twO ,.ble saw, placed ,;de_by_side (>e. ,he photo
below) ,
n..:"" """,hine, a,C of economy. Each indi,'idual tool
,hares SJ"Ice. capacit\" m;m, and fe.tu,c, wi,h othe, ,wI, on ,he machine,
The Ix", combi,,,,, ion machines come (rom Europe. "'here space is • luxury
'" shott lupply "nd the demand (or quali,y i, high, Si"" a"d capaci,i .. of
combi,,,,,;o,, machints vary to me."t {he needs of the ,,,,all home shot:> or
large pm(e<$i<)nal.hor.
A moeni .. ofl." • table saw, ""nte', ''''pe'. ami "",niH< al{
1n """ rtI>tiYeIy oompoe!. nigh-quality package.
Introduction to Ihe Table Saw 19
2
Buying a
Table Saw
A
!able ",wi."n i",·t5tmem" 00 it', to In."." wi", choke
when buyillg "nc. Your ",-",,,ion will <kpend on four budget.
the type of work)'oo ".,.m to do. )"Our .".ilabl. u'OTkspace, and
how yw'lI be using ,he $aW. In thiS chap.er. I'll n;, [" help you u"Or\:
through th"", ".,iabl".. I' ll di",,,,,, to match your n"cd, and ,..,....,."ces
!O ,he right table saw for you.
My fiTO! ,ulUl";tion ;$ tMt you ",,,,I chapter 1. if you h,,'en', .I",.d),. II
presents" good "'-O,V;ew of table-,,'''' type> and (ca,u'es ,h.\ I' ll be di, _
cu",ing in more depth in thi' chapte,. A f.miliarit)' with ,he 00>1, c.poc;·
tic" (ca'u'es, 'IrOn:g1h •. and limi,"tion. of the v.riou. type. of saw, will
provide \'00 a bale of kno,,'ledge frn I'our decisions.
What Size Saw?
The ,i,e of. saw technically rcfersto Ihe largest blade it will handle and
,hu, irs <""ing dcpth--an inoJXlnam consideration. Howewr, the ,i:e of
tho: machine itself and the of the mow. are iu" al ;mportant as the
blade I;re. It's these thru factors together th,,, deftne lho: ,-"iou.
,)'pes of saws, as nl discuss he.."
PORTABLE TABLE SAWS
The I .. , few )"''''S h,,'e =" the imrodllCli<m of a lot of new portable s:, .. "J,
AI,hough 'hcy're oflen called bench,op saws. you ,,'OOldn't....., one on a
t)'pical betlChlop (see the sideoor on the facing P"gc). These sa .. ., "rc grca,
fot cramped shop. and garages a"d C1<" e .. il)' be "owed "w'y ""hen not in
Not a Benchtop Saw
1'C«r ......... WS, CAU.OC bencntO!' saws . ......... 't really ma<Ie to
us& on to!' of " typical bench. wtOch WOIJd PIlI th&m too I'»gI'I lOt' com-
tonabl&. safe <:>perMion. Fa' mao'ly modelS, an accessory stand is aval _
_ • but 'fO<' cC<Jld make you< OWl' stand instaad. A!tI'>Ough Y"'-' 00Ud
tho> stand to """"a tI'Ie standard saw-t_l>8igI1t of 34 ..... you
may want to eustoo'l'Oze the stand to twit you' patticul .... r.eight ",stead.
k:IeaIy, the tabletop ohoIJId be at tho> same .... you' palms _
.. ><tending you' fin9&r1i out par_ to the floor.
"--'<C. They'.., .Iso tu rning up mo.., and more on job .il c>. gradu.lly replac-
'ng the uooi, iOllal COl\lmc,or's saw.
Po"able·"'w d"sign has greatly imp"",ed ovcr ,he I"", few j'C.r!.
model, hJ I'e fla tt er laps, more ro"'cr, larger blade C'l"'dl),. more
.occura.e fences, and imrro"ed dust collection. On higheHnd vonable
,he mechanical are being manuf"", ureJ 10 closer ,olerances.
m'I1I mi,il1.8 vibration and making for ea,ier operation o"cralL
A good tool for e"tpen.try and bask ,he I)()!'[abl. saw is
',.lII.hle foo- .IIning building_,"pply Illmber and lightweight .1."", 8O'><k In
t.neml, i, ', well .uited to h.ndling stock I.,.. th.n 1 in. thick ""d ,horter
4 ft. long. Ripping ,hiek hardwood is possible. bill it will tUx
motor. By sening " I' ou,fe<:d ""f'PO!t5. ;hec, goods can be cut e.sily and
i.irlyaceuratdy,
A. good as ,he port.hle ..... '" h., beconw, it', ,till no{ .uiled for t he
k,nd of prcdlC cuning demanded by furniture ",aking. This is no{ 10 sa)'
W
hen you buy a lable
saw. be p,epared 10 ..,en<!
flaws and shortcomi"lls
' ight out oj the btl •• as a lai, amount
of fi ",-tuning may be roQuiffXI to make

Buying a Table Saw 21
SAWBLADE CUTTING CAPACITIES
The 5Ize of " b9cI<t def......w- the of Sloe/< (ca"l WI
Size CuttIng Capac,ty al 90 Degrees Cutt'ng Capacity al 45 Degrees
8 n.
Tho 1IIa<lo "" • pon. t>Ie .... io mounted ""
on .,bof <I; fe<tly 00"_ t., 1ht
mot(ll $roan.
22 Buying a Table Saw
Of Table Saws and Toasters
WHEN " 00Me. TO "'--frY. I"m the of guy wno wi! wall and .... "'" uP
lot a _ -made. 1001 ,al'- II>an jusl bv)'Ing whate\l..,. I
can alloo"cl yO'-' laugh if I t&I you thaI I more
than $100 lor- a toaste'..,..,... I ....... ago. SUI made well. does its
job failhfUlt)i , and wiI <>ng outlast the seve<> before rt that ended up
in the trash.
As .. fumit .... e mal<..,., I'm willing to invest in a table saw wittl t&atur&s
that wiI make lot "as<er, me<e acc ...... te. and ""I...- wO<!<. I can justify
the cost 01 a strong. p<ecision mat w1I har>dle anything t l&ed
and w1I hOI<! ""1tinQS ""..,. time. e ..... ,., tl"lOugl"l you may no, ha .....
the cash or- space lot a luII·sized top..of-"' ........ table saw. you should
buy the beS. you can affor-d within Class, As witt> most
the ad<Ie<l initial COS! of tigr>e< ""'-'aIty means greater sa.!ngs
and satisfaction dOwn the ,oad,
Unfort ....... "Hy. many of us .end to focus on price than on qual-
ity 1 ......... 88 and con$truCliOn. I trIink mat·s one of the ' .... SOO5 lor- th<t
ShOrtC<>fl'lin9S "" so many saws SOld in me urWted Stat ... , Wto' .... not
to""""" in safety, eccuracy, "_''''1', a.-od qlJality. &0 f_lO<M
dea""'" ""'8 off ... that staJ"ldard of equ;pme.nt. In the Urited States, we
trOnk $2.000 tM.Jys a real top-of- the- ...... table .... 'N. when n lact _'ct>
oft .. n gating sI>od<Iy .... lety ""I .. at ........ • and a saw that easily capa_
ble 01 crosscuttOg large stock or- panels.
odd thaI many woodwO<ke'" who balk at spending .. f .. w lhou-
saJ"ld 000II\ .... lot a !ifeIIm8 table .... w IlW'Ik nothing of ponying up nearty
thai much """'Y f ..... yea .... lot a ..... w 5)'S'''''' tha. w. have
almost no ",sale value ... a few years. To add to the irony. w .. add up
the money _ eJ"ld uP spe<><fiog "" ac<: .. ..,..,.. .... suct1 "" a better Ie""".
bta<:I88, gvatdo, btIIts. dust ano;I a -.g tabko. _ p<Obably
could haWl bought the .... w thaI was prOp&r1y designed with aI tt>ose
feallrfl to b&gin with.
Of c""",,", not e ..... ryone .... w. 6vt l you con·
_ yourseW a serious WOOdwOO'ker and Intend '0 btl at it for- ..,..,...
y"","S. wet. <10 t ..... ma.M,
that it takes a big. up"",;\"e saw to 00 Ane work. I",'e $<",n
be."ti f"l, PrL'<O;SC ,,'or\: come off of ,",,"II . ;""'1"'01<; 1'" tools. Tuni ng up
the saw and working within it, cap.bil;",.. can gi,'c )')U good ........ h,.
How",·"r. )"(>U ",ol' ha,·" to s!,<"""! mor. time setting up for eoch " " than
"'wld ","h a ' t.ti""3,)' s;ow.
The owral1lightw"ight construction of portable sa,,'. <ontrilxaes to
qM'll ion, cau. ing sa "'. pans to wear ""d j;g)llc oot of alignmem ","'cr time,
.W the"" $3""$-1011 of ,,·h;ch are d,i\'"n by a un"'""",1 motor--/lte def;·
nad\, underpowered ,,·hen it comes to cuuing ,hick st<xl, c;pc'Cial1y hard-
.• 00.:1 •. They're not intended fur hogging a lot of "'000. In fact. n"><t won't
"""n ,",ccpt full·width dado heads.
Portabl" saws arc di=, dr;, ·c. That is. the blade i, moum«l '0 an
uh.>r Ih.t'$ connecwd directly to the moror shah (see photo On ,he
":X'''II rage). Although l>o<.cpowe, ""ings ofte" aren', sta'.,J, mot"" 'ypi .
.... Ih- range from 12 a mp. to 15 "mps (see the si<kba, ur' p. 35) , The""
"" are "ny lood and demand ear p,mec<ion, probably for you, neigh-
"'I"'" well.
Pmtable saws at" rela'i\'ely ranging from alx • .,t $300 to
• "-"\I. The cxf>C",i\'c model, h""e """. capac it)' and include beuer
'".ttu,e,
HOME-SHOP TABLE SAWS
n-.. neXt . tep up from a ronable sa,,' is a home_shop sa"', "",",ctimes
r<i"m><l to as a COntractor'. sa,,' ("'" 'he . ideoo, OIl p. 32) . These sa"'s ate
more solidly Ihan portable sa",s for '''''''' S<orious nsc and
rn:rea,ed
Weighing from 200 lb. to 300 lb., a home"hop can be mowd by
., • .-" reople to" job if n""e .... 'y. On ,rodition,1 CQntr:.ctor', .... " .. , the
motOt ha.>gS ou, ,hc back fo< rcmo--.I for transportation. On ",mc
home-.hop "'''''. 'he motor is c"dQlCd in a cabinet , A, on portable
"''''I. ,he n""or trunnion 3>S<ombiy On home·$hop modd, i, auach«l to
,r.. t able'op, altho.tgh the cas, pans are buil ,
sa .. is well ..... 10 , fleet QOOCfS " wetl os mo" dimen""""l lum·
toO, .• ttlloLl9h und.tp<>We, .. I .. sawing thiCk I'I>'dWOO<!.
Replactng Ihe R,p Fence
1
1 yoo already hit"" an older contrac-
tor's saw with a stock l MC! ihal ;sn'l
sl taiOM aOll easily adjustable. cOIl, id.r
in.l3l1i ... a Oood . H, nnar1ret I_e,
wnich wi" gready improvo 111. accu-
tacy ot your work. ¥OO oouk! 31$<'1 add
an all,rmarket slidi"" table to , xtend
1M saw', crosscuHirtg capabilities.
Buying a Saw 23
24 BuyIng. Table saw
ComPl'rro .. -ith ronabk $3"'" ,ho: tablts on hc"nNho" ....... a", "''i'"
and flanc. and ,he 3nd .. u"hc., 50 tMy'1i h"ndle lo'l"
,HICk bener, esr«iall)' ,h.e' ljOOd. ph""o on p_ 23). Of coo .... ,
)'QU11 .. m nttd ro...., o,,,fttd SUJ'IlOft of .ome k",J.
n.", sa..., rome outfined for a 14·;1'1. """,ng ca""",,)·. bo.n
you can onk. a l{)tlgt. and ""[.)-,'em '" PO" of" package ,ha, Me"
Utended side "'Ppon olld "Pring cap.>e:ities_ A \!cmari\'eiy, )'QU coold
urgnde b,t .... "h an af,cl1'l\llrlc.., mitt S)'Stcm..
Home·shop sa" .. are JOO<I for c.-err "'1'" 01 from ca,'
pcmry am! 10 fumttu'" making. They pmvodo:: a good com-
promise k ,,,·.,.,n a iX"'ubic $aW and " cabine, ....... They.", the
"'''-')'QU (an IDe for $Cfioo$ "ood"-or\<I",, A ... w
is .. runge •• nd """'" ace .. n"" than a ponable $3"', b", no( "'''rong 0.-
accura,e a. a cab inc, .:ow, Pan 01 the comprollHoM "",curacy h. .. to do
"'ith ,he ooi .. ", of ,he (arria.ge a>sCmbly '0 the I"bl.,,,,, (s« the ,11""ra.
toon on po 7). n.... """'''''fig can caux the hlade tosh,ft .Jightly our 01
altgmnen'." II ... mller·pugt ,lot. when it', c",,,ktd "'.". fo.- mi.", or
1-e,'cI Cllt,.
....... a.e po ... ered ,,·tth indtlctioo't motor>, ,,-hleh qui.
"C' ... runge •. _ effieitn •• and """" durabk ,hal, Utl,,-cnal moI<n- A
belt connc<:LI a pulley on the moIor 10 " pulley on ,ho, ".-bot to dt"..,
the blade (_ ,he rlto!:o 00 ,he fac'ftj! page), The .,00. .h"fl i, [""g
enough 10 ac<:ep( dado and moIdina heaJ,.
A Itomt-shop ..... 'l1"ocally roc ..... "'IIh. dual·,-oII¥
IlsnJO wh. l ll·hp mot", lha, is fOr liS .. oIrs. ]hi> .11oo. .. )'QU
10 plug il ",,0 "I'll' ""nd"nI IS·amp hou",hold outlel. How.,,,c •. i( your $aW
Is tkdica,td H) l'OUr >hop UloC. it', wi", '0 re"',,,, the moIor fOr 230",,01,
,,-hoch ,.-ill ma,,,mi::.: the mol",', e/fJCifcrocy and minim;",
.-oItagc drop!-. Of cou...,. l'OU ma)·.hen need 10 ,,_;'" l'OUr b- a
2.}O·volt cle<:l.ical oullel If)'OU Jon'1 .I.""dy ha\'e onc, h', tlQI W,'" '0
"'Place (hi- I .. hp motor "'illl a much largl" die 'n'emal
""""hanu"," on ,ho, .. '" .,...,,,,,,', to handk i,.
Al 1>1 hr, the m<:tCor is a 1,;. UndcfT'O"'",rN iOr cutting hard_
"'ood,_ Howe,·c •. it ,hould serve Anc for m<-..' h""her and .II,h.,." goods.
If you'.., taxing ,he moIor. If I' a ,j,y".." feed a thin·kerf bl,.Jc, or
m"l.irk o/tallow p;wa If 1'QU ",..,rtw,,-.. ,.he motor. iLl ,n"'111 .. 1 cireto"
bre.h. "'ill t.ir,.nd lhe m,*,' mu>t cool before- you can rQ<1 II.
Th. eXlcnded trIOIor "" 3 traditional contractor', >Ow h,,><leTS dus, col·
leclion of ,he Open Ime tha, .1IQ"<O.-s ,he tnOtOf to ptt.>te<:1_ The fXI
./-..., "ha"ll' OU'I ,he back also "",kes.he ,",,'" lil'l')·. copec .. Uy ,,·hen cu, _
ting heavy!ol>ttt goo<h. And lhe Ionjj «It con"ibo.n .. to ,·,br"lion. The
lraditional <:"".ractor'. waS realll' (0.- the job ,ttc. Itol the
,hop .• nd I'm glad w I« """" ",",,' thinking in ,Itt: design of &ow, for ,he
Itomt ...-ooo.Iworktr.
H."".·,n"" saws or" IlOW"rOll wit h .n Or>d0C1i0r1 motor lhM ar\vts lr>e ....
'-1010" "" ....,. neWftr M""' -lr.,p uws hoDIJ inside ",,, c.abinel 01 out 1,," I)oek
01 tr>e saw.
Home_shop sawi in price from $500 fO S I ,000. Many pa<;k"1l"
ok"" arc ",.,.il.ble {hal indlKk )"wr d>(li(:c of ..,,·oral differem fenctS. as
"'ell as CXI.ns;on labl<:$,. mobil. ba",. a lable, and ,as,-iron
Jiom to .opl""e {he ,lock £tamped_s,,,,,1
Buying a Table Saw 25
26 BvyIng a Table Saw
CABINET SAWS
If prof.,..ional ',;oo;x!",,",c. or .. mrly a>J"'" 10 profC>Ok>naI-
qwhlY ... '011:. )'OU'11 "':1m ",,1..""1 saw for II, and accuracy.
A good cab, ........... ""II",,,", all dar long rumne ""1'11\11>&)'00 polIO
II, Ihock hardvonodo and.n- good$ (_ the rhooo .,m.,'r).
Tuntd "" rrorc.I)', il ,"'ill handk cJ rrn:i1ion JOLr>efl' ,,·hik hoLd-
' ts meeh.ll i<"! ><: nings. Na n,ed (or ilS cndO<ed base, cabinet saw is
<ostand Up!O ,he rigors o( \,,"r$ o( work in (actorie, and COlli'
mercial ,h"ps. !t·s subs""'ial and he",'Y is of,." caUed " S'"tiorm!';
,able .,.w.
Cabine, .sa",s ,,,,. ilahle in >< I-er.l si:es. wit h to in. "lid 12 in. being
,he ""'" wmmon. Because of the ir ""iJ;h' a"d he.vy <o",",ruction. c.bi·
net hal'" a I'C'1- s,able (OOlprint and negligible I-ibration in use. They
tend 'n h""" n"ue, ,abb and than """able '" hon",·.>hop
,.,,'s. Table si,cs ""'1', bll' the)"re about ,he ",me", 'able oj,.,. on hOllle·
;hop
These da)'s, cabinct sa"" COme equir red "'i,h ,,,,,-of.,he· line (ence;
and long (ence rail, (or "'ide riwing capacit y. Some ma""(",,,urcrs offer
optional ,liding·table occtsllOl'ics as an add'on, althoogh none
wi,h an integral ,liding table like ,hose on Europeall "''''' th., corne riJ;h'
up '0 t he bl"'k. Any cabinc, saw can bt renufittlxi with an aherlllar"e,
, hding 1.ble. bu, ,ha,'s going to jack ur the o"ernU COSt of your saw to
ncarly that of a lower·end Eumpcan ",,,'. So if a sliJ ing ,able ii imPOfta nt
10 )'0I1. 1'00 might consider ge"ing" EU!<)pean .. w to begm wi,h (see
"European Sa,,·," on p. 28),
A j.hp '0 5·hp induct;on motor end=d in the base dr;,·cs the a,bor
,Idt "ia 3 "'ide bo:-I( or mu hiplc bths (or great 1!':lmmission, And
t.ecause ,he motor i, cndooed in. ba>e, a cabine, run$ than
wi,h Open ba,." . The endO<ed hase .lw ke<:ps a majority of dust from
'p''''-ing {)Ut intO the .>hop. although in itself. tha,'s not a ,"cry dc!;"n, -!Olu-
tion (or dll,t w llect ion. An "",i{)nal """ i$ u$u. lly ",'a,lable for conn"".
,ion to a dust collecror. but e"en ,h:,t i; n't generall)' I'cr)' efficient ,
Th!: he.wy·duty tn'" ",oll-and_mo(or att ""hes to the base
ra the, than to the as in hom".shop ond POftable "'ws, n,is
t""kcs of ,h" mi'e r·gauge ,lots to the blad<: much c",ie,.nd
en;ures th", ,he bla.:lc w,ll"a)' parallel to the mi'e' slots ",hon i,'s
cranked o,'er for be,'el Cuts. To d""e 'he>e large motors. )"ou'll neW"
1)0.,-0\r eireuit, which isn't 3 deal for an elec" ici.n to ;mt.ll if you
need one.
Three·phase power is also on option, Three.phase motor, run more
effiCiently, las, l""ge" are cheaper. Unfortunately. , hree·pha,.,
rowe< i;ll', typicall)' ",·.il"blo in m{)st rcsiJcn,i.l neighborhoods, bu,
)'00 con COlwen an existing 230·,-,,11 ci", ,,it to th ree· phase by installing
• COr,,"Cner_
Yoo can buy" de<:em cabinet saw in the United S,a,es for
t.e,wttn $1.0c0 "n" $l,OCO, bill cxp""t '0 pal' a, Ie." $l.OCO (or the het·
te' moJeb. Although robth'ely exren;.i,"", ,, '"'" is a "",,,,nable
business ;,we",ne", ",m ,end, to maintain. good re",lt value 0""" 'ime.
h1\'el'igate the accessor ies you migh, ",am "nd.see if you can get 3 good
package dcal by buying them., , he .. me tim. that rou get ,he $1'"".
Magneltc Sw,tches
A
H cabinet saws come with mag·
I1\l tic safely swiIcItes that
vem a moto, after a
imwuplio-o---a grtat safety f€3lure
the poym 110 out mid"",u! and
yOlJ Io<(t!ll to turn 011 II1e saw,
Buying a Table Saw 27
I
I
!
28 6uy;r.g a Table Saw
EUROPEAN SAWS
E.uropean liaWS are diff"ren' fTOm their America" coumrrparts
in "",'er.1 W"ys. in the .. ",fell' features and their
ab;]i ,y to handle and aQSKul brge ... d, .. to tho sliding table
incorporated into most of these ( .... .., the phOto on the fucing pag.:).
Anolher imponanl is that the t),pi<.1 Europe.n lablo ,,'II' is
de.ignoo to ac<(>m,noda,e" "umber of accessory machine, such as a
jointerlpL."",. Ih.per, a hor;",,,,,,1 Inon isot. A Europe"" fable $aW
has plcn,)' oi PO""" for culting ,hick d,,,, to itS I.rge.
lJO·,·o\( moWI,
woodworking !Tildes in Europe have grea! ;nAuence reg"ruing the
saf",y stand.rd. required for woodworking ,,,,,,,hin<:$. Ai • re$uh, !he safety
on European sa"" a'" ,,·ell de,igneJ and clfcc(i,·c. For example,
,he riving knife docsn', impede rho fceding of" ,,'orkpiece. as doe, d ,e
,pl itter 00 SO m.ny saws sold in ,he Uni,ed S"""s, And. Slife'I' t ha,
SlOJl5" blade setonds aftcT swi,d>i ng off the ... ", .1"" helps 1"'"-
,-"''' accitknt,_
Mm' EU"'l""an inch"le an in,egrnl .Iidlng t.ble as ;,,,,,x equip-
mem. Wi,h a few mD<kls, ,he ,,,ble i, ,1\".il.I11. only as an add-on, u'hieh
is .orr""ime, ,.lIed a rolling 'ablo due '0 i" m""h •.
ni,,,, .. for mo"emem, tables work belleT iJe<;a"", ,hey arc inc01"Jl'Y
""ed imo the design" ,he"",w and include" much,"","" sophiS1ica,ed
guiding 'l'OIem. The table iuelf ex,ends all ,he W"y '0 ,he bl3d<:, which
mean. ,h:11 ,he is c.rried enti.ely b)' slidmg The
add ....... sliding 'abies don't p'Ol'itk as much accur..:y d ... '0 their particul"T
and attachmen! '0 ,he !'Ow.
of ,he 'ype,. sliding ,.ble provides enormous a,h-an'ag<oS
for ,he ftlmiwre m.ke, . Pushing a "'o'll'i,,,e ""TOSS the Sa,," table wi,h a
mi'e. gauge is no oompar;"", with carTying it dforde5Sly through th. blade
on a ,Iiding table. Accuf'OC)" safety. and cap<o<:i'y arc all grcadV
Sliding tables are available in various lcuS,h., ')'pic.lly ",nging from J (t .
10 10 f1. (from 10 bad), A 4-(t.-long ,able suits mOil' woodworking
ju;, fine, .. bl"" open mOTe p,,.,ibil i, ic$ for: ripping, .s ,,".11
as full,si,ed sheet good.,
Somc woodworke .. mal' ,he inabilit)' lO 1llOUm a
dado or shap<." head on. European sau', The a,bot- isn',long enough '0
oc<ommOO"e th.se ,0015 because ,hei, is ''''''i<kTC<1 unsa(e in
Europe. Groo"" and da<k>cs ,here arc ')'ric.liy cut on the ohape.,
The 'ypical Eu'opean ,able saw (includin g ,he sliding table) Can cOSt
(rom S2.OOO '0 $5,OClO in ,he Uni,ed Sta,es. Thcse ... "" arc iniUally more
expensive ,han ,heir Amerkan COIlnt.rpart., but if you f"",or in ,he cos,
of all of the a(tem,a.ket accessories n<""cMary '0 bY;ng" U.S. ,.ble saw in
line wid-. a Euro $;I"', ,he cOSt rn.1' not be all th .. t d,ITeren!, And wi,h a
EUYOp<M, saw the accessori .. are all tksign«l .. ;nteg",,1 '0 ,he machine.
making i, ,hat much betteT ,him an .(tcrmarket-accessmi,ed sa,,",
Tn. $Iit:IiOO on • Eu, OCtI" Qw rnal<1$ banIlliOO OIIa'II' W<><'q>Iect. "5'/, Tilt 'liOino
""'" ,ighl up next 10 Irle WOt. An o,t'igll" (tilt gr .. " .,te.",," 'hown he"l ca rries
1/10 bUll< of 1110
European-Style D.t. V.
T ......... .,. ... Euo>o<>o! for """"'·WOOdwO<'k .... equipmer11 is much smale<
than In !he I..\-lfted Stales. ever. so, many toolS "' .. av,""",,", lor tM 00-
(O.I.Y.1 nom&owr>&r, as Will! as ItIfI contractor who a
portable job-sit ...... w.
n-... ........... st European portable lable saws aetvaI:y consist of a
portable saw that'" ifwen&d and attached to a " taroj that incor-
porales a rip I"""" an<! mit<'t<' galJ9&. You', also fnd &OOlEI of the same
portable saws in ElJ<Ope mal are SOld in the UrVIe<! Slat"'"' sinc<I many
M"" I>een ma<Ie to CE (EurOpean saletyl most of
me cabinet and contractor's saws SOld in 1M Slat"'" that don' l ""en
come ClOSe to meeting CE standards,
PANEL SAWS
A ... ,,· i,. ba,k.lly. I.rge slidong lable""w de'igned 'f) h.ndle pri.
marol)' (ull'sh"J ,hee, goods, The tabl. i$ al",,)-, in(cgral - ne"or an
adJ·on, A f"Il·,hed oouiggor table (or panel "'I'p<ln is earried by" ,de·
Buying a Table Saw 29
30 Buying a Tab4e Saw
sc""ing ann. The , liding table ha,,, "role of at least 8 ft .. and a l O·h.
"rok. i,n·t unu,ual. A panel .,,,,. al"":I)·' include. " scoring blade ,ha, IS
powcred by " m()(Ot. TI", ma in bl,otk il lOin. '" I 2 in. in
tef. Many European ",w. and combination machine, ",·,llable in
pimd_S<lw Illch a. A ItcnJor(® and lI.brtin ".
are well known b, their premium panel "',,"5. The ch"apest panel "'".
",·"ilable i, .bou, $6.000.
Combination Machines
I had always thOl,gh, of combination machines a, ch""ply
made ,ools ,ha, probobl)' didn·t perionn .ny of ,heir functiom l'articllla.ly
well. But .fICT beilljJ 'ntrod,,,,.J to EurOp<an combinat'on m""hin",.
1'", chatllled my thinking .adically_ In ("",. most of th • .., m""hine. at<"
deslgn,·J '0 inc","pOfatC ,-ariou, top.of.,he.lin<:
tool$ in "M ,pacC_""'ing pack"S" he. the rhoto be!<)W) . More and morc
",o;:xl"'"Otkers in ,he United serious nonprof=ionals----
are buying combination m""hin .. foc ''''' in ;mal! ,hops. garage;. and

The typical combina,ion ",,,,,hine combine,,, sliding lable sa"" a
.hal""." jointer/rlaner. and ..,,,,elim'·'. h""",,,,.1 morti<er. Changing
from o"e (" nwon (0 aHOIher gcnernlly ,"kes less ,h.n a minute, BeC"",",
the se,up of ,me """I can ,ff"", another. you learn Ii) plan ,he of
A lolly outlined comb<noti on mochi ... combint$ l saw, ..... per. '110 '
.W In one ,pac .... 1Iing
MEETING YOUR MATCH IN A TABLE SAW
Home_shop .... 1'1
European ........
C<Io"pentry ...-.d lorn worI<;
CItbO"o&tty; bMic "-""itun!t
""""'.
CombinatiOn machine AI types 01 wocw:twor1<ilg
pro!eMionaIlu-_
rYture fYI!II<;hg.
Pros: Portable:
--
Cons. Ve<y 1ou<l;
vbatic<l-pr<;o">&; ha<O to
k""" weI..........,:...-.;Ier·
pov.t<lfed lor cutto-g tnck
-.
Pros: S<>o"'ripoo"tabl&; oeoent
- ...., aco.o-acy;
""""""" It prem...-n fence
Cons : l.Int;Ierpow<I<ed lor
cuttng tnck ho<<;twQod:
opfIn-ba$e models I"rde<

Pros: Pow.:lrfU. ac<:OJate,
end C<:>I"MS with It
r;.-eori..rn fence; ,'''' c.at>j.
net retain <t..Gt.

to """"",,
PrO" accuate.
end stat>Ie; dcjng tat>le
...-.abIes """,""",e. con-
'omo .... : no
_",fence,
Pros: A $I"q>.speooe
...-: add-on rnactW>as
a-<) typiCaIy 01 the same
h9l quaIty as the core

Coos: Expensive i"i\IeI
cash outlay; '-- 01
"""'" toolS in\IoIvaS a
--
your pllXe ... , nlOl'C \'00 might wi,h >I:md-.lmw tools. Occasionally. a
will the loss of. p'evious "'ttmg. such ... ,m" of the rip
fen"". b", r ha"cn'l found ,h., to be a ",gular pr""!.m ,,'hen .. -orking "';,Il
my combination You can', "'" mme ,han one func,ion at a ,ime
on [hew mnchines, but that is issue in a one- Or shop.
The "ni, ulOli"" ,he same '''''erhcad, which IS ,ypicall)'
a, leas, 12 in, long. To '",er from jointing to planing capabilit\"
you jimply lift ,he jointer ,abies a,\d flip "P" d", '-<:olle<:lion hood, TI,e
joime-r/rlan<"T on ""IlY """leI. can be separmeJ for use stand-alone
Goo<:! ct-.oice for t/"ie job
SIte or It CO"', oped $I"q>.
Don1 expect great ac<:U-
tacy from n' __
Tho! _____ for '''''

g:x>oj "" I '" co I oioe
between a poytaI:>Ie saw
end It c.aobO"Iot saw
---
_e,
C<.o, " 01)0 doll
i"dJStriaI ___ .
McIy the
rn<>d<II la-the ""XI
advtnCeS inU.S. _-

EJas;caIy It E'-"'f>&M
table saw witn ottler

Buying a Table Saw 31
European Style Salety
U
nlike many tablt !>aWS soOl in 1M
Unite\! SU(n,
m;II;hirle$ employ effa:-
NS)'·Jo.ust IIWr(!s YeIY rfti.
'*"1 dUSI coIIIcIion,
32 BvyIng a Table Saw
What·s 10 a Name?
T .. _ ..... ' _ .... ...... __ ro _the_ ..
_ ....... _Iut becoo'oioog outdated. c:t.angK the
"'*" _ .
_ to the the • ...- _I ..... , and the
"" .. to ..:100'.
PortaDie Saws
n-.e t..", .... w has !'eaIIy becoonot • • • """r>ulactur·
.... w.r the ... "'_. ad<IIn<.l siz ... laat ....... , and cuttng
_it\- wt.a. IItJ keepng them 81'1<! Many now
coma wItn _, and 1 WOUldn' t be IIUI'P'IM<lw the 8-tn .
......,.. ... pi-.! out "'"" _ . the more propo<
........ MW • ....,. portability iI .... _ and the .... •
..", wt>v 1hey"Ve the a ..... U....n ___ 011 the_
-

n-.e .• " w _ deoigo oed more tt.. (10 lor the job
_. __
tMn m.y CIC today. Soo1. 011 a "' 1I>\A<l-__ 011 • MW.
_ the Igrot_ ...... _, ev<!K> at <'l'iCR""'" 200 Ito. By .><tendit>g
the motor-one 011 the t-.e_st the It CC<JId
be ..-....,. lor Irensp<;>rtjng. _ ncma-ohcp wooO'
_ .... went IooI<'ng lor .. _ saw. milo wU 1M meet
aItroougto wu never designed to be • ncma·atIC>p M"'.
Many tr_-.tyte oontra<:tOO". U_ ar8 ._, but
<IHigo"Ia ... .-.g to _ac<o, TnHe ....,.,...ed · ... oioo . ofI""
• motor the!' . n a ....-.<l 00' •• more reIhed
lance.,...."" __ salety """ du8t.....-:Ib'_ ..... AI 011
_ ,,_. i'lc:Il.odhg the <X)I'baclor". _ more .....,._ .. "'Y
---ohcp_ .
.,...,.. .. -
c--... _ ... ....., known .... _ . A Iong ..... they
__ c.o _ .... they SIIare '"' Eo.orwe. 119 ...... , _ t..-m
the Urited Stat ... '- <;orro8 to de";;' .. t" _-_ crco...r .. _ .
n-.e loorm MW came abOuI U • WfJtY to _ .. _
!rom C&binel-aa'" design hUtl1 lOt
ov..- the yUr"a a. cept tNIt \tie .... wHch .-to be mada !rom c .... 1
iron, iI now ...-Irom sI>ee1 st .... 1.
""",hi,,,, of \"00 to il C),cwhcTC. (On lYII.W,ng da\'. be
,tI""'N 10 know IllOIiI combi", .. ion can be brol<CIl d"..-n to
fit Ihroug/l a doorway. )
"Tlghl of lhe lotlIlnuchutC is CDl I"'::" 'Tly;.hart<! for e""h f"",·
"on. odd'''g to the (n,<:t" .. LI .. aboht·, of taCh tool. Tht $hare-r. for ex:on' ple.
di"ecll\"ely ""jot." lhe "T,g/>' and Lllge fOoorri m of a tabk "''''. d,m,naline
the ",bnll"'" l"'" might from a u, ... d·aLono.- ohapn. abo
uoe of.he .hdlllg t able.




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il,ll. !11.I.tillillll!,11 il,!E,lllii.
1lb! 1I ---
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11!.:II",II.tl l!!rl:I:.I!I. ,!"!I.llill!!II·"lll

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34 Buying a Table Saw
A full.function corobinati"" machi"o typicall)' h", three .separate
motOfS: one for the ,"W, one for thc ' ''"per, one for the jointer/
pianer, (The <>pI'ional hori:onml morti><:r moon" on the cnd of the iOin'er/
pb"er cuttcrhead,) YOIt h.". a choict: of H>Otors, "'''gill!: from 3 hp '0
10 hp. A >tart/stop ,wi,eh is moonte"l.t each func, ion, AI a ",fety fc.t ul'<:,
.n)' of the stop ,witch,,> win shtt< off.1I machin<: funClio". _ The molO's
"t<: wittd 10 nm on lJO·,'Oir current , ,,-hieh i, .t"ndard household Curren'
in EUffi)'<,:. Thrc'e·pha ... mow,s arc .1.0 an option, a, are im'en el'S 'h"
.11"", you to rUn 3'l'h3«: mot"" "" BO'voir ''!In''nt ,
For increased Spilee effidenc)" op,ional m,,!,ility k its are ",'atloble
for attachment to a combina,ion mao:;hinc. The kiUl 'l'I'ically cm,. i" of
t"-,, he'>l'-dUl)' ca"cTS tha, to one end of tI,,: mao:;h inc and a
.ingle caSlcr On til<: Of'\""ite end thar can be mi ... ..! lo""red "'i,h
a le"ct $" )'OI' can mo'·. ,he be"'t when n","-de..!. At least Ont ",,,dd
offers turnsttle option, which allow, you to tomtt the ma"hine in place
when nec..,ary. Thi! c.n be hdpful, for eX'Hnplc, when the machint:
i, nCar a ,,..lland roy t"-,,d mor<; infeed and OYtfeed .,ea in" cer .. in
direc'ion.
Full·function combination machines (with a ,liding table saw, 3
"""per, and a jointer/pl.tter) Can .ny",here froro aixlut S5,(XXJ for
the e<:ooomr moods to .. much as $30,(J(Xl for. f" lI.featured, top..,{·th,··
line mood with m",imum capacit ies ,
Features to Consider
Once you've de<:ided what 'll'" of "'w will :;uit )'our work and pockctboc>k.
it', wise to f<'.lUr", within that class, l1<.><:ide ,,'hieh feawre. afe
most important to 1'0\" then g<:t the best qualiry you can in that "r<; •. For
e."mple, if fOY worl with he"vy moterial, yOY m"y be rnQI'e concerned
"'nh 1'<"'''' and ha"ing a larg<:, stu,dy table. 0.- )'00 may be more wn.
emIl..! with dt»1 collection because \00 c.re about YOYf health and shop
en"ironment. Wh:ot''''er )'our focus, here at<: some !!I,ideli"es to help )'O<l
ehoo:«: thl: best ,"W for )'W.
POWER AND CUTTING CAPACITY
In g<:""ral, the mol'<: powerful a saw, the fc"'er ito itmit"tiom. Once you've
tkciJctI on the class of ,"w you compare mowr specific"tion,
ber"'"en model,. But don'r be misled by I-oon;cl",wer "ring<: com pate
""ings instead ("'-" 1h<: .idebar 01' the facing paj,'C) , All dse
being equal, get the $;ow with the mOSt power. A 3·)'1' motor will provide
enough power '" CUt JUSt .bout .1I ",00<1, "sing a lO·in. blade. yoy'li need
a 5·hp motor to powe,. 12·in. black for the ",me P"rp<>6CS,
The CUlt ing capac;t)· of a ,,"w i, detttmitt<"! by the diameter of the
blade .. well,.. the length of the fence " i], ar><i any ,Iiding ",hl<: Or exten·
sion tabb. If yw ,,'ork wit h a lot of thicl Slock, )""dl want" 10· or
Motor-Power Ratings
I>< GU<l!fW.. _ MOTOR TMO.T COME!I ""'" "'"w is cleSii;lned to _ t ....
.......onanisme and capacities 01 that S8.w. for e><ample. a 10--;". saw Is
and built to handle a t>lacle no larger than 10;". in diamat ....
takes mo<e power and bulk..,. """"*""" parts 10 pow"r a iarll'" blade
that .. meant 10 cut 1hIck"r maten .... (""" found that a m:>tor is
1M ........... st acc<Iptabk! m:>tar an smaI ""WS. It _es a 3 · hp motor on
• 10_in. ""w 10 prcMde the power to cut nard-
WQOds. For a 12_in. saw. )'01.< " r>eed a 3- ar 5·hp molar
MOtar pow ... can vary 'rom ,...w 10 ,...w _ agr.-, class 01 saw.
""""'" investigating m:>tars. don't be rrisI<Id by - p<>ak- ratingS. wtlicM
IndiCate norS&POW<lr uncle< no load. "Ra1o;Kl" """"'POw ......
more " .... vao1 btIc ....... indicales uncle< load.
In any ca"". l>ar&epOw ... lsn·t the OtIst gauge 01 m:>tor power. and
K's often no1 isted in a saw's specifications anyway. The OtItter lI"uge
lor motor powtI, Is the amr><Irag<> rating. wI'lictI you ShOuld find an the
motor plale K nolisto;Kl ln the saw's SpeC •. The more amp<>rage a
molar draws. the mor& power Ms. for gen&raI '_...-.ce. 13 amps is
equal 10 about 1 hp an a m:>tor and abOut hp on an induc·
tIon m:>tor.
I bl",k a, well OS a m()tor (S«: thc chart on p. 22) . If you
"..., a lot of Sh.,.,1 goods. you'lI ""ed. ,liding table and/(>!". that "'ill
..JJ u>t at 50 in. from the blade to allo,," )'ou to sa"' to Ihe cemer of a
lull shw of pl)"w<X>d.
FENCE AND RAILS
'\ r remiumo{Jua lit)· 'ip make your "-ork" 101 more ""u,,,te.
ctl,ciem. ",fe, and cnjoyable. NOt 10tlg ago. f"nce, were only ava il-
"He as '''I'I""em"",. oft"nnark,,{ acce»ories_ 1\1.1{ wooJ,,'o,l:crs alld tool
manufacturers ha"e wme to realize the ;mpor1.nce of gooJ-<lualit y
{enee ,hat i. 'trdigh{. fl , {. and e"" ily :.di"'table. TI,,,",, days. most ,able
come witl. p""nium fences (S«: ,he pl-.o(o on p, 36) _ For {hoM>
tha, don't , .ud for o l,\er "'''1, many model, are a"ailable as aftermarket

Set""!: up an ol,h,yle srock rip fence c.n be a ",>1 chore. It ,.,,,ally
measuring and reme"",,,ing at bo<h end. of {he fence for each ne,,'
cut to make 'u'" {hc fence i, pm-alld '0 the blade. Thi' f"",in"" led 10 (he
of ,nan)" p,ec;", af,ermarke{ fenc" ,y,{ems, including thc
Accuf.nce. Bic:;emcyer®, Excalib"r®, P"",lok. and Vega.
Jmong others solJ on ,he U.s. (oce Source. on p. 197).
Eur<lpCan &<f"ty , tandard, rc-quire ,hat fence, OIl European sa" .. h,,'c
Ih. capabili t), to be.'iC' m bolh a high "nJ a low posi'ion. (TI.e Ddra®
L'mfellce ",-ailable in ,he United S,a,.,. is a good example of EUI"O"I)'le
ten" design, Howe I'er, (he Ull ifencc i, solidly con.tme, ed. as opposed 10
' .. )me ,tock on European saws. "'hich may flex somewhat ,)
Buying a Saw 35
TIlt pr ........ _ !1Ill_ willi moCI _ .... !OI!ry'" soIi<I. SIr •. ...., .... Iy
..... _ TIIty Wy lei IrII __ .:. til HI trr using .,1nIto<aI_ .....
SCIIo. _!!lin!», "","ring lor pr;lI WI willi • ruII'rom _ 1eI_.
When Ie! In '" 10>0.' poonoon. a ,,110>0. .. """"" room
10 m.netl'·Cf YOU' hand and rum 'lick for ,iPring "arrow ,tock (,.,,, tI",
I":r.ci"l! voge). The low pofi!101l it al$O.-l lOr 1x>..,10
"'i,h the to Ihe right eX the blade (..,., Be,'ct,· on r. (42).
The knce can bt "" .... half_fence. klCkinii! II in pi""" .... "t. ,he fa,
trod eX Ihe aligned .0 !he from .eelh of lhe hlade .0 PK"""I kICk-
b.ck "'hen "Wing ",,,,,,i,.t .... ood (1<'." A H:o!f- F.nce" on r. (26).
h', ,mro<t:ltlt that srg\' p;. ... tld ro tht :ItI\. pofi'oon
on Ihe ... il,. ""d. premium fence ensures One eX the OIh.,
ad, ... " ... i> ,h" ""'" sa,.M $et.ina: """ c .... lru.ud eX
from.lw: fence. you J.iml'ly 1,,'Ie ,,,. CurtOl on ,he boJ). eX.he
"'i,h oc.le 00 If><, fence ",n. come rn "",i(IU;
lengths; ,( you "'".., ,he shop a good;Jr. lOge. " .. '" ,h.a. "',11
allow a. lea .. f •. eX cap",,"v''''lw: right eX II>< hladc. Th", ""II
"",k. culting.heet good;.rod OIkr I.rge ,,-00:; moo: marrageabk Marr)'
,nclude ,,,no... 0100 k.,,,rcs $loch "8 moc....JJ_ mn:han .. ,ns and
fOle_arod_.fl odjullm.m (lite ,he 'i<kbar 0" the (;oems p.ge).
Premium ""roces ..... ,n pricc from about 5200 10 $400. />1",,). are
he"orly when purchased .. part of" """'",,'" pack •. n..:...
fence S)"$'(RU fl. of.he J'OPUlor "" ..... excq>l" pOrI.bIt: 03"'0. Some: fence
$)"$!ems rt<julre dnllnlg holes in .he cdgt ci ,he sow lab!< bccauoe II><
A $T1'WBHT, EoSo.y .......... """" FUtC< tN.t lOCks .,....all&l to the ... wbIade is a table saw's b&St aoc<Issory ar>d a real
\!me saver." makes fa' qUok, acc .... ate setups and easy cepeatab*ty 01 c",,,. The pOpUlarity 01 tnese
fences is ur'Ido><SCOre<ItIy the fact 1tIat 2S a' so different models and sizes .... e avaat>ie, _ as part 01 a new
saw package or "" an .. ,..,...".. .. t accessories. Many models ...... available In _ a home-shOp or a
v.......",., . They ...... ger>er"'Y t>otn 01 me same. quaity; the home-shOp version is just smauer. Here are a few
IhIn9s to lOOk lor """"" cr>ooslng the .-\ght fence lor you< needs.
• 5Vaightness of the """'" is crttK:al, and you" lind tN.t
most rnodeI9 ...... ve'Y st'aigtrt. Some Include polyethylene
faces that .... e SOtewed to the main fence b<xt)' to ,&duce
!r\ct;on. you'''' oonsicIet'ng one of these fences, make
tnat the poly doe .... ·t deflect around the 0Ct1ltWS.
wt"Iion is sometime. a problem.
• Prualelism to the sa_ Is elso of utmost
lor sefety and 80CUtate rippng. As long as the Itont ,aj is
insta!l&d con-ooctty, _ is _at)' not but
check that the fenc .. stays pa,aIIeI to the blade ,egar-<!k>ss
01 whe.-.. on the taj lOCke<;! dOwn.
• HigtI-iow "",,-",ling _ the p<>SiIiOnirlg of the fence to
mote -..ry .., thin or tall stock as........:lG<l (see the pI'>Oto
at rIgOt), 0nI\I Oet\a's Linifene .. an<l fene ... on European
Uwtl offer this as a built-in Gapat>ility, HOweVllf, you can
eOUlOly outrit any fence lor thin a' tall stOCl< tIy
adapting tt with ShOpmade ettacl'lrnen\S ,see "Basic
Ripping TeeMque"- on p , 127),
• C,-"""," and scales nee<! to be precise and easily reao-
able lor <J.Ji<;k a r>d ,_atel>le fence edjust........-rts, Belt ...
/tine .... have very fine. haif1ine c...--sors ar>d sc .. Ie marl<1ngs,
It's best the cursor rides ClOSe to the scale to avoid
pn;>I;>Iorns with par""",,,
• Fore_ar>d_an is a teat""e that _ you to
Slide me lene .. to the Itonl of t"" saw to Pf'O\'I<Ie m<>'e
a<tvanCe bearing _ace lor long stock. AAgrling the rear
end of the fence with the sa_ also helps whet> cut-
ting reaclive WOOd, _ CM we,!> as tt lea_ t"" blade
(see "Sasic FlippIng Tecr.n;q..,es" on ". t27),
• MiCroedjust on some fences ...,.. you
to make ve'Y _ adjust""""''' wiItl the tum of " knob.
I like tt-4 f .. atu .... a/thOUgIl many WOO<!wOrIl</fS lind tt
.. asy juSt to tap me Ie""" tigtrtIy lor the proper
--
• T_tr,"c\<s _ into me fence bOdy allOw use 01 propri-
etary and accessories such as
er>d othe< hoId-downa.
The Detta • • s "",II •• most
lence" taO t>o mourne<! in tow pOSition 10< ri(l(lil1O
"""OW stocl<. This prO'lil;los room to llet", mano",,",
)1<1"' 1Ia";' .rId push stiCk.
Buying a Table Saw 37
AHe,market
A
' you're <lecidi"9 wtlat saw to
buy, consider what aft ermarket
acctSsories you might wallt OOW11 1he
'ne. It yoo OlIn it. Duy them
whtn ytI" get 11\0 saw. A .,atl<a/le deal
is cheaper ttlan buyifl\l ttte accessories
later. [)on', torget to the lOlal
cost ot 11\0 accessoxies)'OO warn
cost at b.rv!fI\I a
bttter saw that includes tile leatures
as stock e/luipmern,
38 a Tat>l& Saw
fence rail bobs don', always ma,eh "I' with the table', c,;"ing hob, All
of the fcnee ,v'tem, a", fa irlv ea;v to iflS,"1I in a few hours at most
TABLE SIZE AND MATERIAL
The ,i:e of ><ow 'able how comfortably and safely the so'w "'ill
13rgt'1' "ock. p<lrtleularly ,he<:, goo:xk I n shop, you con eosily
cnl.rge ,h" ,"ble by surroonding ""'" "'i,h eX'en,i<m table"
Howto,'er, if you do a I", 0( job-sl,e work, the ,tock table ,i", ma.,- be 'r.()<c
0( a concern. IInlCO$ 1'011 Jon't mind dr.ggillll your ex,ension
Table. on ponable $3"'" a", m,.Jc of .I Ll minum to miniml:e weigh,
The dep,h (f,on, '0 bock) 0( table. "" panable .. from oboo,\
16 in. '0 20 in, The \\'id,h (an from abo,", 26 in. to 40 in., so check
,he 'pedficatiOlu on any model )'OI,',e in, Remember, though,
,hat • larger ,able may dc'Cre:<>e portabili,y by adding both and weight
to s;.w. Yoo'li haw h> decide whethe, ripping capacity or panabilit)'
are more importa", . Even ,be 10",,,," doesn', provide ",ffkie", "'p-
pon fOf h:mdling (ull.,i,,,d ,Il.." goo:xI, wi,hOlJ' auxihary support,.
The depth ((,ont to of 11>00;' h""",.shop and eabind sa" .. sold tn
the Uni,ed States is 27 tn., exew'ioru, The wid,h of
the 13bl" is about 36 in. to 40 in. including it' '''''0 me,al
extension" ",",e,imes calleJ wing" For that COtn" "'ith long (ence
",il. for ex,endeJ ripping capacity, you can b<ty or m" •• " long ".>Odel,
ex'"n,,,,,, 'able to ,wi",. ,h. ,igh,_h"nd wing. AI""", without ",coptio",
,he main, c"",,,,1 ,.ble on a home-,hop '" cabinet $3\\' is m:,de of cas,
iron. The wings [,., mad<, of solid or weblx-d cast tron or .,omped Stc"'!.
I""all)" a t.ble shol,ld be dead flat, bLL' ,ha"s ra,eI), the <:<>e, c"e., witb
cabine, Sometime." rwiSlc-d or one ,h", dr<1OpS
a' one end, con be ,he result of ,he stance on an one"en floor,
can be easily corrected. YOlt would,,'t thin. iton would bend, bu, i,
does ( .... '" "Aligning ,h" 00 p. 96).
Of mOfe coneem i, a is dipped 0' humped be'Cau", ,hat',
Oor easily remedied and can a(fec! ),our cut" depending on \\,he", ,he
de"iation is and ho,,' oc,'ere it is, h" exa"'ple, a dip Of hump to the left
0( the ",,,,blade can ,,,,,,It in "",·of-sq,,,,,. Cr<)Ii;Cu'S, bu, dip at the fur
end 0( ,he table or """,e",'here else mal' nol he an i$$I1", It .11 Jq>cn<is
on how ,he stock ride, on ,he ",ble in reta,ion to the blade, or cour;c,
the real '0" is to Cllt some ,,,,<Ok, ,hen it wi,h a squar" or rulcr-
wh.tever's appropriate.
MITER GAUGE AND MITER SLOTS
Id.;lII)', you ",'ant. mi'.r ""ith positi,·. S'OIl' and" face ,ha,', sqllare
'0 ,he SdW ,able (.e. ,he pl>o<o at lef, on thc f:ICing page), The oor should
fi, ."ugll' in i" slo, but ,Iide fn", ly. The miter-gauge .k,., ",e actually more
;mporwn' ,han ,he gauge. which can be .:<lily replaced. The ,lots ,hoI,ld
be com;'tent in ""iJ,h and dep,h be parallel.o each OIh<'"
mn., g.U<}O lOCk It .ny .ogl', S<>mO l>oU.,·quatity miter lI"ugo. rio""
,ong t,,,,, .. """ llip-<lown $lOll< 1(1< "«u,.t. cut.
I haw '0 admi' ,1\.11 I don', use a mi .. r gall!.'" a, all ,,'hen I n.'Cd 10
"",ke ",cumte e"'$. I f,rul that CTOSKut ;1",1, "'oIl much !",ucr, prOviding
"""" bearing ,,,rface (Of the wOfkpiece. as well a, a to au",h ;tops
i,'r "1"'otablr eu" "Crosscu, Sled," on r, 146),
WEIGHT
of my carltest wcod"'orking ,cachers told me (ha' )'00 can b.", the
,·.lue of. w<XJ<l,,'orking machine on iu weight: the hea" ier th" 1001. the
Nner. The cxtra .. on m",hine makes I{ I.,.. pron" to ,·ibr.{ion,
which ca"..,. paru 10 "'ear and jiggle 00' of alignment. ,hat's
.:enc"' U), true. if a , maUer.lightweight machine i, well "nd man·
ufac,ured to dose tolerances. i{ can proouce oomc 'W)" pred", work.
CONTROLS
The location and ,muo,h opcm,ion 0(. saw', ,,,-i.eh and handwh",,!. are
Imro<,"nt box""", they're u;<:<l .. , A '"'itch n",-.Ji to be inunooi.,cly
.occe,,;blc and ,h""ld h<: \'Cry c,sily t"med off. II',rtiC"I .. ly likc !en,,,_
"rtmble ""i{ches ILk" {he one on {he left siJ" of {he l),,-Wall® "746
IIome·;hnp ,,,'" (iCC ,he photo ." right). A '"' itCh with a I,,,,k·
,,1.11 can be imponant if kids fre<]uent )'oor shop, Ho"dwheels shoold ,urn
, monthl)' wi,hout hand",h"d. are largto and lnadt of mctal
,,,,,ead of phOtic,
SAFETY EQUIPMENT
The ,ypical bladc .... fe' y de"icc on sold in the Uni,cJ State. is son of
A t h,ee·in..,.,,, device. h incorpo«>(cs" blade guard (properly caned"
The 1746 lIOme-1Mtl saw can till
Q"ickly . hut 0" "';"O)'Ollr __ I rti«
solely Ie"",,
Buying a Table Saw 39
40 BuyIng II Tllble Saw
.... ...,. 010 _ U.$. __ ...-... I ...... ...",... . ....... _..-.
_/Ingots .. comllinofl in ..... P<>O<IIr <IHigtIocI onit.
Till IyQluI EurOPHn _ COVOf miry "" _ 10/1 1 .... t
POIt. TIl, rM!Ijl m. inainl its <ol.>I ionlhitl to tilt _ 01 _ angle
01
Nadt cO\·er). I spI,ucr. and anti kkkback finger>.11 on om unn (..,. ,;..,
(OJ> p/loco). Although bbdc·safffy Je,-jca ate cruo;: .. 11O (;.., Ioa(C OJlCf3'ion
.x I labk loa"'. ,his p"nocular cooftgur.>'ion i:s 1'0001)" for n\anv
1),,;a.I .. "OO<.h<"Qtk'llJ!: oper:ouoO$" It of,..., Imrtdes fttd'llJ!: of and is
diffICult 10 rcmO\"C and te,rwall ",hen 11('<:..-,.., for cmau • ..,.,..,...'ioru. As
many wo<xlworl:crs ren"",e th<:$<.' features from ,he ,,",,'-'101
,."", ,Jca. as many ",""cd ,,'OO<!,,'Ofkers "'ill te9ifl"
n... blode_$;!fct), de" ices on Eu,opean saw' "re In""h f,iendlie •• nd
""Ier Jesigned. Fo.- one thing, the blade cO,'eT an.chos '0 a riving I:nife.
,.,\1 ... , ,han (0 a spl itler. and ,he co,'cr demches easily when necessary.
M"l"'an ""ws don', have ant ikickback lingers but Jon't need them
;..c, .. """" of ,he PlOf'<'rly designed ,iving knife, The Europ".n .iving knife i.
"uched to the arbor as>embly illld. onee adju>tcd. rernain! in proper ",Ia·
'k",-,h,p to the bl.de reganlle5$ of ,he blode height 0< angle (ott ·Splitters
.mJ R,,'nlg Km,"e," on p. 67.) The blilde cover also ha, a du" ror' I<> cop·
lure J u" thrown upw.ru (sec the bottom photo on the facing 1"'>. .. )
You can', re'rofi, European Mode_safe!)' de,· ices to. ')'J'ical U.S, ,,"w.
kI, ,here .,e othe. options ","ilable, ,uch as the blade «we./splitter ')'$'
tern; sold ,,,,JeT various name. slKh a; Brett. Bic.\Cm"l'cr.lJt,h",
...,J Exact'" (see "Bene. Blade Owe .. " on p, 70). On these $)';'"nlS, the
-rl nteT a"d co\'e. arc seJ'."'''C. allo""ng more flexibility in gu.nhng diffi.
cui, cu ... Some offer du>,_collec,ion opricolS a, ,hc blade.
OUST COLLECTION
Cnfort unatoly. nead y all """ .. m"de fo. the U.S. marht make little or nO
r ro\" ilion f(>f cfficiem dust collection. The t),pical m'" simpl)' throw, the
",,,·Just into Ihe $pace bdoy, the ",ble a"d.1I Me' the opera'ing mecha·
nb"'S of ,he saw, Com""'to", "''''S arc Ih.< "'ON\ offende .... with ,heir open
Ncb .nd boI'OIl'!s. You can fit oprion,,1 dust po<ts to somc of ,hese """".
but 'hey're no! "ery effk,ent. e,'en if 1'00 clooe off the open back and boI-
tom of:t saw as be" you ca",
hen. cabinet saw with an enelo.eJ base i.n't !Ilu<:h more ,han a dlls'
con'ainer, You can:l:'" an op,ional dus,-oollcetion po<t f"" many cabinel
"""". bu, tha", not a "Ny dlce,i,·. ool",io.-.. The Ju," ron i, ,,,,,ll)· just •
hole ne •• tho boItom of the cabinet. hen a good dUSt coUc""',,, can', l eep
,he cabi" '" and interior mechanisms dean; thc best it can Jo is , uck up
m"" of the ,wi.ling dust.
The bel' .IOlutiol\ for Jus, coUCCtiotl is to surrounJ the blade below
the t.ble with" I'O<,,,J shroud ,hat Conn"''' '0. dusr collettor via"
Thi' OO<lcen'''''e. the .. "xl".t in a .mall area f"" easy e"3<:uation. It .be.
,.kes .,hamage of the blade rotation. which rropels the dust IQ\\·,rd ,he
collec'io" hos" (see the photQ.' ri:glnj.
On ,malic ... "", nOlhing more lhan a.sl>op ,-'" ii ncc-ded. Bt,,,,,,,s< of
E"rtJpCan safety standards. all European ,"w, incOfp",,,,e a design like thi •.
Moo of the newer portable oa,,'$ and a couple of ,he ne", hrnnc.$hop ,"W$
oSOIJ in the United States a.e (eatur;ng thi' de.ig" no'" too. Ullf",ltJn>tdy,
""""Id be di((;cuit to re,rofi, ro existi,,!! "'ws. (For """" on dust collec-
'ion. >ee chapter 4.)
[)ust coIl..,.ktn on '"'<>PO'" ...... suc/1
•• tho tnca sow shown
• shr<)U(l ' flat C(K1ntc" to •
,oHe<;tor viU "'>So
Buying a Table Saw 41
Getting the Scoop
on Saws
T ...... _ LOf Of' to lind
information <V>d on
,",w saw8,

RIIad tOOl ,e"",- in ,ecent
issues 01 \fao"\ous
maQ<l,ZineS.
• Join a local woodwork .....
group and discU6S va""""
.... _ with 1hos4I who ha""
uS<i'd them.

Attend a local woodwoo1<ing
show where you can get
you- hand<! on a saw ....-.:l
rneyb& gel " d&aI on a
"show Sp&Ci8I."

Call <leale", for a catalOg
(_ """""'" on p, 191) ,

VtSit the rnanuf8.chx8fS· web
sit"" 10< inf,,",,"1iOn abOut


P8rtiCip8. ... in ..... online WOOd -
WOfMIr1I diSCuMion group,
Me.ny ha"" """"""'" t>oa_
dedical"'; 10 tool
42 Buying a Saw
Specification Checklist for Buying a Saw
-0 OOM<'AAING ....... , S/>eciflcat>ons can be IOund in
catalOgS an<! on manufacl\xer'S web sit .. s. In the caM 01 prl\i"'" _"'.
rr<JCtI preliminary informaliOn e ..... be gotten 0""'" the phone 10 deter-
mine whelM< a Mw" worth a vi"" , Ke&ping tr'a<:k 01 all this ntormat>on,
tI"IOugh , can be an organ<zational .,;gr,tmare. Mal< .. photocopies 0I1his
to harp you k&ep the Impottant tnings sorted out
Make, model. and type: _ ______________ _
New: _ Used: __
Dealerlseler na ..... and phone number:
Ripping capacity: __ •
MOt "..; np amps
Table size: 1<OngtI'I __
yes no
Dust-ool&ot>on porto yes no
Cost I optOonai $ __ _
Not .. s:
Buying a Used Saw
Ifbu)'ing a ne"' ""w i. beyond )'O\lr a IIi<:d mal' be ,he a",,,,,,,.
you ro 1:'" much more for )'our money. For example, \'OII"ru)l,lJ
be able to buy a prof ... ional·quality used $-aW fur ,he price of a b-rand· new
home.shop "'''', The diffk"lt pari can be (,,,,di ng a $<)UteC rOT usctI ",,,,,hin_
e' )" bUI Ihey are 0111
o New5p3p<r ad> a", a good pl",e 10 ".rt . Ch",,' th."Toois . "d Equipm<"m
fO< Sale" seclion in ,he cb;oified ad" You mighl .Iso ron,;Jc, pl""inS a
"'an,,.,1 yourself.
o Equipmenl a"clion".1>0 fouM m t ho cl."if.ed ad" con be" ij<J<>d "'''l" to
find "hi. ,:>1'''', particularly if • cabmet lOOp has gone oot of bo"'n.,,. flu,
don't "''' .... rily expe<:t gr.>! deat."t on "uc,ion. Tools hal'. ohen hocn
uldl "<ry hard, 000 ' hey frequemll' " ill fo< a p",mium. All tho .. me.
ij<J<>d de.l. can be had fO< ,he tnote experienced eye,
o Uldl <"Quirme", dealers C3" be a good $<)Un;e of table .. "" if you h"e nCar
o ,ne'ropolil a" area, o,ed: Ih. local )'ellow U$«l.,."" nllll' .Iso be
",,,,lable new,"lachinet)' outlc. s ,hal lake u,,,d s.w' as ,radc·i,,,,.
Al lhough you ",iglu nor get .. g<>Od 3 deal from" d".ler as from" ptll"ue
rarty. it"! likely th., the ,"W M. b<cn recomj;,;oned .nd include
-IOffi< kind of
o Uxal woodworko n8 guild! and club. can be il"",l ",,ble ,e"",,,,e, for
' hared ",fo..,'''ior\ about tools.m! equ'pment of all.sor", !>klllbe,.. often
MI'. lOOt, fOJ .. Ie or if not. k"",,' som"""e whu doe •. YOIJ 'll also get 10"
of well.foumk-d opinion< on ,he ,·"Iou< mombe,.. M"" used.
EVALUATING A USED SAW
Ilbtn jW ;rupee' " U$ed lable sa .. ; lhere a (t:WcfIIlC:Ol .hmfl ,,>con·
"Jtr. Fint. al .... Y' c heck (or ""Om <)f a btl'll arbor ohah, "'hich
moll lIkely rroblem (.ICC "A.-boo- aOO Beall"!.'"" "" I'- 8i) .
. can rer1ace bad btall "8' or. bt" , • .-boo- shah, u', ( ...
........... ", <I a nd ros-r . l would rrobably tum down an)' 03W w;,h
rrobkrru,
Check .he flame .. of .he wblc.op wuh p >:000 (..,..
lk T.bb" on p. 96) , If Ii coo<.gh." regrinding
t" i. , 1 " '""kll",,*, for anotl"" ...... Alto in'l'«' for cracks in . h<-
ar.d mlem:rl mechanIsms. I """W I'f(Ib;ably St"'" .... )' from a
..... ",llh ......... problems.
T rr ,ho; ,,00 hanJ-,.,h"d •• 0 make ,..,. j .. mlT'lCd '-'P .
. "'.lu )'J 'ry 10 """%'" for a hand!.-.,.-, ' '''' ahead of "' .... aOO mak .. sure
po .... ". ,,'III bt ., ... ilabl". Bnn, aloni 1001> and .. ooJ for )'OW" ."".
J",'., (_tho: , rdohar at rii hl below). Many such ... iff' gean
mJ ""mOO cons ...... Uy m'''''' ro<:>blcnu that can bt
.. ,",,,oJ by • thorough 'un .... .., la,n ("'" cl\al"er 5),
___ partiCuI.Btty from. prtv . .. PNlY, make""",'o
Inopec. M careIuIy t>eIor& puling out your walle!. There'. USUBf'I a "no
.. ,....,.... """"",. Before bu)Iing a saw _ -.g ot dIWnaga<I parts,
'" •• llen 11>1 COIt ..--.:t av-..ty of 1*1 . . ........... a list of
to o::I'IIoCII _ .. saw.
_ . m<>dM. and type:
- .................
-,
a..-. condition of saw: ('""I' "'" pjltFog. _, otc. to irlcj;c:ate
--,
Nt>ot.-.cl Does tN Wbo< _ It omootI>Ijo wilI>out
--,
.. any ...-.:I dOwn plOy in 11>1
Any worn _ 0< damage on 11>1 art>ot1
Any miqjng parts?
Any ","",kl in _ lOP. ba .... 0< Loo._ "-honiama?
.. 11>1 ,O!> .. 1\a1?
eo.. 11>1 moto< ao<nd like . 's n..orvW>g omootnIy1
OOH bog down o.ncIer load?
.. II>II<In<:e WOIigllt and __ M loci< ooanoI\I to 11>1 .-.n
Do 1IlI1'IIndwh8ooIIs.-.:l S\Mtch operata P'0Pet'IY?
N"f to tho t_ on 11>1 ro __ g&af1I?
.. 11>1 ............ i' '''1
-,
Test Gear
_ ..... ......... rr. ft ·.
to o::I'IIoCII. ou<!hot.
ougI'II\o _ ..... io oft"" •
"no .. t..'nII. POley. """- goF>g
to ... t • .-ctaaw.
bA ogIo 'II M>ng tNloIowIng
' 00II ...-.:I ouppIes to help you
with yoo..- ," , •.
......

• OiIII_'o<
._-
• WI ..... _

(lor ,_ CUIOo)
· """'-
o I .
o ""_''11 ,"OWCI;boI
8 uyW'lg a Table Saw 43
chapter
3

Blades
A
table I'Ow', blade is juSt as importa", a, the machine i""lf. To get
the mos, (rom t.ble saw. it need, '0 be "",fitted with a good.
quaIL,)' blade ,ha,'s orr"'!',i.,. to the "'ml: being performed. !.lu,
picking ,he 'igh, blade for ,he job can be confusing becau", ,here"", $0
many d iffere", 'ypes wi,h differen, tOC>th oonftguro'iom '0 choose from.
In ,hi, chap'c' , I'll tdl 1'00 how to sdecr the tight blade to suit yoo,
"uk and ho,,' to identify" good·quality blade. ["[l.lso di>cuss .pecialty
blades such as dado head., scoring blades. and molding heads. Protecting
) .... ur invest men, in blades i, .1$0 impor"nt, $0 I'll c'Wer blade en", "nJ
mallHenance as u'ell,
Blade Design and Anatomy
A ", ",blade consists of th,...., basic elements' the body, the ,,00' hole, and
'he teeth (see the illu""'tion on facing P ... ..,)· Here are sonIc ionpo<'
tam ' 0 look for ",hell),OO arc ' ''Iillg to decide which bladc to buy.
BLADE BODY
The body of a "''''blade is a >1....,1 pla,e ,hat muM be flat a"d 'tal' ,tiff whc"
in use, It is tll'icaliy made of carlx>n."""lalio)', The fl.uer the pla,e, ,he
smoo,hc' ,he blade ",ill cu, and the quie,c' it will nm, Cheap bla<b a'"
merely polished Of quickl y ground, bene. blades "'ill show fine circul ..
em."oting (yom ,he ",boo hole oo,,,.,.,d to the rim of , he blade,
Beuer blades also typically ha"e ,lois Cut in the body '0 allow the , im to
expand wi'hou, dis(Oning 00' of as hea, build, up.t ,he cutting
Blade Anatomy
Fe .. tJdII
Table-Saw Blades 45
46 Table-Saw
Son'Ie $1I .. 'or Eur",,"" ..,.. inc'""" hoI<'s to au;omrnodate pins on !tie
.... .,bOI.
"'a'1l isn't necessarily w'ioo" oo,,'c,·cr,. bad ,,-a'1l can be
de"":tN b)' checking it wirh a good (see ,he photo 01' r. 45).
T" 01<, ,hO$, back "p ,he ""'ightedge with. "rong light and try t<, det""t
light between it ."d ,he pl.,e. Te .. various arcas of the plote. Th.t', j"'t.
rOlrgh ch""k, thouli:h: the 1;., .. way t<, check a blade', flatness, (>t runout, i,
t<:> mount it on the;saw and check it with. di,,1 indicator (sec "Alib",ing
the Miter·Gauge SI"" 10 ,he Blade' on p, 100),
Any ""\()lrt ,kt""tcd with the bk"k rnOlmt.d on ,he;saw "'ill 1"Cf'",.
S€nt the oombttWton of 3rbor·Hange ntnoot and blade TUtlOltt, Bitt it's
,ha, ,01,,1 mc",urcmcn' ,h., you're rIH)$' in,cres,cx! in an),,,,,,),, because i,
detcrmin •• the qll.itty of the cut you'll &"'1 "., th that particular blade 0"
the "''''. R"nou, of ootne"'here be,,,,..,, 0 .005 in. ""d 0-010 in. i. 10 b.-
,,"peete<! . If it exceed. ,h." 'ry 10 d.',erminc if d", rutlOtl, i. being affecte<!
by -"""",hing ori,er ,h.n blade w.rp: l-.hh Sure ,he arbodlonge runou,
Joe,n', exceed 0.001 OT th.t worn ",bor bearing> aren't ca",ing ,h" prob·
lem, Also ch""k for debris be,we"" lhe ",bot flollS" and ,he blade. If blade
warp "ppr."''' to 1;., ,he primary problcm after "n, it c,n often be fix",l by.
",II' smith.
ARBOR HOLE
The "rbor hole ;h()\Jld fi, $IH.gly a, poSSible the arbor, A snug fi,
is ot1<' indication ,ha, tbe blade was carefully m.nuf"e,ured, becau", it',
Not "'-'- "'-"CO .... ......... TO _ _ THICI<N£1iS. TtW1-k&rf t>IadeS ......
made witI"I tnio"w">e-r I)od;es and narrow<tr _11"1 tI"Iat typ;catv CUI a *,""In
Ke<1. althOugtl tI"Ie teeth on some bladetl ...... aven nartOWiIr. Tl>e actvan·
t_ o! _ t>Ia<leS .. tt>at tney r«tUira ... "" power to run t>eca ......
tney ,amove _ wood. TherafC""a. they .... W@lSUite<!tolow-powere<!
portable B8.WS and oonto"actc""·S saW$. Tl>e diB8.dvMtage 01 a thIn·kerf
blade os rnat tI"Ie thin plata is ffK)(@ prone to Vlt>fation. causng to run
1&55 tn.oe and cut ...... d&lIrIIy lI"Ian its trOcI<er COU"lItlrpan. can alSO t><t
noisitI' and ffK)(@ prone to hElatng uP quicl<Jy.

@ . ..
1+1
Tooth Grinds
Top View

&1 I ...
N
.s--
is " lIS! l'

lill
Fron, View
'"
and quich r ro make. n o' ·c,,;oeJ hole rh"n one ,hat ·, prcd",l)"
<ioed. On 'ot" e infc, i(>r blades. )·00 can see. Olct,l lip 0< burr "here ,he
hole was ;impl)· punched 'hr<:>Ugh. On be"c, blade.. t .... hole i, firs, I"se,·
Cu, unders;,ed. then ",",ned 00' to wuhm 0.001 in. to 0.0015 in, ",·ers;,e.
le.vi ng a 'moolh. cle. " ·e<4,ocd hole. Some Europe.n sawbl .. ,ndude
hole$ o\ip o"er ,hort f<'S" onlbe a, boT fl ange called brake pin, (see
the phoro on the (acing page) .
Table-Saw Blades 47

Bu¥ Good Sawblades

sawlll adu, )I<lU II"neraily
gel wha1 you !laY for, As a
tile to·in .. 41}10911l, ATe
bladlOs most recOOl mernled
by seasooed W<>OOWOOO"'; em!
around $100.
48 Table-Saw Blades
Carb.de VS. Steel
NO,.....,." l.OH03 A<>O. SJuL BUDES W'¥8 the only choice for the table-""w
<>wMr. HOwev .... , with the d8veIopmern of I.ur>g$''''' carbide. $I .....
tjadea ha .... been ah>o61 rotait)' replaced in the modem woodshop by
_6 with cart>ide , .... 11>. T""9St"" carbide is an .. hard aIoy
formed by bondin<;l '''''9S'en. carbon, and
AtthOugh carbide blades ..... mont than $1_ -... the
r»Qr>e' iMiaJ cost is more than OffSet by th9 ca'-'s IOrig&vity, lOw
main,..........,.., and outing perlonnance. A catlXle!>lade can out
""""'!hi)' up 10 50 between when cuttng
hardwoods. and uP 10 400 times longer when cutting man-ma<Ie mat,,-
ria/s aucf1 "" psrbcleboard. Today, when chooshg a blade lor your
table saw. rt's flO! really a cho4c<l betw-' 51_ 0< cart>ide, a man ...
of what to look fOf' ;, a c_ blade.
TEETH
Sawblade, variat ion, on (oor teeth configuration" called grind.
(see the illustration on p. 47) . TI,e fOUT arC called flaHOP
grind (ITO l, !,e,-cI (AT!>), ahernate-WP be\'eI . nd
(ATB&R), and n;ple-chip grind (TC). The ,e .. h "n 'I'pical camide·
lipped ",,,,blat'" in, wide, producing a cut, 01" kerf. Each
tlope of tooth configlOfation ha. it> own p3nlcula, strengths and applica-
tions. 1"11 focus on carbide-,ippe<l blades h<:re beeause Med blade, are of
httle ",.1 u.\e lO .. 'OCldworkell ,hese dal" (see the sidebar ,00"<:)'
Flat-top grind (FTG) Flat_top grind ,ecth Ita,·". fl at (oce and a flat top.
ITG teeth "rc pri marily rip teeth and work a chisel. cutting "'ell with
the grain bu, poorly across the groin, A blade for ripping gener_
ally h., 24 10 JO FTG 'ccth, with deep bet .. ""n ,he '''''th to cjc.:;t
'hc large chip.> produced and to cool the blade body. Elc<ause of the grind
of Ihe Ittlh, an ITG doc",'1 produce a \"Cry 'tlKlOIh cut. bul i i', Ihe
he>t blade to use for fN. heavy-duty rirring.
Alternate-top bevel (ATB) Thc teeth on an .Itemate-top be"d blade
are gfoo'l\1 at altemating angles. ATB teeth slke th""'l!h the wood wilh a
,hearing oction. producing a cuI ""ith 1"lle C>I" no tcarom ""ross thc groll' .
On some blades, the angle. of ,he be"el may be as liule as 5 degrees. bo." 00
others, it may be as m, ,,,h as 40 degree>. Teeth "'ith >tccp<:r be,'ds producc
less I.aroot. but they dull more quickly.
Gencrol-p"'Jl'.'I" combi,,"ti"" blade-",·hich "wI; ",,,ll for I:x.>t h
ripping and Cross.out(ilt8--<:mploy ,he A TB grind_ Although these blade,
00 nOl rip as quic k!)' as an FTG blade w;,h fewer ''''''h, ,hey "'ill rip a
sr!l(K)thcr "It without tOO much m"'" feed force . Tbey al,.-, won't CUt a,
,mooll,ly as a c"""",,ut blade "';,h a g",.!Cr number of ATB ,ce,h. bo." tOC)'
00 cu' with a minim,"n of in both ",lid wood sheet j,'<X>d;.
Rake and Bevel Angles
T __ TWO """"". '0 TOO ...
""" rrs!VtCTlON, TI>e first,
called is _ angle at WhiCh
the bOdy 01 the tooth att&cl<S the
w<>rl<pieC". TI>e se<:orKl. called the
_ angle, is the angle across the
top edge 01 tne lOO\tI.
Rake and Bevel Angles
TI>e rake, Of hook. angle Is del .... -
mined by drawing a line from the
e<>nte<" 01 the blade to !he lip 01 a
looth (_ the illustratiOn at right).
A 10011"1 .....".., lace Is par_ to
lI"Ial _ has a o-degree rak .. , H the
lac .. 01 the loom ..... ns lorward 01
the _. M haS a poeitive rak ... H
teans M's consid&red a
nega\,"", rak .. .
The greal ... \he rake angle. the
more aggr .. ssIve _ cut. but aiso
_ more 1 .. ",oul you" \)e1 on the
.. xii sIde",,-, crosscuttlrig. A
tlIade wilh a lower rake angle .....
gNe you less learout when cross-
cutting, bvt",. mor .. leed
pr ............
a tS-degree 10 20-degree angle Is
about right. For crosscuttng on the
lat>Ie saw. t o degees to tS degrees
is _. _s with a O-degr .... Of
A.I. Angl.
- .,-----,"'\ /
,: If'"
, '
,
, ,
,
B,oll Mgll
-
..
negal,"",-d8gree rake ate designed for r .. cllal-arm
sa_ and .-..g .m .... sa_ 10 pre"'l<ll
the blade from <;lriWlg the saw carriage forward too
aggr .. ssIveIy.
The bevel angle is the angle ground across the lOP
01 the tooth. A lOOIh with .. O-degee angle Is str8igh1
across and Is repr .. -,tad by the teeth on an FrO
lhIs Is the mofIt .. ffiCient design lor ripping, as
the -.. e<1ge 01 \he loolh splitS th& WOOd alOng tNI
grain as ent .... \he workpieCe. at<! Ihio aI90 pro-
<b:;&S a rough CUI and I .. """", when CI"OS9CVttIr>g. The
_ angle 01_111 on M ATB I:>I9d& typicaly ranges
Itom 10 <I&{jr&eS 10 20 oego &eS. The "' __
angle, _ 0Iean&r _ CUll>&Cause _ point 0111>&
lOO\tI scoras the WOOd til>ers jusll>Elfore !he _
9hMrS _ WOOd, The ',adeo/I is that a sleeply angled
lOO\tI d<.A!l more QUickly.
Teeth: More or Less
8Ec"'-'SE 10-... , 8O..ACI£S ..... .,.., """"" CQO.OMON. 31 0111'4 talk about 11>&
.........."... 01 leeth on a blade ref&rs 10 t o-ln. blades. To do _ same job.
3" B-n. FrG might hava Ihe same runber 01 tooth, boI a 12-...
FrO blade might have si x more. For ATE! blades, figure abouI to few ....
leeth for an e-in, blade and about 10 more for a 12-.... blade. These fIg-
...... " are all relal,""" 01 coo.rse. -n-e seem to I>EI very few slandards
when comes 10 sawblades.
Table-Saw Blades 49
50 TabIe-5aw Blades
A 4O-tooch ATB bl""" II tho: one that )'00'11 ""m on )'our".", moot of
, ho: ,In'IC.
Alternate-top 00.... and rakEIf' (AT8&R) Ai; its I'IJn'IC ia.r lin. an
ah"""",e-,OJ> !,e"eI and .. bl..:k '''''l<l,,,,,,,ct!loch ahem •• e-,,,!, be,-'"
,ee,h and ,al:cr 'e<:. h, A 'l'p.e,1 10-.." blade consim of 10 smups of fI ".
t""th ;.epaf"ilteJ by deep II"lIc'" Each group II mo>Je up of (our ATB tee,h
I'f'"'CWM by a raktt tooch. AT6&.R bI,.de, are tho: original "combtna,ion"
bI,.de,. C'Uted ((. !loch "1'I'1fl1l and CfOOOCum"i. ,Ite: design;.
ba<.a.ll)' a U"l"(>\'", (rom oIJ """I-blade, llOChnolog)' and i, ("" be.ng
by ,he 4O-,ll()(h ATB blO<k.
Triple-chip (TC) On a trirle-chip-",mJ bl..J.e, ,he """ell '" ",."'), orher
tOOlh are chamfered At ,*5 degrtts. Thor: ' IOCth in b<:I,,«tl an: ei'""," ,lat _.op
",k«lor ATB ,enh. Each chamfered ,ooch rio-.. a cmtcr Cu,,
,,-!tich is the .. cle<oncd up by ,ho: rake .... Tflp--chip blade$ art' dn.gneJ for
c<l1l"'11 de .. "" man_rn.dc material, weh;lS rart;dcb<:>..-d, plmico, and
alumi",,,,, becausc the ".ker_"yl" tceth "..,.,', dull as quick II' as beveled
A Tn ,ee, h. bl.Jc •• .-.11 do ... Kc('p .. bk job on soltd ,,"0<><1 bu,
'l'J'kally VI-ort·' cu .... cleanly ... an ATB bbdt-.
Selecting the Right Blade for the Job
The proper blade (0'< dw job depcrnk on tho 'Il'" '" m .. o,ial to be CU'.
W!-w,n ....,ning with solid VI'OOd. it al..,.krm<k on ,t.. kind r:J CUC)'<lU
VI"", to rnak .. chan belo..·). lieff.n: oome Il'>tJohneo.
SOLIOWOOO
Fnr ';Ilf''''lI Operation" I !)'pic.lI), u>e lWO ')'1"" r:J blood.". At the begin_
nina: r:J project. ,,'h ... ", ... ttlt:: a lot ",,,,,,,,,Ii ' 0 ''''-'tlh .. ,e., I use a
H_IOOIIt FIG bbdc r holoon 1', 52). Th .. blade mtU'''''' less
f«J f"on:t ,han a bloo" ",tlh """" ,.,.,.It and II mooogh '0 $0'"
,hrotJgl. thick "",,1.."0<><11. It .1"", .. '..,. ml' """""he! cutting blood.,.
MATCH THE BLADE TO THE .JOB
TyPl' o! Cu\ App<op""I ..
--
-.
--
..
..,....
Pow, .. ed. MOF.
--

FlO (2. to 30
Ale (40 t_)
ATe (40 \0 &11"""'J
... Te(40to80t--.J

TC (80 I"""')
Ale (4010 8O teetl>J
TC (eo lee!I'I)
l
!
= i-
I · C>-
'I" - ... A---f.
if I
:'

d ! I ! !
ll; lit·
111111
!,Ih'!
,h'lll
l!qd
l

I :;;
I
I
I

II Hi
i'!!!! .
i
"
i 'I I
i i II I lIB Ji
J .. ". I . ·f"!lll'
j il!ll!
I 'II""!
11
1,lq>h"

,----g-I-; ·
!i ,l! JIlll !
-

J


Test,ng lor Tearout
T
o J!ally tes1 a blad.lor t,a,out, try
CuT!itlg a pie<:t Of 0.' MwoocI
aero,s the grain. the exit ,ide 01 the
CIJ! is clean, you've got . c'oss-
cut Dl aa •.
52 Table-Saw Blades
A FTG blade (tOlOO'""II(I) $eM> 10< last fiWinIr A ATB _ ( .. nt.r)
_I. iob 01 tK>1h rippino ,11(1 .ros<eoni"ll, The 8O·,oo,h ATB ....... (re, r) orossoul,
wi'h litt'" or no toaroot.
24-tOOlh blade Joe! le.,·c some 53W ma,k., but Ih.t', not;m i>suc a, ,hi,
pOi"t because the boards Iuo". to be ripped to f,,,.lsi,. later aoyw" \" at
,,'hich poiot ]"II use "4{l-tooth ATB blade,
Fo.- m<:JOt crooocutti"g, 1 use a premium-quality 4{l-tooth ATB
blade, which is Ihe blade he. on my.,,,,' mosl of the l imo.
I "ttd an dean cut with no I"aroul. I swit<h 10 a" 8O-tooth
ATBblade.
PLYWOOD
Maoy kinds ofharowood plywood--partkularly dose_porcd wood, like
birch and 0f,en be deanly $:'''''' u.i"g a .hafT' 40-tooth A TB
blade, How,,'-er, for cutting oak ply,,'ooJ other pand, wi,h ,,,,,roul_
prone face '·eo"" ... ,IS" an 8O-100th ATB bI.de for" dean CuI,
OTHER SHEET GOODS
Partidebooro, medium-density fibe,board (M()F). mdamine, and pla'tic
laminate> arc all dense ,M.cTiab thot dull sawblodes, Although
you C3n CuI p<mel! "dth a 4{l·tooth ATB blade, ;I'S 1:><$1 ' 0 u* an
8O·toOlh ITiple-<;hip blade. ,,'hieh ''''n<1s up b.mer to th. "'ea •.
PLASTICS ANO NONFERROUS METALS
",'oojw(l,ker$ occru;iorulll)' frnd thcm",h-es to CUt acf)·lic. OIher
r1.,ti"". and """fer rou, ""ct.ls soch a, b",,, .nd aluminum. Ahhough ,he
!.)He saw isn', n"'''''''ril)' ,h. best ,001 for cuning pia"", "lid metol. i, will
J,., the job. U .... n SO·tooth ui ple·chip bla<k because of th. ,ough. dense
n.ture of thcsc material,.
Gauging Blade Quality
Tht quality of sawbl..J", ,,,, ' ie> gre"tly. In geno",l. \"OU get "'hat )'0(1 pay
t,'t. For the sake of comparison. I'll separote blades into ,hree broad ca,e_
':",,1<" premium bhb. mid.gr.de blad",. and c=my bl"des.
PREMIUM BLADES
Fremium blade. are made to dose tole",nc.,. and high ,,,,ndards .KI ,ha,
,he\' can endure ,he fast. eo",inuou, pace of a hea"y production ,hop.
The manufactu,i ng time bOOr are rcllectoo in ,he priCes. which typi.
c.oIl) rang< (rom $75 to $200, One indication of a well-made blade is ,he
--luali, \, of ,he bra,ing tha, connec,. ,he ,ooth to ,he plate. The br .. ';ng
"',II be . n>OC>th wilhout pi" or g'p$, and the tOOlh will be ,mooth.nd
"nel\, ground (""" rh. photo helD",). The arOOr hole win ftl ,h. sa""' arbor
-flug!\, withou, slop and the blade bod\' will o('cn indude expanSion slotS
t.' dISsipate The Iceth will be ,Imp.nd polished .• oo the blade
"til be ,'cry fla,.
eo. mdieation Qt • promium blade is .mooth. ""opitt.., br ....... wit". tho tooth .-1In to
1M pia,. of tho bIa<lt,
TabIe-$aw Blades 53
54 Table-Saw BladeS
A BasIc Blade Set
So HCW """" "'-"OE$ DO yOU .......... " """o1 That <l&pe<>dS. 01 cou"s<>. on
the type of work you 00. K you dO gen&raI wooOwoo1<ng. outing PfI-
marty SOlid WOO<l I>uI alSO some pIywOO<l and partlolel>oard. a good-
quality 40- 10011"1 ATB!>Iade wOUld be 'fOUl" besl fifsl onoioe. A good
seoor>d!>lade 10 ria"" WOUd be a 1"Iigr>- beve4 80-10011"1 ATB!>Iade 10<
making tine C<"OSSCUts and saWog plyWOOd. Aile' that. you oouIcI NI 0IJt
)'OIJI" set with a 24-1001I"I FTG _10< fast. easy ripping. partlcUsrly
--
you _ will"l a lOt of <le-n ..... man_made bOar<ls iii«> partiOle!>Oar<l.
MOF. plaStiC laminates. and SOIid-surface mat&Oai. 'fOUl" chOices wOUld
be <litIefent. y OU" blade set might con",,1 01 a 40_,ooth ATB blaCle 10<
gene<al WOOd Cutting. I<*>Witd t>y a 50_ 10 8O-tootro TC blaCle 10/" !tie
man_made bOardS. YOU might tt-. add a Ngh_beve4 eO-looth ATB
I>Iad8 10< sawing learout_prone panelS like metamine and cal< plyWOOd.
By II"Ie way. dOn' , Wow 0IJt 11"1& typicdy irrteriot" blade !!\al came w1th
you< saw. can be veoy ha.<"Idy 10< cutting trvougj"> the
naiI·rIdden boa<d.
MID-GRADE BLADES
nO! qui.e as durable as premium blades. mid-grade blade, are a
good "al ue if you aten', invoked in h,," ,·)' prodllCt;on woodworking. TI,,,,,,
blade ... e probably the re.t choke for the serioos home ","OO<I "" orker or
.>ma ll-,hop proklsiorurl. Yoo can of,en I!.'" a good deal on mid-grade blade,
from ",ail-order >urr1ie ... wnh pr;c.,s in 'he $40 to $75 r;mgc: some
higher-end blades ",II for $80 to S 100,
ECONOMY-GRADE BLADES
!'.:'morn\' bl.dc"$ are m" n"f", ,,,,,,d H> minim"'" ""ndard, for ,llO;IC who
"''',, ' to buy a. as poss,ble. regardle., of 4l1alit )"- TIle blade, ",al'
have pitted Itt,h and a rougher fini,h ,han mid_grade blades. and ,hey
aren't machined carefully. To ",e . e<:otlO"'l" blades are just" "<lSte of
money. They COSt $40 or lc.,.:lnd af,,,, " couple of sharpening' should be
,hrOl,'n awal',
Specialty Blades
In a,kli,ion '0 ,h" standard blades dcs<:Ti bcd ab",·c. ,here are 3 number of
,pecialty hlade. designed (or .pedOc operations. These include st.ding
and adjust.ble dado blade, for cutting dadoe, .nd grooves. and molJ ing
f()T" ;haping ' he.m.."" of boords im" profil{$.
DADO BLADES
DJ.do blades----also c.\l ed dado heads---comist of 3 blade or blade, that can
be adjusted '0 a dado, or ",bbe, in . l ingle poss. D;Kk:>
are ""ailablc ,,·il h stccl or ca,bide·,ippcti ,ttlh, Because grocI\" ing doe,n' l
S!llck i;\a<l0 _ """isIS .. two ootsid. ,unor., t>etwftn ar. sandwictJW l "u""
Do! OJ Thin plastic, pape'. 01 metal ploced be1wwl t'" bIOlJ •• pr(W\o:lt 1 ...
lIltu,tmoot k>r It!e "KIth 01 cut
norm.Ii), require "cry deep a 6_in.-<lia. or B-in.-<lia. d.do ho",1 i,
wuall)' sumcien! for any shor- In b",neral,,,,,,, a dado hea<! ,h", is 2 in, less
In d'amctCT IfI.,n tile si,e of a "'w', stock blade (e.g., on B-ll'_ dado head for
lO·in .• , w )_ The .rbof on >Ome por"blc 1'0"''$ i$n't long enough to
a f"ll 'lI .. in.-wide dado-head sewp_
Thefe are 'wo haSic Iype, of da<!o hea<!s; srack dadoes and ,,'Obble
J,.oc.es. A stack dado con,i>l' of IwO out CT cuttcrs, be,ween which are
",,,,lwichcd • number of chipper:l ("'" lhe photo abow) _ The
t«,h on the ,ight -hand cutter "lean" t(> (hc righ,. The ",,,tI, on ,he lof,-
h.nd Cutter "lean" ,he other way, In .moothl)' cu' dado ",all,
,.. lth minim.1 ' "arou'" A cutter can ha,·c from IB to 60 ,,,,,,h. The chip-
r<"', wh ich typicaH)' ,pan twO, Ihfee, or four FTG ,eeth per hlade, .re
Je,igne<l to <emo,'e Illaterial quidl\, and a flat _boltom dado or
,'TOO"C,
A 'tack dado include! tw" cutters, a lI_in._wide chipper, a
_In._wide chippCT, a nd a fe'" lj-in.-"'id. chippers. By u,ing different com_
of chipper! ()T "" chippers 3' 31\), you ean adjust ,he o"crall
"'id,h of the dado to cut a dado 01' S'OO"c TImgit'll from II in. w;de '0
tn. wide in .. in. increments_ You can fine-tune the "'idth of the d",100
head ",i.'ll paper, p!Mtic, ()T metal $hi"'$.
Another type of dado cuning ,001 is ,h. adjust.ble dado head, known
.1 ,he "wobble" or "J nmhn" dad<, hea<! ("'" ,hc top photo on p. 56).
Safety
D
ado heads if. <la!tll"rous. TIMy
'""""'" • 101 uf wood ;n ont pass.
whicl\ iOCftases the risk of kiclbac1<.
tn auditi<.m. cuHirlg a daolo hNd
o1 11le splitter af1Cl
A/wa)' s use
leatlle,ooards, hold-downs.
sticks , and a guard when worl<i ng
with a
Table-Saw Blades 55
56 Table-Saw Blades
Wobl>lO olaCIoes Ihot <)II • hub 9rovic!e all"nalive 10 st •• " (l>CIOH_ Tile
V-<Iado on me fight employs two _ .
An ""pent ...... Ilijj h-.qu>lity $lack <Il(\(l prO(luCts IiItIt <)r n(J t. >root llelt) . oven in ook pIy-
_ . out OI1own at ""hi w>$ maoe with 'n wobbl. IIWI.
With these lOO\s, either one bl"de (wobble dado) or ' ''-0 blad", (V-d.OO)
arc moumcJ on an adjustable hub.t an and the pitch of the blades
con be :>dju\tc-d foo- diffcrcnt·,,'khh groovC$. (This i, the "I,imate . , amplc
ofbladerunoot)
A premium.qu.li,y, tOp-Qf·lhc·line ,tad, d;.oo can " , " d06< to S300.
Ho"""cr, if yoot dadoes and groo,'e, are mosd)' limircJ to jig making
; Installing a Stack Dado Head
A "''''''' DADO -..0 """ TWO """""'" C>.1T'TmS. !>elw""" wnictl are
a """,be< 01 ctlippers. Aft&< InstaJlO'Ig ttI<I rigtlt- Mnd cutW
(typicaly rnarI<e<I as such). place a ctOppar agalns! with !he ctOppar's
teeth posiIioned wi1hIn ttI<I 0!tIerwis<t. you nak diSlart_
"'II the t>Iade. and damaging ttI<I teeth. TtIerI inSIal l>ddibOnal ChipperS
and stIim6 as necessary to build !tie 0ad0 au! to!t>e wi<I!tI.
Space !t>e tee!h on .. ach new chipper &Qt.IaIy between the t eem on !he
prev;o....s ctOppar to """"ent the dado head from running aut 01 baIanc ..
and Wessing!he ari>o< beat'ngs (see the phOto on p. 55). Last. inStal
the second t>Iade. -""' pooitOo<W>g the chIppeo teem within !he bfade
guiIe!S_
MIloI.lgn yoo can buy a dadO·ttIr<>a! Inse<1 for you' saw,
best to mak .. a custom · Zer<>-C,",a<ar>oe"!tIrOat plat .. tria! axaC!ly
the wIct!tI 01 the dado heM. That way, taa<au! wi! !>e
mlr*nlze<;l,"ven with a dadO set. F\ememt>e, to Clamp
down the throat plat .. when raising the spinnng head to cut you' wtlat
opening ("'*' · Cust om Throat ?Iat"s· on p . 9'9)
"'he,,, r0\,gh Cllrs d",, '! matter, )'0\, g<'t. ",·<>bbl. Of V·dado for $100 or
1.,"_ In my f"rniture ,n. ki ng. I "wall\, """ dadoe, and g"""''-'' imtead of
<awing ,hem. If I sa"..,J" lot of d.dots. in plywood, I would buy
a quality ""d dado for il. abtlit\, to ell! deat,."",lled. fl.dx'lIom
dadoes wi,h minHnal ,ea""" (S<.'" ,he bottom 1'''''''' on the focing paj,"')'
Farr.,.t mak'" a great """I: J"do for about $300 (.>ee Sources on 1'- 197) _
MOLDING HEADS
C"lIe .... ,,'hich orc",oo to 'hapc "OCk. can be instlliled in a 'P"-
, ial hcad that mount$ 0[\ the saw "boo- ("''' the photo on p. 58). Lih
dado head., moldins head, are dange'ou, be<:'l!>e {he\, remove 0 lot of
.tocl in one pass. In addition, the '.i()npiocc i$ often fed on ",Ig<:. $(>
h""e to be ,pedally made to ,,, i, (he)OO. Bec"""" of thc"" reasom.
I advi"" agains, ,he table ,aw for thil lind of $haping ""Iel'
\-01' ,,'" • .,r.oorJi,,"l)· .afe'), PT"""uti<>rn. 1"""".1 1 "",,'mmcnd ".ing.
ro"'e' ,"ble Or .haper f()T m<»t shaping w"rl.
N' the IOngc>t 1 imc, onil' two molding head, have been available-
.:>n, made b)' Delta and ()fie by Neither I.",-e :In)' for
",fely limiting the depth of COl' , which add, to {he danger of
Recently, ,hough, a rable·saw molding hud has c""", on the marlet that
L' miKle i" •• ,,<.><dance with .triet EurOpea" -!:Ofety regula,ion,_ Called the
Magic the head has a ,hip·li miting design to red",c the wan(;C
,,f kiclbacl , and the carbide CuttCTS locl ",curely i",o a w..!l·bltlanced
,Iumin"m head (.>ee the photo on 1'_ 58)_ If you wam {o u"" yoor table
",w for shaping. ,he 1001 might be "unh checking 0\" ($<.'C
on p 197).
TabMt-Saw Btades 57
58 Table·Saw Blades
A molding head cao be """'0100 on , $,OW 10 s/llIl>O profil ... T" Magic .how. he"
limits I .. <l<ptI1 of 0<1110 ,00",," "'" en,.," 01 IOCkl»ck
SCORING BLADES
A scoring blade is. ,,,,,,II blade (.hoIll 4 in_ in d,ameter) Ihal makes a
,h.llow eu' .head or the main ",wblade, TI,,, ""<>ring blade r()I,ltCs in Ihe
<'l(ltlOSlte direclion, making onl\' a ""oring cut to eiiminale po>Sible
chiPring or tcarOl', from the main blade ti,e pr.o.os on d", f.cing
1""8"1. Scoring blades are sl3ndard or <optimal ''<Iuipment on nlOSt pand
with. b Lli h-in sliding table Ihal arc capable of handling a
I", of ,.heet goods. At lea\! onc eompllny_ M"d"lu._ ha, m.de .n .fter·
m" ket scoring 'aW "n.clunCnlthat will fit most cabinet "'w" The un;1
COlts aboul $-100 (ICC Soure ... on p. 197).
Blade Stiffeners
Flanged coli", e.lled blade arc " ... ,he" that
help ,,.,.bili:c a running bbJe, Installed on the next to the blade,
they pro"ide extra ,uppo1'l to Ihe bla<lc, hclpin;g reduce ,',b"'tion ,hO[ can
cause rough euning and blatk fatigue, particularly when using cheap <>r
t hin·kerf blades, u'l:<'r.diamotCt pI'O\-'ide more >llppoIt at the ooter
edges of ,he blade (se.: the photo on p 60).
T),pically, a .ingle oollar i, ;""alled on lhe """ide of ,he bl"d., but
),Oll e.n also use two(OII'"--(,,,e on ,he imide and one on the oou;de,
How"wr, pIOCi"ll' w ll.r on ,he imide_next '0 the "'1'1 arbor'$ fixc-d
wllar-will repositiO!lthe blade on ,he arbor. Thi' meam)'oo mal' haw
10 " th"'''1 rlate to suit the ncw saw S\OI, Yo" '11 "Iso ha,-c 10 re.dj u.t
AAe,ma r1<.t scorino-oIM • • """,olie, can bO to mo.t ClOf>i",,, $;IW$ to _inat •
... ,out .ne! In plywood ana sllOtt O_s_
Tf>!, $mll $C(>rino _ cuts. $l'I011Ow k,rl 'MO(! ot the maio $01_. eliIIlioWino ,",out
in frllllilo locino m.torlal1 liko oal< plywood and molami,,"_
Table-Saw Blades 59
60 Table_Saw
A blade .,iflo"", til! sawbla<l< stobili, .. _, rodUCi"" 'librotico oAll i>eJpi""
prod""" • cit . ... cut,
Ihe cursor on )ULLr fencc-",il ",.Ie i( you "<1m 10 "'" it to "" )'our rip fene"
(!C< "eu>!"" Throal Pla.e,· "" p_ 99)_
Because using a blade .. itrencr .1so red"" ... he depth of cu., a good
idea ' 0 l\OIe .he blade', cuuing capaci.l' wi.h .he $.if&'n,," ins.alh!. Yoo
wam to remember no. '0 !pinning blade in ,he middle of a hea,')'
cu,, jamming .he nil'fcner asaim. "wooden .hroa. pla.e and 'rll<lling LIp
,he.hop as I done.
Blade Care
A .. , of good sa",bladc$ coo. a. much as some ,able saw" so i"s 3
good idea to •• k" of your blade •. likc other cuuing .ools, bl.des mu!!
be kep' sharp and to perform their best.
Keeping )'00' blad .. ,harp is iml''''rt3nt f,,, rcWJn$ other .han iu't get_
ting culS, Dull bl"des he.t up whilc fighting .heir "'al' through .he
wood. The heat cau"," gum .nd pitch buildup, in tum increa"" the
heat, o(,en in. ",,,rped bt.dc, Working dull, hot blades can also
lead to aacl$ in the pla,e, ....... lIy "art;ng a. tile gullel, R"i,'lJlarly in;pect
)X)ljr blades fOl' crocks ;n Ihe pla.e 0.- chip$ in 1"'" teeth. Q,irped can
be "p"ired by" saw smi,h, but" cracked blade should be discarded.
Alter ..,fterlin\i and Ioosenin\ll>l1c11.O<l resin Of!' blatH LIsi"ll • clear1i"ll _ nt, .,;rub oTt
1"0 ,,,;0,, usi"ll • Of b" .. ·bri.tled bro.h. 1);1 tho bIodo .ft" ,I .. ni"ll
l"OUr blades regula.!)', espcdaUy ,,'hen )'c,"re cuuing =inoo,
".<XXI.. such as rine or che,,!'. Ei.hc, Pilint remo\"e, (nm thinneyj 0.-
ammonia in wann "';l.cr wi!! o(u'1l reffiO\'C ri,ch and ' .... ins. '''''j'
f,om ",·cn·c1canins prod'>(:!$ ,,",,",se ,hey ,end 10 [m,,,lc down the cobalt
binder ,h", holds ,he carbide particles 'oge!hrr. A number n£ plOl',ie'af)'
products on mar\.:e, ,hcse day. do an exceUem job 0(
cleaning blad .... I prefer a wa.cr·ooI ubl", cn"iTOnmemaUy friendly deaner
!,ttaus<: ;,'s nOl as nas,1' '0 work w,!h as man\" cleane", ("'" the photo
abo\·.). AI,cr cleaning, hl ... I •• sh""ld "" dried thoroughly. then ,reared
wi,h a light coa, 0( thin oil to pre\'em nlS!. panku!.,!), a'{)l'nd the teeth,
You migl" think ,hm be,au;c c.arbitk is s., hard i , ",,,,,ld be difficult {O
dam.ge, blll ie, .1;0. I'e,!' bt-itdc an<I can crack and chip. [)on', US<: a ""r·
b,de blade 10 cuI wood ,h.l may contain nail. or other me'''\. And ,"h
,a,e when hondHng and "oring ca,b'de·tirped blade, . Never .tack them
d,recdy again>t each orher or tal' ,hem 00 ,he saw ,able: $lore in an
arrroptiarc conta'ner.
Table·Saw Blades 61
4
Safety
A
ccording ' " an e,tim,!. by tho US Consumer Product s"re'y
COlllmi;,ion. tn"", was an a\'erogc ,i more ,fl.,,, 3O,OCQ "mergene)'-
room for ",ble'$<I"'-rc\aloo hand injurie5 e"ery year
for [he 13" 10 W""'. I bdic\'e;1. Nearly c"cry ""iou, ",<,..,Jworker th:u I
I:no"' has experienced a, lea" one do..: cal l "" the table "' ",', I myself
remember being doo.,bk,<1 o\'er; n from of m)' saw aher gett ing in
bbClt D""O 'n(I or riving • • " OS5!!ntial acc •• >Or;es. US;"" •
pu'lle' to let<! tr.e WOO<! koop. 1'00' tlanO. out oJ n",m'$
Safety at the Table Saw
M ...... A' n<I' T ....... SAw ClIO tie avoicl&d by propec preparation
anc:I use of common _. yOU" t><>sl safety precaCltion is a sharp mind.
CO<"IOIOntrate on !;he ta$l< at anc:I 0Qn'1 be dislracted by
liOn. 6e aw .... e ""'I many acCid</(rta t>appen o1gnt alK>, a !arlO<' lunch.
_ you'", often "''''' alert.
Try to tnd the 0i<'npIeSt way to make e cot; a fussy setup can invite
problemS. U .... you" 000"r"V"I">00"' sense, a setuP ..... rna dangerouS.
prObably is. Try a <*ff"'''''' approach 0< use a mote appropt\e;te 1001. NId
you" time. Rushing is an aII_tOO_common cau"" 01 accidents
Ore .... Approptiatety
Be aw .... e that anything 0< protruding neat the blade can pre-
5&I"It a da"9"'_ ReI up __ "". tuck In yOU" sIWt. t .. back long
Mir. anc:I 00ft any ;.tw<I1ty. AVOid glOves. ""en Ws cold. t>eeause they
can catch on Ihin9S and reduCe your """sliMly. Wear shoes with non-
sIo:id soI<oa, anc:I aVOid .....-.:I""', Keep you" tOl) pockets It .... of oI>j&ctS
""'t could dtOl) out onto 1h<I table
set Up for Safecty
Make ""'" yOU" saw is property pk;gged Inlo a grou:'I<l<>d outlet
... ""'I melal concIt.octs ele<;tncity eaSly. Opemle 1M saw orly In ..
dry "'&8.. Mways ....--.pO.>g the saw when char>glng -. 0(
(Unft-ups, anc:I make aI with the blade at a dead stOl)
set 1M blade no more than l in, above the workpi&ce. and always
<;IOut>Ie-CheCk the rip fenc<o to make ""'" rt'a lOOked In place l>elo<e
making a CUI_
Keep Clean """ Sharp
K&ep th<I saw table It .... of tools, ofk:ut1I, and e><lta wori<.pO>ces that
could creep tow .... d the bIad<I . Us$ a dust bru9tl instead of yOU" hands
t o brv$I'1 aawdvst off the table. Use sharp, clean bladeS, they' re "'""
ikety to kkk back and wiI cut tM work rnu<;h &8. .... ' . Resln-co_ed
blades tend to build up heat and ,e_ oun;ng, also wise to wash up
afte' using the saw 10 rninirnize Skin initat>:><\ Itom ce<taIn woods,
Use I"r<>pe, Cutting P<oeed .......
U .... tne rip fence lar r\ppir"o!;I anc:I the mter gaug.e (0< _ appropOale
jg) !or C!'osscun;ng, Neve, cut /teetland !or any reason! And don'! use
th<I fenc<o as a stOp blOCk !or Cr'OS8Cvtting; an oHe .... trapp<td bfltw"""
the f .. """ and th<I blade can kkk back YioI&/"lt1y.
Lat the blade buil d uP to lui speed bflfore Cvtting, th<In push th<l
workpiece ttvovgh the blade; stopping mid-cot In"".,.; kkkback.
Most important . stand to !;he side 0/ the workpiece l>eirIg cut_ Mways
wait until the blade comes to a dead stop before up CIA stock
or <:Iearng away ofk:uts
d,e gut by" fly; ng workpiece. .bo had cutoff, wh;, b)' mv head on
t heir wa)' 10 Ihe mh", end of (he ,hOJ' . N"oo" "l dv. I C$Ca!,<-xl serious ;njul')'
I,dore lea",,,\,: prorc' .s.ofct y technique,. but 1 koow others woo Mx cn',
be<:" \<) loc k)"
Safety 63
A
boonllflafS kicked luCk by the
sawbla<le can • wor'<ll ie«
toward )'O\J at speeds "Ilp'Qa<hing
100 mit.s per hoor.
64 Safety
The good IlC"" is ,ha, ,able_saw accicknu arc almost ent irely
pre"e",abie-llo exagge"'tion. In this chapter. I'll expl"in the causcs
0( ,""eidents "nd ,how)"0<1 ho'" [0 aY{,id them. ]'11 .11<) di$<u!Ii W'Y' to
protect )'our eves, e.rs, and l u"ll':'; \I'd) as yom li mbs.
The Risks
Proper planning, dre .. , ""d ,"II' "",up can reduce m.ny ri," ar ,he mble
saw (sec the ,idern,. on p. 63). Ho""",,,. ,he lh,.., grear." IXltcn'i"ls for
rabl".$O"' ham' ;,1\"()I'-e (he blade. n", ma:o;r p,,,.,,I.,,, ,",ciJcnu im-oh-,
kickback. by cjecrjoll and )""e"'lion. AU of these danger. can be
d iminatN by u,i ng t he rroper safe.y equipment and u:chniqoc. 3.11'11 di,.
u,>S in the following sections.
KICKBACK
By far, ,he ,fOOl! common ""'''' of ,.ble·,.w accidents is kickback. Kick·
back is juSt the ""Wre of the beast called ,he .able saw, h's n<.>t
,h. "raul!" of ,h" ,,"OOdworker, thc m,,,,hine ""t"p, Of the "''Ofkriece; it's
simpl)' an inkrem pmt of the c,,(ling operation. Unless you're "'ing 0
splittct Of 'iving knife, kickback con occur even ""hen the ' ip fence is set
properl)', the "''Ofkpi""e is fl,wl.,.., and you' re pushing cor"",!ly,
Kickback i, caused by the tel\dcI\C)' of 'he t"",h a, t he """ of
the blade to pick up ,he ",'o,kp;""c, catapulting it ",w'lTd the op<.',.,uo< at
speeds oW""",hi ng 100 mile, per hour (see the sidebar on the facing
1""10'<). As if the ri,k of gelling s",acked b)' the workpiece isn't bad enotJgh,
)'OlJr hand can abo t-e PI,lIeJ towa, d the spinning blade in the process ,
And this.1I usually harpen.. way 100 ( .. , (<'><)'OlJ 10 pull ),-,,,,,,,If OOt of
harm" "'a)'.
You can minim;;. the chaflCe of kickback b)' adjusting )'OU' rip
p,operly and holding ,he workpieu f"m1)' "g'Jin;t the feru;c for the emirety
of ,he cu', Bu, th"t'$ nOith. ","I solution. The only <ure_fire way 10 pre'
,'em kickback is by u.ing" propct l)' adjuSled splitte, <.>< riving knife, whkh
denies ,he "''Of " piece (l(:C."'" to t he blade's re.r teeth. I'll Ji'ICu" oplill"'"
and r iving l ni,'os in more depth ,hanly,
EJECTION
Although a 'pli',er '" riving knife rreventS kickback," " 'orkriece Can $till
t-e cjccted straight IOward ,he f",nl of the $;,"'. Thi, (oree is .imrl)' caused
by 'he friction on ,h" ,ide of the rotating blade and is overeome b)' whot,
',,'er (",oJ (oo;e i, be'ng "pplied to the " 'orkpicce, The be .. protections
again" ejection me to push all past the rear of the blade, not to cu'
piece, >honer thnn the d ist.""" bt,ween ,he front and back of 'he blade,
"nd not to u>e the feru;e '0 CfO$!<;ut ,
y,,,, lhi",ld .\'o u", a prop.-rly 'haped push stick and feett ,he work_
piece ,,';th. fOl'CC and rnomentu", appropriote for the ,ize of .nd density of
Fool .... 0Pm< .... Of 11APPEN$. """"""'" .. ..ot ""'-'-
.....,. ... '000. FQ< one tl"Ong. ocCurs too quK;kIy to
obServe. Here's what's ac\O.>ally taking plaCe.
a the r .. ar of th<l Spin-
ning blade. the _9"""- teeth try to lit! lJPWard.
TN!I is made W<XSe by the lact that "'" sawn edge
.. always trying to p<ess agaiMI the """ t .... t"
due to the ..... stanoe al the front of the blade an<!
the resiStance lrom the pUStIe< at the oppoSing
To o.ndoe<stand the pr\ncipIfI, lay
a bOO!< on t"" table and plant
a !inget (rep< ese otIng the
blade) on the table beIind the
lar IeIH .. ...,d c.,.....,.,.. of the
bOO!<. Then push the bOO!< for_
war" from right lront comer
(Itle NotiCe that the
bOO!< pt.ots to the left, juat
as a worI<piec .. pIvOts intO

Ih8 firmly against the 'a""" for the entirety
of the cvt. A shoe-1)oPe witl'l along sole wit
r.e4p you some $ide PM""""" (see -Pushe",·
on p. 79)
8e par1icularly careful When sqo.oara p!e<:es.
which "'" prone to creeping away from the '"""e. "
the worI<piec" edge that's bearing agaiMt !he I""" ..
is Shorter 1tIM the ",,*,cent edges. use .. mite< gauge
or CT06SCvt sIe<Ilnstead 01 the '"""e to guicIe !he
.-
When wOOd, one ""'"
of th<l worI<pieC" is r.,,"_
again$t the I....., ... pO od'\O tg the
worl<pOo<:e diagonally _
the _ and bIa<le. Tne wOf\<-
piece \hen rid8$ up on top of
the spItYling blade and is tu1e<I
t>ackwacd and to tne !ell
toward the operator al spee<IS
uP to tOO miles per -..-. Tne
worI<piece is typ;cal:y leI! with a
scar in Ih8 st>ape oj an ate as
01 rough rIcIe CNe<
the top of the 1>Iade.
As • Slrays from the It,.". can
_ di>9<>nolly pinel1OC1 Dotw .. n tn. bl:ldo
_.., tho rip Itnee. in\Oi!ing kickMeIc.
Tne ooty way to entirely
eliminat .. kiCl<t>ack Is to use
8. properly 0II9'>e<I spilt",
or rMng kriIe (_ -Aligning
the Spftter to the Blade- on
p. W you insist on wort<Ing
wilhout a splitte< 01" riving
KriIe (I won'II), you can at
Ie<IsI .. the <:harlCeS
of ldekback by taking Ih8 101-
IOwng measuru. aIthOugIl
they e< .. n't foolproof: K&ep
TM wo<"Pi"" ... hunl«l dlagoft.1ly _Ir(l
t.w,r(l the operator
1110 arcMd """' on II1e u"dof1iOe {)j Ir.e woric"
jlitu is resuh 01 its mvtI over 1110 111
Ir.e bI:Id • •
Safety 65
66 Safety
tlK ... '00<1. Ooo't let tlK httl of a pw.h "ICk ,ide- up 0\.." Iht..oo ci 1M
.. otkri«t. Some ,;.pI,,,.,.. ,,,,,Iudt notchtd ph·1s or ""ended '0
tjtctlOn, bIll I"", fuund tlKm '0 I.. ,..".,. u",,,hable.
LACeRATION
Any pan of an bIaJe I"fI'S""'S" <lanl/C< t<J /lc;h bone. n....
bes1 protec.ion i, A blade CO\·C<. onen callooJ" blade guard. A <:O\'e. pre_
, .• "" )'OUr h,,,,d, f,onl ""'ide"'"II)" comi"l1 in co",,,,,, wit ], ,he bla<k. h
"Iso I"c,·cn .. .I<.w<l,,;. and "pliote .. (.om bdr\i ,h1'Own '" !he ol'e"'t'''.
).1"n)' I''''=''on, <xcu. \\,hil. remo"in.: cutnfh from the table 1;.,("", the
bl.doc (t"en" cO\·"...d blade) h:u storred. It·, al!OO'i habtl to lowe. an
ut>CO\'c...d b.:1ow.he ,,,ble ... ·heo yo ... ,. culting. hen
St"l'f"t",l hun you.
Although many """""'" tilt ,roubbonw: flock bbJe
<:0\ .... dial (\lI nt w;,h .he" ........ a nurrr/)tt cf ..ftcnnarl.t
bl...:.k <:O\'m ",.,,,lable as rcplx.rntnu. abo or ......
"")'" to <:0\'.' .IK bIadc fOo- sre<:if", ""tti", OJ'I'1"tlO,,, .... dilC.....ro in

Safety Accessories
TIle ial ;'1f"ty eqUIpment for "ny ."btc·$;lw '>r<:r.";,,,. indudel" II"O'l
.plittc. Of knife and a bh1c co"e,. Oth •• ace...",ieJ ... eh as puslK .. ,
aux,l,ary wOfkpiccc SI'pper", feathe,b.;.ord •. fafctl' wt>ccls, and f'OW1!' fced-
e ... 100 have ,hd, panicut",......s,
STOCK BLADE GUARDS
The wock ,ablt· ... w ruantl)'SICrns on moot .. .., toW ,n the Uni ...... St"t""
",,{ul. ha< ",;d ;t. N ...... h· e-'ery .. XX>dwork •• knows
.hi> •• ''''' though ""peru ""ht in boob, map!""'", and ,d-
e-'iI"", """"'" that .. .., lISe "". table·"' .... nw.,. tdl , .. that IN, ha,..,
""""""'" tM gua.ds on wit table ",,, .. only so ".., can be" ... 'M 01"":0_
,ion Non ....... The reason ,,-hy they and ro man)"
od"'T """"",,,,,,,lc .. discord stock guard! i"hat tM /lU->rJ. a.e poorly
for ,h." 1""1"""'"
A II<",k bla<k lO"aru is a th ••• ·in_"ne "I'''.''' ,hal I, hah.d !"
t]..., ""w', ,""iag<' Th. system .. ,," Irline., a bl:.de co'· • •.
and fi,'<oom in on. a;.,cmbly (s« . he '''1'1''''''0 on r. 40).
Unfo,.tun'ldy. thiS des.il;fl 'l'I'fOOCh ""'erely hmiu , he useful""j.j of.he
O)"$Icm. Fim, because tM srl""r iI fi xooJ in rlace and h'gMT ,han
tlK bbdr. only 'hrou¥h sa,,' (uu can be made. To cu' <L.does, 1I"'O\.t$, ... b-
bc,u,.nd many oroo jot" .. , tilt """'" fIUIIrd ",*,mbly m.." I.. ""bolted
from 1M .. w-nor a qud and easy "I'<""tion.
The "",,, ... also rrevenur ...., ci cn::oM<:ut .Icds and To mak ..
maU<"t$ .. ..,."., the black <:0\'''' on rnan)" .....,mbh"" "",,'I Slay up and "'"
of way fOf bloclc ,hanging or measuring ""wb!:.d., heigh,. Uhima'cl)".
be<:.use "lid rea ttaching the """mbly i. wch. pain. i,
i, ofte" .. iJe in" dark comer of the shop '0 du""
Th"t.<aid. these gU"rJ ')"StC"" are bener ,h311 Mthing a' all. Th"J'
do "'Ork; they' , e j" S! terribly incO!l\'elliolll , he" so, j ,,'Otlld use one
rather ,han no<hin g all, However. read on (Of beuer . lrornmives to
stock gua,d,.
SPLITTERS AND RIVING KNIVES
A .plitteT Of riving kllife is t he m<)$' imron"m piece of safet), equipmen,
for a {abl. saw be<;ause i, " iflually elimina'e, tile poten,ial for kk kback-
{he 1l\Ql' common table·.,. .... accidem. A.I \ ·e ",p!iue, Of rh"
mg knife Jenies "ccess {o {he up"""d , i' ing t ee,h a, ,he rear of a ",wbl;'l<k.
prncming" workpie<:e fr" m being ,hrown
A ri"i ng knife . whkh i. "na.:;hed '0 , he blade'a,bor a""mbly, is a
",uch betteT solu1 ion ,han a t)'pical ,pliner, ,,-hich <k;.e,n·, rise " lid fall
wi,h ,he blade. 5<odly, riving k"h'c, are ollly a' ·ailab!. 'm European "''''._
CU"'ed in shape. a riving klli fe lits abou, in, behind the blade alld
a liule below ,he blade heigh, (5ee 1he photo below). Therefore. it <.\oe$
001 get in (he "'ay of any cut or jig t ha, " ""OC>d,,wkcr Il()nnall)' uses.
The 0111)' to change il woolJ Ix 10 in\tall a smalkt- or
blade ,
The foc, ,ha, the ' iving kn ife $i" SO closely behind the blade " n, ure,
,hat {he workpi«:C is held away from (he rcar ,,,,,tI, . lrrtO>t immeJi3{e1),
after the ,,'orkpiece passe$ t he blade. Unfortunotely. t hese prOprietary sl' l;, ·
ters C311"'" be retrofi, 10 a differen{ saw.
Tho rMng knife on. l)'pical Eur(>j)t. n $>'/I' is.1t3d!ed {Q "'" .<tw>r """"lit >II<! .... s, f'lIs.
"Ill (ins with !too bla<le.
A
ftIlough 1he terms Sjllitte, aOld riv-
ing Mile are _ mes use<l inte' -
chan<}eabl)' , a splitter {o
a plate anoched to ttoo !e.! 01 the saw
or to n-.e throat plate_ Wilh 1M m:ep-
tion oj troo Deha Splitter,
a splitte! cannot be adjusted in heilI ht
A !iYit1g knife, l)'pically on EU'OIl"an
saws. is lixer1 10 1M bIaCe-arbof
assemoty, SO il always RlOVtS
{o {M blade aOld S1a'f$ in proper posi-
tion. rega,dless 01 blade height or tilt
Safety 67
Tho Deb Oisa-"'O 5QIitw can be
pushrcI_ -.. "'" 11\'001 ..... ltv'
_lIions such ..
.. r-..g.
A Shopmade Splitter
........ .. ...... _ onp. 99. __ at-.
.........,.. \hoi stock 1tlrOa1 plate _ ...,.... _ 'I'XJ' _.
In aci<litlo ...... _ to creale a tIIJIIn_ by gluing a
oIl'Iardwood or _ min mat_ Into \hoi _ oIo! 01 a zero-
"...,......:. It"YoIoI plaIa (_ pnoto
" lI!)Irtter/f; moslltflectlv<> """" pIaC<Od _ 10 \hoi '"' 01 tne DIade.
a.c.u .. I .... _ P'ognHIMB loward!hft ...... of tne throel plale .s
_ t o<' It"llck_ cut • • rnak .. el !eaSI two tnroel plal_ to<' cutmg
Ol ocl< uP 10 aoout I .... !lick and tor INck .... To maU a
1tlrOat piela lor tl"Ck a lOCl<. .......... ........:I to eIon\Jate the oIo! by """'*'9
!hft _, pIMa.....a tor oond. IhM> ,-.g the _. TNa __ ........ 10
_ t>ack.
.. 10 Ina r\gJJt _ of !he ... _ \hoi rtghI-.I>and
_ of !he _ tMtl>. To _n..e!he jXliiitb. 01 \hoi .... _ .
__ In _ end 0<' _ 01 Ina _ pI'ota 10 taka uP _ play in
Ita lit. lhot can ....., be ....-cI , .... I I. Y to ractuo. Ita _.
,,_ 01 _ glued inIo tilt SIOI in • 11K ......... _ as.
$IIOpo'rICII """".
Tho: 00t of buY'''8' Eun>po::.' nl;Ow-i. 10 gel an
aftcnM,ket sri..,.·, oc.ig".-d.o fit "'''-' m •• ""f"",,,,,,d (or dl<" U.S. ma,ke •.
There a", four modcl$ available: two nt<llk by [)rha. on" by
Bie>cn\C)'". , "nd o"e bl' b c. lib",. The OIh<:, . lt e",,,,, ,'" ii In make yo",
own $1'1111,,' (!iCC II ", !idcba, .bo,·c).
Unlike .he 'l'1 iner un the >lock .h...,.,·tn·ont 1)11<:"' .• ('enn",,\:e, srlit·
'e" all be remo-.·ed.nd ",installed (.sill'. Became they all tMlall on
the ",ar of the c...,.i¥ assembly • ..,....,!pICe "'''''''IUl-c:IWttn.he hi .....
• nd the ",ltIt .... ,,·hen.he hbk" SCf Ioooor. Ahhoueh ,h .. allows
KiI'IIoII p<J(cn, ... 1 ror kickback. iI' ,.cry $"..11-
The DeIteo OIsappearng Splitter Tho: Dd,. Du..rPcanng Sri", ... is
,he oIJew- >JIItn ... and the ont I<'ith .. ·hoch 1 hr,·" h;od tll<" ,r.o,,, txpericncc.
It .. ", tb(ll>td .0 f"il ,he rigilHiltiflg Delu U",.5;, .. -® as fl'I" of o.,lta·.
origiMl UniOuanl:!l il'stem. Althoogh ,he OIiginal UniGuard has b«n
J&ominlled in {,WOI" of 'he ,he Disappearing Spliner
" S!ill
This spliner is not removable from ilS holder. Im'e:><i. it can be pu,hcd
dell"n I:-elow ,he ,,,bl,, imo ilS holder when nOi needed (see the phow On
the facing p"!."')' To rai", the splitt"" you ".,«1 <lilly remove ,he throat
and pull the spliner up. at which po;nt it automatically locks in place.
Iki ng "o",emovable, i, is . I",,)·s at hand and ea:;y to hring into pia)'.
Bec.use the Disappearing Spliner is ,hin "nd narrow, i, ",ill work with
,hin·k"rf blaJe. a, ,,·ell ... standanl blades. H",,·,,'er. the thin metal i •• 1",
easily ben,. calling for caution ",hen hat>dling large 0< heav)' "'Nk"iec.,..
The o.h. DiS<tppearing Splin.r COSIS aOOu' $100 .nd will mounl only
OIl the 'ighHilting Unisa",·.nd ,ight _tthing JC1 cabine. saw.
The Delta Deluxe UniGuard Splitter Th" newer model 'plitter Imm
Deb. is damped 10 ilS holder wi,h a knurled, threaded knob, which is
"n",,,,wed '0 •• mo,·" the splin.r ("'. Ihe phol-O.I righl). As wit h ,he
Delta Di"'pre",ing Splitte,. t he UniGuanl Splitter may al", be ",,,d with
,hin.l erf blades. Bee."", Ihe UniG" .. nl Spl itter is "'ider ,h.n ,he
Di>appcaring Spl'"er. j. is not as prone to bending, at'hOItgh it', nm as
,'urdy as Ihe Biestmcyer splittcr.
The Delt" UniGuard Splitter coolS about $30 and will fl, .11 of
Delta', lable ,",W$ including the lefHihing UniS.",. except the !XK1abtc
,.""s. h should .Iso fit Jet ""bine' $OW;,
The Biesemeyer Spl itter The Bi"«;mcyct splitter is" solid " ·in.·lhkk
piece of steel ,hat ,ils in" hea"y""",U!\" holder bee ,hc photo below) , TI,e
'rli,{er can be ,napped into itS hold", withou, n""""ing ,he Sitw', Ihro>t
Tht B .... moyer .plitter •• siIy moU". j"ll can be tI)'
rejractino 1M roUM Oft tt>o
n .. (Mtta UniG""d is
otamr>M '" plOOI knob,
which OPSO a llows)'OtJ to _ lor
"""'Ihroogh-ouniog Optr.oon.
Safety 69
Use a

Ihe blade cove' does pro-
tect aO)ai nst laceration_ n IWt
Whack_ Only a splitte, !II riv-
ing knife will Illal Oon't be lulled
into a lals. ' ense 01 secu'ity lilat a
covered m;ghl implyl
70 Salety
,oa, oj EJCCa!iI>u, $PliH" _. 0,,"' • ".,-mourn .... m1>ly. wnil< trle 1'<)111,,,,,
<t;e •• into I """, nl the _ bIa<Ie carNge.
plate. RC"l<,,"al. however. do"s rcquire getting unck-r the thre"" '0
retrac. a >pring_lo.ded ,od on the holder. To ""oid having III remove the
rl,roo, platC to access the knob. I drilled a l_in._dia, hole in nw saw',
,h""'t plate ,ha, allows inseni"n of a >lkk for pulli ng ,he knob, TI,I< split_
,er I< wt)' SturJ)" and cannOt be easil)" bent. Whilc contribllti ng to solidity
and Jurobi lit)'. ,he "'" of the splitter whcn ",,,,l _
ing "",h thin_lcn bl.dc ...
fiiesomc)"e. ,pliuers co;;, .ba" $120 and arc currontl), a"ailablo for all
models of Della sawl e,cCp' portable>. The)' will al;o fi,
sa,,·s. .. w •• je, saw,.
The Excalibur Merlin Splitter The Merlin splitter i. 3 bir diffcrent (rom
OfhCT "ftc'market splitler.< in thot il ""ach.s 10 Ihe of. lable saw
r.thor than to lhe rear of the assembl)' \>ce phOf" "I,,:wc). I,',
'0 removc and and should fi, man)" <.>f the most common
,ahle, .. indtJding Cra(ts","n®, I ha"cn't tried it yel. as it "'as still in
de"c\opmCni "' of thi' wTiting.
BETTER BLADE COVERS
As an .I,crna'i,·. 10 "ock blade-guard system" ,here are currently fi"e
","«head blade-co"cr S),Slem, a"ailable, solJ either as p3n of a saw pacl.
age or as.n An overhead cow. I< indeP<'ndcn' <.>f a
.. ",', splitte, or riving knife .• lIowing "",,-,hr<.>ugh-cutting OJ"'1<'tions to
be cO"en,,] when ,he spli"e, or 'ivinglnifc h., been ""'lO,·cd. Four <.>f rhe
five .ftcrma,lct CO'-CT sy.lem.. also indude dus'-colk'CtiOfl rorlS, creating"
somewh3t heahhier "'00 environment .
00110 Oo\u,. BIa(IO Guanl
An ",'emeoo cover can be adju,{ed hori:omaliy to oc<:ommOOa{e a
tLlk.J blade or 10 minimize {he SjMCt be{WOOl {he emer and {he fence
for ripping 0' n.rrow piece,. When cro.><:u{{ing, {he .ide of {he
co,'cr can be adjus,ed dose [0 [he blade to pre\'ent ''''pping ,hon cutoffs
be,w""n th. blade and side of ,he co,'c', For cuning ",II piece>, III<! "wer
COn be lno,'ed .tHirciy a"'ay from {he blade. All of the ,y,{em, .re remov-
able for tllO>C "'''' O(e.,ions when ov'rsi'cd work "-"<Iuire, an unusual
amou", of (ree ,pace afOUnd {he blade
Della Deluxe Blade Guard The supporring f ... me of ,he Deha is a
C-.haped piece of hollow tubing, {he bouom arm of "'hkh ;, """'!:clcd 10
{he rear of ,he and 10 [he rear edge of ,he ,ide ex,ension [able, The
urP"r arm i ... leico<oping boom 11,.1 SllpporlS a I\\"f)-pie<:e basket-,'yl.
blade co"er (see ,he phmo abo"e). A pla>!jc !r.;)' mounted on (he uI'I"'r
arm wi\l hold a noce p,,,J, tape mea,lIre, I""h ;Iiel:, :Ind a ,1m '0 Sfore a
re""",able .plitte.,.
TI,e Della', ,pl it blade CO,'cr i, an in"o'·ati,.., de,ign, providing extrA
safe,)' in some C\m ing situation,. For example, after crooscunin:s {hick
,;{O(k, half of the CO"'" down for p,olec;'ion tt-ouSh tIl<! cUloff
holds half of ,he oo,'cr up above ,he spiooiog blade. The co\'er is sloped
at the (ronl to ride up easily onto an ap()T<J"Ching I<'or!: pi<:cc. St<1!l colla ...
on the arm allow lhe hake, of the co,'cr lO flip up oul of the ""V (or
changing blades and up CtllS, There is no du,t·collcnio!l pori on
,he co,'cr
Ahl><>ugh Ihe 'Of' "r", of ,he eframe is onl)' \0 in. above Ihe tabl •.
,be,.., is ,rill enough oc<:eOS (or I"..her$.nd e.<:>$$Cut sled; with"", feeling
cramped. The "rm (Of "el)' Hule mo"emellt to the right
Safety 71
72 Safety
of the blade, bu' the be removed if i, """ins tall,
wide workpieces, Rota,j">l ,he extcndc"<l "",tion ,no"es ,he bl";c co,'e, for-
ward and backward in re!.tioo to the blade, For cutt ing wry long "'"k
boarrh. the whole frome can be .wung belo,,' the "'OIl ,,,,face by l""",ni">l
OIl. boh on ca<h rn lhe frome brockets. H""'c,,er, a rear outfced table that
is wider than 36 in_ from ,he left .ilk of lhe ',iI" "'ill prevent the .rm from
""inging down,
Thi, gw"d is des'gned for Delta ,able SlIw' "nd funee 'ril"""_ It will
not work "'ith 'I"'tems ,hat ""Juice U$e of. re"' ",il f", fence opera·
tion, On B,e>emey''f·"ylc fence 'I"',cm" ,he rcar ", il i. " .. d onl)' to ,up·
port a 'ide ,able, and th" rAil can be replaced with Deha', f1a, metal bar,
Although a f10t bar doesn't provide 3 1<.Jge for supporting ,car o"tfecd
tahle,,, ,able c",1id be ",ed_
If budget i$. om,idctatinn and you h,,,,. a Delta table saw, the Delta
Del",c fllade Guard is ,h. be" buy of "11th".., I)'stems, Considering ,hal
it indudes a splitter, ,hi. package might At )'our equipment budget , The
lack of a d"".coll""tion port is a di.,.,) .. "",,,,,,,, bu, i, ,na)' be outweighcd
by the coot sad""" compared with othe' modeb,
Biesemeye, T-Square Blade Guard Syst em Like the Della. the
Bie .. mc),er SUPJlOft fr.me ii C-s,h"pt..J, The 10"'Ct arm of the =,,,,'!;ular
tubing 'nOIln" wi,h a cooplc of bolt. and ""re,,', to L-.h"reJ re", rail
of" Bie;.,mc)'e<·S!),le The ,eles.:opi">l upper arm supports a
basket·.,,,le co,,,,, Iha, (lCcCpt an optional dust·collection pon (set ,h"
phOto below). A r.,rpendkular channel at the end of ,he"rm eas\,
(orc-.nd·aft of the e.,,"cr, as well as its removal ,
A cO<ln,,,,b:ol"nccd mechani,m allows ,he cow, to ,df.adjust to ,uit
any thkkncss of workpi""" ",'hil" ".ying pa'allel to the ""w table, When
S_m..,." T·SQ .... SllcIe G .. ," SI"'tl'm
Io(ted all the w.y "p. the co,'er locks into place 'OOIl( 7 in, aoo,'c the
,,,blc, The cow, can be n"",cd "'ell to the 'ight of ,he blade fo< using ,all
Itg. 0< cu!(i"8' wnk.lly ,,'ppO.ted "mkpiec .... The lcie>copmg movement
"controlled b)' an imcm.1 ,hreaded rod CO'''te<;,t:d!O an adjusling crank
on ,he far end of the up!lCr a,m.
A rc1e ... 1",·e. forqukk, gross adjustments of the afln, but
I ,till found tbis eumbef$()Hle. Tn o,-etCome the problem, I
, .. "",'ed the threadt.-d roJ .hOl[cther, allowing ("" quid. easy adjustment.
made from my normal "'Orkin;g pooiti"",
ik<:.u .. the poot mounts to the rear of lhe extension table.)'oo can
crosse", an)' len;gth workpiece up to 12 in. "'ide before i, is stopped by the
poo.!_ For ea,v removal of the entire 'V"em, I ",,,,,,,bed it to the rear funee
.-. il wi,h J,in.-widc plaslic u·in.: "uIS. Altemat;,'" moo"tings include a
bolt -oown floor stand or a ceili ng moont.
The Bic .. me),er is one of my (.vorite sY'tems because of its o"emll
e30C of '*' and ,elm,,'c unol",u,;'·eness. It's onl), real di,,,,kantage is its
",ability to be u>cd on saws that ,equire a ,ca, mil f,)( fence """talion,
Excalibur Ove rarm Blade Cover Thc Excalibu, co",i", of a "lila,.
root tha' supports a .-.:)Und, hollow. ,cles.:opiltg to which thc blade
cO,'"" is COmte<;led {_ the pltoto below}. The two-piece poot is boited to
,he end ,tl the extcnsion rmhct thot) III ilS rca, cd!:" , TIti' tIIe.ns !It"
E:tcalibu, can be u .. d "'ith any ')',(cnt since i( ""OIl't interfere with
rea' fctlce mils. The lowe, ""lion of ,he pol' extends '0 ,he HOOf and i,
held upright by twO metal bmces that conne<;' to the uten,it)n t.ble. The
upper section of ,hc pol' slide. into ,he lou"" ""'i"n. locking in place
"'ith" b·er. which tt) eMily rem(we the entire upl"'r section of
the system if tlecessa ry.
Excalibu, o..""m Blade C ..... ,.
Oust-Cot let1tOn Aid
S
OITI! afterma,ket blade COllers
inco,porate a dust-cotlecloon port
fo' evacooti rtg much of trio sawdust
thrown u pword by trio blalJe.
Safety 73
74 Safety
Sfott·G ... fd Caotiieto( Moont
The oo'Sht'Sl\' le bl:'lde tove-r J;.:, l<)d ,.,J in place at . ny height up
to 8 in. at:.",c ,he . ablc. A le"cT .110"" )'ou to lock the co,'er do"m 01"0 3
"orl piIXC for s.fer cutting of thm "ock and dadoes. A wire handle a, ,he
front of ,he blade COwr "ffeT$" convenient grasp of 'he co"rr and
allow. t h. C",'Cr '0 ""np up 0"'0 approaching -"ock. The rear plast;c pand
can be ""noved to accommoda,e a "ocl or aftermarket spli"". The CO,'e,
can be "'''''ed fa id)· cosily 2i in. '0 the right of the blade
For d"., collection. a leng,h of 1\0;\<0 COm,,,,,,, ,he bl;Klc CO,'cr to O"e
end of ,he upper am, . A 4·in . .ci • . dust ·collector ho5e connoe" to the
"I'p<)Si'e end of the a, m. The "'hole ann is se.led for "I" imum "acuun'
effieien<\".
The Exc"libur offcT$ "u,dy quality.nd ,uperior dust colloet ioll ,
Howe»'er, the unit is hc",'\, ",Id places " I", of weigh, a, tI,e end of , he
ex,ension ,.ble. which Can Cause t he table to t wist. so this .ystem may not
be the best choice for 3 -"'''' moumed on 3 mobil" base.
Exaktor Industrial Overann Blade Cover TI,,, Exalt",r consi,ts of a
'wo·piece rotJod POS' t h", suppa'" 3 round, hollow. tele$COf'iflll " m th.t
carries a basket ·"yle blade C""CT, Like ,he ExcaliOOr. ' he post anache. to
the end of ,he ,",en,ion ,able", it won't interfere ".-jlh any (ence
(see ,he pholo at left .bove). The 10"'" =';011 of ,he I"'" can be boh<.J
to the floor for a sturdy in""lIa, i""" The poot is fun he, " abil ired b)' ",c.",
of" tumb."l lc extendiflll (rom thc bo"o", .<e<:,ion of ,he PO:S' '0 the
und"",;de of ,he ,able. The Upp<T ,,-><:,ion of t hc po:st (along with
,he ,elcsc' IPing ann) eon be lif,.,J completely out of the lower .<e<:lio" .f,er
releasing" locking h.ndle on ,hc po:st. The an" Can al;:.::) l imply pi",,, Oil'
of ,he wa), in i1$ p<)$t.
The CO"" ...... mbl)' Hf,. easily ou' vi ,he "''ll)' for "'!ling up cu'. and
(an be locke<!., any height. A d"" pot' on ,he cowr connects ,·i •• hose
'0 ,he hollow ,eI""'''I'ing arm. A rubber collar '" ,he opp<:>S;{e end of
,he arm adap ... '0 f". stand.rd 4·in.·dia. dust·ooll"",or hose. The du;,.
sy!'em "'urK. grea'. Unfor,unately. ,he hi",,! front 011<1 of th.
00''''' doc .. "'" allow an 3pproa<:hing wor" piece to slide under i, . y"" mu;'
e,ther lif, ,he blade co,'er onto (he "'"Ork or lock it '" I"we< .!:>m·e the
wor"rk",e.
The cover ""iII slide well", ,ht right of the bl.de b)' pu;hing the ,de.
H;QPing arm (0 ,he rrgln, Ho",wcr. it ,wo hands !O lif! and pu.lh tht
3"" bee.use ,he fit i!. bit rough. AI.IO. ,he lad ci a ,cgi;lr), channel
I:oetwcen the ,wo p,eces ci ,he .nn allows thc inner .rm to roIa,e "'hen
unlocke<! . This can cause the bl.de Cowr!O tl"OO"e our of parallel '" the
,able surface or workpiece. In its f.vor. the arm \it$ about 19 II'. aW'e (he
,able surface, .llowrng pi",,,)' ci unre;trictcd $paCe !O work..
The rear ci th" COn, inch."le, ,wo .k". to accommoda'e a 'plitte,.
n,e un"" .. d Ilot i; when nOl in \!Se. UnfonunOfeif. ",·ith. spl"ter
rn"alle<!)"oo are no< able to adju" ,he CO,'C' ho<i:omallr for finer
adju"mellls---fOf whe" ripping nartO'" pieces.
TIle Exal:tor i.l.,.. expel""'e ,han tllOS. ci ,ht "'her models and is
suffiCIent as a blade covet. bu, i, lach t he stuminess of ,he Exealibur and
the lightweigh, df"ic"cy of ,he Bi.semeye,. Beeause ,he E""h()T mOllnt.,
00 the t1<Xl1". il al>o lad" mobil;,y. It is. how""er. a "cry dlk,em collectOf
of dus, a, ,he blade. and)"OU can purchase {he blade_ro"e< assembly "'P"
for ceiling mOUnting or OIher Cu"Om i">lallation;.
Cantilever Mount The C-shaped f .. _me On the Brett·
Guard Moont guard ",,,,,,,.! to. rear O\'pport angl •. "'hich is t\OI
nttd<:d if the "ble '"'''" .lready M, a Ili...,mey",·,,)'le rear fence mil. Fence
l )"Steml that require a rear ",il for feroce opera'ion can still be u",d
,hi, .ystem. The blade ro,'", is <onnec,e<! hI' a bf1lCkct 10 a romrol hou>.
Eng ,hat is hinged ,0 a pbtform on the end of rhe uPl'l't arm (!oi't rk
photo at right on tho facing page).
The Ilk" differs ftom the other blade """ers in tha, i, does not use a
basl er'''yle co,"",. 1">1ead .• de':>r. (h,ck. plastic bruc ,hat p",,,i<k .. great visi·
bility cOnnec'" t<). control hoo..<in8 ,ha, the use, adjust.S lrulnuaU)'. The
uncJ..,,,kIe ci one edge of {he CO"., is ",.IIopcd.!O ,he bbde ",n be.se{ Tight
3' ,he edge of tile CO,'er fo< 'iwing n .. mow "ocx (see the pr.o.oon p. 61).
The cOver heigh, IS adjuste<! using a erunl on to{> of ,he hoo."ing.
Unlike ')"pical gravi'I··controU",1 co'·en;. all adJu>tmen ts ate posi,ive; ,he
COI'cr <.kJ<:s no' lif, or drop on its ou·" . Adjusung ,he co,'c, to hold dow".
\\"Orkpiece helps kickback (The ( ,wer inchle. an .",ikickback
deVice. but I could,,', 11'" i, to properly no maUer what.) Of COUtW.
when {he co,'er is fixe<! a, {he heigh, of a thick workpiece. ,he blade is
",m,-what eXp<>;S<.-d >fte, the cut. Although the cO\-er comes wi,h a dust
pon. you must provide l"OUr own hose and fi"i",,'$.
Saf&ty 75
-
76 Safety
The 5awStop'"
T-._ ........ . .. ..,..A ___ ......
S1wStop ",01 • .-to .. w Nfety by atopping "'"'_
'4'0" oontact ___ . n,. 0e\0ice coo_ 01. t>H"I'-dufV, eprIng-
1Oa<»d, pawl thaI _ """ "'"' _, atoppIng
witI'iOn .,......quart ... 01 .. t um and cauW>g M 10 d<op .....-Iely t>eIOw
__ . actiOn 'ak ... n .. few n " '" COl 0., ,''''''*''' WMI
COYId MyOo t>Mr> an _ lion in.o just .. .,..,.,.. cut.
n,. S1wStoo WOO"I<. by sensing _ condl.J<:tMt)i 01 YQI
bo<Iy. When you'" the bI&dfI , aI1,..,UO. "- n _ device
1No' r,'U'" _I><ake. CVtting _, WOOd <IC,"(rt IrIgg« "'"' 1)( .......
-.gr. ",",1&1 _. Before C>..IttW>g aIumin..m. 1>< ..... 0( __
1tIat.,." boo c:uI on .. _ saw, you" need to tum otI_ SawSlop.
i..Wo<1J.ne'e/y. ",. SawSlop C3I"W"Iot boo ...uoIit to • .>dortirig _ .......
in lact, caIIII 10( __ ..-sign 01 ' ''Iing _ """"""'" .• not
in at",. ...... 01_ --..g. -". _ <lOuD! 1tIat_
SawStop .... _, .. .. 01 _ .. _ pnMo ....... wICIWo Ihft
"'., --.
AI gtU! an .... it ;., I:ha SawStop Ie ....aIy • MCond Ina 01
_ _ on "" .... w ...... pro'lOCte 0I""Iy _.tion. won',
1>"01_ I<Ick.bacl<. _ is "'"' mo$' common _.,,, the
.. W, aganot I<£kback. you need to..-. oroparty aligned
... 0( tMr>Q " nil .. , as <li8cus!Mod on pp. 87_70, ThaT Mid, .. _ of the
M ...... TMTInctuct . .. E .... opean.stylo!o riving -. .. w .. .... blade brake
like _ S1wStO!> will t:>e . welCome addition lnOHd.o ""'f woodsl"oox>.
TIle (0).., . can bt n' rrM up OUt of.he ... fur 5<011"'8 up a £ut.
It can abo bt RtoOVN 20 in. to ,he "gill of t he bladr .. 'hen n<"C ..... 'Y.
alThough.he heavy control hommg lI$ltte. b .. cJfuru . o $l..k
the."""" .. m. wt.m.he ann;' slid "'..,. fUlly.nd t he homl"l and blade
are 111,'f'C'd up (JUt of .he "'3\', ,he", is rlc-nty of IICCOO lOr " CfOiiOCU.
bOlt or Tall """'poec ....
Un/Qnuna. dy, the Brett allov. .. 1m"," accommod;"iort (or an . f.ff'
"""h' >rl,tle •. A spit ..... hao to." "".Skk of and bthind ,hOi (0'0"". Aftcr
c",,,,. fOl"lOl" .d, I ,,--;u $t ill only In use ,he nam",' IA-ha
UniSaw Di"" I' I'C"rll'>l Spline •. The Breit comes "' ilh i .. OW" , plotte •. bu, II
bol .. in I'bee jll" lile " •• c.:k toble·saw spline. "n" i, ill" a' inc",,' ·en·
icnl . Thi! .eall y £311. for a mopmadc .plincr In ,he .h ...... I'I",e.
Brett· Guard Qri9nal Mount Like the COVe' on , he IJ,n, tt ..(juanl
C.milo,· ... Mount, .he (0'0'''' on .he Original Mount il a heavy-du,)',
""",.e plan.:: ,ha. I'm,'OO gI"'" "lSibllny of ,he blade. H""""..,., , his
moo.kl 01 $l.0!('Cfl<Ied on two onetal rods .ha, attach .0 a rbdo. m ,ha.
mount. on)'Oll' ,,,,,,,'.Itf, 0.- right ""T ..... iot-. wing (w:e the phoco on ,he
facingPl'3t').
"Tho. lI'I>rd i. """",..,d and "",,,ached and o n '" .loJ our of the
"'lOy fur blade setup'- An ""Iust""'nt cra"k on ,hot pIa,form ... !oct and kN··
I
Bren·Gu,," {)rIgi ... Mount
,he e(wCT, which is mcan •• 0 ride lightly on 'OP of lk "..,,-I: pi«o, You
can adju" it to how. aocwe the blade right nex, <0 , he rip (enee, making
it ideal for ripping "arrow pi"'" (see ,he pl>OIO on p. 62). Ilec"u>c II..,
unit to ,h. la'" ,.ble. )'oor c""ing capa<oilY is limi,ed to ,he dis_
!anee be,"'een ,h. oo'".r and its platform.
Like the Bn:u·G"ard Omtile"., MOllnt, thi, ,abl".mO\mted '-ersi<>n
Hulc accommodation for an aftermarket spline •. although the Delta
Di""pp<:afi ng Splitter ;m,,11 eno"gh.o us<. Airema' i"dy, you <wid use a
shopmade srliuer.
FEATHERBOARDS AND SAFETY WHEELS
Fe.thcrboord, and safety wheels arc shopmade Of commercial hoIJ·do""
device! that prevent kickback by holding wwkpiOXe3 OTmly ag"in,( the
,.ble Of fence, .liowing 1'''''' (" hcp )'00 hands ""'01' from the blade. As
helpful a! they are. the>C dc"kc$ are nOt in'ended to be a linc of first
defense kkkback_ To pre'·.n, kk kback. you re.liv need. splitter or
d\'mg knife_ Howe"cf, fea,herOOards and .. fe,y "'h"" I, c.>n help during
opcrn,iotu whe" usmg a 'pli((.f Of riving knife is difficult or impossible_
Feath"'OOa, d" "r fitll,'Crboanl" arc wood, me,.l, Or pl:<stiC acc.;.sorie,
,ha, d.mp in fhe miw··gaug. ,101 Of to fh. t.bl. to pre"'''' ,h. workpiece
from mO"ing Jy,l(:lward f,om the blade '''",ard the op''''Il<:'-' {$e< ,he 'OP
photoon p 78)
Although fea,h.rboard, arc a,'"lable comtnercially, i,', e.,y to tn.ke
VOl" o"'n {sec the .idebar on ,he racing 1"'8") .
Safe,)' wheds con,ist of. pair of ",h",,1s ,h., mount direcliy on the fi p
fence Of on.n ""xili"ry fence. The Wjlll' for \'aTiou, thicknCSW$ of
tn.terial, and, when set prorerl)', hold the workpiece against ,he fence and

78 Safety
.pplio, "'OS'",. to hold • .. t m. tone. 0/ ta"'",
p, ... nti"ll .t m. some lim •.
Pushl" con tie 0/ m1<lt in "00us .hopo, to surt ripping ta .....
!able, On •. way l:<:a ,inS< p'e"en' backward rotation. Many wood,,-or\:crs
who use .,.fe1\" whcd, find ,hem moo, I:<:ncfici.1 when cutting iheet good.>
or OIh., large panels and whal cutting JITOO"c, and rabbets
AhhOll;gh .. (ety ",heel, .. to I:<: a popular ,uN,i,",e fOf. mis;;ing
guard =mbly. I find ,hem some",h,,, <>botm"i,..,. in many oases, you
to ei,her "'" a In", pLJ ,h >lick to ru,h the workpiece under the ,,'hcds
or "be pull the srock OUt from the reor of the sa,,'. Of (",J<>e. with" ,pli1(er
or ,h'ing kni fe, J!l.L1rd, and "ntil: ickback fingers in rbcc. the wheels aren',
ne<:eS$<lT)" for moot operations.
I
Shopmade Featherboards ..-:
A ..... _ .....,......, CAN""'-"""" """ Cl£AA, fairly stralgrrt-grained
se<ap wood. on the appliCatiOn. you can use _ 4/4 0<
8/4 SIOCk. Abovt the only Iirnft I U$8 featnftrt>OaJ'dS at t he table saw "
tor edge grOOWlg 0< which at" both cases wMrfI a thick ....
f<Oattl<Ort>o8rd works bett ..... For edge g<>O\ling, the IhiCk .... 1eattI<Ht>oard
"",Ips SI"ady the ""rtic8I workpj8c .. _ holding flat against the
I<tnc<! . When rabbMing. a wide, thick feathm'bOard acts as a t>IacIe
""""'" _ hOlding the wO<k 00wn on the tat>Ie.
To mal<e a l .... theft>08f". G<OIecI a &Cf3P 3 In. to 61n. wide """ long
to oV<Ofhang 'he IefI edge of the saw tat>Ie tor pur-
poses, Marl< a ...,., across the boar" about 6 in. fTom the """ and cut
' .... 1 ,,"" off al about 30 <1<Ogr_. Using a bandsaw or a ii\lsaw, mal«>
a s<ories of cuts " in. to in. apart frOm the angI&cI ,,,'" of the
boarGi, 'INs wit make the ne><ible I .... that elIow 'he worI< 10 be
teGIln only one GIirec1ion.
Pushers rUih"","", as exten<jon. of your hands 10 push 'he work
,hrough the s-,w!:>lado, Mode of ,,-.:J<XI 0.- pla"ic. the)' are an imronant
piece of .. fell' equipment to help protect )'OOr finger>. A
pll,h"r will atl<! provide good comrol of ,he Like many ""c ... ·
>Of''''', pu,hers ",·.ilable commercially, but Y"" (an .lll> easily make
them Y'KJr;ctf in man)' sh"P<'s. si: .. , and "yles (see the bonom pholo on
the f""ing page) ,
TI,e pushors J uSC the mool are ,h,ped like, ,hoe, with a long sole,
toe, and a heel. Thc wlc and hed wo,k in Wlllbi"",i",, 10 hold the
wo,k 10 the table and ag:!iml Ih., feOlce (see the pholo TIw length
and height of th" toe be ,'ariN to negooiate righl pi"".,., For example,
" loug, ".,row lot will flI UMef anttkk kback fi"lle-r, when ripping "CT)'
Pushstlck DeSign
T
he ideal pusher is one tl\at
YOUI w.u .boII.
and tN! prO'li:!e<o pressure O'Ier'
UoOO len{j!h 01 !h. A com·
Iortabl< wood.n PUShel will 110
SNfJI ""{)OS.
Sal"ty 79
I
f YOO',ut ullCertain aoout elec-
trical maners. a
ticensed electrician to do any win""
yw neW in )/tIur
80 Safety
""ITOW workpic.:e •. I oond""w nlf own push." (rom scmp ,,'OOd. maki"!;
them {al l to keep my h.nd above ,he (e",,,, 1, .. 11' p",he .. "'nt. ..
ftom in. to 1 in. ,hi,k_ l use. X- in.·thick pysher the most _
Power feeders For product;,,,, ,",wing," power f""de, to ,he
saw can be a good option. The ll101Of.dri""" whed. on th"", units feN
,he work a"lOm., ically intO the !<>wbl.dc. This pretty much elimi"a,es .Il\,
dangcr when ripping. ,inee your hand,"rc 110,,"'],"'" "ear ,he blad •. Power
.re though. ranging from abc.J, nso to nlO<C ,h"" $1 ,500.
OUtfeed supportS Au.iliary ou,f • ..,<! for the '''ble ""ware
more than. ron,·c..,;"""e; they'", important ",fe,y addition. Wi,hou,
outf=.! suppar!. CI"en the ,ho-rtCSt pice", of "w><l will full off rhe at
the end of a cur, To p,,"-ent them from (alling, )'OU ha"c to reach
(wer .he .pinning black .0 re.,ie'·e ,hem--{) "cry dangerous '00"". c,'en
,,·i.h a guard, Ahhough "n ourf,,>J roller can help, ir doesn'r pro"ide a
fla, surface", caIT)' rho workpi""e. An table;,,, much beller
",Iu(ion, ewn i( it extend, ""II' 18 in. behind ,hc sa'" (see "Auxiliary
Suppon,"onp. 119),
HEARING PROTECTION
saw is a loud machine, and prolonged cXp<>S<lre 10 rhe oo;se can
,ubrly but perma1l"mly damage your hcaring. Noise i, me,,>ureJ in terms
of decibel,. Hearing I"" beginl wi.h prolonged eXiX""re 10 ooise "bo"e
85 kibeb, and a lable ,"W 'rrically opt'"te,.r "bour 100 decibel,. 0.,
.hc ,,,,uh, Use car prot""rion. It's also a goo:xl idca to ha"e your hearing
examined peri<xlkally.o keep labs on your hearing health,
He.ring pror"",,,,,, are rhe main linc of defense ag;>iml noise·induced
hearing lo>s. When im'e>ligaling hearing pro .. ,ctOl'S, compare noise·
reJu,rion ",ri,,8' (NRRI . 1lw NRR is rhe amo..,,,, of oo;se, measureJ in
decibel" ,har a prmec,or bb,h OUr. Acccp,"hic hearing p",rc'Cr"" fo,-
rhe rable""w ,hould have an NRR of a, leaS! 25,
Sofe!), gear is wunhless if incom"niencc Jeter-! 1''''' fTOm "ling il. SO
get hearing prote<;,,,,, Ih.r are comfortable and con\'Cniem. There are
Ihree 'I'pe:; of he. prrnecrors: hearing b"nds. "armuffs, c.r in<e"$
($ee ,he pho({) "" Ihe fac;nl! page). 1lw fi", rwO are ,he 'ypel I u", IDO$'
frequemly.
Hearing bands He.ri,,!: band, are rill' f:!"')fi re I)'pe of Car prot",rion.
They are lighr,,;ei!!hr, ptas!;c band, rhal (il ""der .h. chin rn behind .he
head and Jon'. in'enere "'i,h wearing glassts. Because hearing bands are
,'ery Can comfo"ably carT)" them around 1'''''' neck SO
Ihcy're righl.r hand when needed. Plastic or foom fXOds a, ,he em!> of ,he
band 1\, into or owr ,he ear canal. I prekr <Ofr foam pad! rO plastiC ,or>CS.
The cones arc Ill""!., ro fir into any .ire ear ca"al. 1>0." .f.cr a while, I (""I,..
though .hey're fXOinfully wideni'lg ,n)' c"nat.. Hcaring bands CO$r 1<$$ Ihan
$ to anJ are available through ,,'OC>dworking or s.fety-supply cat.logs
I
[a,m""'. h .. ,j"ll barwh • • 0(1 .. inserl$ a,. Ivail>bIO in • wiele <anoe 01 styles. mat., .....
aM <010< ..
Earmuffs I .Iso full_sj,ed cannuff,!O prmec! my ear> from ma<:hinc
,1Oise. The firs, .. t of earmuff, I bough, ""r<: and uncomfoTtablc.
and I didn't like ""., ing ,hcm. Thc ones J u .. now ar<: light"'eight and
comfortable, "" I'll ,",'ear them fo< long.,,- ptorioos of ' ime. The main
rea$Qn I don', use as much as hearing oond, is that muffs fcd
'hey're choking me when I c,rry ,hem aroond my neck And ,f I se' them
d()wn, ,hey nc"cr Sttm to be at h.nd when I nN>d ,hem, (If )'00 prefer ea,-
muffs, bd, lOOps arc ,,,,ailable for ,hem.) %cn we.,ing muffi, be cardul
,h", gla""" or spec!acles don', brc"k ,he .. al around the ear. Any .iT ,h.,
get> to ,he e:" will carry -'OUnd, rcducing the of .he muffs,
Ea r inserts Ear in .. ,1S are ,mall qlind"r>, t\1'ically made of foom. !ha!
expand in;idc the canal to block 00' no;,e, The)' " re i"oxp"rui,'c and
comfortable t() wear. bu, In)' invariably duS!y ha,td, lKIi l ,hem quick!)" ""I
,end nor '0 u;., them.
EYE SAFETY
In my e.rly da)', as a wood"·orker. I didn't giw a lor of ,hough. 10 eye pro-
.ec.ion. I wore rcgub, rr=rip'ion glosses. used a blade OO'o'er, .,td h:od
dU$t collec.ion hooked up to Ol)' .. w. I figured I was prettI' well prorected.
E,·entu.lly, t hough. I learned ,h:" regular rresc.iplion glass.. .. a,-"n',
designed 10 ,",'ithstand a hea"y impac •. hcn ",i,h 3 blade guat<! and du"
you're $.ill sU>C<l',iblc ' 0 c)'e ;njuties ranging (rom .,. .. -du" in ,he
OJ'C 10 serious puncture wou"d, TC"quiring immedia,. ,,,edical anention.
Safety 8 1
1
1 )'OU' $Ilo\l pIlont
capability. wiH In •
lOtI or two kif (It
JI"" kQI rn or ... wfiaI.
82 .....,
s..y __ 1'fO'I'IIIe "-MIl _ OJ' lor _1ofwiIIg _.
GIl99IH _ lull)' '"'"'''' lilt eyes 101 mul"""" ptO!ec1'" ""ring PM6<ullfly
dUlty !.I,k,.
Th""" days, ,..nety of e'j'''''''''''
phooo alJoo"t). You (an from ..... ic fr:unt:. to "..,....round
de.ignc. fill""'" ,,-;,1> "nltd and oojus."bk temples. Accessories lile
ear p;>d!. d .. tic "rod ,,(ew cord. "",ke ",fet)' gl"_,"""", co,,,(,,"_
able and cor" "cni.,,t 1MIl "'"Cr_ And .hey'''' ,.la.i\-c1y chcap---<>1Orting '"
about $2. CJ.oic .. of ",,(ell' e)' • ...-ur include Ia{.,')' ""r.,Iy \'«'.
5Cnpuon t!a.ues, .00 1IOIlikl.
Safety spectacles Sak')" lpe<;tacl .. .. ...... A' .... ic"n
N"ional Stand.rd, ' ",wure CANSl) "«: ""';(OS, ,m'i s.::""ch, and anti·
""'ie. They arc mo<!er-Jtdj' Iml'''<He,b,;orll but no! unbre"bhl<'_ When.
evet , I\cre Is" d"ngeld ","cre Im"""l. iI',. jlOIlCJ idea 10 ... roc.
$hidJ in aJJuion!O "'(,,'y <pte.,.d.,.
Safety prescription glasses I ha". b«n u;U'\SJ 5Cf1IlCh·ml>t3n, safety
len.... In my pre5C.ip.ion gla;.;c< for qUite" ,,'h,le. (Coo(;oC( I.n..,. a.en't
'Ulwble fo< " d",t)' ,hop e.,v"ol1lncm,) 53f.!), 1'"".:! i1";OI\ Icn!", "'" a".il·
able fo< •• , 0< m"I,ifocallcl'1!n, Whrn}'OU ",Je, sak.), pre·
ocripcion I • ....,., be su'" 10 op«if)' poIrc.rbon' .. fO, high. I"""",
.rocc, Preocripcion safe.y knsc:o "ren'l as !'fOIKI"'e "" ... fC1y g\assts
b«_.hey l;oCk lop aM ,ide ,hitWo, bu •• h<:So: art ""neti""",
.".ilable '" "",ions,
Goggles Goggles-which wrap ."",rod.h.. ,he
k'M <i pro!Klion Iha. If ,,-hen rorfomt'ng ta>ks
ouch ... '''ltI''& """"eo or jomu. I .-I .0 3'"Oi.d IO"CaJ'''& fIO(!gks a.
any 00&1 beca_ .h.-y ,,""" SO and .CTatd>«i SO " .. ih"-
Todal', ,,,,,,h bouc. qu" lity !lOW:les are 8'"lI,lable, a.,d l h;,,'." good com_
fortable P"Ir th., i, fog_ R,Id ocr •• ch·tC$i>nllll,



I
IT', ......,.,t""" TO KNOW HON TO DEAL """'""".....-.. in tl'le woodsnop. Eye
injuOes can ,ange trom inltating to painful to slgtII trveat....,;.-,g. The most
common irfJ\tIs lr"IvOt<e 9I"MI 1>11_ of <lust. « tI"IeSe are not ,emoved
by normaJ tea, flow. they can u&JaIy "" I'IusMd out witl"l Clean wete,
rvnning 0","" an Open eye. An eye cup. avaiIat>Ie et pt">BrmBCies. can alSO
be used to flood the eye.
Oft ...... a _ partiCle ttlat i9 stuck ....-.:le< the uppe' eyelid can "'"
removed by the upper IO:! down ove< the lowe<" lid. In the PfOC<;I$S.
the ey&tashes of the low .... kl wipe the nr- surface 01 the upper kl to
dislodge the particle.
To 'emove particles from the low", kl. you can poA the kl dOwn to
e"PO"" the nr- surface. then lift the paniCle witl"l a st_ pieCe of
gauze. Never try to lift a partiCle with a 9hatp ObjeCt "" tM tip of a
""""'. Try to ,e_ the .... ge to rub you- eyes: you can "",Mch your eye
0< drive a particle deePf!< Once a partiC'" may Sr;!!
_ like is in tl"le<"e. « pain persis.s. see!< me<Iica> att""''''''
SometimeS pank:les may "'" \Oo"tuaIy inv\sII:oIe out can oe O&tecte<l by
lJSing a <lye adminiStered by a medical professional.
«yoo'''' not wea.-ing safety eyew&a'. smal cNps 0< splnters ttY""",
by the !>lade can "tiel< in the eye 0<. worse yet. NeV<!, try
to '''''''''ve 1TIese )'OUI"'SeII ........ ead. cove< the eye -." bano:Iage com-
pre .... and !>ave aoo.oeoo oe take yoo to a doctor. N you',,, alone. cal an
amt>.>lance.
01 yoo get smacked in the eye with " pieCe of wood. a cold Compf$$S
_ alleviate the pain and swelling. H yoo _ pain "'side the eye or-
e, peoience bII.orred 0< do<JbIe .-islon. get.......ocaJ ","p as """" as poSsi-
_ . 6I00<I '-"'<1&, the oomea Is usual)' a sign 01 a cut eye. Seek medical
attent"'" invnediatery. Don't rub the ey.....-putting 1>"'>"""'-" on a cut eye
can tor-ce out the ....... , fUel 0< e""" the retina. reGUIting ... partial 0< total
DIincIne .... Protect a cut eye by covering with .. st_ bandage. A
pie<:e 01 cardboatd 0< ot'- stiff met..naJ ptacW ""'"' the bar>dage _
P'Otect the eye from ... eO'SUfll
treat eye irfJ\tI81igOt1y. It·s bett .... to get proleo-sior>al
atterrtioo'1 immedial9/y than 10 risl< POSsbIo! IoS\l of &i<jtt.
Dust Protection
Althoo.'gh ,he table $aW doem't produce t he "olul\,e of dust t hat a sander
does. it's enoogh to cause a health ha"ud. Expo6Ure to du;t (mm wood and
e<>mpc.$ition ",.te, ial! has been associated , kin and eye irrita.ion,
allergic reactions. a'thma. " .... 1 catlecr. colon cane.,.-, and ",h,'ary gland
Cance,. among othc, illnesse •. The dusts of c""ai" may be espe·
cially irritating to SOme woodw",lcrs. And w<>O<l du .. doc,,, ', ha\'e to be
not iceably irritattng to be doing d,m"'lll' to YOUf sy,tem.
Wood dust $pC"''' fmln a saw can be ha:ardou, in O1h.". way' too. It·,
slippery, and" ""'dll>t ,oo"cred floor in front of the table sa'" can be a
.longe, when , iPl'ing. which ""lui"', "''''·(OOledne". {A nonskid ma, m
(rom of the lOW can help with this.)
Safety 83
84 Safety

DUST MANAGEMENT AT THE SAW
The", arc" num ...... of ""')" 10 reduce ,ho: amount of dOl" bv
you. i3w. For one, kttp)'OUr bloJes .harp, sharp blades make .... ving>,
"'hIm»dull blades dUM. A...cood ""Y i$ 10 _ a bbJe '0'0'". ,,-I'IIc"
... ,11 ddl..." dUM and sha,';"" 01110 the: ,,,,,,,,.d of., )'OU.
()( «)<' ..... ,hi. alw helps prof"'" )"00' C)'<'i. ,kin, and lungs. Third, Ca"
a dUSl_coIkc,ion J)"IIcm . .., on 1'. II <t o
OUST MASKS
0-.." .he \"'.I'S, I'"" d, ... t;,(led w"h most of ,he d"" ma!k, 1',-" •• ie.!.
Mool of ,hem at'(! uncoonforwbk, fit ])()Ofl)' •• nd C"'t;!t my glasses to fog up.
I C'"enUJ3lly found tw<> l'j'J'Cf of maob ,ha, L em 101wllc: " .of. IIlot<:l<>e
Iulf,masI: .• nd. ooublNll1lP paper masI: (..,., the rhoco bc-low). The
MIICQne h.I(.,".", fit. 'ightly OH"- ,he face ""d h.1 " """_way v"I,'e for
uhal"tioo 10 .ed""e mo;',u.., collection on the mail.. Yoo inhak ,hrough
ft'J'lacnbk ...... fih ........ Thi> masI: Clln be- fiued "'uh orgatllC '"llf'OI' fiI·
,<;0 fur proI«:'1Qn apins. chn.licals in finiohes and llrippn'S. r...., Ih ....
m .. h (or prolonged ",nd'''lI.nd OIher h •• ,·v du" proI,"';Q<1,
Do..bt •• "rJp d ..... ,nail<. .fe awt'O'o'cd for \0.. .•• dust concentmtlOflS.
Thtv d'SflO6'Ibk and toit less lhan $1 each. I _ lhese mall:s lOr <hoot
bouu ,,;,h ... ,,"<IuS! nnd 10 ""If .. oc:Ctiional hdpen.. D"(1', COIlf""" ,he
double''''ap "'"Ski with Ihe more C<)n,,,\(M' .. p ma,l:.!. which arc
,hi""",. ill f"illi"l:. and flOC ""f<:ty
WIllI rtJ)IaCeallit *"" _ ..... 1<.1< _ """"" ...... SM'IdirIg __ os,
Oout>le"'r>p !'I'Ia$I;S protect.., t<)r M., IlOutl .. t.
First·Aid Procedures
Woo.;I .. "Qtk(1l Iohould familiar .. "I> basIc fir$t-aIJ
for .. ;plmttll. deahna: WI,I> e-,'e mju<I'" ("'" lI>e .oJeoo. ""
r. 83). and c"""oIling bi«dl",. Tl>t ,,", ..... y 10 ttlucatt )'OUl1oelf
:oI:o.t1 11>...., rrocttlUI'eS is 10 aJJ a fir>f-.td ",Kk '0 \ ....... >hop Itbnry.
Sm><lanl include n.. AMA HandIxroIt ofF;.." AMI and Enon·
F"'J c..r., (R;.ndom 1990) and fim Aid Cw&. (Nat""",1
Safetr Cou..cI1. 1991).
h. ahocrilial '0 know .. · ... t ,odo tn ,he c,· ... " of ..... ·= ... nd Iac"",,-
liOns or ""'P.ltltlttl fi"l>"""o .. 'I1IcI> unmltna,dy a", not uncommon occur·
'" ,he labk _ . 1 '""'-ttl a local hand SUfiOOI'I f.,.. a Io;t of """"".
....,r.ded rrocttlure;; for doe.h", "',,1> senout; ""nd injuries. and I.uongl\'
ad,-iN:)'OU '" 00 ,..., ""....,.
E,"efY ihoulJ "",-e a fir>f-.rd kn m a cor"..""
in\, Ioca,,,,,, ("'" ,he """'0 ""low). A fi", t, anoo:her ........ ·
,;al ri«e of we,y oquir",cn,. Kttp ,I>e rhonc numk .. of your doc.o<.
and amb"lallCt se,,,ice In pl',n "te'" a' ,k phone, and ma.ke SIJ'"
you kIlO'" ,he rou'e '0 ,lie hoop"al. If)'oo h.,'e. programmable
rhone. orw·bun"" emergency dialing can sa,"')'OUr
A 11_ 1\r1, . .., tnCI • IIAy eIIarQeII ... ¥iUoII)I impOrI,all1 .. I.ty
__ 101 Mf _Sl\Oc),
FIrst-AId KIt
A bailie 1Irvt-1Iid III lor h IIhOp
....,.., r.cto.ode thII _MIg:
• ltI8rl>_z .....
• 1ICiuoo.


• 2";". ".,. 2";" , """
3";",1>'\1 3";", . ,_ pe.oX

,-",,1>'\1 3 -"' .• ,_
'"'-

- -

--

h!o\ant c<*;l compr ...



-,"""
Safety 85
c hapter
5

and
Maintenance
A
".hIe sa'" 00.. no{ corne 1l.,..ly tuned and «,ady to do;,. b.<, c",·
"'IS .. might from ,he box. E"cn if it was .sscmbled by ,he deat ....
u"lokcly '0 need 11 ... ad,U",",,"' and 10 .h .. chart ...
I'll upb.o""" to st!t UP)'OU' sa ... for ... k .kpendable....., anJ
how to kcql u ,ha, ""'y. Tbc ad)u ... "",,,,. .hat 111 de",.ibe gc1ICrally aN'!.
to all ",ble'saw "'c"lds: all)' dilff'k""Q belwe<oll of SOwl w,lI be
po1mtd oul. To reire>h)'OUr m.em<J<V regarding iot .. nat pan. of a_,
)'OU may .... /U 10 refe. 10.he ..... anatomy illuocl'\l,1oo on p. 7. You """'1.1
also fiOO drawlIIgs of your p>niculat s.w 111 your ",",'net.
Initial and Periodic Tune-Ups
table-s",' ",Ij" .. mc:nts ",av nce<1 to be rerfonned only once Of '''''ice
during the IIfe'!im" of the $0 ... Othel'l.lhould be vi<wed ""1"''' of a
periodic check"I" Some ad,"'tmen" need to bc pt1fonned """'"
derenJ'na: on the of j'OU1 sa,,'. how u • .....d. and v.'hed'ltf it', """"N
around .Io!. A moore wdl.,n.oc so',,' w,lI"",n(",II), hoW its
adjusr"",o .. I""II'" than a ; .... "rem".., 1.0",',
A J"'OPCI' .une·UJI MjU'tc$ a particular .lC<jUtnc:e of adJ .... menl>. a>
liMed In.he .idebor on.he facing J'i'lII'I" It·, imp".nm to J'<'1fnnn them m
tile prOper onk. nne "'p ,,ftcn .ff",,,, 'he nex' . The I"OCc(i "",,!
d;",,,,, he", ,nd"d .. " irupo.'C.1on <:I a $;I"', "'h<1h,,, brnnd ....... or
tUN. On a new """', "",'re Il(){ likdy 10 cncountC1' ..,no .... rroblcms wo:h
.. Ioooe but don', oI<ip """i, .mJ"'CltOrt;n ""1' rose,
Tune-Up Checklist
W_ YO.J ......,. 9C:UGH'J • .-"" vseo __ 0< _ )IOU simply want to
g8t!tle most from your current saw. a \horougI"I Nlpect.ion ar.;j ttr>e_up
can worl< a 01 th<t steps to _e. At! 01 !tie" proc .. _
",,",$ "''' addr""""<l in this chal>( .... Make ........ you pertorm _ steps in
_ O«ler 1ia!<Id.
• 1oSp<Ict!tHo arbor and btlarY>g$
• C_ and lU:>rioate !tH! internal m<t<:hanIsrne
• Eliminattl gotar bacl<.laoh
• tnsptoCt!tle pUlley a,I;go ..... « and l>etts
• s..t!tle bIadto·angIe stops
s_ !tie t>a8e
L .. ".. and align !tie tables and !ho"oa! plate
Align the bIadto and oTit .... -gao.oge _
• AlIgn the ooptitI,,'
• Adjust the rip I .. ....,.. and oTit .... _
• CI<IM and wax !tH! wotIo. surfac".
Arbor and Bearings
The f, rst things to check on" sa,.. are tI,e arbor Wear or
locosene .. in ei, her Can be a ",riOIlS problem. resulting in exce .. iw run",,, ,
where ,he ,pinning ",wblade ,,'Obbles and cut; a kerf wider t h.n ,he blade
Its unlikely ,ha, a new $<Ow will have problems in these are ... but if
i, doe, you' lI want to f, nd "'" righ, "W"y," you may wan, to re,,"TIl t he
.saw. If \'ou come acf(kS$ an " Id s;.w for ;ale with. bad arbor or bearing •. I
yOl' ,h ink ,wice .bou, buyi"O! i,. Even if I"OU can fi nd ,he part;,
replacing them m.y cos, you more ,ione and money ,h.n the sa'" i, worth.
To chock , he arbor and bea rings, nrsl unplug ,he saw and rcmO"e ,he
blade. l nsl«t , he .rbor and flange for din and fm bo. m. and nkk. , hat
ha"e raise<l ,he meml. imperfecTion! C<l ll be ",mo\"(.-<I with a
fine·cu' nle. Howe,· ... deep groo"" ,h., causc a <lorpy blade r. t probably
<:all for rerlacement ci ,he arbor.
To check ,he bearings, .'"nm·e t he dr;,'e belt(,) and 'urn ,he . rbor bl'
hand while feeling for anI- , 'i ffnc .. or coo""n"" in the mo,-e.nen'. Gm,p
,he aroor and gently pull up and down to check for any slack in ,he b..r·
ings_ Roughness. ()f slack generally indtc.tes fauhy bearings in a
new saw...- w{)rn beari ngs ill an old """._
her; table saw , uffers run""t '" !<"lone $"",n degree. e,'cn if the arbor
and bearings arc in groa, ohape. Unfortun.,ely. ,he", is no ,ueh ,hi ng 01$ all
a rh." Aang<: , h .. is r rocisely 90 dog""" to t he arbor, MO>l """,tern mallu·
factut ers press , he Aange ')Ill{) ,he arbor.nd ,hen tum it. """bing in a
with less t han 0_001·", _ run"" , . which is accep,able. Sa"'. wi,h an
3dcled or loose arbor oft en doll" fare .. well. Millimizing arbor
Gettong 3" Owne' S ManU31
1
1 yoo oon't have an manual
lor saw. you can request ooe
from Ifle mamJlacturer (see $oo1(tS
on p. 197). You can fiod
0" many ma"ufacrurers on 1M
Interrlet. Scm. web sitO$ prr.tVide pam
lists ami drawings. as well U inIQ,ma'
tion tor ometing Qnlioe_
Table-Saw TUlle-Up and Mainteroance 87

TO measur. rUMUI. pi"'. ' in(lic>tor tho and .'owIy '0101. lhe
,,1>("_ A m""neIi< bo .. 1IokI. 11>0 .. , iMic.1tor $(JIicI1y in
runoot is (rnponant any runOY! at ,he flange ",ward ,he
r<,,-imeTcf of a ""'black. aff"";ng ,he qualitv of Cut.
To mc .... '''' nmOllt of t he fhnge, hold a dial indicator """ins. II",
fbng<:.m! slowl\, roIa!e the arbor (st.., ,he pholo above). Rnnoot ,hoold
be I"", ,h,n 0.001 in. More than ,hat will caU5e enough vib,,,,ion in ewn
a good "",,,blade to <:;", .. rough cuu;ng and splintering. TI'e belt ""')' to
CorT<,<;t the problem i. (0 remove the a,1,oo- al$Cmbly and ,."<: iT to"
machine.hop for trlling.
rOIl shoold also cit",,\: )'OUf blades fo< nmOut. I" ,his contc.t, runo",
refers (0 an)' dCYi",jon from (1m, fl.tn ...... rld ,here', 00 such thing as a
perfectly f10t blade. It. impol't"'" 10 undc"'tand ,h", opcr .. ble runo"t,
is what .ffects )'00' euuing, i. the """It of bolh blade "mOOt
,,,b"r runout combi n ed. For exa"'ple. take a l()..in,.Ji •. blade lh.t is 0,,, of
fl.t bv 0.006 in. If yoo "">lmt i( on ,n fl.nge that has O.OCl] ·in.
runoot, thOl 0,001 in. is multiplied by the join. blade .-..Jill' to CreOl"
0.005-in. runoo, a, d,e perimeter q( (he blade. Add that 0.005·1n. ruttou,
to ,he O.OO6_in. "moot in the blade itself, and you end up with" blade
wobbling 0.011 in, a, ilS perimeter_ no{ good, I con,ider runoo( "'Ofe
,han 0,006 in. '" be CXCCS6;-·e.
To che<;k 1he operable runoo' of a hlade, place" di.1 indiC"tOT at the
peTimcter of the blade 1xxI\' a, you .1"" .. 11' rotate the blade. If runoot ,'arie,
"Ii 'rQlmd, the cause is probably a warped blade. If the e"reme'S are
180 degrees apan. ,he Cause is more likely to be nmOUt in ,he atbor flange.
S8 Table-Saw Tune-Up and Maintenance
Cleaning and Lubricating the
Internal Parts
Rcg"l.r deaning lubrication of 3 "'".', ime",,,1 part, '"'' for
"""",h, accurate <>pCr.>tion. j",·c n",·cr gotten organized "n""gh!O SCt a
",hed"lc for thi,; I jw;, t<Bd !O it a few ,imes a fear. depending on how
of,cn I uSC ,he saw and whether I nOlice "iffness and tesi".nce in the
<tJj uS!ing rncchoni$m$. If you"·c nC'·Cf tended {o <I ... of your n<.>w
is a good time to do it.
CLEANING
Begin b." ,,,,,,,,,,,,ing th. interior and off II""IS. Pay particular
attention!O ,.,,·dLlSt packed around tho motor and the blade-height "nd
hladc_anglc adju"ing mech.ni,,,, • . Take th" oppo<"tunit)' to ched the
a,,,,mblie, for exccss"". or damage. especially the teeth on ,he """tor
gea .... (If <I,esc"", wom cxce.ss"·cly or if teeth "'" missing. ,he gea ... can
be Scrub ,he trunnion grooves gear tceth ,,'ing a rug 01
toothbru,h .nd nonll.mmable sokent!O dean off an)" ritch. grc.",. or
crud from the pans. On new $aW>, ,he gea .. typk.lly come ,,·ith a thkk
pocking of grcase. ,,·hieh nttds 10 be remOl·ed. Otherwi"" the 8"'.'"' will
accumulate sawdo>t, becoming" sticky mess gunkilll: up ,he works.
LUBRICATING
Lubricate the gealS and tnmnion gTOo,"e,. The best lubricanlS to use for
the.., moving parts are one, th.t do not pid up a 101 of """xiust. "",h a,
f"mit u", wax Or dry There arc a number of dl)· lubticantS ""
the market; ... k at • b,ke ,hop. If )·00 use wax, )·00 can it a
brush (itt the pho", at right). TheTe' no need to buff it 00. To lubricate
the length of {he trunnion groo'·e£. begin with the mOlOl kt at
90 degr.,.,.. dean the exposed se.::tions. then crank ,he nlOfot o'·.r to
degre", '" acce.ss the re",.indeT of the grooves.
The only other imerior parIS that mal· need lubrication are the sec-
tions of the twO TIxh where they emer the cabiner and wl,ere
thei r $top coll.rs Ti de ,he rack assemblie •. I" both placel. you can
I"""",n the stor oollars and slide them back On ,he rod., then dean. w"".
and return them '0 ,heir original positions. U.., lith, um _pray to lubric.te
assembly pi,·ot point, and other hard-to·access areas.
M06' neWet ","w. and moIors are built with rcrrn:lIlcntly bear-
ings. but if yours hWllubrication f,tt ing> on the motor or arbor """mblies.
"Wirt them with some light machine oil at least twice" yeaT. Don·t 0' ·.'00
it. and don·, oil "nythi,,>: that doe.n't!port.n oil Atting. Exposed oil
on ly collect ",wduSt and conS',.1 into a gummy subs,ance. Rubber dri ,·"
bel .. win .Iso deteriorate if exposed '0 oil.
""pi)' wi)( to the """tor tIOOI uoino I
tMtMl rtI!h. TMtt ·S iii> IW<l to
Table- Saw Tune- Up and Maintenance 89
-
Eliminating Gear Backlash
If )'00 can tum tho or hc;glu.ooju,,,nml whed tha"
one-eighth of a [urn w;tho ... lI\Oving ,he hl.de. it me'"i there i. excoss""
pia)' the inlemol ""om, gear and its ""tor ge"', Thi. is c"lled
backl,.,h. which Can result in ,he bl:>de shift ing or drorping a bit durinR ,
Cut. (T llPHCning the locking knob in the center of ,he [ii, whcd onl)'
loch the position of th< tilt; it docs nothing to take OUt th" pl.y.}
&cklash must be ",m,,,,<oJ Wore you can .Iigll ,he
,runnion/carriage assembly to ,he miter , to".
With the .. ',,, unplugged, check for backlash by ,,.ying to move ,he
",bor and c'rTiage assembly b)' hand. hrst, 'ilt ,he c"TTi"ge off the
9O-<kgrce stop. then gr.b the motor .nd try to shift it back and fonh.
There ,hookl oot be any play in ei ther direction. If ,kre I'. mOS' $;iw; can
be adjuSlCJ, as ""I'I"n<-.I nc.t. (If \'>" ha"e problem, wid, )'oor panicul.,
saw.)"OU con.ult )'our owner', m.nu.l Of call the tn<\nufac,urer for
'c..:hni",1 .Ul'POft , But often. ,he ooju"mem " 'il! become appa",,,,
5CNtini'ing the mc..:hani,,,,,.)
On 3 contr,,,,,Of', ,"w. "'''''', .• the ,ftO{OT. tum ,he sa'" upside down.
and 10<:1Sen the lere"', that hold the ,,'heel.bearing retainer!O ,he out.ide
of ,he saw body. rOl' ",in then be .ble to "'if, ,he wh",,1 do"'n,,·.rd, Th"
f,,"';cl the worm gear again" the be,·c!·""",or gear. producing a 'igh,er fit.
Retigh,en the scre"" and ,ha, ,he wheel ' Ll m$ ,moor hi)· witho",
binding, which ,an cau", ",cc'SSiw "'ear on ,he m.,hing ,"'th.
On moo, saws, an adjus"n"nt bolt inside ,he cabinet.t the
front of the saw ' no"", the "''''m ge.r against ,he sector gear for. righ ,er
fit , Refe' to )'O\lr "'-'" manu.1 fur sl"'-"ific in"rue';on, on ,he adjustment
UnfOftunatdy, ,,,,,.11 $;I"'" pm,-iJc an adju"ment for ".bili,ing ,he
carriage a$$Cmbly. On sa"" .• ome backla,h ma), exi" e,'en afrcr
making adjuSImCmS, On ,he ... saw'. tempornril)' clamping the re,,, ' n,n_
n;on !O it, wi!! an)' play. Some older saw. "'I\"e a built,in
trunnion lock to ,empornril)' """ure the C(lfTiage at any setting.
Pulley Alignment and Belt Inspection
To minimi;e "iimrtioo and no,se on yoor sa"', it's impo".m ,ha, ,he pul-
ley" on ,he a,bot- and """Of shafts"'" aligu<.J to each otkr and ,hat ,he
bel,(s) are in good ,ha!'C.
PULLEYS
T" ehed the pu\\"1' .Iignme", OI' a saw. lay" "'"igluedg<'
across tht fac", of pulleys. The >ho.,ld contact both edges
of 'ach pulicy ("'t· the m",{rntKm on the facing page). If it doe,,, 'r, l{)06Cn
the ""=rel\' in ,he motor·,haf, pulley, .Jju" ,he pulle)' as neee"",ry, then
'ighten the .. t,;ere"·,
90 Table- Saw Tune-Up and Maintenaroce
lito! l"'l1e)I$

odjtlst PQSiIion
,-,
br;ng jlUIleys

Checking Pulley Alignment
Wh",,),ou make ,hi$ oojuStmc1u. if, be.ttha, the pulley is a, d= as
poSSible '0 'he 'noto< bearing '0 pre"cm ("",,",cssar, ",.."in <m the shaf,
a"d bearings. If "'"''''"'''ry. I"""",,, ,he mot'''' mOl"" and slide the mo<o<
owr into a be"cr P'>*i'ion. While you'", at it. impe<:t the mOlO< mou", for
,bmab'" '" c'vidence 0( sliding. Lock washers on the tnOIor·mOUnt bolts
.hould pre!"en, th" ia"er.
The >lock pulle)". on a con,ractor', ore tll'icolly made 0( light·
weigh,. dic·cast aluminum. n,,,,,, can be "", ·ol·round. comributing '0 saw
vibnui<m. Tumro machine pullc)'>-a"'ilable (OT ,nos. """·s---<lre. Inoch
be""r "fl'i"n. You m.y ncro a ,mall bearing puller [0 re,nove rhe pullC)'
r.om the arOOr. e.pedally on an olde, saw. Bu, it', eai), '0 ""hang< ,he
motor pulley. "nd ,hi, "lone Can help reduce ,·ibm'i"".
BELTS
The condi'ion of a ,,"w', belt or belts can .Iso affeer power and , ·ibr"'i,,n.
11.·1(11;' modem table SO"" employ V.belts. which ,ide "-'Pins, the inside
",,,11, of ,he pulle)"$, To moximi", torque transmisskm. [he sides of th" bel,
neoo to make maximum con""" with the pullcy' inside wall •. The .hare
of 'he bel, $l,,,,,ld peric",,\ly match 'he , lope of ,he pull<,\, ""Il. and fill ,he
pulley groo"C "mirel,.
Table-Saw Tune-Up and Maintenance 91
The t>eh 0" mis Riclg"'-!> saw Os moro ulioblo I"'n • typical V·bell , nd k ... mil$
r><>wer t>oH,,_
SelImonted t>eh. Pr<rvHlt beHe, pUIoy troctioo I .... standard V-belts ......... I.,. link$ pr._
.. nt Iflo tat.ing 0<1. 1Oel."""".Dd sl:ipping O<1 tflo ptJlIey$. Tr>e lurnt<l 0Iee1
• Iso $hown flo,. or. mo,. OOllCem,io; Ill." cost pulle'ys and rt<l"'" $Ow
A beh that is tOO will ,ide .Ix,,"c [hc pulley tim,
I"", of pOWCT. On the olhe' hand, a bel( that i, na'ro'" or ""om will oonom
()IJ[ in Ihe pulley's landing. reducing wilh ,hc and c."sing
!;Iippagc. n'e emu;"!: f,iction and heat can cause cxc",,;\,e "'ear 10 both
the and lhe bdl. Worn or {"'yeti bel" will cawe vibralion "nd
92 Table- Saw "TUne·Up and Maintenance
,
,

,
,
o
b
9
;hoold be repbtt.,l. Vibr:111on "'\""mi,,«Ito blade ..:00."'1$ (Of roogh
CU"""i ,,'"en ,,·;th the ofblades.
V.belt. ha,·. a rubber body "'"h intor'()I" cording th:1I il """'<I enough
to carry the load 300 "",;;t ilfclCh,"K' AI"",,),, worn belt> ""'ilh ne,,"'
oneItha. "",,,h.he OIi8"'''1. Ne"e. ny.o fit a 1>(:'" belt 10 badlv ""Om
pulq; ill$<ead, tqll""c Ihe pulky. I( )"OU' $a,," U>eS mulurlc bel ... rerI"""
.hem all ,," • .IeI •• ,·m if onlyont it \II'OITI.. Oohcn.·il<', the load "',Ilk
""",·mly d",,,bu,od. ,·,bn'ion:!m<l p<em>lU ..... car.
A V·btl. it "'" ..... lIy the best d>Oi<c (or a dr;'.., belt, eopec .. lly on:a
1:000tIlKIOI', "'h,eh t)l',cally u;Q a long bod!. aim, IIl1! type ci beh
",,!3'nllIOt1lCc memory of il$ packogtd, ""al sh"p" and w,J •• o "slap" in we.
c3L1""8 vibra,ion. Some nc\\'·m",ld $;Iw, emrloy a "'i,le, Oat, belt
tlIM i. more pliablc and.n excellent pc""" "'''Slni"er (ttt .he top photo
()11 .he facing page). A good rtf'loc.mcnt Option fOf • contractor', sa\\' i ••
belt, ,,·hkh it made up of individu.ll",h (oct" the botlom
r>h<Mo on lhe f.oc"'III"'F)' Th,. 1)1)<" of bd. C2f1', _"'" • on shapt •
• he",by reduc.ng ,·,,,,,"'oon.
Setting the Blade·Angle Stops
Now .ha •• hing<.f< dc:u,«I up in.ide )'OUr saw. chc<:k ,he OC'Llm.:y of the
bl.d,,· tilt ;1(lp$, One Ilop shoulJ regi"er the blade •• 00 10 .he
mbletop. and the oth", "op $l\ould regist'" it.t dcgr'1Xf' &g,n "'ith lhe

THE 90· DEGAEE STOP
Ra ... the bladc 10 nnrly 'Ii full heigh., mak'ng "IT" lhat .he .. It ,,-heel IS
ctanktd :og<>imt $lOP "';IhouI af'I'I)-'lIi ""co:s.;,..,
pr."...r. on $lop. Abo m.ke ... re lhe,... i. no """1kn' or crud 00 the
$l:Op or on ilS of COOt"'" on .h< bc"',I·...;Ior PI"';:e a la'l."', :O:'LI'
.me &quarl! on the table i'OO the bod)" 01 the bla<k: bet"'et"n the
"""th. If lhe angle '1'I'e,"" to 11m adjus.ment, cmnk til(! "",.or gear aW3)-
from . he"Op aoo Ioo!.cn Ihe kd nu' 00 the "op bolt, Tum the $lOP bolt
'" tht d""cloon """...."..,. 10 eOfTC'Ct ,he .ilt (..., ,he, pholo on p_ 9-1).
C'rank tht blade back 0\..,.. "",'Il$< Iht Sfop:!m<l ruh«k . he """'1: "'"h
""" """"re_ ,he I'fOCCSIS utml ,he bbtIr W'JI'$ at?O
A I'I"IO<e JI'1'CI",,1 Id(, "'hich "',11 tompetlSiOte for an)' errors In )'Qllr
,qua"" or e)"CStghl ilto check the acctIrac)' of.he CUt " .. If. R ... , make $1.1'"
tim ,he 1oc:king h"'*" on.he !l(!iw., aoo angle ",h...,l, ore
nlen ",ill a piece of wood Z tn_ "'idt by .boot 1 II in_ long. Irs Ihick_
nno i,n', impor,am. bu. til(! picee muS! be {Lit and $Quare, with it>
orpoosltc cJge. parallel I.., each other. Mark a large X on the r""" of the
board .... .no.,·n in oil(! lOp ,lluntaloon on p. 9;. Scl)'OUr mi.n puge at
90 degrees. $land I"" booIrd on edte, :!m<I (roMe'" Ihrouah lhe cmtn of
-
hi _ w ... lilt IIftII OJ lilt __ .. ""'" .... _101 MIIiItg lilt
_ • 110 ""II'"
the X. Flop OAt eI,t...· hal,..-" in ttlotion to the oo:ho:, .• 1Im rloct both
rie«t • (IOOd " .... ghte<!ge.
Any de'·'alion fmon """,re wIll be doubl.d, \I\3k"13 it eMY ' 0 fI>e. If
n<'Cc»aI)'. the "l! .. op a$ described .,1<1 m.le te>!
cu', When tht '"<) pl"<;<'i meet oquarely end t() you· .. • ..,t. Tighten
,h" lod, \1\1' on tit. "OP I-oIt while 0101' bol,', I"'"ttion.
tho., chc"Ck tlte cut IlCcltraq one last time, When yOI"'" .he
1'oi",e, On the tilt "'hc<::1 to itS 9O-<.Iegrce mark.
THE 45-DEGREE STOP
If )'011' 1;1". h:u • 45."rgttt "or. ,il! the blade 0. . .,.. .. ",il it 10101'$- To ckck
,k angle. CfIJIK .. , ."",h.,.. ac""rately m1l!ed eI!oC"'I'.' 45 degrcu.
,hot .,," picco "",'M a " y """""' .. "h"",n in tho ""'tom ill ....
'''''1Oft on tilt f;ac,tIfI P"II"'.lf ,hot 4;.Jcgree !oCUtng;1 ...:c""'tc, tho: rocce>
".11 form a angle. If they don·t. adjust thor .. op on tho sa ......
man....,.. .. Iltfor<-.
94 Table-Saw Tune-Up and MainlotrlllnC8

1

,



I,

Testing for Squareness of the Blade to the Table
--

Testing the Blade at 45°
Ik .. rc Ih"llhe '1""" will only flCl you do ... w Ihc IhO! you
.. ,mI. A Imle I'reorure more or Ie.. "1:3'''''' ,he .. Of! CO" make difference.
T"rning ,he c"mk a 1;,,1. 100 much w,1I ull""", always ,will ,he "'''iag<
"...,,,,bl\'. Wh,,,cn'" I nL...! an accurate "'\Ill •. I ;o.dJ"SI the hl;o.dc u;ing a
il(luare or bc,'d g.Jug<'. then make le>I cuI> 10 ,· ... ify.
Stabilizing the Base
A 13bl ...... ,.. baM- n«<k ro oj, ""'idly on floor .,.,hou, roclmg.
In;taMlly ""nix a ..,fclj" ha:.anl ,,·hm culUng and Clm contribute to
,·,bn"on. h .. al.., bn! if [he tabktop is It,·d . To a sa,,' ,ha, .. 1S
on' 'Iand. rlxe" on dw l .. Ihcn Ioooen dw
Table-Saw TurMI-Up and Maillteoance 95
-
Marttne
I
t yoo IwIe to fI'IO'VI your saw often,
r.rSl 1m'" ilS Slable
0f11N1 1k)Or you can feN'"
""'ll:Ile<, .t.lIathing thin pad 01
wood Oi plislic to tach foot MIps pre-
wnl your floor wilen ...,...
inglhlUW
bolt> aOO >h,fl ,he pa" .. 01 ..... =nJ u",,1 the ....... ,iu didly on all 01 iu
Itfl , .... h lhe 'OJ' Ie-'d. Rntghlcn lhe boh .. For a:illw .. "h encloied
ha.c, "1"'I<'1(ICally rlxe "'ims .. nde1 the """" to 1"".,1 at><! .. .,ady it. Son..
A"" includo- ad; ... ,abk kwkts f« ,hi> J'Urpo6<.
If)'OO. UW" Iighl"'Clghl or '''P" ..... $ltt><!boogo or bolli'\lI i,
.0 th., 1100r ",,11 ilnpro"e .. abili,y.OO red,",e ,·ibr;."o". If you bolt you.
saw 10 " ,,"00<1 floor, check that ,he 1100r .. ",I.""".,h dot",', vibr,n.,
YOII en" .1", run ,he 1101.., 'hrough rubber p""1$ .. nJ...,. the &:IW f"", !o ( ....
lht. redUC., "ibr,,, iOll, o.,,(ttJ tabl.,.. " sa,.. con hdp imp"""<
".b,l"y., ".,,11.
Aligning the Tables
,he ,,,ble ",rfacc ;,; lhe ....d to prext\1 the """"rIC« 10
the blade, it to be as lb, as posMbk '0 cnou ... """","., cuts. A. d,,·
<......d in cI"'p'nl. an "",..0/·11", ,,,bkt,,,, can "'Ill,,*, J"lIticulo.I-,·"
dIp or hump ncar tlv! blodc. oot dn'l<lliQn 'n" lop'slb!·
""" ... ·ill.ffcellhc """uracy 01)'00' "' .... n.., only ""'V .o "" .. II)· ,dl iolO
culJ "',,h variously .;:ro pice .. 01 ,,1.>0<1. ,hen check .hem (or squa ....
A I.ble.op Can .1", be (\\'isted. "·he",,,,-.:. d'agDI",II)' Of1XJOed corners
are hittll<"' .han <l,,, OIhors. For.urn"dy." .wil.ed wp .... u"lixc" humped '"
"'p_ ""an of«11 be "nC(:.d, a! em ,he (,>ei118 1'"11<. It ·,
imp",,,' n' .h,,< any anoched u,en.ion.s bc .hgncd '0 ",.in ,.bl" as
"..,n. "likIlInent ,hould be faken care of bc{or" ,he rem,ining
In th .. chapl:tl_
.... _It .... tedgo ,..,., <liI9oNIlY KfOSS ... main WIlt .... .-_ . TlIo """
$Il0l_ ... _ .. _ h9t _""'" bt_""_. __ .
98 Table-Saw Tune- Up and Maintenance
THE MAIN TABLE
Btsm br ch.,d'''I.he IhnK$$ 01 ,he mall' ,able. I 1>;.,." .... rprised.o
find . h., ,,,,,n)' ,ables are .,,·is!ed; .... I-"on.""" ""'"' flex,ble ,han I""
mlgh, ,]unk-csp«ially many 01 'odor'.ligh •• , • ....,;gl" '01"4- Aluminum
top! a", e,",'11"""'" ikx;ble.
T<.> chKk ,he moin mble fOf ,wi". place an ,""<u,,lte ",.. ..
the mhle diagonally in OOIh direction,. A ,wil,ed 10(> "'ill . ' p<:>6< a
I()W 'plnl>c'"'c'<:n one pai, of con, ... and" 'pol be,,,''''''' [he 0f'po,;i(e
pair (""" ,he pho<o on.he facing page). I '''I' ",ay be [""i,,ed
.imrly b<:<:au,", .h" to(> 01 ,he body Of cabitle. ;,n', n.t. In ,hal case.)""
can "'.m u!1dcr ,he un,,1 the.op i5 Oa •.
Som..imes a."',,, i. C3I.lKd by the .. ..,tgh, of a long ex.ension lable
and rai" .... lNlltt an ""· .... nn bbde IlU"rn con,ik-·e..,.J elf ,he .. de d
,he .. w. hen iI an extern"", table ha. Iq.. ,he 1<11> """Y boo >land'ng 011
an u .......... /loor. cffn:",.., .... pullong down.he ..... oI.hc """I2bIr:. In
e"h,cr Q!O:, prtlpCT $himm""ll may bnng .he 'abit-top oock in' " na..
EXTENSION WINGS
The eXlro&ion wing> r..,.J 10 be adjU;Ied flu'" "'uh and in the .. me ria""
a. the ,,""'" mble. I chKk .he JOlm first "uh a >hon ""'gh,edl:<', .hen I
check Ih. 'I"'n of Ihe mai n table and .Xlcn,i,,", Inbl. wuh" 1000g ""'igh ••
(..,c I)", photo below)
In order for .he table and ex"""io", to In«. in Ihe 11:1"''' rlane .• he
01 b.:>th mt!>t be 90 Jegre<:. H, the 10(1. J\'. found lhal Ihi. is r .. '. ami
.h.:!, ;.',0(,." flCCCSSaf)' to -"'im.t.. jolt" to tho: 'wo .,ufac .. Je..·d.
UN _1onO .,., ........ It> ... lilt -...;on .... _ WIIu$I\ In !hi
..... -.
Pnmtcn Slra.qhladge
A
PreciiiolHl"laChloed 3-n. or H I.
Sll3lghledge It 1Il ir .. tool
lor both woodworll",,' lIld rmchine-
1001 "'*'_. 1 couktnl de wiIIt-
001 mint. 8u1lh!y"re no! chNjl:
Ex;leel1O PlY $70 10 $160
Table_Saw l"ur".--Up.net Mainlanance 97
Jr', best.o II",. chec:k bo<h maung $I,lIfac", ro. ""r ro..,'i" mane. or
,mpnkcllOtu. Ckan."" an.d "'lOOlh Old any rnxrwicrn uoing a
fi"", fl.", fik.
To sh,m.he- toOm. you must fiTSt Looom."" hoi ..
shims eithe •• , d>e top or."" bottom c1 jc:oint ,0 ,"" ... ·;ng "I' or
do".., as IlCCC ... ...,.. G'uging the numOO.oo ,h,dn"" ollhe .him. is"
ui.I.,nd.e'r<)f .ifall. FOO" shim.,)"0<1 can "'" that )"()tJ Can find
arouoo the silO\', I"rer. c<:IIOphanc. or .Iuminum from IIod.
can. UiC. "b",p "I each of .he joim 10 hnlJ 11 fhlSh ... )"OI.t
up Ihe bo)I1:S. Some,im .. II toke •• b" oll.rping wi.h. de.d·blo,,· hammer
'03itl:'\.
1'rtM<"<.I·;t",,1 wingo"'" of.en ,wisted bul can m..Je ",13Ii,..,I1" n •• bt'
Iootcnt"'ll,hctf c""""",ions to .he fencc ""Is • ..dlU.ung .he p",,,,,on 01
.,.. ... h con"""'ion, t ........ ,igl\lming.t.., holt.!.
EXTENSION TABLES
E .... ,.uioI\ ,he >i<k and rcar ol.he ", ... aO"t g.-e.a. lOr t.urpontng
,,'Ori:l'lI'Cet dunng.nd aft,,, cu,ung. SiJ..,abko a ... 'Irkall)· boht<! .o ,he
main ""'Ie .. nd.iet fi""h and Ie"elm iI, It·, bes. if I boitt<!-on •• ble is "'I'"
ported on its ""'n 1'1:" 10 pre,·m. irs we'ghl from imrod...:mw "'ind 11\10
the mam mbl<1op. A rea, ""need can I;.c f'eesmnding 00"
and it docsn't l"lIt ." no"c i, .. , just than the ","in tnble (bu.
ne"Of Yo" can u" a long. jomted boor<! fo. cm,ck ,ng .he align.
01 an ex.tns;on ."ble wi.h .he mom •• ble.
THE THROAT PLATE
The: .h"",. rble i,.n important part ol.he •• ble wtf.oct and nNds W N
.. able an.d fiu;h.o.he toble. Stock alum,num .h""'t rb'<Il')l'lCall\· ha,..,
k,'di"ll sc""' ....... 1. "'ode:- opening t"'U allows.he blade 10 N lilted for
!x,d cutin'll' 11"",,,,,·tt. nam)W poet.,. ol........J can ...... tn .M openIng.
CIUi.ng.hm>.O bo;, .h ....... ·n back at: ,he orcra.or.
I rerl.ocr the .. ock .hrool rlale "'Ilh a ::ero<ltarnnu
.h""" platr .ha. le3"'" no "I"'n >paCe.o cithe. sode 01 ,he .,\lled bt..de.
You won't able \(, u"" i. fOO" \:c,·d CUlling, bill i ... ,II .. ,,'''' )'011 much
b<."t ... fOf ,he ,najori')' 01)'011' cutting. "'hkh i. 01 90 .. an\',..,,)". A
,ero-cl.aMICf' .h,,>ftt 1)latc prO\"ides ",lid righ' up'o ,he blatk,
"' .... 1<"'11 in cut$ tlw "'iII al>o Ix- clca"". b<.'C'use f"II)' i UptX>rt,.J
.. -00<1 ftlJeN are 1"",I,kely w fr.l)· ,,,. te .. out. Throo'l'l"'e. "'" ea.\".o
,,,,,ke (Stt .he ,ldebar <Jr, ,h. facing pagt). a".,,,,,,,.d,,1 ,h.oo.·pla.e bl"nl<..
at<! .1", ., .. ,Iable (or tllOOI .able ""wi (K<.' ,he rhocoOll r. 1(0).
For .h""'t ria • .,. "'"h sc..,....... _. >har • .IIr.l'$h.cdgt a
guKk '0 Ie-·tl the .hroo. rla.r to.he ",bI<1op. Adju>l .M lie .......
or shim.he "n.drnl<k ol.hoo rb'r "'lIh lapo'O bring" II..." 10 ,he ,oobk-•
• op. w'" .hat.he pl ••• donn', rock in any d"«IIon. Som.........J .
..... '0"''' .... ' .he ria •• a hair 10... in fronllO prr1o"CnI a """'r,...::r from
98 Tat)le·Saw Turte·Up arod
H i!'id!i1inH.
'f 'ohl!!i i{dzW
• .111' j' >,1
if HuJL unHp
Ii Hit!:!! I!lPH'
1I·,Il, fill'; '!
Ii lug
,.
ij Iii If .
ii, . r 'Ll! d
'" II ,., !.ll ••• ·?1
:...J ( .m H
• s.. . • • ••• :
.
itlll!l II!l!!iil!!!lijl'll


•• !

"E ..
> ,
.it
"

;
,
if
...
I
h
!
''1

"
h[
.= j

!'-.?
, -
1.1
g
I

g
$


....... , ... cIaI 111_ inMrts """ cIoal ..... II_lilt _, .... 1o:ioG
,." ...... , __ ;l'1li,
Aligning the Miter-Gauge Slots
to the Blade
FOt rirl'lr\i and cfOHCuuing, ,1M: I'Owbladc sl>oo.ll,1 perfeclly
ra",llcl too mli ..... gauge lkou. Unfortu""lely. a n"",hinc: torlJom WIl'I<OS
ulIClly align«! (rom lhe, factor!'_ For 'il'l''''g. yw Carl foo- .his
mi .. hi:llm •• u by adJUSl111g ,he rip fence I"'",nel I", 11M: "''''bbJc. H""'..,,· .....
d",. """,,', oon«' ,1M: rmbIem for crooscuuing tx.cauK ami, ... gaugt.
c....:"'.Jed. or .. mil •• Jig mUSl. "",'d in ,he, mi, ... ...,.,. And of
""",', ""Nllel !O blade. ,he blade will CUI imo ,he WOI'k .. ·"h bood. ,1M:
flQl\' and lhen.he hack of d ... blade. Ounglng ,hot angle of approo:o:;h
""",,', oon« ...... f"JfObkm.
Too oc.tmlim: i( ,hot blade .. mlsaligned!O ,h. mil O< ,lois. yw'U need
'0 me ... "" from , .... blade '0 a mit ... dOt. n,..","", a number of 1:"'"'
("""""oclal rrod""" lniI<k specifically (or ,hi! J>U'llOioll (lIS ,,".::11,.. Othe.
milCh",,, ,uning). bu, I find ,h., an inexrcn.i,'c d[;,1 indic.lor cl.",ped !O
" ,niler 1I""ge does ,,-ell for Ih .. joo rh<: ,ideba, "" !lie fad,,!! P"!!,,). A
dial indICator rrovioo in of"n .... eI, for gr.al
,""curacy .nd is easy w read ,,-hil. yw'IO adjUSl.itlll,h •• Iigt,,,,,,,...
If you don'r .... ,.. '0 buy a dial inil"'aror. 1"11 aoo ducUSl a Iooo'-,,,,h
merhod (or aligning yow- blade 100 I" mll .. .Iou. Iloxh 'llC1hoJ:. ..... 111
cxrbln rtqui, e ,he..,., d ami,., gaugt ,hat A" in ill Ws. y""",
may Il0l:. to I'll co ..... ,hat ro ....
100 Table-Saw T..,..-Up and
Dial Indicators
, ....... " """ """"'"""" beCause a
..-&ry ...sefuilool to< setiO'lg UI) anc:I aIig"Ong mac ...... s. It can Ia"e mea·
n thOUSat>dIhS 01 an ncn. displaying !hem Clearty on !he dial
lac •. anc:I wiI you acCU"BleIy rnea .... e runout on llfbONi.I\ang<lS.
ctuc\<s. bits. anc:I t>la.des. you can also UStI 10 align mac ...... """",,,8
anc:I jonIet and plane' I<.wes. among 0II>et If"Iings.
To gelihe mosl ltOm a dial ndicaIor. you', watll a magnetic l>ase to<
attaching to mac'*"> _so fe ... ''' .... and 0II>et .....-laces. The l>aoe
should inClude a po"t and ..... adjuStable 8ml lot pasiIiaring Ihe dial
OldiCalor as neede<l (see the p/"IOIO on p. 88). YOU can buy a d<>cent-
QUality dial indicator and magnet'" base to< as IrttIe as $3S ( ...... Sat.>-c<!s
on p . 197).
T. tflet1MIy w .... . mi!O/-QaU\lf bo, l!\:al tits s1vppil)' In lis groove • . pound • ..,r • • 01
0MeI gfOOVH """ .... tilt of the bo •.
TUNING THE MITER- GAUGE FIT
The b" on a stock m;te. !}luge often fits ,torr,ly ;n ;1i .Iou. One "'ay!O
d iminate thi' siJe-lo·, ide plar ;' by , lotting ,he .. " of lI,e bar with"
colJ ch;sel ( ... .., the phOlO The mi«oJ aroo,>d the chiseled
Jepr=ioru wide n the ooft ,netal bar. taking out the .top.
, he de1' ''''';OO' all along one or both , -,f ,he b:'T- not juSt in a
,""clion or IW(l. You ""'n' ,he bar to mug e\'en ",hen iI", par-
tially off the table. If yoo\ 'e made i( (00 .,,">!, run " ft ne_cu, fit e lightly
",'cr the ch,!<'led of , he bar,
Although thi' fox ,,'iII la,t quite a while, iI', on1)' temporary; . ,,,,,,, ually
the oof, ",eml w,1I down. producing $1"1' "l,"' in, If you u!<,' miter
gauge a 101 (! don't, a, explained brer). con,ider bu)'ing a better-All ing
TaOie-Saw Tune-Up and Maintenance 101
Som. 1>8" in<1u<Io Allen $Crews or OIhe, fittlogs fo< .ojotti"" the widtI1 ot the
bar to bette' tit Its sl<It
A dial iMic>tOf pr<)VN;les an .. , dOil1 k>r a<lju<1i"" "'" to the mrter
groov •. A tlar IOekod onto 1ht rear If"oniono P'_ , Ie,,"r tor ' 0$\' .o1"Slmont of
tho trunniGn po';tion
aftermarket bar. SO"", h."e huilHn adju>lmems ("'" ,he 'Op ph<xo), Some
"re longer th.n m",k bars. which (rea'e a Ot 1'<.,<:."", 3ny tkovi-
ations arc spread O\'e, " ;."""te. d;,tan.,."
102 Table-Saw Tune-Up and Maintenance
J
Aligning the Blade to the Slots
C.nt,acto,'I IIW Cabln' t sa ..
----------
0 0
'-"
1,\:::::"
,
,'0 co.
------
l.oo$t>1lho I>0Il$ tmI hold Iho to
$hitt Iho II\IYIIOCIS rdltlw to lOlho SIW -. S/Iift Iho lOP to.", Iho
Iho _to Iho _ ... milfl sio!s. _ one! milfl stoI:I.
MAKING TH E ADJUSTMENTS USING A
DI AL INDICATOR
-": ow ,h,,, your mitcr-gauge bar fits "'1011. rcoo)' to the blade-tO"
mne,-;I", Wilh the PO,,'C, diS(:()nnc.:'ed, de"'lc ,he blade JUSt
_hon of iI' ,mucim"", hCW>l_ Nc"c' cf'nk the bl.dc hard aga,nst its
" hieh willlw;>! the i",,,mal ",c.:honi,ms,
Sere'" the di"l indk.lor to a piece of wood lhal eXlend. oul low.rd
,he blade, It Joesn', m.ncr if the mitcr gauge isn', at "perfCct 9O.dcgree
to the blade, Clamp ,he wood.., tha, the plunge, is lightl)' depressed
agains, ,he perime,er of the blade pla,e, not against a ,Ooth (see the boI-
tom photo on ,he fac;n>: pa;:el.
,he ",ale on ,he dial indica,or until its refc'ence pointe';' 0'
""". Using" feh.ripped pen. male a refcrencc ",arl on ,he blade ncar ,he
plunge'_ Slide ,he mi,c, ga uge 10 ,he oppoSi,e end of t he hlade. the"" ""a'C
the bl.de umn )'our ref,,,,nce mark is under ,h" plunger. Thc dial indica-
to, "'ill show "mQunt of diff"",nc" betwccn ,he 'wo poSitiOns. indicat_
ing lh" 3"'""n' of milali>:nment between ,he pl,n" of th<: blade "nd ,h.
mit .. ,I",.
The reasoo fot r",.ting ,he blade is ,ha, 1\0 blade is perf",!I)' 11",.
Thcrd""" you (an', juSt ,hc di,,,,,,,,c a, from "nd ""If 0f"
blade u'ithQu, introducing ."",. FOT ,he same rea.on. you should,,', ",ea,
'0 a SI'"igh«xlge pl"ad apinSt ,he blade.
To hring the blade and mIte, ,I",. in line "'ith each othcr, you'll ne>Cd
to adjuSt ei,her ,he carri""", ot ,he ,abl",,,!,, depending on ,he '\-pe of "'".
(see the ill ul"''' ion abo,·d. On pOf'3blc ","'s and I",mc ·sh"" .• Jjn"
t he carriage. Slightly loosen the bollS tha, hold ,he trunnions (() ,he 'op.
Don't looicn ,hem too mlKh: i"s be;, to h.,·c jllSI a bi' of ""i"ance when
Table-Saw Tune-Up and Maintenance 103
En1l'OIng BOil Hotes
S
Ollltllme. lfIInrMon ooh
too ,mati to lliow sufficient move·
mtfI1lo< Pl(l"" fdjuslment. In tr.at
em. simply dril 01 Nt !lie holes to
IIIem In !lie proper
you',., , ... ·ina: to 1IIoO\'e 1M corri¥ onlf few ,hotoi.and,1u eX on Inch. You
can 'ap 'M If\lnnion "'IIh 3 mallet: {o """.., i{. bul I ftnd II much c;>.;oer 10
clalnp ,'''' U\lnnl()ll and carri¥ aoso:mblf ,0000,ho:. ",th an bar
damp, then",," 1M bar ... b·.,. 1o ... ,,,.., 1M eX tM (Ott the
bOltom rho<o on fl. 101).
Afte. fOIl make an adju""",nl, roo may n<X'd to Intt Iht ",f.renee
poi"'''' on Ihe <ital indic",or bt-f"", rech."<:klng dw allgn",e"', When
the di.1 registers Ihe di"ance at the fr()nt and ",.r of the
blodc. tighl.n the Inmnion bol", ,hen reck<:k the align",,,,,,. II may ,ake
1Ie,..,,,,1 efforl. to ,he alignmen, dead on, btll II', wonh i'. and you m.y
only '0 do ,hb once or ,wicc fOl lhe lIfe of lhe $;I".
On a cob,"",,,,,,; lho: 'runnion !MChan_ are foxed 10 lho:
tabme! .... i" , ,'''' 0:>I:>1<:,0(l ,hat l"OU nttd 10 """.., imlud. I...oo!en ,he
tahIeo:op bolts. bt,. ,hen 'ap ,he Mgt of lho: ,.ble' O(l ' 0 bt-in, " 1010
.,...,.,.... ""al ton '0 ,he blade.
THE lOW-TECH APPROACH
If)'JU don', a <11;0\ indtCOto<,)"OU can...., along rita Q/ "...,.,j and a
f""k< goougc in>'.o.cI. Sponll·d.mp Ihe p1c« of ",ood ' 0 ,ho: mIter fO"ugc as
before, btl"h" time bring the ""00<1 right up 10 ,he.tde of ,he ,,,,,,h.
,he piece of wood as. ref.",""", fi .. , dctcnnlnc whc,h('T the fTOll'
Of "'a' of Ihc bla<k. is dooes"o Ihe mi,cr sit,.. 1I.hrk .h", 'I""
wi,h or a ("I, ,",,,I,,,,.
Nex,. rura'e marhod 'ooth '0 Ik OPPOS'te (nd 01 the ,h"""'place
s.I<x and ""'"",,remcnt of ,he g"l' ,h",. (Ott ,he photo
" ,. lIOn' _ 1 .. 1-.."" • .,... .... 11M. __ 10 ......... lilt dis1anc:a
'*-"" _ IrId I pIooo 01_ diompotIl0' -. _.
104 Table-Saw Tune-Up and
'" ,he facing A. mentioned in ,he p",vio"$ "",itm, don', truSI
meJluTcmCnB LmlciS they'", taken from (he ,",me .pm on 0 ro(a,ed blade
l! ,he difference between (he front and rear of ,he blade i, mono than
,' .• XlJ in., adjUSt ,he alignmen, explained abov".
Aligning the Splitter to the Blade
For optimum perfon"ancc .nd ",.fe'Y' ,pli"er 0< rh'ing knife must be
r rorcrly wi,h 'he ,",,,,blade. If mi>aligned. i( can ",cer a "'Ofkpiccc
,nto or ." .. ay from (he 'ip fence. leading (0 inaccurnte or d;ffkuh (ttd·
Stock 'plitt"rs are typically thinne, than the blade, ",hcre", .f(er-
market .pli tters v.,,' (mm .boul K, in, ,hkk to li in, ,hick. A stock ,plittcr
"-ric.lly aligns with ,he cemer of ,he blade, but I ",dcr to shim il oot..,
,,'s "ven with the fight ,id" of ,he I""th (Ihe .ide clooest . 0 ,he fence),
Th" "'.y. il will Ormly hold (he "'Orkpicee "S.inst ,he fenc •. fe,ultLng in a
d •• n-----<ts "..,11 .. We-------<:u,.
To a IPlincr, loosen th., mach it to Ihe carrillgC
a;sembly. With Ihe blade .. ( .t 90 deg .... ,.,s, ""'. "lua", '0 .. "he ,pli"er
,.."",ndicular to th. Iable, U.ing a .. linc i, up with Ihe right
"de of Ihe blade. The Aimsy stock splitters tha, come wit h mos, "W$ bend
au, of shap" casill'o bu, ,hey con )U,", as easily be bent back into shape.
Adjusting the Rip Fence
Fo< 1'fOI'I" c"ning. a fip fence 11\1IS( be adjll$ted "".,lId to Ihe blade The
faces must also be ".,ight "nd flat, as well as "lua", '0 th ,able. A rip
(ence tha, is OYt of align me'" will. the blade win ","'S<. nllmber "f prob·
lems. A f"nce that angie •• way (TOm the ,e.r of ,he blade I<,tll cal!><" Ihe
"'OI' kpiece 10 , ke'" .way from fence, bun'i,,>; ,he was,e side of the Cut
and crea,ing" hollow wmlpieec edge in ,he process,
The more dangerous ,;(uation is "'hen ,he fence "ngl .. toward the rear
of the Mode. In ,ha, cast, ,he workpie<e will bind lx:t,,'een ,he (ence
,he tee,h"t the rcar of Ihc blade. bllmi,,>; 'he "'",kpieee and invi,ing
kickback if flO ,pliuer 0< , i"ing knife is in".lIed, !:lon., borhel wadjust
'he ,ip fence "mil (he blade has been adjusted ",,,, .. IIe1 '0 the ",;,ef.gaub'"
;00. as di&Cussed p",viou,ly.
To cheel: fOI" ali",nme"" lock (he fence in po6i,ion .nd me.·
,",If" fwm i, w the opposi'e end, of the mi'''''.ga ugc .1"", "gain ul ing Ihe
di.1 indicator 10 ,he mile, gauge. Alterna,;"el)', )'OIJ can place
block, of X-in,·,hick "ock imo ,he mi,er.gaub'" 510< at coch .nd. then gen_
ti)' lock ,he tip against the bloch w sec if ,hey wntac' Ihe fence al
,he ", me t ime. If not, (he alignment nttd, adju"mem.
Matly old."ylc stock fences made of ;tal1\p<..J "cd arc by
loooening Ihc two boh. on the lop of 'he (ence. moving [he bod)" until i, is
Table-Saw Tune-Up and Maintenance 105

Make Su,e Ihe Fence '$ $1'3'ghl
O
a'e
nolorious 10' not having waigh!
fates. Whatl'lfr felICe you haw,
check its slraightness using an
,ale If Ih! feoce is
bowed 0, lwistM, aUXmal'j
wood lerree. shimmi"ll it to cor'ect
any imperlectklns
1'.",11<:1 '<l (I," mitCT'gl'ugc slor. ,hen retightening the SCrewS, An "di"'"
ment serew., th(' from of rhe fence regula,,,, ,he grip of the hook on t he
back rail t h.r locks rhe rear of rhe fence in piau.
BiesemqcNt yle fences"re adju".d by turning Allen sere"'s 011 the
e,OS&bar tha, t ides on ,h" f.nce rail , TI,e n",--ill; '" be """0,,00 1<,
adju.t the then replaced to ,est ,he .Iignmen' (>ee the photo a, It'ft
belo"'). This trial.and·.1TOI adjustment i,n't difficult. and doe." 't
rake long,
I lil:e 1<, k' my Tip fence ><, ,ha, i, is no more t h.n 0.001 in.
from the rcar of the blade than II is", the (ront of the blade. Thi. way, ,h.
",a, tee,h I'''' barely ,ouch the "'orlpi"" •. p'O\'iding a "noeth, unburned
Cut without the workpi<'ce ,w,y (rom the fen<;e, I "\<: a feeler
or dial indicator to measure til<- d;,t.nce bet"..,.,n the fence and
,he ,eerh.
The face. of fe'llce .hoold also be ><jua,e to the ,able all .10"8 t hei,
length •. Check ,hem "'ith a good ><jua ..... A cilt ed fence can ""ul! in inac·
cura,. ems wh." ripping >lock of different ,hick"e""",. edg •• groo\'i,,!:. CIt
tenoning when "si n,g the fence as a reference ,urfuce. A few (enees rro"ide
for making ,his adjuSfmenr (>co ,he photo a, 'igh' bel",,') _ If \,001> doesn't.
I'OU can add an auxilial'j fence and ,him i, OUt "' nC(;CS$;Iry.
To oolju", • "oct po"I'" to tilt bbdo, '0"""'" 1M
f'!)m ;1$ fOit .flCI .oiust tilt All ... so' ..... "" tilt erosstla, that
i>IflSl$ 'l/3-in$t trw. fOil.
So"" I, ,,,,,,,, ti,," this Unif.rree. ,diustm.m, tor '.U'II\I tilt
loco ol trw. f,rree """,nditu,""" tho saw .. blo
106 TabIe-5aw Tune·Up and Maintenance
ene. 1'O" ...... IN _ 111 .... 11110 ..... to 1M -. odjust 1M Ihat
_ IQIIIISIIN >I0Il.
Adjusting the Miter Gauge
"'n aceu!"'." ,1<,,1 mi'er 3 WU'!"' .. di"i()(l in tCrn",. Mo>' " .hem
'1orr,ly mode. I .lmolI. "",·cr ..... mi ... . a.... a lot of wood",otkers
J<> u>(" .hem. IQ J"n addr<:N hefe how l<' :odjus. Wlf'!.
Begm by rlad"ll a Ial\'< 1<1""'" ae<',nsc 'M gauge and 1M bIaJe body.
,_h. \'Vlw,n'M ar'('(aI1 !quafC. lock 1M m"CT_
,: •• he3d on .t> bod·,.. NUl. e","",,'" a 3-m. r .ece off of a "'·,n. by 111- ,,,.
1:-' " 18·in. boord. fl.p one ci 1M Cut p;eca and lhe iawn edges
."$Cdlef aga"'$1 a ..
JUSt as ,,·hen you mOOt. 10::>1 Cu' 10 check Ihe hlad..· rerpeooic-
ul .. i.y to.he table. '''l" dc,.ia.k>n f",m 90 degreel ",111 be doobled .. ·h""
,'00 pul Ihe ...... 'n 00ge. (""'" lho: lop illum;uion 00 p. 95),
Read)"".he mi,cr'g""tC" angle and make """" .e .. eu" "" nec ...... ry un.il
1M .,." sa"n cdgts mttt ptrf«.ly. n..:n .... , ht $lOP and indica,or'"
,"(1U11 bt abk .oquo<;kly $(" .k 1lOdegree$ (Ott.ht
r/toco
To $(" .M .. op at 45 degrtts. adJUM d"" gaul.'t to "f'J'roxi-
mOldy 45 dcgn."eI ""11.11 a d",r"nt; ,ri.ngle or.ItJ,11.II btvel i"''I,oe. Then
' ",""""," ricce of "',"p .. 'DOd ... explained .bo,·c. fl,p one ci d,.. ri""",.
lhen put ,h" picce$ loge, he. to (or", " Comer a! when "'''"'''ll .e;. cu" (or
lhe be,'c! .nwlc ci" (see the boItom ,lIunmtoon on p. 95).
Chcck ,he COI'J'Ioef ... int; a -l<luart. One" again. "nf devo:ui" n (rom
will be oollbkJ. Read) .... l ,he mtlCT-gaugt .. necesoary
unttl exact 4;.dcyrtt angle;' ""hiewd. Finally. SCI the- 4S-dcgrtt mtlC1'·
..... ""
Table-Saw Tune-Up and Maintenance 107
Pruvenlong Rusl
R
u$1 i$ most common on IOOIs tPlat
$i! unused 1(11' IOfIg periods. 11
you'" not oomo to be using y<.Hlf
IIQU,_t !of some month$. tt might
be .... 10 lightly \he I0Il wth oil
or thin grNSl.
Cleaning and Maintaining Work Surfaces
A dtan . tl1OOOth, ...... "cd $10'" table io ","",,11,,1 for ",fe. ac(u .... fed·
ing 01 """kr'tcel. as ...... 11 as fOf the olyour ""'. Wax
fctd f.iction and hdpo r",...,n, rust. I dean and ,,"'" my",,,, ,able aBtl
a<:cd6OrieI whc"..vcr I ,tan encOUmCflng (crJ ",,,,,n''':e. wh,eh u,u.lly
... ",,1:, ou, to ,ht"« Of four ,ittleS a j'ur.
negln by cle.ning the On. ,"",W ""W. you may fi .. , nccd '0 wil'<'
off ,he he.vy ant i"", protec,.", lISttlg lou 01 mit"·,,.1 >I'"ilO "nd "'II" On
.n 01,1 1'''01 c"n re"lOVe hea'-;e, ruS! and ""n" usilti "..,tldry
... Btlpapc. l"brica. N ,,'nh mineral ""i'i's. 1>\(,.1 tx>Ii!oh ",1<1 au.",,,,,"
bile n,bi»ng '"",po.",,J .100 00 a good job 01 rw.I and .. removal. 1>10.<
,ables can ."nrly be ICrubbeJ ,,'nh m"",,,,1 """ .. "ltd CQlI ...... ""I "uol to
,<","" ... any ligI> •• u;<. rn, h. 20m dopo.,u, and oIJ w;u.
Nexl, arrly. , h,n coal 01 .. .",.. rubbu,!! i •• nlo.he nU;'" ",,"ace.
includ.ng.he ,Ioos.l "'" furni,u • ., p;at.e ..... x. bu. tnCJO( tar aBtl
floor ..... x .. ",iIl...."k equall)" ..-eli. A,'OiJ floor 1I-U" .Ju. c"' .... a'n ."'O$I,p
,.JJ"""",, and Jon'I ....., products d"" rontain .ilkor.<-. ,,-hich can cause
fini.hmlt I'f"lIlk"" if i. con."mina ... " "ttl
Alto.· ,he " ... x to dry '0 a h.,,,. then buff" off. As lona as.1I of.he
cxccso i , ..,mot'M •• he..,', no danger of <on13min", mg • W<)rk Even
if . 1",,,11 SUlOUtu Is .rau;(crttd to \bc workpiece. '\01',,,,,1 ,,'ilt
'C"""·c i •. I aliO ,nd ,,'aJ( my "' .... '. rail •. •• blel, and
"P rene,," ""d W'Il" down on\, part! wi.h d:,mp clotb.
Wax and other iUrfacc ooaUtlgO belp.o \"'f'O\ect the loa'" (rom T\bt but
won'l >lop tt. RUM io ..,ady "" ."""k. to i.', impon.nt "" kttp .he
,able free 01 mol"".c. Common ,,"',., will.cll you not ' ''' "'I drtnh. green
wood. '" oomp rap on.he •• bk. H"",..,,·C1'. a """'" penuci" .... form 01
' ''''''''''''' is COII<kn .... by. wIJ comi", in ron·
hoC' ",i,h ..... nn hum,d.II frum the oul>ide Of remap' from."..,..t,y
clothes d..,.., •. In It.e..e c:ases. a cardbootd Of t{'Cd.lty chillUM ro\"tt can
help prOIecl ,hCc ono::tal.
10& Table_Saw T ....... -Up and Maintenance
The
Workstation
P
roperl)' 10:1 up and configure<!. the much more ,h." ju"
,he primary [001 in )'Oo.Jr IO.'ood",,,ki"ll Along wid, lIS
"\tend"n' fl.tt,,,,,, acce»orie" and c.t.enSIOn it', ",,'ualiy •
".".b1ati"n where you 1"'rfotm !OIl\e of Iht tI'IO&I (filiall l'fOCnstS in
,,'O<>l!wo<k,"lI' A$ $OCh, u', impoTt."t to carefully coruoJer ,he ... w' ideal
r laccmm' in ,he shop as ,,·ell .. iultgh,,"i, ..... ing. dust coIltttioo. and
relatiolUhip to odw ,<J<:>b in }"OI.I' >hop.
saw Placement
Thr 'ahle ,"w" ,he ""art in. numbe-.. of "")'" NO! 001)' is It
cCt1.ral to ma"y "oOO"ming OJlC'"";o",,, bu. ,,', .110 of.en rh)'Sically
\ocaIN in the middle '" the and IS lhe tool '!Q\,nd "hich Other
,,(ten le,'n!.·c. Unhke 11>0>1 <>Iller :ita, ioo.ry ,,'und;hop 10001s, the
"hle .... w ""1"" <'$ 'pace on all (ou, ,id .. (or . irr"'g and ,,,,,,,",,,,!ting large
•.
F.)r 3 ,.ble .!'Ow,. IO.wl: ing 'f'l'Ce 17 fl . long arod 12 (,. ,,'i..le will
il(CQrnmQd:l!c IllOSI of ern, boord. net!ded (or '''''''I' woodworbtlj! projects.
The 8 ft. in {rom ollhc blade and the 8 ft.lx:hmd;t ;n(l>e<l
room fo. nrrinll8-fl.·1onj;: boards <:- I"''''''u. And if you ....
tho: JaW ... ·uh 6K ft. to the ngill <J tho: bIa<X and 5, (t. to tho: kfl.
}"OU11 rk·nty <J room for CfQ(6C""U"ll ro.rds .1I"l'I00I 8 ft. long.
I( you< doo<n', allooo- )"OU to o:iedbtc IUCh a b'¥'". po-rm.;o'>e,lt
.!paCe 10. tabk """. thInk mOOlkc. A good mobtkc . n"" .. you 10 ....;1)·
"""'.., _ o/:out In tlv ohop to ",in ' '''''''II room ... ·hen (Ott the
6
110 The Table-Saw Workstation
UP fOur saw in l wOll-lrt, .",.tiOl1, saw o""""'trles tIOSe at 110M
aM .. moco <p.iCO .,oun.l tilt oaw as yoo un . !lora.
moDI .. tIa .. allows"..,. to mort I""" 131>10 saw '","nO 10 •• moll shOll to create intwJ
.nO cAAf • .o " ..... ""Oed.
pr.o.o alxwc). For ,h", m.ltcr. you call lcayc your sa,,· "at ion,,,! and 1""
,u"Ollnd ;ng mach;ne",· on mobile ro.." for d"Jr'''g r""", """ma ,h"
when handlinS large Worl:piff"",
YOll can also mkc ..dv.ntage of open c\oor$ and windows b)' aiming
long ""O<xpie<:e. 'hl'Ol.!gh them ".J,CTl rirri,,>:, ro. '·e,,!,mJll ,hops or
ga"'8"S.' ronablc saw 00;0" be mo""d .bout to make ,he most of the
;P''''c ,h", you do ha'·c, YOll can even talc i, Olluide if ),00·'" really
cramped.
Arranging Machinery for Workftow
D
You. ,.ble ;;0 ...... pi"""......" on ",Ia,ion to other ,ooIs "nd Of"'eJ'ioru is
bee....., It affect< won:llow. T'1' to )'OUr nucl-....... to foI-
Ioow yo ... ro>nlCular oNe. of <JPC""""" and 10 CCQl\OOYli:t as
much. ro»'bk. For nrunple. mI' ,,"<>fIr: gc""",lIy bq,ru al , he Ctl,off ......
........ ml'l",n!:fl rack. ,,'1>0= I CfQl$Cul booonk 10 rough kngth. From ,he..,.
I to ,he ""arby join, ... and ria ..... w 00 mI' 'mual j.lock dfnl!'llg.
",ftc •• Iu .... u k m<l'"e! '0 ,he table ..... for cunmg 10 final .. ", (...., ,""
.... old
W
htnl)O'sibIe. pI:Itt your table
$I ... so you'" TlCir.g your shop
lfIItarlCl wtItn womr.g. This can pre-
...,1 you l.om bttng startled lrom
tIeAnd by risilors whttt cont:e(Itrillir.g
on I cut
I
t )'OII'rlI pw-n,ng 10 buy I statiooary
&aw a moIor flInjli"ll tmm 3 hp
to 5 hj), yoo'M 0Hd a 230-VOII clr"",t
tleCaUSltlleM saws require
112 The Table-Saw Woo<station
on P. 111). Fo. more Information on machint pbcm"'fl! anJ
.. l.hop ""'up. ,'-It OUt n.. \l'orI<!IIop &ole by s.:ou 1..:000"
Taun.on I'ttu, 1991).
Wiring
WhOle"cr ')'1'" of""')'<>u haw. i. ,hoold be connl'C'M ' ... an ar'propria'e
deem,"1 c"cul,_ for rca.am of both ""fcry "n<1 efficiency. MClO' ,,<w$!h.,
are marketed for home U!<', Induding portable and conu:>Clor-,'yle "'WO,
come ""i,h n...,.""" .bout Iii hI' TIle h.on.:po..'cr. voit"ll". and
amr<r.oge "'''iii> ro.. mow. can k found on It, inform;..ior. "tale.
The II"IOI0fl on ,I>..., .\3 .... <()me ,.i...,J to< 115 • ..-.11>, d,., common U.S.
hou!ehol,1 mak,,,, them • .....:Iy 10 plug in and .... "'"hoY. ""I'
n«<! (Of ..-",1 wiring. mocond", • ..,.,nd 15 ampS, ... "' .
........ W Ix In.o I dedicated c,,,,,,n thai ""","lotn'C any or ...... ,ook
, .. rho same "mt ,he $:Ow il """O'IIi-Sma moI:orsan d .... · more ,han
lku amf'l:l1ll:C upon SGlItUp, \Iv: (l1(ull brtakcl .>hook! bt Foiled
'" 20 amps. Fo. Uro.,k,wTl1Ct'$ t.ab:x:o.ories (Ull "1'1""""1.. 115"'oh
mot"" ,ha, draws more ,h.1l 15 amrs .hoolJ ...... >r«.all'lug ar.d ma.eh·
ing 1'K<t'I""I".
230·VOLT CI RCUITS
A clre'"1 pro.·ides a more "ftki"'" UIC of .""'!riclty. rc,uhillg ill
"'cuil """,kIIids an.<! longer motor lik The IlI· hp ir.duc. ion nl(l("",
"" n\061 hon>t-mop ""'j are dual-vol."iI" motors. ,,.,.,alling lil>ry COlli be
... to. either 115 or 230 ,"OIfS. If you Iu,.., • 2JO·voh circu" ,n yo.u
<.kflnudy 10 your ad,,,n.age'O "'ire lhe ...... motor to. 230-,"01.
UIC. If you don'l a 231),,"01, circun, ....... 11)' ,101 d,ffocuh for an
electriCIan 10 ,....,.11 0f"0I'. Wl->tn,n ..... aJJ"'lI <)< duongi,,&: .... 'rona, be >SUre
1oc:a1.1«Ific:al roJcs adhered '0.
To ... """'Of fOf no·voI. \!$C, remer..., die lid on ,he "'mna box
,Iu,', .,,;w;hed.o ,,,," n\(l(<)<. Under lhe Ii<! i. a ,,''''''ll d""",m for chang-
ing.he voltage. On •• )"0<1\'" ' '''itched the "',ring c<!<">«,,ion. in ,he bo •.
you'l l ne.:d to "'1,1""" ,k stan.danl 115-,'ol, plug on 11 ... end of die "ord
"'uh a 2JO..voh plllg (.,"il"ble"1 hard" .... flO<cS) .
ELECTRICAL OUTLETS AND CORDS
ltk.lly. Ih. d«tric.1 outltt for tt... .. " . .t.ou\J be .. h,nd •• pt>«;.
bk. Fa. Of\(' Ih,"Il. you don', wam '0 ha,". ,0 \!$C an ,ott! (SC(!
,t.. ,idel"", on .t.. fking "",ge). For aoocher. ". ,mpO"'nl10 be oble 10
"",ill" dlKOrtn«llhe """..,. for ..... main,.,,,,nc. and bladt .lungU"lg.
Stnc. tllC.abIe .... ill of.en plactd on.he (en.er <Ji . he """r .• "'"
I"'<""C'r c.onJ Il'f"C"lIy haJ 10 ru" ;w; ...... he IIoor .0 ... "II "",Ie<. If 10, kcq>
from IfIrrong "'..,. an oI«",col wnI 1;.,- W'''&:. Of conuntreial
c.onJ ""· .... hat's eroo-·td "" ,,,," undet:\iJe 10 accom",,,d,, •• h. c.onJ (Ott
Extension Cords
EiEJRIC.'J. COAO$ """"""'" """""'" _''''''''', whiCh Can cause
a lOSS of ampe '0 a fl"IOT<>', The IOnge< \tie cor<! an<IlI>e Iigrrt." weight
.. , tr>e gr .. aTer the resistance, Au'Ining a motor witrI insuffiCient cumt<'It
can c""",,, \toe motor TO "'" !">Otter and SlOwer Than normal, H is best flO<
to""" an " ><t ension cord on a tat>le saw, HOw<I __ , you must, mIlIk ..
....... tr>e cord Is as sho<'t as possit>Ie and at _., as heavy as The $aw's
mot.,.. ,.y .. ,
,he pholo a, righr). Cord housings are often a,'ailable a, office-supply
-"'''I,
Sometime! on outlet can be i,,>talled urukr ,he saw or ex,etlSion ,able,
Outle .. seT face up into ,he 1l0CJr of a wo)(J,hop are defi ni tc\y "0' a gorxl
sJea be;:aui': 'hey'li just dog wi, h dust , Howe'·er. an outiet ,h" , its above
u..- l1oor on. shor, poOt WQfkl ",ell and makes (or easy power discOlmr<ts,
,-\ hhough overhead OIttl." ""Ofk (or some machines, thL" 're often in the
"11" the table .\3"', when cuning good, 01 brge p;tnd,.
SWITCH PLACEMENT AND MODIFICATION
Ii your ",w .witch i, mounTed on ,he tigh, ,ide of ,he s-aw, considcT m(w_
,ng i, '0 ,he le(t i( Ixmible, Becaui': most table_s-aw opero!ion\ take pi",,"
from tk Id, ,ide of the blade. it makes sense to pl""e the ''''i tch there,
'W'hcn )'00 an: st.nding m ,he lef, of ,he bl""" and ","chillg o'w for"
,,,,n,,h on ,he righ, si<k of the ,,"W, yo" PIIt yom bod)' in line with ,he
blade, inc",asing the lX"ential for in)u!)'. On most "'WS, ,noving the ,witth
,0 the H, side i",', diffic"h, II's uIllatly jllSt a malt er of drilling a new
motIIlring hole reTOllting the ,,·ire. Just make 'ure you h,,'e
wire on ,he ,witch to reach ,he loc",ion.
A ,hop,naoc knee .witch i$ that pm"ides convenience
a, well a. ",fet)'. 1.1)' knee ,witch is ,i mpl)," length of wood hinged '0 the
rail wit h" Co""" (or finger acC"Si to the on ,witch (see ,he pholo
on p. 114). A block of wood glued to the back presses aga in" the off but-
,on, eff""t;"el), TUnling ,he entire piete of wo"d intO" gi,," , "pank
$wi"h" ,hat can easil)' be hit in an For ex. mple, I h"'e been ill"
prc-dic'tnent where a "'orieri""e kerf dosed on ,he blade And I "'as afmid
to let go of it to tum off the .,,,", In ,ueh sit uations, a large knee SWiTCh is
an ex,ra edge on safct),. Even during ordi"""" <>per., i,,"$, it ', helpful 001
h.ving to feel ,.""nd for 'mall buttons
Lighting
Safe, acCOrd'. work a, tho ,able "',,' re4uircs good ')\'erl,t"d lighting ,hat
c"-l11 1'1" ,had"w$ and cTCate. no glare. Ide. II)" lor, of i. ,h.
best choke. bUT ,haT's often flO< an op,ion. Ins,ead,. AooyeStcnt light fix·
tore pO$ition.:J .bcw" )"01" ,"W with incamle.cem lighting to ei,h.r 'itle
co-rd 0.,..' _IS triWi "'l"" cords
"""0\1 10'''' Ill. fIoo< 10 tf>< table saw.
n-.e Table-Saw Workstation 113
114 The Table-Saw Workstatior1
"" "".!Sin<l "'- $WiIc/l ,llows )1<1" 10 tum 1110 saw oil quickly will1OO1lakino )l<l\Jf fIol>l.
all lho _ kpiou. Turnino tho saw OIl" _vel"" ff<lUiru deliberalely .... 'ning In,ougn lr>e
00100110 1110 on ""HOII"
ca" y;'"C } ..... , plcnt)" of ligll! with no pe""ptible flicker You
can tesT a lighting >cherne bv 12-i,, " dowel on the table_saw Sur_
f""e and adj,.;t;ng tho IIght;ng so dowel ca<u; no hea,"y sh"dow,"
General.h0l' lighr Ca" be i'''prO,"ed by p"im;ng th. ,,".lIs.nd
while 10 help light"
Oust Collection at the Table Saw
)'bi<ing rile. of sa"uus' is OI"IC of ,he saw's m"n)" [)U" (rom
o'"ery CUI is discMI\, .... d in di .... "Ctio"," m'jori,y is pach<l imo
,he blade gt,ltCt5 be,,,",,,,,, the ,,,,,,h" ,he" ejec, .. .J be""ath ,he saw table"
Aw-c the ,able, a S'",am of dust i, 'h,o • ..., toward ,he opera,o<"
laS!" ,he .","Ib, and most unhealthy dus< panicles remain in ,I." ai, for III
'0 i>r<oa,he, finally """ling as a film on all shop surf"""," Some,;on of du"
col l"",ion a' Ihe table saw is """mial to health and gen.""I .>hop ..
Th. problem i, ,hot "tOStl_ble saw, ",Id in the United S,ales aren",
sui,ed to d"" collection, enher below Of at.we the ,ablc" O>n'racI"""'
sa"", are patticularl)" probbnmic b.."ause of the wid< ore" base. Some
Qrre r "n oplional base plate wi,h • dus' ron for connection
10 d,.;t coll""t"'" ( ... .., the '01' photo on ,he facing p'ge)" a 101
of dust still escapes from ,he open bock of the .. ""
Cabinet .. m. bene,.t cap,uring dust box""se of Iheir endmeJ
base," bu, ,hey"re Slill not very effidcnt boxause the cabine, is not seal.d
l)ulTining • '''''tr>etorl $<Iw tOf COIloctioo ,..uI, .. fnsll iling • plnel with • POrt
uOMr tM $<Iw conintt For l)tUor collecti"", 1M back o11M .... ShOUld a1S(J t>e (;<)V-
Ol'" • I>'n"t
by "")' means. For du,,_collcc1ion m,,"y cabinet offer only a
""" "' ,he ba<e of the oo:>binct thO! can be conn""ed ' 0 a dli;H,olk"tO<
ho.c (sec the bottom pho<o abow) , l,,<tead" a port, the,e may be a panel
tha, can be replaced with a" optional !'On attachment from ,he manufae_
""cr. Newer.model cabmet an ;memal "''''p to help .1;"",\
sawduS! '0 ,he collcctor ron.
To Ihci' c,edit, a few manufacturers are iml''',,"ing dlist coll"uiot> by
.. king cues from Ellropc"" lablc·s;rw deign_ Some ne"..,r-modd portable
Tho Workstation 115
Dolog Ih! Belil/lih Dust
A
hhoLl\lh mliog up • saw
Improve du" collection. don',
"pet! mlrKln. Tite lru\I\ is lilat with-
out a dust chute s.urrOU/ldOng tho
bIIcII. you' ,. f9MJog )lOOt dus"

118 The Table-Saw Workstation
Oust In the Wind
IN ___ ...... _ OWT..-ro.acan 110M r.Ign In Ine _lOng aft ...
• CUI • ..-. Thne _____ ...... ..- _1>uw<I....., IhOUI<I
"" _4<1 or 111_. K you dOn', _ goo<!" c:In:\.tMIon 10 ItWI
"" _,I"" cIe..- will QYiootPy m..-Ine _ dJaI. P*1iCIo-s
frOm the ..... 1n your shop. A.....-nI>eo" of 01> ...... av_.o
_ any 01>. shop ,_ Soun:"" on p. ,Q1).
/\to 1I<I'ItIIfnI . _ .... 1iII¥$ from Ihe sI>o9 .. ItM ...., fino """ 11111 is most harmful
to ' ''' IwtIg$.
and . ablt sa ..... include duM chute tha, partially M1rrounds I ....
bIaoJ,e (5« the I'h olo on p. i I). n.. chu.t. ,,' hiel> " con,ItC.t<! to a m...
collector. dfoclCmly pd", ... t..: dusc ''81>1 at the source. ha:.
bttn Jlandan! on Eu""",an " ""S for oomt "'''''.
For C<>p(Uflng dus •• oo"" .ht table, " bb<k c",'Ct wi. 1> 3 du>! pOrt does
, .... trick. Thi' 'l'pt <:I (Ov'" i , Sland.n! on EUr<lpCMI 5<0,... (ICC tht boItom
pllOlo on p. 40). For 5<0" .. $01J III the United States, the .... "'C se,·eral.fler·
'i1arkc, blade cow .. ,,,·. ilabl,, (see "l\el1tr Bl ade Co"""," 011 p. 70 ).
SEALING YOUR SAW
For sa" .. ,.·"hoo. a dust (h".". the best "l'I""""=h to ,m)lrOVin(! du •• colle<:-
. ioon is f{) .ll:al up a.I much <:I, .... saw at ",,"",hie. On abi"". """S. you ron
arrIr sthconc 10 anv """,II open ings on.].., u .. ', body. openings.
such at "",:U.." bn""ffn'].., iablc'<l(> and ,he cailonct, j"OOt can .... duct
.apt. Tar'''i the ,nt",..o . .. .,.11' ,0 the floor aoo]..,1{.. AI ror , he
hanoho'hctl on .].., fmn. <:I I].., ","', 1'OU can anxh a sIottt<! f"CCC <:I
,nnet .ube.o hel p .ll:al' .... OfOtn;"i. Add,"i a .tqlmade incl'nN ramp of
Sinul 'lllgl
--
_4111 __

Dust Collectors
..
..
• 1>«. rtlCtal or rl ... k boninate to ulJu sa,.-' can direct '(nO""d •
1o;,..··ploocN du.t ron.
S<:aling up a ron."" • .,.', $;IW it "norhtr chalJm&oe ah ... hu.
.hr moror hang> "" •• he or<n back o(.he ....... tli Mr.cul •• 0 ..... 1 up Ih ..
... ,... bu •• ha,·, "'ha, you ha,.., '000 to ,he duM. lkauoc _ ... ,.' .
• ng done ,..i.h.he at 90 dcgrttf. you can make: a •• remov·
.bl. bad to fit the up for .h .. angle. When" d.fferem i,
tI«(kJ, you ca" ,emon .he back easily.
OUST COLLECTORS
The fir>( dusr coIl"",.or I tflt<! ''''ng 011 m)' ,able sa", ";0' a shop ,"",uum •
.. mrl)·1xcause I Iud one. Unfonu""'d)· ..... ..,., i ........ ri.l.qual"y ohor ,."'"
Jon'. """·c cnoueh ... . o be, eff"",.".., on """'" .able saws. A .able ...
tlIQI.I shop m!"t""" minimum 0( about 300 cubic feet 1""
mttlU'e (dm) 0( allflow a •• M room 0( c""""".ion for cff"".".., duso col·
I"". ion. An ind .. ",;.1 sho1' ''lOCuum I)'rically proJ""H on If about 140 dm.
Mor. O\h ... shop V>(UUII" only 100 dm 10 120 dm and ha'.., a
limi.<:d hose·diame.e. C"p"""y.
The one ""ccprion is a shop ,-"" will ,\'On, on.:law .ha. ;ncOfP'O'
""eo • dU>l chu.e. A. rrc";o",ly di"'.....,,;I. the dust chute ",lItally ""-
rounds tn.. bb<lt undrfn('ath.he table and include5 a 1'01'1 .ha. can be
ron""".ed.o a shop ''lOC'"'''' or dUSl coIkclor_ lltc chu.e cff"".i,..,ly
re.ains.he dust in .... area Wl<l1I enougI> "" a $hop '"lie,,, "'«<:Uilte_
t_Q Illae
HIWJ PM'dII_ ,, Il00 In: liM
.. IC)-.q, .....
nlillnlilll flo .. II1II
The Tal)le-Saw Workstation 117
I
118 TIw Table-Saw Workstation
F<:- m<lM .able "" ... ." ,hough. r =ommmd a dun ,h,,, IS Td.N
higher ,han 350 dm. Any .. ilablc dUll collector "."t.. at
kao, I.hp .,..,." ........ IJ ha,-c """"8h <1 ... ,,,,"4: 1'" .... ." for "It ",bit sa,,',
ooli«,on are 3''a,labk as " •• her .. or , .. o.itage Ullt"
illu .. r.nion on p. IIi). SinglNlage .If,'ems d .. ",.11 cJ ,he ",,,,',
dUj, dirccdv ;"'" 'he bIov. ..... imrellc ... Heavy dr<:>p beLeIl"
imo" bag or other rom.iner. and fine dll>' i! (,lter«! by 1M upper bog.
Two·,,"J:t' II';'''''" drJI<' I'. nklei imo" lank or cyd""" fin" ", h"", ,he
h",vy p.,nlck. drop, Ica,-jog (111)" tile fine dUll 10 I"" d"ough ,he
""rellc. bloodoeJ and into the fille •.
Soch 'I'm eX uni .. ha,.e ,heir pr05 "nd cON. S"'i1e.j!"t/" i)"'tems ore
genc ... Uy I,," Uf'<'1\>"'" and Cln be ...... ," t" "'''(>IY WI bttaus<! ,he ch,1'"
"Ad sawdu;t end tip in an easily dro.:;h.oblc bog. HOVI..,'"" .mgle· ... il"
I""," are "try "",",y. and metal r l""'" d,,,, acdd",,,all)' nI.e. ,t.., sy . .. "m
OIn do ..... ,he b1aJeo or """"" SfWl<.s ""', can flOlefitially ignite ... u.....
fl",. T" ..... .pltenll..,.., """'" upensi,.., bullmd 10 ""'I longer 1:...cau;.e
lhe", i>"'" ... ..,at on die 'mrellcr, hous"'8. and moIor.
SingIe·stage dust coIIectorn n...,..., are IWO of du<t
collector" on" is a .=11. Unil .• nd Ihe odlM i, a double·bag
unit 11.< .. U allen ,noomN 00. ,nob,le Iland. A umt i. rowerful
cr>O\'gh to u .. with a ponnble ,""w OM to tOO'·' ,,,·ounJ
• .,ill" 'M1" job lite. Ju;t be 1'«1'''00 to empll" Ihe ,mall dll,. alten.
A uml-t,·picall j· 1 hI' to 2 hp-is ['O"A"(:rtul "lid copado,,;
<1>OtII:h 10 handle rl"ner and jointer shavlIlg!! "" well "" l ai>k·1'Jw "";Ie.
lid pIocoa .... _ can ""'- till uw ............. .,. duII_QI
• _.,. ova'- _ "'" ....., GUS! _ .... "'" can -. <-'""II "'"
-:. ,:,.. ........
t mN ,,-i{h quick dl$C('lnncc •. ;. ,an eu;ly be (rom machint '"
""hint. The.<: unn."", ,aU, {hough, and can be 1O" .. hca,·.,.. In """"
,., .... ,hi, can mok" .hen, "wk"",rd." uSC ill" cr.""ro:d ;,hop. Note .ha.
"" ,an C"''''''rt a 'OUC"<:{1lf into" .w<>-it"(I\: coUe<;'(lf by
a lid thaI dlf«t.! hea....,. "':"'e ;nto a ,m<h can "'hilc
,lIowing 'M finer .I,,;, ' OCOOlin". on lO.he Just colkcror (_.he: rl\<xo
... he (""ing pag!O).
TWo-stage dJst ocolee_.tors are abo ,wo '11'" of double ....
_"Iloe", .. : a I::<urel-I',,'C "ni, a Cl"<:\one "ni •. A barrd"I'pt "ni. ;. fain)·
..... rroiik. Bccauoe i,', ;honer ,han a ."ble ""w." .. .,...., "-'Ih
handling or fttdi"I1I,,'l/C' 'O"OI'kpiec"" C.,.clone. are nlOre cifk",,,,, bu, ore
,uy tall and p<>nubk
C.ntra l dust c ollectioM on ,he me of rI", wood;hor. rnan)'
.... xxl,,"OI'k"" And it coo,'cn",n, '0 contw<:. all of ,heir n. ",hines '0 a cen·
t",1 d .... ,-«>Ilecuon ',"OIem. Fur.he oablt "" ..... he connt:CIt"& duc, .. -or\:. can
ht run (rom ,he roIkc'or:o(:1'OfIII ,he ctihng, then """"n _ sbop .. ,,11 clost
'" lhe mach"",. tM duel ......... ok floor.}"QU "II" (0011«' 1 length
. .,j flcx.ble hooe [o.he duct '""'"' "'"h a quick d..oonneel Am"" h is .hen
mough '0 m(W. tM hooe OUt of "'hen "';<e<.
Fur nlOl"e ;"forma""., on ",mng "p du"""ollcc'"", 1,-;tCnu, _ Fint
W'ood,,<>rkmg -67 "nd 1),<$1 Con!roI by Smldor N ... ..,.s:ala"":y
IThc T""n!"" Pres., 1>'96),
Shop Accessories
;:;.......,,,,1 ace....,..,.,. "',Il "",kc \"OUr .. ,.,.. ..... to ,*, Somt. "",h as
.... xiliary oupporu. an: "in""I1)' es>cnt .. l; othe ... iUCh a> can, and .. ""'I:"
nrch. are """"""",II' helpful. &-to-... are """'" of.he IoCI"PfI'"c dc,·doped
,n mI' many ),ears as " wo<."Jwotke,.
AUXILIARY SUPPORTS
",,,,,;Iiar,' ""I'P'J<U ;""",a"" ,he working ... rface of ,he ."ble t:Jw. carrying
king or wide ,,-otkrio."<:a a, .he, ,,,ble.or he,ghl. OuIW SI'I'\"Of1i are a
nee ...... .." ""-.'Y ..... '" moot .able 1'fO'.;dc lest lhan 6 In_ of
ourron behmd.M blatlo. You dtfin".lyoo.,·1 _It 10 be rnch.,,&ow.
,he blat!..o 1""'''''' a rICe. from (.nlng ar.cr.he CUI. An aw::II,."" We
lable .... f'I"OIU the of "" ... Is "iu>n "",kIng .. -ide (U'$,
Auxiliary wrpoI''' can many forms. (ron, a . ,mrlc Soc' of
",,,'horse. spa"""d by. rk"<:. of .hu, moter;.I!O pl.;tic-lanH, .. ,.d "" •• " .
• "", .able, projc"<:.ing rear and right .iok of the ,aw, Workbench",!
an: "00u' lhe .. me heigh, ... the ..... rable. '" I have "..,.1 m,,,,, many
"n ... as an ou.f..,J· .... rron .... rfac •.
FoIJ-do.."fllabics and .. .,.,I·roIler .) .... ffi>< thaI ."",h .0 the rear of.he
"',.. ore """, ..... ien. for a &m:Illlhop I:«au.e ,her drop oul of .he ..
ThtI TabI<t-Saw Wor1<station 119
Sell,ng Up Extens,on Rolle ..
I
f e>1! nsOo/l roIltrs a'tn'l set pertec1/y
pe'pentlicul ar to the sawll!ade, ttl "'!
can steer workpiece oot of lint wM.
feedillQ it.
M ext.n"'" ._ be I I lilt SlOw "'iIlhl
or .liI)tnfy DoIow me s>w 1>1)10. Some
tables can kIJ<l dawn out ot lilt way when
_ .... 'Y.
120 The Table- Saw Worl<station
"'hen not in usc. (see Soon:es on p. 197). You can .Iso bu)' roll.r ,rand. as
"'I>"m,o "nilS, bu' I have found tha, if ,h..., are not aligned a, e'ac,ly
90 degrees to ,he blade. ,end to lIeCT the ""oTl:pie<;e lO O£'Ie ,,,Ie or
the ",her.
If you ha"e ,he room,. lal), .... CXlenli<)n_,"ble WI'em is much better
when it Comel to h"ndl ing lorge "-orkpieces. Biescmeyer offers ''''0 lami·
n.te<! oYlfeeJ·suppon mbles--------on<: "profeSSional" li,e and one ro. the
home ,hop---,hat are designO'd '" "tt",h to 'hc ba<;k , .il of. Bi.",meyer
fence system, ",ble$ are ",I jIm able in height .nd corne "'ith milled
s!o<.s 'il ac"ommod.tc an cxten<k't! miter·gaug<> bar or jig runners (.Itt
tOp photo on p. 110). The "",ra table area is also u",ful for drawing "nd
assembly "'orl , I keep i, waxed '0 ""iSt gil><,
Of )'00 c.n make your own cx,ensiO£'l ,.bles instead of !luring
them, Anach a two.leggcd extCll$ion 'able to the:saw ,"ble w;th d.mps 0.-
wi,h b ... dul dlr(M'8h the gllide ",i\o. build" freestanding
(oo." ·kl>!.,,,d table. An ootf""d .... ppor, should be.t ,he II'ImC heigh, . OT
slightly belo"'. the saw table (see ,he photo., left). A , ide extcn$;on table
shoold be., exxll)' the "'''''' height as the "'''' tabletop
CARTS
Wh""led C"rI' Of tables can be u.e<! for moving lllmber fr<)m ma<:hine to
machine or for h<llding ptoj"c, pariS as you arc processing them (,.,., the
photo left on the facing pag<» . When working a, ,he ",ble saw, I find it
more conl'eniem and safer 10 work from a Slack of pariS On" rather
,han pilin/,: ,hings on the " .. \' table. Pan. stacked "eatly O£'I" can are
f<' counJ and missed joints are dearly eviden,.
ean. are c"'w 10 obtain. Yoo can I."' t them at furniture·factory auetion;
OT you can recyde food can, from oo.pital junk piles. Yoo Can alro btllid
yo", o"m or makc one by """ching c .. ,e,.. '0 an old table. It i\ llseful ' 0
ha,'c rome CarlS that are low 10 the floor and ""me at bem,h heigh"
RACKS, DRUMS, BOXES, AND BUCKETS
In a "'ell--organ i,ed worl:space, fre<tucnliy used ,able.",w tool. and O<cc'S--
sorb . re \.: ep. wi,hin reach of the "",W. The", include )'oor push sticks.
arbor wrenches, miter ga"&",, fences, ,htoo, pia,es, guard •. maintenance
supplie$,.nd fe.therboank YOIl migh, .Iso ""Jilt to s<ore yoor ",wblade •.
jig>, cl ipboard, and panen" <lcarb.,..
Some '"wI Come cqui PrcJ with brockets fm holding ,he accessories
that )'Ol' usc the most-,he rip fen"" and mi'<:T g""g<>, as well 3$ the
arbor wrench. If )'OOT saw didn't come "'ith brackc", ,hey are eas\"
"noolgh 'Q make.
Since a sc, of good ",,,,bla<k, ,,",ily mOre than rot" table ","',
it mak", sense to 'ake good core of them. I ma<k a 'imple ""U·hung saw_
wtIftIo<l CIII te,,), wort<piocn IIICI In
proooss to """hi ... A cart CIII . lso .. "" OS ..,
A IimJ>ll waA-llu"lll)O, _ <>101_ arid .. ""rated 10
p;otoct ltI<m trom d.maglog __ r
----.
bIa.d. ro" '0 rrorOOCI my bIada ..... ,Ie kecrong lhem al 11.0 n:aJy C ... ,he
photo a, nght aoo.·e).1 k.." my ooIlooc,ion cA rusJw:"' on 'CIJ' cA ,his ro".
Large s)'vllon dIU"" a", .... 00,. for hoId'ng">JOd 5C"'pS or ",,,,JUS{.
Wi,h" po.nd across ,ht 101'. ,hey CIIn bt used a. ''''''1''''"''1)' po.m
,able.. A (!rum Is "I!(J" hand)" pl,occ oIoc rip f.,oco if you h.,·o to
"'''''''.., il from the ..... temror-J.i1y-btuc. th.n the floor. ,..""", it". lik.ely
' 0 f<'t or '''I'f''d "'..". A Kr,lf! ro" or bockN nu, '0 ,he$Ow Cnno
01 .. , J al .. "Y' 1,11 ;1) helpS control the """"' from c .. ,of&. Piccco ,n the
M kn oi'''''' 8'0 infO the H.pllon dlUtN or .om'. 311 fuel for the ,,>JOd.
"",·e. l.arge' ptCCCS 110 10 mI' """P if 11h'nk they Can be u>ed laler.
Tools at the Table Saw
TheR are ,wo t)"f'CS 01 ,mpon:",1 1001, I keep by tho table: "",.., b }"OI.I' tools
for marktng. ,.,..j checking the ,.-ookpi«<. and ,0010 for .... tlng
the table-so'" bl...k. mller gauge:. and np fenco for ,,,rio\,, Yoo ,,-ill
bc repo.id many tlnlel O\'cr by loois an.d keepIng 'hem in
cond"io". Good 1001, N,hancc ItCcurocy. and ,h. '''''''' ""cura{e )·ou.
,,-ork a' the {abl. sa .. ·• ,he beller YOU' proj<c1S "'illtutn 01".
Squares.oo rule.. 3.e ,he tool. {hat you'lI probably ,I$< lhe"",,".,
I"" ",bIe 0;>,... Yoo11 nnd • 6-in. try f<IU'I'" 10 check fenco and m" ...
and ,he end. of your clOtOCuu .. A """,hin .. t". coml-oU'>a'ion $QU>'" is
handy for 45--degrtt mU.", and for gaug"'III,nu, '" ,,"'en used 311
• marl:ing saug('. A f""ming .. wcful for I'yout .,..;1 oquo,.., rek"""",
en lorge. po.nd. ... -,{ ... (O<r confo.ming flat ndof.
!lam!, Squite
I
lil«l 10 earlY I 2· ... erqI..-"1
S(loare in my .r.op ap,on tor
e0geS_
U
st a SIKJi"ll bevel IOJ checki"'l
aM marti"ll ""Illes otller than
90 dtgrNS 00 Ihe ttle
and tho! miter A gauoe
wi th ttl!! loddfl\1 nut a11he .rId 01 the
haodle i'; !IIO(e versatile lhan one wi ttl
a winG nul on 1M siC. attl1. Ilea<!
122 The Table-Saw Worksta"on

• DI'lESSINO FOR SUCCESS
I '-0 TO _ " SHOP I<I'MN __ MY """". whO K>oks unkindly at saw-
du$t and wood cJ-»ps hanging JOO'ecanouSly Of! my dOthes wh<>n I come
into the house. Of COU"Se, a or.>p apron """' .... o!her I>U'PO_ be_s
protecting my clOtheS and m8rT1age. The apron"s t><east and waiS! pock_
ets hold the tOOlS that I use the most a' tne table saw: a penci , a 6·;",
ruler. a 2-.... .... gO 16"'-9 SQU""' . and 4_in. -.g calipers.
Shop w<O<'S are ".aOOMb/y prICed at hardware and ascount ",or"5.
and you can probab/)I pr<:le< a dozen ...,..ens at a lime even .....,.,8
CI>eapIy. EV8<'I thOugh I wash my aprons . lne give that .. ry oakes
on them Iotce. me to thrOw th<om out so I'm glad 10< the ones kept in
' e_.
Ote<:k eoch squa", periook,liy fOf a«uraq by r 1adng it "8ail"l ,he
''''''igl'' cJge of" lJ.o;"d and marking" "'i,l\" sharp penciL Flip ,h"
square on tho sam. edge and II", hl"d"'$ alignment ... i,h the nL"k.
Any dC"iation from 90 deg"-,,,! will b. doubled.
I ",,,ally carry" 6-jl'l _ merall'recision ruler ""i, h m""ic mea'u",mentS
on One ,ide and English mea>u, emcntS (inches) On ,he o, her. The melrk
mea'uremcn', ,orne in handy for c.lculalions because Ih"1' allow for
w..,l.,ion, and don'l in"olve fmc, ions. Thc pocket rule will "'"" ca,c of
much of ,he close work don" m the saw.
N' long<:' mca,,, ,,,men". I find Iha, borh a folding rule "nd a ,I",n
tape measure ha"e Iheir own The tape me .. u", hooks ontO
,he end of. b" .. d. m. !: ing i, e.sy to ,ake long measuremem •. A f<lld.
iflll ntle is e.,ier to h.ndle and is be"", for th" "'on> cxoct ing "'OT" of
m.rking jOin",y. Bec.u", nJ lc" often "ary from each OIher. it', best 10 u<C
<lnly 'H1C ",Ie, on a job. Yoo c.n check )'oor ruler for ""cu"'q·w;,h.
machinist', rule.
A 4- in. sliding col ipe' with melrk and English measurements is hand)'
for chc'C\: ing Slock ,hickness and n.rrow ",id,lu, The caliper can be l1>ed
for inside and out,ide mea,u' emen" and i,!llOre precise ,han measuring
with a ntle,.
Pencils arc <SSen,;,,! ma,king tool" I "eep •• 2 pencil behind my ""r
or in the 'OJ' rocke, of my apron. A C-'Orpenter, pencil or beginner', "308
school pencil with" thid lead is be" for marking \\'ooJ in ,he milling
Sa"e yom thin· lead rencils for "'ri ling, ske,ehing, "nd m"rling joi nt •.
ml'''' is indi>pcn.able in the """,,1,hOJ" A fc'" of its myriad
USC$ marking on , he table_ .. w surf"". f'If rough eutoffs. b'ding
, he th""" I'Ja,e. kuping ,mall togethe" shi mming jig>. (c"",es. and
Slops ,hm .tt a Oltt of square. and " ping back chips ttmil )'OU Can
gl Lt e them back in.
Ripping
R
ipping and CI'OIIXUUII'i'''' ,he mo,,, bm.ic and comm"" Of"" ... •
Ii",,, ""rfo"ncd 0" ,he IOble ,aw. ""'''"11'1: wllh lhe
grain-in <>1her woros, along the length of a bt,.,rd. Cro.;;<;utting is
","'ing acf()$15 ,ho: oi It..: wQOd. The ,.,t) .. 'ion. a", fundamen·
.ally ";)(,,,,,I.nd 0.1,""""" cutting aI'('«»CMI.
In .hi< chap" ..... 111 d,JCWI .echnoques for .. ", and 'irf>ing of
.oM wood and .heel ROCk. I'll cr<>I>Cumn,g in 'N: ""it chapl ....
Fo< 11)'IIio::.>I rip <Ul,. ioO'>IM IKo ..... """" ... logIinst Iloo lOW _ and
_. _10 ....... DlIM _ ..... _" pus/Iet.
7
124 Ripping
Preparing Wood
For safe piec" of wood ideally sltould be p,epar<'<l with on" 'tmigh,
edb'" and onc nat face. The ",aigl" <.Jge, which rides against the fence,
pre"ent' the board from binding bet\\'''''n the rence and the bl.de. The!l31
face, which rides OIl ,he saw table, k""pS the w",kpi«. from rocking whtle-
being fed through tl", blade,
A "-o-rl pi,:,,. that doesn', ride firmly "l:airut ,he (ence an" ,able is an
in-'ita,i"" (0< d.nge""" kk kb..:k (sc;, the sideb.r on p. 65) . can
be diminated by a properly .lign<.J >pliner or .i'-i1lg knife, boJt I'm
forced to ackno\\'ledgc ,ha, mlllly woodworkers oon', curremly u'" One. I
wOnt '0 reiteratc he ... loon', reco",mcnd "'ing a table .>a'" withou, a
splil1e< or riving k nde!
The e.,ies' ""'-y to "mighten an rdge and fl.tten. r""c is W ntn ,he
workpiec. o,·cr. lomter_ If you don't ha,'e. jointer, 1'00 c.n handplane
the ,toek or buy surfaced lumber frOIll moo. ,uppliers, If an «Igc is
extremely it"kgular, like th'l on a rough·,,,, slab, i,', much fa""r to sa\\'
l'llge to joint it One arrroiJeh is 1(1 strike a stmight line. Cut to it
u,ing' b"nd,sa"., then fmish strAightening the edge on a jointer or "'ith a
handplane.
Alternatively, you can "tt""h a .. might ·rdged guide to OTle edj,..:: of the
.hb, then run ,he guide agamst the fen"e (see ,he in.,;;,,",ion below).
You' ll now ha,'c" ""'igh' edge otlj'OU' th., j'OU can run .gainS!
the fc>nco . Another way m 'ip >lock;, to use a 51ed ,h., "'Cure,
the work at the f,ont 'gattls! a wooden "OP (sc;, ,he top photo 00 the fac_
ing page). If you ha"e" Europea" "'''', VOlt e,m .Iso .ip a boord using .he
,hding .. ble (sc;, ,he bottom photo on ,he facing page).
Ripping Irregular Stock
- - -...... -
'-'"
I
To rip 1n0lJlll0< -. "'" ClIO" "'" _ OIl ....... jig plod '" _ in _.
_ $lot. Tho _ "'" 01 "" _ iJlQSSed IVaonsI a __ .. __ Ie> "'" _.
"'II """ 01 .... jig. SniMotd-411 _ p<tIjocbng ...... "'" __ "'" -.. _ ....
_ The troiII"Ig ""''' __ 1IIt_.
The _ ... a Eu_ ... can boo .-Ie> rip k ...... .-Tho -.g "'" 01
"'" POd< I/flS jommod __ ... trI\IltoI pI01t or 1111 "'" 011111 t:IIdong IIbIt
RIPPING AN UNSURFACED BOARD
11"1 not al" .. ys "",",ible CIt de$irobl" to joi n' .. ocl
before ,;ppttlg. For cu mplc, jottlting 3 .. ·ide bo:.",1 to 31<0.11" cup CIt
,wis' offen k:>vel , he booord ' Of) , hin k,.)"OUr purpoeet. In ,ha, cast. ;'.$
beoI to ri p the p""'eI to rough wid,h bc-fon, jotntt",. fu, ...... ) .. ,t-.er,,',
much 1m cup ' " mno-l' "" join'er.
Ripping 125
A Half-Fence
WQ<XJ OFTI'N eoo<t_ a_ "...., _ ......vEt> """'"" •
t>oar<l ll cOJ! , So·ca-..:l.-..ctlw WOO<! can spr&a<l
......, or pinc;n toget!'Ier .a M', MIng ripped. c ....
ell .... 0. board 10 bind ...... me __ 0.
<:auoing _ ov-_ I<io;l<t>aCk r ycu don't '-•
op6nw or __ .
en. _10 poa ••• _ WOOd ,...,..., t:oOndng Ie
to _ room bat*'d me_tor tha to
---' OIJII. To ..................... on' E..--. NW.
ycu can _ tha ,."". towar<I ycu .-.I lock n
.0 that eo<i8 at melrOn1 <Jf tha bIada, (The Unilenc<t
_ 81&0 do this, ... ......... on p. 35.) H
_'t have thiS --.0 .• f! yO\J
c .... outIi! your _ -. • h&II-1tonce to """'" tha

"tIa/I.teo:oe .. _ to _ <_ me illu8tration at
rIgrJI _) ........ __ mat_ aucto as """'" or
...
__ Iao& .... t'&duCa _ fricTlon, The teo:oe
_ thwo tha __ Ol ock your __
1\W>CIa, lJke .. ..,.-y ,-. tha tIa/I-1e<oo&
IncIvcI& • lOy ...... M>ng me bottom adge
to pravent sawO.>ot and ........ chIpa Irom IocIgi"lg
I>&t_ tha and lanca.
You can make a al.lliona"y Ience thet
or l>OIIa \0 your rip _ -. tha....::r 01 tha "-11-
lanca oobooA' n beyond tha lorweorcr
leis, eo.. a -'ding haI'-""'="." that ohown n me
at rIg'ot. ___ ,..,._
ycu ean _tune ita ...-., ..........
tha _ oIa hal-""'=" . "'_
Tn, PQt tha go..taU at tha frOnt 01 the
bIada. Bec...- tha poe/tIOn 01 tha gU-
Ie'" -. me height or the bIa<le,
a --.0 fenoe &lowS lor the _-
--.. Iota-and-af! acfjI.>etment. Tha
eo- at the --.g _ 01 tha '->ce
............ OOdatas --,Ing __ 01
Mock \0 lOme doogtM.
._, -ry __ -eft ........ . 018.
u.ing a haI-""".,., _ a bit
awkward at &at bec._ the_-
pIeoa It. once M_.
0. blade. but yO\J oet....., to the
process pretty qylckly.
126 Rippiog
A I\aff.,""", """'" _ """ o.yon,r trIO <uItIng OlIgo 01 ItII
_ . -. IfOO _"""" 10 ..".., -'.,.. bon; ....
taoIu<ong IfOO tiSk 01 __
A Shopmade
n.e ",fest \\"ay to rip unwrfaced is to uso;, a band",\\", but it can
be done Oil' ,abl" SIIw. Unfonu",,,,cly. ripping. " .• rp<.."<i boord on a table
:;3.W can be da"serOl". ...... <;iall)' u,inS" 'plitt"r or ri,·ing knife.
wh"" ,he Slock has a "migh, edge for ridi"8 again>! the rence. A
( Upped bo:>rd fed through tbe wi,b ,be c""c.ve litk Jo\\"n is f.irly
,,.ble umil i, ",,,,,hes ,he end of ,he cu'. when it can "o llal"'"
be,,,·,,,,,, the blade the fe"cc.
On ,h. oll",r hanJ. if a board i, fed "·ith conCa,·e 'itk up. i, wo,,·,
collal"" a, ,h. cnd of the cu' bI,t it c.n from $idc to . itk while being
cu'. Of ,he t""O appro:>ehe>. I favor ,he former. hen though tho workpi"""
c.n w llop"'", end d Cut. a splitter Of knife can pre'·em it
from being ,hro"'n bach .. rd. A half.fence i, "",ful hcre tOO (.\<--e sid,,·
bilT on ,he facing page). as is ripping ,,·i,h a .lodi"8 table.
Basic Ripping Techniques
The procedure for lipping a roan! in\'okes >electing the bl"le,
"'''i''8 ito height. so;,t(inS the thcn ma\; ing ,he cu' with a blade
c",·cr and splitter or rivttlg in pi""". Your ""'><;e at thc "'\\" is ,,1<0
critical to $.'(c'y"nd ,""cu!"..cy.
SETTING THE BLADE HEIGHT
The blade·height "''' ing hal all cff,,<:, "p'Hl (""d rtiiStallcc, hra' genera·
,ion. :",d ,earou,. On ,he one hand, ,he higher the blade, the Ies. feed
resist"nce.nd thc cooler 'he bl.de rull$. On the other Mnd. a bl.de
prc:\tnt> more dan!;". and produce, more on thc bottom of Cllt.
h can also produce more fon:;ciul kic\; bad if )'0<'.'" tlOI u,ing a .plitter or
riving knife. I Jon·, ,"""o'''mcnd sall'ing \\"ithol" one!)
Howncr. if you Jon·t hal·e a splitter Of ,i"i"8 knife OIl yoor :;all'. ret
, he bla.d. about l\ in, .hm·c the tOp of ,h" workpiece, With a sharp blade
and a properly ,uned saw. ,he beneftu; of setting the blade high arc milli·
mal. A.k nle how to $1:' t he blade a"d I'm li ke!)' to ask)"OIl ho",·
dc""ply )'00 1I'.nt [0 Cut into )'oor finge".
If yOll·", uSillg a cO\'e. ""d a .plitter or rivi,'Ig knife. yo" call
",rei)' "" the blad" as high as you like. For ,he ,nos, effie'''nt chip Temoval.
"" )'oor bla.d" so the p!"imar,' blade gullet> dear ,he 'OP of ,he
workpiece.
SETTING THE FENCE
Mo\'e ,he 'ip (otICe in po;ition for ,he desi,ed lI'idth of ,,,,. For ,""curaq
and safety, il"l critical ,hat the fcnce be p"",lIeI to the blade or cocked
jUlt "hair away a' ,he ",ar of the blade. If you hOI'. a premium rip
fcncc ,ha" adjusted l',,..,,,,ly. it ,hO\,ld ita)" properly to the blade
reg.rdle£< of ,he fences l'<>IIitio" on it; mil. Howcwr, if you ho'·c all old.
,,)'k fonco, you·!! p.obably t><ed to <heck porollcl;,,,, to ,he blade (<><
W
hen ripping a
of DOards to rOlJgh wiIl th at the
of a project. I fecommeod
using a FTG lh;s
;s ro em easily throo9h
stOCk. thie. tlaroW<)Ods. lll!!
tOugh edge left by 24-!ootIi
nO! an iSSlJe because you can fip
wmkjlitces 10 linal sm laler using a
Q<l(ld·quality 4tJ.tooth AlB blade.
which leave$ a mUCl'l smoother edge.
Ripping 127
128 RIpping
-
Setting an Old-Style Rip Fence
c"cry cu, •• ,,"'" those fences Ofe n"t<>riot" for lock,,»: to 'M ra,l at a .dight
a,,>:lc 10 lhe blade.
To SCI oIJ· .. r1e fence for a cut. begi" 1,-,- moving II toward Ihe blade
ra,h". d""" a""'l" from II. This Iw:\ps r ..... II", d"'ll OIl d", (ence ",a
('on'l ood,,'lI the .ear of u.. knee .()\O-;url,hc bIa.\e. Whik moving II",
f • .....,. pu!h d'o( (.on. d«,-. ;>ga"'" lhe, ",,110 help kttp.he, r..nc. oqua",
.0 I"" ""I. then lock ,he fence in rbct (Ott ,ht ill.."",,1on Aft ....
lock,ng ,he fence. doubk,<hed, your by me_.",* from YOU' fence
'" luh 01", front and of ,he bIad..
Whm felting {he (n\« lOr your ,,-,d,h of cut, you can usc. the CIIf>OI"
and ""It on. J'tCt'Riurn ("""c, or you can mea ... ", the cl,>la.lC. bt,,,,,,,n
.he fence.n.d blade , .. rng an accurate ruler. &xne"'1\e$. you ma)' ..... m to
us<:" "",,-iou.ly cu' wo<kriece [0 "" the f.""c.
MAKING THE CUT
POI' on )'our ",(ely gt'.,. C"St,,,, that .he btadc Co"c' is "x".k"'l: 1'fOI'<'.ly.
Jtt II"" tho: taw table i> fn:e of debri>. !>Iake 1<I'.)'OU' ' 1'[;11'" or riving
knofe is .hgMd proptdy to i'tt,·cn. kickback (X<: die . ,..Ieba. on ,hoe (;ocing
p<lO>,bk, or;"n, 'N: "",,I> ill flnoshed. or OIl,·
, ide. fx( up '" ,h, any '.,noo' ",k"" place on ,he: "ndeoside.
Tllm on ,he ...... and alkw.· ,he blade ' Q ruel> full op«d. Pbcc.he
.. 'Ofl:ro«e on .he: <able "',,1> , .. """,igln .. the: fence, and """..,
the: " ""k imo ...... bt..dc. Feed ,he .. U&: thlOU$h , ..... biB a, a
"",I>irljt i • • rou, .. f ... :os ...... ...,.· " '([1 prore. fffil fill •• is <In ....
, Lickmg KIckback
T ... """""" '"" """""""" Ii CONSTANTLY C,-IN<>.T..,.,. T-... SAw. No matt&!"
how petfectIy '10'.1' f<rnce Is aIigne<I and how carefully you feed a w<><1<, -
pieciI , the rising .... at t&eth of the blade may pick l4' ttJe WOI1<pif!C". tu1-
ing at you at fie<oe spee<Is. "!he only ....... way to P">""nt kil: kb<tck ..
to .-a property aJ;gned opOne< 0< riW>g knife. I don't cut wilhOu! one. H
you dorn lil<e the neon""""",,, stock splirujr that ""me with your table
""w, thet<I ......... _a1 models (_ . Spit! .............
RM->g Kni'v<>s" on p . 6 7).
TO statlilily wlltn St<olld >l tilt from 01 to. saw to ,lie left Ollflo _
yuur !til tool ;n c:ootact willi tile lIase an;! your hip tile Ir"",
mined b)' the t)'JX: "fblade, the po",e' ci the saw, and , he dem;t)' of ,he
,,"000. Fee<ling tOO slowly Me,h.", the bl",k and bum the workpiece.
",he"'''' f""ding '00 (as, can ..... in the n'IOfOf on an undtTJ'O,,'cred ,,"W.
Lhtcn to ,he saw as you cut. If ,he mOlOT olD""' down as )'011 ClIt, fttd a bit
"" , .. , ' ,l,,,,-Iy.
I
Ripping 129
130 RippIng
-
Bt lUre: u, pay 3uemion 10 }"O<I' .... nce .. -hen "rring- h'! d:l"i"""" iii
.1300 boock from ,he .abit ",,,' , .... fan ..... a .. ."y)'OU """ ...... _
roo ru.'-c t" u) lhe cu •. This is n,k."rd and Oln thro .. ,
} "OU QIf·bool;II\CC. The com:c. al"f'l'O'"Ch 1(, >land al the from of , .... "'''-101
tM Id. of \I", bL><k "-,,Il }"OU' left fooo: in con'''''1 .. -"h ,he bIue • .,d I"'"
hIp , .... (ron, ""I (..,., ,he photo on p. 129). In ,hb pooItion. the
.,,,. ' hd,," to ,lnbili"" your bod", roo' f .... ", to "",,,i]lUla'e tM
"'{)fk. Ke<:p Y<Jl" right ann in line "dth the w<)I'kplt-<:e t."lng plI,he,1 al<>r>g
tho k'><:e to ,he fight of the blade. AI ,he end of the cut, y<:>u'li be in a
comfort:,bl., b;.lallccd po:Iilion.
It .. wise to _ pusher ,,·hen .iWing ,lOck ,1>:It', k.. ,han II in. ,,-,.It
be ... ·..,,, tho;, bl:ode and ,he fence. A rush<'r xu '" M of yout
hand'II""1lg you odkd control a:! .. ..,ll ... an un .......... re ri .,,(e,y. (ror
mort p. 79).
wt.cn ril'l""£. I"'Y clole a!!cntion I" "-he,,, t .... \Imp'''''" ......... "'"
fence, 001 the bbdc. Kttp.1.e ""'\':1"""" "8",1\>1 the f<.nce ro..he ""''''et'!
of the ad. Yoo can UOt your left hanod prn4Urt '0 pu!h 'k
"."n,rl('Ce 1IjI>r,,;, In (ron, 01' tk hloJe. (K«'p your Ic:fr hanod ;li>-
t"""'')' on tk "'''' ... ,,11 in (ront d the blad<.. AI ooon "" wed·
Stance for Ripping
-
....
--

'-':c J"<iSlO. ",m<n'c)'OU' haOO from.he ....... lable.) Ai the cui come! 10
tn.! ...... a puoheI in roo. ngh, hand 10 hoIJ 'Itt .. m .......... and "Il"inst
renee (10« ,ho: ,Uu;crauon on ,he f;oc"'I1I""l1"').
Ripping Long Stock
'.- " '" "p. Y"" nero .ome fenn of "",fero , up!X>r'. c,'en if i,', juS! "short
" ied Wl;cn ripping loog Ixxtnll. ",kluion,] ,upport il """"WIry. J
""\,, .. Ie:" long cx,cnlion ,able. bu, ,f Y'''' do,,', h,OI"c one. you em us<!
, 'and 0<. hu'n'n helpe.,
Auxili.ry "'I"J'O'U can be rfttSla"dtng or fixed to ,he sa",. ComnlefCial
II, of ,,,,.iou.!O/U.r<: .,."il.hl". but you can j .... a, eOlily make . uxi1.
.... ' wrr""' )"(>Unclf. A .... ·........, .... a, ,he J'fq)e' heil;h ... ·, lI ........,. bu.
"" u .eR>ion ,.blt;' much"""" ..,.,rul (for _ ", . ... x,liary "'M"OIt"
..,.. r, 119).
A hdpe1". '" f<111..,ff roe""". "'00 how. table ..... opera,es
'-'" I113k( tuUillli long boanl'i saftr and mort dfklfnt. TIle htlper is a
"I'fI,ln.\<J1'f'OI' srnnd "'M can 0"" return ,he """k '0 }"'" A hel"",.
-ho.:loJ IJ nc'·c. ""II on. boord, but .. mply "'1'1'0 .. \1 with both haOO. 1Tom
uM """"h. h. up 10 the opera,or. .M helper, ' 0 guide ,he buo.d (10«
,h. phorn bolo,.,). After each Ixxtrd .. cu,. thc helpe. ,.ack .he "'OI"k·
r'«es and either <li"",n>e wi,h ,he <llfeu, or pu;h "hack '0 ,he ope""'"
, ." f"n lw. cutting. W",king tog<IM', the .. '" oper.,,,, and " hel"",. con
.\e,·clop •• hythm fOlf tffkiffi', .. f. cuttiflll.
_ roo ... ripping • lot oIlon\I-' using • ""'* Jo IICCtPI .... _ c:an too ....,
__ TlItt"'r __ .....
_ ...
LonQ Board St.at. QY
W
" .. )'OO are cunirlg ;"&1 a 1"'"
IO"'l boardl, a support &laild Or
OIJtlM(l Llbitl will 00. bUlll )'00 have a
lot of long boards 10 cot. gel a IIeIper
possitIII .
Ripping 131
132 RippIng
Befort "rrinll a Ionll boonj, ah'''l"> OM .. ",igh! and OIl<'
flo. fact. Keep)'OOr pume. on 1M saw ubI., <>tar'M if. a. 1M
mody \\'htn)'OO ,Itt<! It. li"" "" an "",feed .... 11'0'1 to rca .. tM cu.

Beg,n by l"fOI'I'ing.M board aga'''>! 1M ...... ', turnmg on .""'
Ilnld,nll.he t",.ling end of tI,e boord in)'QUr right h..nd, lif. "
,lightly to tllOt cnd of the boonl Cont...::" the tablet"".
you, 10ft hand "I fa. f",wonl on the exlgc ... you comfo .. can '0
"prly d,agonal P'ei>U'"'O 1:.,.,1' the boord again ... he W"lk .he
boord r""''art! unal it, end t.""h ... he sa,,-,abl.:, .hen p'.b 1""I><or to
comrk.e tM cuI (_ phoIos bcln,,·).
_ ripping 1OnII_at. _ .... ond 01 ... bOara in .... hInII. _ ,.. loll _
__ tar totwalll _ ... ,Il00 ..... possdo. UIt .... _ .. 01 .. _ oIig/tII1n
__ , "" ......... _ riV/tI UII .... _tolini$/l

Ripping Sheet Stock
I don', u'"' plY"'ood Of mher n .. board, '-cry much in my WOI"\: , but
there are ,imes when I need to rip ,h"", stoc\:-for .xample, "'hen build·
mg ;is> or doing utiliW ,,;ofl: .round dlO ,hop. Ripping $h""" stoc\: to
cutting piccc, '0 " .. id,h ",ing ,hc rip fencc . Thc ''''0 biggcS! ch.ll"n,;'"
"'hen Clotting ,h""t >lock <""Cern m.neu,'cmbihty and ""'.-wt. I'll
aro.., maneu,'cmbHity first .
Feeding (ull·,i:ed 4·ft. b\' 8·ft , ,heelS across a table ""'"' can be
"nwielJy, It demanJ, use of auxiliary ,uPf!Om or a belper because th.
i$ often either hca'y or !I,ill and floppy. You pi",," ;turdy
auxilia,y SUf'P'l"1S almost ,he Ic,'d of the tabletop. When dealing
"'ith wide offcu", you'll ""cd ,ide suppon as ",ell as infeed and o,,,f,,,,d
'"WOn.
An . x,endcd fence can also help when cun;ng shee, goods b\' provid·
tng mOre bear ing ,,,rf,,,,o against , he (see ,he ill",,,,,,ion below) . You
may need to damp down the ",ar end of the fence to T.';;' the incn:",.,d
,i(k",,)', p,.",ure.
The ,hin face ,'en('1'" on many ,hee, good, are panic.ubrly prone 10
,,,,root, You can minimi'" thi' by using the p'oper blade (see chapte, J).
Abo, a u:ro·deamnc" ,b""" plo,,, ,,'ill provide maximum backup on the
.ide of the (.".,"lhe Throa' or> p. 98), Of '''''T$C, i" s
to place ,he "show" ,ide of ,he ..-orkpieee up because ,he CIl' on ,he top
.,de will be clea"c"
Extended Fence
Ripping 133
Ripping Sheet
RIPPING FULL-SIZE SHEfTGOODS eM ""
To """" i, <a<itT on '!O"""*! . ..... ""rf...d
SlI/lP?<ti omd o:rpproocIo "'" prtl<l'< • .., s/oo.< ... lint,
)
BlIgn !he prooesI< 01 or l
!he t\'o1' of!he __ ,_.
3
.........
__ __
..."oIN-'
13 4 Rlppiog
2
at me ffHfI'!Itft coma" of !he ,*-,

!he """"'.., II'Or>t 0( rn.,..,.
4
- M>l.JXlIO rn...- 01 rn...--, -....,..,
.. . •• ' rn.,..,..-.cllh&
.Ionca """,,",lOW''''''' rn.a.f.
• The Importance of a Good AlP Fence
r ................... a. " 0000 _ >£HOI CNN>f __ "flO. A '-"<:e Ihat 10;
..-.:I1hat 1In"IV,r IOd<s to In. _ ......... In. diIIer-
-. --. c.....- 10 sat" . ...",....1" • .mco.o . .... cbo ••• d on
O. J7. '-"<:e syslo!mB .... ...-to reQIooce oIcI __ ¥&_-
",. .. tria, tlllr"ld to N tvf. lac" ..-.:ItNtl oft ..... don1 <>ck

lor .. I>Ow<>d 1.....,,, is 10 outfit K wIt/"t an.UldIiary Ie""", . The
.udiary tence---macle!<Om a streigl"tt pioGe of p/\oWOOd or .traigtrt_
11'_ be boiled or to In. rip t-. (_ .......
........ tIon belOw). """"$Sary, ...., --.:t In. ....-y tenoe to
... or _ e I to yot..o" "w _. A .. , by "'In. __ ooIong
It\a too!tom ___ ... an chute 10< c;Npe ..-.:I ...-trial
""{trt _ ,, "'Ii*' _!he tenoe..-.:l
""-' .. _!hot type d reno. 10; .. _ 10 !he
_ ........... .,.,..1)1....- '-"<:e ____ bun*>g of !he
_ ...... II'Iat yot..o" reno. ;" pr<:>pMI)I ....... ed before you rip ""Y
..00<1 1_ ....... Fence- on p. 1(5).
Auxiliary Rip Fence
-
..
I( Ih .. """' i. C. fi ..... 13mtn., ... (or C"xatnrld "nd l"OU'"" upe-ri·
"'IC',,!> t .. a, ,h,e bouom of dIC cu'. 'I)' m:tkl,,!> a p .. d"ninal)' p:lI$
"';Ih blade KI (Of. '""'Y wl\o..· .eon"l> cuI. n". w,II . li« IIIC fibe",
d'-dn. .... , ... hould be no , .. aroul ,,'lICn IIIC cuI through. If
you ,,'Cd a \vo; "';Ih"'teI goods. comoder U>'''I> a jCor'''1l blM. as d, ...
cuHC"d on p. 58.
PractlCI feudIng Sheet Goods
W
hln IearniAG 10 cot sllMl
goods, )'OV may find Illal
to Iowt. lhe t>eIow !he
'*' ¥.d prldior lIIClil'lO' shell
bltorl makirIg lilt actual cut.
RippIng 135
136 Ripping
-
When ,u({ing ,heet stock. yo., sencmlly .,.nd much fanher!O ,he
left of the blade ,ha" ",hen ripping: solid ,,"00<1. best place to .tand 10
rip" pand i. at It. (a' left rear cor"er. From ,h"re, you can guide the
piece in a i,migh, lin •• long th" (e""c, pushing forv .. ard", ,he $arne time
With )'OU' Ic(t hand, grasp the ter, """ide ",Ige .oo.u I ft. from the COr.
nCr. Place yom right hond on the rcar edge. with ),ou, ",m ex,c"dctl (see
the phOlO$ on p. 134).
&gin ,he CUt b)' ,,·.Iking ,he sheet forward. maint<>;ning pressure
againSt ,he fence in from of ,he bla&:' . Do not apply lodewa)'s pressure
nnCe the blade has .nt"red the workpk'<:e. A. ),ou awroach the S<lw, ,h'{,
your body clns<:' to ,he lin. of cut . Po;;';OI1 YOlir righl hand {)n the Tear
edge of ,h., ,he.! ""1\>"",, ,he black and ,he fence. Mo'-. your left hand
dmer!O ,he corner, ",he", it ... ill help keer ,he shce! "gai"st ,he fence In
from of ,ht A. the CUI romes!O an end, slightlv reduce the forward
pressure of )"OOr left hand!0 pre,-",,' the olfcut into the blade.
Cutting a 4·fI, by 8·ft .• heet can be challenging, but "' long as)"OO
ha"e auxiliary support> propedy sel up and roo fttd lhe w",k '" dcsc,ibeJ,
)'00'11 do (,,,e.
Low Fence for
Ripping Narrow Stock
A 1000 ilUXi gy II!nc! 3/10<0$ more room _
Il>e leralRd #-. srock.
Ripping Narrow Stock
n,., difficulty In rll'P,ng narrow .wd is ,he knce', !O ,he blade
and blade 00' · ..... Whcn "ory stock. Ihe", i, "cl}'l mlc 'pace
N:lw<-'I'n ,he fcnce .,ld I h .. bla<k OO,'Cr in whiCh !O " ... a pusher.
""J many bIa<k 00\' .... impede lhoe pl'occo.s.
As a rt$Uh. many ,.,..,.,d""'"' ..... "'''''''''' ,hoe bl;odc: ,Q\''''' and ' 0
"I' ""ROW """' .... H""",,-a-, i", a dal1g<'fOU1 mil-takt [ 0 ""'"' ..."hou, ,he
j"fOI«'ion ollheoc .k"OCei. Then: are .. k .. 10 rip ,,"1l<)OfI" owcl< w"h
tilt 00"..,' and in pix ...
First, if ,he ri«< you r>ttd;. a. leas! 2 in. "'i<k. can allach an
L·.>haped .uxilial)' (C'1\CC II, Y"''' r,p ("'" tI,., ili""","",,. ""' fx·
tllg Moe I. TI,e odd'"Oruo\ >P""e ,ha, ,he fenee 1'I"<;,..,dc$ "n",,'o room
("" )'OIlf hand and plI,hel,
You can abo makc a .iml'le pg (or .il'P"lg workpl«d Ihal.re Ie..
lhan 2 in, ... .de. n,., Jill I, nothing """",!han a $trnigh, pi«c ol .. "00<1
.. "I>. handl" on .op and. $topon.he .,'" (_ 1"" illll\trarion bclo..).
thIS Jlg .. -oo:. _II to. r""'''' lhal 3""'" "C1'Y bccaosc the jig ' 0
be .I"""",:os Iong:os ,he "ock being Cu, , To ..... . he jli!. rLxe ,he OIock
ag, '1l$l lhe edge ollhe: Jig and ,he: OIop at iu end. Hold Ihe jig'. handle
In you • • igh, hand "hile "''''8 ' puohe. in )'0\1' 1<1". hand 10 .. cad)' ,he
Jig for Ripping Narrrow Stock
..... - _ ...
Ripp;ng 137
138 Ripping
again" ,he jig. When rirPing "cry narrow piece,. u;;c a ,ero-
dcamncc 1h'03t insert!O 1'''''''01 ,he ripping! from falling into ,he bla""
Opening (..., ,he sideba, on p. 99).
A ,hird a i'om3live;, to Wi. a box ... )"I. blad" <co,"c, I,,,h a$ the Breu.
Guard (..., ,he pIM)!O on p. 62). Unlike basket·"yle rovers, ,he unde"i""
of <>ne OO!;C of ,he l),.ett·Guard is scalloped. so ,he blade he set ,igh, at
tlte edge of the ""'""Or fur ripping naITOl\' "od. Fly ",ing" p",her ,ha, i$
,hinner ,han ,he 'pace b.,t\'"C<!n the blade and the fence. you Can 'ip "oel:
as ,hm as in.
On" f,n"1 way to ",fely rip narrow Sloel: is to S3w it fmm the outer
ooj;C of ,he ,'oel:. m,her ,han from ,he edge that rides the fence.
Th;, techniquc oo.,m·, "'0,1: well for multiples of the same si,,, ,hough.
since i, require> ",setting the fc,""" for e,'cr,! cu'.
Ripping Short Pieces
Trying to rip" ,Mn rieee of wood is asl:ing (or "Wble wood
may nO{ ",ach ,he sr iin.r or ,i" ing knife before the end o( ,he eu'. SO it
can be easil)' ,h",,,, .... IJeally, ,hort pieces .hould be Cut 10 leng,h from
longe, ,iPring,;. but ,hat', not .Iwars The ""'l "<IV lha, 1'1..,
found to "'fely rip Ih"" piece. i, with a .utoffbox. using" hoW.down (_
,he photo below) ,
II H"s not to rip sl1M p;oc.. Imm 1Mo" ripplngs, secu .. tho .hM piects in I
crossclJt sled tISin!ll hold·down
Ripping Thin Stock
Rirr'ng'lOd ,ha, .. in, ,hick or less ' '''luirCI" I'Illhcr ""i,h a ;hallow
Mel 3nd a II"" i , 10'18 enOl'Sil ' " hep the pitee from hft "'!: up 01" 0
'M blade,.. it il being CUI . Som" Pf'OI,le US< fc"thcrboorcls '" ",fet}' ""hc.:ls
hI hold d" ... n ,he W()fkpicces.1:ou1 1 find that the}' ju", 11"1 in 1M ""Y, An
rushc'r ... ill hoIJ the 10M It" for II ... , en, of lho: CUI.
If you. np knet doQn', cloootly Inttt.ho: sa ... ,able. II", WOfl r'e« can
cr«p uOOn il. To ptn'('tll ,hot. 3"""h an awcihary Icnc<l: lha, .... lightly
.!t",n\l ,"" ,able. Out(c«I $UN"'<' al"" helps ,,'hm hon<llme ,hm. fIorM
m"""al.
Ripping Thick Stock
Th. IhlCker the ""Ofkl"""t. tI ... harder , ho: ..... has u> work ,ocullho<:>ugh
II. Whm nrring ,hick ,'ock. u'" a 14"OOIh FTO bI ..... d,ocU>Sed m
chal"t1' J. As}"" WI. l\!Ien 10 I"" $;nO' moI:or and ad)"" you. feed
accordmel}" A ..... th other "l'I"ng """""ions. frtd , ho: . ' ock a$ quickl j' as
"'(,hau, boQ:,ng "","" ,'''' moI:or. If}"", O1>OOUntcr :j(,f{ n:si.u.nct
.,-en "hen using. >harp FTG blode. 'I)' "''''s • ,hin, k.,.-f bladt. which
CUI> u,;". because i.'. """""ing It .. ",-o<><l (""" the Ikleoor on p. 47) .
If ,he w<)rk pi<xc" thider ,il "n the cun",S ,opacity of the black.
make on" cut from ont .. Jr. then nip , he board over 10 co"'ple." , ho <u'
(I« II", rhot"" on p. 140). I\.y carcft,l men';"" 1o («<I '1'",,;1 ,,-hen "",k·
"'II the fI .. , cut. Ike......, the blade i> .",ally I:ou,"'-lln ,h. wood. chip oJ«-
,100 ;" J... cff.ci"m and dw blade can run hOI, .... lhe CUI as quod:ly
;oS """,hie .,-ilhoo, tax,ng t"" moI:OI.
• StandIng at Ease
MY."", "'"""' ''''''' '' 00NefIITI "'-"""'. and oSdn'l Ia' e too.,...,-,y I>oln 01
.. ..-.g to t:t. relet thaI a n.obeer mat a!'lorded. AIII>Ough
I'", tort"""te to have wood IIhop I\oof's now. , . !lIt .t....., on a I\bt>e< mat
a l 1h<O'- saw ... wel .. . , Tt>eM mat._tIIt
r-..oo 109 tat¥>I' ....., pn:wkIo, a """"" ...n.ce t:t. ..-
and oha-oIngs on Ih<O I\oor. (For "'..- _ . __ on
p . ''P. )
A good '" ........... """ a long wtr1 lowan:t )'OU' legs
and _fromM. t ,';'\gPO_' . , W'hen---.;t;ng i-"l QfWpIaO!I fOIlong
__ . wom--out or <:I'IHpIy _ can 1M .... 1 peO-"I.
In..--. to standing on . mat and w&aring good 1IhOft. __
_ • heIp8 to adjuot \'0<"" vertical posit"'" at 11>8 lOw tor "..".. comfort.
For e........,.... when clJtting a lot '" Nnger r .... /oundlh8t standing
on • low pletlorm .-.duce leg tatigua tIy ralelng me '"'" to
• more ....-' lor _ IediouA ope<allon.
Ftipprog 139
140 Ripping
11 {tie th"M'" of o woapioci '><eeN' thl capjllCi{y of your lit) tM In two
........ To kjckl>ack. I ... 0 [)ah, Di"pl)elrin!l Sclitter witt\ !lie Iingors
rtmovtCl. l"lOad. )'00 00"10 "so • 'JIlin" ... sIiOwn in It!O _r 0<1 p. 68.
To make tM $OCMd flip ttle tr>d·l.,.....,d. ,,;Sing 1M tIlO(lI ""tv as much "

Resawing
Re!<lwing ""wing" riece of "mk on edge!O tI.'O Of """" .hin-
IV>r piece •. Sometimcs wQ/XI"""'. er> ".;11 by ",a.lI\!! 0pr<):Iing eut$
tntO thl.- edges of. ,,'O,kpiece. '" Jcscribc<! on p. ]jg. n,is is ,'cry dan"",,·
u' lS btco,,,,, thl.- bll"ed bl.><.k o n ""c,heat or b",d. a bI;r.dc eo,..". can't be
U!<'<l. and balanctng tht .. "Otkrk« can be a .. ·I: ..... td. Ikcaust ci.he ...
I , tTOlIfIII' d,S«JU,. tUa"';ng on <I """'. bar><ko .. ·
trutead.
Ripping Angles
There are time, ,,·h.n '/W ntt(l to til' a bootd a. an is, r\()f
r .rJlld .0 .he edge of wori:riccc. Cutting l'pe,ed Ie!:,! i." common
tUmrk of .his. n",,..,"", "Iso .i""" ,.-htn you truly .. .,,,,, pain on"
ro..td in a pankul:v ""I' ftt or
rna)' ,,«"Ill" m;oke an angled cu •• 0 ",..,id " 00..' or <kf«. in " pbnk,
or you mal be abk .0 "" tnore ytdd from a hoanI by rIpping il al <In angk,
To np" bnatd al an .tIfIlt,.!eCUre il ... "h ,,, " sled , ....
e"ht •• ides in Iht .... '. mtler.gause .Iot, (Ott Ih<- rhoto below) Of again"
,he rip fence. nl< hold_<Io>.·", are ... IJu\tablc ac,.".,; , he .Ied·, ... tdth ... lIow_
II\!! you!O hold work al",,,,. angle.
Rtp tn One Pns If Pon<bte
W
"'" you are titlMnlllIIIdc stOCk.
moy be templlng 10 R'IIkI a
$ItIt$ 01 WIIow, passes.
tIllS is not a!JllOd OrIn
t>ecaUH !lie workciece W1 in
the proctSS. yitldillg a cut.
RipprIg 141
142 Ripping
_yo rip _ I. wilh tho IU<Je tilted jrom 1M ter>ct ,nO lilt IinisheO {no.
I"" offcul) ri(ling te""" For ri<jhHiIt sa"s, 1110 10"", us""lIy ,.,.. 10 be
10 lr>f! ItfI 01 til. bIadt.
Ripping Bevels
S • ..-i,'8 a bewl along the grain is similar 10 standard ripping excep' ,ha,
,he blade is 'ihed:If an angle ",hcT than 9(l degT""'. To avoid kkkback
"nd buming "nd 10 get Ih. cleanest CUt possibl., be .UTe 10 angle ,he blade
a\\o)' from II", fence and U\e" Spluter or Tiving knife. The cut pi"". )'00
"on, 10 sa,'c always riJ. along (he fen .. , "'ith the beveled edge
ab""e the tihed blade (>ee ,h. rholO .oo,·e). If you trap it undcr ,he blade
and agains, the it ,an bum and kick bock. MOM table law, tih to
(he right, 'ncaning )'00'11 n""d '0 work w;,h ,he fence OIl .hc lef, silk of
II", blade,
Crosscutting
C
roJiI(U""'I! "',',,,s "'''''''8 ""00<1 (" "" ..... ,h" Wood
is g<>n,,"' lly cril$$o;'" "f' CT it h,,, bt..,,, rippW ," WIdth. The w""l .
pic« is h i c"",,"'joe IIltO the hlode. hy a mitcr g<luge,
Cl"Of,IClI' !Icd. ()If ,lid,ng ,,,ble.
For ,he mool 1"'", c"*,,uuing ,$ a I"", OI"'",cion than . ip-
Sit)(t II", .. "r\:rktt isn', ronfjnM b."wttn ,fII, bbd< "nd u.., fence,
,hen: Ii Ionic da"ll"f of it kicking '-k. W"h mlter-p""" cmllllg. the
Jangc,IIH .. -oth ,he offcll! ,ha"left ....,., the t-bdt, ,,-Mrt II . to
.hro • .-n. N ",,,t. "l'I"ng. 1M >pI, ..... and bIaJr,...rd...., Imf'Olt'ln •
• r .......
Guiding the Workpiece
J ..... os the rip kflCC i. nc«s>ary to a workrte<:c whe" ri IlP;";;' you'll
"" .. -<I n .. , (c nnd OoCClIr,uc ,""thod of "'Ofkpil"Cc "'hen cl'UlS<uuing.
T1", "'" lnoril ,,,,,,,,,on accesso<ic. for cl'Oo.I<uning on: ,he mi.er gaui><'
"nd .he e""'$(", sled. In thi, """ ion, I'll how W 00, mo(hfy"
"ock ",01", pUll" for <roMe""'''g .t,.] how", "",ke" crosseu.
,Icd. 1'11.150 aJJre.. Cro6Kuuing "-i,h,, slidmtl k .ahle.
MrTER GAUGES
The mil ... ea ... is ""Jed by. me"'] bar (hat oJ ..... In ,Iou ",achon..d on
the tabk.,., .. tOp I"""lkl.(>.he ...... bla<k C_ "Mit ... G;>ugc.nJ M,ter
Sloo" on I' JII). The body of ,he gauge .... ·llIch coon bt- .... to any
chapter
8
144 Crosscutting
-
Dnt oIlht _ ...,.. 10 __ • 10 IongII'I is 10 ... I ctGl .. UC lioii IhI1 .-
III.,... ___ ...... __ . TIIt_ .. __ ""'" _ ..... XCU_!han._
--.
frQrn}() dtllf<'<'S to guides ,he "OIl",,,,,,,,.. iI"
,he bbd..
For moo! Cro;.;.;:UlUng 0f"""iom, I find ,he .Iock In.lCCU·
rolle and .. .,.rd !'"ca."", of ,IS small body and "'4I1e gukk hi .. , The IMh
io, I h.nll)' e,'t. mil •• gauge. 1-["",."." If Y"" do,.he be>. impro"c"
m«u you Can ""I: .. 10 )""" >lock mite. g;ou!;<' i , I" oJd ,on .",iliaf)' re,,,,,,.
",hieh "'ill pro,',de ;In incrc.oed bearing "".("cr for the "'''\:I'iece, .<tabil,,·
'ns it during ,h. cut (""" the 10(> .id"bar On ,I", page),
On. "'(.IY rroblem ,",·hen u,ing a miler gauge IS that ,,,,,.11 oIfcu!5 w",j
to galher around the sa,,'blade ... you lnah "'I"Ia",J (u's. Thc!oe PNxt$ c.n
be ".>$,Iy ,h..,.,." If .hcy """"':I.he spInning blade, If the oI'kut •• '"cry
,hin,.hey COn abo It.. ,h"""'r\a,c """""". ,he
WOI'krl«t ",w,l l'O!<>,bl\' ]if'ing ,he ,h"",. rlalc in ,he ...... >Ceu.. The be$(
""ullon hen: II 10""" ""'uter Of ,i'-''''' knife and. U'f<)<1e;o"",,ct .hroa.
r"'tc. AdJlllONlIy. \'OIl con make"" ..... x.loarr knee ,ha, n'cnJs f"UC ,he
... "bIack 10 $Uff<I01 ,he p;cce. and <:any ,hem I"'" tI,., dangt. ""'" (Ott
, Making an Auxiliary Miter-Gauge Fence
MAAI! ""'" """.-v FENa."""" 'II ...... _THCK. stable. straight_grained stock
with two par_ ""'es. The tence Can boI any 1aogIh. but 24 in . .......,$
to wOfl< 1irHI10< mosl Op&ra.1iOn$. AS with any aumary tence, cOJl II. ~ - i n .
~ ~ - i n . rabbet along its bottom e<I9E' as II. clearance ch.rte I,,"" .... wdust
and clips
A piec<I of sa",*,-, art"'*">d to the I"""" fac .. with cootac1 cement
..... help prevem \tie worI<.pi&Ce lrom 9Iippjng. ThifI is paniCuII!IrIy ...... 1uI
wtlen maki!"lg mil .... cut,., ......,;cr, t&nd 10 puSl> !he ~ e awacy /rom
--
Scl"ew the au .... ry fenc<!l to the mt .... gauge tt-oro<.q> two predriIIed
r>oies In the miler-gauge body. PosIt;on the fenctl on the gauge so that
Ihe tnt cV1 'Nil trim off the end of !he fence. That way, you can ...... the
end of the fenc .. as a ~ e n c .. fQI" cvtlines
Auxiliary Miter-Gauge Fence
--_/
'/t-in. ,
r Replacement Miter Gauges
r"" ......,.""'""""" Of' Sf"""""'" ....... C1O.UOe. Mv& led to \tie <lev<riOpmenl
01 a nurnbef of afterrn"rl<et replacement mit .... gauges. MOst Of \tie""
gauges. which r""9" in pr;ce from about $50 to $150, ha .... a long body
to provide gr<>8l<". 0Upp0rt fQI" th8 w<><l<pie<:e. lh<I I 8f'lCe is typiCaIy an
ak.mir'"<Jm .. ><truSion, wf"'IiCh is adjuStable to provKltI 9UPPOI"1 ngtrt up to
the bIBd& at any angle. Some systems nave aqustable drOP-S\OPS mat
make ""tting up fQI" repetitive CtoSSCutting easier and more el'fic"'nt.
Many 01 _ leatu'es ar .. ste.n<lard on mit...- gauges that come with
some EUO'Op&an table MWS.
Crosscutting 145
Small Sled tor Small P,etes
A
"hol'gh illirO! crosscul sled W1
piecfl, a smaller
$It(! madt lor purpose is easier
¥Id lII0I1 cooveroitnll0 Ojler.l1e
146 Cl'OMCutting
..., .. ...,.Ittoct lllal . .. ....n pasl1he bIa<It Mt pUS./'I WtOilt !»SI'''' bIa<It .. !hoy <On',
be 1t1 ....... 11 lilt _no<, ot1>C_ 10 lilt _ 1>"_ lNWiIoe.
d", pll<)lo "bove). To pre" .", cuning <if ,he e,.,J of ,h. (.nce. you'll ncd
'" ,hi: .han ,he wcrkpo«. bcmg Cut.
CROSSCUT SLEOS
y ..... "(,e, l>lruggkJ ",;.h large .. onl)' by an aux,
ihary fena on ""I mi.er i""II"." da .. -..M on """ had 10 Ix a
bcnc • ......,..o makc ac<:ura ... C'1'tl!OCUI$. Aod 10 lOb born'M fi1')l of
cro.Ku' ,1M..
A cro.KU' J.kd IS has>call)' a panel .. ·"h ",,,,,,,1"1 lha, .lIdc ",.M
so ..... m"t1";::>ugc-.Jou. A f'-""'«' on th<- openI''''', .ode of <I-.co """"I gu.Jes
,he "<lfkpi«:c. A m,1 a' ,he ,ea, simply ""1'\.", I<) hold ,he ,,," h.h-es of
,he , \<"<1 .ogcl1\C1" For ",f.,\", " dcar Lex.n M.de <(n'e, 11,. be'''''een
.he fence tmd re:" m,l, "nd" rear exit J;UarJ co' ... !,:! ,he hlade wh.", " e,i"
,he fence, You'lI be .h .. llc-<l a' IK)W easily and ""c" ... dy )'011 can CtU wo,k·
pieeQ Uli"l!' a Cf<>O.lClll ,led.
h'. "'" d,ff'oc"l •• 0 make • er<:6O<ul sled (_ .M lide"", <)0, rr. 14S-1 4g).
My 11 .. , ,k.-d was maJe ""m,,;I)'10 handle wi<k .. "()f\.;roo:.:", such as table.
'Of" snd ellts,..Jes. H"",.." ·,,,. much <"""",,uuma: and joinery Wnt a. 'M
,,.!,Ie ..... '''\"01>..,. fai.I
I
' na""",· p'eees, ... you can m...l:c ,uIM-oo",,,.t.e<k.
"'hoch art C"a>icr.o handle.
A 1110 OM on Ihis DeW.1I® 746 .. _ 11ows HOY. ",,",ufat. crOS$C""inIJ
o1 lOl'I!l, or tim\' WQrl<pitcn.
A number of ero;:;cUl , led. ,,·.n.ble commerci.lly ,f you choose
not!<, make one. TI,e"" ,led, induJe. "arietl' of features induJing drop-
" OPS and adj"".ble fenre; con be ang\c-d for mi,,,r ell" ("'" s.:,.m:es
on p, 197),
SLIDING TABLES
The", da)'" I do.1I of my cr<.>$S<: "tting-p.,nicubrly of larger r i",e&-ming
the sliding ,able on mI' European table .aw. A ,Iiding table .lio"" 'CCII'
rale. s(rfe. d(Or1lC,S h«au«: i, is solid. p",ciseiy machined. and
" nest los righ, up to the .,.wblade (see the pholo .00v.). A .Iiding ,abl •.
which is i"teg,.. .. 1 '0 ,he saw iudf, should rlOl be confused wi,h ahermatkct
rolling tahle.. wh'ch I'll diOC",. in t he next ><:<lion,
A sliding table is I',uticlllarly ",.,flll whon it coon •• to Cro$OC"uing
,heel gooJs and O1hcr "'ide p.nels. bu, it'. al", great for cl'OS.\Cutt;''81ong.
thick S1OCk. n,e fence on a ,Iiding ,.ble can easily be adju"ed to an)'
angle for "''''ing mite" or comf'Ol",d be'-cl> on the en(1) of "'<. n \: pi"",,s.
Many fence, incl ude d"'l'-S1Of!S for co,,,,eni,,,,! rereti,ive <u!ting. (For
mo"" on sliding tahle ... sec "Emure.n Saw," <l" 1'.18).
ROLLI NG TABLES
For wood"'Ofkcrs "'ho are looking to expand the ctos>cY1t ing c.paci1\' of
their exi"ing SilwS, rolling tables ar<; ."ailabl".s afle,marke, add·om (sec
Crosscutting 47
H <I l>lflW

illll"l"l!! Il!l!l"
" i 1
0
1.11 ill
jl!
I
-
i
"
Ii
Iii ' :i!>l
it! "
o!lf
! i Ii 11 Ii' j I I I
iZlifil!i p!iHlndri
h
IfH IHI'! !!r
id! i·i31.1
gh
!HHi WId;

i !IEI' "1 iii Iii
•.• 0" 1, I " , I.I'! ;
fnh!d=HH
f


"
___
into _ . _ C<OftCVI. _ poece 01 """'"

Aft .. rward. !lip one pi&c<e 0\1 .... Ihf>n bI.m the _ 01
two pOtcea wiItI II>eoic lOdge_ \he
Iencft to .".,..,.. !he cut for __ u _ IMMg
_ ...... 01Il>10 _ to !he _ (_ 101)_
noon on p. "). H \he ,..--
\he ocrew In me '"""'9a'ed hOIIt. Adjust the_
wgIe. an<! ,..::ut and ChftCi< WI 1$$1 \Nhe<l
IhfI cut 110 _ ... ft , Ihe fenc .. in plaCe with __
_ea IIbout 3 .... ...,..,.
plywood bn>cft help "-P fence rigid
.-0 __ to _. Glue _ .,..,.., them IitIOI.II
8 .... ... from IhfI ..-.:;!s 01 the *<I to _ cIoImpn;j
space for "ttactw>g "" e"en.ion _ for ...,.1_
cr06SCuI1ing.
MaI<.irIg 'M Stacie Cov ... an<! Stop BlOck.
ThI! lor the cro6SOlII &I9d is" II
prot_ yout fngoer-s .-.;I _ )IOU from ofI<:utr; _
... """-'$1 tIY'Own I>y \he _ . I _ my COIle<" from
IA .......... irrQact-reSistant po/y<;wbonale.
but )IOU coo.jd .......... _ aoI")4ic pIaetic like
PI8>dg1u8. c...t the paM to lize on me _ aaw _
P .... them....ng. __ ..,.... ...... ChecIo yOUt
Iocel phone di<..::tOfY lor plesilcs . ....no c ...
""'-'I>PIV)IOU wIth....- _\he
AIt..- I •••• 01:'\>. _. oIoghO: crown on .... 01
__
...,·.Iencft __ .... ct.:toes (_the photo on
p. 170).
Because \he blade PIO_ througn lhe fence for ..
make • _.-.od .. xii guard to protect
your TIM guarcllI"oO<ACI W' at _ 2 in. INCk
_ .. _.in. ___ Dla.<»at ...............
MIght. _ at _'1 .... put
1uIy ___ topdeadc_oI __
o-rtltO'MClOIl"oe lac. of I .... f....,.,. G ..... and Clamp Ihe
10 tt"oe with Ihe long-grain ou1_ againsl

Futen !;he Slop t*JcI\a to !he a"Id !;he _
_ .. to the.xiI
guard. TIM aaw-_ .top block tohouId .top the _
_ lop dead cenl ... 01 me blade ...-to me faoe 01

Cro88cutting 149
150 CrosscuttillQ
An slidi"D, or roIIi"D, ral>lo . _ .... KI me $i<Ie 01 • "''', ",OIOding intr_
crOS5<Uni"'l Iht>e tobie, m.M rar9" <lock mllCl1 U$itr.
trtoy .,. "'" •• oct"rat ... on sIitIi"'l IOboI. N1 c"""," nont up to rho .. wblacl • .
,he pho,o ,bo,'.). Of,c" rdem:d '0 "' sliding [ables, "ttachmem,
might be mon: properly called rolling ,,,ble. becau;e Iheir m",hani,m,
are diff""'''r (rom ,hose used OIl ,liding ,abies.
A, opposcJ.<) in,egral ,Iiding rabie, " rolling table 'l'pically
art""he; '<) ,he Id[ side of a sa w tobie, leaving some distance be,ween
,he blade and ,he ,.ble, ,omcwhat aeeu,....:)' ,,,,I "'OIkpiece dr.g.
Althoogh "rolling "no! as aceu .... '" (>T solid as sliding
,able, it ;\ ' big U,'cr. mi,er gauge. espc"'i"lIy (Of 1000g or
\\'iJe \\'OIkpieces.
Like ,he fence on an in,egral ,Iid;ng t.ble. ,he fellco: on a rolling
'able call ea,il)' be adjuSted to angle for sawi,'8 on itc" Of compound
!x:,'oIs on [he enth of wOfkp,,,,,,,,, All fences include drop.
"OP< for curt;,'8.
Basic Crosscutting Techniques
Al,hough I ,10 mos, of my cw"s-;:u1\ing on ,Iiding ",bl. til"", d.y., I'll
Jesc"be techniques for u;ill.ll' mi,er gaUlle as ",ell a$ • crosscu, sled.
A crosscu' .Ied ;\ immense imrf()\'tmen' o"er a mite. gauge, and I
.. rongll' n,commend rh., you m,ke or pureh.se one.
I
SETTING UP FOR THE CUT
loon, ,he blade on y<:>t" For """,. coc"".
';"'.'!lJl: pl)"'.-..xI, ,!:Ie a high"<l""li.y 010· ,0 6O·100.h ATB bl.de. (1'<><_
,..., hb<Ies. set" 3.) s... .ht bbJr ht"lu :as describnl on r. 1!7.
you. rir '0 ,ht end 01 ,he ,able or (rom ,he
,able en","')· ",,;1 won·. m.en.:.., ..... h .1It cu. orco"",,, O«cu .. '0 1t',,1It.
Ma. the blode. use the tip (en« iudf", a ... "" block- ,he O«cu.
may ".edge b,,,,,..,cn ,he ,he fence, C' U''''£ kickb ... k. Remembe.
,0 "..,at ",fe.y and O"I"",,,,lion.
When ..... h a mi.e. gaug<:. hold ,hoe wort.rie-ce "1:",,1>1 it>
r.n«, align,,,!! ,hoe cuti, "" on ,he ","h .he of .he .ttlh
"" .ho- .. de ol.ho- II you .... ""Ilg a miler P'''' .·"h an
,"..,,,Iia..,· fence .ha. urends up.o .ho- bIade.)'OU can alijtn.ho- C1J.'
10 .... ,,·ith.ho- rod fence. Or)"ou «>"IJ m.d;.he ,able in I",,, ,,·ith
,he blade .• hen your c"tline 10 .h,,,. Ho,,·c.·er . • f.el" louie proc'ice.
)'OU ;hould I""·,, 'W) limply across .ho- cutl, ..... Il .M blade.
When "''''11 a cr<1oKu' .Icd .... oel: blade gua.d in'N: "",,).,
>0 I outfl .. ed my c"",""u' sled "·,,h a c","om guanl (Itt.ht .,deba. on
M'- 148-1.9). I Ioh .ht guard up. align. my cutilflC "·,,h tho- k...-f in my sled
h-.• lItn "'"' ,he II""rd on ,ho- .......
MAKING THE CUT
When you.", ",><1)" '" cu'. stand '" II.., Ja"'" .ode of .he blade .. ,he mi ....
gau[!e. If y<:>t,.", umlll c""'""'''' .Icd, .. ." .he fide <:I.he bbde ..
,M off" .... pol""'" IS m. and mak .. for caMet pm/Iing. Tum on.1It
.... and alto..· .he bb.k '0 reach
If)'OU Ott '"'Ilg ' m ..... 1',3..,.-. ""'" one hand '0 hold ,he ..
og.i"" the fenct .. ·h,lt . he othcr hand 1'I0I1>e< .he jpug< fonmrd ""0 .he
bl"d<,_ [)m't "" 10 hold the off,,,, half'" the l<'",kri«C>-"d da,, ·
gt'tou< mow. WI..,n ",ing a crosseu' ,led. hold ,he " .... kpittc "I:""'ot ,he
fence ,,'uh ooc "'hile m.kong ... ",.o kCf-p your Other hand OUt of It...
rmh of.ho- blade.
I'ffd.he .""'pic« in.o.he blade a, • (On"n"""" .. -.I.
c:ro..c .. n;ng offen ...... .,.,,(af>Ce ,ha" "f'I"nll, >0 ,ho- tendency is '0 feed
.ho- ... ..,.k qu,ckly. l I""'. "e •.• he 1""1"" (."Cd oreed depend. on ,t... thICk·
...... and den, i.), ol the material ",,', c""'""'''tting, you >hot,ld
gt'nc",lIy fccJ. IIwkri""e a bit ,to...." .han )'00 ,.-wld ,,'I>o:n II..,
... ".., rie« of "nod. When .t... cu, is c«mpk'e. ",tum ,t... """kp,cce and
(ence 10 the .. Marolng f"{)in,. SIiJo:.N:.....,.,d 51ighdy ''''"'' V (rom ,ho- blade
on ,ho- ""urn "role ' 0'''00 ,ouch,"'II ,he bI..Je.
E'·M if )'OUI mite. gaug< is oct "I .... '" to.he blade. u', " . ..., 10 check
,he """' end "-u h a Iqua",. Somet"HcS Incon',;'''n' k«il''''''''''' can
cause.ho- ,.-otkri",,, to "CC' juS! a bit from" >I''''sh' Ime.
Mlh SU/"8 End II SquJ.e
W
hen c'(lSscum"ll SU)(k 10
Itnglh.lirsl Squall OM Ifill 01
The IImpta1ion Mrl is
10 _ 011 or •. 01 ju$t
IfIOUOIt 10 SQU¥e \III till n . The
(IfobIem is itlal the bIidI is CUitO"lg
o-nly on OM sio!e, can dtIIlC1,
tPlt "'" 0111 01 Squall. Ifs besiiO cut
in Jar !It\OUQIt Imm the IIId 10 11M •
tully _ oIfcut.

Croascutting 1 5 1
152 Crosscutting
Repetitive Crosscutting
Making rC!'C(i(iye CU(' 10 ,he same lengdl i!" COO1I\"IOII practicc in ",JOJ.
work ing. There are seycrnl "")1 (0 .pproach ,hi. OIl a ,able ,",w. Moo'
setups inynh'C employing a >lop block set a( thc de.i ... .J ('OIn ,he
blade. eiimina'i''8,he for ma,king cu,Hnts 011 riece, and
picce< o( •• actl\' the same
Remembe, ,hat ,he (,rs, <tep in cutling a .. -orkpicce 10 finished lenglh
i, to saw OIIC .nd square. Thi. win be (he end ,h., a buts ,h" SlOp block (Of
the f,"ished cu'. OI1C ;'N"o>ch to cUlling rcpeli,;'·c pi",,,, is to first CUt
one end square On ,,'-c..,. pi", • . Nex,. fix a Slop block to )'OU' mitc"gauge
auxilia..,. (ence or sled f.nc. and saw Ihc pieces to finall"n!;,h whil"
bulled again" ,hc "OP, The problem "'i,h ,hi, "Prrooch is th::n it i,wok.s
handl ing ""ery piece N ·;"C. TI,ere are bettCT me'hods
USING POSITIONING STOP BLOCKS
One method;. to use" 101'8. losita!,,,d .1op block , hat SIts "'ell fOl'l>';}rd
of the blade and simply pooitiofl! ,h. work)'i"''' on ,he mitCT'gauge fence
for ,h. (mal cu,. The fin;t SlCp is lOeut one end of workpiece sq"a,e. di,.
regarding the Rop bloc\; . which is clamped in plac. but OIl! of ,he way.
Ncx,. 'um ,he w<)fkriece e-nd·fo,.",><l. bun t he $(j"an-d end ag.imt ,he
Slop bl(>Ck. then push dlC fOfward into ,he blade (see ,he pi",,,,
belowl ·
()no '" repeliti". cuts 10< 100 ... , pioces is '" positioo the _'pie« "" 1ht miter·
I.,.,. Li$ing l rono L -oIIlIl)Od .lOt> t>kIt: k. Fi"t, O<O$$cot ant ' fl<l oil W<>f1<pio<I
'Qua .. _, u<ino the .lOt>, 1htlI bun 1M ;quare< ",. ogam$t the stOP _ .. !>Usn ...
the woritpIece inKItht lor the .ecortd cut.

!fQnI o/tho _
A _ USJ'. """"'lit "poW ... CI'OSSGI<ttjng. !'lB! • ..,. .,., 011 -""'"" is
SOl""'" the stop uP OIJt 01 tho w"!. Then the stOP is __ in 91act tor
piocn to ,mat II _ he"_
An aitcmat,,-e an'fooch ;1 10 clamp" f!'»j'ioning stop 10 the ,ip fence
... .,11 in from of tk blaJc lop rholol_ M.lt """ tk;lop i$ ,hock
allow rlcnty of room bn"ttn , k md <JI 01 ... "mr.t<:t and ,k
Crossc:uttng 153
U> p","ern rUlp!,"'g rhe cur piece in" space berween rhe fonce
and rhe blade.
Th" di>a,h,m!>ge to using posirioning blocls is tMt the workpiece
call .Iip as )'00 feed it forward. Unlc» VOl' hold ir ' OCr)' IIrmly dur ing i,",
,,,,,·d. )'ou can end up ,,-ith mis,,,,,",, When culting multiple., J\'e nenr
hir 100 percent wit h thi! method. A bette, approoch is '0 "'"
drolHtop$.
USING DROP- STOPS
A drop'''OJ' p",vide, the ;o<k,rnoge of being '0 flip a SlOp up oo{ of
,he way when ne<: .... ry ,,'irhoot mO\'ing the Stop's pO;5ition on rhe fence.
Thi, way. you can nip ,he Stop up to m,ke rhe init i .1 squaring cu' on •
picee of srock. then drop it down 10 make ,he fmal Cut. When down. t he
Mop hold, rhe "mpiccc in pooition the fence, making for "Or)'
accurate CU,", (,.,,, th" boltom phOIO OIl p_ 153),
Drop'Stop$ are "",i\able commercially for "noclunent to"n auxiliary
fence or crosscu, sled (see Sourrc< on I), 197), '-hnyafrer-
market mi,er come eqll irrcd wirh drop-"OflS. as do ,he fencel on
"""" sliding and rolllllg
USING A CROSSCUT SLED
When u,ing a crosscut , \ed for "'pe,iti,'e cut" VOl' don' r ncre>saril)' need
a drop--,'OJ). In!l"ad. yo" can cloml' a fi.ed SfOp bloc\.: to the fence at t he
P"'pN di>l3nCe from rhe blade. ,hen make your initi.1 cut "'ith
rhe workpiece riding on the orrooire end of rhe ,led (see ,he phow belo,,"
leid. Aftcn .... rd, ,lid., ,he vo'O, kpicee against stop '0 nmh the cu,
(see the photo below right). The stop block ,hcoJld be notched at
hoI"'m t o p",vi<ic de.rance for chi,," "nd Ju;t.
For Il'POliti\te .'osSCUlti"'l US''''l • """out litl:t. fir., OIl""" ....
end 01 til, WQi1(pi«, trom lt1' right ,!ole ot tile ,itI:t
'Iide rOo WOrlCp;.OO ovtr Iho "011 block to oro .. ,",
SGuorely to tinlilengtll
154 Crosscutting
kit ,..,.._..miog 01 pIoceo lI>M III """'" tIIIn ...... _ , <Wnp .............
--' 10 u.. tonco, _ <Wnp I stop _10 !!II __ ,
Tocu! pi",.,. II"" .f<: I""ge' ,han ,he .k.J \""" can mOun!
a IIOP bloc. to an fenct: ,h", 's cI"mped '<> ,he sled (:Itt
, he phlxo aoo..'e). your fence extens,on from . 'able ,,'ood
.",h as porIar or m.. ... l>ogany. n", ex'''''''ion shoulJ be ,hICk enoogh '0
r",'-cnlllex,.oo ,all ' 0 damp 10 lhe knee at:.::....., 'M wod::r....:e.
Crosscutting Wide Panels
.... ccurat. Crosoo::ulll">l of ... ·,de """"I. requ",,,,, II<ImC f""" of IOhJ "'PIlOn 1<>
co n)' ... -orl:rit"<:c IhrouSCh Ihe blode. A mile, 1I"'.ge IS OUI of Ihe 4UCS'
1100 in • lot of c."", 1>.."<:."",, Ihe orcration is 100 ",,·h·.ru. A sliJing ,able
1-1 Ihe be" option, bu, if you doo't h"",, one," c,,,,",,'" lied "'ill ,.all\'
"' I"" he,. too.
n-.e rroced"re i. ba.k;ol1\. ,Iv: ... ,...., as for >t.OOa,J C..:.loKU'''''!: bu,
,,' [(h a larger >led. Wllh II", In place. """"'" off 000 end of lhe """"I,
mark i. lOr kngth, d":1> align )"OUfculiint ' 0 ,hot kerf In )"OltI ,ltd '0 mal:/,
, he (;",,1 cuI. On '...-y ... ide .. -on:, I O<Jmetima Man ,1M: Cut by rah"'8 lhe
;J'inning blade up inw , ...... ..,..kf'le<:c. Thi. can be "'f .... ,han
• large sk.J in (roo' of IIw: $Ow in onk..- 10 begin the CuI In from of "
blade.
If Y"'" ... ..,..kpit<;:( i! both wide and long (StICh .. " la,\" rublewp or
c""" .iJc). you may need an "u .. liJo,), >land or ,,,bk to Ihe i lJe <i ,he ... ",
Crosscutting 1 155
156 Crossoutting
Crouc", very wo!Io:pioces cro""".' .... ..... WOOOOn li0i<i-_
Yoo CO" "1(""""' wide .,.oe'- • SIeCI. A _ !>lOCk Clam,*, kI "" It .. ,,, li0i<i.
10110 tIo»rd$ clown .",,"'st "" b . .. 01 tfle .....
to !-lrpport the overhanging pando When ,he ovcrhang isn', 100 my
preferred m",hod i. ' 0 damp" Ihick block of worxl 10 the .Ied fence 10
h",p rhe workpie<:" from lif,ing (.>Co ,ho 10f> photo).
You' ll .Iso nced somc form of ou'(e",1 !-l'PpOrt to carry Ihe , led a, il
lo.,·os ,he rcar of ,he ,.ble. Although yoo c.n use an ""xilia,.,. "and or
boards dan,ped to • . ,hc be ... solu,ion is an oocfced ,.ble. Mine
has gro<I'·CS ,har line up wi,h the miler'gaUb'e ,lot> in Ihe -"'w labl. (see
,he photo OIl p. 120).
Crosscutting Short Pieces
CI'OlKUt1 ing shoo1 PICe" 00 I he n.hle $a"" can IX' hoc."", " can
roo' f,ngers 100 dOole 10 Ih. blade. The ",f"" "'''V 10 C"*,,,ul shot.
f,eees is wi.h" cros.sclll sleJ. Use a ","()Q<.\cn hoIJ-Jown 10 OCCUr.: wOfk-
r'ta doo,'n and ogJi",,' the fe,,,,e, n13k. ,he ell' ,.."It [N, blade e",.."
'n rlace (Ott ,he botorn I'hoo:o 00 ,he f..:i ng
You ClJULd ... CII' .non I"ce" u,i", a hoId-dooo.." "P'mI you. miter·
£MIl>'C fence, buo ,he I""fIl can', be.....J lOx ,his op"""ion. anJ
a small piece i:!.,..,.., d,fflCult ' 0 haMk like ,h, .. Oroe 01"'" op<ion, U
course. is ' 0 cu,.non poKeJ ' 0 kngth ",inll: a h;.ndsaw a' you. ",orl<beru;h.
Crosscutting Bevels
Be,·.1 C' """,,,IS, $Om<l ifllel ,,,1I1'd cod m"ers, are proJ"c«l by .","",,,uing
a bo:onl ... -uh IN, "''''blade "lied iii an allJl:le 0\1",. ,,,-, 90 This is
" jou><"r)' cu, """ I')-picall, """ (01)' lOx joining mo!Jing, ahhougt. i. <:lin
abo be.-:l for deqo picl"'" f","nes anJ """'" " "th m"ered C<lfn<:B.
Beau", lhe face u the b,,,..,1 basically md gr.Iin, lhe joint need:! ",;n-
forccm.-m wi,h a s.p!1I>e or hiseui .... for ,n"ngoh.
To make a be,'.1 CroocUI, !lh lhe hlade ,0 ,he de. ,red
-15 dcgre<:s) and ehe'" ,he .e!fllli: wllh a bevel gauge <If drn(, ing "iangle.
FOI ,h. dcane$' 'U',.sc' up , he ,,"<).kpiK. 110 that the offcut ends up below
the blade (..,., the illustr.ltion below).
You can _ a mite. to C","",ut bevel" but foe. the .\ake" :oce,"
T":y, I we a small CIOO1ICUI!Ied ,,-i,h a ... ·ide bIa.:k.1ot (01 cutm'l: <bdoes
and ""'..,Is (Ott ,he "",,"0 00 II- 170). (1 don', _ ,his sl«! (01 CUlt""
angle$ orrell" can drop inlO lhe opc:nt"l unlcoo it',cov-
ered .. -uh a.ntt. of thin plywood)
Crosscutting Bevels
Co'ree1
Intll.rltl
Cto&scuttng 157
Tesl MIler Se1up

",tong ,he 01'
QalllJe 10 make angled ellis.
always ITIIih a ,est <u, firsl aoo eheck
il uSirlg a miter SQuare 01' bevel gauge.
158 Crosscutting
Crosscutting Miters
Mil e" arc r rod""",l by feeding ,h. wOfkpie.:e into ,he blade a, an angle
other than 90 degrees. When , he sawblade is 1<:, ., 90 tkg .... ·." to ,he table.
, he cu' is called, face mi ler or fla, mit ... When , he ""wblade is se, "' 1m
.nglo other ,han 90 degttts. , hc (u' bt"C<'Jmes a compound mile, Miter
cuIS a", made primarily fOf joinery work (see p. 188).
WOO" "ulli"ll miters wiIIl • mitt< ...,uge, use an auxiliary ,"IICO and • stop tIIOCk.
Cutting Miters
Open pOIilion
--
torcUrity.
Cloud p01iliGn
Mitering with Two Stops
MaI:e ItIO Iii>! CII with ItIO """"''''''
ItIO roogh \tOp.
USING A MITER GAUGE
Thel'<: are a number of wa),' to set th. angle of the miter g:>uge for making
mhr One is to use a be,"" gallb'" or drafting triangle '0 5<" the
mjllired angle between the miter-gauge body and oor. Another "")' is to
,.;ribe ,h" angle on ,he workpi""', ,htn tum the up;idc down omo
,he workpiece .,ld 5<'t the "ngle to the s<ribe mark. A ,hird ",.thod i, to
USC the Slops Of anllle markings Oil the miter gouge. 'Wh.,""er method )'ou
'''"'' t6t your ""up ... ing a ri""" of ''''-'1' firSt.
The mit", l,'"uge be set in either the 0pI. ... or d<:>!ed [X"ition (oe.:
the illuslta,ion on (he being Jl'Il,,,,). I was taught to use the closed position
becauoe it all,,",,)"OOJ to'tand more to the ,ide of the blade and the Cltt
is smoother bee.u,,", of the grain orienmtion. HO",-.'·er, the workpi"". is
m,><C li kely to aecp in this [X"ition .nd you, h,md$ g.<t d(l\Cr to ,he bl"""
"' the angle i""rease,. I find tha, ",ing the open position with an .u>ili,,),
fene<: and "Of' block )'idd, better r""tlt, ("'" the photo on the facing
rage) , Glue sandpaper to the fenee to help k""p the workpi",e from
sl ipping.
MOlt miter cuning in"okes "",king frame" wi,h multiple pairs of
\\wkpi"'e$ eLlt to the !'Ome Unlei>$ ,,-orl:riccc, ha,'c .Iready
been cut to finished length. Of at least !qua"x1 on OIl. end. you will n",,"
lWO ,topS for tht fo \lOWing procedure. (Ahtmatirdy. you could miler CII"Ie
end of each workpi«e fiTSt 'ISing SlOp. then miler lhe "Ppo$itC
end "sing a $WP.)
To Cllt a workpiece, first miter one end ><lua," wit h the pi<:ce butt,x1
against a rough stop, Next. fl ip the pi",,, cod_f"'_"nd and make the second
Crosscutting 159
160 Ctoucuttlng
TIll __ .. QII 4$-dOOr" -... is to ... a """"" _ .... t\oIQ '-IIIIIIlfO 110<'
a $I "M to _ 0Ih0r...., ... 1M '5....,..." lilt _ "CUI(o,oI ill ....... .....
.. _.,.... .. __ woo..,.....
cut "'i,h ,he l't<'Ct finiih itor (ot<:.he iliultnHion on p. 159).
Sur. ,he . 'or i. "'iJer ,h.n "'Ot'krioct >0 'he .ip ci .h" mi.er will
con,,,,, 11, Si 'l<!C '!lOO' fm", .. are ""langular. you'll IW<> ;(:IUI'" one
for 'he IO'\jl i«k .. ond OIl. for ,h •• hort .ide._
USING A CROSSCUT SLED
I find ,"", ,he ",i'er i'!"i.'<" IS for (lIl,ing ,ha,
lea,.., Ilnte room for tm><. I,......J, I ""'. ""'rle.oopm;oJe (","",u •• 1ed
for du. 1'U'1'<*'. For rare oc:<:aiions "'hm I n«<J.o cu' antk
",t...-.han.5 I ti.t...- rodJk "-IIh.he mtler un,,11 FI' ,he
cut. righl 01 I aJJ a >paC"'- 01 hokI..Joo,." to "'Y crooscu • .kd .0 hoIJ the
al angle.
M\' c","",u' won. lxuically.he "''''''!IS my 9O-dtgrtt
C""",,ut tha, two al.5 drjp-,e$ ,n ,he bl.&o .nd
P"'l"'n,ltcubr'e) .""h OIhe.--ppon.he ,,'orkri«:e (_.he rhoro
.bo,·c). mi.e ... are cu, u;ing ,he o!',po.ing (<:nc ••. 11.., ""y. os
,ht fe"" •• are 90 JegfL'C, '0 each OIher, .he joint w,lI bo- a,
90 Jcg"C$ even if il<>Ih m.1lng mi.e .. arc IliGhtly off of 4S For
Long r'«:ts,)'OO CDn ex.end.he fences 10 accommodate ltop bloc:b. For
",,<it ... x:k, "mply "",ke. culoo. in.he rea, m,l. Of <:OU1lt, \'OU can fit •
• 1«1 "'i,), fCOCCi to CUI ally .ngle.
It InUr, ,ltd is good 3p(l1OaCh 10 cumnN bllf if yw Cui t 101:
ci ''af)''nc atl8l.ts in \"'" regular "m.l $'''''''8ly o«om.-nend a<:ttinc a .lid·
i1lf! campOlinJ mllr ........ _ ... ,,-hich opK.f .... "lIy dnigntd fOr
(U","S ", .. ,I.bIe in "....<It ,-.riny rI and !,nce$.
Cutting Joints
and Shapes
C
,iop. ace",,,,c joincty j! the h,lImork of nne "'oodworking, and
the table ,",'" oo,n help )'OOJ achi"ve it. n", saw can be to,"",
for cuni"g many joints, ,nor" I WlIld fl'O'>ibly eo,'e, here. In
,his ch'p'e,. 1 h''''e narmweJ them down to ,he on« 1 am m"., familiar
with "nd ,he OIles ,hat use ,he .. hle .. w a$ ,he main cuuing tool.
SMpmad. iifIs 00(1 .. mo •• it ""''"toIe lO CO! • Vtid< "",>ely OJ ;o;nlS 0<\. tall .......
5_" he" is • <impif iiO to< CU"i"" jooff1ts.
9
162 Cutting Joint s an::! Shapes
Making Strong ..JOints
A _"oQHt ___ ON _ ......., COllI'.-: • goo<! lit,
ptcpar gnio'I-...mon. and gI.oe, For joint atrangen, ....... tIng_..,..
"'"'" and frH 01 ___ ...... .,,...,. .. JX>C: katt PI*"
...m I"IIimIll. eon\aCt. Long.gain to contact If .-.... 'Y
-... _ gnW> mostly 01 ""'" 1U'tOUI1<1t<11>r _ wood
rn... n. .. .".... fibe<'r, do<'I' , provide> rnuct1 eon\aCt, and 11>0 __ ,_
' 0 wiCk gIVot away from 11>0 SUI"f<>eea.
In 10 1jIIua. many join'" _ thW me-cnarically
cor ' 'PO' ... ota. Dovetails. finger join .. , monlMo'_'lenon join'-.
and tva d .. I ",_ to ,_Iorce in at .... , one direction . ...,.,.
w!IhouI gI.oe. But lot _ joO'Its to p&rform po O\A<1y. __ '"'* lit
---
n. tYI>" 01 _ you ............ . flig _ on 10'" IItt and .....,.,..,
l_qAoo_ ....... a rno.Aoor *"""""-
1U1..,.. _ , _ aaw. 01" _w. l lO ••• •• r .•
_ laW _""*' _ . -.. . ."""oprIoot. _ '*'
P'Oduce • -V aalioOlact"'"l' _ace. For ..-c 01 .....,. ._ leW
toO'*Y. I ... a eI*P 40-_ ArB _ (_ o:nept .. 3). W I
• .peo1eoocto t-.....t_croeseut1ing.1 _ ea._ArB

A W()ru <Jf w"ming hcf'm: we begin' Old wood" 'OI"kn'l: 000b "nJ
majr<Oli ne; ' ''"",I k>t <Jf diff"",,,, I'"",edurtl besod<;:s ""'nery rI"" are
p<lO>lblc on t M "",w. But ,hat oo..,,,·t nec".." , ily mean t hJl t he ,.hle
!'>'" i:i the: bc;, m""hi" c for [he job. A" Qid Of"<r;o ,i()Ots likc "".
M· ... tUtlt"ll circln. rcsa""'''i: wod;, >lock. maki"i do .... eb. and .naPI"i
on , It., po.. TheK techn """", 3tt indf",,,,n, a, and dooonrigh,
d""gcroo.l> a[ WUM. n..", arc ........ lIy $aler and beUtt " 'all to do .he ... me
0J""I'II'1OI"ot.
Butt Joints
join" are . he .. mplest <:i woodworking joi n ... Thcy arC used
prom>fily 10 on. ke " 'Ide, panel. frotn M=",-cr boords. when
tahl ct opo and c...., .ide" Ed!!" j<>in,s can be "'i,h >rIme;, dowds,
or bi>o:: uiu . bu, "100' modem ""m gh'e. alc.1I th.'I is ("" "
"'011$/. Io"'t. pTO\'kkJ the /<li nt is ,,·oIl,n.adc.
EDGE JOINTS
MaIo: ,"II • [,1;0;" rdg.. Of butt, jooin' .. a .. mple ,il'P'''i ..".."" ion ,hal C>t"
Ix by IlTIO(l(h"" the edge on a p mC!'. To get a goo.! joIm on the
"w, \lie. carbtJ.·,i.."w hbdt ".,h "' ''''mum >ide c,"",,,,nct, """''''''11
01",,- lhe of tk ,« th are nea, lf pamlklm 01", pb"" <:i ' M bl .....
bod-,'. :ittre roor rip knec OS set JIOmlld to the: bI ......
Butt Joint Splined Edge Joints
-...
Normally, I make my bY" join" j"" "hi. conca,-e "",l_,o-end, This i,
known ... " sp,ing join" "nd it> pn<p<JOe is to apply 1II0re pr<:!OlIre near ,h.
' nds of the join! , where ,he end groin absorbs and desorbs m{)illure mutt
readily thall ,he reI! of ,he p"nel. The n;s"hing wood monmen, can ca"""
a join' to fail m-e' time.
Yoo can 1II"ke" ,pring join! il)' a board, ,hen hollowing the
edge "'ing. handl'lanc "" f{)r' ,"cry fir><; cut. Begin a1 ,he center of the
board b)- 'akin.g" shoo paSS with the plane_ Then take successively longer
passes "mil you"'e rcached ,he ends of ,he Ixlord. Alttm,uil·dy, you (an
,pring 1he joint b)- u,ing a jointer on which t he o"'(",,d table hal been
adj""ed sl igh, I)' highe1 than the joimer kn"·es. The maximum gap =01\1_
mended is a combil>cd '" in. fot 4·ft,.I{)ng board,. Shone, 0001\4 Ie!.!
of. 8ap.
SPLINED EDGE JOINT
Splincd edge join!! are hand)' for . ligning long Ixlords making panel.
or con>tnlC'ing ...,Ii,1-l'I'oo<1 cahinet bad,,_ The joi"" are made by cuui"8
rnati"8 grooves;n ,he pieces 10 be joined. ,hen gluing in" wo.;:xk" spli,,"
when assembling ,he p.nel. (The jOi'K' '''c nO! glned for $/)liJ-",ood ""bi.
net bach) The width of th. 'pline is t\"Jlicall)' '0 half ,he t hick"e",
of ,he stock bei .tg j<Jined bY, "" mOre .hall X in.
I u,,,.lIy,,., the """"8 grooves u'ith a .ingle sau'blade. M.,erial
,hider ,han IX in. calls for ,wo groove •. For wider ,han)( ill ..
I''''' cal> use a dado Ahenl:ui,,,,ly. )'''-' can ,ut the g1OO"c", nfter
"""'i"8 d \t rip fence ,h" width of a -s«w k(n Of by a(kling a ,!"",e' "8""'>1
,he rip fence. When maki"8 a .ingle, centered groo'· •. )'ou eoold se, ,he
blade off_center, ,hen ro'"tC the Mock to male a o«ond Cut to Wid<ll t he
grool'C, but ,he g'o,,,",, wid1h will "ary if the £tock im't all exactly ,he
... me ,hkknc",
b)' """king ,he f;u;c ,i e"cry "'orkpi ecc, then ",a,k the center
of one "",kpiece edge. ahgn the edge mark with ,he cemer of ,he blade
or dado cutter. a.\d set. ,he rip fence , h. not a itie.1 that the groo,'C be
exactly e.",cred_ Adju" the heigh, of ,he blade to ,na,eh half ,he wkld,
of ,he spline rlus in. fO! gl ue splICe,
leave Room lor Glue

tutti"" SPline grooves,
make -",re lhey
to alio)w about '" in_ Q! e><!ra
SI!aC! lor after the S9line 1$
inserteoj,
Cutting Joints and Shapes 163
16 4 Cutting Joints and Shapes
To cu' , he gr()Q\ 'C$, ,he workp,ece on edge O\"eI ,he blade, ,,'inil a
.,11 . ", iliar), fence '0 ,upport wide srock. Se, a again"
510ck 'igh' a, the blade where it will do double-dury as both" hold·down
"nd" For long ,rock, a long board damped aero,. the saw table will
do" beue, iob than" featherboard (see ,be pholo below). To en>ure ,hot
,he 11"'""""' lin. up exact ly "'ith each ether. al way. fced thc marked f;u;e of
c\'ery ""OI"kpircc agai"" ,he fence "·hen c,,"ing
Make your 'pli ne! (",m plywood or solid ",ood. Bemuse of its CT,*,'
constTU<:tioTl, rll'wood make. ""onger 'I'l l""" ,h.n ,hose rill"'d from
solid wnoJ. I u'" ",lid wood "'hen makiHg ,phne.and.gr",)\·c cabinet backs
bec.u,. the 'pitne, . rc visible when the be:mls . hrin\:.
Wl1en 0("""""0 In • • "OO Of . lon\l worlq)ieet for spl;nlog. ' klog boo rd , lamr>ed ..,,,, .. tr><
$OW ,.ble wil k.ffi) tr>< wor kpio"" ","SIll! tollio follCOI<!< .n occur", cut.
Safe joinery
AI< -"ENt _".,..... COJTTWo> -'OHT$ AT A ,-.."""' .. \tie 'BCk oIS8Iety
for many of the procedi.r ..... Many of the joO"olS are difficult or
mpo_ to CUI. USing stack guards bee ......... )'0\.' ott&n have 10 Mndle
.... orl<ple-oes on end. on edge. and al odd angles. How.>_. 001 too
cktfIouIt to ""' ..... guards for most joine<y po-oeecluo'9s. as )'0\." " _from
the e' l\I"I">PIIl9 in this chap' ",-. An Ing&nio:>o.os woocIworl<er will be abl& to
oome...., with addition8I as wei ,
A op!i...., should fit onugl\, In '" 1:"'0'''''. MqUlring only haoo pressure
'" msen i.: if if. 100 fal. d>e joinl will """ad. Tho: IpI;...., should be slightly
I ... "'ide ,ha" Ih., wiJlh of the gro<>'·CS. If u', tOO wide, ,h.,
JO"" won'. pull ",,,.,,h.,,: if i[ i, .00 narrow. b collll'romi.oo.
EasIng lite >rli....,'. edges lou!.: 'liing" ""nding block ohm"""." any . plin·
,en ,ha. might inte""", du.ing glue·up.
HIDDEN SPUNE JOiNT
A hdb srI""';om! is ..... _ .. a oplm«l «Igr )Oin., .,.cq>t that.1x
11"""" 01"1" .non of ,h., mJI of tlx l><-d. It •• ....,(ul """ • ....ncn you WlIII'
'" C<n:",,1 ,it<-srilltc.nd [tIOO''' at.he.,rtd of tobit,,,,,, b
You mal., Ik "", in ,Ite .. "", way >OS ""wmg. through groove ueop<
,h .. ;top blocks 10 I he rip register Iht "·,,,lpit-Ce for .he
dcsitt<! length of Ih., ):10''''''. The ""'lpit-ee is butted the (ON·.rd
>lOp, I<:>o. ... tt<! onlo 'he Sf'",nlng blad< .• he" pulh<:d un,j[.1te work!,i<c.
bum -.gainsl 1M..,'" >10(> (_ ,he top illU>lrauon on p. 166). Thil kind of
"Jrop-in" cutting is o;ak ... long ... 1M groo'I" is .nal ...... and rutlTO"'·. Don'I
Iry i, ,mh a dado molding head .... for a doqt ", •. MaL. w .... o _ a
",n auxlhary fence to illf'(lO<t .... ..Ie """'P''''''''" Oft cdg('.
To!let up for ,It", CUI, b(-gln bo,' OUt .t.. bq:,nning and end of 1M
01\ <JOe of l"Ollr ... -orkPlCCct. Exlend lite la)'OIII Imes omo one face of
the "·orkl'iece. You'll uSC the;..: III"" ,o ... t up )"our W'P bloch. ",ioe
Ihe blade or dodo he ... 1 '0 Ihe desired ,hen IIII)\'c,1lC f"oce again"
it. USlIIg. I"'ncil and "1";''''' ltI."lOll the f<"l1<: c the J'OitllJ'l ,,·Ilio;h ,he
,Ct.h a •• he fron, and ",a. vf ,he blade pan thtouj..'h ,he .h"",. I'la,e.
Thcoc ..... ks indicalc lhe of lhe ("III"I.-c.
M",·c .h" "I' dtc !bItt<! d",...-.::c from.he ",un. and lo>t.,.,..
1M blade. PIac", the III"()r\:r""'c on ,he tabl. 110 ,hal dtc mark on ,he Itad·
ing end .. altgned "'"h the IMr\; on the rip (<1\Ce at Ik ", ... of the blade.
n"", clamp. i"'P block ,o.he fcnce agai .... <I", IImllllg ond of lhe
"·orkl'lece. Nexl. po:Iillon the workpi<ce so Ih.t 1110 tn .. l on if! '",ilinll"
end aligns with .he f,,",co ",",k", .h" from of Ihe bhKk. Clamp" "Op
I>Iock 10 Ik fence "8"i",. tile leadi"g end. raise tit<: blade, .".1 fOU'",
... ady '" cuI.
Tum on .k sa ... and guide.1te ""Ofll''''''c Itr,,<gh. Jo,. ... ae<'1n>I the
fmec and <I", forward >lop. Us,ng. fea.herboootd,.. Je..cribod on p. 77 lOIill
help flUode lhe ..001'0«< onlO ,he blade. c",,,t>UC .',,11 tM CUI un.il ,k
"""'riece abuts ,he .... , "or. ,hen carefull)' Itfl ,Ite ...,."krl""c up (rom IIx
,,..ilmg "",I r. ....
If yo", ""Ofkl'icct ;, IMn the ""pac"y of th. "I' fence, ,"",I
won'. be .ble.o u"" IIOp bloch hm"ad. 1'00 can "'()1"k 10 marks made on
,h"..,w r .. ble. La ... '" "\)fkplccc"$ will be k.vy cno:>ugh '" COUnt"",,,, the
.hrowi,,!: forcc of [h. bI..dt. you 1<:>0. .... the ""Ofkl'le<:c onlO n.
Oncc tM groo>-.: iI CUI. you con !qUa'" 0« iu .,.,... 10 IoCCq'lt • 1qW"'-
tndrd "PIi ..... Of you .ru.1'" [he m<k of .Ite "I,It"" 10 match 1M con·
IOU .. al the """" of lhe (In"lO'"eS.
Cutting Joints and Shape. 16S
Cutting Stopped Grooves
Hidden Spline Joint
166 Cutting Joints and Shapes
Edge Tongue
and Groove
Rabbet , Dado,
and Groove
EDGE TONGUE- AND-GRooVE .JOINT
CUUlng. rabbel on bolt. of.he of" board w,lI .ongue
,M' con fi t m.n a grQQ\'C ,n ,he "",.mg boant EJge
JOIn" are often wed tn CON"".:. 1<>I,J .... 'OO<I cab, ..... bock. that .... made
.., of muhiple board!.. n.. are Ief. unglued 10 "IIow lhe bock.o
"n.! 000 ... "" • •
To "",ke.he joim, cu' ,he KJOO'''' fi"., ume.ing i, on .he ohhe
board, lit width, j! should equal OIleo-th"d of the Ix>ard', !h,ckne\5,
abo", a, de"" .. the boon! is .h'ck. Cut l h. gfOO\'C oS YOO ,,·oold.
' plinoo edge joim (""c p, \6.1),
To make ,he mlI1 !",.gtJC, CII' 'wo Q('t'O!i'ng on ,he edj,,,, of
.he ma,ing board. Yoo nn ettl ,he rabbet.; using a <">gk bbde or a dado
hc3d ... &.cribcd on P .... \68· ]70. If ,he boonIo ,,'" ,h'n """""'.0 make
.he Of'PO'Ing rabbets in one opn;l'IOfl, you nit CUI.he.<>ng\I<' using no'O
bIados held "part , .... h " .pactt of .. '00<1, pla<llc, or """aI. TI". ens.u ....
• onI,'UCS of ,0n.,$Cen, 'hidroeu, rtgardl.,.. of in<:Otl",'enc,eo in ,he stock
,h,dne>ii,
Rabbets, Dadoes, and Grooves
Thr« .ypes of cu ........ d'" ",bbn,.he <bOO. "n.! .he *"""'_'" freqocntl!
wcd in consrruc.IOfl of furni.u ... an.! nbincu. an.! all of ,hem COn be cttt
on" labk sow, A rabbet it a cu. made on."" tdee Of end of a
boord. A dado it" """""' • ...k<! . 1o! .ha. nm. "" ..... he j,'I'IIu, ,n .he of
• board, A gr«>o.'c it $h"pW like a dado bu. run$I',,,,,lId ",.he ""in on
e"her ,he face or of. bo.ord, No-,.,ooays. ,,'OO<Iworkcll of, ... , make
.he ... cu," u'ing" ,,,,"c,, boll .h".., arc advan,aJ1C$ II) cuu"'ll .hem on a
.able saw: Yw '-'«pe. '''\.Ii in •• ingle pa.>.l, I' nd 'he table saw
e",n be bene •• Mn dw: rou'., frx cunit'll'o nac. w.dd, if rou''''ll would
rtqui ... muhipk rams.
Use DlfculS for Tests
M
I,." set\I(IS tor joinery rtoPn
\lSI CUI$-yOU _ to be
",re!he seu.op is before
)'0\' ruiI wood. The best SOUrel
101 Its! piects is oHwls from !he
SlOCk )'OO milled tOl y<)Uf p.ojec!. If
you netd long test pieces, be W"10
mil eXl!1 Slod< when you're -.g
your woRjIleces,
CVtting Joints and Shape. 167
168 Cutting Joints and Shapes
RABBET
A ",bbe! is oftcn Cu, into ,hc rcar edges nf case sid", to OCCert a ("me'
and·panel. plywood, or to"h",e·and·gl'Q(l'·c cabinet bock. C.bine, doors
call be rabbeted QIl the bad side (or half.O\·cday mount ing. and i( ,he
cab;n'" fmme is ",bbe' cd a, well . t he edges of {he doc.. and (rame w,1I fi,
'''!le,her to form a du'{rroof door join'. You can also cu' a ",bbet or rab·
be" TO c",., e a ,ongue ,h., fi" into a dado or I:' OO"C
The", a'" two ba,k approaches {o culti ng a ,abbe, QIl. , .ble saw: in
'wo P'»Cs using a ,u'lll .... ..,bla<k or in one pa!S using a dado blade.
Two-pass method Toeut a mbbet in two pasoes ",ing" 'ingle blade,
fced the workpiece OIl edge to CUI thc first rabbe{ .houlde,. , hen cu' tI,e
Two Ways to Cut a Rabbet
with a Single Blade
fint ,"t S e , o ~ d luI
finl cui S , ~ o n d cut
..cor><! .... bb: • .a><lU!Je,. bt' fcedlng pi«( fl •• on ,he saw It!
tn illustration on ,n., f;oemg pao:e. One i, to i<'t the .. ". up..,
that oI'fcu. is fr«ly Oil thr ,ide of.h" workpi«. ""posi •• the
blade. ThIS method is fine (or """kpi", ... tha, are.ll the '''''le width. If
tile)"", not, y<:ll' ,nlll, ",adjlJ.\' .hr ., . ."..,. '"'''' \'UU cu. a boon! of a
dtlf....,m width_
A be ..... lOr ",bbn,ng workpi«n of d,lk",,,, ,,·;d.1u is
.0 IlOflflo)n .cock so.ho: ",,*,,,,,,d 0$ apiru' ,he fenc •. , .. h':lrl·
here 0$ .ha, IOU (1<>0', ru., ... to mtdjUSf the f"nce lettlng.o Cut the
H'COIld ohoolde. on p.«a of d,If.""" ... ·u.lths_ To 'rol'!"ng the
offcu. bel ......... n., bI:wk and ,n., fCIl«, """ an .ux,hat)· fN>« t hat i,
r.>t>Cd .\,0"'0 the saw ,able ,,'><lUgh III allow the ,,,,0« '0 (,,11 flttly """Y
from the blade_
To Cu," .... bb:t on Ill<: end of. oo...d, either ,I$e" dado head. keding
,h .... ",kpiec. on the f1a, ,,·;th. <""",u, .Ied Of a mU'" e<!"irred
,mh an "uxi};.t)' knee. Alt""",,,,..,ly. you could tout .h. rdbbn_
Dack)..head method I( you ha, ... a lot of p>CCe5 10 .... bbtl, it's" lot
caoitt 10 ru •• join. in a I'"'"' ",mg" dado head. YOII "",kc the
cu, , .... h the ,,-orkr'''''' h.tlJ f1a. on.he table b)'" ,,'OO<I<n hoLd,do ..... /
guard (,.,., the pholo brlow), You'Il.I", r>eed. ,,"O>drn I" .. hot)'
(.nco . ttached tu.he rip (.,"'0 and •• htoo. pla.e ' 0 """otn,rllxb,,, your
d."'" blade.
TIto .. at. moil _'_ lei cut _. _ • ___ Itt lei cIItmp • _ to tho
_ .... _ ...... _. _ __ as. _.,., _ gooo ....
170 Cutting Joints and St1apes
When cutting trio ""'oss the bl,dt miter QOUOt 0' "'os.-
out .1«1.
To m:lkt the uot, set "P the dado so it', A titan
rabbet to be Cut. Lower ,he below the saw 'able, and adjuSt your rip
SO the di$tan<:e between fence and ,he far ,ide of ,ht blade
equal, thc width of the rabbet. N."" ,"ise the ro a kight c"qual to
the depth of ,he robbet . Thi, w;1I burr ,he innc, ",ction of the dodo h.ad
in ,he auxili:ny fence. Ft."ed the ",'O,kriece over the blade to cu' ,he rabbet.
To cut a rabbet ,,'ide. ,han ,he capacit)· of ,he dado head, "",'·c the fence
oyer for a seccmd cut
To an end rabbet wi,h" dado head. guid" workpiece with 0
miter or c"'Sscut sled. If you c'peric""e crosscut teol'OO'. moh"
light scoting Cut first. wi,h thc blade <3i",,1 ju" a hai' .00,", the
HOUSED DADO
A housed dad" is freq....,ntly u>ed to an""h a shelf Of drawer·lum"''' fra",,,
to a ca>e ,id • . housed d:.do;\ "'" • p'lf!icul. ,ly .t'ong joint mechani·
cally. but lOS long,.. the c ..... i. held fi,,,, ly 'oger""r. if can ""pport a lot
of weight.
To cu' • housed dado joint in I'll"wooo, set the width of. dado blade
to the thickn.,.. of the .tock th.t is to ft, in.o ,he dado. When
Housed Dado
Blind Dado
.. ""king ,,-Ith toIiJ .. 'QO;,/, rbm d .. Jlod 10 fi[ ,he, dado, s.. [he, bbJe
heigh["'I""1 [Q [he depth <i cu,, ,,'hkh ihoukl bt one-
,h[rd [ht [h..:kneso of dlt r""e. Y"" can _ a mltcr gauge fined "'"h an
auxiliary fel":c ' Q CUt [he da.io, but lpret'c. '0 uo;c a crooscu, Ik-d "'i,h a
"".I" .,"" Jc!igllotd :specifically for dado C ... .., d", pholO on lhe

BLIND DADO
11M: bl",d Ilod<, i. used "he", a" e. pooW dado 10,m .. ",,1.1 be unau""",,'<O
or .. -heft an ;" .. , c;o!,; ...... oc.::.. ""lu,rn Inset In a bl,,\d-<bdo ;o;m,
.... dado I> cu, onl)· part,,"}' actOf,f .... board. no.,.n: a, ,ht end <i,t..
CUI I> ' )l'ioIl1y rquareJ df ,.-i,h a ch,"'I . ...-.d" con ... i$ noIched "'" of
,t.. ""'''fill board '0 «n-.... [he fron, end <i lilt <bJo..
blu\d dodoes a", !\OImaUy><OJ"I't'l 00 OOe end on!)', you
C<ln ft«! lhe "mrlttc fla. into lhe blade from ,I>t "I"'IlOOlte end. If a dado
il J.lOJ"I't'l 00 both endo. i.', btJ.I [0 root """k< [han ...... it. 0r0rP<1lg
""Ofk 00'0 a $f'''''IH''lI <hdo head IS wngcrow 0f'C"'''0 .. ;ho.,ld be
noided.
Ttl &<"1 "I' (fYI ,he cue firs, the of ,h" da<h
Raise dado the C<lf"tC<:( hOlghl, "nd """k 'k I",inl where .ho
from of the d.oo head (rom ,he SlOw Mc:<>u," (or .. ,ml from
,hii [Xlinl" dillanee equal 10 .he ol ,he destred d.oo. then 1'1""".
;101' in 11m "';,h lhe bI..& at ,h .. POlnt,'" i ........ ·n '" ,h" 101' m""nltion
"" I'- 172. (If you _ a c.-..em skd. I(lIlll nn-d to J.I"I' lhe, .Ird. """ [he
""""rlttc.) Am ... """ t .... "mpoecc ",,10 tilt blade .. t..n ,he /ioo, edge
con,,",,,, ,he, J.I"I'.
Apply Downwa,d P'essu,a

I heao is a
101 more ....ood , si'lQle toIade,
!rin 10 pus/1\N: upward
r-d !hi OIIIWOf. fOf $OIeIy •
Ieed U. IIOCk -. U. WIWS.
IjIpIyino <IoMtwItd press.ure $0 that
lilt doH no! emtr Of IitI ott Ih!
tIIILdI. Hew.- '*- your IIInds an Ih!
difectly eMIr the w._
Cutting Jointe..->d Shapes 171
Cutting a Blind Dado
Comer Dado Ful l Tongue and Dado
-
172 Cutting Joi<1ts and St1apes
CORNER DADO
A c"""" dado i. ",.,J.o hou", a in <1 ... " legs of a .able <1< ,abine" A
;hatlow J..oo ,u' >lcl'<)5$ • he inner come, of .he \ •. OCCCpi> the corne, of
.he .helf. ,,·hich;. n;mmcd off at 45 deg.ee< to fi. ;n .he dado. This join.
isn·. '""..,. •• 1tlnOl by h;(!lf. 110 1"<lU should remforce ;. ,,·;.h • OOv.'e1.
To CUI. come. dado. n .. simpk V_block iit!1Or hoIdll\j;.he w<1<k_
(Ott the pho.o below). Mr jig includes a clea, w...1c CI",,J on lhe
kadlllg •• he bbJe.o.he desired heigh., and euodoo.he jig and
....,.\p;e.;e "".." .he ....... U$Onllo
TONGUE AND DADO
A to'lgIte-and-dado jomt " .. m.I., .". hou..J Of blind_dado joInt e"cel"
.hat a tongue;, cu' on ,he end of the board lh .. mC<;' S the d:tdo. Thil
","nt is u...J pr;ma .ily to ",in ..helve> .0 c ..... • ioc,. The ton\:",,', shouldell
htde ,he jotnt and .11.,.... tho ,,"Otkpittts to he tandcd bdOt'<' glue_up with·
OUt afftttif'l@ the fi, '" ,he jotn •. The should ... 000 ",1..1 ""'f'I@'h.
The joint it usually It"IlIdc ... i,h 0 blind dado. ,.. J..c,;bcd on po 171.
longue by ..... ktng t ...... """,,"'''11 n>d ... as ."pl..ined
on p. 168.
Bare-laced tongue and dado A .on!ll'C ,h., II off..:. ' 0 one ,ide i ,
referrcd to as a b;.",.facffl ton"te. A bare·(aced 'OIlj,'I",·.nd·d..oo jOl1" i,
CuttIng Jorns 173
often "led to join d",,,w case COme". Although not an exception.lly
s'rong joint . i', finc (or many pmp<>S(:,.M easy to make. The nllsc,
tongue incrcase, ,he join,', strength b\' maximi,ing ,he .tock be''''cen
,he dado ;tnd ,he end ot ilS workpi", •.
A. a rule. ,h<: dep,h ot ,h<: daJo .11<1 ,he ,hidnes.s ot ,he art
equal '" onc"qu"'ter the .. ot ,heir re'['t"Cth". parts. For example.
Cutting a Bare-Faced Tongue and Dado
174 Cutting Joints and Sha.pes
Bare-Faced Tongue
and Dado
;
3. Cut II>!tonguo.
Bare-Faced Tongue
and Groove
){·in._thkk piece "uulJ ha"e a l\-in. by l\-i". w"h a ma,;n>l
dado. Yo" ca" c", ,he jOin! wilh ei,her a dado blade or" blade.
u;uall)" use a single blade, a. dcs<ribW below. for cu,", ,ha, are K in. deep
or Ie;;.
To cut the join!, firs( set the fence SO that the dismnce from it to the
oo'.!-ide of the blad" equal. the ,hkktlc£s dlhe pi«" wi,h the 'ongue (sec
the top on the facing page). Sc, lh" bl.de height eqllal to the
<kplh of the dado. To ellt the dado, ll'ride 'he wi,h a mi,er
WOLJl!C while holding lh. end of the w()fkpiece flrrnll' again't the (e"ce.
To crea,e ,he m.,illg tongue, em the rabbet .. Jcxribcd in ,he
"i"", >eetio". r"" 'II haY<' '0 reset the fenee from foor dadoing sewp. but
1'01.1 can leave the blade at the .. 'me height to pro,llice" W"!;U(! that i. the
",me kngth as ,he <!cpth of ,he dado.
BARE- FACED TONGUE AND GROOVE
A tongue·and·groovc jOint Can be similar in construc,;on fO a tOn8ue·a"d-
dado joint t'xee-p' ,hat the gm<J\'e, unlike ,he d:Kk>, run' p"mlld to ,he
gr.,in. The '''''Il'''' on tI,is joint can also be oore face<.l
YOll "n "se" bolle.(aced ,ongue.and.gtC!<J,·e joint to fit solid·wood
drow,,' oo.tor", into their 8,00\·es. This joint. which is not glued. allows
U\e of a thick d"''''or bow.lI" with(..,t (u[(ing wide in [he dra"w
side, and front . I.hke d' awer bot,o,,,, in. to Min. lhid "'Ilh a
1<>nguc Cut a long lhe front and 'hk edge,. To ",akc the
gtOO\ 'O in Ihe ,irks "",1 front nsing a ,,",><la,d blade "'ith leelh,
da",p a '""- in.·thkl 'poce, Slkk to ,h. rip fence and <tot ,he first gtC!<J,'e.
Remo\'e the r and "'"<e 'nO' her cut, producing th.
graM" fOf the drawe, oo.tom
Sliding Dovetail
Dovetail T'ade·OIl
W
hen VOl< art CUll'",) doIIetails Qn
1M table saw. the junc1ron of
!he sIoI walland slot oonom won1
Mally of Ihe of
ttlt! saw t.e1h, have to
overcut 0' 110 sott>I! cleanup
w,th a
Cutting Joints and St>apes 175
Cutting a Sliding Dovetail Joint
176 Cutting Joints and Shapes
2, MIke .. 1019I! oJ "'_
of II>!dado 10 101m II>! do><eIIilOl<lO.
Sliding Dovetails
3. CU II>! shoulde!t 01 II>! 11IIIon.
( I'fith II>! Dtade Sd ai lS', oJ II>! ctftk>
o! ItJe -.illO_
A joim is simil", 10" hous<:d d"do, bu, it prm-'ide, addi-
,ional mech""ical Streng,h in ,helr. frame, and draw<1 comnuc,iclIl,
Ahh""yh I''''' can make ,hi. joim on" ,,,ble saw, i,', ""tlmlly much mo;e
"&;il)' made "sing a rOUler .nd r",neT ,.ble. TIw joint can ,ake lhe form of
a f,,11 ('I'mme"ical) or a half-d,c",.,taiL The half-d,m'etail i. Cut the
same .... v .. desc,ibed belo'" for the full <>"""''' il. except that )'OU make
(he .ngle cuL< 01' onl\, 'M'C side of tbe joim.
Make ,he do\'erail ,lot r,r:st, using a daJo he",1 "'ide" the na,ro"'-
eSt part of the [Otl '0 remOw m'>$t of thc w."e," ,hown in ,he ill""",-
tion 'T'hcn repiace the d.d.o head "'ith a .ingle blade sc, to a" ""gle
of 15 degrees and Cut the angk-d ,hOl,IJe" of ,he ,IOl.
T" cut the tail. f,,,( CUI ,he ''''0 shotlWe" u,ing a CrOSS<:u, ,led or
mi,e, gauge. l>b,k a tail teSt pic,<c din.'<tI)· (rom (he .101, ,hen use ,he ,e"
pi"'" '0 SCt up a SlOl' block on ,he ,led fence, The "01' block's dil,"nce
from ,he blade ,hOl,ld equal ,I." depth of thc ,lot. Cut one shoulder, ,hen
fhp ,he \\'Of"pi«" O\'er to ,he "I'P"'i(c one. To ,he ,ail checks,
SCt the to 15 deg,e,," and fe.:d ,he workpiece vert icallv .,,,os> (he
blade. US<' a renooing jig to !IIPpof( long "'orkricce, (...-e the iIIu>ltation
on p, 182).
Ma"('N: •• il sligh.ly to for
stock .hICk ....... lim trim ,,;och [;3il i,..j.viJualif ellhe. on "" ... or "'ing
• ehiM:I "niH you ge. a fl •.
Lap Joints
lap jOIn'$.ro: ""'pic joint •• ha. lend &.mc (ONUuCUon. A
lap joint coruuts tX two rabbou. ... "0 datloef. 00- lap:mJ a dado. v"ria·
.ion, in.cludc,N: m.d I:.p .• hot T·Iar .• he (fIlM lap,.he edge I"". arod.hot
d.we.ai1I,.".
y"" ei' " (,II I.p JOint. on •• "ble."w u.ing onhcr a .i ngle
blade 01 a !bOO he"". b", Il"dc, '0 'eam lOp the f3ble "" ... a,\d.hot rou."r
for a good. de.n (ut. UnlCii you """ a "cry gooJ-qualllY dado h.caJ,.he
)OOnt ..,rfoca a'" hl:dy ro lit rough e"""$h.o """'" funher .. """,hmg for a
goo:! gl"e boo\d.
Lap Joints
:
-
-
Cvning Jonts and Shapes 177
178 Cuttir.g Joints and Shapes
Setup for a Shoulder Cut on an End Lap
Cutt ... ''''so I.p USing 'flo crosscut .Iod $t<)pO W to lilt 01 the lap.
Generally, ,he rieces!<, I,.;, joincJ arc equal in ,hickncS$. Thcnfore,
the depth of ,he cU' ""II equal half [he [hick ness of the workpiece. Use a
marking gauge (0 determine the Cen'er of {he ,{ock" thickn ...... then r.i",
(h<o bl<>lk lQ your mark. Make MI .!emp the Mmc thickneS.l a,
{he workpieccs, ,hen ftl {hem ["I:"th". Adj,,>! {he heigh, of the blade 10
fine'lUl'" {he joi ", ,hiclne.ss. Rcm.mbf.r to leave ,he joinl a bi{ fa{ if
)"00"11 need 10 up rough joint i",{aces. When {I", dep,h of Cut is "".
lay 00. ,h,' acl ..... ! joint by m,,,bng one ... orkpic.;c on the f"'e and ,he
mating on ,he bAck.
Cullhe iomu ' 0 .-Klth S'or> bloc:ks. Although \'OU can wre an
("ntt on d", mtle. puge. 1 fioo tI e .. ",. aoo mo«: "'Cumte 1(>
u" a C['()$$(;,,' .Ied. Rather than Ihing a .ul.,,- '0 "" up ""P block, fo<
enJ Ltp. ux a WOI'kp""'" as a puge- (Ott the illu>l"'"on on It.. faclT,*
I"'r"j. r..",.I"Pllhl!tt OCCUr ,n ,t.. mKlJle of a boo"'-'ch "". croos lap-
use ''''0 .to!'" to establ i;h 'he t",,, end, of lap (Itt ph(,)lo OIl the
f.d"3 I"'lo"')-
Bridle .Joints
A bridle jotn! is much 'Irontcr ,han a lap ;OInt because of itS nwchanklll
aoo iu ,ncreaotd gl ... outface. The moot common !,.tdle joont.!
are 'he cOrner b.idk and 'M T.l>f idlc. TI,e corru:. brid!e is ')'pic.lly used
in frame jotnery, anJ lhe T·briJle is _1l}' .-11O joIn an imenned"". e
leg ' 0 apron_
1l>e ",)mer bri elle is an Clf.'I'n monisc_aOO_.en()n jotnt
L,ke any mOl\i .. -and-tc!>On joinl, the nlOl""" il ' \II f,N. then ,he '''!>On
is $awn to fi,. The open mort;'" is cu, by fee<ltng tk WOI'kp.oee ,."""-
,aUy "' .. " ,he bla.k. T" '"' 1"," m"ntlO:, ujC • lhopnodc ",,,,-,,,ing jil!
(sc<: ,he ilh", mti()n OIl p_ 182) and. cl'OlJeu' .Icd. Cl;tmp t he ,..orl pi«e
to the ita:, .. -hkh It clamped 10 ,he ,led (Ott ,k phofoon J'. 1801_1
made" oimple gu:lnl lOr.k UeJ that .1""'1"", 10 UlC the ,.oorll"3
withou, comr ""ni!i ng safety. 1l>e gllard .ides in ,he ' '''0 dadoes "' 'he
rea. ratl of the ,kt) ,,00 i. cUI OOt in lhe front 10 ",commod",. ,he jig
and
You CU11k te""" ,houIJc.-. C)Ot the ,abl" "'1<',"00 \"" ClI" sa'"
the check. b)' dthe. ",i,'8 the lCI)(Mli"3 jig 0< TQUtll'll. Ahcrn:I1ivdy. j'QU
<;an ..... ,It.. ,h.d" "'nljla dadu head at <lescribcd on p. 168. n.e 0J'f'0f-
iog daJoeo on , .... c."" rt«. 01. T·briJk ;<>in\ • .-c cu' u;ing '"OPS on
tM >led,". (0< makmll" C!'OM bp io"'t ,
Mortlse- and-Tenon .Joints
The joint It (JOe of Ihe stronjlel aoo mo" ve .... "lc
frame joints in.k fum""", maker', It', cc"amly the joint th:it,
1 .... tit.. _ in my .....,n. VanOli<>noC)Ot ,he limrlc ,e!>On ",dude ,he
h,"nd",d ,enun, w .. tenon, ;,,,b tetlOn, lwi" tenon, mulliple
b;a..,_f""ed .enon. M".. 01 ....... ,......,.... can be CuI on. ,able
,,"', Qhhoogh ,he mor(I>eI can 'I. a.., t)l' t<:all}' lOU,ed ()t' drilled
and cho:Jrred $(1\Jare chb.1.
Stltng Tenons
A
I i gtIfIInI .... tile III I
tenon shooId be h'Om one'thlrd to
one,half tr.. IhickntSS of thtI work'
__ When I'I'Yt3nD a blind _ ,
joint thtI ten<>n should be
in. 5Ilmler tr.an thtI depth 01 tilt
mor\IM 10 $pace !of _ gU.
180 Cutting Joints and Shapes
Corner Bridle T-Bridle
Saw the ope" mortise !Or I I;>riol lo jojot "sing • teOOlli"lt iiv c I o m ~
to , ... oros","t _
,
'" ".'
.
. , .

c'Q ....
· .
: :
: :
· .
· .'
. : .
Mortise-and-Tenon Joints
__ Iftl_
.:: :
' .
: :: :
", .
".l:."
MULTIPLE-PASS METHOD
0 .. " of ,I\( 'imrl«' Cut 'cnon, on a saw i, '0 make a .... ies
of on "ithcr li<k of ,"" ..
The il ,I\( Ian><: ",t.etkr you a", u;;ng" CRJ6Kut , k-d Of. mit ..
W'''g<:· To •• " "I' (or ,he m"lurlt-1""> me'l\oJ, d.,,,p a ; wp the required
dbUltlC<: f,om ,I\( blaJe and m:lke 3 .... ies of un,,' ,I\( """'I"«"
is bun"" "P'n>! tk MOp. lhcn O'P Ik J'M:'Ct 0\.." h« ,t..:
rhoto on 1'. 182). For a (oor.,houhltt tenon. fin"h up bv readJustmg II\(
l>tight cI ,he hIa<k anti ""ndin41 tI", "' ...... krioce on tdgo: ' 0 £ul \h" ,..,,, ... i,, ·
shoYkkf1.
Wid, ,h;. mc,hod. ""l' ;ncon>t"'<nCk, in ,t.., cI!m, work·
pk"<:es will affec! Ihe lh idncSi '" ,he ICI\(Ifli. \Vhcn C'Uting multiple
!""""'S. i,', bnt to CuI ,hom all a 1>1. fat. d>tn ,rom ,""m to fl. "·u" a wrp
nobbet rlane.
Cutting JcW"Its and Shapes 181
182 C<.Jtting Joints and Shapes
, 'fOp blGCk 10 • ''''''''''' slod and .... "'" opposing 10 C""" •
1._. It lhe 1. _ is IOnOtr m.n 'he <1.1<10 ""'" IS wille, ma' . munlplo f"""'
1ho JIQ dIPIps to Ihofenctot lito
sliding tIO>. The 0I'Hnl
OIl'q,;"'" dIPIps 10 lito jig.
Il ill . •
••
'--L
I
ON-END TENONING
can be: cu' "'ith the "..,.kpteCe ""n<!Ull: "" en<! 3 .ellOflmg
jig (Stt .he ill .... ,""i(>l1 "n .he (ACing m"'). y" .. can make .he 'u" wi.h "
li"llk S;I\.-bI..&, f1ippil1i'ho: "ooroe<e lOr.he ocoonJ cu •. or ,,·i.h .""
.s;>w\)Lo.ks an<! a sp.>Ccr. Either "",.t.oJ i! """",,Ie (I"I)" f, ... I'i""", .ha •• te
.hort enoough '0 (lf1 enJ-yoo ,,"OUlJn'r ''-In' '0 me"", •
• enoning 3 MJ "'.I .... ng a .enon'ng j.g. Once .he chttb • .., CuI , cu •• he
<houldm as dellC.ibctl "" p, 181.
COMBINED METHOO
1.1)" prefem-d nlett.oJ 01 cu.ung .en"" lI i"""h'd .h"", procNur'$ "os<'
'''!litIS! .he ohoukkt"! on .he •• 1:4< $OW". f<)tJ'ill.(! ,he d"",h (In """"
",bk; and round.ng.he edgosci ,he 'cnon.o fl •• rou, "", rnon.i .. ,
e", all face ,ho"l ,k ... (,tl •• "ling" c""scu'lk-d 0$ de<cnbctl "" p. 179.
(Lea,.., .he ,h)p block in place af."""nI bee"""" )"'t"11 Woe It .0 Cu, .he
eJsc .houlden la .... ) Ne ••. fOO' .he cherb on ""',., ,."Ie .... ,he
.. bit ,h". you. ""nc. safdy handl •. &:. , he
fOO,er.abIe lCnce >0 , h", ,he bl! cut> /<1>' ohv of ,ho: >hou\Je. '0 .,-ood
lide_II"'''' ."a""". A. "I",,)'S. tn"kc .. cut> be("", "", .. ng imo your
wo.kpi""c$,
Oncr ilil rJ the- bee chens hao.-e b«-n routN, ret""" O ,he c""",,ul
bo • • .-.1 ""'. nlo.-tlsed workr;"",e.s a rcf'ere.ICc ,<> adJu>! ,he bl",ic heigh.
fo. ,he edge 6houkk". Trim aU .-i,he .houkkr:s by
end of.he tenon "II,,,n .. )'OU'''Of' block, You can f"lQWCIlt , ....
'c"T>OtU'o fln.! wid.h b)' hand ()' On" hi",..!;.\\".
W, fOOnJ each '0"""" c<>rncrs W al'J'fO'!ima,dy match ,hr
endt of.he I0Il<"", mo::wroo. Af, •• chamt<:'mJ!: ,hr COfTlCrs .,..lth"
",nd ,h"m TOImd "''''8 •• ,rip of .'''''''' .hh.
CUTTING PEGS FOR TENONS
To ",in(orcc llIor.i",_"nd_w""" joint>. u" "'Iua.e regs '0 d,i,'. iltto holes
.ha,}..,...'". dnlkd ,hrough.hr joUIt lhen chi",kJ Sq""'O. To "",ke.ho:
regs. Cut ..... 1lI frotrl mi", .!-ott )"00"'" ,,)'ped from ,he ed"..,. of lonK slock.
The lIock mUU be square or ,h. l"'gs will be OUt of "I"'''''' ,h ....
.. Fo.- .. od,. "",i):h"II"',1lII<J ,na.ai.I,ha. Jc .....
• han .he wood '. "!I',,,ng inl".
I",'all" ,onr<:lea",nce ,hl'OOl' ri.te on ,he .. w •• h." se, ,he np fence
,o.he de.ll'fd ,"';,doh of ,he reg .. ock, F.: ... >«U"""I·. _ , .... d,,11 bu ,hat
)'ou "oed 10 d,m.he hol",.s" '1""'« )x",w<,n 'hr ".-.I blade •• hen
"" .he .... iglu of ,k blade w;g1ul)" k.-,. .han.he di.met .. of , .... bi,. n.."
""j', ,he I.rip attacW.".he "(:1<1 ,1"",'8 lhe CUI, pre-
i. fTOl l> .hootlllj: 00' of , he ......
Cuni"'ll,hr .. rip Ie" ,"u-.. tp """"",ion. a$ w.o..n ,n ,hr "'P ,UUilr.o.oon
on 1". Is-.. Beg", by ,he "..,.kl'fCCC on Nil<' and c"nill.(! All (00'
'hcn ",ake ,h", -ICCor><l fC,ics of CutS wi,h ' hr (ac. ,-,I ,hr
184 Cunng Joints and Shapes
Cutting Stock for Square Pegs
Fi",t ,.tl
S.,ond <uti
--
Finger Joint
on the table, You an t1."n ;flOp the .. ri P5 locose from
tl>" sto.:;k ,,,,d C",""",Ut '" length.
Finger Joints
Finger join" are tll' ically lLSC<! for boxes, d,.",crs, a"d 011"", pwduction
work. Also calk-d joint" ltx,r aIr mn by cuning a strie!; of equally
'pa<ed interlocking ,lOIS and fin!;': ... intu t he <'nds of mating pie<:es. Fi,,!:,,'
joints ore I'ery Itli)llg be<:.use of th';r m",hankal c""" "'tion.nd 1 •• *
glue $un><e "rea_
" ......., _.......". ..... Of' """'""'" ..,... ""'" " "'Y'WOOO ....-,
-. a pmIrudIng key ..-from The...,. __ .. an
RModng flO"IlO --" '-cut bot' ...-.g lIMo .,.......,.. cut .. a
I.r. ... .,..
To make' II>a Jig. cullI>a board to liz •. 118 .... ·t critiCal. but rt
II>OUd be tlIII enougI"1 to iIiJPI><>i"t .. O<"i iIr"id. Nfi>d. r.taI O<"i
1'0'-"" aaw ___ YOU" ... 100" ....-.g II>a joOrU . • YOU' '''
.-.g a _ hN<I. ""*'* ita -'10 -1'0'-"" _
A(It.J$I lIMo olIn. _ 10 OIigI1tty _ than II>a IhicknaH 0I1he
, lOCk yOU" be Cutting. lhen cut • aIo1ln Ihe bOard.
Make • kay lhoil fiUo ..-ugly Into !hot 0I0t and !hal • long
ar"ICIU(to to . xtand _ _ _ YOU" boO cuttrog. Glue
lIMo kay....., lila 0I0t. and ita top adgH oiigntty.
I madot • !of' my Jig Iha1 stope 0I">0<t 01 tn. front t&nc. ot my
CfOU<OUt _ : • p;ec. 01 wood attachad to \I"oa ...... 01 Ihe ..
...., 10 "*'l> Ihe 10 "'"' raw lance (_ lIMo top rI(;fot pI'oOIO
O<"i p . ' 8&).
A foRge' join! shouLd begin and end "'ilh a full-"'khh fingc,. '" design
tho: ,,'oJ,h of yoo. I'fOie<:I I:aoNs 10 accommodate ,ha, SflIi(:lng. 1be $fXOC'
'Iljl" especially critkal if \'OU1" fing<f1 and d"""re tho: "'kilh of >I ngle
"",,,,blade. If CUIt.IIIS "" Idc, .Iou u.tIIg a dado )'011'11 be to
adj ... , ,ho: wid, h of ,he dado h.-ad """", ... ha. '0 "lit the .. i<h h of the >lock.
To cu. fing<1' ;O; nlS. J _ a jig clamped lO.he fCna of my c"",",,'"
I-kd, but )'00 C<iI.lLd d amp u to \'OiJr m"c"gaugc jl8 'n>le». pro-
vi,le!" guide for registeri,,!; ,he fingcf1 al\( j , 10<, a. yoo mo" e ,r.., stock
th' <>ugh . he blado:: (,.,. the iKIeba. ab(),'c).
When ""11& lhe J'II. you fiB! nctd.o Ioxatc it> kcr prec .... ly one bIaJt
,"'oJ, h '''''y from.he bl ade. You rna)' ha,·c,o toddle 1OOl<" . 0 get , hi, righ •.
b,,, It ', c.it ".1 b«"u,., ""cn a sligh, e.ror here will compound "c,"" the
"'oJlh of 3 I:aoru, ruinina ;O;n' . Afltt _""",ing off lhe 1""'1'<" dis-
tanCe, clamp I .... jig tightly 10)'OU' n"lc, or (lQOiICuI Sk<i and make
oornt tOt (UlJ ,n ",rap.
To mol. ,h • • e" CUt$. k'! .he heigh. of \'0'" bl.dc juS! a h,,,, abo, 'c
, he heigh, <I , he hard"..,.,.t k ..... Ilull ,he edge of one ,os! r""c ag;oil'" .ho,
k., and Cui ,r.., first oIo-t (ICC tho, lop left phooo on p. 186). 510dc , ho, fi ne
.Iot 0'0 .... the k .... to cu, .he ""x. dot .• hero Cut a f ..... IfIOI'e uSing the same
I'!OCMUre ( 5<.'1: , I;.e ' OP right photo on p, 136). Cu, " ,na.ing l5Cr:tp piecc in
lho: ",n .. r .... ion. then cl>eck .ho, fi, of ,ho, .".., tCSt rt<e .. t"ll"1""" If the
join'" 3""00 ..d)U>! ,he ",,"""'" of , he k .... by ""ihong
.he jig diglJtlf to 'orm::! !hf elTor, You n m tm. pieces to slide together
e,..,l v ",·i.h ju>t. bi t of hand pn"Sol ure.
l'OiJ're happy " 'i,h the JOInl fi l, teadJ"" l he blad. height 10 about
\01, .n, more lhan ,he ,hie",,"," of )'OU. ",o.l.:.p;cc .. , Th ... ..,11 Io,'e .h .. m<k
of ..... a bil proud afte • • he JOint i, assembled, 311o\\'illJl)'Ol1 '0
Fmgu JDon! Des,gn
I
dNIIy, I IIrlQIII joorC should stilt and
end WI\It lilt s.ne element. ei!her •
slot or. fi "Oet. Thi$ isn't
roec:tSSaI"J. but! rlS!ric!s II'IJ lWauI
to 0l'II1ace 01 lilt
Cutting..lc*rts and 185
Tho ,lolls mOCl, P"UO(l
....... 1 tho projo<1ing hI',
Sui>seQuem slot' lro cUI try tile p,ov/ousl)o cUI slot 0,,.,,
tho ' <y_
186 Cutting .Joif1ts and Shapes
To eslatlhn melOCat"" 011110 0lOI in "" m>1in11 plae. tho Oft tho
first PItCO ",,"' tho 1(0)", tnen pIaco tho W<>I1<piece o(loes tOjlettw.
ea,ily sand them nush. Lock yom saw', blade-hdgh, handwhcd IiO that .11
Cuts re main ,he samc height. AI"" if you orc u,iog a miter W.ugc irutead of
3 erosseu! <lcJ, thO( Ihe ... ",'. throa, platc is Ic,'el
Cut yom f;rst , lot by butting ,he workpiece again" ,he key,:IS you JiJ
when making your "", Cuts. Then .1", fully ;W:f(>6$ ,he of oo"d,
with each prC"KJu,ly cut ,10\ "rdddling ,he h')' \0 ;Il,k. ,he workpiece for
,he ne.t CUl_ To begin ,he ,lotS on ,he ma'ing piece, pl;w:c the enJ slOt <i
,hc previousl), cu' piece o,'cr ,he key and bun Us mating piecc ag<I;ru, i, to
ma ke ,he fiN mating ,I", (>cc bottom ph",,, ab<we),
Miter Joint
Spline Edge Miter
· .
· .
· .
· .
"
..1'9 for a SliP Feather Joint
T,. .... """'" __ ON II<I(lO: 4 5-00--' """""" to tne ..
MaI<.e t .... jig Dy attacl"Ong two fenc • • degree_ to 8 Hat
p;o.oe of (it( , : ... ....,.,.,.,... T\im tne two tenc:es at dego •••. and
_ tnam ...... 1I>W ...... -. to tne bOttom <;/I tne IV- A board
..-ooc:tOa II">e f«>oH .,..., _ • • guwd. aII:tlou\tI , ........ail'
prel..-to ... . guard _ 10 tne _.-
--
......
18 8 ClJI'IOr>g Joints and Shapes
Miter Joints
Mi,.r joints ar. common in oo.h frmlle "nd cawuc They',.
aurne,i"" beea,*, .hey show no end gr.in and if m .. "'ell "'iIIlead
,he cre a'ound comers " .... ily. Ho,,·c,·ef. being ro.ic. lly end.grain jointS.
thoy must be reinforced "'i,h ,plines. biscuit'. or JOme othef mechanical
attOChnlCnt , Some mitcf·join< v'fia.ion, afe the 'phne cdj,,,, the slip
f.3thef. 3nd the moe. finger joint , n.., miter, them""k., can be cu' on a
!able sa'" as described On 1'1'. 15S-160.
SPLI NE EDGE MITER
A spline edge mi.er inco,p"'"'"' a plywO<Xl or wlid·,,·ooJ srline .1. .. i.
gl" .. -d int<) mating ,lot> COl ;mo .he faces of mch mi,er. For ""'''ll,h, the
g<ain of die >plin" ,h""W run perpendicula, to the joint tine as ,hol<'n in
.he.op righ, ill"","io" OIl p. 187. For X·tn.·thick "laI.rial." >\·in.·. hick
.pli n. i, adeq"a' •. Loca'ing .he g<CW;l\'. close '" , he i"'ide edge allow. you
to "'" 3 "'ider spline, ,,'hieh fo' a "rQllgt;' joint ,
Slip Feather Mock Finger Joint
Cutting F'III\,n
To ",. slots for a ;rlinc edge mner. "I, , he blade 90Jcgrees to d ••
face of tI", toim. For .. miter. tilt the bl.Je to 45 degrees.
fffd ,ho: wod::pK<:' .... ng a miu:. pug<: ..... ile rtgl$lM"3 ,he end of ,he
"'"Ofkpo«r ""',11..<1 tho:- "I' fence .... hem.twel)".)"ou COn use a cl'Ol6C"t sled
:Ie' up wIth a .. op
SLIP FEATHER
The .hp kather i. ,o;ed to reinfo<ct. mitered f",me. $10( for the
",Ii"., i , CUt .fter tM f",IT\C has been mitered and glued up. P1act d", glued
m.mc in .. jig h ... ,he: lidebar on p. 187), and "' .... rhe bbde to thaI"
"'ill CUt >hon of tl", m.n,"·' insid<: con",r. For th,n "",re,;.I. MJUS!
the fonce to m.ke on" ,10(. Fran>e> In"ic froln ;Iock ,hide, th."
I in. ttqui •• "''0 ",lines p<1' .:orne •.
... ft ... cuUi"3 tho: $lot. glue in a .!opIi".,. You em _,I)' "",le.
, hl'"fe.,]",r ",hne by cutting a m,p to ,he ,,·;Jth.oo
J,g for a Mock FInger JOtnt
""""" " V-M.OC>< JIG''''''''' " ... 01 01' 2-"",-TI«;I("->aII lITo<>< at leu, a 1<>.
wiele and oobouI' (l ln. long. R;p the In two __
_ tilled at.s doogo •••• lHIAng at _ lin. bet .. _. the perot 01 the
V and the boaom 01 _ bOxtc. jAAitfQo.!he gro<>Ye"" 10 _ '0 one
edge tt-o.n 10 , he 01'-.
NeAt. cut . oIot I<> ,he jig '0 <OCCePIthe I"er<twood ....... The oIot ohoUd
_ the ...... to projoeoct into the • bit _ -. the 01
!he oIot that .... be cut I<> the bo>< comer. Make a '-ttwood ...... thaI fit •
..-.ugly I<>to the slot. and <;Ive I<> plaoe,
0e\w0 . .... 1he you w"'" be' .... n slota. and make.-'O<Id
oIot In the Jig. The og can be ___ to the _ of !he _
in the tinge< joint. 0< you can _Iargoor iIPI'Cfl; -. the ...--.
F;naIy .• ttach .. c_ guard 10 the fron, of !he jg and .. &<>tid-WOOd
_d .,the ........
Cutting Joints and Shapes 189
190 Cutting J oints and SMapes
,hidncss. Each spline i. made by CU!I!rLg "I'f'O"irLg 4; _degree flCr()6$
'he >lock as shown in ,he ili""",(;",,", Icl, ()rl p. 188. You can make the
<uu using a mi,e, gallgc and aux;liary fence. Use a piece of masking "'I'"
on ,he $<Ow table to ,he length of the curs. the 'I'1;nc. a linle
I""ger ,h"" fOil i"i(;.II.,.. Yoo'lI trim them fl ush 10 the fmme af,,,,"

Parallelogram Jig for Cutting Coves
....
MOCK FINGER JOINT
The mock joint somewh.1 resembles a .. anJam jolm bY!
i, ""1,,,,11), form of ,he ,plme mi,.r_ This joint il uoed on wido. brucl,k.
ml'l'lQ and ,,"quires U$lna a V·bIock llf!' as.oo..11 in.he ,lltlmalion
on p. 189.
A. wl{h the joinl, ,I"IS for Ihe ",(xl·Afll/C' joml.rc
cuI aftc. ,he box has been IIlued up. PI""e ,h. romt. 0( ,I;" box in.1;"
V.bIock jill "",h ,h<, 0( ,t.., bruc agairut ,he hard,,-ood hy, ,t..,n Cod
<I ... (im ,lor. Mo. .• II .... bruc ""cr $0 , ..... dot (iu "' .... the k"1' and Il'I3h ,I ....
loeC""d '''I. jll'{ as you did wi,h Ihe (inge._joint jig, Conlinue ocrt>SS Ihe
p,ece un,,1 nil lhe , Iou .,. cuI. Cornple,e d .. joint by rn.k'ng and gluinW
in ...... $f'I, .......
Coves
a:,.. ... ""' decorn.i,·. cuu ,"", 1 0(",,, _.0 "",kt moLl",* and .... 15td
p;:mek. be CIII (In a lable ,,"w by d.mplng an aux,h.ry (""CO 10
,he ,able 3"d r.eding ,he "'or"pit..:" "' .•• ,h" ",,,,blade a,"n •. You
can cu' a wid< , ... rio:'y 0( shapQ anJ .i:cs by .... ,n&: d,ff •• e", ,,:es
and by cIw!i'ng ,he an&k of ,t.., (<:nC<:. S"",ll", bbd<S prod", ... ",.Ik ••
di.me,e, ""' ... and gro:a, •• fencc angle. J'<O<,lU<'e .'''''pt. eu"'·",.
When ellning eO>'d, lISe a f1nc 'IOC>Ihed blaJ", Ahhough I"()I,I COlli.!
"'" ,hin,hri' blade, • bbde ,,"h a ,hick bo.:Iy "',11 btu", .. ,t.., ,idr,
oi ,he "mrlece. If you do a Ioc of <:O>'Ifl&. I"" mol' " 'l'n!
to con,iJn bu)'mg a <:O>'''lg ho,.d m<Ode opeciflCally fCO" ,hi. Jl'l1f'OO" (Ott
Ih" phvto UfO p. 192). Toquiclll' SC:I "P I'OU' ","w fo< a 1p«lfk cO-'C, I'oo'll
also <>ttd to make a "" ... llelogram jig, as "",,",11 in ,he m .... nllion on 01 ..
fM:'ng P"e".
To I,,, "" you. saw.lxgin by lal'h'8 OUt .he desIred '''''e pn-,{Ile on the
le.d'ng end of Ihe ""Ofkric'Ce. 1'loce ,he profile "exl '" ,he blade and "'Ue
,ho, blade (ini;kd <kt>Ih of ,h. <",'e. N"XI, IJ>C lhe "" .... H .....
l""" Jig todetmmne tho, angle for ,t.., aux,hary ,,-ood fence. To do ,hi.,
open ,ht. jig!O ,he "'''''' .... idll .. as ,he des,red cOVe. ,hcn rbct It "'..,.
,he blode,
Angle Iht jig unlil iu ,,," 1Jf'\"<It."tI .... i .. jult k,$Ol ,he a, ,t.., front
and """ oi the blade. Rq: ... er tho, angle on a be, ... 1 gauge II>lng a" a,en-
,ion stick <If'I , ho, gauj,'C blade ( ... .., ,he 'Of' Jdt rhofO ' ''' p. ]93). A, ,hi,
cl3mi' an .uxi li31)' to 'h" "'ilh the "'''' leeth ('Ointing
''''''":I,d , ..... knce. !'wi"on ,..., knee III .hat , ..... cco,erline of ,t.., c",'e
"'ill ",fence. ,t.., centerl ..... oi lhe .... t:.Lode (Ott tho, fOP righl rhoro on
p. 193). To 'UI' f'OO{{{on ,he oItht: fence over ,he b!aJ.:
c.mcrlin<! the b<>lIom photo on p. 19J).
To mak.,he eu,. """..".,he blade ro abou, X. .n. "boo. ... ,ho, table.
You ",H nttd '0 we CUI$ booou!<' of ,000h ronfigu .... "on and ,.Je
191
A
lter cuning coves 0f1 lhe table
saw,)'Ou can salld oul the saw
mar\:S 00 a latho, uSi"'lIOOi1ril sarld-
(Iapflr around a shopmadl!
spindle. You could also ose a drum
sande<, a curved scmper. or a Cl!'ito"'"
shail!C saMing tIIock to remove Itoe
saw ma!kS.
192 Cutt;,..g Joints..,.,d Shapes
11 )'Ou <I(l a kM ol oovirog. a 'OI'i"llllead like thiS one Dy CMTo!I I smoother cut
tllan • staMar<! sawbr.t;l,_ lis ""Iy <"""ruction , 1$0 ''''st$ 'he' ,"",way. ... u" of tflo
WIlrkplllC. du,i"" '''''i"g
i 're.16 against [he blade. With a guard in position [he malert.1 again,t
,he (ence "nd slowly feed ,he workpiece ovcr ,he Spinning bl",lo:. Use a
sl""'-Ityle pllsher (see p. i9) , and neve< put ),,,U, hand, over ,he 'Of> of
the blade.
(, .. ding "arrow "'OI"kp(ecel, )'001 hand, might be "ear ,he
bl.4:, joi"ter·"yle 1)U,h pads pnwiJ. """" safer)' ,han shoe,,,),le push<'n.
...,.,,,,,,d pa>Sl.'l. ",ising ,he blade in. eIKh 1"'» unr il VOI''''C
reached full (Me depth.
Kerf Bending
Sometime. ".<.><><1 h .. to be bent!O make mblc apron,_ mirror
fmme" or arched "im for ",indOlW(>f other proje.;:,,_ To
bend wO<X!, j'OO (an steam it or i" bLu th"",', ""<>Ihcr alter-
nati,'C; kc,f bending, This technique i,w"h'e, cutt ing a series of equally
spaced " ",' h,f, intO the back ,"rface of ,he S!ock, " .. hieh allows the ","OOd
to be bent i" a u""c or circl. (see ,he photo on p, 195). The kerfs stop
iu" ,hon of ,he srock', thidness, leaving" lhi", Aexible ",rface that you
can bend as deSired.
To .1<II:IisII1IIt '"""* anglo lOr CWIIinII--. ....... _ ......
_ \IIIpIII. _ pIao::a ... ~ ...... jig _lilt IIIIoIt willi
-"'II IIIIoIt _ just 1<issln\I"'"""" 01 lilt 119" __
~ tho .... using ....... __ an _1Iti,
caw.... 1M '-to", __ M Itoo, ......... _ ...
__ poinIlnQ IOWItd 1M fence. __ • lilies 01...,.,
liON __ IIIt_,
Cunir>g I "'"_ tor • ,. IS«! .,..rItIll<O<Wll m<Jell lOke cuni",} ' lull eM t>:ctP1 ,,.., lilt
..-is . , . . ~ -." in lilt Io/Ico.
194 Cutting Joints and Shapes
Calculating Kerf Spacing


To determine the prore' depth and spacing or ,he kerts. s{an ou, by
kerting a te., piece of {he S3me If'''cici ami dimen,lon, of ,he fin;,heJ
wo,k, (Some 'pedes bend mOft' ea,;ly. as Joes >tmight ·graineJ. air.drieJ
'lock,) Cut ,he kerfs (o "';thin )j in. of the "sho,," of ,he "ock. ,pac_
ing them abou{ )! in, "pan fOf .(ane". ,hen , est d,c fl",;bili,)' of ,he piece
to ge' 3n idea C>f how much to adju;t ,hc kerf spacing. Be aw'" that
"'idel)' W",ed kerf, c"n "",It in on ,he ,urfoe" of the "',,,-krk'Ce. If
rQl' W:I11\ snlOCl<her contours. m.ke your kerf, d'>\Cly Ipaced.
If )'ou know {he ,.diu; of the pittc you ""m to bend. you Can u>c"
geometric f"'mula!lm will sh'e \"01.' a dose appro<i"'3' ;"" of {he kerf
spacing, Firs" cu' one kert in a ,e" piect •• boll! " in. 'hI' of cuuinS
' hrough the ,lock, Then clamp ,hc kerted ptece on 3 flat 1""'<><;". placing
,he jim in (mnt of the !:t·rt. On ,he "I'f!06i'e .;ide of the hrf. ",ark a
di".nce cqu.1 '" ,he d",ired radi" •. then lif, the fn.., end of 'he ,est piece
nn{il !I,e kerf dosc, (= the ill u\tr:niQn abovel . The distance fmm ,he
",dius ma,k to ,he bench,,>p will approximate 'he nCCC!S3ry kert >pacing {o
accomplish the desired radius.
To cu' {he e\'enly spa.;:eJ kcnl. u,,", a crosscu' .Ied wi,h lpacing jig
like ,ha, used for making fi"8l"t' joints, A no,l $en'e. f,ne (or the guide pi",
When bending !lOd. worl !low\)'10 !lft'nn! ,napping il. Dampening
'ho lunace can also help, If {he back 'ide of the >!oct will,ho"·. you can
co,'er ,he wi,h ,'en""" To It""tglhen ,he ".-orkpiece. you co" fill the
ken! with
o..n.c. ....... 01 lIMp. """"'" koIts ill. _ • 10 III bon! "'. co .....
01 _lor m>I<inQ 0,,, .. 0\1 WIll ........ ana _ "'*' paM.
Pattern Sawing
Pmelll sawing is a ,...,(ul lc.:h"i4'1C (or "",klllg exacl of oddly
g""p«! pan! '''''I IoIrnlght ,ides. Tht J'I'X"' i" ... CU"'1lg 'M
""OI"krie<:e sligh.ly 0' ...... ,:<:, 'M" anaching 10 i. a ""nem .hat IS guided br
an auxil;.,...,· kn<:e d.at is alignrd 'mh ,ht w'''' cdgt of ,hot blade .ttth.
Begm br ""'kl"8lhe .... nem fmrn.sol,J .-ood, rlJ",-ood. 01 ...... iclo_
board. Vw can ",""cha'" ,he m"lmoded g"" ..... Iighlly ". .... ,:«1, ,hen sand
01 phone ,he .. Ahcn""i,·dy. I"" c"uld .m •• m, n",.ted pa"
lem to cl"OOSCUI ;1<"<1 10 make lhe cuts. When lhe pa,,¢m is corn·
pl¢,e, ,race ill ,hap" {JIlIO Ii,. workpiece. ,h." """ ,he wo.kpiece slightly
",·elli,ed.
Secu,. ,he p"m:m 10 ,t.. KllJI.:h·cu, ""OI"kriecc " .. "11 ..... ,11 bndo .ha'
ha,'c bttn dipp<'d off.o rroo:rudt about" in. frum It.. p"".m. Make .... '"
10 ", .. I ""0 ,,-ha, w, 1I be- ,t.. hidJen fac. d the r,,,WICd ",",,",pitte. Alter_
na''''ely, l"OlJ un auach ,he pal"'"' double.,iJt<J lllf'I'. Oamp ,n.
."fC'd piecn ',*""he, for a r .... ....:ondo '0 ....... '" a JIIO'I bond.
A"ach an auxiliary fc,ncc .o your rip fence, i'OSlIion'ng i, SO" will be
.hghtl)· abo,·.,1-.., h.,;l:I>, of,lle I<oorlec •. Tht auxlII.ry fenee needs 10 he
"'itle clIoug/' '0 :>cc'>lnnlOda,e any (>tfeuts N',,"""" ,he blade "lid ,he rip
(cnce. It al50 llttds ro be tong cnoogh to ilipPOt\ the p:!'tem
,hKllJl.:hw, .he e",,, .. , of ,he COl. Make Ju'" ,t.. fen« i, 1"',:011.1 to
lhe blade, ,hen align ,"" fiICe d Ihe auxiliary fc,ncc ,,·tlh In. wtsode ed""
of.t.. ,ee,h. 01$ ohown in ,t.. illu:so: .... ion 01\ p. 196. To pt<"\ ..... , CU"'1lg
196 Cutt;,...g Joints and Shapes
pon,,,, .. wing 011."., exa<;! dui>licatiorl 0/ l«og ... ,1y $r>apo<! l>UU wiIIl "raigtn slOe., "
pan"" !1101's a!ladled to tl1t W(!<Io:pioc. 'ido •• Iong an '", ilial}' !I1at i. to t11<
UWbI.d •.
Pattern-Sawing Setup
"",
,-
'hnJ<Jgh" thin paceem, you em ,he auxiliary knee slighd y beyond
the blode, bu, ),,,,,.11 h,,'e to reduce ,he Ii,. of your p"ttem ocronlingly,
Before making the (uts, ;>dju" the heigh, of ,he bl;>de c(, pmje<;, ju,t a
bit .bo\,e ,he workpiece ,hickne"", and make iu'e to u"" a ,plitt., or ri" ing
knife co p,c\'en, the offcuts (rom being violently thro"'n by ,he blade (..,.
,he $'dern., on p, 68). Guide ,he edge, of [he paceem .lon8 ,he auxiliary
fence, holJing ,he pattern finnly ,he fen<:c throughou, eaeh entire
p'JU (..,. the pho'" ah""e). Stop ,he saw occas;onally ro dea" ""'a)' ,he
offcucs,
I .
I .
I .
Sources
A""' ... TooIZ C..".
1 l<I ComIrn 1Ilw.

(80014<11-0011
....... j"..
........
C<>rp.
116 s. ....... 5<"""" R.i. St.. I
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............. --"" ......
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81 ... T .......... Cr<1onn
1':0. h ISo!
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(!lOO) lIOl.Qll1
........

Br'.do< Cl,)" T<d Work.. 1""Aj)
SSlO N.E. 1I>000I0
I'on1onJ. 01\ 9JlU·J6,4<I
l!lOO) 1!I·1J1I
-.... ........ 1.n;Jooo .... __
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Yort, r ...
(!lOO) ll\·IIOO
............ nc_ ......

USA
.IOU_I)-.
o..-t..- NC 17i07
1.1 J6&.14!7
,--
0. ... M .. h;.,.,y
1000) m·llJllrwt> or ,,,,i>no<oI
..... )
.........
()"W.1o InJu" .;.1 Tool,
101 E Jorr> IW .. TW ill
lloI" ....... MD 111,;6
(300I'Ill·¥H8
-"" ......... .... r ..... _. __

1lt 1 (l Sol Aft
... 1taIm.. CA 91001
(6.l611914l6.Z
-....0001 .....
. ....
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19B Sources
En";ro Sal«,. PruJ"""
116£. MoJoo; A",.
%.1", CA 9)191
loIOO)631·/itai
....... ... """
--
fu<. I;bu. s."."",,,·iII. Group
\>to 8,,,,, RJ.
"" .. c....J.o UWIAI
18(0)
n ...... "'.I .... ·'001...,..
..... «>w"tl.
--
F<IJtr® USA
lall En""""'llIvJ.
\1;'"" Soc......,." CA 916'11
(9161 J1S·)I90

E_"""'_ .... _
-,
F<n"".I),;,·.'®
JIl W St"",ISt.
)'1Mi>.;m. PA 11S41
(SOJ) W·}Ji.
....... ·.kn .. wcdu.t""l. wm
ToN/._ W 1ItiI,
Fun,,"' C""'l"ny
.,1 Riv" R<l
a.""".
(1100) lJJ_lll j

F.<uJ® USA
llaS<lJAy<.
Il.oi> 1'00"" NC 1716J
18OO)JJi.-l I07

G .. ",,, Wade
161 ",· ...... 01' .. "_
... yoo., ]'.;Y 1001 J
(1lCI)) Ill·N41

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G.nenlt> 1 n 'ern.,,,,,,,, 1
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Do..mn>OOJ,·.II., QR c....J. Jib 1M

........
To!oI< ,D'"
G';<:!r IMo,,,;.11II
110. ](169
11<11 ",&1",,,, WA '/Ill/I
(600) 11J.-I71I
....... .,..,1,-.<"'"
To!oI<,.., ..oJ"""","",
In<,
IllI JV!. I .... "'rnd BlvJ.
M,ri<tt •• OA
(SOJ) S«-34}6
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ToOI<-_u..k>
H.mm<t0 USA
' 811 '-"''''fri'' "",,j
W", s..: ...... "'" CA 9569'
11lCI)).=11

e_ ...... ·, ....
--,
HTC«l ]'rod"" ... I"".
IlO £. H.....,.,
PO. &.839
Ro>,;.1 o..L MI 4SCffl
(SOOI6H·lOll
bI<oO< <"(''''''. """" .• "",.
_ .... , ...... <00<0>. _ """,
In" .. ® T""h
IlOlO l ....... n.1 1'"""
N""h OH 4<lI JJ
(800) m.cm
.
......... """,
In·U ... lndu"ri.,
061 S. M,m St .
w.bot"" M" OlllO
lJl-<>I09
I..nI< Mu .... """,.",.,
JDS c.:m.pany
1118 Lt ... Dt.

18(0) 'I8O--116'!
M
J<1 Equ;pm<"' & Too!.®
r.o.1'o:o. 1931
Aubo..-", WA 98011


T..,.. __ .... """""""
J,,; .. ,..,h®' I"".
I illS W"; .. kJ
So. A""",", TX 18216
(rol) 619· 11116
....... ""',""h""'"
1I<p/o(-"""" kn«>...d
Lab !M<1y Supply
Box IJ6iI
J ..... ,iII<, WlllJ.ll
(SOJ) )\-6.0183
(6.."I:l) )l6-ISO I h«...., .. ,.,n.-""I
..........
-.-
... TO<>l.
11101 M"""'r ....
1,,· ...... CII9l61'1
(80011}!·1916
......

-. .......
'The l.S. Sto'r<tt CornroO)¢
III c...c,,,. St.
.... ,!wI, MA OIHI
(9iS) H9·jjl l
"""'ooq .....
.\ 1>kI'o(!) USA
1'1930 Konh"" St_
Lo M"...-.Jo.CII
()IO) 91 ..

T_ .... ,
\\;,. 0<,11:'>
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R", R_"" NM
(800I'IlI.(ll9)

s..t«:I ""'''''"''
Modulo, 1000 In<.
r.o, So. leo;
s.on' Hoh.rt. QB
c..-...Jo J JY \ TJ
18(0)63J-SYJj
.....
_.""","""",. _ ' {nou-!.
"-
Mule Cabi .... 'm.k.,
119M,II St.
l"",,,,,",, NY 1409\
(8li) 684·1166

""",...d dire ......
On<id>® Ai, S",!<m,
100' It'_ St
s,,,,,,,",, NY 13104
(800I/ll·.j()6\
.. -..-._.Io .. ".""",

]'on .. -C.b1""
iSll Ih.y, 'II N.
P.O, 110, 2468
J><k>on. TN J.8JOI
IWO) 481-%6\
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p""«",.,,,,
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PO. 8m '1'00
W. Aonooon,
St, l<>uo" MO 6J I lIi
(8OO) 'I14·JW

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R<>i<k
1901 InJuot.,. 0.-.
/;onh l",., Roc', All. 11111
(8OO) m-liw

g_ ..... _,ond
-- Rrool® ]'"", ,, Tool.
IlOI P . . ...... o.i.,.RJ.
An.I.n.<.o, sc t%l\
IWO)llH611
. n ·.<rob>tOOb.,,,,,
T.toIt _,
s..", R""b.ock & Co.
Ilo. 19()();l
tWO) m·l"!;
T& """ ""'..-
Sh"",mi,h®. I .....
}9)j 1 ..... 1),_
0.",,". 011 iltH
1800110·9396

.... "'''''''''',
Am."".
<lJoI WooJlMoJ I'>o-k 0.-.. St •. 104
W. M<i""""" FL
IWO)9\I-Jl97
........

Sovr<::es 199
200
Index
A

M;wo_"-")
",,_ ... "6

..... ", ....... ,
_m
"' ............. ". ' ... """. "-'''
"""" ...... ,
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Index 201
202 Index
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T",_ ",,,,,«,. ". '''')).14.1'. t'I. )0),










Choosing the right saw
SsOlng up a saw
Aligning thll rip fence
Ripping thin stock
Making accurate
crosscuts
Handling sheet goods
Selecting the rlllht
blade
Working safely
Cutting dadoes,
grooyes, and lenons
Sawing large or
thIck stock
Ke4Iy Mehler, 0/ Berea,
Kentucky. Ms b&$n bulld-
Ing fumII uno
lor mote lIIan 20 yOOf$,
The '"' &<!ilion 0/ TI!6
Table Saw 8CQk eSl ab-
Iist>ed Mehler as an _
on table saws. He gM»

lJtIite<I Stat .... on t&bI8-saw
He is also a
fnIqueoI oontribuIor to FIM
- '"
$ 19.95 u.s. Tho T ___ _
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• •
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m ThC "Iaumon Press
W ' '''P'''''''''"'' "-!.. .. J •• , .. .
T
hiS completely revised edition is a corn-
prehensive reference to the table saw,
the cornerstone of any woodworking shop
and an essential tool for homebuilders. The
book covers how to choose a lable saw to fit
your needs and provides in-depth instruction
in all basic operations including ripping,
cross-cutting, handling large stock and sheet
goods as well special techniques and joinery.
.. "
Taunton
Wolllfwllrklng
Reference
BoG's Also
"'willable:
TIle lIB. Wood
Flnlslling Book
Woatbbop
Dusl Control
,
ISBN:
US $19.951 CAN $ 21 .95
-

The

Table Saw Book

The

Table Saw

Book
Completely Revised and Updated

Kelly Mehler

1ht:llIUlllon Po..ss -

T.., C 200J b, Kelly

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.milhing."ough. "". "".II >«: '..<"...nd &nl"""" Helshoj (Laguna).duJing Ni..0. tim<...J. I h'... Sr_& Jr..nd John Ouo n.."....oo..h" bool'. 1'<. W'l"...nd c. and L:o''*''''' (1).I.. impc.1>.lworking . H.n.. (Bieseme)"<. l.).. hI"" bo<n $U1'f)Q(11I".m l'ar'" "nd o..ha.-..>Of. (!)"W.th my .\>.."ion.)fl' . d" or. the k.. hOi tltcn" ""'" "".): Tom He. orhe.brin~ "'ith hi.an ..k "'i.).a/p"".0.ly ... h«lule.Acknowledgments T .""".. .h and ft.'M mo.tlOfl. .I.:. """".. helpful...tt (HTC)..hi' "... h .• .. Box.. Colon".eu.): 0."1.(). Sect.. 1'. revi...."".ltd...p... b«n thon ""COOl\"..«1 jn Mall 1>.. M... fA <0 Terr. S.".hoof): Wolfgang Gcig<r (1'<1&. •• ".h"".-Cahl.. organ .I "'jll~.."" e<!.Uty.hi. roo..Ired agam by • numb<r d tOO """'f""'Y '.mpac' on .han p. (I'>e.nuf>clUr."< b<en ".."1' A.' Ndoon h•• "..w H=lwood (RiJgiJ).<1 )v.f\jI) : Jim I'<:. John"".Iy <.ography... (1'"".. !'aul AndloOO)'. ToJJ (jet TooIol_ j{ <>US.'"t e)'. 'he bi!:i..ient ~.-r. USA): TQfbln .. . . nra'i. ToJd 0.". welt.ioo..."'" change to . My lha"h 10 ." ~10 11e.. !'ttl) Humrhnoy (Ex.~ T""""". )'00 ~'. . folks woo ruw< <00".:h" h. M y . f$. (bc.o·Oa""n W.hem .o<> at n.. hoJ the IT""" "'0«1 ..... Thanh 1'. • he edi." ._ Qua. bo0!<'..rod w<><>o.)."... helped make . J. (fun"" Manui:octuTing): Garry (.

Contents Introduction Chapter 1: Introduction to the Table Saw Table-Saw Anatomy Bask:: Safety Equipment Types of Table Saws 3 4 S 14 15 Chapter 2 : Buying a Table Saw What Size Saw? 20 20 Combi">etion Machines Fwotures to Consider Buying 30 34 42 a Used Saw Chapter 3 : Table-Saw Blades Blade 44 44 Des.gn and Anatomy Selectillg the RighI: Blade for the.Aid Procedures 66 83 85 Chapter 5: Table-Saw Tune-Up and Maintenance lritial and PeOodlc TUne-Ups 86 88 AIbor and S_i"". 87 .k>b 50 Gaugng Blade 0uUty Specialty Blacles 53 54 Blade Stiffeners Blade Care sa 60 Chapter 4 : Safety The Risks Safety Accessories 62 64 Dust Protection First.

'''' 109 '''' • Chapter 6 : The Table-Saw Workstation Saw Placement Wiring Ughting Dust Collection at lhe Table Saw Shop Accessories Tools at the Table Saw '''' '" '" '" '" '" 123 Chapter 7 : Ripping Preparin9 Wood Basic Ripping Techniques Ripping Long Stock Ripping Sh~t '" '" Stock Ripping Narrow Stock Ripping Short Pieces Ripping Thin Stock Ripping Thick Stock Resewing Ripping Angles Ripping Bevels '" '" '" '" '" '" '" '" '" . ".Cle aning and Lubricating the Internal Parts Eliminating Gear Backlash Pulley Alignment and Belt Inspection Setting the Blade-Angle Stops " " 00 StabilitJng the Base Aligning the Tables Aligning the Miter-Gauge SlOIS to Ihe Blade Aligning the Splitter 10 the Blade Adjusting the Rip Fence Adjusting the Miter Gauge Clean ing and Maintaining War!< Surfaces " 95 " "" ".

Chapter B: Crosscutting Guiding the Wor1<placa Basic Cros.Joints and Shapes Butt JOints Rabbets..-.scutting Techniques Repetitive Crosscutting 143 Crosscutting WIele Panels CroMCvttng Short Pieces Cl'O$$Cvttng BeIlGls Crosscutting Miters '" ''0 '" '" '" '" '" 161 Chapter 9: Cutting . and Grooves Sliding 00II818118 Cop .. '" Bridle JOints MartiN-and-Tenon Joints . Miter Joints '" '" m '" '" """"" Bending Kerf Pattern Sawing '" '" '" '" '" 197 Sources Index 200 2 ..". Oadoes.

.. A .. • . <OI-Ored the la.ing rool ()lOon >Imrie ..I occesrori<. you ".d""". ... ..... ~.. ...11. A.. ..oo """w<" ..• nd .. encounter with...(Oty «r. IS wha')"«1 boo~h.00 ... 1'00 '11 _ .".. "".uP<'"'" ". and acCO>5Orlc!.. rroviJ. t<>OJ....Il ..1 impact .. soned prof="""'I.. oftC[ aU. ....i.ke."... ·up and m. .f<ty.no""" have Ix<n tho. Of <<>J .t E~ "'p•• n .. '" ~·. th.rod fo< good "'"""" The". ..""n" comme"ts ..f your ..~ til."."~ <""'''''ted . >Ul"J'fi.cwnd ...och wit h manufac'" [. '" .m Y"'" .."..h.. 1\".nome.. . ne~' tditiorl bti"8' you "P!O d....he Sour<.1I·in'r<>tl. opportunil)' to b< .. )"'" .c. I"'" f'Orsonal . b«n touched aM """.on..d marty "'!'fI<".ly.Ofk >af.m aoned. tabk·. p<lbhlkJ in 1993.. on [he Ia •... Ai. poignan lll~l h.. .l hlade Co'·.. Hundreds of J'WI'I< h..". accun.. ..1".rof.and_pent"" technique to hdp roo build yeo" fumi[.. The <omrl<te mde. " . ble "'~'.oJ.. to ""lion bj' the rh....lv_ A. ro.h q. orgonioeJ...Introduction W >Ow ha. on a life. in cOIn· mcr.hle 10 ~T"~ • .... 1\. of 'The Tab/< s"w Book' n..ed .he .k....c."odd of . you're qu..00 exl"OOtJ . tu . ..'" in. """·".. P'-""'O""I ""."en .'.mt. due So ~'h"thc[ 10 the ~e economy th . is .ne ~'i.. .ir • nJ.rl..... It.. ""tion " 'ill help I"" )'00 in .. you'll fi nd [hi. h..--rr.IOn currently ."I""""[ 1r you'..". bl< comprom".... plen[y of ""'>I.lakty inforrn. I p<T>On'..mall oI..h..ng<. ed"...[ de"<lopm".. will h elp)oo Iocotc tIK.ibhk!O help I'W perf".hi' lx>oI< the oot . f"U '1\ find 'hrwghotol .on "..'.. 1 kotur< ..oughl)' red••d.rgt d imere< in tabk_ ru.... odJ .~I)·..t. j di"' .. 1\·. fellua"k The """i<>nI on •• ble. ~'OO<I"". "..i""" rhe fI'" edlt......· blade con mal:...nr '''''"' i" d.ie •. ..l"y of you r wo. ~i'" thi' ..ew..ed.infornta. of sa. .in~ One of the most .1".. [hey alio t \'l'k.and rombinalion mach'I><> mo<e o(ten in th ...op....000 C\""..'e. a re mal 'ng ""'lor mrood< into 'ho A"""....C>"~ h...oru h . they offe.o>"e been" Mmbor <i cha'W" on rhe ... a gre .. n't rror><dy tuned "1' and "..h..he world of ~'hich tabk "'... ..he ''f'$I...

chap'e •...he tool d\a! allow.ion .10k . rio".he Nsk " .·hich I'roln~I"1 th..~ (Of.'.he sa"'> . . l·U del.. ad.....te.. k...keLy"" )'.. ao ". in lxie/"... Cfl)5fCut.hot>.'h.u"t. .i<k boanis im" nafTl)Vo'eT pte<:CI along Ihe" k""IIl)... 1 Introduction to the Table Saw ""kcr>....." ..101' blade...."' "..".he $>""'... tab long 10 Ott . any .-cn.11.td 10 <10 rip (utting (II.. for "n)'(>~ wh<..able saw's JIlI'IJ(l$( 10 dl'kic:ndy and accu-r.nd dil".. In .. l'U di". ". and the wOfkl'... JOi" .he ...: varloul . cuI ".·ha..<ul. panlCUl. VOU to dp.J T *""" he !able JilW i< """ 0( .ll .k$....ctOonI cf tf.. 3 fabl~ 5:0'" ""II ""'" l.......-. flu. and large inJ~lf)'. inlo muoch I'I\O<e . ..." first m..ins the .... I)..le...nd ul"'rt".> work..JW<.. fun. to gIve )"00 ~ !»sIC undemanding 01 how .. the ...· lor. II. If roo arc new {o .· taecs cf II>.I>. . it diJn'.. I'll ~loo di:oc" ...... ... . Although 'M . In ... . ai wo..he <l'lIf.id ""* Inn atO- Different ll'J'el of ". and . .able.. 'My w= <!nignt<! 10<.. . are .his _10 make ace""'lC <"..JO!" 1""""" toOl..·ood or cffici~lllly..he hooM ~'i .h. lOO...cce b mO"cd through .. fmm C"rp<'ntCI'$ 10 f"nl ln. il aboo.able·sa. .oy ~"d." ...klng p1i""rlcl altO .''' 3(h-... are mar\:etcd for .. bl". and ..· pan.11 prod""... It'..on..'" vxtl "". If.. or conI"". wi. . the ..*..uc1y cuI III'O<I<l ai at""". .. original"" in.. For the pan. l}...."...>1king.(. A m<'>lor srl ns a (ircul.....he mOl! ! ilnpotlant and '''''''OIile f'O"'<" tool..he co'p".h wood..~h..4 01." 11".oeui using ..able""w . sa ..: 'n"'" 01..I>-".. ..... cf ...O\.It fealureolo "'1")"00 1n)"OO' purd~"lI decision!.uc.hil (haptt...

.". a mitcr gouge.ains . a Ihr""l pla.bIe Saw 5 . con'ainers.· '""PporlS Ihe .ble. bu. and sect'" ge.. Sin<e 1I1i$ CIaS.h.. Table-Saw Anatomy All mble saw......' ..tand is fJO"itionN at an "\"~""dge comfort. "'•• made. .he bast.lIection ...ture>. 6)....~ . and " po"·..crials. m".". many jt'.nl c"""IlOiJ mu<h in 'i>o <lay. indlKlc .. It is frttstanJing or is . The ba"..... . of the sa..witch.. and quali')· va.h3ni"n$ and iIlCOI"J'X..>ed in conjunuion with" . for "mden' d"" ". design h.r .. sh~re slandard f"..he m"lOr.Bask 1>1>10-. arb"r and arbor assembly.nd it' exten. The baiic external features ind"d".1 m<-<. Introdvcl>on 10 the Ta. a lable .• djus"".b Ie w".1<:"·0 as d.tch (>ce the iliu"rMi()n on r. fr"m model w model. ils and" r ip fence..ha. Some ba&es hou". con.. the ill""..". although Ih" design.... .ion" . The internal pan.>I"''''''' the adjustment wheels 'l"Id PO"'" .rs (. '" body. Old OiivePl!> .. componem. 7) T H E BASE As its name imrlies. wheels.. ba".""lion on p.. ". c"rri~'C "S>embly.. trunnion brackets..kin~ hei~hl of abool J4 in.

he wo.mp.l ing pan' of . bodies on some pen. TIle body is gcner.ble on • SlI'" provides" ' l"hle.". '.lIy moo. d". of steel...rI)'...\. pro."d «)ugh . Therefme. urfaces 6 Introduction 10 tIw Table Saw • . . heavy cast ..Exterior of a Table Saw (Contractor's Saw Shown) The b.k....he orcm.he saw' to eLl. For .. as po:. the .he machine .on is Ih..a.>ible .able surface m"" be as fla.re made of high-...he workp.bl". corr~"..!!" Sted used in h igher_qual.lving parIS of ... )' sa ..ece (0 ride on as it is presented to the !01wbl".. .or from ~clting caught hI' the ".....cm and u". flat working .."" pl".!i..with th icker_g..igncJ to widlil.:>:. durable.he machine from damage and pre"en" .hl.urt""e for . malerial of choke for mOSt Idc~l!y.w .he t.me wcather cond itions. THE TABLE AND EXTEN SIONS . TI.".".

y to the "".or fat~~le. 10 the width of a [O!' and increase stability by adding ""ighll0 the be<:~u".."i"n! of ". the longer any machine tool ". Table eX'"'''tO''' inc". The ''''''''Iionl..'ion.. an e~t".. stabili.xlw that is ac<ur~te aoo durable eno...klmr on p.·ice.. the $i<.mely flat and d""."se the .. t. " flat table . 8).·ibmt i"". Minim. of.It of careful iron manufacturing proce>..Interior Mechanisms (Contractor's Saw Shown) it pr<Wid~. allowi"ll yoo 10 more easily h<l~~t CuI large stocl< arid sh~t goOOs Introduction to the Table Saw 7 . to!'.i". to 20 in. often called "wing!.ble ""rface.til maintam it' accuracy.urfac~ is of paramount impon"n<~ to """umtC . Ilccau"."""" (.. ) ts weight aho add..~I"y's m"n"t"actu".1 I'ibmtion .s .II' ~nd help" ~bsofb vib"..... The end ". making brg< workpieces more man"llc"bk. Table ExtenSIons S incroase the !ftecli'le table size o! table ! xtensioos can any saw.>e!i is a table."wing." optrn...Iso helps fcd.w tops use preeise [echnology in [he prodl>Ction procc." ""d 16 in . Tho lcs.~h to gil'c gene".rs of iron table.

..t·iron wi"ll" T"yrt Ibn" aO<l moto s.. weight.. ~ the . WO bt>od ""t-iron txlo"..... cost iron m. pracis<l control in the ch&mi!itry 01 iron cornposilion .ed extension< arc more oommon. aIoys • . lriction .At the Foundry A"""" CAST_1fOON TOP can g. .e """'l". WOIkpieco atms.-" tabletop as cast iron....l. electric fu'nac"". suffici<tfltty acc<rate.... than cast ..ri">g \in"Ie. but less ".. by 27 in ... 'n. Os mac:!<> from cast-.. een . tho t>l.g' arc bolted OtHO cid-.... wi"9S aO<l S<>Ii<I ." win".. p _ • o»rnpromiso _ _ stamped·51 ..OO~ in.. m><l a flatter surface th an >ta mped steel.on. iron On . ....>w . inc ... ....dJc . side . worI<pjac .._ ot inOO r ~~"II ~ h<e(l ...d...-...tampoclst. the Curing prOC"'" CO<Ad add as n-.1 to be lOng 111<1 !l8ffOW.. Th& _ 01 CQIltroi Os such that!lw<e is no Iong&r any r""""" to -c .".... When the consicIe<ation is table-saw po<1abiWty... and machining proc<Ossee can prov\cI<I the end user with a top that Os within O.. lightwoHght alteme...... TI.n Wid caM ~on ....act""'. ". flat ""'" ~s _ ....ad..). On la rger '!ali""a.. A nother option "laY be cast· iT(J<'l wings in a "webbed" >tyle (~ th e pho. !\at or ax-.n . O n """..1 iron can mainl . 21 in....ton.oIiO tIt.. Formarty a st8O"J<lard ....ebbed "yle is a com promi.....o "b<we) ...he wings are made of ..-on.. sur!ac .ght .ptnsi.surface ''-''''iiSfS of" main c~tHer ""tion measurin g abooJ. casting to...~.. W$ . Today'S manu1ac_ luran> 01 ca. T abltt"".the iron aft.w.... bin "s "'PO"''''' th.r tw wilh • 11M 1Il0l.malter home·sho!. t..e gene<1IOOns 01 88NIc .her th an portable """"..och as a_ to the manu1acto."".01...y be an Opl .. 8 Introduction to the TabI& Saw .. '""W'.--"" str"sses. on Eu~n . t h e table-J.. and a coating such as T~ can be added to the sur!aC<l to aid h harderW>g and to . The wi n. $<I\\'...t-OcI1 ate much I.. dtxabilty. the table _ac .e "... Ever> pr~-mac_ aUroiro"Tl won1 mak" . modem paU"... that J'fO"ides stiffness. but ~ provKIeS an economiCal.. saws.. ~ IOfiIl S!icli~ lable on 1M left 01 1M Aw woo m.

ll y add.ller from .te ha.re easy to mah (rom pl)"''OOd.. m"y lO Is<.. nonferrou."W. to the throot plate .he guard ".he blade and a splitter or riving knife '0 pass 'hrough "at any angle 0."e '0 . The throot plate ""p"f"iltc.· <tOIl (KC the phow m [d. The . utting 001. arbor maimena"ce.de of . and. is" Europe.m.ito in the throo.h"".lot opening lhat is long enough and wide enough for . The '''tm d epth.. The t..e reLn.rge enough <0 allow acee" for blade changing. a:l !cqui~ on Canadian laWI. which adds 'UPJXlf( for the wo.. on oome $aWS. opening.he .·e\ing .der """"i.t pods in the opening to allow height adjustm"nt of . Introduction to the Table Saw 9 .s.. into comact ".ble e""".aw tops diffe. Oplional thrOOI plate~ with "'. suf(ounding the blade . added to the fight . ide to side but deerer from front <0 bad.terial that won't Spark or d.it on ca.ab letop (Ott .t. pla.hroot opening in ~ tabletop i.-kpiece. I.he widd. ction tend. to be .more """''''' Of a dip W &e<:u~ iI."".iOll i. or other materials.m.mbly. '0 .Iiding table that rIoobl .ble inKrt th~t .. adjuStmem of . on .he facing Me) .. European man ufacturers tYl'k.\ pl. i. or molding hcad...e is made of a soft. .. .'lI' are . an efficient c"""". remo".fet)' n'quirement.EurOpean \able·.. a .he .n ".. The throo.th it_A >lock throat pl. frQm N{Jfth American saws in tha"h. pla>tic..height .e.crew.he left.""ilable for use with dado head. have one 0.g<: the blade if it com".he pl. an. i.he rhoto below) . m. To increa$ . THE THROAT PLATE The . And custom throat r late> ..! .

omm04>te cuning "" _ .... . 10 Introductlol'1 to the Table Saw .ojuSleO to lhe nant or loft 10 oc.tic. "."" Inca table50w can be . "oc.IS length .00<1 parallel [0 [he blaJe .~ to oJi9n wnlll.n as ripping.play *"~ <>nCO f"st tr.'Uide.." re_ 'ails "" I.l..ip f"~e l.t! fe""".. tflat .Europoan-..."d rides"" the rails_The fence bod)' has a (Xing 0( r l.. THE RIP FENCE AND RAILS The .tyIo lenetS can be .. ollr..t! tIIa~.s [h" w{)()() is being uti al<mg . a proceSll l:n"". "I"." b_ lor safe t\tlping 01 r~tivf bOor~. T. The fen<e head is made 0( met.

-I\'ide bar 'loc k.<aw. have sliding mils th..d of the fence Jocks (he (ene. otIju51ablc e. A me.nd .t ~ in. \·e.. mil" The I.. most new saws come with pr~mium .abl~ fae.ra. THE MITER GAUGE AND MITER S~OTS The mll. 10 90 dcgr~.he "'Il phoro 011 lk facing page).u"lIy ~l 90 deg""'s.s ~'ilh .. "' illl the . wide .. ("''' thc phOto nn r.node!' h""e .( frequently ustoJ .ngle. on the f~nce head the f~ncc a 'P'-"ific d i"anec f.ha. used in l..ha. usinjj . Introducti Oil to the Table Saw 11 .J. ooju>!"blc '0 .mer >ere\\"e<1 to the bottom of . tapping th" ftne~ mlo p"'itiQfl.pl~cc"ble. alloched across the fron' and [he back of the table_saw lop.. The mittr ~"ug~ slides in .nc" f. M.ts trooDIe· som" i""". On >ol1It fence ')~tcm" I..sa"...r·gauge bar".gaugt guide ."W'. of a -"""t.h.". and righl for CUllinjj angles from 30 .d from dropping wh~n pulled Out in frOl1t of tht "". The leng[h of [he r.t tightens.lI)" equipped with adju".h".abletop pnrallel [0 ea<h other to the left . h e end of .dju".blc drop ""'" . Most mit~r. .where in between lhc$c angl~.yl" mi.blade {..""".. .ndard.- Modern Alp fen~es '0""" T he .u rate rip lence.s.. or lamina.he botlOm I'hoto on .black for safe tirring of wa'l'-prOl1~ boards (Sct: .he bar in tI.1te. Europe"n<.ued p"""lCtor ".'u. rod th.' feoces. with 24 in.hall'u.C). u..>tanJard. tight~ned.Qua l il.king Ihe front al>o pull.r gauge is used to guide the "'OI"kpioce during most croosculling or-er>tions.he bar to the Id.lidi~ . nle .rap" . in.cd "'OC>d. Eu'"p"an-.. mtter gauge> are .he frulll roil when the le.[ an.ble fenee .he rear mil 10 help secure the fonce .110.ty1c miter g"".he focin>: paj. d"."'$ com. head pi.hore of an inverted T to a<commod.r gauges ate [\"pic. on. The gauge can be locked an\..om the blad~.Iou are in lh~ .he bod\.hes as. "·. . A damping b'er or knob on the he:. On E"rOpC~n . The miter 8""8" ()n m06( !oaW$ wnsi".'OlS on . deep. dialing in fine adju. Th~". su.h~ ..il.abl. of -\5 degrees . On nlO6t U. Some .Iu" pre"elHing . j-d. being [he .-grec.chilles heel ot many an ~at1y­ mO(lel table saw wa.he mll.elHs mther th. to 52 in.mg. .he fence bOOy can be pu lled bod to align with the beginning of tl><..)!"me 3n otIju.<. i" for e"d. TheSe days.'.l..<. .100.ruded"aluminum f.id)' ".'cr or ""ob i.t"rt milled in the ... the .melll scale . curso. .he calibr..rn inum.nd right of the black ..1I0w. to .ble saw.1s lh. Some facings an..' ides added 5Upport for the workpic. and may bo n..'cl.".".mcm . The fence moves along one or IWO fenee ro.. The facing l"".ndem with. Thi' arr nb". 12).inst .upplieJ with European -"'w> that don't ha"e sliding .. from r"il. ~IO>I . -"'\\"5.r· mines the ripping capac it)' of the .he gauge .liding lab le for cro»cu" ing operation.nd 90 degrees.. or knob ~'orks by means of a cam .~ >l$ it approach •• and mee" the blotle..able.e . incorp..op of .. h¢.hl. equipped wi(h" long. ca"-nle"l prolrnctor head attached to a length of X-in . >top> at the mo.10" Ort f.Ilached '0 lh. Some fences ha"e 3 microadjU>1 knob ....mp on . in either direction .hal rid" in" T·ehanncl in the . Sa"..h.. ean be adjuit<d 1<> the Ifft or the Tight to gh'c maximum cutting capacity to either side of the .

E"'.he a.h ..ween a rem(wable """ide Aange and a fixed inside flange . is· ing and !o>. (j()rnm).. INTERNAL MECHANISMS . . . The m".de as ". cabinet saw.he $.hinking abo.he ca" \'ar...umed dow" to a """. 0" mos. The 1'1..he blade or a. Wilh ll·in. toning...he drh'e 'yslem. The blade end of . [he aroor is ~ in.. . the center of the arbor.OOr dri." ""bar 11(.\\ as its dr. moonting a wide dado or molding head.)..ll·wn"d Arbor assembly nu... nu.. [h" machine 10 cui wood ar v"rying heigh" and angb and allow the motor 10 Itan. •It~ing lhe cut..ssoembly include> Ihe arbor and the O<'<lor gear for . allowing for a more 'Witt arbor and bigger Ix.rOOr is di"-"Ctly attached to the malor shaft. bl."er pu\\e)'(I).he blade b<:..rOOr is a n\e.. which CIIn flex . "'00r cli.dc by mcans of a motor and bd."" in'aining table ". a safe . pot.. penni..he ~rOOr o1'Posite .. n·'tyIO mit" t»lIQt$ inl. The k'lgth 01 the btuk end 01 .ring and intOllral IliIl_ "oP' ror rep. in di~"'e.he "' OOr is . the blade end.TrunnIOn Styles T he connection between ttle lroot arid rear trunnion cootributes to accu rate cutting. ~. by cant"". one Of more pulleys a~ located cither at the end of .diameter is Ia'l. and all home·. 12 Introduction 10 th& Table Saw ..hop and lO·in .adcd 10 accept a nu' thar sandwiches .h thes< parts work l<>gether is essemial fOf .hI> arbo.hcn ..h".rings..al shaf. in. aroof assembly is at .able saw.mit powe' to . "ne' . On soone saW$. A ooe·piet€ cast· trunnion assembly is ~'ef e<abte 10 lnmn"ms C!)fI~ by raits.he blade end.-'( . meanitlg th.tu<lt.he blr.."" through the Ixarings .. .. are direct drive. leoct r".nd . i.m".h. arbor ar .n. conlidttmion when . Depending on .hat holds .-dia...he internal mechanisms..' com· """" bot""".e'.. Table >ali'.".. .pin the sawbl""". TIle .(. . A good understandi'lg of how Und~mea..· Of pulle)'s a"ached to .mport.hle lie 'he pam and mechanisms lha.dng the blade.11.w.. blades use a j·jn.lIer diameter .md ".h" hca".he .--<!tl .OwI. Ponable saw•.

e blade-.il\g .se.he handwhed rod.·e.he arbor asscn .c c"rri:. ')'pically on . and rcar to..er end of .. allov.re s«urW to the c.( .dgh....he blade '" exa<:d )' 45 dogrees and 9Q . The ~rbor-""ct()f gear il (liln of the arbm a5Sembl)' and provides for raisiog and I""'. The handwhed has a oorre""""dit>g degree gauge.·ith.\'ed.". of .i.he ".Uor gears ftle!.". On home-. for CUIS.1.0 mort: easily incO<pQrate an cffkient d"" pon in thc c:l>Iing_ Trunnion bra ckets TI.. 'ide of thc saw b<"" on m'>St home_shop and $I<"i""".worm geor 10 min im.l is"t the from of the saw body. bccau'IC .hop saws..tilting handwhed is loc .h . The f".. Better sa.Carriage assembly TI. Ihey.. (he blade-ti](ing hondwheel has a locking knob a. can taus<:: SOlll<: Iwist when lilting Ihe unit .:" .he a""mblf_ A o ne-piec •. Other light.he . TI. as the tllOUming for .he mil. The blade.~ . . milled into the tnmnion bradelS.wo.\!: of .ioo of the cxaoot blode height ~"d angle_ ><I""'" IntroduCtion to the Table Saw 13 .hat uid ".!f.or gear. The ."w bn.he locking knob a. A OI""l'i<""c asl<:mbl)' CIOn .binC! ili.. an ""'ional dial i"Jiem". ca" iron on home·shop sa"1 ._ Adjustment whee ls C han!. trunnion bl'1ockctS al the front and rcO' of the ~w 'UppOl'! the carriage assembly and allow i.. '" COl""...~ inchlo IOn adju"ment On either 1he S«'or gt:"' '" tl><.!.tiona. Like the height -adjuI'mcnt handwhecl.l-s«tor gear".y.legrc. w"ight met~ls are . The carriage assembl)' also "" .he tablc ("'" the illu".e carriage assembly.nnion$ and .. On ~Iation. saw'.. I! is used '0 ra..nd to S<:t the bla<1e at 9Q <kg":". that indicates the "ppm.. its hub. 'runnion indt>de$ a S«'or gear fm lilting . The carriage assembly rides in channels. is "'ail. 01' way•..ring ..bl)' and mow" kttping Ihem aligned as l!.hem."".. ws and lightcr."'! in blade heigh. ron. solid-c"" "._ "on on p. "'orm gears OIl the end.. ca" iron on ". swp . il.n"te Cut anglc.he underside . and are dri"on by. ilS hub. ilti.. 7). '0 be '.il!it>g handwheel is used to IiI! . located Oil the front of the saw where it i. to the tabl". include an adjustable SlOp at <id.h be''''ccn the .oojuSlmem hand~'h<...runnion brackets are most commonly made of he. the brnckel< me bolted '0 ..ble for clear .. The bewl-""".he blade.\cd on portable ""'$.he blade for beveling. .". Sector gea rs A I3ble saw has twO arc·shaped S«wr gears for adju..~'" ow::mbly is 'il.hc yolk (or rJils) that wnnec .. prefcrnble 10 O ne .h~ bew.ting lhe blade. "nd :Ingle "re accom_ plished by mc~'" of h. II"" extend through Ihe sa'" body_ The hoig!>t..nd Io~'cr Ihe hladc and can be prevented from wrning by u.•1".moion """mbly i. For SOOle high-end saws. ..dwhcd. ot . referred '0 as .ed. On pOrtable saws..he cradle. pan of . combiroc-d with the heightadJustmem "'heel.he blade for bevel cut>... oo either on the right or lef.he trunnion...'" backl".he car· riage ammbly. Teeth On . Most saw.').he front of ...1i"'.isu of the fron.. saw..

I>i\ Jtypic. bu. (For a more dot:.oct to a P""W failure. equip.IOld melll on in the Uni.w in a commercial Of educa.ble .. Power switch The [Xl""r switch i. If .y f"""ures.k mechaniSnl.ogni. The impot..potentially d".ikickback fingers..1 Con.. Thi' ensures ..jon.. fo< exam_ ric). Ill"gneric swirch are maint3ined by dec'rie curren. ~ ma"ual.he .:k (Q life on its own when rI.rock safe!)' equipmelll on saws .iOllS 'i'«. 00. onl)'..e power "'turnS..'''' flat mOW $piiHer !1Ia! projeet."" they sell..y e<:Juipmelll indlKles a blade c(>\w..iled diocu"ion of safe.he". The . and rro"ide b.witch maintains an dec"i.hat the saw d""sn'. up HltoU\th !"" sow's Ih!O" ptato.fet).am di ffereJ\c~ lies in the "''')' d"" . t. The con[IICrs on.~nc'k and m"nu'l. ". Can be shUI off with .ed S..nge".ic "..: m. S"'itches come in .AccessIble Controls Laccessibl! JlOWtr switch contribute l\aMw1leeIs aM an wily ~r~ to sale.a. and t>ch and pullc)' guards."""al . of . see chap'er 4. there ~re twe b.. 14 IntroductiOl'1 to the Table Saw .l8"""" ri. (d"" 10 a tr ipped circuit brcohr. "".>1A _ n $OW is modt of mot" o r clear plastic and is ottached to . and remain off ulllil the " M'" b" tton " preSsed again . "". ~nd colors. in Eumr<" Basic Safety Equipment The t.ng kn ife. St3ndard ". Manuf""". i.-itche. located on .he fron. Switch« th". nI"!lnc' swit<h "'ill aU(Qm"tkally di5connec.he . sh"P<'s.k that l'1>U run with a ".wi.he p"""er fail.aw.1 selling.h great pot~nt i"l_for belh creat ivity and aceidelli'.:t by rhy.. somewhat similar to 'M' on EUfOJlCan """.. convenitlll saw operallon. i.he prcSll of a knec are n'quircd on table sa"'...'". jump b. ".witch..fe.eh is required on any "ble s..ble sa'" is a .kall'reiSUre. ". A magnetic . differs in name and ease of O!'C'"tion . the d.) ''''''l' T"" blaclo goo". " splitter or ''''.001 wi.

.. In addition to the u. an American """im".... called a blade guard.) ANTIKICKBACK FINGERS Ant ikidb..il and 00.nee! the needs of all the "ali"u! peo..1 motor..h fca"'f" that afC better able to ..n .. pre"ent Ie'·"I. ()t I".e of tnctallocated difecli)' behind and in lin.1 Cy1ttng "rera""n" SPLITTER OR RIVING KN IFE A . "'i.imes forwafd molton b)' pivoting "'" of the way.. rle t\"M ".. a bdt and pulley guard keep.. Inlroductio<1 to th& T~ Saw 15 .1'-'.'t "'lUiI" 3rL. A ~. . exciting ro "... of .wls.ke".. II .iolU lMt follow p""'id" all o\'o"'ie.d..i..pliuef or fi" ing knife is" pie<.fct)' addition on saw.li"g a. as ~ned in cIl3<lW 4..Iown Of hUn> the wood .a. de"eloped and in"oou. the wOfkpiece "'CelS t" the reor saw tceth.k". and ".h". i... (rom ""dde"... objc'Ots (.iiI' attached to . Th~ blade cow.adi"ll ~ w~ h M sa.'c' 'UffOO""I.ure....lly ."'. Of a combination of me..Ofit$. mct..lOt"nl. Ilow the w()rkp i""~ N t.d fingel"$. the bl. which can C'tt'" it !<) be ptcked up and thrown violently toward the opemtor~. soW in .". object. h. (Read tlIOf" on kid:· hck anJ "Uct)' in chapter 4. European ""fe. coosiclet 1 hl1u~ cost$ of U{)<l . currt'ntiy avaibble 10 help fOIl un<i""tand their putpO"'..1. ". The COver mal' be made from dca.\$ changing . sometime. heir fcatures in much mOle det. and e..he blocle.'. The . an eJ<""". good aftermarket safety 3C""S.. It denie. Blade Guards Types of Table Saws With th~ burgeoning imcfeS! in woOOwo.he type" (..).he t)'pe.Jc hilt <loe! no< intcrf~re "'ith . S lOCk blade ~ua lds are oft~n pootl)' ~""'Ilned.ip. d"n~"'fOO' . Ant tkkkback fingeI' are ".'l<:Xi blocle co.."W. ht' United States. issues_ TIle dese.h"rp nngc'" . motion b)' digging into the "'()fk pie~c if i.'IXJd. (orectl backward . ~'hich ha.nd f.. II is crucial to the safe operation of a table saw... kkkb.'ell names of t~hle saw•• re cbOt'lling a.S..de. plastic. to pn>"ent )'~" hand. erminology in the ndd of table Saw$..ic (see the photo on the (Xi ng page) . ". Btf o~ 00ying a particlJlar saw.'ail· able on the U. apr"""h sa(". the intfod"cti"" of moro Eump"an saw. of . tn:uket fOf yC""'. wo're beginning to . bu. a fas .(lJk with wood..)."l and plas.ti.ikid back nnJl<'rs.ing t t to bog <. afe a .. "nd basic fe.a_ tion kno".ont"""'''''s "'.he guard . cau..1lJl<'''') from !<Cuing caught "p be''''.. I'll di>C Llss .re "Mne.""'ting the blade.Iso hell" prevent re"'ti. sul'posedl).'n.)w Europe.·o wood (rom pind.· tu'"" In the nex' eh"pteT.ual seleuion of saws a.. gtt'ing 'Ii the chance to lea".n the belt ""d the pulley dUfi~ Ol".)' S!anJard.. P"" BELT AND PULLEY GUARD On a .he splitter of ..ing the bl. 31so ddl""" "way from the operato' the wood chi~ and sawJ ust thrown b)' . race_It i ..~d into the ".. with the blade . help.><I """"tili..BLADE COVER The blade con>]". do..

.. has an 8·in .ode and can Cu. "'-'CCW'Y by.... but 0111")' have u-ouble dOl(lg"" on hard.e laf'lll'$C cI ."...nd a uht!>g ".-iginally <bigntd for the rorU""'tor dlln!>g the houo'''lI boom 100&: place . Ihey are c. w II!':!....:>OJ.. table so.... run from 2 tn.ight budget.-"e. .. Tf..... . sa .". ". Unlike ....(.hopmadc $land or work ."nchtOJl saw."" ..Ie .bl<: ..hi.."h d.. if a dimet.1 u>('..500 !pi" '0 7.w "..oplCd. i. n(X! I"~"'''I portable sa'" i•• li~I""'ci~ht . <If. and d.'! tool. .... IIni_ "c"".abl.t of a >qlIInuc .0C() """ for cuull1.cturc .:hil'\el d'la' are de.. such....now hoone .ln.k hard· ..00.... Un"·~"..11 HOME.en called a t...bor pOOl"'. w" ~med .1lk 'able . dcr"'nd'!>g on .to rIWIlium· duty tl)Ol..lion! of la'\l<" .kc.. " .i. E""n though portablt . coulJ be "". bttn .11 ""-.ble lund . [igllt In cornpan.or. II. This "'..han 200 Ib. Si:e$ ro. ".n~.. Th . ~ nOOfOl$ Tho poNi/hl $lOW II.'·j'OUf><'lf horne hand)'f't'tK!<' "'uh hmucd ipOICC.nal III more . cut I·in.1m<:1er... moler. Pon~blc ..'c in Ii"'.. It i.h the indus...'·.bl. Icp and...""gtu m. moJr[ tnal .bor-b. E"en will.>1 ... no( un""". hat con cu.'" kcpl the "'ei~h.. "-.. u". circular ""'''..rec..".-..he buiklnt~ . minimal needs for-... bl.....r:ode. portahl~ "'.Ltb.. "'" ..wy "..... crJ""pecifoc . and ')'f'C: of mate.. I n>te.h.... Al Ill<: time..ial. Th.hot i."'r and flatt~...... bloodo: and ~ .." "<C rd'cn 10 blade dl. 01. M. o"d ""igh •.ion '1\OIor. Thor moJrl mak"'1 sa .trial d. I"'l....ap.. COOM "·... ..ligh . a Kllkd-doom .001 . .ha.. n\3. w .he corpm ••• or COOltnocro.mplica. "COOltractor" . o...'O i tn. the ..n by.1 for Ihe .. I( ._.. !<:> ll ntk:...~ cI the.y (~n<: . and mol1. li~h'weish. portab[~ SO"1 . A....PORTABLE SAWS c:arnffi by one' !'on. job·sIIf CO.. .' ". off.t~ ."y worIo... man uf..(t 0" 'he moIor is ..(tt or dlmet d... small "" this .....1 moIors arc used in por.. balic ft...ighcd in .h". ... "ny \argt indU\l...II be a handy roo! for !iSh."."..·.. or lo.nd ..out 16 intrOduction to the Table Saw ..."rf:ICc.1 """Of. used in .fu1 moOdd makori ..""""...och of mode<t n.'00<1.l... for the oo.ighl aftcr WorlJ Wa.Y«Ir1'ltt" on a "". POP"~' ........ courlc of . and perh""..nu".lworlo. thoush."...ion. ...jj 1lI0U)r'$...h..'i..hc ')'PC cI bbde tUc<l..lI<: port.i". """". . it con ". and j(·.. m<"aIl' 10 bt clompcd 0... (W"h 'able .nAh". arc d"".....i...."" 100'" is ouuabl. tx'~ndcd capllCi... with cxpiO"...·.d".) Thor ""'"' f'O"--..nd"c.he h"... a ... '. TI-. .-ooJ:...)'....maU.d" brge ...hou. E.. mUe-r 2"uge.SHOP SAWS The ')'1'" of Ja" used lltOSI often by .Jri...../lt"" of ~ny table sow--.in mInd. 70 lb...jj "o"f~rf()u' me...Il. .· can be t.'ith minimal ex'"". al full hriptt.tblc of II'IQM of II."ls. h". llo.. il has lh.-. can handle a Io.. lS""'igncd ".. 10 have variablc oreeds $p"''''''i from 3. that i.hi"" m""h i"" of old .. The smatk>t pombk .h~ "bor. !. and pl. tof....... nccds . Of. all cI this.".. with to·tn.nufacrure-rs have surrlic-d ...ublc .ble . ..i".h.. N in name .bolted toa commcn:1lI1 Of.hick boko Of ~".mia.. truly I"Of\'Ibk b<~ . T1-w: l:'Cnch. thi.." ".o be pct'IOI\ (~ .or'.. th" .tt all ha.he phooo •• ldi).: surf"" ..educed In .> fcnce. The brtcot po.·ed '... liO'o!...001.. w l'~ ""'~.mbly .

c"".J ium .h features such as accu".w for the home .. "igh!. "'w Introduction to the Table Saw 17 .'C' .·oo.boIl wh~n cuning header hard. .'c ere"tN a ".Juced I'ibMion Home-shop sow. hea...Price vs Value I n gene."WS..·ier. Today.". motor is m<)Un. Some manufacture. In it' S!~nd. full· .'s saw is actually.aastd lICeu- racy.diel """.d on a pivOIing fmme "t {he oock of . "'OTkc~.k Wha. . u•• 00'l1 Of a more ! X~~­ sive saw buys you in/:.ac"...< igned fOl .octot'$ u\<> ponablc sa..'ed du.hese saw..s ore reoognrzing (he need for a $OIW 'pC<:ifkall)' . C ABINET SAWS Cab". .he home .. d..rho< by a single bd.th a on.k.heet >led.he typical I ll_hI' motOT often l.'s unless!he job demands finer fon_ \>h ~". and hn."<'>O<Iworlce..ed "ation"'I' .ILl belle.. (see !he photo above)..."~ ~uratlility. Intend.·il'Ol' . ""l.hereby freeing up _hop sp..llOJ' saw' is .heir ."d co"flguration... h. Thi' saw ".tLl.. This .ruc. Con!""'!OT's saws are adCq Lill'ciy powered for cuning dimcnsionallLlml. blades and will accepl a ho>! of accessories ."w uses "and"rd 10_in..".J f".. and hm"e·.he saw cabinet JnJ dehers power to the saw. But ill wdghl these sa"" .t<:c and giving .J sa'" .nce and . hea "y-duly ""'.a[. is commonly known ~ a ~<)I'It.e foo{pIint of" cabinc' ><Ow is really no bigj.{ coli cc{ion. and .ed of . COlllC wi. to 600 lb..all be 200 lb. The motor that hangs wt the batk is tctI'\(JVablc to m~ke Imn!_ ron""on casi~r.n .bl. The cabine. contr.'eight.. Th.hop. a eabinel doesn'l normally get Inm'N around in Ih • •Iwp.J. LmprO.s.he ". The plima"" difference betw".eks the motor bock intO the cabinel. is attoched 10 an open Stand coru.han lhc previous saws mentioned...c.et ""W$ are comide. ~W'''.'e fence 'fllems.

.liding tabl~. The ext'" wcight on a cabinet saw i..-""'.he '"""'. looal """". ~nd e"en the miter gauge aU con"ibu.he arbor using two or Ihltt short bellS [0 eliminate bell slippage and ocher nlliximum powe •. ("'" .f.. The mOlor used is a .ollection (eature! "'" much "'ore dfccth'e .. As . 18 Int. .k a dusty sa w cabinel_ The motor drl"es . thkhr "".).. The (o"'ponentS on the ca~in"t sa"' an: hef'i". Tl.._ Gbinct ""''-' arc powered "'ith moror:s in .. cabine. pieces ..y '0 ."". 3"""kd. differ from . The c. than the long belt. saws have a fuUI' endooed cabine.).r motOr..heir Am~tj(a " cOll".."wd".e powerful "'OIor and [0 run longer with Ie$! "il.h" n'IOIo.oduction to the Table Saw .. as a d irec. saw. which . fan·cooled (TEFC) uni. more accurate and smble_ The larger internal "'foehanisnl< are buil.ana p(lwor.. due to its been.m" la1). goods much "". and bee""SC i.heir name implies. il thot 'heir and du..e...r p~m Th.. weigh. cncloses .a.to. ni.ont<tins the . .'CT adjustlnent whcel.inctive w"I'S.·.bine •• lso adds heft and Slabili. ion of Europe in World W" 11.he c". ("""e.h""".e !<'Co"d is that . The scardty of tn"" and need for "'build· . Tl.""w taNe i.... i.he 3-hp '0 5-hp ran"".o . result of .1pO.p""s in . OIability. endosed 1. Tile cobinel . w Os tlie c _ oj prof .1<0 •• aut to lis """"racy.~nd inte. he". '0 handle" ".e [0 ..sie'. cre"e b. Shon bolts al".wo dis_ . it mufflcs \<Jme 0( the ""ise and ..he . .uch as .eSUlling in a saw tha. on home·shop "~"'S.he de".ension wings.· . 1~.... i"cOfl'O<l'!e a . and machined to d=r (olemnc .I\c pho<o ab"". caSl imenlal mech..'ibration and noi". The sliding-table de.\' EUROPEAN SAWS European t~b l~ sa"'..-iron 'Of' and ex.ign cam~ abou.h"". which males (or " longer life insi...ttake> handling 0( large wor.ratio..~ fits.oraUI' c'llc1osed.hid". [0 which ...'ie.

twO .ami 1!Q~'ont. platform .. of... . Si"" a"d capaci.. an in{e!!r.hal eo"l)' calTie~ a workpiece paS! .. of combi. promp{e<:!lhe dcwiopme"..all home shot:> or large pm(e<$i<)nal. art ". .uge. h"". wide and 10 ft . long. 1n """ A oom~ination moeni.> in one pachgc .>e. 'I'pic.'idual tool .. wi.-".he bladc_ much bener al{cnL~'i.C nL~"e'l'ictes of economy..de_by_side (>e. basically. adequate (or many orcr~tion.ore ""curate and .niH< al{ Introduction to Ihe Table Saw 19 .tu..rrying sheets up to:..00/.1 "".y i..1 part of {he m""hi" e.. ul<: <i wOO<! in . preferable I". These ""lthine. ""nte'..'T)' tool> in ••.he five m"" commooly u>e<ista{ion..he machine.-<><><lwOfl: ing: the table sow.lly indude . All the can be combine<:! in a "...ble i.:"" Ix"..109 a(m the war ocmanded!TK)T(: effiden.. "'here space is • luxury '" shott lupply "nd the demand (or quali.hine. goods. easily handle .. placed .i:e" Larger tables are capable of c. The combi.. .IKling .he .I UIOft. COMBINATION MAC H INES Combin".he photo below) .h~"" gOOt!..cause it co". high . On nKlS' European SO"'" {he . Each indi. An aJd·Olt .i"". jointer. """.. ''''pe'. pro"iding" ".. <i plywood ~!ld Other .h othe. ofl.Iiding table i.arer "'ay to cut any workpiece.able is an add.es tight u p to the blade. Tha" in (Un>. on .on.h a mUer g.ble saw." • table saw.. .hares SJ"Ice.wI...'8 table. ion machines come (rom Europe. pianer. of SO"" (hat COIJld mm.."t {he needs of the .on mach in".'c \0 pushing. capacit\" m. shapero and ho..i.hor.-ailable in "ad". itlCorpO'-"'C' n umber of wooxh'-orking machine. and fe. machints vary to me. workpiece wi... A slidin~ table i.K" d". nigh-quality package. Shdi.o. ft.c. but no' as pro:i"' . ~"" rtI>tiYeIy oompoe!. On a (lOW $a"~' .h" (er".en calle<:! a roll mg table_An imegraltable i.m. n..hine {ha' rakes "l' IC$S W. a ..

.".)'pes of saws. . the type of work)'oo ". few )"''''S h.." What Size Saw? The . A In. saw technically rcfersto Ihe largest blade it will handle and . ". I'll n.re . the ...V...$ tMt you ".ulUl".ew of table-.. .. to match your n"cd.iabl". choke when buyillg "nc..d).'<'l~ on four budget. A f.. A I. of the v.. My fiTO! .. w..u'es . In thiSchap..e of.... )"Our . Howewr.I"...'e the imrodllCli<m of a lot of new portable s:. _ cu"... irs <""ing dcpth--an inoJXlnam consideration . [" help you u"Or\: through th""..I chapter 1..'en'.~. one on a t)'pical betlChlop (see the sideoor on the facing P"gc).ing in more depth in thi' chapte.ilabl. you . ..."ces !O .m to do. b..he $aW. and .he right table saw for you .. "rc grca. fot cra mped shop.."tion.'ic~lly deftne lho: . of saw.hough 'hcy're oflen called bench.-"iou.'''' type> and (ca.hu.·t5tmem" 00 it'.ion will <kpend la'l. will provide \'00 ~'it h a bale of kno. il)' be "owed "w'y ""hen not in =" . and how of.-". as nl discuss he.riou.i:e of tho: machine itself and the pow~r of the mow." .h.... type.miliarit)' with .~n yw'lI be using . 'IrOn:g1h •.. I'll di".mportant as the blade I. and lim i..wi. if you h.\ I'll be di."."n i". II presents" good "'-O.. Your "... and garages a"d C1<" e ..... It's these thru factors together th..'OOldn't. are iu" al . c.he 00>1.2 Buying a Table Saw !able "... PORTABLE TABLE SAWS The I.'ledge frn I'our decisions.· tic" (ca'u'es.poc.er...mpon~n' to wi"..i.op saws. u'OTkspace. These sa .."J...tion .

OC bencntO!' saws .. .eight ".en<! ~ me flaws and shortcomi"lls addr~si oo ' ight out oj the btl•• as a lai. thick ""d .Not a Benchtop Saw 1'C«r."".... beconw. i. A.fe<:d ""f'PO!t5.. it'.epared 10 ."pply Illmber and lightweight 8O'><k In t. .e fences.horter th~n 4 ft. you may want to eustoo'l'Oze the stand to twit you' patticul ..-tuning may be roQuiffXI to make ~ ~well.8 vibration and making for ea..lly replac'ng the uoo i.try and bask cabinc' mak in~...uited to h.. gradu..irlyaceuratdy.1.till no{ . . hJ I'e fla tt er laps.il1. .ems are being man uf"". k:IeaIy. more ro"'cr.hle foo. 't really ma<Ie to us& on to!' of " typical bench...he mechanical . and more on I"". By sening " I' ou..hiek hardwood is possible. R<c~m model..hec. m'I1I mi.... safe <:>perMion. '..stead.lII.olerances.or's saw.. the tabletop ohoIJId be at tho> same ~ . Buying a Table Saw 21 .he I)()!'[abl.nd of prcdlC cuning demanded by furniture ".... Ripping .. an accessory stand is aval _ _ • but 'fO<' cC<Jld make you< OWl' stand instaad.. '" h...r!.. well ... ~ CAU.neml. long.he port.occura.hle . Fa' mao'ly modelS.. saw is '. goods can be cut e. amount of fi"... r.. bill it will tUx !h~ motor. Po"able·"'w d"sign has greatly imp"".ndling stock I.ilc>. This is no{ 10 sa)' "--'<C....aking.he few j'C.n 1 in. . more ..Iso tu rning up mo. you' palms _ .sily and i.. be p.uiled for the k.. th. job . ureJ 10 closer .WS... On higheHnd vonable sa~". iOllal COl\lmc. . larger blade C'l"'dl). and imrro"ed dust collection. A!tI'>Ough Y"'-' 00Ud ~8 tho> stand to """"a tI'Ie standard saw-t_l>8igI1t of 34 .ier operation o"cralL A good tool for e"tpen. .\~.. wtOch WOIJd PIlI th&m too I'»gI'I lOt' comtonabl&. ><tending you' fin9&r1i out par_ to the floor. W hen you buy a ~ tUbk lable saw. good as . They'.IIning building_.ed ovcr ..

dust ~tion. and ""I.... w thaI was prOp&r1y designed with aI tt>ose SOld ShOrtC<>fl'lin9S "" so many saws ~ to""""" in safety.. add up the money _ eJ"ld uP spe<><fiog "" ac<: .lety ""I. fumit ..sale value . _ p<Obably could haWl bought the .al' .·" to s!.space lot a luII·sized top..<"""! mor.....M ..'N..~ases ....op-of-me·""" ."h a ' t. I can alloo"cl ~Iely. e. I"m the ~ ind of guy wno wi! wall and .. that staJ"ldard of equ. yO'-' ~ laugh if I t&I you thaI I ~ more than $100 lor..... I trIink mat·s one of the ' .SOO5 lor. that it takes a big .a toaste'. he~ . not &0 f_lO<M dea""'" ""'8 off ...... suct1 "" a better bta<:I88 . in me urWted Stat ..... w "" ... the cash or."S.... y"". As witt> most ".nt.... feallrfl to b&gin with. ryone ~". ha.....". n gating sI>od<Iy . In the Urited States.ow..ti""3. lot a !ifeIIm8 table ....... not e .fe<tly 00" _ t. tl"lOugl"l you may no..!ngs and satisfaction dOwn the .ty al 90 Degrees Cutt'ng Capacity al 45 Degrees 8 n.. the ad<Ie<l initial COS! of tigr>e< ~ ""'-'aIty means greater sa.bof 1 "' 1 ~ <I..'e $<".. Unfort ..oad..."II . does its job failhfUlt)i. lot a .ol' ha . me<e acc .. f.. eccuracy. SUI ~'s made well.... t>Ie ..'c )')U good . at...g tabko.panels.. up"". ..""'1"'01<....SAWBLADE CUTTING CAPACITIES The 5Ize of " b9cI<t def.'or\: come off of .. Wto' ....n ""m~ be... "_''''1'.wO<!<.of-"'....... ano.....·"r....bil...the. ago.w..·\'. Of c""".a. ... io mounted "" mot(ll $roan."'" uP lot a _ -made. gvatdo. you should buy the beS. time setting up for eoch " " than ~w "'wld "... I. 88 and con$truCliOn.end to focus on price ...the 6~de ~ of Sloe/< (ca"l WI Size CuttIng Capac.. when n lact _'ct> oft... and wiI <>ng outlast the seve<> before rt that ended up in the trash..... I"..I a -.pme.."ti f"l. • and a saw that isn~ easily capa_ ble 01 crosscuttOg large stock or. time."Hy... can gi. btIIts....-od qlJality... 6vt l you con· _ yourseW a serious WOOdwOO'ker and Intend '0 btl at it for.... h...... 22 Buying a Table Saw . w . we trOnk $2. ma.... Tuni ng up the saw and working with in it. . wet... Ie"""... )"(>U ".. PrL'<O...w. . ~·s odd thaI many woodwO<ke'" who balk at spending ... How".. have almost no "... many of us .......Jys a real top-of..... a few years. ... table .... yea .000 tM. e mal<.". I can justify the cost 01 a strong.~ 1001 .. te.....)' s....... w IlW'Ik nothing of ponying up nearty thai much """'Y f.. As ...\"e saw to 00 Ane work...... To add to the irony. <10 t .. cap....at~ than on qual- ity 1.......th<t on . I'm willing to invest in a table saw wittl t&atur&s that wiI make lot "as<er. w lhousaJ"ld 000II\ . TO "'--frY...SC .. 1ht Tho 1IIa<lo "" • pon.1'" tools... table saw. you can affor-d within ~s Class. ~ w . w c~ 5)'S'''''' tha.".. p<ecision ~ mat w1I har>dle anything t l&ed ~ and w1I hOI<! ~s ""1tinQS "".. Of Table Saws and Toasters WHEN " 00Me...II>an jusl bv)'Ing whate\l.

h~ photo On . 35) . to 300 lb.. n"><t won't """n .cpowe. 10 C""~ .. ing sa "'. .hick st<xl. underpowered ...:1 •.~ if n""e.ccpt full·width dado heads. pans are buil . crosscuHirtg capabilities. is well .r.pc'Cial1y hard.". ~ t\O(I't.' is a home_shop sa"'... Portabl" saws arc di=. d r.W the"" $3""$-10 11 of ."'cr time .ItO~ sa.. tep up from a ronable sa.he n""or trunnion 3>S<ombiy On home·$hop modd.l3l1i .r in... und.sn'l sltaiOM aOll easily adjustable.. cOIl.s for '''''''' S<orious nsc and "''''I.ttu. neigh- Pmtable saws at" rela'i\'ely i"~xpe'''iw.• reople to" job s. Replactng Ihe R. <ontrilxaes to qM'll ion. H O ME-SHOP TABLE SAWS n-.tp<>We.1 motor--/lte def. neXt ..The o wral1lightw"ight construction of portable sa..i\'c model.• 00.. Weighing from 200 lb. pans to wear ""d j..'.ctor'..nnar1ret I_e.. on portable ..ed ac~urocy. accutacy ot your work. Although l>o<. a home"hop sa~' can be mo wd by .ctimes r<i"m><l to as a COntractor'. cau..>r Ih.ch are d. These sa"'s ate d1~me"ted more solidly Ihan portable sa". On .-" motOt ha. 'y.... i.. fleet QOOCfS " wetl os mo" dimen""""l lum· toO. rn:rea. probably for you. ""ings ofte" aren'.. 32) .·h. .he ":X'''II rage).g)llc oot of alignmem ". B uying a Ta~e Saw 23 . capac it)' and include beuer "'I"'" well. wnich wi" gready improvo 111.tgh the cas. H. On ".mec<ion .rmarket slidi"" table to .-. " .1 CQntr:.•ttlloLl9h ~'. ..p Fence 1yoo already hit"" an older contrac- 1tor's saw with a stockl MC! ihal . the blade i.mc ""~' home-. hc-~vict..hop "'''''. mot"" 'ypi ..>gS ou. the . altho. sa. They're not intended fur hogging a lot of "'000. ur' p..t'$ connecwd directly to the moror shah (see . Ih..rodition.i\'"n by a un"'""".". ¥OO oouk! 31$<'1 add an all. . c... ranging from alx •.J. to 15 "mps (see the si<kba.hc back fo< e~\)' rcmo--. I. . auach«l to table'op. In fact. ·c. ideoo. a Oood ..' ("'" 'he . moum«l '0 an uh. id. 'he motor is c"dQlCd in a cabinet .I for transportation. h""e """. sawing thiCk I'I>'dWOO<!.. That is. OIl p. The"" "" ~"" are "ny lood and demand ear p.e. The mOt~ cxf>C". .range from 12 a mp. "".t $300 to • "-"\I. A.·hen it comes to cuuing .· nad\. sta'. xtend 1M saw'.. . '".

.'.. hard_ "'ood.e' ljOOd.-ill ma. ..br"lion.. Home·shop sa". Of coo ... . Th... (~.-s . toon on po 7)...J . ered . ~w waS realll' dcsign~..oIrs. h'. 3nd . (s« the ._..ft .~ .he motor.. hp motor "'illl a much largl" Otl~... .~. ..><leTS dus.' pcmry am! C8binClmakin~ 10 fumttu'" making.x:..".hop.....' thinking in .-hoch .. are JOO<I for c.j. esr«iall)' ..he Itomt .1IQ"<O... ".... IfI' a . to .. If you'.mi. . and .. UndcfT'O"'". The .. Hom~. «It 24 BuyIng.00.td H) l'OUr >hop UloC..11oo." II..hal. no( 0. a".Jly rome outfined for a 14·. """.>e:ities_ A \!cmari\'eiy. """"hanu".ha....ical oullel If)'OU Jon'1 . i( your $aW Is tkdica..runge •.irk o/tallow p.·c •... it'.."...1cireto" m<-. They. fo. w is .the job ...e po..you can .-ith ronabk $3"'" .. ".)·.01... How. And lhe Ionjj con"ibo..-oII¥ IlsnJO wh.. of .""dy ha\'e onc ..-ooo. the m<:tCor is a 1. tlQI W.c •.11""ra. ~""". col· leclion beca.n a iX"'ubic $aW and " cabine.nd lhe m.ir.bl~ .. b«~UloC d ie 'n'emal "'1'" "'''rong """'''''fig ... ]hi> ..ge a>sCmbly '0 the I"bl... .ho.*.. is ~'nred fOr liS ....I ~.h..hould serve Anc for h""her and ...'" l'OUr ~ b... e/fJCifcrocy and minim. or m"l.. bo. A Itomt-shop .rtw..h.accura. )'QU 10 plug il ".."." feed "'.. l'OU ma)·..'. o..·hen cu. and flanc..n"'111..II...... Uy . mitt S)'Stcm.n~. to do "'ith .lot.. a.}O·volt cle<:l. a l{)tlgt. .-bot ~aft to dt"..... copec . dual·..ho: tablts on hc"nNho" ..".. iLl ..'cI Cllt. >Ow h.. u"hc.• nd I'm glad w I« """" ". "".-..". lha. Me" Utended side "'Ppon olld "Pring cap.-cnal moI<n.)-.. Al 1>1 hr.kes..he (arria..\C«"re~..".ComPl'rro .curacy h.ho..wa If 1'QU ".t . c"." goods.. _ ting heavy!ol>ttt goo<h. Table saw ... "C'.Jc. ~uin>W "'IIh....Jightly our 01 altgmnen'.. fcn<~ and ""[.fttd SUJ'IlOft of .Iworktr.n"" than a ponable $3"'. can caux the hlade tosh.".ome k". ..-oItagc drop!-...he moIor.·tth indtlctioo't motor>.A belt connc<:LI a pulley on the moIor 10 " pulley on .I.hen need 10 ./-...a 2..'em '" PO" of" package .. A ho. 50 tMy'1i h"ndle lo'l" "''i'" . eXlcnded trIOIor "" 3 traditional contractor'.HICk bener.. the I~a't cxr''''''''~ "'''-')'QU (an IDe for $Cfioo$ "ood"-or\<I".he Open Ime tha..he ooi.: the mol"....h.. "ha"ll' OU'I .. "'ill t.. or 1-e... _ effieitn•• and """" durabk Utl.he ph""o on p_ 23).0 "I'll' ""nd"nI IS·amp hou".-err 01 ~"'\f: from ca.·."..~ .'" lil'l')·... '0 re"'. Itol the .. .n you can onk..... They pmvodo:: a good compromise k ..'" .he rlto!:o 00 . )'QU coold urgnde b.ktd "'.. mller·pugt when it'. taxing . Of cou. )'QU11 ... n. the moIor fOr 230".'" '0 "'Place (hi.rN iOr cutting Ihick~.J (0._Howe.. b"..h"fl i.' rQ<1 II.he tnOtOf to ptt..:ow....hold outlel.·.. [""g enough 10 ac<:ep( dado and moIdina heaJ.~ of . Pan 01 the comprollHoM "".>te<:1_The fXI bre.. n.~ to handk i. ~..1'1.ng ca""" .n. it . a cab inc.. for .ttc... the blade (_ ."h an af.. l ll·hp mot". The lraditional <:"".e a.cl1'l\llrlc.y".. a thin·kerf bl..-hleh a~ qui...mi::.he back also ""..ractor'.' mu>t cool before. 'l1"ocally roc .he fac'ftj! page). wi".Itt: design of &ow.. runge •• nd """'" ace . m nttd ro." on .he . . sa.....he fc.

.....lock £tamped_s. ok"" arc "..abinel in'I"~ 01 out 1.·.. '-1010" "" ..ns.000. and .p uws hoDIJ inside ". mobil.n"" saws or" IlOW"rOll with ..-iron c~{~n­ Jiom to .on lab l<:$.as. c.""..ble {hal indlKk )"wr d>(li(:c of . as "'ell as CX I.Iidin~ lable.. a ...·oral differem fenctS...il. Many pa<..." I)oek 01 tr>e saw...opl""e {he . in price from $500 fO S I ...n Or>d0C1i0r1 motor lhM ar\vts lr>e b~ ..k"1l" .1 "". bo~. Buying a Table Saw 25 Home_shop sawi r.n~".. ba". neWftr M""'-lr.~...H.

Tuntd "" rrorc.."..'011:.. . or ..'r).m....!Qru cJ rrn:i1ion JOLr>efl' .""1 saw for II..1.!~Ilgth and accuracy. all dar long rumne ""1'11\11>&)'00 polIO II."..n..x!". il . ""II"... Lncl~'ne Ihock hardvonodo and.I)'. mrly a>J"'" 10 profC>Ok>naIqwhlY ...good$ (_ the rhooo ..CABINET SAWS If )'OU'~'!O!f1OOri prof.. )'OU'11 "':1m ~ ".ional '.c.. .....·hik hoLd- 26 BvyIng a Table Saw .."'ill handk ~1l.oo. A good cab....

.able .l neighborhoods.. c~binct '"'" is a "".we". than to the t~blC!"" as in hom". Unfortunately. Magneltc Sw. hree·pha.~' than "'''~ wi. run more effiCiently." .OCO... tha.~ned <ostand Up!O . (or "'ide riw ing capacity. ..Idt " ia 3 "'ide bo:-I( or mu hiplc bths (or grea t po"'~r 1!':lmmission . on hOllle· . to mainta in.'s cran ked o.ruction.h' a"d he. las.m~ 'ts meeh..es for somc~'hcre t.. cndooed in.. .. s.lw ke<:ps a majority of dust from 'p''''-ing {)Ut intO the .'Y ~nd is of."Cner_ Yoo can buy" de<:em cabinet saw in the United S.hp '0 5·hp ind uct. So if a sliJ ing . These da)'s. run$ q u ic.ne".cs ""'1'. . Three. l""ge" ~lld are cheaper.l si:es.h . ilahle in >< I-er..-0\r eireuit. being ..n to .nable business .urcrs offer optional . h1\'el'igate the accessor ies you migh.ll'.ensions than """able '" hon".hose on Europeall "''''' th. good re".'el Cuts.ion to a dust collecror.he bla.e.sa".s ar~ . .he ".wttn $1.~. They tend 'n h""" n"ue.. .:lc w. An "". n't generall)' I'cr)' efficient ..he motor i. "lid 12 in .h Open ba.lt va lue 0""" 'ime..'. -!Olution (or dll..>hop."r$ o( work in (actorie. .ll"a)' parallel to the mi'e' slots ~'-cn "..-. but e"en ..ll i<"! ><:nings.. me tim. bu.h an integral .'s not a . ." caUed " S'"tiorm!'. ".. Table si.able ii imPOfta nt 10 )'0I1..m . Th!: he.it to th ree· phase by installing • COr. .see if you can get 3 good package dcal by buying them. corne riJ.lable for conn"".bor . 28).nd en. cabinct sa"" COme equir red "'i.able (OOlprint and negligible I-ibration in use.11 ci"..lots to the blad<: much c". ~ cabinet saw is .on motor end=d in the base dr.·..vy <o".liding table like .. 1'00 might consider ge"ing" EU !<)pean ..'s going to jack ur the o"ernU COSt of your saw to ncarly that of a lower·end Eumpcan ".i. hding 1.. although in itself.h (see "European Sa." $l. ."cry dc!...".0c0 "n" $l.he $1'"".ures th"... n... 'esta~ after a ~wer imwuplio-o---a grtat safety f€3lure ~ hould the poym 110 out mid""."" . Although robth'ely exren.shop ond POftable "'ws.-of. and COlli' mercial . he ..hon i.t w llect ion. bll' the)"re about . wit h to in..wy·d uty tn'" ".s.he ""'" wmmon .lid ing·table occtsllOl'ics as an add'on.is t""kcs alignlll~m of mi'e r·gauge . w to begm wi. Cabine.w. lly ".ed (or ilS cndO<ed base.he· line (ence."n. .'a.abb and ~". bu. Because of the ir ""iJ."~. 'able oj.ha.. ".phase motor. . ..k. Some ma" " (". rowe< i.h:.i.he rigors o( \.ie.. ba>e... Na n.>hop .. c.h"ps.. which isn't 3 bi~ deal for an elec" ici.h' up '0 the bl"'k.end.. The endO<ed hase . !t·s subs" " 'ial and he". that rou get ." on p.·cs the a.i{)nal """ i$ u$u.t i.bi· net sa. Any cabinc.ble.u! and yOlJ Io<(t!ll to turn 011 II1e saw.am "nd.h" Buying a Table Saw 27 .·.'er for be.. saw can bt renufittlxi with an aherlllar"e. Ie. a cabine.me". )"ou'll neW" 1)0. bill cxp""t '0 pal' a. A j.oll-and_mo(or ~sscmbly att ""hes to the base ra the.~ hal'" a I'C'1. Three·phase power is also on option. typicall)' ". )'00 con COlwen an existing 230·.mt.'s.tches A Hcabinet saws come with mag· I1\ltic safely swiIcItes that p ~. And t. vema moto.ecause .a....·..ll if you need one.il"blo in m {)st rcsiJcn. althoogh none c<~np"r¢ wi.OCO (or the het· te' moJeb. To d""e 'he>e large motors.. and long (ence rail.hop .

. The add . (from 10 bad). European sau'.e ""TOSS the Sa.·c .he W"y '0 .. Slife'I' hr~ke tha.nteg". !he safety fc~wre.1' not be all th . sliding .. on European sa"" a'" ..he cOSt rn.h a mi'e. with carTying it dforde5Sly through th._ Mm' EU"'l""an sa..!in~fi\'dv diff"ren' fTOm their America" coumrrparts in "". The a.I"'.hick h~rJwO<.nAuence reg"ruing the saf".ed sa.... Wi. . mal' 1~ln.rpart. sliding 'abies don't p'Ol'itk as much accur. saw the accessori .·o\( moWI.. .ITeren!. ')'pic.ed guiding 'l'OIem . of all of the a(tem.he ftlmiwre m..him an .OClO in ...". .se .'cn .. PTim~rily in the ..." head on..he cos.. required for woodworking . u'hieh is .~ inch"le an in..1 '0 .1 tables work belleT iJe<. .fell' features and their ab.he . as doe. d.il. Regard l~ of .. only as an add-on.ble saw in line wid-.. Ih. .I11. Groo"" and da<k>cs .·ell de.he Uni.'II' has plcn.." table wi.or in ..isn'.<r"~'i"" is ''''''i<kTC<1 unsa(e in Europe. such as a jointerlpL.ble provides enormous a.. a Euro $. For example.ely b)' th~ slidmg tabl~..]i ... And wi.long enough '0 oc<ommOO"e th.."OTl:ri~"<e is c..g a Table Saw . ni.he"". Thcse . . .he !'Ow. to itS I. Pushing a "'o'll'i.able saw (includin g .per...a. ".pi<.hei.noda... Anolher imponan l diff~t<:nce is that the t).".~ ~...ng" U.1"" helps 1"'".y stand.nging from J (t . . the phOto on the fucing pag..rge.. The table iuelf ex..OOO '0 $5 ..1\".-long .. bl"" open mOTe p.es..heir Amerkan COIlnt.r. t d.ke. are all tksign«l ...e .ny saws sold in . .~ (.""..""..igneJ and clfcc(i. Sliding tables are available in various lcuS..d>i ng off the ..hin<:$.s .egrnl . Ho"'e"e.n lablo is de. fine. and cap<o<:i'y arc all grcadV i mprOl'~-d.Iid ing table. gauge is no oompar.ed S"""s .1 Europe.'er.uropean liaWS are di. impede rho fceding of" ... blade on a .-"''' accitknt.ibil i. ..rd. d ..ble as equipmem .:y d .0015 because . o.. but if you f"".ly diff~"'m m""h •.. Accuf'OC)" safety. A Europe"" fable $aW .m .:).hat much betteT ...w and include" much..lon~'Cr ..h a EUYOp<M.h a few mD<kls.S.liy cut on the ohape. I "'~~r".I ! I EUROPEAN SAWS E...".. which mean..hey arc inc01"Jl'Y ""ed imo the design" ..h:11 .able suits mOil' gencr~1 woodworking ju.x 28 6uy.ed ". And. 10 10 f1..rried enti.11 as handlin~ full.. "" arc iniUally more expensive .1 W"ys....'orkpiece.. Somc Amet'ic~n woodworke .bot.he machine..1 Inon isot... The 'ypical Eu'opean . ~nd a hor. ""dl·c~".ignoo to ac<(>m .h..he riving knife docsn'..han ..h-an'ag<oS for . for mo"emem.he 'ype. to tho sliding table incorporated into most of these sa. SlOJl5" 'rinnin~ blade setonds aftcT swi."" sophiS1ica. Ai • re$uh.lIed a rolling 'ablo due '0 i" ~igniflca".he Uni.ble i.ket accessories n<""cMary '0 bY .he sliding table) Can cOSt (rom S2..ed Sta.><l< d. ic$ for: ripping.. .orr""ime..si. . n... .Iidlng t. making i..plitter 00 SO m."".he bl3d<:.he inabilit)' lO 1llOUm a dado or shap<.he .(tcrmarket-accessmi.e" "u mber of accessory machine.y to handle and aQSKul brge w<)f~l'ie<. ...ends all . ..a"". A 4-(t. woodworking !Tildes in Europe have grea! . '0 their particul"T mceh~ni'ms and attachmen! '0 .ed sheet good..lly ". .here arc ')'ric.)' oi PO""" for culting lJO·..

lly..rge slidong lable""w de'igned 'f) h. . equipmer11 is much smale< than In !he I..st European portable lable saws aetvaI:y consist of a portable c ~ cular saw that'" ifwen&d and attached to a " taroj that incorporales a rip I"""" an<! mit<'t<' galJ9&..te.\-lfted Stales... A f"Il·. T. Euo>o<>o! for """"'·WOOdwO<'k. so. The Ilidin~ tabl....ne"or an adJ·on .ndle pri. V..hed oouiggor table (or panel "'I'p<ln is earried by" ....1 nom&owr>&r..." .. .k..· ba...Y...t'igll" (tilt gr.I<'OeII (O...."""..I.. .". in(cgral . av..hee. as Will! as ItIfI contractor who ~ a portable job-sit ... n-. "5'/.de· i.. many toolS "'. ever.. .. . 1/10 bUll< of 1110 European-Style D.OCtI" Qw rnal<1$ banIlliOO O n.... Buying a Table Saw 29 .... I... i$ al".ta~1e T $Iit:IiOO 1a ~1e on • Eu..t.ighl up next 10 Irle WOt." 'hown he"l ca rries ~.)-. You'.. also fnd &OOlEI of the same portable saws in ElJ<Ope mal are SOld in the UrVIe<! Slat"'" ' sinc<I many M "" I>een ma<Ie to CE (EurOpean saletyl standar~e most of me cabinet and contractor's saws SOld in 1M Slat"'" that don'l ""en come ClOSe to meeting CE standards... marol)' (ull'sh"J goods. lor tM 00~ -)IOI.". IIa'II' W<><'q>Iect. An o. Tilt 'liOino ""'" . PANEL SAWS A p~nel . w.

the se.. another.·.hine combine. M~nofu<:lurcrs Illch a. $6.·J '0 inc". " scoring blade ...ools probobl)' didn·t perionn .:xl"'"Otkers in . Combination Machines I had always thOl...o..hal"".W In one .bou. most of th • . ta ~ 1e saw..me """I can .. .. m""hine.ha.ion ". ..ff"". liding table "role of at least 8 ft .of.he United Sta.... top.."5. garage..1 morti<er.1Iing pac~. A panel .adically_ In (""."kes less .... .e5--includin~ serious nonprof=ionals---are buying combination m""hin .·"ilable i..pacC_""'ing pack"S" he.otk il lOin.ly ..pac . chatllled my thinking . The ch"apest panel "'".h... and combination machine.heir functiom l'articllla.:xl~' ork illg tool$ in "M . you learn Ii) plan .up of .llable in pimd_S<lw ~onfo~~I"... al"":I)·' include...ha. '110 ' jQin~"'IaI1 .he.. Changing from o"e (" nwon (0 aHOIher gcnernlly ..lin<: wo. h""". at<" dc~amly deslgn. The typical combina. in diam~· tef.. and a lO·h.w.n a minute .. '" I 2 in..hops. their premium panel "'. TI". But ." jointer/rlaner. Many European ". More and morc )W) ".. sliding lable sa"" a .he s. well... and 1 '". i.fICT beilljJ 'ntrod .. ma in bl.."pOfatC . IS powcred by " "1'1r'''~ m()(Ot.mal! . The . are well known b.gh. per. BeC"". and .. ".. ch""ply made .n ·t unu. of combination ~"OOd"'O("king machines a. A ItcnJor(® and lI.sc""ing ann. combint$ l .ual.li(m..".000. foc ''''' in ...-ariou. "rok.elim'·'. ~ment$.ny of . the rhoto be!< .~ ".. ha..J to EurOp<an combinat'on m""hin". r 30 Buying a Tab4e Saw ..-"q""n~e of A lolly outlined comb<notion mochi ..brtin " .

Il on [hew mnchines. aco. ~ Pros: A ~e<>t $I"q>. To chan~".t<lfed lor cutto-g tnck Pros: S<>o"'ripoo"tabl&.ime b".-: add-on rnactW>as a-<) typiCaIy 01 the same h9l quaIty as the core _~w EJas. oeoent . vbatic<l-pr<...m . C<Io"pentry .Int.-n fence models I"rde< cuttng tnck ho<<. i"dJStriaI ___.e joime-r/rlan<"T on ""IlY """leI. ~ Cons. C<..MEETING YOU R MAT C H IN A TABLE SAW -Home_shop ....m" of the rip "'. _".. p'evious "'ttmg..er from jointing to planing capabilit\" you jimply lift .01 """'" toolS in\IoIvaS a fen"".h >I:md-. "'" mme .he same '''''erhcad.-.hg. bMic "-""itun!t -. ' ..'''' c.caIy It E'-"'f>&M table saw witn ottler ~eooooo to~. PrO" ~ accuate.twQod: opfIn-ba$e ~~ Pros: Pow. CItbO"o&tty.n~ . can be separmeJ for use ~S' stand-alone Buying a Table Saw 31 .. nlOl'C Ih~n \'00 might wi..o.speooe . " 01)0 doll between a poytaI:>Ie saw end It c. which IS . ulOli"" ...o">&.ypicall)' a.. ha<O to k""" weI....-...:lrfU.... a chang~·o'-er will c~"sc -- Coos: Expensive i"i\IeI cash outlay. end ~: C<:>I"MS with It r.Ierpow<I<ed lor prem.oice for t/"ie job SIte or It oped $I"q>. r ha"cn'l found to be a ". long.at>j.. '-<:olle<:lion hood... but that is seldom~!\ issue in a one.d lorn worI<. 12 in. dcjng tat>le . .-eori. . con- McIy w~~ the rn<>d<II la-the ""XI advtnCeS inU... Goo<:! ct-.. TI.~ to """"".\d flip "P" d" ....:.. The i"int<"Tlpl.e. .abies a.. You can'. ac<:OJate. such . end stat>Ie. 'omo .A """"""" It Cons : l.he jointer .: no dOOo~. the loss of. Tho! _ _ _ _ _ for ''''' nome~. European . Ve<y 1ou<l. _ - saw~ ... Don1 expect great ac<:Utacy from n'_ _ CO"'.'hen ..n~r "ni.. Occasionally. --_e. net retain <t.aobO"Iot saw g:x>oj " " I ' " co I oioe C ons : ~.-.h.-orking my combination m""h. your pllXe .S.lmw tools. 1'1 Pros: Portable: """"'...Ier· pov.rn fence.. '". leas. CombinatiOn machine AI types 01 wocw:twor1<ilg pro!eMionaIlu-_ rYture fYI!II<...gular pr""!...fence......Or two·m~n shop.Gt.ion at a ..han one func...""".abIes """.o-acy.

~ can be brol<CIl d".. .. _ .. .. the • .... wt>v 1hey"Ve ~ the a..o h c p _. "..._ ~ the Urited Stat ..he .orwe..... ~ .' _ ... iI now .. of taCh tool... . p i ... . _ ~ ....What·s 10 a Name? T. By .. contreCtOf" .. AI 011 _ . It CC<JId be ..._ ~ _ .hdlllg table. _ to de"...r ~ the ... ....hart<! for e""h f""..~.".g to _ac<o..... .l siz ..:100'.. . _ saw. ad<IIn<.. ~ n a .. _ _ ro "'*" "".... lor Irensp<.. lOt n-. NS)'·Jo.e t... cept tNIt \tie wHch .. ~ _ I~ to the <:Io-~-yourseII. portability iI ~ . ! out "'"" _ ~ ~-..ng da\'.. Soo1.._ tMn m. A Iong . 119 ......_ I . IItJ keepng them ~ 81'1<! coma wItn 'o-in .k~ uoe of.. ... 011 a "' 1I>\A<l-_ _ 011 • ~ MW. n-..m. they SIIare '"' Eo.....aboht·.bnll"'" l"'" might e~ pect from a u. and 1 WOUldn't ..h i.-:Ib'_ . _ .-Irom sI>ee1 st..-.• " w _.to .. milo wU 1M meet _ably~.. ' - <...<l 00' ~ •• more reIhed lance. ) ~ "Tlghl of lhe lotlIlnuch utC is CDl I"'::" 'Tly..e ~ ... - the more propo< .angK ..to be mada !rom c .. known .hirle$ employ effa:rfti.g/>' and Lllge fOoorrim of a tabk "''''.-n to fit Ihroug/l a t~pical doorway. U _ ar8 <IHigo"Ia .. Many now 8-tn ...naline the ". went IooI<'ng lor ..... c--.........o . TnHe .... _ ... I ~.. U.<:t".....~ .. C&binel-aa'" design hUtl1 ov.II...Kh.odhg the <X)I'baclor". _ I u t becoo'oioog outdated..... E"r~an!>aws ~nd PortaDie Saws oombi~tiM m..... for ex:on'ple.1.".. oioo . ~oo 'lI be ... ~ _ more . . U nlike many tablt !>aWS soOl in 1M Unite\! SU(n......... ~"'" .......d·aLono.orro8 crco. _. ion m.. ofI"" • motor the!'.1 iron......."" _ _ salety """ du8t.. they t. _ and the . ~. be IIUI'P'IM<lw the '*"1 dUSI coIIIcIion. (10 ~ ~ lor the job ~_"alcl:more_~..· "on .' . """.mpe-r abo ""... _ ~ ncma-ohcp wooO' _ ._ n-.. w.. . and cuttng _it\.. ......... 32 BvyIng a Table Saw . _ C~.e_st ~D--OY! the t>ec~.ohapn..><tendit>g <'l'iCR""'" the motor-one 011 the t-._ . LI . ~ _ .. ev<!K> at 200 Ito.a.n ___ 011 t h e _ .-m .-....ust IIWr(!s ~ YeIY _ . aItroougto ~ ~ ~ wu never designed to be • ncma·atIC>p ~ M"'.. di"ecll\"ely ""jot. c:t.>rtjng....tI""'N 10 know Ih~1 IllOIiI combi". (On lYII.y CIC today.. ~~011 ~ the ~ _~~ ~tO_<lMign....the yUr"a a .. _ _ European Style Salety _ t h e _ ....r ....ed ·.... but . .... i'lc:Il. __ deoigo oed more tt.."'Y . d.... Many tr_-... Th~. " ' _ . odd'''g to the (n. . ~.._ . of \"00 C~ to plac~ il C)......" lhe "T. ~ laat .. w has !'eaIIy becoonot • ~ • • """r>ulactur· .wt. t" _ . • ... ~ _ the Igrot_ .cwhcTC.tyte oontra<:tOO".. .W. Tht $hare-r. .... ~ MW• . !rom __ c.. ~ 1igI'lm.. and the ..-...e loorm MW came abOuI U • WfJtY to ~ .

.i • Iqll Q ! I' " I . !!! K I ¥ I. i".I!I..I ~1. 1 1 U • • I • i ~ .~n ! . Iii! 11111:!."" r 11!. !11...I'" " " £ ! ~ m ~t:I~ H.11'.~ ~ !! 1lb!--1I . ~ I [ iii I t . :M ..!"!I.ll.I •••• .ed.1.llllli· lilrll li!I. f • . '. ':'1 1·.~ifill!~'li ! !!I I ~'III. ! I. L I t".I.!E..• ~ ~ • ~ • ~ ~ ~ ~ i ~ J .IIII! il. j "Ii I · .II..!~:3 ..llill!!II·"lll .£.! . ! :li.llI1tllt . ~g~ • . !tU i it 1-' ' .L I i1 q if lilillll!t.!I!!I! III. i '= ~:!i" iii: .II.lllii.i• . .s-§: n ..I II I! III I.lil!I.I!lli!l l !iltl!II!'..f . i '" ~ a .ll 'rll~II~II"'I .tillillll!. • I I UJ UJ ~~!~ .jH i.:II".llil!I'I!II. • 'I r~i II'.11 !!':il'r~"I' 1'!!"I' III'~I · ·11 .". II!I!·.!I!I'il !" I'" 1 ~I.tll!!rl:I:.11 1 1I"'!1 il.• . •il.!I!~ . I' .

infeed and OYtfeed . he'>l'-dUl)' ca"cTS tha. blade.re about YOYf health and shop en"ironment. wise to ~ompa'" f<'. But don'r be misled by I-oon.. A >tart/stop .. "'w POWER AND CUTTING CAPACITY In g<:""ral.A full.:.ion mao:. ..". in direc'ion.function corobinati"" machi"o typicall)' h"."W for )'W. ~nJ one for the jointer/ pianer..lUr". Thi! c.1I machin<: funClio". .11"".> win shtt< off..n)' of the stop . it'.bout . detttmitt<"! by the d iameter of the blade .. Wh:ot''''er )'our focus.'Oir current ..idebar 01' the facing paj..d mor<.. 0. three . yOY m"y be rnQI'e concerned "'nh 1'<"'''' and ha"ing a larg<:. ar><i any .'hieh feawre. top. 3 """per. here at<: some !!I. If yw ..'ork wit h a lot of thic l Slock. you to rUn 3'l'h3«: mot"" "" BO'voir ''!In''nt .separate motOfS: one for the t~blc .Iiding ".t each func. i" of t"-.ideli"es to help )'O<l ehoo:«: thl: best . afe most important to 1'0\" then g<:t the best qualiry you can in that "r<. . For e.m~".t)· of a .dy table ..! with dt»1 collection because \00 c.t ul'<:.t"ndard household Curren' in EUffi)'<. 12·in..here froro aixlut S5.u it )'our work and pockctboc>k.h a le"ct $" )'OI' can mo'·.hinc.ional m.he be"'t when n". stu.00<1.. much as $30.wer "ring<: com pate .t\ll"rd~'" ""ings instead ("'-" 1h<: . emIl. mow.ow with the mOSt power. within that class. ber"'"en model. compare mowr specific"tion. the length of the fence " i].. AI a ". "'''gill!: from 3 hp '0 10 hp. A 3·)'1' motor will provide enough power '" CUt JUSt . the mol'<: powerful a saw. For increased Spilee effidenc)" op.. one for thc ' ''"per. if fOY worl with he"vy moterial.! ~nd lo""red "'i.hl<: Or exten· sion tabb.fety fc..s arc . Features to Consider Once you've de<:ided what 'll'" of will :.'C) .cl".. The CUlt ing capac. .: mao:.eh is moonte"l..'atloble for attachment to a combina. nCar a .. Once you've tkciJctI on the class of ..imum capacit ies ....0 an option. At least Ont ".. •. get the $..><:ide . Thrc'e·pha .-h ieh i.ny". ~"""h to one end of tI.)'00 may be more wn. a. ion .. the fc"'er ito itmit"tiom.1I ". )""dl want" 10· or 34 Buying a Table Saw .(XXJ for the e<:ooomr moods to .witch. when the machint: i..."-de. Full·function combination machines (with a ."mple.. (The <>pI'ional hori:onml morti><:r moon" on the cnd of the iOin'er/ pb"er cuttcrhead.ingle caSlcr On til<: Of'\""ite end thar can be mi .. The kiUl 'l'I'ically cm. f" lI.h inc and a .tter) Can r.!.!.me P"rp<>6CS.. for eX'Hnplc.ary. All dse being equal. well.dd offers ~ turnsttle option.) YOIt h. . yoy'li need a 5·hp motor to powe.lid ing table saw.featured.."w you ~"n'. "sing a lO·in .. black for the ".lland roy t"-. which allow."W.·· line mood with m"..ility k its are ". _The molO's "t<: wittd 10 nm on lJO·.1. you to tomtt the ma"hine in place when nec. are im'en el'S 'h" .wi. and a jointer/pl. a choict: of H >Otors...(J(Xl for. l1<.ea in" cer.n be hdpful."w i.{·th.

.ec. bl".~...l:crs alld tool manufacturers ~ Iil:e ha"e wme to realize the ... 36) _For {hoM> tha..p<>ak..1 goods... 22)....... Howe I'er.tock fcn~cs on European saws.JJ u>t at I~"st 50 in..di"'table...he U. If you ". well OS a . ...... class 01 saw. were only ava il"He as '''I'I""em"". For a 12_in. the mor& power ~ Ms. and cnjoyable..tme. The OtItter lI"uge lor motor powtI..-... from the blade to allo. )'01... ~ indicales ~ uncle< load...-ailable in . don't be rrisI<Id by . on p..~ Motor-Power Ratings I>< GU<l!fW. P"".. as opposed 10 '.Kl ln the saw's SpeC •. in diamat . 197).yle srock rip fence c..s.he pl-. rc-quire .. days. " 'hich may flex somewhat .T COME!I ""'" ~ is cleSii. It .k a.'c Ih.liding table and/(>!". _ MOTOR TMO.hat fence.. are a"ailable as aftermarket ~CC c Wl "Cs _ Set""!: up an ol.ce..."~ come witl.cm of .".e Ddra® L'mfellce ".nce of ~ gooJ-<lualit y {enee . vao1 btIc ..'elop". """"'" investigating m:>tars.. ed. ~ takes mo<e power and parts 10 pow"r a iarll'" blade that .h..lned to _ t .". .w _ agr.in"" led 10 (he J~.1{ wooJ. including thc Accuf.< " r>eed a 3.{ acce»ories_ 1\1.mpor1.ciem. of {he fence for each ne.a. for e><ample . Jmong others solJ on ...nce.. fl. ctl.Kl" """"'POw ..... .. tandard.. Thi' f"". In any ca"".". 'trdigh{. can vary 'rom 10 . "'"w bulk.. h. most .ermarke{ fe nc" . many model. Excalib"r®.ally '~~UtTC> measuring and reme"". (TI.n be a ".\er "'''1.>1 chore .y.w '_. Un.. a 10--.) S.w. OIl European sa"..hat i..' cut to make 'u'" {hc fence i.·J."{~'g m()tor (S«: thc chart on p.te. (""" found that a 1~_hp m:>tor is 1M . st acc<Iptabk! m:>tar an smaI ""WS. Bic:. p""nium fences (S«: ... wtlicM IndiCate ~ norS&POW<lr uncle< no load.f~nce®.fe. pm-alld '0 the blade. and K's often no1 isted in a saw's specifications anyway. Is the amr><Irag<> rating.".'iC' m bolh a high "nJ a low posi'ion.....-. lsn·t the OtIst gauge 01 m:>tor power.. Eur<lpCan &<f"ty . and e"" ily :. "Ra1o.ar 5·hp molar MOtar pow . The more amp<>rage a molar draws.onanisme and capacities 01 that S8. I ' ·i!\.. saw Is ~ and built to handle a t>lacle no larger than 10. you 'lI ""ed...ratingS.he United is a good example of EUI"O"I)'le ten" design ." )'ou to sa"' to Ihe cemer of a lull shw of pl)"w<X>d..ing at bo<h end.. a lot of Sh... oft"nnark... It _es a 3 · hp motor on • 10_in.... wI'lictI you ShOuld find an the motor plale K ~'s nolisto. FENCE AND RAILS '\ r remiumo{Jua lit)· 'ip fcn~e ~an make your "-ork" 101 more ""u.. meant 10 cut 1hIck"r maten .nan)" p.'o..)me . saw.ud for o l.. """"*""" ""w . solid ly con.. l>ar&epOw. B uying a Tab~ Saw 35 . (he Ull ifencc i.able .{ems. and Vega... TI.lok... 10 prcMde the power ~ ~ to cut ttYougI"I1hIc~ nardWQOds. don't .. {. fc!\~e that "'ill . more " .o(o on p. m~rket (oce Source.. to be. ".emcyer®. th~!C f"nce. capabili t). af.. NOt 10tlg ago..". for gen&raI 13 amps is equal 10 about 1 hp an a ~ m:>tor and abOut 1 ~ hp on an induc· tIon m:>tor.

11 allow a... When Ie! In '" 10>0. are he"orly di>c"'m'c~1 when purchased .~ Be.ci"l! voge).nclude ..'" f<1"OC~ ..e.. part of" """'"..n. fence S)"$'(RU fl.'ct. klCkinii! II in pi""" . eX . 0100 $loch "8 moc. '" "'.tock (.F.).i(IU. ~ f•.n pricc from about 5200 10 $400. _ TIIty Wy ~ lei IrII _ _ . SIr• ...TIlt pr ... moo: marrageabk Marr)' k. a Europe~n-""..... . pofi'oon on Ihe fcnc~ . The knce can bt ~... ..rod OIkr I... premium fence ensures th~l.t . ~ ad.fl odjullm...... />1"...o ""..lI WI willi • ~ ruII'rom _ 1eI_.~ a good...heet good..he f"nc~ "'i.a.u'i"ll from. ""II ""d. . you J.... culting.. lea . .k... _ !1Ill_ willi moCI _ ..JJ_ mn:han ... trod eX Ihe fenc~ aligned ...netl'·Cf YOU' hand and rum 'lick for .Iy .h" ""'" sa.~ fence. .he sow lab!< bccauoe II>< fe"..ina: """ c.he fa.. """"" room 10 m..1nIto<aI_ . . i> .~ "".ood (1<'. .le 00 If><..he J'OPUlor ""...he boJ). ""... "t. " . Premium ""roces .h. . lor pr."ring .rge .... !OI!ry'" soIi<I.he cdgt ci ... .oems p.he shop """....iml'ly 1... ...iPring "arrow ."v''''lw: right eX II>< hladc...no. lengths... One eX the OIh. ~ll of...ge)... (42).eelh of lhe hlade .110>0.. fence ". ".-00:.. eX nrrin~ cap". h '...10 "'i.'" pack• . lOge. il.....h 1~ mc~remenl oc. half_fence.he 'i<kbar 0" the (...( you "'". (26)..Jr.:...ck "'hen "Wing ". phoIOOll'~ I":r.... excq>l" pOrI.-l lOr riW~ 1x>.m (lite . til HI trr using SCIIo..il~ come rn ""...'Ie .M $et. 'Ri""..:..lw: bl<><l<...· on r. The low pofi!101l it al$O...0 PK"""I kICkb... Some: fence $)"$!ems rt<julre dnllnlg holes in . .0 !he from . R.. tld ro tht ..rcs ." A H:o!f.h the fC~lC~ to Ihe right eX the blade (.. tI"... n.' poonoon.bIt: 03"'0...ud eX ~as...i. . Th". .IlI"~ ~I :ItI\.o. ..ns and fOle_arod_. lru.nce" on r. CurtOl on . _!!lin!». .mro<t:ltlt that ~ ~ srg\' p.

ve'Y st'aigtrt. EoSo. It's best ~ the cursor rides ClOSe to the scale to avoid pn... the home-shOp version is just smauer.. .. HOweVllf. you can eOUlOly outrit any fence lor ~ thin a' tall stOCl< tIy adapting tt with ShOpmade ettacl'lrnen\S .......egar-<!k>ss 01 whe..... • 5Vaightness of the """'" is crttK:al.es" on ".. t27). a/thOUgIl many WOO<!wOrIl</fS lind tt ..all&l to the .>I.ling _ the p<>SiIiOnirlg of the fence to mote thin or tall stock as. Prualelism to the s a _ Is elso of utmost ~e lor sefety and 80CUtate rippng . e avaat>ie.".....!> as tt lea_ blade (see "Sasic FlippIng Tecr........ ~ you'''' oonsicIet'ng one of these fences.. make ~ ure tnat the poly doe . Here are a few IhIn9s to lOOk lor """"" cr>ooslng the ...." makes fa' qUok..-..! dOwn.. Fore_ar>d_an a~tment is a teat""e that _ you to Slide me lene . haif1ine c.-rts...--sors ar>d sc .. Belt . lence" taO t>o mourne<! in tow pOSition 10< ri(l(lil1O """OW stocl<.y ... The pOpUlarity 01 tnese ~ fences is ur'Ido><SCOre<ItIy the fact 1tIat 2S a' so different models and sizes . acc . and you" lind tN. C. available In _ a home-shOp or a ~aJ v... /tine ... Ie marl<1ngs.... llet". t accessories." and scales nee<! to be precise and easily reaoable lor <J. ger>er"'Y t>otn 01 me same.......".n.. • • s ""..-\ght fence lor you< needs..t lOCks .. _ is _ a t ) ' not a~ ... _ CM we.._atel>le • t"" • • -- The Detta Un ~ . This prO'lil. e SOtewed to the main fence b<xt)' to .>Iorns with par"""... on the taj ~'$ lOCke<.. 0nI\I Oet\a's Linifene .. you to make ve'Y _ adjust""""''' wiItl the tum of " knob.atu .Ji<......... 127).q. HigtI-iow "".. Buying a Table Saw 37 . but check that the fenc ......A $T1'WBHT...see "Basic Ripping TeeMque"..on....on p . asy ~ juSt to tap me Ie""" tigtrtIy lor the proper • • -..:lG<l (see the pI'>Oto at rIgOt)..-".II •• most E"ro~o-$1)IIt T_tr... Many models ...."""" FUtC< tN.."c\<s _ into me fence bOdy allOw use 01 proprietary and ~ accessories such as Ie~ er>d othe< hoId-downa.-""". As long as the Itont .... have very fine. wt"Iion is sometime. Some Include polyethylene faces that . a problem.ry . wbIade is a table saw's b&St aoc<Issory ar>d a real \!me saver. MiCroedjust ~ on some fences . to the Itonl of t"" saw to Pf'O\'I<Ie m<>'e a<tvanCe bearing _ace lor long stock...rId push stiCk.. _ as part 01 a new saw package or "" an. I like tt-4 f ..&duce !r\ct.". quaity. stays pa.. on European Uwtl offer this as a built-in Gapat>ility.' ...aj is insta!l&d con-ooctty....t most rnodeI9 .los room to mano". ..aIIeI to the blade . an<l fene . AAgrling the rear end of the fence with the s a _ also helps whet> cutting reaclive WOOd.k a r>d fence edjust.... • ..ate setups and easy cepeatab*ty 01 c". )1<1"' 1Ia". They ......... ·t deflect around the 0Ct1ltWS.

.c.. $.eh "I' with the table'.".. "" panable . . .ion to the blade. always ma. ..' h""".h (an ".ont to ~k) of 11>00.o each OIh<'" 38 ~ng a Tat>l& Saw . though.~ble doesn'.be 'r. sold tn the Uni.. IInlCO$ 1'011 Jon't mind dr.he de"iation is and ho. Oor easily remedied and can a(fec! ).. Duy them whtn ytI" get 11\0 saw. i.w.Cu'S.able may dc'Cre:<>e portabili.fence rail bobs don'. The wings ~al1 [.al extension" ". or one . .il. so check . a . c"e..ld be com. ma. ~lrhot'gh the'~. It yoo OlIn .\ ~.lre exew'ioru .y by add ing both b\ll~ and weight to th~ s.ld be dead flat... to 40 in .shop and eabind sa".be 10". but . .. a dip Of hump to the left 0( the ".. which can be .Hor~ it..Qm~re the lOlal cost ot 11\0 accessoxies)'OO warn ~instthe cost at sim~ b. witb .hat • larger ._h"nd wing. Even .de of cas.he result of .'here else mal' nol he an i$$I1".lII)'....tever's appropriate . on thc f:ICing page).~ble th~.'.'" "Aligning . The depth ((..'er. p<lrtleularly goo:xk I n .he<:.ly.·. v~rie.ension t~hb. to 40 in. The miter-gauge . Remember.. 16 in . if you do a I". c"".Il.<Ok. ex'"n.. the <:<>e. 0( job-sl.ed States is 27 tn. bLL' .v to iflS. dr<1OpS a' one end. of solid or weblx-d cast tron or ." rwiSlc-d t~ble.r gau~'" ""ith positi.h a squar" or rulcrwh. .....he gauge.. 26 in...h" T... Sometime. mad<.>Odel.lots . Table. fa irlv ea. con be ..' iton would bend."ing hob..op. you can b<ty or m" •• " long ".h ~nd be parallel. S'OIl' and" face . ". ripping capacity or panabilit)' are more importa". without ". The oor should fi. is dipped 0' humped be'Cau". torget to o.. 96). Yoo'li haw h> decide whethe. from oboo.rv!fI\I a bttter saw that includes tile leatures as stock e/luipmern."ble surfac~ by surroonding an~ ""'" "'i.".v'tem. bu.e actually more ..ble shol.'ere it is. you're <lecidi"9 wtlat saw to buy.ha.d .hen ~hecl it wi..k..on..blade can in ""... "'ppon fOf h:mdling (ull. The dep." .coptio".e.'t thin. iron. does (. ..ggillll ~Iong your ex.he pl>o<o at lef.i:e of ~ ><ow 'ab le d<:'~nnill~S how comfortably and safely the so'w "'ill h~ndle 13rgt'1' "ock ."ugll' in i" slo."1I in a few hours at most TABLE SIZE AND MATERIAL AHe. the ..ble in reta.ble on a home-.omped Stc"'!.ffkie".~blcs" 00 p.n~'" from abo. C~.Iide fn".. on ponable $3"'" a". YOlt would. for ex.hOlJ' auxihary support.igh...:<lily replaced.h eX'en.h~_line cabine. on .e.atl<a/le deal is cheaper ttlan buyifl\l ttte accessories [)on'.he main. ~ dip at the fur end 0( .e"...'. The .hoI. 'able to . '0 bock) 0( table.eI).It or MITER GAUGE AND MITER SLOTS Id. a".wi".he stock ride. c.he 'pedficatiOlu on any model )'OI. Cr<)Ii.he "'w~ stance on an one"en floor.he SdW .endeJ ripping capacity. you ".h".I Ll minum to miniml:e weigh.'ant.1 .. provide ". Of mOfe coneem i.11 Jq>cn<is cour..able (. .. I""all)" a t.1 13bl" is about 36 in.'tent in ""iJ.rge ." goo:xI. It .. h" exa"'ple.~"'~. bu.h of the \)'pi~.()<c 0( a concern.he table or """.our cut" depending on \\.. mi'..tock table .h (f..h and dep. The .h. All of the fcnee .h" . '0 20 in. The \\'id. .mporwn' . sqllare '0 .i.e int~reStcd in.. on how .ha"s ra. . including it' '''''0 stOC~ me...market ACte~SDlleS ' A later...imes calleJ wing" For sa\\~ that COtn" "'ith long (ence ".e work. The wid. wi.Jc of .he".o(_. AI""". ~nd can be easily corrected.hat'. you con eosily cnl.. m.han .i"..h~ shop.' oc.....·of-sq .. consider what aftermarket acctSsories you might wallt OOW11 1he 'ne. A . the real '0" is to Cllt some .hop '" cabinet $3\\' is m:.i<m table" Howto. .he ".

rtiC"I . i{ can proouce oomc 'W)" pred"..~ 1746 lIOme-1Mtl saw can till Q"ickly . Sled...~ mn.i~...t. are largto and lnadt of mctal .lue of.ion solely Ie"". they're u.. h incorpo«>(cs" blade guard (properly caned" Buying a Table Saw 39 .sily t"med off....hnp ..ee·in.ucr..'r "1"'otablr eu" (sc~ "Crosscu. true.. 146)...h opcm...."O)'Ollr _ _ I rti« 0(. well b.{ion. ly likc !en. g.ured to dose tolerances.-i. pron" to .·ibr.. A '"'itch n". "~_ cut.1 I._ "rtmble ""i{ches ILk" {he one on {he left siJ" of {he l)...cly .'" (iCC . II'.-..tops i.<:<l .w. paru 10 "'ear and jiggle 00' of alignment.1".ly It .-Wall® "746 IIome·. """ I haw '0 admi' . work. I\"tt~t hand".1\. The o. I f.".occe.. "'oIl much !".11 I don'. .ke ".. WEIGHT ("'~ of my carltest wcod"'orking ."nt box""".rface (Of the wOfkpiece.h ..blc and ..'" a.hine makes I{ I.. use a mi . t. which ca"... device. CONTROLS The location and .cachers told me (ha' )'00 can b." on r.·.U<}O ~ftOoIC lOCk ~smv.. fe' y de"icc on S3"~ sold in the Uni. A '"' itCh with a mc>(:h:".cumte e"'$. . saw'. as well a..cJ State..~ to au". Ho"dwheels shoold ..h"d.muo.hat's .ead of phOtic.hout "ruggl~.·quatity miter lI"ugo... all ...ny .rul that CTOSKut . on ~ m".... w<XJ<l.. prOviding """" bearing .he photo .11 can be imponant if kids fre<]uent )'oor shop.Ji to be inunooi...:enc"'U)...!. hut 0" "'. are Imro<.1. the . monthl)' wi. rio"" . .h""ld h<: \'Cry c.lightweight machine i.lan~oo "nd man· ufac . a rl". if a . S<>mO l>oU.ong llip-<lown $lOll< 1(1< "«u.urn ....'Cd 10 "".k· .. The cxtra m~ . is son of A th.. o(t~n. r gall!. Althou~h .ogl'.'orking machine on iu weight: the hea" ier th" 1001.... maUer. the N ner.1.eh and handwh"..ypical bladc . SAFETY EQUIPMENT The ." right).'hen I n.

....a...... 010 _ U.. (OJ> p/loco). As 11('<:....'ioru.: ... TIl...t 01 _ angle .11O (...11 on om unn (....hen 0 for cmau• . _ . m.. ~~ n ~ I~ """ " 10/1 ~_ 1 .... . rM!Ijl ~ n~.. P<>O<IIr <IHigtIocI onit. .I ...>'ion i:s 1'0001)" de&~ for n\anv 1 ).. I ........ . . Although bbdc·safffy Je........-.. . ... ... 40 BuyIng II Tllble Saw ..ucr. ...rwall ". ..x Nadt cO\·er)."OO<.". _/Ingots .. and anti kkk back finger>...h<"Qtk'llJ!: oper:ouoO$" It of... Ioa(C OJlCf3'ion I labk loa"'. _ _ . Imrtdes fttd'llJ!: of . I spI.-jca ate cruo... Till IyQluI EurOPHn _ COVOf rtm ~ miry "" _ POIt.>Iionlhitl to tilt _ 01 !1t~ht.$....oc~ and is diffICult 1 rcmO\"Cand te.. inainl its <ol.. ......his p"nocular cooftgur. comllinofl in .

$hop . the "..""cd .. hen.. which rropels the dust IQ\\·.-..'-'101 .ng thi' de. "''''S arc Ih.h" .S.he ne"..i.ru (sec the bottom photo on the facing 1"'>.ion opricolS a. re'rofi.kes .here . seJ'. You can:l:'" an op. all European .uck up of the ... rernain! in proper ".he collec'io" hos" (see the photQ. Bic. .cuit to re.hese """".iendlie •• nd ""Ier Jesigned..c.. tha". Thi' OO<lcen'''''e.. . and . inwr~a!O$ • wrt. kI.." on p..one thing. the -rl nteT a"d co\'e."ilable.opean saw' "re In""h f. """"Id be di((.e othe.he co.. e.J Exact'" (see "Bene.ble a"d.mall area f"" easy e"3<:uation.be.chos '0 a riving I:nife. ) You can'."'' C...pical m'" simpl)' throw. m"de fo.\Cm"l'cr.'en if 1'00 clooe off the open back and boItom of:t saw as be" you ca"..".e (eatur. "uc hed to the arbor as>embly illld.he cabi" '" and interior mechanisms dean. Blade Owe .-oollcetion po<t f"" many cabinel """"...malic...' ri:glnj.' s.-'" ii ncc-ded.. the .t in a ."e.nhng diffi. hen a good dUSt coUc""'..han a dlls' con'ainer...tor viU "'>So m"" Buying a Table Saw 41 ...J shroud .uch as the blade «we.. nead y all """.hc blade.!! "'ws.hamage of the blade rotation...ltJn>tdy.. with .... " """ of .iving knife i. bu..... cui. >ee chapter 4.. Moo of the newer portable oa..'eT an.. coUCCtiotl is to surrou nJ the blade below the t. onee adju>tcd." on p.. cabinet saw with an enelo..many wo<xlworl:crs ren""..) [)ust coIl..he PlOf'<'rly designed .'Ofkers "'ill te9ifl" blode_$.) The blilde cover also ha.lJt."w..· ices to. .~I.io... arc allo""ng more flexibility in gu. incOfp".he saw.. can'.ig" no'" too.s< of E"rtJpCan safety standards. It . not a "Ny dlce.he blode height 0< angle (ott ·Splitters .. have ant ik ickback lingers but Jon't need them .e a design like thi •. On these $)'. The bel' .han (0 a spl itler.rd .h. The Europ".ktn on suc/1 •• tho tnca sow shown ~'''.rofi.'"nlS.p to the bl. . de" ices on Eu.." ron i. marht make little or nO r ro\" ilion f(>f cfficiem dust collection...ional dus."W$ oSOIJ in the United States a. ool".. OU ST COLLECTION C nfort unatoly. . options ".\1. a du" ror' I<> cop· lure J u" thrown upw.oHe<. Ullf". .'cr demches easily when necessary.n .""..wi...ll)· just • hole ne •• tho boItom of the cabinet. On . but 'hey're no! "ery effk._collec. nOlhing more lhan a. ~calibur.!fct).~fety features from . sold ..'nlg Km.'$ and a couple of .ent. 67.< "'ON\ offende ..·Just into Ihe $pace bdoy. n.de reganlle5$ of . l eep . The Ju./splitter ')'$' tern.JeT various name.ling dust. the blade cO. M"l"'an ""ws don'. European Mode_safe!)' de. . the ".·. Bt.Ia· 'k". .ble with" I'O<..-..... ')'J'ical U.mJ R.~ ~Iotlo shr<)U(l ' flat C(K1ntc" to • ~"" '"'<>PO'" .S.e th<:$<. (For """" on dust collec'ion...nd boI'OIl'!s.. ..."w. . cu . ro existi. the U. 70).Jca.1 dust po<ts to somc of . ..IOlutiol\ for Jus.he . Fo.eJ base i.1I Me' the opera'ing mecha· n b"'S of .sl>op .n't !Ilu<:h more .'OO<!.heir open Ncb . Some offer du>. You can fit oprion. Brett. as many ". thc best it can Jo is .hat Conn"''' '0."xl". The t). Com""'to". dusr collettor via" l~. hrnnc.. slKh a.iving knife."".. .

. tI"IOugh .ler as from" ptll"ue rarty....hin_ e' )" bUI Ihey are 0111 lh~"..e. U$«l. beyond )'O\lr bo~\get.he a".... Al lhough you ". Buying a Used Saw cn~bli ng P8rtiCip8." Call <leale".w' as .ny dedical"'. k"".... ij<J<>d de.he price of a b-rand· new home..... 000 ' hey freque m ll' " ill ~'O fo< a p".e"". All tho ... for ' hared ". a IIi<:d sa~' mal' be .~. 10 tool ha"" """"""'" taJ~ ...."W M... it"! likely th. Mal<..·"Iou< ..shop "''''.. 42 Buying a T~e Saw .. pl""inS a "'an. can be had fO< ."lachinet)' ou tlc.. _ with 1hos4I who ha"" uS<i'd them."" nllll' . me..he ....iglu nor get .Iso be "... ohen hocn uldl "<ry hard.Jc. o Equipmen l a"clion".0 OOM<'AAING . in .. the .hal lake u."t on "uc. o..:>1'' ' .di ng a $<)U teC rOT usctI ".. don't "'''..radc·i... Ke&ping tr'a<:k 01 all this ntormat>on. rily expe<:t gr..~h new... for a catalOg ( _ """""'" on p.... and phone number: • • • Join a local woodwork.oified ad" You mighl .l. o Uxal woodworko n8 guild! and club.. s: • • • rneyb& gel " d&aI on a "show Sp&Ci8I.1>0 fouM m tho cl.rt... "d Equipm<"m fO< Sale" seclion in ..mium.. _ ~ LOf Of' w~Y1J to lind on catalOgS an<! on manufacl\xer'S web sit.ZineS. 191) .a~ include -IOffi< kind of ~"rranl\'. photocopies 0I1his cl"M>C~ to harp you k&ep the Impottant tnings sorted out M ake. Dealerlseler na . dealers C3" be a good $<)Un.... lOOt."'~ mombe.e of table . fOJ ... model... information <V>d .. M"" used.' th..fo. s...ion..tmare ...ional·q uality used $-aW fur ..sor".d s..~~_ _ ... you ro 1:'" much more for )'our money. flu.....>! deat. o Uldl <"Quirme".. b<cn recomj. be gotten 0""'" the phone 10 determine whelM< a Mw" worth a vi"" . group and discU6S va"""" ..l ".w ~alCns ~ saw8.. Attend a local woodwoo1<ing show where you can get you.:l Ripping capacity: _ _ • MOt". no~ no Dust-ool&ot>on porto yes Cost I optOonai $ _ __ Not.he tnote experienced eye ." if.nd "...m! equ'pment of all.."1iOn abOut ~t<>OlS. .ecent issues 01 \fao"\ous w~ maQ<l.". For exa mple.'''ior\ about tools.. \'OII"ru)l.foumk-d opinion< on ..e 10 Ch"....... particularly if • cabmet lOOp has gone oot of bo"'n.1 yourself... S/>eciflcat>ons can be IOund in Getting the Scoop on Saws T .in . local )'ellow I". t>oa_ Ifbu)'ing a ne"' ""w i.. s .ble .lable II"o\..gr. RIIad tOOl .e"".. Tools hal'.ed ad" con be" ij<J<>d "'''l" to find "hi. Ie or if not..-.."Toois .chx8fS· web sit"" 10< inf.hand<! on a saw . "..he cb. yes :~:_: '-:... and type: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ New: _ Used: __ prl\i"'" _"'.ed: Ih. The diffk"lt pari can be (.". In the caM 01 rr<JCtI preliminary informaliOn e .. online WOOd WOfMIr1I diSCuMion group. YOIJ 'll also get 10" of well."" if you h"e nCar o . VtSit the rnanuf8.lJ be able to buy a prof.oned ... often M I'. g<>Od 3 deal from" d".Specification Checklist for Buying a Saw WI-£>< ~ """ . can be il""... o New5p3p<r ad> a"..' som"""e whu doe •.. !>klllbe. a good pl". np amps Table size: 1<OngtI'I E~baS40 . . Me.ne'ropolila" area ...Iso ron. can be an organ<zational .

lhere A~ a (t:W cfIIlC:Ol ...."'..t • . .. rdohar at rii hl below).. of .... ~ >gI : .he flame. _ CUIOo) I... 11>1 .... g ot dIWnaga<I parts. If ~ ... ~ (.:I dOwn plOy in 11>1 ~ 0< damage on 11>1 art>ot1 N"f -.."".--...-ctaaw...oJ by • thorough 'un. McareIuIy t>eIor& puling out your walle!. Many rrob~ such ..n ("'" cl\al"er 5)........ problems.:I ouppIes to help you with yoo......ty of ~...."OWCI.. h<"'."a~" po..Btty from. 1 " '""kll".lu )'J 'ry 1 """%'" for a hand!.. Alto in 'l'«' for cracks in .ably St"'" ~ ....op wuh p >:000 ~l"..orvW>g omootnIy1 OOH ~ bog down o.-. ~ io oft"" • ...h . "'hich ~ l~ moll lIkely rroblem a~. knc~ ...... "'r' ~' ___ ~ ~ """' .. roubl~ a nd ros-r .:t av-.t 1*1. POley. 96) ... prtv.op Ii ~~I coo<.-.-boo. . ' '''' ahead of "'. Lo ..he wblc. u'..-boo. for anotl"" . a list of ~ to o::I'IIoCII _ ~ .. j.:l S\Mtch operata P'0Pet'IY? ~ to tho i' ...goF>g to . ... .....i~ <)f a btl'll arbor ohah ..'"" "" I'.. Trr ..._ "no .cl Any worn _ a.*... make"""....gh."'....igh..rupee' " U$ed lable sa .'. l would rrobably tum down an)' 03W w. _ .. pI>:>nI ~ Test Gear _ ~ --..iff' gean mJ ""mOO <)foy!-of...-..h"d •• 0 make .... condition of saw: ('""I' "'" pjltFog.boI 8 uyW'lg a Table Saw 43 . t.aOO Beall"!. saw. (.... ace ..""... partiCuI......ICC "A.. """"".-.'III bt . o o on 11>1 ro _ _ g&af1I? • WOodI -' ~ ~ · """'""_''11 ~gl (lor . aOO mak... to irlcj. .. h~"i"~ ar.'nII." .. I """W I'f(Ib.. C heck .....cdge (.... al .. ba . bt" . Any miqjng parts? Any "... - ... --... ". PNlY. There'..00 hanJ-. <I ..."..... .. lk T... sure 0 ". ft·. otc... ...hmfl . J".. II>II<In<:e WOIigllt and _ _ M loci< ooanoI\I to 11>1 ..ho.." n~ regrinding t" ....". USUBf'I a "no .. '''1 t_ .. • .ncIer load? .bb" on p.."... '" •• llen 11>1 COIt .. mlT'lCd '-'P ._• Str~edge • OiIII_'o< • WI .13u~" i.....EVALUATING A USED SAW Ilbtn jW ...-. Nt>ot.. """.>con· "Jtr.. ~ bA ogIo 'II M>ng tNloIowIng '00II .'o Inopec... 0< "-honiama? .~<e rrobkrru. 's n. ..O!> .. 11>1 ~ 1\a1? 11>1 moto< ao<nd like .c:ate ~ ' . Do 1IlI1'IIndwh8ooIIs..h~h )w can rer1 bad btall"8' or. (_ tho: .. ..-. )' from a .d mlem:rl mechanIsms. Uy m'''''' ro<:>blcnu that can bt ...oqua~ cons a~ . ~ any ~ . ~ ougI'II\o _ Does tN Wbo< _ It ~ omootI>Ijo wilI>out to o::I'IIoCII. Bnn.h<-y'~ . ooJ for )'OW" . . Fint.shah. ou<!hot. ilabl". la..8i) ......... and type: -..~ .-.... •.. .kl in _ lOP.llh . rr.. _ . Y' c heck (or ""Om bt~...... m<>dM.n eo.. _ ... Before bu)Iing a saw _ ....-. aloni 1001> and ......

build.fitted with a good.lois Cut in the body '0 allow the .)· Here are sonIc ionpo<' tam th.c' it will nm .. it need. '0 be "". ["[l.lu.ha.1$0 impor"nt..i.he job can be confusing becau".hat muM be flat a"d 'tal' .h differen... bene.. ". .e. $0 many d iffere".ur invest men. and molding heads. the . The fl.. a... chap'c' .he cutting ed~.pecialty blades such as dado head... .he blade ".d to the rim of . To get the mos.'s orr"'!'. blades "'ill show fine circul. .' to identify" good ·q uality blade. blade is juSt as importa".ill cu. dis(Oning of fl~.boo hole oo.e .hc' .t . in blades i. (rom ~ t... BLADE BODY The body of a "''''blade is a >1.. and 'he teeth (see the illu""'tion on lh~ facing P.)' blade . It is tll'icaliy made of carlx>n. em. quaIL. as hea.OO arc ' ''Iillg to decide which bladc to buy...he 'igh. to the "'ml: being performed . tOC>th oonftguro'iom choose from.tiff whc" in use.. A '0 Blade Design and Anatomy A ".lso di>cuss .. blade for . the machine i""lf.00' hole."""lalio)'. im to expand wi'hou. "uk and ho.he ".blade consists of th. Protecting ). he blade .. ~'Ti"d m~rh 00' . picking ..n~ ' 0 look for ". and the quie.. 'ypes wi.. $0 I'll c'Wer blade en"... I'll tdl 1'00 how to sdecr the tight blade to suit yoo. !..hi. basic elements' the body.."oting (yom .uer the pla. Beuer blades also typically ha"e . "nJ mallHenance as u'ell.here"". In .hell)..1 pla..ble saw. up. Cheap bla<b a'" merely polished Of quickl y ground.he smoo..chapter 3 Table~Saw Blades table I'Ow'.. scoring blades.

tJdII Table-Saw Blades 45 ..Blade Anatomy Fe .

he photo 01' r.itty of the cut you'll &"'1 ". ~"ke pins on !tie BI~de "'a'1l isn't necessarily w'ioo" oo. becau".1 mc".bot ARBOR HOLE The "rbor hole ..rp: l-.·cr. di. A snug fi.cx! in an).h()\Jld fi. Te.. . ". it c.II' smith.. .ured. bad .hh Sure .. because i..001 OT th.h.er ...urcmcn' . you're rIH)$' in.Son'Ie $1I .he arbodlonge runou.01..n'.. 45). Bitt it's . poSSible ~rou"d the arbor. Joe.we"" lhe flollS" and . j"'t.nuf"e. back "p ."" .he.he pl.erminc if d".."''' to 1.. Any ""\()lrt .. t<:> mount it on the.... If it exceed.he primary problcm after "n.e.. 100). is ot1<' indication tbe blade was carefully m.he Blade' on p..d on .l by. Also ch""k for debris be..ing the Miter·Gauge SI"" 10 .t'.t worn bearing> aren't ca".bor ".." 'ry 10 d. .kt""tcd with the bk"k rnOlmt. various arcas of the plote.. rutlOtl. detcrm in •• the qll.. . If blade warp "ppr."peete<! . way t<.)."d . Th.h" prob· lem. .saw and check it with.. 10 b.. thouli:h: the 1.-a'1l can be de"":tN b)' checking it wirh a good "r~ightedge (see .saw "'ill 1"Cf'".h.. 46 Table-Saw 8~des .he blade. S€nt the oombttWton of 3rbor·Hange ntnoot and th~ blade TUtlOltt. T" 01<. ~1ldt$ 'or Eur".'. rOlrgh ch""k..cres.... 0 .ha.he ""'ightedge with..h.n blade w. ". det""t light between it .omrnodate ..005 in . ""d 0-010 in..bOI...n often be fix".. of ootne"'here be. it'.hing ori. th that particular blade 0" the "''''.'c. check a blade'.. i.. inc'""" hoI<'s to au.hO$.ing .. ~s $IH. "rong light and try t<. .. i. (>t runout.ha. R"nou. being affecte<! by -"""".. i.1 indicator (sec "Alib"..gly a. flatness. exceed 0..

le...d~ ..Not "'-'.dvMtage 01 a thIn·kerf blade os rnat tI"Ie thin plata is ffK)(@ prone to Vlt>fation. (see the phoro on the (acing page) .hat ·..catv CUI a *.. then "...ed. Table-Saw B lades 47 . Tl>e diB8. .l lip 0< burr "here ... aven nartOWiIr... unders. made witI"I tnio"w">e-r I)od... tney .·ers..vi ng a 'moolh.impl)· punched 'hr<:>Ugh. W@lSUite<!tolow-powere<! portable B8. ".001 in. prcd".hort f<'S" onlbe a. causng ~ to run 1&55 tn. )·00 can see. i(>r blades.ocd hole. boT flange called brake pin.. TherafC""a..WS and oonto"actc""·S saW$.. ~ can alSO t><t noisitI' and ffK)(@ prone to hElatng uP quicl<Jy. Tl>e actvan· t_ o! _ t>Ia<leS .. t .. Olct.".ned 00 ' to wuhm 0.0015 in .kr and q uich r ro make.. View '" ::J~ I~ @ .oe and cut . . Some Europe. _11"1 Tooth Grinds T View op Fron.... "" power to run t>eca . firs. &1 I .. N . tt>at tney r«tUira .l)" <ioed..s-- 1+1 is " lIS! l' I~ '" ~-­ lill ~". n o'·c....amove _ wood. cle.he hole was .ndude hole$ t h~t o\ip o"er .."'-"CO . althOugtl tI"Ie teeth on some bladetl .. On be"c.. they .oeJ hole rh"n one . hole i. blade..e......· Cu.. TtW1-k&rf t>IadeS . d&lIrIIy lI"Ian its trOcI<er COU"lItlrpan.""In Ke<1.... On 'ot" e infc... to 0. " ·e<4. TO _ _ THICI<N£1iS..n sawbl . I"se...es and narrow<tr tI"Iat typ....

..·hich "wI.aroot. Alternate-top bevel (ATB) Thc teeth on an .hey "'ill rip a sr!l(K)thcr without tOO much m"'" feed force . "It 48 Table-Saw Blades • ..ria/s aucf1 "" psrbcleboard. ..... bul ii'.. won't CUt a.. wide.. $I .lid wood ~"d sheet j.'I" combi. SJuL BUDES W'¥8 I.. bo.." 00 others. and uP 10 400 times longer when cutting man-ma<Ie mat. tjadea ha .'OCldworkell .... flat (oce and a flat top.de <>wMr. heavy-duty rirring........-cI (AT!>).'1 produce a \"Cry 'tlKlOIh cut.. strengths and applica tions. AT B teeth slke th""'l!h the wood wilh a .Itemate-top be"d blade are gfoo'l\1 at altemating angles..\e lO . .00"<:)' Flat-top grind (FTG) Flat_top grind . Elc<ause of the grind of Ihe Ittlh. producing a cuI ""ith 1"lle C>I" no tcarom ""ross thc groll' .ple-chip grind (TC). 00 nOl rip as quic k!)' as an FTG blade w.he '''''th to cjc." l. are of httle ". producing a ~_in. and n. ><tr~ hard aIoy formed by bondin<.11>... k~f (ATB& R). cutting "'ell with the grain bu.e. 24 10 JO FTG 'ccth. ... rt's flO! really a cho4c<l betw-' 0< cart>ide..~ than $1_ .... Steel Bu¥ Good Sawblades W ~h sawllladu.ly as a c"""".. Each tlope of tooth configlOfation ha. but they dull more quickly.. TI. poorly across the groin ...mooll. TEETH Sawblade. on (oor teeth configuration" called grind... The .. T""9St"" carbide is an .'<X>d.!Cr number of ATB . lOw r ~~r~~ .. ..h.he be"el may be as liule as 5 degrees."ti"" blade-". a c _ blade.out(ilt8--<:mploy . and outing perlonnance.h a g". of what to look fOf' . when chooshg a blade lor your table saw. the angle. .h as 40 degree>..OH03 A<>O.ce. (see the illustration on p. catlXle!>lade can out ~ between ~rOng. em! """"'!hi)' up 10 50 tmI! ~ hardwoods. ahernate-WP be\'eI .t()P !. r»Qr>e' iMiaJ cost is more than OffSet by th9 A ca'-'s IOrig&vity.'ds prod ucc less I... "1t""""t~.1 u.·".hearing oction. HOwev .ion' arC called flaHOP grind (ITO l..... Gencrol-p"'Jl'. ".._wide cut... . it> own p3nlcula.e.ecth Ita. carbon." tOC)' 00 cu' with a min im.he ATB grind_ Although these blade. As a main. 47) . an ITG blad~ doc". 41}10911l.t 'hc large chip. )I<lU II"neraily the only choice for the table-""w the d8veIopmern of carbide. ~ ' $ a man ..ippe<l blades h<:re beeause Med blade..blat'" ~r<:)( in .>th ripping and Cross. and coI>a~_ AtthOugh carbide blades . tile to·in.. Teeth "'ith >tccp<:r be. with VS. bo. the NO..ur>g$'' ' gel wha1 you !laYfor. ~mploy variat ion.l '''''9S'en. Ihe he>t blade to use for fN .. .ra. Today. mont ....Carb.."n of t~"r(>I" in both "..e fOUT col1fi~".. h "n ~ 'I'pical camide· lipped ".ut blade "'..-. with deep gullc l~ bet .""n .:.> produced and to cool the blade body. it may be as m. On some blades... AT e bladlOs most ~ignly recOOlmernled by seasooed W<>OOWOOO"'. when cuttng 51_ around $100. Tbey al.hese dal" (see the sidebar .h fewer ''''''h. 01" kerf. of . A blade dcsi~ncd for ripping gener_ ally h. been ah>o61 rotait)' replaced in the modem woodshop by _ 6 with cart>ide . 1"11 focus on carbide-..ll for I:x. nd ". ITG teeth "rc pri marily rip teeth and work li k~ a chisel.

bvt". boI a 12-.... FrO blade might have six more .ACI£S ... The greal.lriWlg the saw carriage forward too aggr.. called the _ angle . M's consid&red a nega\. the more aggr.. blades.-----... To do _ Table-Saw Blades 49 . 8O. """"" CQO. when~ . ffiCient design lor ripping . leeth for an e-in... a poeitive rak . 10 20-degree angle Is about right. """ ~ rrs!VtCTlON ... -... angle at WhiCh Rake and Bevel Angles A.A!l more QUickly. ssIveIy... the bOdy 01 the tooth att&cl<S the w<>rl<pieC". 01 the loom . " are all relal. ssIve _ cut. -n-e seem to I>EI very few slandards when ~ comes 10 sawblades.""..""" 01 coo.OMON.m. <b:. FrG ~ad9 might hava Ihe same runber 01 tooth .. called ra~e........ lace Is par_ to lI"Ial _ has a o-degree rak.adeo/I lOO\tI d<. 31 8Ec"'-'SE 10-. .rse. H ~ teans l>aO~w"'d. t o degees to tS degrees is _ . For crosscuttng on the lat>Ie saw.. sa_ 10 pre"'l<ll the blade from <.. . \he workpieCe.. the ....I..... The "'_ _ angle.-. . when CI"OS9CVttIr>g.. .... Angl.. Of hook.&S pr .. angle Is del .... e<1ge 01 \he loolh splitS th& WOOd alOng tNI Teeth: More or Less 0111'4 talk about 11>& same job. H the lac .. M haS . For ATE! blades... \he rake angle. gNe you less learout when crosscutting . mined by drawing a line from the e<>nte<" 01 the blade to !he lip 01 a looth ( _ the illustratiOn at right). """".. A tlIade wilh a lower rake angle ....Rake and Bevel Angles T _ _ TWO """""..oll Mgll / ' .. _ s with a O-degr ... TI>e se<:orKl. The bevel angle is the angle ground across the lOP 01 the tooth .."". 3" B-n.....tad by the teeth on an FrO ~ade.oul you" \)e1 on the . lhIs Is the mofIt . at<! Ihio aI90 proa rough CUI and I. cllal-arm sa_ and .. leed . is the angle across the top edge 01 tne lOO\tI. xii sIde"....: . ~ mor. The angle 01_111 on M ATB I:>I9d& typicaly ranges _ Itom 10 <I&{jr&eS 10 20 oego &eS.-. 01 leeth on a blade ref&rs 10 t o-ln..... as a tS-degree grain as ~ ent . A 10011"1 . These fIg.".. blade and about 10 more for a 12-. If'" - B..."'\ .... . figure abouI to few . TI>e rake . _ 0Iean&r _ CUll>&Cause _ point 0111>& lOO\tI scoras the WOOd til>ers jusll>Elfore !he _ 9hMrS _ WOOd.. O-degee angle Is str8igh1 across and Is repr.. '0 ~ TOO...". The is that a sleeply angled '. .-d8gree rake ate designed for r .... but aiso _ more 1. ... Of negal.g ~ ... crosscuttlrig. ... is _ TI>e first... A lOOIh with .... For~.. "..ns lorward 01 the _ . rak .. blade...

.e"eI and . h ..ial to be CU'. ah""""..ee.'.h and .. --. Alternate-top 00.. Each chamfered .op Selecting the Right Blade for the Job The proper blade (0'< dw job depcrnk on tho 'Il'" '" m. .."0<><11.. k~r bl.lI)."" man_rn. ttlt:: a lot ' 0 ''''-'tlh .-d. ".!.ll()(h ATB blO<k.*5 degrtts....he """ell '" "...11 do .'h .. -TyPl' o! Cu\ ~ ~toi" App<op""I . and a lumi"..dc material.hrotJgl. ed.J.. llOChnolog)' and i.."0<><1 bu. plmico.. TC-~i ...t.mJ bl..k«lor ATB .ooch rio-.Jc••..ho: rake . It .It and II 51~ mooogh '0 $0'" . Kc('p. MOF.. ..e. blade less f«J f"on:t .lat ". a ~h cmtcr Cu.epaf"ilteJ by deep II"lIc'" Each group II mo>Je up of (our ATB tee.a. kind r:J CUC)'<lU VI"".Ite: design. ml' """""he! cutting blood.·)...lS rart........~ r holoon 1'.~"'r.. Thor: ' IOCth in b<:I..«tl an: ei'"". ba<. h. Tflp--chip blade$ art' dn... bk job on soltd ... Bti100~ FlO (2.1. W!-w.. orher tOOlh are chamfered At . ~ ".r lin.he 4O-.1"". SOLIOWOOO Fnr '...Ilf''''lI Operation" I !)'pic. to 30 1~ Ale (40 t _ ) ATe (40 \0 &11"""'J .. cleanly .Te(40to80t--.OJ> !...de. Th . """. an ...... weh.. it al. lieff.. .h I'f'"'CWM by a raktt tooch... C'Uted ((. t""th . an AT B bbdt-...gneJ for c<l1l"'11 de ...'..."')..ll)' a U"l"(>\'".tlh """" .krm<k on . o.. !loch "1'I'1fl1l and CfOOOCum"i.." blade consim of 10 smups of fI".." . Triple-chip (TC) On a trirle-chip-".Ii mtU'''''' MATC H THE BLAD E TO THE ... AT6&. .ning with solid VI'OOd..ct!loch ahem •• e-. and rakEIf' (AT8&R) Ai. becausc the "..han a bloo" ".de.. cle<oncd up by .td bl. (rom oIJ """I-blade..JOB -.ee.e.. ho: . are tho: original "combtna... At the begin_ nina: r:J ~ project.:k '''''l<l.dcb<:>. moot of . thick ""..-!tich is the .1 10-. dull as quick II' as beveled ATn .n ........ to rnak. .al:cr 'e<:. ..... 'l'J'kally VI-ort·' cu ...ng $tJ~ by . (~ .In'IC.-'" _..-. A 'l'p.e.ker_"yl" tceth "....R bI. -. It" chan belo...J TC (eo ~ Pow. u>e lWO ')'1"" r:J blood.A 4O-tooch ATB bl""" II tho: one that )'00'11 ""m on )'our"..."... TC (80 I"""') Ale (4010 8O teetl>J TC (eo lee!I'I) 50 TabIe-5aw Blades ..ion" bI.".e-..en h .. be. I use a H_IOOIIt FIG bbdc (~. its I'IJn'IC ia. 52).n: oome Il'>tJohneo. ("" be...

h'lll l!qd l O~_Wl'iil'i1 i £iH~~ d ! !! ll. II l~ Hi i'!!!! . · !i .~ !. 11 1[lii !!~if!i !i!...l 1.l ! = I I" ' · C>- I i i j :' I I I I if I~ ~ ~ ~ ~ :.i!tii~!!~l. lit· 111111 • J ~ I ~ " f~ ~ .ii~[!lll!l !!!lir~'iiiiil". i. A---f.~ . ". ll~ii il!ll! i'!'li!f ~'2'!'l i 'II""! lIB Ji ·f"!lll' I . .----g-I-.Ih'! .'il!-. l!lli~1 'I i II I J ...lq>h" ll·!'i·!·~~·i .l! l JIlll ! ..

oo't1 FTG blade (tOlOO'""II(I) $eM> 10< last fiWinIr A ~o-tootn ATB _ (.. a.a.out.. r) orossoul.h ..h A .s the grain..Test.. PLYWOOD Maoy kinds ofharowood plywood--partkularly dose_porcd wood.ide 01the clean. TB wi'h litt'" or no toaroot. 24-tOOlh blade Joe! le. .I'S 1:><$1 ' 0 u* an 8O·toOlh ITiple-<..ng lor Tearout T CIJ! is o J!ally tes1 a blad. to be ripped to f.roul_ prone face '·eo"" . Although you C3n CuI Ih~se p<mel! "dth a 4{l·tooth ATB blade.lsi.hafT' 40-tooth ATB blade ..' MwoocI ~ aero. he.M.oo.en be deanly $:'''''' u. ~ the exit . 1 use a premium-q uality 4{l-tooth ATB blade.lor t.hi.IS" an 8O-100th ATB bI. The 8O·.·c some 53W ma..m i>suc . Fo. . (re. like birch and m"ple-c~n 0f. How. 52 Table-Saw Blades ..i"g a .de for" dean CuI. . mdamine.. pOi"t because the boards Iuo".. I swit<h 1 a" 8O-tooth 0 ATBblade..... on my. A ~4'. you've got .'-er..ny dean cut with no I"aroul.. for cutting oak ply.11(1 ..r) _ I .cTiab thot ~an q " ic~ly dull sawblodes. "'ea •.. later aoyw" \" at . medium-density fibe.k. nt. but Ih. which is Ihe blade th~.. and pla'tic laminate> arc all dense .'ooJ ~nd other pand. c'oss- cut Dlaa•. \Vh~" I "ttd an ~'t""'i.. not. ~ iob 01 tK>1h rippino .t'.. wi.ros<eoni"ll.'hich poiot ]"II use "4{l-tooth ATB blade .'hieh ''''n<1s up b....mer to th.. OTHER SHEET GOODS Partidebooro.board (M()F)..hip blade. try CuT!itlg a pie<:t Of 0.m<:JOt crooocutti"g..' mosl of the limo.

. The arOOr hole win ftl . "lid metol.ough .ls soch a. The manufactu. In geno".gr.'cry fla..he fast. br. \..).inuou. b". I'll separote blades into .he priCes. n>OC>th wilhout pi" or g'p$. eo... and high .he !. and """fer rou.oIl) rang< (rom $75 to $200. are made to dose tole".nd "nel\.ndards ..-~Iing to CUt acf)·lic.J". \"OU get "'hat )'0(1 pay t.' dISsipate he~" The Iceth will be . slop and the blade bod\' will o('cn indude expanSion slotS t. connec.PLASTIC S ANO NONFERROUS METALS "... pace of a hea"y production . ..'t.. Ahhough .mooth.'oojw(l. ""ct.nd alumin um. ' ie> gre"tly.Imp.. mid. n"'''''''ril)' .. wit".nd polished .....he --luali.. best .. PREM IUM BLADES Fremium blade.nc.• the blade "til be .1<" premium bhb.-1In to TabIe-$aw B lades 53 . U... Gauging Blade Quality Tht quality of sawbl.de blad".h-es n". ground (""" rh.ha. OIher r1.ng "'. sa ""' arbor -flug!\. withou.ing tha. n SO·tooth ui ple·chip bla<k because of th.. will J.. The br.ooth to . eo".hop. i..... c.i ng time ~nJ bOOr are rcllectoo in .he bra.iorulll)' frnd thcm". and c=my bl"des.he plate.)He saw isn'. which typi.he . . oo mdieation Qt • promium blade is 1M pia. tho tooth .II be . .h. One indication of a well-made blade is . dense n..ture of thcsc material.mooth. of ..KI .... '.h.e_ ':".ker$ occru. photo helD".. For the sake of comparison. ""opitt.001 for cuning pia"".ti"" . .he\' can end ure . of tho bIa<lt.l.. . and the tOOlh will be .hree broad ca. the job.

Aile' that.c. 'fOUl" chOices wOUld be <litIefent....A BasIc Blade Set So HCW """" "'-"OE$ DO yOU .do blades----also c.ooth ATB blaCle 10< gene<al WOOd Cutting.. YOU might tt-.<"Idy 10< cutting trvougj"> the naiI·rIdden boa<d. you oouIcI NI 0IJt )'OIJI" set with a 24-1001I"I FTG _10< fast." """o1 That <l&pe<>dS. To ".. a goodquality 40..d ing and adjust.. 01 cou"s<>..·il h stccl or ca..ble. or ". y OU" blade set might con".n'l 54 Table-Saw BladeS . are a good "al ue if you aten '. Because grocI\" ing doe. wnh pr. add a Ngh_beve4 eO-looth ATB I>Iad8 10< sawing learout_prone panelS like metamine and cal< plyWOOd.TIle blade. I<*>Witd t>y a 50_ 10 8O-tootro TC blaCle 10/" !tie man_made bOardS. ". . D. TI.ttlh . and .h ..s in 'he $40 to $75 r."OO<I "" orker or .'n awal'.ble dado blade.dc"$ are m" n"f".h are ""ailablc .Kk:> h~a.h" standard blades dcs<:Tibcd ab".mgc: some higher-end blades "..e probably the re. mid-grade blade...hop proklsiorurl. COSt $40 or lc..II for $80 to S100.>ma ll-..IC who "'''.·~ profil{$.... for cutting dadoe.. on the type of work you 00. MID-GRADE BLADES Ahhou~h nO! qui.en I!. dOn'.e .ion '0 .. ~ can be veoy ha... ' to buy a.. Y can of. that can be adjusted '0 ~ul a dado..pecialty hlade. A good seoor>d!>lade 10 ria"" WOUd be a 1"Iigr>.. partlcUsrly ~ -you _ you< will"l a lOt of <le-n . They .'" a good deal on mid-grade blade. . for . e<:otlO"'l" blades are just" "<lSte of money.·c. man_made bOar<ls iii«> partiOle!>Oar<l."" of boords im" d~>corA'i .t choke for the serioos home ".pedOc operations.. blade.h rOl.\l ed dado heads---comist of 3 blade or blade. ch~arly as poss..h and a rougher fini. K you dO gen&raI wooOwoo1<ng . designed (or . MOF.10011"1 ATB!>Iade wOUld be 'fOUl" besl fifsl onoioe." . plaStiC laminates.d H> minim"'" ""ndard.. oo from ".on woodworking.ha n mid_grade blades ..here are 3 number of . of 4l1alit )".:'morn\' bl. in .kli.:lnd af.ippcti ....1 01 a 40_.beve4 80-10011"1 ATB!>Iade 10< making tine C<"OSSCUts and saWog plyWOOd..llO. These include st. groo'·~.nd grooves. and SOIid-surface mat&Oai..ail-order >urr1ie ... Wow 0IJt 11"1& typicdy irrteriot" blade !!\al came w1th saw.bbe.al' have pitted Itt. oceaoional~.bide·. ECONOMY-GRADE BLADES !'. lingle poss. invoked in h.e as durable as premium blades... By II"Ie way. outing PfImarty SOlid WOO<l I>uI alSO some pIywOO<l and partlolel>oard.haping ' he.m. regardle. easy ripping.hey aren 't machined ~s carefully. DADO BLADES DJ. and molJ ing ~utlt~ f()T" ... " couple of sharpening' should be Specialty Blades In a.·)' prodllCt.

or B-in ..J t«.m.\a<l0 _ pape'.-<lia.nd Cutter "lean" . 01 metal ._wide chipper.1 i. w )_The .Ii). adjust. is 2 in .001 is .. a _In.all. known . . lth minim.n tile si. you ean adjust .h. hea<! ("'" . less In d'amctCT IfI. _wi<k cutters. .hc top photo on p. d. increments_You can fine-tune the "'idth of the d"... By u. whicl\ iOCftases the risk of kiclbac1<. ()T metal $hi"'$. .. 56).1 .. in. Ihfee. pus~ sticks ..'e Illaterial quidl\.-<lia.. p!Mtic.O~do Safety D ado heads if.~im. norm.unor. wuall)' sumcien! for any shor..i>l' of IwO outCT cuttcrs.. Thin """isIS .igne<l to <emo.. A/wa)'s use leatlle.-"'id.i. Another type of dado cuning .n ont pass. a 6_in.·c from IB to 60 . "...-wide dado-head sewp_ Thefe are 'wo haSic Iype. be..tI.neral.oc. ploced be1wwl t'" bIOlJ •• pr(W\o:lt 1. hold-downs.he other way.'~ a flat _ boltom dado or "'w'.h . cuHirlg w~ h a daolo hNd re<i~ irn remOOl~ o1 11le splitter af1Cl a rttH<ic1<~ fi~rs. or four FTG .he lof.re Je.eeth per hlade.he "wobble" or "J nm hn" dad<. chippers.tmoot k>r It!e "KIth 01 cut ~ S!llck i. in.ble dado head ..100 head "..'ll paper. The on .'Obble J. a dado hea<! .~sult ing In .rbof on >Ome por"blc 1'0"''$ i$n't long enough to oce~t a f" ll 'lI. and a guard when worl<ing with a ~ adu_. tn aud iti<.. TIMy '""""'" • 101 uf wood .g .In b".h of the dado he~d to cut a dado 01' S'OO"c TImgit'll from II in..ooards.. wh ich typicaH)' .lwichcd • number of chipper:l ("'" lhe photo abow) _The be. require "cry deep ~ul1ing. a lI_in.es..h.pan twO.h on the .'TOO"C . a nd a fe'" lj-in.ight -hand cutter "lean" t(> (hc righ.ween which are ". of chipper! ()T "" chippers 3' 31\). <la!tll"rous..moothl)' cu' dado ". srack dadoes and . wide in ~ . Do! OJ c~i""""..do ho"... Table-Saw Blades 55 .·cI~.e of a stock blade (e. A 'tack dado inc lude! tw" ~i[\ ._wide chippCT. A stack dado con.•.1 ' "arou'" A cutter can ha.ing different com_ ~m"tio". lIltu. . .de '0 tn. two ootsid. on B-ll'_ dado head for ~ lO·in . The chipr<"'...h"..he o"crall " 'id. t>etwftn whic~ ar.. of da<!o hea<!s.. and Ic". sandwictJW l "u"" plastic. w.

pe"..tad. ~><Io w>$ maoe with 'n int. oven in ook pIywobbl.Wobl>lO olaCIoes Ihot a~jtl$l <)II • hub 9rovic!e V-<Iado on me fight employs two _ . " d06< to S300.li. (V-d. tOp-Qf·lhc·line .. and the pitch of the blades con be :>dju\tc-d foo..diffcrcnt·. the "I. d.. ine . With these lOO\s. (This i.. are mosd)' lim ircJ to jig making 56 Table-Saw Blades .'khh groovC$.'e. amplc ofbladerunoot) A premium. >root llelt) .y. . TM"~ out OI1own at ""hi <Il(\(l prO(luCts IiItIt <)r n(J t.imate . either one bl"de (wobble dado) or '''-0 blad". if yoot dadoes and groo.qu.qu>lity $lack _ . ~. ~n$i~ all"nalive 10 st ••" (l>CIOH_ Tile An ""pent .. Ho"""cr. Ilijj h-.oo can " ..i~ IIWI.OO) arc moumcJ on an adjustable hub.t an angl~.

... 0 ~ """ TWO """""'" C>. PT"""uti<>rn.".1 1 "".. which add. Of V·dado for $100 or 1.aw for thil lind of $haping ""Iel' \-01' . to {he danger of ~ kkbad _ Recently. to Clamp down the throat plat ..:>n. be<:'l!>e {he\.C .. and g"""''-'' imtead of <awing . onil' two molding head.. 0!tIerwis<t..l.. ki ng. advi"" agains."')' J"do for about $300 (. are dange'ou.r."ven w ith a _-e~ dadO set.oorJi.gh Cllrs d". taa<au! wi! !>e mlr*nlze<.he 1001 might be "unh checking 0\" ($<.o. If I sa". 55).. have been available. -""' pooitOo<W>g the chIppeo teem within !he bfade guiIe!S_ MIloI.s ctOppar to the dado head from running aut 01 baIanc .haper f()T m<»t shaping w"rl.. 9'9) "'he.pedally made to . '! matter.<. when raising the spinnng head to cut you' wtlat """"ent opening ("'*' · Cust om Throat ?Iat"s· on p . .ncrall\. u'in~ . i. ach new chipper &Qt.he bottom on the focing paj.tocl in one pass. to ell! deat.'C S()urc~ on p 197). ro"'e' .fely limiting the depth of COl' .be< 01 ctlippers. and Wessing!he ari>o< beat'ngs (see the phOto on p .hem .o a w.!l·bltlanced .dots.>ee the photo on 1'_58)_If you wam {o u"" yoor table ". $(> ~uarili h""e to be ..w for shaping. In addition.-e :In)' fe:l tu r~ for "."_ In my f"rniture . ~ Installing a Stack Dado Head A "''''''' DADO .ing..ea""" (S<. c~n g<'t. Lih dado head. I would buy a quality c~rbide dado for il..Ig<:. remove 0 lot of . I "wall\.197)_ Farr. !>elw""" wnictl are a """.c the wan(. .t mak'" a great ""d """I: 1'''''''' M OLDING HEADS C"lIe . inStal the second t>Iade.'" • ."".lled. the head has a . Bec"""" of thc"" reasom. abtlit\.Mnd cutW (typicaly rnarI<e<I as such).._Called the Magic Mold~r.. moldins head. a custom · Zer<>-C."l)· .ion.1T'TmS. 1 """".("''' the photo on p.'" .. Last. Space !t>e tee!h on . fl.. tria! axaC!ly ~tas the wIct!tI 01 the dado heM.hip·li miting design to red". can be instlliled in a 'P".·<>bbl. ial hcad that mount$ 0[\ the saw "boo..h minHnal .. and the carbide CuttCTS locl ".. 58). N' the IOngc>t 1imc.triet EurOpea" -!:Ofety regula..i()npiocc i$ often fed on ".."..... ~ loldi ng TabMt-Saw B ta des 57 .. I ~". on the marlet that L' miKle i" ••.dx'lIom dadoes wi.IaIy between the t eem on !he prev.curely i".n. made b)' Delta and ()fie by Sea~.'hich orc". "$pc~i"ll)' in plywood. Aft&< InstaJlO'Ig ttI<I rigtlt. Neither I. TtIerI inSIal l>ddibOnal ChipperS and stIim6 as necessary to build !tie 0ad0 au! to!t>e ""~ wi<I!tI.>ee Sources on 1'. and damaging ttI<I teeth.f kiclbacl .hough. r0\.. (he)OO.. a rable·saw molding hud has c""".. "..he table .afe').. you nak diSlart_ "'II the t>Iade.Iumin"m head (. That way."ble Or . ~'S best to mak .lgn yoo can buy a ~ dadO·ttIr<>a! Inse<1 for you' saw. place a ctOppar agalns! ~ with !he ctOppar's teeth posiIioned wi1hIn ttI<I cutler· s~ .oo to 'hapc "OCk.'mmcnd "..><dance with .a<ar>oe"!tIrOat plat . . the '. )'0\. """ dadoe. F\ememt>e.J" lot of d.

e pr.uppo1'l to Ihe bla<lc. Yo" '11 "Iso ha. but ).bili:c a running bbJe.:i." "'" en. How"wr. 197)....ameter) Ihal makes a . ""<>ring blade r()I.b"'tion . At lea\! onc eompllny_ M"d"lu..heet goods. they pro"ide extra . TI..n .II blade (.llow eu' .'.os on d". or Blade Stiffeners Flanged coli"... making onl\' a $h~lI"w.~ " th"'''1 rlate to suit the ncw saw S\OI.e on . Scoring blades are sl3ndard or <optimal ''<Iuipment on nlOSt pand s. T" Magic ~r limits I . .. hclpin. ""oring cut to eiiminale po>Sible chiPring or tcarOl'..: the photo on p 60). <l<ptI1 of 0<1110 .cing 1""8"1.h.he arbor.de. of ._ ha. $.. e.pically..t "'1'1 58 Table·Saw Blades . Thi' meam)'oo mal' haw 10 m"\. a ..head the main "..r on .hoIll 4 in _ in d.. from the main blade (".he" that help ....-c 10 re.. on p.ingle oollar i.. pIOCi"ll' w ll. particularly when using cheap <>r thin·kerf blades. b Lli h-in sliding table Ihal arc capable of handling a I". T).~ ti.o.g reduce .. he" SCORING BLADES A scoring blade is.OW 10 s/llIl>O profil .clunCnlthat will fit most cabinet "'w" The un.ltCs in Ihe <'l(ltlOSlte d ireclion..Oll e.A molding head cao be """'0100 on .diamotCt c"Il~T$ pI'O\-'ide more >llppoIt at the ooter edges of . Installed on the ~rlx>r next to the blade." 01 IOCkl»ck ..he imide and one on the oou. f..~"'"S-----<-a"''$ with..:h.fter· m" ket scoring 'aW "n.dj u.""alled on lhe """ide of . u'l:<'r. .hO[ can cause rough euning and blatk fatigue.nc~1 " ...how.he blade (se.he bl"d.n also use two(OII'"--(...he imide_next '0 the arbor'$ fixc-d wllar-will repositiO!lthe blade on .1 COlts aboul $-100 (ICC Soure .00". m.wblade .lled blade "iffcll~rS arc plC.i"n_m.de .

AAe.t scorino-oIM • • """.t ClOf>i". .IW$ to _inat• Tf>!..torlal1 liko oal< plywood and molami.."_ Table-Saw B lades 59 .rl 'MO(! ot the maio $01_. eliIIlioWino .out .ne! e~.".olie. can bO ~Ofin t(t .. $mll $C(>rino _ cuts.. $l'I011Ow k..ppino In plywood ana ot~" sllOtt O_s_ to mo.ma r1<. $.out in frllllilo locino m.

hot blades can also lead to aacl$ in the pla. A .alh!.he blade'. o(.Ie i( you "<1m 10 "'" it to "" )'our rip fene" (!C< "eu>!"" Throal Pla. tile gullel. itrencr .rped bt. .')' cu.heir "'al' through .~""h can be "p"ired by" saw smi. . cuuing capaci.. cut. jamm ing ." ins..'lJlarly in. R"i..1so red"" . of good sa". a..e.hroa.he wood.he middle of a hea. mount~ prod""" • cit.he.il)' 60 Table_Saw 8~des .. rcWJn$ other ... Yoo wam to remember no.iflo"".able saw" so i"s 3 good idea to •• k" ~~rc of your blade •.l' wi....t up whilc fighting . likc other cuuing .~ a good idea ' 0 l\OIe ... pla. bl.en rcsuhin~ in.h ....A blade . i..he nil'fcner asaim.des mu!! be kep' sharp and c1e~n to perform ~1 their best.dc.pect )X)ljr blades fOl' crocks .nd pitch buildup.bladc$ '~n "~.· "" p_ 99)_ Because using a blade .hi~h in tum increa"" the heat. lIy "art. !pinning blade in .he $. but" cracked blade should be discarded. he depth of cu." gum .hop as I ha"~ done. Keeping )'00' blad. Dull bl"des he.e 0.if&'n.il ". The heat cau".. .e and 'rll<lling LIp .. ".harp is iml''''rt3nt f. Working dull. '0 r~i"..irped ..han iu't get_ ting d~an culS. .ools. ". Q.chip$ in 1"'" teeth.ng a.. _. loO> in ~ til! sawbla<l< stobili.. "wooden .n Ihe pla.. much as some .e... rodUCi"" 'librotico oAll i>eJpi"" Ihe cursor on )ULLr fencc-".h.. Blade Care coo.

1 tho bIodo .hcse day.0..!h as man\" cleane".1. hl . "..tled bro..I.lc down the cobalt binder .. A number n£ plOl'. arrroptiarc conta'ner. AI.'hen )'c.tack them d.au.rub oTt 1"0 usi"ll • jjIa~ic· Of b" ."h .cr cleaning.able: $lore th~m in an Cl~an l"OUr ".cr wi!! o(u'1l reffiO\'C ri.h".ch and ' . .·bri.0.cr·ooI ubl". Never .~y '''''j' f.. do an exceUem job 0( cleaning blad ..hc..ge.1' '0 work w. a'{)l'nd the teeth .O<l resin Of!' blatH LIsi"ll • clear1i"ll _ nt.recdy again>t each orher or tal' ..). 0( thin oil to pre\'em nlS!.de blade 10 cuI wood . . S.·cn·c1canins prod'>(:!$ .. I'e.end 10 [m.b'de·tirped blade.ammonia in wann "'.ni"ll ... .h. then .:e. . [)on'. (nm p"~in. And ...reared wi.I•• sh""ld "" dried thoroughly."re cuu ing =inoo..a.Alter .e when hondHng and "oring ca.hm be. Pilint remo\"e.!). 1).l.. .l may contain nail.. I prefer a wa.. blll ie.fterlin\i and Ioosenin\ll>l1c11. espcdaUy .!' bt-itdc an<I can crack and chip..".c c. You migl" think ..!'. panku!. US<: a ""r· b..hey . thinneyj 0. cn"iTOnmemaUy friendly deaner !.ft" blades regula.ie'af)' blode·d~"ning products on th~ mar\.se ... holds .!)'.h a light coa..ttaus<: ...ld be difficult {O dam. hard i .h..arbitk is s.. Table·Saw Blades 61 .'s nOl as nas. ins. such as rine or che.he saw .".om "..he carbide particles 'oge!hrr.<XXI... or other me'''\.hem 00 .. Ei.. ("'" the photo abo\·.

was an a\'erogc . Nearly c"cry "..: cal l "" the table "' ". 3O.1~l1ln.<. US.m'$ ~_ . I myself remember being doo.. lea" one do. tn"".eJ in A ""iou.. n from of m)' saw aher gett ing ..ion.OCQ "mergene)'room adm . 1'00 ' tlanO.4 Safety ccording '" an e. out oJ n".fl.e WOO<! koop..1.tim.'.!. "anc~s for "..<1 o\'er.. ~ bbClt D""O 'n(I ' Pl i~.ble'$<I"'-rc\aloo hand injurie5 e"ery year for [he 13" 10 W""'..i more .bk."" • pu'lle' to let<! tr.. by tho US Consumer Product s"re'y COlllmi.$8w acc •• >Or.es.Jworker th:u I I:no"' has experienced a. ' or riving ~" if • • " OS5!!ntial to~. I bdic\'e.

Lat the blade buil d uP to lui speed bflfore Cvtting. b)' mv head on their wa)' 10 Ihe mh"...ng.. ~ A' n<I' T. ""'I you'"..: prorc' .gged Inlo a grou:'I<l<>d outlet ~ .tw<I1ty... stand to !.. Try a approach 0< use a mote appropt\e.e gut by" fly. above the workpi&ce.. Most important ... th<In push th<l workpiece ~ ttvovgh the blade.... J\. .. I C$Ca!. Wear shoes with nonsIo:id soI<oa..<-xl serious ..... often "''''' alert.... of tools.e that anything ~ 0< protruding neat the blade can pre5&I"It a da"9"'_ ReI up _ _ "". of oI>j&ctS could dtOl) out onto 1h<I table set Up for Safecty M ake ""'" yOU" saw is property pk.e_ oun.pO... N"oo" "ldv.tncity eaSly. d the bIad<I .. ~ prObably is. e many acCid</(rta t>appen o1gnt alK>.. a fussy setup can invite problemS.>g the saw when char>glng . ~' s a lso wise to wash up afte' using the saw 10 rninirnize Skin initat>:><\ Itom ce<taIn woods.pO>ces that could creep tow.....--. ~ a setuP . and e><lta wori<... ng workpiece. ""'I melal concIt. a !arlO<' lunch. Neve.dore lea". tuck In yOU" sIWt.:I""'.. Use sharp. U . AVOid glOves....I anc:I the mter gaug. rna dangerouS. SAw ClIO tie avoicl&d by propec preparation anc:I use of common _ .. oo be<:" \<) loc k)" Safety 63 . wh.. tne rip fence lar r\ppir"o!. t . clean bladeS... an oHe .ofcty techniq ue. 0( pei"~~OO" '".ng. Use I"r<>pe.. ""en ~ Ws cold. and always <..te 1001.. Cutting P<oeed .. anc:I make aI ~_ with the blade at a dead stOl) set 1M blade no more than l in.. ' .\.c~. Resln-co_ed blades tend to build up heat and . but 1 koow others w Mx cn'. they're "'"" K&ep th<I ikety to kkk back and wiI cut tM work rnu<.. yOU" t><>sl safety precaCltion is a sharp mind...hOJ' .e (0< _ appropOale jg) !or C!'osscun... Approptiatety Be aw . stopping mid -cot In""..njul')' I. Try to tnd the 0i<'npIeSt way to make e cot.. end of (he . Rushing is an aII_tOO_common cau"" 01 accidents _ <*ff"'''''' ""'t Ore . ofk:ut1I. you" 000"r"V"I">00"' sense.. back long Mir.he ta$l< at ~ anc:I 0Qn'1 be dislracted by con~­ liOn.. dry "'&8.octs ele<..~ .. Opemle 1M saw orly In .bo had cutoff.... kkkback.Safety at the Table Saw M ..ng up CIA stock or <:Iearng away ofk:uts d. cut /teetland !or any reason! And don'! use th<I fenc<o as a stOp blOCk !or Cr'OS8Cvtting.. anc:I 00ft any ..he side 0/ the workpiece l>eirIg cut_ Mways w ait until the blade comes to a dead stop before p..' (Unft-ups.... CO<"IOIOntrate on !. anc:I aVOid . U. Us$ a dust bru9tl instead of yOU" hands t o brv$I'1 aawdvst off the table.IOut>Ie-CheCk the rip fe nc<o to make ""'" rt'a lOOked In place l>elo<e making a CUI_ Keep Clean """ Sharp saw table It.h &8. Keep you" tOl) pockets It... NId t a~e you" time . trapp<td bfltw""" the f . t>eeause they c an catch on Ihin9S and reduCe your """sliMly...s... Mways ..-. 6e aw . """ and th<I blade can kkk back YioI&/"lt1y.

lIeJ towa..imrl)' caused by 'he friction on . The be .. Unless you're "'ing 0 splittct Of 'iving knife.'em kickback is by u. .. h's n<. lhi".he cu'..he ".ween .. catapulting it ". way 100 (.t the feru. EJECTION Although a 'pli'.. Kick· back is juSt the ""Wre of the beast called .11<) di$<u!Ii W'Y' to protect )'our eves.ide of the rotating blade and is overeome b)' whot.. the "''Ofkpi""e is fl..ble·.'os in more depth . the chaflCe of kickback b)' adjusting )'OU' rip f~ncc p.he .rs. As if the ri. Bu.ut . I'll expl"in the causcs 0( . The Risks A boonllflafS kicked luCk by the sawbla<le can hu~ • wor'<llie« toward )'O\J at speeds "Ilp'Qa<hing 100 mit.e i.. "". and you 're pushing cor"".hanly. grear. Proper planning. I'll Ji'ICu" oplill"'" and r iving l ni. appropriote for the .1I usually harpen.up can reduce m.. e. protections again" ejection me to push all ri~'Ccs past the rear of the blade. (oree is .he "''Of" piece (l(:C...$O"' ham' . Kickback i..he ."'. "nd not to u>e the feru...'o..he mble saw (sec the ...he work pieu f"m1)' "g'Jin. d re.ciJcnu im-oh-.'.abie-llo exagge"'tion .. .operly and holding . ma:o. .. a prop.. kickback con occur even ""hen the ' ip fence is set properl)'..id them..e '0 CfO$!<. can be d iminatN by u.s per hoo r.. u. n".wl.. on p . AU of these danger.hi ng 100 m ile.>t ncce~'i !)' . follow~-d by cjecrjoll and )""e"'lion.".""c..11'11 di.h" .er '" riving knife rreventS kickback. be'ng "pplied to the " 'orkpicce.I. kickback..i ng the rroper safe.k of gelling s". thc m.\'o u".he lh.ld .c for the emirety of ...th.uo< at speeds oW""".. Ho""".y eq uipment and u:chniqoc. In this chapter..ha. (<'><)'OlJ 10 pull )."OOdworker. <. not to cu' piece.The good IlC"" is . And this. whkh denies ..idern. The only <ure_fire way 10 pre' .""" bt.how)"0<1 ho'" [0 aY{.h" ..""eidents "nd .." " 'orkriece Can $till t-e cjccted straight IOward . ".r teeth. it's simpl)' an inkrem pmt of the c." ar .oJ (oo.ab le_ saw accickn u arc almost ent irely pre"e".-."I solution .-rly 'haped push stick and feett .ny ri.(ling operation . You can minim." IXltcn'i"ls for rabl". ..acked b)' the workpiece isn't bad enotJgh. Thi. 3.nd density of 64 Safety .... KICKBACK By far. >honer thnn the d ist.he front and back of 'he blade.. \I'd) as yom li mbs. th"t'$ nOith.'. Of the "''Ofkriece .fOOl! common ""'''' of .. "raul!" of .nl of the $. per hour (see the sidebar on the facing 1""10'<).he work_ piece ..h a.. '. the """ of the blade to pick up .>S in the following sections.able saw."'" to the blade's re.w accidents is kickback..ing" propct l)' adjuSled splitte.>< riving knife. ""d . ]'11 . 63).h. )'OlJr hand can abo t-e PI.he f". fOl'CC and rnomentu".w'lTd the op<.If OOt of harm" "'a)'. caused by the tel\dcI\C)' of 'he risin~ t""....r .hine ""t"p.kp.. y.1\"()I'-e (he blade."II' p. and lu"ll':'..'er (". d the spinning blade in the process .!ly..ize of .

ot ""'-'... lay a bOO!< on table and plant a !inget (rep< ese otIng the blade) on the table beIind the lar IeIH. hunl«l dlagoft.w..d c.. Then push the bOO!< for_ war" from ~s right lront comer Ih8 ~ firmly against the for the entirety of the cvt...teeth try to lit! ~ lJPWard..e bI:Id • • Safety 65 . always trying to p<ess agaiMI the """ t .. TN!I is made W<XSe by the lact that "'" sawn edge .r(l the operator 1110 arcMd """' on II1e u"dof1iOe {)j Ir.on p.....oara p!e<:es.... bl:ldo t>ackwacd and to tne !ell _......'000... """"""'" ... ~ ocCurs too quK.. FQ< one tl"Ong... To o... Tne worI<piece is typ.It.. ar of th<l Spinning blade. the <:harlCeS of ldekback by taking Ih8 101IOwng measuru.. tho rip Itnee. Tne wOf\<- piece \hen rid8$ up on top of As • wor~ Slrays from the ~ can the spItYling blade and is tu1e<I _ di>9<>nolly pinel1OC1 Dotw. kiCl<t>ack Is to use 8.. toward the operator al spee<IS uP to tOO miles per -.Fool .· on p.... NotiCe that the bOO!< pt. " the worI<piec" edge that's bearing agaiMt !he I""". you can at Ie<IsI ~.. 0Pm< ....... A shoe-1)oPe ~ witl'l along sole wit r. 79) 8e par1icularly careful When ~ sqo.ndoe<stand the pr\ncipIfI... pIvOts intO ~When ~ wOOd. in\Oi!ing kickMeIc.. Of 11APPEN$. one ""'" of th<l worI<pieC" is r. stanoe al the front of the blade an<! the resiStance lrom the pUStIe< at the oppoSing diagOnaI~..-. or rMng kriIe ( _ -Aligning the Spftter to the Blade.e4p you ~ some $ide PM""""" (see -Pushe"..kIy to obServe... pO od'\O tg the worl<pOo<:e diagonally _ the _ and bIa<le. 10~)_ Wyou insist on wort<Ing wilhout a splitte< 01" riving KriIe (I won'II).. juat as a worI<piec . .cal:y leI! with a scar in Ih8 st>ape oj an ate as e~ 01 ~S rough rIcIe CNe< the top of the 1>Iade. ...cent edges. ..>ally taking plaCe. is Shorter 1tIM the "."... 'a""" t"" .n tn.. Tne ooty way to entirely eliminat .1ly _Ir(l t.e woric" jlitu is ~ resuh 01 its mvtI over 1110 ~ 111 Ir. t" due to the ."_ again$t the I.*.... of the bOO!<.. mite< gauge or CT06SCvt sIe<Ilnstead 01 the '"""e to guicIe !he (Itle ~) . use . n't foolproof: K&ep TM wo<"Pi"" ... ~ a ~ ~s the r.. properly 0II9'>e<I spilt". Here's what's ac\O. which "'" prone to creeping away from the '"""e. aIthOugIl they e<.ots to the left. the _9"""..

d ..ide...''' 66 Safety . bIll I"".. <xcu.i'·e "")'" to <:0\'..e poorly <k." Iht.t.IK bIadc fOo.lw '>r<:r.ds on wit table ".sre<:if".....up 0\.. can be" .onl ""'ide"'"II)" comi"l1 in co"..han tlK bbdr.Th.he ......rntnu..n the Uni .*. A blade CO\·C<.. OJ'I'1"tlO.. ""w'..pI..d.her)~ To mak...' ......... a nurrr/)tt cf ".lable as rcplx.......... (.."btc·$..i"I"~ kn ife and a bh1c co"e. ~ nw.. n.. panicut".. .. The "".he O)"$Icm.........". a.ftcnnarl.ble . bbc. h· e-'ery ...de-'iI""..w<l. fuund tlKm '0 I."8 ""peru ""ht in boob.. he '''1'1''''''0 on r..oo ci 1M ..de co'·• •. f.i~"cd for .eh as puslK .. Fim.k bla<k lO"aru is a~tu" IIV a th •••·in_"ne .otkri«t..s.• "" )'OUr h...w-nor a qud and easy "I'<""tion. fafctl' wt>ccls.om bdr\i . discord stoc k guard! i"hat tM /lU->rJ.l.. and f'OW1!' fcede... fin~ho:d culting.".("".tun'ldy..t$...cmbly (s« ..." 1""1"""'" A II<".h1'Own '" !he ol'e"'t'''.. pre_ . Ooo't let tlK httl of a pw.. feathe. only so ".. toW .. bes1 protec.il... Safety Accessories TIle t~nt ial .. St"t"" a~ "... """"'" that . al!OO'i habtl to lowe... w ruantl)'SICrns on moot ....ion Ihtr'~ pcrfon"'n~... ..... .{ul..-hy they and ro man)" od"'T """""...hal I..l b~ C"~n hun you.. To cu' <L...1"n)' I''''=''on.d !" t].fl 'l'I'fOOCh ""'erely hmiu ." ..hil...Icds and ".. a... and ..<h h'gMT . an ut>CO\'c..·cn . N.. STOCK BLADE GUARDS The wock . remo"in." Irline. Although many ~orn """""'" tilt ...he useful""j. aux. table·"' .blf..hi> •• ''''' though ~otk. h "Iso I"c...·heo yo. map!""'". dial (\lI nt w....ion i.....I<.tlK . ha..:.""iag<' .. maU<"t$ . u"... It·..doc (t"en" cO\·"..Iudt notchtd ph·1s or "fl~' ""ended '0 ~"'" tjtctlOn .he" ..ieJ ....... hah. The reason ....b.roubbonw: flock bbJe <:0\. \\.ord •. ..100 have ...he bla<k....ro in chapt~"Il1_9. ).d blade) h:u storred.'I Slay up and "'" "I'''... and anukkk~k fi... ""bolted from 1M ....: cutnfh from the table 1.. tdl ... system ~ornbin .mbh"" "".... A <:O\'e. hen ~ St"l'f"t". the bl. and "pliote .' (uu can be made. .k <:O\'m a~ "... because tM srl""r iI fi xooJ in rlace and st~.".." I.nd many oroo jot". ~ 'M 01"":0_ ...... also rrevenur . .... only 'hrou¥h sa.ary wOfkpiccc SI'pper"..h.. Of ...plittc. tilt """'" fIUIIrd ".. Unfo. ""tti"....t bl.'<oom in on..II-dcsi~ .h ... Some .:1ow. lISe "". ci cn::oM<:ut .hable...d b~ b...hd. that IN.. """"""'" tM gua.. LACeRATION Any pan of an ex~1 bIaJe I"fI'S""'S" <lanl/C< t<J /lc..mbly m.XX>dwork •• knows .... n. 40). dilC.. onen callooJ" blade guard.lc. indudel" II"O'l ..~".ablt·.'1f"ty eqUIpment for "ny . . ~.... a bl:.... c~a.. Oth•• ace. thiS des.h "ICk .....u. the black <:0\'''' on rnan)" .j of.~ ~ abo or .'00<1... .does.... 1I"'O\. Non .oomebody ha< ".h ~rnI bone.... wit ]..

'm a splitte! cannot be adjusted in heilI ht A !iYit1g knife . Therefore. 5<odly..ha. he" so. . Unfortu notely.bor a""mbly.he rear of a ".ial for kk k back{he 1l\Ql' common table·. ofte" ~a't . Th"J' do "'Ork. " iflually elimina'e. a riving klli fe lits abou. tile poten.han a t)'pical . equipmen.'l<k. ~ in. be<:.ill\l Splitter. iJe in" dark comer of the shop '0 ~olk".. " ""OC>d.dless 01 blade height or tilt ._ C U"'ed in shape. f'lIs. lrornmives to stock gua. it <. lrrtO>t im meJi3{e1).han no<hin g ~t all..tI.d. i' ing tee..."rd """mbly i.h a. e j" S! terribly incO!l\'elliolll . rise " lid fall wi. A ftIlough 1he terms Sjllitte. .. SO il always RlOVtS r~lativt {o {M blade aOld S1a'f$ in proper position.'Otlld use one rather .I \ ·e ~xp! aineJ. a splitter {o a plate anoched to ttoo !e. Tho rMng knife on. .e. the ' iving kn ife $i" SO closely behind the blade " n.. is lixer1 10 1M bIaCe-arbof assemoty. . 10 a d iffe ren{ saw.ause i. prncming" work pie<:e fr" m being . whkh i.. Safety 67 .d. wch. ure. read on (Of beuer . riving k"h'c. The foc.or lar).p!iue.of th~ way fOf bloclc . European "''''.plitteT Of riving kllife is t he m<)$' imron"m piece of safet). saw be<. "na. The 0111)' I~a.<aid . rega. these gU"rJ ')"StC"" are bener . i. However. after the . t hese prOprietary sl'l. ".hanging or measuring ""wb!:. ..wkcr Il()nnall)' uses.. for a {abl..! 01 the saw or to n-."m to change il woolJ Ix 10 in\tall a smalkt..hrown A ri"i ng kn ife . they'. he blade'a. behind the blade alld a liule below .plin er.. heigh. is a ".. i. pain. l)'pically on EU 'OIl"an saws.. Uhima'cl)".'orkpiece passe$ t he blade.wbl.s. du"" Th"t... n $>'/I' is.. {Q "'" .:..n·. A. blade . aOld riv- ing Mile are _ mes use<l inte'~lty '~fers chan<}eabl)'.h . accidem.. (5ee 1he photo below).h311 Mthing a' all.~!­ diame{~.hed '0 .-hich <k..he blade. · ters C311"'" be retrofi. j .hat {he workpi«:C is held away from (he rcar . SPLITTERS AND RIVING KNIVES A .he blade heigh.uch betteT solu1 ion .1t3d!ed "Ill (ins with !too bla<le. l)'pical Eur(>j)t.\oe$ 001 get in (he "'ay of an y cut or jig t ha.use r~nlo"illg "lid rea ttaching the ~'l.e throat plate_ Wilh 1M m:eption oj troo Deha Disap~". Of rh" mg kn ife Jenies "ccess {o {he up"""d ..<tw>r """"lit >II<! . are ollly a' ·ailab!.

ma......·ed. Tho Deb Oisa-"'O 5QIitw can be pushrcI_ .. _ _ In _ end 0<' _ 01 Ina _ pI'ota 10 taka uP _ play in Ita lit.0 f"il ..... Du. _ as. _ \hoi rtghI-....h.·. oc... of buY'''8' Eun>po::.. . ..... 10 ~!he ~ _ t>ack.. It ..\:e. Ita _ . tb(ll>td .. . . I..installed (.i¥ assembly• ..d (or dl<" U. 01 \hoi ~ . ... of tne throel plale ..... .... _ P'ognHIMB loward!hft ..-® as fl'I" of o.. lt e"....-.. .. ltv' """·IhI~ _lIions such ...sill'. " nd o"e bl' b c..:I to eIon\Jate the oIo! by """'*'9 !hft _ .. _ onp. Y to ractuo. srlit· 'e" ~ all be remo-..... "'" 11\'001 ......... pIMa. In ~a A Shopmade Splitter .~t1I'1' four modcl$ available : two nt<llk by [)rha. 99. !lick and ano~ tor INck ... The OIh<:. a~ _ _ at-.. It"YoIoI plaIa ( _ pnoto ~).... .·tn·ont 1)11<:"' ..lIy . ~ . . ~ 10 ~ Ina r\gJJt _ of !he ~ .he 'l'1 iner un the >lock .h .. _ 01 _ glued inIo tilt SIOI in • ~ 11K.Ow-i.-d. Tho: 00t ~h~"" l\ve-... $IIOpo'rICII """".. TNa _ _ . ..... ~ .lta·...·c)....:.hor... \hoi stock 1tlrOa1 plate _ . ~i.. " lI!)Irtter/f...'" ii In make yo"...s ~ '. a.. I I.... lib".I>and _ of !he _ tMtl>.......u ........g..... ..... iI' . IhM> ... aci<litlo.... _ .·hen. lhot ~ can .od tll<" .' (!iCC II ".. There a"... txpericncc. and the ont I<'ith . Unlike . _ to creale a ~ tIIJIIn_ by ~ gluing a oIl'Iardwood or _ min mat_ Into \hoi _ oIo! 01 a zero- ".c.. own $1'1111...' oc ~ .g the _ ..1ror kickback. .. c"m..rPcanng Sri". Became they all tMlall on the ".11- The DeIteo OIsappe arng Splitter Tho: Dd... allows KiI'IIoII p<J(cn.ltIt..ig".ke •..he oIJew..·" h......bo...' nl. ...nd "..>JIItn .S.... !idcba.. el !eaSI two tnroel plal_ to<' cutmg Olocl< uP 10 aoout I .·hoch 1 hr. To maU a 1tlrOat piela lor tl"Ck a lOCl<..... _ ~ ~ 'I'XJ' _ ...ar of the c.".ket sri...cry $".he hbk" SCf Ioooor.. . _ t o<' It"llck _ cut • • rnak...r. be .•('enn". Ahhoueh .....he hi...-cI ..he rigilHiltiflg Delu U".......5. ..!pICe "'''''''IUl-c:IWttn... moslltflectlv<> """" pIaC<Od _ 10 \hoi ' " ' 01 tne DIade. ..a tor oond. is . .... 10 gel an aftcnM....e!he jXliiitb.. r-.o.o fit "'''-' m• ""f""..... on" by Bie>cn\C)'". • nd the ". To _n.

he Delta Di"'pre".plitter .WOI" of 'he Dd. a. ~ lor Tht B.hcd dell"n I:-elow .he Sitw'. the thin metal i••1". Bee. The Delt" Delu~e UniG uard Splitter coolS about $30 and will fl. standanl blades..he Disappearing Spliner " S!ill aVllil..na~ •• siIy into~. i.h in·k"rf blaJe.. at which po.. Althoogh ...he Di>appcaring Spl'"er.)·s at hand and ea:. Iki ng "o". ".origiMl UniOuanl:!l il'stem.ill work with .""s.hin "nd narrow...r ("'. The o.·ell . Im'e:><i.hen hat>dling large 0< heav)' "'Nk"iec. moU".he throat pl".y to hring into pia)'. calling for caution ". This spliner is not removable from ilS holder.. .ight_tthing JC1 cabine.h a knurled. h should .·lhkk piece of steel .nd .~ and pull the spliner up. The Delta Deluxe UniGuard Splitter Th" newer model 'plitter Imm Deb..~nl...use the Disappearing Spliner is .«1 <lilly remove . be ". threaded knob..he .{er can be . I". The Biesemeyer Spl itter The Bi"«.h.~e UniG. saw.nt it automatically locks in place. i. . Ihe phol-O.hc photo below) .'urdy as Ihe Biestmcyer splittcr.nd will mounl only OIl the 'ighHilting Unisa".'er.oon.l erf blades. lable .ing Splitte. Bec. TI."...·. imo ilS holder when nOi needed (see the phow On the facing p"!..hin. (Mtta ~I""" UniG""d s~n" is plOOI W"~ ot~_ knob.ils in" hea"y""".bl~...mcyct splitter is" solid " ·in .. is damped 10 ilS holder wi.U!\" holder bee . is . Ihe UniG" ..I righl). H"... M ~rOCl<et . the UniGuanl Splitter may al". ."". which OPSO a llows)'OtJ to _ """'Ihroogh-ouniog Optr. it can be pu.d with .e 'rli.emovable..n . withou.. DiS<tppearing Splin. Ihro>t otamr>M '" n.j"ll rejractino 1M roU koo~ Oft tt>o ~racltet.h. moyer .he OIiginal UniGuard has b«n J&ominlled in {. which is "n".Iso fit Jet ""bine' $OW. n""""ing .11 of Delta'. the splitt"" you "..·. j.W$ including the lefHihing UniS.·" the splin.bl.hat . at'hOItgh it'.napped into itS hold". nl Spl itter is "'ider . except the !XK1abtc .r COSIS aOOu' $100 . As with .."..wed '0 •• mo."')' To rai". t"I(l can be ~~ tI)' Safety 69 .. is not as prone to bending. nm as .. easily ben..

Use a S~hUe'

Atect aO)ainst laceration_ n
~revenl

~hOO Qh

Ihe blade cove' does pro~otS

IWt

Whack_Only a splitte, !II riv-

ing knife will ~o Illal Oon't be lulled
into a lals. ' ense 01 secu'ity lilat a
covered
D"~.

m;ghl implyl

T~

,oa, oj t~ EJCCa!iI>u, $PliH"

<t;e •• into I """, nl in'~ the _

_ . 0,,"' • ".,-mourn .... m1>ly. wnil< trle 1'<)111,,,,, ""'~ bIa<Ie carNge.

plate. RC"l<,,"al. however. do"s rcquire getting unck-r the thre"" pl"l~ '0 retrac. a >pring_lo.ded ,od on the holder. To ""oid having III remove the rl,roo, platC to access the knob. I drilled a l_in._dia , hole in nw saw', ,h""'t plate ,ha, allows inseni"n of a >lkk for pulli ng ,he knob, TI,I< split_ ,er I< wt)' SturJ)" and cannOt be easil)" bent. Whilc contribllti ng to solidity and Jurobi lit)'. ,he ~_in. thick n~", p'e\'~nt> "'" of the splitter whcn ",,,,l _ ing "",h thin_lcn bl.dc... fiiesomc)"e. ,pliuers co;;, .ba" $120 and arc currontl), a"ailablo for all models of Della sawl e,cCp' portable>. The)' will al;o fi, Pow~'m",k® sa,,·s. G~n=I!l .. w •• ~nd je, saw,. The Excalibur Merlin Splitter The Merlin splitter i. 3 bir diffcrent (rom OfhCT "ftc'market splitler.< in thot il ""ach.s 10 Ihe re~r of. lable saw r.thor than to lhe rear of the c.fTi ~ assembl)' \>ce ,h~ phOf" "I,,:w c). I,', ~a,y '0 removc and replac~ and should fi, man)" <.>f the most common ,ahle, .. ,,~ indtJding C ra(ts","n®, I ha"cn't tried it yel. as it "'as still in de"c\opmCni "' of thi' wTiting.

BETTER BLADE COVERS
As an .I,crna'i,·. 10 "ock blade-guard system" ,here are currently fi"e ","«head blade-co"cr S),Slem, a"ailable, solJ either as p3n of a saw pacl. age or as.n afr~nn. rlct ac~cS>or)'. An overhead cow. I< indeP<'ndcn' <.>f a .. ",', splitte, or riving knife .• lIowing "",,-,hr<.>ugh-cutting OJ"'1<'tions to be cO"en,,] when ,he spli"e, or 'ivinglnifc h., been ""'lO,·cd. Four <.>f rhe five .ftcrma,lct CO'-CT sy.lem.. also indude dus'-colk'CtiOfl rorlS, creating" somewh3t heahhier "'00 environment .

70 Salety

001 10

Oo\u,. BIa(IO Guanl
An ",'emeoo cover can

be adju,{ed hori:omaliy to oc<:ommOOa{e a

tLlk.J blade or 10 minimize {he SjMCt be{WOOl {he emer and {he fence for e~,;cr ripping n.rrow piece,. When cro.><:u{{ing, {he .ide of {he co,'cr can be adjus,ed dose [0 [he blade to pre\'ent ''''pping ,hon cutoffs be,w""n th. blade and side of ,he co,'c', For cuning ",II piece>, III<! "wer COn be lno,'ed .tHirciy a"'ay from {he blade . All of the ,y,{em, .re removable for tllO>C "'''' O(e.,ions when ov'rsi'cd work "-"<Iuire, an unusual amou", of (ree ,pace afOUnd {he blade

0'

Della Deluxe Blade Guard The supporring f... me of ,he Deha is a C -.haped piece of hollow tubing, {he bouom arm of "'hkh ;, """'!:clcd 10 {he rear of ,he ~", and 10 [he rear edge of ,he ,ide ex,ension [able, The urP"r arm i... leico<oping boom 1 1,.1 SllpporlS a I\\"f)-pie<:e basket-,'yl. blade co"er (see ,he phmo abo"e). A pla>!jc !r.;)' mounted on (he uI'I"'r arm wi\l hold a noce p,,,J, tape mea,lIre, I""h ;Iiel:, :Ind a ,1m '0 Sfore a re""",able .plitte.,. TI,e Della', ,p lit blade CO,'cr i, an in"o'·ati,.., de,ign , providing extrA safe,)' in some C\m ing situation,. For example, after crooscunin:s {hick ,;{O(k, half of the CO"'" dr~ down for p,olec;'ion ~\'Cn tt-ouSh tIl<! cUloff holds half of ,he oo,'cr up above ,he spiooiog blade. The co\'er is sloped at the (ronl to ride up easily onto an ap()T<J"Ching I<'or!: pi<:cc. St<1!l colla ... on the arm allow lhe hake, of the co,'cr lO flip up oul of the ""V (or changing blades and ~l! ing up CtllS, There is no du,t·collcnio!l pori on ,he co,'cr Ahl><>ugh Ihe 'Of' "r", of ,he eframe is onl)' \0 in . above Ihe tabl •. is ,rill enough oc<:eOS (or I"..her$.nd e.<:>$$Cut sled; with"", feeling cramped. The ,de~oring "rm "1I0,,~ (Of "el)' Hule mo"emellt to the right

,be,..,

Safety 71

of the blade, bu' the ~"n C~n ~asily be removed if i, ,,rn"u"l~ """ins tall, wide workpieces, Rota,j">l ,he extcndc"<l "",tion ,no"es ,he bl";c co,'e, forward and backward in re!.tioo to the blade, For cutt ing wry long ~nd "'"k boarrh. the whole frome can be .wung belo,,' the "'OIl ,,,,face by l""",ni">l OIl. boh on ca<h rn lhe frome brockets. H""'c,,er, a rear outfced table that is wider than 36 in_ from ,he left .ilk of lhe "'ill prevent the .rm from ""inging down, Thi, gw"d is des'gned for Delta ,able SlIw' "nd funee 'ril"""_ It will not work "'ith fenc~ 'I"'tems ,hat ""Juice U$e of. re"' ",il f", fence opera· tion, On B,e>emey''f·"ylc fence 'I"',cm" ,he rcar ", il i. " ..d onl)' to ,up· port a 'ide ,able, and th" rAil can be replaced with Deha', f1a, metal bar, Although a f10t bar doesn't provide 3 1<.Jge for supporting ~ ,car o"tfecd tahle,,, freestandin~ ,able c",1id be If budget i$. om,idctatinn and you h,,,,. a Delta table saw, the Delta Del",c fllade Guard is ,h. be" buy of "11th".., I)'stems , Considering ,hal it indudes a splitter, ,hi. package might At )'our equipment budget , The lack of a d"".coll""tion port is a di.,.,) .."",,,,,,,, bu, i, ,na)' be outweighcd by the coot sad""" compared with othe' modeb,

',iI"

",ed_

Biesemeye, T-Square Blade Guard System Like the Della. the Bie.. mc),er SUPJlOft fr.me ii C-s,h"pt..J , The 10"'Ct arm of the =,,,,'!;ular

tubing 'nOIln" wi,h a cooplc of bolt. and ""re,,', to ,h~ L-.h"reJ re", rail of" Bie;.,mc)'e<·S!),le fefIC~ ')~t<m, The ,eles.:opi">l upper arm supports a basket·.,,,le co,,,,, Iha , C~n (lCcCpt an optional dust·collection pon (set ,h" phOto below). A r.,rpendkular channel at the end of ,he"rm ~ll",,'. eas\, (orc-.nd·aft adj"'ltn~n, of the e.,,"cr, as well as its removal , A cO<ln,,,,b:ol"nccd mechani,m allows ,he cow, to ,df.adjust to ,uit any thkkncss of workpi""" ",'hil" ".ying pa'allel to the ""w table, When

S_m..,." T·SQ .... SllcIe G.. ," SI"'tl'm 72 Safety

Io(ted all the w.y the co,'er locks into place 'OOIl( 7 in , aoo,'c the ,,,blc , The cow, can be n"",cd " 'ell to the 'ight of ,he blade fo< using ,all Itg. 0< cu!(i"8' wnk.lly ,,'ppO.ted "mkpiec.... T he lcie>copmg movement "controlled b)' an imcm.1 ,hreaded rod CO'''te<;,t:d!O an adjusling crank on ,he far end of the up!lCr a,m. A rc1e ... 1",·e. allo"~ forqukk, gross adjustments of the afln, but I ,till found tbis $(H'I'~wbat eumbef$()Hle. Tn o,-etCome the problem, I , .."",'ed the threadt.-d roJ .hOl[cther, allowing ("" quid. easy adjustment. made from my normal "'Orkin;g pooiti"" , ik<:.u .. the poot mounts to the rear of lhe extension table.)'oo can crosse", an)' len;gth workpiece up to 12 in. "'ide before i, is stopped by the poo.!_ For ea,v removal of the entire 'V"em, I ",,,,,,,bed it to the rear funee .-. il wi,h J,in.-widc plaslic u·in.: "uIS. Altemat;,'" moo"tings include a bolt -oown floor stand or a ceili ng moont. The Bic.. me),er is one of my (.vorite sY'tems because of its o"emll e30C of and ,elm,,'c unol",u,;'·eness. It's onl), real di,,,,kantage is its ",ability to be u>cd on saws that ,equire a ,ca, mil f,)( fence """talion ,

"p.

Oust-Cot let1tOn Aid

S

OITI! afterma,ket blade COllers

inco,porate a dust-cotlecloon port

fo' evacooti rtg much of trio sawdust thrown u pword by trio blalJe.

'*'

Excalib ur Ove rarm Blade Cover Thc Excalibu, co",i", of a "lila,. root tha' supports a .-.:)Und, hollow. ,cles.:opiltg ~rm to which thc blade cO,'"" is COmte<;led {_ the pltoto below}. The two-piece poot is boited to ,he end ,tl the extcnsion t"bl~ rmhct thot) III ilS rca, cd!:", TIti' tIIe.ns !It" E:tcalibu, can be u.. d "'ith any f~nce ')',(cnt since i( ""OIl't interfere with rea' fctlce mils. The lowe, ""lion of ,he pol' extends '0 ,he HOOf and i, held upright by twO metal bmces that conne<;' to the uten,it)n t.ble. The upper section of ,hc pol' slide. into ,he lou"" ""'i"n. locking in place "'ith" b·er. which ~lIo"1)'OlI tt) eMily rem(we the entire upl"'r section of the system if tlecessa ry.

E xcalibu, o..""m Blade C.....,.

Safety 73

fd Caotiieto( Moont The oo'Sht'Sl\' le bl:'lde tove-r ~~I\ J.led for "I" imum "acuun' effieien<\"...he .. A 4·in .". The an" Can al. .ci • ...ts of a 'wo·piece rotJod POS' th". can be "'''''ed fa id)· cosily 2i in. ' he post anache. ny height up 8 in."l lc extendiflll (rom thc bo"o".::) limply pi". a. the unit is hc". "m 74 Safety .ion of .'Cr ""np up 0"'0 approaching -"ock.he I"'" can be boh<.".he upper am. it won't interfere ".he pholo at left .ble. i""" The poot is fun he.. dust ·collector ho5e connoe" to the "I'p<)Si'e end of the a.Sfott·G .ystem may not be the best choice for 3 -"'''' moum ed on 3 mobil" base.he cx '~"'ion . of weigh. The 10"'" ='. hollow.f.ion .hc po:st.c .'\.nd le on .t carries a basket ·"yle blade C""CT.\<0 COm. C". tI.he wa).. convenient grasp of 'he co"rr and allow.. ".. The "'hole ann is se.c.he . Howe»'er.he bl..elcsc'IPing ann) eon be lif. m.able.'cr to O"e end of .he front of .e a "ocl or aftermarket sp li"".J completely out of the lower . The Upp<T . tele$COf'iflll th. a leng. which Can Cause the table to twist.<e<:. Oil' of .Klc CO.he ExcaliOO r..Id places " I".:. l<)d . collection.ion of thc po:st (along with . Exalt". the right of the blade For d".'e. " abil ired b)' ".<e<:lio" .r consi.110"" )'ou to lock the co.er releasing" lock ing h. Like .bove).J in place at .J to the floor for a sturdy in""lIa. to '0 '0 Exaktor Industrial Overann Blade Cover TI.".dy quality.-><:. The rear plast.:.he ex. ablc.uperior dust colloet ioll . in i1$ p<)$t.h of 1 \0. The Exc"libur offcT$ "u. th.-jlh any (ence s)~tcm (see ... so this ..c pand can be ""noved to accommoda.he PO:S' '0 the und"". . of" tum b.011 of .. The CO.de of ...'er do"m 01"0 3 "orl piIXC for s.e end of .he blade COwr "ffeT$" I~fe. ...fer cutting of thm "ock and dadoes. A wire handle a.nd . at:. suppa'" 3 round. to the end of . A le"cT .ension .able"...en. ..he .

colll..he CO. In its f.he rrgln. AI.'er onto (he "'"Ork or lock it '" I"we< .he arm adap..rm to roIa.l. spl"ter rn"alle<!)"oo are no< able to adju" .eces ci .0 Saf&ty 75 - .'c. {he heigh.he bbde ". Moont guard ". ci . easily ou' vi .! to.' e..em collectOf of dus..wo to accommoda'e a 'plitte..he edge of tile CO. df"ic"cy of . il al>o lad" mobil.ht "'her models and is suffiCIent as a blade covet. Unfor.n be. channel I:oetwcen the .lh tht 3"" bee.ak~ . expel""'e . of a thick workpiece.han tllOS. Eng . the arm \it$ about 19 II'. when {he co.hat p".use . a "cry dlk. Unlike ')"pical gravi'I··controU". is "..he co.he E""h()T mOllnt.he Exealibur and the lightweigh. a. . lach the stuminess of ..wo hands !O lif! and pu..ck..'.oon p. '0 stand.e.·. or drop on its ou·" .ha. The uncJ.de.mey".eI""'''I'ing arm.vor. _me On the Brett· Guard Camil~"e..wo p.he .e un"".kJ<:s no' lif.he fit i!.trictcd $paCe !O work. UnfonunOfeif.rd 4·in. inch.) Of COUtW. and)"OU can purchase {he blade_ro"e< assembly r~tcly for ceiling mOUnting or OIher Cu"Om i">lallation. .• de':>r. the use. bit rough.kIe ci one edge of {he CO".llowrng pi".!O ...S<.·ith.-d >fte. plastic bruc .hi.ikickback deVice.ystem .e<! hI' a bf1lCkct 10 a romrol hou>. and (an be locke<!. 00 the t1<Xl1".he "''ll)' for "'!ling up cu'. great visi· bility cOnnec'" t<)... The blade ro.de b)' pu. all adJu>tmen ts ate posi. "'P" Bre tt-Gu ar~ Cantilever M ount The C-shaped f. a Ili.he Bi... (h. Beeause .il for feroce opera'ion can still be u". rear O\'pport angl•. how""er.".he COI'cr <..)' ci unre. to \I"or~ properly no maUer what.mow "ocx (see the pr. ".. Adjusung . "'" allow an 3pproa<:hing wor" piece to slide under i.hing the . A d"" pot' on ..wcr.)'le rear fence mil. 1">1ead . control hoo. .!:>m·e the wor"rk". IS adjuste<! using a erunl on to{> of .he blade is ".ive .'er fo< 'iwing n.he blade co.. dust·ooll"".lr)..o. It is.."ing. 61). y"" mu.he blade. .he cowr connects .'$..he hoo. grea'. .h a dust pon. The cover ""iII slide well".lready M....{e end of . .J when nOl in \!Se. The du.he hi". TIle Exal:tor i..he hollow . aW'e (he . The Ilk" differs ftom the other blade """ers in tha.he opp<:>S. The cOver heigh..'"..semeye..IIopcd. any height.se{ Tight 3' ."le.ther lif. \\"Orkpiece helps red~ kickback (The ( .k".mrle. it . .1 co'·en.~' i'"... .. the cut. is <onnec. The rear ci th" COn...unately. adjust. cover~.m. Ho". 00''''' doc.ht right of the bl.i<k.IO. but I could.e "'hen unlocke<! . ..nn allows thc inner ..d Ilot i. This can cause the bl... "'hich is t\OI nttd<:d if the "ble '"'''" ..cgi..·i•• hose . . 11'" i.QPing arm (0 .<in8 . an ... whe" ripping nartO'" pieces.. i. to hold dow".. A rubber collar '" . ...able surface.hat is hinged a pbtform on the end of rhe uPl'l't arm (!oi't rk photo at right on tho facing page).·dia...'C' ho<i:omallr for finer adju"mellls---fOf ~x.wer inchle. . Although the cO\-er comes wi.or hose . .y.he lad ci a . bu.-what eXp<>.The CO"" .. sy!'em "'urK. Fence l)"Steml that require a rear ". i.. does not use a basl er'''yle co.de Cowr!O tl"OO"e our of parallel '" the .able surface or workpiece.'er is fixe<! a.d ~'ith . H. '0 f". you must provide l"OUr own hose and fi"i".! front 011<1 of th."".S lrulnuaU)'. mbl)' Hf.. n.

. cJfuru ... H"""".. to . bOlt or Tall """'poec. b. 01 .tt .. ...he .... 1>"01_ ~ I<Ick.e. . cut..... . w . "Tho. wt. TMTInctuct . ".... Th i! C""~' .. WMI COYId MyOo t>Mr> an in...... _ is "'"' mo$' common _ ..'U'" ' ''Iing _ """"""'" ... 0....UO.."""" .nd the homl"l and blade ~.. he IJ.ha..g.. OW" ... in I'bee jll" lile " ••c. SawSlop C3I"W"Iot boo ... pro'lOCte 0I""Iy ~ ~ won'...The 5awStop'" T-.. ..' IA-ha UniSaw Di"" I' I'C" rll'>l Spline•.d. .. by sensing _ ~ condl.. II bol... Before C>. welCome addition lnOHd.. in lact. _ ....' ·en· icnl ..... you need to.. bu. ....w Nfety by atopping " ' " ' _ '4'0" oontact _ _ _ ." boo c:uI on . S1wStoo WOO"I<.he " '3\'.d and "". ill" a' inc". .plincr In . "n" i.iot-. few n " '" COl 0.k the. Un/Qnuna.)'.ne'e/y. I'I". . _ <lOuD! 1tIat_ SawStop .' slid "'. .... aganot I<£kback. ~ the bI&dfI .. 1><. A spit . facingPl'3t').he "gill of the bladr .. Mount.. e"'tl~ """".. . dy.....An ""Iust""'nt cra" k on ... alThough.ha. " . plotte •._ of the M . ..he ann. hao to. opean. wICIWo Ihft coo_ WOOd A_~_"'"' _ lion .he nam ".he heavy control hommg ~orn lI$ltte.m mount...". n. 0( tMr>Q " nil ..hot pIa.t!ily bt n'rrM up OUt of.ached and o n '" .m.bacl<... wing (w:e the phoco on .. .tion.."iort (or an ...n.A ___ ... ".. 01_ --..'Y.0!('Cfl<Ied on two onetal rods attach ..stylo!o riving .ff' """h' >rl... .Skk of and bthind .u $t ill only ~blc In use ... E... .. t>H"I'-dufV.. f... can ~.h~ c". the Brett allov.. 1m ".. ~ aI1. eprIng1Oa<»d.. blade brake like _ S1wStO!> will t:>e .. <IC. you" need to tum otI_ SawSlop. W.-an .aIy • MCond Ina 01 _ _ on " " ~ .:: bo~ ....01 • . t um and cauW>g M10 d<op ..o ""'f woodsl"oox>.quart.he .!oct and kN·· 76 Safety ..... for a mopmadc .'OO gI"'" "lSibllny of .. ~ n . I:ha SawStop Ie ... the ... m... Brett·Guard Qri9nal Mount Like the COVe' on ..>dortirig _ .. . are 111.Wo<1J.. -....(juanl C.....0 a rbdo." "".. o $l. it ..hOi (0'0"". .. . .. ... ..to ~ . .. '. .. S1wStop ".. When you'" akin ... fUlly.IttW>g aIumin. ~ actiOn 'ak.''''''*''' r..~V fur 5<011"'8 up a £ut..right ""T."(rt IrIgg« "'"' 1)( .he". """. .m. i...kl 01 $l. .1&1 _ .. lI'I>rd i.he blade.. TIle (0). .. 8 7_70." .:k toble·saw spline.-sign 01 ~ not in ~ at". 0( _ _ ~ 1tIat... _ pnMo ...he Original Mount il a heavy-du. To~. ThaT Mid .. ~ ~ 01 _ .J<:tMt)i 01 YQI bo<Iy.. ~_I><_ pawl thaI _ """ "'"' _ .. .. caIIII 10( _ _ .e plan. I ." accommod.. ... .. oroparty aligned ~ . n...• ~ . Aftcr odlu""'~ .ha. -Iely t>eIOw _ _ .. CVtting _ . on)'Oll' .'hen n<"C. atoppIng ~ witI'iOn .--.-. I'm..Itf.eall y £311..he (0'0'''' on . AI gtU! _.n _ device 1No' _I><ake.... ...h . is rlc-nty of IICCOO lOr " CfOiiOCU.loJ our of the "'lOy fur blade setup'.o just .· ..'f'C'd u p (JUt of . his moo. . fOl"lOl" ..gr. 0e\0ice 01. as <li8cus!Mod on pp. "'... w . .._ .. The Breit comes "' ilh i.form ...he ..... It can abo bt RtoOVN 20 in..tle •.....milo. ... . _ saw .uoIit to • ...

h.abl". . 62).liv need."'een oo'".he e(wCT. and safety wheels arc shopmade Of commercial hoIJ·do"" device! that prevent kickback by holding wwkpiOXe3 OTmly ag"in. thicknCSW$ of tn..ch~1 to .h".ard the op''''Il<:'-' {$e< . t. The wh~. although the Delta Di""pp<:afi ng Splitter ~ .tt. e.thcrboord. pa ir of ".n. h e rip (enee. you re. d" "r fitll.h...ble.ed to ...h. Airema' i"dy. which is mcan •• 0 ride lightly on 'OP of lk ".ist of.terial..he 'OP photoon p 78) Although fea. i.)' wheds con. MOllnt.-I:pi«o .he pl>OIO on p.'. FEATHERBOARDS AND SAFETY WHEELS Fe. W jlll' for \'aTiou.ha. kk kback.I.m..h.l. Or pl:<stiC acc.he fence and I _~ 77 .herOOards and .rboard.liowing 1'''''' (" hcp )'00 hands ""'01' from the blade..>n help during opcrn.he dis_ !anee be. fe. thi. Ilec"u>c II.11 eno"gh.y "'h"" I. arc a. ..y to tn..n ""xili"ry fence.. Lik e the Bn:u·G " ard Omtile".mO\mted '-ersi<>n "lIo"~ Hulc accommodation for an aftermarket spline •... c. and. when set prorerl)'. aocwe the blade right nex..he racing 1"'8") . . the>C dc"kc$ are nOt in'ended to be a linc of first defense ~gain" kkkback _To pre'·.l(:lward f. fea...ke VOl" o"'n {sec the .1s .( the . you <wid use a shopmade srliuer. <0 .'"lable comtnercially.101 Of to fh. Safe.'Crboanl" arc wood. )'oor c""ing capa<oilY is limi. splitter or d\'mg knife_ Howe"cf. workpiece from mO"ing Jy.sorie.bl.ble Of fence. . unit . mount direcliy on the fi p fence Of on.iotu whe" usmg a 'pli((. la'" . You can adju" it to how...mp in fhe miw··gaug. As helpful a! they are. making it ideal for ripping "arrow pi"'" (see .om the blade '''". to pre"'''' . d.o us< . me.f Of riving knife is difficult or impossible_ Feath"'OOa.. Mount e~ .Bren·Gu. .r and its platform..idebar on . hold the workpiece against .h." {)rIgi ..

. pLJ . the wheels aren'..heel.h >lick to ru.. . .tI1... Pushl" con tie ~ugM 0/ m1<lt in "00us ..". some lim •.h'ing kni fe.e fOf. with" ..~ t. ~m to I:<: a popular .ing guard =mbly.> or OIh. mis. Of (".-or\:crs who use . n e<:eS$<lT)" for moot operations. way l:<:a .pli1(er or .uN. ..gh ..~ t.t m. and "ntil: ickback fingers in rbcc. (ety ". I:<:ncfici. to hold • ~ .... and rabbets AhhOll.hem moo.1 when cutting iheet good.a~ . in many oases. <>botm"i.hem some"..pplio. 78 Safety .fe1\" whcd. find .'hcds or "be pull the srock OUt from the reor of the sa. Many wood.i. On •. J!l.. tone..L1rd. 0/ ta"'".hopo.'.~i"llliq p.inS< p'e"en' backward rotation . I find .t m..t>oa<~ ..I ~itulo' ripping ta ...her "'" a In". "'OS'".~ I.. !able.. nti"ll bac""'..h...h the workpiece under the . you ha" ~ to ei..J<>e. large panels and whal cutting JITOO"c. to surt p..

A com· Iortabl< wood.row lot will flI UMef anttkk kback fi"lle-r.Shopmade Featherboards ...k 10 the table and ag:!iml Ih.e pushors J uSC the mool are . _ holding ~ flat against the I<tnc<! . 'INs wit make the ne><ible I. To mal<e a l .. ~ toe. feOlce (see the pholo ~bo\'C). IIlIl l..lll> easily make them Y'KJr. when ripping "CT)' Sal"ty 79 I .k in Wlllbi""... fairly stralgrrt-grained se<ap wood..... TIw length and height of th" toe C~n be . and "yles (see the bonom pholo on the f""ing page) .....i".hers ~re ".'dl.ctf in man)' sh"P<'s.· pu.""..: A .. Like many ""c .fell' equipment to help protect )'OOr finger>.. TI.._ .. A .. si:..... a wide.boII.Ips SI"ady the ""rtic8I workpj8c . CAN""'-"""" """ Cl£AA..hoe.. fTom the """ and cut ' . at" Pushstlck DeSign theft>08f"....·.hrough the s-. .. which both cases wMrfI a thick. across the about 6 in.. and a heel..ped like. ~ on the appliCatiOn..... Thc I"n~ wlc and hed wo.<.. of your hands 10 push 'he work ..~ that elIow 'he worI< 10 be teGIln only one GIirec1ion..1 ..'ariN to negooiate righl pi"".. the)' are an imronant piece of .. boar" T SNfJI he ideal pusher is one tl\at kee~1 YOU ~ w.he w()fkpiec~. G<OIecI a &Cf3P 3 In.n~ and tN! prO'li:!e<o pressure O'Ier' UoOO len{j!h 01 !h. but Y"" (an .. to ~ in . Marl< a . thick feathm'bOard acts as a t>IacIe """"'" _ hOlding the wO<k 00wn on the tat>Ie. ". the IhiCk . mal«> a s<ories of ~ cuts " in.. >Of'' ' .'" of the boarGi. Mode of .w!:>lado . .. apart frOm the angI&cI ."" off al about 30 <1<Ogr_. wide """ long e~ to oV<Ofhang 'he IefI edge of the saw tat>Ie tor ~ purposes. with a long sole. When rabbMing. .u I .h.... .. " loug. Using a bandsaw or a ii\lsaw.pla"ic.~l as exten<jon. Pushers rUih"".:J<XI 0..ilable commercially.. f<Oattl<Ort>o8rd works bett .. For example. 1eattI<Ht>oard "".h"r will atl<! provide good comrol of . to 61n . Abovt the only Iirnft I U$8 featnftrt>OaJ'dS at t he table saw " tor edge grOOWlg 0< ~..desi~n~d pll. 10 hold the wo........n PUShel will N~ 110 ""{)OS. you can use _ 4/4 0< 8/4 SIOCk. For edge g<>O\ling. wor~lec.-..

ically intO the !<>wbl. To p.hou. )'OU .se . they'".. HEARING PROTECTION saw is a loud machine.r hand when needed.hould have an NRR of a.r in<e"$ ($ee ..>ureJ in terms of decibel..~pellSi'·c though.he band 1\. and prolonged cXp<>S<lre 10 rhe oo..h..}~ Can comfo"ably carT)" them around 1'''''' neck SO Ihcy're righl.·c..."'" "ear .uh . I prekr <Ofr foam pad! rO plastiC .:e •.·thick pysher the most _ Power feeders For product..he em!> of .'OC>dworking or s. 0."rc 110. though . leaS! 25.f. rin~ prrnecrors: hearing b"nds.ri."-ent them from (alling.. CI"en the .km table.hi..fe. 1..he .y addition.inee your hand. are rhe main linc of defense ag.hey're fXOinfully wideni'lg .. ewn i( it extend. surface".". ptas!. ir doesn'r pro"ide a fla."W 'rrically opt'"te.."hic hearing p". . Noise i.h prolonged eXiX""re 10 ooise "bo"e 85 kibeb.. The ll101Of."bl~ at yw neW in )/tIur ~hop. He..dc...Iu(ion. 119). There are Ihree 'I'pe:."']. They are lighr. chin rn behind .·i. SO get hearing prote<.... When im'e>ligaling hearing pro. Th~ r~ble fi".. them {al l c~ to keep my h.r "bour 100 decibel..k_ l use. Hearing bands He..logs 80 Safety . Hearing I"" beg inl wi. .r are comfortable and con\'Cniem .hc .!: band. behind .h wearing glassts."""e. Hcaring bands CO$r 1<$$ Ihan $ to anJ are available through . maki"!.nd above .nl! page).n)' c"nat.! suppar!. units feN .... The cones arc Ill""!.he blad•. to 1 in . ro fir into any . ""II' 18 in. ...ring pror"". Power f"ed~r$ .he .ire ear ca"al.in .h a guard..se can . nso to nlO<C . I (""I. caIT)' rho workpi""e.or>CS. 1lw rwO are ..he head and Jon'.wing. on th"". of he...he work a"lOm.h"" $1 .<! "'rl~)(t$ for the '''ble ""ware more than.he pho({) "" Ihe fac.c band. ftom ~ in. ~ ift a eom ~t"nt ticensed electrician to do any win"" f OUtfeed supportS Au.'OOd. I oond""w nlf own push.dri""" whed.J.. and a lable . dangcr when ripping.. Use car prot""rion. Th is pretty m uch elimi"a. c.he 'ypel I u"... rhal (il ""der . Because hearing bands are . ron. Acccp.. IDO$' frequemly.>iml noise·induced hearing lo>s.f•." .rc'Cr"" fo.ubrly but perma 1l"mly damage your hcaring.rion ".. 1lw NRR is rhe amo.es .cr a while."onp ... "'nt. . of "w><l will full off rhe ." power f""de.ie'·e . Plastic or foom fXOds a.. into or owr . outf=. me. Sofe!). Ih. of oo. the end of a cur. ~n important ".." (rom scmp .hem--{) "cry dangerous '00"".ctOl'S. 1>0...h OUr.har a prmec..Il\.rion.11' p".500.he ear canal.o keep labs on your hearing health.iliary ou.'en . . in'enere "'i. ~nJ c. compare noise· reJu.. X. Ahhough "n ourf. ranging from abc....rhe rable""w . ~({""heJ to . are rill' f:!"')fire I)'pe of Car prot". Wi. much beller ". measureJ in decibel" .ri..fety-supply cat.~Id ha"c to reach (wer .he (e".pinning black .>J roller can help.""ITOW workpic..ut a ~ ullCertain aoout electrical maners.hc sa'" (see "Auxiliary Suppon.. "armuffs. gear is wunhless if incom"niencc Jeter-! 1''''' fTOm "ling il....he saw can be a good option..ei!!hr.8' (NRRI . An e~ren.or bb..re .. It's also a goo:xl idca to ha"e your hearing examined peri<xlkally. I YOO'..0 re.'ery lighrweighr.. .ho-rtCSt pice"..

you're $.. . Ivail>bIO in • wiele aM <010< ..edical anention.mall qlind"r>.h."..[a. is that muffs fcd lik~ 'hey're choking me when I c.he . . bd.iplion glass. I learned .. t\1'ically made of foom.he muffs.. h. E.ptorioos of ' ime. In)' invariably duS!y ha.rly da)'.hem quick!)" ""I ..lly. .hough.. "" I'll .muffs.ion hooked up to Ol)' . bu.. al around the ear..hem aroond my neck And .'ithstand a hea"y impac •. 10 eye pro.h"..!O prmec! my ear> from ma<:hinc . inserl$ a.~ and uncomfoTtablc..h 3 blade guat<! and du" coII C~lOr. ""r<: h<a.ailable for .iblc ' 0 c)'e . get> to .-"n'..ed cannuff. them. The)' " re i"oxp"rui. TC"quiring immedia.end nor '0 u. Ea r inserts Ear in .h'cn~ of .. rcducing the effec. Any .m""'. ...h:" regular rresc. though.... gla""" or spec!acles don'.-du" in . lKIil . be cardul .ill sU>C<l'. I bough. Thc ones J u.ec...he OJ'C 10 serious puncture wou"d.f I se' them d()wn. The main rea$Qn I don'.·entu... brc"k . t of earmuff. I didn 't giw a lor of .Iso l~ full_sj. a. as a wood"·orker...nd when I nN>d .e .. (If )'00 prefer ea..hem. rr=rip'ion glosses.". and I didn't like "".1Oise.td. Earmuffs I . ... ing .) %cn we.. lOOps arc . designed 10 .ing muffi.'ear them fo< long. <anoe 01 styles. Safety 8 1 I . now ar<: light"'eight and mor~ comfortable.j"ll barwh • • 0(1 .. .hem. hcn ".1S are . I figured I was prettI' well prorected. I wore rcgub.. .ion.i. EYE SAFETY In my e.'c and comfortable t() wear.idc the ~"r canal to block 00' no.rry .hcm. w. The firs. use ~armuffs as much as hearing oond.njuties ranging (rom ...he e:" will carry -'OUnd..iT .td h:od dU$t collec.. .hey nc"cr Sttm to be at h. used a blade OO'o'er.. mat.. !ha! expand in.

lull)' '"'"'''' lilt eyes 101 mul"""" ptO!ec1'" ""ring PM6<ullfly Th""" days....-ur include Ia{.. iI'...fC1y g\assts ha".h bouc.d. If ~ .ke ".oic. b«_.. "rod .hlllg from .MIl _ GIl99IH (~l _ dUlty !..il· able fo< . be su'" 10 op«if)' poIrc. pre· ocripcion I• .d l good com_ fortable P"Ir th.ic fr:unt:.... of ".Iy \'«'.nety of !1iIf~'y ~...fet)' gl"_.1capability. jlOIlCJ idea 10 .h... ~. and anti· ""'ie. lor _1ofwiIIg _ .. fill""'" . co.y knsc:o "ren'l as !'fOIKI"'e "" rqul~ . (Coo(.hot phooo alJoo"t).... .(OS.ues.rbon'. They arc mo<!er-Jtdj' Iml'''<He. In my pre5C.) 53f.::""ch....h.i\-c1y chcap---<>1Orting '" about $2.oC( I.(ew cord.b. jomu..j~' . Preocripcion safe... I"""". . .(.. high.-hen rorfomt'ng duM-...'.')' ~rnc~. ""r...'~l ••..rod.ide ..y _ _ 1'fO'I'IIIe " .'iJc ...~bk and . bu •• h<:So: art ""neti""".OI\ Icn!". .la.... '''ltI''& """"eo or O~.""""... Safety prescription glasses I b«n u. tic h<~<k!l. . wiH In deCiea~ • or two kif ~ ~ (It JI"" kQI rn or ..I..Id ocr•• ch·tC$i>nllll.. Goggles Goggles-which wrap 1ot~lIy . 5Cnpuon t!a...her.."'ble (~..round Safety spectacles Sak')" lpe<.hop e. s. 0< m"I.he k'M <i pro!Klion Iha... "'" a"...'y <pte.. OJ' po~.d IO"CaJ'''& fIO(!gks a. CJ..t)' . sak. evet ....~ wfiaI..:! i1"....rd.ntcn>i'~ ta>ks ouch ."". You (an ~ ~"en.tt~.. qu" lity !lOW:les are 8'"lI.""" SO "1\CQmf.ifocallcl'1!n."_ able and cor" "cni.S(­ .. ic"n N"ional Stand.wure CANSl) "«: ""'...U'\SJ 5Cf1IlCh·ml>t3n. fog_ R..lable.. lOtI 1 )'OU' $Ilo\l pIlont ~ ~1 speed-d~1 ~~. I\cre Is" d"ngeld ".ignc.v"ol1lncm . any 00&1 beca_ .!). ' ".1> "nltd ~ and oojus.rocc.CTatd>«i SO " ..0 3'"Oi.hey Il~lIy l.t 1MIl "'"Cr_And .. to de.oCk lop aM ..ion gla....00 1IOIlikl."bk temples. Whrn}'OU ". "". • • h. e'j''''''''''' ".(ell' e)' • .n.~r ~ roc....-I .. i.hey'''' . ...Je.m'i s." • 82 .'h. Accessories lile ear p.".. bifoc~l.en't 'Ulwble fo< " d".. a..orll but no! unbre"bhl<'_ When....k.ip."cre Im"""l. d ... I . ~ fO.....ilable '" "".. ih"Todal'..c< for qUite" . . 1'""..ions..hitWo..le..-y .>d!.. ~l'l'ro. O'\~pro..-...... $hidJ in aJJuion!O "'(.tacl. a. A' .. safety len...-~ ~ J.).

. Eye injuOes can . they can u&JaIy "" I'IusMd out witl"l Clean wete.."p as """" as poSsi_ ... Wood dust $pC"''' fmln a saw can be ha:ardou.. bandage.. cove< the eye . the ey&tashes of the low . a'thma... the oomea Is usual)' a sign 01 a cut eye .. Try to . and" ""'dll>t . smal cNps 0< splnters ttY""".e of dust that a sander does. ead. it's enoogh to cause a health ha"ud ...... Oft .. and !>ave aoo.... which ""lui"'. Nyou'."" an Open eye. flow.....!! _ like ~ttling is in tl"le<"e.emoved by normaJ tea.surface.. iPl'ing.....-ing safety eyew&a'. It·s bett .I$S.longe. The most common irfJ\tIs lr"IvOt<e 9I"MI 1>11_ of <lust...... A pie<:e 01 cardboatd 0< ot'. avaiIat>Ie et pt">BrmBCies..) doc.-islon.'gh . peoience bII..'. worse yet. in O1h...IT'.Mch your eye 0< drive a particle deePf!< into~... st_ Dust Protection Althoo. you can poA the kl dOwn to e"PO"" the nr.oeoo oe take yoo to a doctor. ha\'e to be not iceably irritattng to be doing d.t""" low"...-.....ion. H yoo _ pain "'side the eye ore .m"'lll' to YOUf sy...te.lcrs. In the PfOC<. «yoo '''' not wea.". reGUIting .s.ocaJ ". ial! has been associated ~'ith . in tl'le woodsnop. NeV<!. way' too..-putting 1>"'>"""'-" on a cut eye can tor-ce out the . can alSO be used to flood the eye. 6I00<I '-"'<1&.orred 0< do<JbIe ... To 'emove particles from the kl.nc\Ufe~ .. The dusts of c""ai" ~'oods may be espe· cially irritating to SOme woodw"..'ary gland Cance.. 01 yoo get smacked in the eye with " pieCe of wood. then lift the paniCle witl"l a s t _ pieCe of gauze.. get.. « tI"IeSe are not . Don't rub the ey. An eye cup.. to get proleo-sior>al ~ atterrtioo'1 immedial9/y than 10 risl< POSsbIo! IoS\l of &i<jtt..-. allergic reactions.. illnesse •.surface 01 the upper kl to dislodge the particle. when .ange trom inltating to painful to slgtII trveat. Expo6Ure to du. try to '''''''''ve 1TIese )'OUI"'SeII. Never try to lift a partiCle with a 9hatp ObjeCt 9UC~ "" tM tip of a """"'. Once a partiC'" iIi~... kl wipe the nr.. " bano:Iage compre . cal an . po. m (rom of the lOW can help with this...oo"cred floor in fron t of the table sa'" can be a .naJ ptacW ""'"' the bar>dage _ P'Otect the eye from ..>lance.... TO KNOW HON TO DEAL """'""". rvnning 0". among othc... and ".-.he table $aW doem't produce the "olu l\. Seek medical attent"'" invnediatery.. ge to rub you.1 catlecr.... fUel 0< e""" the retina.h. alone. And w<>O<l du .eyes: you can "". .$ition ".. eO'SUfll Don~ treat eye irfJ\tI81igOt1y. ~ may Sr. see!< me<Iica> att""'''''' SometimeS pank:les may "'" \Oo"tuaIy inv\sII:oIe out can oe O&tecte<l by lJSing a <lye adminiStered by a medical professional. a _ partiCle ttlat i9 stuck ... It·.e_ the .... colon cane... "''''·(OOledne".tem . « amt>.t (mm wood and e<>mpc..-.:le< the uppe' eyelid can "'" removed by ~ the upper IO:! down ove< the lowe<" lid.g. I Safety 83 .stiff met. by the !>lade can "tiel< in the eye 0<. a cold Compf$$S _ alleviate the pain and swelling.. slippery. {A nonskid ma. kin and eye irrita... partial 0< total DIincIne . " . Protect a cut eye by covering ~ with .. pain persis.

. fit ])()Ofl)'•• nd C"'t. collection on the mail.'..·v du" proI. Third.!t my glasses to fog up. COIlf""" . ill f"illi"l:. wit~ ~ .I(. ... t<)r M..." dUM and sha.. m...ha. uhal"tioo 10 .. .nail<..• nd....1 " """_way v"I..•• dust concentmtlOflS..'e for ..'Tl"'a~ 01110 the: .'.I'S.. A.~tr. of ""')" 10 reduce ....he face ""d h.. oc:Ctiional hdpen.harp..ed""e mo.."'...fe awt'O'o'cd for \0.... Do.\(M' . )'OU.. r. SM'IdirIg _ _ os.he d"" ma!k.1< _ """"" .. . ooublNll1lP paper bc:~ masI: (.nd OIher h•• . ..ingl".11 ddl..hi..". which arc ..." .:~d bv you. Thtv ."" d.. y(~1 Ca" '0'0'".h .........he \"'. chn..<.. Thi> masI: Clln ~I"" be...of...~ on 1'. ilUl~1I a dUSl_coIkc...hrough ft'J'lacnbk . kttp)'OUr bloJes . and flOC ""f<:ty al'J"fO'~..DUST MANAGEMENT AT THE SAW The"........ . II <to OUST MASKS 0-. p ma.. For one..ov..d of."<IuS! nnd 10 ""If. IlOutl 84 Safety • . sharp blades make . t..(led w"h most of .cood ""Y i$ 1 _ a bbJe 0 ... .. alw helps prof"'" )"00' C)'<'i. ving>.. .....he double''''ap "'"Ski with Ihe more C<)n.l:."...S ~OYiOe ~ u>1' protect... d.. 'ightly OH"...h (or prolonged ". fih .kin.~bk . The MIICQne h. ()( «)<' . Oout>le"'r>p PlI~' !'I'Ia$I.t... 1<..0 fur proI«:'1Qn apins. IIlot<:l<>e Iulf.Q<1...nd'''lI. the rhoco bc-low).~ d'SflO6'Ibk and toit less lhan $1 each.-" •• ie.. I'"" ~n d...hem at'(! uncoonforwbk.k~ dUM. Ih . I _ lhese mall:s lOr <hoot bouu .. fit..!.. ~·1NSb WIllI rtJ)IaCeallit *"" _ .fiued "'uh orgatllC '"llf'OI' fiI· .hi""". I C'"enUJ3lly found tw<> l'j'J'Cf of maob Lem 101wllc: " . arc" num .. Mool of ... and lungs.licals in finiohes and llrippn'S. i3w. Yoo inhak .ho: amount of dOl" rrod". "'hIm»dull blades ""..u...!.masI:. D"(1'.ion J)"IIcm ..-I'IIc" ..bt •• "rJp d. 1'.

-e a "'dl"""l"'~ fir>f-. • 1ICiuoo.he labk _ . >hop Itbnry.1>'\1 3"... 2".. ". t .al ri«e of we. .. 1990) and fim Aid Cw&..1>'\1 3 -"' ...'e.. cx...... include n..1> senout.. "" r... Tl>t ...•.o<. h... y 10 ttlucatt )'OUl1oelf :oI:o..... Sm><lanl ~nc..ndom I I~..td ".""" A ~ 1 1 _ 1\r1.· .".".t of """"".. _ -. ""nd injuries. ¥iUoII)I impOrI.h". not uncommon occur· ~ '" ..".·= ..r.. programmable rhone.t1 11>... 1991). ("'" .n "te'" a' .'e mju<I'" ("'" lI>e .liOns or ""'P. rrocttlUI'eS is 10 aJJ a fir>f-.u ongl\' FIrst-AId KIt A bailie 1Irvt-1Iid III lor h IIhOp .. • ~• 2".· • ltI8rl>_z. 83).....Kk '0 \.. and c"""oIling bi«dl". anoo:her ....·.ltltlttl fi"l>"""o .ode thII _MIg: ..r.y oquir"...... AMA HandIxroIt ofF. ho6r... """ • • • • • h!o\ant c<*.....~1. _ pe..cn.. .... .all1 .I>e rhonc numk ..he c. deahna: WI. 1 '""'-ttl a local hand SUfiOOI'I f... .-".....oI l ~r t.."efY ~ ihoulJ "".ngu..First·Aid Procedures familiar .nd Iac""."....oX ... "". E. (R. r.lie hoop"al. of your doc....ty Safe ty 85 ..." .l compr.." of ......ke SIJ'" you kIlO'" .-iN:)'OU '" 00 . (Nat"""...k phone.. ahocrilial '0 know ."" in\. Kttp . ad.plmttll.. "'. and amb"lallCt se..cto. If)'oo h.. .oJeoo. a Io..he fast~' rou'e '0 .."')'OUr li~." AMI and Enon· F"'J c...'I1IcI> unmltna.cI1. and I.I. A fi"..I> e-..odo tn .ded rrocttlure... ~ tnCI • IIAy eIIarQeII ~ "lk1inO_ _ _ 101 Mf _Sl\Oc)...he """'0 ""low)..rd kn m a cor"..ice In pl'.. . and ma. orw·bun"" emergency dialing can sa. • rriId ~ ""_ --'"'- 3".1 Woo.dy a". Ioca. "I> basIc fir$t-aIJ I'<<)C~IU for ~movi.~ Safetr Cou.I .. for doe.."Qtk(1l Iohould b«".

.'net. ..~u'" nne "'p .'hed'ltf it'.ly tuned and «./U 10 refe.hat 111 de".lhould be vi<wed ""1"''' of a ~l".... c".nd"d..n(".. of a_... m..kpendable.. "'h<1h.. but don'. . anatomy illuocl'\l. To reire>h)'OUr m.. 10..ftcn .n.~. E"cn if it was .~1. 7. On a new """'.. might from . . ""..Io!. """i.."rem".. A moore e"l"~lsi'·c.0".".. You """'1....ht~ of j'OU1 sa.'..sscmbled by .hIe sa'" 00. chart ..he box...c hapte r 5 Table~Saw Tune~Up and Maintenance A corne 1l....ady to do.."".' "."' and di~ 10 ..he facing J'i'lII'I" imp"..... or tUN..lC<jUtnc:e of adJ .... I""II'" than a IIght""c.nat pan. Initial and Periodic Tune-Ups M~"y table-s". how u• . u"lokcly '0 need 11.une·UJI MjU'tc$ a particular . a> liMed In..... A J"'OPCI' . Tbc ad)u ..<..'C..! d. to all "..em<J<V regarding th~ iot.ff".h.nm to J'<'1fnnn them m tile prOper onk..o . wdl.".lI"".. I'll upb.....w 111 your ".' w. The I"OCc(i "". mc:nts ". he".'. Ioooe bca. and v.ibe gc1ICrally aN'!.n ""1' rose..he ..... rroblcms wo:h ....'re Il(){ likdy 10 cncountC1' .lI be po1mtd oul. oI<ip .II). hoW its adjusr"".. menl>...Ij".I"'. no{ ". " tI~ irupo. 1...ble'saw "'c"lds: all)' dilff'k""Q belwe<oll '\'~ of SOwl w.. """"N around .. ""'y.· "'IS . It·. k .. )'OU may .1 also fiOO drawlIIgs of your p>niculat s.av nce<1 to be rerfonned only once Of '''''ice during the IIfe'!im" of the $0 ..".U".~ht.idebor on.. for acrural~ .. periodic check"I" Some ad..mJ"'CltOrt. anJ how to kcql u ."'tmen" need to bc pt1fonned """'" f~tt. bc.. derenJ'na: on the ""... 'he nex' ..he .o""" to st!t UP)'OU' sa . ad..d.. b.he deat. ..o".... Othel'l.no..oc so'.....1on <:I a $.1oo on p.ha.. brnnd .

doe. Even if I"OU can find . . h .I. you more . wi. _ addr""""<l in this chal>( . You can fiod I nlorma~on • Eliminattl gotar bacl<.n degree.nd .. . At! 01 !tie" proc . surfac".he ... Sa"'."...tVide pam lists ami drawings.he b. Table-Saw TUlle-Up and M ainteroance 87 . replacing them m.saw.laoh • tnsptoCt!tle pUlley a... I ~UAA"St yOl' . and nkk.. Its unlikely .~..pinn ing ".'e belt(. and oTit . a kerf wider th..oge _ s_ 0" many ma"ufacrurers on 1M Interrlet. Unfortun..$ " ''' a ~ 01 th<t steps to _e .-e. MO>l """. he arbor and bea rings..he blade . causc a <lorpy blade r. as well U inIQ... you pertorm _ steps in Getton g 3" Owne' S ManU31 _ O«ler 1ia!<Id.hen tum it.ma' • AlIgn the • Adjust the rip I ..ueh .. ()f slack generally ind tc.....h. in ei. her Ca n be a ".'Obbles and cut.-<I (ar~fu ll\.nen'. nrsl unplug .riOIlS problem .·.n .~" ".h ink . e. Gm. ".h. web sitO$ prr.y cos.he blade.'cn if the arbor and bearings arc in groa. l nsl«t ... resulting in exce. .ely. is r rocisely 90 dog""" to the arbor.. he Aange ')Ill{) ...he". to re. _ ooptitI.."TIl the . 197)..ha..he aroor and gently pull up and down to check for any slack in . and align !tie tables and !ho"oa! plate Align the bIadto and oTit . hat ha"e raise<l . Make .. .W_ YO. well. . « and l>etts • s. rst th ings to chec k on" sa.ale with.. ohape... To chock . you' lI want to f. "W"y. Millimizing arbor ..wblade ..he bearings.hi ng 01$ all a rh.. Scm.tern mallu· factuters press .he meml.ione and money ... .. worth . a \horougI"I Nlpect. rbor bl' hand while feeling for anI.-gao. 'i ffnc. bad arbor or bearing•._ her..r· ings_ Roughness.he arbor.. iw run". Som~ imperfecTion! C<lll be "..he part. are tI.. but if i..mo\"(. resi"a"c~..ion ar. If \'ou come acf(kS$ an " Id s. Howe.j ttr>e_up can worl< W<>fldoa<$. is no .ab le....'"nm·e the dr.h.n the sa '" i.he arbor. """bing in a fl:tn~'C with less than 0 _ 1·".w for . he ."" vseo __ 0< _ ~ )IOU simply want to g8t!tle most from your current saw...J .m.e arbor ~nd be~'ings Wear or locosene.t!tle bIadto·angIe stops !tie t>a8e L.wice buyi"O! i.. deep groo"" . To check .go . uffers run" "t '" !<"lone $"". _run"" .bou.. • C_ • 1oSp<Ict!tHo arbor and btlarY>g$ and lU:>rioate !tH! internal m<t<:hanIsrne 1yoo oon't have an OWII!~ manual 1lor )'\l~r saw. which is accep..' • CI<IM and wax !tH! wotIo.he saw and rcmO"e .h an 00 3dcled or loose arbor Aan~" often doll" fare . a new $<Ow will have problems in these are .) and 'urn .t probably <:all for rerlacement ci . or coo""n"" in the mo. 9C:UGH'J Tune-Up Checklist • ." Aang<: . nd "'" righ.p .rbor and fla nge for din and fm bo...w{)rn beari ngs ill an old """.... with a fine·cu' nle.tes fauhy bearings in a new saw.. table saw ....he .... . you can request ooe from Ifle mamJlacturer (see $oo1(tS on p.. where .. tion tor ometing Qnlioe_ Arbor and Bearings The f." you may wan..

. "Ii 'rQlmd..ng .k 1he operable runoo' of a hlade.t. thOl 0.ion in ewn a good "".nge that has O. II". hold a dial indicator """ins.ider runoo( "'Ofe .Jill' to CreOl" 0..n 0. runo".t is 0.. If the e"reme'S are 180 degrees apan..n ~rbor fl. the cause is probably a warped blade.. lhe runoot is (rnponant b.011 in. aff"". to .1tor $(JIicI1y in ~ .al$Cmbly and iT to" machine.005·1n...he pholo above). I" .. impol't"'" 10 undc"'tand . To che<. refers (0 an)' dCYi". whi~h is what . iMic.. .here'.006 in.han 0. blade lh. 00 such thing as a perfectly f10t blade. . i. Rnnoot . "moot in the blade itself..tn ..... ! ~ rUMUI.ng and splintering. Add that 0.1"". . runoot. .<~"".ffects )'00' euuing. a. To mc .\: )'OUf blades fo< nmOut. If yoo "">lmt i( on .ward .. ruttou. (0 remove the a. 1IokI. the """It of bolh blade "mOOt ~nd . ' ~ial in(lic>tor ~t tho fIlI~ and .. you .hat will caU5e enough vib. a.... pi"'.hoold be I"".1>("_ A m""neIi< bo. blade . For exa"'ple.. d.in . 11' rotate the blade. '''' nmOllt of the fhnge.001 in...005-in. .t the problem i.he flange mul[ipli~' ".he qualitv of C ut.-imeTcf of a ""'black. TI'e belt ""')' to CorT<. and you end up with" blade wobbling 0.. rOIl shoold also cit".e perimeter q( (he blade...OCl] ·in. any runOY! at .blade to <:. ilS perimeter_ no{ good .h.he r<."<: S8 Table-Saw Tune-Up and Maintenance • . TO measur...m! slowl\. I con. . of fl.. roIa!e the arbor (st. fbng<:. 11>0 ~ .-.. If runoot .'owIy '0101. take a l().001 in.he Cause is more likely to be nmOUt in .Ji •.".<.b"r runout combi n ed.006 in. rough cuu.his contc.t bv 0. More than .'arie.. fl.OO6_in. is multiplied by the join. place" di.he atbor flange. opcr ble runo"t.. It.1. '" be CXCCS6.1 indiC"tOT at the peTimcter of the blade 1xxI\' a.jon from (1m..he O.hop for trlling..oo.-·e. rld . runoo.h"..

U.. then crank ."e.·dLlSt packed around tho motor and the blade-height "nd hladc_anglc adju"ing mech.he """tor gea . Otherw i"" the 8"'. but if yours hWllubrication f.Saw Tune. f"mit u". Take th" oppo<"tunit)' to ched the a. becoming" sticky mess gunkilll: up ..pl".. accurate <>pCr. TMtt ·S iii> IW<l to ~ LJft ~ ~ ff . The best lubricanlS to use for the.. If )·00 use wax.Up and Maintenance 89 . and other hard-to·access areas...h .nd nonll. )·00 can ~rply it ~· ith a brush (itt the pho".nce in the <tJj uS!ing rncchoni$m$.. begin with the mOlOl kt at 90 degr. I jw.imes a fear..t do not pid up a 101 of """xiust.lly come ..• . ""pi)' wi)( to the """tor tIOOI tee t~ uoino I tM tMlrtI!h. LUBRICATING Lubricate the gealS and tnmnion gTOo. .tt ing> on the motor or arbor """mblies.. ime"..'"' will accumulate sawdo>t.. j". M06' neWet "..indeT of the grooves..hop.. "".·hieh nttds 10 be remOl·ed. t<Bd !O it a few . Exposed oil ~·iII on ly collect "..he saw and whether I nOlice "iffness and tesi".::tions. If you"·c nC'·Cf tended {o <I. TheTe' no need to buff it 00." . grc. you can I"""". win .he rack assemblie•..he trunnion grooves ~nd gear tceth . wax Or ~ dry l"bric~nt.wduSt and conS'. CLEANING Begin b.>w is a good time to do it.'ing a rug 01 toothbru..~~l.esc"".. wom cxce.n oil Atting. dean the exposed se.... .'..ing th..Iso deteriorate if exposed '0 oil.ere thei r $top coll. . Table. There arc a number of dl)· lubticantS "" the market... I" both placel.. ~"IS of your "~""."w. ~·ear or damage. Rubber dri ..ke ..h.. then dean..h a..".ance.. . n<.he gea .. interior and bru.cn I uSC ... (If <I.he nlOfot o'·.heir original positions. w"" . lith. The only other im erior parIS that mal· need lubrication are the sections of the twO adj UStin~ TIxh where they emer the cabiner and wl. can be ".>: that doe.1 part.·ot point.·cr gotten organized "n""gh!O SCt a ".. oil "nythi.n't!port.ni..·c n".r to ~5 degre".>tion... depending on how of. and return them '0 ..'00 it. To lubricate the entir~ length of {he trunnion groo'·e£... moving parts are one... for exccss"".. um _pray to lubric.) Scrub . typk.ss"·cly or if teeth "'" missing.hed"lc for thi.. '"'' e>seTlti~1 for """".. especially the teeth on .·" bel .r deaning ~"d lubrication of 3 "'"..he works.te assembly pi.he gea .. th.. Pay particular attention!O . and don·. Don·t 0' ·. at right). "Wirt them with some light machine oil at least twice" yeaT.he rod.. and moIors are built with rcrrn:lIlcntly se~lcJ bearings.k at • b. or crud from the pans.·ith a thkk pocking of grcase.1 into a gummy subs.n the stor oollars and slide them back On .Cleaning and Lubricating the Internal Parts Rcg"l.ss the re".mmable sokent!O dean off an)" ritch.rs Ti de ~gainst . '" acce..mblie.h in~ off th~ II""IS.. On new $aW> .

"w.I nc. But often .or gear.he sector gear for. doe.he hl. it's impo".•ome backla.hookl oot be any play in ei ther direction .bor and c'rTiage assembly b)' hand..t.e "iimrtioo and no.ha. >ho. m... it me'"i there i.bili. On c~n. whcd onl)' loch the position of th< tilt.h~ pulleys.Iigll . mOS' $.moor hi)· witho". to"..he bl:>de shift ing or drorping a bit durinR .he m. tum .. producing a 'igh. then gr. Pulley Alignment and Belt Inspection To minimi. "'I\"e a built.bot. ' n.."ight~.cc'SSiw "'ear on .he .. of . .er fit .he adjustment UnfOftunatdy.Iignme". The ". Retigh. l{)06Cn the ""=rel\' in .1 .in trunnion lock to .Ul'POft .he motor·..ere"·. With the .in then be .kre I'. OI' a hom~.. gear and its ""tor ge"'.and """Of shafts"'" aligu<. . an adjus"n"nt bolt inside .in sa"" .de.ooju.>ck~t wi!! dimin~tc an)' play..on. righ .'en afrcr mak ing adjuSImCmS. There .'. .} &cklash must be ".en the scre"" and ~h""l .-iJc an adju"ment for ".he bel. check for backlash by . then 'ighten the . (T llPHCning the locking knob in the center of .....he sa'" upside down. that hold the .urer for 'c.• the . "f'~r 5CNtini'ing the mc.he miter .ble to "'if.{rntKm on the facing page). tempornril)' clamping the re. .. which .r against .an cau".eI\· .t the front of the saw ' no"".cl the worm gear again" the be.on !O it.he pulle)' as neee"". b. .'heel.he out..he c"TTi"ge off the 9O-<kgrce stop..ha!'C.nml whed "'()r~ tha" one-eighth of a [urn w.)"OU ~an con.he [ii. saw. wid.ying to move .hing . can be adjuSlCJ.nd try to shift it back and fonh.he a.he .·c!·""".11 $.J to each otkr and .he saw body... 90 Table.ing .....(s) are in good .y.Saw Tune-Up and Maintenaroce - .ld contact both edges of 'ach pulicy ("'t· the m".. Cut.. cabin~' saws.ry.. rOl' ".h ma)...hat ..iw.er fit. Some older saw.hOfJ saw...haf.·.tho.l Of call the tn<\nufac. lay" "'"igluedg<' across tht fac". is c"lled backl..h.he pulley" on .. Th" f. PULLEYS T" ehed the pu \\"1' .bearing retainer!O .ult )'our owner'. On .se on yoor sa"'.. "''''''. on . binding. excoss"" pia)' betw"~n the inlemol ""om.. unplugged.he wheel ' Llm$ .n~ or hc.. pulley... hrst.he ". .he wh". t.he ooju"mem " 'il! become appa"..m.. If it 'r. ..1 fur sl"'-"ific in"rue'.. If ..m ."'th ..1 do"'n..) On 3 contr.:hani..runnion/carriage assembly to .:hni".Jju" . (If \'>" ha"e problem. ".I"'" pm. it docs noth ing to take OUt th" pl. the "''''m ge.J~".ha.n_ n. Thi.glu. saw'..b the motor .nu.he cabinet..Eliminating Gear Backlash If )'00 can tum tho bLade·!il'.he carriage a$$C mbly.ftO{OT. which Can result in .rd.Of'. )'oor panicul."'. as ""I'I"n<-. On moo..<oJ Wore you can ""~u". and 10<:1Sen the lere"'..ide of .empornril)' """ure the C(lfTiage at any setting. 'ilt . lI\Oving . Refe' to )'O\lr "'-'" manu.. exi" e..

The >lock pulle)".he pulley groo"C "mirel... BELTS The condi'ion of a .nove rhe pullC)' r. mot'''' n."w'.he motor pulley. Inoch be""r "fl'i"n.11.·ibr"'i.nos..ractor'..·ol·round.. which . 11.y ncro a .ttha. can be "".hare of 'he bel... ""Il. You m. "miW~ odjtlst PQSiIion inI~_~ br. Lock washers on the tnOIor·mOUnt bolts ..Iso affeer power and . While you'".hould pre!"en. Bu.. e.hi. To moximi".. "lone Can help reduce . [he sides of th" bel.... eai). be. dic·cast aluminum. the pulley is a..cssar. if.-.ou make .bmab'" '" c'vidence 0( sliding.. Tumro mach ine pullc)'>-a"'ilable (OT ... on a con.."in <m the shaf. ~w ore tll'icolly made 0( light· weigh.. $l..he pulle)"$. "nd .he mOl"" and slide the mo<o< owr into a be"cr P'>*i'ion. comributing '0 saw vibnui<m.hi$ oojuStmc1u. saw.pedally on an olde. torque transmisskm. the inside ".. lope of .mall bearing puller [0 re. a"d bearings. """·s---<lre.' modem table SO"" employ V. I"""".he pull<.·1(11. at it. of . for .\. th" ia"er.belts.". If "'"''''"'''ry..·ibm'i"". d= as poSSible '0 'he 'noto< bearing '0 pre"cm ("". it'. . belt or belts can . impe<:t the mOlO< mou". The .). Table-Saw Tune-Up and Maintenance 91 .om the arOOr.n. neoo to make maximum con""" with the pullcy' inside wall •. ".ng jlUIleys Wh". '0 ""hang< .Checking Pulley Alignment lito! l"'l1e)I$ .ide "-'Pins.\ly match 'he . and fill .ld peric".

reducing ~onL">CI wilh .The ~r""". standard V e.. na'ro'" or ""om will oonom in Ihe pulley's landing. nd k.Ix. t~"sing "-""~ .."c [hc pulley tim..hc sid~. .. nt Iflo ~l1'om tat. and c.. Tr>e lurnt<l 0Iee1 ~ulitys •Iso $hown flo...Iippagc."sing !.iction and heat can cause cxc"...... mo. On the olhe' hand." 1y~ 1 cost pulle'ys and rt<l"'" $Ow ..e "'ear 10 both the pull~y and lhe bdl.."""".\._ ......Dd sl:ipping O<1 tflo ptJlIey$.Saw "TUne·Up and Maintenance . n'e emu. SelImonted t>eh. Pr<rvHlt beH pUIoy troctioo I.io. o b • ..ing 0<1. I.de will . 1Oel."!: f. a bel( that i. or." t>eh 0" mis Riclg"'-!> saw Os moro ulioblo I"'n • typical V·bell . Worn or {"'yeti bel" will cawe vibralion "nd ()IJ[ 9 92 Table. of pOWCT..ti O<1_ A beh that is tOO ~'. mil$ r><>wer t>oH..ide . link$ pr._ . -belts . OOllCem. Ill. I""...~..

"K' AI""."' oneItha.hem all .no.. C'rank tht blade back 0\. he"Op aoo Ioo!.:y of the bl.r..by reduc.'.:e a la'l.mcnt Option fOf • contractor'. "'h.ld $...f< dc:u..11 tompetlSiOte for an)' errors In )'Qllr . OI~lng . re lhe.. V."'1$ (Of roogh CU"""i . aim. parallel I..~h. ~"'. "".. tqll""c Ihe pulky. PI"'. mak'ng "IT" lhat ..ll". with it> orpoosltc cJge.lluntaloon on p.he CUt " ... it "'" . he """'1: "'"h """ """"re_ R~.I·..he OC'Llm.ide )'OUr saw.....".he facing page).he mbletop......th the ~ ofblades.ke .. cmnk til(! "". Vibr:111on "'\""mi."ing.. "".1'" tim . sa\\' i•• ~nt«l belt. r""" I"" .. C2f1'.. A V·btl. on t~ $lop..1(lp$ .h. Scl)'OUr mi. IIl1! type ci beh ".l.. 9." U>eS mulurlc bel .". Abo m. If lhe angle '1'I'e.IhouI af'I'I)-'lIi ""co:s.'"en . ...he 1oc:king on.belt.am. _ " ' " • on shapt • •he"...'Il$< Iht Sfop:!m<l ruh«k ..n "'ith lhe ~s."'oon..he bbtIr W'JI'$ at?O ~ A I'I"IO<e JI'1'CI"."" to adjus.he top photo ()11 . "'hich "'. If.cneJ_ nlen ". the load "'...·il<'. Irs Ihick_ nno i. ny..·hkh it made up of individu..r. ore .h. ""al sh"p" and w . eopec .. no """1kn' or crud 00 the $l:Op or on ilS ar~a of COOt"'" on .cn Ihe kd nu' 00 the "op bolt. 10 eOfTC'Ct .n excellent pc""" "'''Slni"er (ttt .IeI •• ... Some nc\\'·m"."'.1 Id(...eh t)l'. :!m<I (roMe'" Ihrouah lhe cmtn of 11m h"'*" !l(!iw. Tum the $lOP bolt '" tht d""cloon """.·m if onlyont it \II'OITI.he OIi8"'''1..ment. pholo on p_ 9-1).·n in oil(! lOp .h< bc"'.t ~ S dcgr'1Xf' &g.oc"'III"'F)' Th.. "op $l\ould regist'" it..ill a piece of wood ~boot Z tn_ "'idt by .d. i..' 10 .«Ito t~ blade .od.he .«I up in.J •• o "slap" in we.boot 1II in_ long.. .me &quarl! on the table i'OO 'e~i!ht the bod)" 01 the bla<k: bet"'et"n the """th .·. THE 90· DEGAEE STOP Ra .....Ilk """....he aoo angle ". Oat.).n puge at 90 degrees...bn'ion:!m<l p<em>lU . One Ilop shoulJ regi"er the blade •• 00 ""~r.-heel IS ctanktd full~ O\'~r :og<>imt I~ ~ $lOP "'. the bladc 10 nnrly 'Ii full heigh.Iw. and the oth"...l. Setting the Blade·Angle Stops Now .or gear aW3)from ..he . Ne"e. rrplac~ worn belt> ""'ilh ne. car...!3'nllIOt1lCc memory of il$ packogtd.. .... Oohcn.... lly on:a 1:000tIlKIOI'.. make $1.hoold be repbtt.·mly d"... lIy the best d>Oi<c (or a dr.n'. belt.. pr... A good rtf'loc..qua"" or e)"CStghl ilto check the acctIrac)' of. :O:'LI' .le.o fit a 1>(:'" belt 10 ~ badlv ""Om pulq. a rubber body "'"h intor'()I" cording th:1I il """'<I enough to carry the load 300 "".. 1)1)<" of bd.ion...:00. Mark a large X on the of the board. bu. ha...·. .ilt (..he I'fOCCSIS utml . I( )"OU' $a. $land booIrd on edte... til(! picee muS! be pl~""d {Lit and $Quare. ill$<ead." • . more pliablc and. rerI""" ..he.. c3 L1""8 vibra.bu..· tilt . R .·.Q a long bod!.t ilfclCh.·..ha•• hing<..cally u.. chc<:k . each other. impor.. It .Ior ~....h (oct" the botlom r>h<Mo on lhe f.ng . ~roo\'ed belt tlIM i. emrloy a "'i..

lf ....1 ...re wIll be doubl.To ckck . I"'"ttion.' 45 degrcu. adju~ the "l! . tho.il! the blade 0.11 form a ~ angle.m"i"i"~ .. h:u • 45.<'i meet oquarely end t() c~ld.. THE 45-DEGREE STOP If )'011' 1.op on tho sa. When tht '"<) pl"<..'M a " y """""' ...t.le "~he. If they don·t. Iltfor<-.· hal. man... 1 • • ...il it 10101'$.d.hot 4. ""'"..e.........he 1'oi".. .ghte<!ge..tIfI P"II"'.... 94 Table-Saw Tune-Up and Ma inlotrlllnC8 I. .... ' ' '1Oft on tilt f. .1<1 m.'.k angle.• Tighten .h" lod."rgttt "or. ...n in tho ""'tom ill .hi _ _ w .:c""'tc. • • • • - . you·. "OP I-oIt while ma..h.hot . \I\3k"13 it eMY ' 0 fI>e.". On the tilt "'hc<::1 to itS 9O-<.. chc"Ck tlte cut IlCcltraq one last time. op a$ described ~b<n.Jcgree !oCUtng.-" in ttlotion to the oo:ho:....""..t • (IOOd " .. lilt IIftII OJ lilt _ _ ~ .. Flop OAt eI. tho: rocce> "... .•1Im rloct both rie«t ~in.h~ 0101' bol. _101 MIIiItg lilt • 110 ""II'" the X." picco "". If n<'Cc»aI)'. '~rlace . .t..1"... "h"".. Any de'·'alion fmon """.Iegrce mark.... . .ac.. \1\1' on tit.. . ac""rately m1l!ed ~c eI!oC"'I'.. CfIJIK .[isikd. adjust thor .~. te>! cu'. When yOI"'" ".

.1. always .. then make le>I cuI> 10 .... b~<IJ'..ngl~ IhO! you .Jug<'..hou. Of! CO " make ~ difference.dc u.. I .. w Ihc . a sa..bl\'. A Im le I'reorure more or Ie.~..'d g.cn'" I nL.. 100 much w.... bn! if [he tabktop is It. ..·.bn"on. "1:3'''''' .o. rc Ih"llhe will only flCl you do... baM. T"rning .. '1""" "'''iag< Stabilizing the Base A 13bl...~1 on dw l..1I ull""". In.. To ~.! an accurate "'\Ill•. Ihcn Ioooen dw ..ing a il(luare or bc.Testing for Squareness of the Blade to the Table -.·hm culUng and Clm contribute to . Wh.' 1S on' OOh""'I~lhcr 'Iand...will ... al.·d .fclj" ha:.anl ....ha.mI.he . h . ""'idly on .he c"mk a 1.h~ floor roclmg...n«<k ro oj....dJ"SI the hl.ify. Testing the Blade at 45° Ik ~w. .I...· . rlxe" k.. Table-Saw TurMI-Up and M aillteoance 95 .....he ".o.taMlly ""nix a ..

:. lht...in . . be (\\'isted. o. HQ..dl iolO your floor wilen .ining adJ"!lnM:n...'f.1".en.' n' .·" dIp or hump ncar tlv! blodc.lJddl~ $ltt><!boogo or bolli'\lI i. nde1 the """" to 1""."i .ady it.. the &:IW f""..hould be faken care of bc{or" m.t.Up and Maintenance - ....11 iln pro"e . ..o:ry dn'l<lliQn 'n" lop'slb!· """ .abk kwkts f« ...'..hem (or squa . d'agDI".... It· .o "". =nJ u". 01 . con hdp imp"""< ". For a:illw .. If you bolt you. ".:ro pice.s bc .hgncd '0 . _ .< any anoched u.pl~in..1 at><! . .....0/·11".rSl 1m'" ilSOIigi ~t Slable ~s41ion you can feN'" ~ 0f11N1 1k)Or S(l1~ bolt> aOO >h. """"...... d. Rntghlcn lhe boh .he 1100r "..1 the .. YOII en" ...e .. h lhe 'OJ' Ie-'d...fl . __._ $ I l 0 l _ ...... can aff~ "'Ill. iOll..J em . . .. ""'ll:Ile<. check that .-..d to prext\1 the """"rIC« 10 the blade......·ibr.iu didly on all 01 iu Itfl ..n.~~. 1100r ".0 th. ....... run .. . "1"'I<'1(ICally rlxe "'ims .". 'hrough rubber p""1$ . J"lIticulo.ion...y. saw 10 " . cuts.hen check ..h dot"..~II" " sa.. as posMbk '0 cnou ...... main WIlt .I.b. UW" Iighl"'Clghl or '''P" ...>ei118 1'"11<.. r..· <..'~f.c.ed wp.. 01 ..~ ......rfacc . only ""'V . A I. imp". n... culJ "'.h variously .he rem.l"y.I-....hi> J'Urpo6<..".ffcellhc """uracy 01)'00' "'....." . .ad. T~hl" "likIlInent . "h ~n encloied ha.."00<1 floor. "ibr.lIathing ~ thin pad 01 wood Oi plislic to tach foot MIps prewnl SC/~tIIing Aligning the Tables ~ ..1".. II)· ..h~ ".han OIhors.tedgo .. a! e."o".. ... _ h9t _""'" bt_""_.1..bl" as ". Son....d in cI"'p'nl.1 1.·ill.~ dl!':'~ In th . '"I.op C . . !o ( .he 1101..ble "...bkt. For. an "".he ..u"lixc" humped '" d'l~". _ I t ..... . lhe ~ .. abili..>0<1..... chapl:tl_ ma~c <l.. "tfacN. redUC.. inglhlUW ......n....OO red.....h. vibr.wil.".. A.(ttJ tabl.he (. it ~ to be as lb. A"" includo..*..urn"dy.. oot ~....."""..Marttne lOt~tlon I t yoo IwIe to fI'IO'VI your saw often..he pa" . nJ.... "·he"....II)' Of1XJOed corners an are hittll<"' .ble..d. .d "'p_ ""an of«11 be "nC(:.. <liI9oNIlY KfOSS . If)'OO. TlIo """ 98 Table-Saw Tune.

wil. •....I-"on..Aluminum top! a". It> ...he JOlm first "uh a >hon ""'gh.ay be [""i. e.Ied flu'" "'uh and in the ....1 the.]unk-csp«ially many 01 'odor'..net M ainlanance 97 .ufac. ami .--Up.. wuh" 1000g ""'igh •• ed~".qhladg e be.he . table ha. .'11"""'" ikx..J elf ..ension lable and rai" ...wi". 'I"'n of Ihe mai n table and . In e"h...... Inbl.. (... and" hi~h 'pol [he 0f'po.able.' lIld rmchine- ..lKd by the .he boh~ un. rprised.. Ex.he IhnK$$ 01 . to In«.ligh •• .m u!1dcr . or H I....THE MAIN TABLE Btsm br ch. I 1>.c I)".lte ". the 10(1. UN _1onO $Ir~ . lNlltt an ""·......."'.. tho: 'wo ..hc """I2bIr:.. the .·d.. Iq. /loor.he mall' . WIIu$I\ In !hi Table_Saw l"ur".. Je... n.he table and ex"""io". .'.. found lhal Ihi..... nn bbde IlU"rn con. photo below) In order for .....t. hen iI an extern"".hen I check Ih. .hal case.. A . igh." ~ .he . place an ...J 10 be adjU.• he ~ 01 b..)"" can "'."...op i5 Oa •.....''''''' .' p<:>6< pair (""" .> chKk .. . T<.... I ". SOf"~u.".edl:<'. I chKk . h. . w.h. ... is r.he moin mble fOf .. C3I. . .." flCCCSSaf)' to -"'im...tgh."..Xlcn.·is!ed. de d '''I' A 1 001 PreciiiolHl laChloed 3-n.cr Q!O:.~..t.n)' . . 1couktnl de 001 mint..ed 10(> "'ill a I()W 'plnl>c'"'c'<:n one pai.....""" A~ ""'"' flex.he .~ uable tool wiIIt- lor both woodworll".n'.on ...:>th mt!>t be 90 Jegre<:..han I"" mlgh....he 1<11> """Y boo >land'ng 011 an u.. '.d'''I. of a long ex.he 'abit-top oock in' " na..leel1O PlY $70 10 $160 EXTENSION WINGS The eXlro&ion wing> r..ables are .. In . me ria"" a. 8u1lh!y"re no! chNjl: . .. in Ihe 11:1"''' rlane ........he facing page).ik-·e.ed .i(e Pnmtcn Slra. oI.:!.""'" mble.o find . prtlpCT $himm""ll may bnng . i.~ ""~ the mhle d iagonally in OOIh direction..imrly b<:<:au.. jolt" to .. Som.. pullong down.he body Of cabitle...he pho<o on.ble. "'*'_.gl" '01"4..e. .. of con. " Sll3lghledge It 1Il ir.k...0(..ble .""<u.. cffn:". H.. lilt -....h" to(> 01 ..... J\'.i...imes a. _ -.

can..· hammer '03itl:'\. ~"""I:h. 1(0).nd....he joim 10 hnlJ 11 fhlSh .. ~bh w'" ....'0"''' .J.. .\lled bt..h..en . ol...." 10 ..' .Iuminum from ~ IIod.·m.I1" n•• bt' Iootcnt"'ll.. . and it docsn't l"lIt . 'Irkall)· boht<! . )"OI. bes. at<! .. b<.he mom •• ble.lIfac".... k.. II toke •• b" oll.dlU.a....he ria •• a hair 10.d·blo.).cdgt ~ a guKk '0 Ie-·tl the .on ..d.....0 dm~ ..."ble wi.on 01 .. cut$ tlw "'iII al>o Ix.he orcra..'di"ll 1. sode 01 .. "b".m. ~OO best.. lOr t.. b<.'C'use f"II)' iUptX>rt..-e. "'....oo ..n important part ol.l'$h.. jomted boor<! fo. d>e top or..hroo. lie .. le3"'" no "I"'n >paCe.h. A rea.::r from sc.....1 wingo"'" of.ha....h""" platr .~hn&."in tnble (bu.1 .13Ii.able ""wi (K<. just ~ bitlow~. or shim.ung.'Ori:l'lI'Cet dunng.he .en up Ihe bo)I1:S.ocr the .ero-cl.him.. ..t tt~h.'i" mane. a". if I boitt<!-on •• ble is "'I'" ported on its ""'n 1 10 pre. ~m 01 an ex.......ifall.hoo rb'r "'lIh lapo'O bring" II...d cutin'll' 11""..o II". fl.h""'t ria •.. A ."" EXTENSION TABLES E.h.I. de.hm>.c f'eesmnding 00" attachc~l. Ckan. nam)W poet.....·pla. "'ode:.l)· .:mw "'ind 11\10 '1:" the mam mbl<1op.h.ke (Stt ..he pl ••• donn'..t... G'uging the numOO. Stock alum.. I ~ . "'" ea.drnl<k ol.oct and nNds W N ...Jr'..!. rble i.·tt.. . Som. rla.p "I each ~nd of .."t .o.o ..tns. aO"t g.. cm.rping wi....>ftt 1)latc prO\"ides "..he rhocoOll r..0 ...abko a.. CIUi. u"" i. ne"Of hi~he.II ."" bottom c1 tI~ jc:oint ..d "'lOOlh Old any rnxrwicrn uoing a fi"".e bl"nl<.dn"" ollhe .lid bo:~ring righ' up'o ..iet fi""h and Ie"elm iI..ldebar <Jr.e . For . 1'rtM<"<.oobk-• •op..e'r<)f .num . You won't ~ able \(.·d CUlling.·.J can .najori')' 01)'011' cutting.mpnkcllOtu.uioI\ . ...h""...he p".. cu.ng "I' or do"....he •• ble wtf. te .nl"tI"n~ that )"()tJ Can find arouoo the silO\'.toOm.o in~" shims eithe •• .Iable (or tllOOI ..ung . 98 Tat)le·Saw Turte·U p arod Maint~ . in fronllO prr1o"CnI a """'r... Adju>l . Looom.de. .. It·.I....he blade 10 N lilted for !x.urpontng . t~ble can I.. _.bI<1op. Some.he "n. "'"h I~"eling >har • ... tn .." no"c i...he toble..~"()tJ rerl.IIr.im..he .ha.h.hctf c"""""..... 01 90 Jc~.. is" ui. ""r ro.he "..r to."" . fOf .... FOO" shim.. out... UiC.. SiJ.O bo. fik..wisted bul can ~ m...o cithe.he .hrool rlale "'Ilh a ::ero<ltarnnu . "'hkh i.he >i<k and rcar ol..he fencc ""Is • ...... c<:IIOphanc.ck .ng ...nd... an\'..I·.....h .·n back at: . holt.he ". rock in any d"«IIon..d fiu...clca""..h.aMICf' . indud in~ I"rer..1Ib~..o . than the ".nd aft.....ng...ock .'''' )'011 much sc""'. chec:k bo<h maung $I.1". or ..h. To sh. ' .hat.. ro..\"... bill i ... Yo" can u" a long...he . able an."" ~ an...t".. as IlCCC.he blatk.. Throo'l'l"'e.he...".)".J . .he main ""'Ie .kely w fr. ""need THE THROAT PLATE The: ..ions to ....h""'t rb'<Il')l'lCall\· ha. fOO" \:c..h con"""'ion. you must fiTSt hoi .M openIng... or ...)"0<1 can "'" .1<"'11 in ~fc..Je "...or.opening t"'U allows. facing pagt).. irs we'ghl from imrod.igl\lming.oo. t .M Ie.-00<1 ftlJeN are 1""..he align..

II.? ~ ~ .!!Jl..1 !'-.it ~ ~ ~ if.i itlll!l II!l!!iil!!!lijl'll ''1 ~~ §~1gl!! "'lii-t . • s.. ~!.!i h[ l. !. ~ .IH!!I~th. •• ! .1 if HuJL unHp Ii j' I ~ g Ii .111' g i{dzW lH~ >.. h I 1.!h If I!lPH' fill'.m H iii~ilth:!:I...!I~I.= j . .!'I!III~!I!~I~.iilll"'I~!I%.~. ~ ~ ~llil ll!llllllil!l!illtil l!lll:i!tIIIIEjii ~! ill'IE=!:lli~I'i. ~W!!lWr.J .. . '! ~ . Iii $ "E .t!~j.r~t"!lt!..i ii.ll ••• ·?1 . • ( .. ij i~ Hit!:!! 1I·.!tl. " .Il. . II .£fli. > .j~I'1 r 'Ll! d '" lug !l.H i!'id!i1inH.~.~~ . ·l "Il0~'~ • " !I!ili. • ••• : !'I!'~!I'!!~!11 . 'f 'ohl!!i • . :.

...Iou. .gauge lkou.ll. bu..~ndrlu of"n . ..'. c... . to I'll co.h.he rip fence I"'". gaugt ..". .... yw'U need me ."..hat A" ~~II' in ill Ws."..... . for gr... If you don'r .hinc: torlJom WIl'I<OS ulIClly align«! (rom lhe.. . milO< . """.. mil •• Jig mUSl..uning).cauK ami...ped !O " .h merhod (or aligning yow....l'1li.. mi.... 11M: "''''bbJc. Too oc.. a n"".he WOI'k . a number of 1:"'"' ("""""oclal rrod""" lniI<k specifically (or .niler 1I""ge does .h •• Iigt..he hack of d..'.hi! J>U'llOioll (lIS . '0 buy a dial inil"'aror. gaugt. yw Carl compens...1M: rmbIem for crooscuuing tx.al .·"h bood.'..... oon«' .-Up and MaJnt~ ..nel I".Jed...llcl too Ih~ mli .. may Il0l:.e d ami. f"JfObkm... .). II_lilt _ ...hat ro .... '0 . joo (se~ rh<: .."" from .nd is easy w read .1M: I'Owbladc sl>oo.1 ~ perfeclly ra".lois.. factor!'_ For 'il'l''''g. ""Nllel !O tI~ blade..hot angle of approo:o:....-hil.. Ounglng .. ~ ....." ..h """.. """...1o:ioG Aligning the Miter-Gauge Slots to the Blade FOt "'ClIF~'c rirl'lr\i and cfOHCuuing. H""'.lor cl. blade.1 indic. And of d~.. 111 cxrbln rtqui..~ foo..his mi .""curacy ..h.. _ _ .. d".!! P"!!.....'c d[...blade 100 mll .. I find .... ....'d in . 1"11 aoo ducUSl a Iooo'-..ideba.... "" !lie fad..::11. oon«....he blade will CUI imo .........he.itlll. hi:llm ••u by adJUSl111g .. .tmlim: i( . dOt.. blade '0 a mit .. Iloxh 'llC1hoJ:. .. .. y""".. yw'IO adjUSl. . mlsaligned!O . A dial indICator rrovioo ~"''''''n'' in lhous.1or. n...:"'.-ell for Ih .i.... Othe. an inexrcn. ""... cIaI 111_ inMrts ~ """ cIoal ..he..""... I" 100 Table-Saw T...hot blade .1M: flQl\' and lhen.. milCh"....·.eI... or . . . Unfortu""lely...

.1i .. If you u!<.. mi!O/-QaU\lf bo...lded parou tially off the table. "..he b:'T not juSt in a ." of lI.....""clion or IW(l. .f ..te. If yoo\ 'e made i( (00 run " ftne_cu. ctuc\<s. !}luge often fits . ually the oof. One "'ay!O d iminate thi' siJe-lo·.sefuilool to< setiO'lg UI) anc:I aIig"Ong mac ... on1)' temporary.t qu ite a wh ile. .a t aroo . The mi«oJ ". explained brer)....>-c<!s on p . TaOie-Saw Tune-Up and Maintenance 101 . Although th i' fox .GAUGE FIT The b" on a stock m......r• • 01 0MeI gfOOVH """ . a. produc ing $1"1' "l.. taking out the ... TUNING TH E MIT ER.J~".Iou ..~..n . adjuStable 8ml lot pasiIiaring Ihe dial OldiCalor as neede<l (see the p/"IOIO on p. and 0II>et ..!<'led ~...he bar to "~y mug e\'en ".">!.'e~r down ..e bar with" colJ ch. Y ""'n' . he bar.des.hen iI". To gelihe mosl ltOm a dial ndicaIor. pound • .~ ~ Dial Indicators . Sat.-... .se l (.top. iI'.... 197)....' miter gauge a 101 (! don't.-laces.I\ang<lS. . anc:I ~ wiI ~ you acCU"BleIy rnea .. YOU can buy a d<>centQUality dial indicator and magnet'" base to< as IrttIe as $3S (.' by ." ~ ~ " DW.. Sp~ ..>d the chiseled Jepr=ioru essenti~n)' wide n the ooft . of . l!\:al tits s1vppil)' In lis groove • ..'''...-&ry ~ . e runout on llfbONi.OO' ~. .eml w...he ed~.:. watll a magnetic l>ase to< attaching ~ to mac'*"> fe..... It can Ia"e mea· n thOUSat>dIhS 01 an ncn.. s..."~).wes. """"...1I . bits. displaying !hem Clearty on !he dial lac •. ... e"t~. The l>aoe should inClude a po"t and .'cr the ch.ly ... 88).netal bar.. lotting ... he de1''''''. fite lightly ". the phOlO ab."' in .. tilt ~ of the bo •...IOOC"""" """ """"'"""" beCause ~'s a _so T.. con. ide plar .ider bu)'ing a better-A ll ing .'iII la. among 0II>et If"Iings. tflet1MIy w.. you'.torr.8 anc:I jonIet and plane' I<.·e" l)" all along one or both ed~. you can also UStI ~ 10 align mac .. anc:I t>la...

"""te. d..he 'Op ph<xo). A tlar ~lOm~ IOekod onto 1ht rear If"oniono P ' _ .. m~"'tp"OO 1>8" in<1u<Io Allen $Crews or OIhe.ojotti"" the widtI1 ot the bar to bette' tit Its sl<It A dial iMic>tOf pr<)VN."r tor ' 0$\' . 3ny tkoviations arc spread O\'e. " .<:....k bars.les an immed~l' . Some "re longer th.o1"Slmont of tho trunniGn po'. h.."".tion aftermarket bar.tan..Som. which hd~ (rea'e a ""n~r Ot 1'<." 102 Table-Saw Tune-Up and Maintenance . dOil1 k>r a<lju<1i"" "'" ~_ para l ~ to the mrter groov •."e huilHn adju>lmems ("'" . . fittlogs fo< . Ie. SO"".n m".

..er of the blade pla. Clamp .oo$t>1lho I>0Il$ tmI hold Iho ~1.:'ed. th~ from "nd 0f" blade u'ithQu.he blade is . The reasoo fot r". tha.'m~nt.'0 _to L C<MIt.. juSt m""'u~ .nce mark is under ."'s and I". FOT .!I)' 11". Don't looicn .her ..:el. Wilh the PO.ha.lor to a piece of wood lhal eXlend.·c jllSI a bi' of ""i"ance when 3"'""n' ""If Table -Saw Tune-Up and M a intenance 103 J .\:::::" l.·d. your mitcr-gauge bar fits "'1011.c. m.>! the i".I". Thc dial indicato.. to h.ripped pen. "...mucim"".n~le to the blade.mal ".he 'op.n" of th<: blade "nd . Using" feh.Ooth (see the boItom photo on .. in line "'ith each othcr..he wood.".he same rea. . diS(:()nnc.nt.. ~~ '-" ------ .r~ '0 a SI'"igh«xlge pl"ad apinSt .ale on .he '\-pe of "'".he blade .. hold . the plunge. introducing . It Joesn'. (see the ill ul"''' ion abo. indicat_ of milali>:nment between .obollotml_lho~ lOlho SIW .n>: pa.c..he carri""".Aligning the Blade to the C.he oppoSi. To hring the blade and mIte. ---------- 0 1 .he 'wo poSitiOns.'I IIW "~:::::::{: Mi ter~ Gauge Slots Cabln' t sa . milfl sio!s..'C. $hitt Iho II\IYIIOCIS rdltlw to ~ ign Iho _ ..he blade ncar ..nc" betwccn .. Sere'" the di"l indk.• Jjn" the carriage.. .. the"" ""a'C the bl.he . )'ou'r~ rcoo)' to m"k~ the blade-tO" mne.abl".acto.on.. On pOf'3blc ". 1\0 blade is perf"...IMionI to Iho~.de umn )'our ref. not against a ..h.:honi.he mi..he ".c a..h..ting .ms .'.he perime.!. Slightly loosen the bollS tha. M AKING T H E ADJUSTMENTS USING A DI A L INDICATOR -": ow . Iho 0 .. you'll ne>Cd to adjuSt ei.nst its ~l""". ing lh" mit .he pl.hc di. ga uge 10 .arl on ..dc hard aga.ea.mc ·sh"" sa"~ . . is lightl)' depressed agains. co. "'ill show .I". de"'lc .dcgree . Iho _ one! milfl stoI:I.he dial ind ica..-. Thcrd""" you (an'..I".rd ...he trunnions (() . Rotat~ . ~. ot . S/Iift Iho lOP to.e end of the hlade.hem too mlKh: i" s be.he blade..ncr if the mitcr gauge isn'. " hieh willlw.h" plunger."". . adju.. depending on . oul low.' 0' """..h~ "mQunt of diff"". you should.he plunge'_Slide .he fac. male a refcrencc ".. at "perfCct 9O.e..he blade JUSt _hon of iI' . hCW>l_ Nc"c' cf'nk the bl.or until its refc'ence pointe'.

y only hav~ '0 do ....ood ' 0 . fi ..and.ake 1Ie. 1M "...he blade.hb once or ... . then".or bt-f"". roo may n<X'd to Intt Iht "..En1l'OIng BOil Hotes S Ollltllme.1u eX on Inch. lIOn' _ 1 . rura'e ..he U'i"~ .~ t'" registers Ihe ""~".. _ ..he photo ' * .....0000.f...1 illdl.1 efforl..he alignmen..I<x and . On a s..he piece of wood as.. Sponll·d.ble'O(l '0 bt-in... 1 . ... ref. II may .wicc fOl lhe lIfe of lhe $.remcnt of ..... eX tM corr~'" (Ott the o bOltom rho<o on fl."...."" _ 104 Table-Saw Tune -Up and Maint~...h"... 1-.th an F"'I'I~ bar damp.. ... ""al ton .0\ indtCOto<.hen 'ap .he g"l' ... bt.. .'~ a <11.hrk ~ tOOlh~... lho: 'runnion !MChan_ are foxed 10 lho: tabme! .. IIIem In !lie proper d~<diorL you'..cI. imlud...ho: mIter fO"ugc as before. btl"h" time bring the ""00<1 right up 10 . When the di.'''' '0 THE lOW-TECH APPROACH If)'JU don'.nl.·ina: to 1IIoO\'e 1M corri¥ onlf ~ few .hotoi. to ~'.".at em. dead on. I. dctcnnlnc whc..o. .he.. lilt dis1anc:a IrId I pIooo 0 1 _ diompotIl0' .h"..he Mgt of lho: .~.. wonh and you m.....~kc. You can 'ap 'M If\lnnion "'IIh 3 mallet: {o """. 1I..... di"ance at the fr()nt and ".e"'. ". (~k. along rita Q/ ".. 11M.. wi.hen reck<:k the align".I".. .... _ _ 10 .. . is dooes"o Ihe mi. i'.renee poi"'''' on Ihe <ital indic". rech....j and a f""k< goougc in>'. lfIInrMon ooh llo~ ~'" too . i" .h"""'place s. fOIl make an adju"""..""". i{. 0:>I:>1<:. .. " 1010 . ... btll II'..he tahIeo:op bolts..hat l"OU nttd 10 """. 101)...h~ marhod 'ooth '0 Ik OPPOS'te (nd 01 the .....""• . (Ott ... 'I"" .mp Ihe p1c« of ". Nex. ha.. bul I ftnd II much c... .oer 10 clalnp . b·.."<:klng dw allgn"..ho:..>.oo!en ."".mati to lliow sufficient move· mtfI1lo< Pl(l"" fdjuslment.. " ..~augc ""'"".)"OU can.. Afte......" 1M bar .'''' U\lnnl()ll and carri¥ aoso:mblf . In tr.h('T the fTOll' Of "'a' of Ihc bla<k." ..tde of ..h ch~l k or a ("I.n the Inmnion bol"...r of the blodc....cr sit.0(l ...I.h. tighl.~'i"""ry cob. simply dril 01 Nt !lie holes to ~.

y.id" of .ffkuh (ttd· tn~. .r of .er. '0 .he p".gaub'" 510< at coch . than the blade.hey con )U. cast.sembly. taken from (he .he blade I<. in. of the mi'''''.viou.h"t the rcar of Ihc blade.s. w the opposi'e end.. up with Ihe right "de of Ihe blade.tll cal!><" Ihe "'OI'kpiece 10 ."".( .ip fence "mil (he blade has been adjusted ". loosen (h~ boh~ th."'S<..kpieee and invi. is !:lon..ga ugc . To aJju~ a IPlincr.. bun'i. i"ing knife is in"..e. "W$ bend au..cer a "'Ofkpiccc .he difference between (he front and rear of . We-------<:u."..lId to Ihe blade The faces must also be ".he mile.'" . ay from (he 'ip fence..he I""th (Ihe .lly aligns with . "gain ul ing Ihe di. come wit h mos..ing a . as di&Cussed p"...1 indicator a'tach~.. toward the rear of the Mode.nd me.nme"" lock (he fence in po6i.". Stoc k 'plitt"rs are typically thinne..ight "nd flat. adju"mem.itm..J~. of shap" casill'o bu.. U.lIed.".pliuer 0< .dcr to shim il oot.he workpie<e will bind lx:t. With Ihe blade . mono than .. . ""'."..J 10 . A f"nce that angie •• way (TOm the .>. me t ime. ".'s "ven with the fight . Adjusting the Rip Fence Fo< 1'fOI'I" c"ning.hcre"..he blade. (he alignment nttd.. is OYt of align me'" will."el)'.ide clooest .. A rip (ence tha.. In .nd. as well as "lua ". as easily be bent bac k into shape.. ke'" .>. mentioned in . . '0 th . The more dangerous .he tip f~nce against the bloch w sec if . The Aimsy stock splitters tha..ion .ing kickback if flO . .gaub'" .. borhel wadjust 'he .nto or .pm on 0 ro(a. a fip fence 11\1IS( be adjll$ted "". bllmi. . Aligning the Splitter to the Blade For optimum perfon"ancc . . "lua". IIe1 '0 the "..he ".he mi. leading (0 inaccurnte Cut~ or d. Iable .boul K.00. adjUSt .plittcr "-ric. gauge . the blade win ".11 . then gen_ ti)' lock .he was.he (ence ~nd . 'he "'"."he .he fence).•XlJ in.' .'een . mach it to Ihe carrillgC a.way from th~ fence..J "cd arc adjll. on the lop of 'he (ence..he process. To cheel: fOI" fenc~ ali".ha.he alignmen.If" fwm i. of X-in. moving [he bod)" until i.f(ermarket . Table-Saw Tune-Up and Maintenance 105 .he fence "ngl .pli tters v. If not..he facing pa~'C). il will Ormly hold (he "'Orkpicee "S..he tee.(uation is "'hen ..hick.ed blade l! .·.h ick "ock imo . truSI meJluTcmCnB L mlciS they'".t 90 deg . ~s expla ined abov".ultLng in a d •• n-----<ts ".pli"er .able.. fe.pli"er 0< rh'ing kn ife must be r rorcrly ~Iigncd wi.. nllmber "f prob· lems.tal1\p<. ..ly. linc i..vio"$ "".me .ing" hollow wmlpieec edge in .he blade i.' (mm ...h~ . i( can ". Matly old. A.. Th" "'. 0 . but I ".".fe'Y' .inst . )'OIJ can place block.nd ". don'. r'dighR.hey wntac' Ihe fence al ."ylc stock fences made of .e side of the Cut and crea. ..he fenc •.hkk to li in.blade ..~ by >(i loooening Ihc two boh..he cemer of ..1"". Alterna.h 'he ..ef. A stock .ndicular to th... If mi>aligned.· .

the (ront of the blade.he .y (rom the fen<. ems wh.hem "'ith a good ><jua .n 0.diustm. and 't rake long. .." this Unif. i.d by turning Allen sere"'s 011 the e.. To oolju"..nce bet".e fcnc~ n".111 aUXmal'j wood lerree. . I lil:e 1<.e Ihe Fence '$ $1'3'ghl O 1~·SIyIe stamped'sI~lle rrees a'e nolorious 10' not having w aigh! fates.he grip of the hook on the back rail th.1TOI adjustment i. way.hen retightening the SCrewS..h I'''' barely . • ~. I "\<: a feeler ~"uge or dial indicator to measure til<. "oct So"" I.rree.".urfuce. unburned Cut without "ttrin~ the workpi<'ce .ale s lfaigh t ~!. "" tilt erosstla.and·. tee.g the fence as a reference . A few (enees rro"ide for making ...... '" be 1<.n the fence and .t the scre"'~..e to the . that i>IflSl$ 'l/3-in$t trw. OUt "' nC(.Iignmen' (>ee the photo a. ." """0. A cilt ed fence can ""ul! in inac· cura.. length •.OS&bar tha. TI.11<:1 '<l mitCT'gl'ugc slor.!:.d. f~rthcr from the rcar of the blade than II is"...eerh.001 in.. th(' from of rhe fence regula. . check its slraightness using an ~c"· .. then replaced to . k' my Tip fence ><.. shimmi"ll it to cor'ect any imperlectklns 1'.. Whatl'lfr felICe you haw.m. blo 106 TabIe -5aw Tune·Up and Maintenance • .nce rail ... fOil. lwistM . I'OU can add an auxilial'j fence and ...CS$. adju.oiust tilt All .nditu.h" f.he .his adjuSfmenr (>co . The face." ripping >lock of different .~h. ". . f..Iry.001> doesn't.rree """.r locks rhe rear of rhe fence in piau.ho. so' ..mt)'O"$ty\o po"I'" to tilt bbdo." .hick "e""". 'igh' bel". tides on .flCI .') _ If \. '0"""'" 1M fl~ f'!)m . ~rwiOt .. CIt tenoning when "si n. is no more th.ouch the "'orlpi"" •.. of ~ fe'llce . (I.1$ fOit . ti..est . BiesemqcNt yle fences"re adju". This trial. Check . edg •• groo\'i. Thi.he photo a. p'O\'id ing a "noeth.n't difficult..t.ha...him i..U'II\I tilt loco ol trw.10"8 thei..h.able all .""" tho saw .Make Su. a ~~ .a.hoold also be ><jua.. It'ft belo"'). An "di"'" ment serew.--ill.00 doe. tor '.. If Ih! feoce is bowed 0 .w.e..

to (or". ~nd I ..oe. One" again. 1:-'" 18·in..cf'gau~ . To $(" .."".. Read)"". . Read) .....4S-dcgrtt mtlC1'· . Iov<'h~r (""'" lho: lop illum.. 95)." ricce of "'...· rerpeooicul.~.ia.p ar'('(aI1 !quafC. Mo>' " .~)... \'Vlw."eI ""11. " Comer a! when "'''"'''ll .y to.ece off of a "'·."p .kly $(" .nsc 'M gauge and 1M bIaJe body. . 95)... "'i8h... .'00 pul Ihe .nwlc ci" ~1". . lhen put ."""". Chcck ..111 be doobled . a -l<luart.. he.hem.. ...:n . a.·h"" .:•• he3d on ...rliC1' 10 check Ihe hlad.·cr . fl.bo.otkers J<> u>(" IQ J"n addr<:N hefe how l<' :odjus. necesoary unttl ~Il exact 4. op at 45 degrtts..'t to "f'J'roximOldy 45 dcgn. . NUl.' ""hiewd..e. by 111-.k>n f".."OiJ'''lI.he mi.cr'g""tC" angle and make """" .h. Then ' ".. adJUM d"" gaul.'DOd ..'n 00ge.r"nt.dcyrtt angle. dc. e"...n."(1U11 bt abk ..ri.ht '''l" r/toco abo-..ly mode..ItJ...ene."$Cdlef aga"'$1 a . explained .lIunmtoon on p..eca and ~ lhe iawn edges .'c! .. ri"""..1c (see the boItom .M ... i.di"i()(l in tCrn"..k ~.he table... odjust 1M ~ Ihat Adjusting the Miter Gauge "'n aceu!"'.t> bod·.." ... 1'O".. r . ..1<. JUSt as .hem '1orr.n'M ~Iat""". 10::>1 Cu' ~.II btvel i"''I.1 mi'er l>"tJ~!' 3 WU'!"'. 111 . ry un.~ ."" Table-Saw Tune-Up and Maintenance 107 .M mi. SCI the..ly.. lock 1M m"CT_ . fl.lmolI. n.p one ci 1M Cut p.m 90 degreel ".he COI'J'Ioef . ~. int..uion 00 p. "nf devo:ui" n (rom 9O~ will be oollbkJ.ht $lOP and indica.·c... a lot of wood ".11.'" a 3-m.p one ci d. Finally. 11110 .e..... l .11 a d".. Begm by rlad"ll a Ial\'< 1<1""'" ae<'.h" picce$ loge. mttcr-ga~ Wlf'!.." sa"n cdgts mttt ptrf«.ngle or.. to 1M .o 1lOdegree$ ~~tcdll· (Ott.he mtlCT-gaugt a"il~ .. boord.......·hen you mOOt..or'" M . ""..il 1 ._h. IN _ _ IQIIIISIIN >I0Il. mi .oquo<. cu" (or checkin~ lhe be. eu" "" nec ..

.l "'" furni... to .. bu...'" ". ~xtcn'ion •• blel.. Even if .'nh mineral ""i'i's. includ..".. a cardbootd Of t{'Cd.I"."". I dean and .." bile n.Ju..eh u. l"brica.. will.nt "" kttp .lty chillUM ro\"tt can help prOIecl ... N .11.. •... 1 1 be ..e.W ""W... '" oomp rap on.lly ...Ioos.t. ~ by."'.......ning the t~ble.1:.. ou.po.he nU.1<1 c""~ au.he cxccso i.... ....... " . green wood. h. protec...... 1>\(."."'" my". On.. 1'''01 c"n re"lOVe hea'-..o \"'f'O\ect the loa'" (rom T\bt but won'l >lop tt.. ac(u .able free 01 mol"".ilkor.'ilt 'C"""·c i•..u. '..n coal 01 .iction and hdpo r".p .. (enc~ rail •.. tt might R u$1 i$ most common on IOOIs tPlat $i! unused 1(11' IOfIg periods..ittleS a j'ur. floor . RUM io al". ~in removal. negln by cle. Btlpapc.· .'aJ( my "' ..n 01. nccd '0 wil'<' off .e .II frum the oul>ide Of from...-eli.he "..ables can . Wax ~uces fctd f...1 """..fe..it ".at....."""k. a'n .Hlf IIQU. any ligI>•• u. "..""I "uol to ...."'O$I.. .vcr I .'.JJ"""".<-...c...". and "P rene.·C1'.... "ltd CQlI . 1". '\01'. 20m dopo..'.. ... form 01 ' ''''''''''''' is COII<kn . . 'Il" Wax and other iUrfacc ooaUtlgO belp. then buff" off.I and . x.. pla>. .J . -Up and Maintenance .. p.... x to dry '0 a h. a """'" penuci"..i.".he •• bk. rubbu.i~ part! wi..t1~ olyour ""'.... remap' 10& Table_Saw T...1I of. nn hum.. in ron· hoC' "._t !of some month$. t~. mg • W<)rk !iUrfac~. as .y clothes d.he he.. h. no danger of <on13min". con.n. x.u •.n''':e.e.u.tan encOUmCflng (crJ "..Cleaning and Maintaining Work Surfaces A dtan .d.tldry ....rau. wIJ """..1 iIo~W. A.hCc ono::tal.h ~ d:.1 >I'"ilO "nd "'II" On ...able aBtl a<:cd6OrieI whc"..ng.·~ .. 11 as fOf the ~..1 iIo~ndi"g . In It."~ comi".ady "" to impon..-hich can cause fini......bi»ng '"".... you may fi .......he lnne....". products d"" rontain .11 SUlOUtu Is ."".. and Jon'I .cll you not ' ''' "'I drtnh. . 1>10.. Nexl.1 tx>Ii!oh ".< ...hmlt I'f"lIlk"" if i. arrly... I aliO d~an .. lISttlg lou 01 mit"·...he .." ""d W down on\.... tl1OOOth.mp clotb. H"". "cd $10'" table io "...h ."nrly be ICrubbeJ .. wh.vy ant i"".. ruS! and ""n" usilti <IOO-~. rn. tnCJO( tar aBtl Pruvenlong Rusl you'" not oomo to be using y<.mot'M •• he.. . "ttl wrfac~.)~ .nd .!! i •• nlo..<."mina.e c:ases..'OiJ floor 1I-U" c"'.ht"« Of four . 10 lightly ~ \he I0Il wth oil or thin grNSl.". As lona as."ace. . ~Ur fed· ing 01 """kr'tcel.. rust.......100 00 a good job 01 rw. Alto.1 for ".<".'nh m"". i..(crttd to \bc workpiece. Common .iIl.. and oIJ w..u...."k equall)" ..""..

nd "hich Other r~ . ..t(~ net!ded (or '''''''I' woodworbtlj! projects.en rh)'Sically \ocaIN in the middle '" the ~Op and IS lhe tool '!Q\.....in ''''''''II room .)"OU to o:iedbtc IUCh a b'¥'".o'>e.. I( you< ~ doo<n'....hop 10001s.·uh 6K ft. w ""1"" <'$ 'pace on all (ou. ...he primary [001 in )'Oo.'ood". iultgh.. boord.'. of "")'" NO! 001)' is It cCt1. to the ngill <J tho: bIa<X and 5. irr"'g and .. allooo...he .. And if you ~it .·ell .Jr IO.I' >hop. it'.hop in...lt ..ble .. long arod 12 (... nrrinll8-fl.tt.'~ rk·nty <J room for CfQ(6C""U"ll ro.. (or . llt'Ol.n(l>e<l room fo. ideal r laccmm' in ...ral to ma"y "oOO"ming OJlC'""."t to carefully coruoJer . and .b1ati"n where you 1"'rfotm !OIl\e of Iht tI'IO&I (filiall l'fOCnstS in . .6 The Table~Saw Workstation P roperl)' 10:1 up and configure<!.'ualiy • ".(ten le.·1onj. dust coIltttioo. (t.. }"OU11 ha. you 10 ."w" . .1I"l'I00I 8 ft.'und.." w' relatiolUhip to odw ..: boards <:. numbe-. the !~hlc""w" much more ju" ..o".rds .. A good mobtkc ~ .. in {rom ollhc blade and the 8 ft..le will il(CQrnmQd:l!c IllOSI of ern. Along wid."lI' A$ $OCh..wl: ing 'f'l'Ce 17 fl .". IO.. The 8 ft. thInk mOOlkc.!ting large wOfkri rc~ •. ing.. at~ tho: JaW .. saw Placement Thr 'ahle .·hen ~ (Ott the ..id . the "hle . ioo.. bu...!'Ow. u'..I"''''''u. po-rm.. .<J<:>b in }"OI. F.... tabk """..enSIOn t~hle!. to tho: kfl.110 of..."i.he shop as . n"". acce»orie" and c.. long.ki"ll ~~"al.he ""art of!l~.!paCe 10... U nhke 11>0>1 <>Iller :ita. ~ _ o/:out In tlv ohop to "..'n!. impoTt.".)r 3 ....'i. lIS "\tend"n' fl.....lx:hmd.t ~llow ~noogh .'O<>l!wo<k.1)· """'. ".ry .·c .h...t.

.ne".h".ng mach. allows".00·'" really ro.he most of the .>:.hops or ga"'8"S. For .... moco <p.h".P''''c .· """ma cra mped.tiOl1 . ""Oed..bout to make .0" c"'il~ be mo""d ...~ UP fO ur ta~1e saw in l wOll-lrt.mJll ."nO 10 •• moll shOll to create intwJ . Olluide if ). tIa .u"Ollnd ..CTl rirri. w ~ n saw o""""'trles tIOSe at 110M aM ...o. you do ha'·c.nO cAAf • .· on mobile for d"Jr'''g r"""..oun.. 'hl'Ol. pr..o alxwc). t". ro..ntage of open c\oor$ and windows b)' aiming long ""O<xpie<:e..ltcr. YOll can also m kc . you call lcayc your "at ion." sa.! and 1"" .!gh them "... . m. YOll can even talc i.dv.~nio"t .!lora. to mort I""" 131>10 saw '".".!.iCO . 110 The Table-Saw Workstation . ~ moDI .o " ..J.l tilt oaw as yoo un ..h" '''~' when handlinS large Worl:piff"". '·e.' ronablc saw 00..

g.. so you'" TlCir.....Ia.. This can pre. mI' .1you l.. ro»'bk.g on I cut D You.. I """~ to ..lIy bq.ion to other . and ria ..... w 00 mI' 'mual j.. old SU...lock dfnl!'llg..he table ..om bttng startled lrom tIeAnd by risilors whttt cont:e(Itrillir..... for cunmg 10 final ..... to foIIoow yo.. pi"""... It affect< won:llow.......ru al . ro>nlCular oNe.0 ....Ptl~et W htnl)O'sibIe..n!:fl rack. T'1' to ~""">gc )'OUr nucl-....he ""arby join....... .. .." on ".. .. "..u k m<l'"e! '0 . pI:Itt your table $I .. (.Arranging Machinery for Workftow .. of <JPC""""" and 10 CCQl\OOYli:t "".he."" . ml'l"..~~n' as much. For nrunple..ftc••Iu.off .'1>0= I CfQl$Cul booonk 10 rough kngth.ble ..g your shop lfIItarlCl wtItn womr."<>fIr: gc""".he Ctl... "..... From ..ooIs "nd Of"'eJ'ioru is il1lJ'Ol'~n' bee... . ...

kIIids an..ng 10 buy I statiooary flInjli"ll tmm 3 hp &aw w~n a moIor WhOle"cr ')'1'" of""')'<>u haw. an oI«". For aoocher.voh plllg (. Of\(' Ih. circun.k stan..11 0f"0I'. l.. d... Fa." n\(l(<)<. <()me "'"hoY.S.. you don'..... MClO' .danl 115-...t Induding portable and conu:>Clor-.. . in ...Iu..ill" dlKOrtn«llhe """....~.ott! (SC(! ..'yle "'WO. mow. voit"ll"..t....w.onJ ""·. an ar'propria'e deem...... to 5 hj).'-It OUt n... """'Of fOf no·voI.h n.. die lid on . It.. end of die "ord "'uh a 2JO.t.lly.~.>hook! bt Foiled mak. main....wTl1Ct'$ t. ... .mpO"'nl10 be oble 10 "".onJ Il'f"C"lIy haJ 10 ru" .oge tleCaUSltlleM saws require ~.I>...ion nl(l(""..o . motor to... more Information on machint pbcm"'fl! anJ ""'up."Il. plug on 11.hoold be connl'C'M ' ..w.:d to "'1."~ <. 115"'oh mot"" . he IIoor .d. and found on inform. ...hop 11I~''''noo Wiring I t )'OII'rlI pw-n... 'rona.ook .. n«<! (Of ..all'lug ar."...am of both ""fcry "n<1 efficiency....'cr..... Under lhe Ii<! i. on . 1991).. them •.han lku ~lf!W amf'l:l1ll:C upon SGlItUp.. .on P. ~ Of conuntreial c....... "tale... either 115 or 230 . ".on I'ttu..:po. "" n\061 hon>t-mop ""'j are dual-vol.... .en plactd on.\3 .age'O "'ire lhe . be >SUre electriCIan 10 . • 2JO·voh circu" .0 . draws more . Wl->tn..ion. Fo.k..'."II ""...he (en..ring c<!<">«..ha.duc. a ."OIfS.. • ."iI" motors. . .. and bladt . rho same "mt ..d ma.. ~ t~ mocond"..1 outltt for tt. 230·VOLT CI RCUITS A 230·~(l1. Fo... come ""i." undet:\iJe 10 accom".Ie<.. common U..uhillg ill (c~'er "'cuil """...he "'mna box .lungU"lg..""'!riclty..&: . 230-. a 231).. "'''iii> ro.. wam '0 ha.nd 15 ampS.. \l'orI<!IIop &ole by s. ill of...m for changing..."01.:000" (~ Taun...onJ (Ott 112 The Table-Saw Woo<station ..col wnI 1..1 wiring...nc. ELECTRICAL OUTLETS AND CORDS ltk.alling lil>ry COlli be .ories (Ull "1'1""""1.. you'l l ne...kflnudy 1 your ad. If 10. i.1«Ific:al roJcs a~ adhered '0.bout Iii hI' TIle h... ....t. WIx rl~ In......~ to.he $:Ow il """O'IIi-Sma moI:orsan d .."'. Ih.101 d. \!$C. 111).·ides a more "ftki"'" UIC of . If you Iu..ab:x:o.1l 15 amrs .. rc..•"'" I"'<""C'r c.:ou 1...n thai """..11>... tllC.'ol.hed. for .ffocuh for an ngi.. To ~ ..1""" .:Iy 10 plug in and . ...0 \!$C an .W'''&:.on. are marketed for home U!<'.~'cruion ......". d«tric.eh· ing 1'K<t'I""I"...ou\J be . he """r.· more .~ .. ...nd •• pt>«..11)' . remer. flO<cS) .. yoo'M 0Hd a 230-VOII clr"".-._ for rca.""" amr<r.<! longer motor lik The IlI· hp ir. I h...n.. ...i.. ~ ... \Iv: (l1(ull brtakcl .''''''ll d"""... clre '"1 pro.. .n.t.. can k on ratcd~.n yo..er <Ji . On•• )"0<1\'" ' '''itched the "'..abIe .hoolJ .-"..<w$!h .h. •• h. . 0 UIC.J to< 115 •. If you don'l h.. aJJ"'lI <)< duo 1oc:a1.ge).1cu~r... ...."01.u """r.... C~... c. Stnc.. bk.. hat's eroo-·td "" .. .. >r«.. . '" 20 amps. .ior...he voltage..."1 c"cu l. .. fking ""..idel"". kcq> from IfIrrong "'."il"ble"1 hard"..o I dedicated c..he bo •. Uro. ""I' The II"IOI0fl hou!ehol."lotn'C any or .

'. aTer the resistance . tr>e gr.he entire piete of wo"d intO" gi. side i". . \toe motor TO "'" !">Otter and SlOwer Than normal. tho .he 1l0CJr of a wo)(J. AooyeStcnt light fix· tore pO$ition.ng i.r 'itle n-. A .ra edge on safct). work a. tr>e cord Is as sho<'t as possit>Ie and at _. A block of wood glued to the back presses aga in" the off but. TUnling . The IOnge< \tie cor<! an<IlI>e weight ~ .hat can easil)' be hit in an in"~n" For ex. ~ you must..h..ell and makes (or easy power discOlmr<ts.\3"'.' _IS triWi "'l"" cords Lighting Safe.witth .i mpl).he s-aw....h" .he pholo a. Becaui': most table_s-aw opero!ion\ take pi".he n~". no glare .." ""Ofk (or some machines. -"'''I.. office-su pply Sometime! on outlet can be i..he saw or ex..ion.asing the lX"ential for in)u!)'.ead.he lef.e Table-Saw Workstation 113 .hop. of n~t "rallight i.n.able "'.cem lighting to ei.noving the . .. loc".had"w$ and cTCate.haT's often flO< an op.'ailable a. H is best flO< to""" an " ><tension cord on a tat>le saw.. ~ co-rd 0."W with incamle. whiCh Can cause a lOSS of ampe '0 a fl"IOT<>'.·ire.'e ~nough wire on . SWITCH PLACEMENT AND MODIFICATION Ii your ". Ide. acCOrd'.he blade And I "'as afmid to let go of it to tum off the .h on . 01 brge p.he bl""" and "... i. mounTed on ..:J .. righr). Au'Ining a motor witrI insuffiCient cumt<'It can c"""... Just make 'ure you h.. bUT .. seT face up into .witch (see .. yo" PIIt yom bod)' in line with . Outle .'J.ide of the blade. helpful 001 h. ".""nd for 'mall buttons """0\1 10'''' Ill." ... .he righ. well a.ide of .. "pank $wi"h" . it makes sense to pl""e the ''''i tch there. .. inc".he pholo on p. In .."chillg o'w for" . Even during ordi"""" <>per. diffic"h .. an outiet . ..-\ hhough overhead OIttl.he .h. best choke.."$.l1oor on.witch i.hat c"-l11 1'1" ."W.able .ving to feel . On most "'WS."el).he le(t i( Ixmible.." . 114). poOt WQfkl ". a large knee SWiTCh is an ex. si<k of the . as heavy as The $aw's Iigrrt.witch i$ ~noIher f~"1U... considcT m(w_ . thL" 're often in the "11" ~t the table . I h"'e been ill" prc-d ic'tnent where a "'orieri""e kerf dosed on ." from tk Id. '0 .on. .tnd.he blade. HOw<I __. II)" lor. . eff""t.. it '.>talled urukr .naoc knee .fet)'.. .ion.Extension Cords EiEJRIC.:aui': 'hey'li just dog wi. 1. mple.t"d lighting . its above u.0 the H.etlSion . of .he tigh. mIlIk.witch to reach .ueh situations.. II's uIllatly jllSt a malt er of drilling a new motIIlring hole ~nd reTOllting the .hop are defi ni tc\y "0' a gorxl sJea be. ." mot.y .." length of wood hinged '0 the itnc~ rail with" Co""" (or finger acC"Si to the on . Cord housings are often a. ... ~iall\' when cuning sh~t good. Ins...bcw" )"01" . 'W'hcn )'00 an: st.1)' knee .e that pm"ides convenience a.nding m .witch is . ~ COAO$ " " " " " " ' " " " " " " ' " _ ' ''''''''...' re4uircs good ')\'erl.w .. Howe'·er. shor. fIoo< 10 tf>< table saw.. h dust .

" General."ed by p"im.we the .ng th.he saw table" Aw-c the . ~"dl sui.ed to d"" collection..I.r~nding" 12-i.. plcnt)" of ligll! with no pe""ptible fl'~ent flicker You can tesT a lighting >cherne bv .. problem i.ion a' Ihe table saw is """mial to health and gen..h 1110 on ""HOII" ca" y. "" Cabinet .. the '01' photo on .". ." 114 The Table-Saw Workstatior1 .r" a 101 of dust still escapes from .....llows )1<1" 10 tum 1110 saw oil quickly will1OO1lakino )l<l\Jf fIol>l.Ii"8 while 10 help reflc~t a\"ail"bl~ light" Oust Collection at the Table Saw )'bi<ing rile.."y sh"dow. enher below Of at. and most unhealthy dus< panicles remain in ai.. of sa"uus' is OI"IC of .. is not seal." Some.. for III '0 i>r<oa.he.. a s.he" ejec."ause of the wid< ore" base .. d in ".he opera.nd c~. "..ales aren".. Turnino tho saw OIl" _vel"" ff<lUiru deliberalely .. bene.. Th.~""' m..h" ...h~ dowel ca<u.".ltCt5 the . toward ..t coll""t"'" (..!Sin<l "'. 'h...$WiIc/l .Id in the United S." Ib....~knt. Some manufac'u.e~ Qrre r "n oplional base plate wi.ablc" O>n'racI"""' sa"".abl~ saw's m"n)" ...d be.""I ." [)U" (rom o'"ery CUI is discMI\.lIs.y is pach<l imo .."" ""." Th~ m'jori..he blade gt.\"er~1 di ..". no hea.t cap..>hop .he facing p'ge)" HQ~"e'". ..ng tho IIght.h • dus' ron for connection 10 ~ d." dowel on the table_saw Sur_ f""e and adj..he . are patticularl)" probbnmic b.on of du" col l"".. all lho _ kpiou. 'ning In.able.ougn lr>e 00100110 ~"..am of dust i. finally """ling as a film on all shop surf""". ..t...~fety. . .he open bock of the ..h0l' lighr Ca" be i'''prO.hey"re Slill not very effidcnt boxause the cabine.o<" laS!" ...."Ctio".. ..ng so .~ad)" S'".he ." bu.hot " tOStl_ble saw.o•.uring dust box""se of Iheir endmeJ base.'"C }.J be""ath .

<tead" a port..1..olk"tO< ho. Newer.model cabmet s.. can be replaced with a" optional !'On attachment from ..~" m.he manufae_ ""cr.r-modd portable Tho Ta~e-Saw W orkstation 115 .."y cabinet sa"~ offer only a """ "' ..he ba<e of the oo:>binct thO! can be conn""ed ' 0 a dli.<)VW~h • I>'n"t .. by "")' means. a few manufacturers are iml'''.uI.Ol'" l)ulTining • '''''tr>etorl $<Iw tOf ~ U ~ COIloctioo fnslliling • plnel with • ~ust POrt uOMr tM $<Iw conintt For l)tUor ~"" collecti"". king cues from Ellropc"" lablc·s. For du.h~ sawduS! '0 .""..memal "''''p to help .. the."ing dlist coll"uiot> by ...edit.\ ..H._collcc1ion pt.. 1M back o11M .he collcctor ron.rw deign_Some ne".e may be a panel tha. To Ihci' c.. l. ShOUld a1S(J t>e (."'~ fea'ur~ an .c (sec the bottom pho<o abow) .

. A...·..Ign In Ine _lOng aft . ablt sa ...... i I).. Th..]. t.hie.. For~. OfOtn. K you dOn'. n. AI ror ..II open ings on. On abi""..'..an " ""S for oomt "'''''..he ~ hanoho'hctl ~Io! on .ioon is f{) .. blade cow .Oust In the Wind IN _ _ _ .. " bb<k c".nnet . • CUI • ... 1> 3 du>! pOrt does .. "." .. av_. 70 ).n! on EUr<lpCMI 5<0. shop ....fler· 'i1arkc.. 01> .. Add..acan 110M r...0 the floor aoo].urrOU/ldOng tho bIIcII.. body. the best "l'I""""=h to .. _ OWT. .he cailonct.. bIaoJ.]. )lOOt dus" /\to 1I<I'ItIIfnI .... j"OOt can .1{.'hiel> " con. partially M1rrounds I. -. Tite lru\I\ is lilat with- out a dust chute s.will QYiootPy m....t. I " " cIe. fino """ 11111 is most harmful to '''' IwtIg$. 1n your shop. . oo"" . For 5<0" . $01J III the United Sta tes. bttn Jlandan! on Eu""".apt.. a dust (h". m. Improve du" collection....-nI>eo" of ~.:U.. duct ."".. Sland....- _1>uw<I. "" _ ...tMIon 10 ItWI ~ .'Ct wi. Thne _ _ _ _ _ .-ro.. Tar'''i the .-Ine _ dJaI. 40).. you'.... the.tqlmade incl'nN ramp of 118 The Table-Saw Workstation ... .. 1iII¥$ from Ihe sI>o9 ...Q1).e (5« the I'h olo on p. you ron arrIr sthconc 10 anv """.. (ICC tht boItom pllOlo on p.nt".. P*1iCIo-s frOm the ...."i a ... don'....·eral. dfoclCmly pd".." 011 p. .ht SEALING YOUR SAW For sa " . ilabl. 1'OU can anxh a sIottt<! f"CCC <:I .. ...ll:al'.. ... (see "l\el1tr Bl ade Co""". "pet! mlrKln..I much <:I. _ . .. fmn.ube. and """"'~ ..ItC.: dusc ''81>1 at the source... ..o _ any 01>.. trick. "'C se . <:I I]..... """S."i.. IhOUI<I Dolog Ih! Belil/lih Dust A hhoLl\lh mliog up • saw ~n ltel~ "" _ 4 < 1 or 111_.....11' . .o hel p ..~ ~l"$(em ha:. f9MJog ~'desIgn.." bn""ffn'].t<! to a collector. For C<>p(Uflng dus •• table. include ~ duM chute tha..... Thi' 'l'pt <:I (Ov'" i . iablc'<l(> and .o.m)lrOVin(! du•• colle<:... _ Soun:"" on p. chu. saw at ".·"hoo.. openings.... ItM .. _ goo<!" c:In:\." '..ll:al up a. such at ""... u .

"'«<:Uilte_ The Tal)le-Saw Workstation 117 . you ca" . .he dust in . ion.ha.I~~.. angle .. i.:law ...h.. .cul ••0 .bl..i..ains.. .. •1>«. m!"t""" minimum 0( about 300 cubic feet 1"" mttlU'e (dm) 0( allflow a•• M room 0( c"""""... iI~..h ..\'On..qual"y ohor .-' can '(nO""d • 1o. you ha...fferem ""gl~ i..~ .·.hu. rtlCtal or rl .. Unfonu""'d )·. S<:aling up a ron. you can make: a •• mpl~ remov· . ... . II1II _4111 __ . h~lp direct d~. The one ""ccprion is ... rrc". a shop . tI«(kJ .he table and include5 a 1'01'1 can be ron""".. C"p"""y..e .he .or I tflt<! ''''ng cff""...... ..o". on. A . O\h .ly OUST COLLECTORS The fir>( dusr coIl"".able sa". ri. 011 m)' ...he back easily. .. lkauoc _ ..I shop machu~ry.able saws. $. ..he duM....1 sho1' ''lOCuum I)'rically proJ""H on If about 140 dm. .. the dust chute ".1 up Ih ..<:d hose·diame..uum • .. shop V>(UUII" rm<ll':~ only 100 dm 10 120 dm and ha'.lItally ""rounds tn..l.... bu •• ha..ncOfP'O' ""eo • dU>l chu.. re....o a shop ''lOC'"'''' or dUSl coIkclor_ lltc chu....Iik~ tlIQI.able .."'" Jon'... A.ly di"'. tli Mr.e cff""."".he black~... .. ... .. Mor..". . An ind.... "'ha.IW it "norhtr chalJm&oe ah.fIo~ ...\W~' up for .q. bad to fit the $...i. ~ .-"" will . '000 to caplu... ....". When" d.0' a shop .ed."... o be.··ploocN du.e. """·c cnoueh . k boninate to ulJu sa.. mrl)·1xcause I Iud one...t ron.Il00 In: liM .'.'. on """'" . area Wl<l1I enougI> "" a $hop '"lie. a limi. eff"".."" •.. bb<lt undrfn('ath."" IC)-...Dust Collectors Sinul 'lllgl t_Q Illae -- HIWJ PM'dII_ .I.. at 90 dcgrttf.. .ion for duso col· I"".. nlillnlilll flo . ...hr moror hang> ""•• he or<n back o(. •ng ~ done . ".emon .ha....

... SinglNlage .. Two·. fl".....cau."4: 1'"......".. ha."~ uml-t. are IWO Il~ of ""Illc·..'ems d ..han 350 dm... acdd". drop.. A lin8Ie·ba~ umt i.. .till uw ......:..he b1aJeo or """"" SfWl<.at on die 'mrellcr. and moIor. nklei imo" lank or cyd""" fin" "....·pica llj· 1 hI' to 2 hp-is ['O"A"(:rtul "lid copado...le Iland. at kao..·ounJ • ... ilablc dUll collector ".. ." . Heavy p~nk\c$lhcn dr<:>p beLeIl" imo" bag or other rom._ :." are "try "".y.. """'" upensi.. bloodoeJ and into the fille •.. or . HOVI. r.-jog (111)" tile fine dUll 10 I"" d"ough ... with a ponnble . ba~ alten... U I.. n~I~-R. a double·bag unit 11..he h". can flOlefitially ignite ..mall dll.N higher ."m OIn do .nob.:. ... GUS! _ . _ ~ • _ . h""... Ica. imrellc .. .. ...itage Ullt" . (~the illu ." for ".."J:t' II'.....labk as " ••her . <-'""II "'" .... ...nion on p...nlck...hough. i>"'" . 118 TIw Table -Saw Workstation A~ lid pIocoa .he ".t end tip in an easily dro." t" "'''(>IY W I bttaus<! .Ie. IIi)...... S"'i1e.ngle·~ Unil ..I F<:.. Any rom~rcially ~.h.If...he ch......IJ ha...<...mgle·. .-c """"8h <1 ...'... . SingIe·stage dust coIIectorn n. o. Ju..'''''" drJI<' I'...1'" y "Ad sawdu.oblc bog..".. .. and fine dll>' i! (. ova'.iner.• nd Ihe odlM i. <1>OtII:h 10 handle rl"ner and jointer shavlIlg!! "" well "" lai>k·1'Jw " "..all)' nI.>I~ .'"" . dUj.. and metal r l""'" d.. r =ommmd a dun coI~for IS Td.. "It cJ ... duII_QI "'" ..e .e lhe".lter«! by 1M upper bog..t be 1'«1'''00 to empll" Ihe . ~ ooli«.ill" 'M1" job lite.""w OM Itgh t""(:~hl rn'~lJ:h to tOO'·' ...." Uf'<'1\>"'" and Cln be ..m<lM .. .I~ge du<t collector" on" is a I.... ... ~ I.e.hp ....=11. ."'" 'he bIov. rowerful cr>O\'gh to u... .s ""'.. il" I"". ."t... A (lotl~I.'... Soch 'I'm eX uni .bit sa.pltenll.11 u... T". . . sy...t.vy p..h.able "".noomN 00.. "'" can ..heir pr05 "nd cON.... U allen ......he ""rellc.on are 3''a. dirccdv .... hous"'8...j!"t/" i)"'tems ore genc . can ""'....". bullmd 10 ""'I longer 1:.

. rnan)' .1 ace.. . * . '0 contw<:. of .'... then """"n _ sbop ... spa"""d by....he IoCI"PfI'"c dc..tCnu. ...'" btc~ moot .....mrlc Soc' of "..~ "'hen ..I·roIler ..."Jwotke..11 clost '" lhe mach"".""".kIng .heir n..aw..Il ""...~rdly p<>nubk i..J· ...'Y ~."<:a a...hen. The..... " " .. _ Fint . on lO.'horse....han a . ore """..)...-«>Ilecuon '. In """" ..·doped .."OIem."".....:.. A barrd"I'pt "ni.lyoo.he ctihng. all of . ien..lIowing 'M finer . ors t ~re are abo . as an ou..nto a .... moter.""ro:d . ..he. are """"""". on "..""'I:" nrch.an eu... ....dc lest lhan 6 In_ of ourron behmd.or he. Bccauoe .. ""w." ...hines '0 a cen· t".... wood.&ow.clone.: a I::<urel-I'. ore .he duct '""'"' "'"h a quick d.s:ala"":y IThc T""n!"" Pres.... C... me heigh.ha....d ""••" ..ghl. • "".ffi>< thaI .. he (""ing pag!O).-or\:. ' OCOOlin"..able $a"~ 1'fO'... a . "'. and can be 1O".he me of rI".able.he "'. 1. ~ tM duel .. Somt.....o 1""'''''' a rICe. rron .he roIkc'or:o(:1'OfIII .....e . Fur.a"" ...·. are nlOre cifk". "".. "':"'e .nlng ar. hca.... rroiik. projc"<:. carrying king or wide . An aw::II.M blatlo..... fain)· . rfac •..Iiar."forma""..... Auxiliary wrpoI''' can t~kc many forms.·1 _ I t 1 be rnch. are """'" of... Workbench".n.. &-to-..<e<.." uSC ill" cr. can mok" .:llng on .he oablt "".. AUX ILIAR Y SUPPORTS ". {hough... ..he: rl\<xo .-otkrio..xxl......hu. rable.I!O pl..'cn".oonneel Am"" h is ..j~'CS of ""..h~ rear and right ....tic-lanH....ble W'ood.ears as " wo<. "'''gln~ (ron. '" I have ".-ide (U'$..'~(I\: 'OUC"<:{1lf into" ..<>rkmg -67 "nd W~ 1)..0 the rear of... .. ok floor. .II' helpful...m<h can "'hilc .... .hen ~"'I' mough '0 m(W....j flcx..he .ing ff<~n . othe .."OI'k"" And it coo.. iUCh a> can. ~nd a Cl"<:\one "ni •...ly be """~ (rom machint '" ""hint.hor.he blat!.."ble i""~.! an: "00u' lhe .... .'C "ni.1 d ..iok of the .cr..hop....an C"''''''rt a sin~le'.he CUI. rface of .n mI' many ).<: unn. xiliary oupporu. tM hooe OUt of the."". "wk"".."" We lable ... . Note ." ""-..hi.h as ..'l/C' 'O"OI'kpiec"" C. 1>'96).. can ht run (rom .aU. Shop Accessories .mng "p du"""ollcc'"". . many "n....he Just colkcror (_..... .w<>-it"(I\: coUe<.Is "iu>n ""..fC1\' "-'Ih handling or fttdi"I1I....he . l.. he connt:CIt"& duc. for a &m:Illlhop I:«au."fllabics and .}"QU "II" (0011«' 1 length hooe [o..'(lf by ~mrlo)'ing a con"~llion lid thaI dlf«t.! hea..' ""I'P'J<U . and .rd...1 m....~ ThtI TabI<t-Saw Wor1<station 119 .ntra l dust c ollectioM 1)~pcr...~ "'...kc \"OUr ""'I~$O ."ble t:Jw.-i{h ~ quick dl$C('lnncc •. TWo-stage dJst ocolee_. bu. rk"<:... You dtfin"..h ..... _"Iloe". f'I"OIU the .. an: "in""I1)' es>cnt .. ....f. from (.<$1 Con!roI by Smldor N ...ble. the . FoIJ-do.honer ...her drop oul of . to .uy tall and h. OuIW SI'I'\"Of1i are a nee ..t mN .... .wo '11'" of double...I... 0 .-.he... .he working . ".. Fur nlOl"e .

Saw Worl<station ..ful for drawing "nd assembly "'orl . waxed '0 ""iSt gil>< . The".end to lIeCT the ""oTl:pie<. n.r . 120 The Table.b le$ are ". th~y ...able.liI)tnfy DoIow me s>w 1>1)10.h heigh" RACKS. OT slightly belo"'. AIt~math·dr.t .hey are eas\" "noolgh 'Q make.hat are designO'd '" "tt".h. ppor.hop---. Yoo Can alro btllid yo".d table.w tool. feedillQ it..te<! oYlfeeJ·suppon mbles--------on<: "profeSSional" li... A n ootf""d . ~"n .mps 0. DRUMS.h to 'hc ba<.ng Up Extens. . bu' I have found tha.dul dlr(M'8h the gllide ".he room. A . 110). pia.e and one ro..J mOre than rot" table ".'c rome CarlS that are low 10 the floor and ""me at bem. Since a sc.ide extcn$.. Pan. o"m or makc one by """ching c .h b... arbor wrenches. it mak"... the photo '"~ left on the facing pag<» .es.. Some '"wI Come cqui PrcJ with brockets fm holding . and O<cc'S-sorb ..k .n"'" ..hings on the " ..wi..:ep. are not aligned a.meyer fence system. (see Soon:es on p. When work ing a.Iso bu)' roll. )'00 c.bles instead of !luring them. AND BUCKETS In a "'ell--organ i.he II'ImC heigh. Bi. sense to 'ake good core of them . fre<tucnliy used .."'. from oo. miter ga"&". e'ac..e lO O£'Ie or the ".Iso ""Jilt to s<ore yoor ".her. BOXES.ra table area is also u". the home .he ".he photo. I ma<k a 'imple ""U·hung saw_ M ext.ly 90 degrees to .he blade.bla<k.tc an cxten<k't! miter·gaug<> bar or jig runners (. Biescmeyer offers ''''0 lami· n.ed worl:space. .. You can . ean.: ..th d.Itt th~ tOp photo on p .wblade •. maintenance supplie$. guard •..\' table .... CXlenli<)n_... if . '0 an old table.".n make your own cx. Anach a two.".Sell. should be.nd corne "'ith milled s!o<.ble saw... jig>. The "".. include )'oor push sticks. and panen" <lcarb.rand.he accessories that )'Ol' usc th e most-.therboank YOIl migh. It i\ llseful ' 0 ha.pital junk piles. build" freestanding (oo. ttl"'! can steer ~ workpiece oot of lint w M. "'hen not in usc. I f e>1! nsOo/l roIltrs a'tn'l set pertec1/y pe'pentlicular to the sawll!ade ."ble WI'em is much better when it Comel to h"ndl ing lorge "-orkpieces." ·kl>!. Some tables can kIJ<l dawn out ot lilt way when _ . I keep i.he rip fen"" and mi'<:T g"" g<>. are c"'w 10 obtain.e. re \. ... stacked "eatly O£'I" can are e~s)' f<' counJ and missed joints are dearly eviden.Ie be. If you ha"e .. of good ".. .I jIm able in height . the saw table (see .".hin reach of the "".on Rolle . .ensiO£'l .. lal).c. _ be I I lilt SlOw "'iIlhl or . cl ipboard.e<! for moving lllmber fr<)m ma<:hine to machine or for h<llding ptoj"c....han pilin/. pariS as you arc processing them (.on table exxll)' the "'''''' height as the "'''' tabletop shoold . oo OT you can recyde food can. 'Y. as well 3$ the arbor wrench.s 'il ac"ommod. wi.i\o... CARTS Wh""led C"rI' Of tables can be u..h too..il of.ily ~o.W. fences.. If )'OOTsaw d idn't come "'ith brackc". Y can I. Of C(~Jr-. left).o "nilS. as "'I>"m.. I find it more con l'eniem and safer 10 work from a Slack of pariS On" c~rI rather .leggcd extCll$ion 'able to the:saw .nd fe. 197).~ "."'t them at furniture·factory auetion.."ble w.

..""".... 3. photo a... '" .oco if you h..". tlng ~ the table-so'" bl.om'.. wcful for I'yout .hin .k... N. rek"""".1 k.he .>. A (!rum Is "I!(J" hand)" pl. Yoo ..his ro".I$< lhe"".he beller YOU' proj<c1S "'illtutn 01".e .. "". Large s)'vllon dIU"" a".hancc ItCcurocy. temror-J. and for gaug"'III." my ooIlooc..·o to "'''''''.. '0 ..able.mpon:". ~nd .·• . A IimJ>ll waA-llu"lll)O..he$Ow Cnno 01. '''''''' I"" .."" OS .."'en used 311 • marl:ing saug('.j checking the . 311 fuel for the . it".pllon dlUtN or .. .1) helpS control the """"' from c. ..-ork a' the {abl.rio\. A """. of your clOtOCuu. ... 00. lik.lf! ro" or bockN nu.t".. J al .he tool.. b }"OI.op ap. ro" '0 rrorOOCI my bIada .wo t)"f'CS 01 .r.bIe 0.... mller gauge:. ''''''1''''"''1)' po. po.n the M kn oi'''''' 8'0 infO the H.id many tlnlel O\'cr by """CStII~.... .>JOd.... ...·e. coml-oU'>a'ion $QU>'" is handy for ch<ek.on tor chtc~ e0geS_ '''I'f''d "'..arge' ptCCCS 110 10 mI' """P !heh~ if 11h'nk they Can be u>ed laler... A f""ming >4u~1"t . and np fenco for ..h" po.ming flat ndof.. wort<piocn IIICI ~ In proooss t~ ".. il from the .1 oquo. th..nd.... {hat you'lI probably .n ~ loois an. !lam!. and ... I keep by tho table: "".""~ I ."Y' 1. nght aoo.0010 for ....". -. Squite IS(loare lil«l 10 earlY I 2· ... Tools at the Table Saw TheR are . ~ _ <>101_ arid ..{ .1 1001. l.d.0 n:aJy C . . Piccco .hey CIIn bt used a.n the floor. sa ..o~' oIoc rip f... erqI. en lorge..-ookpi«<.Ie kecrong lhem al 11. marktng. and ""cura{e )·ou. wtIftIo<l ca~. CIII ~1Iy te.h.maglog _ _ r bIa.""rated 10 p.otoct ltI<m trom d.ht 101'..m . lso .ely '0 f<'t da~ or A Kr. .ion cA rusJw:"' on 'CIJ' cA . .. A cart CIII .·~ ~'OPS and ..-ill bc repo.he end. to """hi."........ for hoId'ng">JOd 5C"'pS or "...----. Squares.nd plac~ across .. Wi..d keepIng 'hem in ~ cond"io".·e). try f<IU'I'" 10 check fenco and m" .oo rule..JUS{.. ..11 .occ .-"1 in my .. "...nu...of&.n~ 45--degrtt mU..I' tools for ~ng.. CU~.i1y-btuc.. (O<r confo...)..gh!C(I~.. Yoo11 nnd • 6-in. Good 1001.

liy fOf a«uraq by r 1adng it "8ail"l .h.1... and I ' .lculalions because Ih"1' allow for fm~r w. nJ lc" often "ary from each OIher. doubled. Shop w<O<'S are ".mall po. Yoo c.able in the """.u". a 2-. !: ing i. and you can probab/)I pr<:le< a dozen . d~en Oltt of square . o!her I>U'PO_ be_s protecting my clOtheS and m8rT1age. for th" "'on> cxoct ing "'OT" of m.. kuping . w surf"".dvama~". !IIO(e versatile lhan one wittl a winG nul on 1M siC.. with ttl!! loddfl\1 nut a11he ... he th""" I'Ja.~"' . EV8<'I thOugh I wash my aprons .~le marking on . N' long<:' mca. and don 'l in"olve fmc... "nd m"rling joi nt•.c of much of . he table_ . edge and ch~c k II". The melrk mea'uremcn'. hl"d"'$ alignment .rId 01 the haodle i'. borh a folding rule "nd a . a 6·.men".he end of. rule.rrow "..hOJ" A fc'" of its myriad USC$ ind.in. lne give that ~.h the nL"k...... emcntS (inches) On . "308 school pencil with" th id lead is be" for marking \\'ooJ in . A C-'Orpenter. Of COU"Se.he o.Ie.! ma.. h m""ic mea'u".!llOre precise ...0 TO _ " SHOP I<I'MN _ _ MY """".". b'ding ... .n tape measure ha"e Iheir own .he close work don" m the saw. and 4_in..m.n~ togethe" shi mming jig>.es. i. best 10 u<C <lnly 'H1C ". Bec. A ri~id f<lld.. periook....tt a ..s. M ask in~ ml'''' is indi>pcn..d. u".h" squa re on tho sam.u' emen" and i.he milling . g calipers.• DI'lESSINO • FOR SUCCESS U st a SIKJi"ll bevel IOJ checki"'l aM marti"ll ""Illes otller than tho! miter gau~e_ A gauoe 90 dtgrNS 00 Ihe wo~ec " ttle bl~.ally carry" 6-jl'l_ merall'recision ruler ""i..n check )'oor ruler for ""cu"'q·w. sliding col ipe' with melrk and English measurements is hand)' for chc'C\: ing Slock .he ''''''igl'' cJge of" lJ.hickness and n..id. m.y. f'If rough eutoffs. The tape me .ide and English mea>u.. A 4. a or. ions. and " ping back chips ttm il )'OU Can gl Lte them back in. her.sy to . it'.ier to h. ry oakes on them Iotce.orne in handy for c. The apron"s t><east and waiS! pock_ ets hold the tOOlS that I use the most a' tne table saw: a penci .! will b.>p apron """'. whO K>oks unkindly at sawdu$t and wood cJ-»ps hanging JOO'ecanouSly Of! my dOthes wh<>n I come into the house.k ing tool" I "eep •• 2 pencil behind my ""r or in the 'OJ' rocke..l. of my apron.l\" sharp penciL Flip . hooks ontO .hm ..e . ."d and marking" lin~ "'i. ske...ide mea. ruler...8 CI>eapIy. machinist'. on a job.lu... e.aOOMb/y prICed at hardware and ascount "...ens at a lime even . b".han measuring with a ntle..o.ion.ake long measuremem•.ehing. attl1.I".. pencil or beginner'. The caliper can be l1>ed for inside and out. Any dC " iation from 90 deg"-. me to thrOw th<om out so I'm glad 10< the ones kept in 'e_ . I find Iha.rking jOin". Ilea<! Ote<:k eoch squa"...or"5.ndle and is be""... . Thc pocket rule will "'"" ca.mentS on One . . Pencils arc <SSen. Sa"e yom thin· lead renc ils for "'ri ling. (c"". 122 The Table-Saw Worksta"on .gO 16"'-9 SQU""' .. iflll ntle is e. I ". and Slops .

The . fundamen· . bm. ~lIoocut _ " pus/Iet...t) ~r. along the length of a bt....1... RiP1'jn~..7 Ripping R ipping and CI'OIIXUUII'i'''' .he mo..l!~ 'irf>ing of .<.. I'll <odJ~ cr<>I>Cumn..JCWI ..oM wood and . ~ ioO'>IM IKo .ally ".)(... T"'~ _ 1 0 . ~ logIinst Iloo lOW _ and _. ...hi< chap" . ""'''"11'1: wllh lhe grain-in <>1her woros...e cutting aI'('«»CMI. 0. ""rfo"ncd 0" .utting is "...aw...""""" 'ion. 111 d.I..ho: i"~in oi It..... • Ii"."'ing acf()$15 .".......nd ~".. In . Fo< 11)'IIio::.: wQOd... and accur.he IOble . a"...ic and comm"" Of""..echnoques for ...rd. Cro.. """" .>I rip <Ul. DlIM _ .g in 'N: ""it chapl ..heel ROCk..

Preparing Wood
For safe "'OT~," piec" of wood ideally sltould be p,epar<'<l with on" 'tmigh, edb'" and onc nat face. The ",aigl" <.Jge, which rides against the fence, pre"ent' the board from binding bet\\'''''n the rence and the bl.de. The!l31 face, which rides OIl ,he saw table, k""pS the w",kpi«. from rocking whtlebeing fed through tl", blade, A "-o-rl pi,:,,. that doesn', ride firmly "l:airut ,he (ence an" ,able is an in-'ita,i"" (0< d.nge""" kk kb..:k (sc;, the sideb.r on p. 65). Kkkboc~ can be diminated by "'in~ a properly .lign<.J >pliner or .i'-i1lg knife, boJt I'm forced to ackno\\'ledgc mlllly woodworkers oon', curremly u'" One . I wOnt '0 reiteratc he ... th~t loon', reco",mcnd "'ing a table .>a'" withou, a splil1e< or riving k nde! The e.,ies' ""'-y to "mighten an rdge and fl.tten. r""c is W ntn ,he workpiec. o,·cr. lomter_ If you don't ha,'e. jointer, 1'00 c.n handplane the ,toek or buy surfaced lumber frOIll moo. ,uppliers, If an «Igc is extremely it"kgular, like th'l on a rough·,,,, slab, i,', much fa""r to sa\\' !h~ l'llge th~n to jo int it One arrroiJeh is 1(1 strike a stmight line. Cut to it u,ing' b"nd,sa"., then fmish strAightening the edge on a jointer or "'ith a handplane. Alternatively, you can "tt""h a .. might ·rdged guide to OTle edj,..:: of the .hb, then run ,he guide agamst the fen"e (see ,he in.,;;,,",ion below). You' ll now ha,'c" ""'igh' edge otlj'OU' wor\;ri",,~ th., j'OU can run .gainS! the fc>nco . Another way m 'ip irreg.ll~r >lock;, to use a 51ed ,h., "'Cure, the work at the f,ont 'gattls! a wooden "OP (sc;, ,he top photo 00 the fac_ ing page). If you ha"e" Europea" "'''', VOlt e,m .Iso .ip a boord using .he ,hding .. ble (sc;, ,he bottom photo on ,he facing page).

,ha,

--

Ripping Irregular Stock

...... '-'"

-

-

124 Ripping

To rip 1n0lJlll0< - . "'" ClIO" "'" _ OIl ~ ....... jig plod '" ~ _ in ~ _ . _ $lot. Tho _ "'" 01 "" _ iJlQSSed IVaonsI a _ _ .. _ _ Ie> "'" _ . "'II """ 01 .... jig. SniMotd-411 _ p<tIjocbng ...... "'" _ _ "'" - . . _ .... _ The troiII"Ig ""''' _ _ ~rmty ~ 1IIt_.

The ~ _ ... a E u _ ... can boo . - Ie> rip k ...... . - Tho -.g "'" 01 "'" POd< I/flS jommod _ _ ... trI\IltoI pI01t or 1111 "'" 011111 t:IIdong IIbIt

RIPPING AN UNSURFACED BOARD
11"1 not al".. ys "",",ible CIt de$irobl" to joi n' ~nd \hjclw">s· rl"n~ ..ocl before ,;ppttlg. For cu mplc, jottlting 3 ..·ide bo:.",1 to <~tnO\·e 31<0.11" cup CIt ,wis' offen k:>vel ,he booord ' Of) , hin k,.)"OUr purpoeet. In cast. ;'.$ beoI to rip the p""'eI to rough wid,h bc-fon, jotntt",. fu, ...... ).. ,t-.er,,',

,ha,

much 1m cup '" mno-l' "" ,h~ join'er.
Ripping 125

I

WQ<XJ OFTI'N eoo<t_

t>oar<l ll cOJ! , So·ca-..:l.-..ctlw WOO<! can spr&a<l ......, or pinc;n toget!'Ier M', MIng ripped. ~ c.... ell .... 0. board 10 bind ~t ...... me _ _ 0. ~, <:auoing _ I<io;l<t>aCk r ycu don't ' - • op6nw or ~ __ .

a_ ". ., _
.a
to _

A Half-Fence

......vEt> """'"" •

ov-_

en. _ 1 0 poa ••• _
to _
- - - ' OIJII.

room bat*'d me_tor tha

WOOd ,...,..., t:oOndng Ie ~ to

ycu can _

To ..................... on' E..--. NW. tha ,."". towar<I ycu .-.I lock ~ n ~

.0 that ~ eo<i8 at melrOn1 <Jf tha bIada, (The Unilenc<t _ 81&0 do this, ... ~ ......... on p. 35.) H your~ . _ ' t have thiS --.0 ~._ .•f! a~ment. yO\J c .... outIi! your _ - . • h&II-1tonce to """'" tha

-~ .. _ "tIa/I.teo:oe

rIgrJI _ ) ........ _ _

<_ mat_

me illu8tration at

o.yon,r trIO <uItIng OlIgo 01 ItII _ . - . IfOO _ " " " " 10 ..".., - ' . , . . bon; .... taoIu<ong IfOO tiSk 01 _ _
A

I\aff.,""","""'" _ """

aucto as """'" or

~~pt... :o~ . ~.pIMbc
~ ~

_ _ Iao& .... t'&duCa _ fricTlon, The teo:oe _ thwo tha _ _ Olock your _ _

1\W>CIa, lJke .. ..,.-y , -. tha tIa/I-1e<oo& ~ IncIvcI& • ~_n. lOy ~ ...... ,,~ M>ng me bottom adge to pravent sawO.>ot and ........ chIpa Irom IocIgi"lg I>&t_ tha ~ and lanca. You can make a ~ al.lliona"y Ience thet ~ or l>OIIa \0 your rip _ - . tha....::r 01 tha "-11-

lanca '><\eO~ oobooA' n beyond tha lorweorcr
leis,
~

~

eo..ata rIg'ot. _ _ _ , . .that ohown n me -'ding haI'-""'="." ,._

ycu ean

tha _ oIa ~ . "'_ Tn, PQt tha go..taU a t tha frOnt 01 the bIada. Bec...- tha poe/tIOn 01 tha gUIe'" ~_. - . me height or the bIa<le, a --.0 fenoe &lowS lor the _ --.. Iota-and-af! acfjI.>etment. Tha eo- at the --.g _ 01 tha '->ce ............ OOdatas --,Ing _ _ 01
Mock \0 lOme doogtM.
~

_tune hal-""'="

ita . . . - ., ..........

A Shopmade

._, -ry _ _ -eft ........ . 018.
u.ing a a wkward at &at pIeoa It. ~ed

haI-""".,., _ a bit the_once

0. blade. but yO\J oet....., to the process pretty qylckly.

bec._ M_.

126

Rippiog

:;3.W

Oil' ,abl" SIIw. Unfonu",,,,cly. ripping. " .• rp<.."<i boord on a table can be da"serOl". ~'r. . .<;iall)' witl~>Ut u,inS" 'plitt"r or ri,·ing knife. e,·~n wh"" ,he Slock has a "migh, edge for ridi"8 again>! the rence. A ( Upped bo:>rd fed through tbe ~Iadc wi,b ,be c""c.ve litk Jo\\"n is f.irly ,,.ble umil i, ",,,,,hes ,he end of ,he cu'. when it can " o llal"'" pillchin~ the blade ~"J the fe"cc. On ,h. oll",r hanJ. if a board i, fed "·ith t~< conCa,·e 'itk up. i, wo,,·, collal"" a, ,h. cnd of the cu' bI,t it c.n roo:;~ from $idc to . itk while being cu'. Of ,he t""O appro:>ehe>. I favor ,he former. hen though tho workpi""" c.n w llop"'", t~c end d ,~" Cut. a splitter Of rivin~ knife can pre'·em it from being ,hro"'n bach .. rd. A half.fence i, "",ful hcre tOO (.\<--e th~ sid,,· bilT on ,he facing page). as is ripping ,,·i,h a .lodi"8 table.

be done

n.e ",fest \\"ay to rip unwrfaced ,too:;~ is to uso;, a band",\\", but it can

be,,,·,,,,,,

W

hen in~ially ripping a .num~r of DOards to rOlJgh wiIlth at the
of a project. I fecommeod
bla~.

~ i nning

using a 2 Hoot ~ FTG

lh;s

~de

;s d~ignW ro em easily throo9h
stOCk. e~n thie. tlaroW<)Ods. lll!! tOugh edge left by ~ 24-!ootIi b~'" i~

Basic Ripping Techniques
The s,~nJnrd procedure for lipping a roan! in\'okes >electing the bl"le,
"'''i''8 ito height. so;,t(inS the fmc~. thcn ma\; ing ,he cu' with a blade c",·cr and splitter or rivttlg ~ni(e in pi""". Your ""'><;e at thc "'\\" is ,,1<0 critical to $.'(c'y"nd ,""cu!"..cy.

nO! an iSSlJe because you can fip

wmkjlitces 10 linalsm laler using a
Q<l(ld·quality 4tJ.tooth AlB blade. which leave$ a mUCl'l smoother edge.

SETTING THE BLADE HEIGHT The blade·height "''' ing hal all cff,,<:, "p'Hl (""d rtiiStallcc, hra' genera·

,ion. :",d ~xi' ,earou,. On ,he one hand, ,he higher the blade, the Ies. feed

resist"nce.nd thc cooler 'he bl.de rull$. On the other Mnd. a hi~h bl.de prc:\tnt> more dan!;". and produce, more te~rOl't on thc bottom of t~C Cllt. h can also produce more fon:;ciul kic\;bad if )'0<'.'" tlOI u,ing a .plitter or riving knife. (Ag~ill. I Jon·, ,"""o'''mcnd sall'ing \\"ithol" one !) Howncr. if you Jon·t hal·e a splitter Of ,i"i"8 knife OIl yoor :;all'. ret , he bla.d. about l\ in, .hm·c the tOp of ,h" workpiece, With a sharp blade and a properly ,uned saw. ,he beneftu; of setting the blade high arc milli· mal. A.k nle how ~igh to $1:' the blade a"d I'm li ke!)' to ask)"OIl ho",· dc""ply )'00 1I'.nt [0 Cut into )'oor finge". If yOll·", uSillg a bla.d~ cO\'e. ""d a .plitter or rivi,'Ig knife. yo" call ",rei)' "" the blad" as high as you like. For ,he ,nos, effie'''nt chip Temoval. "" )'oor bla.d" so ,~"t the p!"imar,' blade gullet> dear ,he 'OP of ,he workpiece.

SETTING THE FENCE
Mo\'e ,he 'ip (otICe in po;ition for ,he desi,ed lI'idth of ,,,,. For ,""curaq and safety, il"l critical ,hat the fcnce be p"",lIeI to the blade or cocked jUlt "hair away a' ,he ",ar of the blade. If you hOI'. a premium rip fcncc ,ha" adjusted l',,..,,,,ly. it ,hO\,ld ita)" properly "ligllc~1 to the blade reg.rdle£< of ,he fences l'<>IIitio" on it; mil. Howcwr, if you ho'·c all old. ,,)'k fonco, you·!! p.obably t><ed to <heck porollcl;,,,, to ,he blade (<><

R ipping

127

". J'tCt'Riurn ("""c..nc.he: <able "'... C"St..d blade .()\O-.<hed... or you can mea .he fence in rbct (Ott ..h. Whm felting {he (n\« lOr your .ht ill. ""~.k"" place on . ".-.h of cut.. on .. """. pu!h d'o( (.. Whik moving II".-.Ieba.. This Iw:\ps r .hgMd proptdy to i'tt. Feed .. fx( up '" any '.ng .~... and """. . lock...·cn.· .. then lock . d"'ll OIl d".(ely gt'...110 help kttp. . ~~r (ence "..ly cu' wo<kriece [0 " " the f.11'" or riving knofe is . knee ....""c.he fence.hc bIa.igln ~ ~"'.. MAKING THE CUT ~nd Jtt POI' on )'our ".dc.ear of u. To SCI ~n oIJ· .. the cl. ."'" those fences Ofe n"t<>riot" for lock.>ga"'" lhe...a ('on'l ood. .· ..Setting an Old-Style Rip Fence c"cry cu..he .. Tllm on . ide...bk. and alkw..he btadc Co"c' is "x".. II"" tho: taw table i> fn:e of debri>... m to us<:" "". •• .d..."". fffil fill •• is <In. d""" a""'l" from II. begi" 1..'~m II"..0 I"" ""I..-iou.. "". ". the: " ""k imo . . front and ~r of ....»: to 'M ra..hoe (.. ....h".he fence..· " '([1 ~". f.~ ... Pbcc.url..I>irljt i • • rou.dight a. bt.. Whtnt. or. that .ly.. d«. doubk.n .......* from YOU' fence '" luh 01".1> ..moving II toward Ihe blade ra.. rng an accurate ruler.noo' ".he.he ..... bt. a .. the: fence...l1>e prore..>:lc 10 lhe blade.he .lC. r1e fence for a cut.on. kickback (X<: die . f• .he blade ' Q ruel> full op«d..)'OU' ' 1'[. you ma)' . &xne"'1\e$. 128 RIpping - ....ocing p<lO>.. oqua". :os . biB a..\e... you can usc.he: "ndeoside.he bIad. 'N: ""Ofkri«~ "". Aft .'Ofl:ro«e on . your ~t"" by me_. r.... or OIl..U&: thlOU$h .n...>la....1on abo>~).l at a ."n..-.k"'l: 1'fOI'<'. ~).I> ill flnoshed. the CIIf>OI" and ""It on.. !>Iake 1<I'.'lI the .

.... I don 't cut wilhOu! one . the bl"... and ...~ mined b)' the t)'JX: "fblade... the po". saw to ... at t&eth of the blade may pick l4' ttJe WOI1<pif!C".I ."000 .. H you dorn lil<e the neon""""".-Iy. _a1 a~ models .. stock splirujr that ""me with your table ""w..pieciI ..t)' of .. ' ..lie left Ollflo bIa~...he"'''' f""ding '00 (as.a property aJ...T.he ... Lhtcn to . way to P">""nt kil:k b<tck ."W.. to.~a ilablfl ( _ . "!he only .he saw as you cut. Fee<ling tOO slowly ~"" Me. he dem. _ ..l. thet<I .k and bum the workpiece.'cred ..gned opOne< 0< RM->g Kni'v<>s" on p .". Spit! .. "...1' f<rnce Is aIigne<I and how carefully you feed a w<><1<.. """""" '"" """""""" Ii CONSTANTLY C. the rising ... T-.... in the n'IOfOf on an undtTJ'O. SAw...... Lickmg KIckback T. St<olld >l tilt from 01 yuur !til tool .e' ci the saw. N o matt&!" how petfectIy '10'.. can . 6 7 )....! your hip l~in $1 tile Ir"".. tu1- at you at fie<oe spee<Is...n c:ootact willi tile lIase an.-IN<>. Ripping 129 . statlilily wlltn ri~ ~ ~. TO mvo:im~... If .. ing ~ to .. riW>g knife ..h.... .he mOlOT olD""' down as )'011 ClIt. fttd a bit "" .

bl:ode and ......lallccd po:Iilion.... ' hd.. wt.." to ..li>t"""'')' on tk "'''' IIIbl~ . . I"'Y clole a!!cntion I" "-he.-hen "rring. "'''-101 tM Id..he .. AI ..lOck .iWing ..Bt lUre: pay 3uemion 10 }"O<I' . fence.....he bIue • ...d I"'" hIp ~..-.nce ""''''et'! of the ad. "'" ro. Yoo can UOt your left hanod tO~I1'I\'ligh. nce ....he.....he photo on p.. ""I (. - -.1."n. >land al the from of ."y)'OU """.e ""'\':1"""" "8". t .h~ wed· u...n..ion of yout hand'II""1lg you odkd control a:! .. .11 in (ront d the blad<. the .. The com:c. y<:>u'li be in a comfort:..hb pooItion. This is n.. .. 001 the bbdc. A rush<'r xu '" M ~"'c"..."i~ roo' ~""' f . to ""....1300 boock from . le.he Stance for Ripping .....' . k.. (ron. 129). 130 RippIng - ..y.1>:It'. ....' ~ .. 01' tk hloJe..i]lUla'e tM "'{)fk... _ roo ru.. b. an un... It .abit "..k. (ror mort on~.lnbili"" your bod". wise to _ ~ pusher ...cn ril'l""£..·~""".Il }"OU' left fooo: in con'''''1 ."lng plI. a.. Ke<:p Y<Jl" right ann in line "dth the w<)I'kplt-<:e t...... of \I"...II\CC. ..rl('Ce 1IjI>r....·..It be .1\>1 the f<.~. bL><k "-.. 79).. ....".."rd and Oln thro.he fight of the blade.han II in.1 al<>r>g tho k'><:e to ..bl.-"h ...he fence.... Kttp..'-c t" ".. prn4Urt '0 pu!h 'k "...h~ (~ntt In (ron. In ... ~ p. AI ooon "" .. tho. fan ...·hen .h u) ma~c lhe cu •. (K«'p your Ic:fr hanod .. re ri .. \Imp'''''" . } "OU QIf·bool..he end of the cut.ll ..h'! d:l"i"""" iii .(e. al"f'l'O'"Ch ~ 1(..

.he "'OI"k· r'«es and either <li""..·.OI"c one.M helper. C~n .ry "'I"J'O'U can be rfttSla"dtng or fixed to . c.." '" "p.\e. and " hel""...king tog<IM'... phorn bolo.m .eR>ion ... a...he f." f"n lw.ack . a. ngh. Wl... boord.. cu..oc"'I1I""l1"'). TIle htlper is a "I'fI. ..fero .. but ..._a ""'*..crauon on ..upport il """"WIry.. gel a IIeIper possitIII ..."il.. the ... .he """k '0 }"'" A hel""....\<J1'f'OI' srnnd "'M can 0"" return . or pu. J ""\... Jo IICCtPI . A .. '0 gu ide . .iou..able..ome fenn of ""..h.hl"..'en if LonQ Board St..r<: lot of long boards 10 cot. _ _ _ TlItt"'r _ _ _ .he ope""'" .."&1 a 1"'" IO"'l boardl. roo .m<n'c)'OU' haOO from. and "Il"inst renee (10« .. Auxili.. '" f<111.....'-':c J"<iSlO.. "'00 UIl<k~ how..h ..cnlion .. '" oper. ~~~wiIh'" Ripping 131 ..or... bUlll )'00 have a II.. thc helpe.blt.ho: ...' much"""" . ".. ... lable. opera.up!X>r'.'...... ~ . 119)... eOlily make . you em us<! ". lI .he buo.. 'and 0<...n>e wi..h. Y"" nero . .kluion. ""II on..~i1iary. QY i. Ripping Long Stock '... but you can j .he <llfeu. r... cuttiflll.. ripping • lot oIlon\I-' using • "'or~.:loJ IJ nc'·c.. bu. .·.. h. . mply "'1'1'0... up 1 the opera.. "'M"OIt" '-'" I113k( tuUillli long boanl'i saftr and mort dfklfnt.at.. \1 with both haOO. ComnlefCial of .] ....he ....ln.he J'fq)e' heil.ff roe""".. A hdpe1".)..·clop •• hythm fOlf tffkiffi'..cn ripping loog Ixxtnll...h "hack '0 .!O/U. After each Ixxtrd .f. h. bu. Ie:" long cx. W" OIJtlM(l ~ )'OO are cunirlg .' w rr""' )"(>Unclf.! .\<J ['POf1 . ". x.......... "" u ..... 1Tom uM """"h. a support &laild Or Llbitl will 00. cutting. . W".f Y'''' do.he sa".rul (for _ ". uxi1.) Ai the cui come! 10 tn. hu'n'n helpe.. con .'. -ho..d (10« 0 . hand 10 hoIJ 'Itt . a puoheI in roo. table ..liary . _ c:an too .. juS! "short " ied t"bl~..es ....Uu. ..

Itt<! It.e tM cuI (_ ..... f"... UIt . . hInII. . he sa.. 01 ... _ ripping 1OnII_at.nll. . he renc~.igh! ~ and OIl<' flo..M board aga'''>! 1M ... _ ..-... _ . <>tar'M knc~.11'0'1 to rca ....::" the tablet"". r'«~· a.. ~bly ca n '0 0ft "prly d.. "..:. on 1M saw ubI. rloc~ you. possdo.. .""' machi~. li"" "" an "". if....he boord r""''art! unal it. end t. 1 hand "I fa.n by l"fOI'I'ing.Il00 ... ~ "" -.. W"lk ........he t". you comfo ...~ tM cu.·).h~ phoIos bcln.~ . _ ... bOara in ~. _ ~M riV/tI UII ~ ..agonal P'ei>U'"'O 1:..lightly to cn>u~ tllOt th~ l~aJing cnd of the boonl Cont.. 1M mody \\'htn)'OO ..feed .'.ling end of tI....1' the boord again .nd......b ~ 1""I><or to comrk.. .hen p'.. loll _ oIig/tII1n _ _ .... Keep)'OOr pume.e boord in)'QUr right h. _tolini$/l 132 RippIng ..""h . Ih~n turnmg on . ond 01 . ah'''l"> ~ OM .abl. _ _ _ tar totwalll _ . Ilnld .. fact. " . lif.. Beg..wonl on the exlgc .Befort "rrinll a Ionll boonj.

uPf!Om or a belper because th..ion below) . b\' 8·ft ..b""" plo.ide of the ~ut (.he top T .rf.hin face . Of '''''T$C.d '0 " . he (enc~ (see ..f.'ill provide maximum backup on the ~xi.root..1~)t.he Ic.... The ...Ripping Sheet Stock I don'.. but there are . ''''0 aro..h""t >lock <""Cern m.IJ pi".h ".ar end of the fence to the incn:".'" "'hen Clotting ." ..he ill". You may need to damp down the ".imes when I need to rip .endcd fence can also help when cun .he ..)'.y SUf'P'l"1S ~t almost .h""..ofl: ..hop.round dlO . I'll r~ll: maneu. you'll ""cd . 98). You . a u:ro·deamnc" .i(k".'cmbH ity first .-wt.i:ed 4·ft.heelS across a table ""'"' can be "nwielJy.xample..d . stoc\:-for .ng shee.ide suppon as " ...is> or doing utiliW . matcri~l i$ often either hca'y or !I.".hc rip fencc . '"WOn.ing ...ide of .. "'hen build· mg .. x.he "show" .~.. goods b\' provid· tng mOre bear ing ....'. are panic. An . You can minimi'" thi' by using the p'oper blade (see chapte.-orkpieee up because .hee... . id.o against ..turdy auxilia. J). ..he CIl' on . use of auxiliary .ure .ll"n. good. Thc biggcS! ch. ."lhe Throa' Pla'~" or> p.'en('1'" on many . ~"·made board... It demanJ. Abo. '-cry much in my WOI"\: . Ripping $h""" stoc\: n:f~" to cutting piccc..ill and floppy... i" s wi~ to place .. tabletop ..'d of the . u'"' plY"'ood Of mher n.ell as infeed and o. Feeding (ull·.".'cmbihty and ""'.' . p..ubrly prone 10 .de will be clea"c" Extended Fence Ripping 133 . When dealing "'ith wide offcu".".neu.

be1 4- M>l..--. <a<itT on '!O"""*!.Ionca f\... ""rf.."oIN-' ·"'~~N_...."'. To """" i.f.lOW''''''' rn.-.. 13 4 Rlppiog .. _.a. !he t\'o1' of!he __ ......._ .. .. ) BlIgn !he prooesI< 01 ~...Ripping Sheet Good~ RIPPING FULL-SIZE SHEfTGOODS eM "" ~.. . ~ !tItO~forwfIrd _~pr-.01 rn. ~.. _N U?tJN_il~rn.eh~ """..JXlIO rn.. -. 2 ~ at me ffHfI'!Itft coma" of !he . * .. s/oo..... __ .< .....d SlI/lP?<ti omd o:rpproocIo "'" prtl<l'< • ...._ ~.... •• ' rn...-~ _ 3.cllh& ... or ~ l ~ !he """"'. lint.... II'Or>t 0( rn... ~"""" ..".

.. " 0000 _ >£HOI CNN>f _ _"flO. ~nJ .Ih 1~ blade KI (Of.'lICn IIIC ~. A '-"<:e Ihat 10.. .00<1 1 _ .on p....:t In...-........ """' i... __ ooIong It\a too!tom ~ ___ . . .!> a p. fi ........ .. 58........ ~ . to Iowt.ed before you rip ""Y Fence.e bouom of dIC cu'.-. ..d"ninal)' p:lI$ "'.. II'Iat yot.. a. .... lhe ~ t>eIow !he _ . ""-' ..~ 10 !he '-"<:e _ _ _ _ bun*>g of !he er.. . "'. rip t .... RippIng 135 . .... _ .... d'-dn..10 sat" . tIon belOw). O. 11'_ lor .o" ....Ih"'teI goods. ...II . )'OV may find Illal ~ "w _.:I1hat 1In"IV.. . ...-. Auxiliary Rip Fence ........1" • ...to reQIooce oIcI __¥&_~ ~ tria.eon"l> cuI. by "'In.:l ~.. . . cbo ••• d on '-"<:e ~. '""'Y wl\o.. cuI through....!> t . J7......mco.. diIIer- . tlllr"ld to N tvf.hould be no ..r IOd<s ~ ~ to In. ~ or _ e I to yot.. ....UldIiary Ie""".... .." pr<:>pMI)I .trial ""{trt _ .· . C. c.aroul ......1)1. li« IIIC fibe"..-... 13mtn. .". lac" ...Npe . ( _ ..I.. '*' ¥.:I . ~ )( W ~P' hln IearniAG 10 cot sllMl goods...o 'I~ . ...~""" a.. ~ reno. 1(5).... - I( Ih.. 10.-y tenoe to Itr~ .:ItNtl oft..... n". . In. _ .- syslo!mB .....'Cd a \vo.. is 10 outfit K wIt/"t an... 'I)' m:tkl. I>Ow<>d 1.. .udiary tence---macle!<Om a streigl"tt pioGe of p/\oWOOd or .. comoder U>'''I> a jCor'''1l blM. . The .d prldior lIIClil'lO' shell bltorl makirIg lilt actual cut.. as d....... w... If you ..... cuHC"d on p. "...o" A ~ ........-y.. an ~ chute 10< c.. --..• The Importance of a Good AlP Fence r . ~ _!hot type d reno. ."'Ii*' ~ _ ! h e tenoe.h.. ~ """"$Sary.. _ . --. don1 <>ck PractlCI feudIng Sheet Goods ~_toln...... (or C"xatnrld "nd l"OU'"" upe-ri· "'IC'. f~.. ..traigtrt_ ~an be boiled or ~ to In...._ -~ ~ ..

he shce! "gai"st . it .he black and . .hen ripping: solid . pushing forv. with ).he sheet forward."00<1..he CUt b)' . . Cutting a 4·fI. &gin .nd much fanher!O .c"dctl (see the phOlO$ on p.e.·.h"re. 136 Ripping - .k '" dcsc.he corner.-". Po.u({ing . the CUI romes!O an end. From . you can guide the piece in a i.'ow srock. your body clns<:' to .migh... ). but "' long as)"OO ha"e auxiliary support> proped y sel up and roo fttd lhe w"..u I ft. Place yom right hond on the rcar edge. Low Fence for Ripping Narrow Stock A1000 ilUXigy II!nc! 3/10<0$ more room _ Il>e leralRd #-.tand 10 rip" pand i.' coc~ing the olfc ut into the blade. Mo'-.. sencmlly .. Do not apply lodewa)'s pressure nnCe the blade has . 134). A. slightlv reduce the forward pressure of )"OOr left hand!0 pre. ""1\>"".h.ibeJ. A. "..he"..ht hl~d" .'.ha" ".• heet can be challenging. (a' left rear cor"er. ill help keer . lin •• long th" (e""c.nt"red the workpk'<:e.he fence.ou. b ~_ ~ n. ". of cut .ard".he bla&:' . yo.h'{..he $arne time With )'OU' Ic(t hand..! . from the COr.oo..Ige .he. maint<>.he fence In from of .he lin. )'00'11 do (. your left hand dmer!O .When . at It. nCr. """ide ".m ex.he fence in from of .heet stock.Iking .he left of the blade .ning pressure againSt .. grasp the ter. by 8·ft . ..OI1 YOlir righl hand {)n the Tear edge of . Th~ best place to .ou awroach the S<lw..

. thIS Jlg .......'Cr in whiCh !O " ... $topon..:os Iong:os . TI.).~nipu\a.. "'''''''''' . _II to..~."1l<)OfI" owcl< w"h tilt 00". "I>. . _- Ripp.hel.ha. lhal 3""'" "C1'Y ~ bccaosc the jig ~ ' 0 be .op and. in pix."hou..'" (_ 1"" illll\trarion bclo.!han a $trnigh. First. '1l$l lhe edge ollhe: Jig and .ng narrow .he knce'.. Whcn rirr"'~ "ory n~rro'" stock.hoe bl.ng 137 .~.'o . To . if .s. ili"""..p f~oce ("'" tI.... H""". leas! 2 in..iml'le pg (or ...he ri«< you r>ttd.he i".... ..he blade and blade 00'·..h~ fx· tllg Moe I. rLxe ..k"OCei.k .' and Sf'h.. 10 rip .... handle In you • •igh..il'P"lg workpl«d Ihal.odc: and 'f'Iill~' ' 0 "I' ""ROW """' ..e a pusher. mor~ room ("" )'OIlf hand and plI. in )'0\1' 1<1".he fenee 1'I"<.he .... Then: are . Hold Ihe jig'.. . .uxilial)' (C'1\CC II...ld Ih...he: OIop at iu end.dc$ . many . a dal1g<'fOU1 mil-takt [ 0 ""'"' . ""' . bla<k OO. difficulty In rll'P... nothing """". n."".e odd'"Oruo \ >P""e ....re Ie.he j"fOI«'ion ollheoc . i.-a-.he "ock being Cu.. hand 10 .d""'"'. r""'''' Jig for Ripping Narrrow Stock .he fcnce . "'i<k.. Y"''' r."00<1 handl" on .. a. ... .. pt(>~"""y !O . "cl}'l m lc 'pace N:lw<-'I'n ... lhan 2 in... pi«c ol .. ~'O\I can allach an L·.de. he jli!..I"""".. .>haped ...Q\'' ' "n".... As a rt$Uh.. ""J many bIa<k 00\'. Ihe". hand "hile "''''8 ' puohe.Ripping Narrow Stock n.... -oo:. cad)' . impede lhoe pl'occo.. You can abo makc a . Jill I..wd is .he OIock ag.

to Wi. .tl to rip sl1M p.."c. a box ... on p. . blad" <co. SO it can be easil)' .""" for e.iPring. not . Guard (..he unde"i"" of <>ne OO!.oc... )"I. since i..c a . Th..i" ing knife before the end o( ..hould be Cut 10 leng.C of .hort pieces .ach . "'0.down (_ . m.he edge that rides ag~..n"1 way to ". I.hat'.han from .he ripping! from falling into .t\'"C<!n the blade and the fence.again" . Imm 1Mo" ripplngs.nst the fence. .! cu'...r or .han .hough.he eu'.. found to "'fely rip Ih"" piece.. Fly ".he 'pace b.. require> ".he bla"" Opening (.. secu.her . using" hoW.ing" p".. with a .'oel:..Mn rieee of wood is asl:ing (or "Wble Ixo. A ....fely rip narrow Sloel: is to S3w it fmm the outer ooj. 99). but .her i$ . u. The ""'l "<IV lha.hM piects in I crossclJt sled tISin!ll hold·down 138 Ripping . 62). W{lrl:piec~ ""'""Or . IJeally.he blade C~n he set .Iwars p. tho . at tlte edge of the fur ripping naITOl\' "od.. On" f.h from longe.ha... When rirPing "cry narrow piece. Unlike basket·"yle rovers.~y~ !h~ wood may nO{ ".h"..igh . . 1'1.. you Can 'ip "oel: as .ett·Guard is scalloped.. .h a$ the Breu . .he l).he sr iin. so .1: well for multiples of the same si.setting the fc.hinner .he jig.hird a i'om3live. techniquc oo..C of ..m·. i.'cr.he sideba.he pIM)!O on p.. II H"s not ~actic..he .he photo below) .erodcamncc 1h'03t insert!O 1'''''''01 . Ripping Short Pieces Trying to rip" .~c'iea l.utoffbox.hm as ~ in..

Tt>eM mat.fet}' ""hc. . WOfl r'e« can cr«p uOOn il. !lIt on a I\bt>e< mat a l 1h<O'..... _~ . when clJtting a lot '" Nnger jo. 3"""h an awcihary Icnc<l: lha.. pn:wkIo.hie .hick or less ' '''luirCI" I'Illhcr ""i. """""ing It .' lor _ IediouA ope<allon..-o<><l (""" the Ikleoor on p.. because i. np knet doQn'... Whm nrring ."" 1o («<I '1'". .ho: . the blade i> . r . en.. .--.he W()fkpicces. wom--out or <:I'IHpIy ~ _ can 1M . ...-hen "".. 1 '18 enOl'Sil '" hep the pitee from hft "'!: up 01" 0 0 'M blade.. 140).. ~ d. chip oJ«. r-..'\gPO_' .'.hot.t.1:ou1 1 find that the}' ju". rhot"" on p. (For ~ " ' .h.le US< fc"thcrboorcls '" ". .y I>oln 01 e t:t. u'" a 14"OOIh FTO bI . .!t". As}"" WI.."" ."" .f{ n:si.... ". _ • heIp8 to adjuot \'0<"" vertical posit"'" a t 11>8 lOw tor "... make on" cut from ont .duce leg tatigua tIy ralelng me '"'" to • more ~ . and ~ oSdn'l Ia' e too.. .hin...ho: . tort"""te to have wood IIhop I\oof's now....-.. lightly .u." J. .. Ripping Thick Stock Th. II".y carcft...-.. Ftipprog 139 . tax...hau..Ripping Thin Stock in.. cloootly Inttt.n t ~ ... Rirr'ng'lOd ..ce ~ t:t. mat and w&aring good 1IhOft..he w<)rk pi<xc" thider .obeer mat a!'lorded.. l\!Ien 1 0 $. If ..ha.il "n the cun". feed ""~ accordmel}" A. ) A good ~ '" .opacity of the black. I\... . . Ike. and oha-oIngs on Ih<O I\oor....t...hallow Mel 3nd a sol~ II"" i . Out(c«I $UN"'<' al"" helps .. comfort.'. n ..S ...". ..".... t"" • StandIng at Ease .nO' moI:or and ad)"" you.oo 109 tat¥>I' ..'''' moI:or..h a ..nct .. AIII>Ough I'".. to standing on . cff..:ls hI hold d". . W'hen---." ..... Som" Pf'OI.."". 11"1 in 1M ""Y..100 . has u> work . th other "l'I"ng frtd . I"" """""ions..bl~ "'(.. 'I)' "''''s • .. 'ock a$ quicklj' as f'<l""...ho: sa . 47).'hm hon<llme .. k.. . /oundlh8t standing on • low ~ pletlorm ~ .1 .ng moI:OI.ng i-"l QfWpIaO!I fOIlong _ _ ... ''P.able. a """"" ._tIIt . ~ _ _ In.. .1 peO-"I. tI .ng "". IhlCker the ""Ofkl"""t. If}"". fIorM m"""al. . An ~rrro"n"'~ rushc'r .. which CUI> u.he board over 10 co"'ple.. ill hoIJ the 10M It" for II..-.-f bladt.. cut. "'"""' ''''''' '' 00NefIITI "'-"""'. it il being CUI ..ocullho<:>ugh II. harder . "~1 \' of lho: CUI. For e . . .ocU>Sed m chal"t1' J.able.l men'. wel .n\l . .hm. ~bke lhe CUI as quod:ly .hick . """ a long wtr1 lowan:t ~ )'OU' legs and _fromM.saw ."'-lln ..ho <u' (I« II".-en "hen using... Jr... wood... ..k· "'II the fI ...oS """... To ptn'('tll .. ._ .n.. boQ:.". then nip .-ilhoo.'ock. relet thaI a n..... ~ If you..ally I:ou. _ _ on p . t .g to ~"" MY. O1>OOUntcr :j(...ci"m and dw blade can run hOI. >harp FTG blode..

'><eeN' 140 Ripping . I ... . flip ttle boar~ tr>d·l.... Di"pl)elrin!l Sclitter witt\ !lie Iingors o rtmovtCl.... sIiOwn in It!O _ r 0<1 p.... 0 [)ah... )'00 00"10 "so • shopm..d. To make tM $OCMd c ~t. 68..~ . T ~ revem kjckl>ack. lit) tM ~.. l"lOad. In two ..1 {tie th"M'" of o woapioci 1 thl capjllCi{y of your ~. 'JIlin" ....Sing 1M tIlO(lI ""tv as much " O{lpos i ~ ~S$lI)'.

Rtp tn One Pns If Pon<bte trutead. To np" bnatd al an ... thl..kpiece."Otkrk« can be a . ""wing" riece of "mk on edge!O ~irlJ tI.~h.a~ cut.11 r~s... e"ht•• ides in Iht .i""" i. r\()f r . passes. ." the proctSS.-htn you truly . al". Ikcaust ci. '" Jcscribc<! on p.. ~n)' angle.. th~ pain on" ro...id " 00. and balanctng tht . a bI.· u' lS btco.oke an angled cu •• 0 "..his... nl< hold_ <Io>.".nt..' or <kf«..rJlld ..edges of..tIfIlt.n '/W ntt(l to til' a bootd a.....·"...heat or b"... " sled .Iot.hinIV>r piece •. er> "..Resawing Re!<lwing m~"". .Ied·..·h.'O. "'" W ~ you are titlMnlllIIIdc stOCk. ..lI\!! 0pr<):Iing eut$ tntOthl.«"Ill" m.is U!<'<l. tUa"'. is . ~istort moy be templlng 10 R'IIkI a mutt.dc eo.~.r. are .... IJu\tablc ac.. tTOlIfIII' d..ed Ie!:....· n.gause (Ott Ih<. td..".'O Of """" .0 . ~....!eCUre il .ng on <I labl~ """'. "h hoId-down~ . tdth .he rip fence.. U~" bar><ko . tIllS is not a!JllOd OrIn t>ecaUH !lie workciece W1 in . yitldillg a b.he edge of ~ wori:riccc.... lIow_ II\!! you!O hold work ..· by "....~ $ItIt$ 01 WIIow. Somct."".he ........ ]jg.(ely~ ..rhoto below) Of again" . RipprIg 141 . can't be I .. or you mal be abk .S«JU.....~ ~lN rna)' . mtler.. ~'" In'vI . Ripping Angles There are time. n"..'cry dan"". '.·I:.k o n ""c...0 "" tnore ytdd from a hoanI by rIpping il al <In angk. . "Iso ... Cutting l'pe.td a~ in a pankul:v ""I' ftt a~rartC4' or lI. Som etimcs wQ/XI"""'.><. .... in " pbnk.! common tUmrk of .d.a.bll"ed bl. an "n~ll'-that is..he ... .

. 10 be p<>s~""d 10 lr>f! ItfI 01 til. If you trap it undcr . The cut pi"". wi~ us""lIy . "'ith the beveled edge ab""e the tihed blade (>ee . along (he fen .he fence OIl . )'00 "on. wilh tho IU<Je tilted aw~ jrom 1M ter>ct .. 'ncaning )'00'11 n""d '0 work w. MOM table law.-i.'8 a bewl along the grain is similar 10 standard ripping excep' .he blade is 'ihed:If an angle ".oo.'c $h'~jl" always riJ. tih to (he right.. cleanest CUt possibl.nO lilt IinisheO ~ {no. fence and U\e" Spluter or Tiving knife. 10 sa... "nd buming "nd 10 get Ih. 1110 10"".h. the fenc~.hc lef. 142 R ipping .·e).ha. silk of II".an bum and kick bock.h .hcT than 9(l degT To avoid kkkback ""'. rholO .he blade and agains.UTe 10 angle . be . Ripping Bevels S•. blade... I"" offcul) ri(ling ~inSl111o te""" For ri<jhHiIt sa"s.. it . bIadt._yo rip _ I. ..he blade a\\o)' from II".

.... ~"'''k. Cl"Of.. In thi.he .. . I'll di$C"~ how W 00.ble. Cro6Kuuing "-i.... and bIaJr.J hy a mitcr g<luge......... bla<k C_ "Mit...>ugc.. The body of . 1'11....t..lid...·llIch coon bt.. .$ a I""... pUll" for clfec..uc .. the Jangc.ng . T1".... fence. (c nnd OoCClIr. ...."wttn .. nc«s>ary to ¥.""thod of g..IClI' !Icd.t. T rippW .-<I n .. for cl'Oo... me"'] bar (hat oJ . "". MrTER GAUGES The mil .·~ <roMe""'''g ... N ".hen: Ii Ionic da"ll"f of it kicking '-k.. mo(hfy" "ock ". ~ to ~ . In . Imf'Olt'ln • • r.: a workrte<:c whe" ri IlP..Icd..I~J...he mi. """ ion.. slidmtl k roll...'..."'joe IIltO the hlode. the t-bdt.. The w""l . sled..'Il ~ "'Ofkpil"Cc "'hen cl'UlS<uu ing..~I... Guiding the Workpiece J.Iou ". ()If . For .uuing ."r\:rktt isn'.he gauge .... ~"g.'" "f' C it h.-Mrt II . is ""Jed by. W"h mlter-p""" cmllllg.....150 aJJre.he offcll! . c"*.hro•. ronfjnM b." WIdth. Wood is g<>n. "l'I"ng.....ahle.. ...I<uning on: .(>....n~ . d.rd.he mool 1"'"..fII.] how".achon.~rout OI"'".ke" crosseu....er gaui><' "nd .IIH .ter Sloo" on I' JII).he e""'$(".. pic« is h i c"".d on the tabk.h...h" ~r"in.01". os the rip kflCC i.nJ M...-oth ... ea. "'" lnoril .s "'''''''8 ""00<1 (" 1~1l>:.". C bt..ha"left . to any angl~ .-n.. bbd< "nd u..chapte r 8 Crosscutting roJiI(U""'I! "'... 1M >pI.cion than .' you'll "" ..."'lly cril$$o.. ipSit)(t II".. . G. . tOp I"""lkl.on accesso<ic...h "". ..

1-[""..he .nll)' e." If .hrough ..ct .. of ......he WOI'krl«t ". If the oI'kut •• ~ '"cry ..hieh "'ill pro..·k .... I find . 144 Crosscutting - ..Iock mllt..cce... you lnah "'I"Ia"...mo It. dangt..·hen u..on . ""ullon hen: II 1 0""" ""'uter Of knife and..J (u's..he bbd.<tabil.lCCU· rolle and ~.Iy .· 'ns it during .n be ".h. u~."....hey COn abo "~.he spInning blade. "'(.c """""".... AdJlllONlIy. iI" ~.. Dnt oIlht _ . and <:any . TIIt_ .'blade .bl\' ]if'ing ..he "OIl"..loarr knee n'cnJs f"UC .j to galher around the sa..... cut (""" the 10(> .oed bearing "". Thc!oe PNxt$ c. \'OIl con make"" . x.hem I"'" tI.hcy """"':I. f"Ch'~ page).o""._ re. UC lioii IhI1 ... XCU_!han. .. I" oJd ..dtllf<'<'S to 90~ guides . U'f<)<1e..he be>.. The be$( frQrn}() --. ""'" (Ott ..("cr for the "'''\:I'iece... c~.. impro"c" m«u you Can ""I:.. III.IY rroblem ..~.I"........ rlalc in . g.<' i...he p.. I ctGl. I h.l l'O!<>.'t.. 10 _ _ • boor~ 10 IongII'I is 10 .>$..'..11 oIfcu!5 w".IS small body and "'4I1e gukk hi.rd !'"ca. ___ .h"".ch"ljI .i'-''''' .he ... mil •• gauge.id"bar On .he . For moo! Cro...h. _ _ ...." If Y"" do. __ ""'" _ . On."bIack 10 $Uff<I01 . 10 )""" >lock mite. In..hroa....h"""'r\a.ing a miler gauge IS that .he ..de .w....:UlUng 0f"""iom.hin....ou!..".."".. The IMh io...In incrc.ha. >Ceu. r"'tc. .iliaf)' "." ...

clearance ch.gauges that come with some EUO'Op&an table MWS.....pi&Ce lrom 9Iippjng.wdust par_ ""'es...... .rte I. but 24 in . ThifI is paniCuII!IrIy ... cut.. as a ~enc . ...on the fenctl on the gauge so that Ihe tnt cV1 'Nil trim off the end of !he fence. The tence Can and clips -. ~-in....... straight_grained stock boI any 1aogIh.ce from about $50 to $150."" . lh<I I 8f'lCe is typiCaIy an 9UPPOI"1 ngtrt up to the bIBd& at any angle.-v FENa... art"'*">d to the I"""" fac .. PosIt...*........ 0Upp0rt fQI" th8 w<><l<pie<:e... C1O. ste.1uI wtlen maki!"lg mil ..n<lard on mit...$ to wOfl< 1irHI10< mosl Op&ra.... which r""9" in pr. .... rabbet along its bottom e<I9E' as II...""'""""" Of' Sf"""""'" ... gauges.. help A piec<I of sa".. ~ ~-in . ><truSion.ry fenc<!l to the mt .....UOe.mir'"<Jm ... cOJl II.. the end of the fenc . a long body to provide gr<>8l<".. t&nd 10 puSl> !he ~e awacy /rom Scl"ew the au .. with cootac1 cement prevem \tie worI<. fQI" cvtlines Auxiliary Miter-Gauge Fence --_/ '/t-in... gauge tt-oro<.1iOn$. stable . Some systems nave aqustable drOP-S\OPS mat make ""tting up fQI" repetitive CtoSSCutting easier and more el'fic"'nt.. Many 01 _ leatu'es ar.cr.q> two predriIIed r>oies In the miler-gauge body. ha .. Making an Auxiliary Miter-Gauge Fence MAAI! ""'" with two """.. That way.. MOst Of \tie"" gauges . you can ... r Replacement Miter Gauges r"" .. AS with any aumary tence...... Mv& led to \tie <lev<riOpmenl 01 a nurnbef of afterrn"rl<et replacement mit .... wf"'IiCh is adjuStable to provKltI Crosscutting 145 ."""" 'II.. ak. _THCK.-.

.e<k... C'1'tl!OCUI$.. !..·"h ".". .h...o 146 Cl'OMCutting ..M on """ .. much <"""".k· pieeQ Uli"l!' a Cf<>O. lilt _ 1>"_ ~ lNWiIoe. H""..he wcrkpo«.I)'10 handle wi<k .."II~.. cun ing <if ....M lide"". ot1>C_ be lilt ~por Mt pUS.1 a' ./'I WtOilt !»SI'''' bIa<It .. fai...Jes . h'.". ihary fena on ""I mi.M ..Ittoct lllal .. such as table.he e.. llc-<l a' IK)W easily and ""c"."M onl)' by an aux. ..etes A $It(! "hol'gh illirO! crosscul sled W1 ~r..Jou.~ had 10 Ix a bcnc • makc ac<:ura ."()f\. " e.. <)0.han .he fence tmd re:" m..f.l..h large .n M.he .. you can m.openI'''''.:".t.e.d e <(n'e.. 11 _no<. bcmg Cut.jle s~1I piecfl..uIM-oo"..he "<lfkpi«:c.!.ha. 1t1 ....II' na""".. d". " dcar Lex..er i""II". A cro." da . m"t1". You'lI be .... .hi: (~nc~ ..." h.nce..-orIc~"""".h-es of .-d was maJe ""m.. simply ""1'\.k... To pre" . dy )'011 can CtU wo....n pasl1he bIa<It 10 ....· p'eees.i" .UarJ co'.. .he . "'" d. Aod 10 lOb born'M fi1')l of m~ cro.J of (. "nd" rear exit J.......led.Jes. 'M .he fence. For ".\"......l1e .... ..ode of <I-..ff'oc"l •• 0 make • er<:6O<ul sled (_ ..".Ku' . 11.lIdc "...~ble so .. ... My 11 .\<"<1 .KU' J. l>lruggkJ "..roo:.kd IS has>call)' a panel .lClll . CROSSCUT SLEOS y. .co """"I gu..Small Sled tor Small P.ea. !hoy <On'.:! ... I<) hold .he hlade wh.l:c . you'll ncd '" m~kc .::>ugc-.he . . rr.. 14S-1 4g). '''\"01>.o handle.Ie .uuma: and joinery Wnt a.. ~ "(...1M. 'Of" snd ellts. a smaller madt lor 1~1 purpose is easier ¥Id lII0I1 cooveroitnll0 Ojler..... be'''''een .-. A f'-""'«' on th<.. pll<)lo "bove). "'hoch art C"a>icr..." ·..ogcl1\C1" lhe~....h . A m. .1"1 lha...

n.Iiding . up to the .h~.Iiding . incl ude d"'l'-S1Of!S for co.18).e&-ming the sliding ..".ufat. induJe. in the next ><:<lion .! rereti.ive <u!ting.Iid ing table .nicubrly of larger r i".1I® 746 ."ailabl". 197)..). A sliding table is I'.f you choose not!<..n \:pi"".nels. TI.S crO<.. ~re .. which is i"teg. 1 '0 . rolling tahle.>$S<: " tting-p.r ell" ("'" s.. A ..uticlllarly ". wid~. 1 1ows HOY.led.\Cutt.aw.eni.marke.he saw iudf.1I of my cr<.s afle.lio"" 'CCII' rale.lClluir~ h«au«: i.. da)'" I do. sec "Emure.. . great for cl'OS. n. "arietl' of features induJing drop" OPS and adj"". s(rfe. or tim\' WQrl<pitcn.s. and " nest los righ.:. it'..e fen ce on a .d be'-cl> on the en(1) of "'<. is solid.ble commerci." <l" 1'.·. thick S1OCk.:.flll whon it coon •• to Cro$OC"uing ...... should rlOl be confused wi.wblade (see the pholo . make one. ".abl •. p"... ROLLING TABLES For wood"'Ofkcrs "'ho are looking to expand the ctos>cY1t ing c... led. . _ o1 lOl'I!l...paci1\' of their ex i"ing SilwS.ble can easily be adju"ed to an)' angle for "''''ing mite" or comf'Ol". SLIDING TABLES The".00v.no i "'ll'o~~ 1110 OM on Ihis DeW.lly . add·om (sec Crosscutting ~ 47 ..h ahermatkct .. A .''81ong..e"" . wh'ch I'll diOC" .cUl .ciseiy machined. d(Or1lC. crOS$C""inIJ A number of ero. (For mo"" on sliding tahle.n Saw. Many fence...able on mI' European table . al".ble fenre.heel gooJs and O1hcr "'ide p. bu. rolling tables ar<.A.m:es on p . con be ang\c-d for mi.

! illll"l"l!! Il!l!l" 1.lli.IIi Iii ! H ~! <I l>lflW !"l~ti ! 1!. iiidl~ i 1 Iii q'~i!l l~ • .IIII!I!!!!I!!r Ii' ' :i!>l P!·~ip·!~IH"iti o!lf i ~ ! iji!Jfi}!!.II!.~}t jl! fli'!i. I I'! !HHi WId.[llil -i " : j~liji!'!i!!!~~I~~i~'l~l!i 0 i !iifilljl~iii. . LfHP!!!I"!f'i~' 'd'll~ f • • " . • 0 " 1 .~~!.!.II~II'!!I!1 .!IEI'".11 I!i~! ill .!: gh IHI'! !!r i·i31.!!t:I' l il!~!I!!I~.li!~i:I!lj~ii!j iZlifil!i p!iHlndri h id! IfH l~!~!!!I'""~'.i~!llfi! it! " l i!!il~ii!!.HliBli:H H~~Hhl~ !~!H~di~~H Ii 11 H~'Wji! :~HHfim~~pml ~ iii.1 j ~ I I I Ih!H~ii nH!!IHi~ddUil!B fnh!d=HH !11~.. I " .!!lil!i~I~!.li~.

1_ f.. .. 01 wIth._~ ..-. Glue _ ~ fence rigid . -. _ poece 01 """'" but )IOU coo...... !lip Iencft _ ~ 01 two pOtcea I~ wiItI II>eoic lOdge_ ~t \he to .... 170). ~ _'1 . an<! ..xii guard to protect your ~ TIM guarcllI"oO<ACI W' at _ 2 in.od ..ing ~ the.......:. c..top the _ lop dead cenl.::ut and ChftCi< WI 1$$1 piece~.-Ihck ~.. an<! cIoImpn.....<»at .. _ ..9>~_ into ~ _ . ft . Ihe fenc ...".ion _ cr06SCuI1ing.. .......~. rward.top block tohouId .. ..he Slop t*JcI\a to !he ~ a"Id !.I _ )IOU from ofI<:utr.. ..!s 01 the *<I to _ space for "ttactw>g "" e"en.. for . oIoghO: crown on ~ .jd .-. _ _ _ Dla.. G . .he _ Futen _ _ .wbonale...... Adjust t h e _ wgIe.. """-'$1 tIY'Own I>y \he _ .-. .no c .Iencft __ . ThI! ~ ~ lor the cro6SOlII &I9d is" MCII~.. ~_to_.... them IitIOI. ~ ..uP __ _ea ..m the _ Iocel phone di<..to".. _ _ .::....- IhfI cut 110 _ . ChecIo yOUt Aft... ... .ng. ...I •••• 01:'\>..:toes (_the photo on p.. 8 . ct....xiI guard. from IhfI .. ... INCk _ .. irrQact-reSistant po/y<. AIt._ C<OftCVI.. in plaCe with _ _ IIbout 3 .. \he ocrew In me '"""'9a'ed hOIIt........t the paM to lize on me _ aaw _ P..II Because \he blade PIO_ througn lhe fence for ......-. 01Il>10 _ to !he _ ( _ ~ 101)_ one pi&c<e 0\1 .... II prot_ yout fngoer-s .~~~. make • _.. .-0 _ _ to ~ plywood bn>cft help "-P ~ _ ......::tOfY lor plesilcs ~ . "). .............-to me faoe 01 aaw-_ ~Cro88cutting 149 .. _ at put ~ 1uIy _ _ _ topdeadc_oI _ _ o-rtltO'MClO Il"oe lac... ... I_ my COIle<" from ~""... ~ ~.j MIght....ng~. _ ....... ~ to po...irIg 'M Stacie Cov .. of I .......... \Nhe<l . noon on p... c~...... i n . and Clamp Ihe 10 tt"oe ~ with Ihe long-grain ou1_ againsl Stop BlOck.. .. H \he ...-o ___ tIYoo.. . .·. !he cut for _ _ u _ IMMg ~ . MaI<.... _ . Ihf>n bI..-. ""'-'I>PIV)IOU _\he n. 01 me blade .... _ aoI")4ic pIaetic like PI8>dg1u8. TIM IA .. .-y~...!.. them.

.. "OP< for C<~"'tni"n' "'reti. and I . are ~ignif"~Ilt!y diff""'''r (rom .. _ ..h~"" "ttachmem.. .<) ~n in. .. A~IIOull~ Iht>e trtoy .egral .. wblacl • .M ~'nr... "..\ ' big 'mpro"~mem U.ll' mi.ng t. angle for sawi..able.m.. sIitIi"'l IOboI..egr-~I sliding .OIOding intr_ crOS5<Uni"'l ~iIy.ill.ble..commend rh. KI me $i<Ie 01 • "'''.'8 on itc" Of compound !x:. d..omcwhat aff~cr.ke or pureh.er gauge... sled .c" rdem:d '0 "' sliding [ables.o .il)' be adjuSted to ~n\.ween .Iiding ".egral ....Iid. leaving some distance be.ng aeeu.hose used OIl i"''1:.'oIs on [he enth of wOfkp.10 mos. opposcJ. it .~1 ." nont up to rho ..I Althoogh "rolling .. might be mon: properly called rolling . on in1~r>l rol~"II tobie..\ ~n immense imrf()\'tmen' o"er a mite.g..~ ot slidi"D..'8. All ".bo. Basic Crosscutting Techniques A l.h'~ curt.Ied . rongll' n.. til"". Like . m. Of. 150 CrosscuttillQ I . '" (>T solid as ~Il i ". . '<) .er gaUlle as ".An ~rm.'cr.).:u1\ing on ~ . N1 c""".bl. "'" •• oct"rat...lli"~ rar9" <lock mllCl1 U$itr. . gauge.e Iheir m".he Id[ side of a sa w tobie. of my cw"s-.ell a$ • crosscu.liding .he pho. A crosscu' . I'll Jesc"be techniques for u.. espc"'i"lIy (Of 1000g or \\'iJe \\'OIkpieces. " rolling table 'l'pically art""he...lIin~·.y.abies.se one...hough I ..ble fences include drop. .:)' "'OIkpiece dr.ble.~blc "no! as aceu . A.he fence on an in.hani. mi.'. becau. or roIIi"D. you m.he .....he fellco: on a rolling 'able call ea. ral>lo .Iiding rabie.ble.he blade and .

orco"".·ith .3.k qu..h.1 m... ...e . on .. If y<:>t.....d 51ighdy ''''"''V(rom . 'W) .•lItn "'"' .."')· "..1It cu.roubl~ limply . ol the material bc".ha" "f'I"nll.0 "..ha.hoe wort.. ... stand '" II....1It..i"" the fenct . ""Ilg 011 or •. 01 ju$t IfIOUOIt 10 SQU¥e \III till n . C' U ''''£ kickb . k.-.... )'OU ....-. Marolng f"{)in.he fence.Icd...c. Mlh SU/"8 End II SquJ..'''n' can cause.·ith. Il . ..·er .tum . ..·c.kri«C>-"d da.ng offen .M blade.. gau[!e .he .. N~.(af>Ce ...able en"..h tho. kpittc "I:""'ot .. Somet"HcS Incon'. and mak ..ouch. MAKING THE CUT When you.he . Tum on. l I""'..he bl"d<. Ja"'" .'. O«cu .!! . ~'. The (IfobIem is itlal ~ the bIidI is CUitO"lg ..edge b........ho.d!lJl:.. and den.!:Ie a high"<l""li. " .nd ..• he 1""1"" (.."" block. my cutilflC "·. E'·M if )'OUI mite..he fence .rod ol.ho..."Cd oreed depend....ttlh "" .de.·"h an . ..he blade ..led.'uh ooc h~nd "'hile m.he bb.. ". 1!7.148-1..e W 10 _ hen c'(lSscum"ll SU)(k 10 The IImpta1ion Mrl is Itnglh. u'.at ".he . II you . If)'OU Ott m . tPlt "'" 0111 01 Squall... align..N:......" . is c«mpk'e.kong . '. .. in'N: "". Ifs besiiO cut in Jar !It\OUQIt Imm the IIId 10 11M • tully _ I outfl .blade on .t.ht 0Ul~..he blade a.C1J... . he othcr hand 1'I0I1>e< . oIfcut.cn .. i.n«.h~ fence.ho. you. "..ht bbJr ht"lu :as describnl on r..><1)" '" cu'.. h a mi. rie« of "nod....'OUIJ~. gaug<:.-f in my sled h-.SETTING UP FOR THE CUT ~ loon.ho.. won·.. Remembe.lIy fccJ.xI...'tS and O"I"".ho.. align. I Ioh . urends n~h.. .able in I".· fence .y 010· .d .. you >hot..... Ma...'!lJl: pl)"'....ho. hb<Ies.....tendency is '0 feed .ho.. rir fenc~ '0 . may ". c:ro. a miler P'''' .o....he blade ....""'pic« k«il''''''''''' Croascutting 1 5 1 ..~ "...lirsl Squall OM Ifill 01 ~ ~ IL 1I\tI~..0 6O·100. up.lion.ode of ..ho..ho... (1'<><_ ..'" to..·h..he II""rd on ..n.·~" (rom ..he blade.".t..o kCf-p your Other hand OUt of It.Icd. ~nd .able or re"".k '0 reach full~.· ._ [)m't "" '~mptcd 10 hold the off.he ~laJe........ cu~i"ll When >0 "'' '11 a cr<1oKu' ..arr~oj1"."h ...oel: blade gua. . 1'..... ~ Io<.. umlll ~ c""'""'''' ..ckly. ". -.".. hold .""u' sled "·. Th~ IS m.'I>o:n ril'l'in~ II.he " ."'." .he mi .e. and alto...• hen ali~n your c"tline 10 Ho.~h. WI..' 10..·(1" use the tip (en« iudf"..I"SI across ..lt .-.....""'~ og. ""'" one hand hold .deba.I. • f.... "e •.el" louie proc'ice..he ... h ....:. de ol.to.hould I""·..he bI. For """.). half'" the l<'"..cce and (ence 10 the .blade...hoe cuti.fe.."...*. .9). .bIade.... o-nly on OM sio!e. • ~" (On"n"""" .t.ed my c"".. When cu"m~ . I'ffd. kpo«~. Or)"ou «>"IJ m.. on M'.1>1 it> r.ing a crosseu' . to "CC' juS! a bit from" >I''''sh' Ime...cutl..M off" .... cu. IIwkri""e a bit .. gaug< is oct "I.Iia.. rmh of.....he ~ of ..ld gt'nc".)'OU can alijtn..ht .-wld . """kp..he ~pprorri:il~ blade on y<:>t" ~w.ho..ht guard up.ho.h a c". '0 1t'. for caMet pm/Iing.ho. SIiJo:.. hold .h ATB bl.. coc"".). "" on .. thICk· .he in. When .. · gt'tou< mow.ro«~ ".-otkri"..."'II .".k.y ~1.) s..1It .Je..he """' end "-u h a Iqua".o .d. set" c~l"(1" 3.he ...!...he bbde ~i .... 10 check .u.he wort..b~.han )'00 ..en.he O«cu.n ".. pol""'" '"'Ilg ' '0 • . the blode. a . Wh~n c""'""'''tting. .he jpug< fonmrd ""0 ."om guanl (Itt.he fide <:I. ~ can dtIIlC1. >0 . end 01 ..ho.rie-ce "1:"..""urn "role '0'''00 .

.. Li$ing l L-oIIlIl)Od . eiimina'i''8. There are seycrnl "")1 (0 . regarding the Rop bloc\.nc.(anc~ ('OIn .lOt>.ecortd cut.he Slop bl(>Ck..d for ma...}rd of the blade and simply pooitiofl! ... . to use" 101'8.nsu'in~ picce< o( •• actl\' the same I"n~. belowl · ()no ~ '" ma~. and saw Ihc pieces to finall"n!.. (mal cu. work)'i"''' on .quare< ". pioces is '" positioo the ~Ugt I.he (.. win be (he end . repeliti". bun the $(j"an-d end ag. fix a Slop block to )'OU' mitc"gauge auxilia..d .w. and .he n~..he mitCT'gauge fence for .he blade...... rono _'pieW<>f1<pio<Imiter· « "" oil 1ht . The fin.wok. Ncx.rs. .'N"o>ch to cUlling rcpeli.i ....t SlCp is lOeut one end of ~ workpiece sq"a. 'um . then push dlC w()rkp icc~ fOfward into . is to first CUt one end square On . Moo' setups inynh'C employing a >lop block set a( thc de.hi. 1htlI bun 1M ... Nex.hi. USING POSITIONING STOP BLOCKS One method. 152 Crosscutting . which is clamped in plac..Repetitive Crosscutting Making rC!'C(i(iye CU(' 10 . pi"..JOJ.1op block . !>Usn..e.he pi". Remembe. _ .. O<O$$cot ant ' fl<l 'Qua . TI...he blade (see .able .h... di."ished cu'.h whil" bulled again" .s handling ""ery piece N ·....'-c.J di.h."C.h. Fi"t.Hnts 011 indi. a buts .'idlL~1 riece..hc "OP . "Prrooch is th::n it i... Thi. but OIl! of .imt . <tep in cutling a .he w<)fkriece e-nd·fo.. .h" SlOp block (Of the f..><l.-orkpicce 10 finished lenglh i.hat .". hat SIts "'ell fOl'l>'. cuts 10< 100 . • . OI1C . OIl a ..'·c pi"..pproach . (ence or sled f. ogam$t the stOP _ the woritpIece inKItht tII->~ lor the . u<ino the . losita!.h .lOt> t>kIt:k.ere are bettCT me'hods "..king cu. The problem " 'i.nd square..he way. to saw OIIC .".h.he same lengdl i!" COO1I\"IOII practicc in work ing.

.t~ the stop ~ lppocI uP OIJt 01 tho w"!... !'lB! • . piocn to ....... 011 -""'"" is SOl""'" "'.hock ~h.. "mr.11 in from of tk blaJc (~Ik lop rholol_ M.mat 1''''Ot~..lop i$ .S1op _ USJ'. CI'OSSGI<ttjng.lt """ tk....ip fence ..o allow rlcnty of room bn"ttn .t<:t and ..-e an'fooch .*_1II o/tho _ A ~. II _ he"_ """"'lit An aitcmat... .. "poW.k md <JI 01 ."..1 10 clamp" f!'»j'ioning stop 10 the ..!fQnI ~""'"""bo"""'bJ~'_~_IO"''''. Then the stOP is ~'0I>I>0cI __ in 91act tor ~"tt"".k Crossc:uttng 153 ..

ing a crosscut . way. Aftcn. trom lt1' right .. '0 For Il'POliti\te ..m!>ge to using posirioning blocls is tMt the workpiece call . approoch is '0 "'" drolHtop$...-ith mis..Iip as )'00 feed it forward. '-hnyafrermarket mi.vi<ic de.. Drop'Stop$ are "".. the . rd. you can nip . sled (see Sourrc< on I)..".("nc~ U> p".ed SfOp bloc\..rnoge of being abl~ '0 flip a SlOp up oo{ of .. J\'e nenr hir 100 percent ac~\l rocy with thi! method. ~ SGuorely to tinlilengtll 154 Crosscutting .. th" boltom phOIO OIl p _ 153)..itI:t """out ~"'t.....STOPS A drop'''OJ' p".he phow belo. 197). 'Iide rOo WOrlCp.. ..~11 space berween rhe fonce and rhe blade."ern rUlp!. . .vide.n~l cu.he fencel on """" sliding and rolllllg r~bles. (see the photo below right).he way when ne<:. fir. ry .he fmal Cut...t." "nd Ju. the Mop hold."'g rhe cur piece in" srn.. yo" can cloml' a fi.hcoJld be notched at .. When down. rhe "mpiccc in pooition ~gai"'t the fence. as do ..led (see .".lid.rance for chi.... USING DROP.".1 squaring cu' on • picee of srock. . \ed for "'pe..OO ovtr ~lin" Iho "011 block to oro.1 sq"~ring cut "'ith rhe workpiece riding on the orrooire end of rhe .. When culting multiple. A bette. USING A CROSSCUT SLED When u.ke rhe initi.o<k.hen make your initi.5ition on rhe fence.iti..'irhoot mO\'ing the Stop's pO. then drop it down 10 make . WQi1(pi«.he vo'O. making for "Or)' accurate CU. end 01 til.: to the fence at the P"'pN d i>l3nCe from rhe blade.'osSCUlti"'l US''''l • litl:t.. The stop block . . (. Th" d i>a. )'ou can end up .h~ hoI"'m to p".he Stop up to m." leid. In!l"ad. kpicee against th~ stop nmh the r. OIl""" .!ole ot tile ..i\able commercially for "noclunent to"n auxiliary mi'er'lr~uge fence or crosscu.".'e cut" VOl' don 'r ncre>saril)' need a drop--.'OJ). Thi. Unlc» VOl' hold ir ' OCr)' IIrmly dur ing i.·d.h.er g"U~"'1 come eqll irrcd wirh drop-"OflS.

J C.f<: I""ge' . " la...ru. ba.e rroced"re i..ol1\... ~ In place..:( i! both wide and long (StICh . M"~c your fence extens.. 's cI"mped '<> ... I O<Jmetima Man .. If Y"'" ..\" rublewp or c""" ......he .' 10 ...loKU'''''!: bu.. """"'" off 000 end of lhe mark i. Crosscutting Wide Panels co n)' Ih~ .able 1-1 Ihe be" option. n-... too.bk to Ihe i lJe <i ........ if you doo't h""...J fcnc~.-orl:rit"<:c IhrouSCh Ihe blode.. Thi. bu..J'inning blade up inw . 01 pIoceo lI>M III """'" tIIIn ..ltd '0 mal:/..miog_ u.. . can be "'f..ide .. On '..han ~nding • large sk....h as porIar or m...he phlxo aoo.... lOr kngth.'-cnlllex. one..'ood . fenct: . ....."<:._....".-y ..k.'able .on from ~ Ii~h" ...".. n".. 1I"'.::. A mile...... Wllh II".1M: Cut by rah"'8 lhe .hICk enoogh '0 .. r". >land or .'e). <Wnp I stop _ 1 0 !!II _ _ ...." c....Iv: . II<ImC f""" of IOhJ "'PIlOn 1<> ...:e. tonco.he (.he sled f~ncc (:Itt . Tocu! pi"..k."". d":1> align )"OUfculiint ' 0 . 1>.all\' "' I"" he....OOa.kpit<. .. as for """"I. l>ogany...kf'le<:c.all ~ ' 0 damp 10 lhe knee at:. -on:. to an c~lcnsio<.""... _ .:.h"...... A sliJing . Ihe orcration is 100 ".he .. .).hot kerf In )"OltI .. 'M wod::r. you may need an "u.·.'" lied "'ill . II"" . ex'''''''ion shoulJ be ... Crosoo::ulll">l of ..J in (roo' of IIw: $Ow in onk. <Wnp ..oo .·h·. ~.ccurat.. Crosscutting 1 155 . >t.iscd blade...". \""" can mOun! a IIOP bloc.1 cuI..' [(h a larger >led.de requ"...". liJo.....ge IS OUI of Ihe 4UCS' 1100 in • lot of c...kit .iJc).han ..10 begin the CuI In from of " """"I. ..

A _ 1 tIo»rd$ clown .he rcar of .. 156 Crossoutting ..h the miler'gaUb'e ..~·horse• .. led a.Iso nced somc form of ou'(e". solu..lot> in Ihe -"'w labl... WOOOOn li0i<i-_ Yoo CO" wide . Although yoo c.ho~ wo!Io:pioces us~. "and or boards dan....oe'..Crouc"..ped to ".Ied fence 10 h"..".n use an ""xilia..ble. Mine has gro<I'·CS .ho 10f> photo)....' . (see . ' 0 damp" Ihick block of worxl 10 the .·os .he photo OIl p. You' ll ."'st "" b.. very . kI "" It.. ..1 !-l'PpOrt to carry Ihe . il lo.har line up wi.". cro""".... .hod i. to !-lrpport the ove rhanging pando When .*.ing (.p rhe workpie<:" from lif.>Co .ion is an oocfced . 120)..i~ Ia~ SIeCI. ... 01 tfle .. li0i<i.he . 100 ~rc"" my preferred m".he ovcrhang isn'.ble.hc be. 0110 "1(""""' • !>lOCk Clam.

....h a s..."".Iin. Beau". 110 that the offcut ends up below the blade (.i".." "P'mI you. (1 don'. f.\cn hoIJ-Jown 10 OCCUr.1I1'd cod m"ers.his op"""ion..he f. be.1 ~ basically md gr.. the . I we a small CIOO1ICUI!Ied ....... To make a be. "''''blade "lied iii an allJl:le 0\1".1 CroocUI. a hoId-dooo..·ide bIa.he "".h..:ing ~).he . _ ..1 C' """..nforccm.'.h" cros.ut bevel" but foe. dcane$' 'U'. " can rlac~ roo' f..fflCult '0 haMk like .he ell' .non poKeJ ' 0 kngth ".\ake" :oce.covCrosscutting Bevels ered .orl<beru. of thin plywood) Co'ree1 Intll."0 00 II.h a ..ntt..' the fe..·. ing "iangle.. are proJ"c«l by . lhe joint need:! ". Use a ".ltion below).. U course. ahhougt. 90 ~ This is " jou><"r)' cu..eees is wi.'n and ogJi".... "."()Q<.uing a bo:onl ." T":y.".non I"ce" u.:k...170 ).-uh a.1ot (01 cutm'l: <bdoes and (Ott ...p!1I>e or hiseui . ~od n13k..kpiK."It [N. blade. CII' . $Om<l ifllel .. !lh lhe hlade ..Is ~ angle$ ~ orrell" can drop inlO lhe opc:nt"l unlcoo it'."<).IS. <:lin abo be. lhe face u the b. buo . the illustr..h.J lOx ...-i.-..hle $a"" can IX' d.-:l for deqo picl"'" f"..0 . """ (01)' lOx joining mo!Jing..he de. he .he I""fIl can'. .. d.e."". is ' 0 cu.. Crosscutting Bevels Be. """ I')-picall.. p~ to C".he botorn I'hoo:o 00 .ngers 100 dOole 10 Ih.n"ngoh..Crosscutting Short Pieces CI'OlKUt1 ing shoo1 PICe" 00 Ihe n. .h. The ".: Ih~ wOfkr'ta doo. Oroe 01"'" op<ion.inll: a h." 'n rlace (Ott . You ClJULd ~I .-m wi.. miter· £MIl>'C au~ih"fY fence.sc' up .."nes anJ """'" " "th m"ered C<lfn<:B.. FOI .his sl«! (01 CUlt"" ""'. for .rltl Cto&scuttng 157 ..ngelO\~ hoc. .e!fllli: wllh a bevel gauge <If drn(.sclll sleJ. You can _ a mite.-uh IN.""... i... blade e". anJ a small piece i:!.....red an~lc (u>ll~lIy -15 dcgre<:s) and ehe'" ..ul shot...f"" "'''V 10 C"*..ndsaw a' you.

made primarily fOf joinery work (see p.nglo other .he table. firsl aoo eheck il uSirlg a miter SQuare 01' bevel gauge..est <u.·. 158 Crosscutting . WQalllJe ~en ". .han 90 degttts. use an auxiliary . he cu' is called. Miter cuIS a".. Tesl MIler Se1up always ITIIih a .. When . mit ."IICO and • stop tIIOCk.h.. WOO" "ulli"ll miters wiIIl • mitt< ..l by feeding .he ~ il\Ie 01' m ~ e r 10 make angled ellis. he ""wblade is se. ..:e into .tong . . wOfkpie.. Cutting Miters Open pOIilion Cloud p01iliGn -torcUrity. When ." to .. an angle other than 90 degrees. "' 1m .hc (u' bt"C<'Jmes a com pound mile. he sawblade is 1<:. face mi ler or fla. 188). 90 tkg ..uge.Crosscutting Miters Mile" arc r rod""".he blade a.

One is to use a be. of the grain orienmtion.: the illuslta. The mit".ing the open position with an . I find tha... HO"..'·er." wit h the pi<:ce butt.)"OOJ to'tand more to the ."" gallb'" or drafting triangle '0 5<" the mjllired angle between the miter-gauge body and oor.h . Of at least !qua"x1 on OIl. MOlt miter cuning in"okes ""..'"uge ~. Next. cod_f"'_"nd and make the second ''''-'1' Crosscutting 159 .u.x1 against a rough stop." lWO . first miter one end ><lua. (Ahtmatirdy. USING A MITER GAUGE Thel'<: are a number of wa).-.. better r""tlt.. fene<: and "Of' block )'idd. I was taught to use the closed position becauoe it all. G lue sandpaper to the fenee to help k""p the workpi"..' to set th.. then miler lhe "Ppo$itC end "sing a $WP..u >ili.ribe .Mitering with Two Stops MaI:e ItIO Iii>! CII with ItIO """"'''''' ~ ItIO roogh \tOp..e from sl ipping.ide of the blade and the Cltt is smoother bee.topS for tht fo \lOWing procedure. angle of the miter g:>uge for making mhr ~uts .md$ g.. h. Unlei>$ )'~" . l.. ing a ri""" of firSt.".<t d(l\Cr to ..he bl""" "' the angle i""rease.><C li kely to aecp in this [X"ition ..ld 5<'t the "ngle to the s<ribe mark ..hird ".h" angle on . you could miler CII"Ie end of each workpi«e fiTSt with. ".he workpi""'. 'Wh.'c .. . end.idc down omo .).thod i.. ha.""er method )'ou '''"'' t6t your ""up .. is m.). ("'" the photo on the facing rage) . A .. you will n".h multiple pairs of \\wkpi"'e$ eLlt to the !'Ome I~ng.~" 'ISing ~ SlOp.he workp iece .htn tum the ~"U~<: up.. to USC the Slops Of anllle markings Oil the miter gouge.king frame" wi.. flip the pi".n be set in either the 0pI. Another "")' is to .) To Cllt a workpiece. or d<:>!ed [X"ition (oe.Iready been cut to finished length ..".-orl:riccc.ion on (he being Jl'Il.nd you. the workpi"".

"M '5....,..." .. _.,.... .. _ _ woo..,.....
a

TIll _ _ .. QII 4$-dOOr" -... is to ... a """"" _ $I to _ 0Ih0r...., . . . 1M lilt _

.... t\oIQ ' - IIIIIIlfO 110<'
"CUI(o,oI ill ....... ~ .....

cut "'i,h ,he l't<'Ct ~ir"'. finiih itor (ot<:.he iliultnHion on p. 159). Mo~c Sur. ,he . 'or i. "'iJer ,h.n ,h~ "'Ot'krioct >0 'he .ip ci .h" mi.er will con,,,,, 11, Si 'l<!C '!lOO' fm", .. are ""langular. you 'll ,~d IW<> ;(:IUI'" one for 'he IO'\jl i«k.. ond OIl. for ,h•• hort .ide._

USING A CROSSCUT SLED I find ,"", ,he ",i'er i'!"i.'<" IS ;n3C<:""""~ for (lIl,ing n,!t~jo",ts lea,.., Ilnte room for tm><. I,......J, I ""'. ""'rle.oopm;oJe (","",u••1ed for du. 1'U'1'<*'. For I~ rare oc:<:aiions "'hm I n«<J.o cu' ~n antk

,ha,

",t...-.han.5 ~ I ti.t...- rodJk "-IIh.he mtler ~ un,,11 FI' ,he
cut. righl 01 I aJJ a >paC"'- 01 hokI..Joo,." to "'Y crooscu • .kd .0 hoIJ the
,,'Ot'~~~

al

,he~.

angle.

M\' ~ 5..dq,....., c","",u' ~

won. lxuically.he "''''''!IS my 9O-dtgrtt

C""",,ut .I«l.~c.pt tha, two f'~1 al.5 drjp-,e$ ,n ,he bl.&o .nd
P"'l"'n,ltcubr'e) .""h OIhe.--ppon.he ,,'orkri«:e (_.he rhoro .bo,·c). Ol'roo'n~ mi.e ... are cu, u;ing ,he o!',po.ing (<:nc ••. 11.., ""y. os 1""8~' ,ht fe""•• are '"~ 90 JegfL'C, '0 each OIher, .he joint w,lI bo- a, 90 Jcg"C$ even if il<>Ih m.1lng mi.e.. arc IliGhtly off of 4S dc~fL",j. For Long r'«:ts,)'OO CDn ex.end.he fences 10 accommodate ltop bloc:b. For ",,<it ...x:k, "mply "",ke. culoo. in.he rea, m,l. Of <:OU1lt, \'OU can fit • •1«1 "'i,), fCOCCi to CUI ally .ngle. It InUr, ,ltd is ~ good 3p(l1OaCh 10 cumnN ~ngIH. bllf if yw Cui t 101: ci ''af)''nc atl8l.ts in \"'" regular "m.l $'''''''8ly o«om.-nend a<:ttinc a .lid· i1lf! campOlinJ mllr ........ ~ _ ... ,,-hich a~ opK.f...."lIy dnigntd fOr (U","S mlt~.~ ",.. ,I.bIe in "....<It ,-.riny rI N~ and !,nce$.

160 Ctoucuttlng

9
Cutting Joints and Shapes

C

the h,lImork of nne "'oodworking, and the table ,",'" oo,n help )'OOJ achi"ve it. n", t~blc saw can be to,"", for cuni"g many joints, ,nor" th~n I WlIld fl'O'>ibly eo,'e, here. In ,his ch'p'e,. 1 h''''e narmweJ them down to ,he on« 1 am m"., familiar with "nd ,he OIles ,hat use ,he .. hle .. w a$ ,he main cuuing tool.
,iop. ace",,,,c joincty
j!

5_" he" is • <impif iiO to< CU"i"" ~"II" jooff1ts.

SMpmad. iifIs 00(1 ~"'"' .. mo •• it

""''"toIe lO CO! • Vtid< "",>ely OJ ;o;nlS 0<\. tall.......

Making Strong ..JOints
A _"oQHt _ _ _ ON _ ......., COllI'.-: • goo<!
~

ptcpar gnio'I-...mon. and gI.oe, For joint atrangen, .......

tIng_..,..

lit,

--~
_~

and frH 01 _ _ _ ...... .,,...,. . . JX>C:katt ~ PI*" ...m I"IIimIll. eon\aCt. Long.gain to ~'iJf1IIn contact If . -....'Y -... _ gnW> ~S mostly 01 ""'" 1U'tOUI1<1t<11>r _ wood rn... fibe<'r, do<'I', provide> rnuct1 eon\aCt, and 11>0 _ _ , _ ' 0 wiCk gIVot away from 11>0 SUI"f<>eea. In ~ 10 1jIIua. many join'" _ . t ~!rom thW me-cnarically ~ cor ' 'PO' ... ota. Dovetails. finger join.. , monlMo' _ 'lenon join'-. and O~ tva d ..I " , _ to ,_Iorce in at .... , one direction . ...,.,. w!IhouI gI.oe. But lot _ joO'Its to p&rform po O\A<1y. _ _ lit "'"'"
~ ~

n... ."....

'"'*

n. tYI>" 01 _
_

you ............ . flig _
,_

l_qAoo_ ~."........... a rno.Aoor ~ ~.

1U1..,.. ~. _
laW

_""*' _ . -... _w.
aaw. 01"

on 10'" IItt and .....,.,..,

l lO ••• •• r.• ."""oprIoot. _

*"""""-

'*'

P'Oduce • -V aalioOlact"'"l' ~ _ace. For ..-c 01 .....,. . _ leW toO'*Y. I ... a eI*P ~ ArB _ (_ o:nept .. 3). WI • .peo1eoocto t-.....t_croeseut1ing.1 ~to. _ ea._ A r B

40-_

~-.
A W()ru <Jf w"ming hcf'm: we begin ' Old wood" 'OI"kn'l: 000b "nJ majr<Oline; '''"",I ~ k>t <Jf diff"",,,, I'"",edurtl besod<;:s ""'nery rI"" are p<lO>lblc on t M ,~ble "",w. But ,hat nec".." , ily mean t h Jl t he ,.hle !'>'" i:i the: bc;, m""hi" c for [he job. A" Qid Of"<r;o ,i()Ots likc ~in8 "". M· ... tUtlt"ll circln. rcsa""'''i: wod;, >lock. maki"i do....e b. and .naPI"i

oo..,,,·t

on , It., ~ po.. TheK techn """", 3tt indf",,,,n, a, ~ and dooonrigh, d""gcroo.l> a[ WUM. n..", arc ........ lIy $aler and beUtt " 'all to do .he ... me

0J""I'II'1OI"ot.

Butt Joints
Edge,.~ join" are . he .. mplest

<:i woodworking joi n ... Thcy arC used

"'011$/.

prom>fily 10 on. ke " 'Ide, panel. frotn M=",-cr boords. ~ when makon~ tahl ctopo and c...., .ide" Ed!!" j<>in,s can be rcin(oro:~~ 1 "'i,h >rIme;, dowds, or bi>o::uiu . bu, "100' modem ""m gh'e. alc.1I th.'I is '''''C~_I)' Io"'t. pTO\'kkJ the /<li nt is ,,·oIl,n.adc.

("" "

EDGE JOINTS MaIo: ,"II • [,1;0;" rdg.. Of butt, jooin' .. a .. mple ,il'P'''i ..".."" ion ,hal C>t" Ix fQI""'~ by IlTIO(l(h"" the edge on a p mC!'. To get a goo.! joIm on the "w, \lie. carbtJ.·,i.."w hbdt ".,h"'''''mum >ide c,"",,,,nct, """''''''11 01",,- lhe ~ of tk ,« th are nea,lf pamlk lm 01", pb"" <:i ' M bl .....

bod-,'. ~ bk~ :ittre roor rip knec OS set JIOmlld to the: bI ......

162 Cutting

Joint s an::! Shapes

Butt Joint

Splined Edge Joints

-...
~n ertOu~h

Normally, I make my bY" join" j"" "hi. conca,-e "",l_,o-end , This i, known ... " sp,ing join" "nd it> pn<p<JOe is to apply 1II0re pr<:!OlIre near ,h. ' nds of the join! , where ,he end groin absorbs and desorbs m{)illure mutt readily thall ,he reI! of ,he p"nel. The n;s"hing wood monmen, can ca""" a join' to fail m-e' time. Yoo can 1II"ke" ,pring join! il)' rippin~ a board, ,hen hollowing the edge "'ing. handl'lanc "" f{)r' ,"cry fir><; cut. Beg in a1 ,he center of the board b)- 'akin.g" shoo paSS with the plane_Then take successively longer passes "mil you"'e rcached ,he ends of ,he Ixlord. Alttm,uil·dy, you (an ,pring 1he joint b)- u,ing a jointer on which the o"'(",,d table hal been adj""ed sl igh, I)' highe1 than the joimer kn"·es. The maximum gap =01\1_ mended is a combil>cd '" in. fot 4·ft,.I{)ng board,. Shone, 0001\4 ~"" Ie!.! of. 8ap.

leave Room lor Glue

W make -",re lhey
inserteoj,

tutti"" SPline grooves,
~' e ~eep

to alio)w about '" in_ Q! e><!ra

SI!aC! lor ~Iut after the S9line 1 $

SPLINED EDGE JOINT
Sp lincd edge join!! are hand)' for . ligning long Ixlords wh~n making panel. or con>tnlC'ing ...,Ii,1-l'I'oo<1 cahinet bad,,_The joi"" are made by cuui"8 rnati"8 grooves;n ,he pieces 10 be joined. ,hen gluing in" wo.;:xk" spli,," when assembling ,he p.nel. (The jO i'K' nO! glned for $/)liJ-",ood ""bi. net bach) The width of th. 'pline is t\"Jlicall)' ~ual '0 half ,he thick"e", of ,he stock bei .tg j<Jined bY, "" mOre .hall Xin. I u,,,.lIy,,., the """"8 grooves u'ith a .ingle sau'blade. M.,erial ,hider ,han IXin. calls for ,wo groove•. For gr~'es wider ,han)( ill .. I''''' cal> use a dado h~.d. Ahenl:ui,,,,ly. )'''-' can ,ut the g1OO"c", nfter """'i"8 d \t rip fence ,h" width of a -s«w k(n Of by a(kling a ,!"",e' "8""'>1 ,he rip fence. When maki"8 a .ingle, centered groo'· •. )'ou eoold se, ,he blade off_center, ,hen ro'"tC the Mock to male a o«ond Cut to Wid<ll the grool'C, but ,he g'o,,,",, wid1h will "ary if the £tock im't all exactly ,he ... me ,hkknc", &~in b)' """king ,he f;u;c ,i e"cry "'orkpi ecc, then ",a,k the center of one "",kpiece edge. ahgn the edge mark with ,he cemer of ,he blade or dado cutter. a.\d set. ,he rip fence , h. not a itie.1 that the groo,'C be exactly e.",cred_ Adju" the heigh, of ,he blade to ,na,eh half ,he wkld, of ,he spline rlus ar"".u ~. in. fO! gl ue splICe ,

'''c

Cutting Joints and Shapes 163

.be pholo below). ~ How.. the 'pitne. cut...-. with addition8I ~ as wei ..11 .. For long . on edge. iliar)."ing Make your 'pli ne! ("... ". . 1 6 4 Cutting Joints and Shapes . a ("~t herboard again" .ble wil k.' ~roin constTU<:tioTl. \tie 'BCk oIS8Iety for many of the procedi.nlog.os woocIworl<er will be abl& to oome. rll'wood make. lon\l worlq)ieet for spl. ' klog boo rd . Many of the joO"olS a re difficult or mpo_ to CUI. Se.' ott&n have 10 Mndle .To cu' .. )'0\. ""onger 'I'l l""" ... .)\·c cabinet backs bec.. I u'" ".lid wood "'hen makiHg .e of c\'ery ""OI"kpircc agai"" .rock.. up exact ly "'ith each ether.. An Ing&nio:>o..phne. USing stack guards bee ..n occur". ~'S 001 too cktfIouIt to ""'.'inil a . COJTTWo> -'OHT$ AT A .u.. Bemuse of its CT. he gr()Q\ 'C$. the blade where it will do double-dury as both" hold·down "nd" ~'U"rd.h~ 510ck 'igh' a.he 11"'""""' lin. fe<..."""' . .ece on edge O\"eI .*. fence ..he workp..hose rill"'d from solid wnoJ ..h.. fced thc marked f.. . a long board damped aero. . the saw table will do" beue..he fence "·hen c. guards for most joine<y po-oeecluo'9s...hot ..m plywood or solid ". Safe joinery AI< -"ENt _ " . To en>ure .. al way.r... .upport wide srock.. hrin\:...ood.gr".u.and."SIll! tollio follCOI<!< . . orl<ple-oes on end.. tr>< $OW ..ffi) tr>< wor kpio"" ".n .~l ..-. iob than" featherboard (see ." " _from the e ' l\I"I">PIIl9 in this chap' ". and a l odd angles. lamr>ed . as )'0\. .>_..he blade. '0 Wl1en 0("""""0 In • • "OO Of . rc visible when the be:mls .

.Ite "I..nning and end of 1M ~'"1! 01\ <JOe of l"Ollr .ble. . COI"b".. 1M blade. and lo>t..: iI CUI....t>UC .oo ..•.vy cno:>ugh '" COUnt"". ""Ofkl'icct ....'... and guide..he..ilinll" end aligns with . w .he ..-... Of you C"~n . Thcoc . pu ll if i[ i. La .. . the ""Ofkl'le<:c onlO n.. . . might inte""". <I".." any .. fea."...nd...It". vf .Ite ..he f...11 tM CUI un. N~XI. .. of the blade... al the """" of lhe (In"lO'"eS..o.-c...hal dtc mark on .. ".. clamp.• he" pulh<:d un..dt. MqUlring only haoo pressure '" msen i.. 166). "or..w r. Clamp" "Op I>Iock 10 Ik fence "8"i"...A op!i.. through groove ueop< .ilmg "".mh a dado ~ molding head ....ncn you WlIII' '" C<n:".~1 wiJlh of the gro<>'·CS.d of lhe ("III"I.h.(ul """• ... should fit onugl\.. I'la...he .hrowi. The ""'lpit-ee is butted "l:""'~ the (ON·. Tho: IpI.1 '0 Ihe desired h~ighl. a oplm«l «Igr )Oin. mJI of tlx l><-d.". JO"" ". altgned "'"h the IMr\.. Nexl..Ie """'P''''''''" Oft cdg('. and rutlTO"'·.h" "I' ~ncc dtc !bItt<! d".'h . Ilrcn~tl.. the .hen IIII)\'c. for a doqt ". M". "I' fence.: 'liing" ""nding block ohm""".'. du.1'" [he m<k of . way >OS ""wmg. MaL. l on if! '". lon~..ing glue·up. 10 IoCCq'lt • 1qW"'tndrd "PIi. .o _ a ".e...nd [tIOO''' at..... ):10''''''.''''' ltI. 77 lOIill help flUode lhe ..un. PIac"..rd >lOp.t..he .. .nal.herboootd.he ". If yo"....en .ru. CUI. 16S .. tOO wide.he dcsitt<! length of Ih. should be slightly I.top blocks cI~mped 10 I he rip f~ncc register Iht "·. EasIng lite >rli..he top illU>lrauon on p..1x ... long .1 .: if if. you con !qUa'" 0« iu .1te work!. ks indicalc lhe ~1""'''I. tt<! onlo 'he Sf'".j[..h".he tabl.h. Je. bum -.k sa . the III"()r\:r""'c on . Don'I Iry i.. on the rip (<1\Ce at Ik ". edges ~ lou!. "'ide ..he Itad· ing end .. and ". Oncc tM groo>-.gainsl 1M. in . 100 fal."". IMn the ""pac"y of th..Ite .. Jo..ady '" cuI. USlIIg..i<c.1 fOU '".I r.....il .. 1'00 can "'()1"k 10 marks made on ..h"". To!let up for ... ... ... bq:."..h a•• he fron...: b HIDDEN SPUNE JOiNT A hdb srI""'.. Ik "".<gh..nlng blad< . you 1<:>0. 1M groo'I" is ... plin· .. .. t up )"our W'P bloch. I"'ncil and "1".he fcnce agai . _ ....o u"" IIOp bloch hm"ad...'" "\)fkplccc"$ will be k..."krl""c up (rom IIx 11"""" 01"1" . .00 narrow.-orkPlCCct.cq>t that. forward >lop.1lC f"oce again" it.k """'riece abuts ..om! is ... Us... It•• .t 1110 tn .he blade pan thtouj..!: forcc of [h...h .'" >10(> ( _ .rtd of ~ tobit.. .h" from of Ihe bhKk.. ae<'1n>I the fmec and <I".: III"" .n auxlhary fence to illf'(lO<t . Tum on .. Exlend lite la)'OIII Imes omo one face of the "·orkl'iece.h......... won'... If u'.ak .h.' ~ing OUt . You'll uSC the.non of .~mrle You mal.... ... collll'romi.ng. .·c .lpit-Ce for ...I won'..ha. bI.1te ""Ofll''''''c Itr.Ct. Thil kind of "Jrop-in" cutting is o. i"'P block . n"". I<:>o.... Cutting Joints and Shape.o ......."lOll the f<"l1<:c the J'OitllJ'l .cribod on p. b(-gln bo..It"" 10 match 1M con· IOU .it<-srilltc.a.co ".... 110 ....001'0«< onlO ...hen carefull)' Itfl . d>e joinl will """ad.. ""...he blade..ha" Ih.. raise tit<: blade.... tile leadi"g end. In ' " 1:"'0'''''. IImllllg ond of lhe "·orkl'lece.. be . c".k". b ...ioe Ihe blade or dodo he . ble. po:Iillon the workpi<ce so Ih......·Ilio.::c from.

Cutting Stopped Grooves Hidden Spline Joint 166 Cutting Joints and Shapes .

he ' '\. ..he mlI1 il1~ !". Rabbets.u . If you netd long test pieces.. Yoo nn ettl .."c. frx cunit'll'o nac. "n.. bo." u'ing" . "n.>..lI c~a...."" tdee Of end of a boord. \6. Dado.hem on a .he KJOO'''' fi". A dado it" """""'•..n be bene •• Mn dw: rou'. ~KIt$ of. Dadoes..gtJC. 1<>I." set\I(IS tor joinery rtoPn \lSI CUI$-yOU _ to be "..~If a.. rtgardl...! 000 .aJ1C$ II) cuu "'ll .he ~ of" board w.he joim. and Grooves Thr« .'" . and Groove Use DlfculS for Tests M EDGE TONGUE..he ma.he fac:~ of • board..bbn. !h.. boll .'enc..ord.. you nit CUI...lId ""in on e"her . To make . 167 .0n.dne>ii..hem COn be cttt on" labk sow.he freqocntl! wcd in consrruc.ha.! ..ke..he rabbet. cu. . in •• ingle pa.he Of'PO'Ing rabbets in one opn.he boonIo .. A gr«>o..~" . using a <">gk bbde or a dado hc3d ..:. TI". an.IOfl of furni.l'IOfl...g l!1 your woRjIleces. If ..h.Ii rtqui ... ~ are Ief.he stock .. n.h'n """""'.1).. muhipk rams. •onI... bock. '00<1.ing i. j! should equal OIleo-th"d of the Ix>ard'..he.ing board. on .. cu' ..M' con fit m.'OO<I cab.. nm..he "". make .he. 'hidroeu.u .. ..re!he seu.n a grQQ\'C .. The best SOUrel 101 Its! piects is oHwls from !he SlOCk )'OO milled tOl y<)Uf p. ens. h " . pla<llc. &.ypes of cu ...0 make ..$Cen.he ~ ohhe board..'OO<Iworkcll of.ooays. ~hke" abo".eo in . he j.ckne\5.. of .! all of . of muhiple board!.. 1o! .'c it $h"pW like a dado bu..I'I1fOO"e JOIn" are often wed tn CON"". w.able saw: Yw C~n mak~ '-'«pe.pactt of ... or """aI. CII' 'wo Q('t'O!i'ng r..JOINT C UUlng.he <bOO...! nbincu. the boon! is . be W"10 mil eX Slod< when you're -..Edge Tongue and Groove Rabbet.dd.. de"" ..l.<>ng\I<' using no'O bIados held "part ... C ut l h."" • • To "".he edj..cribcd on P.. A rabbet it a oqua"... an.o e~paltd I.he face or ~ of.J. h.. d'" ".mg boant EJge tonp~~". . I'nd 'he table saw e". made . rabbel on bolt.ongue .'UCS of . ume...n .~ cu..ojec!. CVtting Joints and Shape. ' plinoo edge joim (""c p..·oold. unglued 10 "IIow lhe bock. run$I'.h".h'ck. made on...'I'IIu.k<! .. No-. if rou''''ll would *"""'_'" ". \68· ]70. "". .AND -GRooVE .. lit width.~tJ on ... arc advan.. of in<:Otl".....op is ~~e before )'0\' ruiI ~ wood.. gfOO\'C oS YOO .n . that .

.. a'" two ba.bbe! is oftcn Cu..hc rcar edges nf case sid".e Two Ways to Cut a Rabbet with a Single Blade fint . C.u'lll. QIl. e a ..bine. well ..bbet or rab· be" TO c".. doors call be rabbeted QIl the bad side (or half..abbe. the edges of {he doc.O\·cday mount ing. hen cu' tI.."t S e .k approaches {o cu lti ng a .bla<k or in one pa!S using a dado blade .h.n'" fm me is ".~ond cut 168 Cutting Joints a nd Shapes .o~d luI finl cui S.e·and·gl'Q(l'·c cabinet bock. to OCCert a ("me' and·panel.. . or to"h"..ongue fi" into a dado or I:' OO"C The". fced the workpiece OIl edge to CUI thc first rabbe{ .RABBET A ". and i( .he cab..ing" 'ingle blade. You can also cu' a ". '''!le. into . plywood. and (rame w. Two-pass method Toeut a mbbet in two pasoes ".ble saw: in 'wo P'»Cs using a ..1I fi..her to form a d u'{rroof door join'. .houlde.bbe'cd a.

a><lU!Je.Ied Of a mU'" 8"'~ e<!"irred . _ ...'OO<I<n hoLd.ho: ". your d.h...e . on p..head method I( you ha...mh an "uxi}....""" .th.e ' 0 """otn.at./ guard (. _ .... .0« Dack)..ll the '''''le width..h lOr ".". .h~ illustration on .t)' knee. a lot of p>CCe5 10 . pla.. ru.. bb: • .. to i<'t the . are. bb:t on Ill<: end of. <""". r>eed. _ gooo ... _ _ _ as..he saw ..h" workpi«..If... fCIl«.he rip (.~h i....d.. not.he table b)'" ..11 flttly """Y from the blade_ To Cu.. moil _ ' _ lei cut _ .«a of d."..... If tile)"". '"'''' \'UU cu.n. it's" lot caoitt 10 ru •• h~ join..bbn.."'0 and •• htoo..nlll.\' .-orkr'''''' h. . bel... """ an .o Cut the H'COIld ohoolde..rllxb.0 IlOflflo)n d~ '~.."O>drn I" ....u.. bbtl.....".hat)· fN>« that i.h.. .. bI:wk and . on the f1a. n. ~ . the pholo brlow). ""posi •• the blade...ux. ".ly..ide of. ttached tu.d.he fenc •.. bt' fcedlng d~ pi«( fl •• on ..do.abl~.I"."'" blade. oo.0"'0 the saw ..·u..I$e" dado head.able . r..cor><! ...n. in a "ngl~ I'"'"' ". keding .. _ • _ _ _ Itt lei cIItmp • _ to tho _ . a boon! of a dtlf.n tn .. up. You'Il.....·. tha... ..1u is . _ .ng workpi«n of d.kc the O cu...h~ oI'fcu... One ..·.....adjlJ.... y<:ll' ...~ ..." .".>t>Cd . "'1~""".\..ha.. h':lrl· .'><lUgh III allow the '0 (. .mg" dado head..kpiec. here 0$ IOU (1<>0'.. ...cock so.nco . to mtdjUSf the f"nce lettlng..... hot)' (.tlJ f1a..... f. .. .*..d ~ 0$ apiru' .m width_ A be. Y II "". is fr«ly rd~a~ Oil thr . either .. Alt""".h the ..oemg pao:e . Iip~ TIto . It! ~"..... ThIS method is fine (or """kpi"... rdbbn_ ...hr (e.lths_ To ~'"Ul' 'rol'!"ng the offcu... .. on. you could tout .. that .lk".

When cutting dl~oe$ . out .1«1.

~t<I

trio wort~ct ""'oss the bl,dt ~'in\l' miter QOUOt 0' "'os.-

To m:lkt the uot, set "P the dado h~ad so it', A linl~ ~'id~r titan th~ rabbet to be Cut. Lower ,he blad~ below the saw 'able, and adjuSt your rip fcnc~ SO the di$tan<:e between th~ fence and ,he far ,ide of ,ht blade equal, thc width of the rabbet. N."" ,"ise the blad~ ro a kight c"qual to the depth of ,he robbet . Thi, w;1I burr ,he innc, ",ction of the dodo h.ad in ,he auxili:ny fence. Ft."ed the ",'O,kriece over the blade to cu' ,he rabbet. To cut a rabbet ,,'ide. ,han ,he capacit)· of ,he dado head, "",'·c the fence oyer for a seccmd cut To ~ut an end rabbet wi,h" dado head. guid" th~ workpiece with 0 miter g-~ugc or c"'Sscut sled. If you c'peric""e crosscut teol'OO'. moh" light scoting Cut first. wi,h thc blade <3i",,1 ju" a hai' .00,", the ,abl~.

HOUSED DADO A housed dad" is freq....,ntly u>ed to an""h a shelf Of drawer·lum"''' fra",,, to a ca>e ,id • . n,~ housed d:.do;\ "'" • p'lf!icul. ,ly .t'ong joint mechani· cally. but lOS long,.. the c..... i. held fi,,,,ly 'oger""r. if can ""pport a lot of weight. To cu' • housed dado joint in I'll"wooo, set the width of. dado blade "'lu.~1 to the thickn.,.. of the .tock th.t is to ft, in.o ,he dado. When

170 Cutting Joints and St1apes

Housed Dado

Blind Dado

..""king ,,-Ith toIiJ ..'QO;,/, rbm d .. Jlod 10 fi[ ,he, dado, [he, bbJe heigh["'I""1 [Q [he ",qtH~ depth <i cu,, ,,'hkh ihoukl bt ~bou[ one,h[rd [ht [h..:kneso of dlt r""e. Y"" can _ a mltcr gauge fined "'"h an auxiliary fel":c ' Q CUt [he da.io, but lpret'c. '0 uo;c a crooscu, Ik-d "'i,h a "".I" .,"" k~rf Jc!igllotd :specifically for dado ""[111~ C .., d", pholO on lhe ...
f"dn~ I~~go:).

s..

Apply Downwa,d P'essu,a

BLIN D DADO

11M: bl",d Ilod<, i. used "he", a" e. pooW dado 10,m ..",,1.1 be unau""",,'<O or .. -heft an ;".., c;o!,; ...... oc.::.. ""lu,rn Inset ;t".1.~ In a bl,,\d-<bdo ;o;m, .... dado I> cu, onl)· part,,"}' actOf,f .... board. no.,.n: a, ,ht end <i,t..

B 101 more ....ood
~

t<:.I~se I ~

heao is '~moving a
~

, si'lQle toIade,

!rin 10 pus/1\N: ~ upward
r-d !hi OIIIWOf. fOf $OIeIy•

~

,t.. ""'''fill board '0 «n-.... [he fron, end <i lilt <bJo.. ~ blu\d dodoes a", !\OImaUy><OJ"I't'l 00 OOe end on!)', you C<ln ft«! lhe "mrlttc fla. into lhe blade from ,I>t "I"'IlOOlte end. If a dado il J.lOJ"I't'l 00 both endo. i.', btJ.I [0 root """k< [han ...... it. 0r0rP<1lg ""Ofk 00'0 a $f'''''IH''lI <hdo head IS ~ wngcrow 0f'C"'''0.. ~nd ;ho.,ld be
noided.
Ttl &<"1 "I' (fYI ,he cue firs, dc[crmlll~ the ,j,,,,~ lc,,~,h of ,h" da<h Raise 'h~ dado hc.~llo the C<lf"tC<:( hOlghl, "nd """k 'k I",inl where .ho from of the d.oo head I""'n~les (rom ,he SlOw ,~bk Mc:<>u," (or ..,ml from ,hii [Xlinl" dillanee equal 10 .he I"n~'h ol ,he destred d.oo. then 1'1""".

CUI

I>

' )l'ioIl1y rquareJ df ,.-i,h a ch,"'I . ...-.d" con ... i$ noIched "'" of

Ieed U. IIOCk ~ - . U. WIWS.

IjIpIyino <IoMtwItd press.ure $0 that
lilt ~ doH no! emtr Of IitI ott Ih! tIIILdI. Hew.~

'*- your IIInds an Ih!
w._

difectly eMIr the

;101' in 11m "';,h lhe bI..& at ,h .. POlnt,'" i ........·n '" ,h" 101' m""nltion "" I'- 172. (If you _ a c.-..em skd. I(lIlll nn-d to J.I"I' lhe, .Ird. """ [he """"rlttc.) Am...""" t .... "mpoecc ",,10 tilt blade ..t..n ,he /ioo, edge ,he, J.I"I'.

con,,",,,,

Cutting Jointe..->d Shapes 171

Cutting a Blind Dado

Comer Dado

Full Tongue and Dado

-

172 Cutting Joi<1ts and St1apes

C ORNER DADO A c"""" dado i. ",.,J.o hou", a ~l( in <1..." legs of a .able <1< ,abine" A ;hatlow J..oo ,u' >lcl'<)5$ •he inner come, of .he \•. ~ OCCCpi> the corne, of .he .helf. ,,·hich;. n;mmcd off at 45 deg.ee< to fi. ;n .he dado. This join. isn·. '""..,. •• 1tlnOl by h;(!lf. 110 1"<lU should remforce ;. ,,·;.h • OOv.'e1. To CUI. come. dado. n.. k~. simpk V_block iit!1Or hoIdll\j;.he w<1<k_ ~ (Ott the pho.o below). Mr jig includes a clea, w...1c CI",,J on lhe kadlllg ",*.~ •• he bbJe.o.he desired heigh., and euodoo.he jig and
....,.\p;e.;e "".." .he ....... U$Onllo "'''.r~.

TONGUE AND DADO A to'lgIte-and-dado jomt " .. m.I., .". hou..J Of blind_dado joInt e"cel" .hat a tongue;, cu' on ,he end of the board lh.. mC<;'S the d:tdo. Thil ","nt is u...J pr;ma .ily to ",in ..helve> .0 c..... • ioc,. The ton\:",,', shouldell htde ,he jotnt and .11.,.... tho ,,"Otkpittts to he tandcd bdOt'<' glue_up with· OUt afftttif'l@ the fi, '" ,he jotn•. The should... 000 ",1..1 ""'f'I@'h. The joint it usually It"IlIdc ... i,h 0 blind dado. ,.. J..c,;bcd on po 171. CUtth~ longue by ..... ktng t ...... """,,"'''11 n>d ~ ... as ."pl..ined
on p. 168.

Bare-laced tongue and dado A .on!ll'C ,h., II off..:. '0 one ,ide i, referrcd to as a b;.",.facffl ton"te. A bare·(aced 'OIlj,'I",·.nd·d..oo jOl1" i,

CuttIng Jorns

and~.

173

'. Although not an exception.M easy to make. strength b\' maximi. i'.tnd .he end ot ilS workpi".he 'o""~"' art equal '" onc"qu"'ter the thic~ lIe .h ot .he ir re'['t"Cth".11<1 .lly s'rong joint.he join.he dado . parts..w ~M case COme". ot . The nllsc. Cutting a Bare-Faced Tongue and Dado 3. 174 Cutting Joints and Sha.s ot .tock be''''cen . . a rule. tongue incrcase. Cut II>!tonguo. finc (or many pmp<>S(:.he . Bare-Faced Tongue and Dado Bare-Faced Tongue and Groove ..hidnes.h<: daJo . For example. •.often "led to join d"..he . .pes . A.h<: dep..ing .

he first gtC!<J.in.FACED TONGUE AND GROOVE A tongue·and·groovc jOint Can be similar in construc.he m. the "._thkk piece "uulJ ha"e a l\-in.tor".l YOll "n "se" bolle. . into their 8. the . are K in.'me height to pro. oo.he <!cpth of ..e .is joint can also be oore face<.d blade "'ith ~ il"'U·id.. I. 'II haY<' reset the fenee from foor dadoing sewp. Sc. but 1'01.p a '"". t(~. Sliding Dovetail Cutting Joints and St>apes 175 .­ thi~l 1<>nguc Cut a long lhe front and 'hk edge. lhid "'Ilh a ~·in .. To crea. Jcxribcd in .tom '''''Il'''' "'"<e ..U(! that i.·thkl 'poce.e1h.p.~ ){·in.and. To ellt the dado. u. ·"'idc graM" fOf the drawe.'e. dcs<ribW below. the junc1ron of Mc3US~ r"" !he sIoI walland slot oonom won1 Mally of Ihe 'iha~ '0 of ttlt! saw t. This joint.uall)" use a single blade. To cut the join!..hat the gm<J\'e.he gr... firs( set the fence SO that the dismnce from it to the oo'. to Min. and front .her a dado blade or" singl~ blade.. da". a.he d:Kk>.he dado. run' p"mlld to . To ". ~ in .gue w"h a ma._w.th a chis~ BARE.ongue. lh" bl.he I'r~· "i""..t (u[(ing wide gro()\"~! in [he dra"w side...on fO a tOn8ue·a"ddado joint t'xee-p' .(aced . deep or Ie. for cu. em the rabbet .) doIIetails Qn 1M table saw. >eetio". which is not glued.o.ha. end of the w()fkpiece flrrnll' again't the (e"ce.00\·es .><la.h a mi. The on tI. Slkk to rip fence and <tot .h..1 can leave the blade at the .d" gtOO\ 'O in Ihe ..de height eqllal to the <kplh of the dado.' oo.t~c r and 'nO' her cut.hkktlc£s dlhe pi«" wi.he jOin! wilh ei. by l\-i". ~·in .irks "".. producing th. soyou'~ have to e~her overcut 0' 110 sott>I! cleanup aft~rward w.n>l dado. leelh.er W OLJl!C while holding lh.lI" with(. unlike .gtC!<J.h the 'ongue (sec the top i\I u'tr~tion on the facing page).llice" W"!. allows U\e of a thick d"''''or bow..akc the ~·in.·e joint to fit solid·wood drow.1 front nsing a . Dovetail T'ade·OIl W ~e1 hen VOl< art CUll'". . ll'ride 'he w"rkri«~ wi..me kngth as . Remo\'e the . Yo" ca" c".".illg tongue.hke th~ d' awer bot.!-ide of the blad" equal.".in .

( CUI ..ngle cuL< 01' onl\.illO_ Sliding Dovetails A ~liding dovc." . 'M'C side of tbe joim...ingle blade sc..ibed belo'" for the full <>"""'''il.he workpiece vert icallv (he blade.he do\'erail . MIke .11 ('I'mme"ical) d.I.r:st. i. addi.Cutting a Sliding Dovetail Joint 2. desc.IJe" of .1 '"~ "'ide" the na.hOl.e" .IOl. using a daJo he". . . Ahh""yh I''''' can make . f. US<' a renooing jig to !IIPpof( long "'orkricce.ro"'eSt part of the [Otl '0 remOw m'>$t of thc w.e "&. 3.hi.. To ~u.ble saw. CU II>! shoulde!t 01 II>! ~ 11IIIon.101.hown in . 1019I! oJ " ' _ ~de of II>!dado 10 101m II>! do><eIIilOl<lO.il)' made "sing a rOU ler . Make .he blade . .hOl.ld equal depth of thc . TIw joint can ." .<c din.'.c". it prm-'ide. gauge.led or mi. ''''0 ..lot r.~il joim is simil"."nce from .he .ake lhe form of a f. T" cut the tail.o head "'ith a ."cr~il or a half-d."e.h in .iclIl.e.. ""tlmlly much mo.taiL The half-d.he shotlWe" u. Cut the same .he ill""".-e the iIIu>ltation on p. (.. .he \\'Of"pi«" O\'er to ~II' .hen fhp . SCt the bl~de to 15 deg.. 'T'hcn repiace the d.ble.e.. except that )'OU make (he ..:d . bu.d. and draw<1 comnuc. frame. to a" ""gle of 15 degrees and Cut the angk-d .ional mech""ical Streng..led fence..helr.nd r".he .he pi"'" '0 SCt up a SlOl' block on .ing a CrOSS<:u..os> 176 Cutting Joints and Shapes ..neT ..tion ~bo\. v . l>b.'<tI)· (rom (he .lot.hen use ...k a tail teSt pic.. ( I'fith II>! Dtade Sd ai lS'. 10" hous<:d d"do..(.he "I'P"'i(c one. joim on" . 182).ail checks..he . Cut one shoulder. oJ II>! ctftk> o! ItJe -.. ." and fe.m'etail i. The "01' block's dil.

.II I.i ngle b".hot rou..ly .p JOint.. UnlCii you """ a "cry gooJ-qualllY dado h.he edge arod..~ lap:mJ a dado...he...he )OOnt . '0 'eam lOp the f3ble "".. I""..Ma"('N: •• il sligh.n (ut. y"" ei' " (.o &. A lap joint coruuts tX two rabbou."w u. or "'ing • ehiM:I "niH you ge..hmg for a goo:! gl"e boo\d.• hot T·Iar . Lap Joints - : Cvning Jonts and Shapes 177 .we. 00.d I:.3il i...j.. de.mc (ONUuCUon.ing onhcr a ..>C~. he"". ~xcl " ."..wers.• he (fIlM lap.n stock ..p .ai1I.ro: ""'pic joint•• ha.caJ."r blade 01 a !bOO for a good.lim trim . v"ria· in.ion.. Lap Joints lap jOIn'$ .cludc. .. lend .. a ~ fl •..rfoca a'" hl:dy ro lit rough e"""$h. a."0 datloef.och [. .N: m. """..mch-~ .. Il"dc.~ to eOl"I""''''~ for inaccur..hot d. on lh~ ""..cI)" on •• "ble.o """'" funher .hICk.viJualif ellhe.\d.

the depth of ... Adj. (h<o bl<>lk lQ your mark..m~ u.. Rcm.he cU' ""II equal half [he [hick ness of the workpiece. Generally.p USing 'flo crosscut . When {I".mbf.g Joints and Shapes ..l a.hickncS$..ss.!emp the Mmc th ickneS. joincJ arc eq ual in ..hiclne. . I. Thcnfore.hen ftl {hem ["I:"th". then r. .>! {he heigh. {he workpieccs. ''''so I. of the blade 10 fine'lUl'" {he joi".{ock" thickn ...Setup for a Shoulder Cut on an End Lap Cutt . dep.r to leave . 178 Cuttir.h of Cut is "".. Make MI . .Iod w it~ $t<)pO W to lilt _~ 01 the lap.he joinl a bi{ fa{ if )"00"11 need 10 dc~n up rough joint i".. Use a marking gauge (0 determine the Cen'er of {he .lin~ .i".he rieces!<.{aces.

d . It'.he jig and ..orl pi«e to the ita:..-Klth ~.a.h...t..ing jil! (sc<: . ux a WOI'kp""'" as a puge. anJ lhe T·briJle is _1l}' .. 10 UlC the .-hkh It clamped 10 .* I"'r"j. VanOli<>noC)Ot .enun. comr ""ni!i ng safety.oee .' . 1801_1 made" oimple gu:lnl lOr.. ..an thtI depth 01 tilt mor\IM 10 ~ $pace !of _ . j'QU <. tile ~ III I tenon shooId be h'Om one'thlrd to one. t)l't<:all}' lOU. "lc frame joints in.lay ..It. IhickntSS of thtI work' _ _ When I'I'Yt3nD a blind _ .""". T" '"' 1"..~bIe apron_ 1l>e ".able .k UeJ that .". c."'.. You Stltng Tenons n. thtI ten<>n should be gU.... The moot common !. puge.~l~ tenon.. croos lapuse ''''0 .. .houIJc..n.ng S'or> bloc:ks. 1 fioo tI e.'8 the lCI)(Mli"3 jig 0< TQUtll'll...Ied... TI... Ih~h w...Joints The nlOl'ltse~~nd-lel"'" joint It (JOe of Ihe stronjlel aoo mo" ve . fo< ~n enJ Ltp.he bAck. faclT." .he h. ~"()"e... 168.)mer bri elle is ~k"lly an Clf. 1 .i.. C)Ot the ... maker'.."....k... .dude .he ''''0 dadoes " ' 'he rea..d" "'nljla dadu head at <lescribcd on p...c on the f"'e and .... e leg ' 0 ~ .e A ~ I i gtIfIInI ..h."" rt«.h 'he t".-c cu' u.lly used in frame jotnery..he mating W<)<'kpioe~ on ..'" is cu.. mti()n OIl p_ 182) and.. 1l>e gllard ... cc"amly the joint th:it...! are 'he cOrner b..Icd.(Ott the illu>l"'"on on It. mKlJle of a boo"'-'ch ""..n .to!'" to establ i. 01 .. Ahcrn:I1ivdy. outface. Mor1t~ a.1. T·briJk . tit.....ed ()t' drilled and cho:Jrred $(1\Jare u'in~" chb. M".'0 "" up ""P block.an .-.l>f idlc.commod"..ncreaotd gl .~ll'.~ aoo iu .. aoo mo«: "'Cumte 1(> u" a C['()$$(..)lo OIl the f. mtle. 5Ilmler tr.e\'ioo.he limrlc ..abl" "'1<'. . end.. .. can be CuI on. r. then .en()n jotnt L. -and-tc!>On joinl... the nlOl""" il ' \II f. Jesc'ib.aUy "'..he '''!>On is $awn to fi. "....ke any mOl\i .ul.."nd".ing '"OPS on tM "~":t" >led.."00 \"" ClI" sa'" the check. C'~n CU11k te""" .." m"ntlO:. mulliple ..kt) . .nrW~. lwi" tenon. ujC • lhopnodc "..he bla.and-Tenon ... "...led (Ott .. cUI OOt in lhe front 10 ".ides in .. by fee<ltng tk WOI'kp._f""ed .k fum""".enon.k phofoon J'. 0J'f'0fiog daJoeo on . The open mort.he ilh". of th~ lap (Itt th~ ph(.<>in\ • . brid!e is ')'pic..orkpic. Although \'OU can wre an aU~lllaty ("ntt on d". ~-tenOO joint Mortlse.! joint by m. .. C l.tmp the .e!>On "..-.... .bng one .... cl'OlJeu' .. ratl of the ..tdle joont. b)' dthe.ly (0< makmll" C!'OM bp io"'t ...N.d"3 I"'lo"')- 00.e corru:.he mor(I>eI can 'I..oorll"3 ii~ withou.I"Pllhl!tt OCCUr ...idk and 'M T.1""'1"".OInt because of itS nwchanklll ad.Joints A bridle jotn! is much 'Irontcr ..00 i.' acl .'I'n monisc_aOO_... Rather than Ihing a .he . in. 01.b tetlOn.han a lap .half tr.-11O joIn an imenned"". Bridle ... Cullhe iomu ' 0 ...enon~ ~OO b. Qhhoogh . _ in my .

"t _ 180 Cutting Joints and Shapes . ..>riollo jojot "sing • teOOlli"lt iiv cIom~ to .Corner Bridle T-Bridle Saw the ope" mortise !Or I I.. oros"..

fat.~.' ." ~OJ rtpc~t h« . krioce on tdgo: i~ '0 £ul \h" .t. d>tn ......'. mit.he m"lurlt-1""> me'l\oJ...""m to fl.I\( blaJe and m:lke 3 . thickn~ cI!m.ncon>t"'<nCk. c'Q." MULTIPLE-PASS METHOD 0 . i. "'.' .. d.ad.. ~i". work· pk"<:es will affec! Ihe lh idncSi '" .hom all a 1>1. : : : : · . fin"h up bv readJustmg II\( l>tight cI . . Cutting JcW"Its and Shapes 181 .rom ... .. .I\( 'imrl«' "-~l"!o Cut 'cnon. .. · shoYkkf1.p a .... The ~ il . Wid." of .. ~ gooJ""""li'~. ~ · .'. ".Mortise-and-Tenon Joints _ _ Iftl_ '" ~" "..bdo!. For a (oor. mc.. ""l' . W'''g<:· To ••" "I' (or .I\( Ian><: ". "·u" a wrp nobbet rlane.hod....l:.....ng" CRJ6Kut . u.. i. lhcn O'P Ik J'M:'Ct 0\. ies of ~ on "ithcr li<k of . on a 'abl~ saw i.t..he hIa<k anti ""ndin41 tI". '0 make a ."" """".:: : : :: : ".houhltt tenon.. bnt to CuI .. ·: . 182).etkr you a".wp the required dbUltlC<: f.t.: rhoto on 1'... in .. ies of ~ un.h. . k-d Of..om . \Vhcn C'Uting multiple !""""'S.he ICI\(Ifli.I\( """'I"«" is bun"" "P'n>! tk MOp... ' .. ..

10 C""" • It lhe 1. ma' . 'fOp blGCk 10 • ~""" ''''''''''' slod and .1<10 ""'" IS wille.n 'he <1. _ is IOnOtr m.. munlplo f"""' 1ho JIQ dIPIps to Ihofenctot lito sliding ~ tIO>. Il ill ... C"m~ . • •• '--L 182 C<.Jtting Joints and Shapes I . "'" opposing "~1lO1.1 .. The 0I'Hnl OIl'q._."'" dIPIps 10 lito jig.

•han . Beg". procNur'$ "os<' '''!litIS! . .ai.kt.Ie (I"I)" f......bee chens hao.I . d."". you. " I".he bl! cut> /<1>' ohv of . The lIock mUU be square or .-bI... d~ "".he wood '.he ohoukkt"! on ..ng.hrough.en"" lI i"""h'd .. fTOll> .&. h".. ..he ..-...I.he c""".e.. .ha..he eJsc .ks an<! a sp.'8 lhe CUI.n 'hr f~nec ".. by .houlden la.lth" ch ~l...for~ .~nd.enon'ng j. _ ."OUlJn'r ''-In' '0 me"". "'. .~.. •• chamt<:'mJ!: .ic heigh.-.! wid. CuI ..kpi""c$..""i(>l1 "n ."lI . tp """"". . COMBINED METHOO 1. w•• h.i .n.he tenon "II. W..I blade •• hen "" .. 179.. r-d.rip rc""'n$lli~lt!y attacW.kJ Sq""'O..he (ACing m"').. dnlkd .~I" bit .onr<:lea".he end of. y". Either ""..te on . Oncr ilil rJ the.ake . all face .ion.oJ i! """".bk.. (.)'ped from .ho: regs.11 bu . ...o..rip of .he bl". I".<> adJu>! .he fOO..ho"l. .. -ICCor><l fC.~id.hr ~ endt of.ll'fd . bi.ICc ."Ie .he hol".o fl •• rou. fOOnJ each '0"""" c<>rncrs W al'J'fO'!ima.g1ul)" k...s" '1""'« )x". rnon.-.h". iltto holes .abIe lCnce >0 .he ocoonJ cu •.. ng imo your wo..ung .t.houkkr:s by a~Ln buttln~. Is-. ret""" O .-e b«-n routN. CU"IT~ ."".. '0 .h ' hr (ac. od.k . . rw. he ...)'S.n .ho: >hou\Je.i.... u" "'Iua.h".hat )'ou "oed 10 d. in~ .-tlsed workr.na.i):h"II"'.. i~ Jc . cu •• he <houldm as dellC..he d"".he chttb • ..h " li"llk S.ellOflmg jig (Stt ....ha.'". l"'gs will be OUt of ~OJ . cJ~.he I''l. • •enoning 3 MJ ng a .he edgosci .h. can make . ".ha••te .}.ng inl".o.he ~ . 'c"T>OtU'o fln. or ...he I0Il<"". .. To "".\\". "".. tn"kc .er. n. Cuni"'ll..oJ 01 cu.1"".tl •• "ling" c""scu'lk-d 0$ de<cnbctl "" p.he ... &:.hr joUIt lhen chi".ul bo • •. mo::wroo." ""j'.ke....(! .h"".o.he cherb on ~ ""'.doh of .h (In ~ " " " " ". of . ock. can be: cu' "'ith the ".he de...."" .kpteCe ""n<!Ull: "" en<! ""n~ 3 .. Once ..ON -END TENONING T~non. I'i"""..i". pre"c1Hin~ i. "!I'.h ..he edge 6houkk".h)p block in place af.!-ott )"00"'" .. (Lea.hr .'''it-diame'~' ..he reg .he ..met .'all" .-.1lII<J . iglu of . CUTTING PEGS FOR TENONS To "..I ..h"m TOImd "''''8 •• ..·i..he ".. Cut .in(orcc llIor....!.kl'fCCC on Nil<' and c"nill...hort enoough '0 han<!l~ (lf1 enJ-yoo de~rI)" ..he "(:1<1 ..s a rcf'ere.dy match ...h b)' hand ()' On" hi".~ ..hootlllj: 00' of .".. f1ippil1i'ho: "ooroe<e lOr. rip Ie" .1lI frotrl mi"... . e". >«U"""I·.h . )'OU'''Of' block.m.he di. c~n safdy handl•.d.ics of CutS wi. ..1 ""'. of lonK slock..he np fence .he ill.he 'u" wi..UUilr.'l! . 181.. cut> be(""."u-.'''''''' ~".>w\)Lo. .hh.n . f<)tJ'ill.. .-ood lide_II"'''' .hl'OOl' ri.nce . You can f"lQWCIlt .. Af."a""".he I...g..oon on 1".w<.nd . and round.I\.: ..hr "I"'''''' .>Ccr. ) Ne ••.i~..he ed". 'hcn ". F. a$ w. ..e regs '0 d." se. .k blade w..-i.0 Cu. . fOO' ...... Trim aU . ""nc.hr COfTlCrs ......(! All (00' o". A.he 'cnon.hr "'P . Fo."'.1)" prefem-d nlett. nlo."""nI bee"""" )"'t"11 Woe It ..s.ibctl "" p.he •• 1:4< $OW"... fo.han.'._"nd_w""" joint>.

Cutting Stock for Square Pegs Fi". Fi.tl S..d C".' joints ore I'ery Itli)llg be<:.Ut '" length.flOp th e ..!:..ond <uti -- Finger Joint "''Orkri~cc ~ "t on the " table . ri P5 locose from ~.crs.nd 1•• glue $un><e "rea_ * 184 Cunng Joints and Shapes .. pwduction work.""".:."n . d.use of th'.....t . tl>" sto. Also calk-d bo~ joint" ltx.r aIr mn by cuning a strie!.".r m"...hankal c""" "'tion.. of equally 'pa<ed interlocking ... a"d 011"". intu the <'nds of mating pie<:es.': .k .lOIS and fin!. You an t1. Finger Joints Finger join" are tll'ically lLSC<! for boxes.

~ or (lQOiICuI Sk<i and make oornt tOt (UlJ .Iot 0'0.. bi t of hand pn"Solure.. lop left phooo on p. .'oJ..O.. ...'e ... You rna)' ha..tIIg a dado h~ad .dc juS! a h. and Cui ... 1 a.. "'Y'WOOO . i<h h of the >lock. b. of .cut bot' . a ~ To make' II>a Jig. ·t critiCal. _ .." of )'OU. Onc~ l'OiJ're happy " 'i.fot pI'oOIO O<"i p ..os! r""c ag... .. 10 "*'l> Ihe ~ 10 "'"' raw lance (_ lIMo top rI(.... an ....blade.. pieces to slide together e..ho. Nfi>d.. lhen cut • aIo1ln Ihe bOard..taI O<"i 1'0'-"" aaw _ _ _ YOU" . . .o." .~ CUIt. join'" 3""00 .J$I lIMo ~ olIn.he heigh..from The." ' . It '. 510dc ... .h • •e" CUt$. A(It. .. . .oil'" .cc... cullI>a board to liz•. fi. righ •."'oJ.·i.l v "..rap. ita .. .. a pmIrudIng ~ Of' """'""'" .he fingcf1 al\(j .ing off lhe 1""'1'<" distanCe.he dado h.. I.. Ilull .... .ho.".. )'011'11 be abl~ to adj. he hard"..lc*rts and ~ 185 ... clamp I. Th .g lIMo .• hero Cut a f.hie".... ~ j l~ provi.~h.o Ioxatc it> kcr prec . lOCk yOU" be Cutting..h ju>t..:..1\( a bil proud afte • •he JOint i.. ab().Iou u.. . To mol. You n m tm. then cl>eck . r ion... 311o\\'illJl)'Ol1 '0 Cutting.h of yoo.. • YOU'''' .... When ""11& lhe J'II.he fCna of my c"".. to cu. ...n. t"ll"1""" If the ..ho: wid.d)U>! .e ' OP right photo on p. teadJ"" lhe blad. "... 01 Ihe ~ . RModng flO"IlO ~ . cut .he .. fi "Oet. J _ a jig clamped lO. . h of .. k.ec....oo~.. . he heigh.. lila 0I0t.n.ha. k'! . __ .....he blado:: (.... Make • ~ kay lhoil fiUo .."..r.. fine .ne element. I IIrlQIII joorC should stilt and end WI\It lilt s.. I madot • ~ !of' my Jig Iha1 stope 0I">0<t 01 tn...r.. m<k 'Iljl" .g II>a ~ joOrU ...1 b«" u. 186)..n' ."" the "'oJlh of 3 I:aoru..... you fiB! nctd. " "cn a sligh.. " ..g a _ hN<I.. IfIOI'e uSin g the same I'!OCMUre ( 5<.IIIS "" Idc. . hi. ha.. ho."""'" of ..h. .'c).. 'c . . 0 get .. and A foRge' join! shouLd begin and end " 'ilh a full-" 'khh fingc. Cu... 1be $fXOC' especially critka l if \'OU1" fing<f1 and d"""re tho: "'kilh of ~ >I ngle "". . c.he ".11 Io. 100" . first oIo-t (ICC tho.-ugly Into !hot 0I0t and !hal • long ar"ICIU(to to . . 1 18 but rt Fmgu JDon! Des . th'<>ugh ... assembled. of .r.ror he re will com po und "c.'1: .he ""x. xtand _ _ _ YOU" boO cuttrog. ot my CfOU<OUt _ : • p. fi~)1...-ad """"..-.-..' 1 0 -1'0'-"" _ ~_ . '0 "lit the . O<"i iIr"id.. fron t t&nc.. " " ' " " ~dwood_ key . Glue ""*'* I dNIIy.. more lhan . e. '" design tho: . dot .. or.n ".. I.O..!.p...na.. ' 8&). Thi$ isn't aMoM~ty roec:tSSaI"J.gn II>OUd be tlIII enougI"1 to iIiJPI><>i"t ~.... .it". .. jig tightly 10)'OU' n"lc. ..h the JOInl fil.. tCSt rt<e . 136)...lLd d amp u to \'OiJr m"c"ga ugc jl8 'n>le»...he jig diglJtlf to 'orm::! !hf elTor. ei!her • slot or. If l"~I'.. of \'0'" bl..·c...o todd le 1OOl<" . .t k... the iKIeba... _ 10 OIigI1tty _ than II>a IhicknaH 0I1he ..le!" guide for registeri. fing<1' . " . yoo mo" e . stoc k 0<..he bl ade. r. 01 wood attachad to \I"oa . height 10 about \01.. nlS. but! ~ rlS!ric!s II'IJ lWauI ~O ~ to 0l'II1ace 01 lilt ~ ita top adgH oiigntty. To cu. Afltt _""".'" I-kd...l. I'fOie<:I I:aoNs 10 accommodate SflIi(:lng. ly one bIaJt .-.". ~ lIMo kay..ing l5Cr:tp piecc in lho: ".. by ""ihong .. <I .ho. ruinina d~ . he k.. but )'00 C<iI... abo...he edge of one .. the k.. .. h '''''y from.-.

.'cr . ea.k thO( Ihe .1 tho projo<1ing ~."I 0lOI in "" m>1in11 b(Ja r~ . i.:IS you JiJ when making your "".t CUl_ To begin ..he ma'ing piece. 186 Cutting ...<.ily sand them nush.'.1".. wil~". AI"" if you orc u.he workpiece for .h~ bottom ph".ly cut .hc previousl)." ....~wood hI'. To eslatlhn melOCat"" 011110 ~. lot by butting .he key and bun Us mating piecc ag<I.."' tho 1(0)".he key.. platc is Ic. handwhcd IiO that .Tho !i"llifl9Or'~1 . cu' piece o. to ma ke .W:f(>6$ ..ru.he . with each prC"KJu..he fiN mating .. WO~ P"UO(l Sui>seQuem slot' lro cUI try tho '<y_ "9Is1.10\ "rdddling .ov/ousl)o cUI slot 0. ab<we).he ne..he ~t of th~ oo"d.k.r .he h')' \0 . "..he workpiece again" .he samc height.I"..iog a miter W.'el Cut yom f.Joif1ts and Shapes .lotS on . . Cuts.11 Cuts re main . tho la~'CUl'1ot Oft tho first PItCO ".w:c the enJ slOt <i . blade-hdgh. plae. Then . throa.ugc irutead of 3 erosseu! <lcJ. pl. tnen pIaco tho W<>I1<piece o(loes tOjlettw. ~hc. ~ tile p.lolls mOCl.Il.rst . (>cc . Lock yom saw'. fully .

.. to tne bOttom <. ·.. : .... _wIde fenc • • "14~ degree_ to 8 H at p... .... ...Miter Joint Spline Edge Miter ·... """'" ~ _ _ ON II<I(lO: ~T" 4 5-00--' """""" to tne . ~ .1'9 for a SliP Feather Joint T... MaI<. and _ tnam .-to . " .A r~ board ....o... ..~ .. .oe of (it( . - -. . aII:tlou\tI .. . .......... .ail' prel..e t ... jig Dy attacl"Ong two l~_ in.. .. .. · ·. T\im tne two tenc:es at 4~ dego •••.... guard _ ~ 10 tne _ ...... _ • • guwd.ooc:tOa II">e f«>oH .. 1I>W .. ../I tne IV...

common in oo..n 18 8 ClJI'IOr>g Joints and Shapes .. to the joint tine as ..in and if m.~r. finger joint.h..·ooJ srline . miter. the slip f. n.i"" beea..·c.-d int<) mating .hey show no end gr.er. SPLINE EDGE M ITER A spline edge mi. you to "'" 3 "'ider spline.. For X·tn. the g<ain of die >plin" .l\'.Miter Joints Mi..h""W run perpendicula.pli n.er inco. i. They'. For ""'''ll. 15S-160..he g<CW.·. thoy must be reinforced "'i. . or JOme othef mechanical attOChnlCnt . them""k. adeq"a' • .. Some mitcf·join< v'fia. Slip Feather Mock Finger Joint Cutting F'III\.ic. afe the 'ph ne cdj..r joints ar."io" OIl p. 187.tion.p"'"'"' a plywO<Xl or wlid·.rial.lot> COl .he. biscuit'.·ef...h frmlle "nd cawuc ~onstru(. i. Ho. can be cu' on a !able sa'" as described On 1'1'. mi.mo . lly end.ion. Loca'ing . ily. gl".h .' joint. aurne..he faces of mch mi. ill"".·thick "laI.'hieh "'"~e..3thef. close '" ..grain jointS. fo' a "rQllgt. being ro.u~hed "'ell "'iIIlead . 3nd the moe." >\·in.he cre a'ound comers " .hol<'n in .1.op righ.*.... he i"'ide edge allow. . hick .plines.

01 01' 2-"".. The ~ og can be ___ to the _ of !he ~ _ w "'" in the tinge< joint....o. jAAitfQo.p to ..-'O<Id oIot In the Jig. toim. MJUS! the fonce to m.I("->aII lITo<>< at leu. . ...!opIi".he "'"Ofkpo«r ""'... Fran>e> In"ic froln .. 0e\w0 .fter tM f". R.. CUt . &<>tid-WOOd _ d .n 10 . t)t>kal4S. glue in a ~n .. long. guard 10 the fron..ho: wod::pK<:' .OC>< JIG''''''''' " . oIot I<> . hem.Ii".the ..11..IT\C has been mitered and glued up..To ".me.. ft.hp kather i.n "". a 1<>.. m. You em _.n. glued m.. For . and <. .op b~)Ck....Jth... . the ..ed "''0 """"" " a Mock FInger JOtnt V-M. n.p the v~ In two _ _ ~ !he _ tilled at.. . 0< you can _Iargoor iIPI'Cfl..twel)".. and make.. ..-TI«. n slota.rlinc edge mner. jig h . and "'.ugly I<>to the slot.--..he n.. th...~lu. tilt the bl.. i.]".oo SLIP FEATHER The . bet .."I' fence ..." I in...<Xl .<1 tho:. fffd .. the ~ 01 '0 !he oIot that ...:orne•.. cuUi"3 tho: $lot.ke on" centc~ . P1act d"..... ttqui •• ". F. _ .he: lidebar on p. "I."·' insid<: con".mc in .!he gro<>Ye"" ~ 10 _ '0 one edge tt-o.. hl'"fe.le.lines p<1' . cut . Make a '-ttwood . ile rtgl$lM"3 .Iock .. 187).re...he jig <OCCePIthe I"er<twood ..hide.. J.10(.. .~ $10( for the "..s doogo •••• lHIAng at _ lin. For th.r ".-.. rhe bbde to thaI" "'ill CUt ~t >hon of tl".g for wiele and oobouI'(l ln.r.. ...·.. of !he jg and . pug<: ..he end of .. ..I)' ""..naIy. to reinfo<ct.Jeg~ miter.. ng a miu:.Je to 45 degrees.. to projoeoct into the V~ • bit _ .Ive ~ I<> plaoe. mitered f".)"ou COn use a cl'Ol6C"t sled :Ie' up wIth a .he blade 90Jcgrees to d •• face of tI"... NeAt.. c _ Cutting Joints and Shapes 189 . the perot 01 the V and the boaom 01 _ bOxtc .I.. The oIot ohoUd _ the .he 01' ...h~ slots for a .. thaI fit • .. be cut I<> the bo>< comer.•ttach . 1he ~ you be' .hne by cutting a '~"I'O'o" m.

. Each spline i. mbl ~ ~ 190 Cutting J oints and SMapes ." ~1"e-IIp.".". You can make the <uu using a mi.II.he ili""". gallgc and aux.. Yoo'lI trim them flush 10 the fmme af. ()rl p. . a linle I""ger .~1 i"i(. Parallelogram Jig for Cutting Coves Ji ~ .liary fence.h"" fOil nC<.. Icl.h idncss. 188... Use a piece of masking "'I'" on .e.he length of the curs... m"ki n~ the 'I'1.. made by CU!I!rLg "I'f'O"irLg 4.. _degree "n~I~1 flCr()6$ 'he >lock as shown in .nc..he $<Ow table to gau~".(...

~ 0( .h.:mek.."". bbd<S prod"."n ~ I'>Il •..·... Cornple.. cuu ..i:cs by ..lor. "n~le.-ood fence.iJn bu)'mg a <:O>'''lg ho. .t. blade . PI""e .000h ronfigu .en. .'C blade (.11)... (im .r_ This joint il uoed on wido..ff••e"...... .he ffl~ oItht: fence over .. ""'.. and gro:a.. •• fencc angle.blade a.hri' blade.he "'or"pit.. To do ..11 btu"....1 resembles a .he profile "exl '" .red cOVe.I . """.. oi lhe .he des.. 1'loce . You ". dot (iu "'.Je _.. romt.n&: d.d m<Ode opeciflCally fCO" . . N"XI."tI ...ll"... knce. ~ form of .he "mrlece. Mo..he b!aJ..he . Ahhough I"()I. ""' decorn. To mak. anJam An~"'. J'<O<. knee III . fOP righl rhoro on p.n Cod <I. llelogram jig.f.H ...plme mi. ml'l'lQ and .t:.. X.'e "'ill "..t." V.hi....k..me.h" ".. IJ>C lhe "" .... "~'$ ~«: oi .. nllion on 01. jll'{ as you did wi.h<...ece un....t..._joint jig. When ellning eO>'d.he blode.kd <kt>Ih of .."..bIock jill "".. front and """ oi the blade.... To I. tll~ .. o(bl~ and by cIw!i'ng . l""" Jig todetmmne tho.he blade and "'Ue ...ry (""CO 10 .0~uaJ. ~'can be CIII (In a lable .$Ol . 189. ~ ..." 1Jf'\"<It... Coves a:..hat . i .."quires U$lna a V·bIock llf!' as."h a . "boo. brucl.....kt moLl". Conlin ue ocrt>SS Ihe p.: c.h Ihe (inge.lltlmalion on p. jolm bY! i.e.* and ..t..k'ng and gluinW in .~""'r joinl. .he (ini.. lISe a f1nc 'IOC>Ihed blaJ". .. saw. ... "" you... You can cu' a wid< . gauj.". f'OO{{{on .. joint by rn. wl{h the llip. Rq: .! "'" ~ ..he "'''''' . er tho..hcn rbct It "'.. 'h" 'UI' Cutting~and~ 191 ..:Iy "'. angle on a be..idr. bruc ""cr $0 . as .he eu..:" "'.t.....0 "".{Ile on the le. a.e d . bruc agairut .Ik •• di.1 gauge II>lng a" a.ht.able 3"d r. Angle Iht jig unlil iu ....ho.he 'Of' Jdt rhofO ' ''' p.. I"" mol' " 'l'n! to con..he .. cl3mi' an ....".....he m .ion stick <If'I .."w by d.h ..h..ho.h.Lode (Ott tho. loeC""d '''I.. ]93).he t~d..:es ..d . jig!O .. 19J).hary ..hi. jult k.lxgin by lal'h'8 OUt .. To hal(·cO\'~.. . If you do a Ioc of <:O>'Ifl&... (<:nC<:.I COlli.'e.... .I"IS for Ihe ".-ood hy.d'ng end of Ihe ""Ofkric'Ce... <".eding ...uxi li31)' f~nce to t~hle "'ilh the "'''' leeth ('Ointing ''''''":I.1. .hick bo...he blade ro abou... table..t.•• .• II.fence.'''''pt. Jl'l1f'OO" (Ott Ih" phvto UfO p.11 in . !'wi"on ... cuI.....he hard..1 nil lhe . ""1.(xl·Afll/C' joml. .. open ..MOCK FINGER JOINT The mock An~. Toquiclll' SC:I "P I'OU' ". centerl . .he .he an&k of .H nttd '0 we r~.... c".hin. idll.. A. I'oo'll also <>ttd to make a "".15td .mplng an aux.. A. .. fM:'ng P"e". cco."w fo< a 1p«lfk cO-'C ... .i... CUI$ booou!<' of ." box in. Iou .lU<'e eu"'·". .. $f'I.. aux.t.t...rc cuI aftc. • bbde ...I. S"". rio:'y 0( shapQ anJ . ho..he desIred '''''e pn-... . 193).11 in.oo.. joint somewh.hi..erline of . angle for . 192)..he box has been IIlued up. . as "". p.n. the k"1' and Il'I3h . "on and . 0( .mcrlin<! (~ the b<>lIom photo on p. 1 0(".

1 again.... The kerfs stop iu" .he photo on p. ~... ". ".16 against [he blade. and neve< put ).).lo:.."~ other proje..hcrc )'001 hand..h pads pnwiJ. bent!O Sometime. over .d Shapes .. uSi"'lIOOi1ril sarld(Iapflr W'iljl~ around a shopmadl! spindle. This technique i.' h. Wh~n (. eIKh 1"'» unr il VOI''''C reached th~ full (Me depth. i9) . to be make cur"~. ding "arrow "'OI"kp(ecel. """" safer)' . might be "ear . Aexible ". 1 )'Ou <I(l a kM ol oovirog.han shoe."".i"" '''''i"g i're.f.hon of .le push<'n.g Joints. thidness.A lter cuning coves 0f1 lhe table saw.he srock'. a curved scmper.._ To bend wO<X!._ lis ""Iy <"""ruction . hand.rface that you can bend as deSired ._ mirror fmme" or arched "im for "."rface of .d pa>Sl. or a Cl!'ito"'" shail!C saMing tIIock to remove Itoe saw ma!kS. a 'OI'i"llllead like thiS one Dy CMTo!I ~roduces I smoother cut 1 tllan • staMar<! sawbr.t . u" of tflo WIlrkplllC.)'Ou can salld oul the saw mar\:S 00 a latho.ising ... joi"ter·"yle 1)U.'C. Kerf Bending mblc apron.. hieh allows the ".w"h'e. ~.he 'Of> of the blade..4:. ~ .. kc. j'OO (an steam it or stack·la". You could also ose a drum sande<..U.he bl.he Spinning bl".in"t~ i" bL th"". 1$0 ''''st$ 'he' .'.....f bending.he blade abou...l.'l.J 192 Cutt. in. cutt ing a series of equally spaced " ".he (ence "nd slowly feed .. Use a sl""'-Ityle pllsher (see p.way. ""<>Ihcr alteru nati...:. (see .<. position [he malert.><><1 h . intO the back . With a guard in rlac~.. ".t... du. leaving" lhi".. Mak~ ."OOd to be bent i" a u""c or circl.indOlW(>f doors. 195).he S!ock.he workpiece ovcr .

is . .To . _ liON _ _ IIIt_.... _ willi . . 01 ~ ... -"'II IIIIoIt _ tho .. _ _ • lilies 01. using .... .1<II:IisII1IIt _ \IIIpIII. .t o " .....} ' lull eM t>:ctP1 . .. ..... Cunir>g I " ' " _ tor • .. ~ .. lilt . .. 1M ' ... .... _ ~ '"""* anglo lOr CWIIinII--. " in lilt Io/Ico. pIao::a . ... _ _ poinIlnQ IOWItd 1M fence. jig _lilt IIIIoIt just caw.. _ _ M Itoo. IS«! ..........rItIll<O<Wll m<Jell lOke cuni".. _ _ 1<issln\I"'"""" anlilt 119"I__ _1 ti..... ... ...... . .

) Cut .Calculating Kerf Spacing LiII"$endof~. air.drieJ 'lock.".he ". c"n "". d'>\Cly Ipaced .thin )j in.ke your kerf. The distance fmm ... .. piece of {he S3me If'''cici ami dimen.'en""" To It""tglhen .he kerfs (o "'.t .ly.:eJ kcnl.pac_ ing them abou{ )! in.lon..napping il. If )'ou know {he .hc kerf spacing..-krk'Ce.. ..hc kerted ptece on 3 flat 1""'<><.. Dampening 'ho lunace can also help.e kerf dosc. Firs" cu' one kert in a .. f.he d~'np jim in (mnt of the !:t·rt. Then clamp .he kerts."r~~ LrtiI ... then lif. placing ."" of {he kerf spacing. of the pittc you ""m to bend.diu.' a dose appro<i"'3' ..h ~ lpacing jig like . (Some 'pedes bend mOft' ea.urfoe" of the "'. If rQl' W:I11\ snlOCl<her contours. est d. u. If {he back 'ide of the >!oct will.'er . 'hI' of cuu inS ' hrough the ..ha. end of 'he . Be aw'" that "'idel)' W".ho"·. or 194 Cutting Joints and Shapes .ide of the hrf.he ".ne (or the guide pi".lock . s{an ou. a crosscu' . you can co.. worl !low\)'10 !lft'nn! .est piece nn{il !I.".ired radi" •..-orkpiece. by kerting a te.nce cqu.c fl". A no.ark a di". m.hen .heJ wo.he d".h . When bending l h~ !lOd.bili.e" piect •• boll! " in .It in A~ts on . as Joes >tmight ·graineJ. On . "pan fOf .he ." f~ce of .he ~erfs wi.he piece to ge' 3n idea C>f how much to adju.>p will approximate 'he nCCC!S3ry kert >pacing {o accomplish the desired radius. (= the ill u\tr:niQn abovel .(ane".he bench.dius ma. of the "sho.k to . you Can u>c" geometric f"'mula!lm will sh'e \"01."llIf c~ To determine the prore' depth and spacing .l $en'e. To cu' {he e\'enly spa. of ..)' of . you co" fill the ken! with epox~.he "I'f!06i'e .k.Ied wi. ".he fin. used for making fi"8l"t' joints.1 '" . the fn.he "ock.ed kerf.

Alter_ na''''ely... workpiece.""cha'" .pitte.·tlh In... When lhe pa..... nem fmrn. Pattern Sawing Pmelll sawing is a . p""....hKllJl.J .race ill ."" fiICe d Ihe auxiliary fc.ed....ncc ...'c bttn dipp<'d off. l"OlJ un auach ..... Tht auxlII..c..m •• pl¢...lle I<oorlec •. .ted pa" lem bl~nk to ~ cl"OOSCUI . CU"'1lg .:h"i4'1C (or "". ...n.. It al50 llttds ro be tong cnoogh to adeqllatcl~ ilipPOt\ the p:!'tem . n". ~ """"'" koIts ill. wtsode ed"" of...'" a JIIO'I bond...·elli."""" . a ""nem ..he ~ .1<"<1 10 make lhe cuts.h. ... "'*' • 10 III bon! "'...". for a r .. .he wo..o rroo:rudt about" in.. hidJen fac.....:<:.he COl....t.*""he. 0\1 WIll ..o your rip fence. i'OSlIion'ng i. illu:so: .·. '" 10 ".WICd ".. ""OI"kriecc ".n. 1"'... .:ondo '0 ..t. d the r.. I ""0 ..(ul lc.m.. ana _ paM... co .-ood.kpiece slightly ".1 lhe blade. len~~h of .he blade "lid .sol.at is alignrd 'mh .hot blade . 01 .klllg exacl duplo'~Ie. frum It..e any (>tfeuts N'.h..he rip (cnce. Vw can "..t.hap" {JIlIO Ii.he pal"'"' ~ing double..¢m is corn· .hghtl)· abo. ion 01\ p.. . iclo_ board. I"" c"uld m.hen sand 01 phone .. .. KllJI.t... 196. 01 lIMp. rlJ"... of..·dy....ht w'''' cdgt of ..ha' ha...ides. Make Ju'" . of oddly g""p«! pan! '''''I ha>"~ IoIrnlght . Iighlly "... ... Tht J'I'X"' i".-ood.... ..e. Oamp ....." """ .t.hat IS guided br an auxil. ~ _ 01 _lor m>I<inQ 0. A"ach an auxiliary fc.ee..l:I>..oh·~ CU"'1lg 'M ""OI"krie<:e sligh. Make ... To pt<"\.ry fenee needs 10 he "'itle clIoug/' '0 :>cc'>lnnlOda....iJt<J lllf'I'.· kn<:e d. SO" will be .o. .".ttth....he e".... 'M" anaching 10 i.ly 0'.. h..:h·cu.. Begm br ""'kl"8lhe .1-... rai~h. 1I be.hen align ..11 bndo .....:hw..:011 to . ...ncc . Secu..-ha.. fen« i.."fC'd piecn '.."11 .:«1. w. Ahcn""i.he m"lmoded g"" .he p"m:m 10 .. 01$ ohown in .

ju.he fen<:c throughou. Guide .".he auxiliary knee slighd y beyond the blode..he blade (. 196 Cutt. "i~necI to t11< UWbI. ilial}' ~"'" !I1at i.. " . 68).g Joints and Shapes .plitt..he edge.lon8 .he Ii. you em e~tend .he $'dern. eaeh entire p'JU (.. the pho'" ah""e). or ri" ing knife co p. .. of [he paceem .. the offcuts (rom being violently thro"'n by ..11 h.c\'en.he bl..'hnJ<Jgh" thin paceem.he pattern finnly ~gain\C ..>dju" the heigh.... of . .he offcucs. Pattern-Sawing Setup ""..'e to reduce .onally ro dea" ""'a)' ..pon.! dui>licatiorl 0/ l«og .he saw occas.>de c(.d •.. and make iu'e to u"" a . pan"" !1101's a!ladled to tl1t W(!<Io:pioc.e . of your p"ttem ocronlingly. ). Stop ..t a bit . wing 011 exa<.he workpiece .. ... holJing .bo\.......he auxiliary fence.. pmje<. . Before making the (uts.. bu. on p.hickne""..1y $r>apo<! l>UU wiIIl "raigtn slOe. . 'ido •• Iong an '".

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. • Aligning thll rip fence the cornerstone of any woodworking shop and an essential tool for homebuilders. __ • ..s.ado _ ~ .95 u. . Kentucky. on t&bI8-saw ""'~.. • Selecting the rlllht • Working safely Taunton Wolllfwllrklng .95 . .. __ 'ob. -~ -vo ___ ~ .951 CA N $ 2 1 .. and lenons on table saws. He gM» ~ ac . grooyes.. IS BN : 1 -S6 1 5 8 .......... handling large stock and sheet Ke4Iy Mehler.• Choosing the right saw • SsOlng up a saw T hiS completely revised edition is a cornprehensive reference to the table saw.. " Reference • Cutting dadoes. "'~ " ... c..... .t 26~ m W • ThC "Iaum on Press ''''P'''''''''"'' "-!... The • Ripping thin stock • Making accurate crosscuts book covers how to choose a lable saw to fit your needs and provides in-depth instruction in all basic o perations including ripping. Wood Flnlslling Book Woatbbop lJtIite<I Stat. . cross-cutting. US $19 . He is also a • Sawing large or thIck stock .... J•• .. The '"' &<!ilion 0/ TI!6 Table Saw 8CQk eSlabIist>ed Mehler as an _ • Handling sheet goods blade goods as well special techniques and joinery. 0/ Berea..the BoG's Also "'willable: TIle lIB. Ms b&$n bulldIng fumII uno ~ lor mote lIIan 20 yO Of$..'" Tho T ___ fnIqueoI oontribuIor to FIM Dusl Control $ 19.