Deep Purple are an English rock band formed in Hertford in 1968.Along with Led Zeppelin and Black Sabbath, they are considered to be among the pioneers of heavy metal and modern hard rock, although some band members believe that their music cannot be categorised as belonging to any one genre. The band incorporated classical music, blues-rock, pop and progressive rock elements.They were once listed by the Guinness Book of World Records as "the loudest pop group", and have sold over 100 million albums worldwide.Deep Purple were ranked #22 on VH1's Greatest Artists of Hard Rock programme. The band has gone through many line-up changes and an eight-year hiatus (1976–84). The 1968–76 line-ups are commonly labelled Mark I, II, III and IV. Their second and most commercially successful line-up featured Ian Gillan (vocals), Jon Lord (keyboards), Roger Glover (bass), Ian Paice (drums) and Ritchie Blackmore (guitar).This line-up was active from 1969 to 1973 and was revived from 1984 to 1989 and again in 1993, before the rift between Blackmore and other members became unbridgeable. The current line-up (including guitarist Steve Morse) has been much more stable, although Lord's retirement in 2002 has left Paice as the only original member never to have left the band. In 2004, from left to right, Roger Glover, Ian Paice, Ian Gillan, Don Airey and Steve Morse

Pre-Deep Purple years (1967–68)
In 1967, former Searchers drummer Chris Curtis contacted London businessman Tony Edwards in the hope that he would manage a new group he was putting together, to be called Roundabout: socalled because the members would get on and off the band, like a musical roundabout. Impressed with the plan, Edwards agreed to finance the venture with two business partners: John Coletta and Ron Hire (Hire-Edwards-Coletta – HEC Enterprises). The first recruit was the classically-trained Hammond organ player Jon Lord, who had most notably played with The Artwoods (led by Art Wood, brother of future Rolling Stones guitarist Ronnie Wood, and featuring Keef Hartley). He was followed by session guitarist Ritchie Blackmore, who was persuaded to return from Hamburg to audition for the new group. Curtis soon dropped out, but HEC Enterprises, as well as Lord and Blackmore, were keen to carry on.

He was also in Screaming Lord Sutch's The Savages. The band hunted down singer Ian Gillan from Episode Six. This would be the band's last recording before Evans and Simper were fired. In search of a replacement vocalist. Deep Purple. Records. Blackmore suggested a new name: Deep Purple. whose first. whom Evans was trying to seduce. which was released in July 1968. The group had resolved to choose a name after everyone had posted one on a board in rehearsal. leaving the band with no money and an uncertain future. a threemovement epic composed by Lord as a solo project and performed by the band at the Royal Albert . Several influences were in evidence. This effectively killed Episode Six and gave Underwood a guilt complex that lasted nearly a decade — until Gillan recruited him for his new post-Purple band in the late 1970s. After a brief tour of Denmark in the spring of 1968. Blackmore set his sights on 19 year old singer Terry Reid. they recorded a single called "Emmaretta". who would release Deep Purple's records in the US throughout the 1970s.Blackmore had no other choice but to look elsewhere.For the bass guitar. a band that had released several singles in the UK without achieving their big break for commercial success. named for Emmaretta Marks. which flopped. Tetragrammaton. which reached #4 on the US Billboard chart and #2 on the Canadian RPM charts. who only a year earlier declined a similar opportunity to front the newly forming Led Zeppelin. notably Vanilla Fudge (Blackmore has even claimed the group wanted to be a "Vanilla Fudge clone") and Lord's classical antecedents such as Bach and Rimsky-Korsakov. Lord suggested his old friend Nick Simper. The band's second album. although it would not be released in their home country until the following year. 1969 saw the release of their third album. and they were booked to support Cream on their Goodbye tour. which contained strings and woodwind on one track ("April"). Six's drummer Mick Underwood — an old comrade of Blackmore's from his Savages days — made the introductions of Gillan and bassist Roger Glover. Breakthrough (1968–70) In October 1968. was released in the United States to coincide with this tour. The line-up was completed by vocalist Rod Evans and drummer Ian Paice from The Maze. where he played with Blackmore. with whom he had played in a band called The Flower Pot Men and their Garden (formerly known as The Ivy League) back in 1967.) Returning to England in early 1969. inauspicious release was a Greenaway-Cook tune titled "Hallelujah". the group had success with a cover of Joe South's "Hush". Though he found the offer "flattering" Reid was still bound by the exclusive recording contract with his producer Mickie Most and more interested in his solo career. and second to Deep Purple was "Concrete God" which the band thought was too harsh to take on. The Book of Taliesyn (including a cover of Neil Diamond's "Kentucky Woman"). Simper's claims to fame (apart from Deep Purple) were that he had been in Johnny Kidd and The Pirates and had been in the car crash that killed Kidd. which was his grandmother's favourite song. went out of business. their American record company. After these three albums and extensive touring in the United States. The song was taken from their debut album Shades of Deep Purple. reaching #38 on the billboard chart and #21 on the RPM charts. then a cast member of the musical Hair. The band gained some much-needed publicity with the Concerto for Group and Orchestra. (Tetragrammaton's assets were assumed by Warner Bros. This created the quintessential Deep Purple Mark II line-up.

The title track "Fireball" was released as a single. This incident famously inspired the song "Smoke on the Water". 1972 to a show in Portsmouth. Deep Purple continued to tour and record at a rate that would be rare thirty years on: when Machine Head was recorded. The band also issued the UK Top Ten single "Black Night". now started to take on a unique identity that further separated the band from its earlier albums. another orchestra/group collaboration in the same vein. including tracks that became live classics such as "Highway Star". yet it was their seventh LP. Together with Five Bridges by The Nice. the band were already performing songs planned for the next album. Gillan believes that he witnessed a man fire a flare gun into the ceiling during the concert. in late 1970. Popularity and break-up (1970–76) Shortly after the orchestral release. it was one of the first collaborations between a rock band and an orchestra although. The album was due to be recorded at a casino in Montreux. coupled with Gillan's howling vocals and the rhythm section of Glover and Paice. having been written on the bus Ian Gillan in Clemson. the band began a hectic touring and recording schedule that was to see little respite for the next three years. certain members of Deep Purple (Blackmore and Gillan especially) were less than happy at the group being tagged as "a group who played with orchestras" when actually what they had in mind was to develop the band into a much tighter. was issued in the summer of 1971. Despite this. Lord wrote and the band recorded the Gemini Suite. SC. "Lazy" and "Smoke on the Water". which contained the then-concert staples "Speed King". One song (which later became "Highway Star") was performed at the first gig of the Fireball tour. "Into The Fire" and "Child in Time". Meanwhile the band undertook four North America tours in 1972 and the August tour of . A second album. but a fire during a Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention gig burned down the casino. was In Rock (a name supported by the album's Mount Rushmore-inspired cover). using the Rolling Stones Mobile Studio. released in mid1970. The interplay between Blackmore's guitar and Lord's distorted organ. Their first studio album of this period. in December 1971. at the time. as was "Strange Kind of Woman" – not from the album but recorded during the same sessions (although it was included on the US version of the album instead of the UK version's song "Demon's Eye". "Space Truckin'". conducted by Malcolm Arnold.) Within weeks of Fireball's release. the band travelled to Switzerland to record Machine Head. the creatively progressive Fireball. prompting Mark Volman of the Mothers to comment: "Arthur Brown in person!" Continuing from where both previous albums left off. Machine Head has since become the band's most famous album. the group had only been together three and a half years.Hall with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra. hard-rocking style. the song for which Deep Purple is most famous. The album was actually recorded at the nearby empty Grand Hotel. in answer to a journalist's question: "How do you go about writing songs?" Three months later.

Eagles. The classic Deep Purple Mark II line-up continued to work and released the album Who Do We Think We Are (1973). such as "Lady Double Dealer". This lineup's first album. Angus Cameron McKinlay. but internal tensions and exhaustion were more noticeable than ever. They settled on Coverdale. Originally intended as a Japan-only record. an unknown singer from Saltburn in Northeast England. to crack the USA Top 10) and was followed by another world tour. Germany.Ian Gillan admitted in Blackmore in Hannover.Japan that led to a double-vinyl live release. Seals and Crofts. and Angus was eliminated. and David Coverdale. featuring the hit single "Woman from Tokyo".[18] The bad feelings culminated in Gillan quitting the band after their second tour of Japan in the summer of 1973 over tensions with Blackmore. but by that time Rodgers had just started Bad Company. 1974. its worldwide release saw the double LP become an instant hit. titled Burn. and to the surprise of many longtime fans. Emerson. According to Hughes. formerly of Trapeze. Still riding the wave of Machine Head and Made in Japan. he was persuaded to join under the guise that the band would be bringing in Paul Rodgers of Free as a co-lead vocalist. later shortened after one album to Rainbow. Hughes and Coverdale added vocal harmonies and elements of funk and blues. In spite of this. Earth. It remains one of rock music's most popular and highest selling liveconcert recordings (although at the time it was perhaps seen as less important. was a highly successful release (only the second album. stating simply. In many ways. the festival also included 70's rock giants Black Sabbath. a sound that was even more apparent on the late 1974 release Stormbringer." As a result. called Ritchie Blackmore's Rainbow.000 fans. he left the band on 21 June 1975 to form his own band with Ronnie James Dio of Elf. The band played at the famous California Jam festival in Ontario. actually announced a replacement for the "irreplaceable" Man in Black. primarily because Blackmore liked his masculine. the addition of Who Do We Think We Are made them the top-selling artists of 1973 in the USA. Deep Purple was left to fill one of the biggest band member vacancies in rock music. they debated continuing as a four-piece with Hughes as both bassist and lead vocalist. as only Glover and Paice turned up to mix it). Portions of the show were telecast on ABC Television in the US. "The Gypsy" and "Soldier Of Fortune". the album had a number of songs that received much radio play. California on April 6. Besides the title track. after Machine Head. and Glover being pushed out with him. The band first hired Midlands bassist/vocalist Glenn Hughes. Attracting over 200. to the band's music. Wind & Fire. "I don't like funky soul music.Instead. Lake & Palmer. After acquiring Hughes. . the rest of the band refused to stop. Yet Blackmore voiced unhappiness with the album and the direction Deep Purple had taken. blues-tinged voice. the band had become victims of their own success. Two primary candidates surfaced: a Scotsman. This new line-up continued into 1974. exposing the band to a wider audience. Rare Earth and Black Oak Arkansas. Made in Japan. auditions were held for lead vocal replacements. American Tommy Bolin. respectively. 1970 (with the touring band) a 1984 interview that the band was pushed by management to complete the album on time and go on tour when they badly needed a break. With Blackmore's departure.

But in an interview originally published by Melody Maker in June 1975.[24] Bolin had been a member of many now-forgotten late-1960s bands – Denny & The Triumphs. bringing a new. John. Band split. the band was in danger. especially with the revival of the hard rock market in the late 1970s/early 1980s. when. Unable to wake him. and Zephyr. the guitarist developed much of the material. Come Taste the Band. There were. The resulting album. The album Perfect Strangers was released in October 1984. The Good Rats. the collection revitalised the band once again. an unauthorised version of the band surfaced with Evans as the only member who had ever been in Deep Purple. Before Deep Purple. and after cancelled shows and below-par concert performances. and with encouragement from Hughes and Coverdale. on 4 December 1976. eight years after the demise of Deep Purple. He plugged into four Marshall 100-watt stacks and. and was busy working on his first solo album. In Miami. with Mercury Records releasing their albums in the United States. and Polydor Records in other countries. Bolin's personal problems with drugs began to manifest themselves. Later. American Standard. side projects (1976–84) The end came on tour in Britain in March 1976 at the Liverpool Empire Theatre. Reunions and break-ups (1984–94) In April 1984. After the break-up most of the past and present members of Deep Purple went on to have considerable success in a number of other bands. a number of promoter-led attempts to get the band to reform. who hadn't told anyone else. Moxy and Alphonse Mouzon. Bolin had just finished recording his second solo album. The reformed band signed a worldwide deal with PolyGram. The decision to disband Deep Purple had been made some time before the last show by Lord and Paice (the last remaining original members). to which he was allegedly told there was no band left to quit. Teaser. it sold extremely well (reaching #5 in the UK and #17 on the Billboard 200 in the US) and included the singles and concert staples "Knockin' At Your Back Door" and . The break-up was finally made public in July 1976. including Rainbow. Bolin's best-known recordings were made as a session musician on Billy Cobham's 1973 jazz fusion album Spectrum. thin as a rake.the job was his"."He walked in. Bolin's influence was crucial. Bolin himself claimed that he came to the audition following a recommendation from Blackmore. however.000 (US) for using the band name without permission.. she hurriedly called paramedics. Private Eyes.. but it was too late. Black Sabbath and Gillan. Coverdale reportedly walked off in tears and handed in his resignation. tragedy struck. extreme funk edge to their hard rock sound. Whitesnake. He was 25 years old. his hair coloured green. during a tour supporting Jeff Beck.There are at least two versions about the recruitment of Bolin: Coverdale claims to have been the one who suggested auditioning Bolin. Despite mixed reviews. He had also jammed with such luminaries as Dr. yellow and blue with feathers in it. and as Joe Walsh's replacement on two James Gang albums: Bang (1973) and Miami (1974). Later. By 1980. Slinking along beside him was this stunning Hawaiian girl in a crochet dress with nothing on underneath. a full-scale (and legal) reunion took place with the "classic" early 1970s line-up of Blackmore. A solid release. Albert King. eventually ending in successful legal action from the legitimate Deep Purple camp over unauthorised use of the name. Glover. Lord and Paice. which released three albums from 1969–72. Evans was ordered to pay damages of $672. Bolin was found unconscious by his girlfriend. when he accepted the invitation to join Deep Purple. Gillan. The official cause of death: multiple-drug intoxication. was released in October 1975.

This line-up recorded just one album. Mama's Boys. Slaves & Masters (1990) and toured in support though some fans derided it as little more than a so-called "Deep Rainbow" album. With a revamped set list to tour. The UK homecoming proved limited. Much of the next few years was spent on the road touring. Paice and Glover (and the record company) wanted Gillan back in the fold for the 25th anniversary. The group continued forward until 2002.000 fans turned up anyway. Financially. as they elected to play just a single festival show at Knebworth (with main support from the Scorpions. Blackfoot. and in 1996 a new album titled Purpendicular was released. which was followed by a world tour (interrupted after Blackmore broke a finger on Deep Purple at the Cow Palace. He was asked to join permanently. and touring with renewed enthusiasm. Lord. then into Europe by the following summer. Revival with Steve Morse (1994–present) Morse's arrival revitalised the band creatively. but his record contract commitments prevented this. Marco de Goeij. the tour was also a tremendous success. It was once again performed at the Royal Albert Hall in September 1999. but 80. releasing the harder-sounding Abandon in 1998."Perfect Strangers". California. but this fell through due to complications with Jamison's record label. The band unanimously chose Dixie Dregs/Kansas guitarist Steve Morse to become Blackmore's permanent successor. Originally the band intended to recruit Survivor frontman Jimi Jamison as Gillan's replacement. this time with the London Symphony Orchestra conducted by Paul Mann. showing a wide variety of musical styles. Bernie Marsden's Alaska. 31 January 1985 stage) and another live album Nobody's Perfect (1988) which was culled from several shows on this tour.Eventually. who was also a musicologist and composer. after requesting and eventually receiving 250. and the occasion was commemorated on the 2000 album Live at the Royal Albert Hall. former Rainbow vocalist Joe Lynn Turner was recruited into the band. two similar concerts were performed in Tokyo and released as part of the box set The Soundboard Series. as well as a short Deep Purple set. along with Paice. was the only member to be in all incarnations of the band) announced his amicable retirement from the band to pursue personal projects . Turner was forced out. the original score having been lost. Gillan was fired as his relations with Blackmore had again soured and their musical differences had widened too far. as Lord. The reunion tour followed. The gig was called the "Return Of The Knebworth Fayre". In early 2001.000 dollars in his bank account and the classic line-up recorded The Battle Rages On. SanFrancisco. with the help of a Dutch fan. Deep Purple enjoyed success throughout the rest of the 1990s. With the tour complete. also on the bill were UFO. But tensions between Gillan and Blackmore came to a head yet again during an otherwise stunningly successful European tour. In 1999. but still largely based on the by-now familiar Made in Japan set-list. painstakingly recreated the Concerto for Group and Orchestra. starting in Australia and winding its way across the world to North America. In the UK a new version of "Hush" (with Gillan on lead vocals) was released to mark 20 years of the band. The line-up then released a new live album Live at The Olympia '96 in 1997. when founding member Lord (who. never to return. The concert also featured songs from each member's solo careers. Blackmore walked out in November 1993. Mountain and Meat Loaf). Blackmore grudgingly relented. In 1989. The line-up then released The House of Blue Light in 1987. The weather was bad (torrential rain and 6" of mud). Joe Satriani was drafted in to complete the Japanese dates in December and stayed on for a European Summer tour in 1994.

in October of the same year. chronicling the year leading up the band splitting up in 1976. Some studio time in Spain has been booked. but he said: "It was one of the lowest points of my life – all of our lives. Ozzy Osbourne. This was a recording of their 1993 appearance at the NEC in Birmingham. plus previously unreleased footage of the star-crossed MkIV line-up – also featuring David Coverdale. the Blu-Ray/DVD will include new interviews with both Glenn Hughes and Jon Lord. released their next album Rapture of the Deep. Titled Gettin’ Tighter. the band played at the Live 8 Roger Glover and Steve Morse jamming during the intro to "Highway Star" concert in Park Place (Barrie. actually". Rock keyboard veteran Don Airey (Rainbow. the controversially titled Bananas. to be followed by a supporting tour. Recordings of this show have previously been released without resistance from Gillan or any other members of the band. working with new producer Michael Bradford. Tommy Bolin and Ian Paice – playing live Ian Paice. Gillan asked fans not to buy a live album Come Hell or High Water being released by Sony BMG. Ontario) and. Black Sabbath. In July 2005. Gillan hinted that the group may record their nineteenth studio album in February 2011. In 2003. and began touring in support of the album immediately. Deep Purple released their first studio album in five years. joined the band. drummer and last remaining original member of Deep Purple . Deep Purple are to release a documentary next year. It was followed by the Rapture of the Deep tour. who had helped Deep Purple out when Lord's knee was injured in 2001.Steve Morse later revealed in an interview that the band would begin working on a new album in March. In February 2007. Whitesnake). Lord left his Hammond organ to his replacement.(especially orchestral work).

harmonica. 1992–present) Steve Morse – guitar (1994–present) Roger Glover – bass (1969–1973. vocals (1975–1976) Joe Lynn Turner – lead vocals (1989–1991) Joe Satriani – guitar (1993–1994) . percussion (1968–1976. 1984–1993) Jon Lord – keyboards. backing vocals (1968–1969) David Coverdale – lead vocals (1973–1976) Glenn Hughes – bass. 1984–2002) Rod Evans – lead vocals (1968–1969) Nick Simper – bass. organ. 1984–present) Ian Paice – drums.Band members Current members      Ian Gillan – vocals. organ (2001–present) Former members          Ritchie Blackmore – guitar (1968–1975. congas (1969–1973. vocals (1973–1976) Tommy Bolin – guitar. 1984–1989. 1984–present) Don Airey – keyboards. backing vocals (1968–1976.

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