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Chau Man Duc
1.0 – Apr 3rd, 2009 This is free for distribution under any purposes Any feedbacks, please email to firstname.lastname@example.org This is created with reference to the following books and website
Google Hacks – Paul Bausch, Tara Calishain, Rael Dornfest O’Reilly, 3rd edition
Google: The Missing Manual - J.D. Biersdorfer, Rael Dornfest, Matthew MacDonald, Sarah Milstein - O’Reilly, 2nd edition
Google™ Search and Tools in a Snap – Preston Gralla – Sams www.googleguide.com - Nancy Blachman
Google Search Techniques
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. What is Google? How Google works? Google Web Search Basics Full-Word Wildcards Special Syntax Special Search Use Google Search as Calculator Advanced Search Setting Preferences Google Search Results
―. and quote marks Google returns pages that match your search terms exactly Google search word limit is 32 . Google ignores most punctuation. If you search for Three. Google considers the first word most important." "how. hyphens. which uses computerized "spiders" to index millions. of pages. except apostrophes. the second word next. and doesn't search individual pages Google is case-insensitive. Searches for apple and apples turn up different pages The order of words matters. you get the same results." 'it. THREE. including include "I." and "is." "in." "an." "from. and so on Google ignores most little words. allowing for much narrower searches than searchable subject index." "how. which searches only the titles and descriptions of sites." "of." "where." "for. or even THREE. sometimes billions.1. Singular is different from plural. tHRee." "the. What is Google? Google is a full-text search engine.
com/products Google Scholar Search .google.com/alerts .com/ • • .com/ Google Book Search .google.http://images.Google Alerts are email updates of the latest relevant Google results (web.1.http://video.google.http://www.com/ Google Product Search .google.http://blogsearch.http://maps. What is Google? Google Alerts .http://groups.http://www. news.http://books.com/ Google Maps Search .google.com Google Group Search .google.com/ Google Blog Search . etc.google.com/ Google Image Search .google.http://scholar.google.) based on your choice of query or topic Google News Search – http://news.com Google Video Search .google.
com/ • • • .com/mobile/ Google Earth .http://labs.1.http://www.google. What is Google? Google Mobile .com/language_tools Google Pack .google.com Google Language Tools http://www.http://www.http://gmail.com And more on Google Labs .http://finance.google.http://pack.com Google Gmail .com Google Photo .com/ Google Finance .http://picasaweb.google.google.blogger.google.google.google.com/ Google Blog .http://earth.
How Google Works? Google runs on a distributed network of thousands of computers and can therefore carry out fast parallel processing. Google has three distinct parts Googlebot.2. and the results formatter . with each index entry storing a list of documents in which the term appears and the location within the text where it occurs Google Query’s Processor The query processor has several parts. Google’s Web Crawler Googlebot is Google’s web crawling robot. the ―engine‖ that evaluates queries and matches them to relevant documents. which finds and retrieves pages on the web and hands them off to the Google indexer Google Indexer This index is sorted alphabetically by search term. including the user interface (search box).
2. How Google Works? .
group the other terms within parentheses. Google will find matches where the keywords appear anywhere on the page If you want Google to find you matches where the keywords appear together as a phrase. put an OR (in capital letter).3. A computer programming character | can work like OR (e. Basic Boolean Google's Boolean default is AND. which means that if you enter query words without modifiers. Google will search for all your query words If you prefer to specify that any one word or phrase is acceptable. For example: enter Yahoo OR Google. Yahoo | Google) If you want to search for a particular term along with two or more other terms.g. like this “search techniques” 2. like so “search techniques” (Yahoo OR Google) . Phrase Searches Enter key words search techniques. surround them with quotes. Google Web Search Basics 1. lower case or won’t work correctly.
This will search the pages that contain ―search techniques‖. Negation If you want to specify that a query item must not appear in your results. as in +the “search techniques”. however. ―the‖. but not the word Google Note that the symbol must appear directly before the word or phrase that you don't want. there are certain words that Google will ignore because they are considered too common to be of any use in the search (e. . Explicit Inclusion Google will search for all the keywords and phrases that you specify.g. etc.3. as in the following query. prepend a (minus sign or dash): “search techniques” –Google.) You can force Google to take a stop word into account by prepending a + (plus) character. ―of‖. it won't work as expected “search techniques” – Google 4. If there's space between. ―a‖. Google Web Search Basics 3.
Synonyms The Google synonym operator. and others (both singular and plural forms) of the ape or related family. (two periods).5 megapixel $800.g. asks Google to include not only exact matches.) .. Number Range The number range operator. the ~ (tilde) character. but also what it thinks are synonyms for each of the keywords. Searching for: ~ape turns up results for monkey. digital camera ..$1000) You can also use the number range syntax with just one number.. making it the minimum or maximum of your query (e. prepended to any number of keywords in your query. Google Web Search Basics 5. as if you'd searched for: monkey gorilla chimpanzee (Synonyms are bolded along with exact keyword matches on the results page. gorilla... looks for results that fall inside your specified numeric range (e. so they're easy to spot) 6. .5 megapixel $800. chimpanzee.3. digital camera 3.g.
Simple Searching and Feeling Lucky The I'm Feeling Lucky™ button is a thing of beauty. It will shows below and you can enter another keyword .com. Click Search within results link at the bottom of every results page.3. Searching Within Your Results Help you narrow down your results to find the really relevant pages within your results pages only.. the first result in the list). you're whisked away to what Google believes is the most relevant page given your search (i.washingtonpost.e. Entering washington post and clicking the I'm Feeling Lucky button takes you directly to http://www. 8. Google Web Search Basics 7. Rather than giving you a list of search results from which to choose.
* is a stand-in for one word. three green mice. therefore. and so on . finds three blind mice. Full-Word Wildcards the wildcard will act as a substitute for one full word. ** signifies two words. etc.4. three blue mice. Searching for tHRee * mice.
A link anchor is the descriptive text of a link. For example.com" intext:html inanchor: searches for text in a page's link anchors. it's perfect for finding query words that might be too common in URLs or link titles. the link anchor in the HTML code <a href="http://www.5. There's also an allintext: variation intext:"yahoo. While its uses are limited. URLs. Using allintitle: is basically the same as using intitle: before each keyword: intitle:"george bush― allintitle:"money supply" economics intext: searches only body text (i. Special Syntax intitle: restricts your search to the titles of web pages.com">O'Reilly Media</a> is "O'Reilly Media. There's an allinanchor: variation . it ignores link text..―.e. The variation allintitle: finds pages in which all the specified words appear in the title of the web page.oreilly. and titles).
5.com and you'll get a list of pages that link to the Google home page. An allinurl: variation finds all the words listed in a URL inurl:help link: returns a list of pages that link to the specified URL. http://www.google. This syntax usually works well for finding search and help pages because they tend to be regular in composition.com (not anywhere in the google. Special Syntax site: allows you to narrow your search by a site or by a top-level domain site:edu inurl: restricts your search to the URLs of web pages.google. Enter link:www.com domain) cache: finds a copy of the page that Google indexed even if that page is no longer available at its original URL or has since changed its content completely .
5.com/technology phonebook: . Special Syntax filetype: searches the suffixes or filename extensions "leading economic indicators" filetype:ppt related: . and Northern Light info:www. This is a good way to find categories of pages. as you might expect. as you might expect.com returns a variety of search engines. looks up phone numbers phonebook:(510) 555-1212 or phonebook: <name> define: gives you a page full of definitions of a word from around the Web movie: syntax to find reviews of movies on the Web music: explicitly searches for music-related information . including Lycos. Yahoo!. finds pages that are related to the specified page.nytimes. a search for related:google.
html .com/options/specialsear ches.6. Special Search http://www.google.
com/ .6.google. Special Search http://directory.
the daily high and low. Special Search Parcel tracking IDs. goog for Google) and Google will return the latest stock price. the volume traded. and other specialized numbers can be entered into Google’s search box for quick access to information about them Stock Quotes: enter stock symbol (e.g.6. along with an intra-day chart. patents. the company’s market capitalization and links to other financial information .
g.. e. use 2 * 3 . Basic Arithmetic Compute expressions containing standard mathematical symbols.7. The following table lists operators that come between the two numbers on which they operate. to multiply 2 times 3. Use Google Search as Calculator 1.
and mathematical functions. i (the square root of –1).7. Advanced Math Compute results involving mathematical constants. Use Google Search as Calculator 2. The following table lists just some of the functions built into Google’s calculator . pi. such as e.
Units of Measure and Conversions Compute expressions involving different units.7. Many units have both long and short names. Use Google Search as Calculator 3. units are converted to and results expressed in meter-kilogram-second (mks) units. Use whichever name you prefer . By default.
Units of Measure and Conversions Here are calculations that involve units. [ three quarters of a cup in teaspoons ] [ 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit in degrees Celsius ] [ 130 lbs in kg ] [ 130 lbs in stones ] [ 65 mph in kph ] or [ 65 mph in km/h ] Warning: When your query includes ―Calories‖ with a capital ―C. [ 160 pounds * 4000 feet in Calories ] Convert from one numbering system to another [ 1500 in hex ] or [ 1500 in hexadecimal ] [ 64 in binary ] .‖ Google returns kilocalories called ―calories‖ by nutritionists. x units in y units.7. [ 2 meters + 5 feet ] Convert from one set of units to another by using the notation. Use Google Search as Calculator 3.
8. Advanced Search .
intitle. inurl. Advanced Search Advanced Search brings to you everything which you can search using keyword such as filetype. .8.
or Use strict filtering .8. Use moderate filtering. You can choose No filtering. Use the SafeSearch feature to filter out inappropriate pictures. inappropriate pictures still might show up inadvertently on some searches. and although Google Image Search does not index pornographic sites. Advanced Search Advance Image Search Use SafeSearch The Web is full of inappropriate graphics.
Setting Preferences .9.
Setting Preferences .9.
10. Google Search Results .
the positions of the search terms within the page. Search Results: Ordered by relevance to your query. and the proximity of the search terms to one another . as well as the time your search took. Consequently you are likely to find what you’re seeking quickly by looking at the results in the order in which they appear. with the result that Google considers the most relevant listed first. Queries that are linked to just one definition are followed by a definition link. including how many other pages link to the page.10. Google assesses relevance by considering over a hundred factors. Google Search Results Google Logo: Click on the Google logo to go to Google’s home page Statistics Bar: Describes your search. includes the number of results on the current results page and an estimate of the total number of results. Google just estimates the number of results Dictionary Definition: Every underlined term in the statistics bar is linked to its dictionary definition. For the sake of efficiency.
These components appear in fonts of different colors on the result page to make it easier to distinguish them from one another.10. Page Title: (blue) The web page’s title. It is omitted for sites not yet indexed. or its URL if the page has no title or if Google has not indexed all of the page’s content. ―12k‖ means that the text portion of the web page is 12 kilobytes . if the page has one. Each distinct excerpt or snippet is separated by an ellipsis (…) URL of Result: (green) Web address of the search result Size: (green) The size of the text portion of the web page. Snippets: (black) Each search result usually includes one or more short excerpts of the text that matches your query with your search terms in boldface type. Google Search Results You will see these buttons if you’re currently logged in with Gmail account Promote button: Promote a website to higher order Remove button: Remove a website from search results Comment button: Comment for a website Below are descriptions of some search-result components. In the screen shot.
Google Search Results Date: (green) Sometimes the date Google crawled a page appears just after the size of the page. it lists the most relevant result first with the second most relevant page from that same site indented below it More Results: When there are more than two results from the same site. Practically every search result includes a Cached link. Dates are included for pages that have recently had a fresh crawl Indented Result: When Google finds multiple results from the same website. access the remaining results from the ―More results from…‖ link Catch pages: Google takes a snapshot of each page it examines and caches (stores) that version as a back-up.10. The cached version is what Google uses to judge if a page is a good match for your query. Clicking on that link takes you to the Google cached version of that web page. This is useful if the original page is unavailable . The date tells you the freshness of Google’s copy of the page. instead of the current version of the page.
Google Search Results Similar pages: results similar to current Google search result Spelling corrections and suggestions: Google automatically checks whether you are using the most common spelling of each word in your query Translation: provides a translation link and language tools to enable you to read pages written in unfamiliar languages .10.
10. or if you want faster access to the file — click on either the ―View as HTML‖ or ―View as Text‖ link . if you don’t have Adobe Acrobat on your computer. Google Search Results File type conversion: If you can’t view the page in the native format — for instance.
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