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CHEMISTRY CREST

EAMCET 2011(ENGINEERING)

Maximum Marks: 40

Question paper format and Marking scheme: 1. This question paper has 40 questions of equal weight age. Each question is allotted 1 mark for each correct response. 2. No deduction from the total score will be made if no response is indicated for an item in the answer sheet. 3. There is only one correct response for each question. Filling up more than one response in each question will be treated as wrong response

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CHEMISTRY CREST
121.

EAMCET 2011(ENGINEERING)

The number of radial nodes present in the radial probability distribution curves for the orbital wave function with quantum numbers n = 4, l = 0 and m = o is: (1) 4 (2) 3 (3) 2 (4) 1 (2) Number of radial nodes in Radial probability distribution curves = ( n l 1) = 4 0 1 = 3 If the uncertainty in velocities of two particles A and B with mass 1.0 10 27 kg ad 1.0 10 31 kg respectively is the same, the ratio of uncertainty in the positions of A and B is: (1) 1000 : 1 (2) 10,000 : 1 (3) 1 : 1000 (4) 1 : 10,000 (4)
h 4 ( v ) same for both A and B

Sol.

122.

Sol.

( x ) .m. ( v ) =

h, 4 and are constants x m ( x ) A mB 11031 = = ( x ) B m A 11027 104 1 = = 1 10, 000 123.

With reference to the diagram given the van dar Waals radius is equal to (1) A A ' (2) B-A (3) B-D (4) A-C Sol. (4) Half the distance between centres of two atoms of different molecules which are closest to each other ( held together by vanderwaals forces )is called vanderwaals radius Vander Waals radius = A - C

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CHEMISTRY CREST
124.

EAMCET 2011(ENGINEERING)

In which one of the following, the bond angle is the lowest? (1) H O (2) N H (3) F O 3 4 2

(4) BCl 3

Sol.

(3)

Bond angles : (1) H O+ sp3 1070 3 + ( 2 ) N H 4 sp3 1090 28' ( 3) F2O sp3 1030 ( 4 ) BCl3 sp 2 1200
125.

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )

In the Born-Haber cycle of the given reaction 1 Na (s ) + Cl ( g ) NaCl(s ) 2 2 The number of endothermic and exothermic stages respectively are: (1) 2, 3 (2) 3, 1 (3) 3, 2 (4) 2, 2 (3) Steps invoved in Born haber cycle of the reaction 1 Na (s ) + Cl ( g ) NaCl(s ) 2 2 1) Sublimation of solid Na Na( s ) Na( g ) ; H = +108.7 KJ / mole 2)Dissociation of Cl2 molecules 1 Cl2( g ) Cl( g ) ; H = +119.55 KJ / mole 2 3)Formation of Na+ ions Na( g ) Na + ( g ) + e ; H = +492.82 KJ / mole
4)Formation of Cl- ions Cl( g ) + e Cl ( g ) ; H = 361.60 KJ / mole 5)Formation of NaCl Na( g ) + + Cl( g ) NaCl( s ) ; H = UKJ / mole Number of endothermic stages( H = + ve) = 3 ( 1, 2 and 3) Number of exothermic stages( H = - ve) = 2 ( 4 and 5)

Sol.

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CHEMISTRY CREST
126.

EAMCET 2011(ENGINEERING)

A metal nitride contains 28% nitrogen by weight. The molecular formula of metal nitride is M N . What is the atomic weight of metal? 3 2 (1) 72 (2) 64 (3) 100 (4) 24 (4) % of nitrogen = 28; % of metal = 72 As per formula M3N2, 2 At. wt. of nitrogen = 2 14 = 28 3 At. wt. of metal = 72 Therefore, atomic weight of metal = 24 Which one of the following statements is not correct? (1) The fraction of total number of molecules of a gas having most probable velocity increases with an increase in temperature of the gas. (2) The concentration of an ideal gas at 100 K ad 0.0821 atm. of pressure is 1.0 10 -2 mol.lit 1 (R = 0.0821 lit. atm mol 1.K 1 (3) If the rms velocity of an ideal gas at T(K) is C cm.s-1, its rms velocity at 4T(K) is 2C cm.s-1 (4) The average kinetic energy of gas molecules is proportional to their absolute temperature. (1) Acc to Maxwell Boltzmann distribution curves of molecular velocities, most probable velocity increases but total no of molecules having most probable velocity decreases In acidic medium, 100 ml of 0.01 M KMnO4 solution oxidizes 100 ml of H2O2 solution. The volume of 0.01 M KMnO4 required to oxidizes the same volume of H2O2 in alkaline medium in ml. is 300 300 500 500 (1) (2) (3) (4) 2 5 3 2 (3)

Sol.

127.

Sol.

128.

Sol.

: MnO + 8 H + + 5e Mn2 + + 4 H O 4 2 Alkaline medium : MnO + 4 H O + 3e MnO + 4OH 4 2 2 Volume of 0.01 KMnO4 required in acid medium = 100 ml. 100 5 500 Volume of 0.01M KMnO4 required in alkaline medium = = ml 3 3 Acid medium
129. A solution of 10 g of a non-volatile binary electrolyte (mol. Wt = 100) in 500 g of water freezes at 0.74 0 C . What is the degree of ionization? ( K f of water = 1.85 K Molality-1) (1) 50% (2) 75% (3) 100% (4) 0% (3)

Sol.

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CHEMISTRY CREST
T = i.k f .m f 0 (0.74) = i 1.85 10 1000 100 500

EAMCET 2011(ENGINEERING)

i 1 2 1 = =1 n 1 2 1 degree of ionization = 100%

i=2

130.

For the electrochemical cell M M + X X, E 0 ( M + | M ) = 0.44 V and E 0 ( X | X ) = 0.33V . Which one of the following is true for this data? (1) M + X M + + X is a spontaneous reaction

(2) M + + X M + X is a spontaneous reaction (3) E = 0.77 V cell (4) E = 0.77 V cell


Sol. (2) Cell : M M + X X

E0 = E 0 E0 cell right left When SRP values are given, E0 = 0.33 0.44 = 0.11V cell Therefore , the given cell reaction is non spontaneous Reverse reaction, i.e., M + + X M + X
is spontaneous
131. In electrochemical corrosion, the metal undergoing corrosion: (1) Acts as anode (2) Acts as cathode (3) Undergoes reduction (4) Liquefies (1) The metal undergoing corrosion acts as anode.
0

Sol. 132.

If the length of the unit cell is 5A between the two neighbouring metal atoms in a face centred cubic lattice is: (1) 2.50 (2) 5.00 (3) 7.07 (4) 3.535 (4) Unit cell length, a = 5A0

Sol.

In FCC lattice, nearest neighbouring distance = d =


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a 5 = = 3.536 A0 2 2

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CHEMISTRY CREST
133. Match the following: List I (A) (B) (C) (D) Arrhenius equation Slowest step in a reaction mechanism Rate constant of a II order reaction The possibility of a reaction depends on (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v)

EAMCET 2011(ENGINEERING)

List II Free energy change Conc-1. time-1


conc1 n .time 1

Rate determining stop

k = A, e

E /RT n

(1) (2) (3) (4)


Sol. (3)

A v v v iii

B I iv iv iv

C iii iii ii ii

D iv ii i i

(A) Arrhenius equation: K = A.e Ea / RT (B) Slowest step in reaction mechanism is rate determining step (C)Units of rate constant of n th order reaction is lit n 1. mole1 ntime1

Where n is order of the reaction Rate constant of 2nd order reaction lit1. mole1time1 = Conc 1. time1 (D) Possibility of a reaction depends on free energy If G0 = -ve , the reaction is spontaneous If G0 = +ve , the reaction is non spontaneous If G0 = 0 , the reaction is at equilibrium
134. At T(K), the partial pressures of SO2, O2 and SO3 are 0.662, 0.100 and 0.331 atm. respectively for the reaction 2SO2 + O2 2SO3 at equilibrium. What is the partial pressure in atm. of O2 (g) (g ) (g ) when the equilibrium partial pressures of SO2 and SO3 are equal at the same temperature? (1) 0.4 (2) 08 (3) 0.25 (4) 2.5 (1)

Sol.

2SO2 + O2 2SO3
(g) (g) (g)

P SO 2 (0.331)2 1 3 K = = = p P2 .P (0.662)2 1 0.4 So O 2 2


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CHEMISTRY CREST
P 2 SO 1 3 = (P =P ) SO SO 0.4 P 2 SO .P 3 2 2 O2

EAMCET 2011(ENGINEERING)

135.

P = 0.4 atm O 2 The order of pH of 0.200 M solutions of NH4NO3, NaNO3 and Na2CO3 is:

(1) NH 4 NO3 <Na 2 CO 3 <NaNO3 (3) Na 2 CO3 <NaNO3 <NH 4 NO3


Sol.

(2) NH 4 NO3 <NaNO3 <Na 2 CO3 (4) NaNO 3 < NH 4 NO3 < Na 2 CO 3

(2) NH4NO3 is a salt of weak base( NH4OH) and strong acid( HNO3). Acidic, pH < 7 NaNO3 is a salt of strong base( NaOH) and strong acid ( HNO3). Neutral pH = 7 Na2CO3 is a salt of strong base( NaOH) and weak acid( H2CO3 ) Basic pH > 7 order of pH of the solutions : NH 4 NO3 <NaNO3 <Na 2 CO3 Which one of the following pairs represents the intensive properties? (1) Specific heat and temperature (2) Entropy and density (3) Enthalpy and mole fraction (4) Heat and temperature (1) Specific heat and temperature are intensive properties, independent of the system size or the amount of material in the system . According to Langmiur adsorption isotherm, the amount of gas adsorbed by unit surface area is: (a, b, k and n are constants; P = pressure of gas) 1+bP aP (1) k,P n (2) (3) k.P1/n (4) aP 1+bP (4)

136.

Sol

137.

Sol.

Langmuir adsorption isotherm,


138.

x ap = m 1 + bp

Calcium carbide is hydrolyzed using heavy water. What are the products formed? (1) Ca ( OH ) , C D (2) Ca ( OD ) , C D 2 2 2 2 2 2 (3) Ca ( OD ) , CD (4) Ca ( OH ) , CD 2 2 4 4 (2) Calcium carbide on deuterolysis gives Calcium deuteroxide and Deutero acetylene
CaC + 2 D O 2Ca ( OD )2 + C D 2 2 2 2

Sol.

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CHEMISTRY CREST
139.

EAMCET 2011(ENGINEERING)

The reactivity of Ca, Sr, Mg and Ba with water follow the order: (1) Sr > Ba > Mg > Ca (2) Ba > Sr > Ca > Mg (3) Ca > Mg > Ba > Sr (4) Sr > Ca > Mg > Ba (2) Reactivity with of given alkaline earth metals with water follows the order: Ba > Sr > Ca > Mg Electro negativity of group 13 elements follow the order: (1) B > Ga > Al > Tl > In (2) B > Tl > Ga > Al > In (3) B > Tl > ln > Ga > Al (4) B > Al > Tl > ln > Ga (3) E.N order of group 13 elements B > Tl > ln > Ga > Al What is the empirical formula of sheet silicates? 2n 2n n (1) Si O (2) SiO (3) SiO 2 5 n 3 n 3 n

Sol.

140.

Sol.

141.

3n (4) Si O 2 7 n

Sol.

(1)

2n Empirical formula of sheet silicates is Si O 2 5 n

142.

The gases evolved in the decomposition of lead nitrate are: (1) N O , NO (2) NO , O 2 3 2 2 (4) N O, O (3) N O , O 2 3 2 2 2 (2)
2 Pb NO 2 PbO + 4 NO + O 3 2 2 2 Which of the following statements are correct? (I) Monoclinic sulphur contains S8 molecules (II) Sulphur forms SF6, SF4 and S2F2 (III) Peroxo group is present in H S O 2 2 6 (1) II, III (2) I, II (3) I, III

Sol.

143.

(4) I, II, III

Sol.

(2) Monoclinic sulphur contains S8 molecules. Sulphur forms SF6, SF2 and S2F2

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CHEMISTRY CREST
144.

EAMCET 2011(ENGINEERING)

Bond energy of F2, Cl2 and Br2 follow the order: (1) F F > Cl Cl > Br Br (2) Cl Cl > Br Br > F F (3) Br Br > Cl Cl > F F (4) Cl Cl > F F > Br Br (2) Bond energy order Cl Cl > Br Br > F F A mixture of He, Ne, Kr and Xe is cooled. Which one of them condenses first? (1) Xe (2) Ne (3) Kr (4) He (1) Xenon condenses as a liquid first. The solution of X having excess caustic potash is used to detect ammonia. Which of the following is X? Cl (1) K HgI (2) Co NH 2 4 3 6 3 (3) K Fe ( NCS)6 (4) Co NH SO Br 3 3 5 4

Sol.

145.

Sol.

146.

( (

) )

Sol.

(1)

K HgI (Nesslers reagent) is used to detect ammonia. 2 4


147. Which of the following metallurgical processes does not involve heating? (1) Smelting (2) Calcination (3) Roasting (4) Leaching (4) Leaching does not involve heating of ore. Which one of the following is not a green-house gas? (1) CO2 (2) N2O (3) O3 (4) N2 is not a green house gas. The reagent used to detect phosphorous in an organic compound is: (1) FeSO Sol. (3)
4

Sol.

148.

(4) N2

Sol.

149.

(2) AgNO

(3) NH

) MoO4

(4) BaCl

Ammonium molybdate( NH

4 2

MoO ) is used to detect phosphorous an organic compound. 4

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CHEMISTRY CREST
150.

EAMCET 2011(ENGINEERING)

Which one of the following alkenes gives only ethanal on ozonolysis? (1) Propane (2) 2-Butene (3) 1-Butene (4) 2-Pentene (2)

Sol.

151.

Sol.

Which one of the following does not give precipitate with ammonical cuprous chloride? (2) H C C = CH (1) H C CH C = CH 3 2 3 (3) HC = CH (4) H C C = C CH 3 3 (4) CH C C CH has no acidic hydrogen.So, it does not give precipitate with Ammonical cuprous 3 3 chloride. The number of stereoisomers possible for H C CH ( OH ) CH ( OH ) CH is: 3 3 (1) 1 (2) 2 (3) 3 (4) 4 (3) Number of stereo isomers possible are 3( 2 optically active and 1 optically inactive)
PCl AgNO 5 2 C H OH A B . Identify A and B. 2 5 (2) C H , C H O C H (1) C H Cl, C H O C H 2 5 2 5 2 5 2 6 2 5 2 5 (3) C H Cl, C H ONO (4) C H , C H NO 2 5 2 5 2 6 2 5 2

152.

Sol.

153.

Sol.

(3)
PCl AgNO 5 2 C H OH C H Cl C H O N = O 2 5 2 5 2 5 A B

154.

Assertion (A) : Ethanol boils at lower temperature than ethane. Reason (R) : The molecular weight of ethanol is higher than that of ethane. The correct answer is: (1) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (2) Both A and R are true but R is the correct explanation of A (3) A is true but R is not true (4) A is not true but R is true Page 10

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Sol.

EAMCET 2011(ENGINEERING)

(4) Ethanol boils at a higher temperature than Ethane since it has inter molecular hydrogen bonds The molecular weight of ethanol is higher than that of ethane. Mol. Wt. of ethanol = 46; Mol. Wt. of ethane = 30 Which compound is formed when mixture of calcium acetate and calcium formate is heated? O O O (1) H C C CH 2 3 (3) HCHO (2) H C C O C CH 3 3 (4) H C CHO 3

155.

Sol.

(4)

(CH3COO )2 Ca + ( HCOO )2 Ca 2CH3CHO + 2CaCO3

156.

Identify X in the following: ( i ) NH3 H CCO H X 3 2 ( ii )


(1) H CCN 3

(3) H CCO O 3 2

(2) H CCO NH 3 2 4 (4) H CCONH 3 2

Sol.

157.

Reaction : CH COOH + NH CH COONH CH CONH + H O 3 3 3 4 3 2 2 A Carbylamine test is used to detect which one of the following? (1) C H CHO (2) C H CO H 6 5 6 5 2 (3) C H NH (4) C H OH 6 5 2 6 5
(3) Carbylamine test is used to detect pri aliphatic and aromatic amines as well as chloroform alc C H NH + CHCl + 3KOH C H NC + 3KCl + 3H O 6 5 2 3 6 5 2 Proteins are: (1) Polysaccharides (3) Polypeptides (3) Proteins are polypeptides.

(4)

Sol.

158.

(2) Polynucleotides (4) Trigycerides

Sol.

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CHEMISTRY CREST
159. Scurvy is caused by the deficiency of which vitamin? (1) C (2) B1 (3) D (1) Scurvy is a disease caused by the deficiency of vitamin C. Which one of the following is a good preservative? CO Na OH 2

EAMCET 2011(ENGINEERING)

(4) B2

Sol.

160.

CO C H 2 2 5

(1)

(2)

OH

OCOCH

3 CO H 2
(4)
NHCOCH 3

(3) Sol. (1) Sodium benzoate is a food preservative.

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