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Submitted To:- Dr.S.Sengupta (Dept. of Horticulture) Submitted by :- Ruby kumari( 1st sem ,Hort.) Subject:FSC-501

birsa agricultural university
Faculty of agriculture
Ranchi-834006 ( Jharkhand )

Ripe jackfruit is naturally sweet with subtle flavouring.The fruit of the jack (Artocarpus heterophyllus) is one of the popular fruits in India. cakes.TITLE:- Project preparation for establishment of commercial orchard of jackfruit with special reference to Jharkhand. then the whole fruit can be chopped into edible portions and cooked to be eaten.72 million hectares 3.04 million tonnes of fruits from an area of 3. It spread early on to other parts of India. the East Indies and ultimately the Philippines. with a production of 44.India is the second largest producer of Fruits after China. sweet taste. INTRODUCTION:. where the total area under this fruit is about 13.460 ha. The skin of unripe jack fruit must be peeled first and discarded. BACKGROUND:1. Economic Importance:. including custards.The jackfruit is believed indigenous to the rain forests of the Western Ghats of India. 2. Seeds from ripe fruits are edible and are prepared by boiling in salted water for about 25 minutes. AREA & PRODUCTION:. . The raw young fruit is not edible. It is often planted in central and eastern Africa and is fairly popular in Brazil and Surinam. southeast Asia. They have a milky. roasted salted seed is also eaten and considered a delicacy. It can be used to make a variety of dishes. In many parts of India. ORIGIN:.

VI. 2. 'Singapore'. decreasing in abundance up to 1000m above sea level. 'Bhadaiyan' and 'Handia' . it thrives best in moist tropical environments below 1000 m (3300 ft). Fieldsown seedlings can be top-worked (grafted) with select varieties once they are established. 3. If the roots touch stagnant water. It is most common in lowland forests upto 250 m (820 ft). especially for commercial production where a uniform product with the best market qualities is important. Seedlings develop very quickly. Agro-climatic requirements:= Jackfruit grows in a wide range of tropical to subtropical environments. It favors environments with a uniform rainfall pattern. direct-seeding in the field can give the best results. and rocky substrates. the tree fails to bear fruit. V. Varieties Cultivated:= I. so grafting known varieties onto rootstocks is often done. reaching 25 cm (10 in) in height within 3–4 months. deep soils of moderate fertility but tolerates a wide range of soils including shallow limestone. although uncommon. Seeds are cross-pollinated and therefore not true-to-type. 'Bhusila'. II. The tree does not tolerate water stagnation or poor drainage.PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY: 1. IV. Propagation by vegetative means such as cuttings and air-layering is also possible. sand. Because the seeds are large and grow quickly and their root systems are sensitive to damage during transplanting. or 'Ceylon' 'Safeda'. or it may die. 'Khaja'. III. Propagation:= Jackfruit seedlings are very easy to grow. Soils requirement:= Jackfruit grows best in well drained. 4.

in dry and moist zones respectively. prevailing climatic conditions. For obtaining higher productivity Recommended fertilizer schedule for jackfruit Age of the plant (in years) Nitrogen Phosphate Potash 1-3 4-7 7 & above 200 120 60 400 240 120 600 300 180 Irrigation:= The frequency and amount of irrigation to be provided depends on the type of soil. x 10m. Training of Plants:= Training of plants in the initial stages of growth is very important to give them a proper shape specially in cases where the graft has branched too low. Planting:= The plants of jackfruit should be planted in a square system (hexagonal if the soil is less fertile) 12m apart. Apply 80kg farmyard manure to a tree annually along with chemical fertilizers. In case of heavy rainfall zones. x 8m. The plants should be trained by removing lower branches. June-August is ideal time for planting. and 12m. Planting Season:= Planting is usually done in the month of July-August in rainfed areas and during February-March in irrigated areas. . The tap root system along with plants should not be disturbed while planting. Protective irrigations are necessary initially at 12-15 days intervals depending on soil and climate conditions. The young plants should be protected from stray goats and cattle.5. a spacing of 8m. planting is taken up at the end of rainy season. with a population of 63 plants per acre has been considered which was observed to be common in areas covered during a field study. Nutrition:= Its plants need adequate nutrition for regular and good cropping. Spacing:= The planting distance is 10m. x 12m. In the model scheme.

Gray blight. Nipaecoccus viridis. In addition to field crops. Diseases of importance include Pink disease. Age of the plant (in years) /Growth stage Irrigation schedule Irrigated at an interval of 2-3 days during dry season. Ochyromera artocarpio. Collar rot. Mealybugs. some short duration . Jack scale. can be cultivated in fully grown orchards. Plant Protection Measures:= PEST & DISEASES:= Principal insect pests in India are the : Shoot-borer caterpillar. Pestalotia elasticola. peach. The average cost of inter cropping would be Rs.000 / Acre and it would yield on an average of 6 tonnes / Acres. Margaronia caecalis. less exhaustive and dwarf type inter. guava. Cosmoscarta relata. and The brown bud-weevil. Stem rot. 1 2 5-8/fruit set to maturity Full bearing stage Inter-cropping := The partial shade loving crops like pineapple.10. . Rosellinia arcuata. The stem and fruit borer. The spittle bug.fillers like papaya. Ceroplastes rubina. plum etc. Ustilana zonata. Pelliculana (Corticium) salmonicolor. Irrigated after every 10-15 days 2-3 irrigations after fruit set. turmeric etc. No irrigation is required during the monsoon months unless there are long spells of drought. ginger. can be grown till these do not interfere with the main mango crop . Rhizopus artocarpi. Charcoal rot. Irrigation interval. Diaphania caesalis.It is advisable to take vegetable crops as inter crops for better returns.rainfall and its distribution and lastly the age of the trees.4-5 days .

a tree bears a few to 250 fruits annually at this stage.maturity at harvest are important factors on which the storage life depends. Transportation:= Road transport by trucks is the most popular mode of transport due to easy approach from orchards to the market. r Individual jackfruit may weigh up to 50 kg. A storage life of about 6 weeks is expected when tile temperature is 10. The initial quality and stage of .7°C and humidity between 85 to 90 per cent. .1 to l2. POST HARVEST MANAGEMENT:= Storage := Jackfruit is not normally stored in cold storage. It has a good storage quality because of its thick peel. Harvesting is done by cutting off the stalks carrying the fruits. it can be transported to distant places for marketing. Normally. The weight of tile fruit varies widely depending on tile type. Period of fruit development is February to June. The fruit matures towards the end of summer in June. It does not need any packing or wrapping before sending to markets. Bearing in jackfruit starts from tile seventh to eighth year when a few fruits may develop. MARKETING:= Marketing of the produce is mainly controlled by intermediaries like wholesalers and commission agents.Harvesting and Yield:= Fruits mature 3 to 8 months from flowering. Yield is not similar every year. The tree reaches its peak bearing stage within fifteen to sixteen years after planting. Because of its good storage quality. Tender jackfruits are harvested for use as vegetables during early spring and summer until tile seeds harden.

· Indian Institute of Horticultural Research.000 Proposed Expenditure(in thousand) 1. .Ranchi-834006. 3. if any.000 2. Uttar Pradesh. (Power) Subtotal Irrigation i) Tube-well/submersible pump ii) Cost of Pipeline (iii) Others.Kanke. Tel (0522)-2841022/1023. please specify Subtotal Cost of Drip/Sprinkler Infrastructure i) Store & pump house ii) Labour room 15.O.000 2. 2.000 45.000 5.600 21. Hessarghatta.000 5. Lucknow-226002. No. Economics of Cultivation:= COST OF PROJECT Sl. Tel (080)-28466471/6353. Karnataka.TECHNOLOGY SOURCES:= · Central Institute for Sub-tropical Horticulture. P.000 45.400 3. Birsa agricultural university.000 25. Component Cultivation Expenses (i) Cost of planting material ii) Manures & fertilizers iii) Insecticides & pesticides (iv) Cost of Labour (v) Others. Bangalore-560089. 4.000 8. . if any. Kakori.

4. Building and Storage (Rs.0 thousand): This is the labour cost of shaping and dressing the land site and developing a layout.iii) Agriculture Equipments Subtotal Land Development i) Soil Leveling (ii) Fencing Subtotal Land. it is necessary to install a bore well with diesel/electric pumpset and motor. Equipment/Implements (Rs.400 5. Fencing (Rs.4 thousand): For investment on improved manually operated essential implements a provision of another Rs. This is part cost of tube-well. if newly purchased (Please indicate the year)* Grand Total 5.000 5.600 1.10 thousand is included.400 29.5. Drip Irrigation & Fertigation System (Rs. Irrigation Infra-structure (Rs.0 thousand): A one acre orchard would require minimally a labour shed and a store-cum pump house. *Cost of newly purchased land will be limited to one-tenth of the total project cost The major components of the model are: Land Development: (Rs.50.60 thousand): It is necessary to guard the orchard by barbed wire fencing to safeguard the valuable produce from poaching. 6.45 thousand): For effective working with drip irrigation system.400 25.25. .600 33.0 thousand): This is average cost of one acre drip system for mango inclusive of the cost of fertigation equipment.29. plant population and plot geometry.20. The actual cost will vary depending on location.

70 per manday. The yield from the plantation is estimated at 5 tonnes in the first year of bearing rising to 7 tonnes. Returns from the Project: In the development stage returns from inter-cropping are estimated at Rs. Project Financing: Balance Sheet: The projected balance sheet of the model is given at AnnexureIII .00 45. . inputs and power. 10.000 annually. Gross profit increases from Rs. Thousand 75.There would be three sources of financing the project as below: Source Farmr’s share Capital subsidy Term loan Total Rs. projects the profit and loss account of the model.00 The actual cost will vary from location to location depending upon minimum wage levels or prevailing wage levels for skilled and unskilled labour.0 thousand): This is to cover costs of land preparation and planting operations.3 thousand per annum in the first three years of bearing and thereafter more or less stabilize.25.Cultivation (Rs. Labour cost has been put at an average of Rs. planting material.000 per tonne in this exercise.5 thousand per annum to Rs.00 30. The produce has been valued at Rs. Annexure V.00 Profit & Loss Account: The cash flow statement may be seen in Annexure IV.

60 7. in thousand) Sr.60 33.00 Acre Per Rft.00 7.00 Nos. 150 100 Sub Total 100 50 15. Fertigation system Farm Equipment Machinery COST OF CULTIVATION Land Preparation / Planting Planting Material Input Cost Power Cost Other Farm Operations Sub Total Total 4.00 5.00 5. . Sq Ft.00 20.20 2. 4.00 29.Annexure-I ESTIMATED PROJECT COST (Rs. No. LS LS LS 25000 20000 25000 5400 Sub Total 1 1 1 1 25.00 25.000 35 Sub Total 1 846 4. 2.00 150. Particulars LAND & SITE DEVELOPMENT LAND Cost of Development Land Development Levelling & Dressing Fencing & Gates BUILDING Store / Pump House Labour Shed PLANT & MACHINERY Irrigation system Borewell SIP sets & Electrical Installation Drip Irrigation inc.40 75.40 Sq Ft. 3.00 3.00 20.60 Acre Scale Unit Cost Total Qty Cost 1 1. 4.20 21.

50 10.30 31.50 43.30 32.50 24.60 25.30 6.50 43.30 6.20 22.60 7.00 4.70 10.00 4.60 8.20 33.00 60.00 24.30 13.80 5.50 43.30 33.20 3.70 26.00 26.10 Harvesting & transportation 6.00 25.Annexure-II COST OF PRODUCTION & PROFITABILITY (Rs.40 22.20 3.70 26.50 Gross profit Depreciation Interest -term loan Pre-operative Exp. in thousand) Particulars Income Sales Cost Fixed Manure/fertilizers/chemicals Direct Labour cost Other cost Year-I 50.00 70.10 70.80 5.00 26.30 6.20 31.80 5.20 3.40 13.00 4.00 Year-III Year-IV 70.10 .30 33.30 40.30 38.60 10.20 22.40 0.60 Year-II 60.20 29.00 70.40 0.80 4.20 32.10 Year-V to XV 70.00 4.20 3. W/O Profit before tax Taxes Profit After Taxes Retained Profit Net cash Accrual 25.30 13.60 8.40 0.30 31.60 8.30 20.30 0.00 70.00 26.50 6.50 34.40 6.00 50.70 10.20 cost General expenses 0.20 3.70 10.30 39.80 3.30 32.00 4.70 26.

00 Year I 13.Annexure-III PROJECTED BALANCE SHEET (Rs.82 20.18 6.50 150.00 150.80 177.31 6.90 177.13 8.32 6.10 20.60 70.80 224.15 8.60 200.95 70.81 40. in thousand) PARTICULARS SOURCES OF FUNDS Increase in Farmer's Share Net Profit Increase in Subsidy Depreciation Increase in Term Loan Total DEPLOYMENT Increase in Fixed Assets Decrease in Term Loan Total Opening Balance Surplus/Deficit Closing Balance Year 0 75.00 30.00 13.20 20.00 30.00 163.00 8.10 20.40 129.18 8.00 6.18 8.50 36.30 75.85 30. in thousands) Particulars LIABILITIES Farmer's Share Capital Subsidy Reserves & Surpluses Term Loan Total ASSETS Fixed Assets Less Depreciation Net Block Cash & Bank Balance Total Year 0 Year I Year II Year III Year IV 75.94 101.10 20.30 45.10 20.50 Annexure-IV CASH FLOW STATEMENT (Rs.82 29.00 150.82 39.00 99.80 136.40 6.00 30.00 30.00 66.10 Year II 22.18 8.30 136.00 45.85 Year IV 32.00 150.60 6.90 29.90 200.00 45.80 129.80 28.00 150.00 35.30 143.90 Year III 31.00 30.00 150.80 122.10 163.1043.79 .40 40.00 75.80 120.28 6.30 75.20 6.19 20.19 40.00 30.00 150.82 38.19 70.50 224.40 75.00 150.70 101.

30 33.80 5.30 6.40 13.30 6.30 20.80 4.20 22.10 99.10 132.30 31.00 26.00 13.20 29.30 40.00 25.50 6.10 Year V 70.40 22.30 32.00 26.10 PROFIT & LOSS ACCOUNT Opening Balance Closing Balance 0.30 39.00 24.80 5.20 31.80 5.80 3.30 31.70 43.30 13.50 66.40 .80 99.30 38. in thousands) Particulars Sales Realisation Total Costs Gross Profit Depreciation Pre-Operative Expenses W/O Interest on Term Loan Profit before Tax Taxes Profit after Tax Retained Profit Net Cash Accruals Year I 50.30 13.30 6.10 Year II 60.00 Year III 70.20 33.20 22.30 32.30 33.80 66.10 Year IV 70.40 6.Annexure-V PROJECTED PROFIT AND LOSS ACCOUNT (Rs.70 43.50 25.00 26.20 32.30 35.70 43.60 34.30 13.50 35.