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DESIGN OF REINFORCED RECTANGULAR BEAM

KNOWN BEAM DIMENSION

Ref. Code: NSCP 2001, 5th Edition BEAM DIMENSIONS width of beam height of beam effective depth of tension bars effective depth of compression bars DESIGN PARAMETERS compressive strength of concrete yield strength of reinforcement ultimate moment strength reduction factor defined in section 409.4

b h d d'

300 660 600 60

mm mm mm mm

fc' 30 fy 414 Mu 650000000 0.9

Mpa Mpa N.mm

Computation of : (factor defined in section 410.3.7.3) (for fc'30) = 0.85 0.85-0.05/7(fc'-30) 0.65 = (for fc'>30) Design = 0.85 Computation of bal: (reinforcement ratio producing balanced strain conditions) 0.85fc'600/fy(600+fy) bal = = 0.030979333 Computation of max: max 0.75bal = Computation of : assume = 90% of max = fy/fc' (maximum steel ratio) = (reinforcement index) = = 0.02091105 0.288572485 0.0232345

Computation of Mu1: fc'bd2(1-0.59) Mn1 = Mu1 = Mn1

= =

775788122.2 N.mm 698209310 N.mm

Determine if compression reinforcement is necessary: (if Mu1 < Mu) COMPRESSION REINFORCEMENT IS NOT NEEDED PROCEED TO STEP 2 !!!!! STEP 2 (SINGLY REINFORCED BEAM) Solve for : = (1-(1-2.36(Mu/fc'bd2))1/2)/1.18 Solve for : = (proceed only if compression reinforcement is not needed) = 0.264041736

fc'/fy

0.019133459

Solve for As: As = bd = 3444.0226 mm2

Bars Selection: try diam. A28 = N = As/A28 try diam. A25 = N = As/A25

28 *d2/4

mm = = say
2 615.7521601 mm

(area of 28mm bar )

5.593196199 6 pcs
2 490.8738521 mm

25 *d2/4

mm = (area of 25mm bar ) = 7.016105313 say 8 pcs Use 6-28mm bars

Check ductility: min = As min < < max = =

1.4/fy 6A28 As/bd OK! OK!

= = =

0.003381643 (minimun steel ratio) 3694.512961 (actual steel area) 0.020525072 (actual ratio of tension reinforcement)

STEP 3 (DOUBLY REINFORCED BEAM) Solve for As1: As1 = assumed * bd =

(proceed only if compression reinforcement is needed) mm


2

Solve for Mu2: Mu2 =

Mu - Mu1

N.mm

Check if compression steel yields: As1fy/0.85fc'b a = a/ c = fs' = 600*(c-d')/c COMPRESSION STEEL DOES NOT YIELD !!!! if compression steel yields use As' = As2 if compression steel does not yield use As' = As2fy/fs' Solve for As2 and As': As2 As' As' = = = Mu2/fy(d-d') As2 As2fy/fs'

= = =

mm mm

= = =

0.0000 0.0000

mm2 mm2 mm
2

(compression steel area if compressio

(compression steel area if compressio

Solve for As: As = As1 + As2 = 0.0000 mm


2

(tension steel area)

Bars Selection (compression): try diam. 20 mm 2 *d /4 A20 = N = As'/A28 try diam. A25 = N = As'/A25 25 *d2/4 mm

= = say = = say

314.1592654 mm 0 pcs

(area of 20mm bar )

2 490.8738521 mm

(area of 25mm bar )

0 pcs

Bars Selection (tension): try diam. 20 *d2/4 A20 = N = As/A28 try diam. A25 = N = As/A25 25 2 *d /4

mm = = say mm = = say 490.8738521 mm 0 pcs


2 2 314.1592654 mm

(area of 20mm bar )

0 pcs (area of 25mm bar )

rcement is not needed)

f 28mm bar )

f 25mm bar )

sion reinforcement)

rcement is needed)

ession steel area if compression steel yields)

ession steel area if compression steel does not yield)

n steel area)

f 20mm bar )

f 25mm bar )

f 20mm bar )

f 25mm bar )

DESIGN OF REINFORCED RECTANGULAR BEAM


KNOWN BEAM DIMENSION

Ref. Code: NSCP 2001, 5th Edition BEAM DIMENSIONS width of beam height of beam effective depth of tension bars effective depth of compression bars DESIGN PARAMETERS compressive strength of concrete yield strength of reinforcement ultimate moment strength reduction factor defined in section 409.4

b h d d'

250 460 400 60

mm mm mm mm

fc' 20.7 fy 344.7 Mu 272000000 0.9

Mpa Mpa N.mm

Computation of : (factor defined in section 410.3.7.3) (for fc'30) = 0.85 0.85-0.05/7(fc'-30) 0.65 = (for fc'>30) Design = 0.85 Computation of bal: (reinforcement ratio producing balanced strain conditions) 0.85fc'600/fy(600+fy) bal = = 0.027556512 Computation of max: max 0.75bal = Computation of : assume = 90% of max = fy/fc' (maximum steel ratio) = (reinforcement index) = = 0.018600646 0.309741188 0.020667384

Computation of Mu1: fc'bd2(1-0.59) Mn1 = Mu1 = Mn1

= =

209597288.4 N.mm 188637559.5 N.mm

Determine if compression reinforcement is necessary: (if Mu1 < Mu) COMPRESSION REINFORCEMENT IS NEEDED PROCEED TO STEP 3 !!!!! STEP 2 (SINGLY REINFORCED BEAM) Solve for : = (1-(1-2.36(Mu/fc'bd2))1/2)/1.18 Solve for : = (proceed only if compression reinforcement is not needed) =

fc'/fy

Solve for As: As = bd = mm2

Bars Selection: try diam. A28 = N = As/A28 try diam. A25 = N = As/A25

28 *d2/4

mm = = say
2 615.7521601 mm

(area of 28mm bar )

0 pcs
2 490.8738521 mm

25 *d2/4

mm = = say (area of 25mm bar ) 0 pcs

Check ductility: min = As min < < max = =

1.4/fy 6A28 As/bd REDESIGN! REDESIGN!

= = =

(minimun steel ratio) (actual steel area) (actual ratio of tension reinforcement)

STEP 3 (DOUBLY REINFORCED BEAM) Solve for As1: As1 = assumed * bd =

(proceed only if compression reinforcement is needed) 1860.0646 mm


2

Solve for Mu2: Mu2 =

Mu - Mu1

83362440.47 N.mm

Check if compression steel yields: As1fy/0.85fc'b a = a/ c = fs' = 600*(c-d')/c COMPRESSION STEEL YIELDS !!!! if compression steel yields use As' = As2 if compression steel does not yield use As' = As2fy/fs' Solve for As2 and As': As2 As' As' = = = Mu2/fy(d-d') As2 As2fy/fs'

= = =

145.7605589 mm 171.4830105 mm 390.0666667

= = =

790.3286 790.3286

mm2 mm2 mm
2

(compression steel area if compressio

(compression steel area if compressio

Solve for As: As = As1 + As2 = 2650.3932 mm


2

(tension steel area)

Bars Selection (compression): try diam. 20 mm 2 *d /4 A20 = N = As'/A28 try diam. A25 = N = As'/A25 25 *d2/4 mm

= = say =

314.1592654 mm 2.515694137 3 pcs

(area of 20mm bar )

2 490.8738521 mm

(area of 25mm bar )

= 1.610044248 say 2 pcs Use 3-20mm bars or 2-25mm bars for compression

Bars Selection (tension): try diam. 20 *d2/4 A20 = N = As/A28 try diam. A25 = N = As/A25 25 2 *d /4

mm = = say mm = 490.8738521 mm
2 2 314.1592654 mm

(area of 20mm bar )

8.436463564 9 pcs (area of 25mm bar )

= 5.399336681 say 6 pcs Use 6-25mm bars for tension

rcement is not needed)

f 28mm bar )

f 25mm bar )

sion reinforcement)

rcement is needed)

ession steel area if compression steel yields)

ession steel area if compression steel does not yield)

n steel area)

f 20mm bar )

f 25mm bar )

r compression

f 20mm bar )

f 25mm bar )