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Spring 2003 Released Test

GRADE 8 MATHEMATICS

2003 by the Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Education, James Monroe Building, 101 N. 14th Street, Richmond, Virginia, 23219. All rights reserved. Except as permitted by law, this material may not be reproduced or used in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying or recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, without written permission from the copyright owner. Commonwealth of Virginia public school educators may photocopy or print any portion of these Released Tests for educational purposes without requesting permission. All others should direct their requests to the Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Education at (804) 225-2102, Division of Assessment and Reporting.

Mathematics

DIRECTIONS

On a certain map,

SAMPLE

1 inch represents 2 75 miles. If the distance between two 1 towns on this map is 2 inches, what is 4 the actual distance between the two

M8010108

Vicki had $228 in her checking account. She used $37 to buy a birthday gift for her grandmother. After that, how much did she have left in her checking account? $211 B $191 C $181 D $164

A

towns?

C

15 mi 2 mi 3

16

337.5 mi

375 mi

A

A

M6030501 C L

0.003, 3%,

3 ,3 10

101

M7010203 C

101, 0.003,

3 , 3% 10 101 3 10

3 , 3%, 0.003, 3 10 3

M8030507 C

The diagram shows how some of the subsets of the set of real numbers are related. The letters represent members of the sets.

20 ? 3

M6010401 C

Real Numbers

Rational Integers

B C

6.6 2 66 % 3 40 6

ArtCodes M8030507.AR1

u s n

v r t

6

Whole Numbers

q p

Irrational

z x y

Peggy is stocking boxes of cereal on a shelf in the supermarket. She has 48 boxes of corn flakes and 72 boxes of M7020402 bran flakes. The boxes are to be arranged so each row has the same C number of boxes and only one kind of cereal. What is the greatest number of boxes that can be in each row? 8 G 9 H 12 J 24

F

Terrie wants to replace the letters with actual numbers. Which letter could be replaced with 3? n G r H u J x

F

Sarah is filling numbers in the Venn diagram. No number is to be entered more than once.

F

23?

M7020503 C L

M8020201 C

Multiples of 15 Multiples of 24 15 24 48

9

ArtCodes M7020503.AR1

As labor costs, an electrician charges $36.50 per hour for himself, and $27.50 for his assistant. What would be the

30

45

72

total labor cost for a job taking 1 6 hours? 2 $416.00 B $384.00 C $264.75 D $64.00

A

M8040507 C L

What is the least number that can be appropriately placed in the shaded area of the diagram? 360 B 240 C 120 D 60

A

10

Sommerville

M7070204 C

ArtCodes M7070204.AR1

12

Just before sunrise, the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit was 13 degrees below zero. By 10 a.m. the temperature had risen 19 degrees. Which shows how M706A601 to find the temperature in degrees C Fahrenheit at 10 a.m.?

F

Linden

13 13 13 13

19 19 19 19

On the map shown, 1 inch represents 50 miles. The distance between Sommerville and Linden is 2.5 inches. What is the actual distance between these towns? 2.5 miles G 20 miles H 52.5 miles J 125 miles

F

13

A

(3x

5) when

11

M7050402 C

Marti wants to buy a dress priced at $89.75. If the sales tax is 8%, what is the total amount she must pay for the dress? $71.80 B $82.57 C $96.93 D $97.75

A

M8050205 C

14

F

7 8 9 10

M8060509 C L

15

A

17

M6130510 C L

M606B101 C

A

ArtCodes M6130510.AR1 M6130510.AR2 M6130510.AR3 M6130510.AR4

16

Lines l, m, and n intersect at the same point forming the six angles shown. Lines l and m are perpendicular.

M8070501 C L

m

B

ArtCodes M8070501.AR1

n

6 1 2 5 3 4

C

F

18

20

y

6 5 4

M8080402 C

ArtCodes M8080402.AR1

M8090102 C

4 in.

6 5 4 3 2 1

3 2 1 0 1 1 2 3 4 5 6

ArtCodes M8090102.AR1

2 in.

y

Which is closest to the volume of the cone shown above? 16.75 G 20.94 H 43.98 J 67.02

F

6 5

F

6 5 4 3 2 1

4 3 2

cu cu cu cu

G

1 0 1 1 2 3 4 5 6

x

ArtCodes

y

6 5 4 3 2 1 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 1 2 3 4 5 6

19

H

6 5 4 3 2 1

y

6 5

M6120502 C L

ArtCodes M6120502.AR1

4 3 2 1 0 1 1 2 3 4 5 6

y

6 5

J

6 5 4 3 2 1

4 3 2 1 0 1 1 2 3 4 5 6

If a steel rim is fitted around the wheel, which is closest to the circumference of the rim? 20.4 in. B 40.8 in. C 81.6 in. D 530.7 in.

A

21

The measure of the largest angle in an acute triangle is less than 90 B greater than 90 C equal to the sum of the measures of the other 2 angles D greater than the sum of the measures of the other 2 angles

A

24

M8100204 C

Thelma and David built a recycling bin with a volume of 576 cubic feet. The bin is a rectangular prism with a base M7090402 12 feet long and 6 feet wide.

C

Recycling Bin

22 LaRue is going to put fertilizer on a rectangular field that measures 124 meters by 234 meters. How many square meters will she have to fertilize? 358 m2 2 G 716 m 2 H 27,776 m 2 J 29,016 m

F

ArtCodes M7090402.AR1

6 ft 12 ft

M6110504 C L

F

ft ft ft ft

25 23

M7110503 M8110510 C

ArtCodes ArtCodes M8110510.AR1

16 in.

6 in.

M7110503.AR1

Which is closest to the height of a cone that has a slant height of 16 inches and a radius of 6 inches? 10 in. B 14.8 in. C 20 in. D 17.1 in.

A

Which term identifies the shaded part in the center of the design? Pentagon B Heptagon C Nonagon D Decagon

A

26

6 cm

28

What must the value of x be in order for the figures below to be similar?

M8110309 C

ArtCodes M8110309.AR1

10 cm 8 cm 7 cm 14 cm 8 cm x

15 cm x 21 cm

16 G 14 H 12 J 10

F

cm cm cm cm

M7120601 C

C

What is the length of AC? 85 cm G 13 cm H 8 cm J 10 cm

F

ArtCodes M7120601.AR1

29

Margo is designing a band formation for a halftime ceremony at a football game. This drawing shows where the band members will stand during the ceremony.

M8110506 C

C

27 Use your inch ruler to help you answer this question. Which is closest to the length of AB?

55 yds

ArtCodes M8110506.AR1

M6100101 C

A

A

A 44 yds

50 Yard Line

2 inches

ArtCodes M6100101.AR1

Sideline

How many yards apart are the band members standing at points A and C? 11 B 33 C 44 D 55

A

M6100101.AR1 1

B

inches

1 inches 2 1 inches 4

Note that due to varying printer properties, measurement items may not appear in exact proportions.

30

31

M7080402 C

ArtCodes M7080402.AR1

A study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of a speed limit sign. The speeds of cars at the 65 mph sign were: 79 60 70 65 70 85 74 58 71 88 65 Which box-and-whisker plot correctly displays the information?

M7200503 C L

In this scale drawing of a molding, each square represents 1 square inch. What is the area of the molding? 24 G 34 H 35 J 37

F

55

60

65

70 75

80

85

90

95

ArtCodes M7200503.AR1 M7200503.AR2 M7200503.AR3 M7200503.AR4

sq sq sq sq

55

60

65

70 75

80

85

90

95

55

60

65

70 75

80

85

90

95

55

60

65

70 75

80

85

90

95

10

32

M8120111 C

In a random survey, 25 out of 150 people were able to give a correct answer to the question asked. If 500 people are surveyed, about how many would be expected to answer the question correctly? 4 G 20 H 83 J 325

F

34

6 5

M8130205 C

ArtCodes M8130205.AR1

Height in Feet

33

M7190508 C L

The stem-and-leaf plot shows the number of home runs hit per year by the leading hitter of the major leagues over a 10-year period.

Based on the graph, which statement is false? James is 4 feet tall. G Bob is 5 feet 3 inches tall. H Meg is taller than Ann. J Ann is 4 feet 1 inch tall.

F

ArtCodes M7190508.AR1

A

11

35

Soccer is the worlds most popular sport. The table lists the records of 5 World Cup winners.

36

Kay, Lil, and May made a table of their history quiz grades during the grading period.

M8140504

M7190404 C

Country Games Games Ties Total Won Lost Points Argentina Brazil England Italy West Germany 24 44 18 31 39 15 11 11 11 14 9 11 12 12 15 57 99 48 74 93

Which matrix best organizes the data? A B C 2 6 4 4 4 4 8 4 0

C L

ArtCodes M7190404.AR1

ArtCodes M8140504.AR1

What was the median number of total points scored by these teams? 51 B 74 C 74.2 D 99

A G

A B C 2 6 4 5 4 3 8 4 0

A B C 3 5 4 4 4 4 8 4 0

A B C 2 6 4 4 4 4 8 3 1

12

37

39

M7190302 C

ArtCodes M7190302.AR1

An ice-cream parlor makes sundaes with chocolate or vanilla ice cream and strawberry, chocolate, or caramel topping. Which tree diagram shows all possible combinations of sundaes with one flavor of ice cream and one topping?

M7160503 C

Strawberry Chocolate

A

Chocolate Caramel

ArtCodes

Strawberry Vanilla

What is the mean height of the players in the starting lineup of the Alton Tigers? 67.4 in. B 68.8 in. C 72 in. D 74 in.

A

Chocolate Caramel

Chocolate

B

Vanilla

38

C

M8120304 C

ArtCodes M8120304.AR1

Sam will win the game he is playing if he gets a number less than 3 the next time he rolls the number cube. What is the probability that Sam will win the game on his next roll?

F

1 6 1 3 1 2 2 3

D

Chocolate Vanilla

13

40

M7150401 C

During an experiment, Roscoe tossed a fair coin 10 times and got 6 heads. What is the probability the coin will land showing heads on Roscoes next toss?

F

42

Darrell had biology test scores of 76, 78, 76, 82, 62, and 100.

M6190501

For this data, which measure is greatest? Mean G Median H Mode J Range

F

1 2 6 10 4 6 6 4

C L

43

M8190301

41

6

U. S. Farms, 1940-1990

1.0

3.0

C

$2.50 $3.50

M8130136 C

ArtCodes M8130136.AR1

If the pattern continues, what would be the fare for a trip of 6 miles? $3.00 B $5.00 C $11.00 D $15.00

A

ArtCodes M8190301.AR1

Year

According to the graph, which was most likely the number of farms in 1955? 5,000,000 M8130136.AR1 B 4,500,000 C 4,000,000 D 3,750,000

A

14

44

45

M8170303 C

ArtCodes M8170303.AR1

3 3 0 3 3 3

Monas bank charges a $10 fee per month plus a $0.12 fee per check. The formula below gives f, the total fee in dollars for a month in which Mona writes n checks. f 10 0.12n

M8160608 C

If the line containing these points is plotted on a coordinate plane, what should the graph look like?

y

5 4 3 2

How many checks did Mona write during a month in which her total fee was $12.52? 5 B 21 C 124 D 188

A

1 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

y

5 4 3 2

46

1 3

2 3

M623B501

F

1 2 3 4 5

2 2 1 3 2 3

1 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5

x

G

C L

y

5 4 3 2

1 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

y

5 4 3 2

1 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

15

47

M725B507 C L

Last season, Ellen and Janet together won 32 tennis matches. Ellen won 6 more matches than Janet. How many matches did Ellen win? 13 B 16 C 19 D 25

A

49

The basketball concession stand sold 327 drinks in two games. Which proportion could be used to make the best estimate for the number of drinks that will be sold for 10 games? 327 10 10 2 2 327 2 327 2 x 327 x x 10 10 x

M8190511 C

48

x

3 0 3

y

7 1 5

M8180504 C

ArtCodes M8180504.AR1

F

2x 1 2x 1 x 4 x 2

50

Which of the following ordered pairs represents a point in the third quadrant of a coordinate plane?

M7260504

( 6, 4) G ( 5, 7) H (3, 2) J (4, 2)

F

C L

16

51

Miles Walked

2 4 6 8 10

Amount Earned

$6 $12 $18 $24 $30

52

F

17?

M8160402 C

M8180115 C

ArtCodes M8180115.AR1

1 4 3 7 18 1 3

G H

J

$30 $27 $24 $21 $18 $15 $12 $9 $6 $3 0 2 4 6 8 10

21

Amount Earned

53

The table shows p, the charge in cents, for a long-distance phone call that lasts t minutes.

M8150607

Miles Walked

$30 $27 $24 $21 $18 $15 $12 $9 $6 $3 0 2 4 6 8 10

t 1 2 3 4

p 20 28 36 44

Amount Earned

A

Miles Walked

$30 $27 $24 $21 $18 $15 $12 $9 $6 $3 0 2 4 6 8 10

Amount Earned

Miles Walked

$30 $27 $24 $21 $18 $15 $12 $9 $6 $3 0 2 4 6 8 10

Amount Earned

Miles Walked

2003 Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Education

17

54

x

3 0 3

y

1 2 5

55

n 2(n+3)

0 6

4 14

6 ?

M8150203 C

ArtCodes M8150203.AR1

M8170402 C

Which value is missing in the table? Which graph corresponds to this table? 15 B 18 C 21 D 36

A

ArtCodes M8170402.AR1

y

5 4 3 2

F

5 4 3 2 1

1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

56

M7240506

y

5 4 3 2

7x + 9 = 45

C L

G

5 4 3 2 1

1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

M7240506.AR1

F

y

5 4 3 2

H

5 4 3 2 1

1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

y

5 4 3 2

J

5 4 3 2 1

1 0 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5

18

57

The table shows the relationship between j, Jerrys age and t, Taras age.

59

M8150512

j (Jerry's Age)

C L

ArtCodes M8150512.AR1

1 7

2 8

3 9

4 10

5 11

Mr. Kitrans age is 4 years less than 3 times Henrys age. If Henry is h years old, which of the following represents Mr. Kitrans age? 3h B 3h C 4h D 3(h

A

M7230402 C

t (Tara's Age)

A

4 4 3 4)

j 6 2j 1 2j 2 6j

60

At the same time that a 60-foot tall building casts a shadow that is 21.5 feet long, a nearby tree casts a shadow that is 18 feet long. Which measure is closest to the height of the tree? 56.5 ft 50.2 ft H 6.5 ft J 3.3 ft

F G

M8190612 C

58

M8160504 C

F G

0 12 5 18 5 6

19

Answer Key

Test Sequence 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 Correct Answer C H A G C J C J A J C J A G B H D F C J A J B H C F B H B J A H C J B F B G A F B F B F B Reporting Category 005 005 005 005 005 005 005 005 006 006 006 006 006 006 006 007 007 007 007 007 007 007 007 007 007 007 007 007 007 007 008 008 008 008 008 008 008 008 008 008 008 008 009 009 009 Reporting Category Description Number and Number Sense Number and Number Sense Number and Number Sense Number and Number Sense Number and Number Sense Number and Number Sense Number and Number Sense Number and Number Sense Computation and Estimation Computation and Estimation Computation and Estimation Computation and Estimation Computation and Estimation Computation and Estimation Computation and Estimation Measurement and Geometry Measurement and Geometry Measurement and Geometry Measurement and Geometry Measurement and Geometry Measurement and Geometry Measurement and Geometry Measurement and Geometry Measurement and Geometry Measurement and Geometry Measurement and Geometry Measurement and Geometry Measurement and Geometry Measurement and Geometry Measurement and Geometry Probability and Statistics Probability and Statistics Probability and Statistics Probability and Statistics Probability and Statistics Probability and Statistics Probability and Statistics Probability and Statistics Probability and Statistics Probability and Statistics Probability and Statistics Probability and Statistics Patterns, Functions, and Algebra Patterns, Functions, and Algebra Patterns, Functions, and Algebra

Test Sequence 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60

Correct Answer G C F D G C G B H B J A J B G

Reporting Category 009 009 009 009 009 009 009 009 009 009 009 009 009 009 009

Reporting Category Description Patterns, Functions, and Algebra Patterns, Functions, and Algebra Patterns, Functions, and Algebra Patterns, Functions, and Algebra Patterns, Functions, and Algebra Patterns, Functions, and Algebra Patterns, Functions, and Algebra Patterns, Functions, and Algebra Patterns, Functions, and Algebra Patterns, Functions, and Algebra Patterns, Functions, and Algebra Patterns, Functions, and Algebra Patterns, Functions, and Algebra Patterns, Functions, and Algebra Patterns, Functions, and Algebra

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