BORANG FRGS – A1 (R

)
Kod Rujukan:
(Diisi oleh RMC)

JABATAN PENGAJIAN TINGGI KEMENTERIAN PENGAJIAN TINGGI

FUNDAMENTAL RESEARCH GRANT SCHEME (FRGS)
SKIM GERAN PENYELIDIKAN FUNDAMENTAL

APPLICATION FORM
(Pindaan 1/2011) One (1) copy of this form must be submitted to the Institution of Higher Education Excellence Planning Division, Department of Higher Education, Level 7, No. 2, Tower 2, Street P5/6, Precinct 5, 62200 Putrajaya. [Incomplete Form will be rejected]

A

TITLE OF PROPOSED RESEARCH:
Tajuk penyelidikan yang dicadangkan :

PROCESSING, RHEOLOGY, MORPHOLOGY AND WATER ABSORTION ANALYSIS OF BIODEGRADABLE STARCH FIBER FILLED MODIFIED POLYVINYL ALCOHOL (PVA) AS INJECTION MOULDED PACKAGING WARE
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B(i)

DETAILS OF RESEARCHER / MAKLUMAT PENYELIDIK
Name of Project Leader: Nama Ketua Projek: MOHD SHAHRUL NIZAM BIN SALLEH IC / Passport Number: No. Kad Pengenalan/ Pasport: 850415-11-5311

B(ii)

Position (Please tick ( √ )): Jawatan (Sila tanda ( √ )): Professor Profesor Assoc. Prof. / Sen. Lect. Prof. Madya / P. Kanan

/ Pensyarah

Lecturer

B(iii)

Faculty/School/Centre/Unit (Please provide full address): Fakulti/Jabatan /Pusat/Unit (Sila nyatakan alamat penuh): FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN KIMIA, UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA TERENGGANU, 23000 DUNGUN, TERENGGANU. Office Telephone No.: 09-8403868 No. Telefon Pejabat: Handphone No.: 019-9627158 No. Telefon Bimbit:

B(iv)

uitm.B(v) E-mail Address: shahrulnizam@tganu. Applied Science (Sains Gunaan) Chemistry (Kimia) Mathematics and Statistics (Matematik dan Statistik) Materials Science (Sains Bahan) C.my Alamat e-mel: B(vi) Date of first appointment with this University: 21st MARCH 2011 Tarikh mula berkhidmat dengan Universiti ini: B(vii) Type of Service (Please tick ( √ )): Jenis Perkhidmatan (Sila tanda ( √ )): / C C(i) Permanent Tetap Contract (State contract expiry date): Kontrak (Nyatakan tarikh tamat kontrak): ____________________ RESEARCH INFORMATION / MAKLUMAT PENYELIDIKAN Research Area (Please tick ( √ )): Bidang Penyelidikan (Sila tanda ( √ )): Pure Science (Sains Tulen) Chemistry (Kimia) Biochemistry (Biokimia) Physic (Fizik) Materials Science (Sains Bahan) Biology (Biologi) Mathematics and Statistics (Matematik dan Statistik) B.edu. Technology and Engineering (Teknologi dan Kejuruteraan) Mechanical & Manufacturing (Mekanikal dan Pembuatan) Electrical and Electronic (Elektrikal dan Elektronik) Chemical Engineering (Kejuruteraan Kimia) Transportation (Pengangkutan) Civil (Awam) Information and Communication Technology (Teknologi Komunikasi dan Informasi) Physic (Fizik) Computer Science (Sains Komputer) Biology (Biologi) Biotechnology (Bioteknologi) / Material and Polymer (Bahan dan Polimer) Energy (Tenaga) .

Social Sciences (Sains Sosial) Anthropology (Antropologi) Political Science (Sains Politik) Economic (Ekonomi) Psychology (Psikologi) Business and Management (Pengurusan dan Perniagaan) Human Ecology (Ekologi Manusia) Sociology (Sosiologi) Geography (Geografi) Communication (Komunikasi) F.D. Arts and Applied Arts (Sastera dan Sastera Ikhtisas) Language and Linguistic (Bahasa dan Linguistik) Philosophy (Falsafah) Art (Seni) Principle and Law (Dasar dan Undang-undang) Literature (Kesusasteraan) Civilization (Tamadun) Culture (Budaya) Built Environment (Alam BinaAspek Kemanusiaan) Religion (Agama) History (Sejarah) Education (Pendidikan) Environment (Alam SekitarAspek Kemanusiaan) G. Clinical and Health Sciences (Sains Kesihatan dan Klinikal) Basic Medical Sciences (Sains Perubatan Asas) Medical Microbiology (Mikrobiologi Perubatan) Community Medical Prevention (Perubatan Pencegahan Masyarakat) Associate Health Science (Sains Kesihatan Bersekutu) Pharmacy (Farmasi) Parasitology (Parasitologi) Clinical Surgical (Klinikal Surgikal) Dental (Pergigian) Pharmacology (Farmakologi) Pathology (Pathologi) Clinical Medical (Klinikal Medikal) Nursing Science (Sains Kejururawatan) E. Natural Sciences and National Heritage (Sains Tabii dan Warisan Negara) Environment (Alam Sekitar) Marine (Marin) Ethnography (Etnografi) Biodiversity (Kepelbagaian Biologi) Forestry (Perhutanan) Archaeology (Arkeologi) Built Environment (Heritage Aspect) Alam Bina (Aspek Warisan) Agriculture (Pertanian) Geology (Geologi) Culture (Budaya) .

KIMIA. OF CHEMICAL ENG. FAC. UiTM TERENGGANU POLYMER ENG. DR. Kuala Lumpur FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN KIMIA. Animal Laboratory Center.. UTM JOHOR BAHRU Academic Qualification/ Designation Tahap Kelayakan Akademik/Jawatan M. University Malaya. DEPARTMENT.Lecturer Signature Tandatangan 1 AHMAD ROZAIMEE BIN MUSTAFA P.C(ii) Location of Research: Tempat penyelidikan dijalankan: (Contoh / Example ) : Animal Experimental Unit. Faculty of Medicine.Pengajian/ Pusat/Unit FAK. C(iii) Duration of this research (Maximum 36 months): Tempoh masa penyelidikan ini (Maksimum 36 bulan): Duration: 2 Years Tempoh : From Dari : 1st April 2012 : To : 31st March 2014 Hingga : C(iv) Other Researchers: Ahli-ahli penyelidik yang lain: (Please include maximum 5 pages of curriculum vitae for each researcher) Bil Name Nama IC / Passport Number: No. UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA TERENGGANU.h. Sc. 50603 Lembah Pantai. Kad Pengenalan/ Pasport: Faculty/ School/ Centre/ Unit Fakulti/ P. KEJ. 23000 DUNGUN.d -Lecturer 2 3 4 5 6 . TERENGGANU.. M. WAN AIZAN WAN ABDUL RAHMAN P.

Chapters in books. tempoh. Uses. dll) Title of publication Tajuk penerbitan Specific Heat of Neat and Glycerol Plasticized Polyvinyl Alcohol Innovations of Cassava Starch as Biodegradable Polymer Material In Cassava: Farming. duration. Title of Research Tajuk penyelidikan Grant’s Name Nama Geran Position / Role Jawatan / Peranan Duration Tempoh Start Date Tarikh mula End Date Tarikh tamat MODIFICATION OF POLY(VINYL ALCOHOL)TAPIOCA STARCH BASED FOR INJECTION MOULDING APPLICATION EXCELLENCE FUND (DANA KECERMELAN GAN UiTM) PROJECT LEADER 1 YEAR 15th JUNE 2011 14th JUNE 2012 C(vi) Please provide information on academic publications that has been published by the project leader for the last five (5) years. Books. bab dalam buku. (Example: Journals. (Contoh: Jurnal. grant’s name. Inc’ 2011 Proceeding in the 3rd CUTSE International Conference 2010 Journal of Composite Materials Year published Tahun diterbitkan 2011 International Journal of Thermophysic Proceeding in the 3rd International Conference on Chemical and Bioprocess Engineering (ICCBPE2009) 2010 2009 Mechanical Properties of Injection Molded Plasticized Poly(vinyl alcohol)/Tapioca Starch blends . and Economic Impact Flow Behavior of Modified Poly(Vinyl alcohol)-Tapioca Starch Based for Injection Moulding Applications Comparison of rice husk filled polyethylene composite and natural wood under weathering effects A Study of Specific Heat Capacity Functions of Polyvinyl Alcohol–Cassava Starch Blends Name of journals/books Nama jurnal/buku Pertanika Journal Science and Technology 2011 Chapters in Books. Sila sediakan maklumat termasuk termasuk tajuk. etc) Sila kemukakan maklumat berkaitan penerbitan akademik yang telah diterbitkan oleh ketua penyelidik dalam tempoh lima (5) tahun terakhir. buku. tahun mula dan tahun tamat bagi penyelidikan yang sedang/telah dijalankan oleh ketua penyelidik dalam tempoh tiga tahun terakhir. peranan. nama geran.C(v) Research projects that have been completed or ongoing by project leader for the last three years. year commence and year ending.Nova Publisher. Please provide title of research. position.

Different approaches have been adopted to use starch. PVA will function as the binding agent to create the integrity of the compound system. methane and other natural products are derived from the degradation process. kajian literatur. that will increase the properties of the biopolymers. the reinforcement of the compound is suggested to have better mechanical properties. rheological performance of the biodegradable polymers are in demand. Therefore. both starch and PVA posses hydroxyl group (─OH). . This research will study the reinforcement of natural fiber that is starch fiber in PVA-SF matrix. reuse and recycle) to minimize plastic volume being disposed.Tensile Behavior and Thermal Analysis of Biodegradable Injection Grade Tapioca Starch Filled Plasticized Poly(vinyl alcohol). renewable and available abundantly. Most processing parameters determined by trial and error technique. Although global societies are very keen about 3R (reduce. At high amount of starch fiber loading. The temperature has to be kept below 230 °C to prevent decomposition of the starch. polypropylene and polystyrene disposable food packaging and utensils. polystyrene. High melt viscosity causes higher processing temperature. which is of time consuming and involved high material wastage. PVA is blended with higher content of starch fiber (SF) (up to 80wt%). research methodology and expected outcomes from the research project) Ringkasan Cadangan Eksekutif Penyelidikan (maksimum 300 patah perkataan) (Meliputi latar belakang penyelidikan. non-renewability. Keterangan latar belakang penyelidikan termasuk kenyataan hipotesis / persoalan penyelidikan dan kajian literatur. Furthermore. objektif dan jangkaan hasil penyelidikan) The processing parameters based on polyethylene. In this study. 2011). the compound is considered to behave dominantly as starch fiber properties. kaedah penyelidikan. It has been reported by various researchers that a lot of difficultly is encountered in processing high starch content biodegradable polymer compound due to high melt viscosity. C(vii) Proceeding in the Science and Technology Conference 2009 (ESTEC’09) 2009 Executive Summary of Research Proposal (maximum 300 words) (Please include the background of research. carbon dioxide. The uses of plastics has been criticized for some time because of lack of recycling facilities or infrastructure. thus the formation of hydrogen bonds after the blend tended to promote localized stability subsequently improved miscibility of starch and PVA. Besides. 1995). Hence. which is the major structural components of almost plant fibers. in combination with PVA. Polymer packaging products have been causing serious environmental impact. will improve the product properties such as tensile strength and tear resistance The main objective of this study is to formulate the modified biodegradable SF-PVA compounds which are processable by injection moulding technique with enhanced properties Comprehensive morphology. so as actual processing parameters can be easily determined. Starch fiber also known as the polar biopolymers which are inexpensive. literature reviews. PVA is recognized as one of the polar synthetic polymer and also can be easily degraded under the digestion action of microorganisms. polypropylene and other thermoplastics unable to produce good injected products. C(viii) Detailed proposal of research project: Cadangan maklumat penyelidikan secara terperinci: (a) Research background including Hypothesis /Research Questions and Literature Reviews. currently demands in the understanding of the stability. They are defined as plastics with similar properties to conventional plastic but which can be decomposed after disposal to the environment by the activity of microorganism. for the production of totally or partially biodegradable materials. yet starch fiber tend to degrade/burnt at high temperature and high energy consumption. rheology and processing analysis are studied to ensure SF-PVA complexes stability and shelf life of the material. Therefore. the combination of both polar polymers (starch and PVA) was essential in order to form the compatible blending and avoid any deterioration in their matrix properties. Biodegradable plastics are plastics that can undergo a degradation process known as biodegradation (Raghavan. non-biodegradability or incorporation of toxic additives (Tang and Alavi. Biodegradation occurs when microorganism such as bacteria and fungi degrade a polymer in an aerobic and an anaerobic environment. it is well expected starch fiber filled Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) will reduce the environment impact problems with substitution usage of polyethylene. objectives. Lignocelluloses. But the plastic waste volume still keeps increasing. non-recyclability.

79. In Bastioli. at high loading. Favorable molecular interactions can improve the load transfer via bonded or non-bonded means. Rapra Technology Limited. A. 391-396. Chung. Finally. Carbohydrate Polymers. It will only begin to decompose rapidly when expose in the action of microbial and enzymes to digest into fully harmless substances (Zee. (2005).895. When the starch fiber based plastic is composted in soil.. Washington DC: U. Hayrapetyan. the fiber content in SF will also improve the strength of the SF-PVA due to the stiffness behavior of the fiber. United Kingdom.. In high starch contain of PVA compound. The outcomes of this research are later being used in actual process to justify overall processability and the rheology behavior of SF-PVA products. A. hydrogen bonds are very likely to be found between the polar side groups of polymer and starch molecules. Genovese and Shanks (2001) reported that presence of hydrogen bonding in polymeric material able to enhance morphological and structural properties of the blending. 2010). General characteristic. reasonable amount of glycerin also need to be added to degrade carbohydrates and increase compatibility (Chinnaswamy and Hanna 1996). the findings help to industrialize the SF-PVA blends to be use for packaging ware. hydrophilic and permeability to further undergo synergistic natural degradation such as hydrolysis and catalysis (Marteen.There are several types of biodegradable polymer materials available in the market such as polylactic acid. there has been increasing interest in the use PVA for the production of disposable plastic articles.. Chung et al. In decades. poly(ε-caprolactone). When PVA is exposed to natural environment. When blending polar polymers and starch together. S. Current development shows that starch based biodegradable polymers have gained broad academic and industrial interests (Liu et al.M. (1996). Giannelis. Biodegradable materials do not degrade during the application period. L. M. industrial applications and market evolution of biodegradable polymers. interfacial interaction between the constituent polymers strongly influences the mechanical properties of the blend.S. Both PVA and starch molecules are polar. unlike polyethylene. 2000). which is naturally digested by organisms. Blending strong polymers with starch is able to overcome the existing physical limitations of thermoplastic starch (TPS) such as water solubility.. Preparation and Properties of Biodegradable Starch-Clay Nanocomposites.496. and Hanna. 183-200). starch polymers and oxo-additive petroleum based synthetic polymer (Bohlmann. (pp. E. H. U. 2009. P. It is believed polar PVA behaves similar to PPC in blending with starch. However. Patent and Trademark Office. Previous studies have confirmed that incorporation of polar polypropylene carbonate (PPC) in starch has significantly improved the mechanical properties of starch such as tensile strength and stiffness (Joshi and Mebel.) Handbook of Biodegradation Polymers. Genovese. 2004).A. Ansari. 2005). processability. Besides. polypropylene and polystyrene. (2010). Starch contains amylose and amylopectin have a vast number of hydroxyl OH groups which could favorably interact with the carbonyl C=O group via hydrogen bond in non-bonded fashion (Joshi and Mebel. Patent No. 2007). Yu et al. G. microbial cellular components and miscellaneous by-products. This will weaken the polymer matrix and increases the surface volume ratio. REFERENCES Bohlmann. Estevez. fungi will growth and digest the starch fraction. (Ed. Starch fiber is used as filler of PVA compound for bioplastic material application. 2010)...biodegradation can be stated as the conversion of the constituents of a polymer to carbon dioxide/methane. 5. Chinnaswamy. 1995) Polymeric materials derived from renewable resources can be biodegradable or compostable under specific environmental conditions (Mensitieri et al. Improved mechanical properties can be realized only if efficient load transfer exists between the constituent polymers. R. Y. poor mechanical properties and brittleness while retaining its biodegradability (Mao et al. 2005). 2010. by microorganisms (Raghavan. C. Thus. it is readily to be consumed by micro-organism (Lee et al. Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) is one of the most popular biodegradable polymers. Unlike blending with ordinary polyethylene and polypropylene. it will ruin the polymer mechanical properties due to incompatibility polymer matrix and filler polarity.. R. selection of compatibilizer also play important roles. 2007). Starch content in starch fiber (SF) is carbohydrate. Glycerin meets food safety requirements and able to reduce melt viscosity during processing as well. poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). Simulation of the Specific interactions Between Polyamide-6 and a . and Shanks. and Lai.. PVA is very likely to degrade during processing stage (Lee et al. 2010).S.. (2001). 2011).. During grafting of carbohydrate to polymer. S.

Elsevier Ltd. S. (2010). V. 387 –391. and Barrier Properties of Low Density Polyethylene Film.. Computational Modeling of Biodegradable Blends of Starch Amylose and Polypropylene Carbonate. (2009). M. 296-300. Journal of Applied Polymer Science.. (b) Objective (s) of the Research Objektif Penyelidikan This study embarks on the following objectives: 1. E. 48. 205211. 630-635. Biodegradability of Polymers-Mechanisms and Evaluation Method. Oliviero. Siddaramaiah. United Kingdom.) Handbook of Biodegradation Polymers. Sansone... Xie. 3. (2011). Mao. Liu. 34. (2010). Recent advances in starch. Mechanical. X. 91. B. Tang. and Mebel. R.. L. 1-22).. Abdul Razak Rahmat Rahmat.. (2011). Carbohydrate Polymers. Trends in Food Science & Technology. J. A. Computational and Theoretical Polymer Science. United Kingdom: Rapra Technology Limited. Journal of Polymers and the Environment. To study the morphology and water absorption of the starch fiber-polyvinyl alcohol blends (c) Methodology Kaedah penyelidikan Please state in the form / Sila nyatakan di borang ini . M. To find out the rheological property relationship of starch fiber loading and processing aids which plays major roles in affecting processability.. (2005). Zee. 8. S. Morphology.Thermoplastic Polyurethane. Extruded Cornstarch-Glycerol-Polyvinyl alcohol Blends: Mechanical properties. The Preparation and Properties of Dialdehyde Starch and Thermoplastic Dialdehyde Starch. Cinelli. and Chiellini. (Ed. S.S. P. 79. and Ma. Imam. (2006). 57-62 Jagannath. J. Chang. 7-16.. Polymer.H. Gordon. (pp. J. Yu. S. Nedi. 85... Raj. and Alavi. polyvinyl alcohol based polymer blends. Specific Heat of Neat and Glycerol Plasticized Polyvinyl Alcohol. Biodegradability of Polymers. G. C. F. Handbook of Biodegradable Polymers. P. (2007). Lee Tin Sin. Wan Aizan Wan Abdul Rahman. S. L. Joshi. Processing and Shelf Life Issues of Selected Food Packaging Materials and Structures from Renewable Resources. Progress in Polymer Science. G. Journal of Applied Polymer Science.. 11. Pertanika Journal Science and Technology. Effect of Starch on Thermal. (2004). (2000). 1348-1368. S.. and Li. 3355-3364. Catio Bastioli. 3893-3901. M. Mensitieri. R. L.. In Bastioli. Di Maio. J.. and Iannace. To formulate tapioca/EVA based biodegradable polymer for injection moulding process 2. Carbohydrate Polymers.. and Somashekar. and Bawa. Noor Azian Morad. Nadanasabapathi. 99. Buonocore. Structure-Property Relation in Polyvinyl Alcohol/Starch Composites. Yu. 2-4).. Chen. 22. Rapra Technology Limited. L.Mechanisms and Evaluation Methods. nanocomposites and their biodegradability. I. (pp. A. 18. and Biodegradability. 72-80. Marteen van der Zee (2004). d. Mohd Shahrul Nizam Salleh. Thermal Processing of Starch-Based Polymer.. E. S. X.

Modification of PVA-Plasticizing process ii. shear stress/rate. Compounding process (SF-PVA) B.1. Rheology analysis . melt density and melt viscosity are tested by Melt Flow Indexer (MFI). Gantt Chart of Research Activities (Please enclose in the Appendix) 4. Novel theories/New findings/Knowledge – Blending of starch fiber (high content) with plasticized polyvinyl alcohol (modification of polyvinyl alcohol). Research Publications Expected to publish in high impact factor journal article (at least 2) (ie: Carbohydrate polymers/Journal of Applied polymer science) and article for proceeding (National Symposium of Polymeric Material (NSPM)/Malaysia Polymer Conference) 3. Morphological analysis . Flow Chart of Research Activities ( Please enclose in the Appendix) 3. Compounding i. improved a lot process ability of the compounds – Comparative quality to the existing injection moulded plastic – No new machinery required (Processing on conventional thermoplastic machinery) 2. Description of Methodology Formulation Development of Injection Grade Starch Fiber-Polyvinyl Alcohol A. Specific or Potential Applications Suitable for disposable table ware or plastic products . Morphology and Rheology study i. Injection Moulding Processability (Validation in actual production) 2. Milestones and Dates Flowchart and Gantt Chart are enclosed in Appendix Activities Literature study Completion of compounding process Completion of morphology study Completion of rheology study Completion of injection moulding process and processing analysis Completion of report writing Project complete Date 31/10/12 30/4/13 30/6/13 30/9/13 31/12/13 30/3/14 30/4/14 (d) Expected Results/Benefit Jangkaan Hasil Penyelidikan 1.Pressure-Volume-Temperature (PVT) relationship.Scanning Electron Microscopy ii.

led to environmental problems. (100% biodegradability behavior) Production cost can be reduced. eg. Sila nyatakan anggaran bajet bagi cadangan penyelidikan ini dan berikan butir – butir perbelanjaan lengkap dengan berpandukan kepada garis panduan yang dilampirkan. which is not biodegradable.- - Fully biodegradable. thus. cassava starch based biopolymer can be replaced conventional synthetic polymer. Huge market potential. as a replacing of current used of synthetic plastics products. MFI (UITM Shah Alam)  PVT analysis  Heavy duty crusher/blender            TATI/UTM (TATI/UTM) UiTM Shah Alam UiTM Shah Alam/UTM UiTM Shah Alam UTM E BUDGET /BELANJAWAN Please indicate your estimated budget for this research and details of expenditure according to the guidelines attached. (starch fiber with 70-80 wt%) Comparative quality to the existing injection moulded plastic. D ACCESS TO EQUIPMENT AND MATERIAL / KEMUDAHAN SEDIA ADA UNTUK KEGUNAAN BAGI PENYELIDIKAN INI Equipment Peralatan Location Tempat Example / Contoh: Twin screw Extruder (TATI/UTM) Injection Moulding (TATI/UTM) SEM (UITM Shah Alam) Melt Flow Indexer. This current invention. No new machinery required (Processing on conventional thermoplastic machinery) Synthetic plastics materials have been widely used worldwide and very resistant to micro-organism. . disposable table ware 4. Number of PhD and Masters (by research) Students One (1) master (by research) student within 2 years.

VC (R&D)/Director of RMC Jumlah yang diluluskan oleh Naib Canselor/ TNC (P&I)/Pengarah RMC E(i) Vote 11000 Salary and wages Upah dan Elaun Untuk Pembantu Penyelidik Siswazah (GRA) Please specify Sila nyatakan secara lengkap dengan pecahannya sekali.Budget details Butiran belanjawan Amount requested by applicant Jumlah yang dipohon oleh pemohon Year 1 Tahun 1 (RM) Year 2 Tahun 2 (RM) 18000 Year 3 Tahun 3 (RM) Total Jumlah (RM) 36000 Amount approved by VC/Dep. (RM 1500/Month X 1 student X 12 months) 18000 Please Indicate the overall Budget Sila nyatakan bajet secara keseluruhan E(ii) Vote 21000 Travelling and Transportation/ Perjalanan dan Pengangkutan Please specify Sila nyatakan secara lengkap dengan pecahannya sekali. (Conference Trip RM 3000 X 2) (Period progress meeting with research members RM 1500 X 4) 6000 6000 12000 Budget details Butiran belanjawan Amount requested by applicant Jumlah yang dipohon oleh pemohon Amount approved by VC/Dep.VC (R&D)/Director of RMC Jumlah yang diluluskan oleh Naib Canselor/ TNC (P&I)/Pengarah RMC .

(Sewaan Alatan di TATI dan UTM. Stationaries & Toner PVA (RM50/kg X 50 kg) CaCO3 (RM535/500g x 5 unit) Glycerol (RM 300/2.RM 180/hour X 40 hours) 3600 Year 2 Tahun 2 (RM) Year 3 Tahun 3 (RM) Total Jumlah (RM) Please Indicate the overall Budget Sila nyatakan bajet secara keseluruhan 3600 7200 E(iv) Vote 27000 Research Materials & Supplies Bekalan dan Bahan Penyelidikan Please specify Sila nyatakan secara lengkap dengan pecahannya sekali.5L X 5) H3PO4 (RM200/1L x 5 unit) HDPE injection grade RM 15/kg X 100 kg Reagent and Chemicals 500 2500 2680 1000 0 0 14680 1500 1000 1000 2500 0 0 500 1500 .Year 1 Tahun 1 (RM) E(iii) Vote 24000 Rental Sewaan Please specify Sila nyatakan secara lengkap dengan pecahannya sekali.

Conference fee and journal submission Charges for analysis RM 500/sample X 10) 2000 5000 3000 10000 0 Please Indicate the overall Budget Sila nyatakan bajet secara keseluruhan .VC (R&D)/Director of RMC Jumlah yang diluluskan oleh Naib Canselor/ TNC (P&I)/Pengarah RMC E(vi) Vote 29000 Professional Services Perkhidmatan Ikhtisas Please specify Sila nyatakan secara lengkap dengan pecahannya sekali. (Repair and maintenance for Twin screw extruder and Injection moulding machinery RM 1500/repair X 8) 6000 6000 12000 Budget details Butiran belanjawan Amount requested by applicant Jumlah yang dipohon oleh pemohon Year 1 Tahun 1 (RM) Year 2 Tahun 2 (RM) Year 3 Tahun 3 (RM) Total Jumlah (RM) Amount approved by VC/Dep.E(v) Vote 28000 Maintenance and Minor Repair Services Baik pulih kecil dan ubahsuai Please specify Sila nyatakan secara lengkap dengan pecahannya sekali.

(side Feeder in screw extruder 10000) twin RM 10000 0 19500 9500 0 (High Speed Mixer RM 9500/unit X 1) TOTAL AMOUNT JUMLAH BESAR 71780 39600 111380 F Declaration by applicant / Akuan Pemohon (Please tick ( √ )): / (Sila tanda ( √ )): .E(vii) Vote 35000 Accessories and Equipment Aksesori dan Peralatan Please specify Sila nyatakan secara lengkap dengan pecahannya sekali.

KPT and IPT has right to reject or to cancel the offer without prior notice if there is any inaccurate information given. 3. Permohonan projek penyelidikan ini dikemukakan untuk memohon peruntukan di bawah Geran Penyelidikan Fundamental IPT. KPT dan IPT berhak menolak permohonan atau membatalkan tawaran pada bila-bila masa sekiranya keterangan yang dikemukakan adalah tidak benar. Semua maklumat yang diisi adalah benar. Application of this fundamental research is also presented for the other reasearch grant/s (grant’s name and total amount) Permohonan projek penyelidikan ini juga dikemukakan untuk memohon peruntukan geran penyelidikan dari (nama geran dan jumlah dana)____________________________________ Date : Tarikh : 12/1/2012 Applicant’s Signature : Tandatangan Pemohon : ___________________________ . Application of this fundamental research is presented for the Fundemental Research Grant Scheme (FRGS). √ 2. All information stated here are accurate.I hereby declare that: Saya dengan ini mengaku bahawa: √ 1.

THE DECISION OF THE FUNDAMENTAL RESEARCH GRANT SCHEME MAIN COMMITTEE MOHE IS FINAL. C. Semua permohonan dianggap sulit.G Recommended by Vice Chancellor/Deputy Vice Chancellor (Research and Innovation)/Director of Research Management Center Perakuan Naib Canselor/Timbalan Naib Canselor(P & I)/Pengarah Pusat Pengurusan Penyelidikan Please tick ( √ ) Sila tandakan ( √ ) Recommended: Diperakukan: A. Highly Recommended Sangat Disokong Recommended Disokong Not Recommended (Please specify reason) Tidak Disokong (Sila Nyatakan Sebab) B. Comments: Ulasan: --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Name: Nama: Signature: Tandatangan: Date: Tarikh: Note: APPLICATIONS SUBMITTED WILL BE TREATED IN FULL CONFIDENCE. Keputusan Jawatankuasa Induk Skim Geran Penyelidikan Fundamental KPT adalah MUKTAMAD. .

CaHPO4. GANTT CHART AND MILESTONE Starting Materials Ca(OH)2.APPENDIX FLOWCHART. CaCO3. (NH4)2HPO4 H3PO4 Dissolving starting materials in distilled water Adjust pH of solution by adding ammonia Stirring for 24 hours Anhydrous ethanol Filtration and washing Distilled water Drying at 100 ◦C for 24 hours Calcination (CO2 atmosphere) Characterization XRD FT-IR SEM TG/DSC TEM Particle size distribution DVDVDSVDFVADBAFBSFBGFB .

Year 1 GANTT CHART May Jun Apr Jul 2012 Sept May Nov Aug Feb Mar Jan Jun Apr Oct Dis 2012 Sept Nov Aug Year 2 2013 Feb Mar Jan Oct Dis 1 2 3 4 Literature study Completion of compounding process Completion of morphology study Completion of rheology study Completion of injection moulding process and processing analysis Completion of report writing Project complete 5 6 7 MILESTONES 1 2 3 4 Literature study Completion of compounding process Completion of morphology study Completion of rheology study Completion of injection moulding process and processing analysis Completion of report writing Project complete 5 6 7 Jul .

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