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R ENGINEERING COLLEGE, VILLUPURAM DEPARTMENT OF ECE QUESTION BANK SUB NAME: MEDICAL ELECTRONICS SUB CODE: EC2021
: VI : III
ELECTRO PHYSIOLOGY AND BIO POTENTIAL RECORDING PART A 1. What is meant by cell? 2. Give the abbreviation form for RNA, DNA? 3. What are resting and action potential, bio electric potential? 4. What is meant by measurement? 5. Mention the basic requirements of measurement. 6. What are the 2 methods for measurement? 7. Explain the function of measurement system. 8. Define Instrument. 9. List the types of instruments? 10. Classify instruments. 11. What is meant by Resting Potential? 12. What is meant by Action Potential? 13. Give any 4 factors to be considered when we design any medical Instrument? 14. What is Electrode Potential? 15. What is the purpose of electrode paste? 16. Give the different types of electrodes? 17. Give the different types of Surface electrodes? 18. What is PH electrode? 19. Define polarized and non polarized electrode. 20. What is plethysmograph? PART B 1. (a) Explain in detail various types of bio potential electrode. (10)
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EC2021-MEDICAL ELECTRONICS (b) Write short notes on Electro Myogram. (6) 2. (a) Draw an action potential wave form and discuss about polarization and repolarization. (10) (b) Draw the bipolar limb leads system of an ECG.(6) 3. (a) Explain about micro needle electrode.(8) (b) Explain about micro surface electrode. (8) 4. With the neat block diagram explain about EEG. (16) (b) With the neat diagram explain about the 12 leads system of ECG. (8) 6. (a) Explain about EOG in detail.(10) (b) Draw the typical waveform of EMG measurement.(6) 7. (a) Explain about PCG in detail.(10) (b) Explain about the output unit of ECG.(6) 8. (a) Explain about the heart sounds.(12) (b) Explain about the recording setup of EEG.(4) UNIT-2 BIO CHEMICAL AND NON ELECTRICAL PARAMETER MEASUREMENT. PART A 1. Mention various types of chemical electrodes. 2. Define circulation and respiration? 3. What is mean by transducer? 4. What is electrophoresis? 5. What are the different methods to measure the blood pressure? 6. What is the use of blood flow meter in bio medical instrumentation? 7. What are the different types of blood flow meters? 8. Give some applications of electromagnetic blood flow meters. 9. What is cardiac output? 10. What happens when there is a fall in cardiac output? 11. What are the different types of dilution methods? 12. How Cardiac output is measured in thermal dilution method? 13. What is the use of blood flow meter in bio medical instrumentation?
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5. (a) Draw an ECG waveform and explain about the characteristics.(8)
EC2021-MEDICAL ELECTRONICS 14. What are the two different principles used in ultrasonic blood flow measurement? 15. Define transit time principle of ultrasonic blood flow meter. 16. What is Sphygmomanometer? 17. What is BSR? 18. What is GSR? 19. What is plethysmograph? 20. What is korotkoff sound? PART B 1. (a) Explain about PH in detail.(8) (b) Explain about PCO2 in detail. (8) 2. Write about the types of blood flow meters with neat diagram. (16) 3. (a) Give the details about filter photometer.(4) (b) Write about colorimeter in detail. (12) 4. (a) explain about cardiac output.(10) (b)Write about auto analyzer with neat diagram.(6) 5. Explain about respiratory measurement in detail. (16) 6. Explain about blood cell counters. (16) 7. (a) explain about pulse measurement.(8) (b) Explain about Temperature measurement. (8) 8. Explain about electrophoresis. (16) UNIT-3 ASSIST DEVICE AND BIO TELEMETRY PART A 1. Define circulatory system 2. Define heart, lung? 4. Classify the pacemakers 5. Different methods of stimulation 6. What is a Defibrillator? 7. What are the characteristics of a DC amplifier? 8. Enumerate the merits and demerits of a dc amplifier? 9. Give the purpose of bridge circuits. What are the different types?
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EC2021-MEDICAL ELECTRONICS 10. What are the 2 types of Wheatstone bridge? 11. What are the different types of AC bridges? 12. Define slew rate 13. List the requirements of an instrumentation amplifier 14. Give few applications of instrumentation amplifier. 15. What is a filter? 16. List the different types of filters. 17. Specify the advantages of an active filter 18. What is frequency scaling? 19. What is quality factor? 20. What is acquisition time of S/H circuit? PART B 1. Explain with suitable diagram, the principles involved in the ON-demand cardiac pacemaker. (16) 2. (a) describe the following in detail.(16) (i) Frequency selection in bio-telemetry. (ii) Tele simulation. 3. (a) Describe with necessary diagrams, the DC defibrillator unit.(12) (b) Compare between internal and external pacemaker. (4) 4. Explain about single channel telemetry with neat diagram. (16) 5. (a) Write down the typical application of bio-telemetry.(8) (b) With the help of neat diagram, explain nerve stimulator. (8) 6. Explain the following. (16) (i) DC defibrillator waveform. (ii) Dual peak defibrillator. (iii) Synchronized defibrillator. 7. (a) Explain about radio pill.(8) (b) Explain about telemetry principles. (8)
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UNIT-4 RADIOLOGICAL EQUIPMENTS PART A 1. List the important features of CRTs. 2. What is meant by deflection sensitivity in CRT? 3. What is meant by recurrent sweep in CRT? 4. Mention the methods that are used for generating the 2 electron beams within the CRT. 5. Explain CRO and its function. 6. Name the components of a CRO. 7. What is an electron gun? 8. Name the basic circuitry of CRO. 9. What is aperture time of S/H circuit? 10. List the components of a magnetic tape recorder? 11. Mention the different methods of magnetic tape recording. 12. What is the purpose of erase head? 13. What is drop out? 14. Mention the 2 factors in FM recording 15. What is the operation of a serial printer? 16. Mention the purpose of line printers. 17. Give the operation of pare printers. 18. List the classification of printers. 19. What is daisy wheel printer? 20. Give short notes on dot-matrix printers. PART B 1. (a) Explain in detail an X-ray image intensifier with neat diagram.(8) (b)Discuss in detail the scintillation detector. (8) 2. (a) Explain about radio isotopes.(12) (b) Write short notes on fluoroscopy. (4)
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EC2021-MEDICAL ELECTRONICS 3. Draw the block diagram of an X-ray machine and explain the function of each block. (16) 4. Explain about different parts of X-ray machine. (16) 5. Explain with suitable diagrams, the principles involved in diagnostic X-ray equipment.(16) 6.(a)Explain about radiography.(8) (b) Explain about angiography. (8) 7. Describe the radiation therapy and its related equipment. (16) UNIT-5 RECENT TRENDS IN MEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION PART A 1. What is LED? 2. Compare common anode and common cathode displays. 3. List the characteristics of LCD. 4. On what does the operation of LCD depend? 5. Name the 2 commonly available types of LCDs. 6. What is the purpose of dot matrix displays? 7. What are the commonly used dot matrices for the display of characters? 8. What are the 2 writing patterns of dot matrix displays? 9. Define transducers. 10. What are the 2 types of transducers? 11. Name the parameters that dictate the transducer capability 12. Define sensitivity 13. Classify electrical transducers. 14. Name the 2 parts of a transducer 15. Mention the factors considered while selecting a transducer. 16.What is meant by POT? 17. Explain the working principle of a strain gauge. 18. Name the different types of strain gauges. 19. What is meant by rosette? 20. Give the 3 working principles of variable inductance transducers PART B
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EC2021-MEDICAL ELECTRONICS 1. What is ventricular fibrillation? Discuss in detail direct current defibrillator.(16) 2. (a) List out the physiological effect of electric current on humans.(12) (b) Mention the application of thermography. (4) 3. Explain the working principle of a diathermy unit with a neat block diagram.(16) 4. (a) What is an endoscope? Discuss the working of an endoscopic unit. (12). (b) Mention the applications of laser. 5. (a) Bring out the clinical applications of endoscopy.(6) (b) Explain about ground fault interrupter and protection by low voltage. (10) 6. (a) Explain the physiological effect of current at 50Hz.(12) (b) Explain about micro and macro shocks. (4) 7. List out the types of commonly available endoscopes. With Schematic diagram explain the working of endoscopic laser coagulator. (16)
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