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# Code.

No: 45033

R07

SET-1

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD III.B.TECH - I SEMESTER REGULAR EXAMINATIONS NOVEMBER, 2009 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (MECHATRONICS) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) What is the need of finite element analysis for solving the engineering problems? Explain its significance in solving different solid mechanics problems b) Describe different stresses and equilibrium conditions for the structural problems. [8+8] 2. Calculate displacement vector, strains, stresses, strain energy and reactions for the following structure? There is wall existing at the other end and the gap between end of the bar and wall is 2 mm. Take E = 2 X 105 N/mm2 [16] A1= 200 mm2 400 kN 200 mm 3.a) b) 4. 5. 6.a) b) 7. A2= 100mm2 200 mm

Derive the load vector for the beam element when a uniformly distributed load is applied. What are different applications of beam element? Explain the differences between beam element and bar element. [8+8] Derive the strain displacement relation matrix and stiffness matrix of a Constant Strain Triangular element (CST) using simplex method. [16]

## Derive the Jacobian matrix for 2-D axi symmetric problems.

w w

jn .

w tu

r o

400 kN

.c ld

m o

[16]

Derive the shape functions of four nodded quadrilateral element. Derive the one point formula of numerical integration over the given limits using Gaussian quadrature method. [8+8] Estimate the temperature profile in a pin fin of diameter 30 mm, whose length is 500mm. The thermal conductivity of the fin material is 50 W/m K and heat transfer coefficient over the surface of the fin is 40 W/m2 K at 300C. The tip is insulated and the base is exposed to heat flux of 400 kW/m2. [16]

8.

Calculate natural frequency, displacements and mode shapes of the stepped bar shown in figure. Take E = 2 E 5 N/mm2 and = 7200 kg/m3. [16] A1 = 300 mm2 200 mm A2 = 100 mm2 200 mm 50 kN

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w w

jn .

w tu

r o

.c ld

m o

Code.No: 45033

R07

SET-2

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD III.B.TECH - I SEMESTER REGULAR EXAMINATIONS NOVEMBER, 2009 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (MECHATRONICS) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) Derive the strain displacement relations from the first principles. b) What are the advantages and limitations of finite element analysis over other numerical methods. [8+8] 2. A stepped bar is subjected an axial loaw of 200 kN at the place of change of cross section and material as shown in figure. Find (i) the nodal displacements (ii) the reaction forces (iii) the induced stress in each material. The materials are (1) Aluminimum bar with E = 70 X 103 N/mm2 and (2) Steel with E = 200 X 103 N/mm2 [16] A(1) = 300 mm2 1000 kN A(2)=100 mm2

200 mm 3.

For the simply supported beam of span 2 m is subjected a 20 kN/m of UDL in the first half of the beam and 10 kN/m in the second half of the beam. Estimate the deflections and slopes at the centre and at the ends of the beam. Take E = 5 x 10-6 m4 and E = 200 GPa. [16] Calculate the strain displacement matrix for the element with the coordinates 1(4,5), 2(9,2) and 3(6,8). And also calculate the strains the triangle whose nodal displacement values are u1=0.3 mm, v1=0.3 mm, u2 = 0.2 mm, v2 = -0.4 mm, u3 = 0.3 mm, v3 = 0.5mm. Derive the Jacobian matrix for a 2-D triangular element in terms of the nodal coordinates. [8+8]

4.a)

b) 5. 6.a) b)

w w

jn .

w tu
200 mm

r o

.c ld

m o

Describe the method to calculate the load vector for the 1-D axi-symmetric element for the specified body force and variable surface force over the surface. [16] Derive the Jacobian matrix for 2-D quadrilateral element. Derive the shape functions for the 2-D quadrilateral element. [8+8]

7. 8.

Derive the thermal load vector for the three thermal boundary conditions for 1-D heat conduction. [16] For the stepped bar shown in the fig. a) Develop the global stiffness and mass matrices. b) Determine the natural frequencies and mode shapes using the characteristic polynomial technique. Assume E=200GPa and mass density = 7850 kg/m3 L1=L2=0.3 m, A1=350mm2,A2=600mm2

[16]

A1

A2

L1

w w

jn .

w tu

r o

L2

.c ld

m o

******

Code.No: 45033

R07

SET-3

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD III.B.TECH - I SEMESTER REGULAR EXAMINATIONS NOVEMBER, 2009 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (MECHATRONICS) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) Explain the equilibrium state of the system, when the system is subjected to different types of loads and explain the stress and equilibrium relations. b) Draw the Pascals triangle and Pascals tetrahedron for understanding the interpolations functions. Explain the salient features. [8+8] 2. For a tapered bar of uniform thickness t = 10 mm with the mass density of 7800 kg/m3 varying its width from 80 mm to 40 mm over length of 300 mm. A point load of 10 kN is acting at the centre along the length of the tapered bar, which is fixed at the maximum width side. By considering the self weight, determine the displacements, stresses, reactions at the support. Take E = 2 X 105 MN/m2.[8+8] A simply supported beam of span 2 m is subjected to a point load of 100 kN at the centre and a bending moment of 20 kN-m also at the centre. Calculate the maximum deflection and slope if the flexural rigidity is 800 103 N-m2 [16] Discuss the importance of iso parametric conditions in solving the CST problems. Calculate the load vector for a triangular element shown in above figure subjected a variable traction load on the face 1-2 of 5 MPa and on the face 2-3 a variable load of 2MPa to 4 MPa. A point load of 400 kN acts at the node 3 with the inclination of 300 with horizontal axis. [8+8]

3.

4.a) b)

5.a) b) 6.a) b)

Derive the strain displacement relation matrix for axi-symmetric triangular element using Galerkin method. What is axi symmetric element? And discuss its importance in solving the axi symmetric problems. [8+8]

w w

jn .

w tu

r o

.c ld

m o

How to apply the finite element method for solving the 2-D problems and explain the quadrilateral element. Define isoparametric element. Derive the shape functions interms of natural coordinate system. [8+8]

7.

A composite wall consists of three materials, as shown in figure. The outer temperature is T0 = 200C. The convection heat transfer takes place on the inner surface of the wall with T = 8000C and h = 25 W/m2 K. Determine the temperature distribution in the wall H = 25 W/m2K T= 8000C 1 2 T0= 200C 0.3 m 0.15 3

0.15 m

## K1 = 25 W/m K; K2 = 35 W/m K; K3 = 25 W/m K

8. Determine the natural frequencies and corresponding mode shapes for the fig. shown below. = 7850 kg/m3, E = 2 x 1011 N/m2 [16]

A1

L1=1m,

w w

jn .
L1

L2=2m,

w tu

r o

A2

.c ld

m o

[16]

L2 A2=1m2

A1=2m2,

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Code.No: 45033

R07

SET-4

JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY HYDERABAD III.B.TECH - I SEMESTER REGULAR EXAMINATIONS NOVEMBER, 2009 FINITE ELEMENT METHODS MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (MECHATRONICS) Time: 3hours Max.Marks:80 Answer any FIVE questions All questions carry equal marks --1.a) b) 2.a) b) 3. What are different methods for analyzing the engineering products? Explain them along with their advantages and limitations. Compare and contrast the finite element methods with other numerical methods. [8+8] What are the shape functions for the 1-D axial bar element with quadratic interpolation function? Explain by drawing the profiles and derive its equations. What are the properties of stiffness matrix? Explain them with suitable examples. [8+8] Why the Hermite shape functions are considered for the beam element? Explain the Hermite shape functions for a two nodded beam element. And also derive the strain displacement relation matrix. [16] Calculate shape functions at point P, stiffness matrix of a triangular element shown in figure for plane stress condition. Take t = 10mm & E = 2 E 05 N/mm2. [16]

4.

w
5.

w w

jn .

w tu
1(12,20) P(11,14)

r o

.c ld

m o

2(4,10) 3(25,4)

Compute the strain displacement matrix and also the strains of a axisymmetric triangular element with the coordinates r1 = 3 cm, z1 = 4 cm, r2 = 6 cm, z2 = 5 cm, r3 = 5 cm, z3 = 8 cm. The nodal displacement values are u1 = 0.01 mm, w1 = 0.01 mm, u2 = 0.01 mm, w2 = -0.04 mm, u3 = -0.03 mm, w3 = 0.07 mm [16]

6.a) b) 7.

Explain the methodology to estimate the stiffness matrix of quadrilateral element. Evaluate [3ex + x2 + 1 / (x + 2)] dx over the limits -1 and +1 using one point Gauss quadrature formula. [8+8] Calculate the temperature values at the junction points of the composite slab made of two different materials with 25 W/m K of 0.25 m thick and 40 W/m K of 0.2 5m thick. The inner wall is exposed to a convective heat transfer coefficient of 50 W/m2K, 500C and other wall is exposed to a heat flux of 50 kW/m2. There is an internal heat generation of 500 kW/m3 in the second layer of the composite slab. [16] Using one element to idealize half of the beam as shown in fig. Find the lowest four mode natural frequencies. Compare the results with exact solutions. n=(n/L)2(EI/A) where n =1,2,3.. is the mode number.[16]

8.

E,A,

w w

jn .

w tu
L *****

r o

.c ld

m o