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THE CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMAL
NAME : MUSTIKA AYUNI BINTI MUSTOFA I/C NO. : 987654-11-3210 FORM : 2 IRSYAD SCHOOL NAME : SMK MAK LAGAM TITLE : THE CLASSIFICATION OF ANIMAL TEACHER NAME : ........................................ DATE : ........................................ SIGNATURE : ........................................
NO. 1 2 3 Objective Introduction Vertebrates 4 5 Fish Bird Mammal Reptile Amphibian 11 12 ITEM PAGE 3 4 5 - 10
Criteria Different and similarities
Through the making of this folio, I had : - Identify the classification of animal bas of common characteristics. - Determine the differences and similarities for each group.
Animal are broadly divided into vertebrates and invertebrates. A vertebrates is an animal with a backbone. An invertebrates is an animal without a backbone.
Vertebrates : fish, bird, mammal, reptile, amphibian
Invertebrates : with jointed legs, without jointed legs
Characteristics Fish have bodies that are well adapted for life under water. Their skin iscovered with hard and slimy scales for protection. They have fins and tailsto swim. They absorb dissolved oxygen in the water through their gills. Mostof them lay eggs that are fertilized outside their bodies. Fish are cold-blooded animals. This means that their body temperature changes with their surrounding temperature.
Characteristics Birds are the only animals with feathers. They have beaks and wings but not all of them can fly. They breath with their lungs. They are warm blooded animals. This means that their body temperature remains constant and doesnot change with the environment. Their eggs, which are fertilized internally (internal fertilization), have hard shells and are laid in their nests.
Characteristics Mammals are warm-blooded animals whose bodies are covered with hair or fur. Their eggs are fertilized internally and their young develop inside the female body. All mammals, except the duck-billed platypus and the spiny anteater, give birth to live young. Their young feed on milk from the mother’s mammary glands. Mammals breathe with their lungs. This includes those living in the water such as dolphins and whales.
Characteristics Many reptiles live on land. All reptiles have hard dry scales to protect their bodies. They breathe with their lungs and are cold-blooded animals. Reptile eggs are fertilized inside the female body. The eggs have tough, leatheryshells to prevent them from drying out.
Amphibians are cold blooded animals that can live both on land and in water. Most amphibians adults live on land. They return to the water only to lay eggs. The eggs are fertilized outside the female’s body (external fertilization). The young amphibians live in water and breathe through their gills. The adults breathe with their lungs when on land and through their skin when in water. The adults have loose and moist skin.
Type Of Body Method Of Body Breathing Method Of Vertebrates Temperature Reproduction Covering Organ Fertilisation Fish Bird Mammal Warmblooded Warmblooded Coldblooded Coldblooded Coldblooded Laying eggs Giving birth Laying eggs Feathers Hair/Fur Smooth and moist skin Fins and tails Dry and scaly skin Lungs Lungs Gills and lungs Gills Lungs Internal Internal External
Laying eggs Laying eggs
Different and similarities Of vertebrates
• Ability to fly
• Body form
Cold-blooded and warm blooded
• they have spinal cord as well backbones
Mammal and bird
• they breathe through lungs • they are warm blooded
Reptile, amphibian and fish
• most of them are well adapted with water • all of them lay eggs • all of them are cold-blooded • most of them have scale