ASTM-A333/A333M, "Seamless and Welded Steel Pipe for Low-Temperature Servicerr, was adoptedon 16-MAR-98 for use by the Department of Defense (DoD). Proposed changes by DoD activities must be submitted to the DoD Adopting Activity: Commanding 156, Officer, Naval Construction Battalion Center, Code 1000 23rd Avenue, Port Hueneme,CA 93043-4301. DoD activities may obtain copies of this standard from the Standardization Document Order Desk, 700 Robbins Avenue, Building 4D, Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094. The private sector and other Government agencies may purchase copies from the American Society for Testing and PA Materials, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, West Conshohocken, 19428-2959.


Army - AR Navy - YD1 Air Force - 99

Adopting Activities: Navy - YD1



Reviewer Activities: DLA - CC


Approved for public release; distribution

is unlimited.

COPYRIGHT American Society for Testing and Materials Licensed by Information Handling Services

1 other temperaNOTE 1-The dimensionless designator N P S (nominal pipe size) has turesforimpacttest. &pyri@~ ASTM f - An American National Standard Standard Specification for Seamless and Welded Steel Pipe for Low-Temperature Service’ This standard is issued under the íìxed designation A 333/A 333M.1 ASTM Standards: A 370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing 3. Some product sizes may not be available includethefollowing. NOTE2-For electric-fusion-welded pipe.1. Vol 01. (Certification Section of Specification A 530lA 530M). as required.todescribethematerial under this specification because heavier wall thicknesses have adequately: an adverse deet on low-temperature impact properties.1.1 Quantity (feet. Grade (Table l).2.” and “nominal size. Vol 01.15hydrostatictestornondestructive been substituted in this standard for such traditional terms as “nominal electric test). Combining values from the 3. 4. by thepurprovided. stress relieving. e1 Reprinted from the Annual Book o ASTM Standards. E 309 Practice for Eddy-Current Examination of Steel Tu1. two systems may result in nonconformance with the specifi3. Materials and Manufacture 4.50 T Last previous edition A 333/A 333M . Annual Book o ASTM Standards.2.1. 1999.10 on Tubing.1. shall be treated to control their microstructure in accordance with one of the following methods: 4. low temperatures. 1.2 Heat Treatment: 4. 10 repair bywelding.1 Normalize by heating to a uniform temperature of not less than 1500°F [Sl5T] and cool in air or in the cooling chamber of an atmosphere controlled furnace. each system must 5301 be used independently of the other. f 4Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Onginally published as A 333. see Specification A 67l. (Heat analysis requirement in “M” cation. reheat to a suitable tempering temperature.1.2 Supplementary RequirementS1 of an optional nature is 3. A number i parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. therefore.” 3.1. 14.5 Length (specific or random).2 Name of material (seamless or welded pipe).1. n A superscript epsilon (E) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval. and 2. Ws Conshohocken.1. or number of lengths). the 3.01.9 Specification designation. are to be regarded separately as standard. 4.5 designation of this specification is specified in the order. 3. 2 Referenced Documents .Grade4shall bemadebytheseamless process. Stainless Steel. Within the text.1.1 Orders material for under specification this should as listed in Table 1. at the discretion the of manufacturer. Vol 03.2. and Related Alloys and i the direct responsibility of Subcomminee s AO1. centimetres. Thls shallapplyonlywhenspecified 3. Vol 03.3 For the seamless process only.01. 4.1. * For ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code applications see related Specification SA-333 in Section II of that Code.6Endfinish(EndsSectionofSpecificationA A 530M).” “size.98. Annual Book of ASTM Standards.03. inch-pound shall The units apply unless the theChemicalcompositionSection of A 53OlA53OM. reheat and control hot 1 COPYRIGHT American Society for Testing and Materials Licensed by Information Handling Services .l. .10 Special requirements or exceptions to this specification.1 Manufacture-The pipe shall be made by the seamless or welding process with the addhon of no filler metal in the weldingoperation. Annual Book of ASTM Standards. Published May 1999. of 3.1 All seamless and welded pipe. number immediately following designation indicates the year the the of original adoption or. 1. chaser.4 Size ( N P S or outsidehameter and schedule number 1. Current edition approved Jan. 4.2 Normalize as in 4.1. (Section 12) (Permissible SIunitsareshowninbrackets.3 The values stated in either inch-pound units orSI u i s nt average wall thickness).1.STD ASTM A333/A333M-ENGL 3777 m 0757530 Ob43227 4Tb m Designation: A 333/A 333M 99 AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS 100 Barr H a t W D.7 Optional requirements. 3.03.1 r his specification* covers nominal (average) wall seamless and welded carbon and alloy steel pipe intended for use at Ordering Information 3. 10. system are not exact equivalents.8 Test report required. in the case of revision. of Steel Products3 A 53OlA53OM Specification for General Requirements for Specialized Carbon and Alloy Steel Pipe4 A 67 1 Specification for Electric-Fusion-Welded Steel pipe for Atmospheric and Lower Temperatures4 E23TestMethodsforNotchedBarImpactTestingof Metallic Materials’ E 213 Practice for Ultrasonic Examination of Metal Pipe and Tubing6 This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A-1 on Steel.2.2. Scope bular Products Using Magnetic Saturation6 1. PA 19428 r. diameter. other than Grades 8 and 11. and.Thevaluesstated in each Variations in Length Section of Specification A 53OlA 530M). Several grades of ferritic steel are included 3. with filler metal added. the year of last revision. ‘ 4.

0 0 5 max .025 max 0... Reheat until the pipe attains a the ordered grade in Table 1 is not permitted.. cool in air or water quench at a rate no less than 6.. and When Grade 11 pipe is AFor intermediate temperatures... max Columbium. .Grade 4 shall be heat treated prior to preparation of the specimens.31-0.. ..03-2.. [min/mil of 605"CI. in [3 to a suitable tempering temperature...... 6. .06 0.025 0.. . ..1. hold at this tempera5.. ..01 % carbon below 0 3 %..1. ture for a minimum timein the ratio of 1 M n [2 midmm] of specification.. held that temperaturefor a periodof at manufacturer. 'Grade 8 shall be stress relieved at 1025 to 1085"F.... 6 % would be permitted to a maximum of 1.82 Grade4 0.. in case than but no less 15 mn quench i..0 . A lot by the of this temperature for a minimum time in the ratioof 1 Min.90 max 0.1 At the request of the purchaser.1 The steel conform shall to the requirements as to by either of the following methods: chemical composition prescribed in Table 1.18-3. ~~ ~~~ 2 COPYRIGHT American Society for Testing and Materials Licensed by Information Handling Services . .3and. ... atthediscretion prescribed temperature.. . from an initial temperature of not less than 1550°F [845"C].025 Phosphorus. 0.025 0.. max Grade 3 0...44-1.40-9.2.05 % manganese above 1. [550 to 585"C]. . .4Treat as in 4... ..40-0. .37 3. [2 midmm] of thickness. 6..7] 2 4.0.60 0 6 max .474. ..2..32 8. Material from which specimens to be taken shall 300°F [165"Cyh in air or water to a temperalure bestressrelievedat1150'F c Unlessotherwisespecified.93 0..025 . and 10 may be heat temperature not exceeding 600°F [315"C]. 1..025 0..035 0. reheat to a suitable tempering temperature.11 between purchaser supplier. Reheat until the pipe attains a uniform temperature of 1450 2 25°F [790-C 15"CI.25 max 0.13 Grade 9 0. . and thenfurnace cooled at a 4.4 mm]. . cool in ar Reheat a i...15 max 0.. . .. . are analysis of one billet 4. . .12 0.2 Grade 8 pipe shall be heat treated the manufacturer by 5. . ... cool 15 i "F "C "F "C than in air or water quench at a rate not less 300°F [ 165"CIh. .06 Grade 10 Grade 11 0. hold at this temperature a minimum time of1 Min.. However.75 Grade6A Grade 7 0. for Grades 1. ..5 When specifiedin the order the test specimens shall be hishing temperaturerangefrom 1550 to1750°F[845to taken from full thickness test pieces which have been stress 945"CI and cool in air or in a controlled atmosphere furnace from relieved after having been removed the heat-treated pipe.15-1.0 0.0-37. max Molybdenum.2. 5. .4 Material from which test specimens are obtained shall minimum time of 2 h for thickness up to 1. Chemical Composition 4.025 0.0 1. touniform Time..4 mm] of thickness and cooled at a minimum rate of be in same the condition of heat treatment as the pipe not exceeding 600°F [315"C].. .2.2..3WhethertoannealGrade11pipeisperagreement lo00 540 1o50 565 3 17...35 0.30 .. .1 Quenched and Tempered-Heatto a uniform temperature of 1475 2 25°F [800 5 15"CI. coban A .19 % Grade8 0. the ratioof 1 Min.35 % manganese. 3. ..05 0. 6. Grade 8 shall be treated by heating to a uniform temperature of not less than cooled at a minimumrate of 300°F[ 165"C]h in air or water to 1500°F [815"C]..50-1.2.. . hold at pipes from each lot shall be made manufacturer..2 When Grades 1.... .5 35.18-0.0 0...12 0.2. 600 1150 620 1 12.. . in place of anyof the other heat treatments providedfor in 4.15 max 0. [760 to 870"Cl..06 max 0...2..751.025 . and 10 Grade 4c Thickness n [2 min/mm] of thickness but in no case less than m . cool in 15 air.... .40-1.025 Silicon Nickel Chromium Copper Aluminum Vanadium... The test pieces shallbe gradually and uniformly heated to the of the 4.supplyinganalloygradethatspecificallyrethickness.41 1100 1o50 1100 565 600 [4. an increase of 0. 6. .. .. max 0. followed by quenching liquid and reheating a temperature not exceeding 600°F 15"CI. holdthis temperature for a minimum timein at permitted. 0.25 O. .. .ST D. held for a 4. it shall be normalized the rangeof 1400 ti.05 0.57 0 9 max .37 0. .. . butin no case less than 15 min. .04-0... by quires the addition of any element other than those listed for immersion in circulating water. 0 5 max .....06 min 02 .. 1600°F in straight-line interpolation. max Manganese 0.2 Double Normalized and TemperedHeat toa or two samples of flat-rolled stock from each heat or of two uniform temperature of 1650 2 25°F [900 2 15"CI. . but in no case less than min. . l.. 4.. but in no caselessthan15 min. [25.. time in accordance with Table 2.50 0..40-1.. .lo"o.2. [2 pipe shall consistof the following: midmm] of thickness.7...0 For each reductionof 0..13432 2. Hdding Minimum Metal temperaturewithintherangefrom 1050 to1125°F[565toTemDeralure4' Mn. . ..AST M A333/A333\-ENGL L977 D 0757530 Ob43228 332 ##'I A 33WA 333M TABLE 1 ChemicalRequirements Element Grade 1" Carbon..0 O working and the temperature of the hot-hishing operation to a 4. . plus a minimum of 1 h for each additional inch [25.025 0.. ..13-0.05 0 3 max .20 0.025 Sulfur.60-2.0 0.. holding shall the time be determined by annealed.0 in. Product Analysis 300°F [ 165"C]/h.0 0 5 rnax .5 Seamless pipe of Grades 1. . ...64 0.... [620°C]. or 10 are ordered under this i.30 0.. the uniform temperature within the range from 1050 to 1125°F addition of elements required for the deoxidation the steel is of [565 to 605"CI. [2 midmm] of thickness...08-0.24 0..10 03 .10 0.01 0.2. ..1. hold at this temperature a minimum for TABLE 2 Stress Relieving of Test Pieces time in the ratio of 1 Min.

5. A record of these values shall be retained for a impact specimens equals or exceeds 0.3.015 in.2. and the wall be shall display a lateral expansion opposite the notch of not less thickness shall not be decreased below that permitted by this than 0. 10.1 Wall thickness measurements shall be made with a the value for one specimen is below 0. the corresponding metric value(s) case less than 2 pipes.2 Repaired accordance the in with repair welding provisions of 10. any of which temperatures in conformance with 14.2.1 shall be not less than imperfections are deeper than %in.7 The finished pipe shall be reasonably straight. and 10. and all defects shall be given one of the following dispositions: billetsorpipeconformingtotherequirements shall be ac10. in single random lengths of 16 22 ft (Note 3) with 5 % 12 to to 12. 8. 7. 7.2 Surface imperfections that penetrate more than Yz % 12 6. allowed.1 If theimpactvalue of onespecimenisbelowthe dance with 10. [0.6Weldrepairshallbepermittedonlysubjecttothe procedure in Test Methods and Definitions A 370. and Appearance 10. approval of the purchaser and in accordance with Specification 8. When the “ M designation of this sufficient numberof pipe to constitute5 % of the lot.3 To provide a workmanlike finish and basis for evaluimpactproperties of eachset of threeimpactspecimens. [0. When an erratic result is caused by a defective specibe a matter of agreement between the manufacturer and the analysis of each wallthicknessshall be considereddefects. specification. Disposition of such pipe shall value.1 Mechanical marks.3. 6.STD-ASTM A333/A333”ENGL L999 W 0759530 Ob43229 279 m A 33WA 333M 10. for Grade 11. Finish.2. 3.1 does of the nominal wall thickness or encroach on the minimum not conform to the requirements specified. thenotched-bar 10.3 If the analysis of one of the tests specified in 6. a retest willbe purchaser. pipe be ordered may cation A 5301A 530M unless otherwise provided herein. Mechanical Required 16 ft (Note 4).015 in.5 When imperfections or defects are removed by grind8. tears. rejection if surface imperfections acceptable under 10.1Thematerialshallconformtotherequirements as to may be cut 10.3 The values of absorbed energy in foot-pounds and the A 5301A 530M. 8.Pipewithsuch billet or pipe from the same heat orlot may be made.38 mm] and 10.4 The defective pipe may be rejected.5. In caseof dispute. pipe with the manufacturer shall including specimens for the weldedjoint in welded pipe with remove by grinding the following: wall thicknessesof O. or slivers found by exploration in accor8. [0.1 ForGrades 1. that the remaining wall thickness is within specified limits. to the requirements specified. [3mm] and larger.4 At the purchaser’s discretion. when tested at 10. abrasions and pits.1 If definite lengths are not required. Exploration of all surface imperfections not is purchaser or the purchaser’s representative andshall conform required but maybe necessary to assure compliance with 11. 120 in. or there is uncertainty in test procedures. the specimens may be made.1 Material furnished to this specification shall conform to 9. The outside diameter at the of grinding may point 8. seams. Lengths the applicable requirements of the current edition of Specifi9. or in double random lengths with a minimum of 12.1 The defect may be removed by grinding provided cepted.38 mm] but mechanical caliper or with a properly calibrated nondestructive mm].015 in. When heat NOTE 3-This value(s) applies when the inch-pound designationof this treated by thecontinuousprocess.2.2.1. or the impact values of two specimens are less thickness. NPS Designator Under 2 Length of Pipe in Lot 400 or fraction thereof 200 or ftaction thereof 100 or fraction thereof 3 COPYRIGHT American Society for Testing and Materials Licensed by Information Handling Services .2 For Grade 8 each of the notched bar impact specimens ing.testsshall be madeon a specification is the basis of purchase.1 to be deeper than 5 % of the nominal wall minimum value. but appear over a large area of in excess ofwhat is and each specimen must equal or exceed the required average considered a workmanlike finish. 4. a retest of three additional notbelow0. tests shall be made on 5 % of the pipe from each lot. ating conformance 10. The impact test not required is 10. iis 8.1 When the average lateral expansion value for the three be reduced by the amount so removed.1 Transverse or Longitudinal Tensile Test and Flattening average of 35 ft (Note 4) and a minimum length 22 ft (Note 4) with 5 % 16 to 22 ft (Note 3). shall be agreed upon between the manufacturer and purchaser. Impact Requirements 10. laps. Workmanship.6 mm]. than the minimum average value but not below the minimum 10. pipe shall be subject to value permitted a single specimen. govern.2. [0. 9. and the values prescribed in Table 4.2. a smooth curved surface shall maintained.38 mm].1 The pipe manufacturer shall explore a sufficient num2 to 6 ber visual of surface imperfections provide to reasonable Over 6 assurance that they have been properly evaluated with respect 6.015 in. a retest shall on be allowed.2 are not The retest shall consist breaking three additional specimens scattered.25 testing device of appropriate accuracy. information.2 Lateral expansion values shall be determined by the 10. off within the lmt of requirements on length. 7. 10. Test-For material heat treated in a batch-type furnace. The lateral expansion of each of the measurement determined by usethe mechanical of cahper shall retest specimens must equal or exceed0. GeneralRequirements period of at least 2 years.3 The section of pipe containing the defect tensile properties prescribed in Table 3.but in no specification is the basis of purchase.38 mm]. Tensile Requirements 10.2 The results of these analyses shall be reported to the to depth. 11. [ 1.2 Visual imperfections commonly referred to as scabs.[0. fracture appearance in percentage shear shall be recorded for 10.

..verse tudinal verse verse Trans...00 [ E = 1. a de-1. %c Grade 4 Grade Grade 8 Grade 7 Grade 6 Gm Grade 9 e 10 I 7h2 mm ~ in. %following table gives the calculated minimum values %alculated elongation requirements shall be rounded to the nearest whole number. Longi. ection Equation Longitudinal Transverse Longitudinal Transverse Longitudinal Transverse Longitudinal Transverse Longitudinal Transverse Longitudinal Lonaitudinal of Test E = 56t+ 17.Long¡..001 E = 40t+ 9. 25’ ... ..00[€=1. .. .....871+ 15. .. . 0’ 0 .501 E = 48t+ 15.00 [E = 1.... or 50-mm gage length or proportionally smaller size test specimen with the gagr? length equal to 4D (4 times the diameter) is used 1.. .. .75’ duction for each ihin.. . the minimum elongation valueis determined by the following equation: Grade 1 3 4 - . . .00 [ E = 1..Trans35 33 32 30 28 26 25 23 I I 30 28 27 26 24 22 21 20 18 Longi..062) 21 .... and for all small sizes tested in full section 20 When standard roumi 28 2-in. . 156) 3 %6 (0. 20 18 ..tudinal Trans.... or 9D mm..¡ans.Longi. min..... [8 mm] from the basic minimum elongationof a the following percentag wall Thickness 1% I I I 55000 380 130 0001 205 Long¡. strip tests....Transtudinal verse tudinal verse Longi... . When final heat treatmentis in a batch-type furnace..ASTM A333/A333M-ENGL L999 07595LO Ob43230T90 A 33WA3331111 TABLE 3 TensileRequirements Grade 1 psi Tensile strength... or 50 mm. . . I Grade 1 3 Elongation in 2 in.....25t+ 10.. udina I rn ‘ s a 15 o00 240 Longiterse tudinal ooo1450 30 30 22 .Trans. (or 4D)... 20 . 22 1 8A 22 14 22 16 . . . .25’ .. min Yield strength. ...Trans..Longi.Longi. . min..OO[E= 1.. in.87t+ 15.25’ 1.50 [E= 1.... O. .... .... .I Basic minimum 25 35 elongation for wallsYi6 in.87t+ 15.001 E = 32t+ 6... 16 . . Y 2 (O. . ..00 r€= 13.50 [E = 1.50 [E = 1. [0..~~~~ ~ ~ ~~ STD.501 E = 40t + 12....Longiverseverseverse tudinal tudinalLongi..25t+ 6..00 [E= 1..... the lot shall . . ..5 m 450 angi. Transtudinal tudina verse 65m oo( -20 ’rans Longiterse tudiml Longi. ... %longation of Grade 11 is for all walls and small sizes testedin full section.... [8 mm] and overin thickness. ..001 E = 48t+ 15.. ..terse tudinal tem 75000 690 6300( 435 515 46 oo( 315 I - o m 550 .508 . ... .... Where the wall thickness lies between decrease two values shown above..001 6 7 8and 10 9 where: E = elongation in 2 in.... . 1.001 E = 32t+ 6. .Trans.251+ 11...tudinal Trans.......8mm] decrease in wall thckness below %S in. .... .. or 50 tudinal .508 For strip tests... NOTE &The term “lot” applies to all pipe of the same nominal size and wall thickness (or schedule) whichis produced f o the same heat of rm 4 COPYRIGHT American Society for Testing and Materials Licensed by Information Handling Services steel and subjected the to same finishing treatment in acontinuous furnace. ..001 E = 32t+ ll. .56t + 12. Imml.. NoteThe preceding table gives the computed minimum elongation values for each ’/win. . in %.25k 6.. .Longi.0 58 . ... .501 E=48t+15.219) .50 [ E = 2. .. 16 15 15 22 21 20 ..80-mm] in wall thickness. .. 22 21 20 18 17 16 15 13 12 .. and t = actual thickness of swimen.87f+15. 28 . .00] E = 32t+ 10..191+ 17..501 E = 48t+ 15.501 E = mt+ 13..56t + 9.. [0. min MPa psi MPa 450 240 Grade 4 GradeGrade6 3 psi MPa psi MPa Grade7 Grade 8 psi l o o oo( Grade Grade 910 Grade 11 psi MPa pi s MPa 450 240 MPa psi MPa Elongation in 2 in.50 [E = 1.tudinal 20 19 18 I I I I I 25 24 23 30 28 27 26 24 22 21 20 18 (0.. 12 .

5 mens shall be obtained with their axial plane located 6 -50 4 5 [12. Standard specimens 10 by 10 mm in cross section shall be used unless the material to be tested isof 15.lbf 1018 10 by 10 by 7. the wall thickreduction values shall be an amount equal to the difference by 4 nesses of which do not exceed more thanY in. The temperature shall be meaconsidered as original specimens. the width along the notch is less than 80 % of the actual wall 12. On wall thicknesses of 1 in. 12. 9.1. Charpy specimens of width shall be at the option of the manufacturer.1 Except when the sizeof the finished pipe is insdlicient topermitobtainingsubsizeimpactspecimens. [2. sured with thermocouples. [25 mm]. 13. manufacturer and the purchaser. the specified Charpy impact of brealung three specimens. Impact Test 14.1Specialimpacttests on individuallots of material may be made at other temperaturesagreed upon between the as include only that pipe which is heat treated in the same furnace charge.addi14. transverse to the longitudinal 10 -75 -60 axis of the pipe with the notch of the specimen in the welded 9 5 COPYRIGHT American Society for Testing and Materials Licensed by Information Handling Services .Whendiameterand thickness do not permit obtaining transverse specimens. 3. 7 -75 -100 13.1. [25 mm] or less.6 Results obtained from these tests shall be reported to devices and shall be controlled within 3°F [2"C]. 15.3 Impact Test-One notched bar impact test. AStraight line interpolation for intermediate valuespermiled.099 in.5 10 by 6.6. 4.5 mm] from the outer surface. Hydrostatic or Nondestructive Electric Test Type A with a V notch. Under these circumstances the temperature same heat and the same heat-treatment load. Charpy-type. the "F "C specimens shall obtained with their axial plane located at the be 1 -50 4 5 midpoint. unless otherwise along the notch larger than 0. and 10 Size of Minimum Average Notched Notched Minimum Specimen. If heat treatment is performed in continuous or batcht r reduction corresponding to the Charpy specimen width ue typefurnacescontrolledwithina50°F[30°C]rangeand actually tested. mens shall be quickly transferred from the cooling device to 13.5 13 10 9 7 5 4 14 11 J 14 12 ft4bf 10 8 7 14. 13.4 ZmpactTests(Welded P i p e w n weldedpipe. 12. This test shall represent only pipe from the respective grade. 7.5 mm] are not provided for in this specification.2 When subsize Charpy impact specimens used and are jected to the hydrostatic test.4.5 Specimens showing defects while being machined or cooled a sufficient time in a suitable container so that both prior to testing may be discarded and replacements shall be reach the desired temperature. the bottom of the notch shall be located at the weld joint. the speci3 -150 -100 4 50 -1 -1 O0 9 in. The type test to be used of subsize specimens shall be used. consisting thickness of the original material.33 10 by 2. 7. ft. shall be made from each heat test temperature for Grades 1. is 14. impact test specimens as well as the handling tongs shall be 12.2 shall be obtained. The specithe purchaser or h s representative.TABLE 4 Impact Requirements for Grades 1.3 shall be made to test the weld.1 Each pipe shallbesubjectedtothenondestructive insufficientthickness.2 The notched bar impact test shall be made in accora continuous run only shallrequired insteadof one test from be dance with the procedure for the simple beam. Charpy-type test each heat in each heat-treatment load. in accordance with Test Methods E 23. Appendix shows some examples how the X1 of equipped with recording pyrometers so that complete records temperature reductions are determined. ValueValue mm Impactof Bar Impactof One Specimen Only Each Set of Three a Sep SpecimensA Bar of J joint andperpendiculartothesurface. 3.67 9 10 by 5 7 10 by 3.3 mm] the ( s shown in Table 6) betweenthetemperaturereduction by a wall thicknesses of the pipefiom which the test specimens are corresponding to the actual material thickness and the temperataken.394 in.2 or [20°C] should be made with the following precautions.9. The 12.inwhichcasethelargestobtainable electric test or the hydrostatic test. or any other suitable 12. of heat treatment are available. thermometers.3 When testing welds the specimen shall be. 6. [ l o mm] or smaller than 0. of Methods E 23. and 10 shall be represented in a heat-treatment load on specimens taken from lower than the minimum temperature shown in Table 5 for the the finished pipe.2 Hydrostatic Test-Each length of pipe shall be sub14. Specimens for Impact Test the anvil the Charpy impact testing machine and broken with of a time lapse of not more than 5 s. on wall thicknesses over 1 in. longitudinal specimens in accordance with 13. t6.2 Test specimens shall be obtained so that the longitudiTABLE 5 Impact Temperature nal axis of the specimen is parallel to the longitudinal axisof the pipe while the axis of the notch shall be perpendicular to Grade Temperature Test Minimum Impact the surface.allmaterial 7 5 furnished to tlus specification and marked in accordance with 3 4 Section 16 shall tested for impact resistance at the minimum be 5 3 4 temperature for the respective gradesas shown in Table 5. whenever 8 -320 -1 95 9 -75 -100 diameter and thickness permit.3 Impact tests specified temperatures lower than for 70°F tional impact tests of the same number as required in 12.1 Notched bar impact specimens shall be of the simple beam. then one test from each heat in 14.

5 S u ~ a c e Condition: allow distinct identification of the signal from each hole.295 7.-l00 KHz max the limitations in the scopeof the respective practices. paint. metal or the surface finish.5 ( 3 / 4 SM.8 Test Conditions: 15. ifrequested. outside diameter and schedule or wall thickness).3.3 For Eddy-CurrentTesting. especially the short abrupt type.1 The following information is for the benefit of the On specified above 0.00 MHz and the maximum nominal transducer shall be size equipment.3.4 The eddy-currenttesting (ET) referenced in this and heat treatment conditionas the pipe to be examined. holes shall be drilled radially and completely through the pipe or other foreign material that could interfere with interpretation wall.9. defects. The range of pipe shall be as follows: sizes that may be examined each method shallbe subject to by On specified walls up to 0..276 7 8 4 scanned.1A. 15. purchase order.315 8 O O 0.7 Operator Qualijìcations: 15. 20 11 extent of such effects shall determined by the manufacturer. notches shall be any one of the three common notch shapes 15.' with SNT-TC.thereferencestandard 15.8.2 For Ultrasonic Testing. straightening and operations.2 The existence of end effects is recognized.354 9 O O 15.8.2 The hydrostatic test shallbe in accordance with Speci.8. OH. examination may not detect short. size) 5 3 be entire pipe surfaceis coil(s).2 maximum The eddy-current coil frequency used will be at the option of the manufacturer.67 0. the producer of welded pipe may choose to drill 'Society for Nondestructive Testing.3. Po Box 28518.2 Excessive surface roughness or deep scratches can in. size) 10 5 0.6. "Straight line interpolation for intermediate values is permitted. with care being taken to avoid distortion of the pipe while be drilledintheweld.4. and the 0. mm "F "C produce signals that interfere withthe test.262 ( 2 / 3 std.197 5 ( 1 / 2 size) std. any one of after a l mechanical l processing.33 ( 1 / 3 19 size) std.5Apurchaserinterestedinascertainingthenature shown in Practice E 213.1 eddy-current For testing. f 15. (Practice E 309).3 through are method. dirt. pipe and longitudinally separated by a sufficient distance to 15. construed as the minimum size imperfection detectablesuch by ( I ) If the equipment contains a reject notice filter setting.150 in. except as in 6.3.shall be reportedtothepurchaser.7. 35 22 0. 009 .6. Notches shall placed on boththe OD and ID surfaces. excitation frethe coil be inaccordancewith Nondestructiveelectrictestsshall quencyshall be chosen to ensureadequatepenetrationyet Practice E 213 or E 309. shall remain off during calibration and testing unless linearity 15.3 Nondestructive Electric Test: 15. Columbus. size. On specified walls up to 0. detect both longitudinally and circumferentially oriented de15. 1/ 4 50 28 agreement between the purchaser andthe manufacturer.1 All surfaces shall be free of scale.1Referencestandards of convenient length shall be be employed to detect differently oriented imperfections.The 15.4 Erne o Examination: 15. one hole in the weld and run the calibration standard through 6 COPYRIGHT American Society for Testing and Materials Licensed by Information Handling Services TABLE 6 Impact Temperature Reduction .9.1 The relative motion of the pipe and the transducer(s).9 2. specification.3. at the option of the manufacturer.ifvisible. or sensor(s) shall such that the 0.9 Reference Standards: fects. Material 'Ihickness Degrees C l e ad e 15.118 3 40 nondestructive tests may applied to the endae s subject to be ra. thereference ID and OD significant discontinuities. 0. drilling.-10 KHz max user of this specification: 15. The methods used for cleaning and preparing the surfaces for examination shall not be detrimental to the base Specimen width Along Notch or Actual Temperature Reduction. The (type.1Nondestructivetestingforspecificationacceptance the shall contain. deep. the selection the nondestructive electric test of 15. has the capability of detecting 15. heat shall be performed following discontinuities: treatments. or an equivalent recognized and documented 15.equallyspacedcircumferentiallyaroundthe processing. this equipment.Thewidthofthenotchshallnotexceedtwicethe product.2 The reference standards defined 15. 034 .-50 KHz max 15. This requirement ( I ) Drilled Hole-The reference standard shall contain three does not preclude additional testing at earlier stages inthe ormoreholes.5. fication A 530iA 530M.050 in.5. 43228-0518. 15. be depth.236 6 15 8 15.158 4 30 17 and.9 10 (standard size) O O 15. Unless specifically called out in the provide good signal-to-noise ratio. It should be recognized that different techniques should 15. The dimensions of these standards should not be 1.5 (size) std.9.standard.004 in.3 The ultrasonictesting (U") canbeperformedto can be demonstrated at that setting.e@$ A 333/A 333M of test results.1711ArlingatePlaza.3 Ultrasonic-For examination by ultrasonic the 15.5 in. at the option of the manufacturer. the minimum nominal transducer frequency shall be in convenient standards for calibrationof nondestructive testing 2. and orientation)discontinuities that can of depth of each notch shall not exceed 12Y2 % of the specified be detected in the specific application of these examinations nominal wall thickness of the pipe or 0. grease.6 Entent o Examination: f 0. whichever is the of tubular should discuss this with manufacturer the greater.1 The test unit operator shall be certified accordance in specified in the purchase order. be 0. surface finish 15. The prepared from a length pipe of the same grade.150 in.131 3. size or of (NPS. location.Other 0.Oneholeshall Alternately.3.

11.Theoutside beginning and end of each series of pipes of the same size of (NPS or diameter and schedule or wall thickness). obtain subsize impact specimens. rejection The be ture applicable to a full-size specimen should marked. any change in test system settings. Grade and diameter at the point grinding may be reduced by the amount so removed. in additionthe to 1 .3.Extraneoussignalscaused by is when a lower test temperature required because of reduced identifiable causes such a dings. 0 Standardization Procedure: 51 providing the wall thickness is not decreased to less than that 1 . temperature service applications. and the unit restan-andtheheattreatmentconditionshall be reported tothe dardized. (0. but all pipe tested since the last acceptable standard. further test providing the imperfection does not encroach on 1 .004 15.11 Evaluation of Impeflectiom: 17. the marking shall include the “QT”. retested pipe shall meet the test heat treatment condition. 1 . 0. to have a depth not exceeding 1 . The hole diameter shall vary with NPS as follows: identified and separated from the acceptable pipes. Whenthepipe is furnishedinthequenchedand 612 rejected. shall be 2% to 1 orgreater. a 0. equipment repair. test apparatus at the same speed and test system settings as the ing shall include whether hot finished.1. 17. the outside surface of the pipe.1 Pipes producing a signal equal or greater than the to steel pipe.11. shall be machined in a radlal plane parallel to the tube axis on 15. (3) Longitudinal Notch-A notch 0 0 1 i . When the size of the finished pipe is insufficient to 611 the readout display. 1 2 Such pipes shall be rejected if the test signal was 51.11.3 n 15.1 low temperature service. 1 9 2% of the specified wall thickness the pipe or0.055 in.11. Said notch shall have a depth not exceeding 1V % 22 15.3. If the imperfection is explored to the extent that it can be facturer’s option ormay be required upon agreement between identified as non-rejectable.106 in. mm) 27 above 5 repaired pipe must pass the same non-destructiveby which test it was rejected. 0 1 The apparatus 51. NPS Designator Hole Diameter 0. 0 5 Uponany standardization. The length the notch shall be compatof 15.067 in.~ ~ STD-ASTM A333/A333M-ENGL L999 m 0759510 Ob43233 ?TT 9 (0 33WA 333M 1A the test coils three times with the turned at 120”on each weld pass. straightener specimen size. the marking shall not include 1 .004 in.4Straightener marks. steel pipe.8 Pipe reducer ripple. or interruption due to power loss.requirement.4 15. 1 3 7 Stop marks. and it must meet the minimum wall thickness (2) Tramerse Tangential Notch-Using a round toolor fìle mm) diameter.2 mm) above 2 to 5 0.7 above 1% to 2 may be repaired per Sections 11 and 12. More or smaller reference discontinuities. whlchever is greater.8mm) . 0 4 The signal-to-noise ratio for the reference standard the temperature at which the impact tests were made. ization must be retested for acceptance. be with a ‘hin.3. amplitude shallbe adjusted to be at least 50 % of full scaleof 1 . 15.1.11. scratches.11. or 51.Thetestsystemsettings may be changed. 594 01 provided the imperfection is less than 0.purchaser or his representative.. To be accepted.3 If the test signals were produced by visual impertangential to the surface and transverse to the longitudinal axis n fections such as i the following: of the pipe. 2’ of 1 . letters transducer(s). Product Marking down or when a problem is suspected. Thepipe may be acceptedbasedonvisualexamination 1 . whichever is greater.. 0 3The reference standard shall be passed through the marking prescribedin Specification A530/A530M.thepipesincethelastcalibrationshall be 1 . test shall be standardized the at required by thisortheproductspecification. the pipemay be accepted without the purchaser and the manufacturer. except 51. of the specified nominal wall thlckness of the pipe or in.4 mm) above I/!to 1% produced by cracks or crack-like imperfections.3 Dings. “LT’ followed by welded. . 51. or less in width . The area producing the signal may be reexamined. 0 2The test apparatus shall also be standardized after 51. cold drawn.004 in. standardization. These pipes 0 0 1 in. the rejection amplitude 51. .039 in. ( . 1 3 6Steel die stamps. shall etc. (6.3. the mark51. not be considered noise. a notch shall filed or milled requirements of this specification. mm) or may be usedby agreementbetweenthepurchaserandthe 12% % of the specified wall thickness (whichever is greater). and at intervals not exceeding 4 h.2 Surface roughness. low lowest signal produced by the reference standard(s) shall be 7 COPYRIGHT American Society for Testing and Materials Licensed by Information Handling Services .102mm). changeof operator. (1. (2. ible with the testing method. To be accepted.. in which case. ( .11. seamless or pipe to be tested. stainless 15. dents. the higher impact test temperamarks. More frequent standardization may be performed at the manu.11. manufacturer.3.3.. process shut16. orboth. Keywords 15. 1 .11.1 Scratches. the minimum wall thickness. the schedule number and the letters 1 . (1. orthe tempered condition. 15. coil(s) or sensor(s) adjusted. Except as modified 61 in 15.5 Cutting chips. seamless steel pipe. ( mm) I ?2 L produced by imperfections that cannot be identifiedor was 0.4Rejectedpipe may bereconditionedandretested 1 . the lettersLT followed by an indlcated test temperature unless 9 has decreased by 2 % (3 dB) of peak height from the last Supplementary Requirement S1 is specified. .

mm] X1. eitherrea~mvedorwfthdmwn. l . the impact test temperatures specified in Table 5 must be lowered. [6. X1. if the pipe were 0.1 For example. the required reduction in test temperature is computed by taking the difference between the temperature reduction values shown in Table 6 for the actual pipe thickness and the specimen width used. the temperature reduction corresponding to thesubsizespecimen is 35°F [19"C]. no reduction in test temperature is required. the difference between these two values is the required reduction in test temperature.200 in. APPENDIX (Nonmandatory Information) X1.1. which you may attend.33 was mm (1/3 standard size).2 do not apply. if the actual wall thickness of pipe was 0.2 When the width along the subsize specimen notch less than 80 % of the actual wall thickness of the pipe. PA 19428.1.262 in.l For example.1. 1 0 0 Barr H a t h Dtive. X1.l. 1 When subsize specimensare used (see 10.2. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing w n views h to the ASTM Committee on Standards.the temperature reduction corresponding to the actual pipe thickness is 10°F [5"C].1.67 thick and the width along the Charpy specimen notch3. The following examples are offered to describe the application of the provisions of 14. Yourcomments are invited either for revision of this standardor foraddifionalstandards and shouldbe addressed to ASTM Headqua~ters. the test temperature would have to be lowered by 25°F [14"C]. and the risk infringement of such fights. Your comments will receive careful considemtion at a meeting of the responsible you should make your technical wmmiftee. of the provisions of 14. testing shall be amatter of agreement between manufacturer the the and purchaser. DETERMINATION OF TEMPERATUREREDUCTIONS X1.1 When the size of the fìnished pipe is insufficient to permit obtaining subsize impact specimens. S1.1) and the % widthalongthenotchofthe subsize specimen in 80 9 or greater of the actual wall thickness the original material.l.1. That is. [4 mm] or greater.160 in. TheAmerican Society for Testing and Materials takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connedon with any item mentioned in this standard.2. is X1. West Conshohocken.2. Subsize Impact Specimens S1.0 mm] and the width along the notch of the largestsubsizespecimenobtainable is 0.l Under the circumstances stated in 14.[m A 333/A 333M SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS The following supplementary requirement shall apply only when specified the purchaser in the by contract or order. are entirely their responsibilily of own This standard is sub@$ to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years and Hnot revised. [5. Users standard are expressly advised that determinationvalidity of any such of this of the patent fights. 8 COPYRIGHT American Society for Testing and Materials Licensed by Information Handling Services .