ME 2304 — ENGINEERING METROLOGY AND MEASUREMENTS (Common to Production Engineering) (Regulation 2008) Time : Three hours Maximum : 100

Marks Answer ALL questions PART A — (10 × 2 = 20 Marks) 1. Distinguish between 'Line Standard' and 'End Standard'. 2. Define the term 'Sensitivity' of an instrument. 3. What is meant by wringing of slip gauges? 4. What are limit gauges? 5. What is meant by 'Best size wire' in screw thread measurement? 6. Define the term 'constant chord' of a gear. 7. What are the advantages of laser interferometer? 8. What is a CNC CMM? 9. What are load cells? 10. What is the working principle of bimetallic thermometer? PART B — (5 × 16 = 80 Marks) 11. (a) (i) Draw the block diagram of a generalized measurement system and explain the various stages with an example. (10) (ii) Distinguish between 'Precision' and 'Accuracy' with suitable examples. (6) (Or) (b) (i) Describe Systematic errors and Random errors. Discuss the means adopted to minimize these errors. (12) (ii) Explain the term 'interchangeability'. (4) 12. (a) (i) Explain, with a neat sketch, the construction and working of a Tool Maker's Microscope. (8) (ii) Explain, with a sketch, the construction and working of Solex Pneumatic Comparator. (8) (Or) (b) (i) What is the principle of Angle dekkor? How is it used for the measurement of angles? (8)

(ii) Explain the use of an optical flat to test the flatness of measuring surfaces. (8) 13. (a) (i) Explain the principle of measuring gear tooth thickness by Base tangent method. (8) (ii) With a neat sketch, describe the construction and working of a profilometer. (8) (Or) (b) (i) Derive the formula for measuring the effective diameter of a screw thread by three-wire method. (8) (ii) Define straightness. Describe any one method of measuring straightness of a surface. (8) 14. (a) (i) With a neat sketch explain the working of laser interferometer. (8) (ii) Discuss the need of computers in inspection. (8) (Or) (b) (i) Describe the construction and operation of a coordinate measuring machine. (12) (ii) State the advantages of CMM. (4) 15. (a) (i) Explain the principle of operation of a hydraulic dynamometer. (8) (ii) Explain the principle of operation of Bourdon tube pressure gauge. (8) (Or) (b) (i) Explain the working of a rotameter with a neat sketch. (8) (ii) Using a sketch, explain the working of an optical pyrometer. (8)

What are the corrections applied in the measurement of effective diameter by the method of wires? 6. A) (a) Explain briefly any one method of torque measurement. (8) 15. Rb. Give two uses of computers in the field of metrology? 9.(5X16=80 marks) 11. (6) B) (a) Describe various elements and its function of a generalised measurement systems. (8) B) (a) Explain the working of bimetallic strip type temperature measurement system. (5) 14. slip gauges and micrometer? 7. What is the principle of thermocouple? 10. What is the relationship between sensitivity and range? 2./DEC. State any two principles of force measurement. (6) . 5. A) (a) How is a Vernier height gauge specified? Describe briefly the constructional requirements of different pats of a vernier height gauge? (10) (b) Discuss the operation of a Pneumatic comparator. (2) Repeatability. (3) Calibration and (4) Dynamic Response. (12) (b) Discuss the different types of laser light sources. NOV. A) (a) Explain the following terms with suitable examples. A) (a) Describe the instrument 'Gear tooth vernier caliper'. State any two applications of laser in machine tool metrology? 8. What will happen if the gauge blocks are simply placed over one another and measurements made? 4.(10X2=20 marks) 1. Rc and tp % with respect to surface roughness. (10) (b) Discuss the different types of errors and how they can be eliminated? (6) 12. (8) (b) Describe the principle and working of AC laser interferometer. A) (a) Describe the construction and working of a micrometer. (6) 13. Calculate the gear tooth caliper settings to measure the chordal length of a gear 45 teeth having a module of 4. (8) (b) Describe any four power measurement equipments. (8) PART A . (10) (b) With the help of a neat sketch explain the working of an autocollimator. (10) (b) How is the straightness of straight edge measured? (6) B) (a) Define Ra. PART B . State the precautions that must be taken in the method of measuring diameters of a taper plug gauge by rollers.EXAMINATION. A 200mm sine bar is to be set tonany appropriate set of gauge blocks. (5) (c) Explain in detail the roundness testing machine. Distinguish between relative error and random error? 3. (6) (b) Discuss the various types of screw pitch errors.2007ourth Semester . (10) (b) How are end standadrs derived from line standard? Explain. (4) B) (a) Explain the procedure to be used in measurement of various dimensions of a typical component using a cantilever type CMM. (8) (b) Describe any two types of flow measurement equipment.Regulation 2005) (Regulation 2004) Time: Three Hours Maximum: 100 marks Answer ALL questions B) (a) Describe a method of determining an absolute length of slip gauges using interferometer. (1) Readability.

ii) Explain how dimensional accuracy and surface finish are simulation measured ‘on live’ using laser. How the nose radius of a single point turning tool is measured? 6. Why so many parameters are needed? ii) How surface finish is measured using LASER. What is the principle of a two frequency Laser interferometer? 9.a)i) How angle is measured using a Laser interferometer?. gear.b)i) What are the various methods used for measuring tooth thickness of a Spur . Define reliability? How reliability is measured? 2. (5 x 16 = 80 Marks ) 11. Justify the selection of instruments after considering various alternatives possible. ii) Explain with neat sketches how Roll.a)i) Sketch and explain the constructional features of a bridge type coordinate measuring machine? ii) What types of measuring systems are used for linear distance? OR 15. 14.a)i) What are the elements of a measuring system? How they affect accuracy and precision? ii) How errors due to these elements are eliminated / minimized? OR 12. What are the applications of precision rollers? 3.b)i) What are the pre-processing technique used in machine vision? Explain each with neat sketches? ii) Explain the application of Machine Vision in the assembly operation using Robots. 2. What is a clinometer? What are its applications? 5. What is the principle of working of a feed back pneumatic comparator? 4. How angle is measured in a CMM? 10.A (10 x 2 = 20 Marks) 1. What are the elements of a machine vision system? PART.a)i) With neat sketches.B. What are the limitations of a Michelson’s interferometer? 8. is checked for its dimensional and form accuracy. Explain how the component shown in fig 1.PART. Explain the principle involved with neat sketches.b)i) How laser is used for inspection and measurement in industries. explain the significance of some important parameters used for measuring surface roughness. How roundness is measured? 7. Under what circumstance each method is used. OR 13.b)i) How an angle dekker differ from an Auto-Collimator? ii) Explain how the straightness error of a Lathe bed is checked using a AutoCollimator? 13. 15. yaw and pitch of a Lathe carriage is checked using a Laser interferometer. OR 14.

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