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January 3, 1983 CLEANING, PICKLING AND FLUSHING PROCEDURE FOR HYDRAULIC PIPING REVISION 3 E&M CONSTRUCTION PROJECT AND PROPOSED STANDARD FOR COtHNCO LTD., TRAIL OPERATIONS _

A. 1.

Offi ce Work Determine the plplng circuit which is about to be pickled (i.e .. 1 supply line and 1 return line or combinations of supply and return lines). Calculate the length of piping to be pickled or measure field quantities. Calculate the volume of pipe using Table 1. from the drawings

2. 3. 4.

Calculate the volume of the tank to be used: (Tank must be large enough to contain full charge required for pipe). The plastic pickling tank normally used at the E&M has the following characteristics: a) b) c) size of tank = 150 cm dia. x 120 cm high (59" dia. x 47") tank volume per vertical cm=17,6JO cm3/cm =17.67 liter/cm volume in tank filled to height of 90 cm =1590 litres. Rodine 213, and HCl or sodium phosphate

,5.

Calculate the amount of caustic solution, acid required: a) b) c)

caustic solution consists of 10% sodium hyroxide 1.2% Rodine inhibitor of the total volume 12% HCl acid of the total volume. Vp + VT + VTOT VR = .012 VTOT VA .12 VTOT Vc = .10 VTOT where: VTOT = Total Volume VT = Tank Volume Vp = Piping Volume

VR = Volume of Rodine required Volume of Acid required VA Volumeofcaustic Solution Vc

requi red

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O. E54-4975 Flex hose .can be obtained from research stores 4444.O E54-5009 SIS Pump .O.can be obtained from warehouse #171-0200 . 5. .rust inhibitor for coating pipe. Field Cleaning Procedure Fill piping with water and flush through plplng to the sewer until water coming out of the return line is relatively clean. (500 g should last 4 or more pickling sessions) or order from Anachemia Ltd.acid inhibitor. (NaN02) .fab in field Protective clothing for operator. 7. B. 3.P. 1.Page 2/File Note/Cleaning. Sodium nitrite Sodium hydroxide P. 7. . continued . 4. 5. 8.for washdown.caustic solution for moderate cleaning of varnish (Na3P04 Tri-basic) and grease.1 CBY = 19.P.. Fill the tank to the depth of 50 cm with water.O.P. 2. stock in tank. 2.caustic solution for removing severe build-up of of varnish and grease or Sodium Phosphate . 6E54-A304 Thermometer Steam coil . Pickling and Flushing Procedure for Hydraulic Piping/Revison 3/November 29. 3. 1.for blowing out and drying piping.. 4. Rodine 213 . Hydrochloric acid (Hel) . E548922 or E54-5373. .for flushing . P.P. 1983/Cominco Ltd. Air service . Tank . 6. 1.O.O.for heating solution Water service .5 litre. 2.for filling tank . Supplies Required Steam service . 6E54-A236 Filters . 6. E54-A080. Equipment Required C. D.

5. NOTE: Add very small quantities of SODIUM CARBONATE at a time. continued . Field Cleaning Procedure . but DO NOT EXCEED pH OF 10.5 to 7. Heat the water in the tank to approximately Introduce a caustic a) b) solution to piping: use 10% sodium hydroxide per total circuit volume heated to 500C max. 3. this temperature while Break the piping at a flange or union for inspection. Add the appropriate amount of hydrochloric volume) into the tank. Circulate and ad SODIUM CARBONATE until the solution has a pH of 8. 7. Start the circulation pump and add Rodine 213 (1.cont'd 300C. If the pipe was correctly pickled~ the pipe surface appearance should be a matt grey with possibly small pits~ but no encrustations or flakes adhering to pipe walls.) When pipe has been inspected. caustic solution for 1 hour. Fill the piping and the tank to a depth of 90 cm with fresh water. 1..2% of the total volume) slowly such that the Rodine 213 is equally distributed throughout the system. 2. Flush system with water until neutral Field Pickling Procedure Repeat steps 02 and 03. Should the piping still appear rusty or dirty~ continue pickling procedure for a couple more hours..Page 3/File Note/Cleaning~ Pickling and Flushing Procedure Piping/Revision 3/November 29~ 1983/Cominco Ltd. Fill the tank to a depth of 90 cm with water.5 to 9. (pH 5-6).0. 4. for Hydraulic D. 6. Only a very little amount is required to raise the pH 1eve 1.0.0. (Have a qualified 3rd party approve before bolting up the piping. E. 8. or loose debris lying on the bottom of the pipe is allowable. No harm will ensue if solution pH exceeds 9. acid (12% of the total 3. Heat the solution to 660C and maintain circulating the solution for 4 hours. drain the solution to sewer and flush the system with fresh water circulating to sewer until pH level is 6. for severe cleaning or use 10% sodium phosphate per total circuit volume heated to 600C max for moderate cleaning. Circulate 5. 4. .

contact: Engineer S. 2.Materials continued .. F. 4. Oil Flushing Procedure the following procedure: After pickling and flushing piping perform 1. any moisture left in the pipe will cause the pipe walls to oxidize very qui ckly.approximately 1 Kg per 500 litres of solution. then dump to sewer. 9.0. Circulate the solution for 45 minutes.G. For part 2. The piping circuit should be loaded with oil as soon as possible.25 u filters to be installed temporarily at this time .) Do not add Sodium Nitrite until solution pH is 8. it must be carried through until it is finished. valves on manifolds For further consultation.continue flushing until an acceptable particle count of 25 microns after initial flush and 10 microns after final flush is achieved. otherwise Sodium Nitrite will decompose resulting in no inhibition of wet areas. Please give 24 hours notice prior to picking up the instrument.4819 . For pH testing. fit bypass blocks in place of valves on manifold and flush each manifold block/actuator section until acceptable filtration level is achieved.. Field Pickling Procedure . Using high velocity pump (at least lx installed capacity. 1983/Cominco Ltd. Heat solution to 750C. (The solution should turn light brown. . 10. Couple pipes to manifold blocks. 3. for 1/2 hour. 4.Page 4/File Note/Cleaning. for Hydraulic E. and begin 2.cont'd Slowly add SODIUM NITRITE (NaN02) . Hazards Data Sheet" for Hydrochloric Acid unit replace 800C temperature. circulated 11. interconnect actuator lines. obtain a pH meter from (4932) the Instrument Shop. Pickling and Flushing Procedure Piping/Revision 3/November 29. preferrably 2x cap) and separate tank .flush pipe with oil . G. DO NOT STOP halfway through the procedure. Notes Once this procedure has begun. oil should be heated to maintain Couple up to hydraulic commissioning. Observe the "Materials for safety's sake. 1. Mussio . 3.

1983/Cominco Ltd. Hydraulic Calculate Calculate piping with volume Less Than 54 Litres the volume of piping using Table 1.5 litres/VTOT. The only change will be at Step 4. VTOT = VTank + VPipe VTOT =58.12 = 487.5 litres/.67 = 25 cm.5 litres 12% HC1=58.5 litres = 58. VTank + 40 litres = 487.671itres/cm. 1. We know that the tank holds 17. Pickling and Flushing Procedure Piping/Revision 3/November 29.5 ~ 17. in order to get a volume of447. the volume required in the tank using three carboys of acid.5 litres.Page 5/File Note/Cleaning. for Hydraulic H. For an expample use a pipe volume of 40 litres. In the above example the tank would be filled to 25 cm. EMK/ra 1 cc: DFH DBT SGM RJH GWF GHT RMcC RMcH REM MCM RHD . This is the volume required in the tank if pickling 40 litres of pipe. 2. instead of filling the tank to 90 cm fill it to the level talculated above.5 litres.51itres in the tank we would have to fill it to a level of 447. Follow the cleaning and pickling procedure layed out in Section D and E.5 litres VTank=447. 3 carboys of acid = 3 x 19. 3.

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