MATERI KURSUS GREETINGS Good morning Good afternoon Good evening Good night Good bye How are

you? How is Mr Randall? How is Mrs Alexandra? Is Miss Helena well? How are you doing? How are things? How’s life? How is the family? How is your mother? How is your brother? How is your sister? How is your father? Is your father fine? THE ANSWERS Very well. And you? Fine thanks. And you? Very well, thank you Very well, thanks. Fine, thanks. Good, thanks O.K., thanks Not bad. Thanks Pretty well Thank you Excellent

CONGRATULATION
Happy new year! Merry Christmas! Happy Feast day! Happy Anniversary! Happy Birthday! Happy Learning! Happy a nice trip! Have a nice sleep! Have a nice dream! Have a good trip! Congratulations! Congratulations on passing your exams! Congratulations on your success! Congratulations on getting a scholarship!

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Congratulations on your marriage. Congratulations on the birth of your son. Congratulations on the birth of your daughter. Congratulations to you Congratulations on getting a new job Please accept my congratulations to you

PARTING
See you See you soon. See you later. See you tonight. See you tomorrow. Good bye! Bye bye! So long! Till we meet again. I hope that we will meet again I’ll see you tomorrow I’ll be seeing you Good luck. God bless you! May God bless you! Bless you! I must be off. I must say good bye. I’ve got to go I must go now I must go Well, if you’ll excuse me I must say good bye I must be off I hope you’ll come again soon. Come whenever you like. I’m glad you have come. Remember me to Robby. Give my love to Anita. Give my regards to her. Give my regards to him. Please remember me to your father Please remember me to your mother Please send my best love to your sister Please give my kind regards to your father Please say hello to your brother for me

EXCUSES
I’m so sorry I’m sorry I’m very sorry you’re ill. 2

I’m sorry for you I’m sorry you didn’t come to my party I’m sorry for being (coming) late I’m sorry, I’m late Forgive me, please I’m sorry to hear that THANKS Thank you very much indeed Thank you very much Thank you so much Thank a lot Thanks Thank you I’m very grateful I don’t know how to thank you I can’t find words how to thank you Thank you for everything Thank you for help THE ANSWERS You’re welcome You’re most welcome Don’t mention it No trouble at all It’s a pleasure My pleasure Forget it That’s quite all right SHORT CONVERSATION 1 Carla : Good evening sir Teacher : Hi good evening Carla, how are you this evening? Carla : I am very well sir, thanks and how are you? Teacher : I am fine thanks. How is your father Carla? Carla : He is Pretty well sir, he is in Jakarta now. Teacher : Really? What for? Carla : Really sir, he visits my uncle who lives there. SHORT CONVERSATION 2 Carla : Nice to talk with you sir, but I must be going now. Teacher : Nice to talk with you to, please tell my best regard to your mother . Carla : Well thank you sir, I will tell her. Good by sir. Teacher : Good bye, take care. See you. Carla : See you.

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000 • 1/2 • One Million One Half …………teen …………ty …………hundred …………thousand …………billion …………million …………trillion 4 .000.NUMBER Cardinal Number Numbers 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • One Two Three Four Five 6 • 7 Six • 8 • 9 • 10 • Seven Eight Nine Ten 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • Eleven Twelve Thirtee n Fourteen Fifteen 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • Sixteen Seventee n Eightee n Nineteen Twenty 21 • 22 • 30 • 40 • 50 • Twenty -One TwentyTwo Thirty Forty Fifty 60 • 70 • 80 • 90 • 100 • Sixty Seventy Eighty Ninety One Hundred 200 • 300 • 154 One Hundred Fifty-Four • 765 • 1000 One • Thousand Two Hundred Three Hundred Seven Hundred Sixty-Five 1.

5) three point six (3.6) AMERICAN A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z ALPHA BRAVO CHARLIE DELTA ECHO FOXTROT GOLF HOTEL INDIA JULIETTE KILO LIMA MAMA NANCY OSCAR PAPA QUEBEC ROMEO SIERRA TANGO UNION VICTOR WHISKY X-RAY YANKEE ZULU BRITISH ANDREW BENJAMIN CHARLIE DAVID EDWARD FREDERICK GEORGE HARRY ISAAC JACK KING LUCY MARY NELLIE OLIVER PETER QUEEN ROBERT SUGAR TOMMY UNCLE VICTORY WILLIAM X-MAS YELLOW ZEBRA 5 .Ordinal Numbers  First  Second  Third  Forth  Fifth  Sixth  Seventh  Eighth  Ninth  Tenth ALPHABET Frictions a half (1/2) a quarter (1/4) one third(1/3) two third (2/3) one point five (1.

on my spare time.. date and place of birth Hobby • • • • • • • • • Job or occupation Marital status Parent’s name • My father’s name is………… • My mother’s name is………. My occupation is a/an……….. I am married No I am not married yet No. My address is I am……. I live at…… …………………... I usually…………….. 6 .years old I was born on……… ………… I was born at……… …………... I am from………… …………. My hobby is…………………. I am a/an………………… …...INTRODUCTION THINGS TO ASKED Name QUESTIONS • What is your name? • What is your nick name? • • ANSWERS My name is ………… ………… My nick name is ……………… Just call me …………………… My friends call me… ………. I am still single Address • Where do you live? • Where are you from? • What is your address? • How old are you? • When were you born? • Where were you born? • What is your hobby? • What do you usually do on your spare time? • What are you? • What is your occupation? • Are you married? • What is your marital status? • What is your father’s name? • What is your mother’s name? • • Age. Yes..

let me introduce my self to you. • My phone number is………… • Sure/certainly. my phone number is……………………. My name is Steven Gerrard. I was born on March the 15th 1993 I live in London My hobby is playing foot ball I am a student of Senior high school Introducing People What's your name? My name is … I am … Haven't we met (before)? 7 ..Religion • What is your religion? Phone number • What is your phone number? • May I have your phone number please? • My religion is………………… • I am a…………………… ……. just call me Steve I am 17 years old. Introducing Yourself Hello my friend.

Tyler Saunders. Keiko: Hi. Hello. I think we've already met. Sam: Where are you from? Keiko: I am from Tokyo. 8 . how are you? Tyler: I'm fine. How do you do? (formal) Nice to see you. Keiko: Thank you. Where are you from? Sam: I am from New York. My name is Sam. I don't think we've met (before). No. … (name) Nice to meet you. I have. No. Tyler. I'm Sylvia. Introduction Sam: Hello. I haven't. I don't think I have. Welcome to London. I don't think we have. thanks. Tyler: Nice to meet you.Yes. Nice to see you again. I am Keiko. I think we have. Sam: It is nice to meet you. I think I have. This is … Meet … Have you met …? Yes. Sylvia: Nice to meet you too. Tyler: How are you doing today? Sylvia: I'm okay. Sylvia. Introductions Tyler: Hello. thanks. Sylvia Wang. Yes. It is nice to meet you. my name's Tyler. Sylvia: Hi. No. too. (informal) Pleased to meet you.

I got it. the family name. where I come from. hey. She's really smart! Tyler: She's smart alright and funny too! Does she still tell a lot of jokes? Sylvia: Sometimes. in Asia. like the one about the tiger and the clown and how they went to McDonald's and ordered a Big Mac and french fries? Tyler: That's such a funny one! Sylvia: Oh.. have a good day. Say hi to Karen for me. Sylvia: Oh. Sylvia: Something like that. Tyler. so. Tyler: Oh.. Sometimes we study together. Ms. she's a friend of mine from last year. Tyler: Yeah. you too. okay. you go to this school too? Tyler: Yeah. Her and I have the same math class..Sylvia: So. we call it the last name because it comes after our first name. Your family name is Jones. your family name is Jones? Tyler: What? Family name? Sylvia: Yeah. Rachel Skylar? Tyler: Yes.. Sylvia: So. Sylvia: So. Mrs. family name. 9 . Tyler: Oh. hey. Notes: 1) Begin use of formal titles for adults. bye.Jones. because the whole family has the same name so you call it family name. didn't I see you last week with Rachel? Sylvia: Rachel? Oh. see you around. Jones is my last name. Tyler: And Jones is my family name AND last name. Wang is my last name and family name. you mean my last name? Sylvia: Well.. both genders. Tyler: In Western countries. okay. okay. we call the second name... me too. Tyler: Yeah. I have to go to my next class. will you? Sylvia: Sure. and why (Mr.

4) Continue use of you're. 3) Review saying goodbye. isn't. that's. how's. wouldn't. etc.Miss). 2) Review introductions to each other. QUESTION WORDS WHAT • What is that? • What are you studying? WHY • Why do you ask me? • Why did he leave the class? WHO • Who is your English teacher? • Who borrow my book? WHERE • Where is your friend now? • Where does she live? WHEN • When did you come here? • When will the world cup begin? HOW • How do you go to school? • How to get there from here? HOW MUCH • How much is the price? • How much is your money? HOW MANY • How many tables do you need? • How many children do you have? HOW FAR • How far is Singaraja from here? • How far is your school from your house? HOW LONG • How long will you stay here? • How long do you need time? WHICH ONE • Which one is your car? • Which one is better? WHOSE • Whose dog is that? • Whose book is this? WHAT TIME • What time do you go to school? 10 .

.... Part 3 John: ... is the right age of sending the child to the school? Rocky: As far as I think the right age is 5. 11 .. AM....• What time does the English course finish? WHAT COLOR • What color is your shirt? • What color is her motor cycle? IS. WERE.... punishment should be given to the students who do not do their homework? Rocky: Punishment should not be given...... John: .. He must have the knowledge of the product he sells. John: ... should we do after 12th? Rocky: We should do any course which can help us get a good job. Teacher must make the student understand with love....... John: . WAS. is your opinion about pocket money? Rocky: I think pocket money is necessary and it should be given. DOES. country do you like? Rocky: I like America. should we go for a walk daily? Rocky: Walking is the best exercise. do you avoid junk food? Rocky: It is harmful for our health. John: ......... It helps us get success............. DID. qualities should a person have if he wants to do business? Rocky: He must be honest and polite........ DO.. is it necessary to get education? Rocky: Education develops our mind..... Part 4 John: . ARE. John: ........... John: . It keeps us fit.. John: ...... Part 2 John: . HAVE......Exercise of Interrogatives Fill up with interrogative words: Part 1 John: ........... is your English class? Rocky: It is on Monday at 5... HAD • Are you a student? • Do you study English every day? • Have you had your lunch? Question Making ... HAS..... do you learn your lessons? Rocky: I learn at night..

How can I trust you? 17. How have you completed the task? 6.. What can I do for you? 11. How is your health? 2. What should he do now? 13. What do you take in breakfast? 10. What’re you doing? 8.. What’s your profession? 4. What’s your favourite colour? 7.. How could you do this to me? 18.John: . How was he jumping so now? 14. would you be able to complete your course? Rocky: I think with in two or three months. How were you flying? 15. What’s the time by your watch? 5. How . How do you know my name? 4. How has she behaved to you? 8. How does he play? 5. What would you like to eat? 18.. What’s your pan card no.. How do you do? 12. What’re your hobbies? 6.? 12. What’ll she purchase from the market? 12 .. What’s the price of this shirt? 19. How are you? 3. How dare you? WHAT – Uses in Speaking 1. What’s your name? 2. How can you believe him? 9. How should we start? 19. How did you find me? 7.. What can he say now? 20.. What’s the problem with you? 14. How do you feel now? 13. What’s your sister writing? 9. What’s the name of your bank? 15. What’s the name of your father? 3. How is he doing? 20. How would I know? 10.. What’re you doing now? 16. What would you take in lunch? 17. How old are you? 11. How is he performing? 16.Uses in Speaking 1.

When was her interview? 8. When did they decide to do it? 3. When should this problem be discussed? 6. When has your father signed it? 15. Where will you go? 11. Where have you taken admission? 19. Where should we go for shopping? 5. Where is my book? 4. When had you seen him gossiping? 10. When was that lesson taught? 18. Where is the kitchen? 13. Where is your cell phone? 14. Where is your brother? 2.Uses in Speaking 1. When should we reach there? 14. Where are my keys? 9. When do you go out with your friends? 16. Where do you live? 3. Where are your parents? 17. Where had you gone? 18. When is she planning to go? 12. When will we be able to get a stable government? 20. Where did you go yesterday? Which . Where did he park the car? 20. When is the right time of doing it? 7. Where is your house? 16. When can you talk to me? 9. Where is the cinema? 7. When will the party be started? 11. Which is the best book on this subject? 2. When has government passed this bill? 5. Where am I? 12. Which car will you buy? 13 . When is your brother reaching here? 17.When . When would she like to meet us? 4. Where is that beautiful lady? 15. When do you want to buy a car? 2. Where were you in the morning? 10. When did the police register that case? 19. When was their class? 13. Where can I arrange a table for you? 8. Where would you like to sit? 6.Uses in Speaking 1. When will children go to the park? Where .Uses in Speaking 1.

Which is your house? 4. Which essay have you written? 8. Which time is good for studies? 9. Which dress will you wear on your birthday? 12. 5. Which room is yours? 13. Which is the best movie of last month? 14. 4. 2. Which bank gives more interest on FD? Whose . Which doctor shall I consult? 18.Use in Speaking Whose pen has been stolen? Whose father is going abroad? Whose pen has she borrowed? Whose film do you like to watch most? Whose music album is going to be released? Whose film was a hit? Whose movie broke all the records? Whose performance did you like most? Whose result will be announced today? Whose car are they using now-a-days? Whose house is this? Whose father has export business? Whose picture is this? Whose help can I take in this work? Whose victory depends on us? Whose mother has been cooking food for the guests since morning? Whose song was sung in that music concert? Whose example can be used to help children understand? Whose bill had he gone to deposit? Whose lecture was she attending? Why . Which medicine will heal it? 17. Which ballon did the child want to buy? 10. Which punishment was given to him? 15. Which boy commit the mistake? 16. Which music system should I buy? 11. Which boy can run faster? 6. Which country is the richest? 7. Which of these shirts do you like? 5.Uses in Speaking 1. Which mobile connection do you have? 20. 3. Why have you got angry? Why do they want to go there? Why did she leave her job? Why should we obey traffic rules? Why can we not do this work? 14 .3. Which table do you want for your room? 19.

Why was he not able to win the competition? 11. Why will they not come on my birthday? 14. Why had they been revising their lessons since morning? 15. Why had Ravi not gone to his village? 8. Why were they tired? 18. Why does she not cook food? 12. Why is she wasting her time in gossiping? 17. Why is it necessary to give children pocket money? 10. Why could you not get the work done? 9. Why was the culprit left unpunished? 16. Why was teacher scolding Ravi? 19. Why will I have to wait for two hours? 7. Why has the meeting been postponed? PERSONAL PRONOUN SUBJECT I YOU WE THEY SHE HE PERSONAL PRN MY YOUR OUR THEIR HER HIS OBJECT ME YOU US THEM HER HIM ARTI FAMILY MALE Ancestor Great grandfather Grandfather Father Son Brother Husband Uncle Nephew Younger brother Elder brother Father in law Brother in law Grand son Grand children Children Cousin Step father Foster parents Parents Relatives FEMALE Grandmother Mother Daughter Sister Wife Aunt Niece Younger sister Elder sister Mother in law Sister in law Grand daughter Step mother 15 .6. Why do your neighbours always quarrel? 20. Why are they interested in learning English? 13.

She is his wife and he is her husband. They have a daughter and son. The son's name is Henry and the daughter's name is Lisa. Harry and Marjorie. SHE ALSO SELL DAILY NEEDS AT HER STALL AT HOME FOR HER SIDE JOB 16 . David and Sherrie. HE IS A TEACHER. Alice has a sister and a brother. Frank has two children. Her sister's name is Mary and her brother's name is Frank. MY FAMILY II MY NEME IS LISA. Alice is their aunt and Jack is their uncle. I MY SELF. MY MOTHER. SHE IS A HOUSE WIFE . AND MY YOUNGER BROTHER MY FATHER’S NAME IS MADE SAPUTRA. MY FATHER. MY ELDER SISTER.Friend Neighbour Family Jack is married to Alice. THEY ARE . HE GOES TO SCHOOOL FOR TEACHING EVERY MORNING. I LIVE IN PEJARAKAN WITH MY FAMILY. SHE IS 38 YEARS OLD. Henry is Harry's grandson and Lisa is Marjorie's granddaughter. Harry is Alice's father and Marjorie is her mother. THERE ARE 5 PERSONS IN MY FAMILY. Sherrie is Alice's niece and David is Alice's nephew. MY MOTHER’S NAME IS WAYAN SUSILAWATI. They live next to Alice's parents. Harry is Jack's father-in-law and Marjorie is his mother-in-law.

She is four years old. I have two. Sam: Who is this? Keiko: That is my older son with his grandmother and grandfather. Birthday and family Sam: Hi! How are you? Keiko: Great. I MY SELF IS 15 YEARS OLD. Here is a photo of the whole family. Sam: Well. I AM A STUDENT OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL. Good bye. How are you? Sam: I just had my birthday. HE IS A STUDENT OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL. Say 'hi' to your husband. Keiko: Do you have any children? Sam: Yes. I got married three years ago. My older son is five. SHE IS 20 YEARS OLD. HIS NAME IS KRISNA. and my younger son is three. I have a daughter. Sam: Do you have any photos? Keiko: Yes. SHE WORKS AS WAITRESS AT A HOTEL. Do you have children? Keiko: Yes. it is great to see you again. HE IS 11 YEARS OLD. Keiko: Really? How old are you? Sam: I am 35. 17 . Keiko: Are you married? Sam: Yes. Keiko: Thank you. I AM IN THE NINE GRADE. Sam: He is a handsome boy. THE LAST ONE IS MY YOUNGER BROTHER.MY ELDER SISTER’S NAME IS INTAN SAFITRI. they are in my purse. Keiko: OK. Sam: Who are the other man and woman? Keiko: That is my aunt and uncle and these are my cousins.

I hope they like our stories. We swim together. I have friends in every class. Soon we will all be history. History is a story about our past. We tell jokes. I have many other friends. We play basketball together. We have fun. Life is great. I am in the middle. We ride our bikes together. We all go to the mall on weekends We go to movies. We laugh. 18 . Four brothers are older than me. I have a large family. Four sisters are younger than me.LIFE IS GOOD I am happy. I go to school. I am in the sixth grade. I have many friends. I like to read about history. My best friend is Bobby. Then kids in school will read about us. We go to restaurants. I have four brothers and four sisters. My favorite class is history. My teachers like me. I like my teachers. Bobby and I do many things together.

can you tell me the right time now? B : I am sorry. I had been late. I have no watch A : john look at the watch on the wall. I should be at school now. Notes         : It is 7 o clock It is a half pass eight It is a quarter pass nine It is 20 minutes pass 3 It is a half to eleven It is a quarter to six It is 10 minutes to 4 It is 12 o clock sharp Adverbs of Time (When?) Right now Last night This morning Next week Already Recently Lately Soon Immediately still DAY WEEK MONTH YEAR Yet ……. what time is it now? John : it is two o’clock A : Really? My god.TELLING TIME A : Excuse me.30. B : What time does the lesson begin? A : It begins at 1.ago Early morning Late night Mid night Mid day Yesterday Today Tomorrow now yesterday last week last month last year today this week this month this year Later Tonight This afternoon tomorrow next week next month next year 19 .

DAY. MONTH AND SEASON Days Today Tomorrow Yesterday Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Weekend Weekday Holiday Last night Next week The day after tomorrow The day before yesterday Two days ago In three days Over the weekend Time of Day Morning Afternoon Evening Night Noon Midnight Months January February March April May June July August September October November December This month Next month 20 .

Last month Season(s) Summer Winter Spring Fall/Autumn HUMAN BODY Hair Head Forehead Eyebrow Eye lace Eyes Nose Lip Mouth Tongue Teeth Chin Cheek Jaw Mustache Beard Ear Neck shoulder Arm Armpit Hands Elbow Wrist Chest Breast Nipple Stomach Waist Back Hip Bottom thigh Knee Ankle Foot Toe Leg Finger Thumb Index finger Middle finger Ring finger Little finger Brain Throat Liver Lung Heart Blood Tear Sweat Urine Kidney Bone Skull 21 .

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 22 .

THE THINGS ARROUND US
LAND Earth Hill Mount Mountain Bush Forest Jungle Volcano Caldera Dessert Stone Sand Ash Soil Garden Field Rice field Plantation Tree PUBLIC PLACES Store Shop Bank Post office Super market Mall School Church Mosque Temple Hospital WATER Sea Ocean Beach Wave Current River Stream Lake Bay Gulf Rain Snow Reef Coral reef fish Flood Mist Waterfall Fountain SKY Planet Sun Moon Star Meteor Cloud Wind Air Cyclone Storm Thunder Lightning tornado fog

Park Field Statue Gas station Shopping center Street Road Bridge Market Public square Traffic light

Cemetery Cinema Cross road Harbor Railway station Airport Bus station

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Building Office Hotel restaurant

Perking area Book store Drug store clinic

COLOURS

Black

White

Red

Yellow

Blue

Green

Orange

Purple

Brown

Grey

Home and Furniture
Roof Wall Ceiling Door Window Floor Pan tile Tile Pillar Chimney Balcony Bed room Bed Mattras Bed sheet Bed cover Blanket Pillow Wash basin Switch Lamp Stool Living room TV set Cup board Sofa Carpet Table Picture Curtain Kitchen Stove

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Attic Yard Garden Fence Bed room Bath room Living room Store room Garage Kitchen Praying room Dining room Gate Ground floor First floor Second floor Stair Cup board

Bath room Tap Shower Bath tub Closet Towel Soap Shampoo Tooth paste Tooth brush Ladle Dining room Table Chair Spoon Fork Knife Plates Napkin Glasses

Pan Frying fan Waste bucket

Home and Furniture

Bath and Shower

Bed

Chair

Computer

Door

Dresser

Fireplace

Lamp

Painting

Sofa

Stairs

Table

Telephone

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KITCHEN EQUIPMENTS • • • • • • • • 26 .

We play games like Scrabble and Monopoly. I have a bicycle and a skateboard. We play games together. It has a chimney and a fireplace. We watch TV together. My mom has a blue Cadillac. We have a big back yard. We live on a quiet street. for a girl. We have a two-car garage. It is a one-story house.MY FAMILY’S HOUSE We have a nice house. It doesn’t have a basement. It has three bedrooms. We enjoy those games. I go to a nice school. It has three bathrooms. It has a living room. We never hear police sirens or fire sirens. The living room has a big sofa and a big TV. My sister does. It has a kitchen. We don’t have a garden. It has a dining room. We don’t have a swimming pool. It doesn’t have a second floor. It does have an attic. My dad has a red Honda. She’s a good skateboarder. It doesn’t have any stairs. They are fun to play. Our living room is our family room. too. 27 . We have a small front yard.

OUR SCHOOL Head master Head mistress Student Pupil Teacher School Yard Class Chair Desk Table Level of school  Play group  Kinder garden  Elementary school  Junior high school  Senior high school  Vocational school  University Black board White board Pencil Pen Eraser Rubber Ruler Laboratory Computer Lesson Examination Drill Graduate Math Biology History School Sam: How is school? Keiko: Good. Sam: When do you eat lunch? Keiko: I eat lunch from twelve until one o'clock. Sam: What classes are you taking? Keiko: In the morning. Then I have history at eleven. Sam: Then what? 28 . I will own a nice house on a quiet street. Sam: What time? Keiko: At nine o'clock. I have math. And I will have a swimming pool in the back yard.Someday I will get married. I have a lot of homework.

Doctors wear white jackets. too. Policemen and firemen wear blue uniforms. Workers at Burger Hut wear black shirts. Then I get home at about 5 o'clock. Nurses wear white uniforms. Many workers have uniforms. Prisoners wear orange uniforms. The coveralls protect their clothes. The coveralls protect their clothes from oil and paint.Keiko: Then I have science from one until two. The managers wear black shirts. 29 . Sam: What time do you go home? Keiko: I usually play soccer after school. Bus drivers and soldiers wear uniforms. Pilots wear blue or black uniforms. A lifeguard wears a swim suit. The managers also wear ties. Sometimes they wear white shirts. Mechanics and painters wear coveralls. CLOTHES Hat Cap Crown Turban Necklace Earring Bracelet Ring Watch Scarf Tie Shirt t-shirt Jacket Sweater Coat Rain coat Belt Pants Pantalones Trousers Short Skirt Gown Blouse Handkerchief Underwear Loin cloth Bra Stockings Shocks Shoes Sandals Slippers Saroong Pin Hairpin Name tag Ribbon Pijama Tuxedo Bag Rucksack Suitcase Uniform Coverall Swimsuits Gloves Hand gloves Wallet Purse Jeans Wool Cotton Pocket Button Collar Zipper Size towel WHAT DO YOU WEAR? Different workers wear different clothes to work. I also have literature from two until three. Sam: Is that all? Keiko: No.

Fashion models wear beautiful clothes. Clowns wear big plastic noses and big shoes. Most workers don’t wear uniforms.Orange is a bright color. Orange uniforms are easy to see. Prisoners can’t hide in their orange uniforms. Teachers and truck drivers wear regular clothes. Most workers wear regular clothes • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 30 . Chefs wear white jackets and tall white hats. Cowboys wear jeans and boots.

please. I prefer white . Do you — have that in other colours. Here you are. red and green. White. sir. 31 ... sir? — Yes. aqua. pale yellow.Menswear and ladieswear (color. I´m looking for a cotton polo shirt. design and material) Do you have that in other colours? Sales clerk: Paul Ryefield: Sales clerk: Paul Ryefield: Sales clerk: Paul Ryefield: Sales clerk: Paul Ryefield: Sales clerk: — May I help you.. — How about this one? I like the design. of course.and may I see a pale yellow one.. Pale yellow. — Any particular colour? — Not really. but don´t particularly care for the colour. they come in white. too? — Why. Will a — white one do? — Yes. too? Well. Let´s see.

ANIMALS PETS Cat Dog Monkey Cock Hen Chick Horse Cow Buffalo Goat Sheep Goose Swan Turkey Pig Rabbit Camel Zebra INSECT N SMALL ANIMALS Fly Mosquito Ant Bee Beetle Butterfly Grasshopper Cricket Worm Caterpillar Spider Dragonfly Cockroach Scorpion Centipede Lizard Gecko Snail WILD ANIMALS Tiger Lion Crocodile Rhinoceros Fox Wolf Snake Elephant Deer Giraffe Bear Boar Commodo BIRDS Eagle Owl Stork Pigeon Dove Swallow Sparrow Crow Murray Cacktoo Condor Starling Parrot SEA OR WATER ANIMALS Fish Shrimp Prawn Lobster Squid/ ink fish Octopus Stingray Turtle Dolphin Whale Shark Starfish Reef fish Crab Clam Sea horse 32 .

and my birds eat insects and banana. They swam in the pond together. My father has 4 cows. He also gives water to the cows. They lived on a farm. 33 .” they both agreed. They talked about the farmer. When the rainy season comes my father uses the cows for cultivating the land. As a farmer my parents have cattle. THE FARM ANIMALS The chicken and the duck were friends. I feed them every day. The dog had lots of energy. They thought the cat was tricky. She also has 8 hens and 20 chickens. At home I have 2 dogs. It ran around a lot.MY CATTLE I live at a village. my father feeds the cows every day. The dog wanted to play. My parents are farmer. They walked around together. My mother has 3 goats. “We must always keep our eyes open when the cat is around. 3 cats and 3 birds. my cats eat fish. I have some pets. The dog was very friendly. They didn’t trust the cat. They both liked the dog. My dogs eat rice. It barked a lot. They talked about many things. They thought the cat was dangerous. They talked about the cat. The cat looked at them a lot. They talked about the dog.

“We need farmers. He fed the goat. He fed the sheep. like rabbits. including extinct prehistoric animals. CORN The farmer drives a tractor. Bobby got out of bed. guinea pigs. With our pets. there are questions about how to choose them. The first domesticated. He took good care of everyone. gerbils.” said the duck. He fed the rabbit. He plants the yellow corn in the spring. If there is a lot of rain. Others have birds in cages. The farmer took care of them. He plants yellow corn in the ground. Some people keep reptiles.” said the chicken. He sells the corn at his vegetable stand. The corn grows in the summer. BARKING DOG Bobby woke up because he heard a dog. He was a nice man. “Farmers are good. If there is no rain. The farmer took care of all the animals. He saw a big brown dog. He looked out the window. how to care for and feed them. He fed the cow. He sells one ear for 25 cents. They liked the farmer. Bobby opened his window. We trust the veterinarian. but we are interested in animals in general and love to learn more about them. the corn dies. animals were kept by ancient people since about 2000 BC. The tractor digs up the ground. Fellow animal lovers offer advice and encouragement in situations where the owner can use others’ expertise to make improvements in their pet’s life. The rain helps the corn grow. He looked at the barking dog. “Why are you barking so loud?” he asked the dog. We want to be aware of wild animals and insects in our environment. Other mammals make good pets. Then it stopped barking. The dog looked at Bobby. and fish in tanks or other enclosures. 34 . and hamsters. there is a lot of corn. He got out of bed and walked to the window. or tame. but some matters can be handled without paying for advice. He sells four ears for $1. He heard a dog barking outside his window.The farmer brought them food. Bobby woke up when he heard the dog barking. He harvests the yellow corn in late summer. It was barking very loud. Pets and Animals Pets & Animals are kept by many people as companions – the most common being cats and dogs. He fed the pig. amphibians.

The corn is fresh. It is bright yellow. They don’t pay for it. The farmer doesn’t get angry. Birds have to eat. They don’t cook it. They eat it raw. How are you? 35 . Alice. Sam: Hi. The neighbors love his corn. too. So do cows.He sells all his corn in just one month. He gives his cow fresh corn every summer. They eat it while it is in the field. Sam. The cow loves the corn. Sometimes it makes yellow milk JOBS AND PROFESSIONS Farmer Laborer Employee Government officer Carpenter Bricklayer Electrician Mechanic Trader Businessman Driver Fisherman Sailor Guide Translator Interpreter Policeman Soldier Security guard Body guard Steward Stewardess Waiter Waitress Pilot Captain Doctor Nurse Teacher Shop keeper Judge Lawyer Barber Tailor Gardener Student Actor Actress Musician Servant Painter At work Keiko: Good morning. It is delicious. too. It eats a lot of yellow corn in the summer. It is tasty. The birds love his corn. The farmer has one cow.

I will call you when I am done with the list.Keiko: I am fine. Sam: OK. but I can help later. Keiko: Thanks a lot. John: Do you like your job? Tom: Yeah. Sam: You are welcome. John: Have you been given any conveyance by the company? Tom: I have got a bike from the company. John: What is your post in this company? Tom: I am marketing executive in its printer department. Job in a Company – Conversation between two Friends John: In which company are you working? Tom: I am working in HP. John: For how many hours a week do you work? Tom: I work for 48 hours in a week. Sam. Sam: Well. can you help me with a small project? Sam: What is the project? Keiko: I need to finish this report before noon. John: How much salary are you drawing? 36 . Listen. John: For how long have you been working in this company? Tom: For last one year. I do. he is a nice man. Keiko: Can you finish it before noon? Sam: No problem. John: Do you like your boss? Tom: Yes. I am busy at the moment. How can I help? Keiko: I need the addresses and phone numbers of the people on this list.

Tom: I have developed a good rapport with my boss. Please call me after three days. John: Can you help me to get a job in your company? Tom: Haven't you got any job yet? John: No. plus 5% commission on sales. Tom: Let's go. John: We have met after several months. I shall talk to him about you.Tom: I am drawing 500 dollars a week. FOOD AND DRINKS • Water • Milk • Coffee • Tea • Juice • Soft Drink • Bread • Corn • Rice • Noodles Other • Soup • Salad • Sandwich • Meat • Egg(s) 37 . He may try to help you. Tom: What have you done? John: You know I have completed my diploma in web designing. Let's have refreshments somewhere. I am still finding.

Fruits • • • • • • • • Vegetables • • • • • • • • • • Meals Click for Audio Suggested words: Meals Breakfast Brunch 38 .

Would you like anything to drink? Yes. One tomato soup and one prawn cocktail. 39 . How much will it cost? Sam: It will be about ten dollars. OK I'll have that. sir. Certainly. Italian. Sam: Sure. can I also get 200 grams of cheese? Sam: 500 grams of chicken and 200 grams of cheese. a bottle of red wine please.Lunch Dinner Supper Snack Eat breakfast Have breakfast Eat lunch Do lunch Have dinner Have supper Have a snack Have a drink Take medicine Go out to eat_________ food. please. Keiko: Thank you. (Chinese. I'm afraid the plaice is off. Can I get you anything else? Keiko: Yes. A table for two please. Oh dear. I'll have tomato soup for starters and my wife would like prawn cocktail. The window tables are all reserved. Just here. Could we sit by the window? I'm sorry. What would you like for main course? I'll have the plaice and my wife would like the shepherd's pie. IN THE RESTAURANT W: C: W: C: W: W: C: W: C: W: C: W: C: W: C: Good evening. What do you recommend? The steak pie is very good. sir? Yes. Are you ready to order. Mexican?) Fast food Restaurant How much does it cost (part 2)? Sam: How may I help you? Keiko: I would like to purchase 500 grams of chicken.

perhaps dad. H : Thanks mom. H : Sure Dad. I just thinking of my test. not like that dad. it’s time for you to go to school. F : And don’t forget to pray to the God. May be I and your mom can help you. Thank you VERBS VERB 1 Walk Open Close Talk VERB S/ES walks opens closes talks VERB 2 VERB 3 VERB ING ARTI walked opened closed talked walked opened closed talked walking opening closing talking 40 . H : Thank you dad. What’s happen with you Helena? H : Everything is alright dad F : Why you look like that? H : I just feeling not happy this morning M : Sure. we know that What’s the matter with you? Why you’re not happy this morning? F : Yes. H : Thank you mom. Thank you mom You are very kind to me. I’m sure you’ll get good mark H : I hope so mom. I wish you good luck. F : Perhaps you’ll remember about your lesson at school. I just worry about dad.EATING CONVERSATION F : Let’s have a breakfast Helena you don’t seem happy this morning. But I’m rather forget full now. M : Why? You always study hard every day. F : What’s the matter with your test? Don’t you like a test? H : No. M : Ok Helena. Prepare you’re books and don’t forget to drink your milk. What’s the time now mom? M : it’s six thirty now. please tell us. H : Yes. I won’t forget it.

Look Listen Wash Watch Clean Smell Smile Laugh Taste Stop Cry Try Eat See Speak Take Make Give Write Do Go Sing Drink Sit Stand Say Sleep Keep Feel Hear Cut Hit Set Put Come Run Read Think Bring looks listens washes watches cleans smells smiles laughs tastes stops cries tries eats sees speaks takes makes gives writes does goes sings drinks sits stands says sleeps keeps feels hears cuts hits sets puts comes runs reads thinks brings looked listened washed watched cleaned smelled smiled laughed tasted stopped cried tried ate saw spoke took made gave wrote did went sang drank sat stood said slept kept felt heard cut hit set put came ran read thought brought looked listened washed watched cleaned smelled smiled laughed tasted stopped cried tried eaten seen spoken taken made given written done gone sung drunk sat stood said slept kept felt heard cut hit set put come run read thought brought looking listening washing watching cleaning smelling smiling laughing tasting stopping crying trying eating seeing speaking taking making giving writing doing going singing drinking sitting standing saying sleeping keeping feeling hearing cutting hitting setting putting coming running reading thinking bringing Non-Action Verbs be* look* want own consider* taste* 41 .

like have* think* seem sound* believe appear* smell* prefer possess love* feel* ADJECTIVES Big Large Short Fast Hot Good Old Pretty Fat Happy Full Dark Funny Interesting Cheap High Deep Healthy Rich Soft Easy Clean Safe Same Early Strong Top Sharp Smart diligent Deep Hungry Thirsty Tired Busy Free Little Small Long slow Cold Bad New Handsome Thin Sad Empty Bright Serious Boring Expensive Low Shallow Sick Poor Hard Difficult Dirty Dangerous Different Late Weak Bottom blunt Stupid lazy shallow Wide Delicious Nice Friendly Beautiful 42 .

Why don’t people like me? All I want is one friend. A: Sounds like mine. “Because you never ask anyone to be with you. I meet people every day. What is wrong with me? I am polite. “Why?” I asked. I am nice. Everyone has one friend. I am friendly. The red one. What about me? I am by myself. I always see people with their friends. But I have no friends. and handsome. just like a sofa. I'm calling about the car you're selling? B: It's a great car. They laugh with each other. A: What kind of seats does it have? B: They're very comfortable seats. I am always by myself. I told my mother that I am lonely.” My mom is right. Adjectives juga dapat digunakan dengan menghubungkan kata kerja untuk menjelaskan subjek kalimat. B: Which one do you want? A: The red book. I never ask people to be with me. I go to restaurants by myself. They do things with each other. She said it is my fault. My mother is tall and slender. dark. I think I'll sleep on it. Adjectives digunakan untuk menjelaskan kata benda. I watch TV by myself. Adjectives Adjectives See also: Free-English-Study: Adjectives. I say hello. (It's) in excellent condition. I am kind. Adjectives bisa dipergunakan untuk menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan seperti : "What kind (of) ?" or "Which one?" A: Hi. They have fun with each other. I go to the park by myself.NO FRIENDS FOR ME I am lonely. I am nice to them. he is tall. plush. 43 . I smile at them. Mereka memberikan rincian lebih lanjut atau informasi mengenai kata benda mereka yang terkait . I am afraid they will say no. I want to have a friend.) A: Uh. She said. A: Hand me a book. A: Tell me about your boyfriend B: Well. (soft. I go to movies by myself.

(Not: next to bakery) "a/an. (You know the river I'm talking about. but the listener does not. (No linking verb.) 44 .) I live by the river. I live by a river. (You probably don't know which one. For example. ARTICLES AND CLAUSES The most common prepositions of location are in on at (See: In.) The post office is next to the bakery. On.WRONG: My mother tall and slender. (We both know which table.) PREPOSSITIONS." This usually indicates that the speaker knows of the place. At) by near nearby above below over under up down around through inside outside (of) between beside beyond in front of in back of behind next to on top of among along against Examples. The keys are on the table.

At) by near nearby above below over under up down around through inside outside (of) between beside beyond in front of in back of behind next to on top of within beneath underneath among along against PREPOSITIONS Prepositions indicate relationships between words or ideas. Most prepositions deal with location and are easy to learn. On.The most common prepositions of location are in on at (See: In. above below over under inside beside near up before* with into between like despite outside beyond nearby down after* without out (of) among as in spite of around behind by toward during within off except than beneath through in front of next to along (side) since* until* upon but* about underneath 45 .

MUSIC AND HOBBIES SPORTS Soccer Volleyball badminton Tennis Boxing Fence Cycling Jogging Athletic Basket ball Baseball Sky diving Surfing Chess Swimming Wrestling Lifting MUSIC Drum Guitar Bass Melody Flute Harmonica Piano Singer Gamelan Composer Arranger HOBBIES Singing Dancing Playing….SPORT. Fishing Climbing Tracking Cycling Reading Writing Watching TV Swimming Hanging out Hunting 46 ..

TRANSPORTATIONS LAND TRNSPORT CAR BUS VAN TRUCK LORRY DUMP TRUCK TRAIN CARRIAGE PONY CART TRAIL MOTOR CYCLE BICYCLE PADYCAB BUS STATION DRIVER RIDER RAILWAY SATATION WARTER TRANSPORT SHIP YACHT CANOE RAFT BOAT MOTOR BOAT FERRY PASSANGER SHIP CRUISE SHIP BANANA BOAT SUB MARINE AIR TRANSPORT HELICOPTER AIR PLANE AIR CRAFT JET BALOON APPOLO TAKE OFF LANDING FLYING HARBOUR PORT PIER CAPTAIN NAVIGATOR AIRPORT HELYPAD PILOT NAVIGATOR 47 .

Michele: That's very kind of you. Oh look! There's the Houses of Parliament! Andrew: You get a good view from the bus. Andrew: Here's the ticket man now. Pre-Listening Exercise -------------------Think of a bus journey you make regularly or invent one. fare. I am going in that direction. time-table. Michele: Look. I'll tell you when to get off. 2: Script -----Michele: Excuse me. here comes the bus now. Give him coins if you can. it is quite far but you will see a lot. Have you got a ticket? Michele: No. is this the right stop for St. I see. yes. Michele: Oh. it takes much longer. it is. Is it a long ride? Andrew: Yes. Should I have bought one? Andrew: Well. Michele: Only problem is. it's cheaper if you buy a ticket for the day. There is a map here which tells you the number of the bus. it's easier to get off. please. ticket. Michele: Thank you. The driver will tell you if you ask but they sometimes forget. bell. Andrew: No problem. But don't worry. I'm so glad I met you. driver. And it tells you on the time-table how often they go.. Andrew: Don't give him a large note. One to St. Andrew: Let's sit downstairs. of course. Paul's. There you are. 48 . I'll get it for you. He won't like it.1. the number 8 bus goes to St. I've got plenty of time. So.. Michele: Well. Michele: I've got one or two. Paul's? Andrew: That's right. I don't have much change for the fare. It's more interesting than the Underground but. Michele: Let me give you the money. you can pay on the bus. Paul's cathedral? Andrew: Yes. using the following words:bus stop. Try to write or speak about it in sentences. conductor. I haven't.

Fatima : Does anyone live there? Navid: Only in the summer when visitors go to see the castle and the houses where people lived a long time ago. Script -----Fatima : It's a beautiful day but so hot! Navid: It will be cooler on the water. there's a little shop. In the winter I suppose people might go sometimes but not to stay. I can feel the breeze now. Then we'll be proper tourists! 1. and the journey can be dangerous. the guide will tell us about the island on the loudspeaker. It is a clear day so you will see it soon. Navid: I'm so glad you like boats. Pre-Listening Exercise -------------------Have you ever been to an island? How did you travel there? Did you enjoy the trip? What method of travel do you like best? 2. I think I'll take a trip to St. You can buy things on the boat too. Fatima : Yes. In fact. You stay here. Do you mind if I join you? Michele: Not at all. yes please. Fatima : The boat is rocking a bit now. Navid: Later on. Would you like a drink? Fatima : Oh. Fatima : I expect the weather can be very stormy in the winter. Navid: Yes. This was a lovely idea. Fatima : And perhaps we can buy souvenirs when we get there. I'll see what they have. Paul's as well.Andrew: And I'm glad I met you. I can 'phone and cancel my other business. 49 . Can you get me a Pepsi? Navid: Sure. We'll ring the bell in a minute. Navid: Yes. I won't be sick. How far is it to the island? Navid: It takes about an hour. Fatima : I've never been on a boat like this before. but let's have a coffee first. Navid: Do you feel okay? Fatima : Oh yes.

Look at those beautiful birds. May I help you? — I´d like to rent a car. Fatima : I'd be happy to stay here for hours. please. — Please choose a model in this section.. Navid: I'll go and get the drinks now. We are in the middle of the water now. If you want full coverage insurance. aren't there? Navid: Yea. Err. Navid: The birds make such a noise. What´s the rate? — 78 dollars a day with unlimited mileage. please. Fatima : I found stepping on to the boat quite difficult. it's a nice trip for them but they'll need to be careful when they get there.. don't you? The engine makes a noise downstairs and it's too warm. Here is our brochure. OK. The gangway moves about so much. Afterwards we can walk around a little. — And I´d like to have insurance just in case. — Is there an additional driver? — No. How many days would you like to use it? 50 . I´ll take it. Rent-A-Car Clerk: Mary Jones: Rent-A-Car Clerk: Mary Jones: Rent-A-Car Clerk: Mary Jones: Rent-A-Car Clerk: Mary Jones: Rent-A-Car Clerk: Mary Jones: Rent-A-Car Clerk: Mary Jones: Rent-A-Car — Good morning. There are lots of narrow steps.. — All right. Then we had to climb up here on to the deck.Fatima : Hang on for a moment. Fatima : No more than the children! There are a lot of families here. — Okay. full-size. ma´am. — How about this one? — All right. mid-size or compact. it will be 8 dollars — per day. ma´am? — Full-size.. You can see the coast on both sides. Full-size. Fatima : I just can't wait to get there! Rent-A-Car I´d like to rent a car. Navid: I like it up here best though. It includes collision damage waiver and personal accident insurance.

When did the writer go to Bali ? 51 . The bus took us to the air port. and again here...) — Thank you. AEROPLANES Have you ever been in an aero plane? I have last Monday I flew to Bali. Twelve days ago I went to office in Jogjakarta and bought my ticket. But a kind lady ( she was the stewardess ) brought us some sweet and spoke to me. Flew Went Bought Got in Took Brought Spoke Laughed Began Got off _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ got off fly go buy got in take bring speak laugh begin Question !!! 1. “ is no body driving the aero plane? “ I asked. Then we began to come down because we were near Bali. Please fill in this form. and soon I was quite happy again. — May I see your driver´s license and credit card please? — Is the international driving licence fine? Yes. Can you check this box. It was very interesting when we got off the plane I said “ I like flying “. (. Like cotton wool. I was a little afraid at the first flight in an aero plane. The captain laughed kindly said “ Another officer is over there. don’t be afraid “. they were very white. Then the captain of the aero plane come and spoke to me too. We went through the clouds and flew over Bali. we got on too. We flew over some clouds. it is. and put your initials here. There people took our luggage and put it in the aero plane and then after about twenty minutes. Who was ever been on an aero plane? 2. Then very early on Monday morning I want to the office again with my luggage and got in to the bus with the other passenger.Clerk: Mary Jones: Rent-A-Car Clerk: Mary Jones: Rent-A-Car Clerk: — Just one day. and beautiful. That made me afraid again.

what does the last paragraph tell about? 5. Sam: Here is my passport. Let's go. Sam: How much will it cost? Keiko: From here to the airport costs about $30. What did the writer do first before getting on the aero plane? 4. At the airport Keiko: Passport and boarding pass. Keiko: Where are you flying to? Sam: I am going to a convention in London. Keiko: Yes? Sam: Do you have the time? Keiko: It is 2:30. 52 . Sam: Thanks. Keiko: Where are you headed today? Sam: I am going to London for a conference. By the way. But traffic is bad at the moment. how long will it take to get to the airport? Keiko: It usually takes about 30 minutes. Sam: Excuse me. I am a manager. It rarely takes more than an hour. Are you a business man? Sam: Yes. Keiko: Oh. Sam: For five days. what does the word it ( it was very interesting ) refer to / mean? In the taxi. Keiko: No problem.3. Keiko: How long will you be staying. please. Sam: Taxi! Right here! Keiko: Where to? Sam: I am going to the airport. and my ticket. Sam: So how long will it take? Keiko: About 45 minutes.

What seat would you like: window or aisle? Sam: Window. and I want to carry the smaller one on with me. How many bags are you bringing today. every day I . . sir? Sam: I want to check the large suitcase. Your seat is reserved.Keiko: Thank you. Keiko: No problem. Keiko: I will weigh them. wake up get up eat breakfast drink coffee read the newspaper have lunch go to school get out of class start work finish work ride the bus drive a car buy something come home use a computer send e-mail listen to music change clothes 53 . You can go to gate B 11. please. DAILY ACTIVITIES What do you do every day? Well. Keiko: Thank you. Keiko: Good. . And what do you want for your meal? Chicken or fish? Sam: I would like fish. Everything is fine. Goodbye. please.

What time do you go to work/school? What time do you get out of class/get off work? Talk Make a time table like the one below.cook dinner wash the dishes watch television study English do homework help my mother call a friend play games clean my room take a shower brush my teeth go to bed sleep Topic: Daily Activities What are some things that you do every day? Describe a typical daily routine. Tell what you do at various times throughout the day.m. Ask your partner to tell you his/her daily schedule. 11:00 a. 12:00 noon Monday Thursday Saturday 54 . 8:00 a. 9:00 a.m.m. Time 7:00 a.m.m. 10:00 a.

9:00 p. 4:00 p. I finish class at 3:30 p.m. and 10:00 on Thursday. Fill in the time table with information about your daily activities.m.m. Then I take a shower.m. 6:00 p. get dressed and eat breakfast. I sleep in until 11:00.m. 3:00 p.m. I usually have lunch at 1:00. 5:00 p. Ask your partner about his/her daily routine. For example. On Saturday. I leave my house at 8:00 and ride the bus to school.m. I start class at 9:00 on Monday. 2:00 p.m. 7:00 p. For example. What time do you usually wake up? What do you do between classes What time do you finish work? What do you do in the evening? What time do you get home on the weekends? 55 . 8:00 p.1:00 p. Describe your routine to a partner. I get up at 7:00 every day.m.m.

56 . He had a job. It was a cheap restaurant. He needed a good job. Sometimes they gave him a dollar. The customers were cheap.LIFE WILL BE BETTER He was poor He needed more money . He worked in a restaurant. But it wasn’t a good job. They usually gave him quarters for tips. He was a waiter. It was a bad job. The meals were cheap.

So he went to school.Sometimes they gave him nothing. He wanted to own a car shop. He would get married. Yet they gave him nothing. He didn’t want to go to jail. That made him angry. He wanted to kick those customers. They would work for him. He wanted to fix cars. School was free. He would have a family. Why did they give him nothing? He was polite. But then he would go to jail. But he would make it better. MY BEST FRIEND 57 . He wanted to be a mechanic. He would hire other mechanics. Life would be good. He liked to fix things. He would make money. He would buy a house. Right now life was bad. He was helpful.

My mother gives me peanut butter sandwiches for lunch. We talk about our teachers and our parents. She helps me with history. or my parents invite her to our house. We don’t like them. or she spends the night at my house. We sleep over. 58 . I spend the night at her house. We talk about everything. We do everything together. We are in the third grade. They are so silly. We talk about our brothers. Sometimes Laura gets apples for lunch. We share our sandwiches with each other. They are so silly. Her parents invite me to their house. We eat lunch together at school. We love them We talk about the boys in class.Laura is my best friend. We help each other with our homework. We spend the weekends together. We share our fruit with each other. I help her with arithmetic. We walk to school together. Laura’s mother gives her tuna sandwiches for lunch. Sometimes I get peaches.

how are you?  Hallo sir. thanks  Sure. I am Edward. I am a student of an English course. TALKING WITH FOREIGNER QUESTION ANSWER Greeting. you can practice your English with me  No. may I have your name please?  Where are you from sir?  Where do you come from? Introduction asking country of origin  I am from England  I come from Holland 59 .  Hi good morning sir. We will never like boys.Why in the world do some girls like boys? Boys never grow up. how are you doing?  Hi good morning. how do you do?  Of course. I am fine  Hallo. may I know your name Sir?  I am Krisna. you can practice with me  Sure. you may practice your English with me  Certainly. my name is Edward. I am pretty well. I am very well and you?  Hi. I don’t mind. how are you today?  Hi. how do you do? Asking permition to practice English  May I practice my English with you?  Can I practice my English with you?  Would you mind if I practice my English with you?  My name is Krisna.

it is my first visit to Bali Yes . I hade been here before asking the arrival asking the purpose of visit asking the impression about Bali do you like Bali ? do you enjoy your stay in Bali ? what do you like in Bali ? what is interesting in Bali ? what do you think about Bali ? asking places have been visited where have you been in Bali ? which destination have you visited in Bali? have you been to Menjangan Island ? where did you spend your holiday before? asking staying duration how long will you stay in Bali ? how long will you stay here ? how long is your holiday in Bali ? when will you leave Bali ? when will you go back to your country ? asking others do you come here just by your self ? do you come here with your family ? with who do you come here ? will you come here again next time ? when will you come to Bali again ? do you plan to come to Bali again next time ? will you spend your holiday in Bali again next time ? PRACTICING ENGLISH WITH TOURIST 60 . Which country are you from?  What is your nationality? when did you come to Bali? when did you come here? is it your first time visit Bali ? have you been to Bali before ? have you been here before ? how long will you stay here ? how long will you stay in Bali ? are you here for vacation ? do you come here for holiday ? are you here for working ? are you here for business  I am from Australia  I am Braziliian I come to bali last week I com here on Monday Yes. I have been to Bali before No.

Kintamani. May I have your name? T : My name is John. U : Where have you been During your stay in Bali? T : I have been to Kuta. I’ve never been to Bali before? It is my first time come to Bali. and now here in west Bali. introduce me.U : Good morning Sir. John Tall. Where do you study English? U : I study at an English course T : How often do you study English? U : I study English twice a week. T : Your English is a good Enough U : Thank you Sir. Candidasa. where do you stay here? T : I stay at Gawana hotel U : what is your impression about west Bali National Park? T : I like Menjangan Island There are a lot of wonderful dive spot. U : How did you get here? T : I came here by shuttle bus from Denpasar U : John. U : how long will you stay here? 61 . Where are You from Sir? T : I’m from US ( united states ) U : Which states do you Live Sir? T : I live in California U : Have you been to Bali before? T : No. U : May I practice English with you Sir? T : Sure. My name is Wayan. I must learn more.

sir? T : Sure. I hope you have a nice stay hare T : thank you. Tulamben. Can I have your name sir? T : My name is Mark. A : Where do you stay here? 62 . Where are you from Sir? T : I’m from Netherland A : In what city do you live. Anna? A : Yes. wayan. and you? A : I live at Pajarakan When did you came to Bali? T : 3 days ago A : Have you been to Bali before? T : No.T : I will stay here for 3 days U : well. Mark Overmars. and Kuta. introduce me. it’s my firs time come to Bali A : How long will you stay here? T : 7 days A : Which places have You visited in Bali. A : Do you have time to talk with me for a moment. I’m student. sir? T : I have been to Lovina. MEET AND TALK WITH A FOREIGNER A : Good evening sir. Are you student. T : Where do you study? A : I study at SMP 2 Gerokgak. sir? T : I live in Amsterdam. Ubud. and I’m in the third year. My name is Rosa.

Mr. X : No. Y : Thank you very much. I must learn more T : Where do you study English? A : I study at an English course. Where do you came from? X : I came from England. I’m your new neighbour. Billy? Y : Just call me Billy. T : Nice to meet you too. Are you new people around here? I never meet you before. what do you came from here? X : I came here to enjoy some view new of you country. Y : I am sorry. X : It’s a lovely name. X : I’ll be waiting good luck. Anna MAKING AQUAINTANCE X : how do you do? May I know your name miss? Y : Sure. What is your name? X : My name is Billy Morgan. Y : Ok. culture. I must go to work now may be next time we can talk again. Y : Yes. Y : Me too. please. Y : Yes. 63 . You can call me Billy. Your English is good enough. X : It’s pleased to know you. Anna. Are you businessman. I am a single person. Y : so. Do you work here miss Sam? X : Just call me Sam please. I am a businessman. You can call me Sam. and you. Sam. Mark. I am just a tourist here. Y : How long have you been here? X : I have been here for two days. X : I am too. nice to meet you.T : I stay at Matahari Beach Hotel A : Do you came here for holiday or business sir? T : I came here for Holiday A : What do you think about Bali? T : Bali is Good I like people. I am not married man. Y : Where do you live now? X : In my uncle’s house. beach and sceneries. A : Thank You Sir. My name is Samantha Jones.

is on your right side The …. can you tell me where the office at school? Excuse me.. is pass to the …. do you know where the bus station is? Excuse me.. Is next to the ….ASKING AND GIVING DIRECTION       Excuse me. Is on your left side You wouldn’t miss it Go a head on this way ASKING AND GIVING DIRECTION                Excuse me. how can I get to Ngurah Rai air port please? Certainly.. please? go on this way      Turn left on………. can you tell me the way to the bank? Excuse me. Go straight on…… Follow the the main road? go through the…. do you know where the nearest hotel is? Excuse me. can you tell me where the post office is? Do you know how to get the library from here? Do you know where the harbour is? Would you tell me where the hospital is? Would you tell me where the cinema is? Would you tell me the way to the canteen. can you tell me where the way to the air port please? Sorry to trouble you. do you know how to get the post office here? Excuse e.. Turn right on…… Straight on…….. The …. go straight on to the end of this way? You can go by this way.. would you tell me where the campus is? Excuse me. The …. This is the right way to the Bank? You can follow the main road and you will come to the bus station? It is about 5 minutes walk from here Sorry.        The…. is across the …… The …. I’m a stranger here 64 . is this the right way to bank Indonesian? Sorry to disturb you. would you tell me where the filling station is? Excuse me.

then go east. Go along …. here. Natasha: Thanks for your help. Turn back. please? Sam: We are here. Go straight for two blocks./Go back. go north two blocks. 65 .asking for and Giving Directions Word List Asking for and Giving Directions How do I get to …? What's the best way to …? Where is …? Go straight on (until you come to …). Then go past the traffic signal. Can you also tell me where the bank is? Sam: Of course. The café is on the south side. The bank is on the left. So. then turn right. straight on opposite near next to between at the end (of) on/at the corner behind in front of (just) around the corner traffic lights Directions to places Natasha: Excuse me. Sam: You are welcome. The café is on the right. Cross … Take the first/second road on the left/right It's on the left/right. Go one block and turn left. sir? Sam: Yes? Natasha: Can you tell me how to get to the café from here? Sam: Sure. Turn left/right (into …-street). Natasha: Can you show me on this map. Natasha: Thank you.

Doctor: Paul Ryefield: Doctor: Paul Ryefield: Doctor: Paul Ryefield: Doctor: Paul Ryefield: Doctor: Paul Ryefield: Doctor: Paul Ryefield: Doctor: Paul Ryefield: Doctor: Good morning. I´ll give you a prescription for indigestion — tablets. Sam: What is wrong? Marilyn: I think I have a cold. Okay. All right. too. I feel like vomiting... Ouch. I do. Sam: Is that all? Marilyn: No. Sam: When did you start to feel sick? Marilyn: I started feeling sick last night. 66 . . My temperature is normal. — It doesn´t hurt. What´s the problem? — I have a terrible stomachache. Just tell me if it hurts when I do this. but we´ll need — to run some diagnostic tests to be sure. And right now I feel — dizzy. — Can you give me something for the time being? Yes.. I want to make an appointment. too. Yesterday evening I ate something — raw.At a doctor I have a terrible stomachache. — When did the symptoms start? This morning. please. I have a very bad head ache and cough. — You mean you feel nauseous? That´s right. O'Neils office. We´ll run a blood test and we´ll also need a urine sample. I also have a stomach ache. I feel sick. Sam: Do you have a high temperature? Marilyn: No. . And my throat hurts. — Do you have any other symptoms? — Yes. Marilyn: Hi. Let´s hope it´s just indigestion. Please have a seat here. — Do you have diarrhea? — Yes.. this is Marilyn Cruz. It hurts there. — Feeling sick Sam: Dr. Please take off your clothes to the waist and — lie down there.

Y : I’m sorry. Celomita also invited her school friend’s for about ’30 persons. Good bye.120000 for it. Sam: We will see you then.Sam: OK. CELOMITA’S PARTY It was Saturday afternoon my family was very busy preparing Celomita’s birthday party. Y : It is comfortable mom? X : Yes it is good. They were her classmate. It is more expensive than I guess. Ill be there at one. Said Melly. X : I’d like to look around first if don’t find anything else I will come back. “ I have though about it. I saw a pair of shoes in the window I like that shoes. It is comfortable Y : We also have the same style in higher heel X : I prefer this. We can’t give you any discount. She is my little sister who studied in SMP 4. “ Congratulation Celomita. I would be prepared to pay Rp. X : Thank you. Marilyn: Thanks. I have got a very narrow foot Y : Would you try this on for size mom? X : It seem fit to me. 67 . We have an appointment open tomorrow at two o'clock.150. Importance of English in Modern World Sumit: Are you learning English? Sarita: Yes. X : I have to think it over then. you’re the best “. you can use it for long time. what is your size? X : Size 37. How much is it? Y : Rp. Is that good for you? Marilyn: Do you have any earlier appointments? Sam: Yes. and I’m happy to hear you receipt a scholarship “. Said Nita SHOPPING X : Do you know a good shop for shoes? Y : There is a department store down the road with a good selection. grandma and grandpa were coming. I am learning. Y : It is very solid mom.000 mom X : That is too expensive. Good bye. The price is fixed mom. At 4 pm Celomita’s friend came. My uncle’s and my aunt’s family were coming to. How about one o'clock? Marilyn: That is better. Y : Which one was that mom? X : May I show you? Y : Certainly mom.

what are other benefits of learning English? Sarita: Students learn to make good sentences so they get better marks in all the subjects. Sumit: What do they teach? Sarita: They teach good sentence-making. Sumit: Can’t we improve English at home? Sarita: Most of the persons learn incorrect English at home. Sumit: What is the benefit of learning English? I mean why should we learn it? Sarita: It is an international language. Present Perfect Tense 68 .. fluent speaking. We also get social respect. vocabulary. Sumit: Do they take any test before admission? Sarita: They take a simple verbal test. Sumit: Why have you joined this institute? Sarita: It is a good institute to learn effective English.Sumit: Why are you learning it? Sarita: Without it we can’t make a good career. If we know English we can talk to others in any foreign country. Sumit: In your opinion. conversation. art of interview etc. In almost every big company interview is held in English only. Sumit: Where are you learning from? Sarita: I am learning it at EngoSpeak. Sumit: Can’t we get a good job if our English is poor? Sarita: It is very difficult to get a good job. We need guidance of a good teacher to be really effective in English writing and speaking. group discussions. newspaper reading. personality development.

She has left for California. I have met John already. I have lived in New York for nine years. I have lived there for ten years. (INCORRECT) I have known John for five years. (Okay) I have been living there for ten years. but not always. 3. We have been here since Friday. Notes: When speaking about a specific time. A: I have seen that movie already. (Specific time) Some words should not be used in situation 2 (above) I have met John for five years. I have seen that movie ten times. I have seen that movie already. To indicate something which occurred recently. To indicate something which started in the past and continues until now. To indicate something that has happened at an indefinite time in the past. 2. I met John five years ago. (CORRECT) (CORRECT) (CORRECT) Sometimes. present perfect continuous can be used instead of present perfect. I have exercised a lot recently. (Okay) (Okay) (Okay) (Okay) 69 .Present Perfect Tense Click for Audio Present Perfect Tense can be used in three situations: 1. use past tense. (Non-specific time) B: Oh really? When did you see it? A: I saw it last week with Bob. I have been sick lately. I have been exercising a lot recently. He has played football since he was a child. She hasn't slept much recently. They have not eaten their dinner yet.

She hurried to the grocery store to buy some dog food. Past status John was still single in 1995. completed action c. 2. Jan finished her report on time. (Incorrect) 2. she waited for a half hour in the rain to get a taxi. Jane was a movie star. Yesterday Mrs. Common problems with the past tense 1. (NOT Okay) Simple Past Tense This page is sponsored by: Spanish Course London Simple Past Tense Click for Audio Explanation 1. He drove to work yesterday. My grandfather died last year. Last week. Last week. After buying the food. her dog was sound asleep on the living room sofa. Hubbard had a very rough day. It was happened one night in September. so she had to catch a bus downtown.I have been seeing that movie ten times. Completed action She finally mailed the letter. (Incorrect) My grandfather has died last year. but unfortunately the store was out of her dog's favorite brand. When she finally got home. Note the usage of the past tense in the following story. Her poor dog stared up at her with its hungry eyes. Using "was" with verbs in the past tense. Using the present tense when the past tense is required. past status Examples Specific past action I ate lunch at noon today. but the cupboard was empty. Tonya fix her neighbor's car. The simple past tense refers to a. Exercises (Incorrect) (Correct) (Incorrect) (Correct) 70 . and she knew she had to do something quickly. The simple past tense is expressed with the past form of the verb and nothing else. Tonya fixed her neighbor's car. she went to the kitchen and looked in the cupboard for some food for her dog. action which occurred at a specific time in the past b. (Correct) My grandfather was died last year. It happened one night in September. In the morning.

She is listening. "No. We stop in the grocery store and buy some sandwiches. I am going home. What was happened to your leg? Present Progressive Tense Present Progressive Tense Click for Audio The present progressive tense takes the form be + V ing. We drive around the parking lot for 20 minutes in order to find a parking space. That is better than waiting for two hours. When we arrive at the restaurant. Samantha have pizza for supper. The waitress asks us if we have reservations. Yesterday. This morning before coming to class. 3. He is singing. 10. Then we see a small grocery store. In English. Jack eats two bowls of cereal. 5. 7. Correct the mistakes in the following sentences: 1. They are sleeping. the place is full. Yesterday I spend two hours cleaning my living room. The form of be is determined by the subject of the sentence. My pet lizard was died last month. 2. 8. 4. 2.Change the verbs in the following sentence into past tense. 4. 9. The waitress tells us to come back in two hours. or right now. Last night. the present progressive is used to indicate actions happening at the time of speaking. my secretary forgets to make them. 71 . I go to the restaurant with a client. Jake is speaking to his mother right now. The present progressive can also be used to indicate actions occurring over a period of time which includes the present. I say. My client and I slowly walk back to the car. Please keep quiet. 3. The baby is sleeping. 5." 6. 1.

you eat They.) A: Are you going to the concert this weekend? B: I wish I could. Simple Present Tense This page is sponsored by: English Course London Simple Present Tense Click for Audio 1A. It Singular nouns Non count-nouns go work eats goes works 1B. Explanation The simple present tense takes one of two forms depending on the subject. She. The simple present is sufficient. Some non-action verbs do not occur in the present progressive tense. where are you? B: I'm coming. Future (Note the presence of future time words. Grumpy while he is watching the football game. Grace is working at a chemical factory. Ongoing Don't bother Mr. imminent or future actions. Subjects with verb in ?s form: She makes toys. Examples Subjects followed by verb in base form: I like rice. He rakes leaves. What are you doing these days? The present progressive is sometimes used to indicate ongoing. but I'm meeting an important client from Oklahoma. Subject base form -s form I. Just let me put on my shoes. Developing I'm beginning to like this place! Imminent A: Honey.I'm taking five classes at the university. You look nice. developing. We Plural nouns He. 72 .

Some people bring gifts to parties. 2. Exercises 1. Then. 4. Be sure to use the -s form of the verb when the subject of a sentence is singular. Children sing on special occasions. It takes time.m. Mr. Exercises 1. Mr. Some birds fly south for the winter. Jerry (come/comes) to school on time. 2C. At his first stop. and prepares for his day. Mr. Jerry and Linda (come/comes) to school on time. Note how the present tense is used in the following paragraph. The boys ring the doorbell. eats his breakfast. Every day he gets up at 7:00 a. Jill loves dates. She works at the post office and has to be to work by 9:00. reread the above paragraph. The cat (sleep/sleeps) on the sofa every day. The teacher grades homework on Fridays. he gets on Bus #405 and starts the engine. Grandpa washes plates. the Bartlett twins get on the bus. We throw dice. Bees sting when they are disturbed. Facts 2B. His wife drives him to the station where he checks in with his supervisor. Ms. Jones (teach/teaches) geography. Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen. 5. Smith fills crates. Lee enjoys seeing the kids every day and is happy to see them again in the afternoon when he drives them safely back home. At the next stop. 2A. who lives in a red house on the corner of Main Street and Seventh Avenue. He pulls out of the parking lot and begins his route. 3. Explanation Use the simple present tense to indicate: 1. Chefs use spice. He showers.They think twice. Routine actions 2. then try to repeat the main ideas in your own words. Mom bakes pies. Milk (cost/costs) two dollars a quart. 1C. Miller. To practice the present tense. Have a partner listen to your speech and 73 . Lee is a bus driver. Carol usually drives to work. Hawaii is in the Pacific Ocean. More children get on at the next three stops. Water slakes thirst. Examples Facts Routine actions John brushes his teeth every morning. and they ride until the bus reaches their school. and puts on his uniform. he picks up Mrs. They attend class at Bayside Elementary. The dog jumps gates.

2. Jack like Chinese food. In speech. 3. we're going to eat a whole watermelon together. I will finish my homework in an hour. They usually take the bus to the office. Yesterday I go to Washington D. I'm going to eat a whole watermelon. See examples from the following sentences. the words going to are often pronounced ? gonna . Every day. The most common are with will and be going to. Incorrect 1. 5. Last night I watch television for two hours. make sure the verb be agrees with its subject.? 74 . Right now Susan eats her breakfast. Correct Correct Correct Correct Correct Incorrec t Incorrec t Incorrec t Incorrec t Common Mistakes with the simple present tense 1. Last night I watched television for two hours. I'm going to finish my homework in an hour. Melinda and Harry work in the bank. Johnson cleans his living room. (Correct) (Incorrect ) Simple Future Tense Simple Future Tense Click for Audio In English the Future Time is expressed in a number of ways. Actually.check for correct usage of verbs. She's going to eat a whole watermelon. Tell whether the present tense is appropriate in the following sentences. 4. With be going to. Mr.C. 2. Not using the -s form with singular subjects: Jack likes Chinese food. (Correct) (Incorrect ) 2. Using the simple present tense when another tense is required.

75 . Be going to is preferable for strong intentions or for describing the inevitable. (Predictions and guesses) My prints will be here tomorrow.Don't forget the be verb. I'm going to give her a piece of my mind. NOT: I gonna stay? NOT: I'm gonna to stay? What's the difference between will and be going to? Both can be used interchangeably in some cases. Sometimes future time can be expressed with either the present or present progressive tense. In such cases. Sorry I can't attend the picnic on Saturday. I'm flying to Beijing . A: What are you gonna do this weekend? B: I'm gonna stay home and clean my carpet. I'm flying to Beijing tomorrow. A: I have two tickets left for the front row. There's no way they can score 21 points in 2 minutes. B: I'll take them. A: Who will help me finish this chocolate cake? B: I will. time words must be expressed or clearly implied. We're going to win! Will is the preferable form for making offers or expressing pop decisions. My prints are going to be here tomorrow. I fly to Beijing tomorrow.

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