MATERI KURSUS GREETINGS Good morning Good afternoon Good evening Good night Good bye How are

you? How is Mr Randall? How is Mrs Alexandra? Is Miss Helena well? How are you doing? How are things? How’s life? How is the family? How is your mother? How is your brother? How is your sister? How is your father? Is your father fine? THE ANSWERS Very well. And you? Fine thanks. And you? Very well, thank you Very well, thanks. Fine, thanks. Good, thanks O.K., thanks Not bad. Thanks Pretty well Thank you Excellent

Happy new year! Merry Christmas! Happy Feast day! Happy Anniversary! Happy Birthday! Happy Learning! Happy a nice trip! Have a nice sleep! Have a nice dream! Have a good trip! Congratulations! Congratulations on passing your exams! Congratulations on your success! Congratulations on getting a scholarship!


Congratulations on your marriage. Congratulations on the birth of your son. Congratulations on the birth of your daughter. Congratulations to you Congratulations on getting a new job Please accept my congratulations to you

See you See you soon. See you later. See you tonight. See you tomorrow. Good bye! Bye bye! So long! Till we meet again. I hope that we will meet again I’ll see you tomorrow I’ll be seeing you Good luck. God bless you! May God bless you! Bless you! I must be off. I must say good bye. I’ve got to go I must go now I must go Well, if you’ll excuse me I must say good bye I must be off I hope you’ll come again soon. Come whenever you like. I’m glad you have come. Remember me to Robby. Give my love to Anita. Give my regards to her. Give my regards to him. Please remember me to your father Please remember me to your mother Please send my best love to your sister Please give my kind regards to your father Please say hello to your brother for me

I’m so sorry I’m sorry I’m very sorry you’re ill. 2

I’m sorry for you I’m sorry you didn’t come to my party I’m sorry for being (coming) late I’m sorry, I’m late Forgive me, please I’m sorry to hear that THANKS Thank you very much indeed Thank you very much Thank you so much Thank a lot Thanks Thank you I’m very grateful I don’t know how to thank you I can’t find words how to thank you Thank you for everything Thank you for help THE ANSWERS You’re welcome You’re most welcome Don’t mention it No trouble at all It’s a pleasure My pleasure Forget it That’s quite all right SHORT CONVERSATION 1 Carla : Good evening sir Teacher : Hi good evening Carla, how are you this evening? Carla : I am very well sir, thanks and how are you? Teacher : I am fine thanks. How is your father Carla? Carla : He is Pretty well sir, he is in Jakarta now. Teacher : Really? What for? Carla : Really sir, he visits my uncle who lives there. SHORT CONVERSATION 2 Carla : Nice to talk with you sir, but I must be going now. Teacher : Nice to talk with you to, please tell my best regard to your mother . Carla : Well thank you sir, I will tell her. Good by sir. Teacher : Good bye, take care. See you. Carla : See you.


000.000 • 1/2 • One Million One Half …………teen …………ty …………hundred …………thousand …………billion …………million …………trillion 4 .NUMBER Cardinal Number Numbers 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • One Two Three Four Five 6 • 7 Six • 8 • 9 • 10 • Seven Eight Nine Ten 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • Eleven Twelve Thirtee n Fourteen Fifteen 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • Sixteen Seventee n Eightee n Nineteen Twenty 21 • 22 • 30 • 40 • 50 • Twenty -One TwentyTwo Thirty Forty Fifty 60 • 70 • 80 • 90 • 100 • Sixty Seventy Eighty Ninety One Hundred 200 • 300 • 154 One Hundred Fifty-Four • 765 • 1000 One • Thousand Two Hundred Three Hundred Seven Hundred Sixty-Five 1.


.. My address is I am……. My hobby is…………………... I am married No I am not married yet No.... My occupation is a/an……….. I am still single Address • Where do you live? • Where are you from? • What is your address? • How old are you? • When were you born? • Where were you born? • What is your hobby? • What do you usually do on your spare time? • What are you? • What is your occupation? • Are you married? • What is your marital status? • What is your father’s name? • What is your mother’s name? • • Age. 6 .. Yes..on my spare time.years old I was born on……… ………… I was born at……… …………. date and place of birth Hobby • • • • • • • • • Job or occupation Marital status Parent’s name • My father’s name is………… • My mother’s name is……….INTRODUCTION THINGS TO ASKED Name QUESTIONS • What is your name? • What is your nick name? • • ANSWERS My name is ………… ………… My nick name is ……………… Just call me …………………… My friends call me… ………. I usually……………. I am a/an………………… …. I am from………… …………. I live at…… ………………….

I was born on March the 15th 1993 I live in London My hobby is playing foot ball I am a student of Senior high school Introducing People What's your name? My name is … I am … Haven't we met (before)? 7 . my phone number is……………………. My name is Steven Gerrard. Introducing Yourself Hello my friend. just call me Steve I am 17 years old.Religion • What is your religion? Phone number • What is your phone number? • May I have your phone number please? • My religion is………………… • I am a…………………… ……. • My phone number is………… • Sure/certainly.. let me introduce my self to you.

It is nice to meet you. Tyler: Nice to meet you. No. Where are you from? Sam: I am from New York. Welcome to London. I think we've already met. Tyler Saunders. Tyler. thanks. Introduction Sam: Hello.Yes. No. Sylvia: Hi. too. Sam: It is nice to meet you. Nice to see you again. (informal) Pleased to meet you. Tyler: How are you doing today? Sylvia: I'm okay. Yes. I have. my name's Tyler. I don't think we've met (before). Introductions Tyler: Hello. I don't think we have. 8 . I haven't. I am Keiko. Keiko: Thank you. My name is Sam. I'm Sylvia. Sylvia. I think I have. Sylvia: Nice to meet you too. Hello. Sylvia Wang. Sam: Where are you from? Keiko: I am from Tokyo. I think we have. … (name) Nice to meet you. I don't think I have. This is … Meet … Have you met …? Yes. thanks. Keiko: Hi. How do you do? (formal) Nice to see you. No. how are you? Tyler: I'm fine.

Sylvia: So. we call it the last name because it comes after our first name. me too. Her and I have the same math class. Ms. Wang is my last name and family name. Notes: 1) Begin use of formal titles for adults. both genders. Tyler: In Western countries. the family name. Tyler: Oh. you go to this school too? Tyler: Yeah. Tyler: Yeah.. Rachel Skylar? Tyler: Yes. 9 .. where I come from.. Tyler: Oh. Sometimes we study together. will you? Sylvia: Sure. Sylvia: Oh. okay. Tyler: And Jones is my family name AND last name. she's a friend of mine from last year. Your family name is Jones. your family name is Jones? Tyler: What? Family name? Sylvia: Yeah. Sylvia: So. Tyler: Yeah. Tyler... in Asia. Mrs. we call the second name. didn't I see you last week with Rachel? Sylvia: Rachel? Oh. okay.. you too. family name.Jones. hey. She's really smart! Tyler: She's smart alright and funny too! Does she still tell a lot of jokes? Sylvia: Sometimes. see you around. so. bye. I have to go to my next class.I got it. have a good day. okay. Say hi to Karen for me. you mean my last name? Sylvia: Well. because the whole family has the same name so you call it family name.Sylvia: So. and why (Mr. Jones is my last name. Sylvia: Something like that. like the one about the tiger and the clown and how they went to McDonald's and ordered a Big Mac and french fries? Tyler: That's such a funny one! Sylvia: Oh. hey..

isn't. 2) Review introductions to each other.Miss). wouldn't. QUESTION WORDS WHAT • What is that? • What are you studying? WHY • Why do you ask me? • Why did he leave the class? WHO • Who is your English teacher? • Who borrow my book? WHERE • Where is your friend now? • Where does she live? WHEN • When did you come here? • When will the world cup begin? HOW • How do you go to school? • How to get there from here? HOW MUCH • How much is the price? • How much is your money? HOW MANY • How many tables do you need? • How many children do you have? HOW FAR • How far is Singaraja from here? • How far is your school from your house? HOW LONG • How long will you stay here? • How long do you need time? WHICH ONE • Which one is your car? • Which one is better? WHOSE • Whose dog is that? • Whose book is this? WHAT TIME • What time do you go to school? 10 . how's. 4) Continue use of you're. that's. 3) Review saying goodbye. etc.

HAS.. do you learn your lessons? Rocky: I learn at night.. John: ......... WAS.. punishment should be given to the students who do not do their homework? Rocky: Punishment should not be given. John: ... It helps us get success..... John: ... John: . DO......... Part 3 John: ........ John: ...... DID.• What time does the English course finish? WHAT COLOR • What color is your shirt? • What color is her motor cycle? IS.Exercise of Interrogatives Fill up with interrogative words: Part 1 John: . is the right age of sending the child to the school? Rocky: As far as I think the right age is 5.... HAD • Are you a student? • Do you study English every day? • Have you had your lunch? Question Making ... country do you like? Rocky: I like America... Teacher must make the student understand with love.... DOES..... Part 4 John: .......... should we go for a walk daily? Rocky: Walking is the best exercise......... is your English class? Rocky: It is on Monday at 5..... John: .. ARE.. WERE........ should we do after 12th? Rocky: We should do any course which can help us get a good job... AM..... 11 ... He must have the knowledge of the product he sells.... do you avoid junk food? Rocky: It is harmful for our health. is it necessary to get education? Rocky: Education develops our mind.. HAVE.... John: . is your opinion about pocket money? Rocky: I think pocket money is necessary and it should be given.. qualities should a person have if he wants to do business? Rocky: He must be honest and polite. It keeps us fit. Part 2 John: .

What can he say now? 20.. What’s the price of this shirt? 19... What can I do for you? 11. What’s the problem with you? 14. What’s your sister writing? 9. How would I know? 10.. How was he jumping so now? 14. What’ll she purchase from the market? 12 . What’s your name? 2. How is he doing? 20. What’re you doing? 8. What’s the name of your father? 3. How did you find me? 7. How can I trust you? 17. How could you do this to me? 18. What would you like to eat? 18. What do you take in breakfast? 10. How were you flying? 15. How do you feel now? 13. How is your health? 2. How dare you? WHAT – Uses in Speaking 1. How do you know my name? 4. What would you take in lunch? 17. What’re you doing now? 16.. What’s your favourite colour? 7. How is he performing? 16. How old are you? 11. What’s your profession? 4. How are you? 3. How .. What’s the name of your bank? 15.John: . What’re your hobbies? 6. How has she behaved to you? 8.. How should we start? 19.? 12. What’s your pan card no. How have you completed the task? 6.. What’s the time by your watch? 5. What should he do now? 13.Uses in Speaking 1. would you be able to complete your course? Rocky: I think with in two or three months. How can you believe him? 9. How do you do? 12. How does he play? 5..

Where is your house? 16. Where were you in the morning? 10. Where had you gone? 18. When was that lesson taught? 18. When should we reach there? 14. Which is the best book on this subject? 2. Where would you like to sit? 6. Where did you go yesterday? Which . Where do you live? 3. Where will you go? 11. When will we be able to get a stable government? 20. When is the right time of doing it? 7. When is your brother reaching here? 17. When will the party be started? 11. Where is my book? 4. Which car will you buy? 13 .When .Uses in Speaking 1. When has government passed this bill? 5. When would she like to meet us? 4. When will children go to the park? Where . Where have you taken admission? 19. When did they decide to do it? 3. Where should we go for shopping? 5. Where are my keys? 9. Where are your parents? 17. When should this problem be discussed? 6. Where can I arrange a table for you? 8. Where is your brother? 2. When do you go out with your friends? 16.Uses in Speaking 1. When has your father signed it? 15. Where is the kitchen? 13. Where did he park the car? 20. Where is the cinema? 7. When was her interview? 8. Where is your cell phone? 14. Where am I? 12. When is she planning to go? 12. When do you want to buy a car? 2.Uses in Speaking 1. When had you seen him gossiping? 10. When did the police register that case? 19. Where is that beautiful lady? 15. When can you talk to me? 9. When was their class? 13.

2.3. Which essay have you written? 8. Which is your house? 4. Which music system should I buy? 11. 3. Which country is the richest? 7. Which ballon did the child want to buy? 10.Uses in Speaking 1. Which table do you want for your room? 19. Which room is yours? 13. Which bank gives more interest on FD? Whose . Which boy commit the mistake? 16. Which of these shirts do you like? 5. Which punishment was given to him? 15. Which medicine will heal it? 17.Use in Speaking Whose pen has been stolen? Whose father is going abroad? Whose pen has she borrowed? Whose film do you like to watch most? Whose music album is going to be released? Whose film was a hit? Whose movie broke all the records? Whose performance did you like most? Whose result will be announced today? Whose car are they using now-a-days? Whose house is this? Whose father has export business? Whose picture is this? Whose help can I take in this work? Whose victory depends on us? Whose mother has been cooking food for the guests since morning? Whose song was sung in that music concert? Whose example can be used to help children understand? Whose bill had he gone to deposit? Whose lecture was she attending? Why . Which time is good for studies? 9. 4. Which is the best movie of last month? 14. Which doctor shall I consult? 18. Which dress will you wear on your birthday? 12. Why have you got angry? Why do they want to go there? Why did she leave her job? Why should we obey traffic rules? Why can we not do this work? 14 . 5. Which mobile connection do you have? 20. Which boy can run faster? 6.

Why was teacher scolding Ravi? 19. Why will they not come on my birthday? 14. Why was he not able to win the competition? 11. Why was the culprit left unpunished? 16. Why had Ravi not gone to his village? 8. Why are they interested in learning English? 13. Why were they tired? 18. Why could you not get the work done? 9. Why do your neighbours always quarrel? 20.6. Why has the meeting been postponed? PERSONAL PRONOUN SUBJECT I YOU WE THEY SHE HE PERSONAL PRN MY YOUR OUR THEIR HER HIS OBJECT ME YOU US THEM HER HIM ARTI FAMILY MALE Ancestor Great grandfather Grandfather Father Son Brother Husband Uncle Nephew Younger brother Elder brother Father in law Brother in law Grand son Grand children Children Cousin Step father Foster parents Parents Relatives FEMALE Grandmother Mother Daughter Sister Wife Aunt Niece Younger sister Elder sister Mother in law Sister in law Grand daughter Step mother 15 . Why is it necessary to give children pocket money? 10. Why will I have to wait for two hours? 7. Why had they been revising their lessons since morning? 15. Why is she wasting her time in gossiping? 17. Why does she not cook food? 12.

SHE IS 38 YEARS OLD. HE GOES TO SCHOOOL FOR TEACHING EVERY MORNING. The son's name is Henry and the daughter's name is Lisa.Friend Neighbour Family Jack is married to Alice. THEY ARE . I LIVE IN PEJARAKAN WITH MY FAMILY. Harry and Marjorie. MY ELDER SISTER. David and Sherrie. THERE ARE 5 PERSONS IN MY FAMILY. Alice is their aunt and Jack is their uncle. HE IS A TEACHER. They live next to Alice's parents. MY FATHER. Her sister's name is Mary and her brother's name is Frank. MY FAMILY II MY NEME IS LISA. She is his wife and he is her husband. SHE ALSO SELL DAILY NEEDS AT HER STALL AT HOME FOR HER SIDE JOB 16 . Henry is Harry's grandson and Lisa is Marjorie's granddaughter. MY MOTHER. They have a daughter and son. AND MY YOUNGER BROTHER MY FATHER’S NAME IS MADE SAPUTRA. SHE IS A HOUSE WIFE . Sherrie is Alice's niece and David is Alice's nephew. I MY SELF. Harry is Alice's father and Marjorie is her mother. Frank has two children. MY MOTHER’S NAME IS WAYAN SUSILAWATI. Alice has a sister and a brother. Harry is Jack's father-in-law and Marjorie is his mother-in-law.

17 . I have a daughter. I MY SELF IS 15 YEARS OLD. Do you have children? Keiko: Yes. I have two. Sam: Who are the other man and woman? Keiko: That is my aunt and uncle and these are my cousins. HIS NAME IS KRISNA. She is four years old. Good bye. SHE IS 20 YEARS OLD. it is great to see you again. Here is a photo of the whole family. Keiko: Are you married? Sam: Yes. Keiko: Thank you. How are you? Sam: I just had my birthday. HE IS A STUDENT OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL. THE LAST ONE IS MY YOUNGER BROTHER. they are in my purse. I AM A STUDENT OF JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL.MY ELDER SISTER’S NAME IS INTAN SAFITRI. I AM IN THE NINE GRADE. I got married three years ago. SHE WORKS AS WAITRESS AT A HOTEL. Keiko: OK. Keiko: Do you have any children? Sam: Yes. Sam: Well. My older son is five. Say 'hi' to your husband. Keiko: Really? How old are you? Sam: I am 35. Sam: Do you have any photos? Keiko: Yes. Birthday and family Sam: Hi! How are you? Keiko: Great. Sam: He is a handsome boy. and my younger son is three. HE IS 11 YEARS OLD. Sam: Who is this? Keiko: That is my older son with his grandmother and grandfather.

18 . I hope they like our stories. Bobby and I do many things together. We all go to the mall on weekends We go to movies. We go to restaurants. We laugh. I like my teachers. I have many other friends. I have four brothers and four sisters. Then kids in school will read about us. Life is great. My best friend is Bobby. My favorite class is history. I am in the middle. We tell jokes. I like to read about history. Four brothers are older than me.LIFE IS GOOD I am happy. I go to school. I have many friends. I have friends in every class. We have fun. I have a large family. I am in the sixth grade. We ride our bikes together. Four sisters are younger than me. My teachers like me. Soon we will all be history. We swim together. We play basketball together. History is a story about our past.

what time is it now? John : it is two o’clock A : Really? My god. B : What time does the lesson begin? A : It begins at 1.TELLING TIME A : Excuse me. I have no watch A : john look at the watch on the wall. Notes         : It is 7 o clock It is a half pass eight It is a quarter pass nine It is 20 minutes pass 3 It is a half to eleven It is a quarter to six It is 10 minutes to 4 It is 12 o clock sharp Adverbs of Time (When?) Right now Last night This morning Next week Already Recently Lately Soon Immediately still DAY WEEK MONTH YEAR Yet …….ago Early morning Late night Mid night Mid day Yesterday Today Tomorrow now yesterday last week last month last year today this week this month this year Later Tonight This afternoon tomorrow next week next month next year 19 . I should be at school now. I had been late.30. can you tell me the right time now? B : I am sorry.

DAY. MONTH AND SEASON Days Today Tomorrow Yesterday Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Weekend Weekday Holiday Last night Next week The day after tomorrow The day before yesterday Two days ago In three days Over the weekend Time of Day Morning Afternoon Evening Night Noon Midnight Months January February March April May June July August September October November December This month Next month 20 .

Last month Season(s) Summer Winter Spring Fall/Autumn HUMAN BODY Hair Head Forehead Eyebrow Eye lace Eyes Nose Lip Mouth Tongue Teeth Chin Cheek Jaw Mustache Beard Ear Neck shoulder Arm Armpit Hands Elbow Wrist Chest Breast Nipple Stomach Waist Back Hip Bottom thigh Knee Ankle Foot Toe Leg Finger Thumb Index finger Middle finger Ring finger Little finger Brain Throat Liver Lung Heart Blood Tear Sweat Urine Kidney Bone Skull 21 .

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 22 .

LAND Earth Hill Mount Mountain Bush Forest Jungle Volcano Caldera Dessert Stone Sand Ash Soil Garden Field Rice field Plantation Tree PUBLIC PLACES Store Shop Bank Post office Super market Mall School Church Mosque Temple Hospital WATER Sea Ocean Beach Wave Current River Stream Lake Bay Gulf Rain Snow Reef Coral reef fish Flood Mist Waterfall Fountain SKY Planet Sun Moon Star Meteor Cloud Wind Air Cyclone Storm Thunder Lightning tornado fog

Park Field Statue Gas station Shopping center Street Road Bridge Market Public square Traffic light

Cemetery Cinema Cross road Harbor Railway station Airport Bus station


Building Office Hotel restaurant

Perking area Book store Drug store clinic












Home and Furniture
Roof Wall Ceiling Door Window Floor Pan tile Tile Pillar Chimney Balcony Bed room Bed Mattras Bed sheet Bed cover Blanket Pillow Wash basin Switch Lamp Stool Living room TV set Cup board Sofa Carpet Table Picture Curtain Kitchen Stove


Attic Yard Garden Fence Bed room Bath room Living room Store room Garage Kitchen Praying room Dining room Gate Ground floor First floor Second floor Stair Cup board

Bath room Tap Shower Bath tub Closet Towel Soap Shampoo Tooth paste Tooth brush Ladle Dining room Table Chair Spoon Fork Knife Plates Napkin Glasses

Pan Frying fan Waste bucket

Home and Furniture

Bath and Shower














KITCHEN EQUIPMENTS • • • • • • • • 26 .

We never hear police sirens or fire sirens. It has a chimney and a fireplace. Our living room is our family room. We watch TV together. It has a living room. We live on a quiet street. We play games like Scrabble and Monopoly. 27 . We enjoy those games. We have a small front yard. It has three bedrooms. It doesn’t have a basement. She’s a good skateboarder.MY FAMILY’S HOUSE We have a nice house. I go to a nice school. We play games together. It is a one-story house. I have a bicycle and a skateboard. too. We have a big back yard. My mom has a blue Cadillac. The living room has a big sofa and a big TV. It doesn’t have a second floor. We don’t have a swimming pool. They are fun to play. My sister does. We have a two-car garage. My dad has a red Honda. It has a dining room. It has three bathrooms. for a girl. We don’t have a garden. It has a kitchen. It does have an attic. It doesn’t have any stairs.

OUR SCHOOL Head master Head mistress Student Pupil Teacher School Yard Class Chair Desk Table Level of school  Play group  Kinder garden  Elementary school  Junior high school  Senior high school  Vocational school  University Black board White board Pencil Pen Eraser Rubber Ruler Laboratory Computer Lesson Examination Drill Graduate Math Biology History School Sam: How is school? Keiko: Good. I have math. Then I have history at eleven. Sam: What classes are you taking? Keiko: In the morning. And I will have a swimming pool in the back yard. Sam: What time? Keiko: At nine o'clock. Sam: When do you eat lunch? Keiko: I eat lunch from twelve until one o'clock.Someday I will get married. I will own a nice house on a quiet street. I have a lot of homework. Sam: Then what? 28 .

Sam: What time do you go home? Keiko: I usually play soccer after school. A lifeguard wears a swim suit. Prisoners wear orange uniforms. Doctors wear white jackets. Bus drivers and soldiers wear uniforms. too. I also have literature from two until three. The managers wear black shirts. Then I get home at about 5 o'clock. Many workers have uniforms. Policemen and firemen wear blue uniforms. 29 . Nurses wear white uniforms. The managers also wear ties. Sometimes they wear white shirts. The coveralls protect their clothes.Keiko: Then I have science from one until two. The coveralls protect their clothes from oil and paint. Pilots wear blue or black uniforms. Workers at Burger Hut wear black shirts. Mechanics and painters wear coveralls. Sam: Is that all? Keiko: No. CLOTHES Hat Cap Crown Turban Necklace Earring Bracelet Ring Watch Scarf Tie Shirt t-shirt Jacket Sweater Coat Rain coat Belt Pants Pantalones Trousers Short Skirt Gown Blouse Handkerchief Underwear Loin cloth Bra Stockings Shocks Shoes Sandals Slippers Saroong Pin Hairpin Name tag Ribbon Pijama Tuxedo Bag Rucksack Suitcase Uniform Coverall Swimsuits Gloves Hand gloves Wallet Purse Jeans Wool Cotton Pocket Button Collar Zipper Size towel WHAT DO YOU WEAR? Different workers wear different clothes to work.

Teachers and truck drivers wear regular clothes. Most workers wear regular clothes • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 30 . Cowboys wear jeans and boots. Most workers don’t wear uniforms.Orange is a bright color. Orange uniforms are easy to see. Chefs wear white jackets and tall white hats. Fashion models wear beautiful clothes. Clowns wear big plastic noses and big shoes. Prisoners can’t hide in their orange uniforms.

too? Well. red and green.. I´m looking for a cotton polo shirt.. of course. Let´s see. please. White. I prefer white .. Do you — have that in other colours.Menswear and ladieswear (color. — How about this one? I like the design. Pale yellow. sir. 31 . design and material) Do you have that in other colours? Sales clerk: Paul Ryefield: Sales clerk: Paul Ryefield: Sales clerk: Paul Ryefield: Sales clerk: Paul Ryefield: Sales clerk: — May I help you. but don´t particularly care for the colour.. too? — Why. they come in white. Here you are. Will a — white one do? — Yes. pale yellow. aqua. sir? — Yes. — Any particular colour? — Not really.and may I see a pale yellow one.

ANIMALS PETS Cat Dog Monkey Cock Hen Chick Horse Cow Buffalo Goat Sheep Goose Swan Turkey Pig Rabbit Camel Zebra INSECT N SMALL ANIMALS Fly Mosquito Ant Bee Beetle Butterfly Grasshopper Cricket Worm Caterpillar Spider Dragonfly Cockroach Scorpion Centipede Lizard Gecko Snail WILD ANIMALS Tiger Lion Crocodile Rhinoceros Fox Wolf Snake Elephant Deer Giraffe Bear Boar Commodo BIRDS Eagle Owl Stork Pigeon Dove Swallow Sparrow Crow Murray Cacktoo Condor Starling Parrot SEA OR WATER ANIMALS Fish Shrimp Prawn Lobster Squid/ ink fish Octopus Stingray Turtle Dolphin Whale Shark Starfish Reef fish Crab Clam Sea horse 32 .

At home I have 2 dogs. It ran around a lot. They talked about the dog. The dog was very friendly. They walked around together. My father has 4 cows. They talked about many things. They thought the cat was dangerous. She also has 8 hens and 20 chickens. my cats eat fish. It barked a lot. They talked about the cat.” they both agreed. The dog had lots of energy. My dogs eat rice. He also gives water to the cows. They thought the cat was tricky. My parents are farmer. As a farmer my parents have cattle. My mother has 3 goats.MY CATTLE I live at a village. When the rainy season comes my father uses the cows for cultivating the land. They both liked the dog. THE FARM ANIMALS The chicken and the duck were friends. “We must always keep our eyes open when the cat is around. The dog wanted to play. and my birds eat insects and banana. They talked about the farmer. I feed them every day. They lived on a farm. 3 cats and 3 birds. my father feeds the cows every day. The cat looked at them a lot. They swam in the pond together. They didn’t trust the cat. 33 . I have some pets.

Some people keep reptiles. Fellow animal lovers offer advice and encouragement in situations where the owner can use others’ expertise to make improvements in their pet’s life. and fish in tanks or other enclosures. there are questions about how to choose them.” said the duck. gerbils. but we are interested in animals in general and love to learn more about them. the corn dies. The rain helps the corn grow. He harvests the yellow corn in late summer. Then it stopped barking. amphibians. like rabbits. If there is a lot of rain. It was barking very loud. but some matters can be handled without paying for advice. including extinct prehistoric animals. If there is no rain.” said the chicken. Others have birds in cages. He sells four ears for $1. “We need farmers. 34 . The tractor digs up the ground. He fed the sheep. and hamsters. He was a nice man. “Farmers are good. We want to be aware of wild animals and insects in our environment. Bobby woke up when he heard the dog barking. or tame. how to care for and feed them. The corn grows in the summer. We trust the veterinarian. He fed the goat. He sells the corn at his vegetable stand. Bobby opened his window. With our pets. The dog looked at Bobby. The farmer took care of them. He sells one ear for 25 cents. He fed the rabbit. He saw a big brown dog. He looked out the window. Pets and Animals Pets & Animals are kept by many people as companions – the most common being cats and dogs. He plants the yellow corn in the spring. The first domesticated. He looked at the barking dog. Other mammals make good pets. CORN The farmer drives a tractor. The farmer took care of all the animals. He got out of bed and walked to the window. He heard a dog barking outside his window. animals were kept by ancient people since about 2000 BC. there is a lot of corn. They liked the farmer. Bobby got out of bed.The farmer brought them food. He took good care of everyone. BARKING DOG Bobby woke up because he heard a dog. He fed the cow. He fed the pig. guinea pigs. “Why are you barking so loud?” he asked the dog. He plants yellow corn in the ground.

Sam. The farmer doesn’t get angry. The birds love his corn. So do cows. The farmer has one cow. The corn is fresh. They eat it while it is in the field. The neighbors love his corn. It is delicious. Alice. They don’t cook it. The cow loves the corn. He gives his cow fresh corn every summer. Birds have to eat. It eats a lot of yellow corn in the summer. They don’t pay for it. too. It is tasty. Sometimes it makes yellow milk JOBS AND PROFESSIONS Farmer Laborer Employee Government officer Carpenter Bricklayer Electrician Mechanic Trader Businessman Driver Fisherman Sailor Guide Translator Interpreter Policeman Soldier Security guard Body guard Steward Stewardess Waiter Waitress Pilot Captain Doctor Nurse Teacher Shop keeper Judge Lawyer Barber Tailor Gardener Student Actor Actress Musician Servant Painter At work Keiko: Good morning. too. It is bright yellow. They eat it raw. Sam: Hi. How are you? 35 .He sells all his corn in just one month.

Sam. he is a nice man. I do. Sam: OK. Listen. John: Do you like your job? Tom: Yeah. I will call you when I am done with the list. I am busy at the moment.Keiko: I am fine. Sam: Well. John: Have you been given any conveyance by the company? Tom: I have got a bike from the company. John: How much salary are you drawing? 36 . John: For how many hours a week do you work? Tom: I work for 48 hours in a week. can you help me with a small project? Sam: What is the project? Keiko: I need to finish this report before noon. John: What is your post in this company? Tom: I am marketing executive in its printer department. Keiko: Thanks a lot. but I can help later. Job in a Company – Conversation between two Friends John: In which company are you working? Tom: I am working in HP. Keiko: Can you finish it before noon? Sam: No problem. John: Do you like your boss? Tom: Yes. John: For how long have you been working in this company? Tom: For last one year. How can I help? Keiko: I need the addresses and phone numbers of the people on this list. Sam: You are welcome.

I shall talk to him about you. Please call me after three days. plus 5% commission on sales. John: Can you help me to get a job in your company? Tom: Haven't you got any job yet? John: No. Tom: What have you done? John: You know I have completed my diploma in web designing. Tom: I have developed a good rapport with my boss. John: We have met after several months. Let's have refreshments somewhere. FOOD AND DRINKS • Water • Milk • Coffee • Tea • Juice • Soft Drink • Bread • Corn • Rice • Noodles Other • Soup • Salad • Sandwich • Meat • Egg(s) 37 .Tom: I am drawing 500 dollars a week. I am still finding. Tom: Let's go. He may try to help you.

Fruits • • • • • • • • Vegetables • • • • • • • • • • Meals Click for Audio Suggested words: Meals Breakfast Brunch 38 .

What do you recommend? The steak pie is very good. please. Could we sit by the window? I'm sorry. A table for two please. Would you like anything to drink? Yes. Oh dear. Mexican?) Fast food Restaurant How much does it cost (part 2)? Sam: How may I help you? Keiko: I would like to purchase 500 grams of chicken. sir. IN THE RESTAURANT W: C: W: C: W: W: C: W: C: W: C: W: C: W: C: Good evening. sir? Yes. Certainly. Keiko: Thank you. I'm afraid the plaice is off. I'll have tomato soup for starters and my wife would like prawn cocktail. 39 . Can I get you anything else? Keiko: Yes. Sam: Sure. (Chinese. How much will it cost? Sam: It will be about ten dollars. What would you like for main course? I'll have the plaice and my wife would like the shepherd's pie. Just here. One tomato soup and one prawn cocktail. Are you ready to order. a bottle of red wine please.Lunch Dinner Supper Snack Eat breakfast Have breakfast Eat lunch Do lunch Have dinner Have supper Have a snack Have a drink Take medicine Go out to eat_________ food. Italian. OK I'll have that. The window tables are all reserved. can I also get 200 grams of cheese? Sam: 500 grams of chicken and 200 grams of cheese.

we know that What’s the matter with you? Why you’re not happy this morning? F : Yes. I just worry about dad. I’m sure you’ll get good mark H : I hope so mom. H : Yes. it’s time for you to go to school. H : Thank you mom. F : Perhaps you’ll remember about your lesson at school. I wish you good luck. F : What’s the matter with your test? Don’t you like a test? H : No. please tell us. not like that dad. Prepare you’re books and don’t forget to drink your milk. H : Thanks mom. May be I and your mom can help you. M : Why? You always study hard every day. perhaps dad. I just thinking of my test. H : Thank you dad. What’s happen with you Helena? H : Everything is alright dad F : Why you look like that? H : I just feeling not happy this morning M : Sure. Thank you mom You are very kind to me.EATING CONVERSATION F : Let’s have a breakfast Helena you don’t seem happy this morning. What’s the time now mom? M : it’s six thirty now. H : Sure Dad. F : And don’t forget to pray to the God. I won’t forget it. M : Ok Helena. But I’m rather forget full now. Thank you VERBS VERB 1 Walk Open Close Talk VERB S/ES walks opens closes talks VERB 2 VERB 3 VERB ING ARTI walked opened closed talked walked opened closed talked walking opening closing talking 40 .

Look Listen Wash Watch Clean Smell Smile Laugh Taste Stop Cry Try Eat See Speak Take Make Give Write Do Go Sing Drink Sit Stand Say Sleep Keep Feel Hear Cut Hit Set Put Come Run Read Think Bring looks listens washes watches cleans smells smiles laughs tastes stops cries tries eats sees speaks takes makes gives writes does goes sings drinks sits stands says sleeps keeps feels hears cuts hits sets puts comes runs reads thinks brings looked listened washed watched cleaned smelled smiled laughed tasted stopped cried tried ate saw spoke took made gave wrote did went sang drank sat stood said slept kept felt heard cut hit set put came ran read thought brought looked listened washed watched cleaned smelled smiled laughed tasted stopped cried tried eaten seen spoken taken made given written done gone sung drunk sat stood said slept kept felt heard cut hit set put come run read thought brought looking listening washing watching cleaning smelling smiling laughing tasting stopping crying trying eating seeing speaking taking making giving writing doing going singing drinking sitting standing saying sleeping keeping feeling hearing cutting hitting setting putting coming running reading thinking bringing Non-Action Verbs be* look* want own consider* taste* 41 .

like have* think* seem sound* believe appear* smell* prefer possess love* feel* ADJECTIVES Big Large Short Fast Hot Good Old Pretty Fat Happy Full Dark Funny Interesting Cheap High Deep Healthy Rich Soft Easy Clean Safe Same Early Strong Top Sharp Smart diligent Deep Hungry Thirsty Tired Busy Free Little Small Long slow Cold Bad New Handsome Thin Sad Empty Bright Serious Boring Expensive Low Shallow Sick Poor Hard Difficult Dirty Dangerous Different Late Weak Bottom blunt Stupid lazy shallow Wide Delicious Nice Friendly Beautiful 42 .

Adjectives bisa dipergunakan untuk menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan seperti : "What kind (of) ?" or "Which one?" A: Hi.” My mom is right. I am kind. just like a sofa. I go to movies by myself. My mother is tall and slender. But I have no friends. A: What kind of seats does it have? B: They're very comfortable seats. I want to have a friend. She said it is my fault. What about me? I am by myself. She said. Mereka memberikan rincian lebih lanjut atau informasi mengenai kata benda mereka yang terkait . (soft. “Why?” I asked. he is tall. I watch TV by myself. I meet people every day. I go to restaurants by myself. I told my mother that I am lonely. B: Which one do you want? A: The red book. and handsome. Everyone has one friend. I'm calling about the car you're selling? B: It's a great car. They have fun with each other. (It's) in excellent condition. Adjectives digunakan untuk menjelaskan kata benda. A: Sounds like mine. I am nice to them. I say hello. Adjectives Adjectives See also: Free-English-Study: Adjectives. A: Hand me a book. I always see people with their friends.) A: Uh. I never ask people to be with me. “Because you never ask anyone to be with you. I go to the park by myself. Why don’t people like me? All I want is one friend. I am friendly. I am afraid they will say no. dark. They do things with each other. They laugh with each other. 43 . A: Tell me about your boyfriend B: Well.NO FRIENDS FOR ME I am lonely. plush. I am nice. Adjectives juga dapat digunakan dengan menghubungkan kata kerja untuk menjelaskan subjek kalimat. The red one. I think I'll sleep on it. I smile at them. I am always by myself. What is wrong with me? I am polite.

) I live by the river. (We both know which table.) The post office is next to the bakery.) PREPOSSITIONS. At) by near nearby above below over under up down around through inside outside (of) between beside beyond in front of in back of behind next to on top of among along against Examples." This usually indicates that the speaker knows of the place. (You probably don't know which one. The keys are on the table. I live by a river. For example. On. (Not: next to bakery) "a/an.WRONG: My mother tall and slender. but the listener does not.) 44 . (No linking verb. ARTICLES AND CLAUSES The most common prepositions of location are in on at (See: In. (You know the river I'm talking about.

Most prepositions deal with location and are easy to learn.The most common prepositions of location are in on at (See: In. At) by near nearby above below over under up down around through inside outside (of) between beside beyond in front of in back of behind next to on top of within beneath underneath among along against PREPOSITIONS Prepositions indicate relationships between words or ideas. On. above below over under inside beside near up before* with into between like despite outside beyond nearby down after* without out (of) among as in spite of around behind by toward during within off except than beneath through in front of next to along (side) since* until* upon but* about underneath 45 .

SPORT.. Fishing Climbing Tracking Cycling Reading Writing Watching TV Swimming Hanging out Hunting 46 . MUSIC AND HOBBIES SPORTS Soccer Volleyball badminton Tennis Boxing Fence Cycling Jogging Athletic Basket ball Baseball Sky diving Surfing Chess Swimming Wrestling Lifting MUSIC Drum Guitar Bass Melody Flute Harmonica Piano Singer Gamelan Composer Arranger HOBBIES Singing Dancing Playing….


. yes. the number 8 bus goes to St. Michele: Oh. Have you got a ticket? Michele: No. So. using the following words:bus stop. please. It's more interesting than the Underground but. Michele: Let me give you the money. And it tells you on the time-table how often they go. it is quite far but you will see a lot. it takes much longer. Paul's. Andrew: Here's the ticket man now. 48 . bell. Michele: Thank you. it is. He won't like it. There you are. Andrew: No problem. it's easier to get off. Michele: Only problem is. Pre-Listening Exercise -------------------Think of a bus journey you make regularly or invent one. Paul's? Andrew: That's right. is this the right stop for St. Try to write or speak about it in sentences. Michele: Well. here comes the bus now.1. Michele: I've got one or two. Michele: That's very kind of you. Give him coins if you can. you can pay on the bus. Should I have bought one? Andrew: Well. of course. conductor. Andrew: Don't give him a large note. fare. I don't have much change for the fare. it's cheaper if you buy a ticket for the day. I see. 2: Script -----Michele: Excuse me. Paul's cathedral? Andrew: Yes. Andrew: Let's sit downstairs. But don't worry. I've got plenty of time.. I'll get it for you. Is it a long ride? Andrew: Yes. The driver will tell you if you ask but they sometimes forget. One to St. I'm so glad I met you. I haven't. There is a map here which tells you the number of the bus. driver. Oh look! There's the Houses of Parliament! Andrew: You get a good view from the bus. ticket. time-table. Michele: Look. I am going in that direction. I'll tell you when to get off.

Paul's as well. How far is it to the island? Navid: It takes about an hour. Do you mind if I join you? Michele: Not at all. It is a clear day so you will see it soon. Navid: Yes. I can feel the breeze now. Fatima : The boat is rocking a bit now. This was a lovely idea. In the winter I suppose people might go sometimes but not to stay. In fact. and the journey can be dangerous. 49 . Navid: Yes. the guide will tell us about the island on the loudspeaker. but let's have a coffee first. We'll ring the bell in a minute. I can 'phone and cancel my other business. Navid: Do you feel okay? Fatima : Oh yes. You can buy things on the boat too. Fatima : Does anyone live there? Navid: Only in the summer when visitors go to see the castle and the houses where people lived a long time ago. Pre-Listening Exercise -------------------Have you ever been to an island? How did you travel there? Did you enjoy the trip? What method of travel do you like best? 2. Fatima : Yes. Navid: I'm so glad you like boats. yes please. I'll see what they have. there's a little shop. Fatima : I've never been on a boat like this before. Can you get me a Pepsi? Navid: Sure. Script -----Fatima : It's a beautiful day but so hot! Navid: It will be cooler on the water. Fatima : And perhaps we can buy souvenirs when we get there. Navid: Later on. You stay here. Fatima : I expect the weather can be very stormy in the winter. Would you like a drink? Fatima : Oh. I won't be sick. Then we'll be proper tourists! 1. I think I'll take a trip to St.Andrew: And I'm glad I met you.

— All right. it's a nice trip for them but they'll need to be careful when they get there. OK. — How about this one? — All right. Here is our brochure. Then we had to climb up here on to the deck. Err. please. Rent-A-Car Clerk: Mary Jones: Rent-A-Car Clerk: Mary Jones: Rent-A-Car Clerk: Mary Jones: Rent-A-Car Clerk: Mary Jones: Rent-A-Car Clerk: Mary Jones: Rent-A-Car Clerk: Mary Jones: Rent-A-Car — Good morning.. How many days would you like to use it? 50 . May I help you? — I´d like to rent a car. Fatima : I found stepping on to the boat quite difficult. don't you? The engine makes a noise downstairs and it's too warm. — Is there an additional driver? — No. Fatima : I'd be happy to stay here for hours. You can see the coast on both sides. If you want full coverage insurance. There are lots of narrow steps. Fatima : No more than the children! There are a lot of families here. ma´am. — And I´d like to have insurance just in case. What´s the rate? — 78 dollars a day with unlimited mileage. — Please choose a model in this section. The gangway moves about so much. Navid: The birds make such a noise. Fatima : I just can't wait to get there! Rent-A-Car I´d like to rent a car. Look at those beautiful birds. — Okay. I´ll take it. full-size. Navid: I'll go and get the drinks now. Full-size. please. mid-size or compact. We are in the middle of the water now. It includes collision damage waiver and personal accident insurance. aren't there? Navid: Yea. Afterwards we can walk around a little.Fatima : Hang on for a moment. it will be 8 dollars — per day.. Navid: I like it up here best though.. ma´am? — Full-size..

. I was a little afraid at the first flight in an aero plane. Then the captain of the aero plane come and spoke to me too. we got on too. There people took our luggage and put it in the aero plane and then after about twenty minutes. and beautiful.) — Thank you. Like cotton wool. We flew over some clouds. When did the writer go to Bali ? 51 . We went through the clouds and flew over Bali. Please fill in this form. Can you check this box. It was very interesting when we got off the plane I said “ I like flying “. — May I see your driver´s license and credit card please? — Is the international driving licence fine? Yes. Who was ever been on an aero plane? 2. Then we began to come down because we were near Bali. and again here. (.Clerk: Mary Jones: Rent-A-Car Clerk: Mary Jones: Rent-A-Car Clerk: — Just one day. That made me afraid again.. and soon I was quite happy again. it is. they were very white. and put your initials here. The bus took us to the air port. “ is no body driving the aero plane? “ I asked. AEROPLANES Have you ever been in an aero plane? I have last Monday I flew to Bali. don’t be afraid “. Then very early on Monday morning I want to the office again with my luggage and got in to the bus with the other passenger. Flew Went Bought Got in Took Brought Spoke Laughed Began Got off _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ got off fly go buy got in take bring speak laugh begin Question !!! 1. But a kind lady ( she was the stewardess ) brought us some sweet and spoke to me. Twelve days ago I went to office in Jogjakarta and bought my ticket. The captain laughed kindly said “ Another officer is over there.

Keiko: Yes? Sam: Do you have the time? Keiko: It is 2:30. At the airport Keiko: Passport and boarding pass. what does the last paragraph tell about? 5. By the way. Sam: Excuse me. please. What did the writer do first before getting on the aero plane? 4. Keiko: Where are you headed today? Sam: I am going to London for a conference. Let's go. I am a manager. Keiko: Oh. and my ticket. Keiko: No problem. Sam: How much will it cost? Keiko: From here to the airport costs about $30. Keiko: How long will you be staying. Sam: Taxi! Right here! Keiko: Where to? Sam: I am going to the airport. Sam: So how long will it take? Keiko: About 45 minutes. Sam: For five days. Keiko: Where are you flying to? Sam: I am going to a convention in London.3. Sam: Here is my passport. It rarely takes more than an hour. Are you a business man? Sam: Yes. how long will it take to get to the airport? Keiko: It usually takes about 30 minutes. 52 . Sam: Thanks. But traffic is bad at the moment. what does the word it ( it was very interesting ) refer to / mean? In the taxi.

You can go to gate B 11. every day I . please. . Keiko: I will weigh them. . Your seat is reserved. please. sir? Sam: I want to check the large suitcase. DAILY ACTIVITIES What do you do every day? Well. What seat would you like: window or aisle? Sam: Window. Everything is fine. wake up get up eat breakfast drink coffee read the newspaper have lunch go to school get out of class start work finish work ride the bus drive a car buy something come home use a computer send e-mail listen to music change clothes 53 . Goodbye. and I want to carry the smaller one on with me. And what do you want for your meal? Chicken or fish? Sam: I would like fish. Keiko: Good. Keiko: No problem. How many bags are you bringing today.Keiko: Thank you. Keiko: Thank you.

11:00 a. 10:00 a. Tell what you do at various times throughout the day.cook dinner wash the dishes watch television study English do homework help my mother call a friend play games clean my room take a shower brush my teeth go to bed sleep Topic: Daily Activities What are some things that you do every day? Describe a typical daily routine. 8:00 a.m.m. Time 7:00 a.m. What time do you go to work/school? What time do you get out of class/get off work? Talk Make a time table like the one below. 12:00 noon Monday Thursday Saturday 54 .m. 9:00 a.m. Ask your partner to tell you his/her daily schedule.

m. 6:00 p. get dressed and eat breakfast.m. On Saturday. 9:00 p. and 10:00 on Thursday. 7:00 p. 4:00 p. What time do you usually wake up? What do you do between classes What time do you finish work? What do you do in the evening? What time do you get home on the weekends? 55 .m. Describe your routine to a partner. I get up at 7:00 every day. I leave my house at 8:00 and ride the bus to school.1:00 p. Then I take a shower. Fill in the time table with information about your daily activities. I sleep in until 11:00.m. 3:00 p.m. I usually have lunch at 1:00. 5:00 p. For example.m.m. I start class at 9:00 on Monday. For example. Ask your partner about his/her daily routine. 8:00 p.m. I finish class at 3:30 p.m.m. 2:00 p.

The meals were cheap. 56 . He needed a good job. The customers were cheap. It was a cheap restaurant. He was a waiter. They usually gave him quarters for tips. He had a job.LIFE WILL BE BETTER He was poor He needed more money . But it wasn’t a good job. It was a bad job. Sometimes they gave him a dollar. He worked in a restaurant.

So he went to school. Yet they gave him nothing. He would make money. He would get married. He wanted to be a mechanic. Right now life was bad. He would buy a house. He wanted to own a car shop. He didn’t want to go to jail. He would hire other mechanics.Sometimes they gave him nothing. He wanted to kick those customers. But then he would go to jail. That made him angry. But he would make it better. He wanted to fix cars. Why did they give him nothing? He was polite. Life would be good. MY BEST FRIEND 57 . He would have a family. School was free. He was helpful. They would work for him. He liked to fix things.

We sleep over. We love them We talk about the boys in class. or she spends the night at my house. We are in the third grade. We don’t like them. They are so silly. or my parents invite her to our house. We share our sandwiches with each other. I spend the night at her house. We do everything together. Laura’s mother gives her tuna sandwiches for lunch. We share our fruit with each other. We talk about our teachers and our parents. We spend the weekends together. I help her with arithmetic. Her parents invite me to their house. We help each other with our homework. My mother gives me peanut butter sandwiches for lunch. We eat lunch together at school. Sometimes Laura gets apples for lunch. Sometimes I get peaches. She helps me with history. 58 .Laura is my best friend. We talk about everything. They are so silly. We talk about our brothers. We walk to school together.

how do you do?  Of course. may I have your name please?  Where are you from sir?  Where do you come from? Introduction asking country of origin  I am from England  I come from Holland 59 . I am Edward. how are you today?  Hi. you can practice with me  Sure. thanks  Sure. how are you?  Hallo sir. I am a student of an English course.Why in the world do some girls like boys? Boys never grow up. my name is Edward. TALKING WITH FOREIGNER QUESTION ANSWER Greeting.  Hi good morning sir. We will never like boys. you may practice your English with me  Certainly. I am very well and you?  Hi. I don’t mind. may I know your name Sir?  I am Krisna. you can practice your English with me  No. how are you doing?  Hi good morning. how do you do? Asking permition to practice English  May I practice my English with you?  Can I practice my English with you?  Would you mind if I practice my English with you?  My name is Krisna. I am pretty well. I am fine  Hallo.

I hade been here before asking the arrival asking the purpose of visit asking the impression about Bali do you like Bali ? do you enjoy your stay in Bali ? what do you like in Bali ? what is interesting in Bali ? what do you think about Bali ? asking places have been visited where have you been in Bali ? which destination have you visited in Bali? have you been to Menjangan Island ? where did you spend your holiday before? asking staying duration how long will you stay in Bali ? how long will you stay here ? how long is your holiday in Bali ? when will you leave Bali ? when will you go back to your country ? asking others do you come here just by your self ? do you come here with your family ? with who do you come here ? will you come here again next time ? when will you come to Bali again ? do you plan to come to Bali again next time ? will you spend your holiday in Bali again next time ? PRACTICING ENGLISH WITH TOURIST 60 . Which country are you from?  What is your nationality? when did you come to Bali? when did you come here? is it your first time visit Bali ? have you been to Bali before ? have you been here before ? how long will you stay here ? how long will you stay in Bali ? are you here for vacation ? do you come here for holiday ? are you here for working ? are you here for business  I am from Australia  I am Braziliian I come to bali last week I com here on Monday Yes. I have been to Bali before No. it is my first visit to Bali Yes .

U : Where have you been During your stay in Bali? T : I have been to Kuta. Kintamani. I’ve never been to Bali before? It is my first time come to Bali.U : Good morning Sir. I must learn more. U : how long will you stay here? 61 . and now here in west Bali. introduce me. where do you stay here? T : I stay at Gawana hotel U : what is your impression about west Bali National Park? T : I like Menjangan Island There are a lot of wonderful dive spot. T : Your English is a good Enough U : Thank you Sir. Where do you study English? U : I study at an English course T : How often do you study English? U : I study English twice a week. U : How did you get here? T : I came here by shuttle bus from Denpasar U : John. Candidasa. Where are You from Sir? T : I’m from US ( united states ) U : Which states do you Live Sir? T : I live in California U : Have you been to Bali before? T : No. My name is Wayan. John Tall. May I have your name? T : My name is John. U : May I practice English with you Sir? T : Sure.

A : Do you have time to talk with me for a moment. Anna? A : Yes. Where are you from Sir? T : I’m from Netherland A : In what city do you live. Mark Overmars. My name is Rosa. I hope you have a nice stay hare T : thank you. A : Where do you stay here? 62 .T : I will stay here for 3 days U : well. Ubud. and I’m in the third year. T : Where do you study? A : I study at SMP 2 Gerokgak. introduce me. Can I have your name sir? T : My name is Mark. I’m student. sir? T : Sure. it’s my firs time come to Bali A : How long will you stay here? T : 7 days A : Which places have You visited in Bali. MEET AND TALK WITH A FOREIGNER A : Good evening sir. and Kuta. and you? A : I live at Pajarakan When did you came to Bali? T : 3 days ago A : Have you been to Bali before? T : No. Are you student. Tulamben. wayan. sir? T : I live in Amsterdam. sir? T : I have been to Lovina.

Y : Yes. I am not married man. Where do you came from? X : I came from England. culture. I am just a tourist here. Are you businessman. Anna MAKING AQUAINTANCE X : how do you do? May I know your name miss? Y : Sure. Your English is good enough. nice to meet you. I must go to work now may be next time we can talk again. Y : so. X : No. Y : How long have you been here? X : I have been here for two days. I am a single person. beach and sceneries. Are you new people around here? I never meet you before. You can call me Billy. and you. please. I am a businessman. You can call me Sam. Y : I am sorry. Mr. Y : Me too. Sam. My name is Samantha Jones. I must learn more T : Where do you study English? A : I study at an English course. Anna. X : It’s pleased to know you. X : I’ll be waiting good luck. Do you work here miss Sam? X : Just call me Sam please. T : Nice to meet you too. 63 . X : I am too. what do you came from here? X : I came here to enjoy some view new of you country. Y : Thank you very much. I’m your new neighbour. Billy? Y : Just call me Billy. Y : Yes. What is your name? X : My name is Billy Morgan.T : I stay at Matahari Beach Hotel A : Do you came here for holiday or business sir? T : I came here for Holiday A : What do you think about Bali? T : Bali is Good I like people. Mark. A : Thank You Sir. Y : Ok. X : It’s a lovely name. Y : Where do you live now? X : In my uncle’s house.

is pass to the …. can you tell me the way to the bank? Excuse me... how can I get to Ngurah Rai air port please? Certainly... Turn right on…… Straight on……. Is next to the …. This is the right way to the Bank? You can follow the main road and you will come to the bus station? It is about 5 minutes walk from here on your right side The …. The …. can you tell me where the way to the air port please? Sorry to trouble you. please? go on this way      Turn left on………. do you know how to get the post office here? Excuse e. can you tell me where the post office is? Do you know how to get the library from here? Do you know where the harbour is? Would you tell me where the hospital is? Would you tell me where the cinema is? Would you tell me the way to the canteen. I’m a stranger here 64 . is across the …… The …. The ….        The…. Go straight on…… Follow the the main road? go through the…. do you know where the nearest hotel is? Excuse me..ASKING AND GIVING DIRECTION       Excuse me. is this the right way to bank Indonesian? Sorry to disturb you. go straight on to the end of this way? You can go by this way.. can you tell me where the office at school? Excuse me. do you know where the bus station is? Excuse me. would you tell me where the filling station is? Excuse me. would you tell me where the campus is? Excuse me. Is on your left side You wouldn’t miss it Go a head on this way ASKING AND GIVING DIRECTION                Excuse me.

asking for and Giving Directions Word List Asking for and Giving Directions How do I get to …? What's the best way to …? Where is …? Go straight on (until you come to …). Natasha: Thank you. So. sir? Sam: Yes? Natasha: Can you tell me how to get to the café from here? Sam: Sure. Can you also tell me where the bank is? Sam: Of course. go north two blocks. Sam: You are welcome. Natasha: Thanks for your help. then go east. 65 . please? Sam: We are here. Natasha: Can you show me on this map. then turn right. Go one block and turn left. The café is on the right. Go along …. The café is on the south side. here. Turn left/right (into …-street). Go straight for two blocks. The bank is on the left. Then go past the traffic signal. Turn back./Go back. straight on opposite near next to between at the end (of) on/at the corner behind in front of (just) around the corner traffic lights Directions to places Natasha: Excuse me. Cross … Take the first/second road on the left/right It's on the left/right.

— Feeling sick Sam: Dr. Marilyn: Hi. I feel like vomiting. — You mean you feel nauseous? That´s right. And my throat hurts. Just tell me if it hurts when I do this. — Do you have any other symptoms? — Yes. I also have a stomach ache. Please have a seat here. — Do you have diarrhea? — Yes. My temperature is normal. Okay. I have a very bad head ache and cough. We´ll run a blood test and we´ll also need a urine sample. I do. Sam: Is that all? Marilyn: No. I´ll give you a prescription for indigestion — tablets.. Sam: When did you start to feel sick? Marilyn: I started feeling sick last night. All right.. Doctor: Paul Ryefield: Doctor: Paul Ryefield: Doctor: Paul Ryefield: Doctor: Paul Ryefield: Doctor: Paul Ryefield: Doctor: Paul Ryefield: Doctor: Paul Ryefield: Doctor: Good morning. too.At a doctor I have a terrible stomachache. too. but we´ll need — to run some diagnostic tests to be sure. this is Marilyn Cruz. I feel sick. Let´s hope it´s just indigestion. please. Yesterday evening I ate something — raw. — When did the symptoms start? This morning. 66 . Sam: Do you have a high temperature? Marilyn: No. It hurts there. O'Neils office.. What´s the problem? — I have a terrible stomachache. Ouch. I want to make an appointment. Please take off your clothes to the waist and — lie down there. And right now I feel — dizzy. — It doesn´t hurt. . Sam: What is wrong? Marilyn: I think I have a cold.. — Can you give me something for the time being? Yes. .

They were her classmate. It is more expensive than I guess. and I’m happy to hear you receipt a scholarship “. At 4 pm Celomita’s friend came. Said Melly.150. 67 . Is that good for you? Marilyn: Do you have any earlier appointments? Sam: Yes. I have got a very narrow foot Y : Would you try this on for size mom? X : It seem fit to me. “ I have though about it.120000 for it. “ Congratulation Celomita. X : I’d like to look around first if don’t find anything else I will come back. Y : It is very solid mom. you can use it for long time. Good bye. We can’t give you any discount. How about one o'clock? Marilyn: That is better. I am learning. Y : Which one was that mom? X : May I show you? Y : Certainly mom. Good bye. Celomita also invited her school friend’s for about ’30 persons. Importance of English in Modern World Sumit: Are you learning English? Sarita: Yes. Sam: We will see you then. you’re the best “. X : Thank you. X : I have to think it over then. The price is fixed mom. My uncle’s and my aunt’s family were coming to. Ill be there at one. She is my little sister who studied in SMP 4. Y : It is comfortable mom? X : Yes it is good.Sam: OK. grandma and grandpa were coming. I would be prepared to pay Rp. CELOMITA’S PARTY It was Saturday afternoon my family was very busy preparing Celomita’s birthday party. Said Nita SHOPPING X : Do you know a good shop for shoes? Y : There is a department store down the road with a good selection. Y : I’m sorry. what is your size? X : Size 37. I saw a pair of shoes in the window I like that shoes. It is comfortable Y : We also have the same style in higher heel X : I prefer this. We have an appointment open tomorrow at two o'clock.000 mom X : That is too expensive. Marilyn: Thanks. How much is it? Y : Rp.

Sumit: What do they teach? Sarita: They teach good sentence-making. Sumit: Can’t we improve English at home? Sarita: Most of the persons learn incorrect English at home. vocabulary. Sumit: What is the benefit of learning English? I mean why should we learn it? Sarita: It is an international language. personality development. Sumit: Where are you learning from? Sarita: I am learning it at EngoSpeak. art of interview etc. group discussions. Sumit: Do they take any test before admission? Sarita: They take a simple verbal test. Sumit: Why have you joined this institute? Sarita: It is a good institute to learn effective English. Sumit: Can’t we get a good job if our English is poor? Sarita: It is very difficult to get a good job.Sumit: Why are you learning it? Sarita: Without it we can’t make a good career. conversation. We also get social respect. In almost every big company interview is held in English only. newspaper reading. fluent speaking.. Sumit: In your opinion. what are other benefits of learning English? Sarita: Students learn to make good sentences so they get better marks in all the subjects. Present Perfect Tense 68 . We need guidance of a good teacher to be really effective in English writing and speaking. If we know English we can talk to others in any foreign country.

I have been sick lately. I met John five years ago. (Okay) I have been living there for ten years. I have lived in New York for nine years. She hasn't slept much recently. I have seen that movie already. (Okay) (Okay) (Okay) (Okay) 69 . He has played football since he was a child. They have not eaten their dinner yet. (CORRECT) (CORRECT) (CORRECT) Sometimes. I have been exercising a lot recently. We have been here since Friday. I have lived there for ten years. To indicate something that has happened at an indefinite time in the past. A: I have seen that movie already. but not always. (Specific time) Some words should not be used in situation 2 (above) I have met John for five years.Present Perfect Tense Click for Audio Present Perfect Tense can be used in three situations: 1. I have seen that movie ten times. (Non-specific time) B: Oh really? When did you see it? A: I saw it last week with Bob. I have exercised a lot recently. She has left for California. use past tense. To indicate something which started in the past and continues until now. 3. To indicate something which occurred recently. present perfect continuous can be used instead of present perfect. Notes: When speaking about a specific time. 2. I have met John already. (INCORRECT) I have known John for five years.

she waited for a half hour in the rain to get a taxi. It happened one night in September. Last week. her dog was sound asleep on the living room sofa. When she finally got home. Using the present tense when the past tense is required. Last week. Tonya fix her neighbor's car. Note the usage of the past tense in the following story. action which occurred at a specific time in the past b. Her poor dog stared up at her with its hungry eyes. (Incorrect) 2. Using "was" with verbs in the past tense. she went to the kitchen and looked in the cupboard for some food for her dog. She hurried to the grocery store to buy some dog food. Jane was a movie star. Past status John was still single in 1995. past status Examples Specific past action I ate lunch at noon today. (Incorrect) My grandfather has died last year. but unfortunately the store was out of her dog's favorite brand. Hubbard had a very rough day. Exercises (Incorrect) (Correct) (Incorrect) (Correct) 70 . My grandfather died last year. and she knew she had to do something quickly. The simple past tense refers to a. 2. Yesterday Mrs. (NOT Okay) Simple Past Tense This page is sponsored by: Spanish Course London Simple Past Tense Click for Audio Explanation 1. Common problems with the past tense 1. completed action c. Tonya fixed her neighbor's car. (Correct) My grandfather was died last year. It was happened one night in September.I have been seeing that movie ten times. He drove to work yesterday. Completed action She finally mailed the letter. After buying the food. The simple past tense is expressed with the past form of the verb and nothing else. so she had to catch a bus downtown. Jan finished her report on time. In the morning. but the cupboard was empty.

Yesterday I spend two hours cleaning my living room. We stop in the grocery store and buy some sandwiches. 4. The form of be is determined by the subject of the sentence. What was happened to your leg? Present Progressive Tense Present Progressive Tense Click for Audio The present progressive tense takes the form be + V ing. That is better than waiting for two hours. 8. In English. Correct the mistakes in the following sentences: 1. 3. 71 . 7." 6. He is singing. I am going home. This morning before coming to class. Last night. 5. She is listening.Change the verbs in the following sentence into past tense. the place is full. The waitress asks us if we have reservations. 2. 4. or right now. Jake is speaking to his mother right now. my secretary forgets to make them. 3. 5. Jack eats two bowls of cereal. I say. They are sleeping. the present progressive is used to indicate actions happening at the time of speaking. Please keep quiet. 10. When we arrive at the restaurant. 1. The baby is sleeping. I go to the restaurant with a client. "No. The waitress tells us to come back in two hours. We drive around the parking lot for 20 minutes in order to find a parking space. Then we see a small grocery store. Yesterday. My client and I slowly walk back to the car. My pet lizard was died last month. 2. 9. Samantha have pizza for supper. The present progressive can also be used to indicate actions occurring over a period of time which includes the present.

you eat They. Ongoing Don't bother Mr. imminent or future actions. Just let me put on my shoes. Simple Present Tense This page is sponsored by: English Course London Simple Present Tense Click for Audio 1A. He rakes leaves. Subjects with verb in ?s form: She makes toys. Examples Subjects followed by verb in base form: I like rice. Subject base form -s form I.) A: Are you going to the concert this weekend? B: I wish I could. The simple present is sufficient. Grace is working at a chemical factory. where are you? B: I'm coming. 72 . Future (Note the presence of future time words. developing. We Plural nouns He. but I'm meeting an important client from Oklahoma. Some non-action verbs do not occur in the present progressive tense. Grumpy while he is watching the football game. You look nice. Developing I'm beginning to like this place! Imminent A: Honey. Explanation The simple present tense takes one of two forms depending on the subject. What are you doing these days? The present progressive is sometimes used to indicate ongoing. It Singular nouns Non count-nouns go work eats goes works 1B.I'm taking five classes at the university. She.

the Bartlett twins get on the bus. Be sure to use the -s form of the verb when the subject of a sentence is singular. Every day he gets up at 7:00 a. Ms. Water slakes thirst. Lee enjoys seeing the kids every day and is happy to see them again in the afternoon when he drives them safely back home. Grandpa washes plates. Routine actions 2. he gets on Bus #405 and starts the engine. he picks up Mrs. Jones (teach/teaches) geography. Some people bring gifts to parties. then try to repeat the main ideas in your own words. Mr. Jill loves dates. She works at the post office and has to be to work by 9:00. eats his breakfast. 2C. 2A. Carol usually drives to work.m. Jerry (come/comes) to school on time. Then. Explanation Use the simple present tense to indicate: 1. 1C. The cat (sleep/sleeps) on the sofa every day. Milk (cost/costs) two dollars a quart. Bees sting when they are disturbed. He showers. Water consists of hydrogen and oxygen. reread the above paragraph. We throw dice. Smith fills crates. His wife drives him to the station where he checks in with his supervisor. Hawaii is in the Pacific Ocean. Lee is a bus driver. 4. and they ride until the bus reaches their school. He pulls out of the parking lot and begins his route. Mr. Children sing on special occasions. who lives in a red house on the corner of Main Street and Seventh Avenue. and puts on his uniform. Some birds fly south for the winter. To practice the present tense. Jerry and Linda (come/comes) to school on time. and prepares for his day. The teacher grades homework on Fridays. It takes time. 2. Exercises 1. The boys ring the doorbell. More children get on at the next three stops. Exercises 1. At his first stop. 3. Note how the present tense is used in the following paragraph. Chefs use spice. 5. Miller. At the next stop. The dog jumps gates. Mom bakes pies. Mr. Examples Facts Routine actions John brushes his teeth every morning. Have a partner listen to your speech and 73 .They think twice. They attend class at Bayside Elementary. Facts 2B.

check for correct usage of verbs. 3. we're going to eat a whole watermelon together. Jack like Chinese food. the words going to are often pronounced ? gonna . Last night I watch television for two hours. (Correct) (Incorrect ) 2. Mr. She's going to eat a whole watermelon.C. Last night I watched television for two hours. I'm going to finish my homework in an hour. Every day. 5. In speech. The most common are with will and be going to. Melinda and Harry work in the bank. Yesterday I go to Washington D. I'm going to eat a whole watermelon. They usually take the bus to the office. (Correct) (Incorrect ) Simple Future Tense Simple Future Tense Click for Audio In English the Future Time is expressed in a number of ways.? 74 . make sure the verb be agrees with its subject. With be going to. Tell whether the present tense is appropriate in the following sentences. Incorrect 1. 4. Actually. Correct Correct Correct Correct Correct Incorrec t Incorrec t Incorrec t Incorrec t Common Mistakes with the simple present tense 1. See examples from the following sentences. Not using the -s form with singular subjects: Jack likes Chinese food. Right now Susan eats her breakfast. 2. Johnson cleans his living room. I will finish my homework in an hour. Using the simple present tense when another tense is required. 2.

B: I'll take them. My prints are going to be here tomorrow. Be going to is preferable for strong intentions or for describing the inevitable. time words must be expressed or clearly implied. We're going to win! Will is the preferable form for making offers or expressing pop decisions. 75 . I'm going to give her a piece of my mind. (Predictions and guesses) My prints will be here tomorrow. I fly to Beijing tomorrow. I'm flying to Beijing tomorrow. In such cases. NOT: I gonna stay? NOT: I'm gonna to stay? What's the difference between will and be going to? Both can be used interchangeably in some cases. Sometimes future time can be expressed with either the present or present progressive tense. A: I have two tickets left for the front row.Don't forget the be verb. I'm flying to Beijing . There's no way they can score 21 points in 2 minutes. Sorry I can't attend the picnic on Saturday. A: Who will help me finish this chocolate cake? B: I will. A: What are you gonna do this weekend? B: I'm gonna stay home and clean my carpet.

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