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CHEMISTRY CREST

EAMCET 2008(ENGINEERING)

Maximum Marks: 40

Question paper format and Marking scheme: 1. This question paper has 40 questions of equal weight age. Each question is allotted 1 mark for each correct response. 2. No deduction from the total score will be made if no response is indicated for an item in the answer sheet. 3. There is only one correct response for each question. Filling up more than one response in each question will be treated as wrong response

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CHEMISTRY CREST
121.

EAMCET 2008(ENGINEERING)

An electronic transition in hydrogen atom results in the formation of H line of hydrogen in Lyman series, the energies associated with the electron in each of the orbits involved in the transition (in kCal mol1 ) are (1) -3136, -34.84 (2) -313,6, -78.4 (3) -313.6, -78.4 (4) -78.4, -19.6 (2) H line in Lyman series refers to electron transition from n = 2 to n = 1 orbit. Energies associated with these orbits are, 313.6 E (H ) = k cal mol1 n 2 n
E = 1 313.6 = 313.6 k cal mol1 2 1

Sol.

E = 2
122.

313.6 = 78.4 k cal mol1 2 2

The velocities of two particles A and B are 0.05 and 0.02 ms-1 respectively. The mass of B is five times of mass of respectively. The mass of B is five times of mass of A. The ratio of their de Broglies wavelength is (1) 2:1 (2) 1:4 (3) 1:1 (4) 4:1 (1) Debroglies equation h = mv

Sol.

A = mB vB mA v A B

A = 5m 0.02 m 0.05 B : = 2 :1 A B
123. If the mass defect of B11 is 0.081 amu, its average binding energy (in meV) is 5 (1) 8.60 (2) 6.85 (3) 5.60 (4) 5.86 (2) Binding energy = Mass defect x 931 = 0.081 931 = 75.411 Average binding energy = BE / no of nucleons 75.411 = 6.85 MeV 11 Page 2

Sol.

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CHEMISTRY CREST
124.

EAMCET 2008(ENGINEERING)

The atomic numbers of elements A, B, C and D are z-1, z, z+1 and z+2, respectively. If B is a noble gas, choose the correct answers from the following statements: (a) A has higher electron affinity (b) C exists in +2 oxidation state (c) D is an alkaline Earth metal (1) a and b (2) b and c (3) a and c (4) a, b and c (3) A belongs to VIIA group (Halogens) high EA B belongs to O group (Noble gas) C belongs to IA group( Alkali metal). It exists in +1 oxidation state D belongs to II A group (Alkaline earth metal) The bond length of HCl molecule is 1.275 A0 and its dipole moment is 1.03D. The ionic character of the molecule (in percent) (charge of the electron = 4.8 10-10 c.s.u) is (1) 100 (2) 67.3 (3) 33.66 (4) 16.83 (4) Calculated dipole moment 4.8 1010 1.2575 108 = 11018 = 6.12 D

Sol.

125.

Sol.

%ionic character =
=

exp tl theoritical

x100

1.03 100 6.12 = 16.83%

126.

Which one of the following is a correct set? (1) H2O, sp3, angular (2) BCl3, sp3, angular (3) NH + , dsp 2 , square planar 4 (4)

CH 4 , dsp 2 , tetrahedral

Sol.

(1) In H2O, hybridization of O is sp3 and shape is angular. In BCl3, hybridization of B is sp2 and shape is trigonal planar In NH4+, hybridization of N is sp3 and shape is tetrahedral In CH4, hybridization of C is sp3 and shape is tetrahedral

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CHEMISTRY CREST
27. Match the following: List I (A) (B) (C) (D)
10g. CaCO 3 decomposition

EAMCET 2008(ENGINEERING)

List II (at STP) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) 0.224 lit. CO2 4.48 lit. CO2 0.448 lit. CO2 2.24 lit. CO2 22.4 lit. CO2

excess HCl 1.06g. Na CO 2 3 excess O 2 2.4 g. C combusion excess O 2 0.56 g. CO combusion

Sol.

The correct match is A B C (1) iv i ii (2) v i ii (3) iv i iii (4) i iv ii (1) (A) No. of moles n CaCO =
3

D iii iii ii iii


10 = 0.1 100

CaCO CaO + CO 3 2 0.1mole 0.1mole Vol. of CO = 0.1 22.4 = 2.24 lit. 2 1.06 (B) No. of moles n Na CO = = 0.01 2 3 106 Na CO + 2HCl 2NaCl + CO + H O 2 3 2 2 0.01mole 0.01mole Vol. of CO = 0.01 22.4 = 0.224 lit. 2 2.4 (C) No. of moles n = = 0.2 C 12 C + O CO 2 2 0.2 moles 0.2 moles

Vol. of CO2 = 0.2 22.4 = 4.48 lit. 0.56 (D) No. of moles n CO = = 0.02 28 1 CO + O CO 2 0.02 moles 2 2 0.02 moles Vol. of CO2 = 0.02 22.4 = 0.448 lit.

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CHEMISTRY CREST
128.

EAMCET 2008(ENGINEERING)

What is the temperature at which the kinetic energy of 0.3 moles of Helium is equal to the kinetic energy of 0.4 moles of Argon at 400 K? (1) 400 K (2) 873 K (3) 533 K (4) 300 K (3)
3 nRT 2 K .E = K .E He Ar n T =n T 11 2 2 0.3 T = 0.4 400 1 0.4 400 1600 T = = = 533 K 1 0.3 3 K .E =

Sol.

129.

When 25 grams of a non-volatile solute is dissolved in 100 grams of water, the vapour pressure is lowered by 2.25 10-1 mm. If the vapour pressure of water at 20 0C is 17.5 mm, what is the molecular weight of the solute? (1) 206 (2) 302 (3) 350 (4) 276 (3) Acc to Raoults law, P0 P w M = x P0 m W 1 2.25 10 25 18 = 17.5 m 100 25 18 17.5 m= 2.25 101 100 = 350 50 ml of H2O is added to 50 ml of 1 10-3 M barium hydroxide solution. What is the pH of the resulting solution? (1) 3.0 (2) 3.3 (3) 11.0 (4) 11.7 (3) 1x103 x50 = M 2 x100

Sol.

130.

Sol.

M 2 = 0.5 103 M
OH = 2 0.5 103 = 1103 N

POH = 3 pH = 11

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CHEMISTRY CREST
131.

EAMCET 2008(ENGINEERING)

Assertion (A) : The aqueous solution of CH COONa is alkaline in nature. 3 Reason (R) : Acetate ion undergoes anionic hydrolysis. The correct answer is: (1) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A (2) Both A and R are true but R is the correct explanation of A (3) A is true but R is not true (4) A is not true but R is true (1)
CH COO + H O CH COOH + OH 3 2 3 ( aq ) Anion Weak acid CH COO undergoes anionic hydrolysis, results in alkaline solution 3

Sol.

132.

When same quantity of electricity is passed through aqueous AgNO3 and H2SO4 solutions connected in series, 5.04 10-2 g of H is liberated. What is the mass of silver (in grams) deposited?
2

(Eq. wts of Hydrogen = 1.008, silver = 108) (1) 54 (2) 0.54 (3) 5.4 (4) 10.8 Sol. (3) Faradays second law of electrolysis, wt. of Ag deposited Eq. wt of Ag = wt. of hydrogen liberated Eq. wt of hydrogen 5.04 x 10-2 x 108 Wt. of Ag deposited = = 5.4 g 1.008 When electric current is passed through acidified water for 1930 seconds. 1120 ml of H2 gas is collected (at STP) at the cathode. What is the current passed in amperes? (1) 0.05 (2) 0.50 (3) 5.0 (4) 50 (3)
Wt. of H2 gas =
1120 2 = 0.1 g 22400 Acc to Faraday 1st law of electrolysis, G.At.wt c t m= Valency 96500 1 Cx1930 0.1 = 1 96500 C = 5 amp.

133.

Sol.

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CHEMISTRY CREST
134.

EAMCET 2008(ENGINEERING)

For a crystal, the angle of diffraction (2 ) is 900 and the second order line has a d value of 2.28 A0. the wavelength (in A0) of X-rays used for Braggs diffraction is (1) 1.14 (2) 2.00 (3) 2.28 (4) 4.00 No correct option. n = 2d sin 2 2.28 sin 450 2.28 1 = = 2 2 2.28 = = 1.613 1.414 In a 500 ml flask, the degree of dissociation of PCl5 at equilibrium is 40% and the initial amount is 5 moles. The value of equilibrium constant in mol lit 1 for the decomposition of PCl5 is (1) 2.33 (2) 2.66 (3) 5.32 (4) 4.66 (2)
PCl PCl + Cl 5 3 2 At start 5 mole o moles 0 moles 5 40 At eq. 2 moles 2 moles 5 100 =3 moles 2 2 [ PCl3 ][Cl2 ] = 500 x 500 = 2.67 x103 mole / cc = 2.66 moles. lit 1 Kc = 3 [ PCl5 ] 500

Sol.

135.

Sol.

136.

For a reversible reaction A B , which one of the following statements is wrong from the given energy profile diagram?

(1) (2) (3) (4) Sol.

Activation energy of forward reaction is greater than backward reaction The forward reaction is endothermic The threshold energy is less than that of activation energy The energy of activation of forward reaction is equal to the sum of heat of reaction and the energy of activation of backward reaction

(3) Threshold energy is always greater than activation energy. Ea = ET energy of normal colliding molecules Page 7

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CHEMISTRY CREST
137.

EAMCET 2008(ENGINEERING)

Calculate H is kJ for the following reaction C ( s ) + O ( g ) CO ( g ) 2 2 Given that, H O +C CO +H H = +131kJ 2 (g) (g) ( g ) 2( g ) 1 CO + O CO H = 282 kJ g ) 2 2(g ) 2( g ) ( H + 1/ 2 O H O H = 242 kJ 2 (g) 2( g ) 2( g ) (1) -393 (2) +393 (3) +655 (1) H O +C CO + H 2 (g) (g) ( g ) 2( g )
CO 1 + O CO 2( g ) ( g ) 2 2( g ) 1 H + O H O 2 (g) 2( g ) 2 2( g )
H = +131 kJ
H = 282 kJ H = 242 kJ H = 393 kJ

(4) -655

Sol.

(g)

+O CO 2( g ) 2( g )

138.

Which one of the following graphs represents Freundlisch adsorption isotherm?

(1)
Sol.

(2)

(3)

(4)

(3) Freundich adsorption isotherm, x P1/ n m x . = kP1/ n m x 1 log = log k + log P m n x a plot of log against lop P is a straight line with +ve slope (1/n), intercept is log k m Page 8

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CHEMISTRY CREST
139.

EAMCET 2008(ENGINEERING)

Which one of the following reactions represents the oxidizing property of H2O2? (1) 2 KMnO + 3H SO + 5 H O K SO + 2 MnSO + 8 H O + 5O 4 2 4 2 2 2 4 4 2 2 (2) 2K Fe ( CN )6 + 2KOH + H O 2K Fe ( CN )6 + 2H O + O 3 2 2 4 2 2 (3) PbO + H O PbO + H O + O 4 2 2 2 2 (4) 2 KI + H SO + H O K SO + I + 2 H O 2 4 2 2 2 4 2 2 (4)
-1 0 2 KI + H SO + H O K SO + I + 2 H O 2 4 2 2 2 4 2 2 In other reactions H2O2 is a reducing agent.

Sol.

140.

Which of the following statements are correct for alkali metal compounds? (i) Superoxides are paramagnetic in nature. (ii) The basic strengths of hydroxides increases down the group. (iii) The conductivity of chlorides in their aqueous solutions decreases down the group. (iv) The basic nature of carbonates in aqueous solutions is due to cationic hydrolysis. (1) (i), (ii) and (iii) only (2) (i) and (ii) only (3) (ii), (iii) and (iv) only (4) (iii) and (iv) only (2) Statements (i) and (ii) are correct. Statements (iii) and (iv) are wrong. Boron halides behave as Lewis acids because of theirnature (1) Proton donor (2) Covalent (3) Electron deficient

Sol.

141.

(4) Ionizing

Sol.

(3) In Boron halides, the central atom Boron has six electrons around it. So, they are electron deficient and hence Lewis acids. Identify B in the following reaction: 10000 C Carbon H SiO A B + CO 4 4 H O 2 (1) Corundum (2) Quartz

142.

(3) Silica

(4) Carborumdum

Sol.

(4) Orthosilisic acid on heating forms silica which on heting with coke in an electric furnace forms Silicon carbide(carborundum) 10000 C electric fumace H SiO SiO + 2 H O ; SiO + 3C SiC + 2CO 4 4 2 2 2 B A Page 9

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CHEMISTRY CREST
143.

EAMCET 2008(ENGINEERING)

The correct order of reducing abilities of hydrides of V group elements is (1) NH < PH < AsH < SbH < BiH (2) NH > PH > AsH > SbH > BiH 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 (3) NH < PH > AsH > SbH > BiH (4) SbH > BiH > AsH > NH > PH 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 (1) The reducing ability of hydrides of VA group elements increases from NH3 to BiH3 due to decreasing M - H bond strength. The number of sigma and pi bonds in peroxo di sulphuric acid are, respectively (1) 9 and 4 (2) 11 and 4 (3) 4 and 8 (4) 4 and 9 (2) Peroxo di sulphuric acid or Marshalls acid is: O O

Sol.

144.

Sol.

H O S O O S O H O O There are 11 sigma and 4 pi bonds.


145. Which one of the following reactions does not occur? (1) F + 2Cl 2F + Cl (2) Cl + 2F 2Cl + F 2 2 2 2 (3) Br + 2 I 2Br + I (4) Cl + 2 Br 2Cl + Br 2 2 2 2 (2) Oxidising powers of halogens decreases in the order: Fluorine > chlorine > Bromine > Iodine So reaction Cl + 2F 2Cl + F does not occur. 2 2 The compound in which the number of d p bonds are equal to those present in CIO 4 (1) XeF (2) XeO (3) XeO (4) XeF 4 4 6 3 (2)

Sol.

146.

Sol.

Three ( p d ) bonds present.

Three ( p d ) bonds present.

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CHEMISTRY CREST
147.

EAMCET 2008(ENGINEERING)

Sol.

Co NH SO Br and Co NH Br SO4 are a pair of .isomers 3 4 3 5 (1) Ionization (2) Ligand (3) Co-ordination (4) Hydrate (1) Co NH SO Br gives Br ions in aq. Solution. 3 5 4 SO2 ions in aq. Solution. Co NH 3 5 Br SO4 gives 4 They are ionization isomers.

( (

) )

148. Sol.

Among the following compounds, which one is not responsible for depletion of ozone layer? (1) CH (2) CFCl (3) NO (4) Cl 4 3 2 (1) CFCs, NO, Cl2 cause depletion of ozone layer. CH4 does not. Which of the following compound(s) has z configuration?

149.

Cl
(I)
H

Br

Cl
(II)

Cl
(III)

CH 3
C=C

C=C
F

C=C
H Br

Br

(1) I only (3) III only


Sol. (4)

(2) II only (40 I and III

higher At. No. (i) lower At. No.

Cl

Br

higher At. No.

C=C
H F

lower At. No.

higher At. No. (iii) lower At. No.

Br
C=C
Cl

CH 3

higher At. No.

lower At. No.

(i) And (iii) have z configuration.


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CHEMISTRY CREST
150.

EAMCET 2008(ENGINEERING)

Sol.

According to Cahn-Ingold-Prelog sequence rules, the correct order of priority for the given groups are: (1) COOH > CH OH > OH > CHO (2) COOH > CHO > CH OH > COOH 2 2 (3) OH > CH OH > CHO> COOH (4) OH > COOH > CHO> CH OH 2 2 (4) According to Cahn Ingold Prelog notation system, the correct order is: -OH > COOH > -CHO > -CH2OH What are the X and Y respectively in the following reaction? Y X Z product 2-Butyne E-product (1) Na/NH and Pd/BaSO + H (2) Ni /1400 C and Pd/BaSO4 + H2 4 2 3 ( liq.)

151.

Sol.

(3) Ni /1400 C and Na / NH 3 ( liq.) (1) Na/Li NH ( liq ) 3


CH C C CH 3 3

(4) Pb / BaSO + H and Na / NH 4 2 3 ( liq.)

CH 3
C=C
H

(trans)

CH 3 CH 3

CH
Pd/BaSO + H 4 2 ( Lindiar catalyst )
152.

3
C=C

H (cis) In which of the following reactions, chlorine acts as an oxidizing agent? (i) CH CH OH + Cl CH CHO + HCl 3 2 2 3 (ii) CH CH O + Cl CCl .CHO + HCl 3 2 2 3 hv (iii) CH + Cl CH Cl + HCl 4 2 3 The correct answer is (1) (i) only (2) (ii) only (3) (i) and (iii) (4) (i),(ii) and (iii)

Sol.

(4)

(i) (ii) (iii)

-2 +1 2 Oxdn. 0 +1 C H O C H 2 6 2 4 -1 +1 2 Oxdn. +2 1 C H O C Cl 2 4 2 3 -4 +1 Oxdn. 2 +1 1 C H C H Cl 4 3

2 O 2 + 1 2 H O

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CHEMISTRY CREST
153.

EAMCET 2008(ENGINEERING)

The correct order of reactivity of hydrogen halides with ethyl alcohol is (1) HF > HCl > HBr > HI (2) HCl > HBr > HF > HI (3) HBr > HCl > HI > HF (4) HI > HBr > HCl > HF (4) The reactivity order of hydrogen halides with ethyl alcohol is HI > HBr > HCl > HF The IUPAC name of CH 3
C H O CH 2 5 CH 3

Sol.

154.

(1) Ethoxy propane (3) 3-Ethoxy isoppropane

(2) 1, 1-dimethyl ether (4) 2-Ethoxy propane

Sol.

(4)

2-Ethoxy propane 155. Acetone on addition to methyl magnesium bromide forms a complex, which on decomposition with acid gives X and Mg(OH)Br. Which one of the following is X? (1) CH OH 3
(3) CH CHOH 3 2

(2) CH

3 3

COH

(4) CH CH OH 3 2

Sol.

(2)
CH 3 CH 3
OMgBr CH 3

OH C
3 CH 3

C = O+CH MgBr 3 CH CH 3 3

C
CH 3

H+

CH

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CHEMISTRY CREST
156. Identify A and B in the following reaction: B A CH CH CH COOH CH CH OH 3 3 3 3 2 A B (1) HI + Red P LiAlH 4 (2) Ni/ LiAlH 4 (3) LiAlH HI + Red P 4 (4) Pd BaSO Zn + HCl 4 (3)
LiA / H 4 CH COOH CH CH OH 3 3 2 HI+Red P CH COOH CH CH 3 3 3

EAMCET 2008(ENGINEERING)

Sol.

157.

The structure of the compound formed, when nitrobenzene is reduced by lithium aluminium hydride LiA/H

) is

NHOH

N
(1)
H

N
H

(2)

NH
N
(3)

N
(4)

Sol.

(3)

NO 2

2 LiA/H 4 +8 [ H ]

N
Azo benzene

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CHEMISTRY CREST
158. Match the following: List I (A) (B) (C) (D) Oxyhemoglobin Aspirin Hemoglobin Chlorophyll (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) The correct match is: A B C (1) v i ii (2) iv ii i (3) iii i ii (4) v ii iii Sol. (1) Oxyhaemoglobin -Fe2+ paramagnetic Haemoglobin Oxygen carriers 159. D iii iii iv i

EAMCET 2008(ENGINEERING)

List II (at STP) Analgesic Oxygen carriers Photosynthesis Oil of winter green
Fe 2+ Paramagnetic

Aspirin Analgesic Chlorophyll Photosynthesis

If M W is the weight average molecular weight and M n is the number-average molecular weight of a polymer, the poly dispersity index (PDI) of the polymer is given by Mn M 1 (1) (2) w (3) M w M n (4) M M M w Mn w n
(2)

Sol.

PDI =
160.

weight - average mol. wt. M w number-average mol. wt. M n

Sol.

Hydrolysis of sucrose with dilute aqueous sulfuric acid yields (1) 1 : 1D (+) glucose; D () fructose (2) 1 : 2D (+) glucose; D () fructose (3) 1 : 1D () glucose; D (+) fructose (4) 1 : 2D () glucose; D (+)fructose (1) dil.H SO 2 4 C H O + H O C H O + C H O 12 22 11 2 6 12 6 6 12 6 sucrose D ( + ) glu cos e D ( ) fructose

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