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Before entering a classroom, the teacher need to formulate objectives, select and organize content, choose teaching methods, and design assignment, and finally evaluate learning.

Developing a course outline or syllabus: 1. Course outline include: The name of the course. The name of instructor. A one- paragraph course description. A list of course description. Teaching methods to be used. The method of evaluation. The text book or other readings.

A course outline or syllabus is consider a contract between teacher and learners.

II. Formulating objectives: WHY we do need objectives


To guide selection and handling of course To help teachers to determined whether

material. 2. people in the class have learned what you have tried to teach (EVALUATION) 3. 4. Are essential from the learners perspective. To justify the budget of the learning It guide the students in their studying. program. Educational objectives suggested by bloom (1984) and divided into 3 domains: 1. 2. 3. Cognitive (knowing) Psychomotor (doing) Affective(feeling, valuing).

Knowing and doing objectives easy to be measured but in the effective domain are not so easy to write and measure.

Wording of objectives: Goal:" Recognize the parameters of effective hemodailysis" Objectives: The nurse will list and explain, with 95% accuracy, the parameters by which effective hemodailysis is measured" The objectives characteristics


SPECIFIC Measurable Achievable Realistic Timelines

III- Selecting Content: 1. 2. 3. Note; (1) Give yourself time to discuss the meaningfulness of the subject and cover important points without getting bogged down in details that the learners will never remember. (2) It rehearse your content orally in front of a mirror. IV- Organizing Content Headings Subheadings Should follow a logical consequences How much time you can devote to the topic. The kind of background the students have. What you need to include from a text book.

(moving from general to specific) or (from Simple to complex)

V- Selecting teaching methods: What are the factors affecting choice of method: A. It depend on the objectives and type of learning you are trying to achieve. B. In nursing the teaching methods selected should therefore emphasize students activity: Case study, discussion, Simulations, Role- playing, Cooperative learning, Computer use. C. Number of people in the class. With high number modules, computer programs or handout with explanation is greatly useful. With small group ; brain storming, roleplaying, and cooperative learning. The Effectiveness of teaching methods depend on the out come criterion. If the criterion is the acquisition of knowledge may be lecture is useful. While

acquisition of doing objectives it is useful to use training sessions. Choosing the textbook: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Quality of writing How the book organized and the graphics Include introductions to chapters.(give an Keywords in bold face is favorite. Summaries at the end-of- chapter. Study questions, charts, tables, and pictures Cost. Permanency. Quality of print.

that were included. overview to content)

are also reflect the quality of the text.

10. Contain or start with a preface(overview). Note : Planning assignments e.g. Nursing care plan or e.g. case method discussion (presentation).

Conducting the class The first class 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Begin introducing yourself. Welcoming the class can establish a pleasant Reading names and getting correct Ensuring that every one gets the handouts. A little humor is useful Communicate your expectations for the Review the course syllabus. Try to whet the learners appetite for what is

atmosphere. pronunciation.


to come. SUBSEQUENT CLASSES: 1. Gaining and controlling the attention of the learners.


To keep communication skills rule

effectively going.