Units4_5_1_ | Mitosis | Chromosome

General Biology Worksheet 4

Units 4 and 5

Matching: match the term to the description
A. Prophase

B. Interphase

C. Telophase

D. Metaphase

E. Anaphase

_____ 1. The sister chromatids are moving apart.
_____ 9. The chromosomes are moving towards
_____ 2. The nucleolus begins to fade from view.
the poles of
the cell.
_____ 3. A new nuclear membrane is forming
_____ 10. Chromatids line up along the equator.
around the chromosomes.
_____ 4. The cytoplasm of the cell is being
divided.

_____ 11. The spindle is formed.
_____ 12. Chromosomes are not visible.

_____ 5. The chromosomes become invisible.
_____ 13. Cytokinesis is completed.
_____ 6. The chromosomes are located at the
equator
of the cell.

_____ 14. The cell plate is completed.
_____ 15. Chromosomes are replicated.

_____ 7. The nuclear membrane begins to fade
from view.

_____ 16. The reverse of prophase.

_____ 8. The division (cleavage) furrow appears. _____ 17. The organization phase
.
Fill in the blank: Some will be used more than once.
A. Prophase
D. Metaphase
G. Chromatid
J. Spindle fiber
B. Interphase
E. Anaphase
H. Cytokinesis
K. Cell plate
C. Telophase
F. Centromere
I. Mitosis
________________18. What phase are daughter
cells in as a result of mitosis?
________________19. During what phase of mitosis
do centromeres divide and the
chromosomes move toward their
respective poles?
________________20. What is the phase where
chromatin condenses to form
chromosomes?
________________21. What is the name of the
structure that connects the two
chromatids?
________________22. In a chromosome pair
connected by a centromere, what
is each individual chromosome
called?

________________23. What are the two parts of cell
division?
________________
________________24. What structure forms in
prophase along which the
chromosomes move?
________________25. Which phase of mitosis is the
last phase that chromatids are
together?
________________26. Which phase of the cell cycle
is characterized by a non-dividing
cell?
________________27. What structure is produced
when protein fibers radiate from

What phase is it? ____________________2. what structure is labeled X? ____________________5. Use the diagram to answer questions 1-7. In cell A. ____________________6. List the diagrams in order from first to last in the cell cycle. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ . Predict what would happen if an individual had faulty spindle fibers.development between mitotic divisions? centrioles? ________________28. Which cell is in the first phase of M phase (mitosis)? ____________________4. The period of cell growth and The diagram below shows cells in various phases of the cell cycle. What is the longest phase of the cell cycle? 8. Why is mitosis important? ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 9. What is the phase where cytokinesis occurs? ________________29. Cells A & F show an early and a late stage of the same phase of the cell cycle. What forms across the center of a cell near the end of telophase? ________________30. If it were the other type of cell what would be different in the diagrams? ____________________7. Explain your answer. Are the cells depicted plant or animal cells? a. ____________________1. Note the cells are not arranged in the order in which the cell cycle occurs. Which cell is in metaphase? ____________________3. b.

___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 13. State two ways in which meiosis generates variation. from an organism which has a diploid number of 14? ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 14. Predict what would happen if cytokinesis was skipped. Calculate how many differnet types of gametes are possible due to independent assortment. State two significance of meiosis. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 12.10. illustrate how the processes of meiotic and mitotic nuclear division are different. ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 11. . Using a germline cell with a diploid number of 3.

.

What is mendel’s first law of inheritace? ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ 16. Define the following terms i.Mendelian Inheritance 15. What is mendel’s second law of inheritance? ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 17. Genotype ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ vi. Phenotype ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ . Homozygous ______________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ii. Haploid ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ v. Heterozygous ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ iii. Diploid ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ iv.

. When mendel crossed pure breeding pea plants that have purple flowers with pure breeding pea plants that have white flowers.18. the resulting offspings had purple flowers or white flowers in a 3:1 ratio. ______________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ii. ______________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ iii. Using genetic diagrams explain the observations from mendel’s cross. List and define three types of non-mendelian inheritance. all the offsprings had purple flowers. When these offsprings were interbred. i. ______________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 19.

. Describe how the genotype of a organism which shows the dominant phenotypes of seed shape and colour (round yellow seed) could be determined.20. In one of Mendel’s experiments. he observed the simultaneous inheritance of seed shape and seed colour in dihybrid cross of pea plants. I.

Two heterozygous dominant pea plants for round yellow seed were crossed. . If 256 offsprings were produced.II. calculate how many offsprings belonged to the different phenotypic categories.

What is a gene? ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 22. .Information Flow 21. Outline how information in DNA is used to form proteins.

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