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Mobile hardware

Index
1. Invention of mobiles 2. Mobile phone operations 3. The knowledge of mobile components and their works 4. The general circuit diagram 5. The fault finding network problem 6. The fault finding charging problem 7. The fault finding display problem 8. The fault finding battery problem 9. The fault finding speaker problem 10. The fault finding ringer(Buzzer) problem 11. The fault finding vibrator problem 12. The fault finding mic problem 13. The fault finding phonelock problem 14. The fault finding simlock problem 15. The fault finding waterlock problem

Practical
1. Assembling & Disassembling 2. Board settings 3. Dry soldering 4. Components checking 5. Tracks checking 6. Jumper settings 7. IC removing & fittings 8. Code word

Invention of Mobiles:
The first indentified in America 1986. The first indentified in India 1996. The first indentified in company BPL. Worked in radio active signal technology called Mobile.

SIM:
SIM means Subscribe Identity Model. It is a one of the part of the mobile. SIM is microchip electronics transistor.

5 sub division in sim:


1.16 K SIM

2.32 K SIM 3.64 K SIM 4.128 K SIM 5.256 K SIM

1. 16 K SIM:
In this memory capacity 100 to 150 phone book added.

2. 32 K SIM:
In this memory capacity 150 to 200 phone book added.

3. 64 K SIM:
In this memory capacity 200 to 250 phone book added.

4. 128 K SIM:
It is a retailer management sim. Ex- Demo sim.

5. 256 K SIM:
It is a distributor management sim.

SERVICE PROVIDERS:
2 types of service provider 1. Indian service provider 2. Karnataka service provider

1. INDIAN SERVICE PROVIDER:


3 types of service provider 1. GSM service 2. CDMA service 3. TDMA service

2. KARNATAKA SERVICE PROVIDER:


2 types of service 1. GSM service 2. CDMA service

GSM SERVICE:
GSM means Global System of Mobile with sim is called GSM mobile. Ex AIRTEL, VODAFONE, IDEA BSNL

CDMA SERVICE:
CDMA means Code Division Multiply Acceses. Without sim is called CDMA mobile. Ex- RELC, TATA IND, MTS.

TDMA SERVICE:
TDMA means Time Division Multiply Acceses. Its not in Karnataka. Its direct attached the cdma mobile.

MOBILE PHONE OPERATIONS:


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Message Display settings Call settings Phone settings Security settings Re store factory settings.

MESSAGE:
Message center numbers; AIRTEL = +919845087001 IDEA = +919844098440, +919844198441 VODAFONE = +919886005444 BSNL = +919448099997, +9442199997

RE STORE FACTORY SETTINGS:


Star button(*), calling button, number 3 button at a time press the switched on the phone such as formatting.

Conditions;
1. Battery full 2. Remove the memory card & sim 3. Switched of the phone

higher handset
STAR BUTTON(* )

Calling Button 3 BUTTON 5

Lower hand sets:


12345 request pin code 0000

B attery:
3 types of batteries 1. N I M H Battery 2. N I C D Battery 3. L I O N Battery

N IM H:
N I M H means Nickel Metal Hydride. + -

DISADVANTAGES: 4 cell battery

Heavy weight battery 2 or 3 hour charging One day battery backup Net amount 35 to 60 rupees

N I C D BATTERY:
NICD means Nickel Cadmium Battery.

DISADVANTAGES: 3 Cell battery Heat problem 2 hour charging One & half day battery backup Net amount 30 to 50 rupees

L I ON BATTERY:
+ _

Latest battery Weightless battery 1 hour charging 2 or 3 days battery backup Net amount 20 to 35 rs

MULTIMETER:
1. DIGITAL MULTIMETER 2. ANOLOG MULTIMETER

BATTERY CHECKING: 1. DIGITAL : 20 K 2. ANALOG : 10 DC VOLTS

BATTERY ELEMINATOR: 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9

8 TO 9 VOLTS

4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 10 TO 11 VOLTS

BATTERY LIFE : - 800 T0 1000 CHARGINGS 4 types of section in the PCB(Printed circuit of Board). 1. Network section 2. Signal section 3. Power & audio section 4. Top to bottom section(extra parts).

ABSERVATION:1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. I C = INTERGRETED CHIP P C B = PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD C P U = CENTRAL PROCCECING UNIT L E D = LIGHT EMITING DIORD L C D = LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY V C O(F D K) = VOLTAGE CONNECTER OSCILATOR R X(R S) = RECEIVE SECTION T X = TRACKS METER SECTION B P M = BAND PASS MILTON M M C = MULTIMEDIA MEMORY CARD I P A = ISO PROPALY ALCOHOL I M E I = INTERNATIONAL MOBILE EQUIPMENT INDUSTRIES R A M = RANDOM ACCESES MEMORY R O M = READ ONLY MEMORY

IC PRESENT IN THE PCB :


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 9 TORCH TORCH RESISTER TORCH CAPACITOR TORCH DIOARD ON & OFF SWITCH ON & OFF RESISTER ON & OFF CAPACITOR ON & OFF DIOARD NETWORK POWER FILTER CAPACITOR PF IC PF RESISTER PF CAPACITOR COPPLER COIL ANTENA SWITCH TEST MODE & LOCAL MODE RESISTER LED IC LED RESISTER LED CAPACITOR LED TRANSISTER LED DIOARD

21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 10

LED GLASS IC LED INDICATOR DISPLAY IC DISPLAY OUTER LEG IC DISPLAY RESISTER DISPLAY CAPACITOR DISPLAY STRIP DISPLAY DIOARD DISPLAY INDICATOR DISPLAY TRAISTER DISPLAY GLASS IC SIGNAL IC POWER CRYSTAL TX RX MINI TX MEMORY IC DATE & TIME CRYSTAL ZENODE DIOARD (R 22) POWER IC POWER COIL POWER RESISTER POWER CAPACITOR POWER TRANSISTER POWER DIOARD POWER INDICATOR POWER DOUBLE JOINT RESISTER FM IC FM RESISTER FM CAPACITOR FM DOUBLE JOINT RESISTER SIM GLASS IC CPU KEYPAD IC KEYPAD INTERFACE IC KEYPAD RESISTER KEYPAD CAPACITOR KEYPAD DOUBLE JOINT RESISTER KEYPAD TRANSISTER KEYPAD LED KEYPAD DIOARD INNER KEYPAD

63. KEYPAD INDICATOR 64. CHARGING IC 65. CHARGING RESISTER 66. CHARGING CAPACITOR 67. CHARGING K RESISTER 68. CHARGING FUSE RESISTER 69. CHARGING DIOARD 70. CHARGING INDICATOR 71. CHARGING TRANSISTER 72. CHARGING DOUBLE JOINT RESISTER 73. CHARGING GLASS IC 74. SPEAKER RESISTER 75. SPEAKER CAPACITOR 76. SPEAKER DIOARD 77. SPEAKER DOUBLE JOINT RESISTER 78. SPEAKER TRANSISTER 79. MIC RESISTER 80. MIC CAPACITOR 81. MIC DOUBLE JOINT RESISTER 82. MIC DIOARD 83. MIC TRANSISTER 84. VIBRATOR RESISTER 85. VIBRATOR CAPACITOR 86. VIBRATOR DOUBLE JOINT RESISTER 87. VIBRATOR TRANSISTER 88. RINGER IC (BUZZER) 89. RINGER RESISTER 90. RINGER CAPACITOR 91. RINGER TRANSISTER 92. RINGER DOUBLE JOINT RESISTER 93. RINGER DIOARD 94. AUDIO IC 95. AUDIO RESISTER 96. AUDIO CAPACITOR 97. AUDIO TRANSISTER 98. AUDIO DIOARD 99. AUDIO INDICATOR 100. INFRARED IC 101. INFRARED RESISTER 102. INFRARED CAPACITOR 103. INFRARED TRANSISTER 104. INFRARED INDICATOR 11

105. 106. 107. 108. 109. 110. 111. 112. 113. 114. 115. 116. 117. 118. 119. 120. 121. 122. 123. 124. 125. 126. 127.

INFRARED DIOARD BLUETOOTH IC BLUETOOTH RESISTER BLUETOOTH CAPACITOR BLUETOOTH DIOARD BLUETOOTH TRANSISTER BLUETOOTH DOUBLE JOINT RESISTER BLUETOOTH INDICATOR CAMERA IC CAMERA RESISTER CAMERA CAPACITOR CAMERA DIOARD CAMERA TRANSISTOR CAMERA GLASS IC CAMERA INDICATOR MMC IC MMC RESISTOR MMC CAPACITOR MMC TRANSISTOR MMC GLASS IC MMC DIOARD MMC INDICATOR MMC DOUBLE JOINT RESISTER

I C COLOURS & SHAPES :


1. RESISTER = 2. CAPACITOR = = BLACK COLOUR = BROWN COLOUR = RED YELLOW

3. POWER FILTER CAPACITOR = 4. PF IC = = BLACK COLOUR

5. ANTENA SWITCH = 6. TX = = STEEL COLOUR

= SILVER COLOUR

7. FDK(VCO) = 8. COPPLER COIL = 12

= SILVER COLOUR = WHITE COLOUR

9. OUTER LEG IC = 10. POWER COIL =

= BLACK COLOUR OR = = BLACK OR SILVER COLOUR = SILVER COLOUR

11. BATTERY BACKUP IGNITITION SHELL = 12. TRANSISTER = 13. GLASS IC = 14. CPU = 15. MEMORY IC = 16. POWER IC = = BLACK COLOUR = GLASS TYPE = BLACK & GOLD RING OR

= BLACK COLOUR

8** = BLACK COLOUR = BLACK COLOUR

17. ZENODE DIOARD = R22 18. FM IC =

= BLACK OR GLASS TYPE = BLACK COLOUR

19. KEYPAD INTER FACE IC =

20. FUSE RESISTER =

= BROWN COLOUR

21. DOUBLE JOINT RESISTER = 22. CHARGING IC =

=BLACK COLOUR

= BLACK COLOUR = GLASS TYPE = BLACK COLOUR

23. GHARGING GLASS IC = 24. ROM & FLASH IC = 25. FLASH IC = 26. INDICATOR =

= BLACK COLOUR = BLACK OR SILVER COLOUR = BLACK & RED MIX OR = BLACK COLOUR BLACK COLOUR

27. DATE & TIME CRYSTAL = 28. CHARGING DIOARD = 13

1100- 1108- 2300-2600 DIAGRAM :

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FUNCTION OF IC & THEIR WORKS :


1. PF IC : Catch the network, store the network, produce the network. 2. PF RESISTER & CAPACITOR It passes to voltage for PF. 3. ANTENA SWITCH: Catches the network, passes (TX) the network & accesses the network. 4. RX: Receive the extra network to network section. 5. COPPLER COIL: Filter the network. 6. MINI TX: Pass the voltage from signal section to network section. 7. TX: Pass the signal from signal section to network section. 8. SIGNAL IC: Receive the signal frequency & also pass the voltage. 9. VCO(FDK): Pass the voltage to both signal & network section components. 10. POWER CRYSTAL: Pass the power to VCO. 11. SIGNAL COPPLER COIL: It filter the signal & power. 12.POWER IC: Pass the power to all the part of PCB. 13.FLASH IC: Store the all types of menu program.. 14.RAM IC: Access the program stored in flash IC. 15.CPU: Controls all the parts of PCB.

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16.AUDIO IC: Control all types of audio present in PCB. 1) Incoming voices 2) Outing voices 3) Ringing voices 17.CHARGING IC: Help to charge the battery. 18.SIM GLASS IC: Help to read the sim card. 19.CAMERA IC: Help to computer the photos saved. 20.BLUETOOTH IC: Help to data transferring from own mobile to another mobile & help to Gallery opening. 21. MEMORY CARD GLASS IC: To access the stored program in memory card & help to open memory card. 22. MEMORY CARD BLACK IC: Its help to data the memory card in gallery. 23. KEYPAD IC: Help to work keypad. 24. DISPLAY GLASS IC: Help to show the graphics & letters on display. 25. RETHU IC: (power ic):Pass the power to all the parts of PCB. 26. THAVO IC: (charging ic) The charging the battery. 27. 1851 LED IC: pass the display lighting function & also pass the voltage to keypad led & display LCD. 28.LIGHTING GLASS IC: Its help to work display light & keypad light. 29.BOOT IC : Its help to boot the power & programs at a time.

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30.HEADPHONE GLASS IC: To connect the headphone. 31.HEADPHONE & RESISTER & CAPACITOR: It helps to pass the voltage to earphone. 32.RINGER GLASS IC: Pass the function & voltage to ringer through ringer resister & capacitor. 33.SIM RESISTER & CAPACITOR: Pass voltage to sim tray. 34. POWER ON & OFF RESISTER: It helps to switch on the power. 35.CHARGING FUSE CAPACITOR: Its control the high voltage from charger. 36.CHARGING DIOARD & ZENOD DIOARD: Pass the charging voltage to charging IC & avoid reverse voltage. 37. CAMERA COIL: Pass the voltage to camera IC. 38.POWER FILTER CAPACITOR: Filter the power comes from battery.

PROBLEMS OF IC:
1) 1. 2. 3. 4. 2) PF:- Any water damage or loose connection or any short. No Network Found. No Network Coverage. No Operator Found. No Access. ANTENA SWITCH:- Any water damage or loose connection. 1. Low Network Coverage. 2. Network drop. 3. Network variation. 4. No access. 3) RX:- Any water damage or loose connection. 1. No network.

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4) MINI TX & SIGNAL IC:1. network drop. 2.long time searching 5) V C O (F D K):1. No operator found. 2. No network coverage. 3. All types of network problem. 6. POWER CRYSTAL:1. No network 2. Set dead 7.CHARGING IC & THAVO IC:1. Charging not supported 2. Sounds comes from charger 3. Charger error 4. Invalid battery 8. ZENOID DIOARD & CHARGING DIOARD:1. sounds comes from charger 2. charger light wheel get switch off 3. no charger indication 9.CHARGING CAPACITOR:1. show the charging indication but not charging. 2. charging indication dim & dip. 3. charging fuse capacitor 4. no charging indication on display.

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10. K RESISTER:1. not charging. 2. not charging indication. 11. FLASH & RAM IC :1. contact services 2. contact retailer 3. contact recharge customer 4. restart problem 5. hanging problem & all types of problem 12. CAMERA IC : 1. camera white screen 2. photo not saving 3. future not supported 13. CAMERA RESISTER & CAPACITOR:-

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