Real-Time Operating Systems Displays Mil/Aero Electronics In This Issue...

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MeaWelREV_LEDS_1003 1 3/2/10 1:26 PM
Vol. 54, No. 8 JANUARY 2012
coNteNts
PRODUCT
UPDATE
Connectors
and sockets
56
OUTLOOK
A new Co-Fe alloy
for MEMS
COVER STORY
36th ANNUAL Product of the Year Awards
31
ADN3000-06/11 Optical Receivers from Analog Devices
3LG Family of CrystalFree CMOS Oscillators
from Integrated Device Technology
IR3550 Buck Gate Driver from International Rectifier
KJ-33000 MEMS Joystick from Knowles Acoustics
LabMaster 9 Zi-A Modular Oscilloscope System
from LeCroy
LTC5569 Dual Active Downconverting Mixer
from Linear Technology
MAX44007 / MAX44009 Digital Ambient-Light Sensor ICs
from Maxim Integrated Products
MXC6226XC MEMS Thermal Accelerometer from MEMSIC
PXIe-5665 14-GHz PXIe VSA from National Instruments
EPIC PS25x01 Series Electric-potential Sensors
from Plessey
QHS710 802.11n 4x4 MIMO Chipset
from Quantenna Communications
22-in. Transparent Color LCD Panel
from Samsung Electronics LCD Business
SF-2200 SSD Processor from SandForce
MHP30-36 Metal Hybrid PPTC Circuit Protection
from TE Connectivity
PlanarMag E2101 10/100 Ethernet Media Filter
from TE Connectivity
BQ25504 Boost Charger IC from Texas Instruments
National LM5113 GaN Gate Driver from Texas Instruments
TMP006 MEMS IR Temperature Sensor
from Texas Instruments
Virtex-7 2000T Field-Programmable Gate Array from Xilinx
FEATURES
18
Displays
Changing the capacitive touch-sensing methodology
22
Real-Time Operating Systems
RTOS facilitates MCU power management
28
Real-Time Operating Systems
Using a RTOS in multicore-based MCU designs
ENERGY-SAVING INITIATIVE SERIES
46
sic MosFets offer superior switching
48
Power-efficient comm engines in FPGAs
C
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o
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p
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DEPARTMENTS
6
Viewpoint: Yeah, it may just be that simple
8
Product of the Year Story Behind the Story:
Judging the Product of the Year entries
11
OUTLOOK (Technology News)
◾ Advanced electrode may aid large-scale power
storage
◾ Alloy sensitive to magnetic fields could produce
new MEMS devices
◾ Team demos control of magnetic thermal
fluctuations using current
◾ APEC 2012 brings latest in power to Orlando
◾ DesignCon 2012 begins Jan. 30
50
Product Teardown: What’s Inside
Apple iPhone 4S Mobile Handset
52
Product Application: Mil/Aero Electronics
Multicore DSPs support power-efficient,
high-performance UAVs
56
Product Update: Connectors and sockets
NEW PRODUCTS
62
Intergrated Circuits
64
Components & Subassemblies
71
Power Sources
74
Test & Measurement
77
Packaging & Interconnections
Electronic Products Magazine (USPS 539490) (ISSN 0013-4953)—Published monthly by Hearst Business Communications Inc./UTP Division, 50 Charles Lindbergh Blvd., Suite 100, Uniondale, NY 11553.
Periodicals postage paid Garden City, NY and additional mailing offices. Electronic Products is distributed at no charge to qualified persons actively engaged in the authorization, recommendation or
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www2.electronicproducts.com/electronicProductsBlogs.aspx
environmental benefits of smart meters
Maxim Integrated Products
From the education center:
5 things to know: IBM’s racetrack memory chip
what’s ONLINE...
electronicproducts.com
11
What’s Inside
Apple iPhone 4S
Mobile Handset
50
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 5
VIEWPOINT
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012
W
hen I was in China a month or so ago, I was
headed to lunch. I was in Beijing, and like with
many other big cities, the restaurant
was on an upper floor of the building. The
lobby of the building was under construc-
tion, not an uncommon thing in big
cities either. There were rickety-look-
ing scaffolding and construction
debris everywhere. There was
no back entrance, and the
building was not closed
off in any way. No sepa-
rate walkway, no tape
or ropes blocking it
off. Nothing. In fact,
anyone coming to
and fro just kept to
the side.
As I was passing
the site, one of the
workers dropped
a crowbar from 30
feet up or so. It
landed maybe three
feet to the left of my group.
“No Chinese OSHA here,” I
thought. No harm, no foul. We all
went on our way.
Two weeks later I was in New York
City. Like Beijing, there are always build-
ings under construction. There was a build-
ing, similar to the one in Beijing, that also
had its lobby under construction. The big dif-
ference was that the areas of the building being worked
on were completely sealed off to the public by boards. I
was hard-pressed to see a worker on the interior, almost
Yeah, it may just be
that simple
having to go out of my way to sneak a peek, and the only
debris I saw was what was already in a Dumpster.
My point is not to debate the value of human
life or safety, or whether hard hats should be
worn on a construction site. What occurred
to me is that we, in the United States,
have a lot of laws around safety. Hell,
we have a lot of laws around every as-
pect of life, government, technology,
etc. In China and many other coun-
tries there are noticeably fewer regu-
lations around certain areas.
There are pros and cons of
both. Really there are pros and
cons with any extremes. Few-
er laws and restrictions may
mean being able to produce
products more efficiently
and less expensively. More
laws mean human safety,
better products, and more
consumer rights.
Would we as Ameri-
can be willing to take a
little risk for cheaper
products? I mean, we do
it with smoking in some
ways. We know smoking
is bad for consumers’
health, but we choose to sell
cigarettes. I’m not really sure.
Maybe some of the laws we have
in place are all a bunch of Voodoo
anyway. Maybe it’s time to rethink so we can reinvent.
Bryan DeLuca
To comment on this Viewpoint visit www.eebeat.com
Or maybe it’s all a bunch of Voodoo anyway
Redefining energy measurement for the smart grid
Simply Brilliant
© 2012 Cirrus Logic, Inc. All rights reserved. Cirrus Logic, Cirrus and the Cirrus Logic logo designs are trademarks of Cirrus Logic, Inc.
All other brands and product names may be trademarks or service marks of their respective owners. EP012012
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EDITORIAL STAFF
516-227-1300 FAX: 516-227-1901
Content Operations Director Bryan DeLuca
516-227-1379 • bdeluca@hearst.com
Managing Editor John Filippelli
516-227-1381 • jfilippelli@hearst.com
Senior Editor Paul O’Shea
Power Sources, Power Management,
Discrete Semiconductors, Circuit Protection,
Cooling Devices
941-359-8684 • poshea@hearst.com
Editor Christina Nickolas
Analog/Mixed-Signal ICs, Analog EDA Software,
Oscillators, Electromechanical Switches,
Prototyping Tools, Microwave Components
516-227-1459 • cnickolas@hearst.com
Technical Editor Jim Harrison
Digital ICs, Boards & Peripherals, Development
Tools, Motors & Controls
415-456-1404 • jpharrison@hearst.com
Editor Richard Comerford
Test & Measurement, Optoelectronics, Sensors &
Transducers, Enclosures, Cabinets, Chassis
516-227-1433 • rcomerford@hearst.com
Contributing Editors Carolyn Mathas
Michael Kawa
Steve Evanczuk
Chief Copy Editor Leonard Schiefer
Custom Media Editor Beth Croteau
Online Researcher and Editor Jeffrey Bausch
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Electronic
products
Judging the Product of
the Year entries
PRODUCT OF THE YEAR
The STory Behind The STory
O
nce again, the editors of Elec-
tronic Products spent the past
couple of months research-
ing, analyzing, and debating with
each other for one purpose: Finding
products worthy of being called one
of Electronic Products’ 2011 Products
of the Year.
Our in-house team of experts pored
through hundreds of entries — using
a strict set of criteria — to select those
which reflected the pinnacle of inno-
vation, as well as a significant ad-
vancement in technology or its appli-
cation, and a substantial achievement
in price and performance.
“This year’s crop of POY entrants
were extremely strong, making the
judging very difficult, and we’re very
excited to unveil the winners of this
year’s competition,” said Bryan De-
Luca, Content Operations Director
for Hearst Electronics Group.
What resulted is a select group of
19 winners that not only stand alone,
but collectively reflect emerging
product trends for the industry in
2011 while offering a glimpse into
what we might expect in the future.
Cellular communications
One of the standout trends was a
move toward “small-cell” cellular
networks and communication con-
trollers to fit that application area.
The MEMSIC MSC6226XC Digi-
tal Accelerometer is one such prod-
uct, notable as it is not only consid-
ered the smallest production MEMS
accelerometer today, but also one of
the lowest-priced accelerometers on
the market.
Overall, many digital ICs were
submitted, especially DSPs, FPGAs,
and communication chips. Our edi-
tors noted that the FPGAs are larger,
lower cost, and faster, while the DSPs
are lower power and feature floating-
point operations.
Meanwhile, Ethernet and network
processors remained well represent-
ed, such as the E2101 single-port
10/100 Ethernet media filter and iso-
lation transformer from TE Connec-
tivity that embeds magnetic ferrites
into a single surface package. This
product is the first in a series of de-
vices configured for high-speed data
communications applications.
Other trends
Sensor technology also had a strong
showing this year. Specifically,
Plessey’s EPIC sensor measures chang-
es in an electric field as a magnetom-
eter detects changes in a magnetic
field. The EPIC sensor will enable in-
novative new products to be made,
such as medical scanners that are sim-
ply held close to a patient’s chest to
obtain a detailed ECG reading or de-
vices that can see through walls, the
company notes.
Of course green is still in demand,
as our editors see companies provid-
ing higher power density, higher ef-
ficiency, more circuit integration,
better light-load efficiency, intelli-
gent power management, and small-
er packages, among other features.
There are many trends and prod-
ucts to absorb from this year’s win-
ners. To see all of the winners of the
2011 Product of the Year Awards,
turn to page 31 and visit www.elec
tronicproducts.com/productyear.aspx.
If you are searching for the most
innovative products to complete
your next design, start with this list
as each represents the best of 2011.
John Filippelli
Managing Editor
(L. to R.) EP Senior Editor Paul O’ Shea, Editor Richard Comerford, and
Technical Editor Jim Harrison debate POY candidates during this year’s judging.
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012
COMMUNITY: element14.com
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News about Products... Product Technology... Product Applications OUTLOOK
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 11
Alloy sensitive to magnetic fields
could produce new MEMS devices
A
rare-earth-element-free al-
loy of cobalt and iron could
be the basis for a new class of
sensors and micromechanical sys-
tem (MEMS) devices controlled by
magnetism. The alloy was created
by a team led by researchers from
the University of Maryland (UMd)
and including researchers from Or-
egon State University, Rowan Uni-
versity, the National Institute of
Standards and Technology (NIST),
and the Russian Institute of Metal Physics, Urals Branch
of the Academy of Science.
The Co-Fe alloy exhibits gi-
ant magnetostriction, the phe-
nomenon in which an amplifed
change in dimensions occurs
when the material is placed in a
suffciently strong magnetic
feld. The effect can be used in
various ways, such as for creat-
ing sensitive magnetic-feld de-
tectors and micromechanical
actuators. Unlike piezoelectrics,
magnetostrictive elements can
be controlled by an external magnetic feld and don’t
need to be wired up.
Advanced electrode may aid
large-scale power storage
T
he sun doesn’t always shine and the
breeze doesn’t always blow and therein
lie perhaps the biggest hurdles to making
wind and solar power usable on a grand scale.
Stanford researchers have developed a new
electrode that employs crystalline nanoparti-
cles of a copper compound that could be part
of a dream battery to store large quantities of
excess power generated on windy or sunny
days until we needed it.
The average lithium-ion battery can han-
dle about 400 charge/discharge cycles before
it deteriorates too much to be of practical use.
Grid tied batteries would have to handle
much more that this. In laboratory tests, the
new electrode survived 40,000 cycles of charging and dis-
charging, and after which could still be charged to more
than 80% of its original capacity.
Colin Wessells, a graduate student in materials science
and engineering, is the lead author of a paper describing
the research, published in Nature Communications. “That
is a breakthrough performance – a battery that will keep
running for tens of thousands of cycles and never fail,”
said Yi Cui, an associate professor of materials science and
engineering, who is Wessell’s adviser and a coauthor of
the paper.
The electrode’s durability derives from the atomic
structure of the crystalline copper hexacyanoferrate used
to make it. The crystals have an open framework that al-
lows ions to easily go in and out without damaging the
electrode. Most batteries fail because of accu-
mulated damage to an electrode’s crystal struc-
ture. Because the ions can move so freely, the
electrode’s cycle of charging and discharging is
extremely fast, which is important because the
power you get out of a battery is proportional
to how fast you can discharge the electrode.
To maximize the beneft of the open struc-
ture, the researchers needed to use the right
size ions. Too big and the ions would tend to
get stuck and could damage the crystal struc-
ture. Too small and they might end up sticking
to one side of the open spaces between atoms,
instead of easily passing through. The right-
sized ion turned out to be hydrated potassium,
a much better ft compared with other hydrated ions such
as sodium and lithium.
The researchers used a water-based electrolyte — which
is basically free compared to the cost of an organic elec-
trolyte in lithium ion batteries. The signifcant limitation
to the new electrode is that its chemical properties cause
it to be usable only as a high-voltage electrode. But every
battery needs two electrodes — a high-voltage cathode
and a low-voltage anode. The researchers need to fnd an-
other material to use for the anode before they can build
an actual battery. But Cui said they have already been
investigating various materials for an anode and have
some promising candidates. For more information see
http://mse.stanford.edu.
Jim Harrison
Fig. 1. This TEM
image taken at NIST
shows the two-
phase iron-rich
(shaded blue) and
cobalt-rich (shaded
red) structure of an
annealed cobalt-iron
alloy. The high
magnetostriction of
the alloy is due to
this structure and
the nanoscale
segregation.
Yi Cui, associate professor
of materials science and
engineering.
(Credit: Linda A. Cicero /
Stanford News Service)
OUTLOOK
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 12
APEC 2012 brings latest in power
to Orlando
T
he Applied Power Electronics Conference and expo-
sition (APEC) takes place at Disney Coronado
Springs Resort, Orlando, FL, from February 5 to 9. It
should be typical balmy, sunshiny days to help offset the
blues for engineers from the northern climes.
APEC 2012 will continue its tradition of addressing
Team demos control of magnetic
thermal fluctuations using current
A
team of researchers from the NIST Center for Na-
noscale Science and Technology, the University of
Muenster, and West Virginia University has dem-
onstrated control of magnetic thermal fuctuations us-
ing current. This development promises insight into
the complexity of spin current phenomena and
suggests a route for controllably manipu-
lating fuctuations in future magnetic
nanodevices. The complete work, reported
in the September 2 issue of Physical Review
Letters, represents an important step to-
ward manipulating the noise properties
of magnetic nanosensors and memory
devices.
The researchers measured the mag-
netic fuctuations of a 2-µm-diameter
disk of a NiFe alloy (permalloy) using
microfocus Brillouin light scattering
while a current passed through a sup-
porting Pt strip. The current generated
a spin current, which was injected into the permalloy
disk through its back surface. While the electrons move
through the Pt strip, they scatter differently, depending
on each electron’s spin. The electrons with “up” spin scat-
ter slightly toward the top surface and the electrons with
“down” spin scatter slightly toward the bottom.
This “spin Hall effect” drives a spin current, but not a
charge current, into the bottom of the magnetic disk.
The researchers were able to show that the thermal
fuctuations of the disk’s magnetization are sup-
pressed if the injected spins are parallel to the
magnet’s spins, and that the fuctuations are
strongly amplifed if the injected spins and
the magnet’s spins are antiparallel. By
changing the current down the Pt strip,
the fuctuations were controllably re-
duced to 0.5 times or increased to 25
times their thermal level. The measured
population of the disk’s magnetic excita-
tions is different from a thermal distribu-
tion, showing that the effect is not
simply cooling or heating. This re-
search gives an insight into the com-
plexity of spin current phenomena
and suggests a route for controllably manipulating fuc-
tuations in future magnetic nanodevices. For more infor-
mation, call Robert McMichael at 301-975-5121.
Christina Nickolas
The team of researchers used microfocus
Brillouin light scattering spectroscopy to study
the interaction of spin current with magnetic
fluctuations in a Permalloy microdisk located
on top of a Pt strip carrying an electric current.
The alloy might also offer both size and processing ad-
vantages over piezoelectric microdevices, says NIST mate-
rials scientist Will Osborn. “Magnetorestriction devices
are less developed than piezoelectrics, but they’re becom-
ing more interesting because the scale at which you can
operate is smaller,” he says. “Piezoelectrics are usually ox-
ides, brittle and often lead-based, all of which is hard on
manufacturing processes. These alloys are metal and
much more compatible with the current generation of in-
tegrated device manufacturing. They’re a good next-gen-
eration material for microelectromechanical machines.”
To fnd the best mixture of metals and processing, the
team fabricated hundreds of 10-mm-long test cantilever
and coated them with a thin flm of alloy, gradually vary-
ing the ratio of cobalt to iron across the array of cantile-
vers. The researchers found that by heating the alloy to
annealing temperature and then quenching it, they cre-
ated a delicate, heterogeneous, nanoscale structure in
which cobalt-rich crystals were embedded throughout an
iron-rich crystal structure (see Figure 1).
The best annealed alloy showed a sizeable magneto-
striction effect in magnetic felds as low as about 0.01
Tesla. Magnetostriction was determined by measuring
the amount by which the alloy bent the tiny silicon can-
tilever in a magnetic feld,
According to team leader, Professor Ichiro Takeuchi of
UMd, the results are lower than, but comparable to, the
values for the best known magnetostrictive material (ter-
bium-dysprosium-iron, or Tb-Dy-Fe) but with the advan-
tage that the new alloy doesn’t use any rare-earth ele-
ments, which are sometimes diffcult to obtain. “Freezing
in the heterogeneity by quenching is an old method in
metallurgy, but our approach may be unique in thin
flms,” he observes. “That’s the beauty: a nice, simple
technique, but you can get these large effects.” For further
information, contact Ichiro Takeuchi at takeuchi@umd.
edu, or 301-405-6809.
Richard Comerford
New Concept in BIG Battery Charging
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V
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(
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Pre-Charge Constant Current
(CC)
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to
CV
Constant
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(CV)
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10A
8A
6A
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2A
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Constant
Voltage
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OUTLOOK
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 14
DesignCon 2012 begins Jan. 30
D
esignCon will be held at the Santa Clara Conven-
tion Center starting January 30, with the exhibits
area opening the following day. A
hundred-plus exhibitors will vie for your
attention as will eighty-eight 40-minute
technical sessions with topic such as
chip-level design for signal/power integ-
rity, PCB design tools and methodolo-
gies, and high-speed signal processing,
equalization and coding.
Other important events include the
daily keynotes held from 12 to 12:30.
These include Ilan Spillanger, Vice Presi-
dent of Hardware and Technology at Microsoft, on Mon-
day; Prith Banerjee, Senior Vice President of Research and
Director of HP Labs at Hewlett-Packard, on Tuesday; and
Joe Macri, Corporate Vice President and CTO of the Client
Division at Advanced Micro Devices, on Wednesday.
To give you a favor of what the exhibit foor (open Tues-
day and Wednesday 12:30 to 6:00 p.m.) will offer, here are
just three of the products that will be on display:
The IT5 high-speed next-gen mezzanine connector se-
ries from Hirose is structured with a helix contact inter-
poser and a new, better-grounding BGA receptacle. It han-
dles 25-Gbit signal lines. An embedded dc capacitor on the
interposer will be also available for easy board routing. The
company also has the IT-P high-power mezzanine connec-
tor which provides 50 A with a safety guiding wall for UL
1977 and wide foating range features also available.
FCI will feature its high-speed backplane connector
systems, high-speed I/O connections copper with optical
cable links, and Power SolutionsSM power distribution
connectors and cable assemblies at DesignCon 2012. Visit
Booth #414 to see AirMax VSe high-
speed backplane connectors, Mini-SAS
HD high-speed cable link products, Pwr-
Blade+ power distribution connectors,
and more.
The folks from Rohde & Schwarz will
be featuring their RTO series of oscillo-
scopes that is said to have the lowest noise
and highest dynamic range in their class.
The instruments include a real-time spec-
trum analysis function with 16 digital
channels that are all
tightly synchronized to
provide true multi-do-
main signal analysis. The
scopes also feature indus-
try’s frst real time digital
trigger offers nearly zero
trigger jitter in all modes
and the instrument ac-
quires up to 1 M wave-
form acquisitions per sec-
ond, which enables the capture of rare signal events.
Jim Harrison
FCI’s Mini-SAS HD high-speed cable link
backplane connectors
The RTO series of oscilloscopes from
Rohde & Schwarz
DesignCon 2012 will be held at the Santa Clara Conven-
tion Center. The conference extends from January 30 to
February 2. The exhibit hall is open Tuesday, January 31,
and Wednesday, February 1, from 12:30 to 6:00 p.m.
immediate and long-term interests for the power elec-
tronics engineer. Here’s your chance catch up and keep
up to date with events in power. Include in that the per-
sonal attention you get when you
visit with the companies at their
booths or talk one-on-one with
presenters and technology ex-
perts. Here is where you can gath-
er insight into the trends with the
details you need. You can hear
speakers from the industry as well
as hear what researchers in the
universities are doing for the fu-
ture designs and products.
The plenary session starts at 1:30 and fnishes at 5:30
p.m. followed immediately by the exhibit hall welcome
reception. The exhibit hours on Tuesday are from noon to
5 p.m. and 10:15 a.m. until 2 p.m. on Wednesday.
The education seminars include tracks on topologies
and control, digital control, battery management, compo-
nents, EMI and surge protection, and sustainable energy.
There will be industry sessions that tackle energy harvest-
ing, power in hybrid electric vehicles, design for reliabil-
ity, LED lighting, Trends for ac-power loss of power mag-
netics, power electronics for electric vehicles, system
design, nanotechnology applications, components and
semiconductors, presentations on the electric grid.
The APEC lectures offer presentations on dc/dc con-
verters, solar energy harvesting,
lighting, inverters, converters,
electric machines and drives,
power supply on chip magnetics,
power electronics, rectifer and
inverter modeling, GaN and SiC
applications, grid connected in-
verter applications, EMI, model-
ing and simulation, and ac/dc
converters.
Poster sessions provide snap-
shots of presentations with access to the authors. They
will include posters investigating ac/dc converters, dc/dc
converters, power electronics for utility interfaces, motor
drives, system integration, modeling, renewable energy,
vehicular electronics, packaging, and more.
APEC also provides some fun times for attendees.
Wednesday night attendees with a social event ticket will
be transported to Universal Orlando and have access to
all the rides within The Wizarding World of Harry Potter
area.
Paul O’Shea
>>
Find out how LabVIEW can make you better at ni.com/labview/better 800 453 6202
©2010 National Instruments. All rights reserved. LabVIEW, National Instruments, NI, and ni.com are trademarks of National Instruments.
Other product and company names listed are trademarks or trade names of their respective companies. 2807
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Dr. Laurel Watts
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2807.indd 1 3/9/11 4:27:15 PM
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 6
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hile you can’t always trust statistics — a wise
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Gartner (Stamford, CT) expects U.S. sales of
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million in 2011 and become the highest-selling
consumer electronic device category.
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total smartphone sales in 2011
to reach 472 million across
the globe, rising to 982
million in 2015. IMS
Research (Austin, TX) is
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Besides the rocking chair comfortable user experience,
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m.mouser.com into the address
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display the MouserMobile™ site.
You do not need a My Mouser
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products on MouserMobile™ but
creating an account will help you
take advantage of many special services
and time-saving features. The
MouserMobile™ site features multilingual,
multicurrency support — 17 languages and 16
currencies — for the convenience of design engineers
and buyers. A video guide is in place to offer further
guidance to first-time users and, if needed, a quick call
can be made by hitting the little phone icon to further
ease the ordering process.
Since the February 2011 launch, Mouser has seen an
increase of more than 680% in mobile usage.
But don’t let me tell you how you should feel about
this mobile web site. Sign up for an account today by
visiting Mouser.com from your computer's web browser
and clicking the "Create Account" link near product
search at the top of the page.
By Murray Slovick
MouserMobile: Your On-the-Go
Resource for Parts and Information
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 17
Engineering
Distribution
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The Newest Products for Your Newest Designs
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ED_MouserBranding_EditorialAd.indd 1 11/18/11 3:55 PM
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magine technology without boundaries. Now picture a
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redesigns and potential delays — providing a clear edge in
product features and longer life cycles. As a result, Mouser
works in close partnership with its 450-plus supplier
partners to provide the fastest, easiest access to the latest
components. With Mouser’s AS9120A quality management
certification, customers may rest assured that all the
components it stocks are authorized and genuine.
Quick and Easy Online Purchasing
The company’s award-winning website — Mouser.com —
is updated daily. The website searches over 8 million
products to locate more than 2 million part numbers for
easy online purchase. For additional design support,
customers will find an excess of 6 million downloadable
data sheets, supplier-specific reference designs, application
notes, technical design information and engineering tools.
There are more than 1,700 Product Knowledge centers
(PKc) training sites to also reference. The user-friendly PKc
sites are set up by application, as well as manufacturer and
product category so the engineer can easily find the best
solution without needing to know a specific part number.
Mouser.com is constantly refined — adding new products
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Broad Product Line and Expansive Catalogs
Mouser is the one-stop source for all board-level
components and associated development tools used for
total project design. The company’s broad-based line card
consists of millions of advanced components across the
board with each vertical market completely covered. For
convenience, Mouser offers multiple online channels,
including Mouser.com, MouserMobile, Mouser Mobile
compatible catalog, Mouser’s
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Mouser produces an industry-
leading print catalog several times
a year — more than any other
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important, the distributor doesn’t
showcase end-of-life or obsolete
products, and flags products Not Recommended for New
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confidence that they’re always engineering with the most
advanced, genuine components.
Worldwide Service backed by Local Support
Mouser is dedicated to providing superior service and
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in 17 language choices and 16 international currencies. To
that end, Mouser has 19 customer support centers located
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Displays
Changing the capacitive
touch-sensing methodology
Bring the touch functionality of consumer electronics to
industrial-grade displays can be highly challenging
BY MARK CAMBRIDGE
CEO
Zytronic
www.zytronic.com
T
he unbridled success of touch-
enabled user interfaces in
products such as smart-
phones, MP3 players, desk top
monitors, and tablet computers
over the last few years has been
driven by the all-round perfor-
mance and increased availability of
projected capacitive touch sensors.
Now manufacturers of industrial-
grade equipment are keen to bring
the same levels of touch function-
ality to their products with small
touch displays.
Achieving this functionality can
be highly challenging when using
the identical mutual capacitance
sensing methodology currently used
in consumer devices as the require-
ments for durability and longevity
are often very different and it can
be a struggle to deliver the neces-
sary overall robustness required for
some applications. An alterna-
tive projected capacitive sens-
ing methodology is needed,
which enables touchscreens to
cope with harsher environ-
mental conditions.
Touch sensor alchemy
A very large proportion of por-
table consumer touchscreens
rely on indium tin oxide (ITO) as
their active, conductive element.
With its combination of good
electrical conductivity and near
invisibility when deposited as a
thin film, this material has been
widely used in display and
touchscreen manufacture for many
years and is well understood.
ITO’s ready availability has aided
the explosive growth of the touch-
screen market, with Table 1 testify-
ing to the current size and expected
growth in this dynamic market. The
combination of performance and
availability has resulted in ITO be-
coming the material of choice for
almost all consumer electronic
touchscreen applications, initially
with resistive, surface-capacitive,
and now projected-capacitive touch
sensor types.
Although these impressive fig-
ures are dominated by the expected
continued growth in portable con-
sumer devices, other application
areas will inevitably be addressed.
Until now, the ability for conven-
tional ITO-based small-format, pro-
jected capacitive touchscreens to
make inroads into the more de-
manding, industrial applications
has been hampered by the sensing
mechanism it relied on.
For all its benefits — outperform-
ing both conventional surface capac-
itive and resistive alternatives — mu-
tual capacitive ITO sensors
(where the capacitance be-
tween two electrodes is mea-
sured) exhibit relatively limit-
ed through-glass performance.
They are typically only capable
of reliably detecting touch
through overlays that are less
than 2 to 3 mm thick, which
cannot adequately protect the
display from the more exact-
ing physical strains found out-
side the relatively trouble-free
sphere of portable consumer
design.
For ITO to make real head-
way within more demanding
industrial applications, the domi-
nant mutual capacitance sensing
technique will not always be appro-
priate. An alternative sensing tech-
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
Shipments
(million units)
607 800 987 1,161 1,341 1,538 1,735
Year on year
growth (%)
29.6 31.8 23.3 17.6 15.6 14.7 12.8
Revenue (million $) 4,332 6,177 7,646 8,900 10,146 11,331 12,432
Year on year
growth (%)
19 42.6 23.8 16.4 14.0 11.7 9.7
Source: 2010 Touch Market Analysis, DisplaySearch
Table.1: Touch module shipment and revenue forecast
(2009-2015)
Displays
For all its benefits, mutual
capacitive ITO sensors exhibit
relatively limited through-glass
performance. They are typically
only capable of reliably detecting
through overlays less than 3 mm
thick, which cannot adequately
protect the display from more
exacting physical strains
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 18
nique needs to offer the same
levels of touch performance and
functionality, but simultaneous-
ly provide a far greater degree of
ruggedness, handling high hu-
midity levels, extremes of tem-
perature, liquid ingress, and ex-
posure to chemicals.
A new perspective
The shortcomings of mutual
capacitive screens based on
ITO in industrial or other
challenging applications can
be overcome if, instead of bas-
ing the sensing mechanism
on mutual capacitance, a self-
capacitance approach is used.
Self-capacitance touch sensing
measures the capacitance of a
single electrode to ground,
with the field generated by the user
inducing alterations in the field
around the sensor matrix.
Frequency modulation across the
ITO electrodes (see Fig. 1) in the sen-
sor matrix means that, when the us-
er’s finger approaches the surface of
the screen, a change in the waveforms
passing through the electrodes can be
determined. By measuring where this
change is most profound, the posi-
tion touch event on the x and y axes
can be accurately located.
Methodology benefits
Detecting picofarad-level changes
in capacitance means this approach
Fig. 1: With the frequency modulation technique used in projected
capacitive touch sensing, the frequency of the signal when the
finger far from the sensor (red) decreases when the finger is close
to the sensor (blue)
is extremely sensitive, and
provides the touchscreen
with greater dynamic z-axis
(depth) touch control. This
in turn allows activation to
be tuned to respond to the
lightest of touches, even
through a heavily gloved
hand, and through very
thick overlays of glass, plas-
tic and similarly non-con-
ductive materials.
The greater through-glass
performance of self-capaci-
tance ITO sensors means
they are far better suited to
heavy duty use. In addition,
with suitable touch control-
lers and application software,
gesture recognition and dual
touch functionality can be
incorporated into a wide range of
everyday industrial scenarios.
The benefits derived from ITO
touch sensors using self-capacitance
will allow small display and porta-
ble industrial devices with more ro-
bust user interfaces to enter the
market. ■
Changing the capacitive touch-sensing methodology
Displays
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RTOS facilitates MCU
power management
Power-aware real-time operating systems
take full advantage of available hardware facilities
BY ARVIND RAGHURAMAN
Embedded Software Engineer
Mentor Graphics
www.mentor.com
and
MIGUEL MORALES
Marketing Manager
Stellaris ARM Cortex-M
Texas Instruments
www.ti.com
A
pervasive trend in the embed-
ded space today is the relent-
less demand for increased end-
device functionality. The advent of
32-bit microcontrollers with en-
hanced features such as network con-
nectivity and advanced human-ma-
chine interfaces has drastically
increased the processing power and
functional capability available to
MCU-based devices. System designers
today are taking advantage of this de-
velopment to design fully functional,
feature-rich applications. However,
they still face challenges when it
comes to optimizing devices to oper-
ate within tight power budgets im-
posed by battery life and heat dissipa-
tion constraints of the system.
In order to help designers opti-
mize systems for power-efficiency,
silicon vendors provide various hard-
ware facilities to optimize and man-
age MCU power consumption. Pow-
er-aware real-time operating systems,
such as the Nucleus RTOS from Men-
tor Graphics, take full advantage of
these hardware facilities and provide
built-in power management capabili-
ties that enable developers to effec-
tively drive MCU power consump-
tion from application level. It’s
important that system designers
have a good understanding of what
an RTOS can do for them for applica-
tion-driven power management.
There are four key aspects to re-
ducing MCU power consumption.
The first two — process technology
and IC design — are managed by sili-
con vendors. The last two — applica-
tion-driven power management (en-
abled by a power-aware RTOS) and
system-level design (that is, the
placement of other electronic com-
ponents) — are under the control of
the system designer.
Process technology/IC
design for optimized power
Process technology has traditionally
been the means for reducing power
consumption in an MCU, since
shrinking a design and lowering its
internal voltage yields significant
savings. For example, TI’s Stellaris
LM4F Cortex-M4 based microcon-
troller implemented in a 65-nm pro-
cess balances high performance (up
to 80 MHz plus an FPU) with good
power efficiency (375 μA/MHz ac-
tive, standby modes as low as 1.6 μA)
to provide superior efficiency com-
pared to previous generations.
Silicon vendors have developed
innovative IC design techniques to
create distinct power domains with-
in the MCU and enable various low-
power operating modes. This allows
developers to shut down those sec-
tions of the MCU that are not in
use, based on the dynamic needs of
the application.
Some architectures even inte-
grate hibernate blocks with a com-
pletely independent voltage domain
from the rest of the microcontroller.
These hibernate blocks enable very
low power consumption by includ-
ing only the minimum number of
gates required (such as a low-fre-
quency oscillator, a real-time clock,
a small amount of RAM to save state,
and a wakeup mechanism to exit
from hibernate) to keep the system
“breathing” on a backup battery.
A system will consume the most
power in active state. The faster the
system can complete its tasks and
transition to a low-power mode,
the more efficient it will be (see Fig.
1a). Transitioning to low-power
modes causes systems to suffer loss-
es. The CPU takes time and power
to transition between power modes
(see Fig. 1b).
Developers can minimize mode
switching losses by reducing switch-
ing frequency. Silicon manufacturers
further improve power efficiency by
reducing the actual mode transition
time. For example, the Stellaris LM4F
microcontroller series supports wake
times as fast as 500 μs. For ultra-low-
power applications that can operate
under 30 MHz, TI’s 16-bit MSP430
MCU family can achieve operation at
less than 1 μA with a 5-μs wakeup.
Fig. 1: Silicon vendors have made significant progress in minimizing “wake time” to improve
power efficiency.
Real-Time Operating Systems
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 22
RTOS facilitates MCU power management
Real-Time Operating System
The importance of
a power-aware RTOS
With the addition of network con-
nectivity and advanced HMI func-
tionality, even simple applications are
no longer single-threaded systems. To
coordinate operation, as well as maxi-
mize use of an MCU’s low-power ar-
chitectural capabilities, applications
need a power-aware RTOS.
An RTOS-based design provides
two key advantages for developing
power-efficient applications. First, the
multi-threaded application model en-
abled by using an RTOS provides an
enabling framework to switch the
system to low-power operating modes
during system idle time. Second, a
power-aware RTOS equips developers
with proven, well abstracted, ready-
to-use APIs for application-level con-
trol of peripheral power states, system
power states, and operating voltage
and frequency.
Optimizing dynamic power
consumption
During periods of low or no system ac-
Fig. 2a: Power
savings achieved by
Nucleus when
transitioning to
low-power states in
idle time.
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3.2 x 1.5 x 0.9 mm
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tivity, the low-power modes provided
by the MCU can be effectively exploit-
ed by the operating system to achieve
run-time power savings. In addition to
switching the MCU to low-power
mode, other power-hungry blocks
present in the system can be transi-
tioned to low-power operating states
to maximize power savings.
For example, SDRAM modules can
be put in self-refresh mode during
long periods of inactivity. An OS
scheduler can make intelligent deci-
sions on the best low-power state to
switch to, based on the expected sys-
tem idle time and power cost of switch-
ing in and out of the low-power state
— as compared to the expected power
savings.
Note that the calculated power sav-
ings may not be fully realized if the
CPU is frequently interrupted during
idle time. Figure 2a illustrates the pow-
er savings achieved by placing CPU in
idle mode and SDRAM in self-refresh
mode during system idle time.
Techniques such as OS tick sup-
pression can be used to prolong the
duration of CPU idle time, thereby
multiplying idle-time power savings.
Typical real-time kernels use a peri-
odic OS tick timer interrupt to evalu-
ate internal state and to make sched-
Fig. 2b: The Nucleus RTOS can
provide a 50x reduction in tick
frequency during periods of
system inactivity.
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 24 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 24
From an Antarctic –55 °C chill up to a 450 V electromotive
force and capacitance to 47,000 µF the MLP atpack capacitor
delivers electrical energy for power holdup.  The MLP is a high
performance aluminum electrolytic capacitor in a convenient
box shape that ts the square holes of power electronics and
is easily stackable into high energy modules.  The 20-MLP
module shown can deliver 600 joules of energy.  The MLP’s
less than ½ inch height makes it great for tight pitch rack as-
semblies too.
Full specs are at http://www.cde.com/catalogs/MLP.pdf
CAPACI TOR SOLUTI ONS FOR POWER ELECTRONI CS
Flatpack Blocks of Capacitance for Energy Storage
TYPE MLP and MLS CAPACITORS
TYPE MLP and MLS CAPACITORS
DSCC DRAWINGS 05018, 05019
LOW PROFILE 1/2” HEIGHT
NEAR HERMETIC LONG-LIFE WELDED SEAL
MLP: 50 YEAR LIFE, MLS: 100 YEAR LIFE
MLP and MLS > 25 YEAR SHELF LIFE
WITHSTANDS > 80,000 FEET ALTITUDE
COLD TO –55 °C ≤ 250 V; –40 °C, 300–450 V
Hi g h E n e r g y S t o r a g e f o r Vo l t a g e Ho l d Up
uling decisions. Tick suppression
enables the kernel to dynamically
change the time period of the OS
tick timer interrupt based on the ex-
pected idle time, enabling the sys-
tem to stay in low-power modes for
longer periods of inactivity. Figure 2b
illustrates OS tick profiles with and
without tick suppression enableFor
longer periods of system inactivity,
such as when a device can go into hi-
bernation mode, RTOS systems will
use any hibernate facilities provided
by hardware to save and restore sys-
tem state. Most applications require
the peak processing capability of the
Fig. 3: Illustration
of power savings
achieved by
system power
state control.
underlying CPU
for only a small
percentage of its
o p e r a t i o n a l
time. Consider-
able power savings can be obtained
using dynamic frequency and volt-
age-scaling (DVFS) techniques. The
system developer can make applica-
tion-level decisions to pick an opti-
mal operating point depending on
the functionality required. A switch
from one operating point to another
requires:
1. all concerned peripherals be noti-
fied of the operating point change
request
2. peripheral activity be stopped
3. CPU clock, bus clocks, and periph-
eral clocks be changed for the new
operating point
4. CPU and peripheral activity be re-
sumed
A power-aware RTOS should ab-
stract these details and enable the
user to make application level DVFS
decisions.
Optimizing static power
consumption
Static power consumption in a sys-
tem can be directly attributed to the
number of peripheral blocks that are
active (clocked and powered ON) at a
given point in time. Although pow-
ering off peripherals that are not be-
ing used sounds fairly simple, the
implementation details of safely
switching between peripheral power
states during run-time in a multi-
threaded environment could get
complicated.
Power-aware RTOSes abstract these
implementation details and enable
developers to make high-level deci-
sions on peripheral power states. Fig-
ure 3 illustrates a hypothetical MP3
player leveraging Nucleus RTOS sys-
tem power states to optimize static
power consumption. ■
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ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 26
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Using a RTOS in multicore-
based MCU designs
A real-time operating system provides a framework for
multicore that can dramatically reduce time to market
BY JEAN J. LABROSSE
Founder, President, and CEO
Micrium
www.micrium.com
R
ecently introduced multicore-
based MCUs have raised the
complexity level of embedded
system designs. The use of an RTOS,
however, provides a framework for
multicore that can dramatically re-
duce time to market.
RTOS fundamentals
A real-time kernel is software that
manages the time of a CPU and en-
sures that critical tasks are processed
in a timely manner. The term “real-
time operating system” (RTOS) is of-
ten confused with real-time kernels; a
kernel is actually a subset of an RTOS.
An RTOS thus consists of a kernel and
possibly such additional services as a
file system (FS), a TCP/IP-stack, USB
stacks (device and/or host), a graphical
user interface (GUI), CANbus, and
possibly other components.
A full-featured RTOS is generally
not necessary for most embedded sys-
tems and in fact, it’s quite possible to
design a product using a subset of the
services available from an RTOS. For
example, a digital SLR camera might
only use a kernel, an FS, a GUI, and a
USB device stack.
Most 32-bit embedded designs
would benefit from the use of a real-
time kernel, given that a kernel offers
a framework to build upon as well as
the ability to split application code
into smaller, more manageable chunks.
The framework includes many useful
services for the application program-
mer such as multitasking; interrupt
management, intertask communica-
tion and signaling, resource manage-
ment, time management, memory
partition management, and more.
Most kernels used for embedded sys-
tems are “preemptive,” meaning that
the kernel always executes the most
important task that is ready to run.
Preemptive kernels are also event driv-
en, which basically means that tasks
are designed to wait for events to oc-
cur in order to execute. For example, a
task could wait for a timer to expire
and another task can wait for a packet
to be received on an Ethernet control-
ler, or another for a character to be re-
ceived on a UART.
Many embedded programmers shy
away from using a kernel because
they fear that kernels add too much
complexity to their application. It
turns out that you only need a hand-
ful of services to get your project off
the ground with a kernel. It is possible
to write fairly complex multitasking
application with the use of only five
API functions out of the nearly 70 API
calls offered by µC/OS-III, for exam-
ple. You can thus build your kernel
knowledge as you are bringing your
application up.
Multicore in MCUs
Microcontrollers have traditionally
been equipped with single cores. How-
ever, using NXP Semiconductors’
LPC4300 series as an example, there
are Cortex-M4 and Cortex-M0 cores
besides a full complement of peripher-
als including an Ethernet controller,
dual USB 2.0, quad UART, LCD con-
troller, motor control PWM, timers,
CAN 2.0, dual I
2
C, 10-bit ADC, 10-bit
DAC, AES decryption, and an Inter
Processor Communication (IPC).
This dual-core configuration is
called asymmetrical multiprocessing
(AMP) since the cores are not identi-
cal. AMP is generally the preferred
architecture when designing embed-
ded systems, given the dedicated na-
ture of such systems. Thus, unlike
general-purpose computers that are
used for different applications at dif-
ferent times, embedded systems gen-
erally have known functions at de-
sign time.
Performance is the first thing one
thinks about when considering the use
of a multicore device, but, just as im-
portant especially for battery-operated
embedded systems, multiple cores al-
low you to run your product slower and
thus reduce the power consumption
with basically the same performance as
a single-core system running at a much
higher frequency.
For the LPC4300, the Cortex-M0 is
designed as a slave to the Cortex-M4.
The Cortex–M0 core, used as an I/O
controller, offloads I/O and interrupts
from the Cortex-M4, which can be
used, unbothered, to perform control
algorithms (PID loops, state machines,
etc.) and computationally intensive op-
erations (audio compression/decom-
pression, image processing, filtering,
encryption, etc.). Figure 1 shows the re-
lationship between the Cortex-M4 and
the Cortex-M0 in the LPC4300 for a
possible industrial control system.
NXP provides code for the IPC, but
this does not preclude the use of other
IPCs such as the one defined by the
Fig. 1:
Industrial
controller
running on an
NXP LPC4300.
Real-Time Operating Systems
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 28
Multicore Association called Multicore
Communication Application Pro-
gramming Interface (MCAPI).
MCAPI provides a lightweight and
efficient communication stack. Com-
munication is performed using chan-
nels and a channel can be used to send
scalars or packets. The transport
mechanism for MCAPI is flexible and
can be shared memory, I/O ports, or
other on-board devices.
MCAPI, as well as tools to config-
ure and optimize multicore applica-
tions, is available from third parties
such as Polycore Software. Scalable to
any number of cores, it should be con-
sidered when migrating applications
to different CPU architectures using a
standard API instead of being locked
into a vendor-specific one.
Multicore and RTOSs
Having multiple cores doesn’t render
obsolete the need for an RTOS kernel as
shown in Fig. 1. A kernel is still highly
desirable to make optimum use of both
cores. In fact, in the above example,
both cores run their own instance of
the same or possibly different kernels
to manage the multiple tasks.
Debugging a multiple-core system
is certainly more complicated than a
single-core system, but if you keep a
clean separation of functionality be-
tween cores then each can be de-
bugged in isolation and possibly by
different development teams. One
team could work on the Cortex-M4
code and another on the I/O devices
and then get together to integrate both
pieces. Obviously, each team would
have its own evaluating board so it
could develop and test software sepa-
rately prior to merging both pieces.
A kernel such as µC/OS-III allows a
designer to determine CPU use on a
per-task basis and thus better optimize
the design by load balancing the tasks
between cores. This load balancing
would typically be done at design time
as opposed to run time. In other words,
having an RTOS kernel makes it easier
to move functionality between cores.
Ideally, both cores would be identi-
cal since that would allow both teams
to use the exact same tools and kernel
port. This would make development
slightly easier since you would not
have to deal with the slightly different
cores. It’s quite possible that NXP and/
or other semiconductor manufactur-
ers will be introducing such devices in
a not so far future. Also, it’s quite un-
likely that these devices will be limited
to only two cores. AMP is very scalable
and in the coming years, we should
see MCUs with many cores showing
up on the market.
Multicore-based MCUs increase the
complexity of embedded system de-
signs but offers the benefit of increased
performance as well as lower power
consumption. Each core should use an
RTOS to make better use of the CPU
and its associated resources and func-
tions. Intercore communication
should be kept to a minimum to avoid
interdependencies. ■
About the author
Jean Labrosse is the founder, president,
and CEO of Micrium and the creator of
the µC/OS-III family of products. He
has published several books including
µC/OS-III, The Real-Time Kernel, avail-
able as a free PDF download at www.
micrium.com.
Real-Time Operating System
Using an RTOS in multicore-based MCU designs
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 30
JANUARY 2012
36th Annual
Product of the Year
Awards
Elect ronic
PRODUCTS PRODUCTS
electronicproducts.com
Elect ronic
Analog Devices
ADN3000-06/11
Optical Receivers
Integrated Device
Technology
3LG Family of
CrystalFree CMOS
Oscillators
International
Rectifier
IR3550
Buck Gate Driver
Knowles Acoustics
KJ-33000
MEMS Joystick
LeCroy
LabMaster 9 Zi-A
Modular Oscilloscope System
Linear Technology
LTC5569
Dual Active
Downconverting Mixer
Maxim Integrated
Products
MAX44007 I MAX44009
Digital Ambient-Light
Sensor ICs
MEMSIC
MXC6226XC
MEMS Thermal
Accelerometer
National Instruments
PXIe-5665
14-GHz PXIe VSA
Plessey
EPIC PS25x01 Series
Electric-potential Sensors
Quantenna
Communications
QHS710
802.11n 4x4 MIMO
Chipset
Samsung
Electronics
LCD Business
22-in. Transparent
Color LCD Panel
SandForce
SF-2200
SSD Processor
TE Connectivity
MHP30-36
Metal Hybrid PPTC
Circuit Protection
TE Connectivity
PlanarMag E2101
10/100 Ethernet
Media Filter
Texas
Instruments
BQ25504
Boost Charger IC
Texas
Instruments
National LM5113
GaN Gate Driver
Texas
Instruments
TMP006
MEMS IR
Temperature Sensor
Xilinx
Virtex-7 2000T
Field-Programmable
Gate Array
mouser.com
Semiconductors and electronic
components for design engineers.
Mouser and Mouser Electronics are registered trademarks of Mouser Electronics, Inc. *2011 e-Legacy Award for Contribution to Sustainability.
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Crystal-free
oscillators finally
enable quartz
device
replacement
36th Annual
Product of the Year Awards
As semiconductor technology contin-
ues to advance, the limitations of
quartz technology do not scale well
High-speed
optical receiver
ICs integrate
photodiode
The industry’s first
commercially avail-
able 6- and 11-Gbit/
s integrated opti-
cal receivers, the
ADN3000- 06
and ADN3000-
11, consume
only 65 mW from a sin-
gle 3.3-V power supply while offering
typical sensitivity of -19 dBm OMA
(optical modulation amplitude) at 6
Gbits/s and –17 dBm OMA at 11 Gbits/
s. The 0.84 x 0.68 11-pad die-packaged
devices include the detector, tran-
simpedance amplifier, and power
monitor.
Manufactured on ADI’s XFCB high-
speed complementary bipolar process
on bonded SOI, the ICs significantly
reduce system component count and
cut power consumption by at least
half, as compared to current solutions.
The devices cost only $3.95 and $5.95
each in 1,000 quantities. They are
wavelength agnostic and work across
all key optical wavelengths, including
850, 1310, and 1550 nm. With their
monolithic approach, they have a ful-
ly characterized interface between the
photo detector and the transimped-
ance amplifier, so designers don’t have
to worry about bond wires interac-
tions.
Analog Devices
Wilmington, MA
Sales 800-262-5643
www.analog.com
60-A power stage
is cool-running,
targeting next-gen
servers
The IR3550 PowIRstage is a synchro-
nous buck gate driver with an inte-
grated synchronous MOSFET, and a
Schottky diode available in a 6 x 6 x
0.9-mm PQFN package. It targets
high-current multiphase buck regu-
lators and simplifies dc/dc converter
design for next-generation servers,
storage, and communication sys-
tems.
The gate driver delivers the high-
est benchmarked efficiency in the
marketplace for high current multi-
phase solutions and it does it at the
highest useful current rating of 60 A.
This allows customers to: 1. Increase
the main CPU dc/dc efficiency sig-
nificantly, saving energy and total
cost of ownership or, 2. Meet a simi-
lar efficiency to previous generations
but without a heat sink, saving space
and cost; or 3. Meet a similar effi-
ciency to previous generations but
with at least one, possibly two fewer
phases (For example, converting a
six-phase design to a five- or even
four-phase design) because of the
high current-handling capability
The MOSFET device achieves up
to a 97% efficiency at 1.2 V, has an
input voltage range to 25 V, and out-
put range from
0.25 to 3.3 V,
and a switching
frequency up to
1.0 MHz. It inte-
grates a current-
sense amplifier
and features a
synchronous di-
ode-emulation that removes the
zero-current detection and control
burden from the PWM controller.
The layout of the IR3550 allows few-
er decoupling capacitors compared
to other monolithic and multichip
devices that perform a similar func-
tion. IR shows cases where the heat is
removed from the printed circuit
board, without airflow or a heatsink
required, and to prove this capabili-
ty, the company provides reference
designs comparing the IR3550 to
competitive devices using the exact
same size, copper thickness, stackup,
and via configuration.
International Rectifier
El Segundo, CA
Sales 310-252-7105
www.irf.com
in price, size, fre-
quency, capacity,
and lead-time
like silicon-based
technology does.
Leveraging semi-
conductor econ-
omies of scale to
enable high performance, low price,
and short lead time, the 3LG family
of CrystalFree CMOS oscillators (see
www2.electronicproducts.com/Low_
power_CMOS_oscillator_offers_50_
ppm_frequency_accuracy-article-
hlcn03_dec2011-html.aspx) feature a
breakthrough 50-ppm frequency ac-
curacy while replacing traditional
quartz crystal-based oscillators for up
to 75% power savings in a broad range
of applications, including computing,
communications, and consumers
products.
They generate stable frequencies
up to 125 MHz and offer high-per-
formance phase jitter of less than 1
ps over the wide frequency offset of
12 kHz to 20 MHz. In addition, they
are the only technology and product
capable of replacing active XOs and
passive XTALs as both packaged de-
vices and die.
Integrated Device Technology
San Jose, CA
Sales 408-284-8200
www.idt.com
MEMS-based device
brings the feel of
a real joystick to
mobile devices
It’s no surprise that one of the more
popular pastimes for the owners of
smartphones and tablets is playing
electronic games — think Angry
Birds — and serious gamers are eager
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 33
36th Annual Product of the Year Awards
Oscilloscope
system rises above
the pack, to 45 GHz
Among top oscilloscopes manufactur-
ers, there has rarely been a time when
one has been ahead of
its competition for
long. But in the past
year, the introduction
of a new oscilloscope
by LeCroy has left oth-
ers far behind. Not only
does the LabMaster 9
Zi-A provide a band-
width — 45 GHz — that is about 50%
greater than what its competition can
offer, but it also provides the highest
to embrace mobile technology too.
The problem is, the touch interface
such devices rely on is awkward; your
fingers are likely to get in the way of
the action. And while some hand-
held devices are employing optical
sensors, their lack of physical feed-
back slows down reaction times.
Enter the KJ-33000 from Knowles
Acoustics — an ultra-low-power
MEMS-based joystick in a package
that’s only 9.8 x 9.8 x 1.6 mm. The
device converts the joystick button
movement — up to 1 mm from its
center — into two 4-bit digital values
representing X and Y displacements,
while giving the user the feel of a
real stick with 360° variable-speed
scrolling and navigation.
To support hours of play and
work, the KJ-33000 has been de-
signed to operate at extremely low
power. Its current consumption is
only 40 μA during active mode and a
mere 3 μA in sleep mode. That re-
duces battery drain by a factor of 25
compared to optical joysticks and by
200 compared to Hall-effect sensors.
Knowles, Itasca, IL
Information 630-250-5100
info@knowles.com
www.knowles.com
sample rate of 120 Gsamples/s, and
can be configured with as many as 20
full-performance channels. This con-
figurability seriously lowers the cost of
multichannel oscillography, while
earning the instrument the right to
truly be called a modular oscilloscope
system.
The 9 Zi-A accomplishes all this
with a system architecture that sepa-
rates the oscilloscope signal acquisi-
tion function from the display, con-
trol, and processing functions.
Master acquisition modules contain
the display and control, as well as a
single acquisition module, while ser-
vant acquisition modules contain
add-on acquisition systems. Chan-
nelSync technology enables the mas-
ter and servants to synchronize per-
fectly, and a server-class CPU is in a
third module provides processing
power for the immense amounts of
data the system can collect.
The scope’s higher bandwidth is
not merely an engineering tour de
force; it is needed by engineers devel-
oping and installing systems with
the high data rates demanded by
cloud computing and mobile com-
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 34
36th Annual Product of the Year Awards
Ambient-light
sensors raise bar on
power consumption
and dynamic range
Digital ambient-light sensors (ALS)
control backlighting in LCD displays
Accelerometer
follows different
path to shrink size,
increase rugged-
ness, and more
Accelerometers
have become a
mainstay in con-
sumer electron-
ics, turning up
in devices from
s ma r t phone s
and tablets to
kids’ toys and steam irons. So for a
new company to make headway in a
market dominated by large players, it
has to offer something unique and
truly valuable. The MEMSIC MX-
C6226XC MEMS-based dual-axis ac-
celerometer does both, in spades.
The monolithic sensor is built us-
ing the manufacturer’s proprietary
MEMS thermal accelerometer tech-
nology and wafer-scale packaging
High-performance
VSA moves into
PXIe realm
Traditionally, the highest perform-
ing instruments have always been
monolithic, box instruments, be-
cause trying
to get high-
speed perfor-
mance from a
rack of card-
modules con-
nected by a
copper back-
plane has been a stumbling block.
The NI PXIe-5665 14-GHz three-
stage RF vector signal analyzer (VSA)
upsets that tradition by outperform-
ing box VSAs in several areas, at the
same time significantly reducing the
cost of such instrumentation.
The modulular VSA’ exceptionally
low phase noise of −129 dBc/Hz at a
10-kHz offset at 800 MHz, and an av-
erage noise level of −165 dBm/Hz, are
backed by other high-performance
specifications such as an industry’s
best third-order intercept point of 24
dBm with an absolute amplitude ac-
curacy of ±0.10 dB, as well as error
vector magnitude of 0.33% for a 256-
QAM modulated signal.
The VSA has a multicore comput-
ing architecture and uses NI Lab-
VIEW to employ its parallel program-
ming capabilities. It also offers
Dual-broadband RF
mixer enables 4G
MIMO multimode
receivers by drawing
300 mW/ch
In order to make LTE,
a 4G (fourth-genera-
tion) high-data-rate
wireless technology
attractive to the car-
rier for deployment,
basestation manufacturers worldwide
are trying to build a multiband, multi-
mode platform that is easily field con-
figured for use in any frequency band
and standard to make the deployment
cost attractive. The 26.8-dBm IIP3
LTC5569 dual-broadband RF mixer ac-
complishes this by combining 26.8
dBm IIP3, 300mW/ch, and a wide 300-
MHz to 4-GHz frequency range (see
www2.electronicproducts.com/26_8_
dBm_IIP3_dual_broadband_RF_mix-
er_draws_300_m W_charticlehlcn07_
jul2011-html.aspx).
So a receiver such as that based on
the LTC5569, is capable of working
in all of the 700-MHz, 880-MHz,
1.7-GHz, 1.8-GHz, 1.9-GHz, 2.4-
GHz, and 2.6-GHz bands. In addi-
tion, within each band, the receiver
must receive signals that are 60 MHz
wide, compared to the previous 20
MHz wide — without sacrificing per-
formance. The LTC5569 meets both
of these requirements with outstand-
ing performance.
Linear Technology , Milpitas , CA
Sales Office 408-428-2050
www.linear.com
(WLP), a combination that produces
a very small, rugged device. At 1.2 x
1.7 x 1.0 mm, it is the smallest MEMS
accelerometer now in production.
And while other accelerometers may
withstand shocks to 10,000 G, the
MEMSIC device holds up under
50,000-G shocks. As a point of refer-
ence, a 10,000-G shock can be gener-
ated by simply banging a product on
a desktop; imagine how many G’s an
angry kid can generate by throwing
his electronic toy at a wall.
The monolithic IC includes all
the electronics needed for signal
conditioning as well as an embedded
microprocessor core to provide pro-
grammability and an 8-bit digital
output. And did I mention that, at
$0.35 in OEM quantities, it’s also the
lowest-priced accelerometer on the
market today?
MEMSIC, Andover, MA
Information 978-738-0900
info@memsic.com
www.memsic.com
munication. These designers really
need affordable multichannel scopes
with the highest bandwidths, and
they won’t find a comparable instru-
ment anyplace else.
LeCroy, Chestnut Ridge, NY
Customer Care Center
800-453-2769
www.lecroy.com
that are used in
tablets, smart-
phones, and TVs.
Manufact urers
today not only
continue to strive
for lower power
with a wider dynamic range, but they
are also trying to improve spectral re-
sponse to closely match the human
eye for accurate light measurements,
especially when the top display glass is
tinted or dark in color. As a solution to
this concern, the MAX44007/
MAX44009 digital ALSs cut power
consumption by over 100 times that
of the nearest competitor (124 μW).
The sensors feature an integrated
adaptive-gain block that automati-
cally selects the optimum gain range.
The MAX44009 can measure light
levels from 0.045 lux to 188,000 lux,
yielding a dynamic range of more
than 4,000,000 to 1. High sensitivity
becomes important when these sen-
sors are put behind black glass in
products. The black glass attenuates
almost 90% of the light. The signal is
reduced almost by a factor of 10, and
high sensitivity is needed to get a
better result.
Maxim Integrated Products
Sunnyvale, CA
Customer Service 800-998-8800
sales-us@maxim-ic.com
www.maxim-ic.com
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 36
Accelerating the Speed of Design.

Your one solution for design creation.
Avnet Memec focuses on a select group of leading suppliers to provide original equipment
manufacturers (OEMs) a high level of technical expertise — enabling the swift and accurate
design of leading-edge products.
With factory trained and certified support, Avnet Memec specialists offer a level of technical depth
unmatched in the industry. With easy access to our industry experts, your projects move forward
with greater velocity, driven by in-depth technical expertise. That translates into faster time to
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*As rated by Hearst Electronics Group: The Engineer & Supplier Interface Study, 2009.
©Avnet, Inc. 2011. All rights reserved. AVNET is a registered trademark of Avnet, Inc.
Follow us on Twitter!
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36th Annual Product of the Year Awards
Electric-potential
sensor offers
fundamentally new
measurement
approach
Based on technology licensed from
the University of Sussex, U.K., the
EPIC (electrical potential integrated
peer-to-peer data streaming for sig-
nal processing and a flexible MIMO
architecture for phase-coherent mea-
surements. Priced starting at $49,999,
typical configurations cost about a
third less then monolithic instru-
ments.
National Instruments
Austin, TX
Information 800-258-7022
info@ni.com
www.ni.com/
circuit) PS25x01 series sensors are the
first to measure changes in an electric
field much as a magnetometer detects
changes in a magnetic field, requiring
no physical or
resistive con-
tact to take
readings. As
such, the sen-
sors enable all
sorts of new
products, the first being medical de-
vices that are simply held close to a pa-
tient’s chest, without wetting or shav-
ing off hair, to obtain a detailed ECG.
Traditional laboratory electrome-
ters and field mills have issues that
prevent their widespread use in elec-
tric potential sensing. Unlike them,
EPIC technology works at normal
room temperatures and functions as
an ultra-high-input impedance sen-
sor, using active feedback techniques
to both lower the effective input ca-
pacitance of the sensing element and
boost its input resistance. in effect, it is
a near-perfect voltmeter, highly stable
and able to measure tiny changes in
an electric field down to milliVolts.
The basic sensor technology itself
has great potential. It could enable de-
vices that can see through walls, con-
trol artificial limbs from a simple pad
on the skin’s surface, and detect eye
muscle movements for new human-
machine interfaces, all without the
need to implant electrodes. Further,
the sensor’s ability to detect move-
ment over distances ranging from a
few centimeters to several meters en-
ables applications in security systems
and for proximity control of lighting
and other electric appliances.
Plessey Semiconductors
Plymouth, U.K.
Sales 858-324-1086
sales@plesseysemi.com
www.plesseysemi.com
4x4 MIMO chipset
with digital dynamic
beamforming enables
wire-like performance
for challenging home
environments
Unleashing a new realm of wireless
video distribution that promises to
transform the way millions of people
transmit, share, and watch HDTV in
the home, the Quantenna QHS710
www.micropowerdirect.com
MicroPower Direct
We Power Your Success - For Less!
Go Direct
DC/DCConverters
Call Now
For our new
LED Guide
Go direct to MPD and stretch your
budget dollars farther than you
would have thought possible. At
MPD, you’ll get much more:
More Product
MPD offers over 2,500 standard,
DC/DC converters; nearly 2,000
standard AC/DC switching power
supplies; as well as a very wide
variety of POL switching regula-
tors & high brightness LED drivers.
And new models are being added
all the time.
More Performance
At MPD we provide fast delivery,
great customer service and expe-
rienced technical support on all of
our products. When you need prod-
uct fast or have a tough application
issue, give us a call. We follow up.
More Value
At MPD, low prices plus high per-
formance equals great value. So
don’t sacrifice performance or
service for price. Call MPD today
for a surprisingly fast and low cost
quotation. For product datasheets
or free samples, go to:
AC/DC Power Supplies
LED Drivers
STRETCH YOUR BUDGET!
Switching POL Regulators
T: (781) 344-8226 • F: (781) 344-8481 • E: sales@micropowerdirect.com
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 38
Color LCD is
transparently
unique
The transformation of the computer/
television display from cathode-ray
tube to solid-state device has brought
many new attributes to viewing
technology; larger and thinner
screens, more detailed and colorful
images, and better and more varied
touch control. But now a new LCD
technology has created a display
characteristic never before seen in
this space: transparency. At the same
time, the display is actually more
friendly to the environment than
previous devices.
The Samsung Transparent Color
Liquid Crystal Display Panel lets
viewers see through a vivid-color,
high-definition still or video to
whatever is behind it, and to interact
with the display through a transpar-
ent touch screen. Initially available
in a 22-in. size, larger versions, to 46
in., are also available now. Due to its
light weight, the panel is easy to at-
tach to other glass surfaces. Another
bonus of the design is that the panel
uses only about 90% of the power
consumed by conventional backlit
LCD panels, allowing it to operate
wirelessly on solar-replenished bat-
tery power.
In addition to notebook PCs, it is
expected that the transparent dis-
play will be used in a variety of new
applications, such as on coolers or
commercial freezers in supermar-
kets, on vending machines, in vari-
ous touch-accessed retail storefront
showcase applications, for “smart”
windows in homes or offices, or as
interfaces to interactive museum dis-
solution was offered as the
first fully compliant 802.11n
chipset with 4x4 MIMO, dy-
namic digital beamforming,
and support for four spatial
streams with unequal mod-
ulation. Support for four
spatial streams with un-
equal modulation per
stream enables up to 600
Mbit/s PHY data rates and
best-in-class performance.
Support for low-density
parity check (LDPC) en-
ables efficient error cor-
rection coding for superi-
or coverage and improved
range. The QHS710 chip-
set has a wide variety of
interfaces including dual
RGMII/MII, PCI-e, and SPI
flash, and its dual embed-
ded ARC processors pro-
vide full wireless Media
Access Control (MAC) and network
processing support.
Quantenna Communications
Sunnyvale, CA
Sales 408-331-9289
info@quantenna.com
www.quantenna.com
Visit our new website at:
www.datel.com
MIL/Aero & HI REL
40 Years of Innovation
SHM-14
MIL-STD-883
Sample/Hold
Amplifers
High speed:
10ns to ±0.1%
25ns to ±0.012%
35ns to ±0.003%
Accurate: ±0.5 LSB to 14-bit over Mil Temp. range
DAC-12100
MIL-STD-883
Digital-to-Analog
Converters
Ultra-high speed:
100MHz conversion rate
Low power: 650mW (typ.)
Low glitch energy: 3.0pV-s
Functionally complete:
16-bit, 20MHz sampling A/D
converter
Optimized dynamic performance:
signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 82dB.
Total harmonic distortion (THD) of
–96dB at the Nyquist frequency.
ADS-938
MIL-STD-883
Analog-to-Digital
Converters
36th Annual Product of the Year Awards
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 40
SSD processor accelerates
newest drives
The second-generation SandForce
SF-2200 SSD processor features a 6-
Gbit/s SATA host interface with an
unprecedented sustained sequential
read and write performance of 500
Mbytes/s. The chip targets SSDs used
in client computing applications
and supports state-of-the-art high-
speed ONFi2, and Toggle flash interfaces in single-level and
multi-level cell NAND flash SSDs, and has enabled a num-
ber of new SSDs to attain new performance milestones this
past year.
The IC also provides trusted Computing Group OPAL se-
curity with 256-bit AES encryption and automatic, line-rate
double encryption with a drive-level password. It has an ad-
vanced ECC engine correcting up to 55 bits per 512-byte
sector to assure high data integrity. The IC optimizes writes
to the flash and highly intelligent block management and
wear leveling extends flash endurance. PCB layout using the
SF-2200 is also enhanced because external DRAM is not
needed. SandForce has set a new standard for flash interface.
I wonder what the next year will bring.
SandForce, Milpitas, CA
OEM Sales 408 372-9000
sales@sandforce.com
www.sandforce.com
Best features of bimetal
breaker, PPTC device protect
battery-based tools
The MHP30-36 is a metal hybrid polymeric positive tem-
perature coefficient (PPTC) device that combines a bimetal
protector in parallel with a PPTC device. The hybrid device
offers 30-A hold current and an initial resistance of less
than 2 mΩ. The PolySwitch (PPTC) polymeric positive
temperature coefficient provides resettable overcurrent,
overtemperature protection. The PolySwitch PPTC device
is a conductive polymer-based
thermistor. It is characterized by
either negative temperature coef-
ficient behavior (NTC) where the
resistance of the device decreases
with temperature, or positive tem-
perature coefficient (PTC), behav-
ior where the device resistance in-
creases with temperature. The
PPTC is made from a composite of semi-crystalline poly-
mer and conductive particles.
The MHP (Metal Hybrid PPTC) device combines a bi-
metal protector and a PolySwitch PPTC device. This com-
bination incorporates the best features of a bimetal break-
er and PPTC and allows the PPTC technology to be used
plays. In reality, potential applications for this new tech-
nology are only limited by the designer’s imagination.
Samsung Electronics LCD Business, San Jose, CA
Information 866-726-4249
www.samsung.com/us/business/oem-solutions/lcdpan-
els/index.html
Superior Solutions
for Industrial
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www.tdk-epc.com TDK-EPC Corporation
AP£0 2012 º 0r|aodo, F|or|da
Febr0ary 5-9, 2012 º 8ooth 901-1002
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 41
36th Annual Product of the Year Awards
An IR temperature sensor
that opens up new apps
In today’s smartphones, no contact-type sensor can be built
in to measure case temperature because of assembly con-
straints, and contact-less solutions have been too large and,
at prices greater that $5 in high volumes, cost-prohibitive.
Housed in a 1.6 x 1.6 x 0.625-mm WCS package, the TMP006
MEMS-based infrared temperature sensor changes that by
offering a low-cost, easy-to-add
solution for monitoring case
temperature. The device can not
only provides greater safety and
better system performance, but
it opens up a range of new possi-
bilities for cellular devices.
The highly integrated device
— it incorporates a complete
thermopile sensor, signal conditioning, analog-to-digital
converter, and local temperature and voltage references on
a single monolithic IC — can monitor the passive infrared
energy radiated by any object in front of it without physi-
cal contact. Thus the sensor can let consumer electronics
products measure temperature in the real world. For ex-
ample, if placed in smartphone adjacent to the camera
module, the sensor transforms the phone into a complete
A component that
marks the end of
hand-wound coils in datacom
Today, magnetic coils used for inductors and transformers
are traditionally wound by people, either by hand or by
winding machines that people control. Consistency var-
ies depending on the ex-
pertise of the workers, and
variations in the work force
has lead to extensive prod-
uct supply shortages and
quality issues. As a result,
the datacom industry, which has relied upon such coils
for its current high-speed data products, is looking for a
new coil solution that will let it advance reliably to high-
er, multi-gigahertz rates. Which is where the PlanarMag
E2101 Ethernet single-port media filter comes in.
The E2101 is a 10/100-MHz device that, for the first
time, eliminates the hand-wound coils by embedding
lithographically encoiled magnetic ferrites into an FR4
substrate and enclosing it into a small surface-mount
package. This filter, the first in a series of high-speed-
data-communication devices, can be placed on a printed
circuit board adjacent to a high-speed data interface, or
even integrated into a complete RJ-45 connector. While
the process by which these devices are made is similar to
the way in which semiconductors are manufactured, it is
a tightly kept secret, surrounded by numerous patents
both granted and pending. But the proof of its effective-
ness is available to anyone today in the E2101.
TE Connectivity, Harrisburg, PA
Product Information Center 800-522-6752
www.te.com/planarmag
in higher current applications. The MHP device can be
useful in dc-rated designs that require arc-suppressed,
latched, high-current protection. The resettable MHP30-
36 device provides excellent arc suppression characteris-
tics compared to standard breaker devices that must limit
the number of switching cycles since arcing between con-
tacts may damage them. During normal operation, be-
cause contact resistance is very low, most of the current
goes through the bimetal. When the contact begins to
open, contact resistance increases quickly. If the contact
resistance is higher than the PPTC device’s resistance,
most of the current goes to the PPTC device and no (or
less) current remains on the contact, therefore preventing
arcing between the contacts. When current shunts to the
PPTC device, its resistance rapidly increases to a level
much higher than the contact resistance and the PPTC
heats up. After the contact opens, the PPTC device starts
to heat up the bimetal and keeps it open until the over-
current event ends or the power is turned off.
The MHP device is used for high-power Li-ion technol-
ogy such as portable or motive applications including
cordless power tools, medical devices, and e-bikes. In ad-
dition, customer interest in the core MHP technology has
led to some extensions of the technology to create three-
terminal MHP devices that enable external electronic ac-
tivation of the device via a signal line.
TE Circuit Protection Group
Menlo Park, CA
Technical assistance 800-227-7040
www.circuitprotection.com
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 42
Integrated POL Voltage Regulator
Product Selection Guide
Product Line Overview
Integrated design platforms that
enable customers to add energy-
conserving features that achieve
lower operating energy costs and
manufacturing Bill of Material
(BOM) costs.
• Appliances
• Audio
• Display
• Industrial
• Lighting
• SMPS
Product Line
Energy Saving Products
Optimized power management sys-
tem solutions that deliver bench-
mark power density, effciency and
performance in enterprise power.
Enterprise Power
Automotive grade power manage-
ment solutions qualifed to meet the
needs of 12V, 24V and HEV/EV appli-
cations with a zero defect goal.
Automotive
IR continues to lead the industry by
offering power MOSFETs with the
lowest R
DS(on)
and widest range of
packages up to 250V for a diverse
range of applications.
Benchmark MOSFETs
Our discrete components, complex
hybrid power module assemblies
and rugged DC-DC converters uti-
lize leading-edge power technology
which, together with demanding
environmental specifcations help
engineers to meet their toughest
design challenges.
HiRel
• Servers
• Storage Networks
• Switchers & Routers
• Workstations
• Notebooks
• Game Stations
• Set-Top Box
• Audio
• Computing
• Communications
• Motor Control
• Power Supply
• Synchronous Rectification
• Space
• Military
• Commercial Aviation
• Rugged Industrial
• Medical
• DirectFET
®
plus
• Low-Voltage ICs
• SupIRBuck
®
• iPOWIR
®
• PowIRstage
®
• CHiL Digital Controllers
Automotive Qualified:
• HEXFET
®
Power MOSFETs
• Intelligent Power Switches
• Driver ICs
• IGBTs
• DirectFET
®
2
• Discrete HEXFET
®
MOSFETs
• Dual HEXFET
®
MOSFETs
• FETKY
®
• RAD-Hard MOSFETs
• Power Modules/Hybrid Solutions
• Motor Control Solutions
• DC-DC Converters
• Digital Control ICs
• High-Voltage ICs
• IGBTs
• IRAM Integrated Power Modules
• MERs
Key Products
• AC and DC Motor Drives
• Powertrain / Engine control
• Body Electronics
• Lighting
• Class D Audio
• Heavy Loads and Actuators
Applications
10328C
www.irf.com
07-11 | 10969A
Untitled-8 1 12/12/11 12:55 PM
SupIRBuck
®
Online Design Tool
Simplifes Design
Comprehensive online design
tool featuring parametric search,
schematic capture, AC, Steady State,
Transient Analysis, Thermal Analysis,
BOM creation, and more…
The IR Advantage
• Best-in-class efficiency over entire
load range
• Common series footprint enables
“cut and paste” design, and scalability
allowing for faster time to market
• Integrated solution offers high power
density with reduced component count
and improved performance
• Single stage POL conversion saves energy,
size and cost by eliminating the need for an
intermediate bus
• Low profile and excellent thermal
performance allows for back-side board
mounting for additional space savings
• Wide input and output voltage range(s)
maximizes appeal for broadest
range of applications
Integrated Voltage Regulator Product Offering
Design Confguration Simulation
PCB Layout and
Thermal Analysis
Summary Design Requirements
mypower.irf.com/supirbuck
1 - 16V 1.5 - 21V 3 - 27V
5V bias required Integrated LDO 5V bias required
1-4A IR3843W IR3897* IR3853
4-6A
IR3842 IR3839* IR3863 IR3473
IR3842W IR3898* IR3856
IR3832W*
6-10A
IR3831W* IR3838* IR3859 IR3475
IR3841 IR3899* IR3865
IR3841W
10-15A
IR3840 IR3837* IR3476
IR3840W IR3477
15-35A
iP1827
iP1837
*DDR Tracking
15 35
Current (A)
SupIRBuck
®
1-10A
2-15A
12-35A
iPOWIR
®
Size(mm)
7.7x7.7
5x6
4x5
IR3840 5x6mm 12 16 5 0.7 PWM Y Y --- --- --- ---
IR3841 5x6mm 8 16 5 0.7 PWM Y Y --- --- --- ---
IR3842 5x6mm 4 16 5 0.7 PWM Y Y --- --- --- ---
IR3840W 5x6mm 12 16 5 0.7 PWM Y Y --- --- --- ---
IR3841W 5x6mm 8 16 5 0.7 PWM Y Y --- --- --- ---
IR3842W 5x6mm 4 16 5 0.7 PWM Y Y --- --- --- ---
IR3843W 5x6mm 2 16 5 0.7 PWM Y Y --- --- --- ---
IR3831W 5x6mm 8 16 5 0.7 PWM --- Y --- --- Y ---
IR3832W 5x6mm 4 16 5 0.7 PWM --- Y --- --- Y ---
IR3837 5x6mm 14 16 4.5 - 16 0.6 PWM Y --- Y Y Y ---
IR3838 5x6mm 10 16 4.5 - 16 0.6 PWM Y --- Y Y Y ---
IR3839 5x6mm 6 16 4.5 - 16 0.6 PWM Y --- Y Y Y ---
IR3859 4x5mm 9 21 5 0.7 PWM Y Y Y --- --- Y
IR3856 4x5mm 6 21 5 0.7 PWM Y Y Y --- --- Y
IR3853 4x5mm 4 21 5 0.7 PWM Y Y Y --- --- Y
IR3899 4x5mm 9 16 4.5 - 16 0.5 PWM Y --- Y Y Y Y
IR3898 4x5mm 6 16 4.5 - 16 0.5 PWM Y --- Y Y Y Y
IR3897 4x5mm 4 16 4.5 - 16 0.5 PWM Y --- Y Y Y Y
iP1837 7.7x7.7mm 35 16 3.3 / 5 0.6 PWM --- Y --- --- --- Y
iP1827 7.7x7.7mm 25 16 3.3 / 5 0.6 PWM --- Y --- --- --- Y
IR3473 4x5mm 6 27 5 0.5 COT* --- Y --- --- --- Y
IR3475 4x5mm 10 27 5 0.5 COT* --- Y --- --- --- Y
IR3476 5x6mm 12 27 5 0.5 COT* --- Y --- --- --- Y
IR3477 5x6mm 15 27 5 0.5 COT* --- Y --- --- --- Y
IR3863 4x5mm 6 21 5 0.5 COT* --- Y --- --- --- Y
IR3865 4x5mm 10 21 5 0.5 COT* --- Y --- --- --- Y
* Constant On Time control offers improved light load effciency
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Untitled-8 2 12/12/11 12:55 PM
SupIRBuck
®
Online Design Tool
Simplifes Design
Comprehensive online design
tool featuring parametric search,
schematic capture, AC, Steady State,
Transient Analysis, Thermal Analysis,
BOM creation, and more…
The IR Advantage
• Best-in-class efficiency over entire
load range
• Common series footprint enables
“cut and paste” design, and scalability
allowing for faster time to market
• Integrated solution offers high power
density with reduced component count
and improved performance
• Single stage POL conversion saves energy,
size and cost by eliminating the need for an
intermediate bus
• Low profile and excellent thermal
performance allows for back-side board
mounting for additional space savings
• Wide input and output voltage range(s)
maximizes appeal for broadest
range of applications
Integrated Voltage Regulator Product Offering
Design Confguration Simulation
PCB Layout and
Thermal Analysis
Summary Design Requirements
mypower.irf.com/supirbuck
1 - 16V 1.5 - 21V 3 - 27V
5V bias required Integrated LDO 5V bias required
1-4A IR3843W IR3897* IR3853
4-6A
IR3842 IR3839* IR3863 IR3473
IR3842W IR3898* IR3856
IR3832W*
6-10A
IR3831W* IR3838* IR3859 IR3475
IR3841 IR3899* IR3865
IR3841W
10-15A
IR3840 IR3837* IR3476
IR3840W IR3477
15-35A
iP1827
iP1837
*DDR Tracking
15 35
Current (A)
SupIRBuck
®
1-10A
2-15A
12-35A
iPOWIR
®
Size(mm)
7.7x7.7
5x6
4x5
IR3840 5x6mm 12 16 5 0.7 PWM Y Y --- --- --- ---
IR3841 5x6mm 8 16 5 0.7 PWM Y Y --- --- --- ---
IR3842 5x6mm 4 16 5 0.7 PWM Y Y --- --- --- ---
IR3840W 5x6mm 12 16 5 0.7 PWM Y Y --- --- --- ---
IR3841W 5x6mm 8 16 5 0.7 PWM Y Y --- --- --- ---
IR3842W 5x6mm 4 16 5 0.7 PWM Y Y --- --- --- ---
IR3843W 5x6mm 2 16 5 0.7 PWM Y Y --- --- --- ---
IR3831W 5x6mm 8 16 5 0.7 PWM --- Y --- --- Y ---
IR3832W 5x6mm 4 16 5 0.7 PWM --- Y --- --- Y ---
IR3837 5x6mm 14 16 4.5 - 16 0.6 PWM Y --- Y Y Y ---
IR3838 5x6mm 10 16 4.5 - 16 0.6 PWM Y --- Y Y Y ---
IR3839 5x6mm 6 16 4.5 - 16 0.6 PWM Y --- Y Y Y ---
IR3859 4x5mm 9 21 5 0.7 PWM Y Y Y --- --- Y
IR3856 4x5mm 6 21 5 0.7 PWM Y Y Y --- --- Y
IR3853 4x5mm 4 21 5 0.7 PWM Y Y Y --- --- Y
IR3899 4x5mm 9 16 4.5 - 16 0.5 PWM Y --- Y Y Y Y
IR3898 4x5mm 6 16 4.5 - 16 0.5 PWM Y --- Y Y Y Y
IR3897 4x5mm 4 16 4.5 - 16 0.5 PWM Y --- Y Y Y Y
iP1837 7.7x7.7mm 35 16 3.3 / 5 0.6 PWM --- Y --- --- --- Y
iP1827 7.7x7.7mm 25 16 3.3 / 5 0.6 PWM --- Y --- --- --- Y
IR3473 4x5mm 6 27 5 0.5 COT* --- Y --- --- --- Y
IR3475 4x5mm 10 27 5 0.5 COT* --- Y --- --- --- Y
IR3476 5x6mm 12 27 5 0.5 COT* --- Y --- --- --- Y
IR3477 5x6mm 15 27 5 0.5 COT* --- Y --- --- --- Y
IR3863 4x5mm 6 21 5 0.5 COT* --- Y --- --- --- Y
IR3865 4x5mm 10 21 5 0.5 COT* --- Y --- --- --- Y
* Constant On Time control offers improved light load effciency
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Untitled-8 3 12/12/11 12:55 PM
Integrated POL Voltage Regulator
Product Selection Guide
Product Line Overview
Integrated design platforms that
enable customers to add energy-
conserving features that achieve
lower operating energy costs and
manufacturing Bill of Material
(BOM) costs.
• Appliances
• Audio
• Display
• Industrial
• Lighting
• SMPS
Product Line
Energy Saving Products
Optimized power management sys-
tem solutions that deliver bench-
mark power density, effciency and
performance in enterprise power.
Enterprise Power
Automotive grade power manage-
ment solutions qualifed to meet the
needs of 12V, 24V and HEV/EV appli-
cations with a zero defect goal.
Automotive
IR continues to lead the industry by
offering power MOSFETs with the
lowest R
DS(on)
and widest range of
packages up to 250V for a diverse
range of applications.
Benchmark MOSFETs
Our discrete components, complex
hybrid power module assemblies
and rugged DC-DC converters uti-
lize leading-edge power technology
which, together with demanding
environmental specifcations help
engineers to meet their toughest
design challenges.
HiRel
• Servers
• Storage Networks
• Switchers & Routers
• Workstations
• Notebooks
• Game Stations
• Set-Top Box
• Audio
• Computing
• Communications
• Motor Control
• Power Supply
• Synchronous Rectification
• Space
• Military
• Commercial Aviation
• Rugged Industrial
• Medical
• DirectFET
®
plus
• Low-Voltage ICs
• SupIRBuck
®
• iPOWIR
®
• PowIRstage
®
• CHiL Digital Controllers
Automotive Qualified:
• HEXFET
®
Power MOSFETs
• Intelligent Power Switches
• Driver ICs
• IGBTs
• DirectFET
®
2
• Discrete HEXFET
®
MOSFETs
• Dual HEXFET
®
MOSFETs
• FETKY
®
• RAD-Hard MOSFETs
• Power Modules/Hybrid Solutions
• Motor Control Solutions
• DC-DC Converters
• Digital Control ICs
• High-Voltage ICs
• IGBTs
• IRAM Integrated Power Modules
• MERs
Key Products
• AC and DC Motor Drives
• Powertrain / Engine control
• Body Electronics
• Lighting
• Class D Audio
• Heavy Loads and Actuators
Applications
10328C
www.irf.com
07-11 | 10969A
Untitled-8 4 12/12/11 12:55 PM
36th Annual Product of the Year Awards
Stacked silicon
interconnect
technology yields
huge FPGA
The Xilinx Virtex-7 2000T field-pro-
grammable gate array is the world’s
highest-capacity pro-
grammable logic
device. It has
6.8 billion
transis-
tors and 2
million logic
cells equivalent
to 20 million ASIC
gates. This capacity is made possible
by stacked silicon interconnect tech-
nology, or what’s known as 2.5D IC
stacking. The FPGA uses through-hole
vias and an interposer.
The devices silicon interposer lay-
er acts as a sort of microcircuit board
in silicon on which multiple die are
set side by side and interconnected.
SSI technology avoids the power and
reliability issues that can result from
stacking multiple dies on top of each
other. Engineers are using the 2000T
FPGA to replace large capacity ASICs
and for the all-important prototyp-
ing and emulation of advanced ASIC
designs. Having a large ASIC simu-
lated in one FPGA chip increases
timing accuracy and thus reduces
the risk of very costly re-spins.
The price of this device has not
been released - but you can be as-
sured this chip is not what you would
call “low cost.”
Xilinx, San Jose, CA
Sales 408-559-7778
www.xilinx.com
Driving GaN FETs
becomes reality
The National LM5113 is the industry’s
first 100-V half-bridge gate driver opti-
mized for use with enhancement-
mode GaN power field-effect transis-
tors (FETs) in high-voltage power
converters. This is significant because
GaN FETs have an absolute maximum
gate-to-source voltage rating of 6 V.
Any voltage above this value will dam-
age the device. GaN FETs also have a
low threshold voltage that could be
triggered during
transient events
that, through
PCB parasitic,
could cause the
device to prema-
turely turn on
and cause dam-
age. This device
includes a low-impedance gate drive
source, which helps to minimize this
false triggering.
The device is a highly integrated
high-side and low-side GaN FET driver
that reduces component count by 75%
and shrinks PCB area by 85% com-
pared to discrete driver designs. The
half-bridge gate driver meets the strin-
gent requirements of enhancement-
mode GaN FETs. Using proprietary
technology, the device regulates the
high-side floating bootstrap capacitor
voltage at approximately 5.25 V to op-
Boosting extremely
low power makes
energy harvesting
very attractive
The bq25504 boost charger IC pro-
vides a simple innovative solution in
a single IC for boosting power for en-
ergy-harvesting applications. It
solves several energy-harvesting is-
sues customers have been struggling
with, and that
have prevent-
ed them from
offering end
e q u i p me nt
that fully use
e ne r g y- ha r-
vesting capa-
bilities. The
boost charger manages the micro-
watts to milliwatts of power generat-
ed from a number of sources, such as
solar, thermal electric, electromag-
netic and vibration, and stores the
extracted energy in various storage
elements, including Li-ion batteries
and super capacitors. It includes cir-
cuitry to protect the energy storage
element from over voltage and under
voltage conditions, and to kick-start
the system when the battery is deep-
ly discharged. Other specs include a
power range from 5 μW to 300 mW,
The boost charger increases the us-
able harvested energy 30% to 70% in
a solar panel compared to a linear
regulator, to power a handheld de-
vice operating in indoor light condi-
tions. It has a 330-nA typ quiescent
current and a conversion efficiency
of >80%. The programmable device
can be used with a variety of energy
sources and energy storage elements,
such as different battery chemistries
or super capacitors, and features a
330-mV cold-start voltage.
The boost converter interfaces to
various energy sources such as ther-
moelectric generators, electromag-
netic coils, single photovoltaic cells,
and infrared emitters. The device
does not distinguish between imped-
ance of sources as it modulates the ef-
fective impedance of the energy
transfer circuitry to regulate the in-
put voltage to the sampled reference
voltage and effectively maximizes the
power extracted from the energy
source. Some solutions on the market
have essentially half the function of
the bq25504 without the optional
full-wave rectifier, which means a
regulation and battery charging cir-
cuit is still needed. This 9-mm2 de-
vice has all the specs to aid your en-
ergy-harvesting designs but add to
that the very competitive price and
minimal supporting parts needed, in-
cluding the Li-ion cell, an inductor,
resistors, and capacitors, and you’re
looking at a very attractive sum of
about $5 for the whole BoM.
Texas Instruments
Dallas, TX
Information 800-477-8924
www.ti.com
timally drive eGaN power FETs with-
out exceeding the maximum gate-
source voltage rating. It offers
independent sink and source outputs
for flexibility of the turn-on strength
with respect to the turn-off strength.
A low-impedance pull-down path of
0.5 Ω provides a fast turn-off mecha-
nism for the voltage, and features an
integrated high-side bootstrap diode
to further reduce PCB real estate. The
device also provides independent logic
inputs for the high-side and low-side
drivers.
Texas Instruments
Dallas, TX
Information 800-477-8924
www.ti.com
portable measurement system. Just
point the phone at what you’d like to
measure and use the camera to aim.
So you could use your phone for tasks
ranging from checking to see if a ba-
by’s milk is at a safe temperature to
basic medical diagnosis.
Texas Instruments
Dallas, TX
Information 800-477-8924
www.ti.com
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 44
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ICMASTER.COM
an electronic products special series
EnErgy-saving
InItIatIve
SiC MOSFETs offer
superior switching
The commercialization of SiC technology for switching devices
represents a revolutionary change in power electronics
BY BOB CALLANAN, SiC Power
Products Applications Manager
Cree
www.cree.com
I
n power electronics applications,
the compound semiconductor sili-
con carbide (siC) has been demon-
strated in published literature to be a
superior material to silicon (si) in
many properties for the construction
of power switching devices. With a
bandgap that is approximately 3X
wider than silicon, siC devices also
exhibit significantly lower leakage
current at high-temperature opera-
tion — by more than two orders of
magnitude.
in Figs. 1 and 2, the forward con-
duction characteristics of si MOs-
FETs, trench field stop (TFs) insulated
gate bipolar transistors (igBTs), non-
punch-through (nPT) igBTs are com-
pared with those of siC MOsFETs at
25°C and at 150°C.
as shown in Fig. 3, the silicon MOs-
FET’s normalized on-state resistance
(r
Ds(on)
) increases by more than 250%
from 25°C to 150°C, while the r
Ds(on)
of
the siC MOsFET increase just 20%
over the same temperature range. The
impact of this characteristic on the
thermal design of a power electronics
system is significant, including the re-
duction of up to 50% of the thermal
management hardware (fans and/or
heatsinks).
The siC MOsFET, as a majority
carrier switch, effectively eliminates
the minority carrier current “tail” ex-
perienced with silicon igBTs (see Fig.
4), resulting in much lower switching
losses and facilitates much easier par-
alleling of switching devices.
at the 1,200-v rating, siC MOsFETs
may be specified in virtually any ap-
plication that currently employs
1,200-v silicon igBTs, especially for
those applications requiring higher
operating frequency and higher sys-
tem efficiencies. Figure 5 graphically
depicts the application area for siC
MOsFETs vs. silicon igBTs, including
solar power inverters, wind turbine in-
verters, motor drives, induction heat-
ing systems, as well as high-voltage
dc/dc converters.
There are two design characteris-
tics that must be observed when ap-
plying siC MOsFETs in a power elec-
tronics circuit – the elimination of
the ‘turn-off tail current’ exhibited
by silicon igBTs; and a modest trans-
conductance that needs to be factored
into the gate drive circuit design.
although the
elimination of the
tail current is a
significant advan-
tage of the siC
MOsFET over the
silicon igBT, it is
also critical to
take into account
Fig. 5: SiC MOSFET application areas
Fig. 4:
Switching loss
vs. temperature
comparison
(V
DD
= V
CC
=
800 V,
I
D
= I
C
= 20 A,
R
G
= 10 Ω)
Figs. 1 and 2: Forward conduction characteristics comparison
Fig. 3: Normalized R
DS(on)
vs. temperature
T
j
= 25°C T
j
= 150°C
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 46
that the IGBT’s tail current does have
the effect of dampening parasitics
during turn-off. It is vital to design
sufficient snubber circuits to manage
output interconnection parasitics and
prevent the ringing from reaching
damaging levels.
Compensating for the modest
transconductance in the SiC MOSFET
requires that gate-source voltage (V
GS
)
must be 20V to ensure optimal perfor-
mance from the device. This transcon-
ductance characteristic can also im-
pact the transition between where the
MOSFET operates as a voltage-con-
trolled resistance device to where it
becomes a voltage-controlled current
source, as a function of V
DS
. This tran-
sition will typically occur at higher
V
DS
values than with conventional sili-
con MOSFETs or IGBTs.
The transconductance effect
must also be considered in the
gate drive circuit design, most
notably in the requirement that
the gate driver be capable of
voltage swing of 22 V or higher
(for example, a recommended
on-state V
GS
of +20 V, with an
off-state V
GS
of –2 V or -5 V).
Careful consideration must
be given to controlling the fidel-
ity of the gate drive pulse, re-
quiring a nominal threshold
voltage of 2.3 V when the device
is not fully on (dV
DS
/dt ≈ 0), un-
til gate-source voltage reaches 16
V or higher. The first-order gate
circuit is approximated in Fig. 6,
depicting a voltage pulse driv-
ing a simple series RLC circuit.
By minimizing L
LOOP
, the val-
ue of R
LOOP
necessary for critical
dampening can be minimized,
along with the rise/fall time of
the circuit. This can be best accom-
plished by ensuring that the gate drive
is located as closely as possible to the
SiC MOSFET.
To illustrate the advantages of SiC
MOSFETs in power electronics, con-
sider the following solar power in-
verter application. The B6 topology
employs a split-link dc-capacitor with
the neutral conductor of each capaci-
tor connected at the center point,
with the unit connected to a 400-V
grid. The 1,200-V silicon IGBTs origi-
nally designed into the system were
directly replaced with 1,200-V SiC
MOSFETs, without any optimization
of the drive circuit. As shown in Fig.
7, the result was a dramatic increase
in system efficiency.
Replacement of the silicon IGBTs
with SiC MOSFETs achieved the sys-
tem’s maximum efficiency by 1.92%
and boosted the overall European ef-
ficiency rating by 2.36%, translating
into a 50% reduction in overall system
losses and a reduction in heatsink
temperature by 43°C. Allowing the
three-phase grid-connected system to
achieve a 99% maximum rating.
To demonstrate the potential for
SiC MOSFETs in motor drive applica-
tions, engineers at Cree performed an
experiment by substituting SiC MOS-
FETs for the original silicon IGBTs in a
230 Vac, 2-kW three-phase motor
drive operating at 16 kHz. The SiC
MOSFETs produced a 2% overall effi-
ciency improvement and a 50% reduc-
tion in heatsink temperature, enabling
a significant reduction and/or simpli-
fication of thermal management sys-
tems, such as fans. In addition, the
ability to operate at higher frequencies
(48 kHz and higher), allowed for dra-
matically reducing the size and weight
of magnetic components such as EMI
filters and inductors.
For applications in three-phase
480-V power factor correction circuits
requiring 1,200-V switching devices,
SiC MOSFETs are expected to find
wide application. At these voltages,
traditional silicon MOSFETs have ex-
cessive conduction losses, and silicon
IGBTs exhibit significantly higher
switching losses, thus putting a limit
on their operating frequency. The SiC
MOSFETs, however, exhibit both low
switching losses and low conduction
losses, making them ideal for these
types of applications.
High-voltage industrial equipment,
including plasma cutters and welders
will also be prime applications for the
1,200-V SiC MOSFET. By using the SiC
MOSFETs, a 10-kW, 1-kV dc/dc con-
verter operating at 32 kHz has been
demonstrated with an efficiency of
more than 97%.
The commercialization of SiC tech-
nology for switching devices repre-
sents a revolutionary change in the
field of power electronics. Beyond
the device costs, the following
system considerations need to be
evaluated for a true picture of the
potential cost savings:
1. Passive component reduction.
Because of their relative numbers,
passive power components often
comprise the majority of the over-
all bill of materials costs in a pow-
er electronics application. By in-
creasing the operating frequency,
both the number of these compo-
nents (and their corresponding
size and cost) can be reduced.
2. Cooling requirement reduc-
tion. By reducing heatsink tem-
peratures by more than 50% (as
demonstrated by experiments
presented in this article), the
adoption of SiC technology has
the potential to significantly re-
duce the size and number of heat-
sinks, as well as a reduction or
elimination of cooling fans.
3. Energy-cost reduction over the
equipment lifecycle. Looking beyond
the simple component costs and
manufacturing expenses of a system,
the true value proposition of SiC
technology comes only if the overall
energy savings over the lifecycle of
the equipment is considered; and in
some cases can be the majority of the
savings potential. In systems such as
a solar inverter, where cost savings
are directly dependent on inverter
technology, the elimination of 40%
to 50% of switching losses can be the
determining factor in the adoption of
SiC technology. ■
Fig. 6: First-order analysis of gate drive circuit
Fig. 7: Comparison of three-phase PV inverter efficiency
Alternative Energy
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 47
an electronic products special series
EnErgy-saving
InItIatIve
Power-efficient comm
engines in FPGAs
BY RAJESH TRIVEDI, Brand Manager
Lattice Semiconductor
www.latticesemi.com
T
he rapid pace of innovation
across industries is driving new
approaches to electronic system
design. Designers are increasingly
seeking to build their next-generation
electronic products on flexible plat-
forms that can be customized quickly
to create additional, derivative prod-
ucts to meet diverse customer needs.
in addition, in a networked
world, electronic equipment
of all types must continuous-
ly communicate with each
other. These two trends are
encouraging system engineers
to look for flexible design
platforms with industry-stan-
dard communication inter-
faces. End-customers as well
want low-cost, low-power de-
sign platforms that can be
manufactured in volume and
are competitive in the mar-
ketplace.
Efficient communication
engines
Field-programmable gate arrays offer a
flexible design platform with a variety
of resources – high-speed configurable
interfaces, embedded memory, digital
signal processing and a programmable
logic fabric. The cost and power con-
sumption of FPga platforms can be
reduced by selecting widely used func-
tional blocks, which do not vary from
application to application, for imple-
mentation in hard standard-cell logic
gates. FPgas that provide a balance
between a soft programmable fabric
and hard, but configurable functional
blocks are ideal design platforms for
system manufacturers.
One set of functional blocks that is
an ideal candidate for hard imple-
mentation in FPgas are communica-
tion interfaces. an increasing variety
of electronic equipment use industry
standard communication interfaces
such as PCi Express, gigabit Ethernet,
Tri-speed Ethernet and serial rapi-
diO. an ideal solution will implement
Osi Layer-2 (Link Layer) functional-
ity for each protocol and additional
Osi Layer-1 physical layer functional-
ity in hard logic as efficient commu-
nication engines.
The primary benefit of using hard-
wired communication engines is a
dramatic reduction in power con-
sumption. an average two-input
nanD gate consumes power in
nanowatts, whereas a four-input look-
up table (LUT4) in FPgas consumes
power in hundreds of nanowatts. But
the FPga LUT4 performs the function
of at least 10 standard cell gates — and
therefore a standard cell gate imple-
mentation yields a net power reduc-
tion of a factor of 10.
The hardwired implementation of
popular communication protocols
also reduces the required semiconduc-
tor die area by a factor of 30, which
leads to lower cost. The logic fabric in
typical midrange FPgas runs at speeds
up to 250 MHz. The hard implementa-
tion of communication protocols al-
lows the same FPgas to process data at
speeds up to 600 MHz. Thus, the hard-
wired communication engines enable
low-cost midrange FPgas to process
high-speed data.
FPGA implementation
an example FPga family with avail-
able hard-coded logic is the recently
announced LatticeECP4 FPga
family, with up to four 6 gbit/s
sErDEs (see Fig. 1). Each com-
munication engine offers up
to a tenfold power and cost re-
duction over similar FPga im-
plementations. The 6-gbit/s
sErDEs channels take less
than 175 mW each. They are
designed and characterized to
meet the rigorous data and
control plane timing require-
ments of each protocol.
The configurable commu-
nication engines can be cus-
tomized by embedding propri-
etary code in the surrounding FPga
logic fabric. The complete solution
also includes an easy-to-use software
tool to connect the communication
engine with the surrounding logic
fabric and with high-speed serial in-
terfaces. Designers can also access net-
work control and statistics vectors
within the engines.
an FPga-based design platform
with efficient communication engines
allows design engineers to build so-
phisticated networking equipment
with lower power and lower cost. and,
though the communication engines
are hardwired, they can be configured
using the soft logic in the FPga fabric.
This approach permits designers to en-
joy the best of both worlds. ■
Fig. 1: The LatticeECP4 FPGA has 4 to 16 SERDES organized in quads
of four each and up to 22 hard-wired communication engines.
FPGA cost and power consumption can be reduced
using hard standard cell logic gates
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 48
www.apec-conf.org
www.apec-conf.org
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2012
February 5

9, 2012
Disney's Coronado Springs Resort
Orlando, FL
THE PREMIER
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ELECTRONICS
TM
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web site for the latest
information!
The iPhone 4S is, as it implies, a souped-up iPhone 4 ver-
sion, just as the 3GS was a souped-up version of the
iPhone 3G. In fact, with the introduction of the 4S, Apple
now has a portfolio of 3 iPhone 4Ss, two downgraded iPhone
4s (8GB configuration only), and a downgraded iPhone 3GS.
Murata makes the module, Broadcom makes the chip. In the past
these always included the ubiquitous-most-popular-chip-seen-in-tear-
downs BCM4329, and now Broadcom’s newer BCM4330 chip is implement-
ed which upgrades Bluetooth functionality to Rev 4.0. Texas Instruments
maintains their touchscreen controller slot – but now that chip is naked (flip-
chip), helping further reduce the size. It appears to offer very similar function-
ality as the touch control IC they supplied in the iPhone 4.
Product Teardown:
Apple iPhone 4S
(16GB) Mobile Handset
% of Total Cost by Function
Integrated Circuit
40.27 %
Display
12.39 %
% of Total Cost by Assembly
Display
12.67%
Mechanical
11.48%
% of Total Cost by Component type
The information in this feature represents a small sample of the data available from the iSuppli Teardown Analysis service. This service provides complete,
detailed analyses of electronic equipment by disassembling products and studying their contents. The service has performed teardown analyses
on products including wireless handsets, digital still cameras, PDAs, and laptop computers. ISuppli delivers complete assessments of all electronic,
electro-mechanical, and mechanical components in such products, from semiconductors to passives to displays. Component data includes parts
and estimated pricing and is broken down by assembly, function, component family, and type.
For more information on the IHS iSuppli Teardown Analysis service, e-mail iSuppli at Info@isuppli.com
For more information on the IHS iSuppli Teardown Analysis service, e-mail iSuppli at Info@isuppli.com
To get the complete teardown analysis and parts list of the Apple iPhone 4S, including datasheets, go to...
www2.electronicproducts.com/whatsinside.aspx
Integrated Circuit
41.18%
Camera
9.70%
Discrete
Semiconductor 0.15%
Optical
Semiconductor 0.39%
Passive 2.20%
Battery 3.41%
Module 4.61%
Electro-
Mechanical 6.50%
Touchscreen 7.71%


Mechanical
11.22%
Camera
9.48%
Discrete
Semiconductor 0.15%
Optical
Semiconductor 0.38%
Passive 2.15%
Accessories 2.23%
Battery 3.33%
Module 4.50%
Electro-
Mechanical 6.36%
Touchscreen 7.54%
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 50
WHAT’S INSIDE?
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T
here is no doubt that the role of
unmanned aerial vehicles
(UAVs) in military and commer-
cial applications is increasing beyond
reconnaissance and attack, to new ar-
eas such as fire fighting and provid-
ing supplies and munitions to troops
in battlefield (see Fig. 1). Over the last
decade, UAVs have finally evolved
from lab testing to field-tested proven
technologies.
In a recent study, the Teal Group
estimated that overall UAV expendi-
tures will double within a decade
from $5.9 billion annually to $11.3
billion, with more than $94 billion
spent over the next 10 years. In addi-
tion to the cost savings of unmanned
flights and real time intelligence, sur-
veillance and reconnaissance benefits
they bring, the move to UAVs reduces
fatalities of the pilots and support
personnel that would normally man
such aircraft.
Since UAVs allow for a more pre-
cise and targeted attack, they also re-
sult in fewer civilian casualties. The
“always on” sensing elements in such
aircrafts make it easier to provide
proof to refute claims of undesired
military action. With the growing
presence of hyper spectral imaging
systems as part of the payload, UAVs
Multicore DSPs are for reducing size,
weight, cost and power, as well as
developing very high-performance systems
Multicore DSPs
support
power-efficient,
high-performance
UAVs
BY SANDEEP KUMAR,
Product Line Manager,
Multicore and Media Infrastructure
Texas Instruments
www.ti.com
also provide the additional benefit of
monitoring for biohazards and mali-
cious chemical agents.
On-board processing
As more manned aircrafts transition
to UAVs, expectations are growing
that these aircrafts will be able to
take advantage of automated air traf-
fic management systems, as well as
automated navigation and landing
systems, while following flight pro-
cedures. Thus, the appetite for great-
er onboard processing will increase,
while the power envelope continues
to stay the same or shrink.
With growing interest in credit-
card-sized board form factors and
computing platforms, the strain on
power budget does not appear to be
letting up anytime soon. Power effi-
cient, software programmable solu-
tions like multicore digital signal
processors (DSPs) will play a key role
in providing solutions to this power-
performance dilemma.
Multicore DSPs have been around
for a long time, but recent advances
have helped them evolve into SoCs
that pack a performance punch with-
out losing touch with their legacy of
power efficiency. In UAVs, they play
a vital role in providing support for
data acquisition and processing from
various sensor types and establish-
ing secure ground communications.
UAV developers, particularly
those focusing on military applica-
tions, are constantly striving for lon-
ger endurance units with greater
functionality and lower fuel con-
sumption. This results in very tight
size, weight, power and cost (SWaP-
C) requirements as combat pressures
dictate that UAVs integrate an in-
credible array of subsystems, includ-
ing sensors, mission compute sys-
tems, radio communications and
navigation systems.
The tight, confined spaces and
small form factors coupled with
smaller modular enclosures make
power a particularly challenging
problem, with some smaller systems
having sub-200-W power budgets.
Today, this is solved by having large
onboard power generation systems
to relieve the energy challenge and
exotic materials as well as heat col-
lection and heat rejection technolo-
PRODUCT
application
Fig. 1: Unmanned aerial vehicle are finding uses
for military reconnaissance, fire-fighting, and
supporting ground troops with supplies.
Military/Aerospace
Electronics
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 52
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Medically precise.
Power inductors that meet spec, even when operating conditions don’t.
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of most military, aerospace and medical
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converters, and switching power supplies.
Ferrite core and exclusive geometry provide
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º Inducroncc vo|uc· rongc from 0.3 pH 4/0 pH
º O¡croríono| rcm¡crorurc rongc of åå´ ro -1åå´ C
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currcnr hond|íng
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Rather than providing a short term
fix, the use of power efficient multi-
core DSPs can reduce the reliance on
large onboard power generation sys-
tems and eliminate costly heat sinks
and other power dissipation materi-
al, leading to a very attractive SWaP-
C for such systems. For example, Fig.
2 shows a half-length PCI Express
(PCIe) board (smaller than 5 x 7-in.)
that is available with 500 or more
GFLOPs of performance at 54-W of
total power consumed.
Multicore DSPs for UAVs
More and more, UAVs are being
dominated with a plethora of sen-
sors that are generating a vast
amount of raw data. Infrared and
visible imaging, coupled with full
motion video, create hours and hours
of footage. In many instances, there
is growing demand for high-defini-
tion video and images with greater
detail and resolution. With lower
cost CMOS cameras improving in
characteristics, there can be any-
where from 10 to 100 cameras per
UAV, with image capturing resolu-
tion going up to several hundred
megabytes per camera.
Once the image has been ac-
quired, the system must perform im-
age stabilization and compression on
board. If the image is being further
processed in the air, image enhance-
ment, and analytics must also be
performed. Multicore DSPs excel at
high-data-rate signal processing in-
tensive functions such as image sta-
bilization, noise reduction, image
enhancement and restoration.
Also, multicore DSPs with a lot of
distributed real time processing ca-
pability coupled with large memory
and interchip and intrachip band-
width can significantly reduce the
latency in analyzing and categoriz-
ing images. This can prove especially
critical in getting real-time responses
from the ground decision maker in
case an imminent threat is detected.
If further analysis means simply
transmitting images to the ground
in a lossless fashion, advanced co-
decs such as JPEG2000 allow for best
possible image quality, low latency
and no inter-frame dependencies.
With multicore DSPs, UAV designers
can quickly and efficiently imple-
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A2_EP_2_06x9_5_A2.qxd 7/5/11 10:07 AM Page 1
ment codecs like JPEG2000 in the
software or start by using off the
shelf proven building blocks such as
those in vision, imaging and signal
processing libraries.
For full-motion video, in addition
to support for existing video stan-
dards such as H.264, the added ben-
efit of using a multicore processor is
that its programmable nature allows
support for proprietary video for-
mats and emerging standards such
as H.265.
Another important consideration
is IO bandwidth and the ability to
support packetized compresses vid-
eo. A typical HD video needs up to
10-Mbps, so the Ethernet interface
required to support multiple com-
pressed video channels should be a
Gigabit Ethernet or higher port. But
GigE is not the only choice for trans-
porting video as both PCIe and
RapidIO are both good choices for
high-bandwidth video.
For example, if PCIe lanes are
used to carry video, then each PCIe
Gen2 can carry 5-GB of data, which
is enough for four channels of
1080i60, 24 channels of D1, or more
than 300 channels of QCIF at 30 fps.
RapidIO, designed for embedded sys-
tems, allows for more payload and
the creation seamless scalable fabric
of processing capability for video
and image processing.
Another application on board
UAVs is radar, generally synthetic ap-
erture radar (SAR) that provides an
additional mechanism for picking
up objects not visible to electro-opti-
cal or infrared cameras. When com-
bined with a ground moving target
indicator (GMTI), such systems can
be beneficial in locating and track-
ing targets in environments such as
deserts and densely forested areas, as
well as in adverse weather condi-
tions, such as rain or fog.
The greater precision of output re-
quired in such systems, along with
the need for larger dynamic range,
make these functions perform sig-
nificantly better on a floating point
machine. Variable size, floating
point, Fast Fourier Transforms (FFT)
are all key in SAR processing and
perform very well on advanced mul-
ticore DSPs. Some multicore DSPs are
also architected to provide a very ef-
ficient mechanism for performing
PRODUCT
application
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 54
‘corner-turns’ or matrix transpose,
which can be a significant part of an
efficient SAR algorithm.
The UAV communications dat-
alink is a critical subsystem and
provides two-way communication
through a low data rate channel for
‘commands’ and “status”’ and a
high-data-rate channel for payload
such as SIGINT, video, and radar.
The datalink should have protec-
tion against threats including, jam-
ming, interference, interception,
radiation etc.
In addition, it is important the
communication link be always avail-
able which translates to support of
non-line-of-sight, multiple bands,
multiple waveforms and other ad-
vanced capacity and coverage en-
hancement techniques. DSPs have
long been used in commercial com-
munications, more specifically in
providing secure, low latency, real-
time communications. They are well
suited for UAV communications that
require support for low bandwidth,
proprietary channels all the way up
to commercial broadband wireless
air-interfaces such as LTE, WCDMA,
and WiMAX.
Multicore DSPs make the system
easy to reconfigure through a sim-
plified programming model (usu-
ally C based). Today’s multicore
processors provide a good combi-
nation of software programmable
cores and hardware acceleration to
cost effectively meet the stringent
requirements of such communica-
tions systems.
In a defense market with shrink-
ing budgets, the use of multicore
DSPs also provide for software in-
vestment protection through soft-
ware compatibility and portability as
well as through the use of open tools
such as GNU C Compiler, open oper-
ating systems such as Linux and
open multicore programming mod-
els such as OpenMP. ■
Fig. 2:
Advantech PCIe
card with four
Texas Instruments’
TMS320C6678
multicore DSPs - 512 GFLOP @54W
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Military/Aerospace
Electronics
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 55
Product
UPDATE
Product
UPDATE
Connectors and sockets
Itt (www.itt.com) developed the Nemesis Series Space
Saver connector designed for wearable and portable mili-
tary equipment used in today’s warfare. the connector
withstands harsh conditions in the field, and features
anti-reflective roHS-compliant salt-spray-resistant plat-
ing and Pogo Pin/Pad and breakaway design. Maximum
current rating for the Nemesis Series connector is 2 A and
the voltage rating is 50 Vdc with a minimum insulation
resistance of 5,000 MΩ. operating temperature ranges
are from –40° to 100°c, and the connectors have a life
span of more than 2500 cycles. Portable computers,
weapons, vision systems, headsets, radios, and GPS
equipment are applications for the Nemesis series.
ErNI Electronics’ (www.erni.com) dual-row Microcon se-
ries SMt connector family with 0.8mm pitch addresses de-
manding applications in industrial, medical, lighting, auto-
motive, and
consumer seg-
ments. the 50-
pin male con-
nectors are
only 24.2 x 4.7
mm, and fea-
ture reinforced
side walls and
b l i nd - ma t e
guide align-
ments for secure mating. A double-sided spring contact en-
ables installation in space-limited applications. the connec-
C
onnectors provide the glue that enables a variety of technologies to work together effectively and efficiently. From
connectors used in rugged or toxic environments to those that span consumer and industrial applications, con-
nectors adhere to a multitude of standards and specifications. they are not only necessary, but they are also an
enabling technology and gains in connector miniaturization, strength, life span and flexibility further electronics ad-
vances across a wide range of applications.
ITT’s Nemesis Series Space Saver connector
ERNI Electronics Dual-Row SMT Connector Family
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Product
UPDATE
Connectors and sockets
tors offer a high mating tolerance with
allowed misalignment tolerances of
longitudinal and transverse axes of
±0.7 mm and an allowed angular incli-
nation tolerance of ±4°. the class 1
connectors are specified for. 500 mat-
ing cycles and current capacity per
contact is up to 0.5 A at 20°c.
API technologies’ new API Spec-
trum control Firewall Series (www.
apitechnologies.com) is designed to
prevent fire or sparks from penetrat-
ing sealed bulkheads in high-perfor-
mance aircraft, aircraft engines, and
military ships. capable of operating
up to 260°c/500°F, the connectors
adhere to a variety of such military
specifications as MIL-dtL-38999,
MIL-dtL-836723, and MIL-dtL-
5015.
Supporting total bandwidth of
120 Gbits/s through 12 channels of
10 Gbits/s, tE connectivity’s en-
hanced-footprint cXP pluggable
connector and cage are housed in a
one-piece convenient press-fit as-
sembly. targeting high-speed data
environments, the cXP assembly
supports the latest high-speed In-
finiBand cXP 12XQdr standard and
IEEE 100-Gbit/s Ethernet specifica-
tions. the one-piece design prevents
EMI leakage at the bezel opening
and at the cage-to-plug interface and
allows for quick and easy placement
onto PcB boards, eliminating the
extra steps involved with connector
and cage assembly. An enhanced,
dual-sourced footprint increases
space between vias for cross-talk re-
duction and improved electrical per-
formance. options include lightpipe
and EMI/dust plug and three high-
sink heights for a variety of thermal
applications. Belly-to-belly mount-
ing options for use on both sides of
pc boards are also offered.
IP 67 Bayonet Style rJ45/Ether-
net field wireable connectors by
turck (www.turck.us.com) provide su-
perior protection in washdown and
high impact applications. the bayo-
net style of mating prevents over or
under tightening that typically
www.harwin.com/shield-clips
P I C K & P L A C E R E A D Y B Y D E S I G N
SMT shield clips
simplify RFI shielding
• Eliminates cost of hand soldering
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• Tape & reel packaging
for automatic placement
• Three clips sizes for cans
with wall thickness of .005”-.040”
O
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Harwin EP Half Island Shield Clips Dec 11 2/12/11 16:24 Page 1
Turck IP 67
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TE Connectivity Enhanced-Footprint CXP
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ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 58
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The right connection for your app
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Visit booth 414 at the DesignCon
Show to see innovative high speed
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assembly solutions …
and more
damages connectors and pins. Wa-
ter resistant to depths of 1 meter for
up to 30 minutes, the CAT 5e per-
formance of the connectors allows
data transmission at 1,000 Mbits/s
and performance in harsh environ-
ments including toxic chemicals.
Available in plastic and metal mod-
els, the connector works in all Eth-
ernet applications.
Miniature microwave coax con-
tact assemblies that fit into small
standard Size 20 contact cavities of
D-Subminiature connectors and
Size 20 and larger contact cavities
for standard MIL-DTL-38999 circu-
lar connectors are addressed by a
family of SSBP microwave connec-
tors by Southwest Microwave (www.
southwestmicrowave.com). The SSBP-
20 connectors can be used inter-
changeably with non-coax sig-
nal contact assemblies in such
applications as airborne, medi-
cal, test, mobile communica-
tions, missiles, and space.
Features include minia-
turization, increased reliabil-
ity, reduced system cost, and
resistance to vibration and
shock. The SSBP-20 interface, al-
though targeted for miniaturized
packaging, can be used in RF and
extreme millimeter-wave applica-
tions and combinations thereof in
the same connector. Connectors are
RoHS compliant, lead free, and have
DFARS steel and raw material trace-
ability.
Horizontal and vertical blade in-
sertion and increased flexibility are
two of the features of Yokowo Amer-
ica’s (www.yokowoconnector.com) two-
piece battery connectors. Dual-
beam contact in both insertion
directions improves reliability,
while two tabs are fitted on the re-
ceptacle providing a secure grip
around the blade for insertion. Bi-
axial torsion and floating function
absorb the batter gab, reducing in-
termittent power outage risk. Used
in devices where uninterrupted
power is critical, the connector fea-
tures a 30-mΩ max contact resis-
tance, –40° to 85°C operating tem-
perature range, and a 2,000-cycle
operational durability. The blade is
11.5 x 5.4 x 18 mm, and the recep-
tacle is 9.1 x 5.5 x 19.1 mm. Each
blade consists of six contacts with
a 3-mm pitch.
The RFA-4013-WB 7-16 DIN
adapter kit from RF Connectors
(www.rfindustries.com) is now avail-
able in white bronze plating in ad-
dition to silver. Applications in
PCS, cellular, GPS, and digital
communications are finding great-
er use for 7-16 DIN adapters. The
7-16 DIN connector interface can
carry high power at high frequency,
are larger and extremely precise,
and offer stable electrical and me-
chanical connections with tight tol-
erances. White bronze plating offers
a way to bridge type N devices to 7-
16 DIN interfaces. All white bronze
7-16 DIN adapters are machined to
exact specifications. In comparison,
silver plating offers exceptional
electrical performance and low pas-
sive intermodulation (PIM) perfor-
mance. The foam-lined zippered kit
contains six adapters.
Carolyn Mathas
Connectors and sockets
RF Connectors
RFA-4013-WB 7-16 DIN
adapter kit
Southwest Microwave SSBP-20 microwave
connectors
SFP+, QSFP+ and Mini-SAS/SATA
cable systems
FCI’s new SFP+ and QSFP+ direct-attach
copper cable assemblies, connectors and
cages enable 10 Gb/s or 4x10 Gb/s pluggable
links to support 8G Fibre Channel, 10G
Ethernet, FCoE, 40G Ethernet, or 40G
Infniband QDR applications. The cable
assemblies include EEPROM memory map
capability per the SFF specifcations. FCI’s
external Mini-SAS/SATA cable solutions meet
INCITS T10 SAS or SATA-IO and SFF
requirements.
For more information please visit
www.fciconnect.com/hsio
TwinMezz

Mezzanine Connector
System
FCI’s TwinMezz

connector system provides
industry-leading signal integrity performance
for 20+ Gb/s mezzanine applications and the
highest signal density with 25 differential
signal pairs/cm
2
, or 161 pairs/in
2
. The effcient
hermaphroditic design supports stack heights
ranging from 12mm to 40mm with 200-800
total contacts. The versatile open pin feld
design allows for mixed differential, single-
ended or power pin assignments. Proven FCI
BGA termination technology enables reliable,
SMT-compatible attachment.
For more information please visit
www.fciconnect.com/twinmezz
AirMax VS
®
High-Speed Connectors
Innovative crosstalk optimization and edge-
coupling technology enable differential pairs
to support data rates to beyond 12.5 Gb/s
without the use of interleaving metal shields.
The versatile AirMax VS system features
a broad range of signal module options,
including receptacles and headers in both
right-angle and vertical orientations, power
modules, and accessories. The available
connector options support backplane,
orthogonal midplane, coplanar,
mezzanine and cabling applications.
www.fciconnect.com/airmax
fw593 EP 03/10 Sat Strip AF.indd 1 1/29/10 12:10:05 PM
PRoDUCT
UPDATE
ADveRtISeMeNt
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 61
HIGHLIGHTS
Next-gen ECP4 FPGAs up performance profile
Featuring up to 250 KLUTs that operate 30% faster
than the previous version and cost less, the Lat-
ticeECP4 FPGA family steps up to higher-perfor-
mance applications. The ICs come in six versions
starting at 30 KLUTs and have 1.2 to 10.6 Mbytes of
memory, 1,066-Mbit DDR3 memory interfaces, and
up to 576 DSP blocks — 7x the previous version.
The chips up their communication profile with sixteen 6-Gbit/s SERDES
channels that take less than 175 mW each and forty 1.25-Gbit/s CDRs. They
feature MACO lower-power hard-IP communication engines for many pro-
tocols, including SRIO 2.1, PCIe 2.1, and 10G Ethernet. The devices are
available in 485 to 1,152-pin low-cost wire-bond or flip-chip BGA packages.
(ECP4-130, $20 ea/100,000 — samples 2nd qtr 2012.)
Lattice Semiconductor , Hillsboro , OR
Sales 503-268-8000 sales@latticesemi.com www.latticesemi.com
SPDT switches offer 50-
Ω terminated outputs
The SKY13348-374LF and SKY13370-
374LF 0.5 to 0.6-GHz SPDT switches
are high power 50-Ω terminated,
single-pole, double throw devices
that are ideal for high
power access points
and router applica-
tions given their
matched ports which
reduce low noise ampli-
fier pulling and deliver
better system performance. Addi-
tional features include low insertion
loss, high isolation and high lineari-
ty for improved data throughput.
Housed in a 6-pin DFN package,
the SKY13370-374LF features an in-
sertion loss of 0.7 dB at 2.5 GHz, an
isolation of 31 dB at 2.5 GHz, and an
IP1dB of 39 dBm. Housed in a MLPD
package, the SKY13348-374LF offers
an insertion loss of 0.6 dB at 2.5 GHz,
an isolation of 27 dB at 2.5 GHz, and
an IP1dB of 37 dBm.(Contact compa-
ny for pricing and availability)
Skyworks Solutions , Woburn , MA
Sales 781-376-3000
sales@skyworksinc.com
www.skyworksinc.com
SAR pseudo-dif ADC
achieves 96.5-dB SNR
The LTC2369-18, a serial 18-bit, 1.6
Msamples/s pseudo-differential SAR
A/D converter, achieves 96.5 dB SNR
and –120 dB THD while supporting a
0 to 5-V unipolar input range. Oper-
ating from a 2.5-V supply, the part
consumes only 18 mW, with a low
power shutdown mode that con-
sumes just 2.25 µW.
Additional features include, guan-
ranteed 18-bit no missing codes, a
maximum INL of ±2.5 LSB with no
missing codes and guaranteed speci-
fications over the –40° to 125°C tem-
perature range. Housed in a 16-lead
MSOP and 4 x 3-mm DFN package,
the ADC offers a user-friendly SPI in-
terface, explicit Busy and Chain pins,
I/O voltages from 1.8 to 5 V, and an
internal oscillator that simplifies
digital timing and minimizes exter-
nal component count. ($29.95
ea/1,000 — available now.)
Linear Technology , Milpitas , CA
Sales Office 408-428-2050
www.linear.com
Signal cond ICs process
IR remote control signals
Announced as the first signal condi-
tioning ICs suitable for processing
IR remote control signals from dis-
crete photodiodes, the VSOP383
and VSOP584 signal conditioning
ICs are offered in small QFN pack-
ages measuring 2 x 2 x 0.76 mm.
The parts are capable of processing
continuous data transmission and
feature a supply voltage range from
2.7 to 5.5 V and a supply current
down to 0.35 mA.
Manufactured using CMOS tech-
nology, the VSOP383 and VSOP584
feature a narrow band-pass filter for
36 and 38 kHz carrier frequencies
and intelligent AGC to suppress dis-
turbances from fluorescent lamps
and other disturbing light sources.
The devices are insensitive to supply
voltage ripple and noise. The RoHS-
compliant ICs operate over a temper-
ature range of –25° to 85°C.(From $1
ea — available now.)
Vishay Intertechnology , Malvern , PA
Information 619-336-0860
info@vishay.com
www.vishay.com
Electronic fuses provide
adjustable protection
The STEF05 and STEF12 are electron-
ic fuses in 3 x 3–mm IC packages that
provide overvoltage and overcurrent
protection for 5– and 12–V electron-
ics. They can re-
place larger con-
ventional fuses
or other protec-
tion devices such
as transils or diodes. They do not cut
the power suddenly or require re-
placement like fuses.
The electronic fuses restrict the
current supplied when a fault occurs,
protects the connected circuitry, and
turns the protected equipment off if
the fault persists. It can be reset by a
signal from the system or by restart-
ing the power supply. The devices
also integrate circuitry that limits
voltage fluctuations applied to the
protected load, and programmable
startup time, allowing use in hot-
swappable modules for equipment
such as enterprise servers, storage or
telecom systems. (From $0.75
ea/1,000 — available now.)
STMicroelectronics , Lexington , MA
Information 781-861-2650
www.st.com
Buck-boost converter
offers 2.7 to 40-V range
The LTC3115-1, a synchronous buck-
boost dc/dc converter delivers up to
2-A continuous output for single-cell
Li-ion, 24/28-V industrial rails, and
40-V automotive inputs. The con-
verter’s 2.7 to 40-V input and output
range provides a regulated output
with inputs above, below, or equal to
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 62
NEW
PRODUCTS
POWER MaNagEMENt
aNalOg/MiXED SigNal
edited by christinanickolas, jimharrison and paulo’shea
See more online at electronicproducts.com/ic
Ethernet switch chip
has advanced features
The VSC7418 Serval Ethernet switch
engine is optimized for power and
cost-sensitive applications at the net-
work edge, and is said to provide 75%
lower power and 50% lower BOM
cost than competitive options. The
device has nine 10/100/1,000-Mbit/s
SGMII/SerDes ports and two 2.5-G
SGMII/SerDes ports.
The IC features a 416-MHz MIPS
Low-cost 16-bit MCUs
are AEC certified
The MSP430G2xx and MSP430F2xx
16- or 12-MHz microcontrollers offer
AEC-Q100 certification for automo-
tive applications.
They have up to
32 Kbytes of flash
and 128, 512, or
1,024 bytes of
SRAM. The MCUs feature active mode
current of 220 μA at 1 MHz, 2.2 V
and standby current of only 0.5 µA.
The 430G2 series have optional
capacitive touch and 8 channel 10-
bit A/D converter and come in 14
and 20-TSSOP or 16-QFN packages.
The 430F2 series have a 12-channel
10-bit A/D converter and come in a
larger 38-TSSOP, 40-VQFN package.
The devices wake-up from standby
mode in less than 1 μs and operate
from –40° to 105°C. (From $0.30
ea/50,000 — samples available now.)
Texas Instruments, Dallas, TX
Information 800-477-8924
www.ti.com
the regulated output.
The buck-boost topology provides
a continuous, jitter-free transition
between buck and boost modes,
making it suitable for RF and other
noise-sensitive applications. The
switching frequency is user program-
mable between 100 kHz and 2 MHz,
and can be synchronized to an ex-
ternal clock. The device incorporates
four internal low R
DS(on)
n-channel
MOSFETs to deliver efficiencies of up
to 95%. A user-selectable burst-mode
operation lowers quiescent current
to 50 µA, to improve light load effi-
ciency. (Ea/1,000: LTC3115EDHD-1,
$5.35; thermally enhanced LT-
C3115EFE-1, $5.55 — available now.)
Linear Technology, Milpitas, CA
Sales Office 408-428-2050
www.linear.com
processor with DDR2/3 external
memory and DMA-based frame ex-
traction and insertion support. It
also supports MPLS/MPLS-TP LER
and LSR and LTE-advanced-ready
IEEE 1588v2, along with advanced
TCAM-based service SLA guarantees.
The chip has full OAM in hardware
and comes in a 24 × 24-mm thermal-
ly enhanced TQFP package. It takes 3
W typ over a –40° to 125°C operat-
ing range. (Price not available —
samples December.)
Vitesse Semiconductor
Camarillo, CA
Sales 805-388-3700
prodinfo@vitesse.com
www.vitesse.com
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 63
Digital
Integrated Circuits
HIGHLIGHTS
Tri-axial accelerometers are half
the size of previous devices
The LIS2DH and LIS2DM ultra-low-power, high-per-
formance three-axis MEMS accelerometers come in
2 x 2 x 1-mm packages, reducing the footprint by a
factor of 2 over current-generation three-axis devic-
es, Consuming as little as 2 µA in normal operating mode, the units enable
motion sensing on smaller and sleeker gadgets than currently available, as
well as mobile phones, tablets, and gaming controls that can run longer.
Both devices provide highly accurate outputs across user-selectable rang-
es of ±2, ±4, ±8, and ±16 g, and have an embedded temperature sensor to
ensure excellent stability over temperature (0.01%/°C). The LIS2DM has a
sensitivity of 16 mg/digit in low-power mode in the ±2 g range, and the
LIS2DH has a high-resolution mode with sensitivity as low as 1 mg/digit in
the same range.
The sensors have 4D/6D orientation detection and two programmable
interrupt signals that enable immediate notification of motion detection,
free fall, and other conditions. The units also feature power-down and sleep
modes, a FIFO memory block for smarter power management, software-
compatibility with the company’s current 3-axis accelerometers, and a self-
test function that allows functional verification at the board level. (LIS2DH,
$1.05 ea / 1,000; LIS2DM, $0.98 ea / 1,000 — available now.)
STMicroelectronics, Lexington, MA
Information 781-861-2650
www.st.com
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 64
NEW
PRODUCTS
Pushbutton switch is
splash-, vandal-proof
Offering both splash- and vandal-
proof construction, the DH series of
panel-mount pushbutton switches is
now available in 22- and
25-mm sizes. It is of-
fered as momentary
or latching in both
SPST and DPST, nor-
mally open and
normally closed.
Flush actuator styles
offer non-illuminated,
bi-color ring illumina-
tion or dot illumination.
The electrical rating of the DH se-
ries is 2 A at 24 or 125 Vac and 1 A at
250 Vac. Sealing is IP65. Additional
features include an electrical life of
50,000 cycles with contact resistance
of less than 50 mΩ and a dielectric
strength of 2,000 Vrms contact to
contact and 2,000 Vrms contact to
LED. Insulation resistance is greater
than 100 MΩ, and actuation force is
550 ± 50 gF with actuator travel of
2.0 ± 0.3 mm. Also operating and
storage temperature is –25° to 70°C.
(Contact company for pricing —
available now.)
CIT Relay & Switch
Minneapolis , MN
Tony Schisler 763-535-2339
tschisler@citrelay.com
www.citrelay.com
600-V IGBTs target
UPS, solar apps
The IRGP4067DPbF and IRGP-
4066DPbF 600-V insulated gate bi-
polar transistors (IGBTs) target unin-
terruptible power supplies, solar,
industrial mo-
tor and welding
appl i cat i ons .
They use trench
wafer technolo-
gy, are co-pack-
aged with a
soft-recovery diode, and are opti-
mized for 8 to 30-kHz switching
with 5-µs short-circuit rating.
The 600-V IGBTs suit a wide range
of switching frequencies due to their
low Vce(on) and low switching loss-
es. They are offered as both die and
packaged devices, and are available
for FREE PICO Catalog
Call toll free 800-431-1064
in NY call 914-738-1400
Fax 914-738-8225
PICOElectronics, Inc.
143 Sparks Ave. Pelham, N.Y. 10803
E Mail: info@picoelectronics.com
www.picoelectronics.com
• Over 2500 Std.
DC-DC Converters
• Surface Mount
• From 2V to 10,000
VDC Output
• 1-300 Watt Modules
• Isolated/ Regulated/
Programmable Models
Available
• Military Upgrades Available
• Custom Models,
Consult Factory
D
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ple quantities
A29_EP_1-3V_2-06x9-5_A29.qxd 7/5/11 10:17 AM Page 1
Components &
Subassemblies
edited by j.harrison, p.o’shea, c.nickolas, r.comerford and c.mathas
See more online at electronicproducts.com/cs
EMI Filter
Line
Rectifier IC and Switches LEDs
IC
310
320
330
340
350
360
370
380
390
6
0

7
0

8
0

9
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1
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1
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4
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1
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C
u
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(
m
A
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Input Voltage
LED Current (mA)
LEDrivIR

IRS2980
IRS2980 Features
• Internal high voltage regulator
• Hysteretic current control
• High side current sensing
• PWM dimming with analog or PWM
control input
• Free running frequency with maximum
limiting (150kHz)
IRS2980 Benefits
• Low component count
• Off-line operation
• Very simple design
• Inherent stability
• Inherent short circuit protection
Demo Board Specifications
• Input Voltage 70V to 250V (AC)
• Output Voltage 0V to 50V (DC)
• Regulated Output Current: 350mA
• Power Factor > 0.9
• Low component count
• Dimmable 0 to 100%
• Non-isolated Buck regulator
for more information call 1.800.981.8699 or visit us at www.irf.com
High-Voltage Buck Control ICs for
Constant LED Current Regulation
Part
Number
Package Voltage
Gate
Drive Current
Startup
Current
Frequency
IRS2980S SO-8 450V +180 / -260 mA <250 µA <150 kHz
IRS25401S SO-8 200V +500 / -700 mA <500 µA <500 kHz
IRS25411S SO-8 600V +500 / -700 mA <500 µA <500 kHz
IRPLLED7 Demo Board
LED Current vs Input Voltage
IRPLLED7 Demo Board
THE POWER MANAGEMENT LEADER
Disney’s Coronado Springs Conference Center
06-08 Feb 2012
Visit us at Booth 501
BODY ARMOR
FOR SWITCHES
Standard black or gray
or matched to any color
IP66/68 Rated.
High tear-strength hostile
environment-resistant
silicone rubber.
Temperature range
-94°F to +400°F
Patented perimeter
sealing rib prevents
leakage past mounting
hole. No O-ring
required.
Molded-in mounting nut
100,000 min. actuations
Switch/Circuit
Breaker housing
Back-up secondary seal
HEXSEAL
®
HERMETIC BOOTS DEFEND
AGAINST HOSTILE ENVIRONMENTS
HEXSEAL boots increase reliability & prolong life by
hermetically protecting unsealed switches, circuit breakers,
potentiometers and encoders from hostile contaminants
& actuator-function interference by blocking water, dust,
dirt, ice, solvents, etc. Many HEXSEAL
®
sealing boots can
also suppress EMI/RFI. Meets MIL-DTL-5423 specs. Toggle,
pushbutton, rotary, rocker & armored versions.
C�US
UL Recognized
®
Call/click for catalog & samples
The World’s Most Hostile Environments
Are Our Proving Grounds®
800.498.9034 apmhexseal.com
APM_EP_BodyArmorJan2012 11/30/11 10:21 AM Page 1
3-phase filters suit
renewable-energy apps
The HCWMGF series of filters targets renewable-energy
equipment applications. The filters remove RF noise in
the 10-kHz to 30-MHz range and are
available in three-phase-version L1,
L2, and L3 (without neutral) from
150 to 2,500 A, with power losses of
less than 0.02%.
The filters are designed specifically
for windmill power generation, UPS, inverters, and power
inverters, with a maximum operating voltage up to 720
Vac. (Contact company for price — available now.)
PREMO, Barcelona, Spain
Rocio Arrupe +34-934-098-980
Rocio.arrupe@grupopremo.com
www.grupopremo.com
Digital power module delivers 17 A
The ZL9117M encapsulated digital power module deliv-
ers 17-A output current. It is configured using the point-
and-click PowerNavigator GUI. Built-in auto-compensa-
tion algorithms optimize transient response over
varying load conditions. The modules operate from 4.5
to 13.2 Vin and provide outputs from 0.6 to 3.6 V, which
NEW
PRODUCTS
Components & Subassemblies
with or without short-circuit rating. They have an operat-
ing temperature of 175°C. (Ea/10,000: $5.58, IRGPS4067D;
$4.80, IRGP4066DPbF — available now.)
International Rectifier, El Segundo, CA
Sales 310-252-7105 www.irf.com
Secure antenna fits space constraints
The WRT-MON Series monopole antenna is compact and
tamper-resistant, targeting such applications as wireless
vending machines, traffic equipment, and power equip-
ment where space is limited and security is important. The
antenna takes up much less space than dipole alternatives.
It installs through a small hole on the product and is an-
chored by a threaded metal base connected to the coax ca-
ble shield and requires a proximity ground plane.
Available in 2.4 GHz, the antenna is attached to an
8.5-in.-long coax cable with an RP-SMA-, SMA-, or U.FL/
MHF-compatible connector on the other end. The RP-
SMA and SMA connectors use an RG-174 coax, and the
U.FL/MHF connector uses a 1.32-mm micro-coax. (Con-
tact company for price and availability.)
Antenna Factor, Merlin, OR
Information 800-489-1634 info@antennafactor.com
www.antennafactor.com
C-band amps are 43% more power
efficient
Designed to be used in satellite earth stations, the MG-
FC50G5867 and MGFC47G5867 gallium nitride (GaN) high-
electron-mobility transistor (HEMT) C-band (4 to 8-GHz) am-
plifiers feature power outputs of 100 and 50 W, respectively.
The internally impedance-matched amplifiers also fea-
ture low distortion, with output power meeting third-or-
der inter modulation (IM3) = 25 dBc of 46 dBm. (Contact
company for pricing and availability.)
Mitsubishi Electric USA, Cypress, CA
Customer Service 714-220-2500
CustomerCare@meus.mea.com
www.mitsubishielectric.com
VCO offers excellent linearity
The CVCO55CW-3050-4250 voltage-controlled oscillator
(VCO) operates from 3,050 to 4,250 MHz with a control
voltage range of 1.5 to 18.5 V. The VCO has a typical
phase noise of –84 dBc/Hz at 10 kHz offset. Output power
is typically 1.5 dBm.
The part has an input voltage of 5 V
and a maximum current consumption
of 16 mA, and comes in an industry-
standard 0.5 x 0.5-in. SMT package.
Pulling and pushing are at 5.0 MHz and
4.0 MHz/V, respectively. (Contact company for price —
available now.)
Crystek, Fort Myers, FL
sales@crystek.com www.crystek.com
can be set by external resistors or the PMBus.
The power module features a low-profile 15 x 15–mm
QFN package that provides a power density of 1275 W/
in.
3
The 94% peak efficiency and thermal resistance of
11°C/W helps eliminate the need for a heat sink or air
flow for most applications. The modules can be connect-
ed in parallel for higher-current needs. ($19.11 ea/1,000
— available now.)
Intersil, Milpitas, CA
Sales 408-432-8888 www.intersil.com
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 66
Relay & Switch
CIT January.indd 1 12/8/2011 10:20:50 AM
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 68
Dc motor yields 150
mNm at 8,000 rpm
The 3863 CR dc micro motor has
ZHN48 magnet material for torque
performance of 150 mNm at 8,000
rpm. The motor is available for 12-,
18-, 24-, 36-, 48-V operation and can
be equipped with a three-channel
encoder and combined with a wide
range of precision gearheads.
The motor’s low-friction torque
and high thermal resistance allows
for con-
t i nuo u s
operation
at 6.9 A in
the 12-V
ve r s i on.
No load
current is 0.48 A in the 12-V version,
with a stall torque of 1,200 mNm.
The unit uses ball bearings preload-
ed, and its weight is 400 g. ($295
ea/100 — available now.)
MICROMO Electronics
Clearwater, FL
Sales 800-807-9166
info@micromo.com
www.micromo.com
Inrush current limiters
extend range
The resistance range of EPCOS in-
rush current limit-
ers is now expand-
ed with the addition
of a P11 series
(B57211Px) that
covers a resistance
range from 4 to 25
Ω (R25) for currents
from 2.5 to 5 A in
the temperature
range of 0° and
25°C. The P13 se-
ries (B57213Px) has a resistance range
from 3 to 5 Ω and is designed for
higher currents of 6 or 7 A.
The parts have disk diameters of 13
and 14.5 mm with coating. (Through
distribution: P11 series, $0.30 each;
P13, $0.32 each — available now.)
TDK-EPC, Iselin, NJ
James Borsh 732-906-4390
www.epcos.com
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 68
NEW
PRODUCTS
Chip resistors operate
up to 240°C
The HTH series of ultra-high-preci-
sion Bulk Metal Z1-Foil hybrid sur-
face-mount chip resistors connect-
ed using gold wire bonding targets
high-temperature applications to
240°C. The series also offers im-
proved heat dissipation, providing
nearly a 100°C extension in operat-
ing temperature range over preci-
Polyacene capacitors
feature 0.9-mm height
PAS2126FR2R5504 polyacene ca-
pacitors measure 26 mm x 20 mm
with a maximum height of 0.9
mm. They have a high capacitance
of 0.5 F.
The devic-
es are suited
for pulse cur-
rent discharge
of LED flash,
enabling clear
photographic images at low light
conditions required by mobile
phones, smartphones, digital still
cameras and digital camcorders.
(The sample price is $3.90 ea/sample
— available now.)
Taiyo Yuden
Schaumburg, IL
Sales 800-348-2496
sales@t-yuden.com
www.t-yuden.com
sion thin-film chip resistors.
The devices provide an order of
magnitude reduction in bulk metal
foil element’s sensitivity to external
and internal temperature changes,
while providing long-term stability
in high-temperature environments.
HTH devices offer TCR of ±1 ppm/
°C from –55° to 125°C and ±2.5
ppm/°C from–-55° to 220°C, 25°C
ref. The resistors feature exception-
al load-life stability to ±0.05% at
220°C for 2,000 hours at working
power, long-term stability to ±0.05%
at 240°C for 2,000 hours (no pow-
er), and tight tolerances to ±0.02%.
(Contact company for price and
availability).
Vishay Precision Group
Malvern, PA
Marti Spalding 919-374-5515
marti.spalding@vishaypg.com
www.vishaypg.com/foil-resistors/
Power capacitors aim
at wind power plants
The MKP AC HP B25360 power ca-
pacitor series features high rated
voltage, long operating life, and high
current-handling capability, suiting
them for renewable energy genera-
tion applications, such as ac output
filters in offshore wind turbines. The
Clare, Inc.
78 Cherry Hill Drive
Beverly, MA 01915
978-524-6768
For more information on Clare’s IGBT & MOSFET Gate Drivers visit:
www.clare.com/Products/IGBT-MOSFETDvr.htm
Part Number Sink / Source
Drive Current
(A)
Rise / Fall
Times
(ns)
Propagation
Delay On / Off
(ns)
Available
Packages
Low-Side Gate Drivers (Operating Voltage: 4V to 35V)
IXD_602 Family ±2 7.5 / 6.5 35 / 38 DFN, DIP, SOIC
IXD_604 Family ±4 9 / 8 29 / 35 DFN, DIP, SOIC
IXD_609 Family ±9 22 / 15 40 / 42 DFN, DIP, SOIC, TO-220, TO-263
IXD_614 Family ±14 25 / 18 50 / 50 DIP, SOIC, TO-220, TO-263
IXD_630 Family ±30 11 / 11 46 / 46 TO-220, TO-263
High-Side Gate Driver (Offset Voltage: -5V to +600V)
IX2127 0.5 / -0.25 23 / 20 100 / 73 DIP, SOIC
Optocoupler Gate Driver (3750V
rms
Input to Output Isolation)
IX3120 ±2.5 100 / 100 300 / 300 DIP, Surface Mount
RoHS
2002/95/EC Pb
e3
• Highest Drive Current Available
• Highest Voltage Capability
• Low-Side and High-Side Drivers
• Automotive Temperature Range
• Fast Rise & Fall Times
• Very Low Quiescent Supply Current
• Surface Mount & Power Packages
From 2A to 30A!
Clare offers the largest line of Low-Side Gate Drivers
Industry’s Broadest Supplier of
IGBT & MOSFET Gate Drivers
IN
V
CC
GND
OUT
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 69
Power transformers
are 50% lighter
The LW series of custom-designed
power and isola-
tion transformers
is designed for
400-Hz frequency
operations of up to
600 Vac onboard
aircraft and in ma-
rine applications of up to 10-kVA
power rating for single phase, 30 kVA
for three-phase systems.
It offers a 50% weight reduction
over conventional C-core transform-
ers. Weight of transformers in the
series range from 4.5 lbs for 1,000 VA
to 28 lbs for 10 kVA, and for three-
phase systems from 13.5 lbs for 3
kVA to 84 lbs for 30 kVA. (Contact
company for pricing — available
now.)
Bridgeport Magnetics
Bridgeport, CT
Information 203-954-0050
salest@bridgeportmagnetics.com
www.bridgeportmagnetics.com
Hybrid caps have low
ESR, wide temp range
The MXCPB and MXCPT Series alu-
minum-polymer hybrid capacitors
combine super-low equivalent series
resistance advantages of polymer ca-
pacitors with low leakage current
characteristics of aluminum electro-
lytic capacitor technology. Operat-
ing temperatures range from –55º to
135ºC, and load life ratings are 2,000
hours. Devices have voltage options
ranging from 6.3 to 63 Vdc and ca-
pacitance values from 10 to 560 µF.
Dimensions are from 6.3 (Dia) x 7.7
(L) mm l to 10 x 12.5 mm.
The solvent-resistant products en-
able low impedance at high frequen-
cies, supporting excellent noise sup-
pression and ripple absorption in a
wide range of such consumer, indus-
trial, and automotive electronics ap-
plications. (MXCPB, from approx.
$0.35 to $0.45; MXCPT, from $0.55
to $0.95 — available now.)
Tecate Industries
San Diego, CA
Information 619-398-9700
tiinfo@tecategroup.com
www.tecategroup.com
capacitors feature rated voltages from
550 to 1,000 Vrms ac and a capaci-
tance range from 10 to 150 µF. High
dielectric strength is enabled by a
castor oil filling.
The capacitor design improves
heat dissipation from the capacitor’s
interior to the alu-
minum can, and
hot spots reduc-
tion and superior
insulation proper-
ties extend the op-
erating life to
100,000 hours (to
IEC 61071). The ca-
pacitors are designed for tempera-
tures from –40° to 70°C. (Contact
company for price and availability.)
TDK-EPC, Iselin, NJ
Suresh Chandran 732-906-4318
www.epcos.com
Components & Subassemblies
TEN- 8WI Series
8W in DIP 24 metal package
TEN- 20WIR Series
20W in 2“ x 1“ metal package
• Single and dual output models
• Excellent line load regulation
• No minimum load required
• Remote On/Off control
• UL60950-1 approval
TEP-160WIR Series
160W, half brick package
TEP- 200WIR Series
200W, chassis mount package
with screw terminal blocks
• Very high efficiency up to 91%
• No minimum load required
• Adjustable output voltage +10/-20%
• Sense line
• Remote On/Off control
• Reverse input voltage protection
• Over-temperature protection
• UL60950-1 approval
TRACOPOWER launches new DC/DC converters that meet the stringent requirements
for mobile and stationary railway applications in accordance to EN50155 standard.
Main upgrades for railway capability:
Increased EMC immunity against surge, burst, radiated and conducted disturbances
Input voltage ranges cover the nominal 24, 36, 72 and 110 VDC with ±40 % tolerance
Shock and vibration / thermal shock in accordance to EN61373 and MIL-STD-810F
New DC/DC-Converters
for Railway Applications
www.tracopower.com
POWERGATE LLC 866-588-1750 www.powergatellc.com
Power Sources Unlimited 800-966-7784 www.psui.com/traco
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 71
NEW
PRODUCTS
G l o b T e k ’ s
expanded power
line now includes
multiple families
of Wall Plug-in &
Desktop Level V
Power Supplies.
Designs have reg-
ulated outputs
voltage from: 3.3-
48 Vdc in 0.1V increments, up to 120W.
Features: O.C., S.C., O.V., Thermal Protection;
meets multiple International Safety Agency for
ITE & Medical applications. All Models carry
agencies’ logos and CE-Mark. GlobTek offers
a 5-year warranty.
GlobTek, Inc., N.J.
Sales 201.784.1000
sales@globtek.com
http://www.globtek.com
GlobTek’s series of Smart Li-On chargers
offers a compact &cost effective, solution for
charging GlobTek* Lithium-Ion and Lithium
Polymer battery
packs. Features:
single or multiple
bay cradle, custom
charging schemes,
battery condition
before bulk charg-
ing, programmable
charge timer back-
up, charge status
LEDs. Multiple bay chargers have the option of
an MCU incorporated for battery identification,
status & temperature using HDQ from
BQ27000. *or equal
GlobTek, Inc., N.J.
Sales 201.784.1000
sales@globtek.com
http://www.globtek.com
GlobTek’s Li-On Battery Packs are comprised
of single or multiple cells rated 3.7V up to
5200 mAh each. Cells can be packaged
with Seiko S-8232AKFT-T2 control chip
protection & TI
BQ27000 based
fuel gauge circuitry
included. Addi-
tional features:
protection from
Short Circuit, Over
voltage, Over cur-
rent, Under Voltage, Overcharge, Over dis-
charge, Over Temperature. The packs are a
Polycarbonate/ABS mixture frame or case,
contacts made of nickel & frames designs are
sealed in an ET label material. Modified and
Custom Designs available.
GlobTek, Inc., N.J.
Sales 201.784.1000
sales@globtek.com
http://www.globtek.com
Level V Ad 1.12 QR_Layout 1 12/7/2011 11:25 AM Page 1
70-W buck-driver
powers LED-strings
The RCD-48 series is a step-down con-
stant current source for driving high-
power LED applica-
tions. With input
voltage up to 60
Vdc and constant
current outputs of
350, 500, 700 and
1,200 mA, the device
provides power up to 70 W.
This enables a fixture using the full
wattage to replace a conventional light
that could have used up to 350 W.
The buck-driver suits long LED-
chains and larger multi-chip arrays.
The devices are dimmable down to
zero with external digital (PWM) or
analog control. The PWM control in-
put can be directly connected to a
microcontroller. Efficiency is rated at
96%, with an operating temperature
range –40° and +85°C. The modules
are available with pins for PCB
mounting or with flying leads for
non-PCB applications. (Samples
available now.)
Recom Power, Brooklyn, NY
information 718-855-9710
www.recom-power.com
350-W supplies feature
3 x 5-in. footprint
The EMH250 and EMH350 series of
single output 250 W and 350 W ac/
dc power supplies meet IT equipment
safety specifications UL/TUV/EN
60950-1 and the medical safety stan-
dards of UL/TUV/EN 60601-1. The 3
x 5 x 1.43 in supplies suit informa-
tion technology, industrial, medical
equipment, and surgical life support
applications. They are also BF rated.
The ac/dc power supply series fea-
ture an input range from 80 to 275
Vac and are available in four output
models of +12, +18, +24 or +48 Vdc. A
trim function allows adjustment of
the output voltage to within ±10% of
the stated nominal. A +12-Vdc, 0.6-A
fan supply is also provided across the
range. The EMH350 series also in-
cludes a +5-Vdc, 2.0-A standby sup-
ply. Full power is available from 90–
Vac input, they do not derate until
+50C, and require only 12–cfm
forced airflow to deliver full output
power. (From $99.84 ea/500 — avail-
able now.)
XP Power, Sunnyvale, CA
Duane Darrow 408-732-7777
ddarrow@xppower.com
www.xppower.com
Convection-cooled
supply offers active PFC
The XL375 series of single-output
260-W convection-cooled ac/dc
power supplies has an area of 3.3 x 5
x 1.5 in. The single- and multiple-
output versions have
a universal active
PFC 90 to 264-Vac
input, and output
voltages of 12, 24,
28, 36, 40, 48, 54,
and 56 Vdc.
The ac/dc power supply can de-
liver 375 W with 10–cfm of air. The
ADVERTISEMENT
Power
Sources
edited by paulo’shea
See more online at electronicproducts.com/ps
40-W dc/dc converters
feature 2 x 1.6-in. footprint
The F4000RW series of 40-W dc/dc
converters offer regulated output pow-
er in a 2 x 1.6-in.case. They target ap-
plications requiring high power densi-
ty, robust performance and long term
reliability. Seven standard models op-
erate from 48-Vdc (36 to 75-V range)
inputs, providing single outputs of 1.8,
2.5. 3.3, 5, 12, 15, or 24 Vdc.
Standard features of the dc/dc
converters include line/load regula-
supplies feature up to 93% efficiency,
have active current sharing for n,
n+1 with an ORing Board option,
and have remote on/off, and active
in-rush current protection. ($190 ea/
large qty — available now.)
Power Sources Unlimited
Wrentham, MA
Sales 800-966-7784
sales@psui.com
www.psui.com
Medical, ITE supplies meet
Level V requirements
The GT(M)91099 series of desktop
power supplies feature IEC 320/
C8,C6 changeable blades and have
double-enforced
insulation. The
supplies offer reg-
ulated outputs
from 12 to 24 Vdc
in 0.1–V incre-
ments, up to 60–W of continuous
output power. The enclosed power
supplies are housed in an impact re-
sistant non-vented polycarbonate
case that provides thermal conduc-
tion cooling, with dimensions 118.5
x 53.5 x 34.2-mm.
The power supplies feature over-
current, over-voltage, short circuit,
and thermal protection. They accept
90 to 264–Vac input, meet UL /cUL
and IEC/EN 60950 & 60601.1 for ITE
& medical applications, and they
comply with EMI/RFI Regulations,
EMC Directives/ CE and FCC Class B
for ITE applications. ($16 ea/large
qty — available now.)
GlobTek, Northvale, NJ
Sales 201-784-1000
sales@globtek.com
www.globtek.com
tion <1.0%, input/output isolation of
1,600 Vdc, continuous short circuit
protection, and a remote control in-
put. The operating temperature
range extends from –25° to +70°C.
($43.75 ea/100 — available now.)
MicroPower Direct
Stoughton, MA
Sales 781-344-8226
sales@micropowerdirect.com
www.micropowerdirect.com
65-W switcher features
2 x 4-in. footprint
The MWS65 series 65-W open-frame,
medical/ITE ac/dc power supply of-
fers a 2 x 4-in. footprint, with a 1-in.
profile, and features a 4-kVac rein-
forced input-to-output isolation and
output-to-ground isolation of 1,500
Vac. All models comply with UL/
EN60601-1 editions 2 and 3 safety ap-
provals for medical equipment and
include onboard dual fusing, making
them ideal for use in body and body-
floating-type medical applications.
The medical/ITE power supply
consumes <0.3 W under no-load
conditions. The convection-cooled
Total Power International, Inc
Your Partners in Power

Total Power International oIIers a wide range oI
Power Supplies including DC/DC, External, Energy Star,
LED, Medical, and we can design your Iull Custom supply.
Call, Fax, or Email today Ior more inIormation or visit
our website Ior speciIications, to obtain a quote or to
view our e-Ilip on line catalog!
Ph: 978-453-7272 Toll Free Hotline: 877-646-0900
Fax: 978-453-7395 Email: sales¸total-power.com
Website: www.total-power.com

Untitled-3 1 4/19/11 3:29 PM
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 72
NEW
PRODUCTS
unit is also suitable for light indus-
trial point-of-sale terminals/displays,
test and measurement, and broadcast
equipment applica-
tions. It operates
from 90 to 265-Vac
input, and offers
five models with
nominal outputs of
5, 12, 15, 24, or 48
Vdc. All outputs are user adjustable
by ±10%. The supply operates at full
load from –20° to +50°C ambient
temperature and up to +70°C with
suitable derating. ($32 ea/50 — avail-
able now.)
TDK-Lambda Americas
San Diego, CA
Sales 619-575-4400
FAX 619-429-1011
www.us.tdk-lambda.com
10-W converter meets
IEC60601 medical spec
The JHM10 series of board-mounted
compact isolated 10-W dc/dc convert-
ers meet the ANSI/AAMI ES60601-
1:2005, IEC60601-1 3rd edition medi-
cal safety standard for patient
connected medical equipment. The
converters have a maximum leakage
current of 2 µA and have a reinforced
input to output insulation at a working
voltage of 250 Vac and provide an iso-
lation of up to 4,000 Vac for up to 1
minute, and up to 5,000 Vac for up to
10 ms. They have an isolation capaci-
tance of 20 pF.
The dc/dc con-
verter series offers a
2:1 input range from
4.5 to 9 Vdc, 9 to 18
Vdc or 18 to 36 Vdc
with either single or
dual outputs. Single
outputs are 5, 12, or 15 Vdc, and dual
outputs provide ±5, ±12, or ±15 Vdc.
The regulated outputs vary no more
than ±0.3% under all input condi-
tions and less than ±2.0% under all
load conditions. Outputs can be
trimmed up to ±10% of stated nomi-
nal output. (Ea/500: single output,
from $35.00; dual output, $38.22 —
available now.)
XP Power, Sunnyvale, CA
Duane Darrow 408-732-7777
ddarrow@xppower.com
www.xppower.com
A D V A N C E D P O WE R S O L U T I O N S
a d v p o w e r . c o m
( 855) 664-2134
T O L L - F R E E N U M B E R
APS151MP
 150 Watts 1-4 Outputs
 3 x 5 x 1.40” Open-Frame
100 pcs*
APS303
 300 Watts Single Output
 3.3 x 5 x 1.50” U-Frame
 Power Good, Inhibit and
100 pcs*
OEM quantities*
* pricing valid till 3/1/2012
POWER
S U P P L I E S
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MEDICAL
MEDICAL
APS250EMG
 250 Watts
 Medical & ITE Approvals
 Level V Efficiency
 7.46 x 3.74 x 1.89”
Toll Free: 1-866-997-3853
Email: sale-usa@pduke.com
WWW.PDUKE.COM
PDUKE TECHNOLOGY, INC
A Ulvl3l0N 0l P0wLR MA1L 1LC¬N0L00¥ C0., L1U
- High emciency standard, modifed
standard and custom build
- Up to 200 watt single, double & triple
output
- 2:1 or 4:1 ultra-wide range input
- Cost efective small possible sizes for
board mount
- Extensive technical support
DC to DC Converters
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 73
Power Sources
HIGHLIGHTS
Module/software make iPhone a spectrum
analyzer/ power meter
Made in Taiwan by Oscium, the WiPry-Combo module and software turn
an iOS device (iPad, iPod Touch, and iPhone) into an spectrum analyzer and
dynamic power meter
with a touch interface.
Data is collected at up
to 12 MSa/s and can
be logged in csv for-
mat, while screen-shot
results can be emailed
via an iPhone host.
In spectrum-analyzer mode, the instrument can identify interference or
open channels in the 2.4-GHz ISM band (2.400 to 2.495 GHz), or unauthor-
ized WiFi access points. It measures signals from −40 dBm to +20 dBm with
an amplitude resolution of 2.0 dBm and a bandwidth resolution of 1 MHz
with a 200-ms sweep. As a dynamic power meter mode, the device works as
a 100 MHz to 2.7-GHz RF power meter graphically displaying RF power
levels. Time scale is adjustable from 2 μs/div to 1 s/div and amplitude dis-
play is from −45 dBm to +20 dBm with a resolution of 2.0 dBm.
Display configurations can be saved for on-the-go measurements, and
iOS’s two finger “stretch” allows zooming in and out of scaling without the
need for buttons or knobs. A demo package that does not require the mod-
ule is available free at Apple’s AppStore. ($199.95 — available now in the U.
S. from Saelig.)
Saelig , Pittsford , NY
Information 585-385-1750 info@saelig.com www.saelig.com
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 74
NEW
PRODUCTS
©2012 Measurement Computing Corporation
10 Commerce Way, Norton, MA 02766
info@mccdaq.com
MEASUREMENT
COMPUTING
� 150 DAQ Products
under $500
� Support for Linux
®
,
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� Out-of-the-Box
Software & Drivers
For over 20 years Measurement
Computing has offered quality
DAQ solutions that are not only
priced right, but are engineered to
exceed the needs and expectations
of our customers.
LOW
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DAQ
Engineered with
Innovation.
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Contact us
1.800.234.4232
PXIe modules simplify
multi-chassis config
The NI PXIe-8364 and -8374 remote-
control modules let engineers inter-
face multiple PXI Express chassis di-
rectly to a single host computer using
any expansion
topology, elimi-
nating the need
for complex cus-
tom solutions. By
simplifying in-
terconnect ion,
the modules increase the efficiency
of test system configuration in high-
channel-count data acquisition and
high-speed automated test applica-
tions, including RF and semiconduc-
tor test.
The modules support complex
USB daq has
low price
Priced under $500, the OM-DAQ-
USB-2401 USB 2.0 data acquisition
(daq) module accepts thermocouple
and voltage inputs on its 8-differen-
tial/16-single-ended channels, se-
q u e nt i a l l y
reading in-
puts at rates
to 1,000 rdg/s
with 24-bit
r e s ol ut i on.
Users can pro-
gram each channel independently
for one of 10 voltage ranges — from
±30 mV to ±10 V — or for type J, K, T,
E, R, S, B, or N thermocouple inputs.
The module has four cold-junc-
tion-compensation temperature sen-
sors built in, as well as open-thermo-
couple detection. The unit can be
powered using either the USB port or
an optional external dc supply. Win-
dows software, drivers for custom
programming, and hardware for wall
or DIN-rail mounting are included.
($495 — available now.)
Omega Engineering
Stamford , CT
Information 203-359-1660
info@omega.com
www.omega.com
Test &
Measurement
edited by richardcomerford and carolynmathas
See more online at electronicproducts.com/tm

Digital Oscilloscopes
DS4000
Check out the Best Value in Scopes, call 877-4-RIGOL-1
or visit RIGOLNA.com/DS4
RIGOL DS4000 Series
Tektronix DPO3000
Analog Bandwidth
100MHz, 200MHz
350MHz, 500MHz
100MHz, 300MHz
500MHz
Max
Sample Rate
4 GSa/s
2.5 GSa/s
Max
Memory Depth
140 Mpts
COMPARE & SAVE
Starting at
$
1999
A fast, versatile general purpose scope that sets a
new standard for performance and value!
Debugging and testing your latest design has never been easier or more affordable! New DS4000
series scopes, the latest addition to Rigol's family of fast, easy-to-use, ultra-modern test instruments,
deliver a feature set unmatched by any scope in its class, at a fraction of the cost. Compare our 140 Mpts
memory depth, up to 200,000 frames of waveform recording and 4 GSa/s sample rate and you'll like
what you see. These scopes come in 2 or 4 channels and feature a 9 inch WVGA display for excellent
resolution. Rigol is quickly earning a reputation for fast, dependable, high performance test instruments...
check us out, we guarantee you'll be satisfied!
NEW!
Agilent DSOX-3000
100MHZ, 200MHz
350MHz, 500MHz
4 GSa/s
5 Mpts
2 Mpts, standard
or 4 Mpts, optional
Waveform Recording & Analysis
Search & navigate within one
triggered waveform
Search & navigate within up to
200,000 triggered waveforms with
mask tests - all standard
Search & navigate within one triggered
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Data references for competitive products from Tektronix publication 3GW-21364-7 and Agilent publication 5990-6119EN.
Rigol__DS4000Ad_EP_1_12_Layout 1 12/9/11 9:06 AM Page 1
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 76
NEW
PRODUCTS
Water treatment control system
targets chemical automation
The CDCN 13 fully programmable water treatment con-
troller is designed for complete chemical automation in-
cluding conductivity, pH and ORP, and control of chem-
ical additives, all with datalogging.
The controller handles cooling
tower, boiler, industrial process wa-
ter, food processing, and drinking
and wastewater treatment applica-
tions. Engineering units are dis-
played in U.S. or metric values using
a 16-button keypad and 8-line LCD readout with scroll-
through menus. The CDCN13 has eight control relay
outputs, for up to four chemical additives, fill valve,
bleed valve, probe rinse, remote alarm, and NEMA 4X
wall mount enclosures. (From $2,550 — available now.)
Omega Engineering, Stamford, CT
Information 203-359-1660 info@omega.com
www.omega.com
star, line, or tree complex topologies, using cabled x1
(8364) or x4 (8374) MXI-Express links to provide 250-
Mbyte/s and 1-Gbyte/s maximum data rates, respectively.
All PXI modules in the downstream chassis appear as lo-
cal devices in the upstream chassis and, since MXI-Ex-
press links are software transparent, no additional pro-
gramming is required. (From $799 — available now.)
National Instruments, Austin, TX
Information 800-258-7022 info@ni.com
www.ni.com//mxiedc
Data converter handles
BWs up to 240 MHz
The Model 71651 delivers more than
twice the bandwidth of the company’s
previous data converters, providing tun-
ing bandwidths from 10 kHz to 240 MHz.
A member of the Cobalt family of high-
performance XMC modules, the convert-
er is based on a Virtex-6 FPGA preconfig-
ured with data acquisition and playback
IP, giving turnkey functionality as well as room for user
customization.
The card features two input and two output RF chan-
nels, transformer-coupled to allow direct connection to
HF or IF radio stages. Input channels feature 12-bit, 500-
MHz ADCs, while the output channels have a TI DAC5688
digital upconverter that translates real or complex base-
band signals to any IF frequency up to 380 MHz. Dual
JTAG Embedded Test extends to i.
MX51 processors
ScanExpress JTAG Embedded Test (JET) support is now
available for all Freescale i.MX51 applications processors,
providing at-speed testing of embedded processor-based
electronic PCBs and systems to detect, isolate, and diag-
nose structural and functional defects.
ScanExpress JET controls the i.MX51’s ARM Cortex-A8
core through the JTAG debug port enabling binary and
script test step execution using a GUI on the host PC.
ScanExpress JET provides standardized interface tests for
SDRAM memory, I
2
C, Ethernet, PMIC, and UART; fast in-
system programming and testing of parallel and serial
NOR and NAND Flash, and fully automatic test develop-
ment for all supported peripherals. (Contact company for
price and availability.)
Corelis, Cerritos, CA
Sales 888-808-2380 sales@corelis.com
www.corelis.com
Temperature monitor is web based
The iSD-TC series temperature monitor delivers web-
based temperature monitoring in critical equipment and
locations such as clean rooms, computer rooms, HVAC
systems, pharmaceutical and food processing and stor-
age, laboratories, semiconductor fabs, electronic assem-
bly, and greenhouses.
The device accepts two thermocouple inputs types J,
K, T, E, R, S, B, C, N, and L, triggering an alarm if tem-
perature veers from the set point, which can be estab-
lished remotely by e-mail. (From $495 — available now.)
Omega Engineering, Stamford, CT
Information 203-359-1660 info@omega.com
www.omega.com
16-bit, 800-MHz DACs create real or in-phase (I) and
quadrature (Q) analog outputs. PCIe, cPCI, VPX, and rug-
gedized, extended-temperature versions are also avail-
able. (From $13,745 — available 10-14 weeks ARO.)
Pentek, Upper Saddle River, NJ
Sales 201-818-5900 sales@pentek.com
www.pentek.com
15 Jonathan Drive, Unit 4
Brockton, MA 02301-5566
Tel: (508) 580-1660
Fax: (508) 583-8989
www.krohn-hite.com
“Quality in
Test and Measurement
Since 1949”
o
y
6
Call T
da
(508) 580-1
60
Made in U.S.A.
General Purpose
Tunable Active Filter
Features Front Panel Channel Control
Two Low-Pass, High-Pass
Cutoff Frequency: 0.1Hz to 200kHz
Attenuation Slope: 48dB/Octave Response: Butterworth and Bessel
Wideband Noise: <25µV at Max. Gain Input: Differential and Single-Ended
Max Input/Output: ±10V Peak Pre-Filter Gain: 0dB to 50dB
Crosstalk Between Channels: -80dB Post-Filter Gain: 0dB to 20dB
BNC Input and Output Connectors AC/DC Coupling
• •

• •
• •
• •
• •
• •
Independent Filter Channels
One Band-Pass/Band-Reject Channel
The Model 3382 Filter provides the performance and flexibility
needed for today’s production and laboratory. Tunable from
0.1Hz to 200kHz, each channel provides independent
control of cutoff frequency, filter response, low-pass and
high-pass functions, differential and single-ended input config-
uration, pre and post filter gain, and ac/dc coupling. One
(3381) and four (3384) channel models are also available.
One that can be configured your way.
Test & Measurement
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 77
NEW
PRODUCTS
Cable system eliminates
junction boxes, splices
The ESG Flexible Power and Data Bus
System is a family of multiconductor
flat cables. It eliminates the need for
junction boxes,
splices, and
home run wir-
ing when run-
ning power and
data to industri-
al and commercial equipment.
The family is available with five
to seven conductors. The cables are
PVC, polyethylene, or halogen-free
sheaths. Power connection boxes are
rated from 1 to 76 A and are based on
IDC technology. (Contact company
for price — available now.)
Electrotech Direct, Colmar, PA
Info 215-997-8855
sales@esgllc-usa.com
www.esgllc-usa.com
RJ45/Enet connector
suits harsh environs
The IP 67 Bayonet RJ45/Ethernet
field-wireable connector offers ro-
bust housing for use in such harsh
environments as washdown, toxic
chemical, or high-impact applica-
tions. Bayonet-style mating prevents
damage causing over tightening and
under tightening, requiring only a
quarter turn to attach and lock.
The connector is water resistant
in depths of 1 m for up to 30 min,
and features CAT 5 performance for
data transmission speeds of up to
1,000 Mbits/s. Available in plastic
and metal, the connector works in
all Ethernet applications. (Contact
company for price and availability.)
Turck, Minneapolis, MN
Technical Information 800-544-7769
usa@turck.com
www.turck-usa.com
www.advanced.com
4D"-BE3-bEDD
$RAW&ROM/UR4OOL"OX
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(IGHRELIABILITYINTERCONNECTDESIGNSBUILT
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Packaging &
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edited by richardcomerford and carolynmathas
See more online at electronicproducts.com/in
Die-cast enclosures
have uncommon shapes
Providing a robust, environmentally
sealed enclosures with good EMC
screening, 1590 series TRP and STP
models respectively provide octagonal
and trapezoidal housings made of die-
cast aluminum alloy. The 1.54 x 5.23
in. octagonal unit can house a 5.0 in.-
dia. circular PCB. Both trapezoidal
units are 1.54 in. high;
the portrait-format unit
is 4.41 in. long, narrow-
ing from 3.11 to 2.42 in.;
the landscape-format
one’s dimensions are
3.74 in., 5.95 to 4.79 in.
All three types are available in nat-
ural finish or in black, cobalt-blue,
green, light-gray, orange, or red gloss
polyester powder paint. A lap joint
seals the units to IP54. (Contact Ray
Shatzel for pricing and availability.)
Hammond Manufacturing
Cheektowaga, NY
Ray Shatzel 716-630-7030
rshatzel@hammfg.com
www.hammondmfg.com
USB 2.0 connectors
are latched, sealed
The addition of latching and circular
sealing to industrial USB 2.0 connec-
tors provides 40 N of locking strength
and 1,500 mating and unmating cy-
Paper Tube Company
1033 S. Noel Ave., Wheeling, IL 60090
More Than 75 Years- The Original
To receive literature & details fast - www.pptube.com
Phone: 847-537-4250 • Fax: 847-537-5777 • E-Mail: sales@pptube.com
™ ® DuPont Co.
420°F, 720 VPM!
High Temperature - High Dielectric
NOMEX
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for Electrical/Electronic
Tubing, Bobbins, Fabricated Parts
Widely specified for its excellent electrical,
thermal and mechanical properties…
“Nomex” tubing is produced by Precision
with an exclusive, special binder to
provide a thermally
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insulating tubing.
U/L Recognized.
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 78
NEW
PRODUCTS
Single-chip CMOS 100G
optical interconnect debuts
Said to be the industry’s first such de-
vice, a single-chip CMOS photonics-
based 100G optical interconnect targets
next-generation cloud computing, data
centers, and high-performance comput-
ing connectivity. The device comprises
four 28-Gbit/s transmit and receive
channels powered by a single laser.
Targeted applications include 100-
Gbit/s Ethernet, OTN, InfiniBand,
OIF Short Reach and Very Short
Reach. (Sampling evaluation plat-
forms to strategic partners and lead
customers; contact company for pric-
ing and availability.)
Molex, Lisle, IL
Sales 800-786-6539
amerinfo@molex.com
www.molex.com
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 79
“…the
support
they’ve
given us…
has been
exceptional.”
Director of Engineering,
Medical Interconnect Manufacturer
To view our Design Guide, new product offerings
and request a datasheet with free samples,
visit www.mill-max.com/EP608
Our connectors speak for
themselves…so do our customers.
®
MAXIMUM
Service
Client: Mill-Max · Job No.: MMAX-112 · Subject: Support
Size: 3.25¨ x 9.5¨ · Color: 4C · Publication: Electronic Products · Ìssue Date: Feb 2011
This Ad Prepared by Sanna Mattson MacLeod

…they make things simple. Where others
find ways to complicate the process, Mill-Max
consistently delivers what’s needed, when
it’s needed, with little or no fuss.

At Mill-Max we do everything we can to make your
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Quality is not open to compromise,
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cles. Latching eliminates accidental unplugging for such mo-
bile applications as handheld devices with controller-to-pe-
ripheral interconnection.
The circular sealed version of USB 2.0 plugs and receptacles
provide an environmentally protected USB for field data col-
lection systems, keyboard, video mouse extensions, human-
machine interfaces, and industrial control panels, protecting
against water and dust ingress to IP67 level. Connector halves
are durably interlocked and have a quarter-turn bayonet latch.
(Contact company for price — available now.)
TE Connectivity, Harrisburg, PA
Product Information Center 800-522-6752
www.te.com/products/Industrial-USB-connectors
Cable wrap prevents binding, crushing
Strap-It Cable Wrap is a hook and loop cable organizer
that can be cut to length and reused for bundling fiber
optic cables damaged from rigidity and overtightening of
plastic ties.
Easily adjustable, the organizer comes in ½-, 3/5-, and
1-in.-wide sizes on 25-yard rolls. The nylon wrap features
a micro hook on one side and low-profile loop on the
other. Applications include audio-visual equipment, fiber
optics, home stereo, medical instrumentation, telecom-
munications cabling, and other cable systems. (Contact
company for pricing — available now.)
Eastex Products, Holbrook, MA
John Kimball 781-767-4511 jkimball@eastexproducts.com
www.eastexproducts.com
www.masterbond.com
154 Hobart Street, Hackensack, NJ 07601 USA
+1.201.3ó3.8º83 - mainŴmasterbond.com
right off the bat
ë High shear and peel strength
ë Resists vibration and impact
ë Non-drip
ë Superior electrical insulator
One Part Epoxy Adhesive Has Exceptional
Thermal Conductivity
Supreme 3ANHT
Packaging &
Interconnections
ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts.com JANUARY 2012 80
Abracon Corporation ………………………………………………24
Absopulse Electronics Ltd. …………………………………………71
Advanced Interconnections Corp. …………………………………77
Advanced Power Solutions …………………………………………73
Agilent Technologies, Inc. ………………… Cover 2, 2, 3, 21, 51
AKM Semiconductor, Inc. …………………………………………63
Allied Electronics, Inc. ……………………………………… Cover 3
Ametek Programmable Power ………………………………………72
APM Hexseal …………………………………………………………66
Aries Electronics, Inc. ………………………………………………57
Avnet Electronic Marketing …………………………………… 29, 37
Bel Fuse Inc. ……………………………………………………………56
Cirrus Logic, Inc. …………………………………………………… 7
CIT Relay & Switch …………………………………………………68
Clare, Inc. ………………………………………………………………69
Coilcraft CPS …………………………………………………………53
Coilcraft, Inc. …………………………………………………………10
Cornell Dubilier Electronics …………………………………………25
Digi-Key Corporation ……………………………………………… 1
Epcos AG ………………………………………………………………41
FCI Electronics …………………………………………………… 60, 61
Floyd Bell Inc. …………………………………………………………80
Garrett Electronics Corporation ……………………………………20
GlobTek, Inc. …………………………………………… Cover 1, 71
Hammond Manufacturing Company Inc. ………………………78
Harting, Inc. ……………………………………………………………59
Harwin …………………………………………………………………58
Hittite Microwave Corporation ……………………………………43
Integrated Power Designs, Inc. ……………………………………19
International Rectifer …………………………………… Insert, 65
Ironwood Electronics …………………………………………………80
IXYS Corporation ……………………………………………………34
KOA Speer Electronics, Inc. …………………………………………55
Krohn-Hite Corporation ……………………………………… 76, 80
Linear Technology Corporation ……………………………………13
Master Bond Inc. ………………………………………………………79
Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. ………………………… Cover 4
Mean Well USA, Inc. ………………………………………………… 4
Measurement Computing Corporation …………………………74
Memory Protection Devices …………………………………………39
MicroMo Electronics, Inc. …………………………………………35
MicroPower Direct, LLC ……………………………………………38
Microtips Technology, Inc. …………………………………………20
Mill-Max Manufacturing Corp. ……………………………………79
Mouser Electronics …………………………………… 16, 17, 27, 32
MuRata Power Solutions, Inc. ………………………………………40
National Instruments …………………………………………………15
Newark/element14 …………………………………………………… 9
OKW Enclosures, Inc. ………………………………………………77
Panasonic Industrial Company ……………………………………80
PDuke Technology ……………………………………………………73
Pico Electronics, Inc. …………………………………………… 54, 64
Positronic Industries …………………………………………………23
Precision Paper Tube Company ……………………………………78
Rigol Technologies ……………………………………………………75
Statek Corporation ……………………………………………………67
TDK-Lambda Americas, Inc. ………………………………………30
Total Power International, Inc. ……………………………………72
Traco Power ……………………………………………………………70
Voltage Multipliers Inc. ………………………………………………42
Zilog Inc. ………………………………………………………………26
BGA & QFN Sockets
Quick-Turn Custom Designs
º BandwidIhs Io 40 GHz º SockeIs íor ALL Xilinx
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º Ideal íor FroIoIype and TesI
º BGA and QFN
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Ironwood Electronics
Tel: (800) 404-0204
Fax: (952) 229-8201
www.ironwoodelectronics.com
Voice-Capable Alarms Replace Ambiguous “Beep”
Sometimes a “beep” or “whoop” doesn’t convey enough
information.
º Announcer¹ Series alarms írom Floyd Bell play a pre-recorded
audio message or voice instructions up to ten seconds
(up Io º0dB).
º Choose írom sIandard messages ("Warning!"), or cusIom
message producIion. Announcer¹ Series alarms come sIandard
wiIh quick connecI Ierminals
and volIage range Io LI your
applicaIion.
Floyd Bell Inc.
888-FLOYD-BELL
sales@foydbell.com
www.foydbell.com
Panasonic’s ECW-F(A) Series 250/450V
Metallized Polypropylene Capacitors
The ECW-F(A) Series features Panasonic’s new safety construction
for increased capacitor safety. This patterned metallization
technology allows current to fow past a failed point bypassing
failed cells and therefore increasing capacitor safety.
The ECW-F(A) Series miniaturized footprint is the choice for
application downsizing where
smaller case sizes are required.
Panasonic Electronic
Components
1-800-344-2112
piccomponentsmarketing@
us.panasonic.com
www.panasonic.com/industrial/
electronic-components/
For Reprints contact Wright’s Media 877-652-5295
Fixed Frequency Active Filter Modules
Krohn-Hite’s Fixed Frequency Filter Modules and Module Boxes
are a low cost customer defned solution for anti-aliasing and
noise reduction applications.
º Analog, ConIinuous Time, Low Noise
º Frequency SelecIion: 1Hz Io 2MHz
º HF, LF, BF and CusIom
º 1 Io 8 and 1o-Foles Available
º BuIIerworIh or Bessel Responses
º InpuI Gains írom 1 Io 100
º OuIpuI Gains írom 1 Io 100
For more iníormaIion call:
Krohn-Hite
(508) 580-1660
www.krohn-hite.com
advertiser index
This index is provided as an additional service.
The publisher does not assume any liability for errors or omissions.
Product mart
Electronic Products Presented by the Manufacturer
Buy it your way from
Allied Electronics.
1.800.433.5700
© Allied Electronics, Inc 2012. ‘Allied Electronics’ and the Allied Electronics logo are trademarks of Allied Electronics, Inc. An Electrocomponents Company.
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© 2012 Maxim Integrated Products, Inc. All rights reserved. Innovation Delivered, Maxim, and the Maxim logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc., in the United States and other jurisdictions throughout the world.
All other company names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners.
See what you can do. Order a free sample today.
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ON N9A 6J5 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. 8 JANUARY 2012 50 31 What’s Inside Apple iPhone 4S Mobile Handset 11 6 8 56 OUTLOOK A new Co-Fe alloy for MEMS PRODUCT UPDATE Connectors and sockets COVER STORY 36th ANNUAL Product of the Year Awards ADN3000-06/11 Optical Receivers from Analog Devices 3LG Family of CrystalFree CMOS Oscillators from Integrated Device Technology IR3550 Buck Gate Driver from International Rectifier KJ-33000 MEMS Joystick from Knowles Acoustics LabMaster 9 Zi-A Modular Oscilloscope System from LeCroy LTC5569 Dual Active Downconverting Mixer from Linear Technology MAX44007 / MAX44009 Digital Ambient-Light Sensor ICs from Maxim Integrated Products MXC6226XC MEMS Thermal Accelerometer from MEMSIC PXIe-5665 14-GHz PXIe VSA from National Instruments EPIC PS25x01 Series Electric-potential Sensors from Plessey QHS710 802. Phone 847-559-7317 ©2012 by Hearst Business Communications Inc.electronicproducts. Suite 100. Single issue./UTP Division. The publisher reserves the right to reject any subscription on the basis of information submitted in order to comply with audit regulations. Return Undeliverable Canadian Addresses to: Station A PO Box 12. 50 Charles Lindbergh Blvd.. high-performance UAVs Product Update: Connectors and sockets 11 50 52 56 62 64 71 74 77 NEW PRODUCTS Intergrated Circuits Components & Subassemblies Power Sources Test & Measurement Packaging & Interconnections Cover Photograph Digital imagery by Don Wilber. 30 Product Teardown: What’s Inside Apple iPhone 4S Mobile Handset Product Application: Mil/Aero Electronics Multicore DSPs support power-efficient.11n 4x4 MIMO Chipset from Quantenna Communications 22-in.aspx what’s ONLINE.. 54.electronicproducts. it may just be that simple Product of the Year Story Behind the Story: Judging the Product of the Year entries OUTLOOK (Technology News) ◾ Advanced electrode may aid large-scale power storage ◾ Alloy sensitive to magnetic fields could produce new MEMS devices ◾ Team demos control of magnetic thermal fluctuations using current ◾ APEC 2012 brings latest in power to Orlando ◾ DesignCon 2012 begins Jan. recommendation or specification of electronic components.00. No.. subscriber rate $65 per year.com/electronicProductsBlogs.com environmental benefits of smart meters Maxim Integrated Products From the education center: 5 things to know: IBM’s racetrack memory chip www2. systems and subsystems. instruments. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED Publications Mail Agreement Number 40012807. No responsibility is assumed by the publisher for its accuracy or completeness. Uniondale. $6. Paid subscriptions available: U. Electronic Products is distributed at no charge to qualified persons actively engaged in the authorization. PO Box 3012.com JANUARY 2012 5 . materials. Transparent Color LCD Panel from Samsung Electronics LCD Business SF-2200 SSD Processor from SandForce MHP30-36 Metal Hybrid PPTC Circuit Protection from TE Connectivity PlanarMag E2101 10/100 Ethernet Media Filter from TE Connectivity BQ25504 Boost Charger IC from Texas Instruments National LM5113 GaN Gate Driver from Texas Instruments TMP006 MEMS IR Temperature Sensor from Texas Instruments Virtex-7 2000T Field-Programmable Gate Array from Xilinx DEPARTMENTS Viewpoint: Yeah. FEATURES Displays 18 22 28 Changing the capacitive touch-sensing methodology Real-Time Operating Systems Real-Time Operating Systems electronicproducts. Postmaster: Send address changes to Electronic Products. NY and additional mailing offices.S. 2 years $110. Northbrook. Windsor. Periodicals postage paid Garden City./UTP Division. Information contained herein is subject to change without notice.coNteNts Vol. Il 60065-3012. RTOS facilitates MCU power management Using a RTOS in multicore-based MCU designs ENERGY-SAVING INITIATIVE SERIES 48 46 sic MosFets offer superior switching Power-efficient comm engines in FPGAs Want to see what the Editors are thinking? Electronic Products Magazine (USPS 539490) (ISSN 0013-4953)—Published monthly by Hearst Business Communications Inc. NY 11553.

com  ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. In China and many other countries there are noticeably fewer regulations around certain areas. Two weeks later I was in New York City. There was a building. almost having to go out of my way to sneak a peek. Would we as American be willing to take a little risk for cheaper products? I mean. What occurred to me is that we. that also had its lobby under construction. have a lot of laws around safety. we have a lot of laws around every aspect of life. and more consumer rights. not an uncommon thing in big cities either. As I was passing the site. in the United States.eebeat. it may just be that simple Or maybe it’s all a bunch of Voodoo anyway W hen I was in China a month or so ago. Really there are pros and cons with any extremes. We all went on our way. better products. or whether hard hats should be worn on a construction site. technology. No separate walkway.VIEWPOINT Yeah. Bryan DeLuca To comment on this Viewpoint visit www. one of the workers dropped a crowbar from 30 feet up or so. and the building was not closed off in any way. etc. and like with many other big cities. My point is not to debate the value of human life or safety. no tape or ropes blocking it off. I was hard-pressed to see a worker on the interior. the restaurant was on an upper floor of the building. There were rickety-looking scaffolding and construction debris everywhere. similar to the one in Beijing. anyone coming to and fro just kept to the side. There are pros and cons of both. Hell. In fact. There was no back entrance. No harm. Nothing.” I thought. Like Beijing. “No Chinese OSHA here. and the only debris I saw was what was already in a Dumpster. we do it with smoking in some ways. More laws mean human safety. It landed maybe three feet to the left of my group. I was headed to lunch. I’m not really sure.com JANUARY 2012 . The lobby of the building was under construction. The big difference was that the areas of the building being worked on were completely sealed off to the public by boards. but we choose to sell cigarettes. I was in Beijing. Maybe some of the laws we have in place are all a bunch of Voodoo anyway. government. no foul. Fewer laws and restrictions may mean being able to produce products more efficiently and less expensively. We know smoking is bad for consumers’ health. there are always buildings under construction.electronicproducts. Maybe it’s time to rethink so we can reinvent.

Cirrus Logic. appliances. flexibility and cost benefits for new generations of digital utility meters. Inc.com/epmeter and register for a free sample. All other brands and product names may be trademarks or service marks of their respective owners. With superior energy measurement calculation.cirrus. Inc.Redefining energy measurement for the smart grid Simply Brilliant CS546x Analog Front End ICs Cirrus Logic’s CS546X family of single-phase and multiphase AFEs. when combined with your choice of MCUs. smart plugs and power supplies. Don’t compromise your design. provide performance. EP012012 . Cirrus Logic Analog Front Ends (AFEs) are the smart choice for today’s metering solutions. © 2012 Cirrus Logic. All rights reserved. Power up at www. Cirrus and the Cirrus Logic logo designs are trademarks of Cirrus Logic.

Plessey’s EPIC sensor measures changes in an electric field as a magnetometer detects changes in a magnetic field. Prototyping Tools. Overall. Content Operations Director for Hearst Electronics Group. notable as it is not only considered the smallest production MEMS accelerometer today.com Senior Editor Paul O’Shea Power Sources. Editor Richard Comerford. Enclosures. Hearst. Wilbanks Treasurer Catherine Bostron Secretary William Barron Vice President.com/productyear. The MEMSIC MSC6226XC Digital Accelerometer is one such product.. and we’re very excited to unveil the winners of this year’s competition. turn to page 31 and visit www. “This year’s crop of POY entrants were extremely strong. Bennack. Discrete Semiconductors.elec tronicproducts. Boards & Peripherals.com Technical Editor Jim Harrison Digital ICs. many digital ICs were submitted. among other features. Publishing Director. intelligent power management.) EP Senior Editor Paul O’ Shea. If you are searching for the most innovative products to complete your next design. and faster. Cellular communications One of the standout trends was a move toward “small-cell” cellular networks and communication controllers to fit that application area.aspx. more circuit integration. especially DSPs. JANUARY 2012 novative new products to be made. as our editors see companies providing higher power density. and communication chips. Jr. This product is the first in a series of devices configured for high-speed data communications applications. Cabinets. Development Tools. Electromechanical Switches. UTP Division A Unit of The Hearst Corporation 50 Charles Lindbergh Blvd. but collectively reflect emerging product trends for the industry in 2011 while offering a glimpse into what we might expect in the future. start with this list as each represents the best of 2011. to R.Electronic products EDITORIAL STAFF 516-227-1300 FAX: 516-227-1901 Content Operations Director Bryan DeLuca 516-227-1379 • bdeluca@hearst.com Contributing Editors Carolyn Mathas Michael Kawa Steve Evanczuk Leonard Schiefer Beth Croteau Jeffrey Bausch Fran Panzica Don Wilber Estelle Zagaria Thomas Young Amy Fischer Carolyn Giroux 1-866-813-3752 Steve Cholas Robert McIntosh Marisa Giordano PRODUCT OF THE YEAR The STory Behind The STory Chief Copy Editor Custom Media Editor Online Researcher and Editor Directory Coordinator Art Director Artist Group Production Manager nce again. Wilbanks Group Controller Luca. Power Management. Cooling Devices 941-359-8684 • poshea@hearst. Optoelectronics. What resulted is a select group of 19 winners that not only stand alone. making the judging very difficult. the company notes. To see all of the winners of the 2011 Product of the Year Awards. but also one of the lowest-priced accelerometers on the market. Suite 100 Uniondale. Jr. Motors & Controls 415-456-1404 • jpharrison@hearst. higher efficiency. NY 11553 TEL: (516) 227-1300 • FAX: (516) 227-1901 Robert D. and smaller packages. Other trends Sensor technology also had a strong showing this year. Specifically. analyzing. Inc. Chairman Frank A. and debating with each other for one purpose: Finding products worthy of being called one of Electronic Products’ 2011 Products of the Year. while the DSPs are lower power and feature floatingpoint operations. There are many trends and products to absorb from this year’s winners. better light-load efficiency. Meanwhile. Published by Hearst Business Communications. Our editors noted that the FPGAs are larger. and Technical Editor Jim Harrison debate POY candidates during this year’s judging. Electronics Group Adriana Marzovilla Business Manager THE HEARST CORPORATION George R. such as the E2101 single-port 10/100 Ethernet media filter and isolation transformer from TE Connectivity that embeds magnetic ferrites into a single surface package. Oscillators. Chassis 516-227-1433 • rcomerford@hearst. The EPIC sensor will enable in- Client Services Accounts Manager Client Services Coordinator Audience Development Director Subscriber Service Group Publisher Electronics Group Director of Online Sales and Operations (L. such as medical scanners that are simply held close to a patient’s chest to obtain a detailed ECG reading or devices that can see through walls. Analog EDA Software. Circuit Protection.com Managing Editor John Filippelli 516-227-1381 • jfilippelli@hearst.com Editor Richard Comerford Test & Measurement. Of course green is still in demand. and a substantial achievement in price and performance. FPGAs. John Filippelli Managing Editor  ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. as well as a significant advancement in technology or its application.” said Bryan De- O Judging the Product of the Year entries lower cost.com . Microwave Components 516-227-1459 • cnickolas@hearst. Ethernet and network processors remained well represented. Our in-house team of experts pored through hundreds of entries — using a strict set of criteria — to select those which reflected the pinnacle of innovation.com Editor Christina Nickolas Analog/Mixed-Signal ICs. Malloch President & Group Head Robert D. the editors of Electronic Products spent the past couple of months researching. Sensors & Transducers.electronicproducts. Vice Chairman & Chief Executive Officer HEARST BUSINESS MEDIA Richard P.

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an associate professor of materials science and and a low-voltage anode. The high magnetostriction of the alloy is due to this structure and the nanoscale segregation. is the lead author of a paper describing trolyte in lithium ion batteries. But Cui said they have already been The electrode’s durability derives from the atomic investigating various materials for an anode and have structure of the crystalline copper hexacyanoferrate used some promising candidates. new electrode survived 40. the wind and solar power usable on a grand scale. A Alloy sensitive to magnetic fields could produce new MEMS devices The Co-Fe alloy exhibits giant magnetostriction. 1. Most batteries fail because of accubreeze doesn’t always blow and therein mulated damage to an electrode’s crystal struclie perhaps the biggest hurdles to making ture. size ions. Cicero / Grid tied batteries would have to handle Stanford News Service) instead of easily passing through.. The crystals have an open framework that alhttp://mse. to one side of the open spaces between atoms. the phenomenon in which an amplified change in dimensions occurs when the material is placed in a sufficiently strong magnetic field. lows ions to easily go in and out without damaging the Jim Harrison T rare-earth-element-free alloy of cobalt and iron could be the basis for a new class of sensors and micromechanical system (MEMS) devices controlled by magnetism. The alloy was created by a team led by researchers from the University of Maryland (UMd) and including researchers from Oregon State University. Product Applications Advanced electrode may aid large-scale power storage he sun doesn’t always shine and the electrode. and after which could still be charged to more as sodium and lithium. www2. who is Wessell’s adviser and a coauthor of other material to use for the anode before they can build the paper. Too big and the ions would tend to The average lithium-ion battery can han. For more information see to make it. associate professor get stuck and could damage the crystal strucdle about 400 charge/discharge cycles before of materials science and ture. than 80% of its original capacity. engineering. (Credit: Linda A.stanford. Urals Branch of the Academy of Science. In laboratory tests. of a dream battery to store large quantities of To maximize the benefit of the open strucexcess power generated on windy or sunny ture. which is important because the electrode that employs crystalline nanopartipower you get out of a battery is proportional cles of a copper compound that could be part to how fast you can discharge the electrode.000 cycles of charging and disa much better fit compared with other hydrated ions such charging. Product Technology. the sized ion turned out to be hydrated potassium. Because the ions can move so freely... This TEM image taken at NIST shows the twophase iron-rich (shaded blue) and cobalt-rich (shaded red) structure of an annealed cobalt-iron alloy. an actual battery.edu. the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).OUTLOOK News about Products.Yi Cui. and the Russian Institute of Metal Physics. published in Nature Communications. But every running for tens of thousands of cycles and never fail.. The significant limitation the research. Too small and they might end up sticking it deteriorates too much to be of practical use.com JANUARY 2012 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS 11 . The researchers need to find anengineering. magnetostrictive elements can be controlled by an external magnetic field and don’t need to be wired up. a graduate student in materials science is basically free compared to the cost of an organic elecand engineering.electronicproducts. Rowan University. The effect can be used in various ways. such as for creating sensitive magnetic-field detectors and micromechanical actuators.” battery needs two electrodes — a high-voltage cathode said Yi Cui. the researchers needed to use the right days until we needed it. “That to the new electrode is that its chemical properties cause is a breakthrough performance – a battery that will keep it to be usable only as a high-voltage electrode. Fig. Unlike piezoelectrics. electrode’s cycle of charging and discharging is Stanford researchers have developed a new extremely fast. The researchers used a water-based electrolyte — which Colin Wessells. The rightmuch more that this.

but our approach may be unique in thin films. It ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.” he observes. but you can get these large effects. While the electrons move tuations in future magnetic nanodevices. The best annealed alloy showed a sizeable magnetostriction effect in magnetic fields as low as about 0. gradually varying the ratio of cobalt to iron across the array of cantilevers. They’re a good next-generation material for microelectromechanical machines. “That’s the beauty: a nice. call Robert McMichael at 301-975-5121. the values for the best known magnetostrictive material (terbium-dysprosium-iron. represents an important step tochanging the current down the Pt strip. sunshiny days to help offset the blues for engineers from the northern climes. nanoscale structure in which cobalt-rich crystals were embedded throughout an iron-rich crystal structure (see Figure 1). Professor Ichiro Takeuchi of UMd. but they’re becoming more interesting because the scale at which you can operate is smaller. and West Virginia University has demThis “spin Hall effect” drives a spin current. which was injected into the permalloy and suggests a route for controllably manipulating flucdisk through its back surface.” To find the best mixture of metals and processing. APEC 2012 will continue its tradition of addressing JANUARY 2012 . the results are lower than. “Piezoelectrics are usually oxides. Magnetostriction was determined by measuring the amount by which the alloy bent the tiny silicon cantilever in a magnetic field.OUTLOOK The alloy might also offer both size and processing advantages over piezoelectric microdevices. which are sometimes difficult to obtain. but not a onstrated control of magnetic thermal fluctuations uscharge current. and that the fluctuations are nanodevices. all of which is hard on manufacturing processes. Richard Comerford team of researchers from the NIST Center for Nater slightly toward the top surface and the electrons with noscale Science and Technology. into the bottom of the magnetic disk.01 Tesla. Orlando. porting Pt strip. ward manipulating the noise properties the fluctuations were controllably reof magnetic nanosensors and memory duced to 0. or 301-405-6809. The measured The researchers measured the magpopulation of the disk’s magnetic excitanetic fluctuations of a 2-µm-diameter tions is different from a thermal distribuThe team of researchers used microfocus disk of a NiFe alloy (permalloy) using Brillouin light scattering spectroscopy to study tion. they scatter differently. showing that the effect is not microfocus Brillouin light scattering the interaction of spin current with magnetic simply cooling or heating. For more inforthrough the Pt strip. ing current. depending mation. According to team leader.fluctuations in a Permalloy microdisk located search gives an insight into the comon top of a Pt strip carrying an electric current. simple technique.electronicproducts. This rewhile a current passed through a sup.com should be typical balmy. times their thermal level. from February 5 to 9. “Magnetorestriction devices are less developed than piezoelectrics.” he says. These alloys are metal and much more compatible with the current generation of integrated device manufacturing.” For further information. By Letters. FL. heterogeneous. The complete work. contact Ichiro Takeuchi at takeuchi@umd. they created a delicate. or Tb-Dy-Fe) but with the advantage that the new alloy doesn’t use any rare-earth elements. edu. the University of “down” spin scatter slightly toward the bottom. reported strongly amplified if the injected spins and in the September 2 issue of Physical Review the magnet’s spins are antiparallel. on each electron’s spin. The electrons with “up” spin scatChristina Nickolas A Team demos control of magnetic thermal fluctuations using current T 12 APEC 2012 brings latest in power to Orlando he Applied Power Electronics Conference and exposition (APEC) takes place at Disney Coronado Springs Resort. Muenster. says NIST materials scientist Will Osborn. The researchers found that by heating the alloy to annealing temperature and then quenching it.5 times or increased to 25 devices. brittle and often lead-based. “Freezing in the heterogeneity by quenching is an old method in metallurgy. but comparable to. This development promises insight into The researchers were able to show that the thermal the complexity of spin current phenomena and fluctuations of the disk’s magnetization are supsuggests a route for controllably manipupressed if the injected spins are parallel to the lating fluctuations in future magnetic magnet’s spins. the team fabricated hundreds of 10-mm-long test cantilever and coated them with a thin film of alloy. The current generated plexity of spin current phenomena a spin current.

boost. 2A the LTC4000 can charge a variety of battery types including lithium. as well as on-board termination. VFLOAT = 10. SEPIC and flyback converters. becomes a full-featured battery charger solution.8V . All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.linear. ensure safe and accurate charging. Highly accurate and lead 0A 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 charge current and float voltage. Linear Technology and the Linear logo are registered trademarks and PowerPath is a trademark of Linear Technology Corporation. including buck. LT. A full-featured controller.2% Accurate Programmable Float Voltage • Programmable C/X or Timer-Based Charge Termination • NTC Input for Temperature Qualified Charging 12A 10A 8A IBAT (V) 6A Charge Current Profile vs VBAT CC to CV Info & Free Samples www. when paired with a DC/DC converter. nickel Termination acid-based chemistries. 6A Constant Pre-Charge Constant Current Voltage buck-boost. IBAT (V) VBAT (V) ® Features • Input/Output Voltage: 3V to 60V • Charge Currents up to 20A • Input Ideal Diode for Low Loss Reverse Blocking and Load Sharing • Programmable Input and Charge Current: ±1% Accuracy • ±0. Its intelligent PowerPath manager(CV) provides power to the system load when (CC) 4A input power is available. The LTC4000 is capable of driving virtually any topology. enabling instant-on operation even with a deeply discharged battery.New Concept in BIG Battery Charging Complete Solution: PowerPath Control & Termination with No Software 12A 10A TM CC to CV 8A The LTC 4000 is a high voltage controller and power manager which. LTC. LTM.com/product/LTC4000 1-800-4-LINEAR Pre-Charge 4A 2A Constant Current (CC) Constant Voltage (CV) Termination 0A 6 7 8 9 VBAT (V) 10 11 12 .

grid connected inverter applications. on Montightly synchronized to day. renewable energy. which enables the capture of rare signal events.electronicproducts. Wednesday night attendees with a social event ticket will be transported to Universal Orlando and have access to all the rides within The Wizarding World of Harry Potter area. Other important events include the The instruments include a real-time specdaily keynotes held from 12 to 12:30. components and semiconductors.) will offer. The plenary session starts at 1:30 and finishes at 5:30 p. until 2 p. Prith Banerjee. and main signal analysis. The exhibit hours on Tuesday are from noon to 5 p. The company also has the IT-P high-power mezzanine connecDesignCon 2012 will be held at the Santa Clara Conventor which provides 50 A with a safety guiding wall for UL tion Center. Mini-SAS hundred-plus exhibitors will vie for your HD high-speed cable link products. technical sessions with topic such as and more. digital control. The Joe Macri. power in hybrid electric vehicles. systems. PCB design tools and methodolobe featuring their RTO series of oscillogies.Rohde & Schwarz ries from Hirose is structured with a helix contact interform acquisitions per secposer and a new. Senior Vice President of Research and provide true multi-doDirector of HP Labs at Hewlett-Packard. on Wednesday. There will be industry sessions that tackle energy harvesting. from 12:30 to 6:00 p. with the exhibits Booth #414 to see AirMax VSe higharea opening the following day. lighting.m. inverters. power electronics for electric vehicles. Pwrattention as will eighty-eight 40-minute Blade+ power distribution connectors. You can hear speakers from the industry as well as hear what researchers in the universities are doing for the future designs and products. rectifier and inverter modeling. and 10:15 a.OUTLOOK immediate and long-term interests for the power electronics engineer. and more. dles 25-Gbit signal lines. and ac/dc converters. The conference extends from January 30 to 1977 and wide floating range features also available. The exhibit hall is open Tuesday. modeling. Here’s your chance catch up and keep up to date with events in power. January 31. A speed backplane connectors. nanotechnology applications. Include in that the personal attention you get when you visit with the companies at their booths or talk one-on-one with presenters and technology experts. packaging.m. converters. The education seminars include tracks on topologies and control. An embedded dc capacitor on the Jim Harrison interposer will be also available for easy board routing. vehicular electronics. system design. modeling and simulation. EMI. GaN and SiC applications. Paul O’Shea cable links. here are trigger jitter in all modes just three of the products that will be on display: and the instrument acThe IT5 high-speed next-gen mezzanine connector seThe RTO series of oscilloscopes from quires up to 1 M wave. motor drives. FCI will feature its high-speed backplane connector and Wednesday. It hanond. Vice Presichannels that are all dent of Hardware and Technology at Microsoft. FCI’s Mini-SAS HD high-speed cable link backplane connectors trum analysis function with 16 digital These include Ilan Spillanger. try’s first real time digital To give you a flavor of what the exhibit floor (open Tuestrigger offers nearly zero day and Wednesday 12:30 to 6:00 p. high-speed I/O connections copper with optical D DesignCon 2012 begins Jan. LED lighting. and highest dynamic range in their class. Visit tion Center starting January 30. and sustainable energy. on Tuesday. followed immediately by the exhibit hall welcome reception. battery management. and high-speed signal processing. design for reliability. Trends for ac-power loss of power magnetics. system integration.m. better-grounding BGA receptacle. They will include posters investigating ac/dc converters.com JANUARY 2012 . electric machines and drives. components. The APEC lectures offer presentations on dc/dc converters. Here is where you can gather insight into the trends with the details you need.m. February 2. presentations on the electric grid. 30 14 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. chip-level design for signal/power integThe folks from Rohde & Schwarz will rity. Corporate Vice President and CTO of the Client scopes also feature indusDivision at Advanced Micro Devices. APEC also provides some fun times for attendees. on Wednesday. solar energy harvesting. and Power SolutionsSM power distribution esignCon will be held at the Santa Clara Convenconnectors and cable assemblies at DesignCon 2012. dc/dc converters. Poster sessions provide snapshots of presentations with access to the authors. scopes that is said to have the lowest noise equalization and coding.m. power supply on chip magnetics. EMI and surge protection.m. power electronics for utility interfaces. February 1. power electronics.

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Mouser has seen an increase of more than 680% in mobile usage. The most advanced.com JANUARY 2012 . sales of smartphones to grow from 67 million in 2010 to 95 million in 2011 and become the highest-selling consumer electronic device category. CT) expects U.Distribution Engineering In Partnership with Resource for Parts and Information By Murray Slovick MouserMobile: Your On-the-Go W hile you can’t always trust statistics — a wise man once said they should be used in an argument much the way that a drunkard uses a lamppost: for support instead of illumination — it is tough to dispute the gaudy numbers underpinning the notion that web-connected smartphones are enjoying remarkable growth: • Gartner (Stamford. and various other handheld web-enabled devices. semiconductors and emerging technologies — from more than 450 leading suppliers. RIM Blackberry OS (Blackberry Torch). or buy products on MouserMobile™ but creating an account will help you take advantage of many special services and time-saving features. So how does the trend toward always-connected mobile devices dovetail with an electronics distributor’s desire to make its parts available for easy online purchase wherever you happen to be? The answer is called MouserMobile™ and it allows engineers to use their mobile device to search and/ or procure nearly 2 million parts — electronic components. mouser. netbooks. and engineering tools are available in the database. iPad. engineers will appreciate the fact that because MouserMobile™ isn’t an app.electronicproducts. a keyword. technical design information. over 6 million downloadable datasheets. You do not need a My Mouser account to search. What is more.com into the address (URL) field of your mobile browser and your device will display the MouserMobile™ site. Sign up for an account today by visiting Mouser. multicurrency mobile site for design engineers. Devices whose MouserMobile™ functionality has been successfully tested include Apple iOS (all iPhone. The MouserMobile™ site features multilingual. But don’t let me tell you how you should feel about this mobile web site. there is no download necessary. and iPod touch models). if needed. browse. pricing and real-time product availability. Engineers and buyers can search for parts by using a product number.S.com and the system automatically recognizes that you're on a mobile device and redirects to the mobile site — alternately you can just type m. rising to 982 million in 2015.indd 1 11/18/11 3:48 PM 6 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. • IDC (Framingham. application notes. And no annoying ‘app update’ reminders.mouser. multicurrency support — 17 languages and 16 currencies — for the convenience of design engineers and buyers. a quick call can be made by hitting the little phone icon to further ease the ordering process. rising to half the market (and over 1 billion units) in 2016. A video guide is in place to offer further guidance to first-time users and. and HP WebOS (Palm Pre and Pixi) product. Users can view detailed item specifications. multilingual. MA) expects total smartphone sales in 2011 to reach 472 million across the globe. IMS Research (Austin. a category drill down list or a parametric filter. Besides the rocking chair comfortable user experience. You simply point your mobile web browser to Mouser.com Semiconductors and electronic components for design engineers. TX) is equally optimistic and expects smartphones to represent 28% of the 2011 mobile handset market. MouserMobile™ is accessible and usable on most mobile devices such as smartphones. Since the February 2011 launch. tablets.com from your computer's web browser and clicking the "Create Account" link near product search at the top of the page. Android OS (HTC EVO™ 4G and Motorola Droid). supplier-specific reference designs. ADVERTISEMENT ED_MouserMobile_EditorialAd.

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8 607 29.6 2011 987 23.1: Touch module shipment and revenue forecast (2009-2015) 2009 Shipments (million units) Year on year growth (%) Revenue (million $) Year on year growth (%) 2010 800 31.zytronic. with Table 1 testifying to the current size and expected growth in this dynamic market. conductive element. industrial applications Table. T screen market. Now manufacturers of industrialgrade equipment are keen to bring the same levels of touch functionality to their products with small touch displays. MP3 players. An alternative projected capacitive sensing methodology is needed. and tablet computers over the last few years has been driven by the all-round performance and increased availability of projected capacitive touch sensors. this material has been way within more demanding widely used in display and Although these impressive figindustrial applications.0 11. initially with resistive.7 2015 1. Until now. An alternative sensing techthe explosive growth of the touchELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.646 23.8 6. continued growth in portable contechnique will not always be approITO’s ready availability has aided sumer devices.8 2012 1. For all its benefits — outperforming both conventional surface capacitive and resistive alternatives — mutual capacitive ITO sensors (where the capacitance beFor all its benefits. surface-capacitive. desk top monitors.332 19 10. thick.Displays Changing the capacitive touch-sensing methodology Bring the touch functionality of consumer electronics to industrial-grade displays can be highly challenging BY MARK CAMBRIDGE CEO Zytronic www.161 17.538 14.331 12. and now projected-capacitive touch sensor types. projected capacitive touchscreens to make inroads into the more demanding.4 2013 1. which enables touchscreens to cope with harsher environmental conditions. The combination of performance and availability has resulted in ITO becoming the material of choice for areas will inevitably be addressed.432 14. DisplaySearch has been hampered by the sensing mechanism it relied on.177 42. relatively limited through-glass They are typically only capable of reliably detecting touch performance.6 2014 1. mutual tween two electrodes is measured) exhibit relatively limitcapacitive ITO sensors exhibit ed through-glass performance.3 7. the domitouchscreen manufacture for many ures are dominated by the expected nant mutual capacitance sensing years and is well understood.7 Source: 2010 Touch Market Analysis.7 9.6 8.6 4. invisibility when deposited as a exacting physical strains For ITO to make real headthin film. other application priate. which A very large proportion of poronly capable of reliably detecting cannot adequately protect the table consumer touchscreens through overlays less than 3 mm display from the more exactrely on indium tin oxide (ITO) as ing physical strains found outtheir active. the ability for conventional ITO-based small-format.341 15. 18 . They are typically through overlays that are less Touch sensor alchemy than 2 to 3 mm thick.electronicproducts. Achieving this functionality can be highly challenging when using the identical mutual capacitance sensing methodology currently used in consumer devices as the requirements for durability and longevity are often very different and it can be a struggle to deliver the necessary overall robustness required for some applications.com JANUARY 2012 almost all consumer electronic touchscreen applications.com he unbridled success of touchenabled user interfaces in products such as smartphones.735 12. which cannot adequately side the relatively trouble-free With its combination of good sphere of portable consumer electrical conductivity and near protect the display from more design.146 11.900 16.

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a change in the waveforms in capacitance means this approach ■ market. even through a heavily gloved hand. the frequency of the signal when the with suitable touch controlSelf-capacitance touch sensing finger far from the sensor (red) decreases when the finger is close lers and application software.electronicproducts. capacitance approach is used. and exposure to chemicals. In addition. 1: With the frequency modulation technique used in projected heavy duty use. passing through the electrodes can be touch functionality can be with the field generated by the user determined. but simultaneously provide a far greater degree of ruggedness. instead of bastance ITO sensors means ing the sensing mechanism they are far better suited to on mutual capacitance.com JANUARY 2012 . capacitive touch sensing. By measuring where this incorporated into a wide range of inducing alterations in the field change is most profound. and through very A new perspective thick overlays of glass. when the usMethodology benefits ble industrial devices with more roer’s finger approaches the surface of Detecting picofarad-level changes bust user interfaces to enter the the screen. Garrett Engineering Design Kits components from authorized manufacturers Electronics Corp. around the sensor matrix. plasThe shortcomings of mutual tic and similarly non-concapacitive screens based on ductive materials.com ph 800 767 0081 fax 805 922 3643 veteran owned small business 20 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. a self. 1) in the senwill allow small display and portasor matrix means that.garrettelec. The components you need at your fingertips Ceramic Capacitors Tantalum Capacitors • Ferrite Beads • • Thick-film Resistors Thin-film Resistors • Inductors • • Transistors Diodes • Varistors • • BC Components Beyshlag Dale Siliconix Sprague RoHS Certified ISO-9001:2008 www. This in turn allows activation to be tuned to respond to the lightest of touches. Changing the capacitive touch-sensing methodology is extremely sensitive. touch sensors using self-capacitance ITO electrodes (see Fig. ITO in industrial or other The greater through-glass challenging applications can performance of self-capacibe overcome if. extremes of temperature. handling high humidity levels.Displays nique needs to offer the same levels of touch performance and functionality. the posieveryday industrial scenarios.Fig. tion touch event on the x and y axes The benefits derived from ITO Frequency modulation across the can be accurately located.com sales@garrettelec. liquid ingress. and provides the touchscreen with greater dynamic z-axis (depth) touch control. to the sensor (blue) measures the capacitance of a gesture recognition and dual single electrode to ground.

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based on the dynamic needs of the application. 1a). A pervasive trend in the embedded space today is the relentless demand for increased enddevice functionality. For example. The faster the system can complete its tasks and transition to a low-power mode.6 μA) to provide superior efficiency compared to previous generations. and a wakeup mechanism to exit from hibernate) to keep the system “breathing” on a backup battery. These hibernate blocks enable very low power consumption by including only the minimum number of gates required (such as a low-frequency oscillator. A system will consume the most power in active state. System designers today are taking advantage of this development to design fully functional. Process technology/IC design for optimized power Process technology has traditionally been the means for reducing power consumption in an MCU. Power-aware real-time operating systems. they still face challenges when it comes to optimizing devices to operate within tight power budgets imposed by battery life and heat dissipation constraints of the system. the placement of other electronic components) — are under the control of the system designer. TI’s Stellaris LM4F Cortex-M4 based microcon- Some architectures even integrate hibernate blocks with a completely independent voltage domain from the rest of the microcontroller.com The first two — process technology and IC design — are managed by silicon vendors.electronicproducts. For ultra-lowpower applications that can operate under 30 MHz. such as the Nucleus RTOS from Mentor Graphics. Transitioning to low-power Fig. The CPU takes time and power to transition between power modes (see Fig. It’s important that system designers have a good understanding of what an RTOS can do for them for application-driven power management. TI’s 16-bit MSP430 MCU family can achieve operation at less than 1 μA with a 5-μs wakeup. since shrinking a design and lowering its internal voltage yields significant savings. take full advantage of these hardware facilities and provide built-in power management capabilities that enable developers to effectively drive MCU power consumption from application level. a real-time clock. the Stellaris LM4F microcontroller series supports wake times as fast as 500 μs.ti. standby modes as low as 1.com JANUARY 2012 . troller implemented in a 65-nm process balances high performance (up to 80 MHz plus an FPU) with good power efficiency (375 μA/MHz active. a small amount of RAM to save state. 22 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. 1: Silicon vendors have made significant progress in minimizing “wake time” to improve power efficiency. There are four key aspects to reducing MCU power consumption. silicon vendors provide various hardware facilities to optimize and manage MCU power consumption. 1b). However. In order to help designers optimize systems for power-efficiency.com and MIGUEL MORALES Marketing Manager Stellaris ARM Cortex-M Texas Instruments www. For example. Silicon vendors have developed innovative IC design techniques to create distinct power domains within the MCU and enable various lowpower operating modes. The advent of 32-bit microcontrollers with enhanced features such as network connectivity and advanced human-machine interfaces has drastically increased the processing power and functional capability available to MCU-based devices. The last two — application-driven power management (enabled by a power-aware RTOS) and system-level design (that is. modes causes systems to suffer losses.Real-Time Operating Systems RTOS facilitates MCU power management Power-aware real-time operating systems take full advantage of available hardware facilities BY ARVIND RAGHURAMAN Embedded Software Engineer Mentor Graphics www.mentor. feature-rich applications. Silicon manufacturers further improve power efficiency by reducing the actual mode transition time. This allows developers to shut down those sections of the MCU that are not in use. the more efficient it will be (see Fig. Developers can minimize mode switching losses by reducing switching frequency.

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Figure 2a illustrates the power savings achieved by placing CPU in idle mode and SDRAM in self-refresh mode during system idle time.2 x 2.768kHz Crystals & Oscillators 2.0 x 1. the low-power modes provided by the MCU can be effectively exploited by the operating system to achieve run-time power savings.0 x 2. Optimizing dynamic power consumption During periods of low or no system ac- Surface Mount Ultra Miniature packages for YOUR application Offered in a variety of package and tolerance options.0 mm 3. applications need a power-aware RTOS.abracon.5 x 0. SDRAM modules can be put in self-refresh mode during long periods of inactivity. Fig.6mm 3.5pf.9 mm 6.3 mm 8. featuring tight frequency tolerance and low power consumption Authorized Stocking Distributors: 4.5 x 0.546.abracon.5 mm tivity.0 x 1.768kHz reference frequency » Ultra miniature SMD packages » Available ±20.5 mm Visit www.2 x 1. 2a: Power savings achieved by Nucleus when transitioning to low-power states in idle time. as well as maximize use of an MCU’s low-power architectural capabilities. other power-hungry blocks present in the system can be transitioned to low-power operating states to maximize power savings. First. readyto-use APIs for application-level control of peripheral power states.8000 | www. and operating voltage and frequency.5 x 0. An RTOS-based design provides two key advantages for developing power-efficient applications.9 mm FEATURES: » 32. 9pf. An OS scheduler can make intelligent decisions on the best low-power state to switch to. In addition to switching the MCU to low-power mode. Techniques such as OS tick suppression can be used to prolong the duration of CPU idle time. 2b: The Nucleus RTOS can provide a 50x reduction in tick frequency during periods of system inactivity.0ppm set tolerance » Operating temperature range of -40°C +85°C » 12. Abracon’s 32. the multi-threaded application model enabled by using an RTOS provides an enabling framework to switch the system to low-power operating modes during system idle time. thereby multiplying idle-time power savings.electronicproducts.9 x 1.8 x 2.com for additional listing of authorized distributors. For example. Typical real-time kernels use a periodic OS tick timer interrupt to evaluate internal state and to make sched- 24 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. 32.2 x 1.8 x 1.0 x 3.Real-Time Operating System RTOS facilitates MCU power management The importance of a power-aware RTOS With the addition of network connectivity and advanced HMI functionality.9 mm 4. 6.2 x 0.0ppm & ±10.9 mm The Power of Linking Together Tel: 949.9 x 1.com 8. a power-aware RTOS equips developers with proven. system power states.1 x 1. well abstracted. Abracon’s impressive track record of high reliability products for Automotive Electronics uniquely positions itself to offer low-cost. To coordinate operation.0mm 3. Fig. high quality devices for most Industrial and high volume consumer electronics applications. Second. 7pf and 6pf standard crystal plating loads » Oscillators available with -40ºC to +85ºC operating temperature range. Note that the calculated power savings may not be fully realized if the CPU is frequently interrupted during idle time.5 x 1.com JANUARY 2012 . even simple applications are no longer single-threaded systems.4 x 1. based on the expected system idle time and power cost of switching in and out of the low-power state — as compared to the expected power savings.768kHz Precision Crystals & Oscillators are an essential part of virtually all timing applications.

com/catalogs/MLP.H i g h E n e rg y Sto ra g e fo r Vo l t a g e Ho l d U p Flatpack Blocks of Capacitance for Energy Storage From an Antarctic –55 °C chill up to a 450 V electromotive force and capacitance to 47. –40 °C.cde.pdf TYPE MLP and MLS CAPACITORS TYPE MLP and MLS CAPACITORS DSCC DRAWINGS 05018.000 µF the MLP atpack capacitor delivers electrical energy for power holdup. MLS: 100 YEAR LIFE MLP and MLS > 25 YEAR SHELF LIFE WITHSTANDS > 80. Full specs are at http://www. 05019 LOW PROFILE 1/2” HEIGHT NEAR HERMETIC LONG-LIFE WELDED SEAL MLP: 50 YEAR LIFE. 300–450 V C A PA C I T O R S O L U T I O N S F O R P O W E R E L E C T R O N I C S . The MLP’s less than ½ inch height makes it great for tight pitch rack assemblies too.000 FEET ALTITUDE COLD TO –55 °C ≤ 250 V. The MLP is a high performance aluminum electrolytic capacitor in a convenient box shape that ts the square holes of power electronics and is easily stackable into high energy modules. The 20-MLP module shown can deliver 600 joules of energy.

please visit www.com JANUARY 2012 e Fresn s Len Pyro Eletric r o Sens Pyro Eletric r o Sens l . all concerned peripherals be notified of the operating point change request 2. uling decisions. Considerable power savings can be obtained using dynamic frequency and voltage-scaling (DVFS) techniques. The system developer can make application-level decisions to pick an optimal operating point depending on the functionality required. bus clocks. and peripheral clocks be changed for the new operating point Optimizing static power consumption Static power consumption in a system can be directly attributed to the number of peripheral blocks that are active (clocked and powered ON) at a given point in time. Figure 3 illustrates a hypothetical MP3 player leveraging Nucleus RTOS system power states to optimize static ■ power consumption. A switch from one operating point to another requires: 1.Real-Time Operating System Fig. such as when a device can go into hibernation mode. the implementation details of safely switching between peripheral power states during run-time in a multithreaded environment could get complicated. enabling the system to stay in low-power modes for longer periods of inactivity. peripheral activity be stopped 3. RTOS systems will use any hibernate facilities provided by hardware to save and restore system state.com/zmotion 26 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. CPU and peripheral activity be resumed A power-aware RTOS should abstract these details and enable the user to make application level DVFS decisions. Go with the Best in Motion Detection Technology Zilog’s Product Family ZMOTION Detection Module (ZEPIR0AAS02MODG) ZMOTION Occupancy Detection Solution (Z8FS040BSB20EG) 4 KB Reserved for PIR Engine ZMOTIONTM MCU Z8FS040BSB20EG Programming Interface 2 KB Code Space Interrupt Vectors 0 KB and Option Bits Bundled ZMOTION Occupancy Detection Option (ZMOT0BSB0A0AG) ZMOTION Intrusion Detection Solution (Z8FS021AHH20EG) Power Supply Bundled ZMOTION Intrusion Detection Option (ZMOT1AHH0G0AG) Fresn e Lens l Fresn e Lens l Fresnel Lens Pyro Eletric Sensor Fresnel Lens Pyro Eletr Sens ic or Pyro Eletric Sensor ZMOTIONTM MCU Z8FS021 White Light Pyro Eletr Sens ic or Pyro Eletric Sensor Fresnel Lens ZMOTIONTM MCU Z8FS040BSB20EG ZMOTIONTM MCU Nicera Lens Jumper Con guration Status Build your applications with one of our ZMOTION Development Kits listed below: ZEPIR000102ZCOG ZMOTIONL100ZCOG ZMOTIONS200ZCOG For more information or for documentation on Zilog’s ZMOTION products. Although powering off peripherals that are not being used sounds fairly simple. Figure 2b illustrates OS tick profiles with and without tick suppression enableFor longer periods of system inactivity. CPU clock. 3: Illustration of power savings achieved by system power state control. RTOS facilitates MCU power management 4. Most applications require the peak processing capability of the underlying CPU for only a small percentage of its operational time.electronicproducts. Tick suppression enables the kernel to dynamically change the time period of the OS tick timer interrupt based on the expected idle time.zilog. Power-aware RTOSes abstract these implementation details and enable developers to make high-level decisions on peripheral power states.

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an FS. timers. unlike general-purpose computers that are used for different applications at different times. RTOS fundamentals A real-time kernel is software that manages the time of a CPU and ensures that critical tasks are processed in a timely manner. HowJANUARY 2012 ever. An RTOS thus consists of a kernel and possibly such additional services as a file system (FS). there are Cortex-M4 and Cortex-M0 cores besides a full complement of peripherals including an Ethernet controller. but this does not preclude the use of other IPCs such as the one defined by the 28 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.electronicproducts. Multicore in MCUs Microcontrollers have traditionally been equipped with single cores.micrium. motor control PWM. 10-bit ADC. Many embedded programmers shy away from using a kernel because they fear that kernels add too much complexity to their application. time management. just as important especially for battery-operated embedded systems. NXP provides code for the IPC. etc. unbothered.0. to perform control algorithms (PID loops. 10-bit DAC. the Cortex-M0 is designed as a slave to the Cortex-M4. more manageable chunks. USB stacks (device and/or host). and possibly other components. given the dedicated nature of such systems. and an Inter Processor Communication (IPC). encryption. LCD controller. which basically means that tasks are designed to wait for events to occur in order to execute. AMP is generally the preferred architecture when designing embedded systems. The framework includes many useful services for the application programmer such as multitasking. provides a framework for multicore that can dramatically reduce time to market. a TCP/IP-stack. given that a kernel offers a framework to build upon as well as the ability to split application code into smaller. memory partition management. CAN 2. which can be used. It is possible to write fairly complex multitasking application with the use of only five API functions out of the nearly 70 API calls offered by µC/OS-III. image processing. a digital SLR camera might only use a kernel. offloads I/O and interrupts from the Cortex-M4. Figure 1 shows the relationship between the Cortex-M4 and the Cortex-M0 in the LPC4300 for a possible industrial control system. using NXP Semiconductors’ LPC4300 series as an example. You can thus build your kernel knowledge as you are bringing your application up. a task could wait for a timer to expire and another task can wait for a packet to be received on an Ethernet controller. used as an I/O controller. dual USB 2. it’s quite possible to design a product using a subset of the services available from an RTOS. intertask communication and signaling. President. CANbus. resource management. embedded systems generally have known functions at design time. AES decryption.” meaning that Fig. For the LPC4300. Preemptive kernels are also event driven.com . The use of an RTOS. filtering. A full-featured RTOS is generally not necessary for most embedded systems and in fact. dual I2C. however. It turns out that you only need a handful of services to get your project off the ground with a kernel. interrupt management. a kernel is actually a subset of an RTOS. 1: Industrial controller running on an NXP LPC4300. and a USB device stack. multiple cores allow you to run your product slower and thus reduce the power consumption with basically the same performance as a single-core system running at a much higher frequency. and more. and CEO Micrium www. a GUI. state machines. LABROSSE Founder. Most 32-bit embedded designs would benefit from the use of a realtime kernel. the kernel always executes the most important task that is ready to run. or another for a character to be received on a UART. a graphical user interface (GUI). For example. This dual-core configuration is called asymmetrical multiprocessing (AMP) since the cores are not identical.0. The Cortex–M0 core. The term “realtime operating system” (RTOS) is often confused with real-time kernels. for example. Most kernels used for embedded systems are “preemptive. but. etc.).) and computationally intensive operations (audio compression/decompression. For example.com R ecently introduced multicorebased MCUs have raised the complexity level of embedded system designs. Thus. quad UART.Real-Time Operating Systems Using a RTOS in multicorebased MCU designs A real-time operating system provides a framework for multicore that can dramatically reduce time to market BY JEAN J. Performance is the first thing one thinks about when considering the use of a multicore device.

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Using an RTOS in multicore-based MCU designs Multicore and RTOSs Having multiple cores doesn’t render obsolete the need for an RTOS kernel as shown in Fig. it should be considered when migrating applications to different CPU architectures using a standard API instead of being locked into a vendor-specific one. Scalable to any number of cores. available as a free PDF download at www. having an RTOS kernel makes it easier to move functionality between cores. Each core should use an RTOS to make better use of the CPU and its associated resources and functions. Debugging a multiple-core system is certainly more complicated than a single-core system. The Real-Time Kernel. He has published several books including µC/OS-III. or other on-board devices. Also. it’s quite unlikely that these devices will be limited to only two cores. both cores would be identical since that would allow both teams to use the exact same tools and kernel port. Communication is performed using channels and a channel can be used to send scalars or packets. but if you keep a clean separation of functionality between cores then each can be debugged in isolation and possibly by different development teams. MCAPI provides a lightweight and efficient communication stack. In other words. MCAPI. One team could work on the Cortex-M4 code and another on the I/O devices and then get together to integrate both pieces. micrium. Obviously. This would make development slightly easier since you would not have to deal with the slightly different cores. Intercore communication should be kept to a minimum to avoid ■ interdependencies. A kernel is still highly desirable to make optimum use of both cores. as well as tools to configure and optimize multicore applications. each team would have its own evaluating board so it could develop and test software separately prior to merging both pieces.Real-Time Operating System Multicore Association called Multicore Communication Application Programming Interface (MCAPI). is available from third parties such as Polycore Software. Ideally. president. In fact. AMP is very scalable and in the coming years.electronicproducts. we should see MCUs with many cores showing up on the market. in the above example. This load balancing would typically be done at design time as opposed to run time. It’s quite possible that NXP and/ or other semiconductor manufacturers will be introducing such devices in a not so far future. The transport mechanism for MCAPI is flexible and can be shared memory.com. I/O ports. and CEO of Micrium and the creator of the µC/OS-III family of products. 1.com JANUARY 2012 . A kernel such as µC/OS-III allows a designer to determine CPU use on a per-task basis and thus better optimize the design by load balancing the tasks between cores. About the author Jean Labrosse is the founder. Multicore-based MCUs increase the complexity of embedded system designs but offers the benefit of increased performance as well as lower power consumption. both cores run their own instance of the same or possibly different kernels to manage the multiple tasks. 30 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.

Transparent Color LCD Panel SandForce Knowles Acoustics SF-2200 SSD Processor TE Connectivity MHP30-36 Metal Hybrid PPTC Circuit Protection PlanarMag E2101 10/100 Ethernet Media Filter LeCroy LabMaster 9 Zi-A Modular Oscilloscope System TE Connectivity Linear Technology LTC5569 Dual Active Downconverting Mixer Maxim Integrated Products Texas Instruments MAX44007 I MAX44009 Digital Ambient-Light Sensor ICs BQ25504 Boost Charger IC Texas Instruments MEMSIC MXC6226XC MEMS Thermal Accelerometer National LM5113 GaN Gate Driver Texas Instruments National Instruments PXIe-5665 14-GHz PXIe VSA TMP006 MEMS IR Temperature Sensor Plessey Xilinx EPIC PS25x01 Series Electric-potential Sensors Virtex-7 2000T Field-Programmable Gate Array .11n 4x4 MIMO Chipset 36th Annual Integrated Device Technology 3LG Family of CrystalFree CMOS Oscillators Samsung Electronics LCD Business International Rectifier IR3550 Buck Gate Driver KJ-33000 MEMS Joystick 22-in.com Analog Devices ADN3000-06/11 Optical Receivers JANUARY 2012 Product of the Year Awards Quantenna Communications QHS710 802.Elect ronic PRODUCTS electronicproducts.

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2 V. Integrated Device Technology San Jose. consume only 65 mW from a single 3.com/Low_ power_CMOS_oscillator_offers_50_ ppm_frequency_accuracy-articlehlcn03_dec2011-html. storage.aspx) feature a breakthrough 50-ppm frequency accuracy while replacing traditional quartz crystal-based oscillators for up to 75% power savings in a broad range of applications.84 x 0.electronicproducts. IR shows cases where the heat is removed from the printed circuit board. CA Sales 408-284-8200 www. saving energy and total cost of ownership or. the ADN30 0 0 . CA Sales 310-252-7105 www. 1310. MA 800-262-5643 Sales www. has an input voltage range to 25 V. Leveraging semiconductor economies of scale to enable high performance. Meet a similar efficiency to previous generations but with at least one.idt. Manufactured on ADI’s XFCB highspeed complementary bipolar process on bonded SOI. It targets high-current multiphase buck regulators and simplifies dc/dc converter design for next-generation servers. capacity. stackup. frequency. and via configuration. and lead-time like silicon-based technology does.com 33 .com in price. The 0. 2. possibly two fewer phases (For example. communications.95 each in 1. Analog Devices Wilmington. International Rectifier El Segundo.com This allows customers to: 1. they are the only technology and product capable of replacing active XOs and passive XTALs as both packaged devices and die. and consumers products. transimpedance amplifier.000 quantities.irf.3 V. or 3.electronicproducts. size. Meet a similar efficiency to previous generations but without a heat sink. low price. saving space and cost. and a Schottky diode available in a 6 x 6 x 0. and short lead time. they have a fully characterized interface between the photo detector and the transimpedance amplifier. converting a six-phase design to a five. without airflow or a heatsink required. the limitations of quartz technology do not scale well MEMS-based device brings the feel of a real joystick to mobile devices It’s no surprise that one of the more popular pastimes for the owners of smartphones and tablets is playing electronic games — think Angry Birds — and serious gamers are eager JANUARY 2012 www2. and 1550 nm.9-mm PQFN package.25 to 3.or even four-phase design) because of the high current-handling capability The MOSFET device achieves up to a 97% efficiency at 1. It integrates a currentsense amplifier and features a synchronous diode-emulation that removes the zero-current detection and control burden from the PWM controller. The devices cost only $3. including computing. the 3LG family of CrystalFree CMOS oscillators (see www2. as compared to current solutions. They generate stable frequencies up to 125 MHz and offer high-performance phase jitter of less than 1 ps over the wide frequency offset of 12 kHz to 20 MHz. and to prove this capability. and a switching frequency up to 1. The gate driver delivers the highest benchmarked efficiency in the marketplace for high current multiphase solutions and it does it at the highest useful current rating of 60 A. Increase the main CPU dc/dc efficiency significantly. so designers don’t have to worry about bond wires interactions. and output range from 0.3-V power supply while offering typical sensitivity of -19 dBm OMA (optical modulation amplitude) at 6 Gbits/s and –17 dBm OMA at 11 Gbits/ s.68 11-pad die-packaged devices include the detector.95 and $5. In addition.06 and ADN300011. targeting next-gen servers The IR3550 PowIRstage is a synchronous buck gate driver with an integrated synchronous MOSFET. ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS Crystal-free oscillators finally enable quartz device replacement As semiconductor technology continues to advance. and power monitor.com 36th Annual 60-A power stage is cool-running. including 850.Product of the Year Awards High-speed optical receiver ICs integrate photodiode The industry’s first commercially available 6.and 11-Gbit/ s integrated optical receivers.analog. copper thickness. and communication systems. the company provides reference designs comparing the IR3550 to competitive devices using the exact same size. The layout of the IR3550 allows fewer decoupling capacitors compared to other monolithic and multichip devices that perform a similar function. With their monolithic approach.0 MHz. the ICs significantly reduce system component count and cut power consumption by at least half. They are wavelength agnostic and work across all key optical wavelengths.

and processing functions. and a server-class CPU is in a third module provides processing power for the immense amounts of data the system can collect. there has rarely been a time when one has been ahead of its competition for long. Not only does the LabMaster 9 Zi-A provide a bandwidth — 45 GHz — that is about 50% greater than what its competition can offer.6 mm.8 x 1. The scope’s higher bandwidth is not merely an engineering tour de force. their lack of physical feedback slows down reaction times. control. Itasca. The 9 Zi-A accomplishes all this with a system architecture that separates the oscilloscope signal acquisition function from the display.knowles. Master acquisition modules contain the display and control.com sample rate of 120 Gsamples/s. the KJ-33000 has been designed to operate at extremely low power.8 x 9. The problem is. and can be configured with as many as 20 full-performance channels. Its current consumption is only 40 μA during active mode and a 34 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. Knowles. while servant acquisition modules contain add-on acquisition systems. while earning the instrument the right to truly be called a modular oscilloscope system. Enter the KJ-33000 from Knowles Acoustics — an ultra-low-power MEMS-based joystick in a package that’s only 9. as well as a single acquisition module. ChannelSync technology enables the master and servants to synchronize perfectly. while giving the user the feel of a real stick with 360° variable-speed scrolling and navigation.electronicproducts. the touch interface such devices rely on is awkward.36th Annual Product of the Year Awards to embrace mobile technology too.com JANUARY 2012 . but it also provides the highest center — into two 4-bit digital values representing X and Y displacements. the introduction of a new oscilloscope by LeCroy has left others far behind. But in the past year. it is needed by engineers developing and installing systems with the high data rates demanded by cloud computing and mobile com- Oscilloscope system rises above the pack. And while some handheld devices are employing optical sensors. your fingers are likely to get in the way of the action. That reduces battery drain by a factor of 25 compared to optical joysticks and by 200 compared to Hall-effect sensors. To support hours of play and work. IL Information 630-250-5100 info@knowles. This configurability seriously lowers the cost of multichannel oscillography. to 45 GHz Among top oscilloscopes manufacturers. The device converts the joystick button movement — up to 1 mm from its mere 3 μA in sleep mode.com www.

36th Annual Product of the Year Awards
munication. These designers really need affordable multichannel scopes with the highest bandwidths, and they won’t find a comparable instrument anyplace else. LeCroy, Chestnut Ridge, NY Customer Care Center 800-453-2769 www.lecroy.com that are used in tablets, smartphones, and TVs. Ma nu fac t u rer s today not only continue to strive for lower power with a wider dynamic range, but they are also trying to improve spectral response to closely match the human eye for accurate light measurements, especially when the top display glass is tinted or dark in color. As a solution to this concern, the MAX44007/ MAX44009 digital ALSs cut power consumption by over 100 times that of the nearest competitor (124 μW). The sensors feature an integrated adaptive-gain block that automatically selects the optimum gain range. The MAX44009 can measure light levels from 0.045 lux to 188,000 lux, yielding a dynamic range of more than 4,000,000 to 1. High sensitivity becomes important when these sensors are put behind black glass in products. The black glass attenuates almost 90% of the light. The signal is reduced almost by a factor of 10, and high sensitivity is needed to get a better result. Maxim Integrated Products Sunnyvale, CA Customer Service 800-998-8800 sales-us@maxim-ic.com www.maxim-ic.com (WLP), a combination that produces a very small, rugged device. At 1.2 x 1.7 x 1.0 mm, it is the smallest MEMS accelerometer now in production. And while other accelerometers may withstand shocks to 10,000 G, the MEMSIC device holds up under 50,000-G shocks. As a point of reference, a 10,000-G shock can be generated by simply banging a product on a desktop; imagine how many G’s an angry kid can generate by throwing his electronic toy at a wall. The monolithic IC includes all the electronics needed for signal conditioning as well as an embedded microprocessor core to provide programmability and an 8-bit digital output. And did I mention that, at $0.35 in OEM quantities, it’s also the lowest-priced accelerometer on the market today? MEMSIC, Andover, MA Information 978-738-0900 info@memsic.com www.memsic.com

Dual-broadband RF mixer enables 4G MIMO multimode receivers by drawing 300 mW/ch
In order to make LTE, a 4G (fourth-generation) high-data-rate wireless technology attractive to the carrier for deployment, basestation manufacturers worldwide are trying to build a multiband, multimode platform that is easily field configured for use in any frequency band and standard to make the deployment cost attractive. The 26.8-dBm IIP3 LTC5569 dual-broadband RF mixer accomplishes this by combining 26.8 dBm IIP3, 300mW/ch, and a wide 300MHz to 4-GHz frequency range (see www2.electronicproducts.com/26_8_ dBm_IIP3_dual_broadband_RF_mixer_draws_300_m W_charticlehlcn07_ jul2011-html.aspx). So a receiver such as that based on the LTC5569, is capable of working in all of the 700-MHz, 880-MHz, 1.7-GHz, 1.8-GHz, 1.9-GHz, 2.4GHz, and 2.6-GHz bands. In addition, within each band, the receiver must receive signals that are 60 MHz wide, compared to the previous 20 MHz wide — without sacrificing performance. The LTC5569 meets both of these requirements with outstanding performance. Linear Technology, Milpitas, CA Sales Office 408-428-2050 www.linear.com

High-performance VSA moves into PXIe realm
Traditionally, the highest performing instruments have always been monolithic, box instruments, because trying to get highspeed performance from a rack of cardmodules connected by a copper backplane has been a stumbling block. The NI PXIe-5665 14-GHz threestage RF vector signal analyzer (VSA) upsets that tradition by outperforming box VSAs in several areas, at the same time significantly reducing the cost of such instrumentation. The modulular VSA’ exceptionally low phase noise of −129 dBc/Hz at a 10-kHz offset at 800 MHz, and an average noise level of −165 dBm/Hz, are backed by other high-performance specifications such as an industry’s best third-order intercept point of 24 dBm with an absolute amplitude accuracy of ±0.10 dB, as well as error vector magnitude of 0.33% for a 256QAM modulated signal. The VSA has a multicore computing architecture and uses NI LabVIEW to employ its parallel programming capabilities. It also offers

Accelerometer follows different path to shrink size, increase ruggedness, and more
Accelerometers have become a mainstay in consumer electronics, turning up in devices from smartphones and tablets to kids’ toys and steam irons. So for a new company to make headway in a market dominated by large players, it has to offer something unique and truly valuable. The MEMSIC MXC6226XC MEMS-based dual-axis accelerometer does both, in spades. The monolithic sensor is built using the manufacturer’s proprietary MEMS thermal accelerometer technology and wafer-scale packaging
JANUARY 2012

Ambient-light sensors raise bar on power consumption and dynamic range
Digital ambient-light sensors (ALS) control backlighting in LCD displays

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36th Annual Product of the Year Awards
peer-to-peer data streaming for signal processing and a flexible MIMO architecture for phase-coherent measurements. Priced starting at $49,999, typical configurations cost about a third less then monolithic instruments. National Instruments Austin, TX Information 800-258-7022 info@ni.com www.ni.com/

Electric-potential sensor offers fundamentally new measurement approach
Based on technology licensed from the University of Sussex, U.K., the EPIC (electrical potential integrated

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circuit) PS25x01 series sensors are the first to measure changes in an electric field much as a magnetometer detects changes in a magnetic field, requiring no physical or resistive contact to take readings. As such, the sensors enable all sorts of new products, the first being medical devices that are simply held close to a patient’s chest, without wetting or shaving off hair, to obtain a detailed ECG. Traditional laboratory electrometers and field mills have issues that prevent their widespread use in electric potential sensing. Unlike them, EPIC technology works at normal room temperatures and functions as an ultra-high-input impedance sensor, using active feedback techniques to both lower the effective input capacitance of the sensing element and boost its input resistance. in effect, it is a near-perfect voltmeter, highly stable and able to measure tiny changes in an electric field down to milliVolts. The basic sensor technology itself has great potential. It could enable devices that can see through walls, control artificial limbs from a simple pad on the skin’s surface, and detect eye muscle movements for new humanmachine interfaces, all without the need to implant electrodes. Further, the sensor’s ability to detect movement over distances ranging from a few centimeters to several meters enables applications in security systems and for proximity control of lighting and other electric appliances. Plessey Semiconductors Plymouth, U.K. Sales 858-324-1086 sales@plesseysemi.com www.plesseysemi.com

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4x4 MIMO chipset with digital dynamic beamforming enables wire-like performance for challenging home environments
Unleashing a new realm of wireless video distribution that promises to transform the way millions of people transmit, share, and watch HDTV in the home, the Quantenna QHS710

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CA Sales 408-331-9289 info@quantenna. Another bonus of the design is that the panel uses only about 90% of the power consumed by conventional backlit LCD panels. Ultra-high speed: 100MHz conversion rate Low power: 650mW (typ. Due to its light weight.11n chipset with 4x4 MIMO.com Color LCD is transparently unique The transformation of the computer/ television display from cathode-ray tube to solid-state device has brought many new attributes to viewing technology. high-definition still or video to whatever is behind it. more detailed and colorful images. larger and thinner screens.0pV-s SHM-14 MIL-STD-883 Sample/Hold Amplifiers High speed: 10ns to ±0. are also available now.) Low glitch energy: 3.com JANUARY 2012 . on vending machines.quantenna. Support for low-density parity check (LDPC) enables efficient error correction coding for superior coverage and improved range. dynamic digital beamforming. PCI-e.36th Annual Product of the Year Awards solution was offered as the first fully compliant 802. At the same time. and better and more varied touch control. and SPI flash.003% Accurate: ±0. The QHS710 chipset has a wide variety of interfaces including dual RGMII/MII. to 46 in.012% 35ns to ±0. the display is actually more friendly to the environment than previous devices. In addition to notebook PCs. Support for four spatial streams with unequal modulation per stream enables up to 600 Mbit/s PHY data rates and best-in-class performance.datel.5 LSB to 14-bit over Mil Temp. and support for four spatial streams with unequal modulation. and to interact with the display through a transparent touch screen. in various touch-accessed retail storefront showcase applications. the panel is easy to attach to other glass surfaces.electronicproducts. for “smart” windows in homes or offices.com www. it is expected that the transparent display will be used in a variety of new applications. allowing it to operate wirelessly on solar-replenished battery power.1% 25ns to ±0.com Visit our new website at: The Samsung Transparent Color Liquid Crystal Display Panel lets viewers see through a vivid-color. such as on coolers or commercial freezers in supermarkets. Total harmonic distortion (THD) of –96dB at the Nyquist frequency. Quantenna Communications Sunnyvale.. Initially available in a 22-in. and its dual embedded ARC processors provide full wireless Media Access Control (MAC) and network processing support. larger versions. But now a new LCD technology has created a display characteristic never before seen in this space: transparency. range www. or as interfaces to interactive museum dis- 40 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. size. MIL/Aero & HI REL 40 Years of Innovation DAC-12100 MIL-STD-883 Digital-to-Analog Converters ADS-938 MIL-STD-883 Analog-to-Digital Converters Functionally complete: 16-bit. 20MHz sampling A/D converter Optimized dynamic performance: signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 82dB.

It is characterized by either negative temperature coefficient behavior (NTC) where the resistance of the device decreases with temperature. The PolySwitch (PPTC) polymeric positive temperature coefficient provides resettable overcurrent. I wonder what the next year will bring.com JANUARY 2012 41 .electronicproducts.com TDK-EPC Corporation ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. overtemperature protection. It has an advanced ECC engine correcting up to 55 bits per 512-byte sector to assure high data integrity. PPTC device protect battery-based tools The MHP30-36 is a metal hybrid polymeric positive temperature coefficient (PPTC) device that combines a bimetal protector in parallel with a PPTC device. and has enabled a number of new SSDs to attain new performance milestones this past year. line-rate double encryption with a drive-level password.sandforce. The PPTC is made from a composite of semi-crystalline polymer and conductive particles. CA Information 866-726-4249 www.com/us/business/oem-solutions/lcdpanels/index.html Superior Solutions SSD processor accelerates newest drives The second-generation SandForce SF-2200 SSD processor features a 6Gbit/s SATA host interface with an unprecedented sustained sequential read and write performance of 500 Mbytes/s.tdk-epc. SandForce has set a new standard for flash interface. or positive temperature coefficient (PTC). The PolySwitch PPTC device is a conductive polymer-based thermistor. The IC also provides trusted Computing Group OPAL security with 256-bit AES encryption and automatic. Samsung Electronics LCD Business. The IC optimizes writes to the flash and highly intelligent block management and wear leveling extends flash endurance. In reality. The chip targets SSDs used in client computing applications and supports state-of-the-art highspeed ONFi2. This combination incorporates the best features of a bimetal breaker and PPTC and allows the PPTC technology to be used www. CA OEM Sales 408 372-9000 sales@sandforce. potential applications for this new technology are only limited by the designer’s imagination. behavior where the device resistance increases with temperature. San Jose. SandForce.com for Industrial Best features of bimetal breaker.com www.plays.samsung. The MHP (Metal Hybrid PPTC) device combines a bimetal protector and a PolySwitch PPTC device. and Toggle flash interfaces in single-level and multi-level cell NAND flash SSDs. PCB layout using the SF-2200 is also enhanced because external DRAM is not needed. The hybrid device offers 30-A hold current and an initial resistance of less than 2 mΩ. Milpitas.

which has relied upon such coils for its current high-speed data products. and contact-less solutions have been too large and.com A component that marks the end of hand-wound coils in datacom Today. either by hand or by winding machines that people control.com JANUARY 2012 . therefore preventing arcing between the contacts.6 x 0. The device can not only provides greater safety and better system performance. and e-bikes. The resettable MHP3036 device provides excellent arc suppression characteristics compared to standard breaker devices that must limit the number of switching cycles since arcing between contacts may damage them. While the process by which these devices are made is similar to the way in which semiconductors are manufactured.te. contact resistance increases quickly. CA Technical assistance 800-227-7040 www. the first in a series of high-speeddata-communication devices. and local temperature and voltage references on a single monolithic IC — can monitor the passive infrared energy radiated by any object in front of it without physical contact. In addition. most of the current goes through the bimetal.circuitprotection. can be placed on a printed circuit board adjacent to a high-speed data interface. surrounded by numerous patents both granted and pending.electronicproducts. the sensor transforms the phone into a complete 42 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. Harrisburg. If the contact resistance is higher than the PPTC device’s resistance. The E2101 is a 10/100-MHz device that.com/planarmag An IR temperature sensor that opens up new apps In today’s smartphones. As a result. the PPTC device starts to heat up the bimetal and keeps it open until the overcurrent event ends or the power is turned off. After the contact opens. Consistency varies depending on the expertise of the workers. most of the current goes to the PPTC device and no (or less) current remains on the contact. multi-gigahertz rates. Thus the sensor can let consumer electronics products measure temperature in the real world. if placed in smartphone adjacent to the camera module. its resistance rapidly increases to a level much higher than the contact resistance and the PPTC heats up. TE Circuit Protection Group Menlo Park.6 x 1. When the contact begins to open. Which is where the PlanarMag E2101 Ethernet single-port media filter comes in. The MHP device is used for high-power Li-ion technology such as portable or motive applications including cordless power tools. the datacom industry. for the first time. latched. but it opens up a range of new possibilities for cellular devices. high-current protection. But the proof of its effectiveness is available to anyone today in the E2101. medical devices. During normal operation. magnetic coils used for inductors and transformers are traditionally wound by people.36th Annual Product of the Year Awards in higher current applications. it is a tightly kept secret. analog-to-digital converter. Housed in a 1. the TMP006 MEMS-based infrared temperature sensor changes that by offering a low-cost. at prices greater that $5 in high volumes.625-mm WCS package. customer interest in the core MHP technology has led to some extensions of the technology to create threeterminal MHP devices that enable external electronic activation of the device via a signal line. no contact-type sensor can be built in to measure case temperature because of assembly constraints. cost-prohibitive. is looking for a new coil solution that will let it advance reliably to higher. signal conditioning. The MHP device can be useful in dc-rated designs that require arc-suppressed. When current shunts to the PPTC device. or even integrated into a complete RJ-45 connector. For example. This filter. and variations in the work force has lead to extensive product supply shortages and quality issues. eliminates the hand-wound coils by embedding lithographically encoiled magnetic ferrites into an FR4 substrate and enclosing it into a small surface-mount package. because contact resistance is very low. PA Product Information Center 800-522-6752 www. The highly integrated device — it incorporates a complete thermopile sensor. TE Connectivity. easy-to-add solution for monitoring case temperature.

Integrated POL Voltage Regulator Product Selection Guide .

7 5x6 4x5 2-15A 1-10A SupIRBuck® 12-35A iPOWIR ® mypower. size and cost by eliminating the need for an intermediate bus • Low profile and excellent thermal performance allows for back-side board mounting for additional space savings • Wide input and output voltage range(s) maximizes appeal for broadest range of applications 1-4A 4-6A Integrated Voltage Regulator Product Offering 1 .21V IR3897* IR3839* IR3898* IR3838* IR3899* IR3837* IR3853 IR3863 IR3856 IR3859 IR3865 3 . and scalability allowing for faster time to market • Integrated solution offers high power density with reduced component count and improved performance • Single stage POL conversion saves energy.16V 5V bias required IR3843W IR3842 IR3842W IR3832W* IR3831W* 6-10A IR3841 IR3841W 10-15A 15-35A *DDR Tracking 1.com/supirbuck SupIRBuck® Online Design Tool Simplifies Design Comprehensive online design tool featuring parametric search.27V Integrated LDO 5V bias required IR3473 IR3475 IR3840 IR3840W iP1827 iP1837 IR3476 IR3477 Size(mm) 7.The IR Advantage • Best-in-class efficiency over entire load range • Common series footprint enables “cut and paste” design.7x7. Transient Analysis.5 . AC. Steady State. and more… 15 Current (A) 35 Design Requirements Design Configuration . Thermal Analysis.irf. BOM creation. schematic capture.

7 0. Nu m Vin Sy nc ka g Iou ue ini kin g i ng r ] .5 0.7 0.7x7.5 0.3 / 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.7 0.16 5 5 5 4.5 .5 0.7x7.7 0.5 0.16 4.7 0.16 4.16 4.5 .7 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.5 PWM PWM PWM PWM PWM PWM PWM PWM PWM PWM PWM PWM PWM PWM PWM PWM PWM PWM PWM PWM COT* COT* COT* COT* COT* COT* Y Y Y Y Y Y Y ----Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y ----------------- Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y ------Y Y Y ------Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y ------------------Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y ----------------- ------------------Y Y Y ------Y Y Y ----------------- --------------Y Y Y Y Y ------Y Y Y ----------------- ------------------------Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y Y * Constant On Time control offers improved light load efficiency Simulation PCB Layout and Thermal Analysis Summary Pr Over ote V cti olta on ge (la tch ) es i ze t [A [V] lM eth be s[ V] So ft [V] nc ng Vre f Ma x Pa rt Pa c Ma x Se q Ma rg Vb ia ram tro Co n Pr og DD RT rac .7 0.5 .5 .16 4.7mm 4x5mm 4x5mm 5x6mm 5x6mm 4x5mm 4x5mm 12 8 4 12 8 4 2 8 4 14 10 6 9 6 4 9 6 4 35 25 6 10 12 15 6 10 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 16 21 21 21 16 16 16 16 16 27 27 27 27 21 21 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 4.7mm 7.5 .7 0.3 / 5 3.5 0.5 .Sta rt od IR3840 IR3841 IR3842 IR3840W IR3841W IR3842W IR3843W IR3831W IR3832W IR3837 IR3838 IR3839 IR3859 IR3856 IR3853 IR3899 IR3898 IR3897 iP1837 iP1827 IR3473 IR3475 IR3476 IR3477 IR3863 IR3865 5x6mm 5x6mm 5x6mm 5x6mm 5x6mm 5x6mm 5x6mm 5x6mm 5x6mm 5x6mm 5x6mm 5x6mm 4x5mm 4x5mm 4x5mm 4x5mm 4x5mm 4x5mm 7.6 0.7 0.16 3.5 0.6 0.

Applications • Appliances • Audio • Display • Industrial • Lighting • SMPS Key Products • Digital Control ICs • High-Voltage ICs • IGBTs • IRAM Integrated Power Modules • MERs Enterprise Power Optimized power management system solutions that deliver benchmark power density. • AC and DC Motor Drives • Powertrain / Engine control • Body Electronics • Lighting • Class D Audio • Heavy Loads and Actuators Automotive Qualified: • HEXFET® Power MOSFETs • Intelligent Power Switches • Driver ICs • IGBTs • DirectFET®2 Benchmark MOSFETs IR continues to lead the industry by offering power MOSFETs with the lowest RDS(on) and widest range of packages up to 250V for a diverse range of applications. together with demanding environmental specifications help engineers to meet their toughest design challenges. complex hybrid power module assemblies and rugged DC-DC converters utilize leading-edge power technology which. efficiency and performance in enterprise power. www.com • Space • Military • Commercial Aviation • Rugged Industrial • Medical • RAD-Hard MOSFETs • Power Modules/Hybrid Solutions • Motor Control Solutions • DC-DC Converters 10328C 07-11 | 10969A . • Servers • Storage Networks • Switchers & Routers • Workstations • Notebooks • Game Stations • Set-Top Box • DirectFET®plus • Low-Voltage ICs • SupIRBuck ® • iPOWIR ® • PowIRstage ® • CHiL Digital Controllers Automotive Automotive grade power management solutions qualified to meet the needs of 12V. 24V and HEV/EV applications with a zero defect goal. • Audio • Computing • Communications • Motor Control • Power Supply • Synchronous Rectification • Discrete HEXFET® MOSFETs • Dual HEXFET® MOSFETs • FETKY® HiRel Our discrete components.irf.Product Line Overview Product Line Energy Saving Products Integrated design platforms that enable customers to add energyconserving features that achieve lower operating energy costs and manufacturing Bill of Material (BOM) costs.

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It has 6.com and infrared emitters. TX Information 800-477-8924 www.com Driving GaN FETs becomes reality The National LM5113 is the industry’s first 100-V half-bridge gate driver optimized for use with enhancementmode GaN power field-effect transistors (FETs) in high-voltage power converters. GaN FETs also have a low threshold voltage that could be triggered during transient events that.” Xilinx. to power a handheld device operating in indoor light conditions. This 9-mm2 device has all the specs to aid your energy-harvesting designs but add to that the very competitive price and minimal supporting parts needed. Other specs include a power range from 5 μW to 300 mW. The devices silicon interposer layer acts as a sort of microcircuit board in silicon on which multiple die are set side by side and interconnected. could cause the device to prematurely turn on and cause damage. The device does not distinguish between impedance of sources as it modulates the effective impedance of the energy transfer circuitry to regulate the input voltage to the sampled reference voltage and effectively maximizes the power extracted from the energy source. electromagnetic and vibration. San Jose.5D IC stacking. TX Information 800-477-8924 www. and that have prevented them from offering end equipment that fully use e ne r g y. including the Li-ion cell. The half-bridge gate driver meets the stringent requirements of enhancementmode GaN FETs. resistors. and features an integrated high-side bootstrap diode to further reduce PCB real estate. including Li-ion batteries and super capacitors.com timally drive eGaN power FETs without exceeding the maximum gatesource voltage rating. SSI technology avoids the power and reliability issues that can result from stacking multiple dies on top of each other. It has a 330-nA typ quiescent current and a conversion efficiency of >80%.com Boosting extremely low power makes energy harvesting very attractive The bq25504 boost charger IC provides a simple innovative solution in a single IC for boosting power for energy-harvesting applications. It offers independent sink and source outputs for flexibility of the turn-on strength with respect to the turn-off strength.25 V to opJANUARY 2012 44 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. Any voltage above this value will damage the device. and capacitors. Texas Instruments Dallas. It solves several energy-harvesting issues customers have been struggling with. The boost charger manages the microwatts to milliwatts of power generated from a number of sources. which helps to minimize this false triggering.xilinx. thermal electric. through PCB parasitic. and you’re looking at a very attractive sum of about $5 for the whole BoM. The price of this device has not been released . Having a large ASIC simulated in one FPGA chip increases timing accuracy and thus reduces the risk of very costly re-spins.8 billion transistors and 2 million logic cells equivalent to 20 million ASIC gates. A low-impedance pull-down path of 0. and to kick-start the system when the battery is deeply discharged. The boost converter interfaces to various energy sources such as thermoelectric generators. The device is a highly integrated high-side and low-side GaN FET driver that reduces component count by 75% and shrinks PCB area by 85% compared to discrete driver designs. The FPGA uses through-hole vias and an interposer.ti. The device also provides independent logic inputs for the high-side and low-side drivers. Texas Instruments Dallas.ti. electromagnetic coils. Texas Instruments Dallas. So you could use your phone for tasks ranging from checking to see if a baby’s milk is at a safe temperature to basic medical diagnosis. Stacked silicon interconnect technology yields huge FPGA The Xilinx Virtex-7 2000T field-programmable gate array is the world’s highest-capacity programmable logic device. This device includes a low-impedance gate drive source. Using proprietary technology. or what’s known as 2.5 Ω provides a fast turn-off mechanism for the voltage. an inductor. CA Sales 408-559-7778 www.ti.but you can be assured this chip is not what you would call “low cost.h a rvesting capabilities.36th Annual Product of the Year Awards portable measurement system. single photovoltaic cells. such as different battery chemistries or super capacitors. the device regulates the high-side floating bootstrap capacitor voltage at approximately 5. TX Information 800-477-8924 www.com . such as solar. Engineers are using the 2000T FPGA to replace large capacity ASICs and for the all-important prototyping and emulation of advanced ASIC designs. and features a 330-mV cold-start voltage.electronicproducts. and stores the extracted energy in various storage elements. Just point the phone at what you’d like to measure and use the camera to aim. which means a regulation and battery charging circuit is still needed. The boost charger increases the usable harvested energy 30% to 70% in a solar panel compared to a linear regulator. Some solutions on the market have essentially half the function of the bq25504 without the optional full-wave rectifier. It includes circuitry to protect the energy storage element from over voltage and under voltage conditions. This is significant because GaN FETs have an absolute maximum gate-to-source voltage rating of 6 V. This capacity is made possible by stacked silicon interconnect technology. The programmable device can be used with a variety of energy sources and energy storage elements.

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3. silicon igBTs.cree. effectively eliminates the minority carrier current “tail” experienced with silicon igBTs (see Fig. induction heatJANUARY 2012 Fig. including the re- Fig. resulting in much lower switching losses and facilitates much easier paralleling of switching devices.electronicproducts. wind turbine inverters. temperature comparison (VDD = VCC = 800 V. 3: Normalized RDS(on) vs. The impact of this characteristic on the thermal design of a power electronics system is significant. RG = 10 Ω) at the 1. as well as high-voltage dc/dc converters. in Figs. siC devices also exhibit significantly lower leakage current at high-temperature operation — by more than two orders of magnitude.200-v rating. motor drives. SiC Power Products Applications Manager Cree www. The siC MOsFET. temperature of power switching devices. as a majority carrier switch. the compound semiconductor silicon carbide (siC) has been demonstrated in published literature to be a superior material to silicon (si) in many properties for the construction Tj = 25°C duction of up to 50% of the thermal management hardware (fans and/or heatsinks). as shown in Fig. Tj = 150°C ing systems. including solar power inverters.com . siC MOsFETs may be specified in virtually any application that currently employs 1. while the rDs(on) of the siC MOsFET increase just 20% over the same temperature range. ID = IC = 20 A. especially for those applications requiring higher operating frequency and higher system efficiencies. although the elimination of the tail current is a significant advantage of the siC MOsFET over the silicon igBT. There are two design characteristics that must be observed when applying siC MOsFETs in a power electronics circuit – the elimination of the ‘turn-off tail current’ exhibited by silicon igBTs. and a modest transconductance that needs to be factored into the gate drive circuit design. 1 and 2: Forward conduction characteristics comparison Fig. the silicon MOsFET’s normalized on-state resistance (rDs(on)) increases by more than 250% from 25°C to 150°C.200-v silicon igBTs. 4). 5: SiC MOSFET application areas 46 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.EnErgy-saving InItIatIve an electronic products special series SiC MOSFETs offer superior switching The commercialization of SiC technology for switching devices represents a revolutionary change in power electronics BY BOB CALLANAN. nonpunch-through (nPT) igBTs are compared with those of siC MOsFETs at 25°C and at 150°C. it is also critical to take into account Figs.com I n power electronics applications. 4: Switching loss vs. 1 and 2. trench field stop (TFs) insulated gate bipolar transistors (igBTs). With a bandgap that is approximately 3X wider than silicon. Figure 5 graphically depicts the application area for siC MOsFETs vs. the forward conduction characteristics of si MOsFETs.

By minimizing LLOOP. High-voltage industrial equipment. The first-order gate circuit is approximated in Fig. a 10-kW. ■ JANUARY 2012 www2. translating transconductance in the SiC MOSFET into a 50% reduction in overall system requires that gate-source voltage (VGS) losses and a reduction in heatsink must be 20V to ensure optimal perfortemperature by 43°C. sufficient snubber circuits to manage Replacement of the silicon IGBTs output interconnection parasitics and with SiC MOSFETs achieved the sysprevent the ringing from reaching tem’s maximum efficiency by 1. By increasing the operating frequency.200-V silicon IGBTs origi480-V power factor correction circuits nally designed into the system were requiring 1. directly replaced with 1. 1-kV dc/dc converter operating at 32 kHz has been demonstrated with an efficiency of more than 97%. contems. including plasma cutters and welders will also be prime applications for the 1. By using the SiC MOSFETs. The commercialization of SiC technology for switching devices represents a revolutionary change in the field of power electronics.electronicproducts. Looking beyond the simple component costs and manufacturing expenses of a system. Energy-cost reduction over the equipment lifecycle. At these voltages. Because of their relative numbers. 3. It is vital to design in system efficiency. 2-kW three-phase motor VDS values than with conventional silidrive operating at 16 kHz. the value of RLOOP necessary for critical dampening can be minimized. the true value proposition of SiC technology comes only if the overall energy savings over the lifecycle of the equipment is considered.36%. both the number of these components (and their corresponding size and cost) can be reduced. Allowing the mance from the device. 7: Comparison of three-phase PV inverter efficiency along with the rise/fall time of the circuit. The SiC con MOSFETs or IGBTs. passive power components often comprise the majority of the overall bill of materials costs in a power electronics application. 6: First-order analysis of gate drive circuit off-state VGS of –2 V or -5 V).3 V when the device is not fully on (dVDS/dt ≈ 0). exhibit both low switching losses and low conduction losses. such as fans. however. filters and inductors. without any optimization wide application. the effect of dampening parasitics 7. where cost savings are directly dependent on inverter technology. This transconthree-phase grid-connected system to ductance characteristic can also imachieve a 99% maximum rating. Fig. Beyond the device costs. The transconductance effect must also be considered in the gate drive circuit design. engineers at Cree performed an becomes a voltage-controlled current experiment by substituting SiC MOSsource. 6. Careful consideration must be given to controlling the fidelity of the gate drive pulse. The SiC MOSFETs. and silicon IGBTs exhibit significantly higher switching losses. the elimination of 40% to 50% of switching losses can be the determining factor in the adoption of SiC technology.200-V SiC SiC MOSFETs are expected to find MOSFETs. Cooling requirement reduction. This tranFETs for the original silicon IGBTs in a sition will typically occur at higher 230 Vac. with an Fig. the sider the following solar power inability to operate at higher frequencies verter application. until gate-source voltage reaches 16 V or higher. Passive component reduction. 2. a significant reduction and/or simpliTo illustrate the advantages of SiC fication of thermal management sysMOSFETs in power electronics. and in some cases can be the majority of the savings potential. In addition. most notably in the requirement that the gate driver be capable of voltage swing of 22 V or higher (for example. the adoption of SiC technology has the potential to significantly reduce the size and number of heatsinks. and boosted the overall European efCompensating for the modest ficiency rating by 2. requiring a nominal threshold voltage of 2. with the unit connected to a 400-V For applications in three-phase grid. the result was a dramatic increase during turn-off.Alternative Energy that the IGBT’s tail current does have of the drive circuit. This can be best accomMOSFETs produced a 2% overall effiplished by ensuring that the gate drive ciency improvement and a 50% reducis located as closely as possible to the tion in heatsink temperature. making them ideal for these types of applications. pact the transition between where the To demonstrate the potential for MOSFET operates as a voltage-conSiC MOSFETs in motor drive applicatrolled resistance device to where it tions.200-V switching devices. By reducing heatsink temperatures by more than 50% (as demonstrated by experiments presented in this article). ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS traditional silicon MOSFETs have excessive conduction losses. The B6 topology (48 kHz and higher). the following system considerations need to be evaluated for a true picture of the potential cost savings: 1. as a function of VDS. As shown in Fig.200-V SiC MOSFET. The 1. depicting a voltage pulse driving a simple series RLC circuit. allowed for draemploys a split-link dc-capacitor with matically reducing the size and weight the neutral conductor of each capaciof magnetic components such as EMI tor connected at the center point. a recommended on-state VGS of +20 V. In systems such as a solar inverter. enabling SiC MOSFET.com 47 .92% damaging levels. thus putting a limit on their operating frequency. as well as a reduction or elimination of cooling fans.

and.com T he rapid pace of innovation across industries is driving new approaches to electronic system design.latticesemi. but configurable functional popular communication protocols are hardwired. Tri-speed Ethernet and serial rapidiO. But within the engines. nication engines can be cusof four each and up to 22 hard-wired communication engines. reduced by selecting widely used functhe FPga LUT4 performs the function an FPga-based design platform tional blocks. End-customers as well designed and characterized to want low-cost. tor die area by a factor of 30. derivative prodan example FPga family with availucts to meet diverse customer needs. which do not vary from of at least 10 standard cell gates — and with efficient communication engines application to application. embedded memory. an ideal solution will implement Osi Layer-2 (Link Layer) functionality for each protocol and additional Osi Layer-1 physical layer functionality in hard logic as efficient commu- typical midrange FPgas runs at speeds up to 250 MHz. The logic fabric in ■ joy the best of both worlds. digital nanD gate consumes power in fabric and with high-speed serial insignal processing and a programmable nanowatts. 1). an ideal candidate for hard implementation in FPgas are communication interfaces. are competitive in the marThe configurable commuFig. Designers can also access netlogic fabric. for impletherefore a standard cell gate impleallows design engineers to build somentation in hard standard-cell logic mentation yields a net power reducphisticated networking equipment gates. etary code in the surrounding FPga engines The primary benefit of using hardlogic fabric. with lower power and lower cost. tomized by embedding propriEfficient communication nication engines.EnErgy-saving InItIatIve an electronic products special series Power-efficient comm engines in FPGAs FPGA cost and power consumption can be reduced using hard standard cell logic gates BY RAJESH TRIVEDI. Brand Manager Lattice Semiconductor www. Each comly communicate with each munication engine offers up other. gigabit Ethernet. The complete solution Field-programmable gate arrays offer a wired communication engines is a also includes an easy-to-use software flexible design platform with a variety dramatic reduction in power contool to connect the communication of resources – high-speed configurable sumption. These two trends are to a tenfold power and cost reencouraging system engineers duction over similar FPga imto look for flexible design plementations.electronicproducts. between a soft programmable fabric The hardwired implementation of though the communication engines and hard. the hardwired communication engines enable low-cost midrange FPgas to process high-speed data. Thus. whereas a four-input lookterfaces. They are faces. which This approach permits designers to enOne set of functional blocks that is leads to lower cost. an average two-input engine with the surrounding logic interfaces. Designers are increasingly seeking to build their next-generation electronic products on flexible platforms that can be customized quickly FPGA implementation to create additional. in a networked announced LatticeECP4 FPga world.com JANUARY 2012 . an increasing variety of electronic equipment use industry standard communication interfaces such as PCi Express. able hard-coded logic is the recently in addition. The 6-gbit/s platforms with industry-stansErDEs channels take less dard communication interthan 175 mW each. The cost and power conup table (LUT4) in FPgas consumes work control and statistics vectors sumption of FPga platforms can be power in hundreds of nanowatts. electronic equipment family. FPgas that provide a balance tion of a factor of 10. with up to four 6 gbit/s of all types must continuoussErDEs (see Fig. 48 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. low-power demeet the rigorous data and sign platforms that can be control plane timing requiremanufactured in volume and ments of each protocol. The hard implementation of communication protocols allows the same FPgas to process data at speeds up to 600 MHz. system manufacturers. they can be configured blocks are ideal design platforms for also reduces the required semiconducusing the soft logic in the FPga fabric. 1: The LatticeECP4 FPGA has 4 to 16 SERDES organized in quads ketplace.

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are constantly striving for longer endurance units with greater functionality and lower fuel consumption. including sensors. the strain on power budget does not appear to be letting up anytime soon. surveillance and reconnaissance benefits they bring. the appetite for greater onboard processing will increase. Multicore DSPs have been around for a long time.electronicproducts. UAVs have finally evolved from lab testing to field-tested proven technologies. but recent advances have helped them evolve into SoCs that pack a performance punch without losing touch with their legacy of power efficiency. fire-fighting.com . In UAVs. radio communications and navigation systems. This results in very tight size. power and cost (SWaPC) requirements as combat pressures dictate that UAVs integrate an incredible array of subsystems. they play a vital role in providing support for data acquisition and processing from various sensor types and establishing secure ground communications. particularly those focusing on military applications. In a recent study. with more than $94 billion spent over the next 10 years. as well as automated navigation and landing systems. while the power envelope continues to stay the same or shrink. Today. high-performance Multicore DSPs are for reducing size. The tight. the move to UAVs reduces fatalities of the pilots and support personnel that would normally man such aircraft. Multicore and Media Infrastructure Texas Instruments www.com On-board processing UAVs here is no doubt that the role of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in military and commercial applications is increasing beyond reconnaissance and attack. Product Line Manager. the Teal Group estimated that overall UAV expenditures will double within a decade Since UAVs allow for a more precise and targeted attack. they also result in fewer civilian casualties. With the growing presence of hyper spectral imaging systems as part of the payload. The “always on” sensing elements in such aircrafts make it easier to provide proof to refute claims of undesired military action. 1: Unmanned aerial vehicle are finding uses for military reconnaissance. UAVs JANUARY 2012 As more manned aircrafts transition to UAVs. Thus. In addition to the cost savings of unmanned flights and real time intelligence. weight.3 billion. with some smaller systems having sub-200-W power budgets. this is solved by having large onboard power generation systems to relieve the energy challenge and exotic materials as well as heat collection and heat rejection technolo- 52 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.PRODUCT application Military/Aerospace Electronics also provide the additional benefit of monitoring for biohazards and malicious chemical agents. Fig. weight. Multicore DSPs support power-efficient. 1). mission compute systems. while following flight procedures. to new ar- T from $5. Power efficient. expectations are growing that these aircrafts will be able to take advantage of automated air traffic management systems. UAV developers. as well as developing very high-performance systems BY SANDEEP KUMAR. eas such as fire fighting and providing supplies and munitions to troops in battlefield (see Fig. Over the last decade. confined spaces and small form factors coupled with smaller modular enclosures make power a particularly challenging problem. With growing interest in creditcard-sized board form factors and computing platforms. and supporting ground troops with supplies.ti.9 billion annually to $11. software programmable solutions like multicore digital signal processors (DSPs) will play a key role in providing solutions to this powerperformance dilemma. cost and power.

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create hours and hours of footage. or more than 300 channels of QCIF at 30 fps. Rather than providing a short term fix. For full-motion video.) that is available with 500 or more GFLOPs of performance at 54-W of total power consumed. make these functions perform significantly better on a floating point machine. floating point. ment codecs like JPEG2000 in the software or start by using off the shelf proven building blocks such as those in vision. there is growing demand for high-definition video and images with greater detail and resolution.264. Fig.com . coupled with full motion video. If the image is being further processed in the air. Infrared and visible imaging. advanced codecs such as JPEG2000 allow for best possible image quality.A2_EP_2_06x9_5_A2. noise reduction. When combined with a ground moving target indicator (GMTI). 2 shows a half-length PCI Express (PCIe) board (smaller than 5 x 7-in. image enhancement. But GigE is not the only choice for transporting video as both PCIe and RapidIO are both good choices for high-bandwidth video. the system must perform image stabilization and compression on board. Another important consideration is IO bandwidth and the ability to support packetized compresses video. leading to a very attractive SWaPC for such systems. If further analysis means simply transmitting images to the ground in a lossless fashion. Also. For example. multicore DSPs with a lot of distributed real time processing capability coupled with large memory and interchip and intrachip bandwidth can significantly reduce the latency in analyzing and categorizing images. Some multicore DSPs are also architected to provide a very efficient mechanism for performing U LT R A M I N I AT U R E Surface Mount Audio Transformers Multicore DSPs for UAVs Low Profile from .Y. UAV designers can quickly and efficiently impleJANUARY 2012 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. in addition to support for existing video standards such as H. N. as well as in adverse weather conditions. The greater precision of output required in such systems. generally synthetic aperture radar (SAR) that provides an additional mechanism for picking up objects not visible to electro-optical or infrared cameras. if PCIe lanes are used to carry video.. the added benefit of using a multicore processor is that its programmable nature allows support for proprietary video formats and emerging standards such as H. Fast Fourier Transforms (FFT) are all key in SAR processing and perform very well on advanced multicore DSPs. Multicore DSPs excel at high-data-rate signal processing intensive functions such as image stabilization. with image capturing resolution going up to several hundred megabytes per camera. designed for embedded systems. 10803 More and more. UAVs are being dominated with a plethora of sensors that are generating a vast amount of raw data.qxd 7/5/11 10:07 AM Page 1 PRODUCT application gies to handle heat dissipation.24"ht. With lower cost CMOS cameras improving in characteristics. then each PCIe Gen2 can carry 5-GB of data. such systems can be beneficial in locating and tracking targets in environments such as deserts and densely forested areas. This can prove especially critical in getting real-time responses from the ground decision maker in case an imminent threat is detected.electronicproducts. there can be anywhere from 10 to 100 cameras per UAV. the use of power efficient multicore DSPs can reduce the reliance on large onboard power generation systems and eliminate costly heat sinks and other power dissipation material.com 143 Sparks Ave. A typical HD video needs up to 10-Mbps. 24 channels of D1.24"ht. ely mediat talog im i c s . • Thru-Hole available Delivery-Stock to one week for sample quantities PICO 54 See EEM or send direct for FREE PICO Catalog Call toll free 800-431-1064 in NY call 914-738-1400 Fax 914-738-8225 Electronics.pic www • Manufactured and tested to MIL-PRF-27 • Frequency range 20 Hz to 250 KHz • Available from 100 milliwatts to 3 watts • Impedance from 20 ohms to 100 K ohms • Operating temperature -550C to +130oC • Low Profile from . low latency and no inter-frame dependencies. such as rain or fog. and analytics must also be performed. E Mail: info@picoelectronics.Inc. Once the image has been acquired. For example. With multicore DSPs. c o m Ca See full o e l e c t r o n . imaging and signal processing libraries.265. In many instances. Another application on board UAVs is radar. so the Ethernet interface required to support multiple compressed video channels should be a Gigabit Ethernet or higher port. RapidIO. Variable size. Pelham. along with the need for larger dynamic range. which is enough for four channels of 1080i60. image enhancement and restoration. allows for more payload and the creation seamless scalable fabric of processing capability for video and image processing.

±1% ~ ±10% tolerance. low latency. But did you know we offer a complete line of high performance power resistors that are supported by the same Quality 1st commitment? • Ceramic Fixed Power Leaded Resistors HPC/PCF.25W ~ 5W power ratings. more specifically in providing secure. The datalink should have protection against threats including. proprietary channels all the way up to commercial broadband wireless air-interfaces such as LTE. The UAV communications datalink is a critical subsystem and provides two-way communication through a low data rate channel for ‘commands’ and “status”’ and a high-data-rate channel for payload such as SIGINT.electronicproducts. multiple waveforms and other advanced capacity and coverage enhancement techniques. ±20% tolerance • High Power Rectangular Wirewound Resistors BGR.1/2W~ 5W power ratings. interception. Multicore DSPs make the system easy to reconfigure through a simplified programming model (usually C based). ±10%. and radar. uses flame-retardant insulated ceramic case • Miniature Precision Power Wirewound Resistors RW 0. WCDMA.1 Ω ~ 62KΩ. call 814-362-5536 or visit KOASpeer. it is important the communication link be always available which translates to support of non-line-of-sight.com Ask for your FREE Samples! ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. ±1% ~ ±5% tolerance Get On-Board with KOA Speer power resistors. resistance range: 0. BSR 1W ~ 40W power ratings.1 Ω ~ 110KΩ.3Ω ~ 390KΩ. resistance range: 0. They are well suited for UAV communications that require support for low bandwidth.0. 2: Advantech PCIe card with four Texas Instruments’ TMS320C6678 multicore DSPs . customer support and on-time delivery. radiation etc. open operating systems such as Linux and open multicore programming mod■ els such as OpenMP. Fig. And many are aware of the world class standards our Quality 1st program has set for product quality. which can be a significant part of an efficient SAR algorithm. video.1Ω ~ 75KΩ. ±0. Today’s multicore processors provide a good combination of software programmable cores and hardware acceleration to cost effectively meet the stringent requirements of such communications systems. BWR. resistance range: 3. and WiMAX. jamming. multiple bands. DSPs have long been used in commercial communications. resistance range: 0.5W ~ 10W power ratings. realtime communications. In a defense market with shrinking budgets.5% ~ ±5% tolerance • Power Carbon Film Leaded Resistors SPR(X) .PowerResAd_EP12_11_Layout 1 11/10/11 4:49 PM Page 1 Military/Aerospace Electronics ‘corner-turns’ or matrix transpose. interference. Get On-Board with Power Resistors from KOA Speer Most of you know us as the world leader in thick film resistors.com JANUARY 2012 55 .512 GFLOP @54W In addition. the use of multicore DSPs also provide for software investment protection through software compatibility and portability as well as through the use of open tools such as GNU C Compiler.

7 mm. medical. Maximum current rating for the Nemesis Series connector is 2 A and 56 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.itt. and feature reinforced side walls and blind-mate guide align.8mm pitch addresses demanding applications in industrial. Portable computers. strength. the voltage rating is 50 Vdc with a minimum insulation resistance of 5. and features anti-reflective roHS-compliant salt-spray-resistant plating and Pogo Pin/Pad and breakaway design. and GPS equipment are applications for the Nemesis series.000 MΩ. radios. the connec- Itt (www. and consumer segments. automotive. but they are also an enabling technology and gains in connector miniaturization. ErNI Electronics’ (www. From connectors used in rugged or toxic environments to those that span consumer and industrial applications.com JANUARY 2012 .erni.2 x 4. operating temperature ranges are from –40° to 100°c. vision systems. life span and flexibility further electronics advances across a wide range of applications. weapons.electronicproducts.com) developed the Nemesis Series Space Saver connector designed for wearable and portable mili- ITT’s Nemesis Series Space Saver connector tary equipment used in today’s warfare.UPDATE Product Connectors and sockets C onnectors provide the glue that enables a variety of technologies to work together effectively and efficiently. A double-sided spring contact enables installation in space-limited applications. connectors adhere to a multitude of standards and specifications.ERNI Electronics Dual-Row SMT Connector Family ments for secure mating.com) dual-row Microcon series SMt connector family with 0. the 50pin male connectors are only 24. they are not only necessary. lighting. the connector withstands harsh conditions in the field. headsets. and the connectors have a life span of more than 2500 cycles.

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fciconnect.fciconnect. flexible circuit. data. or consumer electronics. FCI offers innovative connectors and cable assemblies for high speed. board-to-board. Quickly find the right interconnect solution for your app at www.com . input/output.com/electronics www. power.Visit booth 414 at the DesignCon Show to see innovative high speed and power connector and cable assembly solutions … and more The right connection for your app Whatever your application need. or storage connections – whether in communications. industrial. wire-to-board.

com/airmax JANUARY 2012 1/29/10 12:10:05 PM www2. For more information please visit www. Connectors are RoHS compliant. Dualbeam contact in both insertion directions improves reliability. –40° to 85°C operating temperature range. The cable assemblies include EEPROM memory map capability per the SFF specifications. The efficient hermaphroditic design supports stack heights ranging from 12mm to 40mm with 200-800 total contacts. FCoE. or 40G Infiniband QDR applications.rfindustries. Each blade consists of six contacts with a 3-mm pitch. The blade is 11. QSFP+ and Mini-SAS/SATA cable systems FCI’s new SFP+ and QSFP+ direct-attach copper cable assemblies. reduced system cost. All white bronze 7-16 DIN adapters are machined to exact specifications.5 x 5. the connector works in all Ethernet applications. and accessories. and space. SMT-compatible attachment. silver plating offers exceptional electrical performance and low passive intermodulation (PIM) performance. Carolyn Mathas ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS AirMax VS® High-Speed Connectors Innovative crosstalk optimization and edgecoupling technology enable differential pairs to support data rates to beyond 12.5 Gb/s without the use of interleaving metal shields.yokowoconnector.5 x 19.fciconnect. Available in plastic and metal models. power modules.com fw593 EP 03/10 Sat Strip AF. The foam-lined zippered kit contains six adapters. mezzanine and cabling applications. cellular. singleended or power pin assignments. The SSBP20 connectors can be used interchangeably with non-coax signal contact assemblies in such applications as airborne. Applications in PCS.4 x 18 mm. The versatile AirMax VS system features a broad range of signal module options. Proven FCI BGA termination technology enables reliable. The RFA-4013-WB 7-16 DIN adapter kit from RF Connectors (www. Features include miniaturization.fciconnect. 40G Ethernet. and a 2. www. medical. the connector features a 30-mΩ max contact resistance. In comparison. southwestmicrowave. coplanar.fciconnect. Horizontal and vertical blade insertion and increased flexibility are two of the features of Yokowo America’s (www.000 Mbits/s and performance in harsh environments including toxic chemicals.Connectors and sockets damages connectors and pins. orthogonal midplane.com/twinmezz carry high power at high frequency.com).indd 1 61 . and digital communications are finding greater use for 7-16 DIN adapters.electronicproducts. connectors and cages enable 10 Gb/s or 4x10 Gb/s pluggable links to support 8G Fibre Channel.com) twopiece battery connectors. reducing intermittent power outage risk. Biaxial torsion and floating function absorb the batter gab. including receptacles and headers in both right-angle and vertical orientations. RF Connectors RFA-4013-WB 7-16 DIN adapter kit TwinMezz™ Mezzanine Connector System FCI’s TwinMezz™ connector system provides industry-leading signal integrity performance for 20+ Gb/s mezzanine applications and the highest signal density with 25 differential signal pairs/cm2. and the receptacle is 9. The 7-16 DIN connector interface can PRoDUCT ADveRtISeMeNt SFP+.1 x 5. FCI’s external Mini-SAS/SATA cable solutions meet INCITS T10 SAS or SATA-IO and SFF requirements. GPS. the CAT 5e performance of the connectors allows data transmission at 1. lead free. test.000-cycle operational durability.com/hsio Southwest Microwave SSBP-20 microwave connectors standard Size 20 contact cavities of D-Subminiature connectors and Size 20 and larger contact cavities for standard MIL-DTL-38999 circular connectors are addressed by a family of SSBP microwave connectors by Southwest Microwave (www. missiles. The SSBP-20 interface. and offer stable electrical and mechanical connections with tight tolerances. are larger and extremely precise. mobile communications. can be used in RF and extreme millimeter-wave applications and combinations thereof in the same connector. White bronze plating offers a way to bridge type N devices to 716 DIN interfaces.com) is now available in white bronze plating in addition to silver. Used in devices where uninterrupted power is critical. or 161 pairs/in2. 10G Ethernet. and have DFARS steel and raw material traceability. For more information please visit www. although targeted for miniaturized packaging. increased reliability. Miniature microwave coax contact assemblies that fit into small UPDATE while two tabs are fitted on the receptacle providing a secure grip around the blade for insertion. The available connector options support backplane. The versatile open pin field design allows for mixed differential. and resistance to vibration and shock. Water resistant to depths of 1 meter for up to 30 minutes.1 mm.

and an IP1dB of 37 dBm.com 0 to 5-V unipolar input range.com www.8 to 5 V. or equal to SAR pseudo-dif ADC achieves 96.75 ea/1. 1. Operating from a 2. allowing use in hotswappable modules for equipment such as enterprise servers. and up to 576 DSP blocks — 7x the previous version. the VSOP383 and VSOP584 JANUARY 2012 Buck-boost converter offers 2. storage or telecom systems.6 dB at 2.7 to 40-V range The LTC3115-1.000 — available now.com aNalOg/MiXED SigNal SPDT switches offer 50Ω terminated outputs The SKY13348-374LF and SKY13370374LF 0. and an internal oscillator that simplifies digital timing and minimizes external component count. $20 ea/100. achieves 96.5 to 0.skyworksinc. Housed in a 16-lead MSOP and 4 x 3-mm DFN package.) Linear Technology.1. Hillsboro.com Signal cond ICs process IR remote control signals Announced as the first signal conditioning ICs suitable for processing IR remote control signals from discrete photodiodes. the VSOP383 and VSOP584 signal conditioning ICs are offered in small QFN packages measuring 2 x 2 x 0.76 mm. the ADC offers a user-friendly SPI interface.st. They can replace larger conventional fuses or other protection devices such as transils or diodes.com www.latticesemi.6 Msamples/s pseudo-differential SAR A/D converter.com . jimharrison and paulo’shea See more online at electronicproducts. Additional features include low insertion loss.25 µW. and 10G Ethernet.(From $1 ea — available now.5 dB SNR and –120 dB THD while supporting a 62 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.5 GHz.7 dB at 2. below. double throw devices that are ideal for high power access points and router applications given their matched ports which reduce low noise amplifier pulling and deliver better system performance. (From $0. ($29. an isolation of 31 dB at 2.) Lattice Semiconductor. Milpitas. The parts are capable of processing continuous data transmission and feature a supply voltage range from 2.6 Mbytes of memory. and 40-V automotive inputs. the SKY13348-374LF offers an insertion loss of 0.066-Mbit DDR3 memory interfaces. protects the connected circuitry.7 to 5.(Contact company for pricing and availability) Skyworks Solutions.vishay. The devices also integrate circuitry that limits voltage fluctuations applied to the protected load. PA Information 619-336-0860 info@vishay.5-V supply. The chips up their communication profile with sixteen 6-Gbit/s SERDES channels that take less than 175 mW each and forty 1. The converter’s 2. Lexington. and turns the protected equipment off if the fault persists. (ECP4-130. MA Sales 781-376-3000 sales@skyworksinc. guanranteed 18-bit no missing codes.5 GHz. CA Sales Office 408-428-2050 www.electronicproducts.5 V and a supply current down to 0. They do not cut the power suddenly or require replacement like fuses.5 LSB with no missing codes and guaranteed specifications over the –40° to 125°C temperature range. Woburn. Housed in a 6-pin DFN package.000 — available now. including SRIO 2. MA Information 781-861-2650 www. high isolation and high linearity for improved data throughput.2 to 10.000 — samples 2nd qtr 2012. The devices are insensitive to supply voltage ripple and noise.com POWER MaNagEMENt Electronic fuses provide adjustable protection The STEF05 and STEF12 are electronic fuses in 3 x 3–mm IC packages that provide overvoltage and overcurrent protection for 5– and 12–V electronics. 24/28-V industrial rails. 1.) STMicroelectronics. OR Sales 503-268-8000 sales@latticesemi. a serial 18-bit. the part consumes only 18 mW. It can be reset by a signal from the system or by restarting the power supply.7 to 40-V input and output range provides a regulated output with inputs above. Housed in a MLPD package. PCIe 2. an isolation of 27 dB at 2.6-GHz SPDT switches are high power 50-Ω terminated. explicit Busy and Chain pins. The electronic fuses restrict the current supplied when a fault occurs.95 ea/1. The devices are available in 485 to 1.com/ic Next-gen ECP4 FPGAs up performance profile Featuring up to 250 KLUTs that operate 30% faster than the previous version and cost less. Additional features include. the LatticeECP4 FPGA family steps up to higher-performance applications.25-Gbit/s CDRs.) Vishay Intertechnology.35 mA. and programmable startup time. single-pole. Malvern. the SKY13370-374LF features an insertion loss of 0.com feature a narrow band-pass filter for 36 and 38 kHz carrier frequencies and intelligent AGC to suppress disturbances from fluorescent lamps and other disturbing light sources.5 GHz.com www. I/O voltages from 1. a maximum INL of ±2. The ICs come in six versions starting at 30 KLUTs and have 1. The RoHScompliant ICs operate over a temperature range of –25° to 85°C.1.152-pin low-cost wire-bond or flip-chip BGA packages. They feature MACO lower-power hard-IP communication engines for many protocols.5-dB SNR The LTC2369-18. and an IP1dB of 39 dBm. a synchronous buckboost dc/dc converter delivers up to 2-A continuous output for single-cell Li-ion. Manufactured using CMOS technology.PRODUCTS HIGHLIGHTS NEW edited by christinanickolas.linear.5 GHz. with a low power shutdown mode that consumes just 2.

or 1.linear. (Ea/1. The buck-boost topology provides a continuous. jitter-free transition between buck and boost modes.electronicproducts. Dallas. making it suitable for RF and other noise-sensitive applications. It also supports MPLS/MPLS-TP LER and LSR and LTE-advanced-ready IEEE 1588v2.024 bytes of SRAM. $5. It takes 3 W typ over a –40° to 125°C operating range.) Linear Technology. The MCUs feature active mode current of 220 μA at 1 MHz. The 430G2 series have optional capacitive touch and 8 channel 10bit A/D converter and come in 14 and 20-TSSOP or 16-QFN packages. The switching frequency is user programmable between 100 kHz and 2 MHz. along with advanced TCAM-based service SLA guarantees.com www.55 — available now.com processor with DDR2/3 external memory and DMA-based frame extraction and insertion support.) Texas Instruments. and is said to provide 75% lower power and 50% lower BOM cost than competitive options. The device has nine 10/100/1.Integrated Circuits the regulated output.com Low-cost 16-bit MCUs are AEC certified The MSP430G2xx and MSP430F2xx 16.vitesse.5-G SGMII/SerDes ports.30 ea/50. 40-VQFN package. The devices wake-up from standby mode in less than 1 μs and operate from –40° to 105°C.000: LTC3115EDHD-1. and can be synchronized to an external clock.or 12-MHz microcontrollers offer AEC-Q100 certification for automotive applications.2 V and standby current of only 0.com Digital Ethernet switch chip has advanced features The VSC7418 Serval Ethernet switch engine is optimized for power and cost-sensitive applications at the network edge.35. CA Sales Office 408-428-2050 www. 2. CA Sales 805-388-3700 prodinfo@vitesse. A user-selectable burst-mode operation lowers quiescent current to 50 µA. (From $0.ti. The IC features a 416-MHz MIPS ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.) Vitesse Semiconductor Camarillo. $5.5 µA.000 — samples available now. They have up to 32 Kbytes of flash and 128. (Price not available — samples December.com JANUARY 2012 63 . The chip has full OAM in hardware and comes in a 24 × 24-mm thermally enhanced TQFP package. thermally enhanced LTC3115EFE-1. TX Information 800-477-8924 www. 512. The 430F2 series have a 12-channel 10-bit A/D converter and come in a larger 38-TSSOP. to improve light load efficiency. The device incorporates four internal low R DS(on) n-channel MOSFETs to deliver efficiencies of up to 95%. Milpitas.000-Mbit/s SGMII/SerDes ports and two 2.

solar.) STMicroelectronics. Pelham. (LIS2DH.3 mm. p. 143 Sparks Ave.05 ea / 1. normally open and normally closed.com 2V to DC-DC Co 10.A29_EP_1-3V_2-06x9-5_A29. reducing the footprint by a factor of 2 over current-generation three-axis devices.ple quanti De m for sa Pushbutton switch is splash-.000. high-performance three-axis MEMS accelerometers come in 2 x 2 x 1-mm packages.0 ± 0. ±4.000 VDC Output • 1-300 Watt Modules • Isolated/ Regulated/ Programmable Models Available • Military Upgrades Available • Custom Models.picoelectronics.comerford and c.harrison.com www. The LIS2DM has a sensitivity of 16 mg/digit in low-power mode in the ±2 g range.electronicproducts. MA Information 781-861-2650 www. are co-packaged with a soft-recovery diode. and the LIS2DH has a high-resolution mode with sensitivity as low as 1 mg/digit in the same range. and are optimized for 8 to 30-kHz switching with 5-µs short-circuit rating. as well as mobile phones.01%/°C). r. They use trench wafer technology. and other conditions.st. and are available PICO 64 for FREE PICO Catalog Call toll free 800-431-1064 in NY call 914-738-1400 Fax 914-738-8225 Electronics. solar apps The IRGP4067DPbF and IRGP4066DPbF 600-V insulated gate bipolar transistors (IGBTs) target uninterruptible power supplies. Consuming as little as 2 µA in normal operating mode. Insulation resistance is greater than 100 MΩ. and have an embedded temperature sensor to ensure excellent stability over temperature (0.000 — available now.com www.com . industrial motor and welding applicat ions. Additional features include an electrical life of 50.000 cycles with contact resistance of less than 50 mΩ and a dielectric strength of 2. 10803 E Mail: info@picoelectronics. c.com/cs Tri-axial accelerometers are half the size of previous devices The LIS2DH and LIS2DM ultra-low-power. and gaming controls that can run longer.000 Vrms contact to contact and 2. DC-DC Converters • Surface Mount • From 2V to 10.and vandalproof construction. The electrical rating of the DH series is 2 A at 24 or 125 Vac and 1 A at 250 Vac. and a selftest function that allows functional verification at the board level. They are offered as both die and packaged devices. Flush actuator styles offer non-illuminated. vandal-proof Offering both splash.o’shea. and ±16 g. $0.citrelay. free fall. the units enable motion sensing on smaller and sleeker gadgets than currently available. Inc. the DH series of panel-mount pushbutton switches is now available in 22.98 ea / 1. and actuation force is 550 ± 50 gF with actuator travel of 2. tablets. Sealing is IP65. It is offered as momentary or latching in both SPST and DPST.) CIT Relay & Switch Minneapolis. Both devices provide highly accurate outputs across user-selectable ranges of ±2. bi-color ring illumination or dot illumination.nickolas. Also operating and storage temperature is –25° to 70°C. The 600-V IGBTs suit a wide range of switching frequencies due to their low Vce(on) and low switching losses.mathas See more online at electronicproducts. Consult Factory week to one s Stock tie livery. MN Tony Schisler 763-535-2339 tschisler@citrelay. ±8.00 nverte 0 VDC rs Outpu t • Over 2500 Std. N. $1.com 600-V IGBTs target UPS.000 Vrms contact to LED. a FIFO memory block for smarter power management.and 25-mm sizes.com ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. The units also feature power-down and sleep modes. The sensors have 4D/6D orientation detection and two programmable interrupt signals that enable immediate notification of motion detection. LIS2DM. JANUARY 2012 (Contact company for pricing — available now. Lexington.Y. softwarecompatibility with the company’s current 3-axis accelerometers.qxd 7/5/11 10:17 AM Page 1 PRODUCTS HIGHLIGHTS NEW Components & Subassemblies edited by j.

800.981.8699 or visit us at www.9 • Low component count • Dimmable 0 to 100% • Non-isolated Buck regulator IRPLLED7 Demo Board LED Current vs Input Voltage 390 380 Current (mA) 370 360 350 340 330 LED Current (mA) LEDrivIR™ IRS2980 320 310 Part Number IRS2980S IRS25401S IRS25411S Package SO-8 SO-8 SO-8 Voltage 450V 200V 600V Gate Drive Current +180 / -260 mA +500 / -700 mA +500 / -700 mA 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 Input Voltage Startup Current <250 µA <500 µA <500 µA Frequency <150 kHz <500 kHz <500 kHz THE POWER MANAGEMENT LEADER for more information call 1.LED LEDrivIR LEDrivIR ™ High-Voltage Buck Control ICs for Constant LED Current Regulation EMI Filter Line Rectifier IC and Switches LEDs IRPLLED7 Demo Board IC IRS2980 Features • Internal high voltage regulator • Hysteretic current control • High side current sensing • PWM dimming with analog or PWM control input • Free running frequency with maximum limiting (150kHz) IRS2980 Benefits • Low component count • Off-line operation • Very simple design • Inherent stability • Inherent short circuit protection Demo Board Specifications • Input Voltage 70V to 250V (AC) • Output Voltage 0V to 50V (DC) • Regulated Output Current: 350mA • Power Factor > 0.com Visit us at Booth 501 Disney’s Coronado Springs Conference Center 06-08 Feb 2012 .irf.

respectively.000: $5. The modules operate from 4. IRGPS4067D. The filters remove RF noise in the 10-kHz to 30-MHz range and are available in three-phase-version L1.5-in.500 A. with power losses of less than 0. Spain Rocio Arrupe +34-934-098-980 Rocio. Cypress. inverters. ice. 3 The 94% peak efficiency and thermal resistance of 11°C/W helps eliminate the need for a heat sink or air flow for most applications. ($19. targeting such applications as wireless vending machines.9034 apmhexseal.498.6 10:21 V. It installs through a small hole on the product and is anchored by a threaded metal base connected to the coax cable shield and requires a proximity ground plane.com www.) Mitsubishi Electric USA. traffic equipment.050 to 4.) Intersil. The power module features a low-profile 15 x 15–mm QFN package that provides a power density of 1275 W/ in. The VCO has a typical phase noise of –84 dBc/Hz at 10 kHz offset. FL sales@crystek. OR Information 800-489-1634 info@antennafactor.250 MHz with a control voltage range of 1. The antenna takes up much less space than dipole alternatives. the antenna is attached to an 8. respectively. The filters are designed specifically for windmill power generation.4 GHz. Merlin.mea. potentiometers and encoders from hostile contaminants & actuator-function interference by blocking water. Available in 2. Standard black or gray or matched to any color 100.com The World’s Most Hostile Environments Are Our Proving Grounds® 66 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. which 1 3-phase filters suit renewable-energy apps The HCWMGF series of filters targets renewable-energy equipment applications. Built-in auto-compensation algorithms optimize transient response over varying load conditions. with output power meeting third-order inter modulation (IM3) = 25 dBc of 46 dBm. The RPSMA and SMA connectors use an RG-174 coax.5-in.intersil. UPS.com PRODUCTS can be set by external resistors or the PMBus. High tear-strength hostile environment-resistant silicone rubber.) Antenna Factor. (Contact company for pricing and availability.com www. solvents. Milpitas. and L3 (without neutral) from 150 to 2. rotary. Fort Myers.32-mm micro-coax. CA Customer Service 714-220-2500 CustomerCare@meus. Toggle.antennafactor. and the U. Many HEXSEAL® sealing boots can also suppress EMI/RFI. Output power is typically 1.5 to 18.2 Vin and provide outputs from 0. 800.0 MHz and 4. $4.com www.electronicproducts.58.FL/MHF connector uses a 1. dirt. the MGFC50G5867 and MGFC47G5867 gallium nitride (GaN) highelectron-mobility transistor (HEMT) C-band (4 to 8-GHz) amplifiers feature power outputs of 100 and 50 W. pushbutton. SMA-.80.5 x 0.11 ea/1. (Ea/10. etc. circuit breakers.5 V.) International Rectifier. actuations IP66/68 Rated.02%. dust. and comes in an industrystandard 0. SMT package. and power equipment where space is limited and security is important.com NEW VCO offers excellent linearity The CVCO55CW-3050-4250 voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) operates from 3. L2.FL/ MHF-compatible connector on the other end.0 MHz/V. CA Sales 408-432-8888 www.-long coax cable with an RP-SMA-.mitsubishielectric. (Contact company for price — available now. (Contact company for price and availability. (Contact company for price — available now.com www. No O-ring required.com C-band amps are 43% more power efficient Designed to be used in satellite earth stations. or U. IRGP4066DPbF — available now.com Digital power module delivers 17 A The ZL9117M encapsulated digital power module delivers 17-A output current. The modules can be connected in parallel for higher-current needs.6 AM Page to 13.5 APM_EP_BodyArmorJan2012 11/30/11 to 3. The internally impedance-matched amplifiers also feature low distortion.) PREMO.crystek. rocker & armored versions.5 dBm.) Crystek. Temperature range -94°F to +400°F Switch/Circuit Breaker housing C UL RecognizedUS � ® Secure antenna fits space constraints The WRT-MON Series monopole antenna is compact and tamper-resistant. with a maximum operating voltage up to 720 Vac.com BODY ARMOR FOR SWITCHES Back-up secondary seal Molded-in mounting nut Patented perimeter sealing rib prevents leakage past mounting hole.irf.grupopremo. The part has an input voltage of 5 V and a maximum current consumption of 16 mA.000 min. It is configured using the pointand-click PowerNavigator GUI.arrupe@grupopremo.com . Meets MIL-DTL-5423 specs. Barcelona. and power inverters. Pulling and pushing are at 5. They have an operating temperature of 175°C.Components & Subassemblies with or without short-circuit rating.com JANUARY 2012 Call/click for catalog & samples HEXSEAL® HERMETIC BOOTS DEFEND AGAINST HOSTILE ENVIRONMENTS HEXSEAL boots increase reliability & prolong life by hermetically protecting unsealed switches.000 — available now. El Segundo. CA Sales 310-252-7105 www.

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and high current-handling capability. 48-V operation and can be equipped with a three-channel encoder and combined with a wide range of precision gearheads. HTH devices offer TCR of ±1 ppm/ °C from –55° to 125°C and ±2.30 each. The resistors feature exceptional load-life stability to ±0.90 ea/sample — available now.000 hours (no power).micromo. The motor is available for 12-.com Chip resistors operate up to 240°C Relay & Switch The HTH series of ultra-high-precision Bulk Metal Z1-Foil hybrid surface-mount chip resistors connected using gold wire bonding targets high-temperature applications to 240°C.9 A in the 12-V version. with a stall torque of 1. $0.com Dc motor yields 150 mNm at 8.9-mm height PAS2126FR2R5504 polyacene capacitors measure 26 mm x 20 mm with a maximum height of 0.com sion thin-film chip resistors. The devices provide an order of magnitude reduction in bulk metal foil element’s sensitivity to external and internal temperature changes. long operating life. They have a high capacitance of 0. Vishay Precision Group Malvern. while providing long-term stability in high-temperature environments.com/foil-resistors/ NEW Inrush current limiters extend range The resistance range of EPCOS inrush current limiters is now expanded with the addition of a P11 series (B57211Px) that covers a resistance range from 4 to 25 Ω (R25) for currents from 2.com www. The 68 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. 24-. The devices are suited for pulse current discharge of LED flash. P13.epcos. digital still cameras and digital camcorders.com www. The unit uses ball bearings preloaded. No load current is 0. long-term stability to ±0. NJ James Borsh 732-906-4390 www. The P13 series (B57213Px) has a resistance range from 3 to 5 Ω and is designed for higher currents of 6 or 7 A. ($295 ea/100 — available now. The series also offers improved heat dissipation. 36-.200 mNm. (Through distribution: P11 series.t-yuden.5 to 5 A in the temperature range of 0° and 25°C.000 rpm.vishaypg.05% at 220°C for 2.electronicproducts.) TDK-EPC.com .) MICROMO Electronics Clearwater. suiting them for renewable energy generation applications. Iselin. and tight tolerances to ±0.PRODUCTS Polyacene capacitors feature 0. 18-. PA Marti Spalding 919-374-5515 marti. providing nearly a 100°C extension in operating temperature range over preciJANUARY 2012 Power capacitors aim at wind power plants The MKP AC HP B25360 power capacitor series features high rated voltage.) Taiyo Yuden Schaumburg.5 mm with coating. The parts have disk diameters of 13 and 14. (Contact company for price and availability). smartphones.02%.05% at 240°C for 2.32 each — available now. 25°C ref.spalding@vishaypg.48 A in the 12-V version. FL Sales 800-807-9166 info@micromo.9 mm.5 F.5 ppm/°C from–-55° to 220°C.000 hours at working power.com www. $0. enabling clear photographic images at low light conditions required by mobile phones. The motor’s low-friction torque and high thermal resistance allows for continuous operation at 6.000 rpm The 3863 CR dc micro motor has ZHN48 magnet material for torque performance of 150 mNm at 8. (The sample price is $3. IL Sales 800-348-2496 sales@t-yuden. such as ac output filters in offshore wind turbines. and its weight is 400 g.

com Power transformers are 50% lighter The LW series of custom-designed power and isolation transformers is designed for 400-Hz frequency operations of up to 600 Vac onboard aircraft and in marine applications of up to 10-kVA power rating for single phase. DIP.) Tecate Industries San Diego.) TDK-EPC.5 Rise / Fall Times (ns) 7. wide temp range The MXCPB and MXCPT Series aluminum-polymer hybrid capacitors combine super-low equivalent series resistance advantages of polymer capacitors with low leakage current characteristics of aluminum electrolytic capacitor technology. from approx. supporting excellent noise suppression and ripple absorption in a wide range of such consumer.clare. Surface Mount Hybrid caps have low ESR.electronicproducts.35 to $0. and for threephase systems from 13. SOIC DFN. from $0.epcos. Iselin. Dimensions are from 6.com JANUARY 2012 69 . SOIC. 78 Cherry Hill Drive Beverly. Inc. TO-220.5 lbs for 3 kVA to 84 lbs for 30 kVA. TO-263 TO-220. SOIC DFN.bridgeportmagnetics. Operating temperatures range from –55º to 135ºC.htm ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. (Contact company for pricing — available now.5 9/8 22 / 15 25 / 18 11 / 11 23 / 20 100 / 100 Propagation Delay On / Off (ns) 35 / 38 29 / 35 40 / 42 50 / 50 46 / 46 100 / 73 300 / 300 Available Packages GND Low-Side Gate Drivers (Operating Voltage: 4V to 35V) IXD_602 Family IXD_604 Family IXD_609 Family IXD_614 Family IXD_630 Family DFN. $0.3 to 63 Vdc and capacitance values from 10 to 560 µF. (MXCPB.3 (Dia) x 7. CT Information 203-954-0050 salest@bridgeportmagnetics.7 (L) mm l to 10 x 12. Devices have voltage options High-Side Gate Driver (Offset Voltage: -5V to +600V) IX2127 IX3120 Optocoupler Gate Driver (3750Vrms Input to Output Isolation) Clare. Weight of transformers in the series range from 4. DIP. TO-263 DIP.000 hours. (Contact company for price and availability.25 ±2.95 — available now.com ranging from 6. NJ Suresh Chandran 732-906-4318 www.) Bridgeport Magnetics Bridgeport. MA 01915 978-524-6768 Pb 2002/95/EC RoHS e3 For more information on Clare’s IGBT & MOSFET Gate Drivers visit: www. TO-220. and load life ratings are 2. The solvent-resistant products enable low impedance at high frequencies.45. The capacitors are designed for temperatures from –40° to 70°C.com www.tecategroup. High dielectric strength is enabled by a castor oil filling. 30 kVA for three-phase systems. SOIC DIP. TO-263 DIP.com Industry’s Broadest Supplier of IGBT & MOSFET Gate Drivers • • • • • • • Highest Drive Current Available Highest Voltage Capability Low-Side and High-Side Drivers Automotive Temperature Range Fast Rise & Fall Times Very Low Quiescent Supply Current Surface Mount & Power Packages VCC IN OUT From 2A to 30A! Clare offers the largest line of Low-Side Gate Drivers Part Number Sink / Source Drive Current (A) ±2 ±4 ±9 ±14 ±30 0.5 lbs for 1.000 hours (to IEC 61071).5 / -0.5 mm.com/Products/IGBT-MOSFETDvr.5 / 6. The capacitor design improves heat dissipation from the capacitor’s interior to the aluminum can. and automotive electronics applications.000 Vrms ac and a capacitance range from 10 to 150 µF. MXCPT. industrial.com www. DIP. CA Information 619-398-9700 tiinfo@tecategroup. SOIC.55 to $0. and hot spots reduction and superior insulation properties extend the operating life to 100.000 VA to 28 lbs for 10 kVA.Components & Subassemblies capacitors feature rated voltages from 550 to 1. It offers a 50% weight reduction over conventional C-core transformers.

half brick package TEP.TRACOPOWER launches new DC/DC converters that meet the stringent requirements for mobile and stationary railway applications in accordance to EN50155 standard.powergatellc.com/traco Very high efficiency up to 91% No minimum load required Adjustable output voltage +10/-20 % Sense line Remote On/Off control Reverse input voltage protection Over-temperature protection UL60950-1 approval www.20WIR Series 20 W in 2“ x 1“ metal package • • • • • Single and dual output models Excellent line load regulation No minimum load required Remote On/Off control UL60950-1 approval TEP-160WIR Series 160 W. 72 and 110 VDC with ±40 % tolerance Shock and vibration / thermal shock in accordance to EN61373 and MIL-STD-810F New DC/DC-Converters for Railway Applications TEN . burst. radiated and conducted disturbances Input voltage ranges cover the nominal 24.200WIR Series 200 W.8WI Series 8 W in DIP 24 metal package TEN .psui.com Power Sources Unlimited 800-966-7784 www. Main upgrades for railway capability: Increased EMC immunity against surge.com . 36. chassis mount package with screw terminal blocks • • • • • • • • POWERGATE LLC 866-588-1750 www.tracopower.

O. GlobTek. Overcharge. Inc. Sunnyvale. Sales 201. Sales 201. medical equipment. industrial. +24 or +48 Vdc. GlobTek.com www2. The buck-driver suits long LEDchains and larger multi-chip arrays. The devices are dimmable down to zero with external digital (PWM) or analog control.xppower. The modules are available with pins for PCB mounting or with flying leads for non-PCB applications.. S. Over current. Over discharge.com http://www. The ac/dc power supply can deliver 375 W with 10–cfm of air.com JANUARY 2012 71 . up to 120W. The single.com Convection-cooled supply offers active PFC The XL375 series of single-output 260-W convection-cooled ac/dc power supplies has an area of 3. Brooklyn.784.. They are also BF rated. and 56 Vdc. Over voltage.5 in.J.784. footprint The EMH250 and EMH350 series of single output 250 W and 350 W ac/ dc power supplies meet IT equipment safety specifications UL/TUV/EN 60950-1 and the medical safety standards of UL/TUV/EN 60601-1.3 x 5 x 1. Inc.PRODUCTS 70-W buck-driver powers LED-strings The RCD-48 series is a step-down constant current source for driving highpower LED applications. Full power is available from 90– Vac input. the device provides power up to 70 W. 0. (Samples available now. N.com forced airflow to deliver full output power. Efficiency is rated at 96%. The packs are a Polycarbonate/ABS mixture frame or case. (From $99.. With input voltage up to 60 Vdc and constant current outputs of 350..12 QR_Layout 1 12/7/2011 11:25 AM edited by paulo’shea See more online at electronicproducts.43 in supplies suit information technology.) XP Power. 48.) Recom Power.J. Designs have regulated outputs voltage from: 3. This enables a fixture using the full wattage to replace a conventional light that could have used up to 350 W. 40. contacts made of nickel & frames designs are sealed in an ET label material. CA Duane Darrow 408-732-7777 ddarrow@xppower.J. with an operating temperature range –40° and +85°C.com http://www. Inc.recom-power. Features: O.com NEW Power Sources ADVERTISEMENT Level V Ad 1.0-A standby supply.globtek. A trim function allows adjustment of the output voltage to within ±10% of the stated nominal.6-A fan supply is also provided across the range. 36.1000 sales@globtek. battery condition before bulk charging. GlobTek offers a 5-year warranty. 24..C. meets multiple International Safety Agency for ITE & Medical applications. 500. Features: single or multiple bay cradle.and multipleoutput versions have a universal active PFC 90 to 264-Vac input.globtek. Additional features: protection from Short Circuit. The EMH350 series also includes a +5-Vdc. N.C.348 Vdc in 0. The 350-W supplies feature 3 x 5-in. 54.784. they do not derate until +50C. and output voltages of 12. +18.1000 sales@globtek. charge status LEDs. Thermal Protection.1V increments. Cells can be packaged with Seiko S-8232AKFT-T2 control chip protection & TI BQ27000 based fuel gauge circuitry included.. 700 and 1.electronicproducts.com/ps GlobTek’s expanded power line now includes multiple families of Wall Plug-in & Desktop Level V Power Supplies. Under Voltage. N.com http://www. The 3 x 5 x 1. programmable charge timer backup. The PWM control input can be directly connected to a microcontroller. solution for charging GlobTek* Lithium-Ion and Lithium Polymer battery packs.200 mA. Sales 201. NY information 718-855-9710 www. 2. status & temperature using HDQ from BQ27000. Modified and Custom Designs available. and require only 12–cfm ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS GlobTek’s series of Smart Li-On chargers offers a compact &cost effective.84 ea/500 — available now. custom charging schemes. The ac/dc power supply series feature an input range from 80 to 275 Vac and are available in four output models of +12. 28. A +12-Vdc.V.com GlobTek’s Li-On Battery Packs are comprised of single or multiple cells rated 3. All Models carry agencies’ logos and CE-Mark. Over Temperature. Multiple bay chargers have the option of an MCU incorporated for battery identification.com www.globtek. and surgical life support applications. *or equal GlobTek.1000 sales@globtek.7V up to 5200 mAh each.

psui. continuous short circuit protection.75 ea/100 — available now. They target applications requiring high power density. NJ Sales 201-784-1000 sales@globtek.2-mm.500 Vac. The convection-cooled 40-W dc/dc converters feature 2 x 1.programmablepower. EMC Directives/ CE and FCC Class B for ITE applications.case. The enclosed power supplies are housed in an impact resistant non-vented polycarbonate case that provides thermal conduction cooling. short circuit.com JANUARY 2012 .com AMETEK Programmable Power 9250 Brown Deer Road San Diego CA 92121 800. and they comply with EMI/RFI Regulations. and have remote on/off. ITE supplies meet Level V requirements The GT(M)91099 series of desktop power supplies feature IEC 320/ C8.6-in. MA Sales 800-966-7784 sales@psui.C6 changeable blades and have double-enforced insulation. with dimensions 118. over-voltage. They accept 90 to 264–Vac input. up to 60–W of continuous output power.5427 Sales. medical/ITE ac/dc power supply offers a 2 x 4-in.600 Vdc. The operating temperature range extends from –25° to +70°C. 72 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. and a remote control input. 15. ($43. making them ideal for use in body and bodyfloating-type medical applications.3.5 x 34.com www.1–V increments.com NEW Medical. ($16 ea/large qty — available now. go to: © 2010 AMETEK Programmable Power – All rights reserved.globtek.com To find your solution.com tion <1.0%.PRODUCTS supplies feature up to 93% efficiency. The power supplies feature overcurrent.6-in. have active current sharing for n.com www. footprint The MWS65 series 65-W open-frame. The medical/ITE power supply consumes <0.8.5 65-W switcher features 2 x 4-in. providing single outputs of 1. footprint The F4000RW series of 40-W dc/dc converters offer regulated output power in a 2 x 1. robust performance and long term reliability. Northvale.electronicproducts. n+1 with an ORing Board option. or 24 Vdc.) MicroPower Direct Stoughton.ppd@ametek.micropowerdirect. 3. with a 1-in. The supplies offer regulated outputs from 12 to 24 Vdc in 0.) GlobTek. Standard features of the dc/dc converters include line/load regula- POWER of CHOICE ► DC Bench Supplies ► DC High Power. footprint.733. Rack Mount Supplies ► DC Modular & Configurable Systems ► AC Power Sources ► AC / DC Electronic Loads ► Compliance Test Systems www. and thermal protection. input/output isolation of 1.com www.com x 53. meet UL /cUL and IEC/EN 60950 & 60601. and features a 4-kVac reinforced input-to-output isolation and output-to-ground isolation of 1. 2. 12.3 W under no-load conditions. profile. and active in-rush current protection. All models comply with UL/ EN60601-1 editions 2 and 3 safety approvals for medical equipment and include onboard dual fusing. Seven standard models operate from 48-Vdc (36 to 75-V range) inputs.) Power Sources Unlimited Wrentham. MA Sales 781-344-8226 sales@micropowerdirect.1 for ITE & medical applications. ($190 ea/ large qty — available now.5. 5.

3 x 5 x 1.40” Open-Frame  Industrial & Medical Safety Approvals MEDICAL 10-W converter meets IEC60601 medical spec The JHM10 series of board-mounted compact isolated 10-W dc/dc converters meet the ANSI/AAMI ES606011:2005. (Ea/500: single output.5 to 9 Vdc. They have an isolation capacitance of 20 pF. It operates from 90 to 265-Vac input. ($32 ea/50 — available now.com (855)664-2134 advpower T O L L. Sunnyvale.tdk-lambda. and dual outputs provide ±5. The converters have a maximum leakage current of 2 µA and have a reinforced input to output insulation at a working voltage of 250 Vac and provide an isolation of up to 4. 24. The regulated outputs vary no more than ±0.com connected medical equipment.) XP Power.us.00. 12. The dc/dc converter series offers a 2:1 input range from 4.22 — available now. or 15 Vdc. Single outputs are 5.com www. ±12. CA Duane Darrow 408-732-7777 ddarrow@xppower. All outputs are user adjustable by ±10%.50” U-Frame  Power Good. and offers five models with nominal outputs of 5. and up to 5. 9 to 18 Vdc or 18 to 36 Vdc with either single or dual outputs.46 x 3.com WWW. dual output.xppower. and broadcast equipment applications. $38.F R E E N U M B E R www2.electronicproducts. The supply operates at full load from –20° to +50°C ambient temperature and up to +70°C with suitable derating. Inhibit and Fan Functions 100 pcs* (COVER OPTION) PDUKE TECHNOLOGY. test and measurement.) TDK-Lambda Americas San Diego. CA Sales 619-575-4400 FAX 619-429-1011 www.3% under all input conditions and less than ±2.COM . from $35. Outputs can be trimmed up to ±10% of stated nominal output.89” MEDICAL Toll Free: 1-866-997-3853 Email: sale-usa@pduke.74 x 1.0% under all load conditions. or ±15 Vdc. INC DC to DC Converters $85 100 pcs* APS250EMG  250 Watts  Medical & ITE Approvals  Level V Efficiency  7.PDUKE.com ADVANCED POWER SOLUTIONS POWER * pricing valid till 3/1/2012 SUPPLIES HIGH-QUALITY AT LOW PRICES APS151MP  150 Watts 1-4 Outputs  3 x 5 x 1.000 Vac for up to 10 ms.Power Sources unit is also suitable for light industrial point-of-sale terminals/displays. 15. 12.com JANUARY 2012 OEM quantities* $99 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS 73 . IEC60601-1 3rd edition medical safety standard for patient $93 APS303  300 Watts Single Output  3.000 Vac for up to 1 minute. or 48 Vdc.

7-GHz RF power meter graphically displaying RF power levels. the WiPry-Combo module and software turn an iOS device (iPad. MA 02766 info@mccdaq. Time scale is adjustable from 2 μs/div to 1 s/div and amplitude display is from −45 dBm to +20 dBm with a resolution of 2.omega. Module/software make iPhone a spectrum analyzer/ power meter Made in Taiwan by Oscium.400 to 2. ® Windows®.com www. eliminating the need for complex custom solutions.saelig. but are engineered to exceed the needs and expectations of our customers.electronicproducts.4-GHz ISM band (2.com www. including RF and semiconductor test. and iOS’s two finger “stretch” allows zooming in and out of scaling without the need for buttons or knobs. or unauthorized WiFi access points.95 — available now in the U. sequentially reading inputs at rates to 1.COST DAQ Engineered with Innovation. the device works as a 100 MHz to 2. the OM-DAQUSB-2401 USB 2. The unit can be powered using either the USB port or an optional external dc supply.com � 150 DAQ Products under $500 � Support for Linux . Windows software. R. K. or N thermocouple inputs.com/selguide Contact us 1.) Saelig. The module has four cold-junction-compensation temperature sensors built in.0 dBm.com/tm HIGHLIGHTS LOW. from Saelig. Data is collected at up to 12 MSa/s and can be logged in csv format. the instrument can identify interference or open channels in the 2. Norton. CT Information 203-359-1660 info@omega. drivers for custom programming. For over 20 years Measurement Computing has offered quality DAQ solutions that are not only priced right. Pittsford. JANUARY 2012 ($495 — available now. In spectrum-analyzer mode.495 GHz). NY Information 585-385-1750 info@saelig. Users can program each channel independently for one of 10 voltage ranges — from ±30 mV to ±10 V — or for type J. Mac® Warranties � Unmatched � Free Tech Support � OEM Options � Out-of-the-Box USB daq has low price Priced under $500. as well as open-thermocouple detection.800. the modules increase the efficiency of test system configuration in highchannel-count data acquisition and high-speed automated test applications. while screen-shot results can be emailed via an iPhone host.MEASUREMENT COMPUTING PRODUCTS NEW Test & Measurement edited by richardcomerford and carolynmathas See more online at electronicproducts.com Software & Drivers PXIe modules simplify multi-chassis config The NI PXIe-8364 and -8374 remotecontrol modules let engineers interface multiple PXI Express chassis directly to a single host computer using any expansion topology. and hardware for wall or DIN-rail mounting are included.0 data acquisition (daq) module accepts thermocouple and voltage inputs on its 8-differential/16-single-ended channels. It measures signals from −40 dBm to +20 dBm with an amplitude resolution of 2. Display configurations can be saved for on-the-go measurements. The modules support complex mccdaq. A demo package that does not require the module is available free at Apple’s AppStore. ($199. T. S.0 dBm and a bandwidth resolution of 1 MHz with a 200-ms sweep.) Omega Engineering Stamford. By simplifying inte rcon ne c t ion. S.4232 ©2012 Measurement Computing Corporation 10 Commerce Way.com 74 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.000 rdg/s with 24-bit resolution. B. and iPhone) into an spectrum analyzer and dynamic power meter with a touch interface.com .234. iPod Touch. E. As a dynamic power meter mode.

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Stamford. PCIe. bleed valve.) Omega Engineering.745 — available 10-14 weeks ARO. filter response. The card features two input and two output RF channels. and greenhouses. NJ Sales 201-818-5900 sales@pentek. HVAC systems. Upper Saddle River. TX Information 800-258-7022 info@ni. cPCI. extended-temperature versions are also available. since MXI-Express links are software transparent.S.com “Quality in Test and Measurement Since 1949” 76 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.omega. industrial process water. and diagnose structural and functional defects.com . VPX. pH and ORP.1Hz to 200kHz • Response: Butterworth and Bessel • Input: Differential and Single-Ended • Pre-Filter Gain: 0dB to 50dB • Post-Filter Gain: 0dB to 20dB • AC/DC Coupling Temperature monitor is web based The iSD-TC series temperature monitor delivers webbased temperature monitoring in critical equipment and locations such as clean rooms. probe rinse.electronicproducts.corelis.com JANUARY 2012 Call Today (5 08) 580-166 0 15 Jonathan Drive. computer rooms. CT Information 203-359-1660 info@omega. pharmaceutical and food processing and storage. ScanExpress JET provides standardized interface tests for SDRAM memory.) Corelis. pre and post filter gain. triggering an alarm if temperature veers from the set point. giving turnkey functionality as well as room for user customization. Engineering units are displayed in U. using cabled x1 (8364) or x4 (8374) MXI-Express links to provide 250Mbyte/s and 1-Gbyte/s maximum data rates. Input channels feature 12-bit. The controller handles cooling tower. and fully automatic test development for all supported peripherals.) National Instruments. laboratories. Austin. S. and ruggedized. K. the converter is based on a Virtex-6 FPGA preconfigured with data acquisition and playback IP. (Contact company for price and availability.com www.550 — available now. Tunable from 0.) Pentek. (From $495 — available now. and control of chemical additives.com www. semiconductor fabs.1Hz to 200kHz. T.com www. electronic assembly. low-pass and high-pass functions. Features • Two Independent Filter Channels One Band-Pass/Band-Reject Channel • Attenuation Slope: 48dB/Octave • Wideband Noise: <25µV at Max. remote alarm. differential and single-ended input configuration. Cerritos.S. B. ScanExpress JET controls the i.com www.MX51’s ARM Cortex-A8 core through the JTAG debug port enabling binary and script test step execution using a GUI on the host PC. no additional programming is required. I2C.) Omega Engineering. or tree complex topologies.com Data converter handles BWs up to 240 MHz The Model 71651 delivers more than twice the bandwidth of the company’s previous data converters.A. The device accepts two thermocouple inputs types J. transformer-coupled to allow direct connection to HF or IF radio stages. (From $799 — available now. fast insystem programming and testing of parallel and serial NOR and NAND Flash. food processing. General Purpose Tunable Active Filter JTAG Embedded Test extends to i. which can be established remotely by e-mail.PRODUCTS star. C. while the output channels have a TI DAC5688 digital upconverter that translates real or complex baseband signals to any IF frequency up to 380 MHz. 800-MHz DACs create real or in-phase (I) and quadrature (Q) analog outputs. The Model 3382 Filter provides the performance and flexibility needed for today’s production and laboratory. providing tuning bandwidths from 10 kHz to 240 MHz.com//mxiedc NEW Test & Measurement 16-bit. A member of the Cobalt family of highperformance XMC modules. and drinking and wastewater treatment applications. respectively. Dual Water treatment control system targets chemical automation The CDCN 13 fully programmable water treatment controller is designed for complete chemical automation including conductivity. all with datalogging. PMIC. MA 02301-5566 Tel: (508) 580-1660 Fax: (508) 583-8989 www. or metric values using a 16-button keypad and 8-line LCD readout with scrollthrough menus. The CDCN13 has eight control relay outputs. E. Ethernet. High-Pass • Cutoff Frequency: 0. and UART. fill valve. CA Sales 888-808-2380 sales@corelis.pentek. (From $13. R.com One that can be configured your way. Gain • Max Input/Output: ±10V Peak • Crosstalk Between Channels: -80dB • BNC Input and Output Connectors Front Panel Channel Control • Low-Pass.com Made in U. Stamford. All PXI modules in the downstream chassis appear as local devices in the upstream chassis and.MX51 applications processors. (From $2.omega. providing at-speed testing of embedded processor-based electronic PCBs and systems to detect. isolate. each channel provides independent control of cutoff frequency. boiler. and ac/dc coupling. and NEMA 4X wall mount enclosures. N. 500MHz ADCs.com www. CT Information 203-359-1660 info@omega. for up to four chemical additives. and L. line. Unit 4 Brockton. One (3381) and four (3384) channel models are also available.krohn-hite.ni. MX51 processors ScanExpress JTAG Embedded Test (JET) support is now available for all Freescale i.

The cables are PVC. MN Technical Information 800-544-7769 usa@turck. and features CAT 5 performance for data transmission speeds of up to 1. splices. requiring only a quarter turn to attach and lock. Colmar.electronicproducts.com/in RJ45/Enet connector suits harsh environs The IP 67 Bayonet RJ45/Ethernet field-wireable connector offers robust housing for use in such harsh environments as washdown. (Contact company for price — available now. the connector works in all Ethernet applications.000 Mbits/s. Available in plastic and metal.com www. or high-impact applications. toxic chemical. and home run wiring when running power and data to industrial and commercial equipment. Power connection boxes are rated from 1 to 76 A and are based on IDC technology. polyethylene.) Electrotech Direct. Minneapolis.com ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2.com JANUARY 2012 77 . It eliminates the need for junction boxes.) Turck. PA Info 215-997-8855 sales@esgllc-usa. or halogen-free sheaths.PRODUCTS Cable system eliminates junction boxes.com NEW Packaging & Interconnections edited by richardcomerford and carolynmathas See more online at electronicproducts. Bayonet-style mating prevents damage causing over tightening and under tightening.com www. The connector is water resistant in depths of 1 m for up to 30 min.turck-usa. (Contact company for price and availability.esgllc-usa. The family is available with five to seven conductors. splices The ESG Flexible Power and Data Bus System is a family of multiconductor flat cables.

PRODUCTS Single-chip CMOS 100G optical interconnect debuts Said to be the industry’s first such device. IL 60090 Paper Tube Company 78 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. (Sampling evaluation platforms to strategic partners and lead customers. InfiniBand. data centers. 5. thermal and mechanical properties… “Nomex” tubing is produced by Precision with an exclusive.41 in. 720 VPM! High Temperature .54 in.79 in. long.dia.pptube. NY Ray Shatzel 716-630-7030 rshatzel@hammfg. Both trapezoidal units are 1. cobalt-blue. A lap joint seals the units to IP54. The device comprises four 28-Gbit/s transmit and receive channels powered by a single laser. contact company for pricing and availability. U/L Recognized. or red gloss polyester powder paint.com More Than 75 Years.. The 1.500 mating and unmating cy- 420°F. Lisle. narrowing from 3. IL Sales 800-786-6539 amerinfo@molex. sealed The addition of latching and circular sealing to industrial USB 2. Fabricated Parts Widely specified for its excellent electrical.com JANUARY 2012 . the portrait-format unit is 4.com www. 1590 series TRP and STP models respectively provide octagonal USB 2. circular PCB.23 in. high.High Dielectric NOMEX® for Electrical/Electronic Tubing. OTN.com Phone: 847-537-4250 • Fax: 847-537-5777 • E-Mail: sales@pptube.electronicproducts.) Hammond Manufacturing Cheektowaga. (Contact Ray Shatzel for pricing and availability. To receive literature & details fast .0 in.hammondmfg. green. environmentally sealed enclosures with good EMC screening.com www. light-gray. octagonal unit can house a 5. Wheeling. special binder to provide a thermally stable class “H” insulating tubing...com NEW Die-cast enclosures have uncommon shapes Providing a robust. Bobbins.0 connectors provides 40 N of locking strength and 1. OIF Short Reach and Very Short Reach. orange.42 in.The Original ™ ® DuPont Co.11 to 2. All three types are available in natural finish or in black. Targeted applications include 100Gbit/s Ethernet.com and trapezoidal housings made of diecast aluminum alloy. 1033 S.0 connectors are latched. a single-chip CMOS photonicsbased 100G optical interconnect targets next-generation cloud computing.54 x 5. Noel Ave.molex. and high-performance computing connectivity.) Molex.74 in. the landscape-format one’s dimensions are 3.95 to 4.www.

masterbond. crushing Strap-It Cable Wrap is a hook and loop cable organizer that can be cut to length and reused for bundling fiber optic cables damaged from rigidity and overtightening of plastic ties. fiber optics. Mill-Max consistently delivers what’s needed. www. 3/5-.com 154 Hobart Street. (Contact company for price — available now. the organizer comes in ½-. Hackensack. video mouse extensions. keyboard.0 plugs and receptacles provide an environmentally protected USB for field data collection systems.com www.eastexproducts. “Quality is not open to compromise.mill-max. Medical Interconnect Manufacturer right off the bat One Part Epoxy Adhesive Has Exceptional Thermal Conductivity Supreme 3ANHT High shear and peel strength Resists vibration and impact Non-drip Superior electrical insulator MAXIMUM Service …they make things simple.com/EP608 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. visit www.com JANUARY 2012 79 . “ ” At Mill-Max we do everything we can to make your job easier — from our easy-to-use website to quickturnaround quotes…responsive customer service and technical support…on-time delivery…free samples… and so much more. home stereo.com/products/Industrial-USB-connectors Cable wrap prevents binding. and other cable systems. protecting against water and dust ingress to IP67 level. and 1-in. Applications include audio-visual equipment. new product offerings and request a datasheet with free samples. NJ 07601 USA To view our Design Guide. telecommunications cabling. Where others find ways to complicate the process. when it’s needed.” ® Our connectors speak for themselves…so do our customers.” Director of Engineering.Packaging & Interconnections cles. and Mill-Max components meet our very stringent standards.te. MA John Kimball 781-767-4511 jkimball@eastexproducts. medical instrumentation. with little or no fuss. Harrisburg.) TE Connectivity. The circular sealed version of USB 2. Easily adjustable.com “…the support they’ve given us… has been exceptional.-wide sizes on 25-yard rolls.) Eastex Products. Holbrook. humanmachine interfaces. The nylon wrap features a micro hook on one side and low-profile loop on the other. Latching eliminates accidental unplugging for such mobile applications as handheld devices with controller-to-peripheral interconnection. and industrial control panels. (Contact company for pricing — available now. Connector halves are durably interlocked and have a quarter-turn bayonet latch. PA Product Information Center 800-522-6752 www.electronicproducts.

71 Hammond Manufacturing Company Inc. ……………………………………………… 42 Zilog Inc. Inc.ironwoodelectronics. Inc.com Voice-Capable Alarms Replace Ambiguous “Beep” Sometimes a “beep” or “whoop” doesn’t convey enough information. 61 Floyd Bell Inc. Inc. Inc.com www. …………………………………… 79 Mouser Electronics …………………………………… 16. ………………………………………… 20 Mill-Max Manufacturing Corp. Ironwood Electronics Tel: (800) 404-0204 Fax: (952) 229-8201 www. …………………………………………… Cover 1. 80 Linear Technology Corporation …………………………………… 13 Master Bond Inc. Inc. ………………………………………………… 4 Measurement Computing Corporation ………………………… 74 Memory Protection Devices ………………………………………… 39 MicroMo Electronics. ……………………… 78 Harting. Inc.Electronic Products Presented by the Manufacturer BGA & QFN Sockets Quick-Turn Custom Designs Product mart advertiser index This index is provided as an additional service. 51 AKM Semiconductor. ………………………………………… 63 Allied Electronics. 32 MuRata Power Solutions. ……………………………………… 30 Total Power International. ………………………………… 77 Advanced Power Solutions ………………………………………… 73 Agilent Technologies. This patterned metallization technology allows current to flow past a failed point bypassing failed cells and therefore increasing capacitor safety.krohn-hite. ………………………………………………………… 80 Garrett Electronics Corporation …………………………………… 20 GlobTek. 3. ………………………………………………………… 10 Cornell Dubilier Electronics ………………………………………… 25 Digi-Key Corporation ……………………………………………… 1 Epcos AG ……………………………………………………………… 41 FCI Electronics …………………………………………………… 60.com JANUARY 2012 . …………………………………… 19 International Rectifier …………………………………… Insert. Inc. 2. Inc. ……………………………………… 40 National Instruments ………………………………………………… 15 Newark/element14 …………………………………………………… 9 OKW Enclosures.panasonic. The publisher does not assume any liability for errors or omissions.com/industrial/ electronic-components/ Fixed Frequency Active Filter Modules Krohn-Hite’s Fixed Frequency Filter Modules and Module Boxes are a low cost customer defined solution for anti-aliasing and noise reduction applications. 27.panasonic. Inc. 21. Krohn-Hite (508) 580-1660 www. 64 Positronic Industries ………………………………………………… 23 Precision Paper Tube Company …………………………………… 78 Rigol Technologies …………………………………………………… 75 Statek Corporation …………………………………………………… 67 TDK-Lambda Americas. ………………………… Cover 4 Mean Well USA. …………………………………………………………… 56 Cirrus Logic.floydbell.electronicproducts. …………………………………… 72 Traco Power …………………………………………………………… 70 Voltage Multipliers Inc. Inc. The ECW-F(A) Series miniaturized footprint is the choice for application downsizing where smaller case sizes are required. …………………………………………………… 7 CIT Relay & Switch ………………………………………………… 68 Clare. ……………………………………………………………… 26 For Reprints contact Wright’s Media 877-652-5295 80 ELECTRONIC PRODUCTS www2. Inc. ……………………………………………… 57 Avnet Electronic Marketing …………………………………… 29.com Abracon Corporation ……………………………………………… 24 Absopulse Electronics Ltd. 65 Ironwood Electronics ………………………………………………… 80 IXYS Corporation …………………………………………………… 34 KOA Speer Electronics. ………………………………………… 35 MicroPower Direct. Inc. 888-FLOYD-BELL sales@floydbell. …………………………………………………………… 59 Harwin ………………………………………………………………… 58 Hittite Microwave Corporation …………………………………… 43 Integrated Power Designs. ………………………………………… 71 Advanced Interconnections Corp. LLC …………………………………………… 38 Microtips Technology. Inc. …………………………………………… 54. Inc. Inc. 37 Bel Fuse Inc. ……………………………………… Cover 3 Ametek Programmable Power ……………………………………… 72 APM Hexseal ………………………………………………………… 66 Aries Electronics. 17. Inc. Inc. Panasonic Electronic Components 1-800-344-2112 piccomponentsmarketing@ us. Inc. Inc.com Panasonic’s ECW-F(A) Series 250/450V Metallized Polypropylene Capacitors The ECW-F(A) Series features Panasonic’s new safety construction for increased capacitor safety. ………………………………………… 55 Krohn-Hite Corporation ……………………………………… 76. Inc. ………………… Cover 2.com www. ……………………………………………………… 79 Maxim Integrated Products. audio message or voice instructions up to ten seconds Floyd Bell Inc. ……………………………………………………………… 69 Coilcraft CPS ………………………………………………………… 53 Coilcraft. ……………………………………………… 77 Panasonic Industrial Company …………………………………… 80 PDuke Technology …………………………………………………… 73 Pico Electronics.

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Innovation Delivered. It’s in everything we do. All rights reserved. Key Advantages • Wafer-level packages as small as 1.com/maxim www. That’s imagination.maxim-ic. Order a free sample today. in the United States and other jurisdictions throughout the world. Inc. Minimize heat in low-airflow base stations. www.com/maxim www. POL regulators offer high-efficiency FETs in wafer-level packaging Imagine what you could do if you didn’t have to sacrifice size for efficiency. All other company names may be trade names or trademarks of their respective owners.com/maximic © 2012 Maxim Integrated Products.avnet. .. Unfettered.5mm x 1. so you don’t need external FETs to meet your efficiency goals.com/shop www. and the Maxim logo are trademarks or registered trademarks of Maxim Integrated Products.5mm are 50% smaller than the nearest competition • Low-RDS(ON) MOSFETs are integrated to save space and reduce conversion losses • Up to 96% efficiency conserves power and eases thermal management • Outstanding load transient response enables tighter regulation and reduces output capacitance Imagination.maxim-ic.mouser. Maxim.Imagination.digikey.em.com/POL-Samples DIRECT ™ www. And boost processing power in space-constrained notebooks. You could drive power densities to new levels in servers. See what you can do. unfettered. Maxim’s new point-of-load (POL) regulators integrate low-RDS(ON) MOSFETs into tiny wafer-level packages. Inc.

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