Wikipedia ( i/ˌwɪkɨˈpiːdiə/ or i/ˌwɪkiˈpiːdiə/ WIK-i-PEE-dee-ə) is a free, collaborative, multilingual Internet encyclopedia supported by the non-profit

Wikimedia Foundation. Its 21 million articles (over 3.9 million in English alone) have been written collaboratively by volunteers around the world. Almost all of its articles can be edited by anyone with access to the site,[3] and it has about 100,000 regularly active contributors.[4] As of April 2012, there are editions of Wikipedia in 285 languages. It has become the largest and most popular general reference work on the Internet,[5][6][7][8] ranking sixth globally among all websites on Alexa and having an estimated 365 million readers worldwide.[5][9] It is estimated that Wikipedia receives 2.7 billion monthly pageviews from the United States alone.[10] Wikipedia was launched in January 2001 by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger.[11] Sanger coined the name Wikipedia,[12] which is a portmanteau of wiki (a type of collaborative website, from the Hawaiian word wiki, meaning "quick")[13] and encyclopedia. Wikipedia's departure from the expert-driven style of encyclopedia building and the presence of a large body of unacademic content have received ample attention in print media. In its 2006 Person of the Year article, Time magazine recognized the rapid growth of online collaboration and interaction by millions of people around the world. It cited Wikipedia as an example, in addition to YouTube, MySpace, and Facebook.[14] Wikipedia has also been praised as a news source because of how quickly articles about recent events appear.[15][16] Students have been assigned to write Wikipedia articles as an exercise in clearly and succinctly explaining difficult concepts to an uninitiated audience.[17] Although the policies of Wikipedia strongly espouse verifiability and a neutral point of view, criticisms leveled at Wikipedia include allegations about quality of writing,[18] inaccurate or inconsistent information, and explicit content. Various experts (including founder Jimmy Wales and Jonathan Zittrain, Oxford University) have expressed concern over possible (intentional or unintentional) biases.[19][20][21][22] These allegations are variously addressed by Wikipedia policies. While not a criticism per se, other disparagers of Wikipedia simply point out vulnerabilities inherent to any wiki that may be edited by anyone. These critics observe that much weight is given to topics that more editors are likely to know about, like popular culture,[23] and that the site is vulnerable to vandalism,[24][25] though some scholarship indicates that vandalism is quickly deleted. Critics point out that some articles contain unverified or inconsistent information,[26] though a 2005 investigation in Nature showed that the science articles they compared came close to the level of accuracy of Encyclopædia Britannica and had a similar rate of "serious errors".[27]

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1 History 2 Nature o 2.1 Editing o 2.2 Organization of article pages o 2.3 Vandalism o 2.4 Rules and laws governing content and editor behavior o 2.5 Privacy o 2.6 Community

[33] On January 10.[28] Larry Sanger and Jimmy Wales founded Wikipedia.2 Books o 11. Bomis CEO. 2001.2 Cultural significance 7 Related projects 8 Glossary 9 See also o 9.1 Special searches 10 References 11 Further reading o 11.3 Mobile access 6 Impact o 6.1 Impact on publishing o 6.[31][32] Sanger is usually credited with the strategy of using a wiki to reach that goal.1 Quality of writing o 3. Wikipedia began as a complementary project for Nupedia.2 Software and hardware 5 Content distribution o 5.5 Other media coverage 12 External links History Main article: History of Wikipedia Wikipedia originally developed from another encyclopedia project. Inc. a free online English-language encyclopedia project whose articles were written by experts and reviewed under a formal process. switching to the GNU Free Documentation License before Wikipedia's founding at the urging of Richard Stallman. Nupedia was licensed initially under its own Nupedia Open Content License. 2000. Sanger proposed on the Nupedia mailing list to .2 Accessing Wikipedia's content o 5.2 Coverage of topics and systemic bias o 3. a web portal company.[29][30] While Wales is credited with defining the goal of making a publicly editable encyclopedia.4 Explicit content 4 Operation o 4.1 Wikimedia Foundation and the Wikimedia chapters o 4.7 Language editions 3 Analysis of content o 3.          o 2.1 Content licensing o 5. Nupedia. under the ownership of Bomis.4 Learning resources o 11. Its main figures were Jimmy Wales. editorin-chief for Nupedia and later Wikipedia. Nupedia was founded on March 9.3 Citing Wikipedia o 3.3 Book reviews and other articles o 11. and Larry Sanger.1 Academic studies o 11.

and commercial advertising. and its website was moved to wikipedia. 2007. largely under a different philosophy from the open and NPOV editorial model of Wikipedia. English Wikipedia passed the two million-article mark on September 9. Slashdot postings. Wikinfo does not require a neutral point of view and allows original research. users of the Spanish Wikipedia forked from Wikipedia to create the Enciclopedia Libre in February 2002. Wales announced that Wikipedia would not display advertisements.[31] Wikipedia's policy of "neutral point-ofview"[36] was codified in its initial months. such as its policies on peer eclipsing even the 1407 Yongle Encyclopedia. which had held the record for exactly 600 years. Conservapedia. It grew to approximately Otherwise.[31] Number of articles in the English Wikipedia (in blue) Wikipedia gained early contributors from Nupedia.create a wiki as a "feeder" project for Nupedia. it had reached 26 language editions. as a single English-language edition at www.[34] Wikipedia was formally launched on January 15.[39] Later that year. and 161 by the final days of 2004.000 articles and 18 language editions by the end of 2001. and web search engine indexing. and Google's Knol where the articles are a little more essayistic[41] – have been started to address perceived limitations of Wikipedia.[38] Citing fears of commercial advertising and lack of control in a perceived English-centric Wikipedia. By late 2002. there were relatively few rules initially and Wikipedia operated independently of Nupedia. Growth of the number of articles in the English Wikipedia (in blue) .wikipedia. 46 by the end of 2003. 2001.[35] and announced by Sanger on the Nupedia mailing list. Scholarpedia. making it the largest encyclopedia ever assembled.[37] Nupedia and Wikipedia coexisted until the former's servers were taken down permanently in 2003.[40] Various other wiki-encyclopedia projects have been started. original research. and was similar to Nupedia's earlier "nonbiased" policy. and its text was incorporated into Wikipedia. New Wikipedia-inspired projects – such as Citizendium.

C PVKSLFJSDLKMCL.FLSAJ VCSD.KNSLCVKSDJLV.dlkfhdlkfIOHSFLNAFK.[42] Around 1.800 articles were added daily to the encyclo kjslda.LFJSLKF.Though the English Wikipedia reached three million articles in August 2009. in terms of the numbers of articles and of contributors. appears to have peaked around early 2007.JSN.ML . the growth of the edition.

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