Presente Simple Continuo: AFIRMATIVO S+ be (pres. Simpl.

)+V (ing)+C I am walking You We They are walking He She It is walking NEGATIVO S+ be (pres. Simpl.)+Neg+V (ing)+C I am not walking He is not She You walking are not It We walking They

AFIRMATIVO S+ Aux(will)+ be(base form)+V (ing)+C I will be lending Yo u We Th ey will be lendin g He She It Will be lending

NEGATIVO S+ Aux(will)+Neg+be(base form)+V (ing)+C I will not be lending will Yo He not u She be will not W It lendin be e g lending Th ey

INTERROGACIÓN Be (pres. simpl.)+S+V (ing)+C+? Am I walking? You Are We walking? They Pasado Simple Continuo: AFIRMATIVO S+ be (pasd. simpl.)+V (ing)+C I was driving He was You were She driving We It driving They Is He She It walking?

INTERROGACIÓN Aux (will)+S+be (base form)+V (ing)+C+? Will I be lending? Will You We They AFIRMATIVO S+ Aux.(have/has)+V (P.p)+C I have bought You We The y have bought (you‟v e) He Sh e It has bought (he‟s) Be lending? Will He She It be lending?

NEGATIVO S+ be (pasd. simpl.)+Neg+V (ing)+C I was not driving He was not You were not She driving We It driving They

Presente Perfecto: NEGATIVO S+ Aux.(have/has)+Neg+V (P.p)+C I have not bought He has not Sh You have not bought e We bought (hasn‟t) It The (haven‟t) y

INTERROGACIÓN Be (pasd. simpl.)+S+V (ing)+C+? Was I driving? You We driving? They He She It

INTERROGACIÓN driving? Aux.(have/has)+S+V (P.p)+C+? Have I bought? Has He bought?

Were

Was

Futuro Simple Continuo:

p)+C I will not have will not bought He have Hav e INTERROGACIÓN Aux.p)+C+? Will I have bought? He You have Will She Will We bought? It They Presente Perfecto Continuo: AFIRMATIVO S+ Aux.p)+C I had not bought Yo u We The y had not bought (hadn‟t) He Sh e It You We The y will have bought (you„ll have) Sh e It boug ht (he‟ll have ) You We The y will not have bought (won‟t have) She It bought (won‟t have) INTERROGACIÓN Aux.p)+V(i ng)+C I have not been have selling not He have not been You She been selling We It selling (hasn‟t The (haven‟t been) y been) have bought? had not bought (hadn‟t) INTERROGACIÓN Aux.p)+V(in g)+C I have been has selling been He sellin Yo have Sh g u been e (he‟s We selling It been The (you„ve ) y been) NEGATIVO S+ Aux.(will)+(have)+V (P.Hav e You We They bought ? She It Nota: El presente perfecto. En la tercera persona se emplea el “has”.(have/has)+S+be(P.(had)+S+V (P.p)+C I will have will bought He have NEGATIVO S+ Aux.(have/has)+Neg+be(P. se forma con “to have” a modo de auxiliar y el verbo en participio pasado. Pasado Perfecto: AFIRMATIVO S+ Aux.(had)+Neg+V (P.p)+V(ing)+ C+? Have I been selling? He You Has She been selling? We It They been selling? .(will)+S+(have)+V (P.(had)+V (P.p)+C+? Had I bought? Had You We They bought ? Had He She It Bought? Futuro Perfecto: AFIRMATIVO S+ Aux.(have/has)+be(P.p)+C I had bought (I‟d) You We The y had bought (you„d) He She It had bough t (he‟d) NEGATIVO S+ Aux.(will)+Neg+(have)+V (P.

p)+V(i ng)+C I will have been will selling have been will have He sellin Sh You been g e We selling (he‟ll It The (you„ll have y have been been) ) NEGATIVO S+ Aux.(will)+(have)+be(P.p)+V(ing)+ C+? Had I been selling? He You been Had She Had We selling? It They Futuro Perfecto Continuo: AFIRMATIVO S+ Aux.p) +V(ing)+C I will not have been selling will He not will not Yo Sh have have been u e been selling We It selli Th (won‟t have ng been) ey been selling? INTERROGACIÓN To be (present)+S+V (P.(will)+Neg+(have)+be(P.p)+V(ing)+C I had been selling Yo had u been We selling The (you„d y been) had been sellin g (he‟d been ) NEGATIVO S+ Aux.(had)+Neg+be(P.(had)+S+be(P.p)+V(ing)+C+? . es decir que el sujeto de un verbo en pasivo corresponde al objeto de un verbo en activo.Pasado Perfecto Continuo: AFIRMATIVO S+ Aux.p)+C I am spoken here You are We spoke The n here y He Sh e It is spoke n here NEGATIVO S+ to be (present)+Neg+V (P.p)+C+? Am I spoken here? Are You We They spoken here? Is He She It spoken here? INTERROGACIÓN Aux.p)+C I am not spoken here You are not We spoken The here y He Sh e It is spoken here INTERROGACIÓN Aux.(had)+be(P. por ejemplo: Cristóbal Colón discovered America in 1492 (Activo) America was discovered by Cristóbal Colón in 1492 (Pasivo) Presente Simple (Pasivo): AFIRMATIVO S+ to be(present)+V (P. Ejemplo: He wrote this book in 1976 (Activo) This book was written in 1976 (Pasivo) “by”: esta preposición se usa para decir quién hacía la acción o que la causaba.p)+V(ing)+ C I had not been had selling not He had not been You She been selling We It selling (hadn‟t The (hadn‟t been) y been) He Sh e It Will I have been selling? He have You Will She been have been Will We It selling? selling? They TIEMPOS PASIVOS La voz pasiva de un verbo activo se forma poniendo el verbo tobe en el mismo tiempo que el verbo activo y añadiendo el participio pasado del verbo activo.(will)+S+(have)+be(P.

p)+C+? Will I be told soon? He You be told Will She We soon? It They To be (present)+ S+being+V (p.p)+C I am going to is be made He goin Sh g to You are e be We going It mad The to be e y made NEGATIVO S+ to be+Neg+going to be+V (P.p)+C I am being painted He is She being You are It painted We being They painted Futuro Simple (Pasivo): AFIRMATIVO S+ Aux.(will)+Neg+(to be)+V (P.p)+C I am not being painted He is not being You are not She It painted We being They painted S+ to be(present)+being+V (P.p)+C I will be told soon He will Sh be You will be e told We told It soon The soon y NEGATIVO S+ Aux.p)+C I will not be told soon will not He be told will not You She soon be told We It (won‟t soon The be) (won‟t be) y INTERROGACIÓN INTERROGACIÓN Aux.p)+C+? Was I spoken here? Wer e You We They spoken here? Was He She It spoken here? INTERROGACIÓN To be+S+going to be+V (P.p)+C I was not spoken here You were not We spoken The here y He Sh e It was spoken here Futuro Simple con (going to) Pasivo: AFIRMATIVO S+ to be+ going to be+V (P.p)+C+? be told soon? Am I being painted? You Are We being painted? They He She It being painted? Will Is .(will)+(to be)+V (P.p)+C+? Am I going to be made? He going to be You going to be Is She made? Are We made? It They Presente Continuo (Pasivo): AFIRMATIVO NEGATIVO S+ to be(present) +Neg+being +V (P.p)+C I am not going to be made is not He going You are not She to be We going to It made The be made y INTERROGACIÓN to be(past)+S+V (P.Pasado Simple (Pasivo): AFIRMATIVO S+ to be(past)+V (P.(will)+S+(to be)+V (P.p)+C I was spoken here You were We spoke The n here y He Sh e It was spoke n here NEGATIVO S+ to be(past)+Neg+V (P.

p)+C I had not been spent He had not Sh You had not been e We been spent It The spent y INTERROGACIÓN Aux.(will)+S+be+being+V (P.Pasado Continuo (Pasivo): AFIRMATIVO S+ to be(past)+being+V (p.p)+C+? Was I being painted? Were You We They being painted? Was He She It being painted? INTERROGACIÓN Aux.(had) +Neg +been +V (p.p)+C+? Have I been told? Hav e You We They AFIRMATIVO S+ Aux.p)+C I have not been told He has not Sh You been have not e We told been told It The y INTERROGACIÓN To be (past )+S+being +V (p.(will)+Neg+be+being+V (P.(have/has) +Neg +been +V (p.(had)+S+been+V (p.p)+C I was being painted You We They were being painted He She It was being painted NEGATIVO S+ to be(past) +Neg+being +V (p.p)+C I will not be being told He will not Sh be You will not e being We be being It told The told y Pasado Perfecto (Pasivo): NEGATIVO S+ Aux.(will)+be+being+V (P.(have/has)+been+V (p.p)+C I am not being painted You We They were not being painted He She It was not being painted You be being We told? They Presente Perfecto (Pasivo): Will AFIRMATIVO S+ Aux.p)+C+? Had I been spent? Had He been spent? .p)+C I have been told He has Sh You been have e We told been It The told y She It told? NEGATIVO S+ Aux.p)+C I had been spent He had Sh You been had e We spent been It The spent y been told? Has He She It been told? Futuro Continuo (pasivo): AFIRMATIVO S+ Aux.(had)+been+V (p.(have/has)+S+been+V (p.p)+C I will be being told He will be Sh You being e We will be told It The being told y NEGATIVO S+ Aux.p)+C+? Will I be being told? Will He be being INTERROGACIÓN Aux.

Had You We They been spent? She It INTERROGACIÓN Aux.(had)+S+been+being+V (p.(have/has)+Neg+been+bei ng+V (p.p)+C .(had)+been+being+V (p.p)+C+? Will I have been won? Will You We They have been won? Will He She It has been won? INTERROGACIÓN Aux.(have/has)+been+being+ V (p.p)+C I will have not been won You will have We not been The won y He Sh e It Hav e Nota: You We They been being told? Has Pasado Perfecto Continuo (Pasivo): will has not been won AFIRMATIVO S+ Aux.p)+C+? Presente Perfecto Continuo (Pasivo): AFIRMATIVO S+ Aux.p)+C I had not been being spent He had not had not Sh been You been e being We being It spent The spent y INTERROGACIÓN Aux.p)+C I had been being spent He had Sh been You had e being We been It spent The being y spent NEGATIVO S+ Aux.(will)+have/has+Neg +been+being+V (p.p)+C+? Have I been told? He She It been being told? Futuro Perfecto (Pasivo): AFIRMATIVO S+ Aux.(will)+have/has+been +being+V (p.p)+C NEGATIVO S+Aux.(had)+Neg+been+being+V (p.(will)+have/has+been+V (p.p)+C I will have been won He will Sh has You will e been We have It won The been y won NEGATIVO S+ Aux.(will)+have/has+Neg +been +V (p.p)+C I have not been being told You have not We been The being told y He Sh e It has not been being told Had Nota: Had I been spent? You We They been being spent? Had He She It been being spent? Futuro Perfecto Continuo (Pasivo): AFIRMATIVO S+Aux.(have/has)+S+been+being+V (p.p)+C I have been being told He has Sh been You have e being We been It told The being y told NEGATIVO S+Aux.(will)+S +have/has+been+V (p.

sustantivo. Specific times  My brother is at school.I will have been being won will You have We been The being y won He Sh e It will has been being won I will have not been being won You We The y will have not been being won He Sh e It will has not been being won Distancia Cercano Lejano Singular This That Plural These Those INTERROGACIÓN Aux. no varia según el género o número. to feel. and place . You We They have been being won? Will He She It has been being won? PRONOMBRES RELATIVOS Los Pronombres Relativos son “WHO. Ejemplo: I tipped the waiter who (that) served us. Los Adverbios matizan. Definite place  They live at 2388 Park Full address Road. soon). también existen adverbios parecidos al adjetivo (early – early) y los que no derivan de otra palabra (here. We thanked the people that (who) helped us. PRONOMBRES Y ADJETIVOS DEMOSTRATIVOS Los Pronombres y Adjetivos Demostrativos son invariables en relación al género. WHICH. Se forma añadiendo la terminación “ly” (angry – angrily). THAT” que se emplean para introducir cláusulas independientes.P at      PREPOSICIONES BÁSICAS Used Example  He has class at 8:30. En estos dos ejemplos That y Who son intercambiables. pero ellos tienen una forma singular y plural. Speed  He was driving at 90 Idea of definite time miles per hour. PRONOMBRES PERSONALES Pronombre sujeto complemento reflexivo I Me Myself You You Yourself He Him Himself She Her Herself It It Itself We Us Ourselves You You Yourselves They Them Themselves 1 2 Singular 3 1 2 3 Plural Pronombre reciproco Each other Each other Each other B.p)+C+? Will I have been being won? Will Nota: EL ADJETIVO El Adjetivo se coloca antes del sustantivo que modifica. to look. to smell. to seem. Pero existe algunas excepciones donde el Adjetivo va después del sustantivo (to be. to become. su uso depende de la distancia del objeto o sujeto. adjetivo o adverbio. Ejemplo: The car which we rented doesn‟t work. to sound y to taste) Ejemplo: a good book It tastes nice EL ADVERBIO Los Adverbios son palabras que no varían según el género o número. modifican el significado del verbo. to get. En cambio Which se emplea únicamente para cosas.(will)+S +have/has+been+being+V (p. pero es mucho mejor usar Who para las personas y That en relación a cosas.

We saw many interesting sights in Europe. There are cabinets above the sink. avenues Floors Dates Days of the week On a farm. years  Time (length of time)  within           The exercise is at the end of the lesson. por vía de. Their house is on First Street. The plane to Houston left an hour ago.in Exception: at night: use in for the other parts of the day. To work for a newspaper To work for a living What‟s for dinner? over Exact position (vertical) to Destination Leave for Arrive at place Arrive in a city on        On the surface Streets. You can get there by car. boroughs  States. por medio de. How long have you lived in Caracas? I live in the West. The school is in the UCV. My apartment is on the sixth floor. como. I bought a pound of carrots. I‟ll be back in ten minutes. My birthday is on October 22nd. Graduation will be in July.  Inside  Cities. He got to his office at eight. To be fed up with… What about me? It‟s for me. The cabinets are over the counter. The temperature is above 40. We are in the kitchen. You‟ll have your exam in seven days. The leg of the chair was broken. countries  Parts of countries  Continents  Parts of the day  Months. by way of (pasando por. seasons. We have class in the morning. Is Caracas above or below sea level? Wine with your meal. The book was on the table. a modo de) Possessive of things Parts of a whole           You learn by repeating. Note: in time for something) by  of        Means. There is no class on Saturday. They will arrive in New York tonight. He works on campus. a planet. He‟s usually here on time. campus Punctuality         above            Degree higher than Location higher than            below with To a lower degree Con… Con… Estar harto de… …conmigo? Para mí Para… Trabajar para ganarse la vida De cenar about for . We are going to New York. an island. To have dinner with Alex. The light is over jack.

Cuando nos encontramos con varias palabras seguidas unas de otras que pueden ser sustantivos. add up add up totalizar alcanzar un total to answer answer contestar de malos responder de break up bring back bring along bring in . preguntar por invitar a volver invitar a entrar invitar a subir retroceder reforzar estar fuera estar a favor de irse.    Para la cena Buscar algo Hacia Tokyo Ir de paseo     To be ready for dinner To look for something To depart for Tokyo To go for a walk back ask about ask for ask back ask in ask up back away back up be away be for be off be out be up bend over blow down blow out break away break in modos preguntar por (un asunto) pedir. 20) VERBOS VERBOS TRADUCCIÓN TRADUCCIÓN COMP. interrumpir terminar el curso o una relación devolver traer (consigo) hacer entrar for ask after ask up to ask down ask out back out be about be back be in be on be over bend down blow away blow off blow up break down break off break out bring about bring down bring out preguntar por la salud pedir hasta (un precio) invitar a bajar invitar a salir volver atrás estar por (un lugar) estar de vuelta estar en casa estar encendido estar acabado agacharse llevarse (el viento) dejar salir (el vapor) volar (con explosivos) derruir. estas palabras son llamadas: verdaderas cognadas. 2. averiarse romper (se) (relaciones) estallar (una guerra) acarrear derribar. Cuando nos encontramos con palabras en el inglés que se parecen a ciertas palabras en el español. rebajar hacer salir. adjetivos o adverbios.com. preposición. Ejemplo: Describing the future. Cuando nos encontramos con un gerundio al empezar una oración.mansioningles. 4. VERBOS COMPUESTOS (http://www. 2003) 5. publicar TIPS PARA TRADUCIR 1. 3. (Marbella Delgado. Como describir el futuro. conectivo o signo de puntuación y procederemos a leer de derecha a izquierda sin omitir ninguna palabra. pero que su significado es diferente. para traducir añadimos un “HOW” y luego el gerundio en forma de infinitivo. estas palabras son llamadas: falsas cognadas. nos detendremos a leer en el primer verbo. Cuando nos encontramos ante la presencia de palabras en el idioma inglés que se asemejan a ciertas palabras en el idioma español y poseen el mismo significado. COMP. Solo jugaremos con los adjetivos o adverbios en el idioma español. estar apagado estar fuera estar levantado inclinarse derrumbarse por el viento apagar (se) (una llama) soltarse irrumpir. Visitado junio 2004.

talar Separar de un tajo Acortar por un atajo Apaciguarse Abrochar Alejarse Bajar Apartarse Sacar. hacer escala Llamar (a alguien) para que regrese Llamar (a alguien) para que entre Gritar Telefonear Persuadir Continuar Dispersar (se) Marcharse Cerrar Suceder Acompañar. introducir Alejarse en coche. redactar. expulsar . triturar Cesar poco a poco Extinguirse Pasarse sin (carecer de) Retroceder Economizar. retirar fondos Para (un vehículo) Rechazar Entrar en coche. Acercarse a Contar con Contar hasta Llorar a gritos Llamar a gritos Interrumpir Recortar. omitir Trinchar. alejarse en coche Pasar en coche Salir en coche.un misterio) Acercarse Encontrarse con Embestir Bajar Venir de come in come on come to come up to count on count up to cry out cry to cut in cut out cut up die away die out do without draw back draw in draw on draw up drive back drive in drive off Entrar ¡Vamos! (en imperativo) Ascender (una suma). ahuyentar come off come out come up count in count up cry for cry over cut down cut off cut through die down do up draw away draw down draw off draw out drive away drive by drive out Desprenderse Salir Subir Incluir Calcular Pedir llorando Lamentarse Reducir gastos. venir por (la calle) Desprenderse Venir por (en busca de) brush off burn down burn up buy over call away call for call on call over call down carry off carry out clear off clear up close up come across come at come down come from quitar el polvo derrumbarse (por el fuego) consumirse (por el fuego) sobornar Seguir llamando Pedir a voces. encoger (se) Aproximarse. enumerar Llamar (a alguien) para que baje Llevarse a la fuerza Llevar a cabo Marcharse Aclararse (el tiempo.bring up burn away burn out buy for buy up call at call back call in call out call up carry along carry on clear away clear out close down come about come along come away come for criar. educar consumirse (el fuego) consumirse (el fuego) comprar por o para acaparar Hacer una visita. alargarse (el día) Ahuyentar. volver en sí. exigir Ir a ver (a alguien) Pasar lista.

recobrarse Levantarse Devolver Agotarse. repartir Ir de un lado para otro Atacar Pasar por Entrar Continuar eat into fall off fight off fight up fill up fix up fly at fly down get along get away get down get in / into get off get out get through give away give off give up go along go away go down go off go out Roer Disminuir. recuperar Llegar a Salir. llenar Arreglar (un asunto) Atacar Descender Hacer progreso Escaparse Descender Entrar. sufrir Acercarse a Pasarse sin Retraerse Colgar de Colgar (un cuadro) Continuar Darse prisa Irse rápidamente jump at jump in jump over keep back keep off knock about knock down Atacar Entrar de un salto Saltar por encima de Mantenerse separado Abstenerse Golpear acá y allá Derribar look at look Mirar Mirar abajo . rendirse Ir a lo largo de Marcharse Bajar Explotar. apearse Subirse. bajarse Producir. meterse Apearse. apagarse go over go up go across hang about hang behind hang off hold back hold out hurry away hurry up jump about jump down jump on keep away keep down keep up knock at knock out look after look Repasar Subir Atravesar Vagar Quedarse atrás Colgar (el teléfono) Detener Resistir Irse rápidamente Darse prisa Dar saltos Bajar de un salto Subir de un salto Mantenerse alejado Controlar Mantenerse de pie. desprenderse Ahuyentar Luchar valerosamente Rellenar. marcharse Salir. olor) Entregar. salir Abrirse camino Repartir. denunciar Despedir (humo. pasarse de moda.eat away eat up fall down fall over fight on fill in find out fly about fly away fly off get about get at get back get to get out (of) get on get over get up give back give out go about go at go by go in / into go on Erosionar Devorar Caerse Tropezar Seguir luchando Rellenar Averiguar Volar de un lado a otro Huir volando Desprenderse Ir de acá para allá Dar a entender Volver. resistir Llamar (a la puerta) Dejar fuera de combate Cuidar Mirar atrás go through go up to go without hang back hang from hang up hold on hurry along hurry off Penetrar. progresar Saltar por encima.

cerrar (una tienda) Incorporarse. atravesar corriendo Entrar corriendo Salir corriendo Subir corriendo Despedir (a alguien) Despachar Enviar por Circular Ponerse (a trabajar) Partir (para un viaje) Callarse. no detenerse Mudarse (de domicilio) No detenerse. sacar Soportar Encontrarse con. colocar Encerrar Sentarse Presentarse (a un examen) Hablar con Quedarse cerca Destacar Hospedarse put down put off put out put up with run across run in run out run up see off send along send for send round set about set off shut up sit up speak for speak up stand off stand up stay by Anotar. pagar Señalar Señalar Destacar Arrancar Arrancar Parar (un vehículo) down look forward to look like look over look up move along move in move on move up pass by pass on pay in pay up point away point down point up pull down pull out put away put back Anhelar Parecer Mirar por encima de Mirar arriba.despedir (trabajadores) Subir (algo) Asentar.behind look for look in look out look round move away move down move off move out pass away pass in pay for pay off point at point to point out pull away pull off pull up Buscar Mirar dentro Mirar fuera Mirar alrededor Alejarse Bajar Marcharse Mudarse (de domicilio) Fallecer Entrar Pagar Liquidar (una cuenta). enfermar Escapar corriendo Atropellar Indagar Encargarse de Bajar (algo) Despachar. instalar Ponerse (una prenda) Subir (algo). bajar (algo) Posponer Apagar. sentarse erguido Hablar a favor de Hablar en alta voz Mantenerse alejado Ponerse de pie Permanecer al lado . alojarse Correr de acá para allá Pararse (un reloj). buscar Pasar. pasar a (otro asunto) Moverse (para dejar sitio) Pasar por (un sitio) Pasar (de mano en mano) Ingresar (dinero) Pagar (una deuda) Señalar a lo lejos sit down Señalar abajo sit for Señalar arriba speak to Derribar Sacar Poner a un lado stand by stand out stay at put in put on put up run about run down run off run over see about see to send down send off send up set down shut in Poner en su sitio Meter.

despegar Llevar a Hablar acerca de Hablar con Separar (rasgando) Tirar (algo inservible) Tirar hacia abajo Echar fuera Tirar hacia arriba Mirar a otro lado Poner boca abajo Encender (la luz). meter Sacar. poner boca . quitar Subir (algo) Hablar de Quitar (rasgando) Hacer pedazos (rasgando) Devolver Tirar hacia adentro Arrojar Probarse una prenda Darse la vuelta Apagar (la luz).stay in step across step in step up stop by stop up take down take in take out take up talk of tear away tear up throw back throw in throw out try on turn back turn off turn out Quedarse en casa Atravesar Entrar Subir Quedarse al lado de Empastar (una muela). cerrar (una llave) Apagar stay out step down step out step up to stop in de Quedarse fuera de casa Bajar Salir Acercarse a (alguien) Quedarse en casa turn into walk about walk away walk in walk up work under Convertirse Andar de acá para allá Alejarse andando Entrar Subir Trabajar a las órdenes de over turn up walk along walk down walk off work out write down abajo Llegar Andar por Bajar Marcharse Calcular Anotar take for take off take to talk about talk to tear off throw away throw down throw off throw up turn away turn down turn on turn Tomar por (equivocarse) Quitarse (una prenda). abrir (una llave) Volcar. bajar (algo) Engañar. tapar (una botella) Escribir al dictado.

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