PFAFF 130-6

Instruction book for the PFAFF Sewing Machine (Model 130)
r For best results, study these instructions carefully—pa ports on the core of the machine. Before licularly those ly leoving the factory your PFAFF was adjusted, careful t. If you tested, and found to be perfect in every respecyou will follow the simple suggestions outlined here, and, enjoy your PFAFF... find it endlessly useful the through-out the years be glad that your choice is sewing machine in the world. finest

to help you get the best results with your PFAFF Use fine thread and a fine needle adjusted for loose tension when sewing thin, light fabrics. For ordinary lock stitch or zigzag seams, regulate the tension so that the interlacing of upper and under threads g takes place in the center of the stitching. For makin holes, stitching on buttons, eyeletting, rolling button seams, and hemstitching, the tension of the undertothread hove should be somewhat tight, since it is desirable the the threads interlock more toward the underside of fabric. Use unglazed thread for ordinary sewing, and soft yarns yarn for embroidering, darning, etc. Since these brittle smoother and more flexible than the hard and are glazed cotton, they assure well-drawn-in stitches, thus protecting the seams when the fabric is washed. Skipping of stitches may be caused by: 1. Needle not having been inserted properly. 2. Using other than the recommended PFAFF Needles. 3. Needle being bent by wrong handling, or too fine for the thread used.

I. Useful hinis

Top and bottom thread should be the same. 2. Using needles and threads that do not conform to the thickness of the fabric. Do not over-tighten it. 2. Any of the three reasons mentioned above. The machine having become clogged. Both tensions should be equal. 3 . The motor belt being too tight. 3. 3. the fol 4. Note cleaning. In that case. not pulling properly. Fluff having accumulated between the upper tension discs. Then.Thread breaking may be caused by: 1. This done. apply a little with arrows ing Machine Oil at the oiling points marked in Figures 1. which must be removed. or underneath the tension spring of the bobbin case. the motor bracket has to be adjusted. 2 g. lowing instructions for proper oiling and IL To oil and clean the machine and Apply rust-proof grease on all nickel-plated be d ports. Tensions being too loose or too tight. all greased parts should polishe PFAFF-Sew cleaned with a clean rag. The motor belt having become too loose after con stant use. The shuttle race being obstructed by fluff. Heavy working of the machine may be caused by: 1. and 3. 3. Bad stitches may be caused as a result of: 1. Tension too tight. 2. therefore. 2. Using bad or knotty thread.

3 5.Fig. 2 1 Fig. 4 .

ct way to install tear. Insert needle LOOSEN lock screw above needle clam —and youre shank to back. and pos in this way. Wind threa Place bobbin a couple of times away from you. 4). bobbin case comes right out. it will cause SKIPP sible needle breakage. To remove bobbin case (Fig. For the machine will be disconnected so that l can remain experienced operators. Threading the needle Ill. make sure IMPORTANT—When inserting a new enough to permit that the needle thumb screw is loose to the stop pin. Maktime. Feeding presser bar If the material does not feed (move). Press down you are ready in winding position. If ING of stitches. press the bobbin to you do not wish to wind in is full. Turn on power until bobbcapacity. machine for the VERY IMPORTANT: Before using the of PFAFF Sewing first time. presser bar— wear in feeder Too much pressure causes excessive and foot. run the mach g without thread. thread guide 8 into n through hole of the take-up 7. 6) balance wheel For beginners it is suggested that the not turn. If to wind bobbin. so as to get Prac 4. Toin remo drop right out. arou and into the lower check spring 4. Now 4 to lock bobbin in is wound. draw through hook 3. tice a few times. 6 . (Fig. When bobb is automatic. a finer needle In general. To set the needle 1. 3. To wind the bobbin (Fig. and through nd the tension discs circular guide 2. around guides 5 and 6. spool holder (1). ure screw to the right to increase the press on the should be as little pressure as possible There use just enough to feed the material. around Put spool on spindle. into the pin bobbin fits on winder spindle so that the single slot in the side of the winder spindle. 5) Open latch in Turn the machine back on its hinges. Keep the oil can clean. Place spool of thread 1 on either 2 to the bobbin d down between tension disc Draw threa on winder catch placed on winder spindle 3. call in qualified PFAFF needle. The needle IV.ine for a After raising the presser foot. release winder disconnect lever 5. turn pressure. The corre will jam in the hook. mechanic. or has for ci long time. off frequently and The needle plate should be token underside. p. follow this simple rule: Use heavier thread. apply to the hook a drop Machine Oil.thumb and fore ing latch between bobbin case by grasp )—and pull. 7 2. The finger (it is easier with the left hand ve the bobbin. dow d needle from front guide above the needle 9—and threa to back. wipe off the down-drippin little while Oil to y a drop of PFAFF Sewing Machine rule to oil and appl e it a all points where there is friction. will release latch again and the bobb used to this operation. and toward the hand the needle is with the flat of the shank lift. finer thread and a heavier needle for for guide 1. the balance whee be wound in can connected if desired so that a bobb d around the while sewing on a garment. When in doubt. fluff on the cleaned of accumulated the top thread If the needle is inserted incorrectly. tighten lock screw with flat ready to sew. especially clean and oil the machine from time to not been used when it has been in constant use. up you to slide the needle all the wayneedle is not inserted the then tighten the thumb screw.

4 9 8 .I \ ‘4 ( a Fig. 5 Fig.

Push down bobbin n. and draw you. under Allow needle to descend and rise once. case ing base for bobbin case. 7) Fig. foot Then lower presser foot by means of presser under Draw both upper and lower thread ends lever. the presser foot. With bobbin bobbin into center between thumb and forefinger. Turn machine bock on its latch opened. to make sure that case is locked in positio thumb 5. To replace bobbin case (Fig. away from through the bobbin hinges expos tension spring 2. 6 10 IMPORTANT—Turn wheel towards you to pick-up bobbin thread. 11 .the thread Slip bobbin into bobbin case. 7 6. The of the thread then appears in the form of a loop out needle hole. under case slot 1. slip case with hook and drop latch back. To commence sewing Fig. and to the rear.

it will become looser. To remove the work Stop the machine. To regulate tension of the under thread If the tension is too loose. The numbers above zero stitching. the under thread will pull down the upper thread. as a result of the proper adjustment of both tensions. give a slight pressure with your knee against the knee control—or against the foot control on some portable models. turn the balance wheel toward you. tion. (Fig. the tension will become tighter. (On lifting the. 8. Turning this screw clockwise. there is no ore for forward stitching. presser foot.) Raise presser foot. counter clockwise. the space below for reverse 13 . the under thread is drawn up. If the tension is too tight. Having adjusted the tension for a certain kind of thread. 4). 10. forming little knots or loops as shown in Fig. 8. the stitches is regulated by the stitch (Fig. 9 The tension of the upper thread is regulated by means of tension nut (M). With the cloth inserted and the presser foot lowered. 12 Fig. 6). To regulate the length of stitch The length of regulator screw. (you con best judge this tension for yourself by pulling the thread gently with your hand when you have threaded the machine through the tension spring). 9 Fig. 5). In the zero—(or neutral)— posi feeding at all. Cut the thread close to the material on the thread cutter. 7. Turn the balance wheel toward you until the take-up (see section on threading the needle) is at its highest point. and tighten the small tension screw (Z) in a clockwise direction with the aid of the screw driver. and note its relative position. the tension is automatically released. 10 shows the locking in the two threads in the center of the material. lust glance at the number marked in the bell behind the ten sion nut. (Fig.To protect presser foot and feed. 10 9. At the same time. To regulate the tension of the upper thread Fig. 11). If the upper tension is too loose. as illustrated in Fig. (Or turn the wheel to complete the stitch. never operate machine without placing fabric under the presser foot. unscrew it in a counter clockwise direction.) Draw the cloth to the rear of the needle. Unscrewing it. If the upper tension is too tight. take the bobbin case out of the machine (Fig.

11. 13) If pieces of thread. Position one is the smallest stitch. If the machine is not running. To fake apart and clean the hook (Fig. and then shifted down into position II. 12 12. the ma chine will sew to the right of the stitch made in the nor mal posifion. it is necessary 15 . impeding the action of the machine. 12). and push up to desired posi tion from 1 to 5. simply push the locked screw downward. The width of the zig zag stitch is increased as the lever. embroidery. Fig. the needle might be bent or broken. the machine is performing the straight stitch. and sewing on buttons. If lever H (Fig. unless the needle is raised. is turned to the left. This is useful for applique. the shifting procedure should not be made. When you have chosen the size of stitch you want. It will automatically sew the same size stitch in reverse. lint or dust have gotten inside the hook. (0). fancy stitching. bringing the width of the zigzag stitch up to a maximum of 11/64”. straight sewing. If you turn the lever. is on point zero of the scale. 11 Loosen regulator screw. to the left.dial is set. Other wise. To sew in reverse. (0). continuing the same kind of stitch for which the 14 Fig. the machine is doing the zigzag stitch. it will sew still farther to the right. The Dial-A-Stitch If the nose of the Dial-A-Stitch lever (G). tighten the screw. 12) is pressed against the body of the machine. (Fig. buttonholes. below position zero. or the size of the zigzag stitch should not be changed. In position Ill.

14. 4. a) indicating the position for darning and embroidering. 16. When working on thick or hard materials. and “F” for fast (tight). Adjusting the tension of the thread controller spring For embroidering and darning. Clear out the dirt with a cloth. c) indicating the position for sewing thick and hard materials. and turn the balance wheel gently until the lower case slips out. Parts damaged by force will not be replaced free of charge. and E-3. Turn the balance wheel so as to see clearly screws E-1. These are finely machined. Unscrew these. 13 16 For darning and embroidering. b) indicating the normal position. 13. and screw the three screws back into position. Grasp center hook between thumb and remove the upper and lower parts of the bobbin case. To tighten the tension. To regulate pressure of the presser foot Screw or unscrew the bushing (V). (Fig. 15. Replace the hook bow. Replace lower bobbin case. 4). E-2. and are avail able in sizes 7 to 11. and take off the hook bow. . the feed can be lowered by turning the knob (X). it is necessary to use great care so as not to lose them. 6). Do not force ii. for the most delicate to the heaviest sewing. The direction for turning the lever is indicated by “L” for loose (light). to increase or decrease pressure of the presser foot. The needle Make sure that you use the PFAFF needles designed for your machine—Needle Series 130 R. on the front right-hand side of the bed plate. If this is difficult. Turn it right to lower the feed. ease the tension of the thread controller spring a little more than in the case of sewing. NOTE: Since these screws are extremely small. do not force it—call for your mechanic. as it will damage the part. (Fig. turn the lever of the tension sleeve as shown in Fig. and to regulate it for the type of material used. tempered and polished steel. To lower the feed Fig. turn it left to raise the feed. the tension should be tighter. and put a drop of oil on the running surface under the case.

Then adjust the zigzag stitch with the dial so that the needle passes through the center of the left hole of the button. At the last stitch. too. hooks and small bone or metal rings. 44088 (Fig. 14 44088 For plain sewing the stan. so that needle passes through center of right hole of the button. four or five double stitches will do. (Fig. leave the needle at the right and adjust the machine for straight stitches of which a few will suffice to lock the stitch. 16 With stitch regulator set between 1 and 2. n 44088 Fig 17 Fig. 19 18 . 18 45037 Fig. To fix the button to the fcsbric. 46120 Fig. 15 17. dard type of presser foot. This should remain on your machine most of the time. No. Lower ever H of the Dial-A-Stitch into posi tion Ill with dial set as far to the right as possible. When stitching on buttons having four holes. loosen the screw. which is used for these purposes. slip it back into position. 46120 for sewing on two. Fig. place the fabric with the button as far back as necessary to permit fastening the second pair of holes. Sewing on buttons (Fig. To replace it. for snaps. (Fig. and lift presser foot out to the left. To remove it. holding it firmly in place between the thumb and forefinger of the right hand and tighten the screw. The PFAFF comes equip ped with a hinged presser foot. 15). 14).NO ATTACHMENTS ARE NEEDED for all normal sewing and most types of fancy sewing.or four-hole buttons. 16 and 17) Use foot No. under button foot. Lower the feed. is inclu ded for those who prefer to use it. No. 18). 45037. place button on fabric.

Screw on buttonhole foot. After these preparations. to the left of 18. 19 20 Fig. raise the half araund.atKeep right of the needle. clockwise. dra in the buttonhole foot. With Dial-A-Stitch lever stitch regulator between H in position I. depending on yourcord. Adjust the fine with screw B. be made with or without No. 5). For corded buttonhole. leave the needle at presser bar and swing the fabric fabric. according to the heav iness the zigzag is set at number two. The cord used con be choice. 12). 19 and 20) f the dial. When this is done edge is sewn to the the right side of this edge in the . (Buttonholes can varied. ad must be tightened to obtain The length of the buttonhole should be marked in pencil on the fabric. of carding used. (Fig. This makes nea lower the presser bar and allow ter buttonholes. the first marked length. the work clean. Cut off excess cord. so that the edge now lies the parallel with the cord guide. Now. The tension of a well drawn-in stitch. from the finest to Pearl Cotton No. 42297. adjust ness of the zigzag stitch zero -and one. Buttonholes (F)g. tow w the cord through the hole the upper and under thre ards the rear. t I Fig. Then the needle to make one more stitch to the left. If this is adequate for most cordings. 20 21 .

No. (Fig. and while doing these. to sew right of cen ter. the wider zigzag stitch for the first bar tack is set. Then coverthe edge as edge with zigzag stitches. On making the last stitch of the bar. bring the needle up and push lever 0 back into its first groove in the position in which you sewed the first edge. you can make any number of attractive patterns—especially in teresting as dress decorations. This second bar tack made. underwear. leave the needle in the fabric to the left. Raise the needle and push lever G into its second groove by turning it to the left. (Fig. the fabric must be held somewhat to reduce the forward feeding. push lever H up. To sew left of center. 22). 41350. 23 . 21 20. Overedged hems Overedged hems are very popular for trimming ladies and childrens dresses.The needle is now in the fabric at the left of the cord. small to medium the folded stitch length of 1/16th inch. An additional variety of effects is produced by alternoting seams to the right and left of center. Colored thread is often used to enhance the appearance of the work. again raise the needle and push lever 0 back to the farthest position on the right and make some plain stitches to lock the threads. Then. four to five zigzag stitches are necessary. By skillfully alternating straight and zigzag stitches of varying width and length. at a ing edge off carefully with a pair of scissors. etc. 19. Insert either the nar row or the broad blade into the holder and fasten it by tightening the screw. The cutting of the buttonhole is made with the button hole knife. This must be performed with care to avoid damaging the buttonhole threads. Ornamental seams For plain and straight ornamental seams use the normal presser foot. 22 Fig. Readjust the lever into the second groove to make the second bar tack. being sure that the needle is raised before switching the zigzag lever. For parallel seams use the edge stitcher with ruler. In this way. push lever H down. To make the bar. Fold required and baste if necessary. 21). Now sew edge two. Cut the project -small.

and baste it on. parallel to the edging. 23 25 . 24 Fig. 22 An additional ornamental seam. with the cloth to be appliqued extending 1/16th inch beyond the edge of the design. 23). (Fig. Applique work Trace the design on both fabrics.Fig. adds a handsome effect. 21. Place the cutting on the fabric so that it corre sponds to the pattern.

4162 is to be used. ln the case of finer fabrics ight stitches as above desh stra the lace is sewn on wit Fig. the lace With strong fabric such as the edge. or a more raised effect is desi red. more dense zigz 26 Fig. 25 ign with a narrow and not Follow the lines of the descut the projecting edges off zigzag stitch. If so. This is avail able at extra cast. 24 ing foot. t No. shirting. and basted an if 1/16th inch from is applied is then covered with necessary. 24 and 25>. 26 22. Running on lace Fig. use foo linen. (Fig. and the projecting zigzag stitches such as voile and cambric. (Fig. unless cord This is dane with the regular sew 1. Then reinforce (See Fig. use the special cording foot No. 41621 41621 Fig. 26>. 26). and too dense the seam with a wider and the cutting. 27 27 . ag seam. etc.lf a cord is to be appliqued. The edge of the lace fabric cut off. 41621.

No. 27). 41746. with the machine set for straight zigzag stitch. etc. With tight tension and broad zigzag stitches an undulating railed hem is obtained. bed linens. When felling.cribed. Now infold the two pieces of cloth as shown in Fig. 41248. ar letting it go forward.. Fig. With light ensian and medium-sized zigzag stitches. clean-edge lace borders are desired far sewing curtains. the double edge is covered with zigzag stitches. the rolled edge of the fabric remains even and smooth. 28 41242 Fig. and sewn to the top piece. 41242. 28). except for thin or elastic fabrics and knitted goods. 41246. is available at extra cost. and the projecting fabric cut off. 32. 32 29 . use the Place the two fabrics projects about 1/4” on pieces into the feller. By holding the lace back. Then guide the two just as when hemming. (Fig. Even hems (flg. 29). (Fig. 32) Fig. Special effects are obtained by using thread of different shades. No. especially desirable in the case of knitted silk goonds. if special. use the straight lock stitch. a special foot. 30) Even hems are sewn by using hemming foot. together so that the lower layer the right side. 30 1246 41248 41248 Fig. This curls the edge of the fabric under as the lace is sewn on. (Fig. Then the projecting edge of the fabric is folded under. fabric is then folded once. Na. or with the larger hemming foot. and once more guide the edge thus formed through the feller. flatten the seam. 23. In this manner. 31). lace bor ders can be shirred or sewn on flat. (Fig. 28 24. 31 Fig. which require a medium-sized zigzag stitch for good strong seams. The lower For felling. 29 felling foot No. Felling (Fig. opening of the fabric is made impossible.

use soft. inserting a fresh piece of fabric. It is helpful to use an embroidery ring in any convenient size. For darning.25. as shown in Fig. and fastening it with zigzag stitches. Raise the presser bar. 33 31 . we recommend cutting out the damaged pieces. place wire clamp (A) with its bent end around the shank of foot screw (13). and with the short end into hole (C) of the face plate. the thread tension is re-established. By lowering the presser bar lever. mercerized cotton No. (Fig. 40 to 80 depending on the thickness of the fabric. 33). 34 Fig. Embreidering and darning Remove the presser foot and lower the feed. 34 30 Fig. If large parts are to be mended.

to assure stitch is the appearance. is done with smaller zigzag stitches. just as if hemstitching by hand. 35 . The two edges threads have been drawn must now be sewn where the with narrow zigzag stitches. 36). or stand ing cotton. Hemsfifching (Fig. Embroidery yarn No. 3 ard sew or 5 can serve as cord. Fasten one end of the filler thread. 41319 with five grooves. The fabric can now be puckered together for uniform ruffling. All of these are available at a slight extra cost. Soft cording effects can be obtained by using a filler thread. to prevent the ruffling from be coming undone. 35). make sure that the same threads are covered. Covered cords Covered cords are made with the feed cover and cord guide No. may be used Crochet yarn No. 27. and tighten it after completing the sean. Ruffling Ruffling is done with the same type of cording men tioned above. The of stitch depends on the effect you wish to obtain. No. Pass the crochet yarn through the cording guide. with a medium zig-zag stitch. This. 41842. in addition to the cordin plate g foot. The opposite end of the cord must be fixed. and that the length of same as an the first edge. and place the fabric under the presser foot. For this work an embroidery a uniform ring is very useful. 28. 37) First draw the threads according to the pattern. (See Fig. sewing silk. 32 33 Fig. (as shown in Fig. length When sewing the second edge. Sew the cord on the line you have traced. 40.26. using the regular presser foot.

H Fig 36 34 1 Fig 37 35 .

Rolled hems Rolled hems are produced with the aid of sewing foot No. 40 31. the rolled hem described above is too thick. the making of a scalloped edge with edge stitcher No. The scalloped form of the hem is the result of the wide zigzag stitch sewn with firm tension.5 (Fig. 39). available at extra cost.29. 26862. This type of edging is used to prevent the unravelling of the plain cloth-edge. 41) Scalloped rolled hems on knitted goods are made with foot No. Fig. 46261 x 3. 36 32. The latter one is available at slight extra cost. 42) On neck pieces and lingerie straps of heavy knit goods.5 5 46261x Fig. Use small zigzag stitches to ensure a neat effect. Scalloped rolled hems (Fig. 41350 and the ruler with cording guide. 46261 x 1. 38 30. Scalloped edge (Fig. In this case. 46261x1. (Fig. No.d. 37 . 38). 39 Fig. Picof edging Picot edging is obtained by cutting the above hemstitched hem along the center. is re rommende.

To take apart and clean the hook .. Now the hook is timed. V. To remove the work 12 8. II. SettIng the Height of the Needle Bar Remove the face plate. Threading the needle 2. lv. Timing of Ihe Hook Set zigzag dial on Position 4 (widest stitch). To commence sewing 12 7. and lock the hook in position on the hook shaft. 38 39 . Turn hand wheel until needle bar is at lowest point.. Loosen needle-bar clamp lockscrew.. and at the lowest point.. To regulate the tension of the upper thread 13 9. and lock with needle-bar clamp lock-screw. Fig.. Loosen ‘the two lack-screws of the hook and take off base. To regulate the length of stitch 14 11. and push it towards the front of the machine until you’ve got a least 1/32” or more clearance between the base stop and the base. Bring the point of the hook around to the needle.6 1. To regulate the tension of the under thread 13 10.2. and lever (H) is set in center. Now the height of the needle bar is set.) 1... Lower needle-bar until the top of the eye of the needle is level with the top of the base of the hook. Ill. Turn hand wheel until needle bar is on extreme left. Useful hints 1 To oil and clean the machine 2 6 The needle Feeding . Bring the hook as close as possible to the needle without touching the needle. Make sure dial is set on zero.. and you con proceed with the timing of the hook. To replace bobbin case 11 6. To wind the bobbin 7 11 5. stop. Hold needle bar so that it does not move.. The Dial-A-Stitch 15 12. Mechanical Adjusiments (These are suggested only for those who have complete mechanical familiarity with the machine. To remove bobbin case 4. To set the needle 7 3. 42 Index I. Hold it there and turn hand wheel in direc tion of rotation (towards front of machine) until the top of the eye of the needle is approximately 1/32” below the bottom of the point of the hook. Replace base stop.

Felling 25. Running on lace 23. To lower the feed 17. Overedged hems 21. To egUlcite pressure of the presser foot 14. Buttonholes 19.13. 17 17 17 17 18 20 22 23 25 27 28 28 31 32 32 32 36 36 37 37 38 38 39 V. Applique work 22. Picot edging 30. Rolled hems 31. Mechanical adjustments 1. Scalloped edge . 7723 P 954 40 . Scalloped rolled hems 32. Setting the Height of the Needle Bar 2. Embroidering and darning 26. Ruffling 28. Adjusting the tension of the threod controller spring 15. Printed in Germany Nr. Covered cords 27. Hemstitching 29. Even hems 24. Timing of the Hook . . The needle 16. Ornamental seams 20. Sewing on buttons 18.

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