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Series and Sequences 1. Consider the infinite geometric series 405 + 270 + 180 +.... (a) (b) (c) 2. For this series, find the common ratio, giving your answer as a fraction in its simplest form. Find the fifteenth term of this series. Find the exact value of the sum of the infinite series.

(Total 6 marks)

A sum of $5000 is invested at a compound interest rate of 6.3% per annum. (a) (b) (c) Write down an expression for the value of the investment after n full years. What will be the value of the investment at the end of five years? The value of the investment will exceed $10000 after n full years, (i) (ii) Write down an inequality to represent this information. Calculate the minimum value of n.

(Total 6 marks)

3.

Let Sn be the sum of the first n terms of the arithmetic series 2 + 4 + 6 + . (a) Find (i) (ii) S4; S100.

(4)

1 2 0 1 . Let M =

(b)

(i)

Find M .

(ii)

1 6 0 1 3 . Show that M =

(5)

(4)

Write down M .

(3) (Total 16 marks)

1

4. (b)

(a) Find

Write down the first three terms of the sequence un = 3n, for n 1.

(1)

(i)

3n ;

n =1

20

(ii)

n = 21

3n

100

.

(5) (Total 6 marks)

5.

The first four terms of a sequence are 18, 54, 162, 486. (a) (b) Use all four terms to show that this is a geometric sequence.

(2)

(i) (ii)

Find an expression for the n term of this geometric sequence. If the n term of the sequence is 1062 882, find the value of n.

(4) (Total 6 marks)

th

th

Logarithms and Exponentials 6. (a) Let logc 3 = p and logc 5 = q. Find an expression in terms of p and q for (i) (ii) log c 15; log c 25.

(b)

(Total 6 marks)

7.

(a) (b)

Given that log3 x log3 (x 5) = log3 A, express A in terms of x. Hence or otherwise, solve the equation log3 x log3 (x 5) = 1.

(Total 6 marks)

8.

a b ln

(Total 6 marks)

3

(b)

9.

(Total 4 marks)

2x

Functions 10. Part of the graph of the function y = d (x m) + p is given in the diagram below. The x-intercepts are (1, 0) and (5, 0). The vertex is V(m, 2).

2

(a)

(Total 6 marks)

x

(b)

Find d.

11.

The functions f (x) and g (x) are defined by f (x) = e and g (x) = ln (1+ 2x). (a) (b) (ii) Write down f (i) Find ( f g)

1

1

(x).

(Total 6 marks)

12.

The population of a city at the end of 1972 was 250 000. The population increases by 1.3% per year. (a) (b) Write down the population at the end of 1973. Find the population at the end of 2002.

(Total 6 marks)

13.

The following diagram shows part of the graph of f (x) = 5 x with vertex V (0, 5).

h Its image y = g (x) after a translation with vector k has vertex T (3, 6).

(a)

(2)

(2)

(2) (Total 6 marks)

14.

A city is concerned about pollution, and decides to look at the number of people using taxis. At the end of the year 2000, there were 280 taxis in the city. After n years the number of taxis, T, in the city is given by T = 280 1.12 . (a) (ii) (i) Find the number of taxis in the city at the end of 2005.

n

Find the year in which the number of taxis is double the number of taxis there were at the end of 2000.

(6)

(b)

At the end of 2000 there were 25 600 people in the city who used taxis. After n years the number of people, P, in the city who used taxis is given by

(i) (ii) Find the value of P at the end of 2005, giving your answer to the nearest whole number. After seven complete years, will the value of P be double its value at the end of 2000? Justify your answer.

(6)

(c)

Let R be the ratio of the number of people using taxis in the city to the number of taxis. The city will reduce the number of taxis if R < 70. (i) Find the value of R at the end of 2000.

5

(ii)

After how many complete years will the city first reduce the number of taxis?

(5) (Total 17 marks)

15.

x+4

, x 4 and g (x) = x , x

1

(x).

1

.

(Total 6 marks)

x + 9. Consider y = sin

16.

(a)

The graph of y intersects the x-axis at point A. Find the x-coordinate of A, where 0 x .

x + 1 9 = 2 , for 0 x 2. Solve the equation sin

(Total 6 marks)

(b)

17.

(Total 6 marks)

18.

The following diagram shows a sector of a circle of radius r cm, and angle at the centre. The perimeter of the sector is 20 cm.

(a) (b)

20 2r r . Show that =

The area of the sector is 25 cm . Find the value of r.

(Total 6 marks)

2

19.

The diagram below shows a circle of radius 5 cm with centre O. Points A and B are on the circle, and AOB is 0.8 radians. The point N is on [OB] such that [AN] is perpendicular to [OB]. A 5 O

0

c m

. 8

(Total 6 marks)

20.

5 If A is an obtuse angle in a triangle and sin A = 13 , calculate the exact value of sin 2A.

(Total 4 marks)

21. (b)

(a)

2

0 x 90.

(Total 4 marks)

7

22.

The following diagram shows a triangle ABC, where ACB is 90, AB = 3, AC = 2 and BAC is .

(a)

(b) (c)

(Total 6 marks)

23.

(a) (b) Write down an expression for f (x) in the form a sin 6x, where a is an integer. Solve f (x) = 0, giving your answers in terms of .

(Total 6 marks)

24.

(a) Consider the equation 4x + kx + 1 = 0. For what values of k does this equation have two equal roots?

(3)

Let f be the function f ( ) = 2 cos 2 + 4 cos + 3, for 360 360. (b) (c) Show that this function may be written as f ( ) = 4 cos + 4 cos + 1. Consider the equation f ( ) = 0, for 360 360. (i) (ii) How many distinct values of cos satisfy this equation? Find all values of which satisfy this equation.

(5)

2

(1)

(d)

25.

The diagram below shows triangle PQR. The length of [PQ] is 7 cm, the length of [PR] is 10 cm, and PQR is 75.

(a)

Find PQR.

(3)

(b)

(3) (Total 6 marks)

Matrices

3 x 2

26.

1 x 1 3 1 4 and B = Let A =

(a)

Find AB.

20 The matrix C = 28 and 2AB = C. Find the value of x.

(Total 6 marks)

(b)

27.

(Total 4 marks)

28.

0 2 2 0 . Let A =

(a)

(4)

2 1

p 2 0 q . Let B =

(b) (c)

(3)

Hence find A B.

(2) (2)

(d) Let X be a 2 2 matrix such that AX = B. Find X. 1 3 1 2 2 1 1 5 3 29. (a) Write down the inverse of the matrix A = (b) Hence solve the simultaneous equations x 3y + z = 1 2x + 2y z = 2 x 5y + 3z = 3

(Total 6 marks)

Statistics 30. The histogram below represents the ages of 270 people in a village.

(a)

Use the histogram to complete the table below. Age range 0 age < 20 20 age < 40 40 age < 60 60 age < 80 Frequency 40 Mid-interval value 10

80 age 100

(2)

(b)

(4) (Total 6 marks)

31.

The 45 students in a class each recorded the number of whole minutes, x, spent doing experiments on Monday. The results are x = 2230. (a) Find the mean number of minutes the students spent doing experiments on Monday.

Two new students joined the class and reported that they spent 37 minutes and 30 minutes respectively. (b) Calculate the new mean including these two students.

(Total 6 marks)

32.

The cumulative frequency graph below shows the heights of 120 girls in a school. 1 1 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 5 10 5 1 5 6 10 6 1 5 7 10 7 1 5 8 10 8 H (a) Using the graph (i) (ii) write down the median; find the interquartile range.

11

1 1 1 9 C u m u la tiv e fre q u e n c y 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

5 e t r e s

e i g

i n

c e n

t i m

(b)

Given that 60% of the girls are taller than a cm, find the value of a.

(Total 6 marks)

Probability 33. A box contains 22 red apples and 3 green apples. Three apples are selected at random, one after the other, without replacement. (a) (b) The first two apples are green. What is the probability that the third apple is red? What is the probability that exactly two of the three apples are red?

(Total 6 marks)

34.

7 . The probability that he will be woken by his alarm clock is 8 1 . If he is woken by his alarm clock the probability he will be late for school is 4 3 . If he is not woken by his alarm clock the probability he will be late for school is 5

Let W be the event Dumisani is woken by his alarm clock. Let L be the event Dumisani is late for school.

(a)

L L

(4)

(b) (c)

Calculate the probability that Dumisani will be late for school. (3) Given that Dumisani is late for school what is the probability that he was woken by his alarm clock?

(4) (Total 11 marks)

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