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VOCABULARY. VERB GET. Meanings and examples with get a) understand = I didnt get the joke. b) become = In Iceland it doesnt get dark until about 11 or 12 oclock in the summer. C) achieve = I got a B in my maths exam. d) suffer from(an illness) = she always gets hay fever in the summer. e) make (someone do something) = I can never get my younger daughter to eat any fruit f) arrive = what time did you get here? g) buy = Were getting a new washing machine next week.

PASSIVES Use We use the passive 1 when we dont know who or what is responsible for the action. My bike was stolen last week. 2 for stylistics reasons, especially to allow the main focus on the sentence to be the subject of the verb. The saxophone is quite a modern instrument. It was invented around 1840 by Adophe Sax and has since become an essential part of jazz and popular music. Tenses The tense of a passive construction is determined by the tense of the verb be Most childrens toys are made in china (present simple) This shirt was bought in Italy (past simple)

By August, the roof had been repaired but the windows were still being replaced. (past perfect, past continuous) The film will be shown at cinemas next month. (future simple) Verbs with two objects 1 With verbs that often have two objects (give, offer own, award, tell, send, teach, etc.) either object can become the subject of a passive sentence. Jack was given the prize for best costume. The prize for best costume was given to jack. Nb It is more common for the indirect object (usually a person) to be the subject of the passive sentence. 2 If we include agent, we usually put it at the end of the sentence She was offered a new job in the company by her boss. Passive with know, believe, think, etc. 1 verbs like know, believe and think are often used in passive constructions, especially in formal language, and are followed by an infinitive At that time, the world was thought to be flat. 2 if the sentence refers to a current belief about a past event, we use the present simple passive followed by a perfect infinitive (to have done something) Beethoven is known to have suffered from lead poisoning. (But that wasnt known at the time). 3 we can use also an impersonal construction with it + passive. At that time, it was thought that the world was flat. It is known that Beethoven suffered from lead poisoning. Passive infinitive and ing form 1 We can use passive infinitives (to) be done, (to) have been done in a similar way to other infinitives, for example, as part of a verb pattern or after most modal verbs. This watch can be worn underwater. Mobile phones must not be used on flights. Some passenger pretended to have been injured in order to claim insurance.

2 we can use passive ing forms being done, having been done in a similar way to other ing forms. Many celebrities do not enjoy being photographed. She denied having been given the documents. Having been identified by witnesses, the suspect was arrested and charged. Structures + be + VPP. El verbo Be esta conjugado segn el tiempo. Present simple Past simple Future simple Present continous Past continous Future continous Present perfect simple Past perfect simple Future perfect simple Present perfect continous Past perfect continous Future perfect continuos Is, are Was, were Will be Is being Was being Will being Have been Had been Wil have been Have been being Had been being Will have been being

+ modal verb + passive infinitive This film + can + be seen at cinemas all over the country.



that clause

it + was believed + that 50% of all street crime

+ passive + infinitive Mobile phones + are thought + to have been stolen

PHRASAL VERBS WITH GET Get at = criticize - Give me a break, will you? you`re always criticizing me

Get down = depress - What really depresses me about winter is the long cold evenings Get in = arrive What time does your flight arrive? Get on = grow older Granddads getting very forgetful. Well, hes getting older, isnt he? Get out of = avoid How did you avoid going to that dreadful party? Get through = use We have used six litres of milk since your parents arrived. Get up to = reach Which page have you reached in the book youre reading.

VOCABULARY Informal phrasal verbs and more formal synonym Leave out = omit Lock somebody up = imprison somebody Speed up = accelerate Send back = return Ask for = request Work out = calculate Get out of = vacate Find out = discover Turn down = reject Bring up = raise Set off = departed Run into = encountered Hold up-hold sb up = delay Hang on = wait Send in = submitted Fill in = complete (a form) Own up = confess

Make up = invent Make off = escape

VOCABULARY WORKBOOK algunos pueden separarse eg. Pick up my jacket Pick my jacket up Phrasal verbs Pick up = go for it Let down = disappoint Sum up = summarize Run after = chase Come across = encounter Call off = cancel Stand by = support Ask for = request Bring up = raise children Bring up = mention Carry on = continue Cut off = disconnect Turn on = attack BODY MOVEMENT Blink - parpadear Clap - aplaudir Click your fingers chasquear los dedos Duck - esquivar Gasp jadear, respirar Shiver escalofrio, temblar de miedo Sight - suspirar

Stamp patear en el suelo Wave decir adios con la mano, agitar, olear. COLLOCATIONS Suspicious of Add up Keep in touch Be on the internet Switch to