Advanced Placement United States History Unit I: The Colonial Era (1607-1763) Objective Questions Directions: Each
of the questions or statements below is followed by four or five suggested answers or completions. Select the one that is BEST in each case and place what you think is the correct letter on the answer sheet provided. 1. A central theme of the Puritan Ethic is its emphasis on: (A) world economic dependency on the institution of slavery. (B) the mobility of America's class structure. (C) the damaging effects of slavery on the South's economy. (D) patriotism and the glorification of the American nation. (E) hard work, thrift, and sobriety as signs of election. 2. In colonial America the enlightened view that reason can solve humanity's problems helps explain the: (A) early growth of New England education. (B) eighteenth century belief in Deism. (C) lack of public libraries. (D) Puritan and Quaker attitudes toward slavery. (E) curriculum of higher education. 3. The competition for North American territory was a major cause of: (A) the Mexican-American War. (B) the French and Indian War. (C) the Revolutionary War. (D) the Civil War. (E) the War of 1812. 4. To promote public libraries and the study of philosophy in colonial America was a major objective of the: (A) Moravian Community in colonial Pennsylvania. (B) Knickerbocker magazine of the 1840's. (C) Rappites and Shakers. (D) American Phrenological Journal in the 1840's. *(E) Philadelphia Junto Club. 5. A major objective of the New England Transcendentalists was to: (A) expand humanity's vision of itself by stressing individual initiative. (B) subject the community to the moral and political leadership of a few. (C) promote the ideals of economic and political equality. (D) raise the public's consciousness concerning the immorality of slavery. (E) promote public awareness of the bad effects of alcohol by urging sobriety. 6. Who among the following was the first to circumnavigate the world, although he died on route? (A) Juan Ponce de Leon. (B) Francisco Vasquez de Coronado (C) Giovanni da Verrazano (D) Hernando de Soto (E) Ferdinand Magellan 7. All of the following are characteristics of the Puritans EXCEPT: (A) a belief in hard work, sobriety, and material success.
(B) a respect for education. (C) a belief that intellectual leadership is supplied by the clergy. (D) a disbelief in Democracy. (E) a toleration of other religious beliefs. 8. A central objective of John Rolfe was: (A) to encourage centralization and cooperation. (B) to increase the wealth of the mother country. (C) to keep the colonies friendly. (D) to develop the fur trade. (E) to encourage the Virginia tobacco crop. 9. During colonial times, the Congregationalists settled in: (A) Pennsylvania. (B) New York. (C) New Jersey. (D) New England. (E) Maryland. 10. A central objective of the early New England Puritan leadership was to: (A) establish religious liberty for all. (B) eliminate the use of alcohol and tobacco. (C) eliminate any distinction between church and state. (D) reproduce the ecclesiastical structure of the Church of England. (E) establish the moral authority of the community over individual self-interest.. 11. A region near a bay is called the: (A) fall line. (B) Great Divide. (C) tidewater. (D) Appalachians. (E) Piedmont. 12. All of the following were religious leaders during colonial times EXCEPT: (A) William Ellery Channing. (B) Benjamin Rush. (C) John Woolman. (D) Cotton Mather. (E) George Whitefield. 13. A tidewater refers to: (A) a plain in the eastern region of the United States. (B) an area where the directional flow of rivers changes. (C) the major eastern mountain range. (D) a region near a bay. (E) the navigability of rivers. 14. Who among the following discovered Florida while searching for the legendary "Fountain of Youth?" (A) Francisco Vasquez de Coronado (B) Juan Ponce de Leon * (C) Ferdinand Magellan (D) Giovanni da Verranzano (E) Hernando de Soto 15. The First Great Awakening was: (A) a religious revival that occurred throughout the American colonies. (B) a slave rebellion in colonial South Carolina.
(D) restrict immigration from England. (B) It was the first case in which Europeans enslaved Blacks. (C) successfully resisted incorporation into the English furtrading system. but not Catholics. (B) The discovery of the Northwest Passage. Which of the following MOST ACCURATELY describes the attitude of seventeenth century Puritans toward religious liberty? (A) Having suffered persecution in England. 19. (E) The Battle of Austerlitz. (D) Descent from Asian peoples. Benjamin Franklin's advice to eighteenth century American colonists that hard work and thrift would lead them to wealth was an appropriate formula for the time because: (A) taxes on income were needed by the government to raise revenues. (C) They tolerated all Protestant sects. (C) most people of the period were unusually gullible and thus easily motivated by slogans and proverbs. (E) formed the most important Native American political organization to confront the colonists. 16. (B) land scarcity and a rapidly growing population seriously curtailed economic opportunities. (D) formal education and specialized skills were less necessary to economic success than they would later become. (C) ignore the colonies. 20. (D) The munitions industry in England's Atlantic Seaboard colonies. 23. but not Quakers. (E) intuition rather than reason leads human beings to an awareness of the divine. as blacks displaced white indentured servants in the tobacco fields. (C) Rotation of agricultural crops. (D) the universe was created by a natural. (B) Domestication of wild horses. (B) prayer has the power to make significant changes in a person's life. (D) the subordination of the colonial economy to that of the mother country. According to a current widely accepted hypothesis . (D) It first occurred after the invention of Eli Whitney's cotton gin. (D) were converted to Anglicanism. (E) It spread rapidly in the late seventeenth century. The French and Indian War was a pivotal point in America's relationship to Great Britain because it led Great Britain to: (A) encourage colonial manufactures. 17. (C) the idea of God is merely the childish imagining of simple minds. (C) It fulfilled the original plans of the Virginia Company. spontaneous combining of elements. (B) The tolerated no one whose expressed religious views varied from their own views.(C) an eighteenth century religious movement among Native Americans (Indians) dedicated to reaffirming traditional values. govern the operation of the universe. Deists of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries believed that: (A) natural laws. (B) all allied themselves with the American colonists against Great Britain during the Revolutionary War. (B) impose revenue taxes on the colonies. In the creation of which of the following colonies was commercial profit the first and foremost motive? (A) Connecticut (B) Maryland (C) Virginia (D) Pennsylvania (E) Rhode Island 24. (E) Mining of gold and silver. (E) noncompetitive commercial relations among nations. The mercantilist system in the eighteenth century led to: (A) the restriction of governmental intervention in the economy. which of the following was common to all of the native peoples of North and South America before 1492? (A) Accurate astronomical calendars.
21. Great Britain's conquest of French North America was facilitated by which of the following? (A) The large number of English-speaking settlers in Canada. they extended toleration to everyone. (C) the expansion of colonial manufacturing. (E) grant increased colonial self-government. (E) an early colonial protest against English imperial policy. 25. (D) the flowering of Enlightment political thought in colonial America.
Advanced Placement United States History Unit I: "The Colonial Era (1607-1763) Essay Questions
. (B) the protection of Native Americans (Indians) from European economic exploitations. 18. (E) They had no coherent views on religious liberty. (C) The thin settlement of France's North American colonies. (E) legal restraints on the inheritance of wealth were increasing. Which of the following is a correct statement about the use of slave labor in colonial Virginia? (A) It was forced on reluctant white Virginians by profitminded English merchants and the mercantilist officials of the Crown. which greatly stimulated the demand for low-cost labor. set by the Creator. (D) They tolerated Catholics. The tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy were distinctive in that they: (A) were less militant than other Native American (Indian) tribes. 22.
the discovery of (of America) also advanced man's spiritual prospects as well. 14. 30 minutes on the "body" of the essay.." Assess the validity of this statement.. 11..New England.. 15. 3. You will have 45 minutes to complete this part of the test so use your time wisely!!! You should spend 7 minutes on the "outline". "The intellectual life of colonial America was shaped more by the social and physical environment than by the ideas of contemporary European thinkers. scattered like a broken string of beads between the wide Atlantic and the trackless Appalachian forests. From 1689 to 1763 several European nations vied for control of the North American continent. events.. a climate was developing wherein intellectuals and scientists were responding to a new view of man and the world.. Be sure to cite relevant historical evidence to substantiate your generalizations and to illustrate your answer. where they could not only enjoy their own religion." Assess the validity of this statement. 1." Assess the validity of this statement.account for the differences in the colonial way of life in these three areas."
. Americans were constantly being affected by events both in the Old World and in the New. 7...
9." Assess the validity of this statement. 4.. "The Puritans nobly fled from a land of despotism to a land of freedom. Most major religious movements reflect shifts in religious beliefs and produce important social changes. Use information from the supplementary reading where appropriate. 4 minutes on the "introduction". while restricting colonial economic development. "The colonial wars fought between the British and the French for domination of the North American continent created a sense of national spirit among the British colonies and created the basis for later unity. Evaluate the role of each of the following in shaping American views toward England in the mid-18th century: (A) The Enlightenment (B) The French and Indian War (C) Mercantilist Laws 13. In the seventeenth-century." Assess the validity of this statement. Apply this generalization to TWO of the following: (A) 17th century Puritanism (B) The First Great Awakening (C) The Second Great Awakening 10. Make certain to show a "relationship" between the "crux" of this question and some other time period in America history (consensus) in you conclusion. but prevent everybody else from enjoying his." Assess the validity of this statement. 2. allowed colonial life to develop unhampered by the Mother Country. or movements in American religion during this time period." Assess the validity of this statement. To what extent and why did religious toleration increase in the American colonies during the 17th and 18th centuries? Answer with reference to THREE individuals. 6. "The geographical conditions of the three major areas of English settlement in America -.Directions: Answer the following question based upon the criteria established in evaluating essays. Why did England win the struggle? 8. "Until 1763 Britain exerted control over the American colonies more by economic measures than by political measures. and 4 minutes on the "conclusion". "Before 1763 British mercantilist policy. "The European backgrounds of the colonists played a larger role than the environment and the peculiar problems of the New World in shaping American character during the colonial period. and to what extent were these aspirations fulfilled during the seventeenth-century? Assess the validity of this statement. 5. "Besides unleashing a series of events that improved man's material prospects.. and the South -." Assess the validity of this statement." Assess the validity of this statement. New England Puritans tried to create a model society. What were their aspirations. "While most American colonists of the mid-18th century were little interested in intellectual affairs. 12. the Middle Colonies. "Seemingly isolated in their remote communities.