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SEKOLAH MENENGAH KEBANGSAAN SRI UTAMA Science Form 3 March Test 2012 1 Hour Name: Class: Instructions: Question

1 to Question 20 are followed by four options A, B, C and D. Choose the best option for each question. Mark your answers on the answer sheet provided. 1. Figure 1 shows the human respiratory system/Rajah 1 menunjukkan sistem pernafasan manusia. 3. Figure 2 shows a human respiratory system/Rajah 2 menunjukkan sistem pernafasan manusia. S P Q R Figure 1/Rajah 1 Which of the following is part of the human respiratory system?/Yang manakah antara berikut sebahagian daripada sistem pernafasan manusia? A Kidney/Buah pinggang B Stomach/Perut C Lungs/Paru-paru D Heart/Jantung 2. Oxyhaemoglobin is formed when haemoglobin combines with oxygen. Which of the following describes the above statement?/Oksihemoglobin terbentuk apabila hemoglobin bergabung dengan oksigen. Yang manakah antara berikut menggambarkan pernyataan di atas? A Oxygen reacts with haemoglobin/Oksigen bertindak balas dengan hemoglobin B Oxygen joins with haemoglobin/ Oksigen bergabung dengan hemoglobin C Oxygen dissolves in haemoglobin/ Oksigen melarut dalam hemoglobin D Oxygen separates from haemoglobin/ Oksigen berpisah daripada hemoglobin
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Figure 2/Rajah 2 Which of the following represents the flow of air from the lungs to the atmosphere? Yang manakah antara berikut mewakili aliran udara dari paru-paru ke atmosfera? A B C D R R S S P Q P T Q P T P T S Q Q S T R R

4. Nicotine and tar found in cigarette smoke can cause cancer. These substances are known as /Nikotin dan tar yang terdapat di dalam asap rokok boleh menyebabkan kanser. Bahan-bahan ini dikenali sebagai A detergent/detergen B preservative/pengawet C pollutant/ pencemar D carcinogen/karsinogen 5. Figure 3 shows the transportation of oxygen from blood capillary into the body cells/Rajah menunjukkan pengangkutan oksigen dari kapilari darah ke dalam sel-sel badan.

Body cell Sel badan

P, Q, R and S adalah proses-proses yang berlaku apabila oksigen memasuki kapilari darah. P - The oxygen diffuses into the body cells P - Oksigen meresap ke dalam sel-sel badan Q - Oxygen combines with haemoglobin in the red blood cells to form oxyhaemoglobin Q - Oksigen bergabung dengan hemoglobin dalam sel darah merah untuk membentuk oksihemoglobin R - Oxygenated blood is transported to the body cells R - Darah beroksigen diangkut ke sel-sel badan S - The oxygenated blood reaches the body cells, oxyhaemoglobin decomposes to release oxygen S - Darah beroksigen sampai ke sel-sel badan, oksihemoglobin terurai untuk membebaskan oksigen Which of the following is the correct sequence of the processes?/Yang manakah antara berikut adalah turutan proses yang betul? A B C D P R Q S Q Q R Q R S S R S P P P

Blood capillary Kapilari darah

Red blood cell Sel darah merah

Figure 3/Rajah 3 Name the process represented by the arrows/Namakan proses yang diwakili oleh anak panah tersebut A Combustion/Pembakaran B Respiration/Respirasi C Diffusion/Resapan D Oxidation/Pengoksidaan 6. Which physical change does not occur during exhalation?/Yang manakah perubahan fizikal yang tidak berlaku semasa hembusan nafas? A Thoracic cavity become smaller/ Rongga toraks menjadi lebih kecil B Rib cage move downwards and inwards/Sangkar rusuk bergerak ke bawah dan ke dalam C Diaphragm moves up/ Diafram bergerak ke atas D Diaphragm moves down/Diafram bergerak ke bawah 7. Diseases that can be prevented by not smoking are /Penyakit-penyakit yang boleh dielakkan dengan tidak merokok adalah A Bronchitis and asthma/Bronkitis and asma B Emphysema and pneumonia/Emfisema and pneumonia C Lung cancer and Bronchitis/Kanser paruparu dan bronkitis D Asthma and influenza/Asma dan influenza 8. P, Q, R and S are the processes that take place when oxygen enters the blood capillaries.
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9. Which of the following is a factor which speeds up the gaseous exchange in the lungs?/Yang manakah antara berikut adalah salah satu faktor yang mempercepatkan pertukaran gas di dalam paru-paru? I There are thousands of alveoli in the lungs I Terdapat beribu-ribu alveolus di dalam paru-paru II The total surface area of alveoli is small II Jumlah luas permukaan alveolus-alveolus adalah kecil III There is a rich network of capillaries in the alveoli III Terdapat banyak jaringan kapilari di dalam alveolus A I and II only/I dan II sahaja B I and III only/ I dan III sahaja C II and III only/II dan III sahaja D I, II and III/I, II dan III

10. During gaseous exchange in the alveolus, the diffusion process involves/Semasa pertukaran gas di dalam alveolus, proses resapan melibatkan I the flow of oxygen from the blood capillaries into the alveolus I aliran oksigen dari kapilari darah ke dalam alveolus II the flow of carbon dioxide from the alveolus into the blood capillaries II aliran karbon dioksida dari alveolus ke dalam kapilari darah III the flow of oxygen from the alveolus into the blood capillaries III aliran oksigen dari alveolus ke dalam kapilari darah IV the flow of carbon dioxide from the blood capillaries into the alveolus IV aliran karbon dioksida dari kapilari darah ke dalam alveolus A I and II/I dan II B II and III/II dan III C III and IV/III dan IV D I, II, III and IV/I, II, III dan IV 11. The heart pumps blood to all parts of the body. What is the function of the heart?/Jantung mengepam darah ke semua bahagian badan. Apakah fungsi jantung? A Sends blood to all parts of the body/Menghantar darah ke seluruh bahagian badan B Produces blood to be used by the body/Menghasilkan darah untuk digunakan oleh badan C Destroys the blood cell used by the body/Memusnahkan sel darah yang digunakan oleh badan D Increases the quantity of blood in the body/Menambahkan kuantiti darah dalam badan 12. Blood that flows in the arteries has a high concentration of oxygen and a low concentration of carbon dioxide. It is referred to as/Darah yang mengalir di dalam arteri-arteri mempunyai kepekatan oksigen yang tinggi dan
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kepekatan karbon dioksida yang rendah. Ini merujuk kepada A deoxygenated blood/darah terdeoksigen B oxygenated blood/darah beroksigen C white blood cell/sel darah putih D blood plasma/plasma darah 13. The blood travels from the heart to all parts of the body, and then back to the heart is known as/ Darah yang mengalir dari jantung ke seluruh bahagian badan, kemudian balik ke jantung dikenali sebagai A Systemic circulation/Peredaran sistemik B Pulmonary circulation/Peredaran pulmonari C Body circulation/Pengaliran badan D Body coordination/Koordinasi badan 14. Blood group A can receive blood from blood group A and O/Kumpulan darah A boleh menerima darah daripada kumpulan darah A dan O Blood group B can receive blood from blood group B and O/Kumpulan darah B boleh menerima darah daripada kumpulan darah B dan O Siti is of blood group AB. The possible blood group donor for Siti is/Siti adalah kumpulan darah AB. Kumpulan penderma darah yang mungkin bagi Siti ialah A AB only/AB sahaja B AB and O/AB dan O C A, B and O/A, B dan O D A, B, AB and O/A, B, AB dan O 15. What is the substance that is transported by phloem to all parts of the plants?/Apakah bahan yang diangkut oleh floem ke seluruh bahagian tumbuhan? A Water/Air B Mineral salts/Garam mineral C Glucose/Glukosa D Urea/Urea

16. The figure shows the structure of a stoma of a plant/Rajah menunjukkan struktur stoma bagi sejenis tumbuhan

18. The figure shows the structure of human kidney/Rajah menunjukkan struktur buah pinggang manusia.

P Q R

Figure 4/Rajah 4

X Figure 5/Rajah 5 P Medulla Medula Pelvis Pelvis Cortex Korteks Medulla Medula Q Pelvis Pelvis Cortex Korteks Medulla Medula Cortex Korteks R Cortex Korteks Medulla Medula Pelvis Pelvis Pelvis Pelvis

Which of the following waste products are excreted through X?/Yang manakah antara hasil-hasil buangan berikut dikumuhkan melalui X? I Urea/Urea II Water/Air III Oxygen/Oksigen IV Carbon dioxide/Karbon dioksida A I, II and III/ I, II dan III B I, II and IV/ I, II dan IV C I, III and IV /I, III dan IV D II, III and IV/ II, III dan IV 17. Why is excretion important?/Mengapakah perkumuhan penting? I To controls our body temperature I Untuk mengawal suhu badan II To help to maintain our body glucose content II Membantu mengekalkan kandungan glukosa dalam badan III Controls the pH of our blood III Mengawal pH darah kita IV Controls the concentration of our blood IV Mengawal kepekatan darah kita A I and II/ I dan II B I and III/ I dan III C II and III/ II dan III D III and IV/ III dan IV

A B C D

19. Which of the following excretory products of plants can be used to make ink?/Antara hasil perkumuhan berikut, yang manakah boleh digunakan untuk membuat dakwat? A Opium/ Opium B Resin/Damar C Latex/Lateks D Tannin/Tanin 20. Name two waste products that are poisonous from plants/Namakan dua hasil buangan yang beracun dari tumbuhan I Opium/Opium II Urea/Urea III Cocaine/Kokain IV Mercury/Merkuri A I and II/I dan II B I and III/I dan III C II and III/II dan III D III and IV/III dan IV

Section B/Bahagian B [20 marks/markah] Answer all questions. 1. The diagram shows an experiment carried out to investigate the effects of smoking. A filter pump is used to draw the cigarette smoke through the apparatus. Rajah menunjukkan satu eksperimen yang dijalankan untuk menyiasat kesan merokok. Satu pam penuras digunakan untuk menghisap asap rokok melalui radas. Thermometer Termometer Cigarette Rokok U-tube Tiub- U Cotton wool Kapas Rubber tube Tiub getah To filter pump Ke pam turas Delivery tube Tiub penghantar Bicarbonate indicator solution/Larutan penunjuk bikarbonat Figure 6/Rajah 6 a) What is the aim of this investigation? Apakah tujuan penyiasatan ini? ____________________________________________________________________________ [2 marks/markah] b) Describe the changes that can be observed for each of the following at the end of the investigation. Nyatakan perubahan yang dapat diperhatikan bagi setiap yang berikut di akhir penyiasatan ini. i) Cotton wool/ Kapas: _________________________________________________________ ii) Temperature/ Suhu: __________________________________________________________ iii) Bicarbonate indicator/ Penunjuk bikarbonat: ______________________________________ [3 marks/markah] c) State one inference based on the observation in (b)? Nyatakan satu inferens berdasarkan pemerhatian di (b)? ______________________________________________________________________________ [2 marks/markah] d) State three compounds in a cigarette that are harmful to humans health. Nyatakan tiga bahan dalam rokok yang memberi kesan buruk kepada kesihatan manusia. 1. _______________________________________________________________________ 2. _______________________________________________________________________ 3. _______________________________________________________________________ [3 marks/ markah]
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2.

Figure 6 shows a system in the human body. Rajah 6 menunjukkan sistem dalam badan manusia.

X:

Y: Z:

Figure 7/ Rajah 7 a) On Figure 7, name the parts labelled X, Y and Z by using the following words. Pada Rajah 7, namakan bahagian berlabel X, Y dan Z menggunakan perkataan berikut. Lung/Peparu Urinary bladder/Pundi kencing Kidney/Buah pinggang [3 marks/markah] b) Name the system shown in Figure 7. Namakan sistem yang ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 6. ______________________________________________________________ [1 mark/markah] c) Name another organ that excretes waste products from the body. Namakan satu organ lain yang menyingkirkan bahan buangan dari badan. ________________________________________________________________ [1 mark/markah] d) Complete the flow chart below to show the correct pathway for the removal of urea from the blood. Lengkapkan carta alir di bawah untuk menunjukkan laluan yang betul untuk penyingkiran urea dari darah. Ureter/Ureter [3 marks/markah] e) State two functions of kidneys. Nyatakan dua fungsi buah pinggang. 1. _________________________________________________________________________

2. __________________________________________________________________________ [2 marks/markah]

ANSWER SHEET FOR OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D=

-End of paperGood Luck

Prepared by, ________________ Pn Hasnira Bt Ismail

Checked by, ________________ ( Pn Asmiza Bt Ahmad) Head Science Department

Approved by, __________________ (Pn Ong Soon Moi) Head of Math and Science

SKEMA JAWAPAN Objective Questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =A= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =B= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =C= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D= =D=

Section B 1. a) To investigate the effects of smoking on the humans respiratory system. b) Turns brownish or yellow-black c) Increases d) Changes from red to yellow or turns yellow e) Solid particles present in cigarette smoke are trapped by cotton wool or Acidic gases present in the cigarette have changed the colour of the bicarbonate solution or Cigarette smoke is hot. f) 1. Tar 2. Nicotine 3. Carbon monoxide 2. a) X Lung Y Kidney b) Excretory system c) Skin d) Kidney Ureter Urinary bladder Urethra Z Urinary bladder

e) 1. Control the balance of water and mineral salts in the body. 2. Control the level of glucose in blood. 3. Maintain the pH of the blood. 4. Eliminate waste products.