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SPENDING DISADVANTAGE
1NC Shell………………………………………………………………………………….. ……… 2-3

2NC Uniqueness Wall…………………………………………………………………………….. 4-5
- ext #1 – Paygo…………………………………………………………………………………… 6
- ext #4 – election………………………………………………………………………………….. 7

2NC Link Wall…………………………………………………………………………………….. 8-9
- riders ext…………………………………………………………………………………. ……….10
Alternative Energy Links (generic) ……………………………………………………………….. 11
Emissions Cuts**……………………………………………………………………………………12
Ethanol……………………………………………………………………………………………… 13
Hydrogen…………………………………………………………………………………………… 14
Nuke Power………………………………………………………………………………………... 15
Production Tax Credits**…………………………………………………………………………...16
RPS…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 17
Wind…………………………………………………………………………………………………18

a2 Normal Means = Offsets……………………………………………………………………... 19-20
- Bush Veto Proves…………………………………………………………………………………. 21

2NC Internal Link Wall – Spending Snowballs………………………………………………… 22-24

Disad Turns the Case
Economic Decline Jacks Renewables Development………………………………………………. 25-26
Economic Decline Jacks Environment.……………………………………………………………. 27

AFF
Spending 2AC ……………………………………….……………………………………………. 28
- ext #1 – Normal Means = Paygo………………………………………………………………… 29
- ext #2 – a2 Blue Dogs…………………………………………………………………………… 30
a2 Offshore Drilling Rider…………………………..…………………………………………….. 31
NM = Offsets (PTC specific) ………………………..…………………………………………….. 32

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A. UNIQUENESS –
Congress is on track for balanced budget by 2012 – the 09 budget requires all initiatives abide by
PayGo requirements
SNS 6-5-08. (“Final Budget Resolution Reflects Blue Dog Priorities”, State News Service, lexis)
Today, members of the fiscally conservative Democratic Blue Dog Coalition applauded Budget Committee leaders in
both the House and Senate for working together to successfully reach agreement on a fiscally responsible, PAYGO
compliant FY '09 budget conference report. Over the past several months, Blue Dog members have worked extensively with Chairman
Spratt and Chairman Conrad to ensure that the measure meets strict standards of fiscal discipline, including a firm
commitment to the extension of statutory PAYGO requirements and the elimination of wasteful government spending.
"With the Blue Dogs' leadership, we have adopted a fiscally responsible budget that complies with PAYGO, reaches
balance by 2012 and eliminates wasteful spending," said Congressman Dennis Moore (D-KS), Blue Dog Co-Chair for Policy.
"Putting together a budget that addresses our country's needs and priorities is often a difficult task, but we should not let this deter us from our
efforts to restore fiscal discipline as a priority of Congress after years of mismanagement."

B. LINK –
Plan represents a break from offsets, allowing for runaway spending
Friel 6-14-08. (Brian, Management Matters columnist for Government Executive, “Dog Days”, The
National Journal, lexis)
Blue Dogs have made "pay-as-you-go" budgeting their central plank in this Congress. Creating a mandatory
program like the education aid for veterans without a corresponding budget offset would add considerably to the
federal debt and clearly violate their chief tenet: imposing more fiscal discipline on runaway government spending.

Specifically, alternative energy incentives require massive increases in spending
Taylor 02. (Jerry, director of natural resource studies, “Evaluating the Case for Renewable Energy,”
CATO Institute, Jan 10, http://www.cato.org/pubs/pas/pa422.pdf)
The EIA reported that energy subsidies in fiscal year 1999 totaled $4 billion.71 The oil industry received $312 million,72 the coal
industry received $489 million, and the natural gas industry received $1.2 billion (almost all of which was a tax credit for
the production of alternative fuels, primarily gas from tight sands and coalbed methane).73 Renewable energy was the recipient of $1.1
billion in subsidies in 1999.74 Subsidies for fossil fuels amount to only 1 percent of total energy purchases75 and are, according to EIA,
“too small to have a significant effect on the overall level of energy prices and consumption in the United States.”76
R&D dollars have not handicapped renewable energy technologies. Over the past 20 years, those technologies have
received (in inflation-adjusted 1996 dollars) $24.2 billion in federal R&D subsidies, while nuclear energy has received $20.1 billion
and fossil fuels only $15.5 billion.77 To the extent that nuclear power has received heavy favor from government, the primary victims have been
oil, gas, and coal—not renewable energy. The best way to “level the playing field” is to eliminate subsidies for traditional sources rather than
enact new programs for renewables

C. IMPACTS –
A breakdown in fiscal discipline will crush the economy
Copley News Service 03. (March 3)
The spending discipline in Congress that, together with a roaring economy's gusher of tax revenues, helped produce balanced
budgets after the mid-1990s slipped away by 2000. The Bush administration took office in 2001 with no particular commitment to spending
restraint. The Bush tax cuts can't be blamed for the currently emerging deficits because most of those cuts don't take effect until
later in this decade. The obvious culprit here is overspending. If it continues, the temporary deficits now in prospect
could turn into a large structural deficit that, in time, could damage the economy. The right strategy against those

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structural deficits is twofold: economic growth and spending restraint. In wartime, the imperative to curtail increases
in nondefense spending is all the more urgent. In time, the Bush tax cuts will strengthen a sputtering economy.
Spending Disad 1NC (2/2)

E. Economic contraction would cause collapse, mass starvation, totalitarianism, and nuclear war
Nyquist 05. (J.R, expert in geopolitics and international relations, WorldNetDaily contributing editor,
“The Political Consequences of a Financial Crash,” February 4,
http://www.financialsense.com/stormwatch/geo/pastanalysis/2005/0204.html)
Should the United States experience a severe economic contraction during the second term of President Bush, the American people
will likely support politicians who advocate further restrictions and controls on our market economy – guaranteeing its
strangulation and the steady pauperization of the country. In Congress today, Sen. Edward Kennedy supports nearly all the economic dogmas
listed above. It is easy to see, therefore, that the coming economic contraction, due in part to a policy of massive credit expansion, will have
serious political consequences for the Republican Party (to the benefit of the Democrats). Furthermore, an economic contraction will
encourage the formation of anti-capitalist majorities and a turning away from the free market system. The danger here is
not merely economic. The political left openly favors the collapse of America’s strategic position abroad. The withdrawal of the United
States from the Middle East, the Far East and Europe would catastrophically impact an international system that presently
allows 6 billion people to live on the earth’s surface in relative peace. Should anti-capitalist dogmas overwhelm the global market and
trading system that evolved under American leadership, the planet’s economy would contract and untold millions would die of
starvation. Nationalistic totalitarianism, fueled by a politics of blame, would once again bring war to Asia and Europe. But this
time the war would be waged with mass destruction weapons and the United States would be blamed because it is the center
of global capitalism. Furthermore, if the anti-capitalist party gains power in Washington, we can expect to see policies of appeasement and
unilateral disarmament enacted. American appeasement and disarmament, in this context, would be an admission of guilt before the court of
world opinion. Russia and China, above all, would exploit this admission to justify aggressive wars, invasions and mass
destruction attacks. A future financial crash, therefore, must be prevented at all costs. But we cannot do this. As one observer
recently lamented, “We drank the poison and now we must die.”

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Gillibrand has been a leader in making fiscal responsibility a priority for the Congress. It also includes an additional year of Alternative Minimum Tax relief. Even if Congress can pass an EPA spending bill. a priority of hers in Congress.and Democrats have vowed to boost a host of EPA programs that Bush proposed to cut in the administration's FY09 budget. she is a sponsor of legislation that will implement spending caps on discretionary spending. Extend our SNS ev – The ’09 budget abides by the PayGo requirements.W. no constitutional change is necessary to solve the problem. State News Service. The governor and Legislature need only follow the example of Congress. House Appropriations Committee Chairman Dave Obey (D-WI) halted the markup. This self-imposed discipline played a key role in turning the enormous federal deficits of the 1980s and early 1990s into a surplus by 2000." The budget is fiscally responsible. restoring fiscal discipline to Congress 2. Tax cuts must also be paid for by either balancing revenue increases or spending reductions. new spending programs and increases in existing ones must be paid for with increased revenue or offset by an equal spending cut in other. No. The budget plan calls for significant tax relief for middle income families. including extension of marriage penalty relief and the child tax credit. VETO/ Bush would veto any new spending for environment-friendly energy bills Inside EPA 7-18-08. PAYGO – a) Congress is on track for a budget surplus by 2012 – no current alternative energy projects require spending because they are financed by PayGo offsets SNS 6-5-08. (Mark. As a member of the Blue Dog Coalition. sources say that Bush would likely veto any legislation that includes spending above his requested levels -. John Peterson (R-PA) attempted during a June 26 markup of the labor.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ 2NC Uniqueness Wall (1/2) 1. Bush to institute pay-as-you-go budgeting." as it's known in Washington. 3. Vol. it is imperative that Congress returns to fiscal discipline and focus federal spending only on our national priorities. In addition. so that hardworking families can keep more of the money they earn. which in 1990 joined with President George H. which would hit many upstate New York families in the coming years. lexis) But here again. this budget makes middle class tax cuts a priority. health and human services bill to force a vote on the environment and interior FY09 bill. which will create hundreds of thousands of jobs. Under "paygo. Work on that legislation came to a halt last month when Rep. (“Bipartisan energy clash may doom passage of EPA FY09 Spending Bill”. lexis) "With a $9 trillion national debt. as well as allowing for estate tax reform. (“Gillibrand votes for fiscally responsible budget and middle class tax cuts”. lexis) The House appropriations panel looks even less likely to move its EPA spending bill. PayGo solves for budget deficits Paul 6-29-08. "Furthermore. the budget enhances national security by restoring our military readiness. lower-priority items. senior scholar at the New America Foundation. The budget responds to record high gas prices by making key investments in renewable energy and energy efficiency. Congresswoman Gillibrand has made a permanent fix to the AMT. “Why the budget never adds up”. Additionally. She introduced a Balanced Budget Amendment to the Constitution that requires Congress to balance their budget every year.9 billion increase over Fiscal Year 2008 for veterans a health care and increasing funding to protect America from terrorism. sources say. pg. 29. 4 . 29. resulting in a budget surplus by 2012 and strictly adheres to Pay-As-You-Go (PAYGO) budget rules. b) Independently. m6. and has made remarks indicating that a continuing resolution to fund agencies through FY09 is more likely than passing a spending bill." Congresswoman Gillibrand said. Los Angeles Times. providing a $4.

SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ 5 .

). lexis) "Some fights of the 110th Congress have lost their oomph in the waning months before the November elections. Ross and other Blue Dog leaders sounded upbeat about their prospects. Forty 6 ." 5. spending bills and various disputes with the White House. In March. Nancy Pelosi. lexis) Her response was in retaliation to President Bush's comment that the Democratic--led Congress has yet to pass a spending bill. among others. and Barack Obama (D-Ill. Her lack of leadership is one of the prime reasons the public's approval rating of Congress is at an all-time low of 18 percent.D. 6e." said Rep. Management Matters columnist for Government Executive. Otherwise. (“Top News”. "Democrats dropped any pretense of trying to address some of the stickiest issues when their Senate leader. Since January 2007. one of three Blue Dog co-chairs.C.. So the leaders usually consider the group's moderate views. "Our leadership has been very inclusive and has been willing to listen to our concerns. setting most of the government's spending priorities. pg. Mica Porker of the Month”. she would still be the minority leader. “Dog Days”.). and with good reason. Pelosi's track record as speaker of the House is one of gridlock and inability to promote and pass meaningful legislation to improve the nation. John McCain (R- Ariz. BLUE DOGS – Post-November. with both parties content to run out the clock on messy matters like the war in Iraq. Rep." said Rep." AP reports. Mike Ross. helping to put the Democrats in control of the House for the first time in a dozen years and install Rep. Two Blue Dog-endorsed Democrats recently captured GOP-held seats in special elections in Mississippi and Louisiana. lexis) The concept of an earmark ban has gained traction in the wake of these abuses. (“CAGW Names Rep.. Contributions to the Blue Dog political action committee have nearly tripled during this election cycle compared with the previous one. (“Total Failure? Speaker Pelosi Needs to Stare into a Mirror”. D-S. the Blue Dog whip. Jim DeMint (R-S.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ 2NC Uniqueness Wall (2/2) 4.Y. holding the line on spending Friel 6-14-08. 7. Pelosi recognizes that without the Blue Dogs. 6. The National Journal. Blue Dog Dems will further their stronghold on Congress. D-Ark. Harry Reid of Nevada. Money has been flowing their way. Hillary Clinton (D-N. (Brian. lexis) By many measures. 13 of whom joined the Blue Dogs. GRIDLOCK prevents new spending form passing Palm Beach Post 7-27-08.). Stephanie Herseth Sandlin. ELECTION – Legislators have postponed all pre-election spending – including Iraq National Journal 7-11-08. the Blue Dog Coalition--a 49-member group of fiscally conservative. EARMARKS – legislators pledged to avoid pork barrel spending Business Wire 7-24-08. the more-liberal leanings of the rest of the 235-member House Democratic Caucus could force the Blue Dogs to cast votes that might cost them their seats--and ultimately topple their party from power.). too. She and other House Democratic leaders are well aware that if just 19 Blue Dogs oppose them on party-line votes. the majority can't pass legislation. In a June 3 interview with National Journal. the coalition's PAC has collected more money than nearly every other member-run leadership PAC in the House. Claire McCaskill (D-Mo. a Senate amendment to the 2009 budget resolution to impose a year-long moratorium on congressional earmarks was co-sponsored by Sens. The November 2006 elections ushered in numerous like- minded moderate freshmen. as speaker. And the group is setting itself up for even more wins this November.). but lost 29-71.. told reporters Thursday that Congress will punt until next year its biggest job. D-Calif. "We expect to grow and have an even larger group in the 111th Congress. business-friendly House Democrats from generally Republican-leaning districts--is on a roll.

lexis) Under the leadership of Representative Costa and the Blue Dog Coalition. April 30. 7 . known as "PAYGO. (“Rep. the package requires pay-as-you-go budget discipline. and help keep money in taxpayers' wallets instead of diverting it to Washington where it can be converted into pork. Costa Honored by Blue Dog Coalition for Leadership in Restoring Fiscal Responsibility to Government”.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Representatives and seven Senators have made personal pledges not to request any earmarks this year. requiring no new deficit spending US Fed News 08. the House rules package for the 110th Congress includes key principles of the Coalition's plan to restore fiscal responsibility and accountability to the federal government. Specifically. devote more attention to critical national issues. Spending U – Ext #1 – PayGo All new initiatives under the 110th Congress have been through PayGo. This rule was in place when the nation had its first balanced budget in nearly 30 years from 1998 to 2001. An earmark ban will allow members to reform the appropriations process." with no new deficit spending.

by acting as a marker for negotiations. lexis) Sources have previously said that committee-level approval of an EPA FY09 spending bill could ease passage of similar legislation under the next president in the 111th Congress. Extend National Journal – Congress has decided to postpone all new spending – including Iraq – until after the election 2. 29. 29. No. Vol. State officials.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Spending U – Ext #4 – Election 1. 8 . Democrats and other sources have also previously predicted that Congress would punt EPA's spending bill to next year with the belief that whoever wins the presidential election in November will be more amenable to boosting EPA's funding figures than Bush. And doesn’t trigger our specific link – no new energy funding till after the election Inside EPA 7-18-08. (“Bipartisan energy clash may doom passage of EPA FY09 Spending Bill”.

The process has two stages: issuance of reconciliation instructions in the budget resolution and enactment of a reconciliation bill that changes revenue or spending laws. particularly when compared against the rest of the monstrous federal budget. Collectively. 59 All these allocations. however. they may be unwilling to vote expressly to change or eliminate the caps set in the budget resolution. CARD CONTINUES.. L. Congress passes very few of the bills that are proposed each session. even though a majority. STAND ALONE SPENDING bills create a dangerous precedent that breaks down fiscal restraint Rod Grams. (Elizabeth. (Elizabeth. Rev. Senator. committees exert enormous control over the legislative process because they effectively determine which proposals will be considered by the full body and which will not. rather than wait until the baby boomers start demanding their Social Security checks in 2011. launching us into a fiscal death spiral St Louis Post Dispatch Lesson Plan 03. 3. just as is required to waive many other objections to violations of budget process rules. Those rules are expiring now. appropriations and other committees. . 100 Colum. and the vast majority of the failed proposals never emerge from committee. In the Senate. COMMITTEE CHAIR LINK/ a) The plan undermines the Budget Committee chairperson’s ability to reconcile the budget Garrett 00. In short. POINTS OF ORDER LINK/ The plan’s fiat requires the Senate to waive points of order that normally restrict funding from being allocated of the omnibus spending bill – markets will see it as fiscally irresponsible Garrett 00. press coverage and electoral attacks by challengers may well focus the public's attention on divergence between the aspirations set by Votes that are inconsistent with spending targets can be characterized as the resolutions and the reality of the appropriations process. he noted. but it will also often take a form 9 . 702) Reconciliation "has been the principal means by which Congress has enacted legislation reducing the deficit. such votes may have unfortunate electoral consequences. SNOWBALLS – Any non-PayGo spending will snowball. To put the brakes on deficit spending a decade ago. individual park projects may not appear so ominous. When a concurrent resolution has 60 been passed in the same form by a majority of both houses. [Congressional Press Releases] 3/20/95 As stand-alone legislation. if constituents care about the larger macrobudgetary issues. or 62 even a supermajority. Traditionally. may be too great for lawmakers to contemplate seriously." As part of establishing the aggregate spending and revenue targets in the budget resolution. are enforced through substantive points of order that can be raised by any lawmaker to prevent consideration of an appropriations bill in violation of the allocations. not only must the committees report some legislation to the body.. The political costs of blatantly ignoring the budget resolution. they set a dangerous precedent. of legislators might like to enact appropriations bills that violate the budget resolution. And by putting the legislative priorities of a few ahead of the fiscal priorities of an entire nation. 4. Prof of Law and Deputy Dean @ U Chicago Law. 100 Colum. as well as the spending and revenue aggregates. (February 13) Once deficit spending gets started. 3. L. they account for billions of dollars in federal spending every year. 702) accompanying legislative documents contain the budget committees' allocations of discretionary funds to the In addition.. Better to control it now. Rev. and that’s dangerous. the 77 budget committees instruct [*720] the other substantive committees to make changes in entitlement spending and tax laws necessary to reach the targets. this substantive point of order can be waived only by a three-fifths vote.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ 2NC Link Wall (1/2) 1. even though it is not binding law. Plan causes massive expenditures <insert specific link> 2. Congress enacted pay-as-you-go rules that forced tax cuts and spending increases to be matched by budget cuts elsewhere. 61 fiscally irresponsible. 86 Under reconciliation. Prof of Law and Deputy Dean @ U Chicago Law.. it’s hard to stop.

Lexis) Over the last six years." c) And it turns the case – jacks the environment Energy Information Administration. (“EOG Resources focuses on North American gas”. It's a rule called "pay-as-you-go" (also known as "paygo")." he said. But that work out? In the last six years. Boehner says. John A. which provided for automatic budget cuts whenever a bill didn't pay for itself. As Rep. In the 1990s. They. and in 2002 they junked it entirely. and here's how. on the other hand.gov/pub/oil_gas/natural_gas/feature_articles/2005/offshore/offshore. and the administration. For proof. EOG Resources has concentrated on onshore drilling. which says: Any measure that would raise spending or reduce revenue must be offset by equivalent spending cuts or revenue increases elsewhere in the budget. Not long ago. 2NC Link Wall (2/2) b) It’s key to containing deficits – Congress needs to stay in line to contain runaway spending Baltimore Sun 06.eia. among them such things as discharges or spills of toxic materials whether intentional or accidental. Congress functioned under a strict pay-as-you-go law. But parties compete to see who can squeeze a nickel hardest. In explaining why the president rejects applying pay-as-you-go to tax cuts. Democrats and Republicans in the nation's capital have behaved like the late coach George Allen of the Washington Redskins. argue that requiring all changes to be deficit-neutral could lead to tax increases. But consider the alternatives. supporters contend. even in an environment where they determine the way such savings are achieved. Democrats your taxes. Allen had the Democratic takeover of Congress may have begun a new era in which the two an unlimited budget. "It's not that we are undertaxed as much as we need to get our spending in line with our revenue. It suggests he may be ready to embrace frugality at last. spending may rise. spending would certainly rise. RIDERS – **only read with Bush Good Politics** a) GOP will attach an offshore drilling rider to the plan’s energy appropriations bill Inside EPA 7-18-08. April 10. and House Republicans are suffering from amnesia. All natural gas and oil activities must now pass through a large number of environmental reviews by Federal. interference with marine life. Having that option available will only stimulate new outlays. although the company will continue to participate in some drilling projects in the Gulf of Mexico. damage to coastal habitats owing to construction and operations of producing infrastructure. can shovel out money as fast as the Treasury can borrow it. During the 1960s increasing environmental awareness set the stage for the development of numerous environmental laws.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ that the committees would not have chosen if they had more power over the shape of the bill. (December. the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Restoring the rule now would keep it from getting further out of line. Papa said he plans to retain that focus. But the amendment died. You would think that is bad news for the House Democrats have committed themselves to a measure that opposition party. How did eliminate the deficit and create a budget surplus. For example. federal spending (adjusted for inflation) has risen at more than triple the rate it did in the previous six years. not tax cuts. 69. 4. No. The restriction was one of several measures that helped to starting in 1999. "We're raising Without the constraint of pay-as-you-go. 29. you should do without it. 17. yet managed to exceed it.pdf) A variety of environmental risks are associated with offshore natural gas and oil exploration and production. They now say pay-as-you-go rules should apply only to spending increases. Democrats cannot increase spending unless they are prepared to tell Americans." he told The Washington Times. But without it. "The underlying economics of [Outer Continental] Shelf drilling are that the remaining targets are pretty small and the cost to complete wells too expensive.doe. But would stop their spending spree before it begins. September 2005 (Office of Oil and Gas. spending would already be in line with revenue. budget director Portman inadvertently illuminated the need for an inclusive rule. And if pay- as-you-go had been scrupulously followed over the last six years. whose owner lamented that Mr. regulations. That would be a change for a president who has never vetoed a spending bill. the Ways and Means and Finance Committees might prefer not to cut Medicare spending by the amount mandated by reconciliation instructions. the only answer is to raise taxes." He says that like it's a bad thing. b) OCS drilling costs tons and gets little in return Gas Daily 00. and who has presided over a rapid expansion of the federal budget. Vol. With the restriction. Newt Gingrich's troops approved a constitutional amendment requiring a balanced federal budget. Administration budget director Rob Portman said the other day that President Bush will not hesitate to use his veto to keep Congress from overspending. 29. and effects on the economic base of coastal communities. Exactly. with congressional sources saying that work on the House version of EPA's FY09 spending bill is at a halt due to concerns GOP lawmakers will use it as a vehicle to force votes on OCS drilling and other energy issues. "We have only a tiny presence in the deepwater. After the GOP took over the House in 1994. If you can't pay for it. (“Bipartisan energy clash may doom passage of EPA FY09 Spending Bill”. Federal agencies that play a role in regulating and coordinating environmental laws include the DOI. lexis) Historically. State and local agencies. Vol. Under pay-as-you-go. we need only look at the recent past." That would be a significant curb on their appetite for new programs. lawmakers began waiving the rule. the Department of Commerce’s National Oceanic and Atmospheric 10 . which has a long list of programs it would like to fund. http://www. and executive orders that have affected natural gas and oil activities on Federal offshore areas. "If you put the paygo rules in and you increase spending. lexis) The battle over legislative approaches to tackle soaring energy prices is spilling over into the appropriations debate. this was orthodox Republican doctrine. The surplus drowned in a flood of red ink. No.

S. 11 . Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS). and the U.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Administration (NOAA). The following section describes the major Federal environmental legislation that has been enacted in the past several decades to safeguard the environment and protect coastal and marine communities.

then bigger than that there's no advantage. It can be a disadvantage. h17. 29. or Getty. (“Sen. (“Bipartisan energy clash may doom passage of EPA FY09 Spending Bill”. the interior and environment appropriations bill -. But today most of the oil is found by independents--certainly most of the onshore oil. President Bush recently lifted an executive moratorium on offshore drilling.has contained a moratorium on offshore drilling. Washington Post. (“Bipartisan energy clash may doom passage of EPA FY09 Spending Bill”. you have to be of a certain size to compete on the OCS Outer Continental Shelf. Progress on the House interior and environment spending bill has halted due to a proposed provision to open the outer continental shelf for oil and gas drilling and a similar provision may be offered on the Senate bill. they are not as burdened with bureaucratic inefficencies. The reason is. They're all big enough to compete on the OCS. 29. they're more flexible. lexis) A: Not at all. Vol. they can move faster. Vol. or other major companies. Now. This is super expensive WP 84. lexis) For years. where drilling for oil is very expensive . Johnston’s Prescription for Merger Fever”. 12 . No. one congressional source says. with House Democrats hesitant to move their version of the agency's spending bill over fears it will become a vehicle for Republicans to force votes on issues like opening the outer continental shelf (OCS) to oil and gas drilling. The Senate EPA FY09 appropriations bill is set for a full committee markup July 24. Nobody has said that Gulf is not big enough to compete on the OCS. and once you get that big. lexis) Bipartisan energy disputes could doom passage of EPA's fiscal year 2009 appropriations bill. March 11. and GOP lawmakers quickly put pressure on Democrats to pass legislation lifting a separate congressional ban and open up new areas for drilling. No. GOP will attach offshore riders to the EPA spending bills Inside EPA 7-18-08. which is tentatively slated for a July 23 markup in the appropriations committee's environment panel. House and Senate Democrats are opposing such a move and pushing a "use it or lose it" bill that would force the oil industry to start drilling on 68 million acres of existing undeveloped leased federal land.which includes EPA's funding -. but President Bush July 14 lifted an executive moratorium on the practice in an effort to increase pressure on Congress to open the outer continental shelf for drilling. You can make an argument that integration gives you economies of scale. However. 29.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Spending Links – Riders Extension Energy appropriations stalled because GOP will attach OCS drilling Inside EPA 7-18-08. pg. 29.

the renewable energy industry (at least the portion that generates electricity for the power grid) would cease to exist. Sir Richard Branson said that he would invest $3 billion.pdf) Renewable sources of electricity are more expensive than combined-cycle natural gas. (Jerry.” CATO Institute. This fundamental fact inhibits their use now and in the future. 2006. Advocates of renewable energy understand that and are now promoting direct use of government authority to mandate the use of renewable sources. You know the old saying: a billion here and a billion there and soon you start talking about real money. This week's meetings saw the announcement of $4 billion in investments in biofuels and other energy technologies to cut global warming pollution. 13 . sulfur dioxide. Advocates of renewable energy argue that the demand for renewables would rise if conventionally generated electricity were priced to reflect its pollution costs. they will make a difference. 9/22/06). And today President Clinton announced a $1 billion renewable energy investment fund (Clinton debuts $1B renewable-energy fund. and mercury emissions would be to induce a shift from coal to natural gas rather than renewable energy. Only a severe reduction in carbon dioxide emissions would advance renewable energy technologies. Renewable energy costs billions Greene 06. Nothing can substitute for good government policies. National Resources Defense Council.cato. Yesterday. but such initiatives would still fail to give those technologies double-digit market shares and would be expensive. but these are big sums and if they're used well.org/blogs/ngreene/big_dollars_for_renewable_ener. September 22. Jan 10. Associated Press.html) The Clinton Global Initiative is wrapping up here in NYC. “Evaluating the Case for Renewable Energy. http://www. director of natural resource studies. Without policy privileges. http://switchboard. NRDC Senior policy analyst. (Nathaniel.org/pubs/pas/pa422. But the main effect of reducing nitrogen.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Generic Link – Alternative Energy Incentives Government subsidies of renewables are prohibitively expensive Taylor 02.nrdc. by Nahal Toosi. Such policies use the power of government to impose the consumption preferences of advocates of renewables on others without any legitimate philosophical or economic basis.

http://www. These budgetary impacts should be considered as policymakers shape the U. CO2 emissions will be about 40 percent above this target by 2010) would reduce GDP growth in the range of 1 to 4 percent per year. estimates provided by various academic. PhD and ACCF Senior VP and Chief Economist. near-term cutbacks in CO2 emissions. response to the potential threat of climate change. and could require sharp changes in fiscal policy in order to avoid deficit spending.org/pdf/ThorningTestimony. March 30. 14 . implementation of the Kyoto Protocol would make it much more difficult to sustain tax cuts. the projected on-budget surplus in 2010 would decline from $195 billion to $57 billion (see Figure 3). policymakers need to consider the potentially large negative impact on GDP growth and federal budget receipts of proposals that address the possible threat of global warming by requiring sharp.accf.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Specific Links – Emissions Cuts** Mandating cuts in CO2 emissions would devastate the economy and cause spending Thorning 00.S. (Margo. American Council for Capital Formation. As described above. if growth falls by 3 percent per year. Using a simple calculation based on the relationship of increases in GDP to federal tax receipts.pdf) In light of the current debate about how to use the projected federal budget surpluses.S. Therefore. “save” Social Security. and EIA modelers show that requiring the United States to reduce CO2 emissions to 7 percent below 1990 levels by 2008–2012 (the EIA projects U. or promote the retirement security of the baby boom generation. private-sector.

] with more money than we spend on high-mileage cars or on quality mass transit.” http://www. "We are already subsidizing corn ethanol [in the U.50 per gallon today before we even consider the price of the feedstock. it looked like an idea fairly oozing with potential: Pump corn-based ethanol into the tanks of American autos. Total incentives for American-made ethanol – almost all of it corn-based – equal about $1 a gallon." says Michael Dworkin. Jerry Taylor June 21. estimates that the capital costs associated with cellulosic ethanol production would be five times greater than those associated with conventional corn ethanol production. 2.11 If so. "As long as we spend more on subsidizing energy suppliers than we do on investments in energy efficiency. "As long as we spend more on subsidizing energy suppliers than we do on investments in energy efficiency.siteselection. federal and state subsidies for ethanol in 2006 totaled more than US$5 billion. we are on a path to pain. Even if our evidence is specific to corn-based. Corn-based ethanol seemed like it would yield a bumper crop of winners all around. Cellulosic Ethanol is at least 5 times more expensive than current fuel.org/people/jerry- taylor. the aff has to win that they would subsidize cellulosic ethanol even more to make it cost competitive – only supercharges our link 4. the U. A compromise committee will review separate Senate and House proposals that could jack up mandated ethanol incentives to somewhere between $131 billion and $205 billion over the next 15 years. Guy Caruso. in the bargain boosting the nation's long-suffering farmers. director of the Vermont Law School Institute for Energy and the Environment.S.pdf) Cellulosic ethanol. we are on a path to pain. however. 3.S. (Jack. Or will it? A number of observers are beginning to question just how good an idea that fuel really is." But more spending on ethanol subsidies is apparently looming. Congress will likely enact a stiff increase in taxpayers' yearly tab. could slash its toxic emissions and foreign oil dependence. is the worst transportation fuel of all.S." But more spending on ethanol subsidies is apparently looming.] with more money than we spend on high-mileage cars or on quality mass transit.cato.cato. Executive Editor of Interactive Publishing Ethanol and Incentives: Fueling a Boon or a Boondoggle? http://www. “Alternative Energy in the Dock.htm. U." says Michael Dworkin.com/ssinsider/incentive/ti0708.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Specific Links – Ethanol 1.com/ssinsider/incentive/ti0708. the U. the U. When it returns from its month-long recess. Department of Energy. Incentives for ethanol are expensive – cost over 200 billion Lyne 07. it's a very expensive idea. then cellulosic ethanol would cost about $7. Unquestionably.S. from an economic standpoint.org/pubs/articles/taylor-poweringamerica. (Jack. August) "We are already subsidizing corn ethanol [in the U. director of the Vermont Law School Institute for Energy and the Environment. and voila! In one fell swoop.htm. When it returns from its month-long recess. A compromise committee will review separate Senate and House proposals that could jack up mandated ethanol incentives to somewhere between $131 billion and $205 billion over the next 15 years. Executive Editor of Interactive Publishing Ethanol and Incentives: Fueling a Boon or a Boondoggle? http://www. August) At first glance. We can only speculate about production costs.S.S.siteselection. Ethanol incentives cost billions Lyne 07. Congress will likely enact a stiff increase in taxpayers' yearly tab. because there is no cellulosic ethanol industry on planet 15 . 2007 (Senior Fellow at the CATO institute further quals: http://www. the head of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) at the U.S.

That alone speaks volumes about the economic competitiveness of cellulosic ethanol. 16 .SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Earth.

2 If hydrogen refueling stations are available. If they do. investors will have every incentive to promote their development. and it will worsen.” CATO Institute. A $1.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Specific Links – Hydrogen Hydrogen fuel initiatives cost billions – not yet economically competitive Anthrop 04. $5 billion hydrogen fuel-cell initiative. they’ll find that harnessing hydrogen for widespread use in the energy sector will consume more energy than it will save. “Hydrogen’s Empty Environmental Promise. In his campaign for the White House.pdf) The economic problems involved in delivering hydrogen to fuel cells are difficult to remedy because they stem from fundamental thermodynamics.” however. Although technological improvement may well increase the efficiency with which energy is used along some if not all of the production chain. And even though all observers agree that economically viable hydrogen-powered vehicles will not be available for at least a couple of decades (if then). If they do not. policymakers need to get out their calculators and seriously consider the environmental costs of bringing this dream to reality. (Donald. If hydrogen-powered fuel cells hold economic promise. Dec 7. Before any more taxpayer money is spent pursuing the dream of a “hydrogen economy. http://www. Subsidies simply impose politically inspired judgments on market actors. Kerry (D-MA) put forth an even more ambitious. automakers will build vehicles powered by fuel cells and people will buy them. professor emeritus of environmental studies at San Jose State University. where private investors have every incentive to make the soundest bets. 17 . not better.1 California governor Arnold Schwarzenegger is promoting the use of state funds to help start building a statewide network of hydrogen refueling stations in the here and now.8 billion.25 Decisions about the relative merits of various emerging technologies are best left to the marketplace.pdf) Hydrogen energy is all the rage among American politicians at the moment. and there is no reason to think that those judgments are better informed than the ones that reign in the marketplace. “Hydrogen’s Empty Environmental Promise.cato. John F. (Donald.org/pubs/briefs/bp90. http://www.cato. Sen. then investors will rightly put their money elsewhere.org/pubs/briefs/bp90. the theory goes. 10-year federal program to underwrite research in hydrogen-powered fuel cells— termed the “FreedomCar initiative” by the Bush administration—is a popular component of energy legislation passed by both the House and the Senate in 2003. environmental quality. Hydrogen cars are economically unfeasible Anthrop 04. Dec 7. the challenges are so immense that the confident predictions of imminent economic breakthroughs heard from the political class are hard to take seriously.” CATO Institute. professor emeritus of environmental studies at San Jose State University.

The limited insurance it does have is effectively subsidised by public funds. (New Economics Foundation.neweconomics.org/pdf2html/pdf2html.pdfdownload.php? url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.org%2Fgen%2Fuploads %2Fsewyo355prhbgunpscr51d2w29062005080838. 18 . although this too has been labelled `inadequate'. Its high. the limit for an installation is CAD$75 million and is underwritten by the Federal Government. June. during negotiations to renew legislation for the insurance programme. Its inflexible method of power generation renders the industry largely incapable of responding to changing market conditions by varying output.neweconomics.org/pdf2html/pdf2html.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Specific Links – Nuclear Power Nuclear power costs the government billions in insurance alone – does not even account for production NEF 05. Nuclear energy is a huge financial burden NEF 05. This is a substantial. In several countries. The bailout of British Energy in 2001 was attributed to a fluctuating market price that went below nuclear power's operating cost. limited the industry individual operator's liability to $200 million. American Nuclear Insurers. coverage for a `catastrophic nuclear accident' is set in law under the Price-Anderson Act of 1957 at a much larger US$9 billion.pdfdownload. Senate Democrat and chair of the Senate's Transportation. Infrastructure and Nuclear Safety subcommittee Harry Reid said.pdf&images=yes) The nuclear power industry is underinsured.php? url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.pdf&images=yes) One of nuclear power's main problems is that it has proved incompatible with any kind of market system for energy. The nuclear industry is unable to get commercial insurance cover and governments have had to step in.backed insurance programme for industry is considered unique to nuclear. In the US." The September 11 attacks on New York and Washington raised fears about the vulnerability of nuclear installations to attack. taking on the burden instead. which administers the industry's collective insurance pool.org%2Fgen%2Fuploads %2Fsewyo355prhbgunpscr51d2w29062005080838. such a government. law sets the maximum liability for any nuclear facility. and largely hidden subsidy to the industry. (New Economics Foundation. Under the Canadian Nuclear Liability Act. and to which the sector could not respond by simply switching reactors off. http://www. http://www. unpredictable costs and unknowable and potentially uncontainable liabilities deter investors. In response. Arguing for the industry to meet more of its own insurance costs. June. "We cannot allow nuclear power plants to operate without adequate insurance. In the United States.

even after the November elections. (“Senate Republicans revive efforts to extend renewable energy credits”. (“'Tax Extenders' Bill the Latest Test of Congress's Commitment to Fiscal Discipline”. wonder if the House will really hold that hard a line on offsets into the fall. however. according to the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. This claim will make it much tougher for Congress to live up to its pledge of fiscal discipline and could ultimately lead to multi-trillion dollar increases in the national debt. right up until he did. on principle. "Hoyer has a history on this issue of holding to the party line up until he's not." said the aide. Republicans. A Republican aide on July 1 said that Hoyer seemed unwilling to pass an extension for the alternative minimum tax credit in 2007 without including pay-for provisions.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Specific Links – Production Tax Credits** Extending tax credits would be the death spiral for Congress – will be financed out of deficit. 19 . causing multi-trillion dollar increases in debt PR Newswire 6-10-08. pg. key congressional Republicans are now arguing that any extension of existing tax provisions should be deficit financed. Plan would not be done through offsets – Democratic leadership will cave in to pressure Global Power Report 7-3-08. lexis) Unfortunately. lexis) House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer of Maryland has said repeatedly that he will not bring such a bill to the floor if it lacks offsets. 31.

retail suppliers would for the most part buy credits from the Department of Energy rather than actually purchase or produce renewable energy. June. 30 percent from wind- powered turbines. on the other hand. the public utilities commission). and the second is a certificate-based accounting method. credits could be obtained by generating electricity with specified renewables (one credit for every kilowatt-hour). purchasing credits from others. Moreover.of.000 – $300. The other primary cost to government in administering an RPS is monitoring and verifying compliance with the policy.000 for the implementation of a state RPS. (Meredith. size of the market. In the international experience. A national RPS.Costs.S. effectively setting a cap on the price of renewable energy. The two primary cost centers for this work from the government’s perspective are staff time and consultant’ fees. That even aggressive RPS programs are insufficient to significantly expand the market share of wind. because the primary beneficiary of those programs would be biomass.resource- solutions.82 The impact of the Clinton RPS on electricity prices would be small because the credit system spreads the cost of the 1. and the second comes from monitoring and verifying compliance with the policy. Costs would peak in 2010 under each of the various RPS plans (up to a 3.85 Approximately 57 percent would come from biomass cofired with coal. (Jerry.and solar-powered electricity underscores just how uncompetitive those technologies are today in the marketplace. Because actual renewable sources of electricity have costs that exceed 1. RPS is expensive both in designing and implementing Center for Resource Solutions 03. If a 6-month process for developing the RPS is used. a 690 percent increase.79 The Clinton administration proposed a federal RPS that would require all U. and additional legal and consulting fees are included.pdf) Ten states have adopted renewable energy portfolio standards (RPS). electricity prices would be 3 percent higher in 2010 and 4 percent higher in 2020 under a hard 20 percent RPS. 11 percent from geothermal facilities. Most US states and countries that have passed an RPS have used one of two primary methods of verifying compliance with the law.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Specific Links – Renewable Portfolio Standards** Congressional RPS is super expensive – it’s not yet cost competitive and so requires massive government subsidies Taylor 02. However. This process can range in time from four months to nearly two years. http://www. The first is the design of the policy.” CATO Institute. number of companies impacted.4..Policies. wood chips.org/pubs/pas/pa422. and other factors.81 Removing the 2015 sunset provision would increase the predicted market share for renewables to 4. http://www. this might equate to $100.org/lib/librarypdfs/IntPolicy-Administrative.pdf) There are two primary costs to government in implementing and administering a renewable portfolio standard (RPS).2 percent.S.1 The range in these costs varies greatly depending on the complexity of the law. and 2 percent from landfill gas. proponents have introduced even more aggressive RPS plans in Congress. Jan 10. director of natural resource studies.5 cent tax across all electricity sales. the environmental benefits would be far less than we might expect.83 Since the unveiling of the Clinton proposal. might expect far greater policy development costs. Most of those legislative proposals require that between 10 and 20 percent of retail electricity sales by 2020 come from specified nonhydro renewable energy sources without any sort of price cap on the cost of tradable renewable energy permits and without any sunset provision. degree of public input. states rarely exceeds 2 fulltime equivalent (staff). and usually occurs after the law is promulgated. The EIA estimated that the Clinton RPS would increase renewables’ market share only to 3. 20 .84 increasing the amount of renewable energy sold on the market from the 135 billion kWh otherwise projected in 2020 to 932 billion kWh. and various specialty plants) with coal in existing coal-fired power plants. which would be mixed with coal in existing coal-fired power plants.5 cents per credit. Under the administration’s plan.2 percent increase in price under a no cap.5 cents per kWh. paper.cato. the RPS is often a part of a larger electricity law and the design of the policy is left to the administrative or rulemaking arm of government (e. no sunset RPS) but would fall by about half under each RPS alternative by 2020.4 percent in 2020. Because of the huge variation. we note that government staffing needs for these activities in U. moderate RPS programs accomplish little and aggressive RPS programs would prove quite expensive.87 In sum. A “hard” 20 percent RPS would provide the equivalent of a 5 cent per kWh subsidy for renewable- fired electricity.g.5 percent of sales from 2010 through expiration in 2015.86 According to EIA. or purchasing credits unsupported by generation from the Department of Energy at 1.80 Approximately 82 percent of the 36 billion kWh increase in renewable energy would come from mixing biomass (essentially. The first is a contract path accounting method. which require that a certain percentage of the state’s electricity supply be produced from eligible renewable energy sources. electricity suppliers to obtain renewable energy credits equal to 7. “Evaluating the Case for Renewable Energy. we do not attempt to estimate costs with precision here.

In the US. 8. India and Indonesia are getting richer.634 miles of new 345-kV right-of-way costing between an estimated $2. Lexis) The current high prices of agricultural products he continues can partially be explained as an artificial bump. "The only debate is over how much?" The April 2 study that the PUC will hold hearings on starting June 11 vetted scenarios that range from 1." this executive said. He notes that what has come to be called "the wind event" of February 26. Wind energy is expensive The Sunday Times ’08 (Richard Woods.95 billion and $6. Electric Utility Week. and solar or wind energy is still too expensive. but since such crops are often subsidized by governments. "New transmission will be built.38 billion to bring wind to local centers. June 2. There isn't a global shortage of corn or soybeans. However. The price of rice has gone up. thus lowering costs. even though rice yields this year are supposed to be the highest ever. 2008. when the wind stopped blowing in West Texas and auxillary units were not turned on fast enough to avoid a short outage. they can afford to buy more food. and due to the US banking crisis. Texas PUC to convene hearings on spending up to $6. investors looking for alternatives are buying grain futures. where wind prices are often negatives. The wind farmer. in the longer term we should go to alternative sources. we must find large-scale and sustainable alternatives for national security. 17.435 to 2. 21 . Turning over an old leaf. Lexis) This executive said power providers throughout the state are becoming increasingly aware of the need to do something to reduce congestion in ERCOT's western zones. And wind-generated electricity relies on government subsidy to be competitive DOES HE HAVE AN ANSWER? Technological advances now enable turbines to operate in a wider range of conditions. wind energy remains more expensive than electricity from gas or coal Wind energy is too expensive – other forms of alternative energy are better The Jerusalem Post ’08 (Judy Siegel-Itzkovich. pg.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Specific Links – Wind Wind Energy Policies Cost billions of dollars Ryser and Carr ’08 (Jeff and Housley. But the people of China. I think it's a necessary first step to build the infrastructure for biofuels. lexis) Turbines still suffer from being at the mercy of whether the wind blows or not. June 15. has made power providers in the state far more conscious of the importance of protecting wind assets. 2008. insists Arntzen. 2008.38 billion. pg. July 6.

Grassley offer new energy tax plan”. (Matt Kibbe. 9.org/newcentury/pdf/Chapter5. 22 .SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ a2 Normal Means = Offsets (1/2) 1. President Bill Clinton’s 1999 emergency supplemental request for military operations in Kosovo came to the Hill at $14 billion. (Elizabeth.some because they're getting a gold plated swimming pool for their district in the bill and others because they support the main piece of the legislation to which the earmark has been attached.org/informed/issues_template.it doesn’t tradeoff within the budget Turpen 02. No. “Renewable Energy: Baucus. Counterinterpretation and Voting Issue – If funding traded off with something it should be put in the plan text to give the aff predictability. The 2005 Congress passed 13. These projects. In many cases. June 22. NORMAL MEANS IS NOT A TRADE-OFF – a) GOP and White House block any alternative energy incentive legislation that includes offsets – plan would have to be deficit spending to pass Geman 08. President George W. the Republican majority saw an opportunity to “backfill” Pentagon accounts believed to have been shortchanged and passed a $19 billion supplemental. Citizens for a Sound Economy. Stimson Center. They died amid GOP filibusters launched over provisions that would repeal billions of dollars in oil industry tax breaks to offset the alternative energy incentives. In 1996. Vol. The White House has also threatened to veto energy tax measures that raise taxes on oil companies. as the new chairman of a House appropriations subcommittee he would. Prevent 2AC clarifications that crush neg ground and strategy.5 billion. as well as the budget caps placed on individual spending bills by the Appropriations Committee. "earmark the [stuff] out of it. pork barrel earmarks New York Sun 06. (Ben. Instead.that proliferate in large budget legislation.stimson. 10.more politely referred to as "earmarks" . E&E Daily Senior Reporter. but not without considerable debate over the $22 billion that was designated for reconstruction as opposed to military operations. At that point it's much more difficult for Congress to vote against legislation . attaching them to large appropriations bills that can no longer be amended. a Democrat of Virginia.3 billion." Members of Congress have indeed become deft at "earmarking the [stuff]" out of bills and inventing new ways to soak taxpayers to pay for their pet vanity projects.freedomworks. April 18. thus the “emergency” designation. earmarks are not even contained in the initial legislation that passes the House or Senate.php?issue_id=2634) The wasteful spending is epitomized by the explosion of pork barrel spending projects . and Energy Department Program. Unlike the normal budgeting process.” An emergency supplemental is a request sent from the president to Congress for additional appropriations to cover an unforeseen contingency. 958 earmarked projects cost taxpayers $12. have increased by 900% since 1991. Bush’s 2003 request for $87 billion to continue operations in Iraq and Afghanistan was passed. Congress is then forced into an up-or-down vote on the entire legislation. like the now famous $223 million "Bridge to Nowhere" in Alaska. State. Senior Associate and co-director of the Cooperative Nonproliferation program at The Henry L. lexis) Energy tax bills narrowly failed in the Senate last year.pdf) An exception to the general rules of budgeting procedure with respect to appropriations legislation is the “emergency supplemental. Environment and Energy Daily. recently showed just how brazen members of Congress have become with pork barrel spending when he proudly told an audience in his Northern Virginia district that if the Democrats took back Congress.” The reality is that all presidents use the supplemental option in cases of real emergencies as well as for politically expedient purposes. By utilizing the option of an emergency supplemental. pg 78-79. APPROPRIATIONS LINKS/ a) Opening up the appropriations process to reallocate funds for the plan causes an avalanche of back door. 3. “Hey. Whereas the normal budgeting process is a zero-sum game—any additional funding for a specific program must be “offset” by a reduction to a different program—emergency supplementals can be increased without “counting” against other programs or objectives. http://www. woman and child. or almost $100 for every American man. Big Spender”. 2. b) Plan is treated as emergency spending. the difficult zerosum tradeoff against other desired spending is avoided. Emergency supplementals are a way to “have your cake and eat it too. http://www. emergency requests fall outside of the guidelines set by the Congressional Budget Resolution. For example.999 earmarks that cost $27. Rep. “Following the Money: The Bush Administration FY03 Budget Request and Current Funding for Selected Defense. conference negotiators slip them in the backdoor. Jim Moran. President and CEO of Freedom Works.” April.

yet the upward pressure on interest rates would come much earlier. Many factors contributed to the transformation of the U. former Treasury secretary and president-designate of Harvard. This was powerfully demonstrated by the stimulative impact of deficit reduction in the 1990s. excessive stimulus can even increase inflationary pressures. the Congressional Budget Office says that its most recent budget surplus projections could have a range of uncertainty of some $600 billion in either direction over the next five years. As an undergraduate in the 1970s. Now. budget deficits can slow productivity growth. But over the last several decades. They believe that by crowding out investment. April 25. and wages across the income spectrum have risen. As a result. and $3. disproportionately hurting lower income individuals who depend more on those benefits. financial markets have become more forward-looking and more sensitive to changes in fiscal policy. which could cause a reduction in government benefits. and it will be critical in the years ahead. It would be a significant error to threaten our fiscal discipline by enacting an excessive tax cut.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ a2 Normal Means = Offsets (2/2) b) This signals a reversal of fiscal discipline – provoking a quick negative response from world financial markets Summers 01. and slower productivity growth to the opposite: a virtuous cycle of lower deficits and eventually higher surpluses. a plan that "back loads" many of the tax cuts. Debt reduction is essential to sustaining our economic expansion and for laying the groundwork for a healthy economy for years to come. roughly $2. and greater productivity growth. all that has changed. Although the projected surpluses look enormous right now. would have an effect that is the reverse from the one intended: The fiscal stimulus would come too late to prevent a slowdown now.ppionline. and confidence in the economy was low. Even with the current slowdown.S. the U. “Keep Growth Alive!” Blueprint Magazine. raise risk premiums. With an excessive tax cut. as increased investment demand resulting in a lower cost of capital more than outweighed any demand losses to the economy that resulted from lower government spending. fiscal forecasts are always uncertain. low interestrates.could boost economic performance. was the hard work and entrepreneurial spirit of American workers. (Larry. dramatic budget changes are more likely to provoke an aggressive and immediate offsetting response from financial markets. as deficits were considered a useful stimulus to growth in an economy producing well short of its capacity. Such a huge tax cut is fundamentally flawed for three reasons. debt reduction. economists place much greater emphasis on the importance of supply factors for long-term growth. economy. In fact. not implementing them for years. First and foremost. businesses seemed to have lost their competitive edge. This is especially true if the tax cuts bring a return to deficits.6 trillion would threaten our ability to do exactly that. First is the possibility that it will consume the surpluses at the expense of other priorities. Unemployment is still low. This Keynesian idea still is the right prescription for certain economies at certain times. a major tax cut whose benefits are tilted toward upper income individuals is inherently unfair. Second. unemployment and interest rates were high. putting at risk our ability to pay down the debt and to pay for the demands of an aging society. and businessmen. increased private investment. In an economy close to full capacity. Thanks to fiscal discipline. Key U. we risk returning to budget deficits. 23 . An excessive tax cut on the order of $1. higher interest rates.lower-income families and individuals. farmers. the American economy underwent a transformation and became the envy of the world. I was taught that expansionary fiscal policy -. lower private investment. Tax cuts should be targeted toward those who most need the relief -. and lead to higher interest rates. especially as we tackle the demands of an aging society. In the past decade. http://www. economy is the world leader. some have made the case that tax cuts are necessary to provide a fiscal stimulus for a slowing economy.higher budget deficits -. there has been a major revision in economic thinking about fiscal policy. we moved from a vicious cycle of rising public debt. In addition.S.5 trillion that would otherwise have been absorbed by government borrowing was instead invested in making America more productive. which helped productivity to increase.S. Technological advances gave birth to new businesses and new ways of conducting business. Today. Because of this prudent budget management.cfm?kaid=125&subid=162&contentid=3296) Fiscal discipline has been critical to our economic success of the last eight years.org/ndol/ndol_ci. Finally.5 trillion over the next 10 years. As the 1990s began. of course. However.

" 2. (“Chemical Makers Oppose House Energy Bill”. http://thehill. In both chambers.html) Like many congressional Republicans. he’d veto because of the offset The Hill 7-15-08. 24 . "ACC worries that such a new level of taxes on the industry that supplies feedstocks to ACC member companies will increase costs of supplies already inflated by worldwide demand. underscoring how GOP lawmakers have grown more emboldened to buck Bush. Bush opposes the Democratic plan to offset the cost of the physician payment fix by reducing spending on private Medicare Advantage plans by as much as $14 billion. Normal means isn’t a tradeoff -.html) The votes mark just the third time Congress has successfully voted to override a veto by Bush. ACC also criticized House lawmakers for passing the associated tax hill that would make "significant structural changes to the tax law with little discussion and without hearings.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ a2 Normal Means is Offsets – Ext Bush Veto 1. and higher taxes. Chiefly. however.com/leading-the- news/congress-overrides-bushs-medicare-veto-2008-07-15. The president has vetoed nine pieces of legislation during his terms in the White House. during an election year. The president. he vetoed the Medicare bill earlier Tuesday. 4. 3. Bush supports the underlying aim of the bill.Bush would veto any alternative energy incentives with offsets guaranteed Chemical Week 07. more Republicans voted to override the veto than voted for the bills. higher energy costs. (“Senate follows House to override Medicare bill veto”. ACC says.com/leading-the- news/congress-overrides-bushs-medicare-veto-2008-07-15. a lame-duck president. August 22. which is to revoke the cut in Medicare payments to doctors that took effect on July 1. Extend Geman – they have already conceded that GOP lawmakers would move to block their plan legislation – there’s no way they could sustain a veto override as normal means of passage. http://thehill. but rather would lead to less domestic oil and gas production. objected to other provisions of the bill. lexis) Among chemical makers' biggest concerns is an associated tax package passed by the House that would offset the costs of alternative energy incentives by eliminating an estimated $ 16 billion in existing oil and gas industry tax benefits." President Bush has said he would veto the House energy and tax bills because they do not create "more energy security. (“Senate follows House to override Medicare bill veto”. Bush vetoes are normally sustained – only by getting the GOP on board can the veto be overridden The Hill 7-15-08." the group says. Even if Bush supported the plan.

destroying the budget. 3. That would be a change for a president who has never vetoed a spending bill. spending would certainly rise. because that's a very crucial and important choice that the Congress must make for the American people. So I should say. As former Sen. But would stop their spending spree before it begins. Baltimore Sun 06. The nation can't afford big increases in spending and big tax cuts at the same time. lexis) Over the last six years. New Congress brought spending in line – violating new spending restrictions will cause a snowball in new spending. Allen had the Democratic takeover of Congress may have begun a new era in which the two an unlimited budget. on the other hand. With the restriction. The surplus drowned in a flood of red ink. they all look good. The restriction was one of several measures that helped to starting in 1999. There is a low threshold for the DA – the economy can only deal with a small amount of fiscal strain Greenspan. not tax cuts. They are like drunkards who shout for temperance in the intervals between cocktails. If you can't pay for it. In the 1990s.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Internal Link Extension – Spending Snowballs (1/3) 1. But consider the alternatives. FDCH Political Transcripts. once wrote about pork-barrel spending: "As groups win their battle for special expenditures. Paul H. without getting into any of the individual programs. Many of the programs earmarked for more money by Mr. It suggests he may be ready to embrace frugality at last. "We're raising Without the constraint of pay-as-you-go. supporters contend." he told The Washington Times. John A. and who has presided over a rapid expansion of the federal budget. argue that requiring all changes to be deficit-neutral could lead to tax increases. but there is a price to pay: budget deficits that have replaced the surpluses of recent years. 2. can shovel out money as fast as the Treasury can borrow it. the Illinois Democrat. Mr. lawmakers began waiving the rule. Exactly. Douglas. I do say to you that. which says: Any measure that would raise spending or reduce revenue must be offset by equivalent spending cuts or revenue increases elsewhere in the budget." That would be a significant curb on their appetite for new programs. if they really weren't extraordinarily good projects." He says that like it's a bad thing. looking at it from the point of view of an economist looking at what we can afford and what we can't afford. Democrats your taxes. But parties compete to see who can squeeze a nickel hardest. there are limits. Not long ago. The only problem is And we are very clearly straining the capacity of this system. DEFICITS/ Spending trades off with efforts to control the deficit and crush the economy Hartford Courant 3/2/03 The Republican approach differs from the old Democratic formula in one big way: The GOP has taken the lead in cutting taxes. spending may rise. In explaining why the president rejects applying pay-as-you-go to tax cuts. As Rep. spend and spend. But without it. the only answer is to raise taxes. Under pay-as-you-go. They now say pay-as-you-go rules should apply only to spending increases. For proof. Democrats and Republicans in the nation's capital have behaved like the late coach George Allen of the Washington Redskins. Restoring the rule now would keep it from getting further out of line. They. and House Republicans are suffering from amnesia. we need only look at the recent past. They would have never made it. Congress functioned under a strict pay-as-you-go law. But the amendment died." 4. And if pay- as-you-go had been scrupulously followed over the last six years. and the administration. spending would already be in line with revenue. 2/12/03 Because it's fairly evidence that if one merely look at an array of. "It's not that we are undertaxed as much as we need to get our spending in line with our revenue. federal spending (adjusted for inflation) has risen at more than triple the rate it did in the previous six years. If we win that they spends any money then it guarantees a link – our Copley news service evidence indicates the economy is on the brink of a massive decline – any new spending will crush the economy. But that work out? In the last six years. (December 6. How did eliminate the deficit and create a budget surplus. yet managed to exceed it. budget director Portman inadvertently illuminated the need for an inclusive rule. "If you put the paygo rules in and you increase spending. You would think that is bad news for the House Democrats have committed themselves to a measure that opposition party. Boehner says. you should do without it. free-standing projects. and you have to choose what we do within those limits. beyond that. 25 . which provided for automatic budget cuts whenever a bill didn't pay for itself. Bush and his allies in Congress want to piggyback a $670 Tax cuts combined with higher spending might have more billion tax cut on the $1 trillion-plus tax cuts that were enacted during his first year in office. as you know. It's a rule called "pay-as-you-go" (also known as "paygo"). appeal to voters than tax and tax. and here's how. Democrats cannot increase spending unless they are prepared to tell Americans. and in 2002 they junked it entirely. The combination is profligate. After the GOP took over the House in 1994. Newt Gingrich's troops approved a constitutional amendment requiring a balanced federal budget. in a sense. Bush are deserving. owing to the inexorable retirement of a very significant part of our population. starting at the end of this decade and carrying on. Administration budget director Rob Portman said the other day that President Bush will not hesitate to use his veto to keep Congress from overspending. they lose the more important war for general economy. Having that option available will only stimulate new outlays. But there needs to be priority-setting. this was orthodox Republican doctrine. whose owner lamented that Mr. to the semifinals that there is an aggregate amount of fiscal capacity in any economy. as I said in my remarks. which has a long list of programs it would like to fund.

and greater productivity growth. debt reduction. This was powerfully demonstrated by the stimulative impact of deficit reduction in the 1990s. low interestrates.S.ppionline. Many factors contributed to the transformation of the U.. Thanks to fiscal discipline. it is likely that another cost of this war will be a general increase in the price level in years hence. especially for a president who. world grain stocks were at 15 percent.org/ndol/ndol_ci. (Christopher. unemployment and interest rates were high. The government spending is either financed through higher taxes. there has been a major revision in economic thinking about fiscal policy. During the food crisis of the early 1970s. Such a huge tax cut is fundamentally flawed for three reasons. First and foremost. An excessive tax cut on the order of $1. "Rising prices can also quickly put food out of reach of the 1. director of the International Food Policy Research Institute in Washington. yet the upward pressure on interest rates would come much earlier.Jackson State University. which helped productivity to increase. In fact. Because of this prudent budget management. farmers. a major tax cut whose benefits are tilted toward upper income individuals is inherently unfair. budget deficits can slow productivity growth." Since off-budget spending is most often financed by revving up the dollar's printing press. putting at risk our ability to pay down the debt and to pay for the demands of an aging society. so how can the government spending make us richer? b) Our link is supercharged by off-budget sacred cows Westley 03. This is especially true if the tax cuts bring a return to deficits. Technological advances gave birth to new businesses and new ways of conducting business. Key U. former Treasury secretary and president-designate of Harvard. c) Even a little inflation will kill over a billion people in the short-term Tampa Tribune 1/20/96 In 1995. furthering the downward slide of real incomes that has been occurring over the last three decades. Today.could boost economic performance. That's troubling. in his inaugural. Second.S. “Keep Growth Alive!” Blueprint Magazine. businesses seemed to have lost their competitive edge. In the past decade. Even with the current slowdown. Debt reduction is essential to sustaining our economic expansion and for laying the groundwork for a healthy economy for years to come. fiscal forecasts are always uncertain. Although the projected surpluses look enormous right now. http://www. higher international prices can hurt poor countries that import a significant portion of their food. said Per Pinstrup-Andersen. April 25. "Even if they are merely blips. First is the possibility that it will consume the surpluses at the expense of other priorities. he said. as increased investment demand resulting in a lower cost of capital more than outweighed any demand losses to the economy that resulted from lower government spending. some have made the case that tax cuts are necessary to provide a fiscal stimulus for a slowing economy. president and research associate at the club for growth. we risk returning to budget deficits. They believe that by crowding out investment. and lead to 26 . Printing dollars causes inflation and therefore makes every dollar that we all hold in our pockets worth less in purchasing power." 6.cfm?kaid=125&subid=162&contentid=3296) Fiscal discipline has been critical to our economic success of the last eight years. disproportionately hurting lower income individuals who depend more on those benefits. especially as we tackle the demands of an aging society. FISCAL DISCIPLINE/ Spending signals a reversal of fiscal discipline – provoking a quick negative response from world financial markets Summers 01. But all of these financing mechanism depress the economy at least as much as the new spending stimulates it.” The money to pay for the government spending doesn’t fall out of Heaven. [National Review] 10/30/01 Nobel Prize winner Milton Friedman is perhaps most famous for reminding us that “there ain’t no such thing as a free lunch. Ludwig von Mises Institute. Finally. As the 1990s began.C. Prof. as deficits were considered a useful stimulus to growth in an economy producing well short of its capacity. world production failed to meet demand for the third consecutive year. As an undergraduate in the 1970s. the American economy underwent a transformation and became the envy of the world. Government borrowing increases interest rates (or so we are told by Robert Rubin). INFLATION INTERNAL/ a) Spending  inflation Moore and Kerpen. But over the last several decades. As a result.lower-income families and individuals. was the hard work and entrepreneurial spirit of American workers. and wages across the income spectrum have risen.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Internal Link Extension – Spending Snowballs (2/3) 5. Pinstrup-Andersen noted. the Congressional Budget Office says that its most recent budget surplus projections could have a range of uncertainty of some $600 billion in either direction over the next five years. Costs of War on Iraq. the U. and it will be critical in the years ahead.1 billion people in the developing world who live on a dollar a day or less. economy is the world leader. and confidence in the economy was low. excessive stimulus can even increase inflationary pressures.6 trillion would threaten our ability to do exactly that. or by printing money. economy.org/story/1165) This decision is not exactly a profile in courage. all that has changed. In an economy close to full capacity. a plan that "back loads" many of the tax cuts. Tax cuts should be targeted toward those who most need the relief -. It would be a significant error to threaten our fiscal discipline by enacting an excessive tax cut. D. and slower productivity growth to the opposite: a virtuous cycle of lower deficits and eventually higher surpluses. since 13 percent is well below the 17 percent the United Nations considers essential to provide a margin of safety in world food security. higher interest rates.S. we moved from a vicious cycle of rising public debt.5 trillion that would otherwise have been absorbed by government borrowing was instead invested in making America more productive. higher federal borrowing. http://mises. increased private investment. which could cause a reduction in government benefits.5 trillion over the next 10 years. would have an effect that is the reverse from the one intended: The fiscal stimulus would come too late to prevent a slowdown now. In other words. Unemployment is still low. I was taught that expansionary fiscal policy -. lower private investment. and $3. grain stockpiles fell from an average of 17 percent of annual consumption in 1994-1995 to 13 percent at the end of the 1995-1996 season. not implementing them for years. and businessmen. of Economics. roughly $2." he said. This Keynesian idea still is the right prescription for certain economies at certain times. economists place much greater emphasis on the importance of supply factors for long-term growth.higher budget deficits -. of course. Government taxes reduce consumer and business investment and spending. (Lawrence H. Now. However. all these financing techniques make private citizens poorer. Feb 14. humbly spoke of "confronting problems instead of passing them on to future generations. With an excessive tax cut. raise risk premiums.

and the reduction in confidence can discourage investment and real economic activity. http://www. which in turn can generate a self-reinforcing negative cycle among the underlying fiscal deficit. as participants in those markets become alarmed not only by the ongoing budget deficits but also by related large current account deficits. Inflation Targeting: Lessons from the International Experience. The loss of investor and creditor confidence. raise the costs of financing to business. and reduce private-sector domestic spending. a miserable end to a week of disappointing financial results and gloomy predictions on future growth from corporate America. financial markets have become more forward-looking and more sensitive to changes in fiscal policy. INTEREST RATES/ a) Bernanke would hike interest rates in response to government spending Bernanke 06. causing a depreciation of the exchange rate. Economic Performance and the Risk of Financial and Fiscal Disarray” January 5. and to demand sharply higher interest rates on U. As a result. The unfavorable dynamic effects that could ensue are largely if not entirely excluded from the conventional analysis of budget deficits. financial markets..S. as long-maturity credit markets witness potentially substantial increases in interest rates and become relatively illiquid. journalist for the Independent. INVESTOR PULLOUT/ Growing deficits cause investors to pull out of US markets. b) Interest rate hikes would devastate corporations and our economy Foley 07. and the real economy: As traders. both at home and abroad. has at least forced the government to acknowledge the effects of government spending on inflation and inflation expectations. and decline in confidence can reduce stock prices and household wealth. depreciation of the exchange rate. (Ben. in an environment with deficits that are large and permanent.htm) The adverse consequences of sustained large budget deficits may well be far larger and occur more suddenly than traditional analysis suggests. may cause investors and creditors to reallocate funds away from dollar- based investments. however.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ higher interest rates. the ability of monetary policy makers to control inflation without resorting to painfully restrictive measures is undercut. investors. The fiscal and current account imbalances may also cause a loss of confidence among participants in foreign exchange markets and in international credit markets. The increase of interest rates. crashing the economy Orszag 04. Chairman of Federal Reserve Board. 2007. Senior Fellow Economic Studies. The disruptions to financial markets may impede the intermediation between lenders and borrowers that is vital to modern economies. It appears that inflation targeting in Israel. bNet. accountability is complicated by the need for constant discipline in fiscal matters on the part of the elected government. and the reduction in asset prices adversely affects the balance sheets of banks and other financial intermediaries. dramatic budget changes are more likely to provoke an aggressive and immediate offsetting response from financial markets. This tension between fiscal policy and monetary policy is common when the focus of monetary policy is on price stability. The inability of the federal government to restore fiscal balance may directly reduce business and consumer confidence. 27 . which can then cause a further loss of confidence and potentially spark another round of negative feedback effects. This omission is understandable and appropriate in the context of deficits that are small and temporary.brook. October 20. Substantial ongoing deficits may severely and adversely affect expectations and confidence. government debt. Internal Link Extension – Spending Snowballs (3/3) 7. for example. 214) Even so. as the view of the ongoing deficits as a symbol of the nation's inability to address its economic problems permeates society. http://findarticles. investor confidence may be severely undermined. In the absence of such discipline. it is increasingly untenable. These various effects can feed on each other to create a mutually reinforcing cycle. 8.S. however. as in Canada and New Zealand. (Peter R. increased interest rates and diminished economic activity may further worsen the fiscal imbalance.com/p/articles/mi_qn4158/is_20071020/ai_n21064455) Gathering fears of a recession in the United States sent shares tumbling before the weekend. p. while the focus of fiscal policy is on other matters. Substantial deficits projected far into the future can cause a fundamental shift in market expectations and a related loss of confidence both at home and abroad.edu/views/papers/orszag/20040105. (Stephen. and creditors become increasingly concerned that the government would resort to high inflation to reduce the real value of government debt or that a fiscal deadlock with unpredictable consequences would arise. “Sustained Budget Deficits: Longer-Run U. In addition.

diesel engines and power generators . Economic crisis cause government to raid renewable energy funds 2.one of the most important bellwethers of global industry .SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Caterpillar. Bad economic climate crushes emerging renewable firms 3. Disad Turns Case – Economic Decline Jacks Renewables (1/2) 1.said many of its markets were already in recession. Jacks investment in renewables 28 . the maker of diggers. and predicted that the economy as a whole would follow suit if the Federal Reserve did not act to cut US interest rates.

SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Disad Turns Case – Economic Decline Jacks Renewables (2/2) 4. The potential of renewable energy is limited by economic constraints 29 .

SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Disad Turns Case – Economic Decline Jacks the Environment 30 .

Management Matters columnist for Government Executive. Is children's health less important than education for veterans?" 2. Boyd said that Pelosi promised the Blue Dogs a vote this summer on legislation making paygo a statutory requirement. Especially if Democrats control both chambers of Congress and the White House next year." Ways and Means Committee ranking member Jim McCrery.. including a package of alternative-energy incentives that Democrats said would begin to address record gas prices. The White House threatened a veto because of the budgetary offsets used to pay for the legislation. said that waiving paygo on the veterans benefit sets a precedent for other programs. (Brian. lexis) The House on May 21 voted 263-160 to approve a $56 billion bill extending and expanding a number of tax provisions. said.. But House leaders were confidently pushing yet another paygo violation. a budget watchdog group. DOUBLE BIND – Either a) Normal means for all new alternative energy incentives are spending offsets National Journal 08. lexis) Robert Bixby. creates hundreds of thousands of good-paying green jobs. "This forward-looking legislation invests in renewable energy." Speaker Nancy Pelosi. The measure would be offset by repealing benefits for individuals receiving compensation in offshore accounts that they can currently defer taxes on. (Brian." Bixby said. (“The Week on the Hill”. The recent battle exposed potential problems down the road for the Blue Dogs. and the White House.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Spending Disad 2AC 1. we've established that paygo doesn't need to apply. The National Journal. the more-liberal factions of the party may be willing to overrule the coalition on fiscal discipline in order to fulfill desires to increase spending on a variety of domestic programs that have grown slowly under Bush. binding the House.. The Senate has not acted on its version of the tax- extenders bill. tax. which Bush and Republicans opposed last year because Democrats insisted on a paygo offset--a tobacco-tax increase. which contains highly popular items such as extension of the research and development tax credit and the state and local sales tax deduction. 31 . Blue Dogs won’t be able force fiscal discipline Friel 6-14-08. R-La. "The Democrats' solution seems to always be the same: tax. D-Calif. spurs American innovation. which Republicans derided as tax hikes. “Dog Days”. --Peter Cohn/CongressDaily OR b) The precedent of ignoring PayGo has already been set – terminally not uniques their disad Friel 6-14-08. lexis) At press time. May 24. an $11 billion unemployment benefits extension. in a fiscally responsible way. tax. the Senate. and by delaying for 10 years a tax break for multinational corporations' overseas income that was set to go into effect in January. Management Matters columnist for Government Executive. “Dog Days”. such as an expansion of the State Children's Health Insurance Program.. "We didn't apply it for veterans. and cuts taxes for millions of Americans--and it does so . Thirty-five Republicans crossed the aisle to support the measure. said. the Blue Dogs continued threatening to hold up the war-funding bill if leaders didn't accommodate their concerns. "For really important things. The National Journal. head of the Concord Coalition.

she is a sponsor of legislation that will implement spending caps on discretionary spending. which will create hundreds of thousands of jobs. It also includes an additional year of Alternative Minimum Tax relief. this budget makes middle class tax cuts a priority. In addition.9 billion increase over Fiscal Year 2008 for veterans a health care and increasing funding to protect America from terrorism. She introduced a Balanced Budget Amendment to the Constitution that requires Congress to balance their budget every year. Extend the Double Bind – either their SNS uniqueness evidence proves normal means for all new legislation is funded through PayGo offsets or Congress is ignoring the PayGo precedent in the squo – that’s our Friel ev 2.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Spending Disad 1AR – Ext #1 – Normal Means is PayGo** 1. Gillibrand has been a leader in making fiscal responsibility a priority for the Congress. (“Gillibrand votes for fiscally responsible budget and middle class tax cuts”. the budget enhances national security by restoring our military readiness. Congresswoman Gillibrand has made a permanent fix to the AMT. More ev that all alternative energy projects operate under the PAYGO scheme SNS 6-5-08. Extend normal means is PayGo – our National Journal evidence is the only one descriptive of how alternative energy incentive packages are passed through Congress." Congresswoman Gillibrand said. The budget responds to record high gas prices by making key investments in renewable energy and energy efficiency. it is imperative that Congress returns to fiscal discipline and focus federal spending only on our national priorities. 3. as well as allowing for estate tax reform. State News Service. which would hit many upstate New York families in the coming years. lexis) "With a $9 trillion national debt. providing a $4. resulting in a budget surplus by 2012 and strictly adheres to Pay-As-You- Go (PAYGO) budget rules. As a member of the Blue Dog Coalition. a priority of hers in Congress. "Furthermore. 32 . Additionally. so that hardworking families can keep more of the money they earn." The budget is fiscally responsible. The budget plan calls for significant tax relief for middle income families. including extension of marriage penalty relief and the child tax credit.

Especially if Democrats control both chambers of Congress and the White House next year. lexis) But a telling and potentially worrisome exception to the Blue Dogs' newfound clout was on display less than an hour after the interview with NJ. “Dog Days”. including on a measure providing relief from the alternative minimum tax and on economic stimulus legislation. “Dog Days”. Blue Dogs also demanded that the cost be offset. The National Journal. the more-liberal factions of the party may be willing to overrule the coalition on fiscal discipline in order to fulfill desires to increase spending on a variety of domestic programs that have grown slowly under Bush. (Brian. and the White House. a major expansion of education benefits for military veterans whose cost would not be offset by tax increases or spending cuts. Obey had told them that Democratic leaders were preparing to buck the Blue Dogs by bringing to the floor. the Senate. But House leaders were confidently pushing yet another paygo violation. lexis) At press time. 33 . as part of the Iraq war supplemental spending bill. the Blue Dogs continued threatening to hold up the war-funding bill if leaders didn't accommodate their concerns. Blue Dogs have no clout – Iraq spending proves Friel 6-14-08. more policy run-ins like this could come back to haunt them. 2. (Brian. Even with their current political successes. (Brian. Extend Friel – post-November. D-Wis. liberal Dems will jack fiscal discipline by ignoring PayGo for domestic programs Friel 6-14-08. The current disagreement over the veterans benefit is certainly giving the coalition more headaches.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Spending Disad 1AR – Ext #2 – a2 Blue Dogs 1. when coalition members emerged from a closed-door meeting with House Appropriations Committee Chairman David Obey. Management Matters columnist for Government Executive. It also suggests that the Blue Dogs face a bigger problem in the next Congress. Blue Dogs cannot force Congress to follow them Friel 6-14-08. binding the House. only to be overruled by Democratic leaders. 3. Management Matters columnist for Government Executive. Boyd said that Pelosi promised the Blue Dogs a vote this summer on legislation making paygo a statutory requirement. “Dog Days”. an $11 billion unemployment benefits extension. The National Journal. lexis) During a few other high-profile debates over the past two years. Management Matters columnist for Government Executive. The recent battle exposed potential problems down the road for the Blue Dogs. The National Journal.

Any energy rider on the bill may hinder its chances for a floor vote. Vol. Harry Reid (D-NV) has been vocal in opposing offshore drilling. since a Senate GOP source says Republican energy amendments to the spending bill are likely. 29. 34 . (“Bipartisan energy clash may doom passage of EPA FY09 Spending Bill”. 29.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ a2 Offshore Drilling Rider Normal means proves no link – plan would not make it through the floor vote if an offshore drilling rider was attached Inside EPA 7-18-08. lexis) Offshore drilling may also become an issue at the Senate markups. No. as Majority Leader Sen.

in June.R. there is disagreement over how and whether to pay for them. and Senate Republicans in this Congress have consistently blocked attempts by majority Democrats to bring bills to the floor that include such provisions. They demand that the incentives be offset with new federal income. 6049. It would have paid for the extensions by changing the tax rules for employees of offshore corporations. pg. H. similar tax cuts were extended without revenue raising provisions. Democrats. The House Blue Dog Coalition.SDI 08 BHR SPENDING DISAD __/__ Aff NM = Offsets -. has made enforcing congressional budget rules its top priority since its members helped their party take control of that chamber in 2007. Republicans have insisted that since the tax credits already exist. While there is bipartisan consensus that these should be extended. they need not be paid for with reductions in spending or new taxes somewhere else.Production Tax Credits Specific** Alternative energy PTCs will be funded through offsets – only way to get Dems to pass ** Global Power Report 7-3-08. Republicans stymied the most recent House-passed bill. 31. meanwhile. 35 . which is composed of 39 fiscally conservative Democrats from swing districts. Under the Republican-controlled 111th Congress." said Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid and Finance Committee Chairman Max Baucus in a June letter to McConnell and Grassley. which counts the incentives as revenue lost to the federal treasury. biomass and other technologies and investment tax credits for solar energy and fuel cells are set to expire at the end of 2008. as was the case with an extension bill enacted last year. continue to point to the Congressional Budget Office. (“Senate Republicans revive efforts to extend renewable energy credits”. The House leadership has said repeatedly that it has no plans to cross the Blue Dogs by passing an incentives package that relies on deficit spending. lexis) Production tax credits for wind. including hedge funds. "House Democratic leaders have made it clear that they will not approve an extenders bill that increases the deficit.