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History coursework Assignment A

Luca Costan 10B

1) In 1933 Hitler was able to come to power with the help of many events. One of the most important is the Munich Putsch , 1923, but the thing about this event is not the event itself but the events which were caused by its failure. Hitler had always been a great Mussolini admirer and, in 1923 he decided to take over Germany, despite the numerous failures which had been seen at the time. In November 8 the Nazis managed to take control in Munich but they were then defeated by the German army and Hitler got arrested. The Munich Putsch can be considered a failure but it led to an event which can be considered crucial in Hitlers rise to power, his unexpected trial. His trial boosted his popularity since he, by having great oratory skills and being a marvellous public speaker, was able to convince the people that he was the only one who could have brought Germany back to what it had been before, the people agreed with his ideas since they felt betrayed by the treaty of Versailles and were facing a critical moment for Germanys economy. Hitler was sentenced for five years of jail at his trial of which he ended remaining only nine months. During this time he was given a typewriter and was able to write his book, Mein Kampf in which he explained what he wanted to do with Germany and how he would have achieved it. This was another popularity boost and more and more people supported him. In conclusion we can say that Hitlers trial after the Munich Putsch contributed hugely to Hitlers rise to power since he, by taking advantage of his great oratory skills, was able to gain support from the people and make the government aware of the unhappiness of people caused by the signing of the treat of Versailles.

2) Long- term and short-term causes both contributed massively to Hitlers rise to power, both were essential for him to be able to do what he had planned,: the total control of Germany. By looking at it chronologically we notice that long-term causes come before short-term ones but this doesnt mean that the two dont interact because, if they wouldnt, Hitlers mechanism could not have worked. The first cause we can list is Hitlers trial after the Munich Putsch in 1923, Hitlers popularity spread massively throughout the country and many people started supporting him for his nationalist beliefs which wanted to bring back Germany to what it had been in the past. Another long term reason could be Hitlers fantastic oratory abilities and leadership with which he made the Germans believe that he could be the only one who could have saved Germany from the state it was in. During his speech he lingered on the unhappiness of people who felt betrayed by such a harsh treaty like the Versailles one which had been able to take everything away from them.

Another event, which favoured Hitlers rise to power, was the Wall street crash in 1929. Due to war reparations Germany wasnt able to pay the huge amount of money therefore it asked a loan to America, Americas loans created an economic boom in Germany until the wall street crash happened bringing hyperinflation and unemployment which created poverty. Hitler took advantage of Germanys situation and peoples unhappiness by promising the people that he will be able to bring Germany back to the golden years. But the most important event happened in 1933 when the enabling act passed. Yet again with his oratory skills Hitler managed to convince Hindenburg, and other politicians against Von Schleicher, to pin him as chancellor of Germany. In order to fulfil what he had planned for Germany Hitler had to be able to make every decision and law so, in 1933 led by a group of stormtroopers, the members of the Reichstag were forced to sign the Enabling Act which said that Hitler could make any law he wanted without anyones approval. In conclusion both long-term and short-term causes were crucial in Hitlers rise to power.

3) Many important causes and reasons were crucial in Hitlers rise to power. All the reasons which contributed to Hitlers rise to power are of equal importance and intersect one another to create a perfectly working mechanism in which even if only a minuscule part doesnt work the whole machine is compromised. The first reason is Hitlers personality and fabulous oratory skills with which he was able to convince everyone. People felt enveloped by this man who was full of charisma and had a strong sense of leadership. Hitler knew how to use his qualities and took advantage of them to be able to become the dictator of Germany. In 1923 in the trial after the Munich Putsch Hitler benefited massively of his oratory skills since he was able to boost his popularity by explaining how his ideas and solutions to Germanys problems were vital to the population. After this trial the people started to think that the only solution was Hitler, the man who could bring Germany to the place in the world it deserves. Another boost to Hitlers popularity was the writing of the book Mein Kampf written during his nine months of prison; Mein Kampf contained all of his thoughts and ideas. Another thing that gave a boost to Hitlers campaign was his taking advantage of the condition of the German population, Germans at the time felt unhappy and betrayed by the new government because of the signing of the treaty of Versailles and were in a situation of poverty due to the hyperinflation caused by the wall street crash in 1929, Hitler always talked about the argument to be able to gain the most amount of votes in the Reichstag. The economic depression in 1929 struck German population which was left in a state of poverty and with a growing rate of unemployment, at this stage the populations will to change government and leader grew.

Yet again Hitler was able to take advantage of his oratory skills to gain what he wanted when, in 1933, he became the leader of Germany by convincing Hindeburg and Von Papen to pin him up as chancellor and, after the refusal, as Vice-Chancellor. Later Hitler, led by a group of stormtroopers forced the Reichstag members to sign the Enabling act with which he had utter control of Germany. In conclusion I can say that there are no reasons which are more important than others since they all form part of a mechanism, every event is intersected to another one which makes other events possible.