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Buckling length of columns 4 -k xf kz factor okependls en enol. conchitisn of column The recommended! values for (kK) are given in the Following table forthe well defined ond svpperts, prevented frow sway | permitted te sway hinged | hinged | fixed | fet] Pm Free | ; 8 BB Buckling : ; 2) shape i / L / 1 K-valve | 100 0,80 0,65 | 2,00 420 }210 3 | ial Buckling length of columns in frames with tyuss girokr: 6) For hingeol base Ty 2 Clo-20) I. 0 Colon permitted fe sway be. = 22 (hot #4) Lg ciho or ha Chiager) hy N he Stl Ba ti) For fixed base 4, = 42 Chee bu Ae tlh or ha bigger wie) Fer partially Fixed base hy he partially Fixed Fixeod for yoot columy:— Ans LS (het kt) Ange hi or he bigger for Combinacl Colom :~ kh 25 hg foe hs h Fink truss f ee bag? h KCINNSN he he hn elouble cantilever tross cantilever truss bons 210 Cha + Ht) Arrays (hv or he) bigger Dogs Una th) i lh orb) bigger”